You are on page 1of 1386

THE

CRUSADES
OF

21ST CENTURY

BY RIAZ AMIN
Vol-XVI

CONTENTS
DEFINING MOMENT 4
PATHETIC PLIGHT - PART FOUR 6
MALALA DAY...51
BOZZ KASHI .80
RIGHT TO DEFEND...113
INQILAB: FOR MANKIND: PART ONE .153
WHO ARE JUDGES?..224
MURSI AND SECULARS ..291
WILLING AS EVER ...323
INQILAB: FOR MANKIND: PART TWO366
PLUNDERERS PERTURBED ...409
TATTOOED TALIBAN ..452
INQILAB: FOR MANKIND PART THREE .495
ANOTHER YEAR GONE ...560
PRINCE CORONATED ..592
INQILAB: FOR MANKIND PART FOUR 619
NEW ARMY DOCTRINE..,662
COME ARMY! COME ...695
NUMBER EIGHT 738
SAVED WHAT!768
INQILAB: HOW - LA TO ILLA .823
BJP IN PAKISTAN .872
VICTORY LAP 923
DIALOGUE: NO EXECUTION .958
INQILAB: HOW EXPLAINED994
CUSTODIANS OF SYSTEM 1045
BLAME GAME...1079
INQILAB: HOW THE TUSSLE-I..1115
BENGALI BLOODBATH .1160
PEACE OR CEASEFIRE..1194

AVAILING TRAGEDIES .1234


INQILAB: HOW THE TUSSLE-II........1273
A DECADE LATER ..1328
TARGET PAKISTAN ...1357

DEFINING MOMENT
Yesterday the Americans cast their votes to choose between Romney
and Obama as their President for the next four years. They kept up the
American tradition; Barack Obama was allowed second term in the White
House. President of the US is also the supreme commander of the armed
forces, so he will lead the Crusaders for four more years.
During the election campaign, Obama told the voters that the
defining moment has come. Such sentences are often uttered by candidates,
who intend benefiting from democratic systems in election season. That
defining moment passed yesterday.
Having availed the defining moment common Americans, like all
commoners in democracies all over the world, will now sit back and wait for
four years for another defining moment to come their way. Meanwhile,
they will hope that Obama will provide them relief by getting America out
of economic depression.
For rest of the world; nay! For Islamic World it is Obama as the
supreme commander of the Crusaders, not the President of the US, who
matters the most. The defining moment has brought no change for them,
except the advantage of knowing the man with whom they have to deal for
another four years.
For them it is not a matter of moment or moments; Muslims have to
bear with another defining decade. They have been through one defining
decade and a year of the second has also passed and by the time the reappointed supreme commander of the Crusaders will relinquish the post,
more than half of the second decade would passed.
The years to come will bring no respite for them from the wrath of the
holy warriors from Europe and their descendents inhabiting North America
and other lands. But the rulers in Islamic World, barring few exceptions, will
look forward to muster favours from the well acquainted master, especially
those in Pakistan.
The ruling coalition placed in Islamabad, has served well its American
masters by bringing Pakistan to the brink of political chaos and economic
collapse. While the puppet rulers expect rewards, their foreign masters feel
that they are closer to achieving the goals of demilitarizing and
denuclearizing Pakistan.

The politicians of Pakistan, in power or otherwise, seem quite


oblivious to this harsh reality. They are pre-occupied in their favourite sports
of plundering and mud-slinging. Pakistan or people of Pakistan appear
nowhere in their concerns.
This game of accusations and counter-accusations is played day in and
day out as there is plenty that could be used to blame each other. The focus
is on how forcefully an allegation or counter-allegation is hurled at the
opponents, so that the opponent is left with no option but to duck down.
The aim is not to put anyone to shame or be ashamed but to push the
opponent onto the back foot. This is also resorted to against threats
perceived from non political quarters, two of which stand out prominently
i.e. Army and Judiciary. The politicians believe that the best defence against
these two threats is to ridicule and defame them with a view to taming the
judges and generals.
The contemporary politicians have evolved a consensus as regards the
Army. It is considered a common enemy of all politicians. It may be a
news for some that the founder father of this strategy against Army was
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, generally projected as a brilliant politician produced in
Pakistans short history.
ZAB used to ridicule Army by blaming it for disintegration of
Pakistan. He would avail every opportunity to ridicule Army by mentioning
its defeat at the hands of its arc rival. He would proudly boast of securing
repatriation of ninety thousand prisoners of war, as if he had played no role
in that defeat and that was no matter of shame for him
In that act, which was frequently enacted, his political brilliance was
in stark display. He deliberately ridiculed the Army over a national tragedy
in which he had played key role, in fact, that tragedy began and ended with
him appearing in the lead-role.
Today, Pakistan is ruled by his political children, who seemed to be
excelling in upholding his legacy. Like him, they are only interested to be in
power no matter what happens to Pakistan. For that eventuality they have
made necessary arrangements; most of them hold dual nationality.
7th November, 2012

PATHETIC PLIGHT
PART FOUR
The last chapter of the series comprises of Allamahs poetic works
taken from his two books titled Zarb-i-Kalim and Armaghan-i-Hijaz. Large
portion of the second book consists of Persian poetry, but no Persian poetic
work has been included in this volume; herein only a few poems have been
picked. First, the Zarb-i-Kalim.
SUBMISSION TO FATE
Tun beh Taqdir

Issi Quran mein hai abb tark-e-jahan ki taalim; jiss ney Momin ko
banaya meh-o-parvin ka amir.
[Meh-o-parvin: Chand aur taarey.]
The Koranic teaching that did bring the Moon and Pleiades within human: Is
now explained in manner strange, 'Twixt man and world to cause a breach.

' '

Tun beh taqdir hai aaj onn kay amal ka andaaz; thhi nihan jinn kay
aradon mein Khuda ki taqdir.
[Tann beh taqdir: Taqdir kay ghalat mafhoom per yaqin kar kay kochh na
karna aur iss intizar mein baithhey rehna keh jo kochh hona ho ga ho jaey
ga.]
Their mode of work has changed entire, before the freaks of Fate they bow:
They had a say in what God decreed, but Muslims have now fallen low.

' ' '



Thha jo nakhoob ba-tadrij khoob hoa; keh ghulami mein badal jata hai
quomon ka zamir (fitrat, sarisht).
What was so evil has by steps put on the shape of good and fine: In state of
bondage, as is known, the shift of conscience is quite sure.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
6

THE DECLINE OF MUSLIMS

Mosilman ka Zawal

Agarchih zar bhi jahan mein hai qazi-ul-hajaat; jo faqr sey hai mayassir,
tawangri sey naheen.
[Qazi-ul-hajaat: Hajitein ya zarooratein pori karney wala.]
Though wealth and gold provide the worldly needs of man; but
what Faqr can bestow, no wealth or gold e'er can.



Agar jawan hon meri quom kay jasoor-o-ghayoor; Qalandri meri kochh
kam Sikandari sey naheen.
[Jasoor-o-ghayoor: Dalir aur ghairatmand.]
If youth of nation mine were jealous of their creed; my Qalandar's state
won't mind Alexander's might indeed.



Sabab kochh aur hai, tou jiss ko khod samajhta hai; zawal bandah-e-Momin
ka bi-zari sey naheen.
[Bi-zari: Doulat ka nah hona.]
With ease you can divine to some thing else is due: Penury can not cause
decline of Moslems True.



Agar jahan mein mera johar aashkar hoa; Qalandri sey hoa hai, tawangri
sey naheen. [Johar: Slahiyat. Ashkar: Zahar.]
Wealth has played no part to bring my worth to light; my Faqr this spell has
cast, the share of wealth is slight.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]

IJTEHAD

Ijtihad

[Jo batein Adami ko pehley sey maloom hon onn ko damagh mein dobarah
tartib dey kar natijah akhaz karna.]



Hind mein hikmat-e-Din koeyi kahan sey seikhhey; nah kaheen lazzat-ekardar, nah afkar-e-amiq (gehrey).
There is no place in Ind where from to learn; the tenets that the Muslim
Faith concern. They are devoid of zeal for godly acts, and are not wont to
seek its basic facts.



Kahan halqah-e-shouq mein woh juraat-e-andaishah; ah mahkoomi-otaqlid-o-zawal-e-tehqiq.
[Juraat-e-andaishah: Sochney ki taqat. Taqlid: Pairwi. Zawal-e-tehqiq:
Tehqiq ka nah hona.]
The mystics, who were keen their Faith to spread, are silent now and thought
for them a dread. Alas! The state of bondage deprives of zest, slaves tread
the beaten path and relinquish quest.



Khod badaltey naheen, Quran ko badal deytey hein; hooey kiss darjah
faqihaan-e-Haram bitoufiq.
[Faqihaan-e-Haram: Mosilman ulema.]
The jurists are helpless to such extent can't change themselves, but would
change Koran's content. How sad, the jurists can't shift their outlook, but
would prefer to change the Holy Book.



Inn ghulamon ka yeh maslak hai keh naaqas hai katab; keh seikhhati
naheen Momin ko ghulami kay tariq.
8

These abject slaves opine and cling to creed that Holy Book is full of flaws
indeed. They think it incomplete for this fact because it fails to teach the
slavish tact.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
MULLAH OF THE MOSQUE
Mulla-e-Haram

Ajab naheen keh Khuda takk teri rasaeyi ho; teri nigah sey hai poshidah
Adami ka moqam.
Teri namaz mein baqi jalal hai, nah jamal; teri azan mein naheen hai meri
sehar ka payam.
I do not wonder if to God you find approach. You know not rank of man for
which you need reproach.
Your worship is devoid of grandeur, charm and grace. Your Call to Prayer at
morn leaves cold and does not brace.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
INDIAN MUSLIM
Hindi Mosilnan

Ghaddar-e-watan oss ko batatey hein Brahman; Angraiz samajhta hai


Mosilman ko gadagar.
Brahmans dub him as foe to native land, the English call him beggar on
other hand.



Punjab kay arbab-e-nabawwat ki shariat, kehti hai keh yeh Momin-eparinah hai kafir.
[Punjab kay arbab-e-nabawwat: Mirza Ghulam Mohammad ki taraf
asharah.]
The Code of Prophet born in Punjab says: This ancient Muslim owns many
pagan ways.


''
Awazah-e-Haq othhata hai kabb aur kidhar sey; maskin sakam mandah
darein kashmakash andar. (Mera chhota sa maskin dil issi kashmakash
mein rehta hai).
When and whence the call to truth shall rise, my humble heart is feeling
much surprise?
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
HOLY WAR
Jihad

Fatwa hai Sheikh ka yeh zamanah qalam ka hai, dunya mein abb rehi
naheen talwar kargar.
It is the verdict of the Shaikh that pen is stronger than the sword: The
sword has lost its might and force, tile pen has gained a firmer hold.



Laikan janab-e-Sheikh ko maloom kaya naheen? Masjid mein abb yeh
waaz hai bisood-o-biasar.
But does not the august Shaikh take cognizance of this bitter fact: That this
lecturing in the mosque can never make the least effect?
10



Taigh-o-tafang dast-e-Mosilman mein hai kahan; ho bhi, tuo dil hein mout
ki lazzat sey bikhabar.
[Tafang: Bandooq.]
In hands of Muslims of the world, where can the gun and sword be seen? If
equipped with such deadly arms, to suffer death they won't be keen.



Kafir ki mout sey bhi larzta ho jiss ka dil; kehta hai kon issey keh Mosilman
ki mout mur.
At sight of heathen's natural death, if one with fear and fright is filled; no
one directs a man like that to get in Holy War be killed.



Talim oss ko chahiey tark-e-jihad ki; dunya ko jiss kay panjah-e-khoonin
sey ho khatar.
[Panjah-e-khoonin: Khoon sey bhhara hoa haath.]
A man, whose bloody claws for world with risk and danger much are
fraught; must avoid the Holy Wars, to give up wars he must be taught.



Batal ki faal-o-fur ki hifazat kay wastey; Europe zirah mein doob gaya dosh
ta kamar.
[Faal-o-fur: Shaan-o-shoukat. Dosh ta kamar: Kandhey sey kamar takk.]
The West is bent to mount a guard on false, untrue pretentious show. It is
armed with weapons dread, is clad in mail from top to toe.



Hum pochhtey hein Sheikh-e-Kalisa nawaz sey; Mashraq mein jung shar hai
tuo Maghrab mein bhi hai shar.
11

[Kalisa nawaz: Girja nawaz; Issaiyuon ko khosh karney wala.]


We like to ask the holy Shaikh, who holds the shrine in high esteem; if war
for West is heinous crime, how far in East can harmless seem?



Haq sey agar gharz hai tuo zeba hai kaya yeh baat; Islam ka mohasbah,
Europe sey dargozar.
[Mohasbah: Pochh gichh; ihtisab.]
A man concerned with truth alone can never this much proper deem that East
for sins must reckoning face, but crimes by West may lighter seem.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
BEWITCHED BY THE WEST

Afrang zadah

(1)




Tera wajood sarapa tajali-e-Afrang; keh tou wahan kay amarat-garon ki
hai tamir.
[Tajali-e-Afrang: Europe ki chamak.]
Magar yeh paikar-e-khaki khodi sey hai khali; faqat niyam hai tou,
zarnigar-o-bishamshir.
[Zarnigar: Soney kay naqsh wali.]
Your being whole from head to foot reflects the West; her masons in you
have shown their art at best.
Devoid of Self, your frame from clay and water made is like a spangled
sheath that has no steel or blade.

12

(2)




Teri nigah mein saabit naheen Khuda ka wajood; meri nigah mein saabit
naheen wajood tera.
Wajood kaya hai, faqat johar-e-khodi ki namood; kar apni fikr keh johar hai
binamood tera.
In God's existence you don't believe, you have no existence, I conceive.
Life means to bring Self's merits hid to show, take heed, your Self is quite
devoid of glow.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
INDIAN ISLAM


Hindi Islam



Hai zindah faqat wahdat-e-afkar sey Millat, wahdat ho fana jiss sey woh
ilhaam bhi ilhaad.
[Wahdat-e-afkar: Khiyalat ki yagangat. Ilhaam: Khoda ka paigham. Ilhaad:
Kofar, bi-dini.]
Oneness of thought and Faith alone can make a Society last for long: That
revelation is schism indeed that fails to make this bond much strong.



Wahdat ki hifazat naheen bi-qowwat-e-bazoo; aati naheen kochh kaam
yahan aqal-e-Khudadad.

13

Oneness of thought and Faith can be defended with arms robust and strong.
The wit that God bestows on man does not befriend a man for long.

!

Ay mard-e-Khuda! Tojh ko woh qowwat naheen hasil; ja baithh kissi ghaar
mein Allah ko kar yaad.
O man of God, you lack such strength, go seek retreat in cave forlorn; arid
sit there like a hermit old, worship Almighty Lord night and morn.



Miskini-o-mehkoomi-o-noumeidi-e-javed; jiss ka yeh tasawwaf ho woh
Islam kar ijaad.
[Noumeidi-e-javed: Hamaishah ki naommeidi.]
Devise such faith whose mystic thought may have mien meek and slavish
trend. And side by side there may persist despair that has no bound and end.



Mulla ko jo hai Hind mein sajdey ki ijazat; nadaan yeh samjhta hai keh
Islam hai azad.
The leave allowed to Muslim Priest to bow and bend, 'fore God to pray
makes that artless fellow think that Ind is free from foreign sway.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
DEFEATISM
Shakast

Mojahidanah hararat rehi nah Sufi mein; bahanah bi-amali ka bani sharabe-alast.

14

[Alast: Roz-e-azal Adami ney alast-a bah-Rabbekom (kaya mein tomhara


Rabb naheen hon) kay jawab mein qalo bala (han Tou Rabb hai) kaha
thha.]
The mystics of the present age are devoid of warrior's rage: The claim that
they are rapt with wine of Last and turn from Code Divine.



Faqih-e-shehar bhi rahbaniyat peh hai majboor; keh maarkey hein shariat
kay jung-e-dast badast.
The jurist has such bent of mind that makes to monkish mode inclined, in
Holy Wars take rock-like stand, they are just combats hand to hand.



Garaiz-e-kashmakash-e-zindagi sey, mardon ki; agar shakast naheen hai
tuo aur kaya hai shakast.
Man's flight from conflicts of life, or escape from its heat and strife if these
not be abject defeat, what else is then a mean retreat?
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
FERVOUR FOR ACTION
Masti-e-kardar

Sufi ki tariqat mein masti-e-ahwal; Mulla ki shariat mein faqat masti-egoftar.


The mystic mode has naught except the inner changes of the heart. The talk
of Mullah on his creed is merely piece of fiery art.



Shaer ki nawa mordah-o-afsordah-o-bizouq; afkar mein sarmast, nah
khabidah nah baidar.
15

The Poet's song of zeal; bereft is dead and struck with frost: To outward eyes
he seems awake, though in thoughts completely lost.



Woh mard-e-mojahid nazar ata naheen mojh ko; ho jiss kay ragg-o-pay
mein faqat masti-e-kardar.
Alas! My eyes do not behold the Holy Knight whose fervour high may cause
his blood to seethe and boil in veins that lend such might to thigh.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
THE TRUE GUIDE
Mehdi-e-barhaq

Sabb apney banaey hoey zindan mein hein mehboos; khawar kay swabat
hon keh Afrang kay siyyar.
[Mehboos: Qaidi. Khawar: Mashraq. Swabat: Jo harkat nah karey.]
The sedent nations of the East, or active dwellers of the West; are inmates of
such dungeons that were built by them with zeal and zest.



Piraan-e-Kalisa hon keh Sheikhaan-e-Haram hon; ney jiddat-e-goftar hai,
ney jiddat-e-kardar.
[Piraan-e-Kalisa: Padri. Sheikhaan-e-Haram: Mulla. Jiddat: Niya-pann.]
The priests who guide the Christian church and Elders who maintain the
Shrine, lack newness of discourse and speech, bereft are they of actions fine.



Hein ehl-e-siyasat kay wohi kohna kham-o-paich; shaer issi aflas-etakhiyal mein gariftar.

16

[Kham-o-paich: Dao, heirpheir. Aflas-e-takhiyyal: Khiyalat ki kam-maigi.]


Experts in statecraft practise still the same antique guile and wily tricks; no
flights of fancy the bard can claim to ideals low and mean he sticks.



Dunya ko hai oss Mehdi-e-barhaq ki zaroorat; ho jiss ki nigah zalzalah-ealam-e-afkar.
It is time that expected Guide may soon appear oil worldly stage: His
piercing glance in realm of thought would cause a violent storm to rage.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
FATE: (SATAN AND GOD)
Taqdir

((

!
!

Ay Khuda-e-konn fakan! Mojh ko nah thha Adam sey bair: Aah woh
zindani-e-nizdik-o-door-o-dair-o-zood.
[Khuda-e-konn fakan: Woh Khuda jiss ney kaha ho ja aur sabb kochh ho
gaya. Zood: Jald.]
Harf-e-istakbar teyrey samney momkin nah thha; han magar teyri mashiyat
mein nah thha meyra sajood.
[Istakbar: Gharoor. Mashiyat: Marzi (Khuda ki)]
O Lord of worlds, against Adam, no grudge or spite I did e'er bear. Alas! He
is a captive still of late and soon, far off and near.
'Fore You, O mighty Lord of Worlds a haughty pose I could not show; it was
pre-ordained by You God that I to You would never bow.

17



Kabb khhola tojh per yeh raaz, inkar sey pehley keh baad?
Before denial or after, when did across your mind this mystery dart?

!
Baad! Ay teyri tajali sey kamalat-e-wajood.
Aft Lord, who can by Your display perfection great to life impart.

( )
Farishton ki taraf dikhh kar
(Looking at the Angels)


'


()
Pasti-e-fitrat ney sikhhlaeyi hai yeh hojjat ossey; kehta hai teyri mashiyat
mein nah thha meyra sajood.
[Hojjat: Dalil. Sajood: Sajdey ki jama.]
Dey raha hai apni azadi ko majboori ka naam; zalim apney shoalah-esozan ko khod kehta a dood.
[Shoalah-e-sozan: Jala deyna wala shoalah. Dood: Dhoan.]
[Makhoz az Mohiuddin ibn-e-Arabi]
His low grovelling bent of mind has taught the wretch to argue and contend;
he says it was pre-ordained, to God he would not bow or bend.
Unfettered freedom though he owns, yet gives it name of much constraint:
The tyrant, though a blazing flame, to be mere smoke is his complaint.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]

18

INVOCATION TO THE SOUL OF MUHAMMAD (S.A.W.)


Ay rooh-e-Muhammad (S.A.W.)



Shirazah hoa Millat-e-marhoom ka abtar; abb tou he bata, Mosilman
kidhhar jaey.
[Shirazah: Intizam-o-zabt. Abtar: Bikhhar gaya.]
The bonds that in past, like bundle knit, the Faithful Fold, have now been
split: O God sent Guide, let Muslims know, what to do and where to go?



Woh lazzat ashoob naheen behar-e-Arab mein; poshidah jo hai mojh mein,
woh toofan kidhar jaey.
[Ashoob: Shorash.]
The Arabian Sea is quite bereft; of stir, there rise no waves and 'crest the
tempest that in me is hid has no place to spread and skid.



Her chund hai bi-qaflah-o-rahilah-o-zaad; iss koh-o-biyaban sey hodi
khwan kidhar jaey.
[Rahilah: Sawari. Zaad: Safar ka saman. Hodi khwan: Onton ko mehw-esafar rakhhney kay leay gana ganey wala shakhs (Shaer ka apni taraf
asharah hai)]
Caravan has left the tramp alone, but mount or food he does not own; where
can the singing cameleer go, who rides on hill and waste to and fro.



Iss raaz ko abb faash kar ay rooh-e-Muhammad (S.A.W.); ayat-e-Elahi ka
nigahbaan kidhhar jaey.

19

Soul, whom God for message chose! This secret hid to me disclose; some
light on this problem throw, where may the guard of God's portents go?
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
PUNJABI MUSLIM


Punjabi Mosilman



Mazhab mein bohat tazah pasand iss ki tabiyat; kar ley kaheen manzal tuo
gozarta hai bohat jald.
A new born Faith invokes his taste, adopts with zeal but leaves with haste.



Tehqiq ki baazi ho tuo shirkat naheen karta; ho khhail moridi ka tuo harta
hai bohat jald.
In search for truth lie takes no part, as disciple stakes both head and heart.



Tawil ka phhanda koeyi siyyad laga dey; yeh shaakh-e-nashiman sey otarta
hai bohat jald.
If comments' snare some hunter set, from nest on bough would drop in net.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
FREEDOM
Azadi

20

Hai kiss ki yeh joraat keh Mosilman ko toukey; huriyat-e-afkar ki niamat


hai Khuda-dad.
[Huriyat-e-afkar: Khiyalat ki azadi.]
The right of thinking free, a Muslim owns, is gift or God which can't be
checked by frowns.



Chahey tuo karey kaabey ko atash-kadah-e-Paras; chahey tuo karey oss
mein Farangi sanam abad.
[Atash-kadah-e-Paras: Ehl-e-Faras ka atash-kadah.]
He can transform the Shrine to Magian fane, can deck the Shrine with
Frankish idols vain.



Quran ko bazichah-e-tawil bana kar; chahey tuo khod ekk tazah shariat
karey eijad.
[Bazichah: Khhail, bamaani bachon ka khhail.]
Can make the Holy Book the sport or boys, and can with ease devise new
Faiths like toys.



Hai momlikat-e-Hind mein ekk torfah tamasha; Islam hai mehboos,
Mosilman hai azad.
In India queer and odd the farce you see, the Faith is captive, but the
Muslims free. [Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
PREACHING OF ISLAM IN ENGLAND
Ishaet-e-Islam Frangistan mein




21

Zamir iss madniyat ka Din sey hai khali; Frangiyuon mein akhowwat ka
hai nasab peh qayam.
[Akhowwat: Bhai-charah. Nasab: Khandan. Qabilah.]
The cultures that prevail in West are quite devoid of Faith or Creed. Amongst
the Franks fraternity rests on ties of lineage, race and breed.



Boland-tar naheen Angraiz ki nigahon mein, qabool-e-Din-e-Masih sey
Brahman ka moqam.
[Din-e-Masih: Eisaeyi mazhab.]
If high caste Brahman ever chose to adopt Christ's faith and creed; his rank
and state the same remain, to his conversion Franks wouldnt heed.



Agar qabool karey, Din-e-Mustafa (S.A.W.), Angraiz; siyah roz Mosilman
rehey gap pher bhi ghulam.
[Siyah roz: Bad bakht.]
If Franks embraced the Muslim Faith, revealed to Mustafa (S.A.W.), sundry
and all: There won't be change in Muslim's state, the wretch would still
remain a thrall.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
TO THE AMIRS OF ARABIA
Omraaey Arab sey

Karey yeh kafir-e-Hindi bhi joraat-e-goftar; agar nah ho omra-e-Arab ki


bi-adabi.
If Amirs of Arabian lands don't take it for a slur or slight; this Muslim from
the land of Ind may speak with vigour great and might.

22



Yeh noktah pehley sikhhaya gaya kiss ummat ko? Wasal Mustafawi, iftiraq
buLahabi.
[Wasal Mustafawi: Mustafa (S.A.W.) ka paigham itifaq. Iftiraq buLahabi:
Abu Lahab ka paigham nafaq phhailana hai.]
Who were the people whom at first God's apostle preached kinship
close? Division amongst them was infused by men, like Bu Lahab the like.



Naheen wajood hadood-o-saghoor (hadein) sey oss ka; Muhammad Arabi
(S.A.W.) sey hai alam-e-Arabi.
Their existence does not rest at all on borders long and deserts vast Arabian
lands subsist because of blessings of Arabia's Prophet Last.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
NATIONS OF THE EAST
Aqwam-e-Mashraq

Nazar aatey naheen bi-pardah haqaiq onn ko; ankhh jinn ki hoeyi
mehkoomi-o-taqlid sey kor.
Zindah kar sakti hai Iran-o-Arab ko kiyuonkar; yeh Farangi madniyat keh
jo hai khod labb-e-gor.
Those men, who lose their eyes through bondage and sheepish bent, can't see
the facts of life though veil from truths be rent.
How can the cult of Franks revive the Muslim lands? It is on verge of wreck
is based on tottering sands.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
23

REFORMERS OF THE EAST


Moslehein-e-Mashraq

Mien hon nuommeid teyrey saqiyaan-e-Samri fun sey; keh bazam-eKhawaran mein ley kay aaey saatgin khali.
Your vintners have despaired me much, like Samri, they can cast a spell:
With empty bowls to East have conic; what they would do is hard to tell.



Naeyi bijli kahan inn badlon kay jeib-o-daman mein; porani bijliyuon sey
bhi hai jinn ki astein khali.
No lighting new can ever flash in tap or clouds that float in sky: Of lightning
old, their sleeves are void; how can they gain a Status high?
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
GHAZAL



Nah mien Ajami, nah Hindi, nah Iraqi-o-Hijazi; keh khodi sey mien ney
seikhhi duo jahan sey biniazi.
I don't belong to Fars or Hind, to Iraq or Hejaz don't trace my breed.
The Self to me this much has taught spurn both the worlds and pay no heed.



Tou meri nazar mein kafir, mien teri nazar mein kafir; tera Din nafas
shomari, mera Din nafas godazi.
[Nafas shomari: Sans ginana. Nafas godazi: Sans ko naram karna.]

24

You are a heathen in my view, the same to you may seem my creed: To
count the breath, your Faith and goal, while melting breath my job and deed.



Tou badal gaya tuo behtar keh badal gaeyi shariat; keh mowafiq-etadrawan naheen Din-e-shahbazi.
[Tadrawan: Chakoron.]
Your change, no doubt, is good and well, and so your change of Moslem
Creed. This Faith is meant for men, like hawks, it suits not pheasants'
quivering breed.



Terey dasht-o-dar mein mojh ko woh janon nazar nah aya; keh sikhha
sakkey khird ko reh-o-rasm kar-saazi.
[Reh-o-rasm kar-saazi: Kaam sanwarney waley tariqay.]
Such passionate Love of God and craze, in wilds and wastes has not caught
my sight; whose magic force and rapture great, the faults of reason may set
right.



Nah joda rehey nawa-gar tabb-o-taab-e-zindagi sey; keh hallaki-e-omam
hai yeh tareeq-e-ney nawazi.
[Nawa-gar: Ganey wala. Hallaki-e-omam: Quomon ki halakat.]
A poet must ne'er keep aloof from noisy fretful stream of life; the bard, who
shuns the facts and truths, can't make the nation face its strife.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
GHAZAL



25

Milley ga manzal-e-maqsood ka issi ko soragh; andhairi shabb mein hai


cheetay ki ankhh jiss ka charaagh.
That man alone in lire shall find to aim and end a certain sign: Whose eyes
in pitch dark night can see, and like the eyes of panther shine.



Mayassar aati hai forsat faqat ghulamon ko; naheen hai bandah-e-Hur
kay leay jahan mein faragh (forsat).
The slaves can get repose and rest in world confined by Time and Space: But
men of high and noble birth haven't leisure in worldly race.



Farogh-e-maghrabiyan kheirah kar raha hai tojhey; teri nazar ka
nigehban ho sahib-e-mazaagh.
[Farogh: Taraki. Kheirah karna: Ankhhon ko chondiyana. Sahib-e-mazaagh:
Surah-e-Anjam ki taraf asharah hai jiss mein Mearaj ka zikar hai aur kaha
Muhammad (S.A.W.) ki nazar ney jo kochh dikhha woh bilkol darust dikhha;
nigah nah idhar sey odhar hoeyi aur nah hadd sey barrhi.]
The progress great that West has made, has bedazzled your eyes a deal. May
Prophet (S.A.W.) guard your precious sight; to vouch him God did Najm
reveal!



Woh bazam-e-aish hai mehman yakk nafas dou nafas; chamak rehey hein
missal-e-sitarah jiss kay ayyagh (Piyalah).
These revels do not last for long, like guests they stay for a breath or so: The
bowls of wine that glint like stars, are soon deprived of gloss and glow.



Kiya hai tojh ko kitabon ney kor zouq itna; saba sey bhi nah mila tojh ko
booey gul ka soraagh.
[Kor zouq: Andhha zouq.]
26

The books have marred your taste and zest to such a great and vast extent
that breeze of morn has also failed to give you clue of rose and scent.
[Translated by Akbar Ali Shah]
MIGHT OF ISLAM MOSQUE
This about the first mosque that was constructed by Qutbuddin Aibak
after conquest of New Delhi and the famous Qutab Minar was one of the
minarets of this mosque:


Masjid Qowwat-ul-Islam


' '
Hai merey seinah-e-binoor mein abb kaya baqi; La Illah mordah-oafsordah-o-bizouq-e-namood.
[Bizouq-e-namood: Izhar kay zouq ka nah hona.]
Now naught remains in Muslim's breast, his heart devoid of glint and glow:
He avowed with zeal 'No God but He', but dead and cold the zeal for show.



Chashm-e-fitrat bhi nah pehchan sakkey gei mojh ko; keh Ayazi sey
digargon hai moqam-e-Mehmood.
[Ayazi: Ghulami. Digargon: Montasher.]
The Muslim's state has so declined that Nature fails to know at sight,
because the slavish acts of Ayaz have put Mahmud's high rank in plight.



Kiyuon Mosilman nah khajal ho teri singeini sey; keh ghulami sey hoa
misl-e-zajaj oss ka wajood.
[Misl-e-zajaj: Shishey ki manind.]

27

You have withstood the ruin of Time and kept your ground as firm as rock.
Constraint has turned the Muslims weak; you put them all to shame and
shock.



Hai teri shan kay shiyan ossi Momin ki namaz; jiss ki takbir mein ho
maarkah-e-bood-o-nabood (hasti-o-naisti).
The worship of such Muslims suits your structure immense and so vast, who
with one breath that God is Great; found truth and lies away are cast.



Abb kahan meyrey nafas mein woh hararat, woh godaaz; bitabb-o-taab-edaron meyri salaat aur darood.
[Bitabb-o-taab-e-daron: Andarooni tarrap aur garmi kay baghair.]
The Muslim's breast is quite bereft of previous heat and ardour strong; his
blessings, worship are devoid of innate heat and fret since long.



Hai meri bang-e-azan mein nah bolandi, nah shakoh; kaya gawara hai
tojhey aisey Mosilman ka sajood?
[Shakoh: Dabdabah.]
His call to prayer is devoid of lofty tones and grandeur great; O God, let this
be known to him, will you let him 'fore you prostrate?
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
CREATIONS OF ART
Makhloqat-e-honar

28

Hai yeh firdous-e-nazar ehl-e-honar ki taamir; faash hai chashm-etamasha peh nihan khanah-e-zaat.
The craftsmen by their tact have built such works that Eden jealous make:
The eyes endowed with sight can see; states hid that stir the heart and rake.



Nah khodi hai, nah jahan-e-shaam-o-sehar kay dour; zindagani ki
harifanah kashakash sey nijaat.
[Harifanah kashakash: Apas mein tsadam aur khhaincha tani.]
There is no Self nor usual change of morn and night at all is found: The
Muslims have got rid entire of combats and shun such a round.



Ah! Woh kafir bicharah keh hein oss kay sanam; asr-e-raftah kay wohi
tootey hoey Laat-o-Manat.
Ah! The infidel poor still pays homage to his idols old; though their broken
state lie knows, yet oil him they retain their hold.



Tou hai miyyat, yeh honar teyrey janazey ka imam; nazar tuo aeyi jissey
marqad kay shabastan mein hayat.
[Marqad kay shabastan: Qabar ki khwab-gah.]
You are a corpse and your art the leader of your funeral rite: In pitch dark
bed-room of the grave, of life the fellow catches sight.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
PERSIAN POETRY
Shear-e-Ajam




29

Hai shear-e-Ajam garchih tarabnak-o-dil awaiz; iss shear sey hoti naheen
shamshir-e-khodi taiz.
[Tarabnak: Por-saroor. Shamshir-e-khodi: Khod agahi ki nazar.]
There is no doubt that Persian verse, like music of the harp and lute, is full
of joy and has much charm, yet sword or Self it makes not sharp.



Afsordah agar oss ki nawa sey ho gulistan; behtar hai keh khamosh rehey
morgh-e-sehar khaiz.
[Morgh-e-sehar khaiz: Sobh sawairey othh kar chehchaney wala parindah.]
Much good that birds which chirp and sing at morning early rise and bloom,
give tip their songs, if can't dispel this earthly meadow's murk and gloom.



Woh zarab agar koh shikan bhi ho tuo kaya hai; jiss sey motzalzil nah hoeyi
doulat-e-Pervaiz.
A mighty stroke with case can cleave a mountain high and big in twain: If
fails to shake the founds of Chosroe's throne, is useless quite and fully vain.


''
Iqbal yeh hai kharah tarashi ka zamanah; az her chih baainah namayand
beh parhaiz (yeh apni shaeri kay ainey sey jo kochh dikhhatey hein oss
sey bachna chahiey.]
Iqbal much strife is needed in present age which needs chiselling rocks and
crushing stone; shun case, in mirror do not peep, and let such things remain
alone. [Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
THE CRAFTSMEN OF INDIA
Honarwaran-e-Hind




30

Ishq-o-masti ka janazah hai takhiyal onn ka; onn kay andaishah-e-tarik


mein quomon kay mazar.
[Andaishah-e-tarik: Bhhiyanak soch.]
Their fancy tolls the knell of love and rapture sweet; their dark and dismal
thoughts with nations' tombs replete.



Mout ki naqsh-gari onn kay sanam khanon mein; zindagi sey honar onn
Brahmanon ka biazaar.
Their idol halls arc full with prints of gloomy death. The art of these
Brahmans seems tired of life and breath.



Chashm-e-Adam sey chhopatey hein moqamaat-e-boland; kartey hein rooh
ko khwabidah, badan ko bidaar.
They hide from eyes of man his state and noble name: They fill the soul with
sleep, incite the lust in frame.


! !
Hind kay shaer-o-suratgar-o-afsanah nawees; ah, bicharon kay eisaab
peh aurat hai sawar!
[Suratgar: Mosawar.]
Alas! In Hind sex rules the bards and painters too: Those, who write
romantic tales, talk of sex through and through.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
MUSIC
Mosiqi



31

Woh naghmah-e-sardi khoon-e-ghazal sara ki dalil; keh jiss ko sonn kay


tera chehra taabnak nah ho.
A song that fails to make your face glimmer and glow with joy and glee,
shows that minstrel's blood is cold, his heart of heat and warmth is free.



Nawa ko karta hai mouj-e-nafas sey zehar alood; woh ney nawaz keh jiss ka
zamir pak naheen.
That player on the flute who has a conscience much defiled, impure with
puff of breath can make a tune replete with poison which hasn't cure.



Phera mien Mashraq-o-Maghrab kay lalah zaaron mein; kissi chaman
mein girebaan-e-lalah chaak naheen.
I have visited the meads in East and West, where tulips parks adorn, but I
have not beheld a park, where tulips have their collars torn.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
PSYCHOLOGY OF BONDAGE
Nafsiyat-e-Ghulami

Shaer bhi hein paida, ulema bhi, hikma bhi; khali naheen quomon ki
ghulami ka zamanah.
The wise and bards in bondage both are born, of such births, the age of
slavery is not shorn.



Muqsad hai inn Allah kay bandon ka magar eik; her eik hai go sharah-emaani mein yaganah.
[Sharah-e-maani mein yaganah: Maanon ki wazahat karney mein bimisal.]
32

These men of God have merely single aim, their interpretation of verse,
unique they claim.



Behtar hai keh sheron ko sikhha dein rum-e-ahoo; baqi nah rehey sher ki
sheri ka fasanah.
[Ramm-e-ahoo: Hirnon ki tarah bhag jana, bozdili.]
Much good to teach the lion timid deer's flight, none may recall the legends
of lion's might.



Kartey hein ghulamon ko ghulami peh razamand; tawil-e-misael ko
banatey hein bahana.
They make the thralls contented with their state, they make excuses, when
Faith's affairs relate.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
TODAY AND TOMORROW
Aaj aur Kall

Woh kall kay ghum-o-aish peh kochh haq naheen rakhhta, jo aaj khod afrozo-jigar soz naheen hai.
Woh quom naheen laiq-e-hangamah-e-farda; jiss quom ki taqdir mein
imroz naheen hai.
[Laiq-e-hangamah-e-farda: Mostaqbil kay hangamon kay laiq.]
One who does not light and consume his heart, in future's joy or sorrow has
no part.

33

That nation can not morrow's tumult face, which is destined to lose the
present race. [Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
THE EAST
Mashraq

Meri nawa sey giriban-e-lalah chaak hoa; nasim-e-sobh, chaman ki talash


mein hai abhi.
By strains I sing at early morn, the vest of tulip has been torn.
Breeze has been roaming since the dark, but has not found a single park.



Nah Mostafa nah Raza Shah mein namood oss ki; keh rooh-e-sharq badan ki
talash mein hai abhi.
In Raza Shah or Mustafa Kamal, no trace of it is found at all. East's soul is
seeking body sound, but such a body has not found.



Meri khodi bhi saza ki hai mostihiq laikan; zamanah daar-o-rasan ki talash
mein hai abhi.
[Daar-o-rasan: Sooli aur rassi yaani mout ka saman.]
My Self deserves correction dire. To set it right and sound entire: The world
harbours this evil hope; to hang me seeks a plank and rope.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
LORDSHIP
Khwajgi

34

Dour-e-hazar hai haqiqat mein wohi ehad-e-qadim; ehl-e-sujjadah hein ya


ehl-e-siyasat hein imam.
In fact, the present age is still the same antique and ancient tide, whether
statesmen give them lead, or spiritual leaders guide.



Iss mein piri ki karamat hai nah miri ka hai zour; sainkron sadiyuon sey
khogar hein ghulami kay awam.
[Khogar: Aadi.]
To bondage common man is wont, since times none can recall to mind; this
wonder is not wrought by Guides, but by wealth's vigour blind.



Khwajgi mein koeyi moshkal naheen rehti baqi; pokhtah ho jatey hein jabb
khoey ghulami mein ghulam.
When commons grow mature and ripe, in slavish bent and trend of heart; the
governors can rule with ease, they don't face hurdles on their part.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
FOR SLAVES
Ghulamon kay leay

Hikmat-e-Mashraq-o-Maghrab ney sikhhaya hai mojhey; eik noktah keh


ghulamon kay leay hai akseer.
Both wisdoms of the East and West have given to me of their best: Both of
them to me have taught a point with Elixir's virtues fraught.



Din ho, falsafah ho, faqr ho, sultani ho; hotey hein pokhtah aqaid ki bana
per taamir.
35

It may be philosophy or creed, Derveshhood or else kingly breed; through


sound beliefs they grow mature, get built on founds so firm and sure.



Harf oss quom ka hai soz, amal zaar-o-zabon; ho gaya pokhtah aqaid sey
tehi jiss ka zamir.
[Zaar-o-zabon: Zalil-o-khwar.]
Of ripe beliefs, if nations' heart has no share or allotted part; such mortals
are devoid of glow; their acts are mean, debased and low.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
COMPLAINT
Gillah

Maloom kissey Hind ki taqdir keh abb takk; bicharah kissi taj ka tabindah
nagin hai.
The Fate of Mind to none at all is known, this lustrous gem still decks the
British crown.



Dihqan hai kissi qabar ka ogla hoa mordah; bosidah kafan jiss ka abhi zire-zamin hai.
Her peasant seems like corpse for want and dearth, whose rotten shroud is
still beneath the earth.



Jan bhi girv-e-ghair, badan bhi girv-e-ghair, afsos keh baqi nah makan hai
nah makin hai.
[Girv-e-ghair: Doosron kay pass rehan rakhhi hoeyi.]

36

His soul and frame to aliens have been sold. Alas! The soul on lodge has lost
its hold.



Europe ki ghulami peh raza-mand hoa tuo, mojh ko tuo gillah tojh sey hai,
Europe sey naheen.
With Europe's bondage you are quite content, no plaint 'gainst them, but I
your act resent.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
POLITICAL LEADERS
Siyasi Paishwa

Ommeid kaya hai siyasat kay paishwaon sey; yeh khak-baz hein, rakhhtey
hein khak sey paiwand.
[Khak-baz: Mitti sey khailney waley, pust khiyalat waley. Paiwand: Taaloq.]
You can not much expect from those who politics guide; their wont to play
with dust to lowly dust is tied.



Hamaishah moor-o-magas per nigah hai onn ki; jahan mein sift-eanqaboot onn ki kamand.
[Moor: Chewanti. Magas: Makhhi. Anqaboot: Makrri. Kamand: Rassi ka
phanda jo shikar pakrrney kay leay istimaal kiya jata hai.]
Their gaze is ever fixed on humble ants and flies; their noose as frail as web
can't cast it on the skies.



Khosha woh qaflah, jiss kay amir ki hai mataa; takhiyal-e-malkooti-ojazbahha-e-boland.
37

[Khosha: Khosh nasib. Mataa: Doulat. Takhiyal-e-malkooti: Farishton ki


sei soch.]
How lucky the Caravan, whose Chief possesses the stock of lofty angelic
thoughts, and passions firm as rock.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
PSYCHOLOGY OF BONDAGE
Nafsiyat-e-ghulami

Sakht barik hein amraaz-e-omam kay asbab; khhol kar kehiey tuo karta hai
biyan kotahi (biyan saath naheen deyta).
The causes that make the nations sick are quite obscure, too vague and fine;
although some man may try his best, yet cause in full he can't define.



Din-e-sheri mein ghulamon kay imam aur shaiokh; dikhhtey hein ekk faqat
falsafah-e-roobahi (loomarri ka rawiyah, bozdili, makkari).
The chiefs and guides of slaves have sunk so low that it seems so much odd!
If mode of lions is presented to them, they will see naught save guile and
fraud.



Ho agar qowwat-e-Faron ki dar pardah morid; quom kay haq mein hai
laanat woh Kalimullahi (Allah sey kalam karna).
If a Moses forms a secret League with the Pharoah of his time; for his nation
such like Moses is curse committing dreadful crime.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]

38

THE PRAYER OF SLAVES

( )
Ghulamon ki namaz (Turki wafad Hilal-e-Ahmar Lahore mein)



Kaha mojahid-e-Turki ney mojh sey baad namaz; tawil sajdah hein kiyuon
iss qadar tomharey imam.
The Turkish Knight said to me at prayer's end: Why do your Imams
prostrate for long and bend.



Woh sadah mard-e-mojahid, woh Momin-e-Azad; khabar nah thhi ossey
kaya cheez hai namaz-e-ghulam.
That simple manly knight and Muslim free knew not at all what such slaves
prayer be.



Hazar kaam hein mardan-e-Hur ko dunya mein; onnhi kay zouq-e-amal sey
hein ommaton kay nizam.
[Mardan-e-Hur: Azad mard.]
Free men have thousands of pursuits in life, nations progress through great
zeal and strife.



Badan ghulam ka soz-e-amal sey hai mehroom; keh hai maroor ghulamon
kay roz-o-shab peh haram.
[Maroor: Gozarney ka amal. Roz-o-shab: Dinn aur raat.]
In slave's body beat for deeds is nil, always his days and nights are at stand
still.

39



Tawil sajdah agar hein tuo kaya taajab hai; waraey sajdah gharibon ko
aur kaya hai kaam.
[Waraey sajdah: Sajdey kay sawa.]
If they prostrate for long no wonder there, besides prostration, the poor have
no affair.



Khuda nasib karey Hind kay imamon ko woh sajdah jiss mein hai Millat ki
zindagi ka payam.
May God to Muslim Priests of India grant homage that news of Life in
hearts can plan.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
THE EAST AND THE WEST
Mashraq-o-Maghrab

Yahan marz ka sabab hai ghulami-o-taqlid, wahan marz ka sabab hai


nizam-e-jamhoori.
Nah Mashraq oss sey buri hai, nah Maghrab oss sey buri; jahan mein aam
hai qalb-o-nazar ki ranjoori (bimari).
In the East bondage and mimicry have spread the germs of pain and grief. In
the West rule of chosen mobs is source of sorrows main and chief.
Neither the East is quite immune, nor West from germs is fully free; widespread the blight of heart and glance, a few can claim true joy and glee.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]

40

THE PURGATORY
This poem and those reproduced thereafter are taken from the book
titled Armaghan-i-Hijaz.
Alam-e-Barzakh

(Mordah apni qabar sey) Kaya shaey hai, kiss imroz ka farda hai qayamat:
Ay meyrey shabastan-e-kohan! Kaya hai qayamat?
[Imroz: Aaj. Farda: Aney wali kal. Shabastan: Raat gozarney ki jagah.]
A Dead to his grave: Of which todays next would be doomsday? O my old
chamber! What is doomsday?

!

Qabar: Ay mordah-e-sadd salah! Tojhey kaya naheen maaloom? Her mout
ka poshidah taqaza hai qayamat.
The Grave: O hundred years dead do you know, nay! Each deaths hidden
need is the doomsday



Mordah: Jiss mout ka poshidah taqaza hai qayamat; oss mout kay phandey
mein gariftar naheen mien.
The Dead: Which deaths hidden need is the doomsday. Fastened in its trap,
I would like, nay.



Her chund keh hon mordah-e-sadd salah olaikan; zolmat kadah-e-khaak
sey bizaar naheen mein.

41

[Zolmat kadah-e-khaak: Mitti kay andar tarik ghar.]


A hundred years dead I am called though, Im not sick of that dusty gloom
so.



Ho rooh pher ekk bar sawar-e-badan zaar; aisi hai qayamat tuo kharidar
naheen mien.
[Sawar-e-badan zaar: Kamzor badan per sawar.]
If a soul comes back in this body weak, if that is doomsday, to that I wont
seek.




Sada-e-Ghaib: Ney nasib maar-o-kazzdam, ney nasib daam-o-dud; (yeh
tuo saanp, bichho aur darindon waghirah ki bhi qismat mein naheen aur
tou insan ho kar hamishah ki mout chahita hai) hai faqat mehkoom quomon
kay leay marg-e-abadd.
A Hidden Voice: No fate of snakes and scorps: nor jungles snare,1 a life
long deaths fate is slaves only share.



Baang-e-Israfil onn ko zindah kar sakti naheen; rooh sey thha zindagi mein
bhi tehi jinn ka jasadd (badan).
To him cant wake up the Israpheels horn, so void of soul body was his lifes
thorn.



Mur kay jee othhna faqat azad mardon ka hai kaam; garchih her zi-rooh ki
manzal hai aghosh-e-lehadd.
[Zi-rooh: Rooh rakhhney wala, insan. Aghosh-e-lehadd: Qabar ki aghosh.]

42

Would rise from graves the free men alone, though each mans abode is the
grave lone.

( )
!

Qabar (apney mordah sey): Ah, zaalim! Tou jahan mein bandah-emehkoom thha; mien nah samajhti thhi keh hai kiyuon khaak meyri soznaak (jalan wali).
The Grave (to her Dead): O fool in this world you were the men slave, now I
follow why pinched me the grave.



Teyri mayyit sey meri taarikiyan taarik-tar; teyri mayyit sey zamin ka
pardah-e-namoos chaak.
[Pardah-e-namoos: Izzat ka pardah.]
My gloom from thy body added more gloom, the veil of Earths honour in
rags did loom.


! !
Al-hazar, mehkoom quomon ki mayyit sey suo baar al-hazar: Ay Israfil! Ay
Khuda-e-kainat! Ay jaan-e-pak.
[Al-hazar: Daro.]
Shun hundred times from a slaves body then, O Seraph! O Soul! O God! Of
whole men.




Sada-e-Ghaib: Garchih barham hai qayamat sey nizam-e-hast-o-bood;
hein issi ashoob sey bi-pardah asrar-e-wajood.
[Nizam-e-hast-o-bood: Dunya ka nizam. Ashoob: Hungamah. Israr: Raaz.]

43

A Mysterious Voice: From doomsday shakes the worlds order though, this
noise but opes; the Beings Secrets so.



Zalzaley sey koh-o-darr orrtey hein manind-e-sahaab; Zalzaley sey
waadiyuon mein tazah chashmon ki namood.
[Manind-e-sahaab: Badalon ki tarah. Namood: Zahar.]
From tremors, like clouds move the hills and dales, the tremors ope
fountains in dales and vales.



Her naeyi tamir ko lazam hai takhrib-e-tamam; hai issi mein moshkilat-ezindagi ki kashood.
[Takhrib-e-tamam: Mokamal barbadi. Kashood: Kholna.]
A new built up needs a total wreck, through wreck life breaks all the
bottlenecks.



Zamin: Ah yeh marg-e-dawaam, ah yeh razam-e-hayat; khatam bhi hogi
kabhi kashmakash-e-kainat.
[Marg-e-dawaam: Hamaishah ki mout. Razam-e-hayat: Zindagi ki jung.]
Earth: Oh! This lasting death! Oh battle! For life would the world ever, end
its strife.



Aqal ko milti naheen apney botton sey nijaat; arif-o-aami tamam bandahe-Laat-o-Manaat.
[Arif-o-ami: Khas-o-aam.]
A riddance from her idols, world cant get, a savant or layman are Lots
slaves yet.
44




Khwar hoa kiss qadar Adam-e-Yazdan safaat; qalb-o-nazar per gran aisey
jahan ka sabaat.
Kiyuon naheen hoti sehar hazrat-e-insan ki raat?
[Adam-e-Yazdan safaat: Khuda ki safaat rakhhney wala insan.]
How much man lowered who had Godly part's such worlds stay a load on
eyes and hearts. Why is there no morn of such a mans night?
[Translated by Q A Kabir]
A DETHRONED KING
Mazool Shahinshah

Ho mobarik oss shahinshah-e-niko farjam ko; jiss ki qorbani sey asrar-emalokiyat hein faash.
[Niko farjam: Nek anjam. Asrar-e-malokiyat: Badshahat kay raaz.]
I hail, that king great who earned a good name whose sacrifice reveals the
kingships game.

' '

Shah hai Bartanvi mandar mein ekk mitti ka bott; jiss ko kar saktey hein,
jabb chahein pojari paash paash (tokrrey tokkrey).
The king in British fane, idol of dust, to whom the old baptists if wish can
burst.


!
Bishak yeh moshk amaiz afyuon hum ghulamon kay leay;

45

Sahar-e-Englees! Ma ra khwaja digar tarash (Ay Angraiz jadoogar!


Hamarey leay koeyi doosra aaqa bana).
[Moshk amaiz afyuon: Khoshbo-dar afyuon.]
They keep a musky poppy for slaves like us; O English charmer carve a new
king for us.
[Translated by Q A Kabir]
THE HYMNS OF HELL DWELLER

Dozakhi ki Monajat

Iss deir-e-kohan mein hein gharaz-mand pojari; ranjeedah botton sey hon
tuo kartey hein Khuda yaad.
[Deir-e-kohan: Porani dunya.]
The selfish priests live in this temple old, when grieved by idols they take
the Gods fold.



Pooja bhi hai bisood, namazein bhi hein bisood; qismat hai gharibon ki
wohi nalah-o-faryad.
Their worship is vain, their prayers in vain; the poor are destined to weep in
old pain.



Hein garchih bolandi mein amaraat falak-bos; her shehar haqiqat mein hai
verandah-e-abad.
[Falak-bos: Asman ko chhoney wali. Verandah-e-abad: Zahar mein abad aur
haqiqat mein veraan.]
In height are buildings which kiss the sky, in fact each city makes ruins by
and by.

46



Taishey ki koeyi gardash-e-taqdir tuo dikhhey; sairab hai Pervaiz, jigar
tishnah hai Farhad.
[Sairab: Pani peiney wala. Jigar tishnah: Jigar sey piyasa, intahaeyi piyasa.]
Let some one ponder the fate of axe yet, Pervez well watered, the beau
thirsty yet.
[Pervez: King of Persia (known in amatory legend of Shirin and Farhad on
whose behest Farhad dug the canal with his axe. Thus the beau is Farhad,
who could not yet win the hand of his lady love.]



Yeh ilm, yeh hikmat, yeh siyasat, yeh tajarat; jo kochh hai, woh hai fikar-emalokanah ki eijaad.
[Fikar-e-maalokanah: Badshahon ki souch.]
This knowledge, this science, statecraft and trade; for kingship alone these
games were made.



Allah tera shokar keh yeh khitah-e-porsoz; soudagar-e-Europe ki ghulami
sey hai azad.
I thank thee O God! That this radiant tract; of bondage of West has no signs
in fact.
[Translated by Q A Kabir]
MYSTERIOUS VOICE
Awaz-e-Ghaib

Aati hai dum-e-sobh sada arsh-e-barein sey; khhoya gaya kiss tarah tera
johar-e-adraak.
47

[Johar-e-adraak: Woh qowwat jiss ki nooraniyat sey insane kainat ki zaroori


baaton ka ilm hasil karta hai.]
At dawn thus echoes a voice beyond sky: How you lost the essence of ken
and pry.



Kiss tarah hoa kond tera nishtar-e-tehqiq; hotey naheen kiyuon tojh sey
sitaron kay jigar chaak.
[Kond: Jo tez nah raha ho.]
The knife of thy hunt how you made blunt, the shining stars why you could
neer hunts.
[Hunt: Here it means research.]



Tou zahar-o-batan ki khilafat ka sazawar; kaya shoala bhi hota hai
ghulam-e-khas-o-khashak.
[Sazawar: Laiq. Khas-o-khashak: Ghhas phoos.]
To thy heritage, goes the caliphate, can flame be tied to tuft and hays fate.



Mehr-o-meh-o-anjam naheen mehkoom terey kiyuon; kiyuon teri nigahon
sey larztey naheen aflaak.
The stars, sun and moon thy slaves are not why, from thee shivers not, why
not the whole sky.



Abb takk hai rawan garchih lahoo teyri raggon mein; ney garmi-e-afkar,
nah andaishah-e-bibaak (bikhouf soch).
That blood still runs in thy veins though, no heat of thoughts nor a smashing
dash so.

48



Roshan tuo woh hoti hai, jahan bein naheen hoti; jiss ankhh kay pardon
mein naheen hai nigah pak.
A lucent eye though, but lacks seeing sense, the eye which lacks a holy
guides glance.



Baqi nah rehi teyri woh ainah zamiri; ay koshtah-e-Sultani-o-Mullaeyi-oPiri.
[Koshtah: Mara hoa.]
No longer looks now thy crystal conscience; O prey of kings an mullah, and
Pirs guidance.
[Translated by Q A Kabir]
QUATRAINS





Kaha Iqbal ney Sheikh-e-Haram sey; teh-e-mehraab-e-masjid suo gaya kon.
Nida masjid ki diwaron sey aeyi; Farangi bott-kadey mein khho gaya kon?
Iqbal once said to Sheikh of Holy home: Who is sleeping now under the
mosque a dome.
I heard a voice then from the mosques lane, who is lost now in the
Tinas lane.
(Tina is a dim of Christina. Teenic, Tina, Xina are diminutives of China.)
[Translated by Q A Kabir]

49

-------xxxxx-------




' '
Kohan hungamah-haey arzoo sard; keh hai mard-e-Mosilman ka lahoo
sard.
Botton ko meyri la-Dini mobarik; keh hai aaj atash-e-Allah Hoo sard.
The cravings are cold of the uproars old, as blood of Muslim is now a day
cold.
My faithless trend the idols hail. My Allah Hoos fire is cold like hails.
[Translated by Q A Kabir]
7th November, 2012

50

MALALA DAY
Pakistan Army has so far withstood the post Malala-attack pressure to
launch operation in North Waziristan to kill or capture the man who came
and went back to Kunar located hundreds of miles away. The Crusaders,
however, have not yet abandoned their plans to capitalize on the unfortunate
incident. The UN decided to observe Malala Day and former British Prime
Minister, Gordon Brown visited Pakistan in that connection.
Zardari regimes patron-in-chief won US presidential election despite
the devastation caused by super storm Sandy. Hafiz Saeed, the head of
Jamaat-ud-Dawa, availed the opportunity to offer every possible help to the
storm-hit American people, while Abbottabad Commission quietly swept
everything under the carpet. Richard Olson arrived in Islamabad to take up
his duties as the new US Ambassador to Pakistan.
The armed struggle for the liberation of Afghanistan from foreign
occupation forces continued with fluctuating intensity. The worst attack
came after Eidul Azha prayers in Maymana city of Faryab Province in
Northern Afghanistan in which 40 people were killed and 50 others
wounded. There was no respite from insiders attacks as well
America and its European allies stayed away from Iran refraining
from stepping beyond the sanctions. Meanwhile, Pakistan moved to improve
its relations with India by leaps and bounds. Deputy Chief Minister of Indian
Punjab and Chief Minister of Behar visited Pakistan in this connection and
Indian High Commission announced liberal visa policy for traders
The period ended with the resignation of drone-master, the CIA
Director General Petraeus. The most celebrated retired general of the
ongoing Crusades was a casualty to his biographer Paula Broadwell. His
deputy will now be in charge of drone strikes.

NEWS
Pakistan: On 22nd October, Abbottabad Commission cleared
Pakistan government and military establishment of involvement. The
investigation describes how the daughter of one of bin Ladens two couriers,
who lived with their families in separate buildings inside the high-walled
compound, saw the al-Qaeda leader as she climbed the stairs in his private
area for a Quran lesson with one of his wives. According to the Pakistani
source, she was oblivious to his identity until she saw his picture on
51

television some days later. This prompted a hurried security conference


inside the compound, which ended with bin Laden giving up his exercise
routine in a covered part of the courtyard.
A senior government source said they would find few answers in the
commissions report. At the end of the day it really doesnt tell us much
more than we already knew. Its a disappointment for those who thought this
episode might represent a turning point for Pakistans relationship with
extremist groups, he said, adding that the investigation had spent more time
considering infringements of Pakistans sovereignty by the US Seals than
probing how such a well-known fugitive evaded detection. American critics
have accused Pakistani officials of knowing more about Osamas presence
than they were letting on.
Next day, at least three persons, a woman and two children were killed
and nine others injured when mortar shells hit houses in Miranshah, North
Waziristan. Security forces retaliated against the militant attack during
which few mortar shells landed on nearby houses, killing three people and
injuring nine others. A container, carrying supplies for NATO forces in
Afghanistan, was attacked in Kalat district.
Barack Obama said that Osama bin Laden would have escaped if the
United States had sought Pakistans permission ahead of the raid. During the
third and final debate ahead of presidential election on November 6,
President Obama and his Republican rival Mitt Romney said they would
continue drone attacks in Pakistan if they won the vote.
Mitt Romney said what happens in Pakistan will have a major impact
on the success in Afghanistan. Asked by the moderator if the United States
should divorce Pakistan, Romney supported continued ties but, in line with
legislation approved by the Congress, called for more conditions on US
assistance. On his part, President Obama made no effort to state his position
on Pakistan, and mentioned the country only a couple of times, and that too
in a negative term. The president did not even acknowledge the huge
sacrifices made by Pakistan in the war on terrorism.
Romney claimed that in view of the nuclear weapons, the presence of
the Haqqani militants and the Taliban within Pakistan, if the country
becomes a failed state, it would be of extraordinary danger. And so were
going to remain helpful in encouraging Pakistan to move towards a more
stable government and rebuild the relationship with us. And that means that
our aid that we provide to Pakistan is going to have to be conditioned upon
certain benchmarks being met.
52

Romney said, Its a nation thats not like others and that does not
have a civilian leadership that is calling the shots there. Youve got the ISI,
their intelligence organization is probably the most powerful of the three
branches there. Then you have the military and then you have the civilian
government. This is a nation which if it falls apartyouve got terrorists
there who could grab those nuclear weapons.
On 24th October, at least three people including a woman were killed
when a US drone targeted a house in village in Mir Ali area of North
Waziristan Agency. In Peshawar, militants damaged a bridge by blowing it
up with explosive material near Bacha Khan Markaz.
The Peshawar High Court issued a notice to former president Pervez
Musharraf for allowing the US to conduct drone attacks in the Tribal Areas.
A two-judge bench, headed by Chief Justice Muftahuddin Khan, conducted
the hearing on a petition filed against the CIA-operated drive. The bench
while issuing a notice to Musharraf, called him on the next hearing to
explain his position.
Next day, a girl was killed and three other people including two
children were wounded when the roof of their house collapsed due to a blast
in Hangu. Meanwhile, it was reported that the United Nations was to set up a
dedicated investigations unit in Geneva to examine the legality of drone
attacks in cases where civilians are killed in so-called targeted counterterrorism operations.
On 26th October, at least nine militants were killed and several others
injured in an operation conducted by security forces in Khyber Agency. The
forces pounded militants' hideouts with gunship helicopters in Akakhel area
of the agency. In Swat, gunmen shot dead two members of an anti-Taliban
peace committee.
Next day, Imran Khan said he was pulled off a New York-bound plane
by US immigration officials and interrogated about his view on American
drone strikes in his country. Khan was headed to New York to attend a fund
raiser organized by his party when he was stopped by US officials in
Toronto.
Richard Olson arrived in Pakistan to take up his duties as the new US
Ambassador to Pakistan. Upon his arrival Ambassador said he is looking
forward to present his credentials to President Zardari as soon as possible
and to start working with Pakistanis to build a relationship based on mutual
respect and common interests.

53

On 28th October, a bomb exploded outside a shrine of Ziarat Kaka


Sahib located in district Nowshera, killing four persons and injuring 34
others. A remote control bomb was planted about 30 feet away from the
main gate of the shrine in a water cooler. TTP condemned the blast and its
spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan said the militant outfit had nothing to do with
it. This blast is carried out by rivals to vilify the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan
and the TPP condemns that, he added. In D I Khan, at least one person was
killed and seven other injured in a hand grenade attack on a police officer's
house.
Next day, two security forces personnel and ten militants were killed
in clashes between forces and militants in Bara subdivision of Khyber
Agency. Six troops wounded by the militants in Malikdin Khel area of Bara.
The whole-day gunship choppers hovered over the area and the residents
were strictly instructed not to leave their houses. Thirty-four suspected
persons were arrested by the troops who razed four houses of the tribesmen
accusing them of having connections with militants.
Seconding Pakistans stance on the issue of US drone strikes in the
tribal areas, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Chinese
People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Zhao Qizheng, has
said such air raids are a violation of regional sovereignty.
On 30th October, a large number of regular Army troops were
deployed for an operation in Khyber Agency, reported. The move came
following a clash between security forces and militants. According to
eyewitnesses, security forces have cordoned off several areas in Barqamber
Khel and Sepah, while arresting many suspects and all major roads leading
to Bara were closed.
Hafiz Saeed, who is under a $10 million US bounty, offered
humanitarian aid to the United States as it battles super storm Sandy. Hafiz
Muhammad Saeed, the founder of the banned Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) outfit
and now head of the charity Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), said his organization
was ready to offer every possible help to the storm-hit American people.
Next day, the US, which is battling the aftermath of Super storm
Sandy, has rejected an offer of help from Hafiz Saeed, the man believed to
be the mastermind behind the 26/11 Mumbai attacks. We respect the
Islamic tradition of help to the needy, but we cant take Hafiz Saeeds offer
seriously, the US Embassy in Islamabad tweeted. On 1 st November, at least
eight militants were killed in clashes with security forces in Tirah Valley of

54

Khyber Agency. Four hideouts of the suspected militants were also


destroyed in security forces shelling.
On 2nd November, Taliban spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan, in a
statement, said that they had decided to target the MQM, vowing not to
show any mercy to the apostate tyrants of Karachi. The Pakistani Taliban
spokesman also called out to Pakistans judges to work for an Islamic
system. I call out to all the judges who are part of Pakistans secular laws
and courts: You will also be held accountable in front of God some day.
Therefore, you should also work for an Islamic system rather than this
system, said Ehsan in the two-page statement.
I urge the leaders of the nationalist parties in Balochistan and Sindh,
like the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) and the Sindh Liberation Army
(SLA), to fight for their rights in an Islamic way, said the statement. The
Pakistani Taliban also said that they were in the process of forming a
strategy with regard to the upcoming general elections.
Next day, Qaumi Watan Party leader, who also headed an anti-Taliban
Peace Lashkar, was killed along with four others when a suicide bomber
exploded himself at a filling station in Dagar area of district Buner. Asad
Filling Station was owned by Fateh Khan and he was there when the suicide
bomber struck.
Lord Nazir Ahmed said he believed Malala, who is awaiting
reconstructive surgery at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, could have
been shot as part of a plot to discredit the Taliban. Lord Ahmed told a
meeting in Willesden, North London, that he believed the young girl may
have been shot as an excuse to launch a military assault in the Taliban
stronghold of Waziristan.
He said he had visited Mingora, the town where Malala lived with her
family in the Swat Valley and there was no danger whatsoever from
militants. I dont know why it happened and one reason could possibly be
theres an operation in Waziristan [which] may possibly be on the cards or
some other sort of action, he told the meeting.
Attaullah, the main accused in the attempt of killing Malala is the
resident of Sangota, Ghowarey Masta area of Swat. Attaullah, the master
planner of the tragedy was born in 1989 in Ali Khans home. He is an
educated person, as he did his matriculation from Manglawar High School in
2007 and graduation from Government Jahanzeb College Saidu Sharif
Swat. He got admission in MS at the University of Peshawar in 2011.
According to his school and college teachers, he was a very intelligent and
55

obedient student. They said his favorite subject was Islamic studies, and he
was a religious-minded person.
According to Swat police, Attaullah is the main accused. They said his
name was not registered in terrorist list, and had no record before the
incident. During interrogation in the Malala attack case his accomplice
disclosed his name to the police and revealed that he was the mastermind.
Police arrested Attaullah and his whole family members including females
after his name emerged as mastermind in the assassination attack on Malala,
adding that later they released the family members after
investigation. Sources said Attaullah got training from Swat Taliban Chief,
Maulana Fazlullah in Afghanistan.
On 4th November, at least eight persons were injured when a remote
control device hit a police check post in Jala Bela area of Charsadda. In
Lower Dir, head of an anti-Taliban peace militia and former UC Nazim of
Peshawars suburban areas was shot dead by unidentified militants.
President Zardari said that terrorism has caused about 80 billion
dollars economic loss to Pakistan, as he urged the SAARC states to jointly
fight this global menace in their own region. Opening the three day
conference of the Association of SAARC speakers and parliamentarians at
the Aiwan-e-Sadr, he also called upon the SAARC parliaments to play their
role for forging better bilateral relations and addressing interstate and
regional issues.
On 5th November, a suicide bomber was killed and one security
personnel sustained injuries when he blew himself up in Yakkaghund Bazaar
area in Mohmand Agency. Next day, Peshawar High Court gave a last
chance to the authorities to present a complete list of missing persons by
December 4; otherwise action would be taken against them. During the
hearing of 57 missing persons case, the Chief Justice said that it was the
responsibility of the courts to award punishment. He pointed out that the
COAS had also made it clear that an accused could not be described as a
convict.
The chief justice said that 1,100 persons had been released, but still
1,095 people were in the internment centres. He directed the authorities that
a joint meeting of the security agencies, field commanders, unit
commanders, the chief secretary, the home secretary and the FATA
additional chief secretary be convened to prepare a final list of all the
missing persons. The hearing was adjourned for December 11.

56

On 7th November, one security man was killed and 14 others sustained
injuries in a bomb blast in Sadda Bazaar of Kurram Agency. The blast also
destroyed the vehicle of Political. In Peshawar, at least eight people,
including SP (Investigation) and four other policemen, were killed and 30
injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up in Qissa Khawani Bazaar.
After the failure of the week-long dialogue between administration,
forces and local tribesmen of Bar-Kamber Khel tribe, the forces launched an
operation in the area. The administration and the forces have linked
suspension of operation in the area to handing over of all wanted criminals
residing there, expulsion of all outsiders from the area besides demolition of
private torture cells and prisons.
Reportedly, the American troops stationed along the Pak-Afghan
border are not trying to locate Taliban leader Mullah Fazlullah, who is
hiding in eastern Afghanistan after masterminding last months attack on
Malala Yousafzai, The Washington Post cited US officials. Our guys just
arent tracking him. He is viewed as an other-side-of-the-border problem.
Next day, as many as 20 militants were killed while 110 suspected
persons were arrested during the on-going forces action in the last two
weeks in tehsil Bara, sub-division of Khyber agency. The military search and
clearance action against miscreants continued in different parts of Bara,
since last two weeks.
On 9th November, security forces killed six militants, besides injuring
13 others in retaliation to an attack on a check post in South Waziristan
Agency in which one soldiers was killed. Militants had attacked a post near
Toi Khulla area in Wana. Meanwhile, an organization Mujahideen-eWaziristan distributed pamphlets in Wana, warning the Ahmedzai tribe
against joining the Levies force.
Next day, police and intelligence agencies thwarted a possible terror
attempt in Lahore by arresting five alleged terrorists in a raid on a hideout in
Defence area. A huge stash of weapons, including hand grenades, automatic
guns and explosive devices, were seized during the operation. Besides the
five terrorists, five women and two children were also apprehended from the
house.
People in Pakistan and around the world observed Malala Day as part
of a global day of action for girls education. The day was part of a drive led
by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown, UN Special Envoy for Global
Education. He has presented a petition to President Zardari, along with one
million signatures from Pakistan, demanding free and compulsory education.
57

On 11th November, Pakistan government strongly condemned the


cross-border shelling by the Afghan National Army which led to the death of
four Pakistani civilians including two children, who were returning home
after collecting firewood in Nernarai area near the Pak-Afghan border. Two
terrorists were killed and a police cop martyred during an encounter in
Bannu district and ANPs MNA Khursheed Begum and her husband escaped
attempt on life when their car was attacked by unknown gunmen in
Peshawar.

Afghanistan: On 23rd October, ten Afghan security personnel were


killed in a battle with Taliban insurgents in Herat. President Karzai
condemned a NATO operation that killed four children in Baraki Barak
district of Logar province on 20th October. ISAF said it was aware of
possible ISAF-related civilian casualties from that operation.
On 25th October, senior Taliban commander and 24 of his fighters
were killed in a battle with Afghan security forces in a northern village
which also left five police dead. The commander of the attack was the
Taliban shadow governor for the northern province of Faryab where the
gunfight took place. Taliban have shadow provincial administrations headed
by governors, which tax the population and run their own form of justice,
often including executions.
Two American soldiers were killed by a man in an Afghan police
uniform while British troops killed two of their own soldiers in a friendly
fire incident in the central province of Uruzgan. Britains Ministry of
Defence said the shooting was still under investigation, which took place in
Helmand province.
Next day, suicide bomber killed more than 40 people, including five
children, when he struck at a mosque in northern Afghanistan after Eidul
Azha prayers. At least 50 others were wounded as the bomb ripped through
the worshippers in Maymana city in Faryab province. It was the worst death
toll in a single attack in Afghanistan since 80 died on December 6 last year
in a suicide blast at a shrine in Kabul on Ashura. There was no immediate
claim of responsibility. The attacker was wearing a police uniform when he
blew himself up at the entrance to the citys Eidgah Mosque.
The United States embassy said the attack against innocent
worshippers further demonstrates the insurgencys lack of respect for
religion, faith and its disregard for the safety and security of the Afghan
people. The commander of ISAF condemned heinous act and offered
resources to help however we can.
58

On 30th October, two soldiers in the NATO-led coalition fighting


insurgents in Afghanistan were shot dead by a man in an Afghan police
uniform. An individual wearing Afghan National Police uniform turned his
weapon against ISAF forces in Greshk district of Helmand Province, killing
two soldiers, a spokesman told AFP. The Taliban claimed that the shooter
was one of their fighters who had infiltrated the police and that the soldiers
killed were British.
On 2nd November, four Afghan policemen were shot dead by their
colleagues at a police check post in southern Afghanistan. The shooting,
which is the latest in a series of Afghan security personnel targeting their
local and foreign colleagues, occurred in Greshk district of Helmand
province. Both the attackers and the dead were new recruits to the police
force, Tooryalai added.
Former Pakistani Ambassador to the United States, Hussain Haqqani
urged the US to stay in Afghanistan for as long as necessary, instead of
withdrawing its troops in 2014 as planned. Although the Taliban
increasingly threaten Pakistan, the Pakistani military and intelligence
services continue to make distinctions among groups of Taliban and jihadis
and considers some of them strategic allies. Pakistan is still clinging to
hopes of greater influence over Afghanistan with the help of various Taliban
factions after the withdrawal, Haqqani claimed.
On 6th November, the UN Security Councils Taliban sanctions
committee added the Haqqani network, a major militant group accused of
staging attacks in Afghanistan, to its blacklist. The networks Qari Zakir,
who has planned many suicide attacks, was also added to the sanctions list.
A travel ban, arms embargo and asset freezing are part of the sanctions. It
comes after the US said it had decided to designate the group a terror
network, subjecting it to sanctions.
The UN designation said that the group was linked to al-Qaeda, the
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and a string of militant groups in Pakistan
including Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, Lashkar-i-Jhangvi and Jaish-iMohammed. Though it is late, the sanctions by the UN Security Council are
welcomed by our government and we hope the necessary pressure is made
on regional and global levels so that this terrorist network is eliminated,
spokesman for Afghan President Hamid Karzai, said.
Aimal Faizi, President Hamid Karzais chief spokesman, said
although the Afghan government is engaged in reconciliation talks with
members of the Taliban, it rules out dialogue with the Haqqani group,
59

believed to be based in the unruly border area between Pakistan and


Afghanistan. We dont want any kind of deal with the Haqqanis, who were
behind many of the attacks on Afghan security forces and civilians including
women and children, Faizi told Reuters.
On 8th November, at least 18 people, including 10 civilians, were
killed in three attacks in Afghanistans south and east. A roadside bomb
killed 10 civilians who were driving to a wedding in the Musa Qala district
of Helmand province. Another roadside bomb killed five soldiers in the
Badpakh area of Laghman, a province in the east. In the third attack, a
suicide bomber on a motorbike detonated his explosives at a police station in
Kandahar city, killing three policemen and wounding four.
On 10th November, two Afghan soldiers attacked US-led NATO forces
in western Afghanistan, in an insider attack in the country, injuring one
foreign soldier. A spokesman in Kabul said the attack by two Afghan
National Army (ANA) soldiers occurred in Muqur district of Badghis
province. Next day, a mother and her newborn baby were among six family
members killed in a roadside bombing in eastern Afghanistan. Five more
civilians were killed in two separate roadside bomb blasts in the southern
province of Kandahar.
Crucial negotiations on the status of US forces remaining in
Afghanistan after the NATO withdrawal in 2014 will begin in Kabul this
week. A key element of any agreement will be the question of immunity for
US troops from prosecution in local courts. In Iraq, Washington pulled out
all of its troops after failing to get Baghdad to grant its soldiers immunity,
and President Hamid Karzai has warned there could be similar problems in
Afghanistan.

Iran: On 2nd November, thousands of Iranians chanting Death to


America burnt US flags to mark the 33 rd anniversary of the seizure of the
US embassy in Tehran, just days before the American presidential election.
The demonstrators also chanted anti-British and anti-Israeli slogans, and
burnt Israeli flags, in front of the site of the former embassy, dubbed the den
of spies by the authorities who sponsor the annual commemoration.
The anniversary of the November 4, 1979 embassy seizure, in which
Islamist students captured and held 52 US diplomats hostage for 444 days, is
commemorated in Iran according to the Persian calendar. Now painted with
anti-US murals, the former embassy is currently a training and educational
facility controlled by Irans elite Revolutionary Guards.

60

On 6th November, Irans UN ambassador said that discriminatory


implementation of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) has left many
countries feeling that being a party to the anti-atom bomb pact hinders
cooperation in the field atomic energy. Iranian Ambassador Mohammad
Khazaee sought to assure countries that despite Tehrans reservations about
the way the treaty is enforced; Iran does not plan to pull out.
Khazaee accused the United States, Britain and France of supplying
Israel which is not a party to the 1970 treaty aimed at preventing the
spread of nuclear arms and is widely assumed to be the Middle Easts sole
nuclear power with atomic assistance and cooperation. The application
of a discriminatory, selective, highly restrictive and politically motivated
approach in nuclear cooperation...has given rise to this impression that being
an NPT party is not a privilege, because rather than facilitating, it impedes
nuclear cooperation, he said.
On 9th November, Pentagon said that an Iranian jet shot at a US
predator drone last week over the Persian Gulf. Pentagon spokesman said
the drone was not downed and was over international waters. Little said the
drone was performing routine surveillance and was about 16 miles off the
Iranian coast when an Iranian SU-25 warplane intercepted it and opened fire.
On 11th November, Iran warned it will react strongly against any US
intrusion into its airspace after two of its warplanes fired at an American
drone 10 days ago. Yes, we opened fire, and it was with warning shots. If
they do it again they can expect an even stronger response, General AmirAli Hadjizadeh, head of the elite Revolutionary Guards air and space forces
said.
Iranian Defence Minister confirmed the incident, saying the drone had
entered the space over the territorial waters of the Islamic Republic of Iran
in the Persian Gulf area. He added that the US unmanned aircraft had been
flying over Kharg Island to gather information about economic activity on
the island, and the arrival and departure of oil tankers.

India: On 23rd October, the Indian Environment Ministry has cleared


the execution of the 450 mw Baghliar-II hydro-electric project in Held
Jammu and Kashmir, while dispute between Pakistan and India over the
Baghliar-I project is yet to be settled.
Next day, India finally agreed to sell and lease out its locomotives to
Pakistan, thus helping the neighbouring country restart its defunct train
services, reported Hindustan Times. In the first-of-its-kind deal, the Indian

61

railways will deliver 50 refurbished American Locomotive Company


(ALCO) technology locos at an estimated cost of Rs350 crore. Another set
of 50 new locos of a higher horsepower (3000-3500) will also be leased out.
Lease charges of Indian locomotives work out to Rs900 per hour or
Rs21,600 per day.
While yearly maintenance of engines is proposed to be done at the
Indian Railways shed at Ludhiana, the Pakistan government has agreed to
ramp up facilities at its railway shed at Mughalpura near Lahore. Running
19,000 trains over a 54,000-kilometre network each day, the Indian Railways
is hugely stressed for train engines. But the production units will churn out
train engines in bigger numbers in the coming years. Issues with Pakistan
have now been sorted out. We will shortly start working on the
modifications and fix up the used locos to be delivered to Pakistan, officials
said.
On 27th October, the Kashmiris living on both the sides of the line of
control and rest of the world observed Black Day against the Indian invasion
on Jammu & Kashmir by taking out protest rallies and holding
demonstrations. The day is observed every year to mark extreme resentment
and indignation over the continued unlawful and forcible occupation of bulk
of Jammu Kashmir state by the Indian tyrannical forces. Police used force
against protesters in Srinagar; injuring several people.
Next day, India's new External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid said
that it would be his endeavour to reinforce the country's ties with Pakistan.
Interacting with media after his appointment as foreign minister, Khurshid
said: There are completely different perspectives on Pakistan and China.
China is in that sense we are clearer about where we stand with China. We
have had differences historically. I believe that with the passage of time and
emergence of a new economic order in the world has brought China and
India far closer together, working together but the potential of growth
between China and India, I think is enormous.
On 29th October, Indian authorities kept Kashmiri leaders under
detention during Eid holidays, including Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Mirwaiz
Umar Farooq, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Nayeem Khan, Shabir Ahmed Shah,
Javed Mir and others. They were not even allowed to offer Eid congregation
prayers by placing them under house arrest.
A ten-year-old boy was killed and five more people injured when
suspected militants lobbed a grenade in a crowded market in India's tense

62

northeast, police said. The attack took place in the small town of Udalguri.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.
On 31st October, the Army rescue teams recovered two bodies of
soldiers from Gayari sector of Siachen bringing the total number of bodies
recovered so far to 100. ISPR spokesman said over 300 men and 50
engineering plants have been employed on search operation for 139
personnel of 6 Northern Light Infantry Battalion that came under a huge
snow slide on April 7.
Federal cabinet of the PPP-led ruling coalition ratified the PakistanIndia visa regime agreement. The agreement, signed between the then Indian
External Affairs Minister SM Krishna and Interior Minister Rehman Malik,
aims at giving more concessions and simplifying the procedure to grant visa
with a view to promoting people-to-people contact.
On 2nd November, the interior ministry has called the disputed Indianoccupied Kashmir as an Indian state in the report presented to the Supreme
Court during hearing of Balochistan unrest case. The interior secretary
presented a report before the Supreme Court bench in which Kashmiri
freedom movement has been called an insurgency tantamount to the
situation in Balochistan. The report compares the restive situation of
Balochistan with the turmoil in Indian states of Punjab, Nagaland, Assam
and disputed land of Kashmir.
Ministry of Interior has clarified that in para five of a report submitted
in the Supreme Court, the word disputed was omitted due to an oversight.
A statement, issued in Islamabad by the ministry, said that occupied Kashmir
is disputed territory till such time that right of self-determination and
plebiscite is conceded to the Kashmiris to exercise their free will to live
according to their wishes.
On 6th November, a special meeting in Mirpur, to mark Jammu Martyrs
Day called for performance of due global obligations by the comity of
nations to ensure early peaceful settlement of Kashmir issue involving future
of over 15 million people of Jammu & Kashmir. The martyrs day ceremony
was held under the auspices of National Events Organizing Committee
(NEOC) with its Chairman Ch Guftar Hussain in the chair to commemorate
65th Jammu Martyrs Day.
Punjab Chief Minister Mian Shahbaz Sharif and Deputy Chief
Minister of Indian Punjab Sukhbir Singh decided to establish a common
Business Council for promoting bilateral trade between Indian and Pakistani
Punjab during the business roundtable moot. An agreement was also signed
63

with Chamber of Commerce and Industry Lahore for promoting business


relations. Shahbaz Sharif said it is time to forget the bitterness of the past
and plan for the future, by strengthening bilateral relations through mutual
trade and business ties.
On 9th November, four freedom-fighters were killed in a gunfight with
Indian occupation forces. On 11th November, Indian Defence Minister ruled
out demilitarization of Siachen and said decision on removing controversial
Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from Held Kashmir cant be
made in haste. Meanwhile, Pakistan freed 15 more Indian fishermen from
Malir Prison.

VIEWS
Pakistan
The President and anti-US mantra: Locked in an awkward
embrace with the USA for the past 10 years, it was strange to hear that no
one but China helped Pakistan in the terror war. Incidentally, it was Chinas
presence in Gwadar that set off the present West sponsored separatist
movements in Balochistan. Certainly, the US policymakers sitting in
Pentagon and State Department would take an exception to this remark
coming from the President of Pakistan. They did everything possible from
an intrusive Kerry-Lugar Bill, drone war, memogate and flying admonishing
visits to ensure the supremacy of civil-military relations. Whenever required,
Pakistani army was forced to take it bravely on the chin like the Salala raid,
intrusions into Pakistan from Kunar and support of anti-Pakistan militant
groups. The people of Pakistan, who have braved the rigours in a country
that refuses to succumb, do not matter. With the fits and starts of Chinese
sponsored relationships with Russia, has the President of Pakistan sent a
clear-cut message of disengagement to USA or are there other motives?
First, the message is for multiple audiences. For USA in an election
year, it could be ominous for President Barack Obama. The underlying
purpose could be to forge a new contract with the Republicans for political
longevity. The message is also for Russia backed by China. It is also for the
domestic audience in an election year to ride the wave of growing anti-US
sentiment. Most, it could just be another political tantrum.
It would be interesting to read the dmarche of Imrans critics posing
multiple questions and open letters to make sense of what President Asif
Zardari is saying. Winning hearts and minds, reconciliation and extrication
64

from a US-led war. Is this theme not identical to the three-point roadmap of
Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaaf? (Samson Simon Sharaf, TheNation 24th October)
The enemy and Pakistan Army: The US, while partially
withdrawing from Afghanistan, wants to embroil our army further into the
hornets nest. Washingtons mantra that Pakistani army is fighting its lost
war is endless. The Indians, too, are keen to get it bogged down on the
western border through operations in North Waziristan. So the Malala
incident is being exploited and misdirected. An orchestrated Indo-US media
campaign, supported by liberals in Pakistan, aims to lure the Pakistani army.
Their baited gambit seeks to launch it against its own people. This could
create a massive backlash and terrorist campaign, further destabilizing the
state.
With our army engaged in an endless war in Pakhtunkhwa,
Balochistan and Sindh, the stage will be set for coup de grce. This could set
in motion Pakistans denuclearization and balkanization; plans that were
conceived in hostile foreign lands. Perhaps, a perfect time to initiate the
Cold Start strategy or denuclearization campaign. Even a limited version of
this scenario aims to pit our army against the Taliban and those fighting the
foreign troops in Afghanistan. With the Americans leaving and the Indians
vulnerable in Afghanistan, they seek to diminish Pakistani influence in
Afghanistan. Our enemies want war in Pakistan and clamour for peace in the
region. But Pakistan needs peace at home and peace abroad.
The American geopolitical wish list was endless and frequently not
doable, which resulted in an 11-year long war in Afghanistan. In addition to
an exit strategy from Afghanistan complicated by USAs desire to leave
India not Pakistan as the winner. America is now perceived in some
circles as the most dangerous threat to Pakistan. Yet logically speaking,
hostility is an insane option for both USA and Pakistan. Islamabad and
Washington can be friends again after the US leaves Afghanistan. Pakistans
alliance with China, new friendship with Russia and old ties with the Taliban
can help bring balance and peace in Afghanistan.
Nevertheless, the threat to Pakistan from India commenced long
before 1947. The Indians wanted to replace the British Raj and were loath to
see the subcontinent divided. Unable to prevent the partition, they conspired
to ensure that a moth-eaten Pakistan comes into being. Since 1947, their
strategy has been to harm the country in every conceivable manner. Indias
hegemonic agenda and its support for terrorists and separatists in Pakistan

65

have spoiled their relations. Hence, the present existential threat to Pakistan
is mainly from India. (Nadir Mir, TheNation 26th October)
Commitment vs cruelty: One thing is really important to deliberate
here that whether it is the actual Taliban, who did all this and accepted the
responsibility or otherwise. Probably, they are not behind such cowardly
acts; it is neither their mandate or priority nor part of their philosophy.
However, they are some other elements under the guise of the Taliban, who
are playing this brutal game. Yet, the flipside of the notion is that if they are
not backing such heinous crimes, then why dont they reject the claim?
There exist divergent views as to who exactly is designing, executing and
controlling the operation of these horrifying activities in our country.
However, they cannot be absolved of the charges of killing innocent people
and creating terrible unrest here.
Historically, Pakistan has always been subject to anti-Pakistan forces
ever since. Calm has never prevailed on its north-western as well as eastern
borders. The tragic separation of one part of the country, intrusion from
neighbouring countries, consistent unrest in Balochistan, wars with
neighbouring India, economic crises, repeated sanctions against us, ongoing
propaganda against our nuclear programme, collapse of potential
organizations like Pakistan Railways, PIA, Steel Mills, shutting doors of
international sports in our country, increasing menace of terrorism and other
similar problems are not the outcome of our own mistakes, but cruel hands
of anti-Pakistan forces operating against us unchecked for long,
identification and exposing of which is the foremost requirement. We must
unearth those harsh realities, which are the source of our troubles, economic
mess and war-like situation.
It is high time that the whole nation got together on not only issues
like extremism, but also against inequality, injustice, oppression and
indiscrimination, in whatever form it exists in the society. We must have one
voice on all national issues and hold national interest supreme. We all pray
for quick and full recovery of Malala and her injured friends with the hope
that those involved in the murderous attempt on her will be arrested soon
and taken to exemplary task. (Waqar Hussain, TheNation 6th November)
Aafias appeal rejected: The US Second Circuit Court of appeals
has rejected Dr Aafia Siddiquis appeal against her sentence thus denying her
justice. She is currently serving 86-year jail term for allegedly shooting at
American interrogators in Afghanistan. While no US soldier or interrogator
was hit or injured, Aafia received bullet injuries. The strongest point that her
66

state-appointed lawyer, Dawn Cardi argued was that in view of Aafias


mental state, she should not have been forced to testify before the trial court
headed by District Judge Richard Berman in September 2010. Pakistan
government, political and religious parties and renowned human rights
organizations protested the conviction. A study of even the basic facts of the
case shows that Aafias mental condition is not stable. A brilliant woman,
who has lived through extraordinary experiences, no matter whose side of
the story is believed it is sad to see her languish in prison, when it is
obvious that she is no longer capable of even protecting and looking after
herself, let alone acting with the intent to harm.
While the legal technicalities of the case appear to have been defeated,
the Pakistani government has recourse to Aafia through diplomatic access
channels, via its embassy in Washington. An effort should be made to return
Aafia to her family, on sympathetic grounds. A brilliant woman, now
permanently altered, Aafias murky history will remain an unanswered
question in the history books. The most that can be done after her
conviction, is to request her to be retired home, where she can be monitored
by the state, in the care of her family. The grey lady of Bagram should be
allowed to live out the rest of her days with her family. (Editorial, TheNation
8th November)
Obama re-elected: US President Barack Obama has won re-election
for a second term His bid for re-election, as in his first campaign, came in
the midst of an economic crisis. His re-election is a sign that the electorate is
reluctant to change Presidents mid-stream and wish to see the policies
President Obama introduced, bought to fruition. Now that the campaign is
over, the Obama Administration does not have to prepare for a transition, but
it does have to prepare for a second inaugural, before tackling problems that
face the USA, both at home and abroad, still await solving.
The response in Pakistan while generally favourable, is tinged with
discomfort with expectation that President Obama will continue on a path
which led to the dip in relations with Pakistan, which to this day both sides
have not been able to recover from. It has also been noted that President
Obama, as well as Governor Romney, did agree to continue drone attacks in
Pakistans tribal areas. Though the Democrat Administration will be
expected to support a democratically elected government in Pakistan, it
should not be forgotten that both Gen Ziaul Haq and Gen Musharraf staged
their takeovers during the tenures of Democratic Presidents, Carter and
Clinton respectively.

67

Though President Obama, during his 2008 campaign, spoke of the


need to resolve the Kashmir issue, raised hopes in Pakistan, his failure to
address this, dashed them. The failure to mention this issue at all this time
around indicates that the Indian lobby has prevailed in Washington. At the
same time, it should not be forgotten that Obama is also under obligation to
the Israeli lobby, but is not as rabidly committed as Governor Romney. Also,
it should not be forgotten that his Administration showed the traditional
Democratic tilt towards India, which may be expected to continue. The
hawks may not have come into power, but President Obama will hardly be a
disappointment to those in favour of keeping the pressure up on Pakistan.
The reaction of Governor Romney to President Obamas victory also
provides a lesson to Pakistani politicians. His graceful concession speech
provided a salve to the disappointment of supporters, and prevented any of
those charges of rigging that even leaders in Pakistan so routinely fling
about when they lose. With a general election around the corner, this is a
lesson that must be taken to heart, especially now that the Asghar Khan case
helps ensure that the elections are fair and free. (Editorial, TheNation 8 th
November)
Pakistans fractured foreign responses: In the midst of these
international priorities where does Pakistan find itself? Pakistan as a country
does not have a foreign policy, which is coherent or coordinated. In a world
where we are the focus in a negative way, we need to sort our story. The
presidency/Foreign Office, the military and Parliament need to run with one
narrative. Whilst we as opposition are clear on our foreign policy direction,
the threesome is not coordinated. We dont mind leading the debate, but then
the sharing of information at tactical level has to be seamless. The following
positions need consensus for us to face the world in a unified way:
Pakistan will strike at the terrorists, who have attacked us and do not
accept the state of Pakistan or our constitution.
We will speak to those who are willing to enter the dialogue process
with a view to entering the electoral process.
Pakistan will not tolerate duality on drones. If they need to be used
for targets that are hardened, it needs to be our own military, which
needs to have the control.
The concept of no-go areas for our own population has to end. The
government must establish full control in all of Pakistan

68

The governments treatment of TTP and nationalists rebelling


against discriminations has to be different. The same medicine
doesnt apply to all elements.
Pakistan needs to be clear that it wishes to see more economic
activity with India whilst having forward resolution dialogue on
hardcore issues like Kashmir. Parallel effort has to be made on both
economy and territorial disputes.
The impact of the 2014 withdrawal from Afghanistan whilst
ensuring a dialogue with Taliban, which protects Pakistans national
interests, is critical.
Pakistan has to play a role in calming the West on Iran. It is an
important neighbour, which cannot be left to face the world alone.
Our relevance needs to be felt.
On China, we need to ensure security and a fast track facilitation on
investment.
No Bilateral Investment Treaties till favourable Free Trade
Agreements with all our major trading partners needs to be the basic
rule of thumb.
In the final analysis, none of the above is possible till a new
government such as PML-N takes charge in Islamabad. Corruption,
crumbling institution/economy and our own fiscal debt cliff has made us an
international basket case. With a responsible foreign policy vision, fiscal
discipline/austerity and clarity on foreign policy directions, we can
overcome the credibility gap with the rest of the world. However, for that we
need to understand clearly the world priorities, our potential role in it and
have one narrative to face the world. (Marvi Memon, TheNation 12 th
November)

Afghanistan
A note to President Hamid Karzai! Brave, faithful and committed
to national cultural renaissance, the Afghan people have been fighting
foreign occupations in modern history for far too long. In fact, an entire
young generation of Afghans has grown up knowing nothing except the
brutal and vicious military occupation of Afghanistan by the US and its
NATO allies. The question is: How would the Germans, Britons, Spaniards,
Austrians or any other nation for that matter, have felt if such a grave
injustice or military terror had been inflicted on their society. And that too
69

without any legitimate reason or an established political-military cause for


the conflict. Indeed, the entire civilized world (obviously there are
dangerously uncivilized nations) knows fully well that no Afghan national
was involved in 9/11 (by many accounts, an inside job to create a pretext for
war), and when Osama bin Laden was accused of masterminding 9/11, the
then Afghan Taliban government offered to surrender bin Laden to a third
country for trial. That offer was turned down by the Bush administration.
Now the time has come, in humanitarian fairness to the Afghan people
and in the interest of regional peace (most specifically the overflow of the
Afghan war into Pakistan) to separate fiction from reality: the Afghan
Taliban are not murderers. They are soldiers fighting a brutal occupation of
their country against a specified alliance of Western nations led by the US
for an immoral inhumane political-economic global agenda for hegemonic
control of the region and the economic exploitation of regional resources in
the interest of Western corporate capitalism. It is time for President Hamid
Karzai to bury the hatchet with the majority of Afghans and realign himself
with the nationalist forces for a final struggle to liberate his nation from the
clutches of imperialist powers. It is this political conduct that will give the
incumbent Afghan president a place in history; otherwise, he will be buried
as a nameless, self-serving politician who assisted a foreign alliance in a
more than a decade-long genocide of his people.
Let President Hamid Karzai make a new start at national
reconciliation by making a simple and yet hugely inspiring symbolic
political act: dumping the conveniently coined label of Taliban (it
automatically generates negative perceptions because of years of
propaganda) and replace it by terming the said movement as Nationalist
Resistance Movement or Nationalist Resistance Force even better what
Ronald Reagan called them The Freedom Fighters while the same very
Afghans battled the occupation of their country by the Soviet Union. Imran
Khan, Chief of Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf, has justifiably called them The
Mujahadin.
The point that is vital in my thesis of peace and national
reconciliation process is that the political wisdom that should prevail in
todays Afghanistan is to come to grips with the reality that the majority of
Afghan citizens are supportive of a national resistance force that is fighting
against Afghanistans occupation. And that nationalist force in common
terminology is named Afghan Taliban. Hence the Afghan Taliban are the
legitimate representatives of the majority of Afghani people. Logically and
politically, therefore, the Afghan Nationalist, or if you wish to name them
70

as Taliban, are a legitimate political force to reckon with. Without the full
political participation of the Taliban in the national peace and
reconciliation process, the prospects of lasting peace are virtually
nonexistent. No matter what this is a factor that President Hamid Karzai
must admit, acknowledge, accept and make the fundamental element of his
approach to bringing peace to his long-suffering nation.
Let us look at some of the psychological elements that are historically
implicit in the mindset of the occupational US-NATO political-military
establishment and play a basic role as impediments to peace initiatives in
Afghanistan. Foremost among these factors is the ideological belief system
of the US-NATO War Doctrine. This doctrine, which in practical policy
formulation and execution, means that peace can only be attained by
application of political-military force. This mindset and belief system is so
phenomenally ingrained in the imperialist nations that they are not willing to
give peace by political means even a remote chance. The idea is conceived
in the doctrine that an adversary must be occupied, humiliated, humbled,
shamed and militarily defeated because we have superiority in military
force.
The end-purpose of this military strategy and political mindset is to
achieve a victory: War creates Victors the masters, conquerors,
champions and the Vanquished, who cannot challenge the victors. Victory
is a triumph, a trophy unmatched in its glamour and power projection. Why
opt for a lesser deal? In peace by political process there are no victors
there is give and take, equality, mutuality, deliberations, fairness, at times
enormous concessions, humanitarian concerns, co-existence, balance of
power and suggestive military-political equilibrium. Obviously, the Western
powers ask themselves: Historically we have prevailed why choose a
course of lesser benefits? It is against the very nature of the Western
mindset. The incumbent Afghan President will be well advised to
comprehend the fundamentals of his allies mindset as he ponders over the
future of his nation. Hamid Karzais present approach to Afghan conflict
resolution is absolutely politically misguided and flawed.
In the 21st century US-NATO political doctrine and their aggressively
pursued military activism, it is claimed that these powerful nations have the
lawful right to military intervention anywhere in the world to promote
democracy. They say it is the pursuit of universal humanitarian principles
and in the interest of their own democratic values. But this is sheer
hypocrisy full of contradictions and propaganda charades.

71

Consider what the US-Western pursuit of democracy has given to the


world (to quote some examples): Batista in Cuba, Pinochet in Chile, Reza
Shah Pahlavi in Iran, Suharto in Indonesia, Ayub Khan, Zia-ul-Haq and
Musharraf in Pakistan, Hosni Mubarak in Egypt, Marcos in the Philippines
and innumerable dictatorships all over Latin, South and Central America.
Recently the US-Western military interventions for democracy have
decimated a centuries-old civilization in Iraq, destroyed the Afghan nation,
reduced Libyan civil society to tatters, destabilized Yemen and the entire
African continent and not to mention the genocide of Palestinians and the
killing of millions of innocent people in Iraq, Afghanistan, Vietnam and
clandestinely who knows where else.
The Afghan nation by the virtue of its Jirga culture knows very well
how to resolve conflict by peaceful processes. It is amazing that President
Hamid Karzai, himself an Afghan, gives such little credit to his own culture
and its historically-established strategy of conflict management. It is a
shame, isnt it?
Perhaps, Hamid Karzai needs to de-learn the mindset that his patrons
have cultivated in his intellect by prolonged association; he needs to be
emotionally, intellectually, and politically more of an Afghan than a believer
in the Wests precepts of individualism, self-interest and the element of
incurable egotism!
Hamid Karzai needs to change the direction of present political
discourse in Afghanistan and not to leave a legacy of political poverty for
his besieged nation. (Dr Haider Mehdi, TheNation 30th October)
Another crucial juncture: The Taliban leader, Mullah Mohammed
Omar has many idiosyncrasies. When he came to power, he did not live a
single day in the President House in Kabul, but preferred to rule Afghanistan
from his simple home in Kandahar. For the past eleven years, he has led the
Taliban from an unknown place but enjoys the same degree of command.
Anyone who dares challenge him cannot remain Talibans member, or even
alive, for long. His authority even transgresses from his group al-Qaedas
leader, Ayman-al-Zawahiri and leader of the Pakistani Taliban, Hakeemullah
Mehsud, accept him as their leader (Ameer-ul-Momineen).
The internal information gathering and dissemination mechanism used
by the Taliban is, even today, a challenge to decipher for any outsider.
However, the part that deals with communicating with people at large is very
simple. The messages issued by Mullah Omar on Eid and national holidays
of Afghanistan are more or less policy briefs; this Eidul Azha Mullah
72

Omars statement hinted towards important policy shifts. A copy of the


statement was also sent to me and contains many important points that
reveal a deliberate effort to remove international reservations about their
intentions. Mullah Omar states that we do not intend to grab power and nor,
after exit of foreign forces, wish to commit a civil war. Our efforts are
centered on a political system that is in hands of Afghans...free from any
foreign interventions.
He further goes on to say: After independence we will be part of a
political system that is based on Shariah and national sovereignty. The
system will be free from racial or any kind of discrimination...(the) law and
order situation will be improved, Shariah will be promulgated, and the rights
of every individual, male or female, guaranteed...under the guidance of
Islamic principles, education will be encouraged indiscriminately, and
academic and cultural matters be dealt with in a proper way.
About civil war, the statement has this to offer: ...we will defeat our
rivals who wish a civil war and disintegration of Afghanistan... We wish to
establish ties with all those who are ready to respect Afghanistan as an
Islamic and independent state, and their dealings are free from colonial,
authoritarian, and interventionist tones. To my mind this is what each free
Muslim Afghan wishes today.
Mullah Omar also speaks about Taliban and the political front. About
reconciliation with foreign elements, I wish to explain that to safeguard our
national and Islamic interests, along with our military efforts, we are also
busy at the political front. For these political efforts, we have established a
specific office and a separate political panel. The said office performs its
duties in regard to our Islamic and Jihadist interests. I wish to make it clear
that besides that specific office, we have no other outlet for any
reconciliation or political dialogue. We are not in favour of secret deals and
strongly discourage any party to do so with us... By creating and claiming
non-existent secret reconciliation deals, agencies and diplomatic circles of
interventionist powers are simply...wasting their time. We hope the entire
world community; international organizations...Muslim countries...will play
their due role...to end foreign intervention here.
This statement shows Mullah Omars attempt to remove international
reservations about the Taliban. The first fear of the international community
is that the Taliban will prefer to take control of Afghanistan, as in the past,
through the bullet. Here Omar negated those fears, saying neither are the
Taliban taking over Afghanistan nor starting a civil war. Another shift is the
73

addition of national along with Islamic in the statement. In the same way,
along with academic a special mention is made of cultural affairs, and
along with Islamic principles, one can note the addition of national
interests. Ideology, culture and historic bonds are also stressed.
For reconciliation with foreign elements, not only are political efforts
stated to be an integral part of the Talibans struggle but this political panel is
also said to be the only proper channel to contact the Taliban. All those
studying the Afghan issue closely would agree with my analysis that this
statement is an indication of yet another rare opportunity for a political
solution to the Afghan issue.
Besides this stance of the Taliban, other equations are also working
well at this moment. Pakistan-US relations are almost back to their previous
position, and the Af-Pak-US trilateral contact group has started its work.
Hamid Karzai, mainly due to his frequent shift of stances, has lost his ability
to work as a bridge among warring actors. However, Pakistan has
established good rapport with the non-Pakhtun leadership of Afghanistan in
north, which could work well for any future reconciliation efforts.
If the governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and the United States
work sincerely for the political solution of the Afghanistan issue, it would
end this complex war forever. However, if any party again tries to take
advantage of this opportunity for its own interests, everyone will have to
face the music. (Saleem Safi, The News 2nd November)
US military court hears Afghan massacre accounts: Holding back
tears, 15-year-old Rafiullah described how his grandmother wrestled with a
uniformed gunman who put a pistol in his sister's mouth. In the end, he
added, the man shot all three of them, one by one.
Rafiullah's account is part of chilling testimony linked to the alleged
slaughter of children and other civilians by a US soldier accused of going on
a shooting rampage in Afghanistan eight months ago.
Rafiullah and other witnesses and relatives of the victims testified via
video link at pre-trial hearings at a US military base in the western US state
of Washington to determine whether the accused, Sergeant Robert Bales,
should face court-martial.
Bales faces 16 counts of murder, six of attempted murder, seven of
assault, two of using drugs and one of drinking alcohol. Seventeen of the 22
victims were women or children and almost all were shot in the head.

74

The 39-year-old allegedly left his base in the Panjwayi district of


Kandahar province on the night of March 11 to commit the killings, which
included nine children. He allegedly set several of their bodies on fire.
The massacre is thought to be the deadliest crime by a US soldier
during the decade-long conflict and tested Washington and Kabul's already
tense relationship to the limit.
Rafiullah, who spoke in Pashtun and donned traditional garb, said he
was sleeping next to his grandmother, Na'ikmarga, and his sister, Zardana,
when there was a knock on the door.
After his grandmother got up to see what was going on, the man
came into the room and asked me to come outside and we started shouting...
he was wearing a uniform, Rafiullah said, sniffing as he recounted the
night's events.
Asked if the uniform worn by the man resembled those of US
soldiers, he said yes.
He had rifle and a pistol, Rafiullah said of the man. He put a pistol
in my sister's mouth and then my grandmother started to wrestle with him.
At that time I ran out of the door... My sister and I were running. As soon as
he left the room, my grandmother ran too.
When asked what happened next, Rafiullah responded: He shot my
grandmother and then my sister, and then me. He shot me on my legs.
Zardana was shot on her head.
Samiullah, Rafiullah and Zardana's father who was in Kandahar City
at the time of the attack, recalled the horror of coming home to carnage.
Upon arrival, he saw the bodies of four Afghans on the ground
including those of a father and his daughter. She was laying by her father's
side, he said of the girl. She was shot on her head and her head was all
bloody.
Zardana, who was seven when she was allegedly shot by Bales and
received treatment at a US military hospital, also testified.
Wearing a purple head scarf and sipping from a juice box, she
confirmed that her shooter was wearing a khaki-colored T-shirt.
Another witness was a young boy named Khan, dressed in black shirt
and a traditional white cap who appeared to be several years older than
Zardana, who watched his father being killed that night. Bales remained
silent throughout the testimony.
75

Last Monday, prosecutors laid out their case against Bales, saying he
had been drinking whiskey with colleagues before the massacre and
watching the movie Man on Fire, starring Denzel Washington as an exassassin on a revenge mission. Should the hearing result in a court-martial
and Bales be found guilty, he could face the death penalty.
Bales was transferred from Afghanistan back to Fort Leavenworth in
the US state of Kansas shortly after the alleged massacre, before being
moved back to Fort Lewis-McChord recently, home base of the US 2 nd
Battalion, 3rd Infantry Regiment.
His wife and two children were moved to the sprawling military base
south of Seattle for their own security, and to shield them from the glare of
the media in the wake of the killings. Before the hearings, Bales' wife
reiterated her belief that he was innocent, saying he did not remember the
shootings and was shocked when he was told details of the allegations
against him. (AFP report published in TheNation 12th November)

India
Kishanganga arbitration: Last month, the Permanent Court of
Arbitration at The Hague concluded its two-week hearing on the merits of
Pakistans complaint and Indias defence of the case titled: Indus Waters
Kishanganga Arbitration (Pakistan v. India). Pakistan initiated two disputes
for arbitration with India under Article IX and Annexure G of the IWT:
Whether Indias proposed diversion of the River Kishanganga
(Neelum) into another tributary, i.e. the Bonar Madmati Nallah, being one
central element of the Kishanganga Project, breaches its legal obligations
owed to Pakistan under the treaty, as interpreted and applied in accordance
with international law, including Indias obligations under Article III(2) (let
flow all the waters of the Western rivers and not permit any interference with
those waters) and Article IV(6) (maintenance of natural channels)?
Whether under the treaty, India may deplete or bring the reservoir
level of a run-of-river plant below the dead storage level in any
circumstances, except in the case of an unforeseen emergency?
Against this backdrop, the seven-member Court of Arbitration,
chaired by Judge Stephen M. Schwebel, former President of the
International Court of Justice, met at Peace Palace in The Hague.
Pakistan argued the potential hydrological impact of the KHEP on the
reach of Kishanganga/Neelum River downstream and the production of
electricity by the Neelum-Jhelum Hydro-Electric Project (NJHEP) Pakistan
76

is constructing downstream on the same river, as well as the expected


environmental impact downstream of the KHEP.
India stressed the crucial role of hydro-electric projects in alleviating
poverty and improving the quality of life across the country, emphasizing
that under the IWT both Pakistan and India have rights to the use of all
rivers of the Indus system for certain purposes, even when particular rivers
are, in principle, allocated to the other state. These rights include Indias
right to hydro-electric uses on the Kishanganga/Neelum River. India also
argued that prior to the treatys signature, it was already contemplating the
construction of a hydro-electric project at the current location of the KHEP
that would include an inter-tributary transfer.
Pakistans main reasoning was that scarcity of water (even for
domestic use) will result, if Indias KHEP is allowed to be implemented.
This may even force the migration or displacement of people in Azad
Jammu and Kashmir.
The verdict will be released in five months. Prima facie Indias
argument of contemplating construction of hydro-electric projects at the time
of signing the treaty happens to be mala fide, while the siphoning off waters
also appears to be in violation of the IWT. Hence, it would be in the interest
of Pakistan and India to shed mistrust and arrive at a solution, so that the
flashpoint of the Kashmir issue is diffused. (S M Hali, TheNation 24th
October)
Ignorance in Interior: The ignorance exhibited by the Interior
Ministry in its report to the Supreme Court on the Balochistan situation is
monumental, and cannot be papered over by the clarification it later issued,
that a word had been omitted due to an oversight. The error not only exhibits
a monumental ignorance of the official position on the Kashmir cause, but
also the lack of control of the Ministry by its political boss. Otherwise, it
shows something more sinister, how the Ministry is merely complying with
the governments own desire to butter up India, especially in the matter of
Kashmir. It should not be forgotten that India will blow up this report, and
keep mum over the clarification, so that the rest of the world gets the
impression that Pakistan has withdrawn from its principled stand on the
issue. The context also reflects the laziness of some Interior Ministry official
who probably lifted wholesale some Indian report on the insurgencies taking
place there. Not only is the classing of the Kashmir freedom struggle
alongside Punjab, Nagaland and Assam odious, but also its being described
as an insurgency, even though it is a freedom struggle and a dispute
77

recognized by the international community through resolutions of the UN


Security Council. It is a separate debate whether the Balochistan situation,
while serious, bear comparison to any of the insurgencies experienced by
India.
Still, the failure of the entire supervisory mechanism of the ministry,
including that of the Minister, for a report made by the Secretary personally
to the highest court in the land, reflects on it very poorly, and throws into
doubt not just the value of its conclusions about Balochistan, but also its
supervision of the FC there. It also makes doubtful its overall role as the
ministry meant to monitor the provincial police forces. It perhaps cannot
estimate the damage it has done by this carelessness, both internally and
externally.
There is perhaps no way of making this harm go away, but there must
be a thorough investigation. The ministrys officials will try to make it a
whitewash, but blame must be affixed and condign punishment meted out. If
this is not done, the suspicion that this report was deliberate will only be
confirmed. This is something which a government facing an election, with a
poor record of governance, and already suspected of being soft on India,
cannot afford, not just so that there is no blot on some bureaucrats career.
(Editorial, TheNation 4th November)

REVIEW
Imran Khan was detained at a Canadian Airport by the Americans
when he was on his way to New York. He was quizzed at the Airport about
his criticism of drone strikes in Pakistan and then allowed to proceed
causing delay of few hours. No voice of protest was raised from any
government official.
After return to Pakistan, Khan was frequently asked by the media
about the incident. He replied that he was not certain about the intentions of
his unwarranted detention. It wasnt so; he only wanted to avoid saying
anything that could further annoy the superpower about whose policies he
has been criticizing.
The message conveyed by the US was very clear: You cannot walk
away after talking ill about the US. We can get Raymond Davis out of
Pakistan unscratched even after he committed double murder in broad-day
light, but no can move around freely in the world after having said
something to the dislike of the United States.
78

The trial of Sergeant Robert Bales, who had killed 22 Afghan


civilians just to seek pleasure, started in the United States. It must be
recalled that seventeen of the 22 victims were women or children and
almost all were shot in the head. The incident had taken place in southern
Afghanistan.
One should follow the hearing of this case to find the end result to
assess the quality of justice system in the civilized world. The punishment
awarded to this unlucky war criminal, who was caught and could not
escape legal action, should then be compared with the punishment awarded
to Dr Aafia Siddiqui.
She is undergoing 80 years in prison for attempting to shoot at
American soldier; the charge which could not be proved beyond doubt. It is
unlikely that Sergeant Robert Bales would get death penalty as America
cannot afford losing a valiant Crusader.
During hearing of the case of law and order situation in Balochistan,
the Interior Ministry informed the apex court that IHK is an Indian state.
Astonishingly, the learned judgers made no observation, who otherwise are
quite observant and keen to pass the remarks. Later, Rehman Maliks
ministry regretted the unintended mistake.
12th November, 2012

79

BOZZ KASHI
The week under review started with judges of superior courts and
politicians playing an exciting match of Bozz Kashi organized under
auspices of the media wizards. The bozz for each encounter was a retired
army general; of course, in Bozz Kashi live sheep is not used.
The whistle for the match to start was blown by the judgment written
by the Chief Justice in which he had ruled that subordinates are not under
obligation to obey unlawful commands of their superiors. The chief judge
did not realize the possible negative impact his order could have on armed
forces which are fighting a war against unconventional enemies as well as
conventional friends.
The sheep were still being pulled and dragged around in the arena,
when the two chiefs read out written speeches at two different venues with
a gap of about an hour; obviously the Chief Justice leading. Quite ironically,
the law-chief talked about tanks and missiles and the army-chief talked
about law and the constitution. These words, apparently coming out of
wrong mouths, were used by the media wizards to add lethal strength to
their analytical debates.
Meanwhile, the port city of Karachi, the hub of countrys economic
activities kept experiencing unabated death and destruction. The regime
refused to own the responsibility and instead it remained busy, along with its
guests from abroad, in mourning Malala who was alive and recovering.

NEWS
Power politics: On 5th November, it was reported that the PPP-led
coalition government was releasing funds for Public Sector Development
Programme expeditiously ahead of general elections to win public support
for polls. The government has planned to spend Rs360 billion on the PSDP
during the current financial year.
On 9th November, President Zardari launched an education
programme aiming at providing financial assistance to over 3 million
children of the poor families of the country for enrolling them in primary
schools in next four years. Waseela-e-Taleem initiative under the
umbrella of Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) comes after a
four-year slumber when the ongoing term of the PPP-led government is
about to complete.
80

On 11th November, Punjab Chief Minister stressed upon the people to


vote for honest and committed leadership in the upcoming general elections
to transform Pakistan in accordance with the ideals of Allama Iqbal and
Quaid-i-Azam. Addressing Iqbal Day function, he said that getting rid of
zar baba forty thieves was necessary to put the country on the right path so
that it could join the ranks of developed countries like Turkey and China.

Rule of law: On 5th November, following the Supreme Court


judgment in the Asghar Khan case against anti-PPP politicians, a petition has
been filed at the apex court requesting for proceeding against the PPP
leadership for allegedly misusing the secret funds of the Directorate of
Intelligence Bureau (DIB) in the past. Ch Imtiaz Ahmad has filed the
petition, through PML-N senior lawyer Ch Muhammad Ashraf Gujjar, under
article 184(3) of the constitution, saying the funds were misused in the year
1988-89,1989-90,1993,1994,2007-08 and 2009-10.
FIA summoned Abdul Qadir Gilani, son of former prime minister and
others in connection with the Haj corruption case. The statements of Qadir
Gilani, Sukhera and others would be reviewed all over again. The FIA
sources claimed that the witnesses, Qadir Gilani and Sukhera were not
pursuing the case as they reportedly had reached an agreement with the
PML-N legislator and Shah had consequently changed his earlier stance on
the issue.
On 7th November, taking notice of PML-Q Parliamentary Leader in
the National Assembly Makhdoom Faisal Salah Hayats letter regarding the
National Accountability Bureaus (NAB) underhand deal with Turkish
Rental Power Karkey to sabotage the recovery of billions of rupees, the
Supreme Court sought written report from NAB in this regard. The court has
also questioned whether any arrest warrant was issued related to the Karkey
Power Plant.
During the hearing, Additional Prosecutor General NAB rejected
Hayats allegation and said that NAB was dealing the with the
administration of Turkish rental power company according to its own rules
and regulations. Akbar Tarar became emotional by saying that they were
depressed that NAB officials worked hard day and night in this case but the
court was not satisfied with their efforts regarding the recovery of looted
money. He said the NAB had put 34 persons on exit control list (ECL).
Upon this, the CJ asked him how many people were arrested in this
matter as they had no concern about putting the names of persons on ECL.
The chief justice expressing concern over the non-implementation of the
81

courts RPPS judgment said if the situation was same then they would
resume contempt proceedings against chairman NAB. The court has already
issued show cause notice to chairman NAB in this matter.
The Supreme Court sought report from PEPCO, GENCO and
Secretary Ministry of Water and Power on the Nandipur and the Chichuki
Maliyan power projects case to ascertain what action was taken against those
who caused loss of Rs113 billion to national exchequer by delaying
necessary approval for the projects. PML-N leader Khawaja Asif had filed
petition urging the court to pin down those responsible for delaying in
execution of the projects.
During the hearing, Chief Justice Iftikhar expressed annoyance over
absence of former Federal Law Minister Dr Babar Awan and Secretary
Masood Chistti who were summoned during last hearing to appear before
the court. At the outset of the hearing, he observed that courts are not to
arrest anybody but FIA could be directed to take action against them, adding
that federal law ministry should serve them notices to appear before the
court.
Expressing annoyance over the poor performance of the concerned
authorities to contemplate court orders for civil and criminal actions to
recover huge national exchequer losses the bench observed that all depend
upon intentions of the concerned officials to show progress otherwise
nothing could be done. The chief justice said that no progress has been made
in the instant matter and asked the counsel for PEPCO and GENCO Abbas
Mirza to put a categorical statement before the court pertaining to the
completion of whole exercise so far.
On 10th November, PML-Q and MQM advised President Zardari to
relinquish the party office to avoid clash with the state institutions and the
opposition forces, keeping in view the next general elections. However, the
third partner from KPK has left the matter to the PPP leaders to decide
whatever they deem necessary over the issue of holding the two offices by
Zardari.

Defiance of judiciary: On 5th November, Attorney General Irfan


Qadir said that the Supreme Court cannot direct him to write a letter to
Swiss authorities to reopen multi-million-dollar corruption cases against
President Zardari. The Attorney General said he is not subordinate to the
court or the government and will take independent decision in the said case
according to law and the Constitution. He said he always opposed Swiss
letter in the NRO implementation case.
82

Next day, Malik Riaz Hussain decided to move a petition in the


Supreme Court, requesting to initiate contempt of court proceedings against
the one-man commission of Dr Shoaib Suddle, which is probing the alleged
Rs342 million-business deal between Dr Arsalan Iftikhar and him (Riaz)
after the expiry of its 30-day period. Zahid Bukhari, counsel for Malik Riaz,
told the media that they would file an application in the Supreme Court
against the commission. He said that though the court did not grant it further
time to probe the matter but the commission was still continuing its
proceedings, which was the sheer contempt of court on its behalf.
On 7th November, the government ultimately sent the long overdue
letter against President Zardari to the Swiss authorities, in compliance with
an order of the Supreme Court last month. The communication was sent on
November 5 through the Foreign Office. The text of the letter is the same as
approved by the apex court. Now the matter will be taken up on November
14, when the court will examine afresh the text and see the delivery receipt.
Federal Government told the Lahore High Court that the removal of
President was possible only through impeachment in the Parliament while
the contempt proceedings against the President for the same purpose was
unconstitutional. The was stated by Wasim Sajjad, counsel of the Federal
government, before a Full Bench of the High Court hearing contempt
petition against President Zardari for not relinquishing the political office of
PPP Co-Chairman in view of a judgment issued in May 2011.
Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial remarked the court had showed much
courtesy in the dual office judgment. After the verdict, the President should
have to leave the political office as per the expectations showed in the
judgment, the Chief Justice noted. Addressing Wasim Sajjad, he said, Do
you want us to direct the President like an ordinary functionary of
government? Wasim Sajjad responded that the court had disposed of the
dual office petition by just issuing a declaration and there was no clear order
along with it against the President.
The Chief Justice remarked the declaration was very much clear and
there was no ambiguity in it. However, the counsel of Federal government
said there should be clear orders along with declarations in any case. But, the
court rejected this argument when he failed to produce any law or legislation
before the Full Bench. The court deferred hearing till Nov 21 and asked
Wasim Sajjad to continue his arguments on maintainability of the contempt
petition.

83

Taming the military: On 5th November, Chief Justice said the


Supreme Court is the court of ultimate jurisdiction as a guardian and
protector of the Constitution and heavy responsibility lies upon the judges of
the apex court to uphold the canons of Constitutional predominance and its
supremacy over all other institutions and authorities. He was addressing the
officers of the 97th National Management Course from the National School
of Public Policy and the National Management College.
He said: Gone are the days when stability and security of the country
was defined in terms of number of missiles and tanks as a manifestation of
hard power available at the disposal of the State. Today, the concept of
national security has been redefined as a polity wherein a State is bound to
provide its citizens with overwhelming, social security and welfare nets and
to protect their natural and civil rights at all costs.
He further said: The present day Supreme Court is alive to the fact
that it has been restored to its original position by unprecedented struggle
carried out by such professional classes as lawyers, students, media persons
and civil society at large. Now, they expect that judicial hierarchy of the
country from the court of a civil judge to that of the court of highest appeal
should deliver justice to all without fear or favour in a most expeditious
manner.
He said: For any developing country like Pakistan the basic
requirements for enhancing national growth through competitiveness is
pegged on the four pillars i.e. (i) strengthening of institutions, (ii)
infrastructure, (iii) economic stability (iv) health and education. He further
said that we have now a very conducive environment to achieve growth and
harmony.
We have a vibrant media playing an effective role of whistle blower
and watchdog of public interest. We have a healthy mix of political parties in
the country jostling for political space with a common agenda of public
welfare and last but not the least we have a truly independent judiciary
which is geared to ensure the twin principles of rule of law and supremacy
of Constitution are enforced even if the heaven may fall, he said.
This judiciary has been trying to rewrite the Constitutional and
political history of this country by not only atoning sins of the past but also
setting up new precedents ensuring transparency, rule of law and
fundamental rights are enforced as enshrined in the Constitution. Many
landmark judgments have been pronounced wherein institutions are directed
to keep within their limits and let system grow. In some judgments the civil
84

servants have been directly addressed and asked to stick to the rules and
regulations come what may, he said.
Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said that
no individual or institution has the monopoly to decide what is right or
wrong in defining national interest and it should emerge only through
consensus. Speaking to officers at the GHQ, General Kayani said: As a
nation we are passing through a defining phase. We are critically looking at
the mistakes made in the past and trying to set the course for a better future.
An intense discussion and debate is natural in this process.
He added that Pakistanis have a right to express their opinions and the
constitution provides a clear mechanism for it. Stressing need to honour the
sanctity of institutions, he said: We all have a great responsibility to
shoulder. We should learn from our past, try to build the present and keep
our eyes set on a better future. We all agree that strengthening the
institutions, ensuring the rule of law and working within the defined bounds
of the Constitution is the right way forward.
Weakening of the institutions and trying to assume more than ones
due role will set us back. We owe it to the future of Pakistan, to lay correct
foundations, today. We should not be carried away by short term
considerations which may have greater negative consequences in the future.
Calling for public support for armed forces, the COAS said that the armed
forces drew their strength from the public support and national security was
meaningless without it.
Kayani added that the integrity and cohesion of the forces was
essentially based on the trust reposed in them by the people of Pakistan.
Strengthening this trust would ensure better security of the country. Equally
important is the trust between the leaders and the armed forces and any
effort to create a distinction between the two, undermines the very basis of
this concept and is not tolerated, be it Pakistan or any other country.
Commenting on the role of strengthening institutions by individual
efforts, Kayani said: All systems in Pakistan appear to be in a haste to
achieve something, which can have both positive and negative implications.
Let us take a pause and examine the two fundamental questions; one, are we
promoting the rule of law and the constitution? Two, are we strengthening or
weakening the institutions? In the ultimate analysis, all of us would have
served Pakistan better if history and our future generations judge us
positively.

85

General Kayanis statement is being widely deciphered in the


backdrop of the prevalent scenario that does not bode well with the retired
army generals. Meanwhile, Information Minister Qamar Zaman Kaira o
praised the statement of Army Chief. Speaking to media after Saarc Youth
Conference, the minister said that the army chiefs statement was fine but he
would not further comment.
Next day, the Supreme Court, hearing the case regarding the role of
media in the aftermath of the US Abbottabad operation to kill Osama bin
Laden, sought an article written by President Zardari in Washington Post and
all the press releases issued by ISPR on the May 2 incident. The court also
ordered submission of statements by former Pakistan ambassador to the US,
Hussain Haqqani, and the transcripts of Najam Sethis programmes held
after the Osama bin Laden raid so that it could be determined whether those
were in violation of Article 19 of the Constitution and that the Supreme
Court had jurisdiction or not in this regard.
During the hearing of the case, Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad
Chaudhry said that the apex court had the ultimate authority, so no one
should be mistaken, adding the national institutions were strong and there
should be no doubt about it. Raja Irshad, counsel for Sardar Ghazi, the
petitioner, told the court that the army respected the court and had
implemented all its orders. The chief justice remarked, Yes, we witnessed it
yesterday. Our position is very clear and no one should have any doubt.
The counsel said the media had wrongly depicted statements by the
army chief and the chief justice and had given the impression that both the
state institutions were in conflict with each other. The chief justice, however,
directed him to focus on his case, saying the court was taking stock of the
issue. The chief justice him to keep the presidents article published in a US
newspaper after the Abbottabad operation before him and then tell the court
what had happened. President Zardaris article then was read out by Raja
Irshad on the courts orders.
According to the petition, filed in June against the media reporting,
the media played a role in discrediting the countrys judiciary and its army.
Raja Irsahd, counsel for Sardar Ghazi, prayed to the court to ban the media
groups that had maligned the armed forces, intelligence agencies and other
defence and security institutions. Later, the chief justice adjourned the
hearing to November 22 and directed the petitioner to present all relevant
records on the next hearing.

86

It has become quite easy to disgrace the Parliament and elected


representatives these days, said Abdul Ghafoor Haidery of the JUI-F in the
Senate, complaining that when it came to other institutions, they (judiciary
and army) did not want anybody to talk about their wrongdoings either in
the name of undermining that institution or in the name of larger national
interest.
He, however, remarked that if a state institution exceeded its
constitutional ambit and went against the national interest then such role on
part of it would certainly be discussed at all levels. Going a step ahead,
Shahi Syed of the ANP termed Army Chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayanis
statement as a political speech, and exhorted all responsible people to do
some soul-searching before passing any remark.
Senator Col (retired) Tahir Mashhadi of the MQM asked the House
not to forget that it was the army that made countless sacrifices for the
defence of the motherland. Taking the floor, Faisal Raza Abidi, a firebrand
senator from the ruling PPP, who was the last to speak, hurled accusations
on Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. If this House is
unable to speak against the injustices done by Justice Chaudhry against me,
then how it would ensure justice to the people of Balochistan and Karachi, a
charged
On 8th November, the Supreme Court declared that the President being
in the Service of Pakistan cannot play any political role wherein he
supports some political party or parties at the cost of others. In its detailed
verdict in Asghar Khan Case, the apex court reiterated that the elections of
1990 were rigged and the then president, army chief and ISI DG exercised
their power illegally, adding that the secret agencies have no right to make
election cell. The judgment also said that the general elections should be
held on time without any fear.
According to the judgment, the Attorney General while arguing in
defence of presidents role in politics had lost sight of an important aspect of
the case that the President of Pakistan after entering into his office obtained
the status, which falls under the definition of a person who is in the Service
of Pakistan. According to article 260 of the constitution, service of Pakistan
means any service, post or office in connection with the affairs of the
federation or of a province, and includes an All-Pakistan Service, service in
the armed forces and any other service declared to be a service of Pakistan
by or under act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) or of a provincial assembly,

87

but does not include service as National Assembly speaker and deputy
speaker; and Senate chairman and deputy chairman.
The court noted that there have been constitutional deviations, from
time to time, due to that parliamentary system was weakened and could not
flourish as envisaged by the constitution. The order said that late President
Ghulam Ishaq Khan, ex-COAS Gen (r) Beg, and ISI ex-DG Gen (r) Asad
Durrani, acted in violation of the constitution by facilitating a group of
politicians and political parties, to ensure their success against the rival
candidates in the general election of 1990, for which they secured funds
from Younas Habib.
The acts of Beg and Durrani have brought a bad name to Pakistan and
its armed forces as well as secret agencies in the eyes of the nation, the court
said and directed the federal government to take necessary steps against
them under the constitution and law, though they have retired from the
service. Proceedings shall also be launched against them for affecting the
recovery of sums received by them with profit thereon by initiating civil
proceedings, according to law.
Rebuffing the statement of former army chief General (r) Aslam Beg,
Qamar Zaman Kaira has ruled out any possibility of martial law in
Pakistan. Addressing a mass matrimony ceremony in Kharian, the minister
said that it was already quite brave of General (r) Beg that he was facing
public after what he had done in the past and advised him to avoid issuing
inappropriate statements.
He asked the media to show responsibility and avoid sensationalism
while reporting; adding that an impression was being given by some corners
of the media as if there was confrontation between institutions, which was
baseless. The army chief has only said that the accused should not be treated
as convict and there should not be media trial of any one, he added.
Next day, BBC reported that despite the announcement that the
political cell in the ISI has been shut, no executive order to this effect has
been issued. The political cell of the ISI was established in 1975 on a
notification signed by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and a similar notification by the
executive head was required to close it. An ISI official told the BBC that
political wing of the ISI no longer existed as it was dissolved when General
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani took charge as ISI chief.
Though the cell exists on technical grounds, but some opposition
politicians say that they do not think that the cell is still in operation.
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz leader Raja Zafarul Haq opined in a talk
88

with the BBC that he has no credible information whether the political cell is
in operation or not.
Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz sought to reassure that Pakistans
institutions are only undergoing a process of evolution and that there is no
conflict amongst them. Speaking at the launch of development projects in
Gwadar, he emphasized the need for preventing conflict between the state
institutions at any cost because it would result in destruction.
The prime minister said that the judiciary has gained freedom after
many sacrifices. About the Army, the prime minister said it has given
everlasting sacrifices that every Pakistani is proud of. The Pakistan Army, he
said, is playing a vital role for the security and development of the country.
PM Raja said democracy had been derailed several times in the past and
after numerous sacrifices it is now back on track.
On 10th November, Gen Mirza Aslam Beg said army officials, serving
or retired, should be tried under the military rules in case they are accused of
violating the Constitution or any other law as is the practice in all civilized
countries. Theres simply no justification for the media trial of military
officials as our soldiers cant tolerate humiliation of their superiors, he
said in an interview. The former army chief said he would not go for a
review of the apex courts judgment.
Referring to the courts assertion that what the accused officials did
was their individual act, not of the institutions they headed, Gen Beg said the
president, the army chief and the chief justice represented their respective
institutions and could not be separated from them. Asked what could be the
impact of the judgment on the political system, Gen Beg said it would add to
the political turmoil.
He advised caution to save the country from some fresh crisis. In his
opinion, the case against all those identified in the Asghar Khan case
judgment would be dragged, as a result of which leaders like Nawaz Sharif
and others would not be eligible to take part in the elections. And since a
number of important leaders would stay out of the arena, unrest among their
parties grow, he feared.
Regarding the objection as to why in his capacity as army chief he had
failed to stop the relevant people from using the public money, Gen Beg
argued that he was not in a position to do that. According to him, the orders
had been given by an elected president (Ghulam Ishaq Khan) who was
authorized to use the ISI for political objectives in the light of a 1975
notification issued by then prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
89

The notification had also been shown to Justice Siddiqui. However, he


said now the notification was missing from the record, which was a
conspiracy to hold the president responsible for the ISI acts and indulgence
of the army leadership in politics. He said the order about the use of public
money had been issued by president Ghulam Ishaq Khan to the ISI, not him
(COAS) and the ISI had only carried out the presidents instructions.
Answering a question, Gen Beg said Gem Asad Durrani was coerced
to sign the declaration against him. Also, he said Gen Durrani had said in a
communication that the PPP leadership seemed determined to put Gen Beg
on the mat and give the opposition parties a serious rubbing. According to
him, the Mehran Bank records were not produced before the court because
the list of the recipients was bogus and the money involved had nothing to
do with the public exchequer.
He said it was significant that an earlier statement made by then
interior minister Gen Naseerullah Babar was also missing from the records.
Gen Babar, he recalled, had said that the money had been given only to
Sindhi and Balochi leaders, after which he was at a loss to understand how
the names of Punjabi and KPK leaders were included therein.
Replying to a question, Gen Beg said the SC judgment would have
far-reaching consequences for the army men. He said earlier the
subordinates were supposed to carry out the orders of their seniors even at
the peril of their lives. But now, he said the juniors could call for a
justification for their orders and refuse to implement them on the plea that
they would not like to put their lives at risk.
The said that NAB was in the process of investigating financial
irregularities into the Royal Palm Golf Club deal and would furnish its
report to the apex court. The spokesman of the department said that if the
investigation team would find sufficient evidence to frame a corruption
reference then a case would be filed against the management of Royal Palm
Golf Club and concerned top management of the Pakistan Railways with
NAB court. The NAB stated that it would not fix responsibility upon anyone
and was simply probing the allotment. It said the probe report would be
submitted to the court which was the body mandated to fixing responsibility
in the case.
Chief justice said that no one can dare derail the system and judiciary
is the custodian of the Constitution. Addressing the Abbottabad Bar
Association he said: Institutions are bound to respect the constitution and
the Supreme Court is aware of its jurisdiction stipulated in the Constitution.
90

Provincial disharmony: On 6th November, reiterating his stance


over Kalabagh Dam, the chief of the Mohajir Qaumi Movement-Haqiqi Afaq
Ahmed said that he would continue striving for early construction of the
dam without which Pakistan cannot become a stable country. Chairman of
MQM-H said this while talking to Punjab Forum president Baig Raj.

Baloch militancy: On 5th November, two people were killed and


three others wounded in firing and hand grenade attack in Nushki and
Kuchlak areas. Meanwhile, the Supreme Court granted bail to Sardar Yar
Muhammad Rind, a PML-Q lawmaker in the Balochistan Assembly.
Reportedly, there are six more cases, besides allegedly kidnapping a man
and failing to appear before the Quetta Anti-Terrorism Court.
Next day, four people were shot dead, including three Shia of Hazara
community, and two others wounded in two separate incidents of firing, in
Quetta. Five members of Hazara community of Shia Muslims traveling in a
cab were heading towards Hazara town when armed men, riding motorbike,
sprayed bullets on the cab on Brewery Road; all victims belonged to the
same family. Separately, unidentified gunmen shot a man dead on Brewery
Road. On 6th November,
On 7th November, unidentified gunmen opened indiscriminate fire on
two people in Pasni town and fled from the scene. The two men passed away
before getting any medical treatment. The deceased were stated to be
residents of KPK. Next day, in its review petition moved against the
Supreme Courts October 12 order in the Balochistan unrest case, the
federation held it was not the function of the superior courts to gauge the
performance of a political government. Such a ruling is detrimental to the
country and will serve as a licence or invitation to unseen avaricious forces,
the federation asserted in its plea.
In its plea for a review, the federation insinuated that the judges of the
superior courts, by virtue of their oaths read with their code of conduct, were
under the constitutional obligation not to enter into political questions: even
if these involved questions of law. Getting involved with political questions
constitutes misconduct under Article 5 of the Code of Conduct, issued after
the reinstatement of the sitting chief justice. As such the findings of this
Court are without jurisdiction and the same need to be reviewed, keeping in
view the Constitution, the law and principles of good conscience and fair
play. The federation noted that the apex court had just pointed out the ills,
but did not explicitly suggest any remedy, as it was cognizant of the
implications involved.
91

It also claimed that the mineral deposits within the province had
tempted big powers adding to the woes of the people. The country is at war
and poise is the demand of the hour, it said and hoped that the court would
adhere to the well-established principle of trichotomy of powers. It further
submitted, The court assumed to itself the defunct powers of Article 58(2)
(b), which in fact has been disregarded and discontinued by Parliament
itself, in view of the amendments brought about by the Constitution in
consequence of the 18th Amendment.
Stating that it was Parliament or the federal government which should
decide whether a situation had arisen in which it (the government) could not
carry on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the federation
argued that the court had no constitutional mandate to attribute such powers
to it. Issues regarding the failure of any government as a whole with regard
to its constitutional obligations qua governance are not justiciable in terms
of the jurisdiction vested in the court under Article 175 of the Constitution,
the government added.
It also mentioned that the order of the Supreme Court was halfhearted, as it was a reticent about what the federal government should do.
Stating that a captain of a ship or aircraft knew the actual state of affairs and
the crew or the inmates did not know exactly what the situation was, the
federation argued that it was up to the President of Pakistan to decide under
Article 232 of the Constitution that whether a particular situation called for
the imposition of emergency. The federation stated that the Supreme Court
based its order almost on two fundamental rights when there were about a
total of 24 such basic rights. It, however, claimed that it had been trying its
level best that these rights were not suspended.
On 9th November, PML-Q MNA Mir Ahmadan Bugti and 14 others
received injuries when a bomb planted in his shoe exploded as he put them
outside a mosque in Dera Bugti. Baloch Republican Army (BRA)
spokesman Sarbaz Baloch called the journalists from an unknown place and
claimed responsibility for the attack on Ahmadan Bugti and his guards.
Prime Minister inaugurated Rs6 billion Optic Fibre Project which will
provide best Information Technology facilities to all tehsils of the
Balochistan province. Speaking at the inaugural ceremony, he said that the
present government has initiated several development projects in
Balochistan to provide basic amenities of life to the local people and to bring
them at par with the rest of the country. He said provision of amenities will
remove the sense of deprivation among the local people.
92

Next day, three members of Hazara community were gunned down


and another wounded in two separate targeted killings in Quetta. Four men
belonging to Hazara community were on their way in a yellow cab when
armed men riding a motorcycle opened indiscriminate fire on them. In
another incident, a man was killed when armed men riding a motorbike
sprayed bullets at him. On 11th November, a man was gunned down in
Quetta by unknown armed men riding a motorcycle.

Turf war in Karachi: On 5th November, two activists of MQM


were) among four people gunned down in separate incidents in different
parts of the City. An Egyptian working for the United Nations Childrens
Fund was wounded when gunmen fired on his vehicle. Meanwhile, the
police started raiding different areas to arrest 35 criminals who were released
on parole during the regime of Musharraf.
Next day, seven people were killed in different acts of violence in the
city. Funeral of renowned Shia leader and scholar, Allama Agha Aftab
Haider Jaffari was held at Numaish Chowrangi. A large number of clerics,
scholars and people from literary circles attended the funeral, after which the
dead bodies of Allama Jaffari and his colleague namely Shahid Ali, who
were killed in terrorists attack yesterday, were taken to Wadi-e-Hussain
graveyard for burial.
On 7th November, four people, including the activists of PPP and
MQM, were killed in separate acts of violence in different parts of the City.
Tension simmered in the metropolis as another man, belonging to the Shia
community, was gunned down in SITE-B area in a fresh wave of sectarian
violence.
Next day, a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden pickup truck
into Rangers headquarters in a northern suburb of Karachi, causing a huge
explosion that killed three people and wounded at least 23 others. The
attacker rammed the mini-truck against the main gate of Wing 72, Sachal
Headquarters of Sindh Rangers. DIG Javed Odho said that it was a suicide
attack and only the tight security measures in force at the base had prevented
major loss of life. Meanwhile, ten people were gunned down in separate acts
of violence in different parts of the metropolis.
On 9th November, six people were shot dead in separate acts of
violence in different parts of the city. Next day, 20 people, including six
seminary students and two journalists, were killed and many others wounded
in a deadly day of violence in the city, as law-enforcement agencies
depressingly failed to step up their presence in many troubled
93

neighbourhoods. Eight of these 20 people were shot dead within half an hour
in the evening in two attacks. President was pleased to take notice of the
killings. On 11th November, the violence in Karachi left another 13 people
dead as provinces top cop believed that a third force was behind this new
wave of violence in the countrys commercial capital.

VIEWS
Taming the military
Fact and fiction: I have chosen the title for todays column in
response to the ongoing analyses by anchorpersons, journalists, etc. in the
Asghar Khan case and the Supreme Courts judgment. It took 18 years for
the case to come this far. The successive governments of Benazir and Nawaz
Sharif were not interested in pursuing it, as both had skeletons in their
cupboards.
Musharraf, in turn, did not want to alienate any political friends. The
Supreme Court has blamed the late president Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Gen
Mirza Aslam Beg and Gen Asad Durrani for acting against the law and the
constitution in bribing politicians to ensure the defeat of Benazir Bhutto and
the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) by the Islami Jamhoori Ittihad (IJI) in the
general elections, following her governments dismissal in August 1990 for
corruption.
No sooner had the judgment been announced than saints and sinners
alike went after those found guilty. Gen Durrani had given an affidavit
containing the names of recipients and the amounts received. There is also
an affidavit given by Gen Nasirullah Babar. The recipients naturally rejected
the accusations. Who was Younus Habib to get such a central role in the
distribution of hundreds of millions of rupees in public money? Why did
Benazir Bhutto appoint Gen Durrani, one of the main players (and not one in
her favour), as ambassador to Germany and Saudi Arabia? Is it not
significant that Benazir Bhuttos second government was dismissed for
corruption by her own colleague and friend, President Farooq Laghari?
Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Gen Nasirullah Babar are no longer with
us. Nobody raised a finger against the former during his lifetime. He was
indicted posthumously six years after his demise. Gen Babar left an affidavit
but cannot now give evidence or be questioned about it. The grandson of
Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Sen Osman Saifullah Khan, has complained of his
illustrious grandfather receiving unfair blame. Gen Tahir Ali has given an
94

excellent analysis of the case (The News, October 27) and there have been
many more articles, talk shows, etc. Since I have been closely associated
with both Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Gen Aslam Beg, I venture to give my
understanding of the affair.
After my offer to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to help Pakistan become a
nuclear power and my decision to remain in Pakistan in January 1976 at the
specific request of Mr Bhutto, a coordination board was formed for the
project with Mr A G N Kazi, Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Mr Agha Shahi. At
that time they were the countrys top bureaucrats (all secretary generals) and
they were to supervise the nuclear programme. Since day one I was closely
associated with these three officers, especially with Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan.
From then until 2000, he was like a father to me. We had frequent meetings,
initially about our nuclear programme and later, after his retirement in 1993,
about the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute, as its project director.
When Gen Mirza Aslam Beg became chief of the general staff we
started meeting regularly as KRL was producing important weapon systems
(anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles, anti-tank munition, laser rangefinders,
remote-controlled mines, mine-detonators, etc.) for the army. I found him to
be well-read, knowledgeable, soft-spoken and intelligent. I had the pleasure
of dining with the family a number of times. This close contact continued
after he became VCOAS and COAS. With his strong support and
understanding for national defence, I signed a contract with the Chinese for
M-II missiles and a factory was established at Khanpur. Later, when Admiral
Sirohey became chairman of JCSC, he nominated me as chief coordinator of
the Surface-to-Surface Guided Missile Programme, which post I filled until
Musharraf staged his coup in October 1999.
During my long and close association with Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan, I
never once found him indulging in politics and never heard him saying
anything against any politician. I never met or saw any politician with his
very competent military secretary, Brig Muhammed Ajaib, who efficiently
and honestly served him for five years.
Concerning Gen Beg, I would like to narrate one incident here, which
speaks for itself. I was in Gen Begs office just before the 1988 general
elections when the chief election commissioner, Justice S A Nusrat, came to
see him. During the talks Justice Nusrat said (probably to see what Gen
Begs reaction would be) that Benazir Bhuttos PPP was going to win the
elections. Gen Begs immediate reaction was to say that if the lady wins, she

95

will rule as per her constitutional right. Not then and not at any other time
did I ever hear any adverse remarks about any politician from him.
The question arises: why was it necessary to sack Benazir Bhuttos
government and prevent her from winning the next elections? My
understanding is that, as soon as she came to power, widespread and reliable
reports surfaced about massive corruption by Mr Asif Ali Zardari and his
cronies. All the intelligence agencies were sending reports to the president
and the chief of the army staff. Then one of her closest associates, a federal
minister, was reported to have handed over a list of all Sikh resistance
leaders (Khalistan supporters) to India, which resulted in their arrests and
elimination by the Indian government.
The Sikh insurgency had taken the pressure off Kashmir and the
Pakistani army considered their handing over as an anti-Pakistan move.
Furthermore, Benazir Bhutto had agreed to freeze the enrichment of uranium
at five percent, in a move to please the Americans. In a meeting at the
Presidency at which Gen Imtiaz (her military secretary) was also present, I
was instructed accordingly. Nobody was happy with the decision, especially
not the army and the ISI, and it was considered to be against national
interests. Mr Bhutto, and later Gen Ziaul Haq, had never buckled under US
and Western pressure and had kept the programme running at full speed.
Later, Gen Waheed Kakar took full control of the nuclear weapons
programme. Probably all these factors together led to the dismissal of her
government and the efforts to stop her from winning the elections. What is
intriguing here is that, during her second tenure and later on, neither she nor
Nawaz Sharif nor Musharraf pursued the Asghar Khan case, while Benazir
Bhutto even appointed Gen Durrani as her ambassador to Germany and
Saudi Arabia.
After all, Gen Durrani had played a prominent role against her
government. Something doesnt seem right. I cannot doubt the integrity,
honesty and patriotism of Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Gen Aslam Beg. I
only knew Gen Durrani superficially, but many senior officers did not have
much good to say about him. Only God knows the truth. (Dr A Q Khan, The
News 5th November)
In pursuit of real sinners! Let the Generals be tried in a court of
law! After all, the Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCP) has established criminal
liability in the years-old Asghar Khan case. And citizens of Pakistan have
the legitimate right and a national vested interest to know exactly who the
real sinners are in the decades-old political games that have brought this
96

nation to the brink of ultimate disaster. The pursuit of truth necessitates


separating fiction from reality and coming to grips with the absolute facts;
establishing the falsehood and political deception of yesteryear can only be
in the publics best interest as well as for fairness to all parties involved. In
this difficult odyssey of political discovery, we cannot abandon the ship now
as the journey to realize genuine substance has already commenced. In
todays world of so-called democratic Pakistan, the political truth is too
valuable to squander.
So why not hold the trial of the Generals?
Lieutenant General (retd) Hamid Gul, the former DG ISI, in the
exemplary valour and courage of a solider, has on several TV talk shows
publicly owned the formation of IJI during his tenure. In all fairness, it must
be noted that Gul has demonstrated an unprecedented example of moralethical political behaviour to have admitted his role in the disputed issue. He
should be equally credited for being willing to face a trial and punishment, if
found guilty. But the most vital part of the Generals willingness to go on a
trial are the two conditions that he has laid down: one, the trial must be
public. Two, he must not be arrested.
Let us assume, for the sake of deliberations and to give his civilian
political adversaries the benefit of the doubt, that the General intends to use
Machiavellian strategies and fabricated political charades to frighten his
political opponents, most specifically the PPP stalwarts, who are demanding
his head on a plate. Indeed, the PPP Federal Information Minister, as we
all know, has gone as far as to use symbolically charged derogatory images
of dragging generals dead bodies through the streets. Obviously, such
public statements, to say the least, are in utter bad taste and the narrative is
unparliamentary in its language: and yet, the top PPP leadership seems to
have solid legal evidence to put the Generals in the dock.
Okay, let us admit thats fair. Hence, the important questions are: why
doesnt the PPP spill the beans on the Generals unconstitutional actions?
Why is Kaira rhetorically distasteful and linguistically disgusting? Why is
the PPP narrative devoid of political actions? Where is the FIA Commission
to investigate the alleged crimes by the senior military officers named in the
recent Supreme Court decision? Why did the PPP not, in spite of being in
power twice, take legal action against the said individuals in the past?
These are extremely vital questions that need to be carefully
examined, politically analyzed, legally settled and, above all, explicitly
explained to the public by the top PPP leadership. The onus of explaining the
97

so-called treachery against the PPP in the past does not rest entirely on the
former DG ISI, and the former Chief of the Army Staff. It squarely rests on
the top PPP leadership as well; for it failed to take appropriate legal action
during its past tenure (post-IJI affair) and has never completely or
convincingly explained its position on the matter. It seems both rivals in the
dispute have secrets: some secrets that might publicly destroy the PPP
leadership (and some other political actors in other major parties).
Right now, the PPP leadership is playing pure politics with the SCs
recent decision. I will bet that it will not take any meaningful legal or
investigative action against the two generals. Kairas rattlings of dragging
generals dead bodies through the streets is linguistic genocide in bad taste
as well as an empty meaningless sloganistic exercise in order to improve the
PPPs fading popularity. It also indicates Kairas poor judgment in believing
that such statements will appeal to public sentiment.
Here I have a personal observation to make: General Guls honest
willingness to face a trial throws an open challenge to the entire community
of civilian politicians (accused of accepting funds from the ISI and PPP
leaderships supposed involvement in anti-state activities) to take up the
issue legally and come out clean. After all, restoring personal and moral
credibility is the most important element in the conduct of political life: what
do they have to lose unless their self-defences are flawed, full of holes and
politically difficult to explain.
My assumption, logical analysis and understanding of Pakistans
decade-old status quo orientated political culture, its inherent contradictions
and corruption, its political incorrectness and structural flaws, its intrinsic
and incurable moral-ethical dilemmas, its political leaderships self-serving
and dictatorial mindset and a host of other socio-psychological factors lead
me to conclude that General Guls challenge for a public trial will never be
taken up by the Pakistani politicians.
Pakistans contemporary political system is incapable of dealing with
the political-moral-ethical issues that Guls trial might bring to fore. There is
not a single Pakistani politician (excluding Imran Khan), who might so
courageously embrace the willingness to face a public trial for his or her
alleged misconduct as Gul has. My belief is that historically Pakistan has
had a moral crisis more than a political one.
So, let us put the two Generals, Hamid Gul and Mirza Aslam Beg, on
public trial. Let the nation hear what they have to say. Let them publicly
present evidence in support of their contentions. Let them tell the nation
98

their side of the story. And if they are found guilty of alleged crimes, then let
us punish them.
But the entire exercise in administering moral and legal justice will be
futile, if the civilian political actors escape the responsibility of their alleged
crimes against the nation. In the IJI affair, there are some serious allegations
against politicians as well. I am afraid that the political sainthood and
martyrdom of the PPP leadership will crumble, if everything is exposed
openly and honestly. It is for this reason that the PPP leadership has not
wanted to play a seriously focused political game plan of revenge and
retaliation against the armys high command. The fact of the matter is that
the PPP and other political parties have always depended on the armys
support to come to political power in this country.
Khan is right when he says: Is hammam meh sab nange hain
(Everyone here is shamelessly involved in the charade of evil and
weakness). Is Gul politically and morally correct when he says that the PPP
leadership and all other political actors in other major political parties have
always subscribed to the US-West four-point agenda for Pakistans political
landscape? Let us provide General Gul the opportunity to educate the nation
in this context at his future political trial that the PPP Information Minster,
as the spokesperson of his party, has pledged to hold with such savage
consequences!
Irrespective of what happens in tomorrows Pakistan, General Hamid
Gul is deadly accurate: Unless the contemporary political culture changes,
Pakistans army will always have an influential role in the political affairs of
this nation. The ball is in the court of public opinion now!
For political change in the next election, vote for personal honesty,
integrity, competence, devotion to public causes, and demonstrated
selflessness or face the doomsday scenario in future Pakistan! (Dr Haider
Mehdi, TheNation 6th November)
Two hard-hitting speeches: The address of COAS General Ashfaq
Parvez Kayani to officers of the GHQ and another by Chief Justice Iftikhar
Muhammad Chaudhry to officers of the 97 th National Management Course,
both couched in fairly strong and apparently conflicting terms, have stirred a
heated debate in the country. It should be understood, first of all, that though
delivered the same day on Monday, these were not in response to each other.
Both the army chief and the chief justice read from the written text. The
function where Justice Chaudhry spoke ended an hour before General
Kayani moved to deliver his speech. While trying to make sense of the
99

statements and titillated by the timing, there are feverish attempts at hairsplitting and divining the hidden meaning behind each sentence and choice
of word. However, whatever else might be said about these speeches, an
impression of a clash between the two vital institutions of the state has been
created, to the pleasure and satisfaction of those entertaining such a wish.
The Supreme Courts castigation of the Frontier Constabulary and ISI in the
context of lawlessness in Balochistan and the exposure of some of the
generals during the Asghar Khan case and others had already created
rumblings within the armed forces, used to not being accountable to a
civilian authority.
The COASs remarks are also being considered a reaction to this
unfamiliar treatment. The timing of even a general known for his reserve and
reticence and commitment to stay out of politics, venturing out to make a
statement that has clear political overtones and contains a not-so-cryptic
warning to avoid creating a wedge between the army and the people, is
being attributed to the historic judgment in the Asghar Khan case and its
ongoing fallout. The emphasis on the legal maxim, Innocent until proven
guilty, is also a telling indication of the discomfort from a section of society
unused to criticism and media trials in the past; an experience which
politicians and public officials have long been accustomed to. The caution
against employing haste in moving forward, to the detriment of long-term
goals and in pursuit of short-term gains, is advice kindly meant but the
pace of progress is certainly not the domain of the armed forces to decide.
If the COAS stressed the need for strengthening the institutions, so did
the Chief Justice. The latters view that tanks and missiles cannot ensure
security was a telling choice of words to herald the arrival of a new era in
Pakistan. He followed with the necessity to establish social security and
welfare nets and added that the protection of the peoples national and civil
rights could guarantee security. Justice Chaudhry on Tuesday responded,
Yes, we have seen it, yesterday to the remark of a petitioners advocate that
the army respected the judiciary adding yet another tantalizing detail to
those dissecting the situation. The court also directed the same advocate to
produce the ISPRs press releases and President Zardaris interview
published in a US-based magazine in the wake of May 2 US Abbottabad raid
to take out Osama bin Laden. While both speeches also contained much
positive intent and a promise to abide by the constitution, this air of intrigue
that still prevails, is an ill one for the nation. If all institutions, including the
Parliament, Judiciary and the Armed Forces are committed to obeying and
upholding the constitution, then what is all this public bristling and fussing
100

about? It is best avoided and replaced by the principle of self-criticism and


accountability, and trying to deliver the very best of results in each of their
constitutionally determined realms. That is what will earn them the lasting
respect and trust of the public. (Editorial, TheNation 7th November)
Avoiding going back: The same day as the Supreme Court
announced its detailed judgment in the Asghar Khan case, in which it
explained in detail why officials, including military officers, were not bound
to follow illegal orders; on Thursday President Asif Zardari was apparently
telling civil servants something somewhat different. He told the participants
of the 97th National Management Course on Thursday in Islamabad that
officials were supposed to ensure implementation of government decisions.
By not mentioning any legal limitations, the President was thus implying
that it was not for officials to make legal judgments, and just to execute
decisions. While the Supreme Court was firm in its judgment, in
recommending action against the COAS and the DG ISI of the time, it was
also firm in refuting any implication that it was against any institution, in
particular the armed forces.
The President should also note the Courts concern with eliminating
even the potential for any clash among institutions. Instead of making
statements which might be seen as defying the Court, he stands better
chances of success in the path of compliance, as was shown only on
Wednesday when the government finally wrote to the Swiss authorities
canceling its earlier withdrawal of the cases against the President, as the
Court had originally told it in its judgment striking down the NRO. The
President must not allow the good work done by the compliance in the NRO
case to be undone by defiance in any other, particularly the Asghar Khan
case, which is about payments made to ensure that the PPP was kept out of
office. That the Supreme Courts remarks, a President cannot play a political
role, has persuaded President Zardari to give up his co-Chairmanship of the
PPP, indicates that he wishes to be in compliance with its judgments. That he
is to give up his party office should also be viewed in the light of the Lahore
High Court decisions on the subject, and of the Supreme Courts thinking, as
shown in its opinion expressed about President Ghulam Ishaq Khans
conduct in 1990. Such an attitude showing intent to cooperate is highly
commendable. However, it remains to be seen just how the military officials
guilty of subversion of the constitution will be punished. The case should
primarily lead to the punishment of those in whose hands political power is
not meant to reside and who have used it despite that to change the direction
of the peoples opinion.
101

Obedience without respect to the legality of the order or the simplistic


standard of simply complying with the governments wishes neither
standard is the best one to adopt. What is beyond question is that those who
have been found to be in criminal disobedience of the law must be punished.
The annals of history must remember crime and punishment, not the
glossing over of clear violations in the interest of keeping the peace.
(Editorial, TheNation 10th November)
The ongoing General phobia: Currently, there is much talk and
exchange of opinions on how so many two, three and four star Generals of
the Pakistan Army are being asked to explain some of their actions while in
office. It is an altogether new situation and quite different from the times
when it was thought that the announcement of putting the Generals in
Suzuki cars was the biggest act of bravado possible by a civilian Prime
Minister as was done by late Prime Minister Junejo.
The Generals, not one or two but nine of them, are actually in the
dock. (Being in Suzukis, probably, seems a lot easier from this vantage
point!) While no individual, however powerful, is above the law, the fact
remains that the glee being exhibited by some at the embarrassment of the
Generals in question in particular and the army in general is a little
disconcerting.
It is disconcerting because the army is an institution that is currently
stretched from one end of the country to the other and is fighting terribly
difficult wars with unseen enemies on very hostile terrains. It is also an army
whose leadership has practiced restraint and recognized its role of being
answerable for its actions, as in the time when the head of the ISI, General
Ahmed Shuja Pasha, was questioned by members of Parliament and also
submitted his resignation
It is the politicians also who have to cast themselves in a new mould,
as the process of redefining our country is carried out. The military, the
media and the judiciary will all fall into place within their own specific roles
once those seeking public office can withstand the exposure of close
scrutiny, before being allowed to contest.
The more we yearn for change, the more things remain the same in
some cases. A face that Islamabad had never seen before with a name that
Islamabad had never heard before either has sprung up on all the pole signs
of the city with some indiscernible message. I must mention here that all
pole streamers and banners have a very limited and curtailed life in the

102

capital because, even when one has paid the taxes and has the permission,
the banners are at times just removed immediately after being placed.
The pole streamers in question, which have been there for many days
now, revealed on a closer look why this was so. The face on them belonged
to one Imran Ashraf, who is the current Prime Ministers brother and is
looking, as most of the well-connected brothers and sisters in this country
are wont to do, for an encashment of his blood connection. He is seeking a
PPP ticket to contest from Islamabad in the next elections and all of us who
live in the city are getting familiar with his photographic image on the
banners and resigning to the thought of another one from Lalamusa making
it big. An essential component of redefining Pakistan must be the
overcoming and discarding of this make hay while the sun shines
mentality. (Talat Azim TheNation 10th November)
A testing time for General Kayani: What impelled General Kayani
to come up with these strident pronouncements?
Answer: The Supreme Court verdict in Asghar Khans case, the fact
that as many as nine senior military officers, including two retired Generals
and seven retired Lieutenants, and Major Generals, are in the dock with noholds-barred jabs aired in the media as also the internal stresses within the
military ranks - all this together weighing heavily on the Army Chief, who,
by and large, had shown considerable restraint in his relations with the
civilian government.
While it is manifest that over the years the army has been violating the
constitution by forcibly taking over the control of the country, one has to
remember that for around half of the past six-and-a-half decades, it has ruled
and enjoyed supreme power. Even today, the civilian government has largely
let them direct defence and foreign affairs. Having tasted unbridled
authority, the military mindset fed on the perception of politicians as
incompetent and corrupt is not prepared to be denigrated, pulled up and
hauled over the coals for illegal and undesirable acts of omission and
commission.
A proactive and assertive higher judiciary, and an increasingly
resurgent and noisy media, has, of late, been unsparing in highlighting the
excesses, aberrations and misdoings of both civilian and military
administrations and officials. The Supreme Court, in particular, is working
hard to take up the cases of violation of fundamental human rights and has
taken to task many who have been found to be involved in corruption and
misuse of authority.
103

The Chief Justice of Pakistan, in particular, has been most vocal in


highlighting the supremacy of the constitution and majesty of law. In his
speech on November 05, while addressing senior civilian officials, he made
the telling remark that the judiciary has been trying to rewrite the
constitutional and political history of the country. He recognized the efforts
the media was making to inform and educate people on national affairs. Said
the Chief Justice: We have a vibrant media playing an affective role of
whistleblower and watchdog of public interest.
A day later, Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, while hearing the
Abbottabad operation case, made the observation (primarily meant for the
Army Chief and, in particular, with regard to Kayanis remark that no one
has the monopoly to decide what is right or wrong in defining the ultimate
national interest) that no one should remain under any delusion, as
authority to render final decision rests with the apex court.
It is, indeed, a testing time for the army. General Kayani has earned
respect because of the restraint exercised by him by keeping himself and the
army away from politics. No doubt, presently, he is under intense pressure
from various quarters retired generals facing enquires, and also because of
the strain of fighting a war and the institutions internal grievances.
The military certainly merits appreciation and support for
safeguarding national defence. The challenge it faces today calls for patience
and understanding. It has to introspect and ruthlessly review its
constitutional role and undertake an exercise to persuade itself to change its
mindset.
Thanks to the Supreme Court, the media and the civil society,
Pakistan today is undergoing a change for the better, seeking to set the
direction right that, hopefully, would lead to a paradigm shift moving
forwards a better Pakistan, a democratic Pakistan, a country where there is
rule of law and respect for human rights for all citizens, irrespective of
creed, colour and class.
General Kayani, indeed, can play a historic, perhaps a heroic, role to
mould the mind of the military, which agrees to confine its role to the tasks
assigned to it by the constitution.
The Supreme Court judgment is also highly significant for explicitly
stating the constitutional position and role of the President of Pakistan
There is a lot of food for thought in the 141-page Supreme Court judgment.
It should, indeed, be compulsory reading for generals, politicians, journalists
and the civil society at large. (Inayatullah, TheNation 10th November)
104

Quest for total control: The Supreme Court issued its detailed
judgment in the Asghar Khan case Earlier in the week, a speech by the
present COAS General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani was interpreted by the
mainstream media as directed against the court and not just people in the
media, who seem to be on an army-bashing campaign. And rather
predictably, stalwarts of the PPP government insisted that President Asif
Zardari had every right to continue playing politics sitting in the presidency.
Everyone agrees that the institutions of the state must be strengthened. The
question is: who is weakening them?
The PPP leadership under the dictatorial control of President Zardari
is clearly the biggest villain when it comes to the institutions of the state. As
it utters hollow mantras about respecting and strengthening state institutions,
the PPP-led government has acted to damage them for its short-term petty
political objectives. Its persistent defiance and subversion of the independent
judiciary is not a secret. The insistence on a political role for the President is
only the recent example of how the party has taken upon itself the task of
interpreting the constitution according to its convenience; a task that actually
falls into the domain of the Supreme Court that has the final word on
constitutional matters. By refusing to follow orders, protecting (even
rewarding) those who should have been punished or investigated under court
orders, and orchestrating malicious judiciary-bashing campaigns by its
leaders, the party has done all in its power to weaken the institution.
Similarly, the PPP governments efforts to mute criticism in the media
and to make it sing tunes that suit the party are also common knowledge.
Instead of working towards strengthening the free media by creating a
framework that would check the abuse of freedom and implementing and
improving the existing rules and regulations, the government has resorted to
official and jiyala-led arm-twisting and bribing media organizations and
individuals with taxpayers money to influence them in its favour.
Even the institution that is considered to be the most powerful in the
state structure, the military, has not escaped damage due to the quest for total
control by the Zardari regime. Whether it was the role of former Ambassador
Hussain Haqqani in the memo affair and the military-related conditions in
the Kerry-Lugar Bill, the governments reaction to the Abbottabad operation
or its dubious conduct in the aftermath of the Salala incident, the PPP
leadership has treated the institution more as a competing contender for
political power, issuing statements about a scheming establishment out to
subvert democracy, rather than separating its political past from the
professional challenges it faces today.
105

Ironically, the state institution most badly damaged by the Zardari


regime is Parliament, along with the government it elects and the party he
heads. The PPP wallahs shout from the rooftop about parliamentary
supremacy and democracy, but the partys nearly five-year record in office
shows a very different picture.
To begin with, Parliament has been reduced to a powerless debating
club good only for scoring points and passing laws conceived and approved
in the presidency, usually without debate. What is touted as the biggest
achievement of the present Parliament, the 18th Amendment, has been made
redundant when it comes to the transfer of presidential powers to the Prime
Minister. President Zardari has clearly encroached upon the functions of the
Prime Minister and his cabinet. He is seen discussing important national
issues with foreign dignitaries at home and abroad and has no qualms about
dictating policy decisions to the government. He is actively involved in
micro-managing the coalition partners.
Under Zardari, even his party has moved further away from
democracy. Forget about electing office bearers, even the nominated party
structure has been made redundant by its Co-Chairperson. The Central
Executive Committee is a ghost of the past and policy decisions are taken in
arbitrarily summoned meetings of core committee at the presidency.
The core committee itself is not a notified body, and who is and who
isnt a part of the committee is left to the whims of the Co-Chairperson. The
party, just like the government it leads, has nothing to do with parliamentary
democracy, and they act more like components of a regime headed by a
dictatorial President cum monarch. Institutions of the state have no chance
of being strengthened by such a government. In fact, whatever strength they
have gained or retained has been despite the Zardari regime and because of
positive action on their part.
The Supreme Court has emerged as a strong pillar of the state because
it has consistently given judgments without fear or favour, upholding the
rule of law and interpreting the constitution in public interest, rather than
doing the bidding for those in power.
The military has also cleaned its stable and distanced itself from
engineering politics in the country. It has the chance of improving its image
further by distancing itself from officers, who violated the constitution and
abused the power that they had and being more vigilant about the conduct of
those in service. High-ranking army officers, now retired but involved in
corruption and illegal activities when they were in service, have been
106

exposed in the courtroom. To strengthen the institution, the military


leadership must take special measures to ensure that such activities are
curbed and the military focuses on its professional duties.
While no institution is perfect, each one is indispensable for the state.
As we criticize their shortcomings, wed do well to criticize particular
shortcomings or cases of abuse, rather than making any institution a target
for unbridled bashing. That would defeat the whole purpose of strengthening
them. (Jalees Hazir, TheNation 11th November)
Understanding the military ethos: General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
has a reputation for core professionalism, imperturbability and for being a
man of few words. He has the unique honour of leading the army in the most
unusual and perilous circumstances that have engulfed the nation, following
the arrival of the US and NATO forces in our Western neighbourhood. The
forces of obscurantism are threatening the internal security of our nation in
an unprecedented manner.
At this critical juncture of our history, the armed forces stand as the
final bulwark against the rapidly worsening internal and external threats. The
militarys leadership and rank and file are stretched to the maximum in
matching up to the extraordinary challenge; making unprecedented
sacrifices. It has already suffered over 5,000 casualties in the war on terror
and there will inevitably be more before we ultimately prevail. The fatalities
absorbed surpass by at least twice the combined total of the shahadats
offered in all previous conflicts with India.
Needless to say, the circumstances are challenging and the General
has an unimpeachable loyalty to his command to speak out on their behalf.
As he took to the rostrum before a gathering of officers in GHQ and made an
assessment of the prevailing state of affairs having a bearing on the armys
operational functionality, his words carried much weight, sagacity and
wisdom.
It reflected an articulate and objective reading of the armys pulse,
sought institutional synthesis within the corridors of power, succinctly
indicated to the stress factors injurious to the morale and bonds of trust
among the rank and file, and pointed to a relentless institutional slandering
campaign, waged by design or default, which sought to blame the entire
institution for actions of a few retired senior officers without due
consideration to the facts on ground.
It was manifest that the General was concerned by the manner in
which the army was being targeted by unfounded rumours and propaganda,
107

and attempts were being made to tarnish the image of its leadership.
Equally important is the trust between the leaders and the led in the armed
forces. Any effort to create a distinction between the two undermines the
very basis of the concept and is not tolerated, asserted General Kayani.
When he said that, obviously, at the back of his mind was the slew of
cases involving some retired senior officers, who appeared before the
Supreme Court in rapid succession and flagged off an unsavoury anti-army
campaign by vested quarters.
Against the backdrop of deteriorating law and order situation in
Balochistan, the calling to court of military commanders to account for the
missing persons in the province, where a foreign-sponsored insurgency is in
the process of forming itself into a full-blown phenomenon, might also have
rankled the mind of the Army Chief.
Despite the speechs objectivity and balanced tone and tenor, it was
amazing to note the manner in which some anchorpersons tried to seize
upon the communication in all negativity without digesting the contents and
manifestly without due deliberation. Obviously, these individuals failed to
recognize that the officers, all the way from bottom to the pinnacle, of the
command pyramid claim the loyalty and following of their juniors by
unflinchingly displaying an unimpeachable standard of personal honour and
integrity.
Centuries of military traditions have established beyond doubt that
only those can lead and claim the trust of their subordinates, who are beyond
reproach and above any suspicion of moral turpitude. The way in which
certain elements of the print and electronic media highlighted a few
incidents of financial mismanagement, involving retired army officers when
serving in civil sector to roil the army as an institution and degrade its senior
leadership, is only lamentable.
The General is obviously, and rightly, anguished over this uncalled for
and vested mudslinging. The insidious effects of such a free for all campaign
to smear the army top brass are either not understood by those waging it or
certain vested quarters are using the unrestrained liberty of media in Pakistan
to tear up the pea patch in line with their subversive agenda.
Over the years, the Pakistani army, indeed, has consolidated its
position as a sterling institution earning the trust and confidence of people
and turning into a true asset for the nation. It has delivered, time and again
whenever called upon to rally and reach out, irrespective of the staggering
odds needed to be overcome in order to prevail.
108

In the current context, the challenges have, perhaps, never been


greater. FATA has turned into a terror hub, projecting its searing fingers into
the hinterland and combined with the responsibility for keeping vigil on the
eastern and western borders, particularly the latter where renegade terrorists
of Fazlullahs ilk as well as the trigger-happy US and ISAF troops have to be
kept at bay; the task is truly Herculean!
Unflinching loyalty and solidarity, nevertheless, forms the bedrock of
the armys ethos. This unshakable bond of trust results in the existence of
values such as discipline, loyalty and respect between officers and men that
lend strength to the institution and is a true force multiplier. When a trumped
up concerted drive, seeking to soil the integrity of the serving senior
commanders of the army, spuriously based upon yet to be proved charges of
financial mismanagement against a few retired officers while serving in
civilian institutions under unexplained circumstances, becomes rampant,
something is gravely wrong.
In the armys ethos, personal integrity and a sterling character provide
the moral authority for command and in the flush of asserting authority, all
pillars of state should take care not to unnecessarily dent the vital bonds that
have sustained it, as a cohesive, reliable and effective institution at service of
the nation. (Momin Iftikhar, TheNation 11th November)
Verdict fallout continues: The reactions to the Supreme Courts
verdict in the Asghar Khan case continued, with former COAS Gen (retd)
Mirza Aslam Beg saying that he should be tried under military rules for
violating the Constitution, and there should not be what he called a media
trial of military officials. However, on the same day, Chief Justice Iftikhar
Muhammad Chaudhry, while addressing the Abbottabad Bar Association,
said that the system must run under the law and Constitution, and that it is
here to stay. General Beg, along with former DG ISI Lt Gen (retd) Asad
Durrani, has had an investigation ordered against him for having been
behind the distribution of money to PPP opponents in the 1990 elections.
Chief Justice Chaudhry thus not only made clear the basis of the decision,
but also indicated how General Beg and General Durrani should be treated:
according to the law. General Beg may be angling for special treatment, but
there is no recourse for it in any circumstance, especially given the
extremely grave defiances of the constitution and rules of his oath that he
has been found guilty of. That might very well raise questions about why
such special treatment exists, and indeed, that such discrimination itself is
unconstitutional.

109

Chief Justice Chaudhry has been as firm in ruling out the possibility
of any clash of institutions following this verdict, as has the current COAS,
Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. The clash foreseen is between the military and
the judiciary. Whereas the Chief Justices declaration that no one dare derail
the system is taken to mean that no future military rule will have any legal
cover given to it, as happened in the past; General Kayanis statement about
the Asghar Khan case is being taken to mean that there is no danger of a
takeover. Chief Justice Chaudhrys remarks should also be taken to mean
that the usual plea of national interest will not work, and the Supreme
Court will test every action of executive authorities by the Constitution, and
any law under it. That means that the rule of law is to be implemented.
General Begs claim implies that he expects more favourable
treatment under military rules. This surprise at the verdict being against him
and other former officers is in itself telling of how those who have been
guilty of subverting the constitution and pretending to do so in the name of
national interest, may still not have learnt their lesson. Submitting
themselves to the mercy of the law is the only chance they now have to
demonstrate that they are willing to accept the verdict. Let it thus be done.
(Editorial, TheNation 12th November)
Big chiefs and the little girl: Look at the mess we are in. Look
around you and smell the stench of a failed leadership. See the piled up
ashes of the dream called Pakistan. Watch men of power fight over the spoils
of a rotten state, while citizens of Pakistan beg for safety, shelter, education,
justice and a decent future for their children. Scan this barren landscape and
notice the little girl with no shoes, no school and no future. She too has the
same claim over the spoils of the state as the President, Chief Justice and the
Army Chief.
Or had you forgotten this silly little fact? Who needs our attention
more? This little girl or Gen (retd) Aslam Beg? This little girl or Lt Gen
(retd) Asad Durrani? This little girl or the two Chiefs?
No, this is not some silly liberal rant. It is a grotesque reality grounded
within the framework of raw power politics. But politics aimed at
empowering not an individual, or a community, or an institution, but the
state itself
If the chiefs want to fulfill their grandiose ambitions, they will have to
transform this little girl with no shoes, no school and no future into a big girl
with nice shoes, a great school and a bright, shining future right here in
Pakistan.
110

But they wont do it on their own accord. Thats not how tribal chief
think. The little girl will have to jump on their laps, pull their ears and noses,
and shout like only a little girl can: Hey big chiefs, I am Pakistan, not you. I
own this land, not you. Make me strong and I will make this country strong.
Not you, not this other chief guy and not that stuffy, constipated man sitting
there on his exalted chair. No, none of you, but me.
Yes, we must dream big dreams little girls, and big men and
nations. All must dream. But to transform dreams into reality will first
require acknowledging the requirements of reality. The reality is that we
need an aggressive and independent judiciary, but one that is driven by
justice for all, not just for newsmakers. The reality is we need political
parties that can think beyond electoral math. And we need armed forces that
are strong, professional, and ready to defend an empowered, educated and
productive population.
What we are seeing now is a struggle between powerful people and
powerful institutions for individual and institutional honour. By focusing on
such a fight, and pretending it is a fight for the greater glory of Pakistan, we
are fooling ourselves.
And worst, we are fooling the little girl with no shoes, no school and
no future. (Fahd Husain, TheNation 12th November)

REVIEW
The written speeches of the Chief Justice and the COAS, read out
within couple of hours provided an opportunity to the forces which consider
both of them as a threat to the system loved by the corrupt and other
beneficiaries, especially by those in media. It was an opportunity that could
not be allowed to go un-availed by the mischief seekers.
These were projected as beginning of the clash between two titans,
both seen by politicians as threat to their supremacy. The factual position
was quite different; none of the two sought any clash, yet the so-called
commentators pushed them towards that undesirable situation. They
achieved partial success when within 24-hours the Chief Justice was made to
believe that the COAS was a spitting snake challenging his authority.
The CJP reacted impulsively. He should have taken time to understand
the situation rather than giving a statement in hurry. This, however, was not
unexpected keeping in view his track record; especially since he has been

111

pushed on to the back foot by his sons acceptance of illegal gratification


from Malik Riaz.
As Chief Justice he has been virtually cornered by the Executive as no
state institution is willing to implement his orders. He is left with the Army
alone to exert his lawful authority. He also has heart-burns against Army
because of what Musharraf did to him in last year of his rule.
He knows that Army is too embroiled in war against terror to think of
taking any extra-constitutional action. He also understands that Zardari, the
defacto Executive, will not defend this state institution, though he happens
to be its supreme commander of the armed forces.
What General Kayani said had very little that related to the golden
words uttered by the Chief Justice just a couple of hours ago. What Justice
Iftikhar said was nothing new; he had boasted about defending the
Constitution innumerable times since his reinstatement in which General
Kayani had made his contribution.
Reportedly, could not keep quiet any more. During one of the visits to
troops deployed in forward areas, the COAS was asked by soldiers some
blunt questions. The essence of those questions was that were they (the
Fouj) deployed in these areas to see their comrades being killed and back
home hordes of politicians and intellectuals ridiculing Fouj day in and day
out.
13th November, 2012

112

RIGHT TO DEFEND
The Crusaders and their regional Muslim allies ensured that the Syrian
inferno kept blowing at optimum velocity charring whatever men and
material was fed to it. They had also been working to make permanent
arrangements for fueling it, so that perpetration of death and destruction
continued with minimum input.
That arrangement was finalized during meetings hosted by Assads
Arab brothers wherein all his opponents were gathered to form a joint front.
This was also necessary to neutralize the resistance put up by Russia and
China at the UN that stalled the Crusaders plans for the region.
The moment that was accomplished, Israel was winked to exercise its
unqualified right to defend by attacking Hamas militants in Gaza. The
exercise of the right to defend began with killing of top Hamas commander
Ahmed Jaabari in an air strike along with his guards. Mursi managed a
ceasefire, but only after more than hundred Palestinians, including women
and children were killed.
While this was happening, the leaders of eight Muslim countries
gathered in Islamabad. On 22nd November, the foreign ministers of
Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Turkey
signed the D-8 Charter, which aimed at forging stronger economic alliance
amongst the member states. During the meeting or at its sidelines they dared
not utter a single word in condemnation of Israels barbarity.

NEWS
Far East: On 5th November, security situation in Myanmars
Rakhine province remained tense, the UN humanitarian agency said, adding
that more than 110,000 displaced people are in urgent need of food, shelter
and health care assistance. Earlier last week, the Office of the UN High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) visited several villages, where
medical staff in the assessment teams treated many of the wounded.
On 9th November, the United States, Britain and other countries called
for Myanmar to ensure unhindered humanitarian access to tens of thousands
of people displaced by sectarian unrest in western Rakhine state. In a joint
statement, nine embassies in Yangon urged all parties to work together to
bring an immediate end to the violence. They appealed for a full,

113

transparent and independent investigation to determine the roots of the


Buddhist-Muslim clashes.
On 18th November, a rights watchdog claimed that Myanmar local
security forces killed Muslim villagers and assaulted people trying to flee a
fresh outbreak of sectarian violence in western Rakhine state last month.
Local forces killed ethnic minority Kaman Muslims in the town of Kyauk
Pyu while government troops stood by and watched.

Middle East
Iraq: On 4th November, a Baghdad court sentenced vice president
Tareq al-Hashemi, one of Iraqs top Sunni officials, to a fourth death
sentence in absentia over a foiled car bombing targeting Shiite pilgrims.
Hashemi, a prominent critic of Shiite Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, has
been out of the country since accusations he describes as politically
motivated were first made against him in December last.
He was handed two death sentences in a hearing on September 9 in a
trial connected to the murders of three other officials. The verdict was issued
on the same day a wave of deadly attacks killed dozens of people
nationwide. Hashemi was originally accused of running a death squad in
mid-December 2011 as the last US troops left the country. He fled to Iraqs
autonomous Kurdistan region, which declined to hand him over to the
federal government, and then embarked on a tour that took him to Qatar and
Saudi Arabia, and finally to Turkey.
Next day, a car bombing near a Shia mosque in east Baghdad killed
three people. The blast struck as Shiite worshippers mark Ghadeer, the day
in the Islamic lunar calendar when the Prophet Mohammed is said to have
named Imam Ali, his cousin and son-in-law, as his immediate successor,
according to Shiite belief.
On 6th November, a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-filled car
into soldiers outside an army base near Baghdad, killing 31 people and
injuring 50 more in one of the worst attacks this year on the countrys
military. The attack was not owned by any group, but previous bombings
against security force recruitment drives have been claimed by al-Qaedas
front group in Iraq, which views soldiers, policemen and civil servants as
supporters of the Baghdad government.
On 8th November, a series of bombings and gun attacks killed seven
people in Iraq, including four who died in a car bombing in a predominantly
Shia city south of Baghdad. The continuing violence, primarily carried out
114

by militants bent on destabilizing the Shia-led government, also underlines


concerns over the capabilities of Iraqs security forces nearly a year after US
forces departed.
On 14th November, a spate of coordinated attacks across Iraq on the
eve of a festival marking the Islamic New Year killed 19 people and
wounded more than 150 others. The 13 bombings and shootings struck in
Baghdad and nine other cities. No group immediately claimed responsibility
for the violence.
Palestine: On 8th November, a Palestinian teenager died after being hit
by bullets fired from an Israeli helicopter near Khan Yunis in the southern
Gaza Strip. Witnesses confirmed that Israeli helicopters had opened fire as
Israeli tanks carried out an incursion east of the city. Palestinian gunmen
fired mortar shells at the tanks, sparking a brief exchange of fire.
On 11th November, six people were killed and 32 injured by Israeli
strikes on Gaza after Palestinian fighters fired on an Israeli jeep, wounding
four soldiers. In a spate of attacks and counter-attacks between the army and
Palestinians, a fighter of the Islamic Jihad was killed and two other people
wounded in an Israeli air strike near the northern Gaza town of Jabaliya
overnight. The dead man was a 20-year-old fighter with the armed wing of
Islamic Jihad.
Next day, Gaza fighters fired 11 rockets at southern Israel, one of
which exploded next to a house. After a quiet night on the Israeli side of the
border, rockets began falling after 7:30 am with 11 aimed at Israel, two of
which were intercepted by the Iron Dome anti-missile system. No-one was
injured but medics treated 26 people for shock.
On 13th November, Israel launched three air strikes on the Gaza Strip
and fighters fired a rocket into southern Israel, hours after Gaza groups said
they were ready for a ceasefire with the Jewish state. The air raids hit an
uninhabited area to the west of Gaza City, without causing any casualties.
Next day, Israel killed top Hamas military commander in a targeted
strike on Gaza City, prompting outrage from fighters who said the Jewish
state had opened the gates of hell. Israel confirmed it had targeted Ahmed
Jaabari in an air strike on a car, warning it was only the start of an operation
to target militant groups which was launched as the Jewish state prepares
for general elections in January. It also warned it was prepared to launch a
ground operation if necessary.

115

Following the initial strike, which killed Jaabari and his bodyguard,
Israel pounded the strip with more than 20 air strikes, killing another six
people, two of them children, and injuring 30. The air strikes followed a
weekend of bloodshed, which saw Israel kill seven Palestinians as fighters
fired more than 120 rockets over the border.
Egypts Foreign Minister Mohammed Kamel Amr condemned the
Israeli air strikes and called for an immediate stop to attacks on the
Palestinian territory, warning against escalation and its possible negative
effects on regional stability. Britain called for restraint while the United
States said it is closely watching developments in Gaza.
Israels foreign ministry has proposed in a policy paper toppling
Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas if a Palestinian bid for state observer
status at the United Nations is approved later this month. Any other
option...would mean waving a white flag and admitting the failure of the
Israeli leadership to deal with the challenge.
On 15th November, a Hamas rocket killed three Israelis north of the
Gaza Strip, drawing the first blood from Israel as the Palestinian death toll
rose to 15 in a military showdown lurching closer to all-out war and an
invasion of the enclave. On the second day of an assault Israel said it might
last many days and culminate in a ground attack, its warplanes bombed
targets in and around Gaza city. The Palestinian group claimed it had fired a
one-tonne, Iranian-made Fajr 5 rocket at Tel Aviv in what would be a major
escalation, but there was no reported impact in the Israeli metropolis 50 km
north of the enclave.
The new conflict will be the biggest test yet of Mursis commitment to
Egypts 1979 peace treaty with Israel, which the West views as the bedrock
of Middle East peace. The Muslim Brotherhood, which brought Mursi to
power, has called for a Day of Rage in Arab capitals on Friday. The
Brotherhood is seen as the spiritual mentors of Hamas.
At Jaabaris funeral, supporters fired guns in the air celebrating news
of the Israeli deaths, to chants for Jaabari of You have won. His corpse was
borne through the streets wrapped in a bloodied white sheet. But senior
Hamas figures were not in evidence, wary of Israels warning that they are
now in its crosshairs. The Israeli army said 156 targets were hit in Gaza, 126
of them rocket launchers and 200 rockets had struck Israel since the start of
the operation.
The United States condemned Hamas, shunned by the West as an
obstacle to peace for its refusal to renounce violence and recognize Israel.
116

There is no justification for the violence that Hamas and other terrorist
organizations are employing against the people of Israel, said Mark Toner,
deputy State Department spokesman. The UN Security Council held an
emergency meeting to discuss the Israeli assault.
Israels UN ambassador retorted that events in Gaza had shown the
futility of the Palestinian campaign for international recognition. They
should change their request from a Non-Member State to Non-Member
Terrorist State, said Ambassador Ron Prosor. The United States and Israel
are lobbying furiously against the Palestinian bid, which president Mahmud
Abbas is scheduled to put to the UN General Assembly on November 29.
Next day, thousands of people across Middle East protested against
Israels aerial bombardment of the Gaza Strip, with some chanting death to
Israel and others calling for the bombing of Tel Aviv. In Cairo, several
thousand protesters gathered outside Al-Azhar mosque after Juma prayers
and chanted We will go to Gaza in our millions, swearing to sacrifice
ourselves for you, Palestine. Its the least we can do, a protester said. We
need to show Israel our anger.
President Mohamed Mursi himself branded the Israeli assault in
which 23 Palestinians have been killed as a blatant aggression against
humanity and promised that Egypt will not leave Gaza on its own. He sent
Prime Minister Hisham Qandil to Gaza, where the premier vowed to
intensify Cairos efforts to secure a truce and end Israels aggression.
In Lebanon, thousands turned out for demonstrations in Palestinian
refugee camps in the north and south of the country in outrage at the assault,
echoing the calls from Ramallah. O Qassam, O beloved, bomb and destroy
Tel Aviv, they shouted in reference to the rocket and the armed wing of
Hamas of the same name.
Demonstrations in Tehran and 700 other Iranian cities, called for by
the authorities, saw crowds chanting death to Israel and death to America.
One must salute the Palestinians popular resistance and the response they
have given to the Zionist regime (by firing rockets into Israel), Ayatollah
Ahmad Khatami said at the weekly prayers in Tehran.
Western nations backed Israel's right to defend itself against rocket
attacks and pushed Egypt to help defuse the Gaza crisis, exposing the fault
lines of a new divide with the Arab world. While they deplored civilian
casualties on both sides since Israel launched its latest operation against the
Gaza Strip, the West stressed that Hamas had to halt the militant attacks into
southern Israel.
117

On 17th November, Israeli strikes on Gaza killed 15 more Palestinians


as Israel called up thousands more reservists for a possible ground war.
Israeli warplanes carried out 180 air strikes overnight leveling the
headquarters of the Hamas government. Medics said 45 Gazans have been
killed and more than 350 wounded since Israel launched an aerial campaign.
Since the start of Operation Pillar of Defence, the Israeli army says
Gaza fighters have fired more than 600 rockets over the border, of which
404 hit and 230 were intercepted by the Iron Dome defence system. Over the
same period, three Israelis have been killed and 18 injured, including 10
soldiers, with the army saying the air force had hit more than 830 targets in
Gaza. The military said it had sealed off all main roads around Gaza and
declared a closed military zone; it was poised to launch its first ground
offensive on the territory since 2009.
Tunisian Foreign Minister paid a brief solidarity visit to Gaza. Egypt
and Turkey, meanwhile, put the onus on Israel to end the fighting; as Turkish
Prime Minister visited Cairo a day after Washington urged the two Muslim
countries to pressure the Palestinians. After a meeting with his counterpart
Egyptian Foreign Minister said they both agreed on denouncing Israels
aggression and on the need to swiftly stop this aggression. President Barack
Obama reiterated US support for Israels right to defend itself during a
telephone call with Netanyahu.
Arab foreign ministers denounced Israels campaign in Gaza in an
emergency meeting in Cairo and demanded a review of what they called
their futile diplomacy towards the Jewish state. The session came amid a
flurry of meetings to coordinate an Arab and Turkish response to the fourday conflict. Some ministers and officials at the meeting ventured into rare
self-criticism at a forum more accustomed to routine denunciations of Israel.
With Israel expanding its war against the Palestinians in Gaza, a
coalition of American Muslim and Arab-American civil rights organizations
called on President Barack Obama not to sit on the sidelines and try to stop
the Israeli attacks in the occupied territory. Until the core issue of justice for
the Palestinian people is addressed by our nation and by the international
community, we will no doubt witness endless repetitions of these senseless
cycles of violence. America must not be party to this violence, either through
action or inaction.
Next day, Israeli strikes killed 23 Palestinians including 14 women
and children in the bloodiest day of its Gaza bombing campaign. Nine
children, five of them babies and toddlers, and five women were among the
118

victims in violence that raised the overall number of Gazans killed to 69 in


around 100 hours of relentless Israeli air strikes.
Nine people were injured by rockets in southern Israel, one of them
seriously. The military said it has struck more than 1,132 targets in the Gaza
Strip, without saying how many strikes it had carried out. In the same
period, 544 rockets fired by Gaza militants have stuck southern Israel, and
another 302 have been intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defence system.
Israeli aircraft also hit two media centres in Gaza City on Sunday,
wounding at least eight journalists, one of whom lost a leg. The Gaza-based
offices of a Kremlin-funded international Russian TV broadcaster were
severely damaged in an Israeli raid on two buildings housing Palestinian and
other media outlets. The Israeli army confirmed attacking the Shuruq centre
in Gaza City in an attempt to interrupt what it said was Hamas operational
communications from the building.
In Cairo, senior Hamas officials said Egyptian-mediated talks with
Israel to end the conflict were positive but now focused on the possible
stumbling block of guaranteeing the terms of a truce. An outcome acceptable
to Hamas would be assurances by the United States, Israels main backer, to
be the guaranteeing party. Netanyahu said he was holding ongoing talks
with world leaders, and we appreciate their understanding of Israels right
to self-defence. British Foreign Secretary William Hague pressed Israel not
to escalate the conflict by sending ground troops into the Hamas-run
Palestinian territory.
On 19th November, Israeli air strikes killed 24 people in Gaza, pushing
the death toll in six days of violence to more than 101. Meanwhile, rival
Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas said they had decided to end infighting
in a show of solidarity in the West Bank over the Gaza crisis. Ramallahs
Manara Square was a sea of Palestinian flags as the crowd chanted Unity!
and hit, hit Tel Aviv in an appeal to Hamas fighters. Whoever speaks about
the division after today is a criminal, top Hamas leader Mahmud al-Ramahi
told the crowd.
Desperate for a safe heaven, many Gaza families have fled their
homes in search of a safe place, with some seeking haven in the south,
which has seen fewer strikes. But they know nowhere is safe. Mourners
flocked to the funeral of nine members of one family killed in a weekend
strike on a Gaza City home, the tiny bodies of the five children carried
through the streets wrapped in Palestinian flags.

119

Ceasefire efforts gathered steam, with Hamas officials in Cairo saying


Egyptian-led talks with Israel were positive but now focused on the need to
guarantee any truce. The latest negotiations conducted behind closed doors
in Cairo ended without agreement, although all sides have expressed a
willingness to engage in more talks. Israel has showed little sign of being
ready to call off or even briefly halt its campaign. This piled even more
pressure on Egypts President Mohamed Mursi and prompted UN Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon to promise to visit the region soon.
UN leader Ban Ki-moon arrived in Cairo to bolster Egypt-mediated
efforts for a ceasefire in Gaza. Ban will inject heavyweight impetus into the
peace effort, meeting Foreign Minister Mohammed Kamel Amr and Arab
League chief Nabil al-Arabi before flying to see Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian chief Mahmud Abbas. Hamas leader
Meshaal earlier told a news conference that his group would respect a
ceasefire if Israel stopped its aggression on Gaza.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the United
Nations of failing to act over the deadly Israeli air bombardments of Gaza,
calling Israeli a terrorist state that massacres innocent children. He
accused the UN Security Council of turning a blind eye to the suffering of
Muslims across the world and called for sincere action to end Israels
strikes on Gaza.
Next day, Gaza fighters said a Cairo-brokered truce in their seven-day
war with Israel would be announced later today, as Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu urged them to choose between the sword and peace.
The emerging signs of a deal to end seven days of violence that have
claimed the lives of 127 Palestinians came as the Israeli army confirmed its
first fatality from a rocket attack while another missile landed harmlessly
just south of Jerusalem.
Egypts new Islamic government now seen as the Palestinians' main
protector said the Israeli aggression would end within hours. The farce of
the Israeli aggression will end today, Mohamed Mursi said. Later, a
spokesman qualified the president's optimism, saying that Mursi hopes
there will be a settlement soon.
On the ground, the bloodshed showed no signs of abating as the
military pressed on with its bombardment of northern Gaza positions from
which most of the militants' rockets have been launched, resulting in scenes
of panic on Israeli streets. Another 22 Palestinians were killed in attacks that

120

also claimed the lives of two cameramen of the Hamas-owned Al-Aqsa TV


station.
The rocket fired at Jerusalem crashed into an olive grove near Jabba
village, in an attack claimed by the armed wing of Hamas, the Ezzedine alQassam Brigades, the second such attempt to hit Jerusalem in five days.
Nobody was hurt but the sirens halted traffic and prompted people to
evacuate to bomb shelters. But another rocket strike on in the Eshkol
regional council killed a soldier, bringing the Israeli death toll since to four,
after three civilians were killed last Thursday.
The diplomatic activity also saw US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
cut short an Asia tour to head to Jerusalem, Ramallah and Cairo, and Arab
League chief Nabil al-Arabi leading a solidarity visit to Gaza. Hamas is
understood to be seeking guarantees that Israel will stop its targeted killings,
and end its blockade on the tiny coastal stretch of land. Israel for its part is
believed to be looking for a 24 to 48-hour truce as a buffer to work out a
more permanent arrangement.
On 21st November, Palestinians in Gaza took to the streets to celebrate
the start of a truce deal with Israel, firing into the air and chanting victory
slogans. The celebrations began shortly after the 1900 GMT deadline for the
ceasefire to begin, agreed in a deal between Israel and Hamas that was
announced in Egypt on the eighth day of violence in and around Gaza.
Following is the text of Agreement of Understanding for a Ceasefire
in the Gaza Strip: A. Israel should stop all hostilities in the Gaza Strip land,
sea and air including incursions and targeting of individuals. B. All
Palestinian factions shall stop all hostilities from the Gaza Strip against
Israel including rocket attacks and all attacks along the border. C. Opening
the crossings and facilitating the movements of people and transfer of goods
and refraining from restricting residents' free movements and targeting
residents in border areas and procedures of implementation shall be dealt
with after 24 hours from the start of the ceasefire. D. Other matters as may
be requested shall be addressed. 2: Implementation mechanisms: A. Setting
up the zero hour for the ceasefire understanding to enter into effect. B. Egypt
shall receive assurances from each party that the party commits to what was
agreed upon. C. Each party shall commit itself not to perform any acts that
would breach this understanding. In case of any observations Egypt as the
sponsor of this understanding shall be informed to follow up.
The conflict had threatened to take a new turn when the bomb struck
the commuter bus in Israel's commercial capital, injuring 17 people and
121

sparking panic. The blast occurred very close to the Israeli defence ministry
and was quickly denounced by Netanyahu's spokesman. Condemnation
poured in, with Washington branding it outrageous, Moscow denouncing it
as a criminal, and France and Germany calling for an urgent and lasting
ceasefire in Gaza.
Soon after, another six Palestinians were killed in air strikes on Gaza
City, raising the day's toll to 11. One of the strikes hit the building housing
AFP's offices, killing a toddler in a neighbouring building, a health ministry
spokesman said. No AFP journalists were inside at the time. The Israeli
military had no immediate comment on the strike, the second to hit the
building in 24 hours. At least 148 Palestinians and five Israelis have been
killed in the conflict.
Earlier, Clinton arrived in Cairo and went straight into talks with
Mursi and then with Foreign Minister Mohammed Kamel Amr, while Ban
held talks with the Egyptian president. Clinton and Ban shuttled between
Egypt, Israel and the West Bank in a bid to bolster a proposed ceasefire
agreement that Cairo brokered between Israel and the Hamas movement that
controls the Gaza Strip.
On 23rd November, a Palestinian was shot dead by Israeli forces near
the Gaza border, the first casualty since the two sides agreed a truce ending
their week-long conflict. Nineteen other Palestinians suffered gunshot
wounds when occupation forces had opened fire on a group of farmers.
A large number of workers of Jamat-e-Islami Sindh on Friday took out
a protest rally against brutal bombardment on innocent people of Palestine.
Addressing the rally Asadullah Bhutto said the D-8 Summit was not
representing the actual feeling of Muslim world as the participants of D-8
did not condemned the US blasphemous film and not even shown the
solidarity with Palestinians.
Next day, Ahmadinejad congratulated Gazas Hamas Prime Minister
Ismail Haniya in a telephone call on a great victory over Israel. Haniya in
turn thanked Iran for its support. We stand beside the Palestinian people,
the Iranian president added. Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal had already
thanked Iran as well as Egypt for their support during the conflict.
Syria: On 4th November, rebels seized a major oilfield and shot down
a warplane in eastern Syria, notching up new battlefield successes even as
the opposition met in Qatar under US pressure for a makeover. The fighting
began at dawn and lasted several hours in which 40 soldiers were killed,

122

wounded or captured. Fighting also erupted near a political intelligence


office in Damascus province.
A blast near the Dama Rose Hotel in the heart of the capital wounded
11 civilians. To the south of Damascus, eight civilians were killed by mortar
fire in the Yarmuk Palestinian camp. In Aleppo province three air strikes in
close succession were reported on the town of Al-Bab with at least four
fatalities. In all 117 52 civilians, 41 soldiers and 24 rebels were killed
nationwide.
The escalating conflict added urgency to a meeting of the Syrian
National Council in Qatar, with the United States reportedly pressing for a
new umbrella organization to unite the country's fractured regime
opposition. Hillary Clinton charged the SNC was not representative. Longtime dissident Riad Seif is touted as the potential head of a new governmentin-exile but as the Doha meeting began, Seif denied planning to head such a
government.
On the diplomatic front, French President Francois Hollande visited
Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
flew in to Cairo, with Syria topping the agenda for both. Israel's armed
forces chief Benny Gantz said, meanwhile, that his country could become
involved in the conflict, as fighting raged on the strategic Golan Heights.
Next day, a suicide car bomb attack on a military post in the central
province of Hama killed at least 50 government troops and loyalist
militiamen. Regime aircraft meanwhile continued to pound rebel-held
positions around the country, with one air strike killing at least 20 rebel
fighters in the town of Harem in the northwestern province of Idlib.
Fighting also erupted in southern districts of the capital on the edge of
the Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp, 31 people had died from shelling at
the camp in last two days. In second city Aleppo, fighting broke out at a
roundabout at the northwestern entrance to the city in Zahraa district and on
the airport road to the southeast, the Observatory and residents said.
Nationwide, at least 122 people were killed in violence. The
bloodshed added urgency to a meeting of the Syrian National Council in
Qatar. Main opposition bloc, under US pressure to reshape into a widely
representative government-in-exile, agreed to broaden its structure to
accommodate 13 other groups. The initiative will top the agenda of a
broader meeting on 8th November called by host Qatar and the Arab League.

123

On 6th November, the United Nations condemned fighting by Syrian


forces close to a Golan Heights ceasefire line with Israel as a new threat to
stability in the region. Israel demanded action by the UN Security Council
after one of its patrols in the buffer zone was hit by bullets fired by Syrian
forces who are battling rebels in the area.
The UN's top political official Jeffrey Feltman said the fighting in
Golan and increased tensions in Lebanon and Turkey showed that the risk is
growing that this crisis could explode outward into an already volatile
region. Israeli diplomats said the Syrian tanks appeared to have left the
buffer zone but there was still fighting between the Syrian army and rebel
groups.
Next day, Syrian rebels shelled a key area of Damascus home to
President Bashar al-Assads Alawite minority, embassies and government
buildings, as they stepped up attacks on his power base. Rebels also fired
mortars at President Assads palace but missed, in an attack underlining the
growing boldness of forces fighting to end his familys 42 years in power. In
a preliminary toll, the Observatory said at least 32 people had been killed
across Syria.
Britain, meanwhile, said it was to open talks with the rebels in a bid to
help end the violence, as the main opposition Syrian National Council said it
hoped resolving the conflict would top re-elected US President Barack
Obamas agenda. Syrias neighbour Turkey revealed it was in talks with
NATO over the possible deployment of Patriot missiles on its soil amid the
escalating conflict, as the Arab League said Assads regime would not stay in
power long.
On 8th November, Syrians from a wide spectrum of opposition to
President Bashar al-Assad began meeting in Doha o hammer out a
government-in-waiting world powers will accept as credible and
representative. Many in Syrias opposition, including rebels battling proregime forces, urged world powers to intervene to stop the escalating
bloodshed.
While fighting continued around the country, as the Red Cross said it
was struggling to cope with Syrias worsening humanitarian crisis. Heavy
clashes for control of the mainly Kurdish northeastern town of Ras al-Ain on
the Turkish border killed 16 soldiers and 10 rebels. Turkish media reported
five Turks wounded by ricochets from across the border. Fresh violence also
broke out in the southern Damascus neighbourhood of Qadam and in

124

Mazzeh in the west of the capital. In all at least 86 people were killed during,
including 38 soldiers.
Syrian foreign ministry spokesman Jihad Makdisi accused Arab
League head Nabil al-Arabi of being a partner, sponsor and tool of a
terrorist project to destroy Syria after he said yesterday that Assads regime
would not last much longer. Ahmed Ben Helli, deputy head of the League
which with Qatar is brokering the meeting told reporters in Doha that
delegates had been urged to overcome the sharp divides that have dogged
their efforts to unseat Assad.
The main opposition umbrella group, the Syrian National Council,
earlier elected a new 40-member general secretariat with Islamists, including
at least five Muslim Brotherhood members, accounting for about a third.
Despite calls from Washington for the SNC to be more representative, the
some 400 members failed to elect a single woman or any Alawite to the
leadership.
SNC officials said four members representing women and minorities,
including a Christian and an Alawite, would now be added to the secretariat,
which on Friday will elect 11 members to appoint a successor to outgoing
president Abdel Basset Sayda. Turkey confirmed it was in talks with NATO
about the possible deployment of Patriot surface-to-air missiles on its soil,
while insisting it would be purely defensive.
Syrian President rejected calls that he seek a safe exit, vowing he
would live and die in Syria, in an interview with Russian Arabic-language
channel Rusiya Al-Yaum. I am not a puppet.... I am Syrian and I must live
and die in Syria, Assad told the channel. Assad also warned against a
foreign intervention to deal with Syrias escalating conflict, saying such a
move would have global consequences and shake regional stability.
On 9th November, Syrias public has been increasingly disgusted by
the actions of some rebels, including poorly planned missions, senseless
destruction, criminal behaviour and the ruthless killing of prisoners. The
shift in mood presents more than just a public relations problem for the
loosely knit militants of the Free Syrian Army, who rely on their supporters
to survive the governments superior firepower. A dampening of that support
undermines the rebels ability to fight and win what has become a
devastating war of attrition.
Next day, two suicide car bombings tore through an officers club in
the southern city of Daraa. The blasts targeted the back garden of the club,
killing at least 20 soldiers and possibly many more. State news agency
125

reported three car bombings hit the city, killing seven people and wounding
many, but did not confirm the attacks were on a military position. A rocket
wounded two young girls in the capitals Christian district of George
Khoury.
The army destroyed a ship carrying armed rebels on the Euphrates
River in the northeast, the first time state media has reported such an
incident on the river that runs from Turkey through Syria and Iraq. Also near
the Turkish border, Kurdish residents backed by militia took control of three
northeastern towns in two days Derbassiye, Tall Tamr and Amuda. The
regions Hasakeh province has seen heavy fighting, with 46 combatants
killed in two days. In all, at least 65 people were killed across the country.
The opposition talks in the Qatari capital Doha saw the Syrian
National Council vying to keep its leading role in the face of US and Arab
backed proposals to form a government-in-waiting that could win deeper
international support. The final talks among a wide range of dissident
factions kicked off under a cloud of SNC reservations; one senior official of
the bloc saying an agreement was unlikely.
In Damascus, Information Minister called for a national dialogue, and
said the army was fighting to protect the chances for talks. The only way to
succeed in Syria is to sit down at the table to launch a national dialogue, he
said. The opposition must accept the choice of dialogue and...the army, by
facing down terrorism, is protecting this dialogue.
The existing plan, inspired by Riad Seif who is reportedly seen by
Washington as a potential new opposition chief, envisages the formation of a
transitional government, a military council to oversee rebel groups and a
judiciary to operate in rebel-held areas. The 10-member transitional
government would be elected by a new 60-member umbrella group drawn
from civilian activists and rebels inside Syria as well as the exiles who have
dominated the SNC.
On 11th November, the Syrian opposition agreed to unite against
Bashar al-Assads regime as Israel fired warning shots into the war-torn
country in response to mortar fire that hit the Golan Heights. After four days
of marathon talks in Qatar, the Syrian National Council finally signed up to a
wider, more representative bloc centred on a government-in-waiting, as
demanded by Arab and Western states.
The document said that the parties agree to work for the fall of the
regime and of all its symbols and pillars, and rule out any dialogue with the
regime. They agreed to unify the fighting forces under a supreme military
126

council and to set up a national judicial commission for rebel-held areas. A


provisional government would be formed after the coalition gains
international recognition, and a transitional government formed after the
regime has fallen. Former Prime Minister Riad Hijab, who fled to
neighbouring Jordan in August in the highest-ranking defection from Assads
government, hailed the agreement as an advanced step towards toppling the
regime.
Fighting flared on the Turkish border as Syrian troops and rebels
battled for the town of Ras al-Ain, where thousands of refugees have fled
into Turkey. Ras al-Ain is one of just two Turkish border crossings the
Syrian army still controls. Nationwide violence killed at least 64 people.
Next day, six Gulf states recognized a newly formed opposition bloc
as the Syrian people's legitimate representative. The GCC move came a year
to the day after the Arab League suspended Syria's membership, and as the
National Coalition met Arab foreign ministers in Cairo buoyed by the hardwon unity deal.
The oil-rich bloc would support the coalition in order to achieve the
aspirations of the Syrian people in hope that this will be a step towards a
quick political transfer of power, GCC chief said. He hoped its formation
would lead to ending the bloodshed and a general national congress to pave
the way to build a state ruled by law and open to all its citizens. The
National Coalition's newly installed leader, Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib, told AlJazeera television it already had promises of weapons, but did not say from
whom. Washington swiftly declared its backing for the new structure.
Moscow gave a cooler response.
Deadly fighting flared, meanwhile, on Syria's border with Turkey and
Israel fired across the ceasefire line on the Golan Heights for a second day,
scoring direct hits on the source of a mortar round that struck the Israelioccupied half of the disputed territory. On Sunday, an Israeli warning shot
left UN chief Ban Ki-moon deeply concerned by the potential for
escalation.
Air strikes and shelling of rebel positions in the town of Ras al-Ain on
the Turkish border killed at least 12 people. One bomb exploded less than
150 metres from the border, with the blast blowing out windows in houses in
Ceylanpinar, where there were also injuries. The same blast killed four and
wounded 20 Syrians.
Warplanes also bombed rebel positions on the strategic highway
between Damascus and second city Aleppo, while clashes on the southern
127

outskirts of the capital near a Palestinian refugee camp killed seven civilians.
At least 52 people were killed nationwide during the day.
On 13th November, Syrias new opposition chief called on world
powers to arm President Assads foes, as Arab and EU leaders urged his
coalition to seek broader support inside the war-torn country. France joined
Arab states of the Gulf in pushing for international recognition of the newlyformed opposition alliance. Iran, meanwhile, said it will bring parties to the
Syrian conflict to Tehran to participate in a national dialogue.
On the ground, fierce battles and army shelling in Damascus province
killed more than 40 people, most of them civilians, while warplanes bombed
Ras al-Ain, a strategic town on the Turkish border. The fighting in the
Eastern Ghuta area east of Damascus came after rebels launched an attack
on public buildings in the area.
The army used tanks to shell several towns east of Damascus,
including Harasta, Zabadani and Irbin, killing at least seven civilians
including an unknown number of women and children. At least 106 people
were killed across Syria 41 civilians, 33 rebels and 32 soldiers. The
watchdog has given an overall death toll of more than 37,000 since the
revolt broke out in March 2011. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent, meanwhile,
estimated that at least 2.5 million people have been internally displaced by
the conflict.
Next day, Syrian tanks shelled two Palestinian refugee camps in the
opposition bastion of southern Damascus, while fighter jets bombed Maaret
al-Numan. Rebel fighters killed at least 18 soldiers as they overran a military
post near Ras al-Ain, a town also on the Turkish border. In all 52 people
killed nationwide: 11 civilians, 27 soldiers and 14 rebels.
A day after France became the first Western nation to recognize the
newly united opposition, Damascus hit out at the decision and said the Qatar
meeting at which the dissident factions united amounted to a war
declaration. Muqdad said: Allow me to use the word, this is an immoral
position. They are supporting killers, terrorists and they are encouraging the
destruction of Syria.
Russian PM also criticized countries siding with the opposition and
insisted Moscow was staying neutral. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei
Lavrov arrived in Riyadh for talks with his Arab counterparts in the Gulf that
are expected to highlight differences on the conflict in Syria. Lavrov began
his visit by meeting with Saudi Foreign Minister. Britain said it wants to see
more evidence the grouping has strong support inside Syria before formally
128

recognizing it. The Arab League stopped short of granting the bloc full
recognition, only saying it saw the alliance as the legitimate representative
of the Syrian opposition.
On 15th November, France raised the prospect of providing Syrias
rebels with defensive weapons as Turkey joined it and the Gulf Arab states
in recognizing the newly unified opposition. France said it would discuss its
proposal to ease the European Union arms embargo with its partners in the
27-nation bloc, but Russia said any such move would be a violation of
international law.
Fellow EU states Germany, Spain, Italy and Poland welcomed the
formation of the new National Coalition, but stopped short of recognizing it
as the sole representative of the Syrian people. Washington has expressed
caution about delivering weapons to the rebels for fear they could fall into
the hands of fighters.
Syrian army pressed an operation in areas around Damascus to oust
rebels and as fighting raged around a key military airport near the Iraqi
border. Eight soldiers were killed resisting a rebel attack on Hamdan airbase
while three rebels died after capturing a security headquarters in Albu
Kamal. At least 60 people were killed in violence.
Next day, Syrian opposition chief Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib in London
met British Foreign Secretary, who said he would decide within days
whether to officially recognize the newly united coalition. Speaking to
reporters after their meeting, Hague said he had pressed Khatib on the need
to be inclusive and to respect human rights. He also confirmed that Britain
was re-examining the EU embargo that prevents arming the opposition,
although he stressed London was currently offering only non-lethal support.
On the ground, troops pounded rebel bastions along the eastern
outskirts of Damascus, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said, while
rebels in the southern Tadamun district launched mortar rounds at nearby
pro-regime streets. In the Eastern Ghuta region outside the capital, rebel
forces downed a military helicopter. In the northern city of Aleppo, 30
people including two journalists working for the BBC and Al-Arabiya
satellite channel were wounded in shelling.
On 17th November, clashes raged in southern Damascus, as rebels and
regime troops exchanged mortar fire in the Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp
on the edges of the capital. Elsewhere, Syrias air force dropped deadly
explosive-filled barrels on rebel-held areas. Syrias military had used the

129

agricultural airport as a base for gunship helicopters. Rebels seized several


tanks and mortars the army had stored there.
In Aleppo, two rebels were killed and regime forces launched several
air strikes near the embattled city, including on the towns of Hreitan and
Anadan. Warplanes also targeted the strategic town of Maaret al-Numan. At
least 47 people were killed across Syria 29 civilians, one soldier and 17
rebels.
Next day, France invited the National Coalition, the newly formed
Syrian opposition bloc, to send an envoy to Paris, after President Francois
Hollande met its leader, Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib. Despite the French offer to
host an envoy, Paris remained cautious on the issue of supplying weapons to
rebels amid fears of the conflict spreading.
Iran prepared to host talks between Syrian officials and opposition
groups tolerated by President Bashar al-Assads regime. The National
Coalition was not invited. Russia reiterated its alignment with Iran on the
issue of providing the coalition with weapons. Foreign Minister Sergei
Lavrov warned, in a message to the Tehran meeting, against the risk of
weapons ending up in the hands of al-Qaeda and other extremist groups
seeking to seize Syria.
Mortar rounds hit the mainly Alawite regime heartland of Mazzeh in
west Damascus, which state television blamed on terrorist groups. Aleppo
and its environs in the north saw heavy combat. Sundays fighting killed 32
people nationwide, including 10 civilians, according to a preliminary count.
On 19th November, the main Islamist rebel groups in Aleppo rejected
the newly formed opposition bloc, saying they want an Islamic state, as
clashes raged countrywide. We, the fighting squads of Aleppo city and
province, unanimously reject the conspiratorial project called the National
Coalition and announce our consensus to establish an Islamic state in Syria,
a spokesman announced in an Internet video. We reject any external
coalitions or councils imposed on us at home from any party whatsoever.
He listed 14 armed groups as signatories to the statement, including
the Al-Nusra Front, Ahrar al-Sham and Liwa al-Tawhid. The Ahrar al-Sham
group rejected the proclamation on its official web page, however, saying
that its leadership did not endorse the statement. The Al-Nusra Front, a
formidable fighting force, has claimed the majority of suicide bombings in
Syria.

130

On the ground, fighting flared along the Turkish border after rebels
took control of the large army Base 46 in the northern province of Aleppo
that had been besieged for weeks. Six rebels were killed in clashes with
Kurdish fighters and the head of the local Kurdish Peoples Assembly was
shot dead in the town of Ras al-Ain. The clashes erupted after a Kurdish
demonstration demanding that all rebels not from Ras al-Ain leave after they
took the town last week.
Elsewhere, a general named as Abdullah Darawi was killed in a rebel
attack on the town of Nabak, north of Damascus, along with four policemen
accompanying him. Fighting also erupted at a border post near the town of
Kasab in Latakia province. In all at least 50 people were killed nationwide.
On 22nd November, rebels seized new territory in the eastern
Euphrates valley from government forces but ran into resistance from
Kurdish militia on the Turkish border in a potential new security concern for
the key NATO member. In the face of the growing turmoil on its southern
border, Turkey has asked its NATO allies to deploy surface-to-air Patriot
missiles to protect its frontiers, but Russia spoke out strongly against any
such move. Despite its losses on the battlefield, the government of President
Bashar al-Assad remains in control of most of the province's oil and gas
fields.
On 23rd November, Irans parliament speaker Ali Larijani met Syrian
President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus to discuss a solution to the conflict
in his countrys key ally. The meeting came as Moscow warned Turkey
against deploying Patriot missiles on its troubled border with war-torn Syria
after Ankara turned to NATO to request the surface-to-air defences.
On the ground, violence erupted in Syrian flashpoints across the
country while tensions spiked in the northeast, where Kurdish militia are
engaged in a standoff with rebel fighters. Troops shelled Daraya and
Moadamiyet al-Sham southwest of Damascus, while fighting raged in the
eastern city of Deir Ezzor, a day after troops pulled out of the nearby city of
Mayadeen.
Next day, Syrian rebels attacked army positions in the northern
province of Aleppo while violence also raged in and around the capital.
Forces shelled the northeast and southwest outskirts of Damascus as clashes
broke out in the western district of Kfar Sousa and in the south of the city.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights gave an initial toll of nine people
killed in violence nationwide, after 61 people died yesterday, including 21 in
the Damascus region.
131

In Aleppo city, the commercial capital where fighting has reached


stalemate after five months of deadly urban combat, clashes broke out near
an air force intelligence building. In Hasakeh province, northwest Syria, Ras
al-Ain has seen its fiercest violence since the town near the Turkish border
was captured by rebels two weeks ago.
Turkey: On 6th November, four Israeli ex-military chiefs went on trial
in absentia in an Istanbul court over a deadly 2010 raid on a Gaza-bound
Turkish ship in what Israel denounced as a show trial by its former ally.
Hundreds of protesters from across the country gathered outside the court
waving Palestinian flags and chanting Damn Israel as the trial opened.
In May, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon had said he
was expecting foreign diplomatic pressure on Turkey to stop the trial, saying
it could have wide-ranging implications for NATO and US forces, which
frequently board ships suspected of terror activity. Turkey insists ties will
not return to normal unless Israel offers a formal apology, compensates the
victims and lifts the blockade which prohibits all naval traffic in and out of
the densely populated coastal territory.
Bahrain: On 5th November, a series of explosions in the Bahraini
capital Manama killed two Asian expatriates and wounded a third. Police
gave no details of the intended targets of the blasts nor who might be
responsible. According to the International Federation for Human Rights
(FIDH), 80 people have died in Bahrain since the start of the violence on
February 14 last year.
Saudi Arabia: On 5th November, suspected al-Qaeda militants shot
dead two Saudi Arabian soldiers in a clash as they attempted to infiltrate the
Kingdoms borders into neighbouring Yemen. Ten Saudi militants who were
recently released from prison, in addition to a Yemeni, were all arrested after
they ambushed a border guard patrol and killed two soldiers.
Yemen: On 16th November, a suspected al-Qaeda militant blew
himself up in a municipal building in the south Yemen town of Zinjibar,
killing three pro-army militiamen; four other militiamen were wounded in
the assault. Hundreds of militiamen, known as the Popular Resistance
Committees, fought alongside the Yemeni army last May to oust al-Qaeda
from Abyan province.
On 24th November, unknown gunmen shot dead three Huthi Shias and
wounded 10 others in an attack on a gathering staged to commemorate the
Ashura mourning period. Thousands loyal to the Huthi group that battled the

132

regime of ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh for years in the north gathered
for the first time in Sanaa in an open rally to mourn Imam Husain (RA).

Africa
Nigeria: On 22nd November, a mispronunciation taken to be
blasphemous in Nigeria's north sparked a riot by Muslim youths, leaving
four people dead as well as a church and shops burnt. The riot came on the
same day that former British Prime Minister Tony Blair and the incoming
spiritual head of the world's Anglicans Justin Welby launched an initiative in
the Nigerian capital Abuja aimed at Muslim-Christian reconciliation.
Tunisia: On 17th November, a prominent figure in Tunisias Salafist
movement, Mohammed Bakhti, died after going on hunger strike over his
arrest for an attack on the US embassy, in the second such death this week.
His death followed that of another member of the hard-line Islamist
movement, Bechir Gholli, who died two days ago also after refusing food
for nearly two months.
Libya: On 16th November, ex-CIA chief David Petraeus told
lawmakers he knew from the outset that an attack on a US mission in Libya
was the work of terrorists. A bitter political feud has erupted in Washington
since the September 11 assault on the Benghazi consulate, with Republican
lawmakers accusing President Barack Obamas administration of misleading
the public about its causes.
Congress has summoned officials to explain why in the days after the
attack, which left US ambassador Chris Stevens and three colleagues dead,
they blamed the violence on a spontaneous protest triggered by an antiMuslim video. On September 14, Petraeus had told Congress that that was
the CIAs initial take on the events. Since then, the administrations position
has evolved, and it is now seen as a pre-meditated assault by an al-Qaedalinked militia.
US senators got their first look at dramatic real-time video footage of
the attack. However, the hearings have done little to resolve the partisan
sparring over the administrations response, with Republicans strongly
hinting at a larger scandal and possible cover-up. The Senate Intelligence
Committees top Republican, Senator Saxby Chambliss, said the hearing
with US intelligence officials made clear that mistakes were made.
Egypt: On 21st November, office of Arab satellite broadcaster AlJazeera in the Egyptian capital was firebombed, as protesters clashed near
the downtown Tahrir Square. No one was injured in the fire, according to
133

security officials. An interior ministry official said 118 people have been
arrested since clashes broke out during a protest to mark the first anniversary
of deadly street battles.
On 22nd November, Egyptian President Muhammad Mursi bowed out
of a scheduled visit to Pakistan; where he was due to attend the Developing
Eight summit in Islamabad. Mursi who was thanked by the United States
for helping to broker a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas had been slated
to join the Islamabad talks, and his office said he would now stay home to
monitor the truce.
Next day, protesters set fire to Muslim Brotherhood offices, as rival
rallies were held nationwide a day after President Mursi assumed sweeping
powers. The offices of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the Muslim
Brotherhoods political arm, were torched in the canal cities of Ismailiya and
Port Said.
A branch office of the Islamist party was set on fire in Alexandria.
Police fired tear gas at protesters trying to storm another FJP office in
Alexandria. Hundreds also took to the streets of the Red Sea resort city of
Sharm el-Sheikh against Morsis declaration, chanting: No to merging the
revolution with authoritarianism.
Sudan: On 24th November, Sudanese rebels seized an army compound
in the Darfur region, as the Red Cross reported the release of three soldiers
captured by rebels; five attackers were also wounded. Kebkabiya compound
is about 150km west of El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur state where
violence has surged.
Somalia: On 18th November, seven people were killed and many
wounded when an apparent explosive device was hurled at a packed minibus
in a predominantly Somali area of the Kenyan capital Nairobi. The district of
Eastleigh, is inhabited mainly by Somalis or Kenyans of Somali origin.

Europe: On 5th November, three British tourists in Cyprus were


remanded in police custody in connection with the killing of a teenage
British soldier during a disco row in the holiday resort of Ayia Napa,
Nicosia. The soldier was stationed at Dhekelia garrison with the 2 nd Battalion
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The regiment is part of British army reserve
forces for Afghanistan. The tourists, 19-year-old Mohamed Abdulkadir
Osman, and two 17-year-old suspects, who cannot be named for legal
reasons, are being held in custody for eight days to allow investigators to
complete their enquiry.

134

On 13th November, British authorities reluctantly released Abu Qatada


on bail after judges ruled that the man dubbed Osama bin Ladens right-hand
man in Europe should not be extradited to Jordan. Heavily bearded and
wearing a black turban, the preacher smiled slightly as he was driven out of
the high-security Long Lartin prison in central England.
On 16th November, a UN court on Friday acquitted Croatian exgenerals Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac of war crimes during the bloody
1990s breakup of Yugoslavia and ordered them freed, to shouts and tears of
joy from their supporters across Europe. The courts packed public gallery
erupted in cheers and clapping as the acquittal was read, with many people
bursting out in tears and hugging Markacs wife, Mirjana, who was at the
hearing, as supporters outside uncorked champagne bottles.

America: On 5th November, President Barack Obama and


Republican challenger Mitt Romney made frenetic dash to a series of crucial
swing states, delivering their final arguments to voters on the last day of an
extraordinarily close race for the White House. The elections outcome will
impact a variety of domestic issues and balance of power in Congress also
will be at stake, with Obamas Democrats now expected to narrowly hold
their Senate majority and Romneys Republicans favoured to retain control
of the House of Representatives.
Next day, the US Second Circuit Court of Appeals rejected several
arguments by Ms Aafias lawyer, including that she shouldnt have been
allowed to testify in her defence because of a mental illness and that a
terrorism enhancement shouldnt have applied to her sentence. The appellate
court said a lower court judge had not erred in allowing Aafia Siddiqui, to
testify in her own defence at trial and in allowing certain evidence against
her.
On 7th November, as per early counts, Obama had 303 electoral votes,
well over the 270 needed to win, to Romneys 206. Floridas close race was
not yet declared, leaving its 29 electoral votes still to be claimed. In his
victory speech, Obama pledged to move the United States beyond this time
of war, to shape a peace that is built on the promise of freedom and dignity
for every human being.
You voted for action, not politics as usual, Obama said, calling for
compromise and pledging to work with leaders of both parties to reduce the
deficit, to reform the tax code and immigration laws, and to cut dependence
on foreign oil. Obama told the crowd he hoped to sit down with Romney in
the coming weeks and examine ways to meet the challenges ahead though
135

the president appears more in need of mending fences with Republican


congressional leaders who wield clout in Washington.
Romney, 65, conceded defeat in a speech delivered to disappointed
supporters at the Boston convention center. This is a time of great challenge
for our nation, he told the crowd. I pray that the president will be
successful in guiding our nation. He warned against partisan bickering and
urged politicians on both sides to put the people before the politics.
Obama congratulated Romney and Republican vice-presidential
candidate Paul Ryan on their hard-fought campaign. I have never been
more hopeful about America. And I ask you to sustain that hope, Obama
said, striving for inspiration rarely shown in a campaign where the prophet
of hope of 2008 became a conventional, brawling politician.
Obama won with a fiercely negative campaign branding Romney a
multi-millionaire former corporate turnaround wizard as indifferent to the
woes of the middle class. Exit polls showed that though only 39 percent of
people believed that the economy was improving, around half of Americans
blamed former Republican president George W. Bush for the tenuous
situation, and not Obama.
On 10th November, Petraeus met with President Obama on November
8 before submitting his letter of resignation, which the president accepted. In
a message to staff, Petraeus said he asked to be allowed to step down.
After being married for over 37 years, I showed extremely poor judgment
by engaging in an extramarital affair. Such behaviour is unacceptable, both
as a husband and as the leader of an organization such as ours, the retired
four-star general said. This afternoon, the President graciously accepted my
resignation.
The move comes amid the unfolding controversy surrounding the
attack on the US Consulate in Libya. It has been confirmed that the US
compound that was attacked in Libya housed CIA operatives as well as State
Department staff. Scrutiny has fallen on a range of agencies including the
CIA, and the director had been set to testify at hearings next week he is no
longer expected to do so. But Petraeus, in his resignation message, cited
strictly personal reasons surrounding the affair.
Obama, in a written statement, said Petraeus provided an
extraordinary service to the United States for decades. By any measure, he
was one of the outstanding General officers of his generation, helping our
military adapt to new challenges, and leading our men and women in
uniform through a remarkable period of service in Iraq and Afghanistan,
136

where he helped our nation put those wars on a path to a responsible end,
Obama said. The White House named Michael Morell, the agencys deputy
director, to serve as acting director.
Next day, the revelations about CIA Chief David Petraeus
extramarital affair came about because a woman close to him began
receiving anonymous threatening emails so frightening she went to the FBI
for help. She was not Generas wife Holly, but a third woman suspected by
Broadwell of having an affair with Petraeus.
On 12th November, 20 US states filed petitions through the website of
the White House to secede from the United States of America, following the
re-election of President Barack Obama. After the re-election, several
petitions surfaced requesting the Obama Administration to peacefully grant
the applied state to withdraw from the United States of America in order to
create their own government.
Louisiana was the first state to file a petition followed by Texas. States
with secession-related petitions on the White House website include
Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky,
Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New York, North
Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, South Carolina and Tennessee. How would
Old Glory look with 30 stars instead of 50? As far-fetched as it may sound,
the White House might soon be forced by its own rules to examine the
question. If 25,000 people sign the petition by December 7, it will require a
response from Obama Administration, according to published rules of the
White Houses online We the People program.
US media identified the other woman as 37-year-old Jill Kelley, a
social liaison to a Florida air force base who apparently had a longstanding
friendship with Petraeus but no official status in the military. Politicians
want to know why they were not told about the affair sooner, with one even
suggesting a cover-up.
Next day, a Saudi national was sentenced to life in prison for plotting
attacks on the Texas home of former US president George W Bush, nuclear
plants, and other targets. Khalid Ali-M Aldawsari, 22, was arrested last year
after a chemical supplier became suspicious when he tried to order
concentrated phenol, a toxic chemical that has legitimate uses but is also a
powerful bomb-making tool.
On 14th November, The widening probe into Petraeuss behaviour
raised questions about the US commander in Afghanistan. General Allen was
placed under investigation after FBI agents probing email threats sent by
137

Petraeus mistress stumbled upon a vast trove of messages Allen sent to


another married woman, Jill Kelley, at the heart of the scandal.
On 20th November, four men were charged with plotting to join the
Taliban and al-Qaeda to conduct violent jihad aimed at killing Americans
abroad. Three of the four had undertaken preliminary training at firearms
and paintball centers in southern California, as preparation for further
training in Afghanistan, said an FBI statement. Ralph Deleon, 23, 21-yearold Miguel Alejandro Santana Vidriales, and Arifeen David Gojali, also 21,
were arrested on Friday and appeared in court.

VIEWS
Israel
Terror in Gaza: In honour of the latest installment of homicidal
Israeli behaviour in Gaza, the Twitter account of the Israel Defence Forces
(@IDFSpokesperson) has played host to a flurry of activity.
Thursday afternoon, after 13 Palestinians including several children
had been eliminated, the IDF congratulated itself on its humanitarian
efforts with the following tweet: As part of effort to minimize civilian
casualties in Gaza, IDF dropped 1000s of leaflets in Arabic with this
message.
Accompanying the tweet was a picture of a leaflet addressed to the
residents of the Gaza Strip: For your own safety, take responsibility for
yourselves and avoid being present in the vicinity of Hamas operatives and
facilities and those of other terror organizations that pose a risk to your
safety.
Not explained in the charitable note is how Gaza residents are
supposed to heed the IDFs warning given the diminutive physical
dimensions of the strip and the fact that Israel is the only entity endowed
with the power to determine which human beings and infrastructure qualify
as terror operatives and facilities an arbitrary activity that has been known
to result in the leveling of such institutions as the Rafah zoo.
Granted, the zoo was perhaps to blame for recklessly situating itself in
the vicinity of terrorists.
Israels monopoly on retaliation

138

The leaflet also informs its audience that Hamas is to blame for once
again dragging the region to violence and bloodshed and that the IDF is
determined to defend the residents of the State of Israel.
As essayist Max Ajl has pointed out in Jacobin magazine, assigning
blame to Hamas for initiating the current conflict is a transparent lie. Ajl lists
three reasons the assault on Gaza does not in fact constitute, as Israel claims,
retaliation for a Palestinian anti-tank rocket fired on November 10.
First of all, a quick glance at the calendar reveals that November 10 falls
after November 4, when the IDF murdered a mentally unsound Palestinian
man, as well as November 8, when the IDF murdered a 13-year-old boy
playing soccer. Secondly, the supposed retaliation shattered an Egyptianbrokered truce in effect at the time.
Thirdly, Ajl writes: [T]he category of Israeli retaliation does not
exist. The occupation is constant terror, and it is what breeds the Palestinian
violence Israeli leaders can adduce as a retroactive justification for the
policies they pursue in purported pursuit of the chimera of security.
The same disingenuous rhetoric that is being deployed to justify the
present reduction of the population of Gaza also proved helpful during
Operation Cast Lead (2008-09), when Israel managed to slaughter 1,400
persons primarily civilians in the coastal enclave in a matter of 22 days.
This particular population management effort was also advertised as
retaliatory in nature, with details such as Israels unilateral destruction of the
ceasefire with Hamas excised from the official narrative.
Logical acrobatics
Israels ever-upbeat government spokesman Mark Regev offered the
following reaction to the Cast Lead casualty count: Israel, during the
military campaign, made every possible effort to target enemy combatants
only. One can assume that, were Hamas to somehow kill 1,400 Israelis,
most of them civilians, in three weeks, the organization would not be lauded
for its attentiveness to civilian life.
Regev has now resurfaced with an appeal to humanity to comprehend
the current conscientious killing in Gaza, and is quoted at the CNN website
as remarking: I would ask you, Id ask any person around the planet: What
would you do if your population was targeted day after day?
Seeing as the ratio of Palestinian civilian fatalities to Israeli civilian
fatalities during Cast Lead was approximately 400:1, and that Israel has not

139

in recent history been subject to an illegal and crippling blockade, it is


possible that some inhabitants of the planet might more readily comprehend
Regevs question were it instead posed by a Palestinian.
As for Regevs claim that you have to see our [current Gaza]
operation as fundamentally defensive, I have suggested elsewhere that the
audition for the position of Israeli government spokesman might consist of
reciting such phrases as The guinea pig initiated violence against the boa
constrictor and The armadillo attacked the wheel of the car with a straight
face.
Indeed, Israels exclusive rights to the term self-defence and
institutionalized habit of inverting logic have resulted in the construction of
a narrative according to which the fatal bulldozing of American peace
activists in Gaza and the murder in international waters of Gaza-bound
humanitarian workers armed with construction tools, marbles and a metal
pail are excused as defensive manoeuvres.
Unfortunately, for the residents of Gaza who have been warned by
IDF leaflets to avoid being present in the vicinity of terror organizations
that pose a risk to your safety, this does not appear to be possible as long as
the Palestinian territory exists in the vicinity of the state of Israel. (Belen
Fernandez for Aljazeera, reprinted in TheNation 17th November)
The hell that is Gaza: Reports emanating from Tel Aviv suggest that
Israel is making feverish preparations for a ground offensive in response to
rocket attacks from Gaza and has called up 75,000 reservists of the armed
forces to be ready to move into the Strip. To get an idea of the miserable
plight the Gazans have to suffer, day in and day out, it would be instructive
to glance through the comments of the noted thinker and columnist Noam
Chomsky, who summed up his impression of a visit to Gaza barely three
weeks back. Calling it the worlds largest open air prison, he says: It
hardly takes more than a day in Gaza to begin to appreciate what it must be
like to survive (there)...where a million and a half people...are constantly
subjected to random and often savage terror and arbitrary punishment, with
no purpose other than to humiliate and degrade... The ultimate aim is to try
to snuff out any hope of the local population for a decent future. The Israelis
have openly and in defiance of the world opinion have been targeting the top
Palestinian hierarchy; the latest victim in an air raid carried out on
Wednesday was Ahmad Jabary, the operational commander of Hamass
armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades. On Saturday, they targeted
the Hamas Prime Ministers office. Should Tel Aviv proceed to launch a
140

ground offensive of Gaza, it could most likely turn the region, already in the
grip of a revolution called the Arab Spring, into a veritable ball of fire.
While the international community owes it to its commitment for
peace to intervene, the Muslim countries have a special obligation. This is
the time for them to stand up, and firmly, against the Israelis untold
atrocities and not only condemn them, but also form a united front to
convince powerful and influential states of the world that the Muslims
would no longer bear with this kind of outrageously criminal behaviour.
Before the killer storm overwhelms them, they had better revitalize the
moribund Arab League and OIC to pursue the cause and ensure for the
Palestinians an honourable existence in an independent state of their own.
(Editorial, TheNation 18th November)
A monster called Israel: Last week, the terrorist state of Israel
started bombing Gaza once again, killing innocent civilians in the name of
targeting terrorists. Soon enough, the Israeli Defence Forces had announced
the commencement of yet another operation against the practically
imprisoned population of Gaza. The Nobel Peace Prize winner and now reelected US President Barack Obama reiterated his countrys support for
Israels right to defend itself against rocket attacks from militants in the
Gaza Strip. His NATO allies in the European Union agreed, making slight
noises about controlling the number of civilian deaths and advising Israel to
use violence proportionate to the rocket attacks from Gaza. The UN sat
impotently on the sidelines. Clearly, the leaders running the world are as
soulless and shameless as the ones running our country.
The hypocrisy of these powerful leaders of the richest countries in the
world is nothing new. We have seen it in action in our tribal areas where CIA
drones have been killing innocent civilians for eight years, again on the
pretext of targeting terrorists. We have seen it in Afghanistan next door and
in countries near and far. Still, the coldness with which the torchbearers of
freedom and human rights have accepted the occupation of Palestinian
territories and sanctioned the massacre of civilians there, is bone-chilling. It
makes you wonder about the world we live in; a world ruled by the law of
the jungle behind the faade of international treaties and conventions. The
United Nations sits in the lap of the powerful to cover up their crimes and
give them respectability. After all, they are the ones who pay its fat bills.
Those leading the world to mayhem and disaster, these powerful
leaders shaping a violent world reeking with crimes against humanity and
injustice, do they think that their one-eyed perspective and their blatant
141

biases are not obvious? They declared that the militants in Gaza started the
recent spate of violence by firing rockets into Israeli territory, thereby
justifying the monstrous attacks on a hapless population. They pretend as if
the problem started last week with the firing of rockets by Hamas. They
dont want to talk about why Hamas came into being in the first place. They
dont want to talk about annexation of Palestinian land by Israel that has
gone on for decades, and still goes on under their watch.
They dont want to talk about the ever-expanding state of Israel, about
the illegal settlements it has continued to erect over forcibly annexed
Palestinian land, about the olive groves of poor Palestinian farmers it has
continued to burn, about the barbaric siege of Gaza it continues to tighten,
about its regular firing, strafing and bombing of unarmed civilians, about the
killing of Palestinians including infants in Israeli attacks. It doesnt bother
them that their spoilt brat continues to violate international law and trample
upon the rights and lives of Palestinians. Deaf to reason, they are keen
listeners to Israeli leaders tantrums about security, pampering the terrorist
state further with billions of dollars and sophisticated arms. They pretend
that the violence started last week and that it was Hamas that started it.
These so-called leaders of the rich and powerful countries, these
servants of big money, are deeply concerned about the possibility of Iran
achieving the capability to refine uranium for nuclear arms, but the nukes in
the Israeli arsenal dont bother them at all. Their one-eyed conscience is
irked very easily by human rights violations in countries theyd like to target
for strategic reasons, but somehow it goes into deep slumber when it comes
to the systematic and never-ending violation of the rights of Palestinians,
and other people in territories occupied by their allies and pampered brats.
But then, this should come as no surprise. These rich and powerful countries
behave the same way.
They have occupied and colonized poor and weak countries as a
routine, and similarly victimized people who try to resist subjugation. Worst
still, they actively destabilize targeted countries and subvert governments
unwilling to dance to their greedy tunes. They bribe and buy leaders of poor
countries. They fuel division of people on ethnic, sectarian and tribal lines,
fund dissidents, promote extremism, arm militants, and if all that still
doesnt deliver their evil goal of total control, they intervene in the name of
protecting lives; giving air cover, logistical support and technical advice to
rebel groups fathered by them. These are not baseless charges, but
documented history. In fact, emboldened by their success, they no longer try

142

to hide their subversive games. In the case of Libya, and now Syria, their
leaders openly boast about their regime change strategies.
The questions are many. How long can this go on? How long can the
world bear the burden of the crimes of the rich and powerful? How do we
rescue the world from the clutches of these monsters parading themselves as
leaders of the so-called civilized world? Is there a way to defeat these
monsters wielding the most advanced technologies of violence? The answers
are not clear, but they must be found before the world crumbles under the
heavy weight of their barbaric burden.
As I write this, Israeli tanks are surrounding Gaza, and the monster is
preparing for a ground offensive against the besieged people there who seem
to have been left by the so-called civilized world to defend themselves
against an uncouth powerful monster. (Jalees Hazir, TheNation 18th
November)
Who licensed Israelis to kill children? What a shameless world we
live in today surrounded by war-mongering politicians and phony generals
who kill innocent children and then go on to present it as a historic victory.
They would also fight a war against the unarmed in the name of self-defence
and peace, yet no world law would ever be invoked to challenge their
unrestrained use of force. Behind the best of decorated generals one would
find in the recent days enough of sleaze to feel disgusted of the very idea
that a human being, wearing military attire, could be so self-centred as to
relinquish morals and oaths to duty. However, the self-centred people arent
confined only to the military command of the worlds armies, though they
may be found in abundance in one or two parts of the sphere we call earth.
No analyst could foretell that before the end of the euphoria in the US
that came with President Obamas re-election, during the victory speech of
which he promised end to a decade of war, Israel, its pampered ally in the
Middle East, would embark on yet another spate of barbaric attacks on the
unarmed populace of the besieged Gaza in Palestine. Hardly a few of us
would be fully aware of the life in Gaza as they say only the Gazans know
what their life means.
The writer had a chance to meet a few Palestinians, including Gazans,
during a peace programme in the US. There were also people from the
opposite side the Israelis. It was quite a surprise to find the Israelis exactly
as they are known in this part of the world for their knack to be crude and
inhumane in the face of a human tragedy that may befall the others. It was
surprising to note a species so in obsession with selves that they would lose
143

sight of humanity, the common bond amongst all of us. If behaviours are to
tell anything, for Israelis, it could be said that they believe only they are
entitled to all the privileges and the right to exist. They even go to the extent
of monopolizing tragedy; that only their tragedy is the real tragedy. It was
disgusting to find out a human being (Israeli) virtually scorn at the tragic tale
of another human being (Palestinian).
The recent spate of attacks on the Gazans only stems from the same,
abovementioned mindset that monopolizes tragedy and the right to
existence. It could be said that the Israelis, in their fresh assaults, are only
pushing to their extreme their philosophy of existence that once under a
shred of threat, annihilate the opponent, with utmost disregard to who gets
victimized in the process. If it werent so, how could the Israelis fail to see
for themselves how many children their air strikes have killed over the last
five days.
Let us all be reminded that the blood of no human being should be
made as cheap as the Israelis have made the blood of the Palestinians. And
the refrain is more for the advocates of Israeli barbarism who cite barrage of
Hamas rockets as an excuse for Israel to launch brutal, indiscriminate attacks
under its self-styled paradigm of self-defence. By throwing their weight
behind Israel, its allies have conveniently overlooked the misery befalling
the Palestinians. And they, in doing that, have also given Israel the right to
kill children. On Sunday, four children of a same family perished in just one
such Israeli strike. Israel has launched hundreds of indiscriminate strikes,
and continues. (Muhammad Ali, TheNation 19th November)
Israeli ruthlessness: Laying bare the hesitation of international
forces to so much as lay a finger on Israel, Israeli planes continued to strike
Gaza at will and on Sunday they attacked with a vengeance, marking an
untrammelled display of ruthlessness committed against its inhabitants,
when 26 of them, including 14 women and children (five of them newborn
babies and toddlers) were killed. By Monday morning when eight more
Palestinians had fallen to these air raids, the death toll stood at 95, with a lot
more wounded, since recent hostilities broke out. Side by side there have
been hectic efforts, spearheaded by Egypt, to bring about a ceasefire, with
Tel Aviv insisting, in the words of its Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman,
The first and absolute condition for a truce is stopping all fire from Gaza.
No doubt, ceasefires must stipulate all fire coming from all the parties
involved in the fighting. But for a lasting ceasefire, it is imperative to
address the causes that first of all led to the eruption of hostilities. Anyone
144

familiar with the straitened living conditions in the blockaded Gazans would
know how they are managing to pull through. With the supply of bare needs
of a healthy existence just to mention two of them, foodstuff and
medicines severely restricted, its citizens fall easy prey to hunger and
malnutrition. The biggest sufferers are the children. The stress is on creating
a pervasive sense of frustration and loss of hope for the future. So that the
Palestinians give up the struggle for an independent state with secure borders
of their own.
And President Obamas remark, Israel has the right to its security, at
a time when the clear victims are the beleaguered Palestinians would not
possibly encourage them to hope that they would one day have their
legitimate right of an independent state recognized in practical terms. On the
contrary, it reflected the commitment of support of the most powerful nation
on earth today to its protg, notwithstanding its acts of savagery against
unarmed civilians. Against the backdrop of this blind support for the Jewish
state, installed in the heart of the Arab world by dispossessing the local
inhabitants, Mr Obamas address at the Ragoon University on Monday
calling for all human being to live in freedom and with honour sounded
more than a little hypocritical. In this scenario, it is not sure whether Tel
Aviv heeds the plea of British Foreign Secretary William Hague not to
escalate the conflict by sending ground troops to the Strip. No Palestinian is
going to listen to their virtually irrelevant President Mehmoud Abbas in this
crisis to peacefully demonstrate against the Israeli atrocities. Responding to
a call from President Mohammad Mursi, the Arab League Foreign Ministers
are visiting Gaza today in a show of solidarity with the Palestinians.
Pakistan Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar has also condemned the brutal
air raids. The Muslim world has to join hands with Mr Mursi and actively
strive for an end to miseries of Gazans and, ultimately, the Palestinian by
ensuring them their birthright to statehood. (Editorial, TheNation 20 th
November)
Israels scorched earth policy in Gaza could prove fatal: The
recent Israeli pounding on Gaza reminds us of the brutal Gaza invasion in
2009 that resulted in between 1,166 and 1,417 Palestinian and 13 Israeli
deaths (four from friendly fire). The human toll and the destruction of the
infrastructure in Gaza nearly five years ago still reverberates. The current
bombing spate by the Netanyahu government from the air and sea is again
turning Gaza into rubble.
This, according to the Israeli government, is in response to hundreds
of rockets fired at Israel by Hamas from Gaza, that has created fear amongst
145

the Israeli population and claimed three Israeli lives. But this is asymmetric
warfare: The death toll in Gaza has already crossed 100, including many
women and children.
Israel says it is only targeting selective targets with surgical
precision. But its claims are not substantiated by facts: The majority of
victims are innocent civilians. Despite some pressures from America and
Britain, Israel is massing its troops near Gaza; a ground invasion seems
possible
Israel has massive political and military might and the Israeli
leadership is also known to be politically smarter than the Arab leaders.
Israel has become a garrison state with conventional and weapons of mass
destruction that include nuclear bombs (although not publicly
acknowledged). It has the unconditional backing of the largest military
power on earth. This has blinded Israels judgment and made it arrogant.
But in the greater scheme of things, the Israeli leadership lacks
strategic wisdom that is needed for its future. With all its military, diplomatic
and media advantage, time is not on Israels side. History also teaches us
that the days of injustice do not last long.
The Palestinian people may be underdogs now, but people with
insight can see they are the ones who are setting the future agenda. Whatever
Hamas is doing out of madness, desperation or a long-term strategy
Israel seems to be falling in their trap of an un-winnable, long and protracted
war.
The Israeli strength so far has lain with the disunity and incompetence
of the Arab regimes. But things are changing within the Arab world, as we
all know. Plus the tectonic plate of world economic power is shifting
towards the East; with it the global political and military power may change
at some time in the future.
During the 2009 Gaza crisis, two prominent Muslim countries
Turkey and Egypt carried little weight in the world. Now they are trying to
assert their rightful place. Their position on the Arab-Israeli conflict is now
clearer. For the first time in many decades, the world attention has focused
on Egypt. Whether its President Morsi succeeds in bringing the two sides to
a ceasefire agreement will be interesting to see, but a new chapter seems to
be dawning in the Middle East.
A just and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict is not only
essential for Israeli and Palestinian people, but also for the whole world.
146

This needs a clear thinking outside the box by the Israeli leadership and
their backers in America. And it must come soon. (Dr Muhammad Abdul
Bari for Aljazeera, reprinted in TheNation 21st November)
Eyeless in Gaza: The Islamic forces might see Mursi as a paladin,
but so far, he has not taken any action that might afford Palestinians any
relief, at least not when Israeli interests are thereby compromised. It is
almost as if the Egyptian army is overawed by Israeli forces, which
continued mobilizing. It must not be forgotten that Egypt has only just
gotten suppressed trouble in the Sinai region; a region which abuts Gaza,
and which Egypt only recovered from Israel after recognizing it and signing
with it the peace treaty Mursi is so carefully defending.
Pakistans government is courting Mursi enough to invite him over,
and for him to be accorded the honour of an address to a joint sitting of
Parliament. However, at this juncture, Pakistan must not be content merely
to follow the lead of the Arab countries on Palestine, but must remember that
the Quaid-i-Azam saw Palestine as allied to the Kashmir issue, because both
involved illegal occupations of Muslim lands. It was because of this that
Pakistan helped the Arab countries raise the issue in the UN when it first
arose.
However, both issues are seen by the ordinary Pakistani as of fellow
Muslims.
Whereas Palestine may be more distant than Kashmir, it does include
Jerusalem. However, it is this fellow feeling that is dangerous, not just for
the Americans, Russians and Syrian leaders, but also for Arab leaders. It may
be that those in Syria who are dying might not see it that way, but their fierce
determination to try Islam in place of the Baathist socialism they have
known for so many decades, has caused not just fear in the Assad regime,
but also among the superpowers supporting it. This is the fear that Syria
might be heading in the direction of a new caliphate.
Bashar al-Assad plays on this far when he says that the fall of his
regime would mean turmoil from the Atlantic to the Pacific. That phrase in
land terms echoes George Bushs remark about Morocco to the
Philippines. Especially after President Mursi showed his own inability to
stop the Zionist entity doing what it wanted to Palestinians; Palestinians
might realize that their only hope of a permanent solution lies in Muslim
forces of a Muslim state. Otherwise, they will once again be subjected to
similar treatment by Israelis.

147

It should not be forgotten that what has happened to the people of


Gaza is not something that has happened for the first time. It seems almost
as if the Zionist entity only agreed to the Oslo Accords because it could see
that its army would perpetually dominate the Palestinian people in the land
they were given. However, such is the grasping nature of those ruling the
Zionist entity that they are not giving statehood even to the territories it
forcibly occupied in 1967. This shows how they use their control of the USA
to throw their weight around the region.
This should teach the Pakistan government and people certain
valuable lessons. First, it is pointless to recognize Israel. Second, it is useless
to expect US help in ending illegal occupations. Third, US friendship means
being subordinate to the Zionist lobby. (M A Niazi, TheNation 23rd
November)
Horror in Gaza: The Islamic bloc, instead of whispering a protest
every time such incidents occur, should come forward and impose economic
sanctions against Israel so that it can be reined in as done by the US
administration, who at the behest of Tel Aviv, imposed restrictions on Iran
for pursuing the much needed nuclear programme to meet its growing
demand for energy.
Regardless of the fact that the Israelis have openly threatened to attack
Iran and destroy its nuclear facilities, the Muslim countries failed to rise to
the occasion. However, it is no secret that Israel itself possesses nuclear
weapons that are a danger to the Muslim world.
As for Pakistan, in spite of being well aware about the serious gas and
electricity shortages, the US is pressurizing the PPP-led government to
abandon the Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project that, if completed, will
improve the living standards of Pakistanis. Likewise, the US-Indo civil
nuclear agreement is another example of American bias.
It is unfortunate that most of the countries have surrendered to US
dictates. Except for some states like China, France and Germany that are
willing to take independent decisions. But they are not willing to make it
easy for the countries that dont have US support.
Reverting to the Gaza crisis; the efforts of Egyptian President
Mohammed Mursi to broker a ceasefire agreement between Israel and
Hamas is, indeed, commendable. Reportedly, the United Nations Security
Council has recognized and welcomed Egypts recent efforts to help end
violence in the Gaza Strip. Yet, one hopes that before such a tragedy occurs

148

again, the so-called enlightened Western world will take active steps to
ensure that it never happens again.
As said earlier, the Obama Administration must understand that unless
and until the right of Palestinians to exist as an independent country is
recognized, the Israel-Palestine conflict will go on. The sooner it intervenes,
the better it will be for the region and the world. (Azam Khalil, TheNation
23rd November)

Syria
Syrian regime in demolition mode: It is quite horrifying to see the
Syrian army bringing down whole neighbourhoods over the heads of its
citizens just to drive out a score of terrorists, as the Syrian regime calls
them. It usually takes a professional army of more than a hundred soldiers to
overcome a single armed person hiding inside an inhabited area. But in
Syria, the army does not believe in conventional military norms. Instead of
targeting the rebels inside buildings, it prefers to destroy the whole building
along with all its inhabitants all at once. Some lucky inhabitants would have
fled their homes long before the operations and thanks to what has been
known now as the Syrian genocide, millions of Syrians have been
rendered homeless or refugees, as millions of houses have been brought
down to the ground in order to vanquish the rebels. It is no wonder that a
Syrian satirist has likened what the army is doing to a hunter who wants to
shoot a bird standing on the head of an elephant, but instead kills the
elephant and misses the little bird.
No regime in modern history has used its air force so extensively to
pound populated areas. Even in Latin America, the rebels, during the 1960s
and 70s, attacked the ruling juntas from within the cities.
However, the fascist dictators never used aircraft to bomb or strafe the
rebels inside the towns. Yet, the regime in Syria did just that, whereby
several cities and villages have been ravaged and reduced to ashes by the
army.
It seems that the Syrian regime has no problem at all destroying the
house over the family simply because there is an armed rebel inside it.
(Faisal al-Qasim for Gulf News, reprinted in TheNation 6th November)

America
Muslim world and US interests: For the Muslim world, it is
Americas foreign policy that is the main preoccupation despite no change.

149

Many leaders of the Muslim world welcome Obamas re-election, as they


believe America will continue to support and protect them. This is contrary
to the Muslim masses, who consider Obama a crusader just like his
predecessor - Bush. It can be said that for many Muslims, there is no
difference between Democrats and Republicans, as both are warmongers
eager to spill blood in the Muslim world to protect American interests.
Since September 2001, America has been at war with the Muslim
world. Firstly, Afghanistan and Iraq were the epicentres of this neo-crusade
and this swiftly expanded to the drone invasions of Pakistan, Yemen and
Somali under Obama. His first term ended with close support for Myanmar
whose government was responsible for the slaughter of Rohingya Muslims
on an unprecedented scale and the covert support for Assad to perpetrate
death and destruction on an immeasurable scale in Syria. Will Obamas
second term be any different?
Unlikely, as Americas hegemony in the Arab and wider Muslim
world is being challenged by the masses via the numerous uprisings. Most
prominent of which is Syria. The foremost lesson from all these revolts is
that the Muslim masses despise the suppression of Islam in their political
lives by America and the West. To counter this existential threat, America is
forced to engage deeper with the Muslim world to maintain its interests,
otherwise it runs the risk of losing them.
The question of ridding America is now the main obsession in the
Islamic world. This is likely to increase, as Obamas second term progresses
and more Islamic countries become victims of his presidency. Some
Muslims wrongly believe that the way to displace America is through
democratic elections. Others falsely adhere to the notion of militancy
directed against regimes that are supported by America as a means of
liberation. Both methods have failed in the past and will fail in the future.
The Arab revolts amply demonstrate that America uses the armies to
control the outcome of the democratic elections and counter rebels. So the
real agents of change are the armies of the Muslim world and nothing else. If
Muslims truly want to bring about a permanent change in their political
lives, then they will have to get the armies loyal to America and other
Western powers to switch sides.
But this is only one part of the solution. The other part is the political
vision. Most (if not all) political visions espoused in the Muslim world are
rooted in current nation state thinking. The vision advocated by those who
profess to offer an Islamic alternative is more akin to a secular state with
150

some Islamic dressing and a benign foreign policy. This is exactly what
America is endorsing in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere.
The only political vision that can lift the Muslim world out of its
subservience to colonial powers is the Caliphate. Hence, Muslims across the
Muslim world have to adopt this vision and demand that the armed forces
support it. Otherwise come 2017, the Islamic world will still be shackled to
American and Western hegemony. (Abid Mustafa, TheNation 14 th
November)

REVIEW
The Palestinians suffering at the hands of Zionist regime once again
received cold shoulder from the Muslim Ummah. The elders of OIC and
Arab League, Turkey and Saudi Arabia respectively, who had been jumping
around like monkeys on hot-tin roof over bloodshed in Syria, remained quite
indifferent to the massacre of Palestinians in Gaza.
They did not talk of throwing Israel out of Arab world nor did they
dare supplying some arms to Hamas for defending themselves. Only the
Turkish ruler rushed to Cairo, perhaps acting on commands of Obama;
otherwise he would have at least requested the US administration to tell
Netanyahu to show some mercy, rather than sending Palestinians back to
Stone Age.
Palestinians were not surprised by the Muslim worlds response as in
view of the past record they did not expect anyone coming to their help.
They, however, hoped that new Islamist President of Egypt would strongly
support them. They certainly counted on Mursi behaving differently from his
predecessor, Hosni Mobarak, who had closed border-crossing into Egypt
when last time Israel had massively exercised its right to defend.
Mursi too tried to exert diplomatically to save Palestinians from the
bloodshed. Despite his efforts he could not make much difference as he
could negotiate a ceasefire only after Israel had killed enough Gazans and
the Americans wanted a halt, of course, for the time being.
Mursi fell well short of the expectations of Gazans. But, even that
much diplomatic activism on his part was not approved by the Zionist
regime and its backers. The after-effects of which were felt in the form of
violent demonstrations across Egypt, which could be hijacked by the
masterminds of Arab Spring to make Mursi pay the price of the crime has
committed by negotiating a ceasefire.
151

Unlike Mursi, Iran openly supported Hamas as Tehran had correctly


read that what was happening in Syrian and now in Gaza was aimed at
isolating Iran by neutralizing its supporters Syria, Hamas and Hezbollah.
As regards the patch-up between Hamas and Fatah in the wake of Israeli
aggression, it may not last long.
Amid the continuous saga of successes of the Crusaders, one of its
military commanders, General Petraeus made a disgraceful exit. The dronemaster with licence to kill anyone, anytime and anywhere across Islamic
world, resigned after having been caught by FBI indulging in activities
beyond the call of duty.
The distinguished American soldier of modern times proved
vulnerable to Paula Broadwell, his biographer. He, who has blood of tens of
thousands of innocent Muslims on his hands, was slain by a 40-year-old
mother of two without using any hellfire or even 9mm revolver. It was an
insider attack but not that could fall in Green-on-Blue category; it was all
Blue.
25th November, 2012

152

INQILAB: FOR MANKIND


PART ONE
From the lowly state as described in the first and second volumes,
Allamah wanted the human beings elevated to the highest stature amongst
all the creations in the universe. This is the very purpose for which the Adam
was created.
The attainment of that high position, as narrated in this and the next
volume, is the sole objective of all the endeavours of Allamah, especially his
poetic works. He wanted to guide the human beings to attain such a position
of excellence for which even the angels would envy them.
During Allamahs times most of Asia and Africa were colonized by
European powers. The colonization results in degeneration of subjugated
people on multiple counts; political, economic, social, cultural, intellectual,
and even religious. This degeneration turns chronic corresponding to the
duration of the subjugation.
The chronic slaves, after having been treated as sub-humans by the
colonial masters for generations, tend to reconcile with the imposed fate.
They even lose the desire for freedom, barring a few exceptions. These
sensitive individuals among the enslaved masses keep longing for the
freedom earnestly.
They feel the need for bringing change by shaking up the status quo.
Once they ponder over the ways and means to bring a meaningful change,
they find that more than the masters; the enslaved people are themselves
more responsible for their pathetic plight. These thinkers start speaking out
with the hope of rekindling the desire of freedom that is in the nature of all
human beings.
This marks the beginning of phenomenon called Inqilab; the
reformation or revolution. In this stage the reformers aim at breaking that
aspect of the status quo which relates to the slaves apathy; their
misconceptions about the fate and resultant reconciliation with the imposed
misfortunes. They focus on instilling a realization in them that as human
beings they are no different from their masters.
The reformers role at this stage is that of a brick-maker. He prepares
the basic material for construction of a building that he has in his mind. The

153

dust (individual) has to be moulded into the required shape, by adding into
it the hydrant of Faith; the belief in the Creator and His creation.
After moulding, it has to be sun-baked (through practice of the Faith)
so that it benefits from the benevolence of the Nature. And then putting
through the furnace of hardships encountered in acquisition of self-belief the
baking process is completed. Each brick becomes so strong that it is not
only capable of staying where it is placed during the (nation) building, but
also provides strength to other bricks.
Once the desire for change is agitated in sufficient hearts and minds
the phenomenon evolves into second stage wherein the people recruited by
the reformers start openly crying for the change. The change has to be
comprehensive because of the wholesome degeneration of the enslaved
society or societies.
During subjugation the social values get polluted and stagnated as
these are, practiced sparingly and even discarded. Religious beliefs are
tempered with and become distorted both in theory and practice. Socioeconomic systems, which are exploitive, promote inequality and injustice.
Political dispensation turns suppressive; serving interests of the rulers
at the cost of the ruled. Knowledge fades away rapidly due to erosive effects
of the alien environments and corrosive nature of the absence of the quest
for knowledge.
The accumulated effect of all these ought to make the status quo
unbearable. It must end for the betterment, even survival, of any human
society. Allamah Muhammad Iqbal devoted his life for this noble cause,
using the God-gifted ability as a medium of communication. He wanted to
see all human beings free for which he addressed them directly.
Majority of the colonized humanity, however, was followers of Islam
and Allamah was one of them; therefore while describing the problems of
humanity as a whole references to Muslims, here and there, were
unavoidable. The subject matter itself made it obligatory to make a mention
of Muslims.
WORDS FOR READERS
In this chapter the poetical compositions that invite for change are
reproduced beginning with of the poems from Allamahs favourite book
titled Zabur-i-Ajam. The book contains the maximum bootey (plants) which
has been watered by the poet with khoon-e-jigar.
154

But, before that some verses in which he addressed the readers at the
beginning of his different books. In Masnavi Pas Chih Bayad Kard Ay
Aqwam-i-Sharq, Allamah informed his readers of about the purpose of his
poetical works:



Sepah-e-tazah bar-angaizam az walyat-e-ishq; keh dar Haram khatraey
az baghawat-e-khird ast.
[Mien molk-e-ishq sey niya lashkar bhharti kar raha hon, kiyuonkeh
Haram kay andar aqal ki baghawat ka khatrah paida ho gaya hai.]
I raise a new army from the Kingdom of Love; for there is danger of revolt
by the intellect against the Sanctuary.



Zamanah heich nadanad haqiqat-e-oo ra; janoon qaba ast kek mouzon
baqamat-e-khird ast.
[Zamanah janon ki haqiqat sey bilkol bikhabar hai; halnkeh yehi woh
qaba hai jo khird kay (qad-o) qamat kay leay mouzon hai.]
The world does not know the real nature of madness: It is a garment that fits
the intellect perfectly.
(Madness (Junun): It stands for Intuition and Love in contrast to Intellect
and Reason.)



Beh aan moqam rasidam cho dar barash kardam; tawaf-e- baam-o-dar-emann saadat-e-khird ast.
[Mien ney yeh qaba pehni tuo aisey moqam takk ponhach gaya keh khird
meyrey baam-o-dar kay tawaf ko apni saadat samajhti hai.]
Donning this garment, I attained to a station where it would be honour for
the intellect to walk around my house (like a pilgrim).



155

Goman mabar keh khird ra hasab-o-mizaan neist; nigah-e-bandah-eMomin qayamat-e-khird ast.


[Yeh goman nah kar keh khird kay leay hasab-o-mizaan naheen; mard-eMomin ki nigah khird ki qayamat hai.]
Dont think that the intellect is exempt from the final reckoning: One look
from the believer judges it as if on Judgment Day.
[Translated by B A Dar]
In Armaghan-i-Hijaz, Allamah appreciates those who opt for
recruitment in this army despite their materialistic deprivations:





Khosh an rahi keh samaney nagirad; dil-e-oo pund-e-yaraan kum
pazirad.
Beh aahey soz-naakash seinah bakoshaey, z-yakk aahash ghum-e-sadd
salah meirad.
[Khosh nasib hai woh mosafir, jo zaad-e-rah sey biniaz hai, jiss ka dil
doston ki nasihat qabool naheen karta (keh safar mein saman hona
chahey).
Oss ki aah-e-soz-naak kay samney apna seinah khhol dey; kiyuonkeh oss ki
eik aah sey suo saal ka ghum khatam ho jata hai (Iqbal apni taraf asharah
kartey hein).]
Hail the lucky seeker no goods who hikes to playmates counsels his heart
seldom likes.
So open the heart with his ruthful sigh, all gaps and griefs old would hitherto
die.
(The literal translation of this line is a hundred years grief by his sigh would
die. Actually he means that a hundred years distance can be crossed by his
deep sigh in a moment. It would be more appropriate to say No gaps and
griefs old would hitherto lie.)

156

[Translated by Q A Kabir]
In Zarb-e-Kalim, Allamah cautioned every recruit to be prepared for
the intense struggle ahead:



Jabb takk nah zindagi kay haqaiq peh ho nazar; teyra zajaj ho nah sakkey
ga harif-e-sung.
[Zajaj: Shishah. Harif-e-sung: Pathar ka torr.]
Your glass can never match the stony rock, unless of facts with care you take
the stock.



Yeh zour-e-dast-o-zarbat-e-kaari ka hai moqam; maidan-e-jung mein nah
talab kar nawa-e-chung (saaz ki awaz).
Give proof of strength and strike a dreadful blow, when war is waging
strains of harp forego.


' ' ! '
Khoon-e-dil-o-jigar sey hai sarmayah-e-hayat; fitrat lahoo tarang hai
ghafil! Nah jall tarang.
[Lahoo tarang: Lahoo kay saaz ka naghmah. Jall tarang: Pani bharey
piyalon per zarb laga kar naghmey paida karma.]
The wealth of life is due to blood in veins, O man remiss! Love pain, shun
melodious strains.
[Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah]
In Bal-i-Jibril, the poet wrote a verse along with the title of the book;
it read:

157

Othh keh khurshid ka saman-e-safar tazah karein; nafas-e-sokhtah shaamo-sehar tazah karein.
Arise, and soar with the suns new-born rays, to breathe new life into dying
nights and days.
[Translated by Naeem Siddiqui]
Allamah then quoted Bartari Hari:



Phool ki patti sey kut sakta hai heeray ka jigar! Mard-e-nadan per kalame-narm-o-nazak biasar.
The heart of a diamond can be cut by the leaf of a flower; a soft and gentle
word has no effect on a stupid man!
[Translated by DJ Matthews]
Despite the reservation shown in the above quote, Allamah did not sit
back and instead spread his message more vigorously. Zabur-i-Ajam began
with these words for the readers:



Mi-shwad pardah-e-chashmam per-e-kahey gahey; deidah-um her duo
jahan ra beh nigahey gahey.
[Kabhi tuo eik maamooli tinka meyri ankh kay leay pardah bun jata hai
aur kabhi mien eik nigah sey duonon jahan dikhh leyta hon.]
Naught but the blade of a grass at times is the veil of mine eye: Yea, and at
times the two worlds in a glance are mine to descry.



Wadi-e-ishq basi door-o-darazst waley; taey shwad jaadah-e-sadd salah
beh aahey gahey.

158

[Wadi-e-ishq ka faslah barra door daraz hai; laikan kabhi suo saal ki rah
eik aah sey bhi taey ho jati hai.]
Far though the valley of Love be, a long and a terrible way, the path of a
hundred years may be traveled at times in a sigh.



Darr talab kosh-o-madeh daman-e-ommeid z-dast; doulatey hust keh
yaabi sar-e-rahey gahey.
[Tou bhi ossey paaney ki koshash kar aur daman-e-ommeid nah chhorr;
kabhi aisa bhi hota hai keh sar-e-rah doulat (-e-ishq) mil jati hai.]
Labour then in the Quest, nor yield Hopes grip from thy hand: A fortune at
times to win by the side of the road doth he!
[Translated by Arthur J Arberry]
In Part-One of Zabur-i-Ajam, he conveyed the following to the
readers in the form of a submission before Allah:



Z baroon darr gozashtam, zdaroon-e-khanah goftam; sakhon-e-nagoftaeyi
ra chih Qalandranah goftam.
[Mien ney bairooni darwazah chhor kar bhar kay andar ki baat ki hai; jo
kochh naheen kaha ja sakta thha, ossey Qalandaranah andaz mein keh diya
hai.]
I passed without the door, and, fervent as Qalander, spoke of the things
unspoken within the house that are.
[Translated by Arthur J Arberry]

Part-Two of Zabur-i-Ajam, began with following verse:


'
Shakh-e-nihal-e-Sidraheyi khar-o-khas-e-chaman mashuo; monkir-e-Oo
agar shodi monkir-e-khwaishtan ma-shuo.
159

[Tomm darakht-e-Sidrah ki shakh ho, apney aap ko bagh ka khar-o-khas nah


bana; agar Allah Taalla kay monkir ho tuo kum az kum apni azmat ka tuo
inkar nah kar.]
Branch of the Sidra tree thou art; be not the meadows straw and thorn: Though
thou deniest Him in thy heart, hold not thy Self in faithless scorn.
[Translated by Arthur J Arberry]

TO REGAIN HUMAN DIGNITY


The second part of Zabur-i-Ajam is about the significance of the
human beings among all the creations of the God. The man is undoubtedly
the best of creations of the Creator that has no equal.
However, the man degenerates to the lowest of the low due to his
acts and neglects in his worldly pursuits. Ironically, these acts and neglects
and the degeneration thereof results from the misuse of certain extraordinary
powers that the Creator has granted to no other creation.
Allamah observed that the humanity in his time was generally on the
downward slide. He wanted the unfortunate phenomenon to be reversed and
the human dignity restored.
All the poems from the second part of Zabur-i-Ajam, which are
reproduced herein, have been translated by Arthur J Arberry. The number as
per the order in which these appear in the original book is shown at the
beginning of each poem. This part begins with following verses:



Duo alam ra tawan deidan baminaey keh mun daram; koja chashmey
keh binand aan tamashaey keh mun daram.
[Meyrey pass jo jaam hai oss mein duonon jahan dikhhey ja saktey hein,
kahan hai woh ankhh jo woh dikhhey jissey mein dikh raha hon.]
In the flask that here I hold, both the worlds one may behold; wheres the
vision, to divine the wide vista that is mine?



Digar diwanaheyi ayad keh dar shehar afgand hoey; duo sadd hangamah
khaizad z-soudaey keh mun daram.
160

[Eik aur diwanah aya, jiss ney shehar mein naarah-e-mastanah boland
kiya, meyrey janon sey sainkaron hangamey paida ho rehey hein.]
Madman comes again to town crying clamour up and down: See, a hundred
riots start from the passion of my heart.



Makhor nadaan ghum az tariki-e-shabha keh miayad; keh choon anjam
darakhshad dagh-e-simaey keh mun daram.
[Nadan! Raaton ki tariki sey dilgir nah ho, meyri paishani peh jo dagh hai
woh sataron ki tarah chamak raha hai.]
Grieve not foolishly, my friend, lest the dark of night descend: Lo, the brand
upon my brow gleams in starry splendour now.



Nadim-e-khwaish mi-sazi mera laikan az aan tarsam; nadari taab aan
ashoob-o-ghoghaey keh mun daram.
[Tou mojhey apna saathi tuo banata hai laikan mien darta hon, keh tou
meyrey ashoob-o-ghogha ki taab naheen laa sakkey ga.]
Take me for thy comrade true; yet I fear, if so thou do, thou hast not the
strength to bear the vast tumult I prepare.
***** (1) *****





Bar khaiz keh Adam ra hangam-e-namood aamad; ein mosht-e-ghobarey
ra anjam beh sajood aamad.
Aan raaz keh poshidah dar seinah-e-hasti bood; az shokhi-e-aab-o-gill dar
goft-o-shoneid aamad.
[Othho keh Adam (ki azmat) kay azhar ka waqt aa-gaya hai, (dikhho!)
satarey iss mosht-e-khak ko sajdah kar rehey hein.
161

Woh raaz jo seinah-e-hasti mein poshidah thha, Adam-e-khaki ki shokhi ki


badoulat abb oss ki baatein aam honey lagi hein.]
Rise up! The hour is here that Adam shall appear; the stars bow, as they
must, to this handful of dust.
The secret, that at rest was hid in Beings breast, by Clay and Water stirred is
magically heard.
***** (2) *****





Meh-o-satarah keh dar rah-e-shouq ham-safarand; karishmah sanj-o-ada
fiham-o- sahib-e-nazarand.
Chih jalwah hast keh deidand dar kaff-e-khakey; qafa bajanib-e-aflaak
sooey ma nigarand.
[Chand sitarey jo rah-e-shouq mein hamarey hum-safar hein, woh
karishmah sanj, ada fiham aur sahib-e-nazar hein.
Maaloom naheen onnhein hamari mosht-e-ghobar mein kaya jalwey nazar
aatey hein, keh asmaan ki janib peithh kiey hamari taraf dikhh rehey hein.]
On the roadway of desire, swift to gaze and to aspire, glance-assaying, clear
of bead, moon and star together tread.
Say, what visions of delight in the dust amazed their sight, that they turned
them from the skies and have fixed on us their eyes.
***** (3) *****



Daroon-e-lalah gozar choon saba tawani kard; bayakk nafas girah-eghonchah wa-tawani kard.
[Saba ki manind gul-e-lalah kay andar dakhal hoa ja sakta hai, aur eik he
phoonk sey ghonchey ki girah kholi ja sakti hai.]
162

Thou canst pass, like mornings breeze, deep into the anemones, with a
single breath disclose the locked secrets of the rose.



Hayat chiest! Jahan ra asir-e-jan kardan, tou khod asir-e-jahani koja
twani kard.
[Hayat kaya hai? Jahan ko apna asir bana leyna, magar tou khod asir-ejahan hai tou yeh kaam kaisey kar sakta hai.]
What is Life? The world, and all, to make Spirits captive thrall: Since the
world has prisoned thee, how shalt thou bring this to be?



Moqadar ast keh masjood-e-mehr-o-meh bashi; waley hanooz nadani
chih-ha tawani kard.
[Teyrey moqadar mein hai keh tou masjood-e-mehr-o-mah baney, laikan
abhi tou janta naheen keh yeh kaam kiss tarah anjam pa sakta hai.]
Twas decreed, long since enow, sun and moon to thee should bow, but as
yet thou knowest not how thou canst achieve, and what.



Agar z-maeykadah-e-mun pialaheyi giri; z-mosht-e-khak jahaney bapa
twani kard.
[Agar tou meyrey maeykadey sey eik jaam ley lay, tou apni mosht-e-khak
sey niya jahan paida kar sakta hai.]
Take thou then a flask of wine from this tavern that is mine, and of one poor
clod of earth thou shalt bring a world to birth.



Chesaan beh seinah-e-charaghey farokhti Iqbal, beh khwaish anchih
tawani beh ma tawani kard.
[Iqbal tou ney apney seiney mein yeh charagh kaisey roshan kaya? Jo kochh
tou ney apney aap sey kiya, kaya woh hum sey naheen kar sakta.]
163

Iqbal! What bright lamp is it in thy bosom thou bast lit, that the things
thyself canst do thou in us canst fashion, too?
***** (5) *****



Zamanah qasad-e-tayyar aan dilaram ast; chih qasadey keh wajoodash
tamam paigham ast.
[Zamanah oss Mehboob (Allah Taalla) ka tezro qasad hai, kaya qasad hai
keh oss ka sara wajood he paigham hai.]
Time is the winged messenger of the Hearts Desire; wondrous herald!
Tidings fair is his life entire.



Goman mabar keh nasib-e-tou neist jalwah-e-dost; daroon seinah hanooz
aarzooey tou khaam ast.
[Yeh goman nah kar keh teyrey nasib mein jalwah-e-dost naheen, (baat yeh
hai keh) abhi teyrey seiney mein aarzoo napokhtah hai.]
Think not, thou shalt never win the Beloved to view: The desire thy breast
within still is raw, and new!



Griftam ein keh cho shaheen boland perwaazi; bihosh bash keh siyad-ema kohan daam ast.
[Mana keh tou shaheen ki tarah boland perwaaz hai; magar hoshiyar reh
keh hamara siyad porana shikari hai.]
Well I know that thou dost soar hawk-like high in air; yet beware the Fowler,
for ancient is his snare.



Beh ouj-e-mosht-e-ghobarey koja rasad Jibril; boland nami-e-oo az
bolandi-e-baam ast.
164

[Jibril Amin iss mosht-e-khak ki azmat kahan pa saktey hein keh, onn ki
boland naami tou bolandi-e-baam kay sabab hai.]
How may Gabriel aspire where Mans dust shall fly? If his present fame is
higher: Tis his roof thats high!



Tou az shomar-e-nafs zindaheyi namidaani; keh zindagi beh shakast-etalsim-e-ayyam ast.
[Tomm sans gin gin kay zindagi basar kar rehey ho kaya tomhein maaloom
naheen keh zindagi talsim-e-ayyam torrney ka naam hai.]
All thy life is breath to take, knowing not, frail man, that true living is to
break the days talisman.



Z-ilm-o-danish Maghrab hamein qadar goeyam; khosh ast aah-o-foghan
ta nigah nakaam ast.
[Maghrab kay ilm-o-danish kay motaalaq mien yehi keh sakta hon keh
jabb takk nigah (hosn-e-azal ka nazarah paney mein) nakaam hai, aah-ofoghan khoob hai.]
Of the science of the West this much I will speak: Sweet are sighs and tears
expressed while the gaze is weak.



Mann az Hilal-o-Chalipa digar neynadisham; keh fitnah diggrey dar
zamir-e-ayyam ast.
[Mojhey abb Hilal-o-Saleeb ki chapqalash ka khatrah naheen, kiyuonkeh
zamaney ki teh sey eik niya fitnah obhhar raha hai (ghalban communism ki
taraf asharah hai).]
Oer the Crescent and the Cross I am raised sublime; other tumult now doth
toss in the brain of Time.
***** (6) *****

165



Digar z-saadah dilihaey yaar natwan goft; nashistah bar sar-e-balein
mann z-darmaan goft.
[Iss sey ziyadah dost ki sadah dili kaya ho sakti hai keh, meyrey sarhaney
baithh kar ilaaj ki baatein kar raha hai (woh naheen samajhta keh woh khod
he meyri bimari ka ilaaj hai)]
Of the Friends ingenuous wit I can relate no more: By my pillow He did
sit, and spoke upon the cure!



Zoban agarchih dalir ast-o-modaa shirin; sakhon z-ishq chih goeyam joz
einkeh natwaan goft.
[Agarchih meyri zoban daliranah hai aur baat bhi shirin hai, magar ishq
kay baarey mein iss kay sawa kaya kahon keh kochh naheen kaha ja sakta.]
Though the tongue is bold enough, the argument right fair, what can I
declare of Love, save that none can declare?



Khosha kassey keh faro raft dar zamir-e-wajood; sakhon missal-e-gohar
bar kashid-o-aasan goft.
[Kaya khoob hai woh shakhs jo zamir-e-wajood mein ghotah-zann ho kar
motiyuon jaisi qimati baatein nikaal laya aur onnhein asaan zoban mein
keh diya.]
Happy he, who dared to reach deep into Beings brain and drew forth like
jewels speech, and fluent spoke again.



Kharab-e-lazzat anam keh choon shanakht mera; Ataab zir-e-labbi kardo-khanah veraan goft.
[Mien oss kay alfaaz ki lazzat per sarmast hon, keh oss ney mojhey atab-ezir-e-labbi sey (khanah veraan) kaha.]
166

Desolate with joy am I that, recognizing me, in reproach He whispered,


sly, poor, homeless vagrant, see!



Ghamin mashuo keh jahan raaz-e-khod baroon nadehadd; keh anchih
gul natwanast morgh-e-nalan goft.
[Parishan nah ho keh jahan apna raaz afsha naheen karta, jo baat phool
naheen keh sakta woh morgh-e-nalan kih deyta hai.]
Grieve not, that this world of ours its secret still conceals; what is speechless
to the flowers, the birds lament reveals.



Payam-e-shouq keh mun bi-hijab mi-goeyam; beh lalah qatrah-eshabnam raseed-o-penhan goft.
[Woh payam-e-shouq jo mien bi-hijab kah raha hon, qatrah-e-shabnam
ney ossey gull-e-lalah ko pehan kah diya hai.]
Passions message that anew I tell unfeignedly, to the tulip spoke the
dew, but spoke in secrecy.



Agar sakhon hamah shoridah goftah-um chih ajab; keh her keh goft zgaisooey-oo parishan goft.
[Agar meyri sari baatein shoridah (majnoonanah) hein tuo iss mein taajab
kaya hai, keh jiss ney bhi oss kay gaisoo-e-parishan ki baat ki oss ney yehi
kaha.]
If my speech is all distraught, what wonder were in this? Of His tresses who
speaks aught, his tale distressful is.
***** (7) *****



167



Khird az zouq-e-nigah garm-e-tamasha bood ast; ein keh joendah-oyabindah-e-her moujood ast.
Jalwah-e-pak talab az meh-o-khurshid gozar; zankeh her jalwah darein
dir nigah aloodah ast.
[Khird jo her moujood ki jostajoo karti aur ossey paati rehi hai, woh zouq-enazar ki wajah sey garm-e-tamashah hai.
Magar tou jamal-e-haqiqi ka jalwah talab kar, meh-o-khurshid sey agey
gozar ja kiyuokeh iss kainat ka her jalwah nigah alood hai.]
Mind, that is ever questing, and finding, without resting, fired by the joy of
viewing was vision still pursuing.
Seek thou pure revelation past sun and moons low station, for all things
here reported by vision are distorted.
***** (8) *****



Ghulam-e-zindah dilanam keh ashiq sirrah and; nah khanqah-enashinan keh dil bakas nadehand.
[Mien aisey zindah dilon ka ghulam hon jo Hosn-e-Haqiqi kay ashiq hein,
nah kay onn khanqah nashinon ka jo soz-e-mohabat sey khali hein.]
I am the slave of each living heart whose love is pure, refined; not cloistered
monks who dwell apart, their hearts to none resigned.



Beh aan diley keh barung ashna-o-birung ast; ayyar-e-Masjid-o-maeykhanah-o-sanam kadah and.
[Woh zindah dil rung ashna bhi hein aur birung bhi, yehi loug Masjid, maekhanah aur sanam kadah kay leay miyyar hein.]
With such a heart as knows the hue, yet from all hue is free; in mosque, and
inn, and temple, too, the touchstone sure they be.
168



Nigah az meh-o-parveen boland-tar darand; keh ashiyan bagriyban-ekehkashan nanehand.
[Onn ki nigah meh-o-parveen sey boland-tar hai, woh kihkashan ko bhi
apney ashiyaney kay leay pasand naheen kartey.]
Beyond the moon and Pleiades their gaze is lifted high; the Milky Way
contents not these for them to nest thereby.



Baroon z-anjamey darmiyan-e-anjamey;
anchonaan keh ba hamah and.

bakhalwat

and

waley

[Woh anjaman mein rehetey hoey bhi anjaman sey la-taalaq hotey hein,
hein woh khalwat mein magar her kissi kay saath bhi hein.]
Within the multitude are they, yet out of it withal; in spirits solitude they
stay, while dwelling amid all.



Bachashm kum manigar ashiqaan-e-sadiq ra; keh ein shakastah bihayan
mataa-e-qaflah and.
[Inn ashiqaan-e-sadiq ko haqarat sey nah dikh, keh yeh bazahar kum qimat
nazar aatey hein magar darasal yehi mataa-e-insaniyat hein.]
Regard not meanly, nor despise the truly loving man; though little worth, tis
merchandise fit for Lifes caravan.



Beh bangaan-e-khat-e-azadgi raqam kardand; chonankeh Sheikh-oBrahman shaban-e-biramah and.
[Woh ghulamon ko azadi ka perwanah atta kartey hein, kiyuonkeh Sheikho-Brahman amir-e-biqaflah ki manind hein.]

169

The charter of their liberty is writ for slaves to keep; and now the Sheikh and
Brahman be shepherds without their sheep.



Piyalah gir keh maey ra halal mi-goyand; hadis agarchih gharib ast
raviyan saqah and.
[Piyalah othha kar kehtey hein keh sharab halal hai, hadis agarchih ghair
maaroof hai magar ravi saqah hai.]
Take thou the goblet in thy hold; wine lawful is, they tell although the tale be
strange, tis told by speakers credibl.
***** (10) *****



Takiyah bar hojjat-o-ijaz-o-biyan neiz konand; kaar-e-Haq gah beh
shamshir-o-sanan neiz konand.
[Kabhi dalaeyl aur fasahat sey bhi kaam leytey hein, aur kabhi Haq ko
phailaney kay leay shamshir-o-sanan bhi istimal kartey hein.]
Faith depends on arguments and on magic eloquence; yet anon men serve
the Lord with the lance and fearless sword.



Gah bashad keh teh-e-khirqah zirah mi-poshand; ashiqaan bandah-ehaal and-o-chonan neiz konand.
[Kabhi khirqah kay neichey zirah bhi pehan leytey hein keh ehl-e-mohabat
ishq kay taqazon kay motabiq chaltey hein.]
Oft the dervish robes conceal underneath a coat of steel; lovers, slaves to
passions mood, with such armour are endued.



Choon jahan kohnah shwadd pak basozand oo-ra; Oz haman aab-o-gill
eijad-e-jahan neiz konand.
170

[Jabb dunya farsoodah ho jati hai tou oss ka naam-o-nishan mita deytey
hein, aur pher issi aab-o-gill sey niya jahan paida kartey hein.]
When the world too old is grown, it is burst and overthrown, then its water
and its clay men for new foundation lay.



Hamah sarmayah-e-khod ra beh nigahey badehand; ein chih qoumey ast
keh souda baziyan neiz konand.
[Woh eik nigah-e-mohabat kay leay apna sara sarmayah dey deytey hein,
yeh kaisey loug hein keh khoshi khoshi noqsan ka souda kar letey hein.]
Stored and cherished capital, for one glance they yield it all: What a people
these, who take profit of the loss they make!



Anchih az mouj-hawa ba perkahey kardand; ajabey neist keh ba koh-egraan neiz konand.
[Jo kochh mouj-e-hawa perkah sey karti hai, yehi kochh ashiqaan-e-Khuda
koh-e-garan sey bhi kar sakktey hein.]
What upon a blade of grass Ether-borne they bring to pass, tis not strange
that they can prove, ponderous mountain chains to move.



Ishq manind-e-mataey ast beh bazaar-e-hayat; gah arzaan bafaroshando-graan neiz konand.
[Ishq bhi bazaar-e-hayat ki mataa hai, kabhi yeh mataa sasti mill jati hai
aur kabhi is ski bohat qimat ada karna parrti hai.]
Love is as a merchandise; in Lifes marketplace it lies, now at little price is
sold, and anon for mighty gold.



Ta tou bidar shawi nalah kashidam warnah, ishq kaarey ast keh bi-aah-ofoghan neiz konand.
171

[Mien ney aah-o-nalah sey iss leay kaam leya hai ta-keh tou bidar ho jaey,
warnah ishq aisa kaam hai jo aah-o-foghan kay baghair bhi saranjam pa
sakta hai.]
I have sung lamentingly out of sleep to waken thee, else is Love a labour
done sighlessly, without a groan.
***** (11) *****



Cho mouj must-e-khodi baash-o-sar batoofan kash; tera keh goft keh
banashin-o-pa badamaan kash.
[Mouj ki manind must-e-khodi reh aur toofan kay andar sey sar othha,
tojhey kiss ney kaha hai keh tou baithh reh aur jadd-o-jehadd chhor dey.]
Drunk with self hood like a wave plunge into the stormy lave; who
commanded thee to sit with thy skirts about thy feet?



Baqasd-siyad-e-palang az chaman sara barkhaiz; bakoh rakht gosha
khaimah dar biyaban kash.
[Cheetay kay shikar kay leay chaman sey nikal khharra ho, paharr per
ponhach aur jungle mein dera daal.]
Let the tiger be thy prey; leave the mead and flowers gay, out toward the
mountain press, tent thee in the wilderness.



Beh mehr-o-mah kamand galoo fishaar andaz; sitara ra z-falak gir-odarr giribaan kash.
[Mehr-o-mah per mazboot kamand daal, asmaan kay sitarey torr aur apney
giriban mein daal ley.]
Cast thy strangling rope on high, circle sun and moon in sky, seize a star
from heavens sphere, stitch it on thy sleeve to wear.
172



Griftam einkeh sharab-e-khodi bassey talkh hast; badard-e-khwaish nigar
zehar-e-ma badarmaan kash.
[Mana keh sharab-e-khodi bohat talkh hai, magar apni bimari dikhh aur iss
kay ilaj kay leay hamara zehar pee-ley.]
Selfhoods wine, as I have guessed, tart and bitter is to taste, yet regard thy
pain within drain our desperate medicine.
***** (13) *****



Z-sultan konam arzooey nigahey; Mosilmanam az gill nasaazam elahey.
[Padshahon sey nigah-e-iltifaat ki arzoo karon, Mosilman mitti ka khuda
naheen banata.]
Of the Sultan I would take one gaze, if so I may; Muslim I; I do not make a
god of clay.



Dil biniazey keh darr seinah daram, gada ra dehadd shiwah-e-padshahey.
[Meyrey seiney kay andar jo dil-e-biniaz hai, woh gadaon ko shahanah
andaz karta hai.]
See, the independent heart that in my breast I bear to the beggar doth
impart a regal air.



Z-gardoon fatad anchih bar lalah-e-mun, frou raizam oo-ra beh barg-egiahey.
[Meyrey lalah-e-qalb per asman sey jo kochh nazil hota hai, mein ossey
barg-e-giah takk poncha deyta hon.]

173

What doth on the tulip fall out of the starry sky, oer the verdant herbage
all now scatter I.



Cho parveen frou naiyad andaishah-e-mun; beh darwizah-e-partuo-emehr-o-mahey.
[Meyra fikr parveen ki manind bolandi sey neichey ottar kar, mehr-o-meh
sey roshni ki gadaeyi naheen karta.]
Ranging through the Infinite my thought begs never boon, as the Pleiades
crave light from sun and moon.



Agar aftabey sooey mun khramad; beh shokhi-e-bagardanam oo-ra zrahey.
[Agar aftab meyri janab chal kay aaey tuo mein az reh-e-shokhi ossey
rastey sey wapas kar don.]
But if any wandering sun toward my path should stray, with a smile I make
it run far from the way.



Beh aan aab-o-taabey keh fitrat babakhshad; darkhsham cho barqey beh
abr-e-siahey.
[Fitrat ney mojhey woh aab-o-taab atta ki hai keh mien abr-e-siah mein
barq ki manind chamakta hon.]
With the lustre and the flame that Nature hath endowed like a lightning-flash
I gleam in a dark cloud.



Reh-o-rasm-e-farmanrwaiyan shnasam, kharaan bar sar-e-baam-oYousaf bachahey.
[Mien farmanrawaon kay taur tariqey pehchanta hon, woh gadhon ko
oopar othhatey hein aur Yousaf koein mein phainktey hein.]
174

Well I know the wont and way of them that rule, aloof Josephs in the well,
and they asses on roof!
***** (14) *****



Ba-nashah-e-darvaishi dar saaz-o-dumadum zann, choon pokhtah shawi
khod ra bar saltanat-e-Jam zann.
[Her dum darvaishi kay nashey mein must reh, jabb faqr mein pokhtah ho
jaaey tuo pher saltnat-e-Jam kay khilaf maarkah ara ho.]
Like the dervish drunken be quaff the winecup instantly, and, when thou art
bolder grown, hurl thyself on Jamshids throne.



Goftand jahan-e-ma aya batou mi-saazad, goftam nami-saazad goftand
keh barham zann.
[Mojh sey poochha kaya hamara jahan tojhey mawafiq aya, mien ney arz
kiya, mawafiq tuo naheen aya, kehney lagey issey zir-o-zabar kar dey.]
This our world, they asked of me, ist congenial to thee? Nay, I
answered; and they cried, break and strew it far and wide!



Darr maey kadah-ha deidam shaistah harifey neist, ba rastam dastan
zann ba moghbachah-ha kum zann.
[Mien ney dikhha hai maey-kadon mein koeyi shiyan-e-shan madd-emoqabal naheen, taqatwaron kay saath punjah aazmaeyi karni chahiey
moghbachon sey naheen.]
In the taverns I saw none meet to be companion; get thee less with tavernboys smite with Rustam and rejoice!

175



Ay lalah-e-sehraeyi tanha natwani sokht, ein dagh-e-jigar taabey bar
seinah-e-Adam zann.
[Ay lalah-e-sehraeyi tanhaeyi mein jalna manasab naheen, apney dagh-ejigar taab sey Adam kay seiney kay andar bhi soz paida kar.]
Tulip in the desert bright, burn thou not in lonely light; let thy heart
consuming glow blaze in Adams bosom, too.



Tou soz-e-daroon-e-oo. tou garmey khoon-e-oo; bawar nakoni chakey dar
paikar-e-alam zann.
[Tou he kainat ka soz-e-daron hai, teyri wajah sey iss kay khoon mein
hararat hai; itibar nah aaey tuo iss kay paikar mein shagaf daal kar dikhh
ley.]
Thourt His fiery inward mood, thou the fever of His blood; dost thou not
believe? Go; rend this worlds body, end to end.



Aqal ast charagh-e-tou nar rahgozarey neh, ishq ast ayyagh-e-tou ba
bandah-e-mehram zann.
[Aqal teyra charagh hai tou ossey rastey per rakhh dey (takeh sabb oss sey
roshni hasil karein), agar teyrey pass ishq ka piyalah hai tou pher kissi
mehram ko shikar kar.]
Is the Mind thy lamp? To-day, set it out upon the war; if thy beaker Love?
Drink wine with some trusty mate of thine.



Lakht-e-dil per khooney az deidah frou raizam, laaley z-badakhshanam
bardar-o-bakhatam zann.

176

[Mien ankhhon sey anson ki surat apney dil per khoon kay tokkrrey gira
raha hon, keh meyrey badakhshan kay yeh laal othha ley aur aungothhi
mein jarr ley.]
Ah, my heart is all aglow, from mine eves the blood streams flow; see, my
ruby offering; take, and wear this in thy ring.
***** (16) *****



Farishtah garchih baroon az talism-e-aflaak ast, nigah-e-oo
batamashaey ein kaff-e-khak ast.
[Agarchih farishtah talism-e-aflaak sey bahar hai, ta-hum oss ki nazar iss
kaff-e-khak (oulaad-e-Adam) ki koshash-o-mehnat per hai.]
Although the Angel dwells beyond the talisman of the skies, yet on this hand
of dust in fond affection rest his eyes.



Goman mabar keh ba-yakk shaiwah-e-ishq mi-baznad, qaba badosh-egul-o-lalah bi-janoon chaak ast.
[Yeh goman nah kar keh ishq ka eik he andaz hai, gul-o-lalah ki qaba
baghair janon kay bhi chaak hai.]
Think not upon one fashion goes the game of lore forlorn; sane are the tulip
and the rose and yet their robe is torn.



Hadis-e-shouq ada mi-tawaan bikhalwat-e-dost, beh nalaheyi keh zalaiysh-e-nafas pak ast.
[Khalwat-e-dost mein shouq ki baat oss nalah sey ada ki ja sakti hai, jo
nafsani khwahishat ki alaiysh sey pak ho.]
The tale of passion told may be where the Friend sojourneth alone, with a
lament thats free of all defiling breath.

177



Tawaan garift z-chashm-e-sitarah mardam ra, khird badast-e-tou
shaheen-e-tond-o-chalak ast.
[Tomharey haath mein khird eik tond-o-chalak shaheen hai, jiss ki madad
sey sitaron ki ankhh sey potli nikali ja sakti hai (tou apni mozmar
slahiyaton sey pardah othha).]
So from a star a man may clutch the apple of its eye; mind is a falcon at his
touch eager and swift to fly.



Koshadey chehrah keh ankas keh Lan Tarani goft, hanooz montazir-ejalwah-e-khak ast.
[Kiyuonkeh woh zaat jiss ney Lan Tarani kaha thha abhi takk iss baat ki
montazir hai keh koeyi insan apney andar oss ka jalwah dikhhney ki
istidaad paida karey.]
Unveil thy face; for He who spoke, Thou shalt not gaze on Me a hand of
dust in view to take still waiteth patiently.



Darein chaman keh sarood ast-o-ein nawa z-kojast, keh ghonchah sar-egriyban-o-gul araqnaak ast.
[Iss chaman mein insan ki azmat ka geet kiss ney gaya aur yeh awaz kahan
sey aeyi, jissey sonn kar ghonchah ihsaas-e-kamtari sey sar bagriyban aur
phool ka chehrah nadamat sey araqnaak hai.]
Who sang within the flowery mead? Say, whence his anthem came that lo!
The rosebud hides her head, the roses blush for shame.
***** (17) *****

178

Arab keh baaz dehadd mehfil-e-shabanah kojast, Ajam keh zindah konad
rood-ashiqanah kojast.
[Woh Arab kahan hai jo pher wohi mehfil-e-shabanah sajaey, kahan hai
woh Ajam jo darya-e-ishq (tasawwaf) ko az sar-e-nuo zindah karey.]
Where is the Arab, to revive the old night-revelry, and where the Persian, to
bring alive the love-lutes minstrelsy?



Bazir-e-khirqah-e-piraan saboo-ha chih khali ast, foghan keh kass nah
shanasad mi-joanah kojast.
[Sufiya kay pass khirqah tuo hai laikan onn ki saboo (maarafat) sey khali
hai. Faryad! Keh koeyi naheen pehchanta keh woh maey jawan (ishq-eElahi) kahan hai.]
Under the Sufi elders gown the flagon is bare and dry: Alas, for none can
tell in the town where young red wines to buy.



Darein chaman-kadah her kass nashimaney saazad, kassey saazad-o-wa
sozad ashiyanah kojast.
[Iss bagh-e-jahaan mein her koeyi nashiman banata hai, aisa shakhs
kahan hai jo ashiyanah bana kar phoonk dey.]
Every man in this grassy mead fashions and takes his rest, but where is he,
ah, where indeed, who will make, and burn, his nest?



Hazar qaflah biganah-war deid-o-gozasht, diley keh deid beh andaz-emehrmanah kojast.
[Hazaron qafley biganah-war dikhhtey hoey gozar geay, aisa shakhs
kahan hai jo dunya ko mehrmanah andaz sey dikhhey.]
A thousand caravan-trains have stared like a stranger, and then passed on,
but he that close as a lover dared to gaze is there anyone?

179



Cho mouj khaiz-o-beh yam-e-javidanah mi-awaiz, kranah mi talabi? Bikhabar kranah kojast.
[Mouj ki tarah othh aur samandar sey msalsal kashmakash jari rakhh, Tou
sahal ki talash mein hai? Bikhabar! Sahal kahan hai.]
Rise like a wave, and surging flow in the ocean eternally? Thou seekst the
shore, and dost not know where ever the shore may be.



Biaa keh dar ragg-e-taaq-e-tou khoon-e-tazah daweid, digar magoey keh
aan badah-e-moghanah kojast.
[Dikhh keh teyri raggon mein khoon-e-tazah daurr raha hai, abb nah keh
keh woh badah-e-moghan kahan hai.]
Hither (for in thy tendrils vein the fresh young blood doth bound) hither
hasten, nor ask again where the Magian wine is found.



Bayakk naward faruo paich-e-rozgaraan ra; z-dir-o-zood gozashti digar
zamanah kojast.
[Eik he jhapat mein zamaney ko dapoch ley, agar tou dir-o-zood sey nikal
jaaey tuo pher zamanah kahan?]
Twist into one vast war-array all ages that ever were; later and sooner are
passed away; where now is Time, ah, where?
***** (18) *****




Manind-e-baad-e-saba khaiz-o-wazidann digar amoz; damaan-e-gul-olalah kashidann digar a.moz. Andar dilak ghonchah khazidann digar
amoz.
180

[Othh aur dobarah saba ki tarah chalna seikhh, pher sey gul-o-lalah ki
shagoftgi ka bais bann, pher dil-gariftah ghonchey kay andar otarna
seikhh.]
Rise like the morning air and learn to blow again; tulip and rose are fair;
play gently with their train, deep in the rosebuds heart learn how to stab thy
dart.




Moinah beh bar kardi-o-bi-zouq tapeidi; angonah tapeidi keh bajaey
narasidi; dar anjaman-e-shouq tapeidan digar amoz.
[Godrri pehan lee aur bizouq tarrapna shoroa kar diya, aisa tarrpa keh
kaheen nah pohanch saka; anjaman-e-shouq mein haqiqi tarrap seikhh.]
Though ermine wraps thy breast, thou tremblest listlessly; this way thou
shiverest, will nothing profit thee; in the assembly learn with love to shake
and burn.




Kafir dil-e-awarah digar barah beh oo bund; her khwaish kosha deidahoo-az ghair farobund: Deidan digar amoz, nadeidan digar amoz.
[Kafir apney dil-e-awarah kop her iss zaat kay saath wabastah kar;
ghairon ko dikhhney sey nazar bund kar aur apney aap ko dikhh: Dikhhna
ya na dikhhna dobarah seikhh.]
Faithless! Thy heart astray, once more upon Him bind; break from all else
away, nor unto Self be blind: Learn with thy eyes to view, and how to close
them, too.




Dum chiest payam ast shoneidi nashoneidi; dar khaak-e-tou yakk jalwahe-aam ast nadeidi: Deidan digar amoz, shoneidan digar amoz.

181

[Sans kaya hai? payam-e-dost hai, tou ney sona ya naheen sona, teyri khak
mein hosn-e-azal ka jalwah-e-aam hai magar tou ney naheen dikhha: Pher
sey dikhhna aur sonana seikhh.]




Ma chasham-e-oqab-o-dil-e-shahbaz nadarim; choon morgh-e-sara
lazzat-e-perwaz nadarim: ay morgh-e-sara khaiz-o-pareidan digar amoz.
[Hum chasham-e-oqab aur dil-e-shahbaz naheen rakhhtey, hum morgh-esara ki manind lazzat-e-perwaz sey na-ashna hein: Ay morgh-e-sara! othh
aur pher sey orrna seikhh.]
No falcons heart of rage we have, no eagles eye; like home birds in a cage
we lack the joy to fly; home birds encaged! Arise and soar into the skies.




Takht-e-Jam-o-Dara sar-e-rah-e-nafaroshand; ein koh-e-garan ast
bakahey nafaroshand: Ba khoon-e-dil-e-khwaish kharidan digar amoz.
[Jam-o-Dara ka takht yuon he naheen dey deytey, yeh koh-e-gran tinkay
kay ewaz farokht naheen kiya jata: Ossey dobarah apney khoon-e-dil sey
kharidna seikhh.]
Darius royal throne men sell not by the way; that mighty mount of stone
they barter not for hay: Learn with thy own hearts blood to purchase thee
this good.




Nalidi-o-taqdir haman ast keh bood ast; aan halqah-e-zinjir hamaan ast
keh bood ast: nomeid mashuo nalah kashidan digar amoz.
[Tou ney bohat foghan ki magar teyri taqdir wohi rehi jo thhi, tou oss kay
halqah-e-zinjir ko nah torr saka: Naommeid nah ho eik bar pher koshash
kar.]

182

Thou weepst; yet Destiny, unchanging doth abide; the chain that circleth
thee was aye as firmly tied: Despair not, but anew learn how to weep for rue.




Wa sokhtaheyi yakk sharar az dagh jigar gir, yakk chund bakhod paich-oniestan hamah dar gir; choon shoalah bakhashak daweidan digar amoz.
[Jall, bojha? Dagh-e-jigar sey eik sharar aur ley, zara apney aap ko
sanbhaal aur sarey niestan per chha ja; shoalah bun kar eik bar pher
khashak ko jala dey.]
Art thou consumed? Take flame out of thy hearts desire and wrap thee in the
same and set the reeds afire; along the stubble learn to run a torch, and burn!
***** (19) *****







Ay ghonchah-e-khwabeidah cho nargis-e-nigraan khaiz: kashanah-e-ma
raft bataraj-e-ghumaan khaiz; az nalah-e-morgh-e-chaman az bangazaan khaiz; az garmi-e-hangamah-e-atash nafsaan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Ay ghonchah-e-khwabeidah nargis ki manind dikhhta hoa othh; dikhh
hamarey ghar ko ghumon ney taakht-o-taraj kar diya hai; taer-e-chaman
kay nalah sey othh, bang-e-azaan sey othh; atash biyanon ki garmi-e-awaz
sey othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
Little flower fast asleep, rise narcissus-like, and peep; Lo, the bower droops
and dies wasted by cold griefs; arise! Now that birdsong fills the air and
183

muezzins call to prayer, listen to the burning sighs of the passionate hearts,
and rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!







Khurshid keh pairaiyah-e-baseemaey sehar hust; awaizah bagosh-esehar az khoon-e-jigar hust; az dasht-o-jabal qaflah-ha rakht-e-safar
hust; ay chashm-e-jahan bein batamashaey jahan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Aftab ney sehar ki paishani ko moziyyan kar diya hai; oss ney sehar kay
kaan mein apney khoon-e-jigar ka awaizah latka diya hai; dasht-o-jabal sey
qafley safar per chal nikley hein; ay chashm-e-jahan bein tou bhi
tamashey jahan kay leay othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
Now the sun, that doth adorn with his rays the brow of morn, doth suffuse
the cheeks thereof with the crimson blush of love. Over mountain, over plain
caravans take route again; bright and world-beholding eyes, gaze upon the
world, and rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!

184

Khawar hamah manind-e-ghobar sar-e-rahey ast; yakk nalah-e-khamosho-asar bakhtah aahey ast; her zarrah ein khak-e-girah khordah nigahey
ast; az Hind-o-Samarqand-o-Iraq-o-Hamdan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Sara Mashraq ghobar-e-sar-e-rah ki manind hai; yeh nalah-e-khamosh aur
bi-asar aah bun choka hai; iss khak ka her zarrah aisi nigah ki manind hai
jo rokk choki ho; tou Hind, Samarqand, Iraq aur Hamdan sey othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
All the Orient doth lie like strewn dust, the roadway by; or a still and bushed
lament and a wasted sigh and spent: Yet each atom of this earth is a gaze of
tortured birth. Under Inds and Persias skies, through Arabias plains, O
rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!







Daryaey tou daryast keh asoodah cho sehrast; daryaey tou daryast keh
afzoon nashod-o-kast; biganah-e-ashoob-o-nahung ast chih daryast; az
seinah-e-chaakash sift-e-mouj-e-rawaan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Teyra darya sehra ki manind porsakoon hai; yeh kaisa darya hai jo toofano-nahung sey khali hai; abb tou iss kay seinah-e-chaak sey mouj-rawan ki
manind othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
See, thy ocean is at rest, slumbrous as a desert waste; yea, no waxing or
increase eer disturbs thy oceans peace. Neer thy ocean knoweth storm or

185

Leviathans dread swarm; rend its breast and, billow-wise swelling into
tumult, rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!







Ein noktah kashaiyndah asrar-e-nehan ast; molk ast tun-e-khaki-o-Din
rooh-e-rawaan ast; tun zindah-o-jan zindah z-rabt-e-tun-o-jan ast: Bakhirqah-o-sajjadah-o-shamshir-o-sanaan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Yeh baat asrar-e-nehan ko wazih karti hai; keh tun-e-khaki molk hai aur
Din oss ki rooh-e-rawan hai; tun-o-jan dounon ki zindagi aapas kay rabt
sey wabastah hai; yeh noktah samajh ley khirqah, sajjadah aur shamshir-osanan ley kar othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
Listen to this subtlety that reveals all mystery: Empire is the bodys dust;
spirit, true Religions trust; body lives and spirit lives by the life their union
gives. Lance in hand, and sword at thighs, cloaked, and with thy prayer mat,
rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!

186

Namoos-e-azal ra tou amini tou amini; daray jahan ra tou yasari tou
yamini; ay bandah-e-khaki tou zamani tou zamini; sehbaey yaqin darkash-o-az Deir-e-goman khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Tou he serr-e-azal ka amin hai; tou padshah-e-jahan ka dast-o-bazoo hai;
ay bandah-e-khaki tou zamani bhi aur zamini bhi; sehbaey yaqin pee aur
zun-o-goman kay bottkadey sey nikal.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
Thou art true and worshipful guardian of eternal Rule; thou the left hand and
the right of the World-possessors might. Shackled slave of earthy race, thou
art Time, and thou art Space: Wine of faith that fear defies, drink, and from
doubts prison rise!
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!







Faryad az Afrang-o-dilawaizi-e-Afrang; faryad z-shirini-o-pervaizi-eAfrang; alam hamah veranah z-Chingaizi-e-Afrang; maamar-e-Haram
baz beh taamir-e-jahan khaiz.
Az khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan, khwab-e-garaan khaiz! Az khwabe-garaan khaiz!
[Afrang aur oss ki dilawaizi sey faryad! Afrang ki dilrobaeyi aur heilahgari sey faryad! Sari dunya Afrang ki Chingaizi sey veraan ho choki hai.
Maamar-e-Haram! Jahan ki az sar-e-nau taamir kay leay othh.
Iss khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan, khwab-e-garan sey bidar ho! Khwabe-garan sey bidar ho!]
Against Europe I protest, and the attraction of the West: Woe for Europe and
her charm, swift to capture and disarm! Europes hordes with flame and fire,

187

desolate the world entire; architect of Sanctuaries, Earth awaits rebuilding;


rise.
Out of leaden sleep, out of slumber deep: Arise! Out of slumber deep: Arise!
***** (20) *****



Jahan-e-ma hamah khak ast-o-pey saper gardad; nadanam ein keh nafshaey raftah bar gardad.
[Hamari dunya khak ki manind pamal ho choki hai, mien naheeb samajhta
keh poraney lamhaat pher kabhi wapas aein.]
Our world is dusty clay trampled upon the way; I do not think our breath
returneth out of death.



Shabey keh gor-e-gharibaan nashiman ast oo-ra; meh-o-sitarah nadard
chisaan sehar gardad.
[Gor-e-gariban ki raat meh-o-sitarah naheen rakhhti; oss ki sehar kaisey
ho sakti hai.]
This night, whose only home is in the strangers tomb; no moon, no stars
here burn; to dawn how shall it turn?



Diley keh taab-o-tabb-e-layazaal mi-talbad; kira khabar keh shwadd barq
ya sharar gardad.
[Woh dil jo tabb-o-taab-e-javidan ka talbgar hai, kissey khabar keh woh
barq bann kar kissi per girta hai ya sharar bann kar kissi ko phoonk deyta
hai.]
The heart, whose whole desire I quenchless flame and fire, who knows, if it
shall grow to lightning flash, or glow?

188



Nigah-e-shauq-o-khayal-e-boland-o-zouq-e-wajood; ma-taras azin keh
hamah khak-e-rehgozar gardad.
[Yeh nigah-e-shauq, yeh khayal-e-boland aur zouq-e-hayat; khouf nah khha,
yeh sabb cheezin khak-e-rehgozar naheen bann saktein.]
High fancy, passions glance, and lifes exuberance, fear not, for these all
three dust of the road shall be.



Chonan ba-zee keh agar marg-e-mast marh-e-dwaam; Khuda z-kardahe-khod ra sharamsar-ter gardad.
[Iss tarah zindagi basar kar keh agar hamari mout marg-e-dwaam sabat ho
tou khaliq ko bhi iss takhliq per afsos ho.]
So live, that if our death for aye continueth, God shall be shamed, to know
what things He wrought below.
***** (23) *****



Az nawa bar mun qiyamat raft-o-kas agah neist; paish-e-mehfil joz bamo-zir-o-moqam-o-rah neist.
[Meyri nawa sey mojh per qiyamat gozar gaeyi hai, laikan kissi ko khabar
naheen, mehfil sirf awaz kay zir-o-bam aur moqam-o-rah he ko dikhhti hai.]
A melody swept me through and through and nobody knew; the air and the
note is all they know: The high and low.



Dar nihaadam ishq ba fikr-e-boland ameikhtand; natamam javidanam
kar mun choon mah neist.

189

[Meyri nihaad mein ishq ko fikr-e-boland kay saath mila diya gaya hai,
mien hamaishah natamam hon, chaand ki tarah naheen hon keh kabhi
mokamal ho jaon, kabhi namokamal.]
Love in my heart was made to chime with thought sublime; not like the
moon I wax and wane; I never attain.



Labb faroband az foghan dar saaz ba dard-e-faraq; ishq ta aahey kashad
az jazb-e-khwaish agah neist.
[Foghan chhorr aur dard-e-fraq ko apna ley; jabb takk ishq aah-o-foghan
mein mashghool rehta hai woh apney jazb sey agah naheen ho pata.]
Weep no more, but with brave heart take disunions ache; Love, till it
sigheth, scarce can guess its attractiveness.



Sholaeyi mi-baash-o-khashaki keh paish ayad basoz; khakiyan ra harime-zindagani rah neist.
[Her khas-o-khashak ko jo tomharey samney aey phoonk dey, khak jabb
takk sholaa nah baney woh maqsad-e-hayat ko pa naheen sakti.]
Be thou a torch, and set afire the bush and briar; men of clay have no right to
be in lifes sanctuary.



Jorrah-e-shahini bamorghan sara sohbat magir; khaiz-o-baal-o-per
koshaa perwaaz-e-tou kotah neist.
[Tou nur shaheen hai paltoo parindon se sohbat nah rakhh, othh, per phila,
teyrey andar perwaaz ki taqat moujood hai.]
A falcon thou art; yield not thy soul to domestic fowl; rise, spread thy wing
and pinion, and soar both high and far.

190



Kirm-e-shabb tab ast shaer dar shabastan-e-wajood; dar per-o-baalash
faroghey gah hust-o-gah neist.
[Shaer shabastan-e-wajood mein jogno ki manind hai, kabhi iss kay baal-oper mein chamak hoti hai kabhi naheen hoti.]
The poets a glow that giveth light in lifes dark night; a radiance shines in
his wings anon, and sometimes none.



Dar ghazal Iqbal ahwaal-e-khodi faash goft; z-ankeh ein nau kafir az
ain-e-Deir agah neist.
[Iqbal ney apni ghazal mein khodi kay raaz faash kar deay, yeh kafir-e-nau
bott khaney kay adaab sey waqif naheen.]
Iqbal in his song his Self has bared and truth declared; this new-unbeliever
knoweth naught of cloister rote.
***** (24) *****



Sharab-e-maey kadah-e-mun nah yadgar-e-Jam ast; fashardah-e-jigar-emun beh shishah-e-Ajam ast.
[Meyrey maey-kadey ki sharab Jamshaid ki yadgar naheen (meyri shaeri
rasmi naheen), mien ney tuo Ajam kay jaam mein apna jigar nachor diya
hai.]
No Jamshids memory, the wine that fioweth in this inn of mine, it is the
pressing of my soul that sparkleth in my Persian bowl.



Cho mouj mi-tapeid Adam bajostajooey wajood; hanooz ta beh kamar dar
miyanah-e-adum ast.

191

[Adam apney wajood ki jostajoo mein mouj ki tarah bitaab hai, magar abhi
kamar takk adum he mein parra hai (apney wajood ko paney ki koshash
mein kamyab naheen hoa.]
Man like a billow quivereth in eager quest of Beings breath, while yet his
arrow lies encased about annihilations waist.



Bia keh misl-e-Khalil ein talism dar shiknaim; keh joz tou her chih
darein Deir deidah-um sanam ast.
[Othh keh Khalilullah (A.S.) ki tarah hum iss talism ko torr dein, (kiyuokeh)
teyrey sawaey jahan mein jo kochh hai. mehaz sanam (batal) hai.]
Come, let us shatter (for we can) like Abraham this talisman; within the
temple, idols be whatever I have seen, but thee.



Agar beh seinah-e-ein kainat dar naravi; nigah ra beh tamasha gozashtan
sitam ast.
[Agar tou kainat kay seiney kay andar dakhal nah ho sakkey, tuo pher nigah
ko ossey dikhhney kay leay chhorr deyna sitam hai.]
Until thou deeply enterest the very heart in Beings breast, to leave the gaze
to speculate is wickedness, and sin most great.



Ghalat kharami ma neiz lazzat-e-daradd, khosham keh manzal-e-ma dooro-rah khum bakhum ast.
[Hamari laghzashin bhi eik lazzat rakhhti hein, mein khosh hon keh
manzal door hai aur rah paich darr paich (aur laghzashon kay imkanat
bohat).]
To wander idly, without guide, peculiar pleasure is, beside; happy am I, that
our abode is far, and ever winds the road.

192



Taghafal-e-keh mera rokhsat-e-tamasha daad; taghafal ast beh az iltifaate-dam-badam ast.
[(Mehboob ka) woh taghafal jiss ney mojhey (oss kay jamalkay) nazarey ka
mouqa fraham kiya, hai tuo taghafal laikan iltifaat-e-paiham sey behtar
hai.]
The casual glance that gave to me the leave to wander, and to see, Twas
better far, that casual glance, than rapt attention to my chance.



Mera agarchih bott-khanah perwarash dadand; chakeid az labb-e-mun
anchih dar dil haram ast
[Garchih meyri perwarash bott-khaney mein hoeyi hai, magar mein ney
apney labb sey wohi baat kehi hai jo Haram kay dil mein hai.]
Though I was nourished all my days where infidel to idol prays, behold, my
opened lips impart the secret of the Kaabas heart.
***** (25) *****



Lalah-e-sehraim az taraf-e-khiyabanam poreid; dar hawa-e-dasht-okohsar-o-biyabanam boreid.
[Mien lalah-e-sehra hon mojhey khiyaban sey ley jaein, mojhey dasht-obiyban-o-kosar ki (azad) hawa mein ley jaein.]
I am a blossom of the plain; carry me back from the avenue to mountain and
wilderness again where airs to breathe, and the vast to view.



Robah-e-aamokhtam az khwaish door aftadah-um; charah perdazan beh
aaghosh neistanam boreid.

193

[Mien robaahi seikhh kar apney aap sey door ho choka hon, charah-garo!
Mojhey aaghosh-e-neistan mein ley jao.]
Far from self I have gone astray, learnt me the foxy and furtive wont; carry
me, helpers of the way, back to the reeds, my ancient haunt.



Dar miyan-seinah harfey daashtam gom kardah-um; garchih piram
paish-e-mulla-e-dabastanam boreid.
[Meyrey seiney mein eik haraf thha jissey mein bhool gaya hon, agarchih
omar rasidah hon magar mojhey mulla-e-maktab kay pass ley chalo
(ghalban QUALO BALA ki taraf asharah hai).]
Once I had a word in my heart; now it has vanished from my breast; though
I am old, let me depart back to the school that taught me best.



Saaz-e-khamosham nawaey digarey daram hanooz; ankeh baazam
pardah gardanad peh aanam boreid.
[Agarchih mein saaz-e-khamosh hon magar abhi meyrey andar eik aur
nawa moujood hai, mojhey aisey shkhs kay pass ley chaliey jo meyrey saaz
per sey pher pardah othha dey (pardah mousiqi ki eik istilah hai).]
I am a hushed and silent lute; now in my head is a new, sweet air; O let my
strings be no longer mute, take me to him whom will repair.



Dar shab-e-mun aftab aan kohan daghey bus ast; ein chiragh zir-e-fanoos
az shabastanam boreid.
[Meyri raat kay leay meyrey kohan dagh ka chiragh he kafi hai, yeh
chiragh jo zir-e-fanoos hai ossey meyrey shabastan sey ley jaey (chiraghe-zir-e-fanoos ghaliban aqal-e-nau ko kaha hai aur kohan dagh sey morad
Allah Taalla ka ishq hai).]
In this night that enshroudeth me sufficient sun is my ancient brand; take
away from my dormitory the shuttered lamp that is in thy hand.

194



Mun keh ramz-e-sheharyari ba ghulaman goftah-um; bandah-e-taqsir
waram paish-e-sultanam boreid.
[Mien jiss ney ghulamon ko padshahi kay ramoz sey agah kar diya hai,
mien taqsirwar hon, mojhey sultan kay samney ley chaliey.]
Lo, to the slaves I have declared true kingships innermost mystery; I am a
slave who greatly erred; to the king for judgement O carry me!
***** (27) *****



Ashaq aan neist keh labb garam-e-foghaney darad; ashaq anst keh bar
kaff duo jahaney darad.
[Ashaq woh naheen jo her dum aah-o-foghan mein laga rehey, ashaq woh
hai jo duonon jahanon ko apni hatheyli per othha ley.]
Never lover true is he who lamenteth dolefully; lover he, who in his bold
hath the double world controlled.



Ashaq aan ast keh taamir konad alam-e-khwaish; dar nasaazad beh
jahaney keh karaney darad.
[Ashaq woh hai jo apni dunya khod taamir karta hai, woh aisey jahan per
qaney naheen rehta jo mehdood hai.]
Lover true is passionate Selfboods world to recreate, not content to be
enfurled by a bounded, finite world.



Dil-e-bidar nadadand beh danaeyi-e-Farang; ein qadar hust keh chashme-nigraney darad.

195

[Dana-e-Farang ko dil-e-bidar tuo atta naheen hoa, itna hai keh ossey
dikhhney wali ankhh mill gaeyi hai (Zaat takk naheen ponhch saka, kainat
takk reh gaya hai.]
Wakeful heart was never given Europes scientist.by heaven; all that God has
marked him by is the speculative eye.



Ishq napaid-o-khird mi-gazdash surat-e-maar; garchih az kasah-e-zar
laal-e-rawaney darad.
[Ishq napaid hai aur khird ossey saanp ki manind dass rehi hai, halankeh
woh jaam-e-zarrein mein sharab-e-arghwan rakhhta hai.]
Love he knows not, and the brain snake like bites into his vein, even though
his golden cup flowing ruby filleth up.



Dard-e-mun gir keh dar maey-kadah-ha paida neist; pir mardey keh
maey tond-o-jawaney darad.
[Meyrey sharab ki tilchhit sey faidah othha, kiyuonkeh abb maey-kadon
mein koeyi aisa pir mard baqi naheen jo (meyri tarah tond-o-tez sharab
rakhhta ho.]
Take the lees I give; for lo! In the taverns that I know aged vintner never
more stands, the young, fierce wine to pour.
***** (28) *****



Darein chaman dil-e-morghan zaman zaman digar ast; bashakh-e-gul
digar ast-o-beh ashiyan digar ast.
[Iss bagh mein parindon ka dil lamha beh lamha niya rung ikhtiyar karta
hai, shakh-e-gul per woh aur tarah (chichata) hai aur ashiyan mein aur
tarah.]

196

In the heart of the birds, that range this garden, is ever change; Tis one with
the rose at breast, an other within the nest.



Bakhod nigar gillah-ha-e-jahan chih migoeyi; agar nigah-e-tou digar
shwad jahan digar ast.
[Apni taraf dikhh, dunya ki kaya shikayat karta hai, agar teyri nigah badal
jaey, tuo jahan bhi badal jaey.]
Look thou to thyself intent; of the world what cause to lament? Theres a
different world to see, be there change of sight in thee.



Beh her zamanah agar chashm-e-tou niko nagard; tariq-e-maey-kadaho-shaiwah-e-moghan digar ast.
[Agar teyri ankhh ghour sey dikhhey tuo her zamaney mein, sharab khaney
kay taur tariqey aur pir-e-moghan ka andaz aur hota hai.]
Each moment, if but thine eye regardeth attentively, changeth the tavern road
and the Magians wonted mode.



Beh mir-e-qaflah az mann doa rasaan-o-bagoey; agarchih rah hamaan
ast carvan digar ast.
[Amir-e-qaflah ko meyri doa ponhcha kar kehein, agarchih rah wohi hai
magar karwan aur hai.]
The caravans leader, greet with my blessing, and then repeat: Though the
way unchanged remain, Tis a different caravan!
***** (29) *****



Ma az khudaey gom-shodahim oo bajostajoost; choon ma niazmand-ogariftar-e-arzoost.
197

[Hum Allah Taala ki gom-shodah mataa hein, woh hamari jostajoo mein
hai, (keh inn mein sey koeyi insan-e-kamal nikley); yeh hai oss ki arzoo aur
khwahish (jiss kay leay kainat takhliq farmaeyi).]
We are gone astray from God; he is searching upon the road, for like us, He
is need entire and the prisoner of desire.



Gahey beh barg-e-lalah nawisadd payam-e-khwaish; gahey daroon-eseinah morghan beh ha-o-hoost.
[Kabhi woh barg-e-lalah per apna payam likhhta hai, aur kabhi woh
parindon kay seinon mein (baithh kar) onn ki ha-o-hoo ka sabab banta
hai.]
On the tulips petal He writes the message His heart indites, yea, and His
voice is heard in the passionate song of the bird.



Dar nargis armeid keh beinad jamal-e-ma; chandaan karishmah-daan
keh nigahash beh goftagoost.
[Kabhi woh nargis mein baith kar (oss ki ankhh sey) hamarey jamal ka
nazarah karta hai, yeh ossi ka karishmah hai keh nargis ki ankhh goftagoo
karti hai.]
He lay in the iris fold our loveliness to behold; bright cup of the ardent gaze
whose glance is a hymn of praise!



Aah-e-sehar gahey keh zanad dar fraq-e-ma; bairoon-o-andaroon-ozabar-o-zir-o-char soost.
[Oss ney sobhadam hamarey fraq mein jo aah bhari, woh kainat kay bahar,
andar, oopar, nichey charon taraf phhaili hoeyi hai.]
Parted from us, forlorn He sighs with the breath of morn, within and out He
doth stand, around, and on every hand.

198



Hangamah bost az pey deidar-e-khakiey; nazarah ra bahanah-etamashaey rung-o-boost.
[Kainat ki yeh sari hangamah araeyi Adam-e-khaki kay deidar kay leay hai,
tamashaey rung-o-boo ossi kay nazarey ka bahanah hai.]
Great riot created He a creature of clay to see, fashioned the piercing view to
gaze upon mortal hue.



Penhan beh zarrah zarrah-o-na-ashna hanooz; paida cho mehtaab-o-beh
aghosh-e-kakh-o-koost.
[Woh zarrey zarrey mein penhan hai, (doosri taraf woh) chandni ki tarah
zahar hai aur kakh-o-koo per chhaya hoa hai (magar hum sey pher bhi) naashna hai.]
Hidden in every grain not yet is He known to man, though bright as the full
moons grace in cottage and street is His face.



Dar khakdan-e-ma gohar zindagi gom ast; ein goharey keh gom shodah
maiym ya keh oost.
[Hamarey khakdan mein zindagi ka moti gom hai, yeh gom shodah moti
hum hein ya woh.]
In our envelope all of dust the jewel of life is lost; is it we, or Himself (O
say), this pearl that is gone astray?
***** (30) *****



!

Khwajah az khoon-e-ragg-e-mazdoor sazad laal-e-naab; az jafa-e-deh
khudaiyaan kisht-e-dehqanan kharab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
199

[Sarmayadar mazdoor kay khoon sey sorkh moti banata hai; odhhar
zamindaron kay zulm sey dehqanon ki khheitiyan ojjar choki hein:
Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
Of the hirelingss blood outpoured, lustrous rubies makes the lord; tyrant
squire to swell his wealth desolates the peasants tillth.
Revolt, I cry! Revolt, defy! Revolt, or die!



!

Sheikh-e-shehar az rishtah-e-tasbih sadd Momin badaam; kafiraan-esadah dil ra Brahman zannar-taab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Mofti-e-shehar ney apni tasbih kay daam mein sainkaron Momin gariftar
keay hoey hein; sadah dil kofaar ko Brahman ney apney zannar mein
bandh rakhha hai: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
City Sheikh with string of beads, many a faithful heart misleads; Brahman
baffles with his thread many a simple Hindu head: Revolt, I cry! Revolt,
defy! Revolt, or die!



!

Mir-o-sultan nard baz-o-kaabatain shan-e-daghal; jan-e-mehkomaan ztun bordand mehkooman bakhwab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Mir-o-sultan khalarri hein aur makr-o-fraib onn kay mohrey; yeh
mehkomon ki jan badan sey nikal kar onnhein sola deytey hein: Inqilab!
Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
Prince and Sultan gambling go; loaded are the dice they throw. Subjects soul
from body strip, while their subjects are asleep: Revolt, I cry! Revolt, defy!
Revolt, or die!



200

!

Waaz andar masjid-o-farzand-e-oo dar madrassah; aan beh piri
koodakey, ein pir dar ehad-e-shabab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Waaz masjid kay andar aur oss ka baita madrassey mein, yeh bhorrapey
mein buchon ki see harkatein karta hai aur who jawani mein bhorra ho
choka hai: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
Preachers at the mosque, his son to the kindergarten gone;
grey-bird is a child, in truth, child a grey-bird, spite his youth.
Revolt, I cry! Revolt, defy! Revolt, or die!



!

Ay Mosilmanan! Foghan az fitnah-haey ilm-o-fun; Ahriman andar jahan
arzaan-o-Yazdan deiryaab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Ilm-o-fun kay fitnon sey fariyad! Shaitaniyat aam hai aur Khuda khoufi
kamyaab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
Brother Muslims! Woe to us for the havoc science does; Ahriman is cheap
enough, God is rare, scarce-offered stuff: Revolt, I cry! Revolt, defy! Revolt,
or die!



!

Shokhi-e-batal nigar andar kamin Haq nashist, shepar az kori shabkhoni
zanad bar aftab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Batal ki joraat dikhho keh Haq ki ghhat mein baithha hai, chamgadarr
andhhey-pun kay sabab aftab per shabkhon maarti hai: Inqilab! Inqilab ay
Inqilab.]
See bow Falsehoods blandishment shadows Truth, with ill intent; how the
Bat, with blinded eyes, plots against the Sun to rise: Revolt, I cry! Revolt,
defy! Revolt, or die!
201



!

Dar Kalisa Ibn-i-Mariyam ra ba-daar awaikhtand; Mostafa az Kaaba
hijrat kardah ba Ommul Kitab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Ehle Kalisa ney Ibn-i-Mariyam (A.S.) ko saleeb per latka diya; Janab
Rasool-ullah (S.A.W.) ko Kaaba sey Ommul Kitab kay saath hijrat karna
parri: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
In the Churches, Jesus Christ on the Cross is sacrificed; with Gods Book
Muhammad (S.A.W.) too from the Kaaba flees a new: Revolt, I cry! Revolt,
defy! Revolt, or die!



!

Mun daroon-e-shishah-haey asr-e-hazar deidah-um; anchonan zeharey
keh az-ooey maar-ha dar paich-o-taab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Mien ney dour-e-jadid kay balouri jaamon mein, woh zehar dikhha hai jiss
sey sanp bhi paich-o-taab mein hein: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.]
I have seen into the bowls furnished by this age for souls; such the venom
they contain, serpents twist and writhe in pain: Revolt, I cry! Revolt, defy!
Revolt, or die!



!

Ba zaeifan gah nairvi plungaan mi-dihand; shoalaheyi shaid baroon
ayid zfanos-e-habab: Inqilab! Inqilab ay Inqilab.
[Kabhi kamzoron ko bhi cheeton ki quwwat bakhsh deytey hein ho sakta
hai janab kay fanos sey bhi shoalah lapak othhey: Inqilab! Inqilab ay
Inqilab.]

202

Yet the weak are given at length lions heart and tigers strength;
In this bubbling lantern, lo! Haply yet a flame will glow: Revolt, I cry!
Revolt, defy! Revolt, or die!
***** (31) *****



Garchih mi-danam keh rozey biniqab ayad baroon; ta napindari keh jan
az paich-o-taab ayad baroon.
[Agarchih mien janta hon keh mojhey eik roz deidar-e-zaat mayassar ajaey
ga, magar yeh nah samajh keh deidar kay baad mojhey qarar ajaey ga.]
Although the soul, I know, one day unveiled shall be, think not it shall be so
by writhing endlessly.



Zarbatey bayad keh jan-e-khoftah barkhaizad z-khak; nalah kay bizakhmah az taar-e-rbab ayad baroon.
[Zarb aisi honi chahey jiss sey jan-e-khoftah badan kay andar bidar ho
jaey. Mizrab kay baghair taar-e-rbab sey nalah kaisey bahar asakta hai!]
It needs a blow, to stir the sleeping soul from earth unswept, the harp can
neer bring melody to birth.



Taak-e-khwaish az giriyah-haey neim-shab sairab-daar; kaz daroon-e-oo
shoa-e-aftab ayad baroon.
[Apni shakh-e-angoor ko giriyah-haey neim-shab sey sairab kar, ta-keh oss
kay andar sey shoa-e-aftab bahar nikley (ta-keh oss kay andar sey aisi
sharab nikley jo dilon ko manawwar kar dey).]
Thy cup replenish still with tears and midnight sighs, replenish it until the
radiant sun shall rise.

203



Zarrah-e-bimayaeyi tarsam keh napaida shawi; pokhtah-tar kon khwaish
ra ta aftab ayad baroon.
[Tou zarrah-e-bimaya hai mojhey dur hai keh kaheen tou mit nah jaey,
apney aap ko aur pokhtah kar, ta-keh teyrey andar sey aftab talo ho.]
So faint a mote thou art, I fear thoult vanish quite; then fortify thy heart to
meet the morning light.



Dar gozar az khak-o-khod ra paikar-e-khaki ma-geer; chaak agar seinah
raizi mahtab ayad baroon.
[Khak ko nazar andaz kar aur apney aap ko paikar-e-khaki nah samajh,
agar tou apna seinah chaak karey tuo oss kay andar sey mehtab nikley ga.]
Transcend the dust, nor take thy self but dust to be; if thou thy breast with
break, the moon shall shine from thee.



Gar barooey tou harim-e-khwaish ra dar bastah-and; sar basung-e-astan
zann laal-e-naab ayad baroon.
[Agar onnhon ney tojh per apney harim ka darwazah bund kar diya hai, tuo
sung-e-astan sey sar takra, qimati laal bahar ajaey ga.]
If in thy face they lock the gate to selfhoods shrine, strike head upon the
rock and see the ruby shine.
***** (34) *****



Baroon z-ein gonbad-e-dar bastah paida kardah-um rahey; keh az
andaishah-e-bartar mi-pard aah-e-sehar-gahey.
[Mien ney iss gonbad-e-dar bastah sey opar nikal janey ka rastah paida
kiya hai; kiyuonkeh aah-e-sehar gah ki perwaaz fikar sey boland-tar hai.]
204

Beyond heavens shuttered dome I have found a way to come where swifter
than thought may fly the breath of a morning sigh.



Tou ay shaheen nashiman dar chaman kardi az aan tarsam; hawa-e-oo
babaal-e-tou dehadd perwaaz-e-kotahey.
[Ay shaheen! Tou ney chaman mein nashiman bana leya hai, magar mojhey
dar hai keh iss ki aab-o-hawa teyri perwaaz kotah nah kar dey.]
Falcon thou art, and hast made thy nest in the grassy glade, and? Its air, I am
fearful, might foreshorten thy pinions flight.



Ghobarey goshtaheyi asoodah natwaan zeistan einja; bebaad-e-sobhdam
dar paich-o-manashin bar sar-e-rahey.
[Agar tou ghobar bhi ho choka hai tuo araam sey nah baith, sar-e-rah nah
parra reh, balkeh baad-e-sehar sey mill ja.]
Art thou dust become? It is clear thou canst not be resting here; on the
breeze of the morning ride, sit not by the roadway side.



Z-jooey kehkashaan ba-gozar z-neil-e-asmaan ba-gozar; z-manzil dil
bameirad garchih bashadd manzil mahey.
[Jooey kehkashan sey bhi gozar ja, neilgon asman sey bhi gozar ja,
manzil dil ki mout hai khwah woh chaand he ki manzil kiyuon nah ho.]
From the stream of the stars arise and cross the Nile of the skies; for the
heart must die right soon if it lodge, though it be in the moon.



Agar z-aan barq-e-biperwa daroon-oo tehi gardad; beh chashm-e-koh
Seina mi-neirzadd ba per-e-kahey.
[Agar Toor-e-Sena ka andaroon barq-e-tajali sey khali ho jaey, tuo meyri
nazar mein woh per-e-kah kay brabar bhi naheen.]
205

Let its breast no longer beam with the rockless lightnings gleam, less worth
than a straw reckon I the mountain of Sinai.



Chasaan adab-e-mehfil ra nigah darand-o-mi sozand; mapors az ma
shaheedan-e-nigah bar sar-e-rahey
[Adaab-e-mehfil ko kiss tarah malhooz rakhhtey hein jall jatey hein, (magar
mehboob kay saamney uff naheen kartey), hum sey yeh baat nah pochhein
hum tuo nigah-e-sar-e-rah kay shahid hein.]
How men may the manners keep of the throng, yet consuming leap ask not
of us, whom the gaze of the passing fair one slays.



Pas az mun shear-e-mun khwanand-o-daryaband-o-migoeyand; jahaney
ra digargoon kard yakk mard-e-khod agahey.
[Meyrey baad loug meyrey shear parrhtey hein aur samajhtey hein aur
kehtey hein, eik mard-e-khod agah ney jahan ko bilkol badal dala.]
When I am dead, this may lay men will recite, and say: One man, who was
self-aware, transformed a world everywhere.
***** (35) *****



Gonahgar-e-ghiyoram mozd bi-khidmat namigiram; az aan dagham keh
bar taqdir-e-oo bastand taqsiram.
[Mien ghiyoor gonahgar hon baghair mehnat kay mazdoori leyna pasand
naheen karta; (mojhey moft ki jannat pasand naheen); magar afsos hai keh
meyrey gonah ko Iblis ki taqdir sey wabastah kar diya gaya.]
A sinner proud am I; no need I take, except I work for it; I rage, because men
say He writ predestinate my wilful deed.

206



Z-faiz-e-ishq-o-masti bordah-um andaishah ra aanja; keh az donbalah-echasham-e-mehr-e-alamtaab mi-giram.
[Ishq-o-masti kay faiz sey mein ney apney fikar ko oss bolandi takk ponhcha
diya hai, keh oss ki roshni kay saamney mehr-e-alamtaab bhi haich hai.]
The surge of drunkenness and love hath lifted up my thoughts, to where the
world-illuming sun doth stare amazed upon me as I rove.



Man az sobh nakhastein naqshband mouj-o-gardaham; cho behar
asoodah mi-gardad z-tofaan charah bargiram.
[Mien roz-e-awwal he sey mouj-o-gardab ka motlashi hon, agar meyra
behar-e-hayat porsakoon ho jaey tuo mien khod tofaan ko awaz deyta
hon.]
From the first dawn my hand was made artist of whirlpool and wavecrest,
and when the ocean lies at rest of the typhoon I gather aid.



Jahan ra paish azein sadd bar atash zir-e-pa kardam; sakoon-o-afiyat
ra pak mi-sozad bum-o-ziram.
[Mien iss sey pehley jahan ko bar-ha atash-e-shouq sey bitaab kar choka
hon; meyrey naghmey aisey hein jo sakoon-o-aafiyat ko khatam kar deytey
hein.]
A hundred times before this day I set the universe afire; its peace and health
destroys entire the ardent music that I play.



Az aan paish-e-botaan raqsidam-o-zannar barbostam; keh sheikh-eshehar mard-e-bakhoda gardad z-takfiram.

207

[Mien ney iss leay zannar baandh kar botton kay samney raqs kiya, ta-keh
sheikh-e-shehar mojh per kofar ka fatwa laga kar mard-e-ba Khuda bann
jaey.]
Before the idols I have danced and bound the girdle about me, till,
thundering at my blasphemy, the city sheikh is God-entranced!



Zamaney ramm konand az mun zamaney bamun amaizand; darein sehra
nami danand siyadam keh nakhchiram.
[Kabhi woh mojh sey bhagtey hein kabhi mojh sey mill jatey hein, mien
naheen janta keh iss sehra mein mien shikari hon ya shikar.]
Anon they leap from me away, anon they follow in my train, for no man
knoweth in this plain whether I hunter am, or prey.



Dil-e-bisoz kum giradd nasib az sohbat-e-mardey; muss-e-tabindaheyi
awar keh geerad dar tou aksiram.
[Bisoz dil mardan-e-ba Khuda ki sohbat sey kochh hasil naheen kar pata,
jabb takk tanba tapp nah raha ho oss per aksir asar naheen karti.]
Of Supermens society naught gains the heart thats not aglow: Bring me thy
molten brass and, lo! My elixir shall work in thee.
***** (37) *****



Nayabi dar jahan yaarey keh danad dilnawazi ra; bakhod gom shau nigah
dar abrooey ishq bazi ra.
[Tojhey dunya mein koeyi aisa dost naheen meley ga jo dilnawazi janta ho;
iss leay ishq ki abroo bacha aur apney aap mein gom ho ja.]
No friend in the world entire thou wilt find sincere in solicitude go, lose
thyself in thy self, and mind the honour of loverhood.

208



Man az kaar aafrin dagham keh ba ein zouq paidaey; z-ma poshidah
darad shaiwah-haey kaarsazi ra.
[Mojhey Khalaq sey gilah hai keh agarchih ossey apni azhar-e-zaat ka
bohat shouq hai, ta-hum oss ney mojh sey woh shaiwah-ha poshidah
rakhhey hein jin sey mien Onn kay jamal ko pori tarah dikhh sakon.
(insaan ko raaz jo banaya, raaz oss ki nigah sey chhopaya).]
I am grieved, that He Who created us in rapture to be displayed hath
concealed the infinite various manners of that His trade.



Kassey ein maani-e-nazak nadanad joz Ayaz einja; keh mehar-eGhaznavi afzoon konad dard-e-Ayazi ra
[Ayaz kay baghair aur koeyi yeh nazak noktah naheen janta, keh hakam ki
meharbani dard-e-ghulami ko aur barrha deyti hai.]
None but Ayaz alone doth know this subtle and secret truth, how the
Ghaznavids love augmented so his poor slaves anguish and ruth.



Mun aan ilm-o-frasat ba perkahey namigiram; keh az taigh-o-separ
biganah saazad mard-e-ghazi ra.
[Mien oss ilm-o-danish ko perkah kay brabar naheen samajhta, jo mard-eghazi ko taigh-o-separ sey baiganah kar dey (Jihad ka shouq khatam kar
dey.)
Less than a grassblade, in my view, the knowledge and vision vast that the
trusty sword and the buckler true from the hand of the warrior cast.



Baher nirkhey ein kala bagiri soodmand aftadd; bazor-e-bazooey Haider
badeh adraak-e-Razi ra.

209

[Yeh saman (jihad ka shouq) tou jiss qimat per bhi khrid ley, nafaa awar
hai, (bishak) adraak-e-Razi ko qowwat-e-Haideri kay ewaz dey dey.]
Whatever the price of these goods, tis well And profit will yield, not harm,
Razis intelligence to sell for the power of Haiders arm.



Agar yakk qatrah-e-khoon daari agar mosht-e-perey daari; bia mun ba
tou amozam tariq-e-shahbazi ra.
[Agar teyrey andar eik qatrah-e-khon hai, agar tou mosht bhar per rakhhta
hai, tuo aa mien tojhey shahbazi ka tariqah seikhhaon.]
If there is a drop of blood in thy vein, a flutter to storm the height, come,
learn with me the way to attain the falcons ascending flight.



Agar ein kaar ra kaar-e-nafas dani, chih nadani; dum-e-shamshir andar
seinah bayad ney nawazi ra.
[Agar tou iss kaar-e-(ney nawazi) ko sirf phoonk ki karfarmaeyi samakhta
hai tuo bohat nadaan hai, ney nawazi kay leay seiney kay andar dum-eshamshir ki zaroorat hai.]
If fluting thou thinkst is but taking breath, how little truth thou hast guessed;
the minstrel his skill accomplisheth with the point of the sword in his breast!
***** (38) *****



Ilmey keh tou aamozi moshtaq-e-nigahey niest; wamandah-e-rahey hast
awarah-e-rahey niest.
[Tou jo ilm seikhhta hai woh nigah-e-(mohabat) ka ishtiaq naheen rakhhta,
yeh rahe-hayat ka thhaka hoa rahi hai, sargarm-e-safar naheen.]
The fine science thou dost learn after vision does not yearn; tis no wanderer
far astray, but a straggler on the way.

210



Adam keh zamir-e-oo naqsh-e-duo jahan raizadd; ba-lazzat-e-aahey hast
bi-lazzat-e-aahey niest.
[Adam jiss ka zamir duonon jahan ki tazin karta hai, oss ka wajood lazzate-ishq sey hai, lazzat-e-ishq kay baghai woh kochh bhi naheen.]
He, whose all-embracing brain a new universe doth plan burneth still with
passions fire, never lacketh high desire.



Her chund keh ishq-e-oo awarah-e-rahey kard; daghey keh jigar sozad
dar seinah maahey niest.
[Agarchih chand ko bhi ishq he ney sargarm-e-safar kiya hai, magar oss kay
seiney mein woh dagh naheen jo jigar ko sokhtah kar dey.]
Though Love made the moon to err on the road a wayfarer, never blazeth in
its breast the vast furnace of unrest.



Mun chasham nah bardaram az rooey nigarinash; aan mast-e-taghafal ra
toufiq-e-nigahey niest.
[Mien tou mehboob kay khoobsurat chihrey sey zara nazar naheen hatata,
magar woh taghafal mein iss qadar mast hai keh ossey eik nigah ki bhi
toufiq naheen.]
So His beauty doth entrance, I can never lift my glance from His Face, who
heedlessly doth not a glance spare for me.



Iqbal qaba poshad dar kaar-e-jahan koshad; daryab keh darvaishi ba
dalaq-o-kolahey niest.
[Iqbal ney maamool kay motabiq achha labas pehna aur dunya kay
kaamon mein mushghool raha (laikan iss kay bawajood woh darvaish hai)

211

pas samajh ley keh darvaishi ka taaloq faqiron ki kolah aur godrri sey
naheen.]
See, Iqbal in manly clothes to his worldly labour goes; proving that his
dervishood neer depends on gown and hood.
***** (39) *****



Cho khurshid sehar paida nigahey mi-tawan kardan; hamein khak-e-seih
ra jalwah gahey mi-tawaan kardan.
[Apni nigah ko khurshid-e-sehar ki manind roshan kiya ja sakta hai, aur
pher oss ki madad sey khak-e-siyah (dunya) ko Allah Taalla kay jamal ki
jalwah-gah banaya ja sakta hai.]
Vision can be won as of morning sun, making this dark clay radiant as day.



Gah khwais ra az nok-e-sozan tez-tar gardaan; cho johar dar dil ainah
rahey mitawaan kardan.
[Apni nigah ko nok-e-sozan ki tarah tez bana ley, pher oss ki madad sey her
ainey kay andar rastah banaya ja sakta hai.]
Let thy vision be needle-sharp in thee, like its lustre pass thro the heart o
the glass.



Darein gulshan keh bar morgh-e-chaman rah-e-foghan tung ast; baandaz kashood ghonchah aahey mi-tawaan kardan.
[Yeh gulshan (ghulam molk) jiss mein morgh-e-chaman kay leay nalah-ofoghan moshkil hai, yahan kali kay chutakney ki awaz mein aah ki ja sakti
hai.]
In this garden, where hushed is warblers air, as each bursting bud chant thy
tragic mode.

212



Nah ein alam hijab oo-ra nah aan alam niqab oo-ra; agar taab-e-nazar
daari nigahey mi-tawaan kardan.
[Agar teyrey andar dikhhney ki taab hai tuo duonon jahanon ko dikhha ja
sakta hai, pher teyrey leay nah yeh dunya pardah hai nah dosri dunya.]
Earth hides not His grace, heavn veils not His face thou mayst view, for
sure, if thou canst endure.

''

Tou darr zir-e-drakhtaan hamcho tiflan ashiyan beini; beh perwaaz
akeh siyad-e-mehr-o-mahey mi-tawaan kardan.
[Tou bachon ki tarah drakhton kay nichey khhrra ashiyaney ko dikhh raha
hai, (drakht kay nichey sey nikal) pewaaz mein aa, mehr-o-mah ko bhi
shikar kiya ja sakta hai.]
Childlike watchest thou nests beneath the bough; mount on wings, and soon
hunt the sun and moon!
***** (43) *****



Ishq ra nazam keh boodash ra ghum naboodney; kofar oo zannar daar
hazar-o-moujood ney.
[Mojhey ishq per naaz hai keh oss kay wajood ko mit janey ka ghum naheen,
kiyuonkeh woh zaman-o-makan ki zannar daari kay kofr sey bacha hoa
hai.]
I boast a love that is not grieved by being of To Be bereaved, whose
infidelity doth neer the girdle of existence wear.



Ishq agar farman dehadd az jan-e-shirin hum gozar; ishq mehboob ast-omaqsood ast-o-jan-e-maqsood ney.
213

[Agar ishq hokam dey tuo jan-e-shirin sey bhi gozar ja, ishq hamara
mehboob-o-maqsood hai, jan tuo arzi cheez hai.]
If Love shall ever so command, let precious life slip from thy hand; Love is
thy one beloved and goal; there is no gain in life of soul.



Kafari ra pokhtah tar saazad shakast-e-Somnat; garmi-e-bottkhanah bihangamah-e-Mehmood ney.
[Bott tootney sey kafari aur pakki ho jati hai; hangamah-e-Mehmood he sey
bottkhaney ki garmi wabastah hai.]
The shattering of the idol-shrine doth infidelity refine; it needs Mahmuds
immortal ire to set the temple-house afire.



Masjid-o-maeykhanah-o-Deir-o-Kalisa-o-Kanisht; sadd fasoon az beher
dil bastand-o-dil khoshnood ney.
[Masjid, maeykhanah, Deir, Kalisa aur Maabod-e-Yahood; loug dil ko
khosh rakhhney ki khatar suo tariqey ikhtiyar kartey hein, dil pher bhi khosh
naheen hota (dil sirf qorb-e-Elahi mein itminan paatey hein).]
In Muslim mosque and church of Christ, in incensed temple, tavern spiced,
although a hundred charms were tried the heart was never satisfied.



Naghmah perdaazi z-jooey kohsaar amokhtam; dar gulistan boodah-um
yakk nalah-e-dard alood ney.
[Mien ney paharri nadi sey naghmah saraeyi seikhhi hai, bagh mein gaya
magar wahan koeyi dard bhhara nalah nah sona.]
Never in bower sweet with scent I raised a sorrowful lament, but from the
mountain cataract I learned this music to enact.

214



Paish-e-mun aeyi dum-e-sardey dil-e-garmey biaar; jonbash andar tust
andar naghmah-e-Daud ney.
[Meyrey pass ana hai tuo aah-e-sard aur dil-e-garm ley kay aa, agar teyrey
apney andar jazb naheen hogi tuo naghmah-e-Daud kissi kam ka naheen.]
Wouldest thou approach me, here apart? Come cold of breath, and warm of
heart; in thee is movement never calm; such verve was not in Davids psalm.



Aib-e-mun kum jooey-o-az jamam ayyar-e-khwaish geer; lazzat-etalkhaab-e-mun bi-jan ghum farsoodah ney.
[Meyrey aib talash nah kar balkeh meyrey jaam sey apney aap ko dikhh,
(agar tou yeh jaam pe sakta hai tou mard hai) meyri talakh sharab ki lazzat
meyri ghumon sey gholi hoeyi jan ka natijah hai.]
Seek less my faults, but take my bowl to be the measure of thy soul; the
pleasure of my bitter brew is never without spirits rue.
***** (44) *****



Barr dil-e-bitaab-e-mun saqi maey naabey zanad; kimiya saaz ast-oaksirey baseimabey zanad.
[Saqi ney meyrey dil-e-bitaab per (ishq ki) maey nab dali hai, woh kimiyasaaz hai, oss ney seimaab per aksir daal kay ossey zar-e-khalis bana diya
hai (dil-e-bitaab ko seimaab kaha hai).]
The Saqi, pouring his pure wine upon my restless heart converts this
quicksilver of mine to gold, by magic art.



Mun nah danam noor ya naar ast andar seinah-um; ein qadar danam
biyaz-e-oo bemehtaabey zanad.
215

[Mien naheen janta keh meyrey seiney kay andar noor hai ya naar, albattah
yeh janta hon keh oss ki roshni mein chandni mili hoeyi hai.]
I do not know if it be light within my breast, or flame; I only know its
radiance white shines with a moonlike gleam.



Barr dil-e-mann fitrat khamosh mi-arad hajoom; saaz az zouq-e-nawa
khod ra beh mazrabey zanad.
[Fitrat-e-khamosh aap meyrey dil per yorash karti hai, goya nawa kay
shouq sey saaz khod mazrab sey takrata hai.]
Nature, all hushed, doth suddenly my quiet heart assail; the instrument in
ecstasy playeth its own sweet scale.



Ghum makhor nadaan keh gardroon dar biyaban kum aab; chashmah-ha
darad keh shabkhooney beh silaabey zanad.
[Bi-khabar! Ghum nah khha, khoshk biyaban mein bhi fitrat ney aisey
chashmey rakhhey hoey hein jo zour mein silaab ko sharma deytey hein.]
Grieve not, thou fool; the starry skies within this desert waste have many
founts, that secret rise and to the torrent haste.



Ay-keh noshim khordaheyi az tezi-e-naisham marunj; naish hum bayad
keh Adam ra rug-e-khwabey zanad.
[Ay woh shakhs jiss ney meyri shirin baton sey lotf othhaya hai, tou meyri
talkh baton sey naraz nah ho. naishtar bhi zaroori hai ta-keh Adam ki neind
khhol kar ossey bidar kiya ja sakkey.]
O thou who didst my sweet wine take, grieve not at my sharp sting; it needs
my sting, that I may wake man from his slumbering.

216

***** (46) *****



Z-rasm-o-rah-e-shariat nakardah-um tehqiq; joz einkeh monkir-e-ishq
ast kafir-o-zindiq.
[Mien ney shariat kay ehkam ki tehqiq ki hai, aur iss natijey per ponhcha
hon keh sirf monkir-e-ishq he kafir-o-zindiq hai. (Aur woh jo aiyman waley
hein onn ki Allah Taalla sey mohabat bohat shadeed hai: Surah Baqrah).]
I have never discovered well laws way, and the wont thereof, but know him
an infidel who denieth the power of Love.



Moqam-e-Adam-e-khaki nihaad darya-bund; mosafiraan-e-Haram ra
Khuda dehadd toufiq.
[Khuda mosafiraan-e-Haram ko yeh toufiq dey, keh Adam-e-khaki ka
moqam pa-lein.]
The travellers of the Shrine O may God succour and aid, that they may truly
divine mans rank, who of clay was made.



Mun az tariq naporsum, rafiq mi-jooem; keh goftah and nakhastein
rafiq-o-baaz tariq.
[Mien rastah naheen poochhta, saathi dhondta hon, kiyuonkeh kehtey hein
keh pehley rafiq baad mein tariq.]
I do not ask of the Way; the Friend is my only quest, for so I have heard men
say, The friend, then the way, thats best!



Konad talafi-e-zouq aanchonan hakim-e-Farang; frogh-e-baadah fazoontar konad bajaam-e-attiq.
[Europe kay flasfar apni kor zouqi ki talafi yon kartey hein, keh sharab ko
sorkh jaam mein daal kar oss ki rangat barrhatey hein.]
217

Europes philosopher so misseth the rapture fine, in the red bowl shines
more clear the gleam of the crimson wine.



Hazar bar niko-tar mataa-e-bibasri; z-danishey keh dil oo-ra nami
konad tasdiq.
[Woh ilm-o-danish jiss ki tasdiq dil nah karey, oss sey jihalat hazar gona
behtar hai.]
Better a man were blind, better a thousand wise, than knowledge to have in
mind that the seeing heart denies.



Beh paich-o-taab-e-khird garchih lazzat digar ast; yaqin sadah dilaan beh
z-noktah-ha-e-daqiq.
[Agarchih aqal ki gothhiyan soljhaney mein aur tarah ki lazzat hai, magar
sadah dilon ka yaqin (aiyman) daqiq nokat sey hazar darjah behtar hai.]
Though intellects jugglery peculiar joy impart, better than subtlety is the
faith of a simple heart.



Kalam-o-falsfah az lauh-e-dil froshostam; zamir-e-khwaish goshadam
beh nishtar-e-tehqiq.
[Mien ney ilm-e-kalam aur falsfah ko apney zehann ki takhti sey dhuo dala
hai.]
I have washed my hearts tablets clean of the learning that charmed my
youth, opened my teeming brain with the lancet of utter truth.



Z-astanah-e-sultan kanarah mi-giram; nah kafiram keh prastam khudae-bitoufiq.
[Mien darbar-e-sultan sey kanarah-kash rehta hon, kafir naheen hon keh
bi-ikhtiyar khuda ki prastash karon.]
218

Far from the threshold now of the Sultans gate I have strayed; no infidel I,
to bow to a god who can nothing aid.
***** (47) *****



Az hamah kas kinarah gir sohbat-e-ashna talab; hum z-khodi talab hum
z-khodi Khuda talab.
[Sabb sey kanarah-kash ho ja aur kissi aisey shakhs ki sohbat ikhtiyar kar jo
ashna-e-raaz ho. Allah Taalla sey apni khodi ka istihkam maang aur
istihkam-e-khodi kay zariay Allah Taalla takk ponch.]
Far, far from every other go with the One Friend upon the road; seek thou of
God thy self to know, and seek in selfhood for thy God.



Az khalash karishmaeyi kar nami shwad tamam, aqal-o-dil-o-nigah ra
jalwah joda joda talab.
[Mehboob ki eik ada sey jo khalash paida hoti hai woh pori tasali naheen
kar sakti, aqal, dil aur nigah sabb kay leay alag alag jalwey talab kar.]
One piercing glance can neer impart the consummation of it all: The gaze,
the intellect, the heart, each needs its vision several.



Ishq basar kashidan ast shishah-e-kainat ra; jaam-e-jahan noma majoo
dast-e-jahan gosha talab.
[Ishq yeh hai keh sari sorahi-e-kainat eik dum pe lee jaey, jaam-e-jahan
noma ki khwahish nah rakhh balkeh woh qowwat maang jo jahan kay
moamlat darost kar dey.]
Love is at Beings board to sup, to drain its glass, till all is gone; seek not the
world-revealing cup, seek the world-conquering hand alone!

219



Rahrwan-e-brahna-pa rah tamam khar-zar; ta beh moqam-e-khod rusi
rahilah az raza talab.
[Rastey mein her taraf kantey bikhhrey hein, mosafir nungey paon hein aur
manzil takk ponhchna hai tuo razi-ba-raza ki swari talab kar.]
Naked of foot the travellers are, thorny the way, and hard indeed; till thou
shalt reach thy selfhood far, take acquiescence for thy steed.



Choon bikamal mirasad faqr dalil-e-Khsrovi ast; masnad-e-Kaikobad ra
dar teh-e-boriya talab.
[Faqr kamal ko ponhchta hai tuo padshahat ka dariah bun jata hai,
Kaikobad ka takht (haqiqi hakomat) foqra kay aastanon mein talash kar.]
Only in perfect poverty the proof of kingship is displayed; beneath the
rushes seek, to see the royal throne of Kaikobad.



Paish nigar keh zindagi rah-e-bamoamley; az sar anchih bood-o-raft
dargozar intiha talab.
[Saamney dikhh, zindagi eik naey jahan ki taraf ley ja rehi hai, jo thha aur
jo ho choka hai ossey chhorr. sirf apney safar ki intiha talab kar.]
Look onward; life is but a way that to another world doth wend; from what
has been, and passed away. Depart, and ever seek the end.



Zarbat-e-rozgar agar nalah cho ney dehadd tou-ra; badah-e-mann z-kaff
beneh charah z-momiya talab.
[Agar tou zamaney ki moshkilat ki taab nah laa kar fariyad karney laga hai,
tuo pher meyra jaam haath sey rakhh dey aur apney zakhmon ka marham
talash kar.]

220

But if Fates buffet maketh thee like the lamenting reed to moon, lay down
the wine thou tookst from me; seek liniment to mend thy bone!
***** (48) *****



Bini jahan ra khod ra nah bini; ta-chund nadaan ghafal nashini.
[Kainat ko dikhhta hai aur apney aap ko naheen dikhhta, ay nadaan! Tou
kabb takk ghaflat mein parra rehey ga.]
The world, but not selfhood, thou canst see; how long in thy ignorance wilt
thou sit?



Noor-qadimi shabby ra barr afroz; dast-e-Kalimi dar aastini.
[Tou noor-e-azal hai iss jahan ki shabb ko roshan kar, tou dast-e-Kalim
(A.S.) hai aastin sey bahar aa.]
With thy ancient flame let the night be lit? The hand of Moses is sleeved in
thee.



Baroon qadam neh az dour-e-afaq; tou paish azeini tou paish azeini.
[Afaq kay chakkar sey bahar qadam rakhh, tou iss sey qadim-tar hai, tou
(qimat mein) oss sey barrh kar hai.]
Set forth thy foot from the circling skies; greater and older than these thou
art.



Az marg tarsi ay zindah-e-javid? Marg ast saedey tou dar kamini.
[Zindah-e-javid ho kar mout sey darta hai, mout teyra shikar hai aur tou oss
ki ghhat mein hai.]

221

Fearest thou death in thy deathless heart? Deaths but a prey that before thee.
lies.



Janey keh bakhshad digar nagirand; Adam bameirad az bi-yaqini.
[Jan atta kar kay pher ossey wapas naheen leytey, Adam agar marta hai, tuo
bi-yaqini sey marta hai.]
Life, once given thee, none can take; Tis for lack of faith men faint and die.



Surat gari ra az mun biyamoz; shaid keh khod ra baaz afrini.
[Surat gari mojh sey seikhh, shaid tou az sar-e-nau apni takhliq kar.]
Learn to be sculptor, even as I, and haply anew thy selfhood make!
***** (52) *****



Maey deirinah-o-maashooq-e-jawan
nazaran-e-hoor-o-janan cheezey neist.

cheez-e-neist;

paish-e-sahib

[Porani sharab aur jawan maashooq koeyi cheez naheen, ashaab-e-nazar


kay leay hoor-o-janan ki koeyi woqaat naheen.]
The young beloved, the ancient wine, the maids of Paradise; these joys men
reckon rare and fine charm not the truly wise.



Herchih az mohkam-o-paindah shanasi gozrad; koh-o-sehra-o-barr-obehar-o-karan cheezey neist.
[Her woh cheez jissey tou mohkam-o-paindah samajhta hai woh bi-sabaat
hai, koh-o-sehra hon ya barr-o-behar onn ki koeyi haqiqat naheen.]
Whateer eternal thou dost deem, mountain, and sea, and shore, land, plain,
whateer assured doth seem, these pass, and are no more.
222



Danish-e-maghrabiyan, falsfah-e-mashraqiyan; hamah bottkhanah-o-dar
twaf-e-bottan cheezey neist.
[Ehl-e-Maghrab ki Danish ho ya ehl-e-Mashraq ka falsfah, yeh sabb bottkadey hein aur botton kay twaf sey kochh hasil naheen.]
The learning of the Westerner, the Easts philosophy; all is an idol-house of
prayer and idols nothing be!



Az khod andaish-o-azein badiyah tarsan magozar; keh tou hasti-o-wajood
duo jahan cheezey neist.
[Apney barey mein fikar kar aur iss veranah (dunya) sey nah ghabra, hasti
sirf teyri hai, duonon jahan koeyi cheez naheen.]
Cross not this desert terrified; fix on thy self thy thought; thou only art, and
all beside, yea, all the world, is naught!



Dar tariqey keh banok-e-mozzah kawidam mun; manzil-o-qaflah-o-raig-eravaan cheezey neist.
[Woh rastah jo mien ney apni palkon ki nok sey trasha hai oss mein nah
koeyi manzil hai, nah qaflah, nah koeyi raig-e-ravan (waqt).]
Upon this way mine eyelashes have quarried out of stone, nor stage nor
caravan there is, and shifting sands are none.
1st December, 2012

223

WHO ARE JUDGES?


The jan nisaraan of Chief Justice in Rawalpindi High Court Bar and
Rawalpindi District Bar passed a strong worded resolution condemning
generals of the Army. This was certainly an unwarranted over-reaction to
what the COAS had said while addressing officers of Rawalpindi garrison.
The PPP regime, however, relished the situation as two of the feared
adversaries were embroiled in a feud over nothing.
While the Bars showed over activism, the Benches seemed helpless
during the period under review as it has been in the past. The judges and
their verdicts were ridiculed both inside and outside the court rooms. The
Chief Justice spent most of the time in saving the un-mined gold of Reko
Diq as Suddle Commission could not rein in Malik Riaz, who threatened to
sue Arsalan in England.
Two rulings, one by the Supreme Court and the other by LHC, created
ripples across political arena. The apex courts order for re-demarcation of
constituencies in Karachi was taken by the MQM as trespassing of its
domain. The LHC order regarding construction of Kalabagh Dam annoyed
the anti-Punjab and anti-Pakistan forces. The queen bee of MQM buzzed
from its London hive as to who are the judges to decide about dams.
Meanwhile, the Governor of KPK, the pick of Zardari, while speaking
at a function in Peshawar University said the Pakistan needs changing its
ideology as Islamic ideology has caused division of the nation. It was no
loose talk under influence of some kind of intoxication, but a deliberate
subversive act on behalf of secular forces to shake the very foundation of
Pakistan.

NEWS
Power politics: On 15th November, Shahbaz Sharif said that after
ruining the economy through unprecedented corruption and pushing the
nation into darkness over the last four and a half years, Zar Baba has now
remembered Eid Milan Party but his gimmickry will not work. He said that
Zar Baba and his forty thieves will have to give account of each penny of the
looted national wealth. He pledged that people will get rid of 'Zardaron'
through the power of vote.
Next day, President Zardari on a short visit to Multan met former
premier Gilani at his residence where he held a 20-minute one-on-one
224

meeting with him. The president doused the grievances of Gilani regarding
the proceedings of Haj corruption and Ephedrine cases, besides the notice
served on Ali Musa Gilani and Abdul Qadir Gilani by the FIA and the ANF.
On 17th November, special meeting of the National Judicial [Policy
Making] Committee (NJPMC) considered the request of the ECP for
assistance in conducting the polls, in the light of comments offered by the
ECP on the points earlier raised by the NJPMC in its Nov 3 meeting.
Chaired by Chief Justice, the meeting decided to allow provision of services
of adequate number of judicial officers to the election commission for their
appointment as district returning officers and returning officers.
The committee however observed that since the administration of
justice is the prime responsibility of judiciary; therefore, the judicial officers
assigned the task should do their routine judicial work and perform election
duties in extra hours in the morning and evening so that the litigant would
not suffer.
A contempt plea was filed in the Lahore High Court against President
Zardari, maintaining that the president addressed a political rally in
Malakwal in violation of the Supreme Court ruling in Asghar Khan case.
The petitioner said that the address of the president was also a violation of
LHC's verdict on holding of dual office. He requested the court to initiate
contempt proceedings against President Zardari.
On 19th November, in the first phase of countrywide intra-party
elections, the PTI formally announced the results of the election of some 520
office-bearers from 40 union councils of the federal capital. Some 889
candidates from 40 union councils contested for 520 party positions.
Secretary Election Commission announced that the turnout remained 51 per
cent, as a total number of 31,517 voters out of 62,112 registered voters used
their right of franchise to elect the party leadership at union council level.
President Zardari said that the assassination of Benazir Bhutto forced
him to join politics, saying their fight against a particular mindset which is
bent upon destabilizing the country would continue until its defeat. He said
this while addressing the session of the KPK Assembly as for the very first
time in Pakistans history; a president addressed any provincial assembly.
Next day, President Zardari said that the parliament had decided that
the president should have a certain political role. Addressing 2nd Leaders of
tomorrow conference in Islamabad, he said though parliament had all
executive powers, it had decided that the president should have a specific
political role. His statement came after the federal government had filed a
225

review petition against the Supreme Courts verdict in the Asghar Khan case
with reference to the courts remarks about the presidents role in politics.
On 26th November, Nawaz Sharif said that President Zardari is a
Constitutional President and Zardari can administer oath to the new Prime
Minister after elections which are due next year. When asked if he is elected
as Prime Minister after next elections would he take oath administered by
President Zardari, Nawaz said Zardari was a democratically-elected
President and a working relationship with him was possible.
Next day, PML-Q MNA Ghaus Bux Mahar resigned as provincial
president of the party; however, he rejected the reports of leaving the party
and joining the PML-F. Addressing a press conference at his residence he
said that Prime Minister had not sacked him as minister as he himself
resigned from the federal ministry of privatization.
On 28th November, the Supreme Court reserved its verdict regarding
non-verification of sizable number of votes in Karachi and shifting of votes
to other towns and cities on the basis of permanent addresses mentioned on
the CNICs of the city residents. Chief Justice remarked that door-to-door
verification of votes should be conducted in Karachi. The CJP added that the
army and Rangers could be used in this verification campaign as their
involvement would help the authorities in resolving the law and order issue.
The petitioners had complained about existence of bogus votes in the
port city and claimed that up to three million people living in Karachi had
been registered in their native towns of Swat, Mingora, Mansehra and
Attock, although they had been living in Karachi for 10 to 15 years. The
court during the previous hearing last week had asked Election Commission
of Pakistan (ECP) to find out how many voters were verified and how many
of them were de-listed or transferred back to their native towns.
Munir Paracha appearing on behalf of ECP Sindh contended that
contrary to the claims of PTI, JI, PPP and PML-N, only 68,000 votes could
not be verified. He also said some people, including Rana Shamim advocate,
filled the form, to shift their votes to the place of their permanent residences.
But Rana Shamim contradicted the statement of the ECP counsel, saying that
he did not fill any form for shifting of his familys votes out of Karachi.
Counsel for Jamat-i-Islami, Rasheed A Rizvi informed the court that
according to Final Electoral Rolls (FER) in PECHS area of Karachi 647
persons are living in a 120-yard house, while in another small house in
Mazoor Colony, 66 people are residing. When the chief justice asked the
ECP to verify voters in the restive by going from door to door, MQM lawyer
226

Farough Naseem said that instead of deciding the matter on its own, the
court should send the matter to the Chief Election Commissioner. The MQM
lawyer said if this was the case than the door to door verification exercise
should be conducted across Pakistan.
But the court rejected this proposal and said if a nationwide exercise
were to be held, the elections would not be held even in six years. The CJ
remarked that the Supreme Court had received complaints regarding
Karachi. Farough Naseem said: Unless there is actionable material, the
court cant pass an order. If the court would pass an order in this case then
people from other provinces would approach the apex court with similar
objections, he added.
Justice Azmat told the MQM counsel that the more reluctance he
would show on the matter the more doubts would be created as to why the
MQM was resisting voters verification. Farough Naseem sought 15 minutes
to get instruction from the party leadership. Then he came back and again
opposed a court decision on the matter and requested to adjourn the hearing
until Monday. The MQM counsel also argued that it was an individuals
right and not that of political parties to approach the court regarding
verification of votes. The chief justice asked him why he was opposing the
door-to-door verification when the MQM claims of being a grassroots party.
The chief justice said there should be maximum turnout in the general
elections and that could only happen if the votes are properly registered. He
added that the apex court had received several complaints about the voters
list. He also observed that countrys economy could suffer if peace is not
restored in Karachi. The court reserved its judgment in the case after hearing
the arguments from all respondents.
The father of Pakistan's nuclear bomb registered a new political party
to contest for the first time general elections expected next year. In July,
Abdul Qadeer Khan, 76, set up Tehreek-e-Tahafuzz Pakistan or Save
Pakistan Movement (SPM) to contest the 2013 elections and to campaign for
an end to endemic corruption.
On 30th November, complete strike was observed in the province on
the call of Sindh Bachayo Committee (SBC) against the Sindh Peoples
Local Governments Act (SPLGA) 2012. In Karachi, the strike was only
observed in the areas dominated by Sindhi speaking people, while business
in other parts of the city went on as usual. The PML-N, PML-Q, PMLLikeminded, ANP, NPP, ST, JUI-F and PTI also supported the strike.

227

Six people were injured in Shahpur Chakar when some unknown


gunmen resorted to firing on a protest rally. Incidents of firing were also
reported from various areas of Hyderabad, forcing the closure of shops and
restaurants. In Sanghar, unknown gunmen attacked PML-F leader Pir Pagara
Gulam Muhamad Anar when he was going with rally in his vehicle, leaving
12 people injured. The PML-F leader remained safe in the attack, but his
son was reportedly injured.
While the ruling PPP, PML-N, ANP and Jamaat-e-Islami favoured a
fresh demarcation of electoral constituencies in Karachi, the MQM wanted
such an exercise is carried out throughout the country, despite the fact that
the proposed step is Karachi-specific. Carrying out the court order, ECP
Secretary held meetings with a number of political groups to lend ear to their
reservations as regards the formation of new constituencies in the port city.
The secretary, while interacting with the media at ECPs Sindh office, called
the proposed step as revolutionary, and said it would (help) improve the law
and order situation in Karachi.
The PML-N said it had complete confidence in the chief election
commissioner and secretary; however the same could not be said about the
election commissioner in Sindh. Salim Zia, who headed the PML-N
delegation during its meeting with the ECP official, pointed out that if the
Rangers, police and administration were rendered helpless on election day,
there would be no point in holding elections in Karachi.
The PPP assured the ECP of its cooperation for new electoral
constituencies in Karachi, saying it endorsed the ruling of the apex court.
After the meeting with the ECP official, PPPs Taj Haider observed that
previous delimitations were based on ethnicity. The ANP, while presenting
its proposals, extended complete support to the ECP for the formation of
new constituencies in Karachi.
A three-judge bench led by Justice Nasirul Mulk issued the restraining
order for the election in PS-53, scheduled for December 4 after hearing
arguments of Hashmat Habib, counsel for Waheeda Shah. Hashmat Habib
pleaded that the concerned presiding officer, Habiba Memon had authority
for one day saying she could not get an FIR registered against his client two
days after the alleged incident. He further informed that the Returning
Officer had sentenced his client as a magistrate, days after the polling
without following the due process of law.
Next day, the fourth meeting of the PML-N Manifesto Committee
held in Lahore with party head Nawaz Sharif in the chair, entertained the
228

various proposals for public welfare as well as to take the country ahead
financially, socially, culturally, industrially, agriculturally and politically.
The party is designing the manifesto mainly focusing on the dwindling
economy as well as to provide opportunities to every segment of society to
share its efforts in national building side by side improving its own financial
position.
On 2nd December, PPP and Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) decided to
enter into an electoral alliance for getting positive results in the next general
elections. Kaira, Wattoo and Munir A Khan called on Sahibzada Fazal Karim
at his residence to formally initiate talks and discuss the option of electoral
alliance. Fazal Karim said that a party believing in Constitution could not be
labeled as a secular party.
Pir Mahfooz Shah Mushahdi said that Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) has
canceled the basic membership of Sahbizada Fazal Karim and Haji Hanif
Tayyab for entering into an electoral alliance with PML-Q. In SICs Shoora
meeting, the component parties accused Sahibzada Fazal Karim and Hanif
Tayyab of striking a deal with the PML-Q for contesting elections from their
respective constituencies.
Pervaiz Elahi vowed to create Hazara province, if voted to power in
the next general elections. Addressing a big public rally in Mansehra, he said
support for the PML-Q would guarantee creation of the new province
according to the aspirations of the people of Hazara. He pointed out the
hypocrisy of the PML-N on two key national issues Kalabagh Dam and
Hazara province.

Rule of law: On 12th November, the judgment authored by Justice


Jawwad S Khawaja after hearing the suo moto notice of assault on a polling
staff by a PPP candidate Waheeda Shah in Tando Muhammad Khan ruled
that civil servants owe their first and foremost allegiance to the law and the
constitution and are not bound to obey orders from superiors which are
illegal or are not in accordance with accepted practices and rule-based
norms,
The judgment said that appointments, removals and promotions must be
made in accordance with the law and the rules and where no such law or rule
exists and the matter has been left to discretion, such discretion must be
exercised in a structured, transparent and reasonable manner and in the
public interest. The court noted when the ordinary tenure for a posting of an
officer has been specified in the law or rules made there-under then such

229

tenure must be respected and cannot be varied, except for compelling


reasons, which should be recorded in writing and are judicially reviewable.
The judgment said that the Courts ordinarily would not interfere in the
functioning of the executive as long as it adheres to the law and established
norms and acts in furtherance of its fiduciary responsibility. The need for
ensuring that decision making in relation to tenure, appointments,
promotions and transfers remains rule based and is not susceptible to
arbitrariness or absolute and unfettered discretion.
Continuing with a notable leniency regarding the lawmakers who have
not so far filed affidavits on dual nationalities, the Election Commission of
Pakistan extended the deadline by the current months end. Contrary to the
expectations that the Commission would take a decisive course at a highlevel meeting against the legislators who did not comply with the
instructions to submit affidavits not later than last Friday to affirm having
Pakistani nationality solely, the ECP looked to have continued with the
wait-and-see policy.
In addition, the ECP approved Rs300 million last week to be paid to the
Printing Corporation of Pakistan in the ongoing month for the printing of
new ballot papers for the general elections. The commission would engage
military in the transportation of the ballot papers to maintain top secrecy.
Meanwhile, following the written requests made by the Punjab and Sindh
governments, the Commission postponed by-polls in 12 constituencies for
National, Sindh and Punjab assemblies from November 17 to December 4
for security reasons.
The Supreme Court served notice on the administration of Karkay, a
Turkish rental power company, for seeking its explanation why it was going
to initiate a campaign through media advertisement on November 20. The
court also asked Attorney General Irfan Qadir and PML-Q parliamentary
leader in the National Assembly Makhdoom Faisal Saleh Hayat to sit
together to decide on how much outstanding amount should be paid by the
four rental power companies.
Faisal Saleh Hayat said the NABs deal with Karkey was in sheer
violation and contravention of the Supreme Court verdict on the RPPs. He
also contended that the country would face the loss of Rs22 billion owing to
this underhand deal. Faisal said the court had recovered the money from five
rental power companies, but four of them still had to pay the outstanding
amount. He prayed to the chief justice to stop the authorities concerned and

230

state functionaries from allowing the ship of Karkey to leave Karachi port
before the recovery of the total amount of Rs22 billion.
Next day, counsel for PIA admitted, during the hearing of PIA
corruption case in the Supreme Court, that mismanagement, over staffing
and frequent delay in flights caused Rs119 billion loss to the national flag
carrier. The court expressed displeasure over the state of affairs of the PIA
and the Chief Justice said: It is very painful to see the destruction of
national institutions in such manner.
He said that no one was taking action against massive corruption in the
PIA, Railways, Pakistan Steel Mills and other national institutions, adding
that the court was waiting for reply of the authorities concerned since
December 28, 2011 but to no avail. The court questioned PIAs alleged nontransparent deals, weak management, over staffing, huge losses and delay in
flights.
On 14th November, the privilege committee panel, which is headed by
PPP lawmaker Yasmeen Rahman, summoned the FIA DG to inquire why
Abdul Qadir Gilani was issued a notice. Rahman gave the ruling after
lawmakers on treasury benches, while making fiery speeches on the issuance
of notices to the Gilanis in connection with the 2010 Hajj scam, demanded
immediate withdrawal of the same. The House did not witness even a single
sentence about the worsening law and order situation in Karachi, as the issue
of notices to Gilanis largely dominated the proceedings.
Next day, Chief Justice asserted that every state organ has to perform its
duties and functions within its constitutional ambit. It is enjoined upon the
judiciary that it exercise its powers in an independent and effective manner
and without any fear or favour, he averred in his address to a hurriedlycalled full court session on the Supreme Court premises.
On 19th November, former Prime Minister Gilani told the FIA that it has
violated the constitution by sending him a notice regarding appointment of
Rao Shakil as director general of Haj operations. The ex-PM, in his written
response conveyed to Hussain Asghar, Director/Commandant Special
Investigating Unit of FIA stated that the notice was in violation of article
248(1) of the constitution, while the only allegation leveled in it pertains to
receipt of monetary benefit in appointing Rao Shakil. Gilani ruled out
possibility of having monetary benefits. Given that several officials are
involved in the process of such appointments.
On 21st November, full bench of the Lahore High Court observed the
court would first decide the immunity before proceeding further on a
231

contempt petition against President Zardari for not relinquishing political


office of PPP Co-Chairman in light of a judgment issued in 2011. As the
bench resumed hearing, Additional Attorney General informed the bench
that Wasim Sajjad, the counsel of federal government, was busy in Supreme
Court. He requested the court to adjourn proceedings on the contempt case.
A K Dogar and Azhar Siddique, counsels of petition Munir Ahmad, opposed
the adjournment request and said that the bench was bound to decide any
contempt cases expeditiously.
They argued there was no ambiguity about the political role of the
president after verdict in Ashgar Khan Case by the apex court. And that the
President Zardari stood disqualified after Asghar Khan Case, they added. At
this, the chief justice said that the court would give verdicts on the contempt
cases in view of the constitution. The court would first decide that the
presidential immunity in the contempt court; therefore, he said that the court
would hear the contempt case on daily basis after next date of hearing. The
court will resume the hearing on Dec 5.
On 26th November, the Supreme Court warned the NAB that if Karkey
electric power generation ship leaves the Karachi port without paying the
outstanding amount, the Bureaus chairman would be responsible. At the
outset of the hearing, NAB Director General (Operational) informed the
court that as per their calculation, $120 million are outstanding against the
ship-mounted Turkish power plant. But NAB Prosecutor General K K Agha
contended that ultimately the NAB chairman has to decide about the
amount.
The chief justice asked petitioner Faisal Saleh Hayat and the NAB to
sit down at the Registrars Office and calculate the exact amount due against
the Karkey and inform the bench about it after the break. After the interval
Bhatti said, at present, they have found out approximately $120 million
against the Karkey power project. The chief justice observed that Faisal
Saleh Hayat has unearthed a big scam in the power sector. He said nobody
can be allowed to make away after looting the country.
Prosecutor General NAB KK Agha said Turkeys ambassador also
contacted for the return of the power plant. Justice Gulzar Ahmed remarked,
If so, should we give entire Pakistan to Turkey? The chief justice said the
rulings on corruption cases are meant only to prevent such incidents from
happening in future; however, it would be deplorable if the spate of such
occurrences do not cease.

232

The court noted that the NAB has already given an undertaking that
unless the entire outstanding amount is paid, the ship would not be allowed
to sail from Pakistan. KK Agha said they have withdrawn the undertaking,
adding under section 23 of NAO they have cautioned the Karkey
management not to take the ship from Pakistan without paying the entire
amount. On that note, the chief justice disposed of Faisal Saleh Hayats
complaint in respect of Karkey power plant.
Next day, MQM filed a Civil Miscellaneous Application (CMA) for
early hearing of dual nationality case. Farooq Sattar, leader of parliamentary
party of MQM in the National Assembly, through Aitzaz Ahsan filed the
application under Order 33, Rule 6 of Supreme Court Rules 1980. The
MQM has already filed a constitutional petition for the interpretation of
Article 62 and 63 of the Constitution, which deal with the qualification and
disqualification of a member of the National and Provincial Assemblies and
the Senate.
Former Prime Minister, Gilani refused to appear before FIA team
investigating Haj corruption case for the second time, terming the fresh
notices issued to him to appear before the investigators on November 28 as
unlawful. Gilani in reply to the fresh notices served on him has said that the
course adopted by FIA Director Hussain Asghar was improper in having
issuing notices to him without seeking legal opinion from the Ministry of
Law and Justice Division.
On 28th November, the Supreme Court sought reply from the
Intelligence Bureau (IB) director general about the news items regarding
withdrawal of secret IB funds between 1988 to 1990 and 2008-2009 for
political purposes. A bench, headed by Chief Justice issued notices to IB
Chief Akhtar Gorchani and two former DGs, Masood Sharif Khattak and
Tariq Lodhi, in the matter about the utilization of Rs270 million allegedly
drawn by the PPP government from the secret fund of the IB to topple the
Punjab government in 2008-09.
During the hearing, reporter Asad Kharal who filed the story,
appearing before the bench, read his two news items published on March 14
and March 15, 2012, revealing that PPP government had used the IB secret
funds for political purposes in its two eras. He also said former IB DG
Shoaib Suddle had confirmed that the money had been withdrawn from the
IB's secret funds and he had talked to former Prime Minister Gilani in this
regard. On the court's query, he said he stood by his news items regarding
the withdrawal of the IB's secret funds by the PPP governments in the past.
233

Attorney General Irfan Qadir said the money was withdrawn in two
different periods; so separate replies could be sought in this regard. The
court rejected PML-N lawyer Ashraf Gujjar's request to fix his petition about
the misuse of funds by the PPP against its opponents in the past, along with
this case. The SC registrar was also asked to send the copy of this order to
the DG IB. The hearing was adjourned for two weeks.
During a briefing to the Public Accounts Committee in the National
Assembly, Auditor General of Pakistan Buland Akhtar Rana said that
officials of the Religious Affairs Ministry purchased luxury vehicles for the
federal minister, Haj director general and other officials from 'Pilgrims'
Welfare Fund' that was contrary to rules and regulations. But to his shock,
Rana's subordinates, officials of foreign audit team, declined their boss,
claiming that rules allow such spending to officials of the Religious Affairs
Ministry.
Next day, former Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid MNA Shehnaz
Sheikh, who was disqualified for holding dual citizenship, has named three
more lawmakers with dual nationality. She said that PPP MNA from NA183, Arif Aziz Sheikh, is an Australian national by birth. She went on to add:
Sabeen Rizvi, a PML-N MNA, is a British national and still holds British
passport while Donya Aziz, a PML-Q MNA, is an American citizen by birth.
Both the ladies got selected on womens seats.
On 30th November, the ECP decided to hold a meeting sometime next
week to proceed in the light of court ruling against those legislators who did
not comply with the Supreme Court orders to file nationality affidavits.
Eighteen legislators did not submit oath statements to affirm not being the
nationals of any other state but Pakistan as the given deadline went passed
yesterday.
FIA investigating Haj corruption affairs adopted a 'go-slow' policy
after the ruling PPP strongly reacted on the issuance of notices by the
Agency to former Prime Minister Gilani and his son for their alleged
involvement in the scam. DG FIA Anwar Virk succumbing to the pressure of
the government has directed his subordinates conducting investigations of
the Haj scam to slow down the process.
Next day, six members of Sindh Assembly resigned from their seats,
fearing eventual disqualification for their holding dual nationality. These
MPAs four of MQM and two of PPP had filed their resignations on
November 30, the last date to file affidavits of not being dual nationals, and
Speaker Nisar Khuhro accepted those the same day.
234

The ECP would hold a meeting sometime next week to proceed in the
light of court ruling against those legislators who did not comply with orders
to file nationality affidavits. After resignation of Sindh MPAs, the lawmakers
to be proceeded against are: MNAs Maulana M Qasim, Syed Allauddin, Ch
Tassaduq Masud Khan, Syed Tayyab Hussain, Dr Nadeem Ehsan, Haider
Abbass Rizvi, Sabeen Rizvi, Fauzia Ejaz and Dr Araish Kumar; senators
Malik Sallahud din Dogar, Mir Haji Lashkari and Haji Khan Afridi; and
KPK MPA Javaid Iqbal.
Secretaries of all administrative departments of Punjab have decided
not to obey any illegal orders of the ministers. Chaired by Chief Secretary
Nasir Mehmood Khosa, a meeting also decided to avoid to the utmost
making any official OSD (officer on special duty) and start giving postings
to those already condemned to functional slumber.
Lauding the Chief Justices observation about sticking to the law, the
participants discussed the ways to confront any possible illegal orders from
the ministers and other government bosses in future. The CS Khosa told the
officers to work in line with the law and follow the rules of business only.
Quoting the landmark SC judgment, he said that the government officers
were servants of the state rather than that of any government.
The delimitation of constituencies in Karachi as ordered by the
Supreme Court seemed to rise up as a test-case for the ECP, as MQM was
set to go all out to push the electoral body backtrack from the contemplated
initiative. Drawing implied contours of warpath, the coalition partner holds
processions in the forty cities of Pakistan tomorrow themed on one-point
agenda, opposition of SC orders to delimit constituencies in Karachi. The
processions would follow telephonic address of the MQM chief Altaf
Hussain from London.

Defiance of judiciary: On 12th November, the Supreme Court kept


the licence of former Federal Minister Babar Awan suspended to practice in
the apex court. Chief Justice said that an 11-member bench had passed the
order to temporarily suspend his licence; therefore, when the required bench
would meet then his application for restoration of licence would be
considered. The case was adjourned for indefinite period.
The Supreme Court directed IGP Islamabad and IGP Punjab to ensure
the arrest of Tauqir Sadiq, former chairman of Oil & Gas Regulatory
Authority, without any delay or be ready for action. A three-judge bench
heard the case pertaining to the implementation of its order against Tauqir
Sadiq during which the chief justice inquired as to why Ogra's former
235

chairman has still not been arrested. NAB investigation officer told the
bench that raids were being conducted for Sadiq's arrest but every time he
would manage to escape.
Next day, talking to the media, after appearing before the commission,
Malik Riaz said that he did not repose trust in the Suddle Commission and
had pleaded it to stop its proceeding. Dr Arsalan should be given the same
treatment by law as it gives to ordinary citizens, he said adding that he was
ready to appear before the Supreme Court but not before Shoaib Suddle.
Zahir Bokhari, counsel for Malik Riaz said that the commission was not an
institution, adding that its term had expired before October. He said all the
proceedings of the commission from October 13 to Nov 6 were illegal.
On 14th November, the Supreme Court withdrew the contempt of court
notice against Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf and dismissed the NRO
implementation case. The court was informed by Law Minister that the
government had dispatched a letter to the Swiss attorney general, asking for
reopening the cases closed under the NRO. He presented before the bench a
copy of the acceptance letter sent by the Swiss authorities and requested the
court to discharge contempt notice against the premier and call off
proceedings against the federal government in NRO case.
The letter asked the Swiss authorities to reopen the corruption cases
requested to be closed by a letter written by Malik Mohammad Asylum, the
then AG, to the Swiss attorney general on May 22, 2008. However, the new
letter included a note, This is without prejudice to the legal rights and
defences of the presidents/heads of state which may be available under the
law, constitution and international law.
A five-member bench of the Supreme Court expressed annoyance over
the NAB for sending references against the bureaucrats who had followed
the orders of the former PM regarding appointment of Adnan Khawaja as
OGRA MD and sparing despite he had misused his authority by issuing
orders of his appointment. Justice Jamali asked the NAB to set examples
that they were not biased.
NAB Prosecutor General KK Agha argued: We believe there was no
mens rea (criminal intent) in the appointment of Adnan Khan, so no
reference was sent against the ex-PM, adding Adnan Khawaja remained an
OGDC MD only for seven days and caused no loss to the national
exchequer. He, however, told the bench that references had been sent against
Ismail Qureshi, former Principle Secretary to PM Saeed Gilani and Rang
Zia, bureaucrats, involved in the appointment of Adnan Khawaja.
236

Justice Ejaz Afzal questioned: Why did the NAB adopt pick-andchoose policy by sparing the person (Gilani) who approved Adnan
Khawajas appointment and committed mens rea? He further questioned
how the NAB could form such an opinion that one person was guilty and the
other not.
Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, another bench member, remarked that
the ex-PM ordered the appointment, but he was spared. He said though no
loss was caused to the national exchequer, misuse of official authority was
the main offence. Justice Khilji Arif maintained that the convicted people
were given favour by Gilani. KK Agha argued the prime minister did not
know that Adnan Khawaja was convicted and an NRO beneficiary. Justice
Jamali questioned how Gilani was not aware as the two were jail associates.
The bench asked the prosecutor general to act against the guilty persons
otherwise it would be more damaging if the court passed any order.
Regarding the reference against Malik Qayyum, KK Agha said that the
executive board of the NAB, at its meeting, had decided to close the
inquiries against the former attorney general. Justice Khosa maintained that
Malik Qayyum had misused his authority as the attorney general. The court
directed the NAB authorities to review their decision to close the inquiries
against the former attorney general and send a reference against Qayyum in
the light of Asghar Khan and Anita Turab cases. The hearing was adjourned
until December 4.
Taking notice of the derogatory remarks of Malik Riaz against the oneman commission probing Dr Arsalan Iftikhar-Malik Riaz case, commission
chairman Shoaib Suddle issued contempt notice to Malik Riaz, summoning
him on November 19. The commission stated in the notice that by leveling
baseless allegations on the chairman of the commission, Riaz had not only
committed the contempt of the commission but also attempted to malign the
office of tax ombudsman.
The commission had already served a notice on the Interior Ministry,
seeking explanation why the names of Dr Arsalan Iftikhar and Malik Riaz
were put on the Exit Control List. The notice also demanded explanation
why the commission were not being allocated the staff it required to proceed
its probe. The commission can initiate contempt of court proceedings against
the bosses of the ministry.
Next day, it was reported that a higher authority from Presidency
influenced Federal Ministry of Interior in mid of October not to place names
of Riaz Malik and Dr Arsalan Iftikhar on the ECL following directives of
237

Supreme Court appointed Suddle Commission. Suddle Commission had


requested the Interior Ministry for placing the names of Arsalan and Riaz on
ECL; however, the ministry never entertained the request.
On 19th November, Malik Riaz appeared before the Suddle Commission
and apologized for his remarks against the commission. The Supreme
Court's appointed judicial commission accepted Riaz's apology and
withdrew contempt notice. Malik Riaz, the main character in the scandal,
earlier had refused to appear before Suddle Commission.
The Supreme sought explanation from principal secretaries to president,
prime minister and Senate on elevation of the Islamabad High Court chief
justice to the SC and confirmation of two IHC judges. SC Registrar Dr Faqir
Hussain sent two different letters to the secretaries. In his first letter he asked
why the confirmation letter regarding the elevation of IHC Chief Justice
Iqbal Hameedur Rehman in the Supreme Court was not being issued. The
Judicial Commission on October 22 had recommended to the Parliamentary
Committee on Judges Appointment to confirm the appointment of Rehman
at the SC. The registrar has asked the secretaries concerned why the
notification is not being issued despite the completion of all constitutional
requirements mentioned in Article 175A of the Constitution.
In the second letter, the registrar sought explanation from the secretaries
about confirmation of the services of Justice Shaukat Siddiqui as the regular
judge and extension of Justice Noorul Haq Qureshi. The SJC had confirmed
the services of Justice Siddiqui as regular judge, giving six months extension
to Justice Qureshi and sent the case for the approval of Parliamentary
Committee on Judges Appointment, which endorsed the SJC
recommendations. The letter contends that the legal process has been
complied but the notification is not being issued about two IHC judges,
whose term is expiring today. According to sources, if the government will
not issue the notification for IHC judges appointment, they might be
appointed by a court order.
The PPP-led government in the national assembly succeeded in getting
validated the orders issued by former Prime Minister Gilani during his postconviction days in office. The House passed the bill to validate acts, orders
and other instruments done, made and issued from April 26 the day he was
convicted of contempt to June 19 when he was removed from office. The
PML-N lawmakers insisted that a blanket validation should not be given to
Gilanis acts.

238

On 23rd November, the Supreme Court adjourned for a fortnight the


hearing on the case about the composition of the Judicial Commission and
seniority of Islamabad High Court judges, after federations representative
said the president has decided to file a reference in the case. The bench on
November 22 had directed Attorney General Irfan Qadir to obtain
presidents views about the legality of the Judicial Commission in a scenario
wherein the most senior judge was not available and most senior available
judge sat on the commission. The bench had also told the attorney general
to convey to the president to issue the withheld notification (for
reappointment of judges) or else the court will do it.
The apex court had also declared that the composition of the judicial
commission was in fact legal and could not be questioned by the presidents
office to quash their service tenure extensions. Irfan Qadir submitted the
federations written reply regarding the matter, stating that he could not
reach President Zardari due to presidents engagement in D-8 summit, but he
did meet Law Minister Farook H Naek. The AG said that the law minister
told him that President Zardari wished to submit a reference under article
186 of the constitution.
Justice Asif Saeed Khosa remarked that according to article 186, the
bench can only advise the president in regard to the reference. However,
considering something as unconstitutional and not abiding by it was a
dangerous trend, he added. He also said that the court would also solicit
views of all the advocate generals in the matter, as that was a constitutional
way to seek the court advice on the matter.
Akram Sheikh, counsel for Nadeem Ahmed, argued that the court could
decide the matter even though the reference is filed. Justice Khosa asked him
you leave to the court what it has to decide. Sheikh pleaded that in the
presence of his petition, filing of reference by the President was not a good
idea. This has come in bad faith, he said. Justice Khilji remarked, Dont
use such words for the President of Pakistan. The counsel responded; You
cant use it but I can.
The attorney general said that the President has shown lot of faith in the
court. He said that the instant petition has now become infructuous in view
of the fact that both of them, Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui and Justice
Noorul Haq Qureshi, have ceased to be judges upon expiry of their tenure on
November 20, 2012. Akram Sheikh said that unless there was a final
decision about the petition, the IHC judges should be given interim
authorization to work. The AG requested the court to adjourn the petition for
239

two weeks for filing of the reference. The court adjourned the hearing,
saying that if the reference would not be filed in two weeks then they would
resume hearing of the application.
Next day, counsel for Malik Riaz alleged that the Suddle Commission
has become Arsalan commission and has lost its impartiality. He said the
Suddle Commission was handling the investigation in such a way that
Arsalan Iftikhar could be given a clean chit.
On 26th November, Law Minister Farooq H Naek discussed with
Prime Minister the forthcoming reference to be filed by the President before
the Supreme Court to seek opinion in the matter of appointment of judges in
the superior courts. The federation intends to file a reference in order to
obtain the advice of the apex court under article 186 of the constitution with
regard to the appointment of chief justice of Islamabad High Court (IHC) by
the Judicial Commission, as well as the confirmation of IHC judges.
Appreciating the advice given by the law minister for filing of the
reference, the prime minister said that it will not only further improve their
relationship with the judiciary but also bring clarity to the process of
appointing judges, besides reaffirming government policy of a harmonious
working of all the state institutions. The PM said they believe that all the
institutions should work in consultation with each other without interfering
in each other affairs.
Next day, the Public Accounts Committee made it clear that each and
every department/organization consuming the government funds would have
to respond to audit objections and no one was exception. The National
Assemblys Public Accounts Committee which met with its chairman
Nadeem Afzal Chan in the chair was told that 16 departments of the
government, including Frontier Works Organization, NADRA and National
Press Trust, were not cooperating with the auditor general of Pakistan and
claiming independence.
The Public Accounts Committee issued notices to the officials of the
Presidency, the Prime Ministers House and the Supreme Court of Pakistan
to appear before it to give reply to audit objections. The PAC also issued a
special directive to the Supreme Court registrar to appear in Decembers
second week to clarify his position for not giving reply to audit objections.
Bahria Town filed intra court appeal challenging the IHC verdict in
favour of Shoaib Suddle Commission in Islamabad High Court (IHC). The
countrys renowned legal expert Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan filed intra court
appeal on behalf of Bahria Town stating that that Shoaib Suddle
240

Commission has no powers to summon tax record of Bahria Town from


Federal Bureau of Revenue. Aitzaz Ahsan, on behalf of Bahria Town, prayed
that Islamabad High Courts single bench verdict in this respect be declared
null and void.
On 29th November, it was reported that Malik Riaz decided to file case
against Arsalan Iftikhar in London on the charges of extortion of money.
Suleman, son-in-law of Malik Riaz has hired the services of lawyers in
London in this connection. Suleman has taken the plea that Arsalan Iftikhar
grabbed millions of rupees from his father-in-law by blackmailing him.
On 2nd December, Altaf Hussain warned against imposing judicial
martial law in the country, saying that their party cannot be eliminated
through state operation or conspiracies. The remarks of a Supreme Court
judge about fresh delimitation of electoral constituencies in Karachi so that
no party has a monopoly are an affront to 20 million people of Karachi. He
said that Chief Justice must take suo motu notice of these remarks as the
right to give majority to any political party or to take back their mandate
rests with the people and not with any judge.
He said that election issues should better be left to the election
commission as it was their domain and do not fall within the purview of any
court. Undue interference in the work of the election commission would
compound the problem even if it is done in good intention. He said the
Delimitation Act of 1974 makes census a basic requirement for new
delimitations. The SC has ordered new delimitations of constituencies in
Karachi alone without holding census which is totally against Section 9 of
this act, he added.
Altaf raised the question: Will the judges decide as to which party
has majority in a particular constituency? He said that different political
parties have majority support in different cities of the country and asked if
the SC observation is valid in Karachis case, why such observation was not
made for the rest of the country? He maintained that the said remarks point
to a conspiracy to break the popular mandate of his party and the people of
Karachi reject them.
Khursheed Shah said that the Supreme Court should review its verdict
on the delimitation of constituencies in Karachi. Speaking to media after
inauguration of a new block at Ghulam Muhammad Mehar Medical
Teaching Hospital, he said delimitation should be carried out all over the
country; doing so only in Karachi would be unjust.

241

Four MQM MNAs resigned from the membership of the lower house
of the parliament over dual nationality. Earlier, four of MQM members of
Sindh Assembly had resigned from their slots, along with their two PPP
colleagues, over the same issue. MNAs Haider Abbas Rizvi, Tayyab
Hussain, Mrs Fauzia Ejaz and Dr Nadeem Ehsan tendered resignations citing
personal reasons.
PPPs Syed Murad Ali Shah and Muhammad Sadiq Memon who
both resigned as MPAs two days ago were sworn in as Sindh cabinet
ministers again, after submitting their single nationality affidavits to the
election commission. MQM Sindh ex-ministers Muhammad Raza Haroon
and Dr Muhammad Ali Shah, and MNA Haider Abbas Rizvi have been
appointed as advisers to the Sindh chief minister, with a status equal to
provincial cabinet ministers.

Taming the military: On 12th November, a petition was filed in


Islamabad High Court challenging the political nature of a recent speech
made by Chief of Army Staff. The petition, filed in the IHC by Col (retd)
Inam Rahim, argued that Gen Kayani had exceeded his professional
authority by issuing a political statement.
Next day, it was observed that the two retired generals involved in
Asghar Khan case could be tried under Pakistan Army Act had the Supreme
Court not directed the government for proceeding against them through FIA.
Aslam Beg has publicly demanded that his trial be conducted under the PAA
while showing mistrust on the FIA saying that the Apex Court has repeatedly
reprimanded the FIA for its lack of credibility.
On 15th November, the Pakistan Ex-Servicemen Society disowned Col
(retired) Inam-ur-Rahim, the so-called convener of the society, stating the
man has vested interests and he is playing into the hands of anti-Pakistan
elements. It was decided in a meeting of the central working committee of
the Society held under the chairmanship of its president Lt-Gen (retd) Faiz
Ali Chishti.
We have noticed with regret that some Pakistani newspapers are
portraying Col (retd) Inam-ur-Rahim as the convener of Legal Forum,
Pakistan Ex-Servicemen Society. We make it clear that there is no such post
in the organization, said a press statement issued after the meeting. The
statement added that ex-servicemen were supposed and required to be dealt
with according to the law of the country as part of the civil society.

242

Reportedly, the colonel was on his way back from Khushab district in a
taxi when the driver of the taxi had a scuffle with another driver in front of a
military hospital in Rawalpindi. The ex-officer tried to resolve the issue, but
he got involved in the fight. As a result, he sustained some bruises. In order
to gain political mileage and take advantage of the situation, Col Inam
created an impression that the incident took place because he had filed a
petition in the court.
According to insiders, many of the participants of the meeting
expressed anger over the actions of the ex-serviceman, stating that the man
was a fanatic and trying to damage the repute of the countrys defense
system. According to a member of the society, who wished not to be named,
some vested interests are using Col Inam-ur-Rahim to defame the Pakistan
Army.
Next day, the Islamabad High Court observed that the court cannot
proceed against serving Army personnel as Army employees cannot be
brought within the civilian Courts under the Article 199(3) of the
Constitution which placed a bar upon courts to take up such issues. Justice
Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi observed this while hearing of a case related
to financial dealing between Major Zubair and Yawer Saeed Khan and
directed counsel for the petitioner to delete the Adjutant General of Pakistan
Army from the list of respondents.
On 17th November, unidentified miscreants set alight a car of a military
legal officer, Inamur Rahim, in Kashmir Colony in an attack that is being
seen as a bid to refrain him from pursuing lawsuits regarding army officers
and missing persons, who had been in alleged custody of intelligence
agencies.
The government, in a review petition challenging the Supreme Court
judgment in Asghar Khan case, has contended that office of the President is
political one and not in the Service of Pakistan, and the apex court has no
authority to issue such observations regarding the president. The civil review
petition presented on Saturday was however returned by the SC Registrar
Office because it did not have the Rs10,000 court fees attached to it.
The government also contended that the conduct of the present
president of the county was never an issue in Asghar Khan case, nor was it
relevant for a decision on the matter. The observations made by this
honourable amount to an error on the face of record, therefore, the order is
liable to be reviewed, the petition says, adding that the court may have
similarly refrained from issuing notice to the secretary to the president. By
243

doing so, this court has applied a different yardstick to the office of the
president.
The review petition said that the court has referred to the oath of the
president, which in substance is similar to the oath of the prime minister, the
speaker, the ministers, the judges, etc. All the holders of these offices are
required to act in the performance of their functions in accordance with the
constitution and the law.
The government further stated that the president is elected by a large
number of members of an electoral college, comprising the national
assembly, the senate, and all the four provincial assemblies. The president is
invariably nominee of a political party who seeks votes and who is
supported in this process by political parties. The office of the president is,
thus, a political office and aspect which cannot be ignored.
Regarding the courts observations that the office of the president is
covered by the expression Service of Pakistan under article 260 of the
constitution, the petition said that the SC while arriving at this conclusion,
did not consider the Lahore High Courts contrary judgments, which are
reported as PLD 2011 Lahore Page 382 (Larger Bench), and PLD 1995
Lahore Page 541 (Shahbaz Sharif case).
It also objected that the effect of the SC judgment had overruled the
judgment of four learned judges in the Pakistan Lawyers Forum case. It has
been the practice of this court that only a larger bench will overrule a
judgment of the High Court delivered by four judges. On that score also, the
judgment of this court needs to be reviewed as there is an error of law on the
face of the record.
Next day, IGP Punjab ordered the Rawalpindi police to ensure
transparent and merit-based probe into the claims of retired military lawyer,
Col Inam-ur-Rahim, that unidentified men allegedly set his car on fire and
assaulted his teenage son. Police in its initial findings sent to the Central
Police Office (CPO) within 24 hours of the happening have observed that
the incident was fabricated as the son of the ex-army officer was repeatedly
changing his statements before the investigators.
The police officials believe Inam-ur-Rehim is in the habit of irritating
others as his track record reveals and his fight with the taxi drivers was not
the first example of this kind. The ex-army lawyer, a controversial character,
got extensive media cover locally and internationally for filing lawsuits
against the army and the intelligence agencies. According to his ex-

244

colleagues, Col (retd) Rahim is fanatic and publicity monger who could go
to any extent for cheap publicity.
On 19th November, the government removed all the objections put by
the Supreme Court in the Asghar Khan case verdict review petition. In the
16-page petition, filed by the deputy attorney general the federation has
sought review of observations of the court vis-a-vis office of the president.
On 1st December, it was reported that a Senate panels proposal for a
parliamentary oversight and civilian control over ISI in connection with its
operations pertaining to national security is likely to earn enormous
opposition from Pakistans all powerful military establishment due to
obvious reasons. A Senate sub-committee comprising Senator Farhatullah
Babar as its convener had recently proposed a new law namely Inter Service
Intelligence Agency (Functions, Powers and Regulation) Act, 2012. The
Senate Functional Committee on Human Rights would thoroughly go
through the draft of the proposed legislation while this would be shared with
the House Committees on Defense and Interior Affairs.
Next day, Islamabad police booked former Deputy DG ISI Major
General (Retd) Nusrat Naeem in a cheque bounce case. According to
sources, the case was registered against the retired Major General in
Industrial area police station, following complaint of a resident of Islamabad
Muhammad Ali.

Recessing economy: On 19th November, the Supreme Court


ordered to keep the CNG prices unchanged until Dec 5 and asked the
stakeholders to come up with a new gas pricing formula prioritizing
consumers interest. Ogra had recommended a price hike of Rs12.52 per kg
and the audit company had recommended the price hike of Rs21.39 per kg.
But the bench, headed by Chief Justice, ruled to keep the current prices.
On 26th November, CNG stations across the country went on an
indefinite strike to protest against the reduction in sale price, causing great
deal of trouble for commuters. The CNG stations owners claim that they
cannot sell the gas on the reduced price, saying that the incurring losses are
unbearable for them.
Next day, motorists and commuters found it hard to reach their
destinations as gas stations across the country remained closed for the
second consecutive day in protest of CNG retailers against the low price of
gas. CNG unavailability has adversely irked the rickshaw and taxi drivers
who expressed their frustration by parking their vehicles in the middle of

245

roads and caused traffic jams in many cities. People in many cities held
protest against the strike.
On 28th November, Adviser to Prime Minister on
Natural Resources Dr Asim Hussain said that equitable
imposed on compressed natural gas (CNG) in a bid to
equitable with petrol to phase out CNG. Dr Asim expressed
meeting of the National Assembly Standing Committee
Engineer Tariq Khattak in the chair.

Petroleum and
tax would be
make it more
these view at a
that met with

The United States will provide $150 million to the Water and Power
Development Authority for up-gradation of Mangla Power House, disclosed
US Ambassador in Pakistan Richard Olson during his visit to Mangla Dam.
The US envoy said that the project was just one element of a comprehensive
US energy assistance programme in Pakistan.
Next day, CNG dealers rejected Ogras new pricing formula and
declared to keep the filling stations shut, leaving the public in the lurch.
According to the formula presented by the Ogra to the federal government
for approval, CNG price would be raised by Rs10.56 to Rs72.20 per kg in
Region-I and to Rs63.76 in Region-II. The Region-I comprises KPK,
Balochistan and Potohar region of Punjab) while the Region-II encompass
Sindh and Punjab (excluding Potohar).
CNG stations in Malakand division got opened after a threat letter
issued by Taliban, asking the gas station owners to start selling the gas or
face dire consequences. The owners not only opened their stations but sold
gas on the price fixed by Ogra after the Supreme Court order. Meanwhile,
CNG stations remained closed in Swat on the fourth consecutive day in
protest against low price of gas, causing great deal of trouble for locals.

Provincial disharmony: On 29th November, the LHC directed the


federal government to take meaningful steps for the construction of muchopposed Kalabagh Dam (KBD).The court asked the government to faithfully
strive to explore and devise an administrative framework and safeguards that
allay the apprehensions, political or otherwise, nurtured by concerned
quarters about this multipurpose project. The LHC based its directive on two
decisions given by the Council of the Common Interests (CCI) in 1991 and
1998, which remain unchanged to date as the parliament has not altered
them.
Nine petitions had been filed with the LHC seeking directions to the
federal government to undertake construction of this long-stalled project.

246

Disposing of these petitions, Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial in a short order
observed that the energy shortage has adversely affected the lives of the
citizens and it violates their fundamental rights as guaranteed under article 9
and 25 of the constitution. Therefore, the federal government is directed that
in the performance of its duty under article 154 of the constitution, it shall in
letter and spirit take steps that implement the decisions of the two meetings
of the CCI held on Sep 16, 1991 and May 9, 1998 regarding Kalabagh Dam,
it said.
Advancing arguments Barrister Mian Belal Ahmad, counsel for a
petitioner World Banks former legal advisor Bashir A Malik said an
Indian court had also resolved a dispute that arose between Tamil Nadu and
Kerala states over the construction of a Mullaperiyar dam, and the LHC
should also play its role to resolve the KBD dispute.
The courts short order said that constitution confers a pre-eminent
position to the CCI to formulate and regulate policies for the federation in
relation to a number of subjects including Water and Power. It added that a
CCI decision has obligatory effect unless the same is modified by the
parliament at the instance of the federal government under article 154(7).
The order speaks that the bona fide steps by the federal government
are necessary, so that the fate of the project is not sealed on the basis of
presumptions and surmises when in the light of the material produced before
the court about the project is admittedly feasible both technically and
economically. It is therefore directed that whilst implementing the aforenoted CCI decisions the federal government shall faithfully strive to explore
and devise an administrative framework and safeguards that allay the
apprehensions, political or otherwise nurtured by concerned quarters about
the KBD, the order read.
Welcoming LHC order to the Federal Government to construct the
Kalabagh Dam, former Chairman Wapda Shamsul Mulk said that it would
have been much better, if this decision has been taken 20 years earlier.
Advocating an early construction of Kalabagh Dam, he said it would have
been too much admirable, if this historic order has been given by an elected
government.
Punjab Chief Minister said Kalabagh Dam should be constructed with
the consent of four provinces. Reacting to LHC decision, he said
construction of dams is essential for strengthening economy. He said the
stance of PML-N is very clear that the consensus between the four provinces

247

He expressed the hope that if the people provided an opportunity, consensus


would be evolved among the four provinces.
PML-Q Central Spokesman Kamal Ali Agha supported Kalabagh
Dam but after addressing reservations of certain political parties. He said it
was wrong to say that provinces have reservations on the construction of
Kalabagh Dam. There are the reservations of certain political parties and if
these are baseless then construction of Kalabagh Dam should start forthwith,
he added.
Mainstream and nationalists leaders of Sindh have out rightly rejected
the LHC verdict. Acting Sindh Governor and PPP leader Nisar Ahmed
Khuhro said that LHC order was a plot to create divide and hatred among
the provinces over a dead issue. He said that the verdict was an attack on
the integrity of the Pakistan.
The ANP said in categorical terms that it strongly opposes the
construction of Kalabagh Dam, as it is against Pakistan's interest. ANP will
not budge an inch from its stand opposing the dam, said KPK government's
spokesman and Minister for Information Mian Iftikhar Hussain. He termed
the dam construction a conspiracy, which would be foiled at all costs.
Political leaders of Balochistan opposed the LHC verdict, saying that
issues like Kalabagh Dam will propel the country toward disintegration as
three provinces have rejected its construction. Balochistan Irrigation
Minister Sardar Aslam Bezinjo said that Balochistan Assembly had already
adopted a resolution against the construction of Kalabagh Dam.
On 1st December, Khursheed Shah asked Punjab Chief Minister
Shahbaz Sharif and PML-N to forget about building the Kalabagh Dam. The
Peoples Party and the people of Sindh would not allow the construction of
the dam at any cost, he said, addressing a public meeting in Pano Aqil near
Sukkur. He further said the decision to build the Kalabagh Dam would be
taken by the Parliament, political parties and the Council of Common
Interests (CCI).
Strongly criticizing the decision of LHC regarding construction of
Kalabagh Dam, the KPK government termed it contrary to resolutions
unanimously adopted by assemblies of three provinces. Mian Iftikhar
Hussain, provincial spokesman while addressing press conference urged the
Chief Justice, Supreme Court to declare the court decision as null and void
by taking suo moto notice of the matter.

248

Next day, Jamaat-e-Islami Punjab Ameer said that the verdict of LHC
regarding construction of Kalabagh Dam should be accepted and
implemented by all in letter and spirit. He said opponents of construction of
dams in Pakistan are acting upon the advice of their Indian masters.
Moula Bux Chandio stated that the government of PPP will bury the
issue of Kalabagh Dam once and forever. Addressing a press conference, the
minister said the time for raking up the buried issue of Kalabagh Dam was
highly inappropriate as it had the potential to cause disharmony in the
general elections.

Baloch militancy: On 12th November, three more Hazara people of


Shia community were killed while two were injured in Machh town of Bolan
district. Two unknown motorcyclists, covering their faces, entered Machh
bazaar, and opened indiscriminate firing at shops of Hazara Shia. The police
called incident a continuation of target killings of Hazara community
members.
The constitutional crisis in Balochistan deepened Tuesday as
provincial Assembly Acting Speaker Syed Mutiullah Agha summoned the
assembly session, hours after Acting Governor Aslam Bhootani canceled an
earlier called session. Bhootani is actually the speaker of the provincial
assembly and he assumed the charge of acting governor in the absence of
Nawab Zulfiqar Magsi, who had temporarily been relieved of duty for
medical reasons.
Next day, two brothers were killed and 10 people, including three
Frontier Corps (FC) personnel were wounded, in a remote controlled
bombing in Quetta. The explosives were planted with a bicycle which
exploded when a patrolling vehicle of the FC was passing by. No group has
claimed responsibility for the bombing.
Balochistan Assembly passed a unanimous resolution expressing
confidence in the leadership of Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani. All 45
members out of total 65 present in the session voted in favour of the chief
minister. Earlier in the day, PPP Balochistan declared the Raisani
government unconstitutional, demanding the PPP central leadership to
dissolve the provincial government. Raisani thanked all those who voted for
him in the assembly and lashed out at those who he said doubted a
democratically elected assembly.
On 14th November, Baloch Republican Party spokesmans son, Haq
Nawaz Bugti was killed in a battle with security personnel in Nushki district.

249

Baloch fighters claimed causing heavy and losses to security personnel. A


person was shot dead in Mastung and a dead body was found in Quetta; the
body was in pieces and could not be identified.
Pakistan Peoples Party Balochistan chapter chief Mir Sadiq Umrani
said that the vote of confidence in Chief Minister by members of the
Balochistan Assembly had no constitutional status. The party, Umrani told
journalists, did not pose confidence in the leadership of the chief minister,
and those voted for him had not taken permission from the party leadership
either.
A counsel for the Government of Balochistan apprised the Supreme
Court that they were pursuing the Reko Diq mining lease agreement case at
international arbitration fora and were hopeful of a positive outcome. To
benchs query, Soofi told that the respondent, Tethyan Copper Company
Australia (TCCA) had invoked the jurisdiction of the international
arbitration over bilateral commercial agreement between both governments
for mining lease of Chagai gold and copper reserves.
Justice Gulzar Ahmed questioned whether the proceedings in Pakistan
would be binding upon the international arbitration fora. The counsel replied
that they had already pointed out the jurisdiction of the international fora and
claimed that the apex court in Pakistan had the real jurisdiction. The bench
observed that the counsel was not fully assisting the court over the issue
with submission of required documents.
Raza Kazim said that the joint venture agreement was void from the
day first. He claimed that after decline of TCCAs request for renewal of
leasing licence by the Balochistan Development Authority, the company
approached the international arbitration which was not possible within
shorter period of span of 13 days. Referring to the set of documents, he had
submitted before the bench, Kazim maintained that the Afghan government
had reached a similar contact with foreign gold mining company which was
a role model for Pakistan.
He said that being a petitioner, his objective was that the biggest
wealth of the country should not go wasted. He also drew bench attention
towards a conviction awarded to chairman Balochistan Development
Authority in corruption cases who had initially awarded the lease agreement
but Soofi denied the claim and said that he was sentenced for assets beyond
means charges and was not related with the pending issue.
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada, counsel for BHP mineral company, also a
respondent in the main case, stood up and brought the benchs attention
250

towards the jurisdiction of the federation and federating units in execution of


such agreements after passage of 18th Amendment. He said that his client
was not a party to international arbitration. Raza Kazim contended that the
taking up matter to international arbitration was unsuccessful attempt to
create obstacle in the judicial powers exercise by this court.
Next day, two people, including a teacher, were killed and two others
wounded in separate incidents of violence in different towns of Balochistan
while a bullet-riddled dead body was found dumped in the Uthal area of
Lasbela district. The Supreme Court was asked to restrict the federal and
Balochistan governments from participating in the international arbitration
over Reko Diq project. Raza Kazim filed a petition in the Supreme Court on
behalf of Maulana Abdul Haq Baloch, former MNA, maintaining that the
International Criminal Court (ICC) and the International Centre for
Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) have no jurisdiction to Reko Diq
project under Pakistani law.
On 16th November, the Supreme Court observed the government made
no efforts to clarify the position of BHP which had already sold its share to
Tethyan Copper Company-Australia (TCCA). Raza Kazim argued that
Chagai Hill Exploration Joint Venture Agreement (CHEJVA) was tainted
with corruption and void abnitio, adding the agreement was for a limited
purpose, signed in 1993, for the exploration purpose.
He said the treaty was between Pakistan and Australian government,
but the TCCA was only an investment company, and not the party. He said
the Foreign Office should not have given a 40-page reply in response to the
Australian high commissioners statement. Raza Kazim prayed to the court
to exercise its full constitutional authority to decide and define Pakistans
sovereignty to give practical and conclusive effect to its decisions in the
case.
In his remarks, Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry said the issue would
have to be taken to its logical conclusion and inquired how the agreements
were transferred. He said the court wanted to have a satisfactory explanation
how Tethyan Company was given mining rights in Pakistan, adding the
government was responsible for any loss if caused by the arbitration. The
case was adjourned till Monday.
Next day, a rocket fired from unspecified location landed in courtyard
of a house, in the outskirts of Quetta. The blast damaged house and caused
panic among the people of the area. On 18 th November, another journalist
was shot dead in Panjgur district of Balochistan.
251

On 19th November, the Supreme Court said it was neutral in the matter
relating to the lease out of gold and copper mines in Reko Diq area of
Balochistans Chagai district, but wanted to ensure that the agreement with
the foreign companies was inked in observance of the subjected formalities.
During the proceedings, Khalid Anwar, the counsel for the Tethyan
Copper Company Pakistan (TCCP), while opposing Kazims request for a
stay order, contended that it would harm Pakistans credibility all over the
world, as his (Kazims) plea did not have any grounds. The counsel further
argued that recently Turkey protested to the Pakistan government in the
Karkay case, while the US had reportedly slashed funding over Pakistans
decision against the Walter Company. Anwar told the bench that life of the
mines in Reko Diq was 56 years and these contained nearly two billion
tonnes of copper and gold, whereas the share of the Pakistan government
was $56 billion, out of which the Balochistan governments share would be
$13 billion and the TCCA would receive $12 billion.
Kazim, the counsel for petitioner, contended before the bench that
former Balochistan governor Amirul Mulk Mengal had authorized the
Balochistan Development Authority (BDA) for the agreement with the
foreign companies. He repeatedly prayed for the issuance of a stay order
over the matter during his contentions.
Chief Justice observed that instead of the Cabinet, the former
governor asked the BDA to sign the agreement during the last dictatorial
regime.
He questioned how the governor of a province was competent to sign an
agreement with foreign companies, to which Raza Kazim said the BDA
chairman also could not extend any guarantee to any foreign company.
Balochistan governments lawyer, Ahmer Bilal Soofi, submitted that
he was unable to make any formulation in the case because the matter was
pending with the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
(ICSID) tribunal. The court, while adjourning the hearing on identical
petitions, directed the Abdul Haq Balochs lawyer to conclude his arguments
on the next hearing.
Balochistan Chief Minister presided over a coalition partners meeting
at Balochistan House in Islamabad and discussed various issues pertaining to
the functioning of the government with specific reference to the pending
case over the deteriorating law and order situation in the Supreme Court of
Pakistan. Chief Minister had called the cabinet meeting but later on the

252

objection of some of the members it was converted into coalition partners


meeting.
Next day, the Supreme Court reiterated that the Balochistan
government has failed in providing security to the people as target killings
were taking place under governments nose. However, in what could be
seen as a chance to avert the worst, the court asked the provincial
government to recover the missing persons and arrest all those involved in
sectarian killings if it wanted a favourable decision; otherwise the court
would write that no progress has been made since October 12, 2012, the day
the interim order was issued, which declared that the Balochistan
government had lost the right to rule for being unable to provide security to
the people as enshrined in the Constitution.
A three-member bench hearing the Balochistan law and order case
observed that efforts to create a false impression that situation was
improving would not work, and it issued an order for immediate recovery of
the missing persons.
Shahid Hamid, counsel for Balochistan government, requested the
court to dispose of the case, saying that some progress has been made. Upon
that, Chief Justice said that 432 Frontier Constabulary (FC) men were
slaughtered, while 1000 people were murdered in target killings.
Particularly, the Shia community was being targeted while the culprits were
not being arrested. He said that yesterday, all health service in Quetta were
closed. Everyone was aware of those who were involved in Dr Saeeds
abduction, he remarked.
When the court inquired from the Home Secretary about the
intelligence agencies role, the secretary replied that many agencies own
people have been killed. Justice Gulzar remarked what is the use of
intelligence agencies when thousands of people have been killed in the
province. Balochistan High Court Bar Association Vice President Sajid
Tareen informed the court that along with others, 28 journalists had also
been killed until now. In his statement, the DIG CID said that since passing
of October 12 interim order by the court, the situation has improved a bit, as
before that order, 39 people were killed in a month but this month the
number of killings was 34.
The chief justice after examining the report submitted by the interior
ministry said it describes the generalized situation of whole country and not
a single word has been said as to what particular measures have been taken

253

to arrest the killers. The court also rejected the second implementation report
submitted by the provincial government.
The attorney general said that a review petition in the Balochistan
case had been filed with the SC Registrar but he turned it down saying that it
scandalized the Supreme Court. Justice Chaudhry directed the AG to
pursue the matter and resubmit the petition. The chief justice said that state
affairs were not being conducted in accordance with the constitution. He
maintained that they had not said a single word about the provincial
assembly; it was a misconception that the court was trying to get the
assembly dissolved. He pointed out that 72 hearings were held in Islamabad
and Quetta but the government did not take the issue seriously. The court
adjourned the hearing till December 5.
On 21st November, five people, including three security personnel and
a woman, were killed while 11 others seriously wounded in a bomb blast in
Shahbaz Town area of Quetta. The bombing occurred near the Fouji
Foundation School and office of the Balochistan Public Service
Commission.
On 23rd November, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources
(MPNR) sought help from Prime Minister to resolve the dispute over Reko
Diq mining lease through an out-of-the-court settlement between Pakistan
and the Tethyan Copper Company-Australia (TCCA). Following the
initiation of arbitral proceedings at the London-based International Centre
for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) by the TCCA to protect its
rights, the ICSID reserved its judgment over Reko Diq mining lease dispute
on November 6 against the Balochistan and federal governments, which is
now set to give its final verdict on the conflict during the upcoming week.
The TCC invoked the jurisdiction of the International Chamber of
Commerce and the ICSID against the failure of the government of
Balochistan to take a decision on its request for renewing prospective Reko
Diq minerals licence in accordance with Balochistan Mining Rules-2002.
Finding no other option to get the dispute resolved, which had created chaos
towards tapping the minerals of Reko Diq field that could take the country
towards prosperity and development, the MPNR in its letter has asked the
prime minister to immediately intervene and direct the Balochistan
provincial government to settle the dispute with the Australian company
(TCCA) through negotiation.
A decision against Pakistan from the ICSID could heavily cost the
national exchequer because under the agreement Pakistan is bound to protect
254

Australian investment in the country. The Reko Diq Mining Project is a US$
3.3 billion capital investment project that promises to build and operate a
world-class copper-gold open-pit mine at Reko Diq in district Chagai of
Balochistan.
Reportedly, the federal government had made it clear to the Balochistan
government that if the International Court of Arbitration (ICA) decides in
favour of Canadian and Chilean joint venture, Tethyan Copper Company
(TCC) on Reko Diq, the responsibility would fall on the provincial
government. However, the Petroleum Ministry had given the following two
proposals to the provincial government of Balochistan: first, the federal
government will not pay any damages if the international court rules in
favour of TCC and Balochistan should pay the compensation and, secondly,
Balochistan should re-negotiate with the TCC and find an amicable
settlement of the dispute.
Despite the initiation of arbitral proceedings, the TCC remained hopeful
of an opportunity to reach a negotiated resolution of the case. It was TCCs
position that a negotiated grant of the lease would provide the best outcome
for the company and the people of Balochistan and Pakistan as a whole. The
Tethyan Copper Company-Australia (TCCA) is desperate to get Reko Diq
mining lease. The Australian firm had already invested more than $400
million in the exploration of gold and other minerals at the Reko Diq field
located in Balochistan.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan is also hearing a case pertaining to the
project. The TCCA, which is represented by Antofagasta of Chile and
Barrick Gold of Canada, holds 75 percent shares in the project while
Balochistan has a 25 percent stake. The petroleum & natural resources
ministry, Adviser to Premier on Petroleum and Natural Resources Dr Asim
Hussain avoided commenting on the latest developments.
On 26th November, four people were killed and two others wounded in
a landmine blast and firing incidents in Bolan and Dera Bugti districts of
Balochistan. Local administration has registered separate cases of all
incidents and investigations were underway.
Taking up the TCCP case, the SC bench observed that the
International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and the
International Chambers of Commerce (ICC) cant get mining lease to the
TCCP unless the decision of the Balochistan Mining Committee is set aside
by an appellate forum within Pakistan. The TCCP a Canadian and Chilean
consortium of Barrick Gold and Antofagasta Minerals formed to explore
255

gold and copper had invoked the jurisdiction of the ICC and ICSID for not
extending its mining license.
The court told Khalid Anwar, the TCCP counsel, that the company did
not get the mining lease as it had not fulfilled the requirements. Has the
TCCP accepted the Balochistan Mining Committee decision as it had not
been challenged in Pakistani courts, the court asked from the counsel?
Khalid said that wrong impression has been created that TCCP does not
respect the Pakistani constitution and the law. The counsel requested the
bench to protect the company saying, I (on behalf of the TCCP) wanted
relief from the Supreme Court. We came before you and hope that justice
would be done.
Justice Gulzar Ahmed said that if you respect the court and Pakistani
laws then show your bona fide by withdrawing the reference from ICSID
and ICC. Khalid replied that even if the company won the award through
international forums, they would ask the SC to enforce it. Justice Azmat
Saeed told the counsel that as per the mining lease authority; the TCCP had
not completed the requirements. Out of 13 deposits you have submitted the
feasibility report of only H14 and H15, the judge told him.
Robina Shah, who claimed to represent one of the oldest tribes of the
area called Syed Nizamuddin Blla Noshi Notani, appeared before the bench
and accused the mining company for poisoning the grazing area meant for
the cattle herds by using cyanide for smelting process to separate gold from
copper. People are getting sick and cancer is widespread, she said.
Balochistan Advocate General Amanullah Kinrani also supported her point
of view and explained that one of the reasons for not extending the leasing
licence was the absence of filing of environmental impact assessment study
by the TCCP under the Environment Protection Act 1997.
She acknowledged that few jobs went to the supporters or workers of
the PML-Q and alleged that the agreement was signed during the tenure of
former President Pervez Musharraf in which the interests of the locals were
never considered. We are not against foreign investment but the people of
the area should also benefit from the exploits of their lands, she said,
explaining that she was forced to raise her voice in the court by disregarding
the tradition of her tribe where woman are not allowed to speak up for such
issues. The hearing was adjourned until tomorrow.
Balochistan Home Secretary Akbar Durrani on Monday said Pakistan
has recorded their dissent to the Iranian government over 12 mortars fired
from Iranian territory into Chagai District on Sunday night.
256

Speaking to media representatives, Durrani said that at least 12


mortars were fired from Iranian side at the Pakistan-Iran border area of
Chagai last night. However, there were no casualties reported. He said that
the Pakistani authorities have recorded an official protest with their Iranian
counterparts, adding provincial home ministry has informed foreign
ministry.
Next day, a lawyer was seriously wounded when he was ambushed by
unidentified armed men in Khuzdar district of Balochistan. Meanwhile,
Chief Minister asked protesting doctors to end the strike and resume their
duties. He said he would only ask doctors to call off their strike
unconditionally, adding all-out efforts were being made to recover
kidnapped doctor Saeed Khan.
On 28th November, renowned eye specialist Dr Saeed Khan taken
captive on October 16 from Sariab Road in Quetta was freed by his
kidnappers. His family said Saeed reached home safe and sound early in the
morning, but avoided giving any details that how his release became
possible. The Pakistan Medical Association Balochistan chapter meanwhile
announced it would continue with its protest until the acceptance of its
demands. Meanwhile, two people including a Hazara community member
were killed in separate incidents of firing in Quetta and Barkhan.
Next day, the Supreme Court called details of Mincor Resources NLs
document through which the BHP formed an alliance with the Tethyan
Cooper Company (TCC) to explore gold and copper resources in Reko Diq
area of Balochistans Chagai district. Khalid Anwar, the counsel for the
TCC, informed that Australias TCC was registered in Pakistan in 2007 and
that the company only entered an agreement in 2002. The Mincor Resources
NL progressed its African and Pacific Rim gold projects and developed an
alliance with the BHP for the development of copper resources in Reko Diq
area in Pakistan in 2000. The alliance was moved to a newly-created
subsidiary, the Tethyan Copper Company Limited.
During the proceedings, the counsel told the bench that the exemption
granted to the TCC was extended even after the passage of seven years.
Justice Gulzar Ahmad inquired of the counsel if the Balochistan government
had approved the merger between the TCC and the US-based BHP,
observing that the TCC did not seem to be a direct party to the Reko Diq
mines exploration agreement.
When Khalid Anwar said his client had entered the agreement as a
representative of the Mincor Resources NL on October 24, 2000, Justice
257

Chaudhry remarked that an agent company had no absolute power of the


principal company under the law because it had certain limits to function.
Upon this, the counsel argued that the Balochistan government would not
pay a single penny, but would receive 52 per cent of the total profit of the
Reko Diq mining lease.
Justice Chaudhry said, The court is looking at all aspects of the
instant matter broad-mindedly. He also said to the counsel that
constitutionally, any foreign company was bound to observe the local laws,
adding that the TCC should have to appeal against cancellation of its mining
lease license in the local courts which might allow granting the license. The
bench, while adjourning the hearing till Dec 3, instructed the counsel to
complete his arguments by the next hearing.
On 1st December, Balochistan Assembly Speaker Muhammad Aslam
Bhootani once again refused to preside over the assembly session, saying he
would not chair the sitting until the constitutional position of the Balochistan
government is cleared. The Balochistan assembly session, called on
December 3, has significance because Interior Minister is expected to give
in-camera briefing to members on law and order situation of the province.
Next day, two people, including a doctor were shot dead in Quetta and
Jaffarabad. Meanwhile, Frontier Corps Balochistan seized nearly 14 tonnes
of chemicals, key ingredients in bomb-making, from Aktherabad area in the
outskirts of Quetta. Acting on a tip- off, FC recovered 13,900 kg Ammonium
chloride, Sulphur chloride and Potassium chlorate from a local bus.

Turf war in Karachi: On 12th November, at least 12 more people


were shot dead in Karachi in separate incidents of violence. In Islamabad,
legislators from treasury and opposition benches on point of orders raised
serious concerns over worsening law and order situation, particularly
increasing target killing incidents in Karachi and Hyderabad. Senators
demanded deployment of army in Karachi and Quetta.
Next day, Excise Police constable was among six people gunned
down in separate acts of violence in different parts of the City. The data
compiled by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) revealed
that 1,757 people, including security personnel, were killed during the first
ten months of 2012.
Junior partners of the provincial ruling coalition as well as opposition
parties flayed PPP for not taking action against the extremists and criminals
responsible for the growing lawlessness in the countrys commercial hub.

258

They accused the government of having entered into an agreement with the
outlaws owing to which it was difficult for the law enforcers to eliminate
them.
MQM staged a walkout from the National Assembly over worsening
law and order situation in Karachi and warned to boycott the whole current
session if the government would not come up with a clear response till
tomorrow. ANP also termed the recent hike in violence in the commercial
capital of the country a failure of intelligence agencies and suggested
forming an assembly committee for concrete recommendations.
On 14th November, eight people were gunned down in separate acts of
violence in different parts of the metropolis. President Zardari said that
deteriorating law and order situation in Karachi is not governments failure
but a plot by terrorists to distract the government from its mission.
Addressing an Eid Milan party in Mandi Bahauddin, he said terrorists were
aggravating situation in Karachi to undermine efforts of the state in the war
against terror.
Pointing out that central government is not seriously taking the law
and order situation in Karachi and other areas of the country, the legislators
belonging to the opposition and government-allied parties separately walked
out of the Senate. The situation forced the Chairman Senate Syed Nayyar
Hussain Bokhari to adjourn the House for the day only after 15 minutes of
its commencement after a brief question-hour session.
Next day, nine people were killed in separate acts of violence in
different parts of the City. Meanwhile, the Sindh High Court Chief Justice
dismissed Interior Minister Rehman Maliks orders regarding a ban on
motorcycle riding in Karachi, issuing notices to Sindh IG, Home Secretary
and AG Sindh.
Ruckus and walkouts marred the proceedings of the Sindh Assembly
in the wake of Sindh Governor Ishratul Ibads approval of the Sindh
Peoples Local Government Bill. The uproar ensued when Speaker Nisar
Ahmed Khuhro announced that the Sindh governor had given assent to the
Bill. Opposition members raised splitting slogans of shame, shame and tore
the agenda of the day, calling the treasury members traitors of Sindh.
On 16th November, interior minister briefed both houses of the
Parliament separately regarding law and order situation particularly with
reference to the situation in Karachi and Balochistan. He tried his best to
defend his decision on banning motorcycle on roads in Karachi and Quetta.
He claimed that the decision was taken on the basis of credible intelligence
259

reports, but senators Babar Awan and Mian Rabbani left the Interior Minister
high and dry for the wrong constitutional interpretation.
The criticism from his party ranks compelled Malik to say 'Parliament
fails to deliver' in terms of making effective counterterrorism legislation.
We should have some soul-searching before criticizing courts for setting
suspects free. We cannot try a suspect until the passage of Anti-Terrorism
Bill. Please make your laws stringent and efficient if you want results, the
minister advised his colleagues.
Rabbani said the parliament had not failed but it could not give a
stamp of approval on weak legislation. He said that the Interior Ministry
could not make sufficient efforts to remove the flaws pointed out in AntiTerrorism Bill. Rabbani said the objectives and reasons of the Bill were
tantamount to usurp the rights of Pakistanis.
In the National Assembly, the interior minister, quoting intelligence
reports, said that a third force was active to destabilize the government by
worsening law and order situation. Responding to a point of order raised by
MQM legislator regarding ban on motorbikes in Karachi, the minister said
that he imposed the motorcycle ban because he had credible information
about a plan of using motorbike for bomb blast.
On 18th November, a bomb blast in a sensitive area of the city killed
three people and wounded more than 18 others, bomb was planted on a
motorcycle parked outside a milk shop near the Jama Masjid Imambargah
Mustafa. Women, children and five Rangers personnel were among the
injured.
Next day, a consensus view across the isle prevailed in the Senate that
every political party had a militant wing in Karachi before the House
adopted a resolution with the majority of vote recommending the
government to take effective steps to deweaponize the city.
Altaf Hussain said that certain state powers were planning to start
another operation against the MQM, similar to the 1992 operation, by
leveling false allegation to stop the MQM struggle against the status quo. He
said that the MQM was being made a scapegoat but the elements who were
conspiring to vanquish the party should know that it was no longer confined
to Karachi.
On 20th November the National Assembly adopted MQMs resolution
to deweaponize whole of the country, despite stiff resistance from ANP,
PML-N and JUI-F, whereas, some members of the PPP also strongly
260

opposed the idea. The house resounded with dissenting voices soon after the
adoption of the resolution as ANP legislators asked for proper voting on it
and some members from opposition and treasury benches even blamed the
chair for forcing the resolution through the assembly.
On 22nd November, Chief of Army Staff said there was no need of an
army operation in Karachi and Rangers were performing their duties well in
the City. General Kayani was apparently responding to the demands from
politicians to launch army operation in Karachi. Speaking to media
representatives on the sidelines of the D8-Summit, the army chief expressed
his satisfaction over the current security arrangements deployed in the
metropolis.
On 26th November, terrorists exploded a bomb a day after the central
procession of Muharram in Karachi at a cement block-making site in which
a man was killed and three others wounded. Meanwhile, a low intensity blast
was occurred in Gulistan-e-Jauhar and bomb disposal squad defused another
bomb planted near the first blast site.
On 28th November, two workers of Pakistan Peoples Party were
among nine people gunned down in separate incidents of violence in
Karachi. Next day, three senior leaders of Muhajir Qaumi MovementHaqiqi, including partys vice-chairman Zafar Qaim Khwani, were killed
when unidentified attackers raked a taxicab they were traveling by with
bullets in Landhi area of Karachi. Four more people were killed in other
violence incidents in the city.
On 30th November, MQM chief Altaf Hussain and four others were
booked in the triple murders of Mohajir Qaumi Movement-Haqiqi leaders
gunned down in Sharafi Goth police precincts. An FIR No 239/12 under
Sections 302/34 and 109, of the Pakistan Penal Code was registered on the
complaint of partys worker, Tahir Ali. Meanwhile, nine people were gunned
down in different incidents of violence in the city.
Next day, law-enforcement agencies conducted a targeted operation
in the mountainous area of Manghopir and claimed to have arrested seven
militants out of 100 suspects picked up during the search operation.
Meanwhile, four more people killed in incidents of violence.

VIEWS
261

Power politics
Paying the price of democracy: Our political legacy is strewn with
leaders serving self-interest at the cost of the nation. Each one of them
thrives on this corrupt political organism. Today, we have reached a point
where we are being made to believe that these are our political compulsions
and we need to learn to live with them. It is the price of democracy; and
since continuance of this system has been directly equated with survival of
the country, we have no choice but to pay the price. Sadly, the middle class
has now been conditioned to accept this as a political reality and as our
destiny. But take heed, greater wisdom flows in the streets.
There is systemic deformity in our political order. The fault lies in our
system, which does not cater to our environment of total disregard for law.
We dream and pray for a good leader. But even if such a man were to
miraculously reach the top, he will be isolated in this contaminated
environment and bound by its mandatory political compromises, the system
will drag him down. The difference he can make will only be nominal and
ephemeral. Elections are, therefore, inconsequential.
For a meaningful change, the entire dynamics of our political system
have to be redefined, creating a new order that does not only bring forth
competent leaders, but also ensures that they can and do perform effectively.
This is the promise on which a military government steps in, only later to
become part of the same system; making merely peripheral changes, to
claim success through cosmetic gimmickry. We have repeatedly had the
opportunity for transformation and missed it. Change has to be brought from
the top and has to be across the entire spectrum of governance; the whole
has rotted. A good system is not leader dependent; the leader draws strength
from it. Good leaders dont last, good systems do. Shahid Aziz, TheNation
25th November)
Endless Karbalas in my country: Above and beyond all other
aspects and religious-spiritual dimensions, Karbala was a monumental
human tragedy. And tragedies create physical pain, emotional-sentimental
anguish, scars on the human soul, existential devastations, extensive periods
of debilitating socio-psychological agony, societal anxieties and, at times,
social-political unrest leading to phenomenal revolutions in the conduct of
human affairs.
Karbala was such a phenomenon: Yazidiyyat is a symbol of ultimate
human malevolence, its enormity of brutality, and the resultant outrage,
while Hussainiyyat stands for human preservation, its moral strength, its
262

boldness against unthinkable cruelty, its spiritual dedication and devotion to


the Kingdom of God on Earth and beyond, and above all, the ultimate
sacrifices for a virtuous stand to uphold the righteousness and ethical-moral
rectitude of the Islamic ideology and the universality of human existence.
Imam Hussain did not die in vain only for us to make sorrowful
speeches all year long. As we commemorate the tragedy of Karbala that took
place on the banks of River Euphrates some 1373 years ago, there are
humanitarian, social, political and moral-ethical lessons to be learned
besides those of religious-spiritual devotion.
Karbala, foremost, is the symbol of the human spirit that confronts the
arrogance of political power, its inherent terror and capabilities to inflict
unimagined atrocities, and opposes the human capacity to violate the
sanctity of life and its dignity. It also tells us the difference between right
and wrong and exemplifies the limitlessness of human endurance.
Karbala teaches us to seriously reflect on political-moral conduct and
how power in the hands of the morally inept and ethically incapable can turn
a society into a nightmarish existence of fear, violence, terror, restlessness,
destruction, mayhem and absolute political chaos. This is exactly what Yazid
did at Karbala - but Imam Hussain accomplished exactly the opposite: the
Islamic view of challenging injustice and confronting those who would use
force to compel humanity to submit to the rulers unlawful dictates.
Political Islam is an ideological platform that promotes a welfare
state. Its political fundamentals are based on humanitarian principles: rulers
do not so much as govern as they serve the people. Political power is not the
personal prerogative of rulers, it is the responsibility accorded to individuals
in the name of Allah and the people of a nation.
Political power is meant to be a medium through which justice,
equality, and economic and social advancement is imparted to all citizens,
irrespective of their religious or ethnic affiliations. It is a moral trust
bestowed on one strictly within the boundaries of ideological parameters and
ethical definitions of the rules of political conduct. The rulers are answerable
and accountable to the people for their political behaviour; they cannot exist
in isolation and lead a privileged life apart from the common citizens. Yazid
violated each and every rule of Islamic ideology and, in an inexplicable
pursuit of power, massacred the entire family of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Karbala is a reminder to all of us to confront the arrogance of power that led
to one of the gravest human tragedies on the banks of the River Euphrates.

263

But the questions are: have we as Muslims in Pakistan, followers of


the Prophet (PBUH), the everlasting yearly commemorators of the Karbala
tragedy, learned the true lessons from Hazrat Imam Hussains (RA)
martyrdom? Is our political system in conformity with the ideological
parameters of Islamic welfare state concepts? Is our political culture in tune
with the fundamentals of our belief system? Is our political ruling elite
structure designed on the principles advocated by political Islam? Is our
ruling class truly moral-ethical in its political conduct? Unfortunately, the
fact of the matter is that none of the questions above can be answered in the
affirmative.
Look at present-day Pakistan: no wonder there is mayhem, terror, fear,
destruction of life and property, violence, terrorism, suicide bombing,
killings of innocent people, drone attacks and human tragedies all over the
place. And human tragedy is what Karbala is all about as such, there are
endless Karbalas on a daily basis in my beloved country.
A school of thought contends that the recent spate of increased
violence in the nation is because of sectarian tensions. But that is not an
accurate explanation. Indeed, historically, sectarian tensions have always
existed all over the world in faith and religious relations: Catholics have
fought and disagreed with Protestants; the Hindu caste system has been a
bone of serious contention for ages; Shia-Sunni animosity has existed and so
on and so forth with Pakistan being no exception to this universal
phenomenon. And yet, Pakistanis have more or less treated each others
religious orientations with respect and tolerance there have been marriages
between Shias and Sunnis, combined communities have existed with
complete solemnity and both sects have observed solidarity with each other.
Then why the recent sectarian violence? There are some other explanations
we will come to them later.
The incumbent PPP regime and the leaderships of some other political
parties attribute the years-old ongoing violence in the country to so-called
extremism and terrorism. Ironically, this school of thought deals with
symptoms of the problem, but conveniently and purposefully ignores the
causes and the cause-effect relationships of the problematic in pursuit of
their own vested interests. Advocates of this view ought to be asked the
following questions: did you ever hear of a suicide attack in Pakistan prior to
the US-NATOs so-called war on terrorism (and Pakistani rulers implicit
behind-closed-doors collaboration with the US)? Why have violence and
terrorism increased since the incumbent PPP regime came into power?

264

My view on the issue, as a social scientist and political analyst, is that


our ruling elites arrogance of power implicit in their political conduct is
the fundamental factor behind the entire mess in the country: they are selfcentred political actors focused on their vested interests. They consider
politics as a craft to hang on to political-economic power. They are corrupt,
inefficient, incompetent managers of national affairs. They work against
national interests because they look for foreign patronage to ascend to
political power. They have failed in entirety to engage the Pakistani people
in political processes and nation-building. They manipulate peoples
sentiments by religious slogans, deceit and downright lying. They consider
themselves a privileged class above the rule of law and even beyond
constitutional constraints. They believe they are neither accountable, nor
answerable for their conduct to the people or anyone else.
They are completely ignorant of what political Islam is and what the
concept of the Islamic welfare state is nor do they understand what
modern-day democracy is all about. In their version of a sham democracy,
they have purposely collaborated with the US-NATOs implicit stateterrorism and as such, they continue to operate against the interests of the
Pakistani people.
That is the complex web of political realities from which terrorism
originated and emanates now.
No wonder, then, there are endless Karbalas in my beloved country
on a daily basis! (Dr Haider Mehdi, TheNation 27th November)
Karachis electoral rolls: The Supreme Court reserved, on
Wednesday, its verdict on complaints about the non-verification of a large
number of votes in Karachi and shifting of votes to other towns and cities of
the country on the basis of permanent addresses recorded in the
computerized national identity cards. To recall, the PTI, the JI and the PMLN had filed petitions requesting for redress of these anomalies. The
petitioners had complained that as many as three million persons living in
Karachi for the past 10 to 15 years had been shown as registered voters in
their native towns like Swat, Mingora, Mansehra and Attock. According to
the counsel of the Sindh Election Commission, the petitioners contention
was contrary to facts as, he stated, only 68,000 could not be verified.
During the course of the hearing, Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry
observed that a door-to-door verification in the city, conducted with the help
of the army and Rangers, should sort out the matter. Besides, he believed,
the involvement of the army would make for improvement in the law and
265

order situation of Karachi since the checking would help in the weeding out
of undesirable elements and those who had no business to be living there.
However, the counsel of a political party took exception to door-to-door
checking, maintaining that it should be preceded by a countrywide census
and then this procedure should be applied to other parts of the country as
well and not restricted merely to Karachi. Justice Chaudhry, however, felt
that in that case the elections could be held only after six years and,
therefore, he thought no harm in having the electoral rolls verified in the
case of Karachi alone. The issues involved should preferably have been dealt
with by the stakeholders themselves, he believed; for a peaceful Karachi,
Pakistans industrial and commercial hub, would go a long way towards
reviving the economy and, thus, serving the national interest. Once
democracy took root, the situation would start looking up.
It hardly needs mentioning here that the dreadful situation in Karachi,
with an unending streak of target killings and widespread prevalence of
extortion, has been of grave concern to the people at large. For all the claims
both the provincial and federal governments have been repeatedly making
over the years, they have singularly failed to check the rising graph of
violence that has so far caused the deaths of well over 6,000 of our citizens.
The almost certain involvement of foreign elements is complicating the
already chaotic scenario in the city and one would assume that the powers
that be have a limited choice left lest the situation should deteriorate further.
And that choice happens to be the armed forces of the country, which are
also charged with the ultimate responsibility of maintaining internal peace
and stability. It is high time to seriously ponder the option. (Editorial,
TheNation, 30th November)
A moth-eaten democracy: Imagine a government which lets one of
its economic lifelines-the Railways, self-destruct itself and let the only large
steel mill of the country run into near-ruin. In whose time the national
airlines which in the past enjoyed highly international prestige have become
almost a bankrupt and inefficient enterprise. A government which has
severely retarded industrial progress by letting electricity shortages and
outages continue for all the 4 years it has been at the helm, failing to add
to the grid, doing little to tap the hydraulic resources and instead resorting to
inefficient small rental plants to make hay for itself.
Here is a democratic government which has achieved the distinction
of more than doubling the debt of the country and which has been printing
billions of currency notes cavalierly and is oblivious of the back-breaking
burden it is thus thrusting on the generations to come.
266

An indication of the mindset of this democratic government may be


manifestly seen when one poses the question as to why for such a long time
the post of the Wafaqi Mohtsib (federal ombudsman) has been kept vacant.
The answer obviously is: to stop citizens from resorting to an easy remedy
of their grievances against the administration.
The crucial question does arise as to whether parliamentary
democracy which yields such horrid results is the right political system for
us. With the social structure and pervasive feudal mindset can we afford a
political system which ends in defeating the spirit and character of a
democratic order.
Can we continue with a dispensation where the executive fails to
perform and the judiciary has to step in to stem the rot, to some extent (and
for doing so, face criticism).
A system which through elections permits the traditional as well as
new corrupt elite, return to power to continue its nefarious activities. Is
presidential system the answer? But what is the guarantee against a bad
candidate grabbing helm or even a good one failing to address provincial
pulls and pushes, jeopardizing the very integrity of the state.
One has also to remember that we have today a radical religious right
which is asserting itself in various ways and which questions the very basis
of the parliamentary system. Hamid Gul for instance advocates this line.
With little happening to alter the social structure, the political culture
and the continuing military remote-hold for quite sometimes, we may have
to contend with a moth-eaten democracy.
One possibility for the beginning of change is Imran Khan and his
PTI. Can he as, he claims, make the difference? (Inayatullah, TheNation 1 st
December)
Democracy without elections: This top-down democracy is not
about the party workers or constituents, about political convictions and
ideals. It is all about pleasing the leader, as he is the one who holds the key
to a members place in the party hierarchy. He is the one who is going to
dish out ministries and important public offices. Senior and junior party
members derive their power from the top, handed down as a reward for
loyalty and excellence in yes-manship. It is borrowed power that lasts as
long as the favour of the leader. Contrast this with the real power of office
bearers who have been elected by party-workers, who do not owe their
position to the whims of the leader.
267

It is not difficult to imagine a meeting of such leaders; a meeting


where the participants will not be afraid to speak their minds, where they
will bring the views of their voters to the table and hold their fort, where
debate would be real. Obviously, it will be very different from the culture
prevalent in our political parties, with party meetings reminding us of royal
courts with the leader on a lifelong throne and the participants boosting his
ego with hands folded behind their backs, with senior party leaders bending
their backs and self-respect for the college-going scions of the party leader,
scions yet to prove their political acumen but crowned at birth. Amidst the
stale bad breath emanating from the established political parties, the PTI
intraparty elections are a breath of fresh air. The PTI has embarked upon the
journey to construct a truly democratic party. It deserves all credit for it. And
our best wishes. (Jalees Hazir, TheNation 2nd December)

Rule of law
Dual nationality: When the fourth deadline of the Election
Commission of Pakistan (ECP) for the submission of affidavits on dual
nationality expired on Friday, 20 lawmakers had not submitted them. 18 had
simply not submitted them, while two MNAs said they had foreign
nationality by virtue of having been born abroad to Pakistani parents. The
ECP will meet to proceed in the light of the Supreme Court ruling directing
it to take action. The 18 legislators, comprising nine MNAs, five MPAs and
four Senators cannot claim there was not enough time to file the affidavits,
for the first deadline set by the ECP was on October 1, of a week, then on
October 9, it extended the date till the end of the month, granting a further
extension till November 9. After that, the ECP again extended the deadline
to November 30. Thus legislators have known since the beginning of
October what needed to be done. As for the need to take the order seriously,
the fate of 11 legislators, who were denotified by the Election Commission,
should be enough evidence of the need to comply. The denotification was
the result of the Supreme Court judgment that ruled dual nationality
incompatible with being a legislator. The ECP now does not need to go into
the nationality of the legislators failing to comply. The legislators have failed
to comply with an order of the Supreme Court, which is something for
which a sitting Prime Minister was removed from office, and from the
National Assembly, for doing.
The Supreme Court made its decision in its interpretation of the
relevant constitutional provisions, but its decision is also rooted in the
wisdom which was behind the original drafters: that someone with the

268

citizenship of another country did not have the right to have a position with
the potential of taking decisions on the countrys foreign policy, or of
becoming privy to national secrets. At the same time, a person with dual
nationality should not be barred from casting their votes in their original
constituency. How exactly the state arranges for that vote to be cast is
another matter, but in principle there seems no objection to allowing a dual
national to cast his or her vote. Probably more importantly for Supreme
Court, there is no constitutional prescription which can be interpreted as a
bar.
The government might find itself affected by the decision, but it
should be willing to help the ECP implement the decision, and in the coming
general election, the parties should only issue tickets to those who do not
have dual nationality. (Editorial, TheNation 2nd December)

Taming the military


The COAS manuscript! November 5, 2012, was an important day
for the Pakistans Chief of Army Staff, as he placed his conceptual
manuscript and cognizant vision of a future reformist Pakistan in front of his
fellow army officers and the nation. More than anything else, it was a frank
and bold reflection of a soldier on the state of affairs in which the presentday Pakistan is reeling and relapsing, but also revealing and reinvigorating,
reshaping, renovating and reinventing itself.
It was a pertinent visionary thought shared with fellow officers and
the nation at an appropriate moment of historical significance. The time of
choosing the said address is historically significant because, at this point in
time, the standards of institutional conduct for a viable Pakistan and its
future existence needs to be laid down, deliberated, debated and agreed
upon. Pakistans armed forces, as an important institution in the country, has
a constitutional and legitimate right for lawful input in the policy and
decision-making process of the country. In my considered opinion, that was
exactly what General Kayani did on November 5.
Incidentally, it so happened that the Chief Justice of Pakistans
Supreme Court also made a speech around the same time. The Pakistani
media, most specifically the majority of anchorpersons on TV talk shows,
went into a frenzy of imaginative scenarios of an impending institutional
conflict between the army and the judiciary being simultaneously articulated
by the COAS and the Chief Justice. They are still harping on the same view
in order to improve their ratings. On the other hand, the incumbent PPP

269

administration is having a field day in capitalizing on the opportunity in an


effort to create a chasm between the top leadership of the army and judiciary.
At the same time, the PPP leaders seem to perceive this moment as a
golden opportunity to gain public sympathy vis--vis the COASs November
5 speech and some of the Supreme Courts recent judgments by pronouncing
them as political activism of both the institutions directed against the PPP.
The fact of the matter is that both the TV anchorpersons and the PPP
leadership are wrong in their assumed scenarios: the army and the judiciary,
as state institutions, are not in a conflict situation and neither is the Chief
Justice in direct or indirect, figurative or symbolic confrontation with the
COAS. And neither the speech, nor the verdicts are specifically against the
PPP.
Indeed, it is not the classic case, as being assumed and narrated, of
shik-va-o-javab-e-shikvah (complaint and counter-complaint), but they are
timely constitutional proclamations in the process of refinement of the
countrys political culture.
Let us take it on face value: a simple coincidence of two chiefs of two
national institutions making important policy speeches at about the same
time. There is nothing more to it than that.
The vital element in the COASs November 5 speech is to understand
the cognitive and professional mindset of a dedicated soldier, who has
served in that capacity for his entire life. Now in the top leadership position,
the General gave his address as an ideological, strategic and intellectual
reflection on the present state of affairs in the country.
Professional soldiers are trained to a purposeful consciousness to
adopt an animated life existence focused on acumen and achievement in the
precise strategic management of an organization. They see an organizations
lifecycle in an exact form, a clearly defined structure, a rigidly followed
discipline, a chain of command within strictly demarcated limitations, an
efficient management system par excellence and a thoroughly deliberated
process of decision-making with no ambiguities or obscure judgments
whatsoever.
For a soldier the stakes are high: it is a matter of life and death - a
nations defence or defeat, a difference between existence or non-existence,
prevailing or perishing, a cause of dignity, personal integrity and full-filling
ones obligation in keeping a nation safe. A soldiers mindset is a labyrinth

270

of psychological factors, learned behaviour and acquired skills. Soldiers live


and breathe in this state of mind in their daily existence.
Imagine for a moment, if you will, the intellectual-professional
anguish of a soldier, who commands the most powerful and highly organized
institution of the state (the army) and has to go on surviving and coping with
an inefficient, corrupt, disorganized, political dispensation at the helm of
national affairs. The incumbent PPP political establishment is not only
incompetent in managing national affairs and has failed to deliver basic
socio-economic welfare to the common citizens of Pakistan, but above and
beyond these fundamental failures, it has demonstrated open hostility,
contempt and animosity towards other national institutions, notably the
judiciary and the army.
Presently, the PPP anti-army campaign is at its peak. The COAS has
to deal with it and manage its direct and indirect consequences, both
internally at the rank and file level of the army and its national and
international implications. Not a small task; in fact, a monumental
psychological-managerial challenge is in the hands of the COAS. The
contrast between the two styles of strategic management (that of the army
and of the political establishment) is of diametrical dimensions.
Consider, the Pakistani armys massive engagements in several
national political fronts and their enormous consequential psychologicalfunctional-strategic pressures on the COAS: the war on terror; the US do
more mantra; the Abbottabad debacle; the memogate affair; the killing of 24
Pakistani soldiers in the US-led NATO helicopter raid on the Pak-Afghan
border; the American-Indian-Israeli alleged attempts to destabilize
Balochistan and the rest of Pakistan; the Raymond Davis affair; CIA
operatives all over the country (and the Zardari governments indifference to
it); the safety issues of the nations nuclear assets; and so on and so forth.
Added to this bundle of problems are the most recent judicial
decisions and political demands for the trials of several retired army
generals, including a former Chief of Army Staff and two former Director
Generals of the ISI. Irrespective of guilt or innocence in the Generals trials
affair, the COAS has to deal with morale aspects of the entire army on an
institutional level.
Some political analysts in Pakistan say that General Kayanis nonintervention in the nations political affairs (such as another martial law or
some other kind of militarily managed government) is wholly acceptable,
but he should have intervened at least to stop the looting of this nations
271

assets by the ruling junta and the vested interests groups. They say the
General had the power to do so in the best interest of the nation, but failed to
act.
However, the COAS has preferred to remain within the armys
constitutionally-confined domain. Viewed from a different perspective,
General Kayani has established his democratic credentials. Has he not?
I suggest that the entire nation view the COASs November 5 address
in the context of General Kayanis democratic dossier and consider the
speech a conceptual manuscript of a professional soldiers mindset of a
politically reformed Pakistan.
Indeed, there is a formidable message of political and democratic
civility in the November 5 speech! (Dr Haider Mehdi, TheNation 13 th
November)
Is it part of sinister move to malign military? Col (r) Inam-urRahim, petitioner against three-year extension to COAS Ashfaq Parvez
Kayani in Islamabad High Court and counsel for Brigadier Ali Khan who is
facing court martial, was allegedly beaten up in Rawalpindi the other day.
He has submitted an application in RA Bazaar police station, Rawalpindi,
for registration of an FIR against COAS Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and Military
Intelligence DG Maj-Gen Naushad Kayani.
Col (retd) Inam claims to be the convener of Ex-Servicemen Society.
The secretary of the society, has, however, taken exception to the news in the
media indicating that he was convener of the society. In a press release, the
society has disowned him, adding that there is no slot of a convener in the
organization.
It is unlikely that an FIR would be registered as desired by him,
because first of all the matter has to be investigated whether he has been
beaten up due to some personal enmity or some family feud. There is a
perception that he is playing into the hands of vested interests, and palmed
off media men are also using his name to defame the armed forces and
intelligence agencies. On 24th September, 2012, Islamabad High had rejected
his petition against the extension of service to COAS Ashfaq Parvez Kayani,
declaring it non-maintainable. On 12th November, he filed a miscellaneous
petition in Islamabad High Court against the recent statement of the COAS,
arguing that General Kayani could not remain in the office after making a
political statement.

272

Given the fact that some anchorpersons, analysts and panelists have
started propaganda to denigrate the armed forces, there is something sinister
being played to create a wedge between the military and the judiciary. The
Supreme Courts verdict in Asghar Khan case is also being used by a section
of media men and anchorpersons. In the name of freedom of speech, they
comment on the role of some retired generals in politics, and in the process
they target the army as an institution. Their aim is to tarnish the image of the
armed forces/ISI arguably at the behest of enemies of Pakistan, as tarnishing
the image of the military is the first phase to weaken Pakistan. And in case
they succeed, the nation stands to suffer.
One anchorperson of a renowned private TV channel who is also
columnist spewed venom against Pakistan military in his column in an Urdu
daily on 12th November, drawing parallelism of our generals with recent
ouster of CIA Chief David Patreaus. He stooped so low as to cast aspersions
on the defenders of the frontiers. Of course, one should not support a
military dictator, but keeping in view the conduct of the present military
leadership, the scathing criticism is unwarranted. Perhaps there is some link
between Col (r) Inams petition and the column published on 12 th November
2012.
The question also arises why Inam filed the petition in 2012 when the
extension was given in 2010 and why he chose to pursue the case at this
point in time when the media is highlighting the clash among the
institutions.
The question can also be asked whether the army chief does not enjoy
this right as a citizen of Pakistan. When the military is being demonized
every day in the columns and talk shows, was it not appropriate for him to
respond. In fact, since the commencement of judicial proceedings in the
Mehran Gate, a public debate was triggered off, which was fundamentally
flawed. Both the commentators and media men had it that devil in the scam
was the military and the ISI. However, the apex court in its verdict in Asghar
Khan case categorically stated that two generals had acted as individuals and
the institution of the military was not involved. (Mohammad Jamil reported
in TheNation 16th November)
Birth pangs of change: General Kayanis November 5 critical
statement about national issues and views about the role and limitations of
national institutions, as also Presidents Malakwal speech highlight the
hurdles that stand in the way of establishing the rule of law and constitution.

273

Quite a lot may depend on how the judgment of the Supreme Court on
Asghar Khans case will be complied with. Will the defaulting Generals be
treated and punished and by whom? As for the President, his speech at
Malakwal is obviously a signal of disregard of the judicial verdict.
Essentially, the question revolves around the change in the mindsets
of the military and the politicians. How far is the Supreme Court justified in
issuing orders, which intrude into the executive domain? On November 15,
the CJ clarified the courts position by saying that the Supreme Court
enjoyed cross-cutting jurisdiction and has the role of oversight. He said that
the apex court could check any unlawful, unauthorized mala fide act or
exercise of authorities. These observations need to be read in the light of
COAS statement that no individual or institution had the monopoly to
decide what was right or wrong in defining the ultimate national interest.
(One may here take notice of a resolution of the District Bar Association
aimed at the military establishment and Sindh High Courts order
suspending the Interior Ministers ban on the use of motorcycles in Karachi.)
An interesting discussion was held the other day on one of the leading
TV channels about the requisites and prospects of the rule of law in
Pakistan. On board were three leading lawyers of the country. There was
consensus that all individuals are equal in the eyes of law and should be
treated as such. In Pakistan, the practice is otherwise. The powerful and rich
violate the law and rules with impunity. Those wielding the gun, set their
own rules and have their own say. They are intolerant of any challenge to
their authority and status. Some of the recent utterances of senior retired
generals come to mind in this respect. A reference was made to the beating
up of a retired army officer, who had lodged a petition in a court questioning
the grant of extension to the COAS. A minister went to the length of
demanding that the FIA officials be brought in handcuffs before Parliament
for daring to call the sons of a former Prime Minister to their office. If the
peoples representatives deliberately indulge in unlawful activities, how can
there be rule of law? They do not represent the people of Pakistan. The
jagirdars and the industrialists safeguard their own personal interests. Law,
in fact, for them is an obstacle that they manage to put aside because of their
power and influence.
How will real lasting change come when we will be blessed with rule
of constitution and law? The Supreme Court is making a great contribution.
The CJs warning to the usual usurpers of power has substance because of
higher judiciarys independence and the continuing exposure of corruption
and malpractices of politicians and the bureaucracy. But the real change will
274

come when the feudal and lawless mindsets undergo alteration. This will
require education of the masses and the rise of politicians-in-power like the
Chief Minister of Bihar, who is currently visiting Pakistan and telling how
he transformed a backward and violent state in India into a fast-growing and
peaceful society. Shahbaz Sharif is struggling to become a part of the
solution. Will Imran Khan win the political space to bring in the much
needed reforms and build the will and capacity to inject the required change
in the thinking and behaviour of the stakeholders? (Inayatullah, TheNation
17th November)
A note to TV anchors! As a student and Professor of Mass
Communication, Media and Politics, a fundamental factor that has been
resilient in my philosophical and intellectual discovery has been the
importance of human behaviour and organizational conduct in media outfits
in relation to larger societal development and political progress in our time.
Needless to say, media, most specifically electronic media, TV, has assumed
a central stage in the making of public opinion and casting a defining role in
determining and engineering public attitudes in nearly all spheres of human
life may those be in social views, political beliefs, national or internal
perspectives. The 21st century humanity is the silent captive of television
broadcasting and its broadcasters making these broadcasters a powerful
fifth pillar of the modern nation-state system.
Indeed, some modern media outfits are dichotomized and polarized
organizations in the strict sense of the concept. Quite obviously, these selfimportant establishments are run by individuals. And as we are all well
aware, all individuals are more or less confined by their personal belief
systems, figments of imagination, pretences and commitments to different
schools of thought most specifically, in terms of political alignments and
views. In concurrence, media organizations select only those persons as
broadcasters, who tow their line. In present-day capitalistic media culture,
the broadcasters are driven by a basic theory of success in common
terminology known as programme ratings a lure for increased
commercial advertisements, inflated revenues and massive profits.
What I have described above are the operational fundamentals of
modern-day media organizations, including Pakistans nascent entry in the
all-powerful era of public opinion-making. The state-of-the-art media power
has instant effects on the human psyche and belief system. Hence, important
questions are bound to be raised in respect to political and social TV
programmes. Even more important are the personal political-ideological
views and social-cultural orientations of the broadcasters in terms of judging
275

their impact vis--vis national interests and whether their perspectives are in
conflict with the national agenda at a certain point in time; as is the case in
present-day Pakistan...
Hence, the important question: are we in safe hands? Are the
broadcasters (situationally forced into public opinion-making) fair, balanced,
logical, rational, uncompromising, educated, enlightened, sensitive to the
diversity of issues and people, knowledgeable and well trained to do the job
in which fate has pushed them? Do they possess personal integrity and
dignity to walk through the thin line to differentiate between personal vested
interests and core national priorities? Can they manage their own egos in
such powerful roles of public opinion-making? Can they be non-partisan
when personal rewards in being partisan are so compelling and attractive?
Can they manage unbiased opinion honourably when the managements
pressures for programme ratings and profits are mounting for a
compromised position on a vital national issue?
It seems that there have been several lapses in talk show hosts
fundamental code of ethical conduct in recent days when controversial
debates about possible trials of some army generals and the COAS speech
were held on different Pakistani TV channels. It is obvious (at least to me)
that such intense and continuous discussions on the said issues have been
conducted primarily by some anchors to improve their programme ratings.
Some of the anchors have been biased and judgmental in their opinions
while on the air (anchors are not supposed to give their own judgments). For
example, in a recent talk show, General Asad Durrani said something to the
effect of General Beg was aware of what President Ishaq Khan was doing
(it is not verbatim). The female anchor responded: So you are saying that
General Beg is responsible for what happened? He is guilty by association
is he not? (Not exact words, but the context is exact!) I have no idea how
this female interviewer could infer or deduce such a conclusive judgment on
what Durrani said. I have noticed many such outlandish remarks and
comments of some anchors recently while discussing the possible trials of
some army generals. This also includes the medias strong reactions to
General Kayanis November 5th speech and its interpretations of Pakistans
superior judiciary and assumed warning to the media, specifically talk
shows. Some anchors and their guests went so far as to have opined that
General Kayani has overstepped his constitutional limitations and ought to
resign.
The point is that an anchor cannot be a judge, jurist, prosecutor, public
opinion-maker, analyst, researcher and TV host and guest simultaneously on
276

each and every issue, discussion, debate and discourse pursued on his or her
talk show. Indeed; the anchors role is to facilitate discussion professionally
(without assuming a judgmental role) in order to give the viewers the benefit
of the diverse opinions of the invited guests.
This brings us to another problematic: a handful of anchors (four or
five all together) cannot hold the entire nation hostage to their public
opinion-making. It is amusing and strange that some anchors invite other
fellow anchors as guests on their talk shows. Even more ironic is the fact
that the same persons from different political parties continuously appear in
different talk shows and repeat themselves endlessly in useless, boring,
awkward and meaningless rhetoric. My question is: cant anchors find
anyone else in a population of several million to give his or her opinion on
national issues? Or is this purely a matter of programme ratings and
passive profit-making for the media managements?
It would be instructive for the opinion-makers to appreciate that the
vigour, integrity and defence capabilities of the Pakistan armed forces will
continue to be vital for Pakistans immediate survival and future existence as
a united nation.
Let it be said that TV anchors should not undermine or mangle the
armed forces national institutional image, as some of them have mistakenly
seemed to have done in recent days.
You will be seen as collaborating with the enemies of this nation! (Dr
Haider Mehdi, TheNation 20th November)
Quaids visit to Staff College Quetta: Every time General Ashfaq
Parvez Kayani, the Chief of Army Staff, speaks, and he generally speaks on
sensitive political issues, he creates confusion all around and makes thing
worse for himself. As I read his incredible address at the GHQ, I could only
shake my head in disbelief. Exposing senior army officers to highly
controversial political issues and then issuing the statement to the press is
bad enough, but denying it with a straight face is tantamount to insulting the
intelligence of people.
General Kayanis statement published on November 5 is widely
interpreted as a pointed attack on the Supreme Court Exactly 64 years
ago, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of Pakistan and Father
of the Nation, visited Staff College Quetta and, with uncanny prescience,
warned senior officers against involvement in politics and the affairs of
government

277

Today, there are many now willing to spill their blood to defend their
hard-earned independent judiciary. Try to destroy the independence of
judiciary, and the moment is not far off when this beautiful country will be
plunged into a civil war. The Supreme Court should be the barrier that
protects the citizens from the winds of evil and tyranny. If we allow it to be
stymied or sabotaged by corrupt rulers or permit it to be desecrated or
demeaned and it crumbles, who will be able to stand in the winds that
follow?
Not many people know that a landmark judgment of an earlier
Supreme Court, gives the rubber-stamp Parliament the ultimate power to
emasculate the basic elements or fundamental features of our constitution. It
would now be free, under the garb of amendment, to change a democratic
government into a dictatorship or hereditary monarchy. It could do away
with the Islamic provisions of the constitution and change the federal
constitution of Pakistan into a unitary form. It could even subordinate the
superior judiciary to the executive and make the Supreme Court the judicial
arm of the government. In other words, it could mutilate the constitution and
change it beyond all recognition. It is scary!
The judges of the Supreme Court are bound by their oath of office to
preserve, protect and defend the constitution. The constitution places that
responsibility squarely on the shoulders of the Supreme Court, which has the
power, in fact the duty, to strike down any legislation enacted by Parliament
that, in its view, is repugnant to the constitution. The Supreme Court is more
than the usual law court. In its keeping lies the destiny of Pakistan. Its
decrees mark the boundaries between the various branches of state. Upon its
action, depends the proper functioning of the federation; in fact, its very
survival.
The power to determine constitutionality of amendments made by
Parliament is of the very essence of judicial duty. In the midst of civil strife
and war, as Burke pointed out in his reflections on the French revolution,
laws are commanded to hold their tongue amongst arms. But in peace time,
the law is supreme and its interpretation is the exclusive prerogative of the
civil courts. Now that democracy has been restored and law is unfettered,
and supreme once again, the court must exercise its power to restore the
balance between the one, the few and the many.
Is there any remedy for this state of things? None. Because a corrupt
presidency and a corrupt executive are in league with a rubber-stamp
Parliament. Ultimately, the true guardians of the constitution and the
278

Supreme Court are the people of Pakistan. People power alone can protect
the Supreme Court from corrupt rulers and corrupt power-hungry Generals.
Our rulers know that the street is all they have to fear. Confronting them has
now become a patriotic duty. Today, there is no other path for our country,
but the one which led to the restoration of Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry
and other deposed judges. (Roedad Khan, TheNation 22nd November)

Provincial disharmony
No dam to render Sindh, KPK barren: The project, with its
feasibility and impact studies carried out, detailed design and engineering
work done and project costs estimated, is a shovel-ready project and being
considered a lifeline for Pakistan. It was designed in 1984, with the
assistance of the UNDP, supervised by the World Bank. Following the
submission of its project planning report, it was put up to the federal and
provincial governments for approval of the launching of this gigantic
project. In the meantime, the project teams were asked to complete the
detailed designs and contract documents to make it ready to enter the
implementation stage.
This task was completed in another two and a half years and the
construction was to start in mid 1987. It was estimated to cost US$ 3.46
billion and scheduled to be completed in six years, with the first generating
unit to be commissioned in April 1993. But the programme could not be
materialized owing to opposition from some provincial governments, mainly
on political grounds, adversely affecting the agriculture and energy sectors
directly and industrial and manpower sectors indirectly.
Opponents of the dam in Sindh claim the construction of the KBD
will convert the province into a desert. They say high-level outlets will be
used to divert water from the reservoir to the Punjab. Cultivation in riverine
areas will be adversely affected and the seawater intrusion in the Indus
estuary will accentuate, they hold. In addition, according to them, mangrove
forests which are already threatened will be further affected and fish
production as well as drinking water supply below Kotri will also suffer a
big loss.
ANP leaders from KPK, the great opponents of the dam, hold they
will never allow the construction of the dam. They have the main concern
that vast areas of Nowshera (a KPK district) will be submerged by the dam
and other areas will also be affected by water-logging and salinity as had
happened to the areas damaged by the Tarbela Dam. Balochistan is not

279

directly affected by the dam as such. Most of Baloch nationalists, however,


claim the dam is an instance of grievances of the smaller provinces.
Interestingly, their objections have long been clarified by the experts
who are in favour of the project. Sindh and KPK will become barren in the
years to come, if Kalabagh Dam is not built, says Shamsul Mulk, a former
chairman of Wapda and a strong voice in favour of the dam from KPK. He
holds: KBD will be helpful in eliminating poverty from PKK as it will
irrigate 800,000 acres of cultivable land which is located 100-150 feet above
the level of the River Indus. Kalabagh Dam would provide 6.5 million acres
feet of water to cultivate seven million acres of currently barren land. This is
in addition to the 3,800mw electricity it would generate. It is consensus of
experts that there is a dire need to construct more dams, especially the KBD,
not only to make up for the lost capacity of water, but also to store surplus
water at the times of floods and generate cheaper electricity. They say if
Pakistan has any priorities, its number one priority should be to build
Kalabagh. If we are not going to build it, no one else will do it, they say.
The major political parties, however, have been either silent or issue
diplomatic statements about the construction of the dam for the past three
and four years. Those who are not advocating the construction of the dam
intentionally or unintentionally are supporting what the enemies of the
country are fervently praying for a no-new-dam situation and, especially a
no-Kalabagh situation, for Pakistan, said a Wapda official. (Iftikhar Alam,
TheNation, 30th November)
Who will bell the cat? They say the construction of KBD will
weaken the federation, not realizing that shortage of power and war on water
in the coming years would be more detrimental to the federation as well as
federating units. It has to be mentioned that Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
(formerly NWFP) assemblies had passed resolutions against the construction
of the KBD. The Balochistan Assembly also passed a similar resolution just
to express solidarity with the two provinces. Since Council of Common
Interests had already agreed in 1991 on the construction of Kalabagh Dam,
there should be no more hypocrisy about the so-called consensus and the
issue of building water storages and hydel power generation resolved with
sincerity. Let us not make any more delay because enough time has already
been wasted.
The real problem is that India has been instrumental in stirring
opposition to the Kalabagh Dam by spending billions of rupees on
propaganda and investing on centrifugal forces and some unconscionable
280

elements. Mala fide intentions of India are obvious from the report/book
published in 2004 titled Pakistans Provinces written by think-tank of India
under the name and style of Strategic Foresight Group.
In the chapter Sindh, the authors stated: If Sindh continues to suffer
economic deterioration and water shortages, internal turmoil is inevitable.
The influx of Sindh refugees can bring India into direct confrontation with
Pakistan. Independent Sindh might be born, but not before the 1971 war is
replayed.
In August 2005, chairman of the committee, AGN Abbasi, briefed
former President General Pervez Musharraf about the committees
recommendations and opinions of the provinces, WAPDA, IRSA and
Planning Commission. After the revision of the KBD plan, it was expected
that the provinces would not object to the construction of KBD. Former CM
Sindh Arbab Ghulam Rahim was reported to have assured former PM
Shaukat Aziz of his support to the construction of KBD. Anyhow, Pakistan
seems to be on the horns of dilemma because in case dams are not
constructed, the country would face acute food shortages, possibly famine
and anarchy. And if KBD is constructed, the centrifugal forces may stir
greater provincial disharmony
There is no substance in these arguments. Nowshera was inundated in
the previous flashfloods. Had the KBD been constructed, there would have
been no flood in Nowshera. Having all said, if Kalabagh and Bhasha dams
are not constructed within next five to seven years, Pakistan will not be able
to produce enough food grains to meet the needs of the growing population.
Not only Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa but rest of the country would also
suffer. (Mohammad Jamil, TheNation, 30th November)
KBD: happy tidings: Thursday brought good tidings for all those
who wish for the prosperity and benefit all citizens, irrespective of where
they live or to which province they belong. On that day, the Lahore High
Court ordered the federal government to build the Kalabagh Dam in
compliance with the decisions of the Council of Common Interests (CCI)
taken in 1991 and 1998. It should be recalled that the first decision taken in
September 1991 had accorded approval to the projects construction, while
the second of May 1998, a follow-up, directed the Natural Water Resources
Development Programme, headed by the Minister for Water and Power, to
prepare a document to bring home to the detractors the issues involved in
building the dam and address their political and technical concerns. The
latter decision also called upon the Water and Power Authority to update the
281

technical studies of the dam and prepare supplementary projects in support


of the KBD.
Underlining the fact that there was no escape from compliance with
the CCIs decisions, the court drew the attention of the federal government
to article 154 of the constitution that confers upon the CCI a pre-eminent
position...to formulate and regulate policies of the federation in relation to a
number of subjects, including water and power. Its decisions have a binding
force and have to be implemented in letter and in spirit, the court ruled,
unless they are modified by Parliament at the instance of the government.
LHC Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial took the stand that the scarcity of both
water and power had adversely affected the quality and security of life of the
citizens and that was a violation of their fundamental rights enshrined in the
constitution. Hence, the decision to remedy the situation. The court ruled
that the government should take bona fide steps in this regard so that the fate
of the project was not sealed, adding that the material presented before it
proved that it was admittedly feasible both technically and economically.
We have, in these columns, detailed, time and again, the immense
benefits that the KBD holds for the nation as a whole. And now that an
impartial authority has also pronounced in favour of it, one should expect
the federal government not to waste any more time and go ahead with
following the CCIs decisions. The project would provide massive relief to
the people who daily suffer from load shedding as it has the capacity to
generate power up to 3,600MW. Similarly, it would make available over six
million acre feet of water to be utilized to bring additional land under
cultivation; the biggest beneficiary would be Sindh, followed by KPK and
Balochistan, and the least to benefit would be Punjab. The water absorbed in
the KBD reservoir would also mitigate the impact of floods, in large areas
even precluding its occurrence. Hopefully, irrational sentiments built up over
the years against this project would give way to saner counsels and work on
its construction would begin soon. (Editorial, TheNation 1st December)
KBD: issue of survival: Putting aside the LHCs orders, it is clear
that in this unseemly, self-destructive controversy, Kalabaghs technical
viability and immense benefits are lost sight of. Also being relegated in the
background is 1991 inter-provincial water accord in which all provinces had
accepted the projects vital need for uncultivated cultivable land located in
different provinces, at the same time acknowledging its potential to obviate
floods and save mangroves, not destroy them. And the power it would
generate should make it all the more an imperative necessity when
prolonged load shedding, with little prospects of relief in the foreseeable
282

future, has become the bane of life as factories close down, the tube well fail
to operate, the entire business of life comes to a standstill. Minister Kaira
should know that Kalabagh is not political issue but an issue of very survival
of the country. If Kalabagh is a controversial memory, renaming it Zardari
dam would be acceptable too, so long as the essential project is begun.
(Editorial, TheNation 3rd December)

Ideological subversion
Unguarded assertions: KPK Governor Barrister Masood Kausar
spoke plainly and perhaps without realizing the implications of all that he
said. Speaking at the opening session of a three-day conference on History
and Culture organized by the Area Study Centre of Peshawar University, he
said that state was more important than Pakistans Ideology. He further
explained while talking to the media men and said that as a nation we stood
divided in the name of religion and Islam had been reduced to a shortsighted
faith. According to him, the nation was split into Shias and Sunnis. He went
on to say that the ideology on the basis of which Pakistan was created, was
weakening the country. He cited examples of Russia, China and Europe that,
according to him, had changed their ideologies with the passage of time and
that communism was irrelevant in Russia today.
One fails to understand what made Governor Kausar equate the
founding ideology with the absolutely true sectarian divisions, when both
things stand in direct conflict with each other and are not an example of
cause and effect at all. While all can agree to the sanctity of the state being
paramount, the maintenance and adaptation of ideology to present day
situations is what may achieve the strengthening required, not ripping out
the very roots that have been our anchor in the storm. No doubt, politics in
the name of religion is not for the sake of spiritual satisfaction, but for
absolutely mercenary and earthly rewards, and must be discouraged. Shias
and Sunnis and followers of all religions and sects must be guaranteed lives
of security and prosperity in Pakistan, on this we are in full agreement. But
why can the Governor not ask that this be implemented as the true ideology
of Pakistan? He is correct to say that Russia and China among others
changed their ideology, but perhaps the word that most applies is that they
adapted their ideologies to deal with modern challenges. Can Pakistan not
do the same? Must it be made to feel as though from inception till now it has
been a failure in itself? For shame, Governor. One expects better from you.
(Editorial, TheNation, 30th November)

283

Baloch militancy
The US and human rights: Against the context of Balochistan,
while the US has picked up unsubstantiated rumours of human rights
excesses to castigate Pakistan, it has conveniently chosen to keep its eyes
shut in regard to its considerable role in letting the Baloch dissidents
establish training and logistics camps in southern Afghanistan that are
routinely used to organize strikes inside the restive province.
The dissident sardars, including Brahamdagh Bugti, have enjoyed the
Afghan hospitality with a nod and a wink from the NATO/ISAF setup to
promote their subversive agenda in a democratically-run Balochistan. The
collusion of Afghan and Indian intelligence, under the indirect patronage of
the US forces, has crippled the writ of the civilian government to an extent
where the Frontier Corps (FC) have to be requisitioned to let the system
remain functional.
In Afghanistan, where not much moves without a US blessing, it will
be a great service to the promotion of human rights in Balochistan if the
sanctuaries of insurgents there are removed and the provincial government
ensures that the states writ becomes effective enough to return the FC to
their primary task; which is maintenance of a strong vigil on the highlyporous Pak-Afghan border in peacetime. (Momin Akhtar, TheNation 28th
November)
The indifference charge: The Supreme Court took the opportunity
of referring to the miserable conditions prevailing in Balochistan and the
authorities failure to bring them back to normal, while it was hearing a case,
on Tuesday, about the issue of the grant of lease of the Reko Diq project to
the Tetra Cooper Company of Pakistan (TCCP), a Canadian and Chilean
consortium. Although, it has already issued its verdict on the law and order
situation in the province, the allusion to the continued pitiable conditions
there arose, perhaps, because of the charge before the court that under cover
of exploiting the minerals at Reko Diq, its wealth was being plundered
again credited to the indifference of the government. Chief Justice Iftikhar
Chaudhry regretted that it had reached its conclusions after 72 hearings
lasting for hours yet neither the provincial nor the federal government has
done anything to implement the judgment to stem the tide of violence in
Balochistan. Mutilated bodies were continued to be found on its streets, but
the tragedy is that no one in authority seemed to be moved.
Let it be clearly said here that the Chief Justice or the Supreme Court
is not alone in bemoaning the authorities lack of interest in whatever is
284

happening in the largest federating units that is, incidentally, also the richest
in precious mineral resources. The Federal Minister for Interior, Mr Rehman
Malik, has on more than one occasion pointed to the presence of a foreign
hand, both in Balochistan and Karachi but, somehow, has never proceeded
beyond making that accusation. Neither has he identified the culprits, nor
has there been an improvement in the situation, after this confident affixing
of blame.
No doubt, the violent groups in Balochistan are a bewildering mix
because hardly any one section of society could consider itself safe from
violence. At one time or another, almost everyone of them have suffered.
There are, of course, dissident leaders, who while sitting in the security of
foreign lands, attempt to portray themselves as leaders of a secessionist
movement. Evidence of the supply of arms to them from Afghanistan and of
funds is virtually established. There is also little doubt that the sense of
deprivation and injustice in the distribution of resources has drawn some to
that extreme line of thinking. Then there are the religious bigots targeting
Shias, the locals killing settlers from other provinces, particularly Punjab.
The Supreme Court during its hearing had been pointing a finger at ISI and
MI, though acknowledging at the same time that the FC has suffered a loss
of well over 400 of its personnel. These points could be helpful in solving
the jigsaw puzzle. But it is the government that is responsible for the
security and safety of the people, irrespective of ethnicity or religious bent
of mind; it has to move fast to take charge and not allow the situation to
linger on and worsen. The buck stops at its desk!

Turf war in Karachi


Deweaponizing Pakistan: Reacting fast to the ANP-backed Senate
resolution calling for the deweaponization of Karachi to eliminate bloodshed
in the city, the MQM tabled another resolution in the National Assembly on
Tuesday that envisaged a countrywide deweaponization, arguing that
without a comprehensive ban the goal could not be achieved in the real sense
of the word. The resolution was passed, with the PML-N, ANP and JUI-F
opposing. The years-long violence in Karachi showing no signs of abating;
the heavy toll of about 6,000 it has so far taken of the citys inhabitants; the
use of highly sophisticated weapons by the bands of fiendish-minded killers
who seem to be on the loose round the clock; the sectarian element that at
times raises its head; the authorities failure to put an end to the chaos; and
the climate of insecurity the scenario has created all this had prompted
some lawmakers to assume that a Karachi shorn of its arms was the only

285

way to bring the city back from the brink of precipice. And with the general
elections not far away, there is a nationwide concern over the possibility of
eruption of violence on an unprecedented scale in Karachi at the time of
polls. But then the question first of all is whether a sprawling port city, with
the daily docking of numerous vessels on its shores; having a population
variously estimated between 18 million and 21 million, awash with heavy
weapons; and the umpteen routes linking it with the hinterland, is it possible
to enforce the Senate resolution to deweaponize it? And for that matter, is it
possible to eliminate weapons from a country that has become a veritable
arsenal? Both the questions are too mind boggling to answer in the positive,
at least.
Opposing the MQMs resolution, JUI-F chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman
called it deceptive, blaming the law enforcement agencies for their failure
to provide security and arguing for the need of ordinary citizens to keep
arms for their safety. PPPs Religious Affairs Minister Khurshid Shah
supported the resolution on the ground that that would make it possible to
come to grips with the problem.
The whole thing boils down to sincerity of effort; if that is in action,
controlling the situation by the government, with all the resources of the
state at its disposal, would be no issue; if not, as has been the case so far,
even the most workable scheme would not bear fruit. The situation has come
to such a pass that leaders of all the three major parties in the Sindh coalition
have to sit down and find a solution, beginning with the disbanding of their
militant wings. (Editorial, TheNation 21st November)
No need for an operation! COAS Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani has
said that there is no need of an army operation in Karachi; the Rangers are
performing their duties well. His remarks to the media on Thursday have
raised questions, not so much from him as from the federal government.
These questions become even more crucial after Interior Minister Rehman
Malik said the same day, while visiting Rawalpindi District Headquarters
Hospital to enquire after those injured in Dhoke Syedan suicide bombing,
that those attacks would continue till Ashura. Apart from Muharram, the city
has been subject to target killings, which have prompted calls for an army
operation there, and to which General Kayani seemed to be responding,
though the response should more properly have been made by the
government. The decision on an operation or otherwise would depend on
many factors, including the armys readiness, but the decision should be
made only by the government. Further, his giving a clean chit to the Rangers
for their performance in Karachi was rather strange considering how poorly
286

the citys law and order is, and inappropriate because any judgment should
be made by the Sindh government, which is responsible for law and order
there, and called in the Rangers in the first place. As a matter of fact,
Rangers are under the Interior Ministry, not General Kayani, though his
force does provide its officers.
Mr Maliks prediction also raises questions about why, if the
government knows about violence in Muharram, it does not stop these
attacks and go beyond merely declaring offs for the rest of Muharram.
Because so many urban centers are involved, there is a pressing need for
inter-provincial coordination on the issue. An ultimate end will only come
when potential terrorists receive an education which averts such violence.
Like law and order, education is a provincial subject. However, the
immediate problem is to prevent further casualties this Ashura. This requires
all governments, irrespective of party affiliation, to work as one, particularly
on intelligence sharing. (Editorial, TheNation 24th November)

REVIEW
The Scoundrel went to Multan, the city of saints, not to pay homage
to those buried there for that he only goes to Garhi Khuda Bakhsh but to
meet the Saint he had got slaughtered for saving his fortunes deposited in
foreign accounts. Reportedly, the two ironed out the differences, but not all.
The Scoundrel, however, assured the Saint to help him in corruption cases.
Resultantly, the FIA was directed to go slow in investigating Haj Scam.
With a view to demonizing Army, the Jiyalas and Jiyalis of the PPP
have often complained against the establishment for calling Benazir a
security risk. Since the Supreme Court verdict in Asghar Khan Case, they
have become more vocal about it. Kaira cribbed that they dubbed an
elected Prime Minister a security risk, who later sacrificed her life for
Pakistan.
The record must be set straight, an election is no equivalent of
security clearance; especially when the founder-father of the PPP has been
quoted as saying that election is an art of fooling people and he could fool
people for twenty years. He used a slogan of roti, kapra aur makan for this
purpose. His successors have also not failed him so far.
As regards election, these could be taken as security clearance
certificate only if the mandate is sought on the basis of security matters.
Security issues appear no where during election campaigns of for securing
287

the mandate. Even in elections held in December 1970, the most fair and
free in the history of Pakistan, the security aspect was completely ignored.
The result was that the parties that won almost ninety percent of
mandate were headed by two leaders who proved to be greatest risk for the
security of Pakistan. The result was that the country got disintegrated within
a year. As regards the demise of the two and subsequently of Benazir, none
of them laid their lives for Pakistan; they were victims of their lust for
power.
Despite the criminal record of the PPP leaders, the Jiyalas retain the
cheeks and the tongues in between to miss no opportunity to demonize the
Army. They have not given up their mission to tame the Army; they want to
force it to unconditionally submit to the commands of democratic forces.
The statements of two chiefs and events before and after those
suggested that the Zardari regime was quietly working to take full advantage
of the situation. The tension Army and Judiciary provides and opportunity
to kill two birds with one stone. The regime backed by the US and helped by
the embedded media would like to tame both the institutions, especially the
Army. The plundering politicians, in the garb of flag bearers of democracy,
would like to neutralize the two threats for a reasonable period, if not
permanently.
MQM has been pushed on to back foot on account of two decisions of
the courts in the recent past; i.e. holding dual nationality and demarcation of
constituencies in Karachi. Yesterday, Altaf Hussain roared over telephone
from London exactly in the manner expected of one whose tail has been
stepped upon.
He blurted, most of which he wont be able to recall for reasons too
obvious. He has virtually gone wild due to getting undue importance for
various reasons, out of which Pakistani medias role is too conspicuous. TV
channels have projected a clown as a political wizard and an invincible force
despite sitting thousands of miles away from Islamabad.
He is definitely the most feared man by the media and it ought to be
so. Because, the man who can get more than 250 police officials
exterminated and the Inspector General Police could do no more than
complaining in the safety of a court room, has to be feared. The Don, who
while sitting in his London Den, can keep a mega city of 20 million people a
hostage, has to be feared.

288

The man could get a dissident party leader assassinated in London and
the British Police could not make its findings public; he must be well-linked
and he has to be feared. The man could get a journalist murdered on roadside
and medias hue and cry could result only in elimination of all the six eye
witnesses; he must be feared, more by the media than anyone else.
So, the TV channels wisely fear him. They abandon their on-air
programmes and stampede to provide him TV coverage the moment he
comes on air via satellite from London. Each of his wine-soaked golden
word is telecast across Pakistan especially for those lined up devotees sitting
as if congregating to listen a Khutba in Haram.
While crying hoarse over conspiracies to steal MQMs mandate and
clamping of judicial martial law in Karachi, he and his operatives did not
relax on implementation of their plans. They quietly remained occupied in
eliminating their political opponents, especially those belonging to MQM-H.
The Don wasnt deterred by inclusion of his name in an FIR of murder of
three Haqaqi leaders.
However, the issue of demarcation of constituencies is the first test for
the new CEC; its success or failure would set the trend for the forthcoming
polls. The demarcation must also take care of the large number of fake
voters, as pointed out by the counsel of the PTI during the court
proceedings.
Over six hundred voters have been listed residing in 120 yards
residence, which meant there must have been at least another six hundred
below voting age keeping in view the high ratio of youth in Pakistan. That
meant ten people per square yard. What to talk of residing, or even standing;
ten people cannot be stacked in that much space.
The learned Governor of KPK attempted to subvert ideological
basis of Pakistan, while talking at a function in Peshawar University. He
disapproved the ideology based on the religion having sectarian militancy.
He can certainly be charged under some sections of the Constitution or
criminal law.
He even went beyond the line he wanted to go up to. By quoting
examples Russia, China and Europe that changed their ideologies he
virtually committed a blasphemous act when he compared Islam with
communism. He must be booked and dragged into a court of law even if he
blurted out these words when he was not in his senses under the influence of
some kind of intoxication.

289

The anti-Punjab Sindhi and Pakhtoon leaders, while opposing


construction of Kalabagh Dam, threaten about dismemberment of Pakistan
as if the integrity of the country is the concern of the people of Punjab only.
In their fits of hate-Punjab they tend to ignore that disintegration of Pakistan
would hasten the construction of the KBD. The Dam is destined to become a
reality one day for economic compulsions of the people of the region despite
unjust politicization of purely a technical issue.
These Punjab haters should understand that if the Dam is constructed
after the threatened dismemberment of the country these mischief mongers
would cause greater harm to the people of their respective provinces.
Prudence demands that they sit together and decide to move ahead as
ordered by Justice Ata Bandial ensuring safeguards of everybodys interests
as far as possible.
There is a lesson to be learnt for the people of Punjab. Every province
has hordes of nationalists organized into political parties. There are Sindhi
nationalists, Baloch and Pakhtoon nationalists, some of them have even
turned separatists. But, where are Punjabi nationalists? Punjab must have
this breed of political activists, not to blackmail others, but to safeguard its
regional interests. In the absence of such political activism, Punjabs
agriculture-based economic interests will continue to be compromised by
shopkeepers and blacksmiths ruling the province.
Lahore High Court decision provides solid legal ground if the next
government in Punjab decides to construct the dam even if at federal level
the mafia of smaller provinces, which constitutes just one-third of Pakistan,
continues to blackmail two-third of Pakistanis living in this province.
Anyhow, generation of electricity is now a provincial subject and whoever
wins the mandate in Punjab must move beyond lip service and announce its
construction soon after the next elections and thus bury the poisonous debate
forever, not the dam as Chandio wanted to.
3rd December, 2012

290

MURSI AND SECULARS


The focus of fighting in Syria shifted to suburbs of Damascus after the
foreign backers of the rebels decided to enhance the support in terms
supplies of weapons and humanitarian assistance. The NATO, with the
consent of the US, also agreed to deploy the Patriot missiles to strengthen
air defence of Turkey.
Egypts President had asserted himself at home by sacking the
military high command of Mobarak era and then Israels air offensive
against Gazans provided him an opportunity to show his diplomatic prowess
and acumen. He worked for and managed to negotiate a ceasefire. This show
of concern for the Palestinians was observed by the West with squint eye.
On 30th November, the UN General Assembly voted to grant the
Palestinians non-member observer state status. A week later, Khaled
Meshaal entered Gaza from Egypt, his first coming to Palestine in 37 years.
Meshaal who is originally from a village in the West Bank had gone into
exile with his family after the 1967 Middle East war, only returning for a
brief visit in 1975. His visit coincided with 25 th anniversary of formation of
Hamas.

NEWS
Middle East
Iraq: On 27th November, car bombs killed four people in Kurdish
areas of the disputed northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk, while roadside bombs
killed two more in a nearby Arab town. The attacks come a day after top
security officials from the federal government and Iraqs autonomous
Kurdistan region reached an agreement aimed at easing high tensions in
disputed areas of northern Iraq, which the countrys parliamentary speaker
has warned could lead to civil war.
Next day, gunmen armed with silenced weapons attacked a house in
the town of Tarmiyah north of Baghdad, killing seven members of a family,
including three young children. Two members of the family, including one
of the dead, belonged to the anti-Qaeda Sahwa militia force, made up of
Sunni tribesmen who resisted the militant group and helped turn the tide of
the war in Iraq.
On 29th November, bombs targeting Shias and security forces across
Iraq killed 45 people and wounded 205 others in the deadliest day of
291

violence to hit the country in more than two months. The attacks marked the
second series of bombings against Shias this week after three car bombs
exploded in Baghdad. The violence brings the number of people killed in
attacks this month to at least 145 nine more than in October.
Two roadside bombs targeting a group of Shia pilgrims in the city of
Hilla killed 28 people and wounded 85. In Karbala, a car bomb exploded
under a bridge, killing five people and wounding 13. A suicide car bomb
against an army patrol in Fallujah killed three soldiers and wounded three
others and four civilians. Nine were killed elsewhere. The report ended with
familiar concluding line: Violence in Iraq has decreased dramatically from
its peak in 2006 and 2007, when brutal sectarian violence swept the country,
but attacks remain common.
On 4th December, gunmen armed with silenced weapons attacked a
house in east Baghdad, killing a man, his wife and four children. The motive
for the crime was not known. Gunmen who were also armed with silenced
weapons carried out a similar attack on November 28 in Tarmiyah, 45
kilometres (28 miles) north of Baghdad, killing seven members of the same
family.
Palestine: On 26th November, Mussa Abu Marzuk said Hamas did
not commit to stop arming itself in truce talks that ended a week-long
conflict in and around Gaza with an agreement for Israel to ease its blockade
of the coastal territory. A team from the other side is coming to Cairo
today, Abu Marzuk, based in Cairo since his movements politburo left
Damascus, told reporters in the Egyptian capital.
The Palestinian and Israeli delegations, which never meet directly but
negotiate through Egyptian mediators, would also discuss linking Gaza
economically to the Israeli-occupied West Bank, he said. Israel began
restricting goods to the enclave when Palestinian fighters captured an Israeli
soldier in a cross border raid in 2006 and it imposed a blockade a year later
after Hamas violently seized Gaza from its Fatah rivals.
Hamas would continue arming itself, he said. In the last round of
fighting, Palestinian fighters struck Jerusalem and Tel Aviv with rockets for
the first time. Hamas insists the rockets were locally developed, but Israel
believes they have smuggled in the weapons through tunnels with Egypt and
has insisted that the smuggling end.
Next day, the Palestinian Authority submitted a draft resolution to the
UN General Assembly that would recognize the Palestinians as a
nonmember state of the UN. The resolution would have the 193-member
292

Assembly decide to accord to Palestine Non-member Observer State status


in the United Nations, without prejudice to the acquired rights, privileges
and role of the Palestine Liberation Organization in the United Nations as
the representative of the Palestinian people, in accordance with the relevant
resolutions and practice.
The remains of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat were exhumed, eight
years after his death, with experts set to test for signs that he was poisoned.
The process was carried out in secrecy, with Arafats grave carefully
shielded from the public eye and media kept far away, but Palestinian
sources confirmed samples had been taken from the remains on Tuesday
morning.
On 30th November, in the face of stiff opposition by Israel and the
United States, the UN General Assembly voted to grant the Palestinians nonmember observer state status triggering scenes of joy in the occupied West
Bank, where thousands celebrated with bursts of gunfire and cheers in the
city of Ramallah. President Mahmoud Abbas called on the world body to
issue its long overdue birth certificate.
The 193-member assembly voted 138-9 in favour, with 41 nations
abstaining. The UN victory for the Palestinians was a blow for Washington
and Tel Aviv, who were joined by only a handful of countries in voting
against the move to upgrade the Palestinian Authority's observer status at the
United Nations to non-member state.
Commenting on the vote, the New York Times called the outcome as a
stinging defeat for Israel and the United States and a boost for President
Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority. Pakistans Permanent
Representative to the United Nations Masood Khan personally congratulated
President Abbas after the vote and reaffirmed Islamabads unstinted support
for their longstanding cause.
Israel revealed plans to build 3,000 settler homes in east Jerusalem
and the West Bank in response to a historic UN vote recognizing Palestine as
a non-member state. It was a major diplomatic coup for the Palestinians but
a stinging slap in the face for Israel, which had lobbied hard against it,
arguing that it would cripple peace hopes.
With their newly acquired status, the Palestinians now have access to
a range of UN agencies as well as to the ICC, but officials said they had no
plans to immediately petition the tribunal. If Israel refrains from settlement
activities and so on...theres no immediate pressing reason to do that. If

293

Israel persists in its violations, then certainly it will have to face


accountability, Ashrawi said.
Next day, Hillary Clinton warned Israel against building any new
Jewish settlements in Occupied Palestinian Territory, saying they
undermined prospects for Middle East peace negotiations. Clintons
comments followed news reports that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu authorized the construction of 3,000 new homes; an obviously
retaliatory move after the Palestinians won a United Nations bid to recognize
their claim to become a non-member observer state.
On 2nd December, Mahmud Abbas returned to the West Bank after
winning upgraded UN status for the Palestinians, telling cheering crowds:
Yes, now we have a state. Abbas pledged that after the victory at the
United Nations, his first and most important task would be working to
achieve Palestinian unity and reviving efforts to reconcile rival factions
Fatah and Hamas.
Israel decided not to transfer tax and tariff funds it collects for the
Palestinians in response to their successful bid for upgraded UN status,
Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz said: We said from the beginning that the
raising of the status of Palestine at the UN would not produce no reaction
from Israel.
Next day, Israeli forces from the Shin Bet internal security agency
shot dead a Palestinian in the West Bank after he rammed their car and
attacked them with an axe, the intelligence agency said. They identified the
man as Hatem Shabib, from a village near the northern West Bank city of
Tulkarem.
On 4th December, Israels government stood firm in the face of
mounting international pressure as it pushed ahead with a swathe of
settlement plans seen as threatening the viability of a future Palestinian state.
Israel showed no sign of changing its stance even as Australia became the
latest nation to summon the Israeli ambassador to protest plans to build
3,000 new settler homes in a critical area of the West Bank near Jerusalem.
On Monday, France, Britain, Spain, Denmark and Sweden all summoned the
Israeli ambassadors to protest the plans, which also drew criticism from
Russia, Germany and Japan.
On 6th December, Jordan's King Abdullah II flew in to the West Bank
city of Ramallah for the first visit by a top foreign leader since the
Palestinians gained upgraded United Nations status. He was greeted by
Mahmud Abbas and other senior Palestinian officials. We and our
294

Palestinian people and its leadership welcome this historic visit, which
comes after Palestine became a (non-member) observer at the United
Nations, presidential spokesman said in a statement.
Next day, Hamas leader in exile Khaled Meshaal made his first visit to
Gaza, kissing the ground and saying he hoped he would one day die a
martyr in the Palestinian territory. After his seven-vehicle convoy swept
across the border from Egypt, Meshaal got out and kissed Palestinian soil
before embracing Gazas Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniya. Green
Hamas flags and the red, white, green and black of the Palestinian flag were
everywhere to mark the unprecedented visit, which was timed to coincide
with the 25th anniversary of the founding of the movement. Meshaal was
accompanied by his deputy Mussa Abu Marzuk.
Shortly after his arrival, Meshaal was taken to see the charred remains
of Jaabaris car, which had been transported to Rafah on the Egyptian border
especially for the visit. I hope God will make me a martyr on the land of
Palestine in Gaza, he said. This is the first time that I am coming to
Palestine in 37 years, said Meshaal who is originally from a village in the
West Bank but went into exile with his family after the 1967 Middle East
war, only returning for a brief visit in 1975. It was his first-ever visit to
Gaza.
This visit by Meshaal, which follows that of the Qatari emir and the
Egyptian prime minister and other officials proves there is no Israeli
blockade on Gaza, said foreign ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor, referring
to a measure put in place by Israel in 2006, but eased in recent years.
On 8th December, tens of thousands of Palestinians massed in Gaza for
a rally marking the 25th anniversary of Hamas addressed by the ruling
Islamist movements leader in exile. Hamas politburo Chief Khaled Meshaal
rejected ceding an inch of Palestinian territory to Israel or recognizing the
Jewish state. Palestine is our land and nation from the (Mediterranean) sea
to the (Jordan) river, from north to south, and we cannot cede an inch or any
part of it, he said.
Resistance is the right way to recover our rights, as well as all forms
of struggle political, diplomatic, legal and popular, but all are senseless
without resistance, he stressed. Turning to the question of Palestinian unity,
he said: We are a single authority, a single reference, and our reference is
the PLO, which we want united.
Founded in 1987 shortly after the start of the first Palestinian intifada,
or uprising, Hamas was inspired by Egypts Muslim Brotherhood. Its charter
295

calls for the eventual destruction of Israel and the establishment of an


Islamic state on the pre-1948 borders of the British Palestine Mandate.
Syria: On 26th November, rebels virtually cut off roads to Aleppo
from neighbouring Raqa province, severing regime supply lines as France
announced it had earmarked financial aid for the opposition coalition. The
Red Cross called on both sides to respect international humanitarian law a
day after an aerial bombing killed 10 children, and the UN Palestinian
refugee agency asked for more funds to cope with the crisis.
The rebels now hold sway over a wide expanse of territory between
the two provinces bordering Turkey, which backs the revolt against President
Bashar al-Assad. The army must now rely on the Damascus-Aleppo
highway to bring reinforcements to Syrias embattled commercial hub of
Aleppo, where fighting is deadlocked. Rebels also gained full control of
Marj al-Sultan air base 15 kilometres east of Damascus.
In a sign of growing confidence, rebel officers have formed a
commission to lay the groundwork for a future army and liaise with the
political opposition on issues such as arming fighters on the ground, a
spokesman said. He said the Free Officers Assembly would seek to lay the
correct foundations for the construction of the new Syrian army, which will
be non-partisan, working with the newly formed opposition National
Coalition.
Faced with an increasingly offensive revolt, the Assad regime has
been reducing its territorial ambitions to focus on Damascus, central Syria
and Alawite bastions, as it digs in for a long war. Troops have been bombing
rebel positions on the outskirts of the capital, including in Daraya, the site of
the worst massacre in the 20-month conflict, with state media saying that
troops had inflicted heavy losses on al-Qaeda terrorists in their advance. At
least 34 people were killed during the day.
Next day, Syrian rebels downed an army helicopter for the first time
with a ground-to-air missile from newly acquired stocks, in a potential
turning point for the 20-month conflict. It is the first time that the rebels
have shot down a helicopter with a surface-to-air missile, Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights director said of the gunship was on a strafing
run near a besieged northwest base.
A car bomb hit a regime security post near Damascus and clashes
raged around the capital, as rebels further tightened the noose around the key
northern city of Aleppo. Car bomb killed at least two soldiers at a military
police checkpoint in Jdeidet Artuz as the regime pursued its efforts against
296

insurgent strongholds south of the capital. Rebels seized a military post 15


kilometres southeast of Aleppo, tightening the noose around Aleppo.
Human Rights Watch called on Syrias army to stop using cluster
bombs, two days after an air strike killed at least 11 children and state media
published the names of nearly 150 foreign fighters it said had died alongside
insurgents. At least 87 people were killed across Syria during the day.
On 28th November, explosives-packed cars blew up at daybreak in a
pro-regime neighbourhood of the mainly Christian and Druze town of
Jaramana. There was a ball of fire at the end of a narrow lane, and the
impact of the explosions brought walls down onto cars. Pools of blood and
severed body parts were left behind on the streets, said an AFP photographer.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights gave a death toll of 54, all
civilians. More than 120 other people were wounded.
The foreign ministry in Russia, a longtime ally of Damascus, strongly
condemned the bombings as a terrorist crime. We condemn in the
strongest terms these new terrorist crimes, which nothing can justify, it said
in a statement, adding that the attacks showed the traditional methods of
international terrorist organizations like Al-Qaeda.
At least another 31 people on top of the 54 who died in Jaramana
were killed in violence across Syria. Also, a car bomb attack struck the town
of Basra al-Sham, in the southwestern province of Daraa. Rebel fighters shot
down a fighter jet in the northwest. The aircraft was hit by a missile and
crashed at Daret Ezza. It came a day after rebels downed an army helicopter
for the first time with a newly acquired ground-to-air missile.
Next day, Syrian troops mounted an assault on rebels near Damascus,
closing off the road to the airport before later securing it. The army attacked
rebel bastions in a string of towns along the highway and near the
international airport, with state media saying the road was eventually
secured. The heaviest clashes erupted between troops and rebels in the towns
of Babila and Hujaira. Two Austrian soldiers with a UN force on the Golan
were injured after their convoy was shot at on the road to the airport.
In northern Syria, five children and two women were among at least
15 people killed when a government warplane dropped two bombs on the
rebel-held Ansari district of Aleppo. Also in the north, several rebel brigades
attacked the fortress-like Wadi Daif army base in Idlib province. At least 59
people died nationwide 34 civilians, 19 soldiers and six rebels.

297

Lakhdar Brahimi hinted President Assad would have to step down to


allow for a new Syria. He briefed the UN Security Council, which remains
divided between Western nations and Assad allies Russia and China. I think
its very, very, very clear that the people of Syria want change, and real
change, not cosmetic changes, he later told reporters in New York. The
new Syria will not look like the Syria of today.
The Washington Post reported that Syrian rebels have obtained up to
40 shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, citing Western and Middle Eastern
intelligence officials. Some of the missiles were supplied in the past weeks
by Qatar, it said. Since the end of July, the regime has used its aerial
superiority to try to suppress the growing insurgency.
On 30th November, fighting raged around Damascus and Internet and
phone links in Syria remained cut for a second day, as the capitals
international airport reopened to flights after heavy clashes in the area.
Delegates from more than 60 countries, meanwhile, were gathering in Tokyo
to find ways to step up the pressure on President Bashar al-Assads regime.
Unknown attackers fired at a UN convoy leaving Damascus airport
for the second day in a row; no injuries were report from the latest attack.
Yesterday, four Austrian troops in the UN Disengagement Observer Force
(UNDOF) for the Golan Heights were wounded when a convoy heading for
the airport was attacked.
At least 15 civilians were killed in a military offensive and clashes
around Damascus, including in the southeast near the airport road and in
Daraya to the southwest. Warplanes pounded the northeastern town of Irbin
amid shelling of orchards in the south of the capital, all opposition
strongholds where rebels have rear bases. The army, meanwhile, withdrew
from Omar oil field, one of the last regime positions east of Deir Ezzor city
near the Iraqi border, giving rebels control over the countrys major fields. In
the town of Tal Kalakh on the border with Lebanon, 17 young Sunni
volunteers from the Lebanese city of Tripoli were killed. These men had
gone to Syria to fight with the rebels and were all killed in a trap in Homs
province.
Next day, Syrian army shelled the outskirts of Damascus in a drive to
establish a secure perimeter around the capital, as telephone and Internet
services resumed after a three-day blackout. The army targeted several
villages near the key airport road that has come under sustained rebel attack.
Troops were in action against rebels entrenched in both the southwestern
outskirts of the capital and the eastern suburbs. A Daraya-based activist said
298

that regime forces were using warplanes and tanks to hit the town. We are
hiding in shelters, but casualties from the shelling are very high, said the
activist.
Clashes between troops and rebels also rocked Syria's second city
Aleppo; fourteen rebels were killed in fighting near an air base southwest of
the city. In the east, troops re-entered the Al-Omar oilfield, three days after
pulling out. The oilfield is one of the regime's last positions east of the city
of Deir Ezzor. Syria's oil and gas production is now largely for domestic
consumption as a result of embargos on its exports by its biggest pre-conflict
customers. But rebel activity has also taken a mounting toll on output.
Violence nationwide killed at least 66 people, among them 34 civilians.
On 2nd December, Syrian army forces pounded rebel-held suburbs
around Damascus with fighter jets and rockets, killing at least ten and
wounding dozens in an offensive to stop rebels closing in on the capital.
Rebels planned to push into the city center from their strongholds on the
outskirts and fighting was fierce. More than 200 people were killed
yesterday according to the opposition-linked Syrian Observatory for Human
Rights, with at least 43 dead around Damascus and its suburbs. In Syrias
central city of Homs, a car bomb killed at least 15 people and wounded 24.
Western intelligence reports earlier this year said that Iran had been
using civilian aircraft to fly military equipment and personnel through Iraqi
airspace into Syria. American officials say that arms flow has continued due
to Iraqi reluctance to check flights, according to New York Times. It said
only two inspections had occurred since Iraq agreed to a US request in
September and that Iran may have been tipped off about the searches.
Next day, Vladimir Putin warned that any deployment of US-made
Patriot missiles on Turkeys volatile border with war-ravaged Syria would
exacerbate tensions, and said the two countries had failed to overcome their
sharp differences on the conflict. Creating additional capabilities on the
border does not defuse the situation but on the contrary exacerbates it, Putin
told a press conference with Turkish Prime Minister after talks in Istanbul.
We are not inveterate defenders of the current regime in Syria, Putin said.
Ive already said it many times. We are not advocates of the incumbent
Syrian leadership. Other things worry us, like what will happen in the
future?
Meanwhile, Syria vowed it would never use chemical weapons
against its own people. The statement from Damascus came after US
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned Assad that the use of chemical
299

weapons constituted a red line and US media cited anonymous officials as


saying they had detected the Syrian military moving the arms.
In an exclusive interview with AFP, Arab League chief said Assads
regime was in danger of collapse anytime as the opposition gained ground
on the military and political fronts. Facts on the ground indicate very
clearly now that the Syrian opposition is gaining, politically and militarily.
Everyday they are gaining something, he said. On ground, an air strike
killed at least 12 people eight rebels and four civilians and wounded
more than 30 in the northeastern town of Ras al-Ain on the border with
Turkey. Syrian foreign ministry spokesman Jihad Makdisi, a well-known
advocate of President Assads regime, resigned.
On 4th December, Western powers warned Damascus there would be
an immediate reaction to any use of chemical weapons as the NATO military
alliance agreed to deploy Patriot missiles along member state Turkeys
border as requested by Ankara to help it defend its territory against threats
from Syria. Syrias chemical weapons stockpiles were a matter of great
concern, Rasmussen said, adding: This is also the reason why it is a matter
of urgency to ensure effective defence and protection of our ally Turkey.
Germany, the Netherlands and the United States have agreed to
provide the Patriot missile batteries, which would come under the command
of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). Stressing that the
Patriot system was purely defensive, Rasmussen said technical discussions
would now follow about how many of the US-made missiles would be
deployed and where.
The Syrian government, fighting to prevent the capital Damascus
from falling to rebel forces, reiterated it would never resort to chemical
weapons. Saudi Arabia meanwhile urged the international community to
take a unified position on Syria after the rebel groups formed a coalition last
month.
On the ground, the Syrian army blasted a string of rebel zones on the
eastern and southwestern outskirts of Damascus. Pro-regime daily Al-Watan
reported that the army is making progress in all directions in Damascus
province, chiefly in villages along the road linking the capital to the
international airport.
Next day, warplanes pounded suburbs of Damascus as regime forces
fought to reclaim rebel-held areas of the capital. Daraya to the southwest
was subjected to artillery fire, amid clashes at Saqba to the east. Battles east
of Damascus intensified as troops try to push back rebels in the Eastern
300

Ghouta region who have inched closer towards the capital. There was also
fighting around the Wadi Deif military base, which has been under siege
since rebels took Maaret al-Numan in October. At least 123 people were
killed yesterday, including 30 in and around Damascus.
Turkish Foreign Minister said that Ankara knew the exact location of
hundreds of ground missiles belonging to the regime of Syrian President.
Assad has about 700 missiles... Now we know the exact location of all of
them, how they are stored and who holds them, Davutoglu was quoted as
saying.
UN leader Ban Ki-moon sent a letter to Syrias President Bashar alAssad warning that any use of chemical weapons would be an outrageous
crime. The letter was handed to Syrian authorities on Tuesday. Ban also
wrote to the Syrian leader earlier this year about Syrias chemical arsenal.
On 6th December, troops launched assaults on rebels around Syria,
focusing on the capitals outskirts. Forces shelled Douma and Zabadani to
the northeast of the capital and Daraya and Moadamiyet al-Sham to the
southwest. In the capital itself, security forces swarmed the southern district
of Zahra after a car bomb exploded. There were clashes in Irbin to the east.
The fighting claimed 104 lives across the country.
Assads deputy foreign minister said Western powers were whipping
up fears of a fateful move to the use of chemical weapons in Syrias civil
war as a pretext for intervention. He spoke as Germanys cabinet approved
stationing Patriot anti-missile batteries on Turkeys border with Syria, a step
requiring deployment of NATO troops that Syria fears could permit
imposition of a no-fly zone over its territory.
Next day, Syrias army sent reinforcements to a rebel town near
Damascus and clashes raged south of the city. The army bombed orchards
surrounding Daraya where military reinforcements are heading and
Moadamiyet al-Sham was also pounded. Amid unrelenting violence
nationwide, protesters took to the streets in several towns and cities, notably
in the central provinces of Homs and Hama, Aleppo in the north, and
Hasakeh in the northeast. Demonstrators protested under the slogan No to
peacekeeping forces in Syria.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged a concerted push to end
the conflict after talks with her Russian counterpart. She said there had been
no great breakthrough during talks in Dublin with her Russian counterpart
and UN peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, but said there would be further
meetings between officials.
301

The worlds chemical weapons watchdog asked Syria to sign up to a


convention banning their use, as an opposition leader called on the
international community to stop President Assads regime unleashing a
chemical arms disaster. The Syrian people will neither forget nor forgive
anyone who orders the use of weapons of mass destruction, or anyone who
is complicit in the crime, or anyone who moves only after the crime is
committed, a key Syrian opposition leader said.
On 8th December, Syrian troops battled rebels near Damascus and
launched air strikes on opposition strongholds in the south of the capital and
on its northeastern outskirts. Three rebels and two civilians were killed in
shelling on southern areas of the capital, including in Daraya, where troops
had launched a major military operation to try and seize control of the town.
At least 49 people were killed nationwide, including 16 civilians and 16
rebels killed in Damascus province alone.
State television reported that the army had destroyed a number of
vehicles and motorcycles used by terrorists in Harasta and Daraya. The
Observatory said that the army mounted attacks on rebel positions near the
borders with Turkey and Israel. Air strikes struck the northern town of Tal
Abyad near Turkey, the Britain-based watchdog said, while shells fell on the
villages of Bir Ajam and Al-Buraykah in the Syrian side of the Israelioccupied Golan Heights.
In the northwestern province of Idlib, four men were killed in air
strikes on the village of Kfar Lateh, and warplanes also bombed Maaret alNuman and the nearby village of Has, killing two men and leaving 15 others
wounded. In Aleppo province in the north, warplanes pounded the towns of
Aazaz and Jarablus, and targeted rebel positions around the Meng military
airport which is ringed by several battalions.
Syria warned that rebels could use chemical weapons in their fight
against President Assads forces, and insisted that the regime will never
unleash such arms on its own people. The ministry was believed to be
referring to the Syrian-Saudi Chemicals Company (SYSACCO) factory near
Safira, which was taken over earlier this week by militants from the jihadist
Al-Nusra Front. Syria is defending its people against terrorism, which is
supported by known countries, with the United States at the forefront, the
ministry said.
British Foreign Secretary, however, said there was evidence the
Damascus government could actually employ chemical weapons stocks in
the conflict. Global concerns over Syrias chemical weapons stockpiles grew
302

after US officials this week privately said the regime had begun mixing
precursor chemicals that could be used for the lethal nerve agent sarin.
Jordan: On 30th November, former premier and intelligence chief
Ahmad Obeidat joined thousands of Jordanians to protest fuel price hikes,
demanding regime reform and the resignation of Prime Minister Abdullah
Nsur. Demonstrators gave police flowers, but a limited number called for
the fall of regime, which is punishable by imprisonment under Jordanian
law.
Jordanians have held Arab Spring-inspired protests since last year,
demanding reforms and a tough anti-corruption fight. Meanwhile, Jordan
must stop using a military tribunal to prosecute peaceful demonstrators after
several were arrested this month for protesting at rising fuel prices, Human
Rights Watch said.
Next day, a Jordanian policeman died from wounds he suffered in an
attack on his station during riots against fuel prices hikes. On November 14,
gunmen using automatic weapons had attacked a police station in Shafa
Badran, shooting and injuring Hamdan as he made dinner, directly hitting
one of his eyes.
Kuwait: On 30th November, tens of thousands of supporters of the
Kuwaiti opposition marched in the capital on the eve of election to urge
voters to boycott the polls in protest against a change to the electoral law.
Chanting slogans we are boycotting and the people want the repeal of the
amendment, the demonstrators marched peacefully after authorities issued a
permit unlike the previous protests which turned violent.
Next day, Kuwaitis cast ballots to elect a second parliament in 10
months, but early turnout was low as voters appeared to heed an opposition
call to shun the poll over a disputed electoral law. The opposition, which
held 36 of the 50 seats in the scrapped parliament, cannot win any as it has
not fielded candidates among the 306 hopefuls, including 13 women.
On 2nd December, the opposition vowed to press on with protests until
a newly elected parliament is abolished and a disputed law scrapped, a day
after Kuwait's Shia minority emerged as main victors of a largely-boycotted
vote. Organizers of three huge opposition demonstrations ahead of the
election announced on their Twitter account a plan to organize a new rally.
On 8th December, thousands of Kuwaitis demonstrated to demand
dissolving the new parliament elected last week despite a massive boycott as
the oil-rich Gulf state plunged into political stalemate. This parliament is
303

illegitimate, this (electoral law) amendment is illegal, chanted the


protesters, who included a large number of women and children, as they
marched on the key seaside Road.
Police excessively used teargas and stun grenades while battling the
activists in several residential areas heavily populated by Bedouin tribes who
are estimated to make up over 55 percent of the 1.2 million Kuwaiti citizens.
The struggle will escalate and I am afraid that we may have casualties
unless (government) wisdom prevails, former Islamist MP Jamaan alHarbash told AFP.
The Islamist, nationalist and liberal opposition boycotted the polls in
protest against the amendment of the electoral law which the opposition says
it enables the government to control the outcome of polls. Former MPs have
filed two petitions to the constitutional court challenging that the amendment
to the electoral law breached the constitution. If the court accepts the
motions, it could order parliament dissolution.
Saudi Arabia: On 28th November, Saudi Arabias grand mufti has
slammed popular protests across the region as anti-Islamic, saying they only
serve to spread chaos. These protests are not linked in any way to Islam,
which promotes dialogue, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah al-Sheikh was
quoted. The grand mufti said that the events occurring in the Arab and
Muslim world are a result of the lack of religion and the disobedience of
leaders or the interference by some foreign parties.
Yemen: On 28th November, a Saudi diplomat and his bodyguard were
killed when their car was raked with gunfire by unidentified assailants in
Yemens capital. Gunmen dressed in the central security forces uniforms
opened fire at the car of the Saudi diplomat in Sanaa, causing it to flip over.
On 8th December, hundreds of Yemenis held anti-US rally and condemned
drone attacks.

Africa
Nigeria: On 27th November, gunmen said to be dressed as soldiers
opened fire on a central Nigeria club, killing 10 people in a region hit by
waves of clashes between Christian and Muslim ethnic groups. The incident
occurred in the Barkin Ladi area of Plateau state and saw gunmen storm the
club then open fire indiscriminately on customers.
Tunisia: On 29th November, clashes erupted between Tunisian police
and anti-government protesters in the central town of Siliana as unrest raged
into a third day and spread to other parts of the deprived region. Security
304

forces fired warning shots and tear gas at hundreds of protesters trying to
storm a police station in Siliana a day after more than 250 people were
wounded in the town during clashes with police.
Libya: On 5th December, almost 200 Libyan prisoners escaped from a
jail in the southern town of Sabha in unclear circumstances. Supporters of
Moamer Gaddafi were also among the detainees. Suad Ganun, who
represents Sabha in the national assembly, confirmed the escape of 250
prisoners, blaming it on the failure of the authorities to address insecurity in
the south.
Egypt: On 27th November, tens of thousands packed Tahrir Square to
protest a power grab by Mohamed Mursi, piling pressure on Egypts Islamist
president as he faces his most divisive crisis since taking power in June. The
huge turnout in the heart of Cairo, as well as in the Mediterranean city of
Alexandria and most of Egypts 27 provinces, marked the largest
mobilization yet against the president.
Throughout the afternoon and into the evening, marches poured into
Tahrir Square, swelling the numbers, amid an electrifying atmosphere many
said reminded them of the 2011 uprising. The protesters are angry at the
decree that Mursi announced last Thursday allowing him to issue any
decision or law that is final and not subject to appeal, which effectively
placed him beyond judicial oversight. The decree put him on a collision
course with the judiciary and consolidated the long-divided opposition
which accuses him of taking on dictatorial powers and raises concerns that
the Islamists will be further ensconced in power.
Mursi stuck by his controversial decree. There was no change to the
constitutional declaration, presidential spokesman Yasser Ali told reporters
at the end of the meeting. But he added Mursi sought to clarify that any
irrevocable decisions apply only to issues related to his sovereign powers
and stressed the temporary nature of the decree.
A judicial source told AFP that even if immunity were limited to
sovereign powers, which appears to be a compromise, there are still
concerns that the text itself remains unchanged. The decree also bans any
judicial body from dissolving a controversial panel that is drafting the
countrys new constitution. Liberals, leftists and the countrys three churches
have already walked out of the Islamist-dominated panel because they say it
fails to represent all Egyptians.
Next day, a Cairo court sentenced seven Egyptian Christians and a
controversial US pastor to death in absentia for involvement in a movie that
305

mocked the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The Christian Egyptians, including the
films maker, are all located in the United States and were tried in their
absence.
Egypt plunged deeper into its worst political crisis since Islamist
President Mohamed Mursi took office, with a top court going on strike to
protest his decision to grant himself sweeping powers. The Court of
Cassation, the countrys top appeals court, said it would suspend all work
until Mursi rescinds the decree that gave him unprecedented powers that
cannot be challenged by the judiciary.
On 29th November, an Egyptian panel was rushing through approval
of a new constitution at the centre of a political crisis pitting the Islamist
president against his opposition, which has threatened new protests. By late
afternoon, the constituent assembly, which has been boycotted by liberals
and Christians, had approved almost one-fifth of 234 articles, including a
unanimous decision to retain Islamic law as the main source of legislation.
President Mohamed Mursi, meanwhile, is expected to give an address on the
crisis.
Opposition groups said they would hold marches on Friday to Cairos
Tahrir Square, where dozens of protesters say they will remain camped out
until Mursi reverses his decree. Minor skirmishes persisted between some
protesters and police near the square. At least three protesters have been
killed in country-wide unrest since the decree.
Next day, tens of thousands of protesters rallied in Cairo as the
opposition piled pressure on President Mohamed Mursi after a panel rushed
through a draft constitution seen as undermining basic freedoms. The
marches, led by opposition figures, set off from several Cairo districts early
in the day to join the protesters in the square.
Rights activists say the charter undermines freedoms of women and
religious minorities while the opposition says it was rushed through to force
an early referendum. The constitution has taken centre stage in the countrys
worst political crisis since Mursis election in June, squaring largely Islamist
forces against liberal opposition groups.
The document retained a vague Mubarak-era constitution article
stating that the principles of Islamic law are the main source of legislation.
But it added a new provision stipulating that the principles of Islamic law
were to be interpreted according to the tenets of Sunni Islamic rulings, a
clause Christian churches have opposed. The draft also allows that state a

306

role in protecting ethics and morals and bans insulting humans, which
rights activists say could censor political criticism of the president.
On 1st December, President Mohamed Mursi was set to review a
controversial draft constitution amid rival rallies that kicked off following
afternoon prayers. The demonstration in the heart of Cairo came a day after
tens of thousands of Mursi opponents converged on Tahrir Square to protest
against the presidents decree and the speedy adoption of the draft
constitution.
The National Rescue Front a coalition of opponents led by dissident
former UN nuclear watchdog chief Mohamed ElBaradei, ex-Arab League
chief Amr Mussa and former presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabbahi has
called on the decrees opponents to keep up the pressure. It has called on
Egyptians to reject the illegitimate decree and the void draft constitution,
and stressed the publics right to use any peaceful method to protest
including a general strike and civil disobedience.
Amnesty International said the draft raises concerns about Egypts
commitment to human rights treaties, specifically ignoring the rights of
women (and) restricting freedom of expression in the name of religion. The
Brotherhood and the secular-leaning opposition had stood side by side in
Tahrir Square in 2011 as they fought to bring down Mubarak and his regime.
Next day, hundreds of supporters of President Mohamed Mursi
protested outside Egypts top court, forcing judges to delay the potential
scrapping of an Islamist panel that drafted a disputed constitution. The
Supreme Constitutional Court then declared it was beginning an open-ended
strike in what it called a black day for the judiciary and opposition
protesters announced they will rally outside the presidential palace on
Tuesday to protest against a December 15 referendum on Egypts
controversial draft constitution.
Protesters, many wrapped in blankets and carrying posters of Mursi,
spent the night outside the courthouse and blocked off a main road that runs
along the Nile leading up to it, trying to stop the judges from entering. An
interior ministry official denied it was impossible for judges to enter the
courthouse, saying some judiciary officials had in fact gone in thanks to
government security forces guarding the entrances to ensure their safety.
A rushed-through draft constitution adopted by an Islamist-dominated
panel boycotted by liberals and Christians amid popular unrest will go to a
vote on December 15, Mursi announced late on Saturday. The political

307

standoff has squared largely secular opponents of Mursi against his Islamist
supporters, who have held rival rallies in Cairo.
On 3rd December, Egypt's most senior judges announced they would
delegate judicial officers to oversee a referendum on a controversial draft
constitution, overriding calls for a boycott amid growing popular unrest. The
judges' decision brings a measure of relief to President Mursi even as
pressure mounts against him in the streets, with the opposition calling a new
protest rally.
Next day, opponents of Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi clashed
with his supporters in the central province of Minya, as protests erupted
across the country against his expanded powers. Protesters marched to the
headquarters of Mursis Freedom and Justice Party, the political arm of the
Muslim Brotherhood, and tore down a picture of the president, prompting
clashes with his supporters. Police fired tear gas to disperse the crowd and
three people were injured in the clashes.
Demonstrators also took to the streets in the Mediterranean city of
Alexandria and the central province of Sohag. The protests come as tens of
thousands of Mursi opponents surrounded the presidential palace in Cairo to
denounce a decree expanding his powers and placing him beyond judicial
oversight.
On 5th December, supporters and opponents of Egyptian President
Mohamed Mursi lobbed Molotov cocktails and rocks at each other as their
standoff turned violent near the presidential palace in Cairo. Bloodied
protesters were seen being carried away as gunshots could be heard and the
fierce political rivals torched cars and set off fireworks. Around the
presidential palace in the upscale neighbourhood of Heliopolis, protesters
from both camps fled into side streets.
Prominent opposition leader and former UN nuclear watchdog chief
Mohamed ElBaradei said Mursi bore full responsibility for the violence
and that his regime was losing more legitimacy every day. The upheaval we
are seeing... indicates that dialogue is urgently needed. It needs to be twoway, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told journalists in the Belgian
capital.
Next day, Egypts Republican Guard restored order around the
presidential palace after fierce overnight clashes killed seven people, but
passions ran high in a struggle over the countrys future. Hundreds of his
supporters who had camped out near the palace overnight withdrew before a

308

mid-afternoon deadline set by the Republican Guard. Dozens of Mursis foes


remained, but were kept away by a barbed wire barricade guarded by tanks.
The Islamist president, Mohamed Mursi, criticized by his opponents
for his silence in the last few days, was due to address the nation later in the
day. The military played a big role in removing President Hosni Mubarak
during last years popular revolt, taking over to manage a transitional period,
but had stayed out of the latest crisis.
The United States, worried about the stability of an Arab partner
which has a peace deal with Israel and which receives $1.3 billion a year in
U.S. military aid, urged dialogue. Hussein Abdel Ghani, spokesman of the
opposition National Salvation Front, said more protests were planned, but
not necessarily at the palace in Cairos Heliopolis district.
Mursi has shown no sign of buckling under pressure from protesters,
confident that the Islamists, who have dominated both elections since
Mubarak was overthrown, can win the referendum and the parliamentary
election to follow. Brotherhoods secretary-general, said holding the
plebiscite was the only way out of the crisis, dismissing the opposition as
remnants of the (Mubarak) regime, thugs and people working for foreign
agendas.
On 7th December, more than 10,000 protesters opposing President
Mursi swarmed the square in front of his Cairo palace, breaking through
barbed wire barriers protecting the compound. A cordon of soldiers
prevented the crowd from nearing the palaces main gate, but elsewhere
protesters sprayed graffiti on the outside walls, telling Mursi to Go and
leave power.
Several army tanks were stationed in the square and nearby but made
no movement against the protesters, some of whom clambered atop them to
declare the army was hand in hand with them. That was reminiscent of the
popular uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak, when tanks stood idle amid
massive protests in Cairos Tahrir Square, as protesters mixed with soldiers.
Late in the day, police fired tear gas at hundreds of Islamist protesters,
mostly hard-line Salafists, who tried to storming the Cairo studios of private
Egyptian television channels critical of Mursis supporters.
Leaders of the main opposition group, the National Salvation Front,
rebuffed a grudging offer from Mursi to talk with them about the political
crisis his decisions have triggered. Both Mursis Islamist backers and the
largely secular opposition have dug in their heels in the confrontation,

309

raising the prospect of further escalation. The United States and European
Union have called for dialogue to resolve the crisis.
Next day, Egypts military put its foot down in the crisis dividing the
nation by demanding the Islamist-led government and political foes start
dialogue and warning it would not permit events to take a disastrous turn.
But there was no immediate sign of compliance by either camp. The stark
ultimatum underlined the gravity of the crisis pitting Mursi and his Muslim
Brotherhood backers against the largely secular opposition alarmed at the
presidents expanded powers and efforts to push through a new constitution.
Islamist parties, including the political wing of Mursis Muslim
Brotherhood, rejected opposition demands to delay a referendum in a weeks
time on a new constitution they helped draft. The National Salvation Front
opposition coalition insists that a postponement is a non-negotiable
condition for any talks. It also demands that Mursi give up expanded powers
he assumed last month that put him beyond judicial review.
Barring concessions that neither side seems willing to make, the
situation for Egypt looked likely to worsen, according to observers. There is
no option for de-escalation, said Eric Trager, an analyst with the
Washington Institute for Near East Policy. The Muslim Brotherhood
believes it has majority support so it can go ahead with the constitutional
referendum. It thinks that it can win, he said.

Europe: On 7th December, two French Muslim groups have filed a


lawsuit for inciting racial hatred and slander against a French satirical
weekly that published cartoons of holy Prophet (PBUH). The Algerian
Democratic Rally for Peace and Progress (RDAP) and its offshoot the
United Arab Organization (OAU), which both state that their goal is the
defence and support of Muslim and/or Arab people, are seeking damages of
780,000 euros ($1 million). Their suit targets the publication, its director and
two cartoonists.
Belgium raised its terror threat level to the second-highest ahead of
the release of a new home-made film on the Internet next week mocking the
holy Prophet (PBUH). The film is presented as the work of a man living in
Spain called Imran Firasat and said to be inspired by a profane US-made
film released in September.

VIEWS
Israel

310

Why Israel desires to be hated by Palestinians: Yet another


massacre is unfolding in Gaza War is useful because the passion it arouses
prevents people from asking two basic questions that must be addressed if
the core of silencing and violence that we are witnessing is to be grasped
and, in turn, if progress is ever to be made towards justice and enduring
peace. First, what kind of state is Israel? Second, who are the Palestinians
that this state is in conflict with?
Israel was established to be a Jewish state. Its institutions have always
been shaped and constrained so as to ensure the continued existence of a
Jewish majority and character. Passing a test of Jewishness entitles someone
to Israeli citizenship regardless of where in the world she lives. Furthermore,
her citizenship comes with a bundle of political, social and economic rights
which are preferential to that of citizens who do not qualify as Jewish. This
inbuilt discriminatory premise highlights the apartheid nature of the state.
But apartheid is not an accidental feature of Israel. Its very creation involved
immense injustice and suffering. Shielding and rationalizing this inbuilt
premise prevents the address of past injustices and ensures their continuity
into the future. It is a premise that, in matters of constitutional interpretation,
takes precedence over, and thus involves the imposition of reasonable
limitations on, equality of citizenship.
The Palestinians, we are told, are a people who live in the West Bank
and Gaza. The impression forced on us is that the conflict concerns a
compromise to be made the correct border between Israel and a Palestinian
state. We are led to believe that a partition into two-states would satisfy both
genuine and realistic aspirations for justice and peace. In this view, the
violence in Gaza is just an unreasonable aberration from an otherwise noble
peace process.
But Palestinians actually comprise three groups. First, those whose
families originate in the territories that were occupied by Israel in 1967
(Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem). Second, the
descendants of the approximately 750,000 non-Jews who were ethnically
cleansed in 1947-9 in order to ensure a Jewish majority in the new Jewish
state. This group is dispersed around the world, mostly in refugee camps in
the territories occupied in 1967 and the neighbouring states. Israel has
persistently denied them their internationally recognized legal right to return.
The majority in Gaza consists of refugees from villages which are now
buried under Israeli towns and cities that were created explicitly for Jewish
citizens, places which include Ashkelon and Tel Aviv that were hit by
rockets in the current conflict. The third group of Palestinians, which Israel
311

insists on calling by the euphemism Israeli Arabs, are the non-Jews who
managed to evade ethnic cleansing in 1947-49 and who now live as secondclass citizens of Israel, the state which likes to claim that it is Jewish and
democratic.
Until 1948, the territory of Palestine stretched from the River Jordan
to the Mediterranean. The violence that has afflicted the area ever since is
the direct result of an event whose true nature our society seems determined
to deny. Violence keeps erupting because of the silencing and
marginalization of a simple truth surrounding any partition policy: that the
injustice that afflicts Palestine cannot be partitioned. It is because of the
desire to preserve a Jewish state that first, the legal dualism that exists in the
1967 Occupied Territories as well as the horror at the Separation Wall have
become the dominant political discourses of apartheid, second, that the
refugees are remained dispossessed and, thirdly, that both actual and
potential non-Jew Arab citizens do, and would, suffer discrimination. The
two-state vision means that the inbuilt apartheid within Israel, and in turn the
injustice to two groups of Palestinians, does never become the central
political problem.
The range of reactions to the current carnage shows just how
successful violence has been in sustaining the legitimacy of Israel by
entrenching the political focus merely on its actions rather than on its nature.
These reactions keep the discourse that calls for criticizing Israel rather than
for replacing it with an egalitarian polity over the whole of historical
Palestine.
Israel desires to be hated by Palestinians. By provoking violence
Israel has not merely managed to divert the limelight from its apartheid
nature. It has also managed to convince that, as Joseph Massad of Columbia
University once captured, it has the right to occupy, to dispossess and to
discriminate, namely the claim that the apartheid premise which founds it
should be put up with and rationalized as reasonable. Would anybody allow
such a right-claim to hold sway in apartheid South Africa? How come that
the anti-apartheid and egalitarian calls for the non-recognition of Israel right
to exist are being marginalized as extreme and unrealizable? What kind of
existential fetters cause the world to exhibit such blindness and a drop of
compassion? Is there no unfolding tragedy that anticipates violence against
Jews precisely because past violence against them in Europe is being
allowed to serve as a rationalizing device of an apartheid state?

312

Israel has already created a de facto single state between the river and
the sea, albeit one which suffers from several apartheid systems, one within
Israel and another in the occupied territories. We must not let Israeli
aggression prevent us from treating as moderate and realistic proposals to
turn this single state into one where all would have equal rights. (Oren BenDor (a Jew) for Counterpunch, reprinted in TheNation 25th November)
Palestinian membership: The UN General Assembly has duly voted
for the admission of Palestine to observer status. It would join the Palestine
Liberation Organization with this status, though the vote once again showed
that Israel remains adamantly opposed to Palestinian independence, and that
it continues to enjoy the backing of the Western powers. Palestine had
embarked on the path of working within the system, including moving from
armed struggle to negotiating with Israel, but Israel has not only broken off
negotiations, not only inflicted another attack on the Palestinians in Gaza,
but also aggressively continues to pursue the policy of building settlements
on Palestinian land. Paradoxically, this may have contributed to the massive
support for Palestine at the General Assembly, shown in the vote: 138 in
favour, 9 against and 41 abstentions.
One of the major practical consequences is that the International
Criminal Court can now take cognizance of any war crimes, acts of genocide
or crimes against humanity committed by Israel, and prosecute any
individuals accused of such crimes. This is particularly valuable since Israeli
crimes of violence against Palestinians go back to the original illegal
occupation of Palestine in 1948, and continue right up to the recent attack on
Gaza. Otherwise, the overwhelming support for the Palestinian membership
is shown by this vote. Not only does it advance the cause of Palestinian
statehood, but it also highlights how the right of the Palestinian people has
still not been exercised. (Editorial, TheNation 1st December)
Why Palestine won big at the UN: The pacifist politicians who
govern the West Bank notched a significant diplomatic win without much of
a fight at all. Just before 5pm New York time, the UN General Assembly
voted 138 to 9 to bring Palestine aboard as a nonmember state. Another 41
nations abstained. Assured of passage by a whopping majority, Israel and the
US noted their objections mildly and mostly for the record, their effort to
limit the fallout for the Jewish state itself limited in the wake of Gaza.
The status of nonmember state emphasis on the state puts
Palestine on the same level of diplomatic recognition as the Vatican, which
is technically a sovereign entity. The Holy See has its own ambassadors but,
313

for a few, may be better known for its busy post office off St Peters Square,
where tourists queue for what quiet thrills are afforded by a Vatican stamp
cancelled with the Popes postmark.
Palestine already has post offices. The particular marker of
sovereignty it sought from the UN is even more bureaucratic: access to
international organizations, especially the International Criminal Court at the
Hague. Experts on international law say that, armed with the mass
diplomatic recognition of the 150 or so nations it counts as supporters,
Palestine will be in a position to bring cases against Israel, which has
occupied the land defined as Palestine the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
since 1967.
The ICC, as its known, is on record as inclined to regard Israels more
than 100 residential settlements on the West Bank as a crime of war. (The
Jewish state pulled its settlers and soldiers out of Gaza in 2005 and argues
that it no longer qualifies as its occupier under international law. Critics
argue otherwise.) The physical presence of the settlements in other words
would give Palestine a ready-made case to drag Israel before the court or
to threaten dragging it before the court. In the dynamics of the IsraelPalestine conflict, the real power lies in the threat. But in his last UN
address, in September, Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud
Abbas began to lay the foundation for charges based not on the settlements
but on the violent behaviour of some individual settlers, who attack
Palestinian neighbours and vandalize property and mosques. Settler attacks
have skyrocketed in the past two years, according to UN monitors, and now
account for the majority of the political violence on the West Bank, despite
the lingering popular impression of Palestinian terrorism dating back
decades. On the West Bank, at least, the reality has changed (Karl Vick
for Time, reprinted in TheNation 1st December)
Palestine inches towards statehood: In response to the Palestinian
bid, a bipartisan group of American Senators intends introducing a
legislation that could cut off foreign aid to the Authority, if it tried to use the
International Criminal Court against Israel; and close the Palestine
Liberation Organizations office in Washington if the Palestinians refused to
negotiate with the Israelis. Calling the Palestinian bid an unhealthy step that
could undermine the peace process, Senator Lindsey Graham said that he
and the other Senators would be closely monitoring the situation.
The UNGA vote came shortly after an eight-day Israeli military
assault on Gaza, which Tel Aviv described as a response to stepped-up
314

rocket fire into Israel. The operation killed scores of Palestinians. The PA
was politically weakened by the Gaza fighting with its rivals in Hamas seen
by many Palestinians as more willing to stand up to Israel and fight back.
That shift in sentiment is one reason why some Western countries backed the
UN resolution; to strengthen Mr Abbas and his more moderate colleagues in
their contest with Hamas.
The Middle East has gone through a historic transformation; there is
no likelihood of enduring peace unless the issue of Palestinian independence
is resolved. The fragile ceasefire in Gaza is only a brief pause that needs to
be seized to revive the dormant peace process.
Understandably, the Arab-Israel dispute is not destined for an easy or painfree resolution. Ironically, the struggle for the liberation of Palestine has
wrongly been equated with terrorism. The Israelis de-legitimized the
Palestinians as radicals, extremists and terrorists whose aim is the
destruction of Israel and hence, not qualified to be partners for peace. Their
response to the Palestinians striving for a political settlement was even more
nuanced. These Palestinians were required to prove that they unequivocally
recognized Israel and were obliged to teach their kids to love Israelis, and
that everything was to be resolved only through negotiations.
For Palestinians, it is a long way to go; the struggle has just begun!
(Khalid Iqbal, TheNation 3rd December)

Egypt
Egypts Mursi: Has he started something he cant finish? In the
days since President Mohamed Mursi launched his bold Thanksgiving night
power grab via constitutional decree, Egypt has become accustomed to daily,
dueling protests as supporters and critics of Mursi make public shows of
strength. But on Monday, the country witnessed a tragic side-affect of the
current unrest: dueling funerals
Meanwhile, Mursi continues to try to manage the after-effects of his
decreewhich, among other things, placed all of his decisions and the status
of the body drafting the new constitution outside the reach of any kind of
judicial oversight. Two senior advisors to the president are known to have
quit over his decision so far. And on Monday, Mursi met with a group of
senior judges in order to try and resolve the dispute. Egypts judges revolted
en masse in the wake of the decreesaying Mursi had overstepped his
authority and threatening a nationwide strike. So far only a handful of
judicial districtseach voting internallyhave opted to strike.

315

Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki, who is handling the shuttle diplomacy


between Mursi and his own judicial branch, continues to make optimistic
statements about an impending compromise.
But on Monday Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali flatly stated that
the constitutional decree will not be altered. Egypts stock market
plummeted almost immediately upon opening for business Sunday morning.
Trading was briefly suspended and the market ended the day with nearly a
10% drop in value. It made a modest recovery on Monday.
As the crisis drags onward, the shape of the political battle lines are
coming into sharper focus. In addition to his own Muslim Brotherhood,
Mursis main public ally in the dispute is the ultraconservative Salafist Nour
Party. On the other side is a developing coalition of political players under
the umbrella of the National Salvation Front. Mohammed ElBaradei, one of
the fronts primary founders, has so far refused to even meet with Mursi
until after he rescinds his decree.
There is a good deal of anger, chaos, and confusion. Violence is
spreading to many places and state authority is starting to erode slowly,
ElBaradei told reporters on Saturday. We hope that we can manage to do a
smooth transition without plunging the country into a cycle of violence. But
I dont see this happening without Mursi rescinding all of this There is no
middle ground, no dialogue before he rescinds this declaration. There is no
room for dialogue until then.
The pressure is mounting from outside Egypt as well. On Sunday,
Senator John McCain, urged president Barack Obama to be prepared to use
the billions in annual US aid to Egypt as a leverage point to pressure Mursi.
Asked on Fox News Sunday about the establishment of an Islamist regime in
Egypt, McCain replied: I think it could be headed that way. You also could
be headed back into a military takeover if things went in the wrong
direction. You could also see a scenario where there is continued chaos.
McCains mention of a possible military takeover brings up one of the
major remaining wildcards: if the violence spirals out of control, will the
army step in? So far, the military has not tipped its hand publicly. After more
than a year of running the country, the army basically withdrew from public
life in August after Mursi won a power struggle with the Supreme Council
of the Armed Forces and sent Defence Minister Hussein Tantawi and his
deputies into early retirement. But speculation has grown over the militarys
stance on things and Air Force jets have been flying low over multiple areas

316

of Cairo for several days. (Ashraf Khalil for Time, reprinted in TheNation
28th November)
Mursi against the gatekeepers of old regime: President Mursis
declaration has provided a timeline for exiting from this current state of
political liquidity and uncertainty in which Egypt has been floundering
lately. We have to admit that one of the most important sources of this
problem is that many secular leaders insist on dragging the country into an
endless merry-go-round by attempting to block the constitution from
reaching daylight, and hence they block the parliamentary elections along
the way.
They fear the coming parliamentary elections just like they fear death,
since these elections would mean that ultimate legitimacy would reside in
the hands of the people, many of whom the secular leaders have failed to
engage with, as is evident from the results of the previous parliamentary
elections.
It would also signal the start of real stability and harmony, when all
three authorities legislative, judicial and executive can interact and
attune with each other for at least the coming four years. Let me just
elaborate further: some are afraid, actually mortified, by the possibility that
Egypt will be able to repeat the successes of the model set by the Turkish
Justice and Development party. Some of these attempts are skillfully
exposed in a recent article written by Wael Kandil. Frankly, I am driven up
the wall by these cheap extortion attempts to which we are subjected day and
night.
Just so that there isnt any confusion, I am speaking in particular about
19 members who attempted to overthrow the constituent assembly by armtwisting, wailing and acting like victims. Let me ask them this; why on earth
did you participate for a whole five months in an allegedly unbalanced
assembly? Why did you accept it from day one when it came into existence
while you were fully aware that some judicial rulings were out to get you?
What kind of cooked constitution are the secularists and liberals talking
about when they have participated in formulating (each and every) article of
it until the moment when those secular and liberal leaders withdrew from the
constituent assembly, a withdrawal which took place after there was nothing
left but the final revision to be done by adding a word here or there?
I cannot help but wonder why those secular and liberal leaders cannot
gather some courage to tell the Egyptian people that they have backtracked
on their word. A handwritten agreement was documented stating that certain
317

articles of the proposed constitution draft were controversial and would


therefore require further discussion and debate (articles 2, 3, 4 and 220).
This document was signed by the representatives of al-Azhar, the church, the
Salafis, the Muslim Brotherhood and, yes, it was also signed by
representatives of the liberal and secular parties as well. Hence the question
remains, why did they go back on their word?
As for those who have retired outside the walls of the Shura council
and seek to overthrow the assembly I would like to tell them that if they
were really keen on the welfare of this country and on its people then they
would sit with us and hold a civilized dialogue to discuss specific criticism
of the specific articles. Let us hear your suggestions and amendments. But to
keep spinning in a non-stop vicious circle of unsubstantiated accusations
such as, the Islamists are flexing their muscles and dominating the
constitution writing process, or that they are unwilling to discuss, debate
and compromise, when the truth is that we have been doing little else since
the inception of the constitutional assembly, then responding to some of
these accusations begins to become useless.
I never thought the day would come when I would have to explain the
meaning of majority vote in the assembly. But I have to, because our
friends are fooling the Egyptian people by telling them that what is going on
in the assembly is unparalleled in the whole world. Whereas the fact is that
all the constitutions around us are either written by constituent assemblies
that directly acknowledge a constitution provided that it is approved by
either two-thirds of its members or by the simple majority (50+1), after
which it is put forward for public referendum. But to combine both methods
is something really strange and what is even stranger is that our liberal
friends are stubbornly insisting on it in a way that has become so difficult to
fathom.
The word compatibility has a nice ring to it, especially when weve
been using it so liberally after the revolution to express our desire to reach
solutions that will satisfy all parties. But as nice as it sounds, it wont
eliminate the idea of differences. When they tell us that two-thirds
acceptance is a condition, then it goes without saying that one-third of the
members will always have an opposing opinion that is justifiable and
convincing from their point of view; otherwise why did humanity even
invent voting in the first place?
We will all welcome a national opposition that respects its people and
guards their gains and destinies, but how can we welcome an opposition that
318

entices some youth to throw stones at the people and Shura councils, to
throw molotov cocktails and burn down the headquarters of another party to
the ground? If only one-tenth of this had happened to the headquarters of the
pettiest opposition party because of some demonstrations that the Islamists
called for, the whole world would have risen up in anger for it and we would
never ever have heard the last of this in terms of recriminations and
repercussions. (Nader Bakkar for Guardian, reprinted in TheNation 7 th
December)

Muslims
The great divide: The Muslim world is in a surge of awakening.
Rulers in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen have been ousted; Syria is in a
state of civil war and disturbances are spreading. The US involvement is
visible everywhere, since it is their security compulsion to keep control over
the region. They pursue this through political intrigues, financial armtwisting, use of brute force and exploiting disputes amongst Muslims, the
most potent being the Shia-Sunni divide. Consequently, the Muslims have
come to view the US, backed by Europe, as Enemy Number One. A great
divide has been created and the emotional gulf is widening. There is no
going back now.
The current unrest, with a backdrop of years of resurgence in Islamic
thought, carries the seeds of Muslim unification. We may not be farsighted
enough to recognize this, but those who play at the global level think in
longer terms. So dynamic is this awakening and so vital is this game to US
ambitions that the coming few years might witness major upheavals.
Obamas last term is likely to be consequential for the Muslims, unless they
can get their act together.
Although the reasons for these uprising have been tyrannical regimes,
concentration of wealth, corruption and economic decline, but when a
Muslim community comes under duress, it gravitates towards religion as a
rallying point. This then becomes the centre of gravity of their resistance.
The West recognizes this, and for years has been denigrating the concept of
political Islam. The notions of jihad and Ummah being significant
impediments in US design, colossal effort is directed to suppress these
thoughts and shrink religion to mere private existence. However, such
dynamics have now been created that the more they crush these thoughts, the
more they spread. Muslims from all over the world rise to resist, and their
numbers continue to increase.

319

For many years, our critical vulnerability has been self-centred rulers
in reprehensible pursuit of perpetuating their hold; keeping the people at bay
by creating harsh laws, maintaining self-serving systems and taking refuge
behind religion or some national security hoax, like the so-called war against
terrorism. The entire organism is based on subjugating the populace through
oppression and deceit. Akin to any mafia, most of our rulers seek shelter
from the bigger mobster the US. However, given their tarnished regional
history and current involvement, alignment with the US is now becoming a
political vulnerability. For our government, it will soon amount to a political
suicide.
Pakistan today stands precipitously fragmented, on every conceivable
political, social and religious issue. The most damaging is the Islamistsecular divide, fashioned to garner support for our alliance with the US and
title its fallout our war. The split between traditionalist and modernist
outlook has been magnified by pushing secular ideals to the centre stage of
our intellectual debate with such intensity that Islamic leaning expression
stands inhibited, out of fear of being branded uncultured and backward. This
perception is now changing.
The mantra is that there is an extremist version of Islam, which is
generating militancy, so this war has actually to be won in the minds; and if
this nation is to be saved, it has to be brought on to a moderate version of
Islam, implying that jihad must remain short of militancy. These westernized
thoughts, belittling religion, are reinforced by the heritage of intolerance and
extremist ideals held in certain cleric circles, historical legacy of the Afghan
Taliban and terrorism sponsored from across our border. Neither the
legitimacy of the Afghan struggle is brought under debate, nor is our
partnership in US massacre of our neighbours questioned. The trump card
being brandished is the sustenance of our economy. No linkage of our
foreign policy to our internal situation is shown and we are given to believe
that domestic terrorism is a standalone issue. The man on the street, with
greater religious inclinations, perceives this violation of Islamic injunctions
an elitist trend and considers secularism to be the cloak under which we hide
our new gods. Given the current psychosocial dynamics in the country, this
has come to enhance the rich-poor divide, with explosive potentials.
Today we stand divided and disputing; with the nation in total
disarray. Our disagreements have become more meaningful to us than the
future of this country. Either we unite or we sink. Unless we hold on to our
moorings, overcome our differences and carve out our own destiny, we
cannot prevent a Syria type catastrophe that is looming on our horizon.
320

Instead of a leg in either boat, we need to decide which side of this


great divide we stand on as a nation. True that there is no Muslim unity to
stand with, but here is our opportunity to lead. If we want peace in the
region, the US must leave and Afghanistan must get stabilized. Both these
objectives are achievable, if Pakistan and Iran unite.
The embrace of historical rivals in Afghanistan is the only means of
ensuring peace and stability in Afghanistan as well as inside Pakistan. There
is no other way of putting this genie of terrorism back in the bottle and
driving the US out. Afghanistan will automatically become part of this
alliance. This block will emerge as a new regional power centre. It will
prevent our isolation and economic collapse, on parting ways with the US. It
also carries the seed of greater Muslim unification and will be a precursor to
phenomenal changes in regional and global dynamics. Iranian President
Mahmoud Ahmedinejad made a significant remark (offer?) during his recent
visit to Pakistan, saying that Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was neither Sunni
nor Shia but a Muslim, and if Muslims unite under this one point, there will
be no strife or sectarian problem. The only beacon of hope for us, as for the
rest of the Muslim world, is this reconciliation. And its time has arrived.
(Shahid Aziz, TheNation 9th December)

REVIEW
The increase in flow of supply of weapons to rebels and at the same
time adoption of measures to choke such supplies for government forces,
along with shifting of the venue of fighting closer to the capital of Syria
indicated impatience of the West to see fall of Assads regime. Hillary
Clinton did not care to conceal it when she urged the international
community to more to speed up the regime change in Syria.
The deployment of batteries of Patriot missiles by NATO in Turkey,
despite opposition of Russia, also indicated that the West was preparing for
direct intervention as soon as an opportunity presents itself. Or, at least, as
correctly read by Syrian government, they were planning and preparing to
impose No Fly Zone over entire or certain areas of the country.
In Egypt, rapid gaining of political strength by Mohamed Mursi was
taken note of by the Crusaders, especially in view of his political base,
which is Islamist in nature. When he took some more steps to consolidate
his position and also announced holding of referendum to settle the
controversies, the Christians, secular and other enlightened moderate

321

forces were marshaled to organize rallies and trigger agitation to subvert the
democratic process.
These violent demonstrations, amount to serving of warnings to Mursi
to mend his ways by accepting the subservience to old masters of Egyptian
rulers; as his predecessors did; failing which he too could be listed in
regime change priorities. Lot will depend on how he handles the situation
and also on the outcome of the referendum next week.
Palestinians secured the approval of UN for non-state membership of
the world body. It certainly pleased them, but their miseries wont end as
Israel has not liked it. To begin with, as punishment of the crime committed
at the UN, Israel seemed determined to construct more Jewish settlements in
occupied territories.
9th December, 2012

WILLING AS EVER

322

Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Hina Rabbani Khar visited Brussels in the


company of General Kayani where the Crusaders had assembled to decide
the fate of Afghanistan beyond 2014. During the interaction there was
marked change in the attitude of Zardaris foreign masters who preferred
pampering the two guests from Islamabad rather than bullying them as
usual.
They agreed to continue working together for peace in Afghanistan. In
Islamabad, the new US Ambassador called on Prime Minister Raja. The host
requested Oslon to find an alternative to the drones as the death and
destruction perpetrated by these predators was not enough to when the war
in the region.
Just before meetings at Brussels, the foreign minister of Afghanistan
visited Islamabad. The change in his attitude during the stay in Pakistan was
also quite conspicuous; he too was unusually vocal in appreciating
Pakistans role in fight against terrorism; but Karzai could not resist hurling
allegations at Pakistan.
President Hamid Karzai, however, was also critical of the US and
NATO forces in his interview to NBC. He accused them of promoting, rather
than curbing, the militancy in Afghanistan and also for the rampant
corruption in the country. He was quite bitter about Obama Administration
over its failure to fulfill the provisions of Strategic Partnership Agreement
which related to Afghan prisoners in the custody of occupation forces.
Zardaris submissive gestures towards India failed to earn the desired
response from the aging Manmohan Singh, who declined to visit Pakistan
saying the situation was not ripe for the visit. However, some unknown
Indians reciprocated the friendly gestures related to Amn Ki Asha by serving
a bottle of chemical to the captain of the visiting team of blind cricketers
from Pakistan.

NEWS
Pakistan: On 12th November, Pakistan registered a strong protest
with Afghanistans ambassador over unprovoked cross-border shelling by
the Afghan troops that killed at least four people in Shawal area of South
Waziristan. Afghan ambassador was summoned to the Foreign Office as the
delegation led by Salahuddin Rabbani was to hold meetings with Prime
Minister Raja Pervaiz.

323

Next day, the visiting Afghan delegation led by its Chairman


Salahuddin Rabbani held a series of meetings with civil and military
leadership and exchanged views on how Afghanistan and Pakistan can make
the stalled peace and reconciliation process meaningful. The delegation met
senior officials of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, President Zardari and the
COAS. Pakistan asked the visiting delegation to come up with proposals
about the kind of role Kabul wants Islamabad to play in pushing forward
peace and reconciliation process.
The Supreme Court directed dissatisfied Asma Jahangir to guide the
interior secretary as to what kind of security was required by her client,
former envoy to the US Husain Haqqani, who faces the Memogate case. A
nine-member larger bench, led by Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, putt off
the controversial case until January, directing the interior ministry to ensure
foolproof security to Haqqani upon his arrival, stay and departure from
Pakistan.
On 14th November, at least five Taliban were killed and six wounded
in the security forces action against Tehrik-e-Taliban fighters in Sanzala
village located in Mehsud tribal area in South Waziristan Agency. Dozens of
bunkers and compound of the TTP fighters were destroyed. Gunship
helicopters were used in the attack.
The Punjab police claimed to have dealt a major set back to the TTP
by capturing its five most wanted commanders involved in several highprofile terror attacks which occurred in the province this year. The terrorists
arrested from Multan belonged to Qari Yasin group of TTP and they had
masterminded and executed the terror attacks on police in Lahore.
The four-day crucial talks between chief peace negotiator of
Afghanistan Salahuddin Rabbani and Pakistani officials concluded with
Pakistans releasing of a group of Taliban prisoners to push forward stalled
Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process. This
positive gesture is part of Pakistans sincere efforts to help facilitate a
meaningful process for peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan, a senior
Pakistani official said. He denied that Taliban former deputy leader Mullah
Abdul Ghani Baradar, who was arrested from Karachi in February 2010, was
among the nine prisoners released.
A 12-point joint Press statement issued on the conclusion of the talks
said that in support of peace and reconciliation process and in response to
the requests of the Afghan government/HPC, a number of Taliban detainees
were released. It said that all concerned countries including Pakistan,
324

Afghanistan and US would facilitate safe passage to potential negotiators to


advance the reconciliation process. Pakistan and Afghanistan will work
closely with other international partners to remove the names from the UN
sanctions list of the potential negotiators amongst Taliban and other groups
to enable them to participate in peace talks.
The two sides appealed to the Taliban and other armed Opposition
groups to participate in the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned reconciliation
process to end violence. The two sides also agreed to jointly work for
holding an Ulema Conference, which will include religious scholars from
Pakistan, Afghanistan and other Islamic countries. The conference could
either be held in Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan or any other Islamic
country. The Ulema Conference would address the issue of rising militancy
and suicide attacks in the name of religion and the defamation of our
glorious and peaceful religion Islam due to its unjustified linkage with
terrorism.
Pakistan and the High Peace Council called on the Taliban and other
armed groups to sever all links with al Qaeda, and other international terror
networks. The two sides recognized that close and consistent cooperation
between Afghanistan and Pakistan is key to building trust and confidence
between the two countries and strengthening joint bilateral efforts in
promoting peace and stability as well as overcoming the ongoing trends of
violence and extremism. They called for long term and consistent mutual
cooperation based on mutual interest and respect.
During its interaction, the High Peace Council delegation briefed the
Pakistan side on the progress made in the peace and reconciliation process
and underlined the importance of Pakistans role in this regard. Pakistan
supports Afghanistans vision and roadmap for achieving durable and lasting
peace.
Next day, Police foiled a major terrorism plot and arrested four
terrorists in Wazirabad; 15 suicide jackets, mines, hand grenades and a large
cache of ammunition were recovered from their possession. The terrorists
were members of al-Qaeda, who had plans to target government offices,
police and minorities.
On 16th November, two personnel of Frontier Corps were killed in a
bomb blast near FC headquarters in Zhob. FC personnel confiscated a
suspicious Serf Jeep in Kanoki area of Zhob and during search recovered
landmines and explosives in a large quality. The explosives were being
shifted when the blast occurred in the vehicle.
325

US lawmaker Dennis Kucinich called for Congress oversight of the


drone programme. Speaking in House of Representatives, Congressman
Kucinich said: The drone programme has thus far been conducted with no
oversight from Congress or any judicial body American drones in
Pakistan have killed as many as 3,378 people. Drones in Yemen have killed
as many as 1,952 people. Drones in Somalia have killed as many as 170
people. Weve not declared war on any of these nations, but our weapons
have killed innocent civilians in all of them. Highly reputable research
shows that the number of high-level targets killed as a percentage of total
casualties is estimated at about two per cent.
On 17th November, Balochistan head of UNHCR Charles Lynch has
said that 16,216 Afghan refugees were repatriated to Afghanistan in 2012
while 376,085 refugee cards had been issued in various parts of Balochistan.
He said that Afghans refugees were voluntarily going back to their country
and each returnee was being paid $150, besides they would also be provided
essential commodities and medicines.
Abbottabad Inquiry Commission Chairman said that he had requested
the Law Ministry to notify the exclusion of Abbas Khan so that the findings
of the commission could be made public without his signature. Abbas Khan
(former Punjab Police chief), is having treatment in the US and not available
to sign the final draft of the report.
Next day, an improvised explosive device planted along the route of
an army convoy in the Mir Ali area killed at least two soldiers and injured
seven others. Three labourers along with their donkeys were killed when a
roadside bomb exploded in tehsil Bara of Khyber Agency. At least three
people were injured when militants fired two rockets at University Town
area, Peshawar.
On 19th November, gunship helicopters pounded militant hideouts in
North Waziristan tribal region killing at least four and injuring many others.
The two-day curfew was lifted in the area. An IED blast on Sunday had
killed two officials of the security forces and damaged a tank in the region.
Mortars fired from the Afghan side of the border killed a girl and
injured three others in tehsil Nawagi of Bajaur tribal region. Four mortars
were fired from across the border at the Hilal Khail Charmang, a border
village. The local administration confirmed the attack saying militants
living inside Afghanistan could be responsible for it.
Five persons were injured when a female suicide bomber detonated
her suicide jacket near the convoy of former Jamaat-e-Islami chief Qazi
326

Hussain Ahmad in the Ghaiba Khwar area in Haleemzai tehsil of Mohmand


Agency. The convoy of Qazi Hussain Ahmad, passing through the
Haleemzai area, was on its way to Sultan Khail where the former JI chief
was to address the party workers and administer oath to the agencys new
office bearers.
Next day, military command of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Western
military alliance finalized renewed border coordination mechanism in Kabul.
General Kayani, acting ISAF Commander and Afghan Military Chief
attended the 36th meeting of the Tripartite Commission (TPC) at the Afghan
Ministry of Defence in Kabul. The meeting reviewed the on-going military
operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan, signed a key document on border
coordination and discussed ISAF drawdown plan 2014 for allied forces.
The three sides agreed to continue cooperation for enduring success,
peace and stability on both sides of the border, the statement said.
Envisaging phase-wise troops withdrawal, the Washingtons exit strategy
remains shrouded with uncertainty amid prevalent security challenges in
Afghanistan that have seen deadly attacks on allied forces and NATO
installations a number of times.
On 21st November, a station house officer with three other policemen
was killed when unknown gunmen ambushed their van in Jani Khel area of
Bannu district. The police were on routine patrolling when unknown
militants rained bullets on their van. Meanwhile, a roadside bomb in Shangla
district also killed one police official and injured four others.
As many as 22 people were killed and 70 others injured in attacks
near two Imambarghas in Rawalpindi and Karachi where mourners had
gathered to attend Muharram rituals. A suicide attacker entered a procession
and detonated the explosives strapped to his body near Qasr-e-Shabbir
Imambargah at Dhok Sayyadan in Rawalpindi, killing 20 people and
injuring 40 including children. The attack came hours after twin bomb blasts
killed two people and wounded 30 outside Hyder-e-Karar Imambargha
located at Sector 5 of the Orangi Town.
On 23rd November, three people including a police constable sustained
minor injuries in a remote-controlled blast on the vehicle of Anti-Terror
Squad in Swabi. A timed device fitted in a ghee tin on a bicycle went off,
damaging the patrolling vehicle, a car and two bicycles. A bomber was killed
when the suicide vest he was wearing detonated in an exchange of fire with
a police party in Baghban area of Lakki Marwat. FC men foiled a major

327

terror bid as it seized a truckload of explosive devices in Quetta, but the


culprits managed to escape.
Interior Minister said that the government will suspend cell phone and
wireless services in most parts of the country over the next two days to
prevent attacks on the occasion of Ashura-e-Muharram. The suspension of
cell phone service will begin at 6am Saturday and run through the next day.
A spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban claimed that suspending
mobile phone services in the country will not hold back the militant group
from carrying out its activities. TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan, speaking
on the telephone from an undisclosed location, claimed the banned group did
not carry out bombings using cellular phones as detonators.
Next day, 20 mortar shells fired from Afghanistan landed into
Pakistani territory near Angoor Ada and Zhoba Pahar areas. A vehicle was
destroyed in the shelling but no casualty was reported. Meanwhile, officials
in Islamabad protested to the government in Kabul over the border shelling.
At least nine people including four children were killed and 30 others
including a policeman injured in a bomb blast near an Imambargah in the
outskirts of Dera Ismail Khan. The bomb was set off by a television remote
controlled device because cell phones were not operational, police said.
President Zardari and Prime Minister urged the people to end their
differences and stand united against the scourge of terrorism and extremism,
and they vowed to continue fighting these menaces till their complete
elimination. The president said Yaum-e-Ashur gives a lesson of sacrifice and
piety for achieving higher objectives.
As part of government plans to avert terrorist acts on the occasion of
Ashura-e-Muharram, the cellular phone services remained suspended in
most big cities of the country until 8pm. But some cellular companies
violated the ban in several areas of Rawalpindi, Peshawar and DI Khan as
well as in designated area of Islamabad. Next day, four people were killed in
yet another bomb blast in Dera Ismail Kham.
On 26th November, The Capital Police found explosive material
attached with the underbelly of a vehicle in use of Hamid Mir, the anchor of
a private TV channel. Police told media that a detonator was attached to the
explosive material that could not be detonated due to electrical fault.
Malala Yousafzai topped TIME Magazines Person of the Year 2012
list so far. As many as 433 people have been voted in favour of Malala,
while just 68 voted against her. Malala has even outnumbered a lot of world
328

leaders including US President Barack Obama and US Secretary of State


Hillary Clinton. Malala, who has gained 87% votes in her favour, has topped
the list of 38 world leaders and celebrities.
Further tough times wait ahead for the diplomatic relations between
the US and Pakistan as the CDA revised building by-laws for Diplomatic
Enclave just need a final nod of the prime minister to 'prevent' the American
mission from constructing its new Embassy Complex. Sensing the gravity of
situation, the civic agency has conveniently passed the buck to Prime
Minister, who is the ultimate authority in this regard. And, it remains to be
seen if Raja withstands American pressure on the 'sweet will' of the powerful
military establishment or succumbs to it the way Pakistan has bowed down
on a number of issues of Pak-US relationship.
According to a note of the US Department of State, Overseas
Buildings Operations (OBO) and Bureau of Administration had awarded
$699 million contract to build a new Embassy Compound in Islamabad to
BL Harbert International of Birmingham, Alabama. The under-construction
facility would consist of new office building, new office annex, Marine
Security Guard Quarters, perimeter wall, support annex, general services
office, and permanent housing. The complex will be constructed on 35 acres
and the project has been divided into several phases with expected
completion in 2016.
Reportedly, a movie Zero Dark Thirty is upcoming 2012 American
action thriller directed and co-produced by Kathryn Bigelow with screenplay
by Mark Boal. The film chronicles American efforts to capture or kill Osama
bin Laden. According to sources, Obama Administration provided Bigelow
and her team access to classified information during their research for the
film. Such display of propaganda movie to defame Pakistan would further
spread hate against Pakistan.
Afghan province of Kunar has officially-run terrorists training camps,
disclosed a well placed source. The residents of Kunar province have
disclosed the presence of miscreants training camps near Pak-Afghan
border. These miscreants are involved in heinous crimes like kidnapping,
extortion of money, terrorist activities and drug trafficking within
Afghanistan and across the border. Governor Kunar Fazlullah Wahidi is in
the forefront in organizing and launching of these armed militants into
Pakistan with the help of National Directorate of Security (NDS),
Afghanistan.

329

TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan rejected peace talks with the


government. While reacting to a statement issued by Interior Minister, Ehsan
talking to a private TV channel rejected any prospects of peace talks while
claiming that Rehman Malik was a foreign agent who was not worthy of
granting forgiveness to the Taliban.
Next day, a key activist of banned militant outfit TTP was arrested
from Orangi Town, Karachi. Meanwhile, Interior Minister announced that
anyone providing information on the whereabouts of Ehsanullah Ehsan
would be awarded Rs200 million, raising the bounty from Rs100 million
offered on October 16 following the assassination attempt on 14-year-old
peace activist Malala.
While people have seen more or less of whatever happened during the
US raid on Osama bin Ladens compound in cinemas around the world, the
confused government has not been able to take a simple decision to notify
the exclusion of one member of the inquiry commission, reportedly a last
step before unveiling judicial commissions report on the saga. The inquiry
commission on Abbottabad operation around two weeks ago had requested
the Law Ministry to notify the exclusion of one member of the commission
so that findings of the commission could be made public sans his signature.
A Taliban faction claimed responsibility for planting a bomb under the
car of a senior journalist and TV anchorman and threatened a second
assassination bid. Tehreek-e-Taliban spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan told AFP
by telephone: The journalist earlier shot into prominence for working in the
interest of Islam and Muslims. We targeted him because now he is working
against Islam and Muslims.
On 28th November, federal cabinet accorded its approval of the
National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA) Bill-2012. There was dire
need of policy making to counter terrorism wave in the country. With the
help of NACTA, all concerned institutions will work together against the
mindset creating law and order situation in the country, Information
Minister said after the cabinet meeting. To a question during his press
conference, he said that this bill was tabled before the cabinet after certain
improvements in it. He said a special cell was already working against the
menace but establishment of this authority would prove as value addition to
the efforts.
The US special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan is stepping down.
Hillary Clinton had pulled envoy Marc Grossman out of retirement to take
on the difficult job shortly after the sudden death of veteran diplomat
330

Richard Holbrooke in December 2010. After almost two years in the


position, and with Secretary Clintons agreement, he will return to private
life, Grossmans spokeswoman Laura Lucas told AFP in a statement.
Eighty-four per cent of the total registered Afghan refugees have no
intention to leave Pakistan, while 20 per cent of them have invested over
Rs18 billion in different businesses here, says an unreleased UNHCR
document. Moreover, an agreement between the UNHCR and Pakistan for
repatriating Afghan refugees after December 31, awaits the prime ministers
nod.
Next day, at least four suspected persons were killed and three others
injured in a drone attack in South Waziristan Agency. US drone fired three
missiles targeting a house in the Barmal area, which is the main town of the
SWA. It is believed that foreigners may have been killed in the strike.
Seven people were killed and 10 others including Taliban commander
Maulvi Nazir were injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up at
Rustam Bazaar in South Waziristan Agency. The suicide bomber, riding a
bike, detonated his explosive vest as he approached Maulvi Nazirs vehicle
near Ajab Noor Mosque. The blast also damaged 10 shops and six vehicles
in Rustam Bazaar.
Maulvi Nazir is a leading member of Pakistani Taliban who opposes
foreign militants in Pakistan and South Waziristan Agency. He also opposes
foreign influence, particularly Uzbek and American in the Agency. Nazir is
considered a good Taliban as he does not have a particular anti-government
agenda. He also remained a leader of Peace lashkar in the area and led his
faction against foreign militants especially Uzbek in the area. Nazir is a
member of the Kakakhel tribe of Ahmadzai Wazir, he is a dual citizen of
both Afghanistan and Pakistan and until 2010, owns property in Kandahar
and controls large portions of South Waziristan.
Maulvi Nazir Wazir, also known as Mullah Nazir, was wounded in the
attack. It was not immediately clear who was behind the attack or the extent
of Nazirs wounds. Accounts differed over the gravity of his injuries, but
most concurred he was not in danger. Nazir survived because he had
already got out of the car, the official said.
He has survived attempts on his life in the past and has been an enemy
of Uzbek fighters since curbing in 2007 the Uzbek uprising spearheaded by
the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) in South Waziristan. It is
difficult to say who could be behind the latest attack because Mullah Nazir
has problems with Uzbeks, IMU and the TTP. Nazirs men have also been
331

firing rockets on Pakistan Army positions in South Waziristan. The enmity


with the TTP will rise further if Nazirs group finds TTPs involvement in
the attack.
At least ten suspected militants were killed and six others injured
when gunship helicopters pounded suspected militant hideouts in Bara tehsil
of the restive Khyber tribal region. The assault followed an earlier clash in
Akakhel area of Bara that had left one soldier dead and three injured.
Militants had ambushed a security convoy which led to a clash between the
militants and security forces.
On 30th November, at least two persons were killed and two others
including a security official were injured in landmine blast in Saafi Tehsil of
Mohmand Agency. The landmine was aimed at targeting security personnel
convoy. Meanwhile, the United States renewed its call for the release of
hunger-striking Dr (Shakeel) Afridi sentenced to 33 years for helping in the
hunt for bin Laden.
Intelligence sources have categorically denied their participation in
the CDAs decision-making process, which culminated into the issuance of a
no objection certificate (NOC) to the US Embassy for adding a high-rise
sprawling complex in the Diplomatic Enclave; as reported in a recently
published report. Sources expressed concern that in case the construction
project goes ahead as planned, it will become a permanent threat located in
the heart of Islamabad, grossly compromising security of the sensitive
offices located in the Red Zone.
Islamabad and Kabul agreed on a set of concrete measures to deepen
bilateral cooperation for addressing their mutual challenges. At talks
between Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar and her visiting Afghan
counterpart Dr Zalmai Rassoul, the two states agreed to jointly tackle
terrorism and illegal narco trade; to increase trade and investment and
enhance people to people to contact.
They also decided to extend transit trade agreement to Tajikistan and
later to other Central Asian States, consider a Strategic Partnership
Agreement, phased return of Afghan refugees and a bilateral Visa Abolition
Agreement for holders of diplomatic passports. After the talks the two
foreign ministers told a joint press conference that the two countries were
committed to further strengthening the whole gamut of their ties and termed
the talks frank and candid.
Next day, at least four people were killed when unmanned US
predator drone targeted a house in the Sheen Warsak area of South
332

Waziristan Agency. It also targeted a vehicle parked near the house. Abdul
Rehman Azam Yemeni, a Yemeni national believed to be one of the close
aides of the former Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden, was killed in the strike.
Ahmadzai Wazir tribe and members of the Wana Peace Committee
gave an ultimatum to Mehsud tribesmen to leave the area by December 5.
The decision was taken at a grand jirga in which large number of tribal
elders participated. Mehsud tribesmen militants and IDPs were asked to
leave boundaries of Wazir tribes including Barma, Shakai, Toi Khuld and
Wana tehsils by the given date. Mehsuds were told that it was the last
warning for them.
Ahmadzai elders said that if a Mehsud IDP or terrorist was arrested
after December 5, he would be considered national criminals and would be
forced to pay a fine of Rs1 million and his house would be demolished. The
decision could be a retaliation of the suicide attack on Mullah Nazir.
Announcements were made on loudspeakers in Azam Warsak, Karikort,
Wana and Toikhula bazaar by Nazir loyalists, warning Mehsud Taliban
fighters to leave their area
Mullah Nazir also heads the 120-member peace committee of
Ahmedzai Wazir tribes, which was assigned the task to evict Uzbek, Tajiks
and other foreign fighters including the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
(IMU) militants from the area. He had carried out an armed campaign
against Uzbek and other militant groups in collaboration with the security
forces in 2007 to expel anti-government elements from South Waziristan
areas dominated by the Ahmadzai Wazir tribe.
On 2nd December, at least two people, believed to be suicide bombers,
were killed in a high intensity blast in Dir Colony, Peshawar. They were
riding a motorbike; the identity of the killed men could not be ascertained.
Three persons killed and one injured when unknown gunmen opened firing
on a vehicle in the limits of Kabal police station in Swat district. Meanwhile,
Imran Khan said that after coming into power the first thing he would do is
to disengage Pakistan from the US war on terrorism.
Next day, at least two police personnel were killed and several others
injured in an explosion at a police check post in Kohat Road area of
Peshawar. Meanwhile, Interior Minister went to Chitral to warn of a secret
operation in Afghanistan against Maulana Fazlullah and Molvi Faqir if they
do not halt their terrorist activities in Pakistan.
NATO and the US stressed the importance of their ties with Pakistan
in the fight against terrorism as the western military allies prepared the way
333

for their 2014 withdrawal from Afghanistan. Pakistans Army chief General
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, in his address to a meeting of EU political and
military officials, reiterated Pakistans support to an Afghan-led
reconciliation process, while highlighting Islamabads perspective on
regional challenges and his nations sacrifices in the war on terror.
Kayani and Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar arrived in Belgian
capital on a two-day visit to meet European Union and NATO officials. They
were also to meet with Hillary Clinton, who would lead NATO foreign
ministers at meetings at alliances Brussels headquarters where Afghanistan
would be top agenda item.
At a separate meeting with Foreign Minister Hina, NATO head Anders
Fogh Rasmussen told her, Most urgently, we need to remain united to defeat
terrorism At NATO we understand well that Pakistan has paid a high price
in these efforts. The alliance stands together with you to combat this
scourge. It is clear that the pursuit of peace and security in your region is in
the interest of the broader international community. That includes peace in
Afghanistan, where Pakistan has a particular role to play, Rasmussen said
in a statement.
US officials said Hillary Clinton in her meeting with Hina and Gen
Kayani will seek to encourage what Washington sees as an improving mood
between Pakistan and its neighbor Afghanistan. Besides discussions on
security, the issue of United States efforts to expand the economic
relationship with Pakistan was also expected to come up in the meeting, the
added.
On 4th December, a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden car
into a checkpoint outside a police station in Bannu, wounding eight people.
The explosion damaged the police station while the windows of nearby
buildings were also smashed. Taliban spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan told a
foreign news agency: We will continue to target police and security forces
because they are killing our mujahedin.
A soldier of the Pakistan Army was martyred in cross-border firing
from Afghanistan in Mohmand Agency when Afghan troops resorted to
unprovoked firing at Sheikh Baba check post in the border area. The cross
border firing stopped after retaliation by Pakistani troops.
The Supreme Court constituted a commission, headed by Federal
Shariat Court judge Justice Shahzad Sheikh, to fix responsibility for the Lal
Masjid 2007 incident with the direction to submit its recommendations
within 45 days. The court also set terms and references of the commission. It
334

will inquire what caused the incident and how many persons men, women,
civilians and law-enforcers lost their lives. The commission will also
investigate whether their dead bodies were identified and handed over to the
legal heirs and compensation paid to the heirs by the state or not. The
commission will also ascertain whether any action was taken against those
responsible for the tragedy.
The CJP questioned how the capital police could declare 88 people
(killed in the operation) terrorists as it was a one-sided version until proven.
He said the people should know who were responsible for the incident and if
the state could not handle this one issue, what else it could do.
Pakistan and the US renewed strategic commitments for enhanced
military ties on a prioritized set of Pakistans defence requirements to
defeat terrorism and extremism, as the crucial defence talks between the two
allies concluded. The final day of the Pakistan-US Defence Consultative
Group (DCG) saw agreement on the continued American support to Pakistan
under Coalition Support Fund (CSF) and other security assistance
programmes.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Foreign Minister Hina
Rabbani Khar expressed their commitment to act jointly to achieve shared
objectives. The two foreign ministers met in Brussels late night where they
discussed counter terrorism, support for Afghan-led peace process and the
post 2014 transition in Afghanistan. They also talked about various measures
to strengthen bilateral relations and moving the US-Pakistan economic
agenda from aid to trade, emphasizing market access and investment.
The US military was unable to move any new supply convoys through
Pakistan despite a diplomatic breakthrough announced in July that officially
reopened border crossings into Afghanistan. US military officials have spent
the past five months wrangling with the Pakistanis over a formal legal
agreement and also working to clear out the roughly 7,000 shipping
containers that were stalled in transit when the Pakistanis abruptly closed the
border crossings in November 2011.
Next day, three security personnel, including an army captain, were
killed and 21 others wounded when two terrorists rammed their explosivespacked vehicle into the wall of a military base in South Waziristan. The
bombers detonated the vehicle outside the Zarai Noor camp seven
kilometres west of the agency headquarters Wana after it was signaled to a
halt. The attack came a week after the assassination attempt on Mullah
Nazir.
335

On 6th December, at least three people were killed when an unmanned


US predator drone fired two missiles on a house in Mubarik Shahi area near
Mirali in North Waziristan Agency. The mutilated body parts of the victims,
whose identity is yet to be ascertained, could be seen on the scene. Four
drones were seen in the aerial jurisdiction of the Agency.
Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz raised the issue of drone attacks with US
Ambassador to Pakistan Mr Richard G Olson. The drones are
counterproductive and we need to find alternative means to eliminate
terrorists, the prime minister told the ambassador, who called on him at the
PM House.
Next day, a military court of appeal, by rejecting appeals of convicted
former army men in the GHQ attack case, maintained the punishments
awarded in August last year. The military court in Rawalpindi had sentenced
to death a former soldier, Aqeel alias Dr Usman, over an attack in 2009 on
the GHQ and awarded prison terms to seven others.
Three days after Islamabad and Washington concluded on a high note
the renewed strategic commitments, the Pakistan's top military commanders
met at the General Headquarters to review the newly envisaged defence
cooperation between the two allies as well as the security arrangements at
Pakistan's Western border. The Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez
Kayani chaired the 155th Corps Commanders Conference.
Pakistan-US Defence Consultative Group (DCG) comprising top
defence officials from both the sides had affirmed their mutual commitment
to a strong defence relationship, which they stressed, should focus on
achieving common objectives. The two sides had renewed strategic
commitments for enhanced military ties on a prioritized set of Pakistan's
defence requirements.
Pakistan is to get fresh instalment of $700 million in terms of military
assistance under the CSF by March next year. This year, the country has
received the CSF assistance of around $1.2 billion. Military sources said a
top-level military delegation would visit Washington earlier next year to
chalk out modalities regarding decisions taken in the DCG meeting.
According to the sources, the new border coordination mechanism
would come in place from January 1, 2013. Reportedly, it provides for
enhanced intelligence sharing between Pakistan Army, Afghan National
Army and the ISAF against al Qaeda, TTP, Afghan Taliban and Haqqani
Network.

336

On 8th December, US drone attack in North Waziristan killed an alQaeda leader, Khaled Bin Abdel Rahman al-Hussainan, while he was having
dinner after a day of fasting. The militant, also known as Abu Zaid alKuwaiti, was among those who could have replaced Ayman al-Zawahiri as
head of the extremist network. Zaid replaced Abu Yahya al-Libi as one of
Qaedas most powerful figures in June after Libi was killed by a US drone
strike. Ten others were also killed in that attack.
A man was killed and five others injured in mortar shelling from
Afghanistan on a house in North Waziristan. Unidentified gunmen shot dead
five members of a family in Bakka Khel area of Bannu. Security forces
arrested 70 Afghan nationals from Chagai district while they were trying to
sneak into Iran without having legal documents.
President Zardari visited Malala Yousafzai who is recovering in a
British hospital after she was shot by the Taliban. Zardari also met with 15year-old's family during a private meeting at the specialist Queen Elizabeth
Hospital in Birmingham, central England. Zardari was accompanied by his
daughter Asifa.
Weeks after dillydallying on the much awaited Abbotabbad
Commission report regarding the covert US raid to kill Osama Bin Laden
(OBL), the Law Ministry has passed the buck to the probing team for all the
delay caused so far, saying they were unclear about the ailing member
whose absence is the reason due to which the report could not be unveiled.
The Abbottabad inquiry commission is giving vague picture about
exclusion of one its member Abbas Khan (presently under treatment in
America) to Law Ministry, thus no decision has been taken as yet. Inquiry
commission is not coming up with clear stance for de-notifying its member.
The commission has confused the matter so no step has been taken as yet in
this regard, said Secretary Law Ministry.
Facebook shut down a page set up by the Pakistani Taliban to recruit
enthusiasts to write for a quarterly magazine and to edit video. The Umar
Media TTP page, which had more than 270 likes at the time it was shut
down, was created in September and had just a handful of messages written
in English.
Next day, US drone attack killed a senior al-Qaeda commander in
North Waziristan, the second militant leader to be killed in strikes by the
unmanned aircraft in three days. The attack killed Mohammad Ahmed
Almansoor and three others in Tabbi village, five kilometres north of
Miranshah. Four drones were seen flying over the area during the attack.
337

Four persons were killed and three others sustained injuries when
unidentified armed men opened firing at a car in Dera Ismail Khan. A car
carrying traders of a vegetable market was on its way to market, when
suddenly it was ambushed at Shaikh Yousuf Chowk by unknown armed
men.
The US government reaffirmed its commitment to release $ 600
million as Coalition Support Fund to rehabilitate power distribution system
and electricity plants. Finance Minister Hafeez Sheikh stated this while
briefing Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz on his recent visit to the United States.

Afghanistan: On 13th November, rockets struck near Kabuls


presidential palace and international airport on the 11th anniversary of the
Taliban withdrawal from the Afghan capital, killing one and wounding three.
The rockets had been rigged to fire from improvised launchers when
triggered by mobile phones and a fifth was discovered and disarmed before
it was launched.
Next day, Taliban insurgents dragged two young Afghan men from their
car and shot them dead because they worked for NATO troops as
interpreters. The bloodied bodies of the men were found next to their car on
the side of a road in Logar province, less than 80 kilometres south of the
capital Kabul.
On 15th November, Afghanistan and the United States started talks that
will eventually define how many American troops stay in the country after
most NATO combat forces leave at the end of 2014, and the scope of their
mission. The bilateral security negotiations could take months, and are
expected to be difficult. This round of talks will cover the legal basis for US
soldiers to work in Afghanistan post-2014.
Next day, a roadside bomb planted by Taliban insurgents killed 17
civilians mostly women and children on their way to a wedding party in
Farah province, western Afghanistan; 14 more were wounded. Two NATO
troops were also killed by one of the bombs in eastern Afghanistan.
On 19th November, President Karzai accused the United States of
breaching an agreement to transfer more than 3,000 detainees at a
controversial prison north of Kabul to Afghan control. Karzai had demanded
authority over the prison as a condition for signing a long-term agreement
covering Afghan-US relations after the pull-out of combat troops in 2014.
But prisoners found innocent by courts were still being held and more

338

people had been captured by American forces against the provisions of the
agreement.
On 23rd November, a suicide car bomber killed three people and
wounded ninety near a NATO-run training base, in an attack claimed by the
Taliban as revenge for the execution of its militants. Several NATO soldiers
were wounded. the blast was near a joint coordination office for the Afghan
army, police and NATO troops in Maidan Shar, the capital of Wardak
province.
A former British defence minister suggested that a neutron bomb
could be used to create a cordon sanitaire in troubled border regions like
the one between Afghanistan and Pakistan. During debate in House of Lords
on multi-lateral nuclear disarmament, Lord Gilbert said the use of such
weapons could greatly reduce problems of protecting those borders.
On 29th November, a roadside bomb killed 10 civilians, including a
woman and five children, and wounded eight when it ripped through a van
in southern Afghanistan. The families were on their way to visit a relative
who had recently returned from Makkah when their vehicle was hit in Dih
Rawud district in rural Uruzgan province.
Next day, Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar said that Pakistan
wanted the United States to have responsible exit from Afghanistan to keep
regional peace and stability. In an interview to a private television channel,
Hina said Pakistans role is to assist the Afghan government in achieving its
objectives and responsible transition and exit of US is possible through
process of reconciliation.
On 2nd December, Taliban suicide attackers struck US base at
Jalalabad Airport near the Pakistan border, killing five people and wounding
several foreign troops in a two-hour battle. NATO helicopters went into
action; firing on the insurgents as they tried to storm the base after two
suicide car bombs hit the perimeter gate. A total of eight attackers armed
with rocket propelled grenades and automatic weapons were killed. The
Taliban claimed its militants had managed to enter the base and caused
heavy casualties but this was denied by ISAF.
On 4th December, Islamabad will not free senior Taliban leaders
including Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar unless all parties involved in Afghan
war including Washington clears position on Afghan reconciliation process.
However, Afghan high peace council emphasized that Washington and other
allied nations of the Afghan government support the Afghan peace process,
said Afghan media.
339

On 6th December, Afghanistans head of intelligence was wounded in


an assassination attempt claimed by the Taliban just months after he took
office. Asadullah Khalid, who heads the National Directorate of Security
(NDS), was injured in an attack by a visitor in a spy agency guesthouse in
the upscale Kabul district of Taimani.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai criticized the United States in an
exclusive interview with NBC News, blaming American and NATO forces
for some of the growing insecurity in his country. Part of the insecurity is
coming to us from the structures that NATO and America created in
Afghanistan, Karzai said.
Karzai also addressed the issue of graft during the interview, saying
there was no doubt that there is corruption in Afghanistan. The bigger
corruption is the corruption in contracts, he added. The contracts are not
issued by the Afghan government. The contracts are issued by the
international community, mainly by the United States. The international
community had fostered graft to keep the Afghan state weak, Karzai said.
President Karzai ordered an investigation into the killing of a young
woman still at school who worked as a health worker. Anisa, whose age has
been given as 18 or 22, was shot dead on Saturday as she walked out of her
family home in Kapisa Province northeast of Kabul. Karzai said in a
statement that he had assigned a high-ranking delegation to visit the
province and investigate the case.
On 8th December, President Karzai said a suicide bombing that
wounded his intelligence chief was planned in Quetta and that he would
raise the issue with Islamabad. Karzai stopped short of blaming the Pakistani
government directly, but said the issue would be raised with neighbouring
Pakistan.
Karzai said: Apparently the Taliban claimed responsibility like many
other attacks but such a complicated attack and a bomb hidden inside his
body, this is not Taliban work Its a completely professional (job)
Taliban cannot do that and there are bigger and professional hands involved
in it.
After suspected Pakistani involvement in suicide attack on the Afghan
intelligence chief, Islamabad responded quickly offering every sort of help
and cooperation on its part to investigate the brazen assault. In response to
Karzais terse remarks, the Foreign Office spokesman, in a statement, toned
down the issue with just offering every sort of support and cooperation.

340

On the other hand, sources close to the Taliban said that Asadullah
Khalid was on their hit-list and they were behind him for quite some time. It
was due to the serious threats to Khalid that he kept on changing his abode
from time to time and was under heavily-guarded security. Khalid was hated
among the Afghan Taliban as before assuming the office he was Kandahar
governor, with tainted character of rights violations. Even the Amnesty
International has prepared a long charge-sheet against him for the rights
violation.
Next day, US soldiers killed seven Taliban insurgents in a successful
pre-dawn raid to rescue a kidnapped American doctor in eastern
Afghanistan. The mission was launched when intelligence showed that Dr
Dilip Joseph was in imminent danger of injury or death. Joseph was
abducted on December 5 by Taliban insurgents in the Surobi district of
Kabul province, but was held in the province of Laghman.
Hundreds of angry demonstrators tried to storm the Iranian consulate
in the western Afghan city of Herat in protest at the alleged killing of Afghan
immigrants by Iranian security forces. The crowd threw rocks and broke
consulate windows before security forces drove them back by firing warning
shots into the air.

Iran: On 23rd November, American and Israeli officials were reported


saying that Israel was using the Gaza battle with Hamas as a practice run
for any future armed confrontation with Iran, featuring improved rockets that
can reach Jerusalem and new antimissile systems to counter them. It is Iran,
of course, that most preoccupies (Israeli) Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu and (US) President (Barack) Obama, The New York Times said
in a dispatch, citing those unnamed officials. While disagreeing on tactics,
both have made it clear that time is short, probably measured in months, to
resolve the standoff over Irans nuclear programme, the report said.
And one key to their war-gaming has been cutting off Irans ability to
slip next-generation missiles into the Gaza Strip or Lebanon, where they
could be launched by Irans surrogates, Hamas, Hezbollah and Islamic Jihad,
during any crisis over sanctions or an Israeli strike on Irans nuclear
facilities.
Although American press usually makes excuses for Israelis setbacks
in the conflicts with the Arabs, the Palestinians power was acknowledged in
some media reports here. Despite being subjected to massive attacks
resulting in death and destruction, the Palestinians refused to surrender and
Israel had to call off its plans to conduct a ground offensive. According to
341

the Times, Michael Oren, the Israeli ambassador to the United States and a
military historian, likened the insertion of Iranian missiles into Gaza to the
Cuban missile crisis.
Indeed, the first strike in the eight-day conflict between Hamas and
Israel arguably took place nearly a month before the fighting began in
Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, as another mysterious explosion in the
shadow war with Iran. A factory said to be producing light arms blew up in
spectacular fashion on Oct 22, and within two days the Sudanese charged
that it had been hit by four Israeli warplanes that easily penetrated the
countrys airspace.
The missile defence campaign that ensued over Israeli territory is
being described as the most intense yet in real combat anywhere and as
having the potential to change warfare in the same way that novel
applications of air power in the Spanish Civil War shaped combat in the
skies ever since.
Of course, a conflict with Iran, if a last-ditch effort to restart
negotiations fails, would look different than what has just occurred. Just
weeks before the outbreak in Gaza, the United States and European and
Persian Gulf Arab allies were practicing at sea, working on clearing mines
that might be dropped in shipping lanes in the Strait of Hormuz.
But in the Israeli and American contingency planning, Israel would
face three tiers of threat in a conflict with Iran: the short-range missiles that
have been lobbed in this campaign, medium-range rockets fielded by
Hezbollah in Lebanon and long-range missiles from Iran. The last of those
three could include the Shahab-3, the missile Israeli and American
intelligence believe could someday be fitted with a nuclear weapon if Iran
ever succeeded in developing one and - the harder task shrinking it to fit a
warhead.
A United States Army air defense officer said that the American and
Israeli militaries were absolutely learning a lot from this campaign that
may contribute to a more effective integration of all those tiered systems
into a layered approach. The goal, and the challenge, is to link short,
medium and long-range missile defense radar systems and interceptors
against the different types of threats that may emerge in the next conflict.
On 29th November, the UN atomic agency focused on Irans suspected
nuclear weapons drive, a day after Tehran declared it would continue to defy
UN Security Council resolutions and expand its programme. The head of the
International Atomic Energy Agency, Yukiya Amano, used his opening
342

speech at an agency meeting in Vienna to call for all of us to work with a


sense of urgency and seize the opportunity for a diplomatic solution.
On 3rd December, it was reported by The Wall Street Journal that the
US intelligence agencies have significantly stepped up spying operations on
Irans Bushehr nuclear reactor prompted by concerns about the security of
weapons-grade plutonium there. The effort resulted in the interception of
visual images and audio communications coming from the reactor complex,
the report said.
Next day, Iran claimed to have captured a small US drone that
penetrated its airspace over Gulf waters, but the US Navy in the region
denied any of its unmanned spy planes were missing. The naval arm of the
Iranian Revolutionary Guards said in a statement on the Guards website that
the unmanned US drone patrolling Persian Gulf waters, performing
reconnaissance and gathering intel, was captured as soon as it entered
Iranian airspace.
On 5th December, Iranian media reported its armed forces as claiming
that they have obtained data from a US intelligence drone that shows it was
spying on the countrys military sites and oil terminals. Iran had announced
that it had captured a ScanEagle drone belonging to the United States, but
Washington said there was no evidence to support the assertion.
The ScanEagle that Iran says it now possesses is a much cheaper,
simpler drone than the RQ-170 Sentinel. It is principally designed to feed
back video images. US and allied forces used ScanEagles in Iraq and
Afghanistan, and several other countries operate the drone, including
Australia, Canada, Poland and the United Arab Emirates. The drone is also
used for civilian purposes such as tracking fish or oil platform observation.
On 7th December, President Zardari reached Britain on a five-day
foreign trip, skipping his expected first stop Tehran. However, President
House official sources said the Iran trip was not on the itinerary as it had not
been finalized. But media this week was rife with reports that the president
would start his journey from one-day visit to the Iranian capital where he
would seal the fate of Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline by signing a contract.
Next day, Iran condemned the United States for conducting a limited
nuclear test, saying it showed Washingtons inattention to full
disarmament, the state television website reported. The US Energy
Department said it conducted a sub-critical test at an underground site in
Nevada to study the behaviour of nuclear materials without triggering an
atomic explosion.
343

India: On 12th November, addressing a joint news conference with


Afghan President Hamid Karzai in New Delhi Indian Prime Minister said
India supports durable peace in Afghanistan. He urged need to take concrete
steps for restoration of peace in Afghanistan. Describing Karzai as a close
friend of India and a steadfast supporter of their bilateral ties, Singh said the
two had reaffirmed their shared vision of a stable, strong, united, sovereign
and prosperous Afghanistan.
Singh said they had in their talks reviewed progress in implementation
of the Strategic Partnership Agreement during the past year and reaffirmed
commitment to deepen cooperation. He said the two leaders had discussed
the need to develop a strategic economic partnership, which will build on
our economic synergies for mutual benefit.
Speaking on the occasion President Karzai said peace was vital for
prosperity of the region. He said: My visit this time to India is focused
particularly in talking to and requesting Indian businesses to come to
Afghanistan. In an interview to Times of India, Karzai said: The war on
terror cannot be fought in Afghanistan, but it has to go to the sanctuaries
which are in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
India and Afghanistan signed four agreements to cooperate in the
areas of social welfare, fertilizer, coal mining and youth affairs. A
memorandum of understanding, under which India will provide grants to
Afghanistan to implement small development projects through local bodies,
community organizations, charitable trusts and educational institutions, was
signed by foreign ministers.
On 14th November, two Mujahideen and three Indian troops were
killed in a gun battle in the Indian-held Kashmir. The gunfight took place in
Nowgam sector, 100 kilometres from Srinagar. Police claimed to have shot
dead a commander of the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) in a gunfight in south
Occupied Kashmir.
Next day, Imran Khan called upon both India and Pakistan to divert
their resources for the betterment and uplift of their masses instead of
indulging in the arms race. While addressing the first mammoth public
meeting of his party at Quaid-e-Azam International Mirpur Cricket Stadium
he said: Kashmir is the people of Jammu & Kashmir and the much-delayed
issue should be resolved in line with the aspirations of the people of the
state.

344

On 16th November, the Public Accounts Committee expressed


reservations over Most Favoured Nation status given to India and sought
detailed briefing from Commerce Ministry after Muharram-ul-Haram
holidays. The Committee also expressed concern over the removal of
negative list and said that it would destroy the local agricultural industry and
our growers were facing problems due to removal of negative list.
On 21st November, Ajmal Kasab was hanged in western India for his
role in the assaults that targeted luxury hotels, a Jewish centre, a hospital and
commuters at Mumbais main train station. Kasab deserved the extreme
punishment... I think one sad, sorrowful chapter has come to an end, said P
Chidambaram, who took over as home minister following the attacks with a
brief to reform the police and domestic intelligence agencies. Kasab was
executed and buried at the Yerwada prison in the city of Pune. The hanging
sparked celebrations across India with people letting off firecrackers, staging
rallies and dancing in the streets.
Indias government said it informed Islamabad in advance of the
decision to hang Kasab, but their counterparts refused to accept the letter.
Indian Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde told reporters in New Delhi he
had even ended up sending a fax to Islamabad after the letter was rebuffed.
Other officials said a similar message had been couriered to Kasabs family.
On 28th November, Pakistan successfully conducted the training
launch of medium range ballistic missile Hatf V Ghauri. The test was
conducted by a Strategic Missile Group of the Army Strategic Force
Command (ASFC) on the culmination of a field training exercise that was
aimed at testing the operational readiness of the ASFC. Ghauri ballistic
missile is a liquid fuel missile, which can carry both conventional and
nuclear warheads over a distance of 1300 kilometres.
Next day, Indias Border Security Force (BSF) resorted to unprovoked
firing on Pakistan Rangers posts and adjacent villages along the Line of
Control (LoC) in Shakar Garh sector. No casualty was reported, but the
incident sent a wave of panic among the area people. Pakistan Rangers have
called a flag meeting with their Indian contemporaries today to register their
protest.
On 30th November, a landslide killed three soldiers in Azad Kashmir,
while 18 people sent to rescue them were missing after being buried by a
second landslip. A military rescue operation was launched after heavy snows
triggered the two landslides at a remote outpost in the Kel Sector near Line
of Control.
345

Next day, death toll in the landslides at the Sharda Sector in Azad
Kashmir climbed to 18 as rescuers recovered more dead bodies. Sixteen
bodies, including that of 12 soldiers, have so far been retrieved. The soldiers
were on a mission to find three colleagues buried by an earlier avalanche.
On 4th December, India once again claimed there were more than 40
training camps in Pakistan for freedom fighters that make regular attempts to
cross the heavily fortified Line of Control between Azad and Held Kashmir.
The terrorist infrastructure in Pakistan or Pakistani Kashmir remains intact
and infiltration attempts from across the border still continue to pose a
challenge to the security forces, Ramachandran said.
Indias leading Islamic seminary, the Darul Uloom Deoband, barred
Muslim women from working as receptionists, calling the act un-Islamic and
against Shariah law. The seminary issued the fatwa after a Pakistan-based
company submitted a query on November 29 regarding the appointment of
Muslim women as receptionists.
Next day, it was reported that Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
has cancelled his visit to Pakistan, saying it was not the right time to embark
on it. Singh wrote to President Zardari last month that while he still wanted
to visit Pakistan, this was not the right time. Thanking Zardari for his
invitation, Singh said it was not conducive for him to visit Pakistan at the
time mentioned by the president in his invitation.
On 6th December, hundreds of serving Indian soldiers including senior
officers are accused of involvement in widespread human rights abuses in
Held Kashmir, daily Guardian reported. The writer Jason Burke based in
Delhi says the charges relate to incidents occurring throughout more than 20
years of violence pitting armed religious and freedom fighters groups against
New Delhis rule in Held Kashmir and include shootings, abductions, torture
and rapes.
Next day, Border Security Force of India resorted to unprovoked
firing with light and heavy weapons on Rangers posts and adjacent villages
in Shakargarh Sector leaving three civilians injured. BSF often fire without
any reason on working boundary creating panic among the peaceful citizens
of the areas on the
On 8th December, the CPI-M said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
should visit Pakistan without getting swayed by the domestic political
compulsions. The peace process between the two countries should not be
overturned because of domestic compulsions, said MY Tarigami, CPI-M
secretary.
346

The captain of Pakistan Blind T20 Cricket team was hospitalized after
consuming acid reportedly he mistook it for water. The captain, who is
leading national Blind Cricket team in Twenty-20 World Cup Cricket
Tournament being played in Bangalore, was (apparently) made to drink the
hazardous liquid as the acid glass was served during breakfast. Just
yesterday, Pakistan blind cricket team thrashed India by eight wickets in the
tournament.

VIEWS
Pakistan
Whose responsibility? Defence Secretary Leon Panetta has issued a
diktat that Pakistan would have to take it on itself to destroy the terrorist
sanctuaries on its land, and not only that it must accept the responsibility. He
has been griping about it from time to time; it is high time he started
appreciating the hurdles that have so far been overcome. Pakistan has been
doing all it could despite great peril to its existence over the past many years
losing in the process thousands of its citizens. The US has a genuine reason
to worry over the threat that still lingers despite the death of Osama Bin
Laden, yet the front line state happens to be Pakistan where all this mess,
brewing over the decades is now being mopped up.
Islamabad understands very well the dangers to itself and the world;
we are not a country to cringe at the sight of terrorists. This determination
will stay intact until the menace is crushed. Where this role is being
downplayed, the US has been found wanting in accepting its own
responsibility, at least so far as targeting many of the safe havens inside the
Afghan territory are concerned. There are for instance, the same groups
launching cross-border attacks that have been enjoying what has started to
look like backing from the Afghan government. And even if there is no
backing, the very fact that they have been freely operating and carrying out
blasts and target killings inside Pakistan implies that they operate from the
comfort of a sanctuary. It is that part of the equation that needs to be put in
the limelight; the vast mountainous region of Afghanistan and the border
areas offer the perfect hiding place for the miscreants. Unless, the
troublemakers are cleared off these areas and on a permanent basis the return
of militancy cannot be ruled out. Worrying too is another factor of the
conduct of the Karzai administration, which remains far from being friendly.

347

Terrorism can be fought in a much better and effective way with the
spirit of camaraderie between the allies. Matters where differences crop up
can best be resolved with the power of persuasion rather than a resort to
open hostilities. Afghanistan where NATO has stayed for over a decade now,
its ills cannot be left for Pakistan to rectify alone. The US has been lucky
that it has found in the present PPP setup a steady and a ready partner
despite the sabre-rattling. That scenario might not prevail indefinitely and
hence all the more reason for the relations to assume the status of equality
and mutual respect. (Editorial, TheNation 27th November)
Acknowledging reality: For the past some time now, both the US
and the NATO have been making positive gestures towards Pakistan without
lacing them with critical remarks. The mantra of do more and the urgent
need for Pakistan Army to move against the Haqqani group in North
Waziristan has, not been heard of for quite a while. That shift in attitude has,
most probably, occurred because with the date of departure from
Afghanistan getting nearer, they can ill afford to pick holes in Islamabads
fight against terrorism, if they want it to play a helpful role in the process. It
must be noted that Pakistan as well has stepped forward and released nine
Taliban leaders in order to facilitate the process of peace and reconciliation,
and in a recent meeting with Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul, his
Pakistani counterpart Hina Rabbani Khar promised to set more of them free.
It is widely assumed that among those who are likely set at liberty would be
Mulla Baradar, whose release Kabul has been asking for.
A senior US official, at a briefing on the joint meeting of EU Political
and Security Committee and the EU Military Committee held on Monday at
Brussels, disagreed with a journalist who remarked that Pakistan was
reluctant to let Pakistan-based Taliban leaders to join the peace and
reconciliation process. Rather, the official said, Islamabad was keen to help
the process move on. He added that Pakistan and Afghanistan had already
formed a group to provide safe passage to the Taliban. About the upswing in
Pak-US relations, the official observed that the two countries were
systematically identifying their shared interests so that they could jointly act
on them. He said, I think the Pakistanis are actually pressing forward (on
improving relations) because, like a lot of people in the region, they
recognize that 2014 is not so far away.
COAS General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani who is in Brussels to attend
these meetings asked the participants to take note of Pakistans sacrifices
and contribution to the war on terror. At another meeting, NATO Secretary
General Fogh Rasmussen told Ms Khar that the alliance understood that
348

Pakistan had paid a high price in combating the scourge and that it had full
NATO support in this effort. Foreign Minister Hina Khar was also assured
by officials of NATOs North Atlantic Council that they were ready to
develop political dialogue and cooperation with Pakistan. In short,
Pakistans role was applauded by the US as well as the NATO.
The conclusions that one can draw from these meetings point to a
better understanding between the US and NATO on the one hand, and
Pakistan on the other which is, no doubt, a good sign. The US even if it
makes a complete exit from Afghanistan would continue to have interests in
the region and Pakistan cannot possibly afford to be on the wrong side of it.
Relations that are mutually beneficial and respect the sovereignty and
integrity of each other would be in the interest of the both to maintain. We
must build on the present positive shift. (Editorial, TheNation 5th December)

Afghanistan
Afghan campaign: it is decision time! Regardless of what option
the US President adopts, it will have to be backed up by clear objectives,
solid operational planning and willing participation by Afghanistan and
Pakistan.
The departure of the top leadership of the Afghan campaign may
actually force a strategic pause onto President Obama. He will get the time
to usher in a new team and reconsider operational options. If he decides to
win the war militarily, then he will have to increase the levels of violence
manifold and concentrate/squeeze them into a very short span of time.
If he decides to negotiate his way out of the region, then he will have
to get off his high horse and negotiate with the terrorists he despises!
If he intends to clobber and bludgeon them into submission and then
negotiate with them, then he will have to strike that critical balance to avoid
overkill and failure.
Regardless of what methodology he adopts he will have to gel
Afghanistan and Pakistan into a team with his country. And for that to
happen he will have to, first and foremost, win over Pakistans trust,
confidence and willing participation all over again!
Pakistan, on the other hand, must seize the diplomatic initiative, as the
US is forced into a reappraisal of its policies towards the APR. It must build
upon the talks held with the Afghan High Peace Council and get into direct
negotiations with President Karzai and the militants too. It must not
foreclose any options.
349

It must help the US and its allies in pacifying the APR, regressing
safely and expeditiously from it and leaving behind a mutually acceptable
strategic environment. However, this must be predicated upon a nonnegotiable final resolution of the terrorist problem. The loop must, of
necessity, be closed either through negotiations or decisive military action or
both. Period.
The final decisions have to be taken by the US President and
promptly. He will do well to co-opt the Pakistanis and the Afghans in his
pre-decision deliberations. Else he may find himself applying closure to yet
another failed and costly US military expedition! (Imran Malik, TheNation
18th November)
Is the US really ending Afghan war? This past weekend, it was
reported that Obama and the generals at the Pentagon are planning on
keeping at least 10,000 US troops stationed in Afghanistan indefinitely after
that 2014 deadline for ending the war and withdrawing from that war-torn
land.
Just to make it clear what were talking about here, 10,000 troops
would represent an army half the size of the entire army of either the
Netherlands or Denmark, two countries which currently have troops
assigned to the NATO forces posted in Afghanistan as allies in the 12-yearlong US war there.
The notion that these 10,000 post-2014 soldiers would just be
training the Afghan military is simply absurd. Parris Island, the famed
boot camp in South Carolina for the US Marine Corps, which boasts what
probably is the toughest training program of any of the branches of the US
military, churns out 17,000 new Marines a year with a training unit of 600
uniformed personnel. Thats one trainer per 170 recruits. At that rate, the
10,000 US trainers in Afghanistan could be training 1.7 million new
recruits for the Afghan army each year! Even allowing for the typical topheaviness of the US military, if only a third of those 10,000 trainers were
actually drill sergeants and their staff, were talking about a training force
capable of producing over 500,000 new Afghan soldiers per year! But
Afghanistans army today, which the US claims is already largely trained
and ready to protect the country, has only a total of some 200,000 active
duty soldiers altogether.
So lets get serious here. These 10,000 soldiers that Obama and the
Pentagon are talking about stationing in Afghanistan after the war is ended
in December 2012 are not really going to be trainers.
350

Besides, how do you end a war by simply having one side say its
over, unless you actually do stop fighting and walk away? Certainly the
invading side in a foreign war can call that war quits, but if the other side
doesnt, and the invader stays on the battlefield which in Afghanistan is the
whole county you havent ended it at all. The other side will continue to hit
you until youre gone.
In other words, clearly that force of 10,000 US troops, whatever they
are called officially, will be in a state of war, because there is no way that the
Taliban in Afghanistan will quietly allow them to be there training an army
to fight them, without taking the battle to the trainers.
So how then, can Obama, Biden and the generals be promising that
the war will be ended in 2014?
The answer is that they are not calling what will be happening after
2014 a war. They will be changing the definition of the word war.
It is totally predictable that the unfortunate soldiers who are ordered
over as part of that 10,000-member force of trainers after 2014 will be
subjected to attacks by Taliban fighters, by suicide bombers, and by IED
mines. Their bases will be hit by mortars and rockets. When they travel, their
vehicles will be the targets of RPGs. They will also be subject to attack by
members of the Afghan military whom they are ostensibly training, since the
Taliban have already learned that infiltration of the countrys army is a great
way to get close to the American forces, the better to hit them when their
guard is down or their backs are turned.
Inevitably, the US forces will be forced to fight back, and to take the
offensive too. There will certainly continue to be US air strikes, and we can
be sure that armed attack drones will be widely employed also, guaranteeing
the creation of plenty of new enemy forces sworn to punish and drive out the
US.
None of this will, of course, be described as war by the US, or by the
compliant corporate media in America
Putting military forces in a country and calling them advisors or
trainers is an old propaganda stand-by for the US. The only thing that sets
this latest fraud apart from earlier imperial interventions by US military
forces this time is the numbers involved. Even that legendary Bill Clinton
obfuscator would have a hard time making anyone believe that a force of
10,000 heavily armed US troops are just trainers. (David Lindorff for
Counterpunch, reprinted in TheNation 1st December)
351

Leaving Afghanistan: The US Senate approved by a heavy majority


of 62 to 33 a resolution calling for the withdrawal of forces from
Afghanistan. According to media reports, the mover of the resolution,
Senator Jeff Merkley, said that the time had come to withdraw from
Afghanistan as Al-Qaeda was no longer in a position to launch a major
attack on American soil, and thus the long war should be brought to an end.
However, the underlying message is that not even Americans understand
why they should have 66,000 troops in Afghanistan till the end of 2014. The
resolution calls for something that is now a matter of mere haggling; the
exact date when the forces should be withdrawn. That they are to be
withdrawn in 2014 is clear, but the diehards have pressed so successfully for
staying as long as possible, that it is assumed that that means the end of the
year. The current argument is that a US contingent is needed for the Afghan
elections in 2014, when the term limit means that some other collaborator
than Hamid Karzai must be found to be President. That is an implicit
admission of the failure of the US strategy, along with the training of the
Afghan Army, seeing the prevalence of green-on-blue attacks.
However, while Americans might not find it very palatable, they must
be made to realize that while the presence of their forces may not help them
meet their goals, they are acting as a force to destabilize the whole area.
Until they are withdrawn, there can be no stability in the area, and thus their
withdrawal should proceed as fast as possible. The American people must
not be given any contradictory signals, especially by Pakistani diplomacy,
which should be working for stability in the region.
Indeed, the awakening realization among Americans may well owe
itself to Pakistani efforts, which have shown consistency in emphasizing that
Pakistans interest in Afghanistan is in its attaining stability, and that that
stability can only be achieved if US forces withdraw from it. Pakistan must
make the USA realize that there is nothing sacred about the 2014 date, and
certainly not about the end of that year. (Editorial, TheNation 3rd December)
Karzais disillusionment: Even though it came late in the day, 11
years after the US-led NATO forces began their operation in Afghanistan
and just two years before they were due to withdraw, President Hamid
Karzais accusation that it was the US and Western presence that was
causing insecurity in the country merits soul searching by Washington. For a
head of state who has been installed by the Americans to make such grave
charge is no small matter; it speaks volumes of his disillusionment. While
giving an exclusive interview to NBC News on Thursday, President Karzai
said that terrorism would not be defeated by attacking Afghan villages and
352

homes, a reference to the raids which the Western forces, particularly the
Americans, are accused of carrying out, resulting in the deaths of Afghan
citizens. One wonders whether war weariness in the face of little success
against rag-tag guerrilla units of the Taliban has induced these forces to
resort to taking vengeful actions against the local ethnic Pashtuns, as they
have been known to be doing. Implicit in Mr Karzais remark that the
Taliban have regained control of the areas from which they had been ousted,
is the belief that the NATO/ISAF troops have failed in their bid to put down
the insurgency. Indeed, the push for persuading the once enemy, the Taliban,
to the negotiating table bears out Mr Karzais view.
President Karzais frustration also stems from the US failure to put into
effect the understanding which, he says, he had reached with President
Obama during the course of the signing of strategic partnership agreement
with the US, that the Afghan prisoners held by the Americans would be
handed over to the Kabul authorities. Giving vent to his sense of betrayal, he
rued, We signed the strategic partnership agreement with the expectation
and the hope...(that) the nature of United States activities in Afghanistan
will change, and that the custody of these prisoners would be given to the
Afghans. He went on to make an interesting observation that he did not
know whether there was anything called al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, virtually
negating the logic of the war on terror to continue and keeping foreign
presence any longer.
Impartial observers of the scene have, therefore, been advocating that it
is time for the foreign troops to leave Afghanistan, the more so if al-Qaeda
does not exist, as President Karzai maintains, or has been reduced to
insignificance, as the US argues. Adding force to the argument for
immediate departure is the re-occupation by the Taliban of the areas which
they had been forced to vacate earlier, underlining the futility of the entire
military operation. The withdrawal of the foreign element in the country
would make for the situation to settle, paving the way for peace to prevail.
And the only viable option appears to be to let the people of Afghanistan to
decide their own future. It is a moment of reflection for Washington.
(Editorial, TheNation 8th December)

Iran
Israel and its abiding insecurities: If the war weary US-led West
does not find a political or diplomatic way to stop Irans headlong march
towards enhanced nuclear enrichment very soon, an impetuous, arrogant and
increasingly insecure Israel could do the (un)thinkable. It could attack Iran
353

unilaterally, and suck the US and its allies into a violent regional
conflagration that might even assume global dimensions. Time and timing,
for vastly different reasons, are thus critical and decisive for all players in
this imbroglio - the US, Israel and Iran!
But then, will Israels insecurities end with bludgeoning Iran and
ostensibly eliminating its nuclear programme? Will it feel secure enough?
Where will it take the world from there? Nuclear Pakistan lies to Irans east.
Do the Israelis consider it also a future threat? Will Israels insecurities force
the US-led West to tackle nuclear Pakistan after Iran? Apparently, Pakistan
will be an altogether different kettle of fish to deal with. It is a nuclear power
with reasonable strategic reach.
However, the US-India-Israel nexus against Pakistan is already in
existence and operational. The Israeli military collaboration with India, in
particular in Indian Held Kashmir (IHK), is well known and documented.
Israel (as well as the US) is enhancing the Indian military capabilities, which
will be used against Pakistan.
Israel is, in fact, already sitting in Pakistans backyard - in IHK. Is a
deep US-Indo-Israeli outflanking manoeuvre against Pakistan already in
place for possible exploitation at an appropriate time in the future? Could it
be to obviate a possible alliance between a nuclear Pakistan and a futuristic
nuclear Iran? Can it do so? Can the international community live with such a
possible nuclear Iran-nuclear Pakistan alliance? It could change the
geopolitical and geo-strategic dimensions and imperatives of the region and
the globe permanently!
Israels compulsive insecurities know no bounds. It is running short of
time and options. The world awaits with bated breath its next move! (Imran
Malik, TheNation 2nd December)
Calling off visit to Iran: President Zardaris decision to opt out of
visiting Iran a day after his spokesman Farhatullah Babar had confirmed to
the Iranian news agency IRNA that he would stop over in Tehran for a day
for talks on bilateral and regional issues has, understandably, given rise to
speculations about the motives behind it. The belated official report that visit
to Iran was not scheduled to take place at this time has received little public
credence and so has the supporting argument that the itinerary included
England, France and Turkey and visiting another country in the five-day trip
was not possible. If anything, finding time for signing the badly needed IranPakistan gas pipeline agreement reportedly the purpose of stay in Tehran
should have been his priority. One reason for the cancellation of the visit,
354

political observers believe, was the US pressure for not going ahead with
concluding such a lucrative deal for Iran in view of the row over its
programme of nuclear enrichment. And there appears to be a lot of weight in
the logic; for, the past week has witnessed a flurry of activity by US
diplomatic circles to suggest that the phase of frayed Pak-US relations was
finally over and to prove the point the two countries were moving fast to
give a concrete shape to their vision of mutually beneficial relations.
Relevant in this context were the renewed strategic commitments by
the Pakistan-US Defence Consultative Group, which met at Islamabad last
Monday and Tuesday. The two sides agreed to enhance military ties on a
prioritized set of Pakistans defence requirements. A Pakistani delegation
would go to Washington early next year to finalize the deal. It was also
learnt that Islamabad would get $700 million in Cooperative Support Fund
by next March; already it has received around $1.2 billion during the current
year. Then, there is the news that the US has agreed to finance an
international consultancy to go into the issue of procurement of LNG to
Pakistan to get over its energy shortages at affordable cost rather than
importing the costly fuel oil for the generation of electricity. Marc
Grossman, the outgoing US Special Representative for Afghanistan and
Pakistan, has, at a reception by our Ambassador Sherry Rehman, remarked
that Washington wanted Pakistan to be self-sufficient. There have been other
American diplomats active to create an atmosphere of bilateral friendliness,
like a public diplomacy officer at Peshawar expressing the least convincing
view that a Pashto song composed by her would reverse the tide of antiAmericanism in the country.
A cash-strapped Pakistan has once again shown preference for US
commitments of help over the tightening of the belt and going in for a
project whose completion would have a lasting beneficial impact on its
economy and life in all its various manifestations. One would have wished
that it had learnt the lesson of history and chosen to safeguard its long-term
interests. (Editorial, TheNation 9th December)
Love thy neighbour, not US: President Asif Zardari landed in
London instead of Tehran last Friday, thanks to a last-minute change in his
travel plans. Earlier in the week, Prime Minister Pervaiz Ashraf didnt attend
the Heads of Government Council Meeting of Shanghai Cooperation
Organization (SCO) in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and dispatched his Information
Minister to attend the important moot instead. The Prime Minister cancelled
his trip to Bishkek on the pretext of important matters at home. However, his
engagements during the days of the SCO meeting leave one guessing about
355

his priorities. As far as the President is concerned, he didnt consider it


necessary to give an explanation for dropping Iran from the itinerary of his
four-nation trip now reduced to three. Are these cancellations unconnected
and without significance? Or is our government dancing like a puppet to the
imperial anthem for the region, cutting its own hands and feet?
It should be obvious by now that all the fuss about fashioning a
foreign policy independent of the US influence was mere noise. The
President was supposed to sign the contract for constructing the IranPakistan gas pipeline during his visit to Tehran, a project that has already
been delayed for too long. While Iran is moving on a fast track, chasing
officials in Islamabad, offering the much needed pipeline on a platter and
even agreeing to finance it partially, our government is dragging its feet,
delaying the execution of the project on one flimsy pretext after another,
regardless of what shortage of gas is doing to Pakistans economy. The US
has made no secret of its opposition to the pipeline, as it would upset its
plans for isolating Iran in the international community. Every time some
progress is expected on the project, the meddlesome Uncle Sam arrives with
his bag of bad carrots.
Is it just a coincidence that the day President Zardari cancelled his
Iran visit, the US Special Envoy for International Energy Affairs signed an
MOU with Pakistan to fund an international consultancy to assist Pakistan
in acquiring Liquefied Natural Gas to overcome its energy shortage?
Earlier, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline was floated
as an alternative to the Iran-Pakistan pipeline. There was also talk about
buying cheap electricity from Iran, and it was reported that all we needed to
do for adding more than 1,000 MW to our electricity supply was to plug into
the Iranian grid just across the border. One doesnt hear a word about it
anymore. What one hears instead is how the US is helping Pakistan in
renovating, modernizing, upgrading and constructing various dams to add
900 MW of electricity to the national grid by next year.
It is not only Iran that the US has a problem with. In October,
President Putin had cancelled what was to be the first-ever visit of a Russian
head of state to Pakistan. The Pak-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission
on trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation had approved the
text of various memorandums of understanding in an earlier September
meeting, MOUs that may have been signed between the two countries
during Putins trip. Moscow has shown special interest in investing in energy
projects, including the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline. Besides, during his visit,
Pakistan was to host the important Quadrilateral Summit to be attended by
356

the Tajikistan and Afghanistan heads of state as well. The Quadrilateral


Summit and the signing of MOUs were postponed according to our Foreign
Office. We havent heard from it about the new dates for moving ahead on
these important matters.
The cold shoulder given to the SCO by our Prime Minister is also
hard to explain. The important security bloc, comprising China, Russia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, has added economic
cooperation to its concerns, with a special emphasis on infrastructure and
energy sector. It is also emerging as the entity most likely to fill the vacuum
left by withdrawal of NATO forces from Afghanistan. Pakistan, along with
Iran, Afghanistan and India, has the status of an observer in the bloc. Though
our Information Minister, filling in for the Prime Minister, expressed
Pakistans keenness to be made a full member of the bloc, something that is
very important for protecting and promoting Pakistans national interest, his
words rang hollow. What spoke more clearly were the actions of the Zardari
regime and the absence of Pakistans Prime Minister from the meeting
convened for heads of government.
So, is the Zardari-led government just nave and stupid when it comes
to foreign policy? Or is it a case of our leaders being more interested in
pleasing their masters, rather than acting on behalf of the nation that they are
meant to represent; the nation whose interest they are meant to protect and
promote, that pays their astronomical bills and bears their parasitic burden?
It is highly unlikely that our leaders dont understand the importance of
building and deepening relationships with countries in the region, mutually
beneficial relationships that could free us from the clutches of the predatory
two-faced US-led empire, relationships that could bring economic prosperity
and security not only for Pakistan, but also for the entire region. So why
must they behave like powerless puppets, turning where their strings pull
them?
Why must we look at our relationships with our neighbours through
the divide-and-rule lens of an imperial power that is only interested in
keeping its stranglehold on the region, regardless of the consequences for the
people who live here? Its a recipe for disaster. Seen through the divide-andrule lens of the empire, neighbours are enemies. Will the Pak-Afghan
relationship be so unfriendly once the US is taken out of the equation, along
with its troops and ambition for military bases and economic control? Given
the US predatory interests in the region, theres no point in enhancing
cooperation with it. To show the door to the US, and hence bring peace and
stability to the region, Pakistan must align its strategy with other neighbours
357

of Afghanistan. Of course, the US didnt want the President to visit Tehran


and the Prime Minister to join SCO leaders at Bishkek. The sad part is that
they did as they were told. (Jalees Hazir, TheNation 9th December)

India
Indian involvement: It is not for nothing that Azad Kashmir
President Chaudhry Muhammad Yaqoob has accused India of being
responsible for recent terrorist activities in Pakistan. He alleged that New
Delhi is hand in glove with foreign forces sponsoring terrorist outfits in Fata
region and Balochistan. He warned Pakistani authorities to keep a strict and
close vigil in order to thwart all such attempts. It may be mentioned that
Interior Minister Rehman Malik had revealed during the in-camera
proceedings of two joint sitting of the parliament that he had documentary
evidence of New Delhis involvement not only in Fata and Balochistan but
also in Karachi. One is entitled to ask why Pakistan has not been raising this
issue at relevant international forums? Islamabad must take up this matter
with Indian government through diplomatic channels whether it means in the
form of dossiers or in shape of lodging official protest. New Delhi does not
spare any opportunity to accuse Pakistan of anything that goes wrong in
India or the occupied Valley where it is facing an ongoing liberation struggle
by the Kashmiri freedom fighters. Our silence, is therefore objectionable. All
actions taken by the occupying Indian forces in held-Kashmir are the worst
form of state terrorism. The world community watching the situation from
the sidelines must stand up now. (Editorial, TheNation 27th November)
Undue condition: The more favours we do to India like the accord of
MFN status the more inclined it gets to impose conditions on our imports.
The latest example is India demanding a bank guarantee worth $10,000 on
every truck carrying cement bags through the Wagah border. This is an
unanticipated, unilateral condition imposed by Indian authorities and has
resulted in long queues of loaded trucks on both sides of the road near the
border crossing. Pakistan not only granted India the status of Most Favoured
Nation (MFN) despite serious reservations of the business community, but
also let it have the land route facility for Afghan Transit Trade.
Actions like the demand of this financial guarantee suggest its
unwillingness to give proper excess to Pakistani products but keenness to
flood Pakistani markets with its goods. Cement is one product that India
needs desperately and yet by imposing the condition, it is making it
impossible for Pakistani businessmen to fill the gap. Such practices have
given a marked tilt of the bilateral trade in favour of India. Recently
358

available figures indicate that Pakistan has an unfavourable trade balance of


billions of dollars with India. It is about time Pakistans concerned
authorities took up the matter with their Indian counterparts and resolved
this issue of guarantee as well as other impediments to the flow of Pakistans
goods to India once and for all. The main consideration before the
negotiators should be to avoid a total collapse of Pakistani industrial sector
which is already facing serious difficulties due to several factors. (Editorial,
TheNation 28th November)
Manmohans No to visit: Indian Prime Minister Manmohan
Singhs excuse that the present time was unsuitable for him to visit Pakistan
was not entirely unexpected. In fact, perceptive subcontinent watchers were
quite certain that he would put forward this standard polite insult. In
Islamabads perception, however, time is ripe for such a high-level visit
since relations between the countries have been looking up. After all, it has
only recently sanctioned granting to India most favoured nation status, even
risking the interests of its own economy that would have to face hard
competition with the free flow of goods available at cheaper rates.
Dispassionate comparison of Pakistans efforts to normalize relations
with Indias response would make a despairing reading. It leaves little room
for doubt that Pakistan has been doing the maximum, with India showing no
matching reaction. The CBMs are a case in point. Unfortunately, the Indians
have not been attaching much significance to these tangible Pakistani
gestures. We can trace this attitude at least from Ziaul Haqs period. He took
cover of cricket diplomacy to demonstrate Islamabads keenness to
improve relations with New Delhi, but it made no headway. Similarly,
Musharrafs attempt at initiating composite dialogue that conceded
structured negotiations simultaneously to take place to resolve disputes
between the two states, including Kashmir, failed to make India budge from
its traditional stand, unacceptable to Pakistan, on all the issues under
discussion. The exercise has virtually petered out without bringing any
fruitful result. Even when the talks seem to be making progress, at the end of
the day they go back to square one. The present government did not lag
behind; rather it has gone out of the way to please New Delhi and yet the
bogey of terrorism is resurrected whenever time comes for it to reciprocate.
The only time the Nawaz Sharif government managed Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Vajplayee to wish Pakistan well while he was at Minar-e-Pakistan,
Lahore, was sabotaged by the Kargil operations. Nevertheless, the hawks in
India whose attitude gets support in government circles would not have let
relations proceed beyond this verbal show of friendliness. During this
359

period, the Indian Prime Minister has been invited to visit Pakistan several
times, each time eliciting the same response of the time not being suitable.
There lies an object lesson for our leadership. There is no justification
for putting our vital disputes on the backburner in the idealistic hope that it
may encourage New Delhi change its mind. We must insist on the resolution
of the core issue of Kashmir on the basis of our principled stand, before
making any concessions and in this regard take up the matter at all
international forums, explaining the background of the case as well as the
human rights abuses against the besieged Kashmiris. (Editorial, TheNation
7th December)
MFN to India catastrophic for Pakistan: In its negotiations with its
Indian counterpart, the Pakistani team must insist that India lowers its tariffs
on agricultural goods from Pakistan, which it can do bilaterally with respect
to Pakistan, as per WTO rules.
Additionally, India has a myriad number of non-tariff barriers, which
it imposes on goods that try and get access to the Indian market, particularly
for agricultural goods. Before Pakistan grants the MFN status to India, it
must demand that it remove most of its non-tariff barriers, which serve
protectionist purposes.
High Indian subsidies and protectionist tariffs for agricultural goods
would prevent Pakistani agricultural goods to be exported to India. We must
include necessary agricultural goods in the current negative and the
planned sensitive lists. If the agriculture sector is discriminated against by
our own government in such a manner and not given the same protection
given to industrial goods, it will force farmers to convert land to nonagricultural use leading to the closure of factories and shrinking markets. It
will cause a total collapse of Pakistans economy with grave threat to its
food security, thereby our sovereignty.
Liberalizing trade with India through the Wagah route will inundate
our smaller and more fragile markets. Farmers firmly believe that Pakistan
and India should both benefit from a resumption of bilateral trade relations,
but they support phased and measured trade liberalization. But the cardinal
principle that mutually-beneficial bilateral trade must be fair in order to be
truly free trade should not be ignored, which is enshrined in the WTO
principles as well.
Any such change in policy must be transparent and be made in
consultation with Pakistani farmers through different farming organizations,
which are the major and important stakeholder of the agricultural sector in
360

the country. Without a trade policy that affords protection to agriculture,


granting the MFN status to India will be catastrophic for the tens of millions
of people whose livelihood is based on agriculture. As is shown in the chart,
India provides minimum support prices to 25 agricultural produce by an
annual subsidy of $66 billion also.
The leaders in Islamabad need to wake up and not give away
Pakistans food security and sovereignty just to please few vested interests.
They must also take swift action to avert a situation that will lead to the
devastation of our agriculture and economy.
Same old mindset: What has happened to the Captain of Pakistan
Blind T20 cricket team Zeeshan Abbasi in India provides a peep into a
mindset sordid to the core where everything is justified in the name of
rivalry. One Indian newspaper has reported that Zeeshan accidentally drank
diluted phenyl in his hotel mistaking it for mineral water. First of all, the
Indian media remained mum over the incident for three days until it was
denounced by Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. It is beyond
anyones comprehension that a bottle of diluted phenyl could be served as
mineral water right on the breakfast table where foreign team members were
being entertained. Had some incident of this nature occurred in Pakistan, the
cricketing world would have raised a fuss hard to imagine. But in this case,
the International Cricket Council is completely silent. It must initiate a
serious inquiry which is needed in order to help avoid recurrence of such
mean jokes. The cricket series between Pakistan and India would be held
soon which calls for advanced security arrangements. One should also keep
in mind the threat hurled by Shiv Sena the extremist organization that they
would not let the scheduled matches to be played. Bal Thakreys son, who is
now heading the Bharatiya Janata Partys militant wing, has repeated similar
threats. It is also hoped that Pakistan Cricket Boards security team which
visited India to observe security arrangements has looked into every aspect.
(Editorial, TheNation 9th December)

REVIEW
During the period of last four weeks ending 9th December there have
been quite a few events in Pakistan meriting comments but none of those
deserve detailed review. Some of such events are enumerated below along
with brief remarks.

361

The Supreme Court asked Asma Jahangir to fulfill her promise


regarding appearing of Husain Haqqani before it in Memo Case. The court
also directed the executive to make requisite arrangements for the former
ambassador; stopping short of saying that he should be presented guard of
honour at the airport.
Interior Minister, Malik announced head-money for his counterpart in
TTP, Ehsanullah Ehsan and few days later he doubled that amount realizing
his worth. Later he himself found out that Ehsan was hiding in Peshawar and
the government was closing the net around him; that reflected the reason for
doubling the head-money.
Hamid Mir kept roaming in the town with an explosive device fixed
under his car, till someone noticed that and informed his driver. TTP owned
the bid to blow him up and that has given a solid pretext to Hamid Mir to
demand an Army operation in North Waziristan, though he has never been
optimistic about the military operations.
In Waziristan, a suicide bomber targeted Mullah Nazir, a pro-Pakistan
Ahmedzai militant commander, who escaped sustaining injuries in the
attack. No one owned the attack; observers however suspected it could have
been carried out by foreign fighters hiding in the region. Nevertheless,
possibility of involvement of occupation forces in Afghanistan cannot be
ruled out.
Olson, the new US Ambassador in Islamabad called on Prime
Minister Raja and the latter complained to the former about ineffectiveness
of drone attacks in tackling the terrorism. He suggested that some alternative
to drones should be found for securing victory in war on terror.
The change in the tone during Pak-US officials meetings in
Washington, Brussels and Islamabad indicated that Pakistan must have
agreed to do more on something not made public. This was also confirmed
when Hafeez Sheikh on return from Washington gave good news to the
Prime Minister about the release of $600 million on account of CSF.
The report of Abbottabad Commission has yet to be made public,
though it is not likely to break any surprise news. The information that has
trickled so far confirmed presence of Osama in the compound at the time of
operation. Dr Afridi and Osamas first wife had been instrumental in
confirmation of his presence in the compound.
Dr Afridi did not know that he was being used for tracking OBL, but
he was aware that he was being used by CIA for gathering some kind on
362

intelligence for which he was paid $1million. He was also told well before
the operation to leave Pakistan but he did not get the point.
Foreign Minister of Afghanistan visited Islamabad and exchanged
pleasantries with Hina Rabbani Khar, which created an impression of a
positive turn in Pak-Afghan relations. This did not last long as Karzai
pointed finger at Pakistani agencies for attack on his intelligence chief.
Zardari skipped Iran and dashed straight to England though it had
been announced that he would go to Tehran to finalize the deal for
construction of gas pipeline. In England he visited Malala in Queen
Elizabeth Hospital granting her the distinction of the only one to be visited
by the President out of thousands wounded across Pakistan.
Zardari has the knack of doing the right things at the right time. In
election year a trip to Tehran could have annoyed the US masters; whereas a
few moments spent with Malala could accrue better dividends both inside
Pakistan and abroad. Earlier, it was in the same spirit that he had instructed
Prime Minister Raja not to attend SCO meeting and instead send
Information Minister. All this can also be linked to the cancellation of the
visit of Valdimir Putin to Islamabad some time ago never do a thing that
could annoy the American masters.
In a glaring contrast to the conduct of rulers in Islamabad, Iranian
government remained steadfast against US pressure. They have yet to
acquire the wisdom of Zardari that tells him to be ever-ready to stoop and
stumble on the show of a piece of carrot or on hearing swirl of a stick.
Ever since Zardari came to power courtesy the United States; he has
been pursuing the policy of appeasement with India. At times it seemed that
instead of obeying commands of American masters, he sincerely wanted to
foster Sindhi-Hindi Brotherhood. With the noble feeling of brotherhood at
the back of his mind he has been going an extra mile to win hearts and
minds of Indians.
In this context some sections of the media are fully in league with
him. The Jang Group of news papers has even launched a campaign in
collaboration with an Indian newspaper by the name of Amn Ki Asha. They
are ever ready to promote Amn at any price.
On the other hand, the Indians have correctly comprehended the true
spirit of Amn ki Asha and that of Zardaris Sindhi-Hindi Brotherhood. They
served a bottle filled with chemical to Zishan, the captain of visiting cricket

363

team of blinds. He was rushed to hospital and the hosts regretted the mistake
of serving wrong refreshment.
This mistake was committed a day after the Pakistani team had
inflicted a crushing defeat on Indian team by eight wickets. The visitors
certainly deserved the hospitality they were meted out. The mistake was
bound to take place.
It is also certain that this incident will not dent Zardari regimes
resolve to foster Sindhi-Hindi Brotherhood and pursue the mission of Amn
Ki Asha. They wont mind sacrificing several Pakis for this noble cause as
long as they are Zishans, not Bilawals. What is the worth of a blind when
compared to the rewards accruing from the above referred noble missions.
The team will not be told to come back, nor will the forthcoming tour
of Pakistans cricket team would be cancelled. Zardaris clown looking after
cricket affair in Pakistan has already announced that the tour will not be
affected by the mistake that has already been regretted.
Sindhi rulers in Pakistan cannot afford annoying Hindi brothers. They
can threaten Nawaz Sharif of banning his entry into Sindh, but nothing of
the sort can be said to Hindi brothers. They cannot do so because the
American masters wont approve of that. Above all this fits in Zardaris own
scheme of appeasing India so that Pakistan Army could be cut to size.
Army has been the cause of soar eyes for the Crusaders and for
Zardari and his like-minded politicians. For the former it has to be targeted
for demilitarization of Pakistan, which is one of the goals of the holy war
against Islamic fascists and for the latter Army has to be weakened to the
extent that it does not cause any interruption in democratic dispensation in
Pakistan.
In addition to the above convergence of interests, the events of last
four years point out yet another reason for having brotherly relations with
India with a view to reducing the defence forces. By doing that, plenty can
be saved for development funds that can be allotted to each parliamentarian
every year.
The Defence budget of the current financial year is Rs545.39 billion
and according to Chairman NAB, Fasih Bokhari, every day Rs7 billion are
lost due to corruption, which comes to Rs2,255 billion annually. It means
that the defence budget is just about 24 percent of the public money spent
for promoting the business of corruption.

364

Notwithstanding the exaggeration, four more armies of equivalent


strength can be raised if the democratic business of plundering the public
money is suspended, but those in this booming business would never let that
happen. They have the eyes fixed on Rs545 billion spent on defence and
they would like to divert bulk of it to the most profitable sector of politics of
plundering; hence the dire need for promoting Sindhi-Hindi Brotherhood.
10th December, 2012

INQILAB: FOR MANKIND


PART TWO
Armaghan-i-Hijaz is the last collection of Allamahs poetical works
which was published after the death of the poet. Allamah wanted to publish
it after performing Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca and that was why that he
had named it as a Gift from the Hijaz to his countrymen.
He had wished to undertake the journey to Mecca and Madina but that
wish was not realized because of continuous illness during the last years of
his life. Nevertheless, the gaps that were yet to be filled by the author, cast

365

no diminishing effect on the quality that is hallmark of Allamahs poetical


works.
In fact, this book stands out in conveying the intended message in
minimum words as Allamah had abundant experience to his credit. This
feature especially stands out in the first part of the book which comprises
Persian poetry.
This part has five sub-parts, out of which the fourth is devoted to the
mankind and this chapter of the Volume-III consists of fourth sub-part of
Persian works of Armaghan-i-Hijaz. All, but the last seven quatrains are
translated by Q A Kabir
The translator in the introductory lines wrote: In order to create
Persian sweet taste in English I have avoided the use of words having three
or four syllables particularly when the vocal harmony is missing, for
example Crocodile, Alligator, obedience etc. in case of Crocodile I would
use its diminutive viz croco; for Gabriel, Abraham and Alexander I would
use the Gabe, the Abe, Alec and so on. Since Pharoah is pronounced as 'Fero'
a use of its Dim is not required. I have tried to do full justice with Iqbal in
my translations, yet it is my first attempt. I would request the critics to avoid
criticism with exaggeration.
The fourth section of the Persian Part of Armaghan-i-Hijaz, which is
devoted to the mankind, began with a verse from Javed Namah:



Adamiyat ehtiram-e-Adami, bakhabar shou az mowam-e-Adami.
Admiyat ehtiram-e-Adami (sey ebarat) hai, tou Adami ka moqam pehchan.
Honour of man is the manliness base. Beware! What is man and the mans
high place.
Set One
*****(1)*****





366

Bia saqi biyaraan kohna maey ra; jawan frodin kon piroey ra.
Nawaey deh keh az faiz-e-dum-e-khwaish; cho mishal bar frozam chobe-ney ra.
[Saqi! Othh aur porani sharab la, aur oss sey khazan zadah bhhorrey ko
naujawan-e-baharan bana dey.
Mojhey aisa (atashin) naghmah atta kar keh mein apney dum kay faiz sey
bansari ki lakrri ko mishaal ki tarah roshan kar don.]
O bearer come and serve the old wine, which gives an old man the youths
new shine.
Give me a sweet tone that by my breath own, like torch I may lit up my
flutes gay tone (love tone).
(In this chapter Iqbal is addressing whole mankind without distinction of
cast and creed.)
*****(2)*****





Yakkey az hohraey khilwat baroon aey; babaad-e-sobhgahi seinah
bakoshaey.
Khrosh ein
bifazaey.

moqam-e-rung-o-boo

ra,

baqadar-e-nalah-e-morghey

[Zara apney khalwat kadah sey bahar aa, aur nasim-e-sobh kay saamney
apna seinah khhol.
(Pher) nalah-e-morgh sey iss moqam-e-rung-o-boo (dunya) kay josh-okhrosh mein azafah kar.]
Leave thy solitude cell for a while please, ope thy bosom thus from the
morning breeze.
For a tempo to worlds hustle and thrill, raise thy tune and tone to song
birds trill (sing a musical note with a trill).

367

Set Two
*****(1)*****





Zamanah fitnah-ha awoord-o-bagozasht; khasan ra dar baghal perwardo-bagozasht.
Duo sadd Baghdad ra Chingazi-e-oo; cho gor teirah-e-bakhtan kard-obagozasht.
[Zamaney ney kaeyi fitney paida keay aur aagey barrh gaya, oss ney apni
baghal mein khas-o-khashak (kam qimat lougon) ki perwarash ki aur gozar
gaya.
Oss ki Chingazi ney sainkaron Baghdad siyah bakhton ki gor ki manind
veraan keay aur woh (biperwaeyi sey) aagey barrh gaya.]
With times came unrest which passed so quick, it reared great satans and
passed so quick.
Many Baghdads were raped by tyrants greal; it leveled their graves and
passed like spate (reference to Changaiz Khan).
*****(2)*****





Basa kas andoh-e-farda kashidand; keh de mordand-o-farda ra
nadeidand.
Khonak mardaan keh dar damaan-e-imroz; hazaran tazah-tar hangamah
chiedand.
[Bohat sey aisey loug aeindah kay ghum mein gariftar rehey (mien yeh
karon ga kehtey rehey), jo maazi he mein mur gaey, onnhon ney
mostaqbil nah dikhha (kochh kar nah sakkey).
368

Mobarik hein woh loug jinhon ney apney aaj kay daman mein hazaron
neay hangamey choney (jinhon ney apni zindagi mein amlun kochh kar
kay dikhhaya).]
Those who had fears for the future days, they died yesterday before coming
days.
Lucky are those whose dress of today, is booming with success day by day.
(Iqbal has taken the first two lines from a verse of Amir Khisro with basic
thought: To whom future looms with fears and gloom, to mankind thus they
bring only doom.)
Set Three
*****(1)*****





Cho bulbul nalah-e-zaarey nadaari; keh dar tun jan-e-bidarey nadaari.
Darein gulshan keh gulchini halal ast; tou zakhmey az sar-e-kharey
nadaari.
[Tou bulbul ki tarah nalah-e-zaar naheen rakhhta, kiyuonkeh teyrey badan
kay andar rooh bidar naheen.
Yeh bagh jahan phool chonaney ki ajazat hai; tou ney kissi kantey ki nok
sey zakham naheen khaya (koeyi azim kam saranjam deyney mein taklif
naheen othhaeyi).]
Like nightingale you know not the groans and wails, you lack living soul in
your set up frail.
This garden which gives the rose plucking right, you felt no pricks alas! For
the thorns fright.
*****(2)*****



369



Biya bar khwaish paichidan biamoz; banakhon seinah kawidann biamoz.
Agar khwahi Khuda ra faash beini; khodi ra faash-tar deidan biamoz.
[Othh aur apney aap per twajoh markooz karna seikhh, apney nakhon sey
apna seinah zakhmi karna seikhh.
Agar Allah Taalla ko bipardah dikhhna chahta hai, tuo apni khodi ko
faash-tar dikhhna seikhh.]
Come forward and learn the self seeing art, learn the hard task and sufferings
of heart.
If you wish clear vision of God the Great, learn to see the self in a vivid
state.
(Khwesh paechidan; Literal meanings are self-wrapping or self writhing or
self coiling but in Iqbals own terminology it means self seeing. The
meaning of Khwesh paechidan or Bakhud paechidan should not be mixed
up with Paech-o-tab.)
*****(3)*****





Gillah az sakhti-e-ayyam bigozaar; keh sakhti-e-nakashidah kam ayyar
ast.
Nami daani keh aab-e-jooeybaraan; agar barr sung ghaltad khoshgawar
ast.
[Sakhti-e-zamanah ki shikayat chhorr, kiyuonkeh jiss ney sakhti naheen
dikhhi, woh napokhtah reh jata hai.
Kaya tou naheen janta keh aabshar ka pani, pathar per girey tuo
khoshgawar manzar paish karta hai.]
Give up the habit to weep on fate; face the hard times with a courage great.

370

Dont you know that the water of a brook, when falls on stone, it gives a
lovely look.
*****(4)*****





Kabotar bachah-e-khod ra chih khosh goft; keh natwaan zeist ba-khooey
hariri.
Agar Ya Hoo zanni az masti-e-shouq; kollah ra az sar-e-shaheen bagiri.
[Kabotar ney apney bachah sey kaya khoob baat kehi, raishmi adaat (naram
tabiyyat) sey zindgi basar naheen ki ja sakti.
Agar tou masti-e-shouq sey Hoo Hoo ka taarah lagaey; tuo shaheen kay
sar sey (bhi) taj chhein sakta hai.]
A gull said to shaver, nice witty thing, you cannot exist with the silken wing.
With a fondness great if you call Ya Hoo, you can catch hawks head with
a loving coo.
(Some people say that a pigeon says Ya Hoo in every coo. Hence Iqbal is
speaking in passages. His pigeon is a virtuous man. In America a pigeon is
also called a gull.)
*****(5)*****





Fatadi az moqam-e-kibriaeyi; hazoor-e-doon nihadaan chihra-saeyi.
Tou shaheeni-o-laikan khwaishtan ra; nagiri ta-bedaam-e-khod-niaeyi.
[Tou azmat kay moqam sey nichey gir gaya, tou ney razilon kay samney
paishani ragarrna shoroa kar-di.
Tou shaheen hai, laikan tou apna (moqam) nah pa sakkey ga, jabb takk tou
apney daam mein nah aaey ga (apni azmat ka ehsas nah karey ga).]
371

You had fallen then from a godly place, to courts of mean men you sought a
close face.
Thou art a hawk, to self you cannot get, until you are caught in thy selfs
own net.
Second Version (if Fatadi is verb transitive): Thou dropped me first from the
godly place, later to the lowered you showed Thy face.
Thou art a Hawk Great for us you then care, when you are trapped in thy
own Snare*.
(*By this Iqbal means to say that one cannot he a complete Muslim until the
total obedience of God becomes his second nature. In that phase he moulds
himself into the pattern of obedience. When he acts on the commandments
of God he feels as if it is his own bent of mind, or as if it is a matter of daily
routine to him, and no one has thrust upon him that duty. It makes a
complete change in meanings if Fatadi is used as verb transitive. The first
version is however more nearer to truth, as this chapter is addressed to
mankind. Since God is houseless, He cannot be contained in any place,
neither on earth nor on the Heavens. But He comes in the heart of a Momin,
in the heart of a faithful being. When the God responds to the Love calls of a
Momin, He comes into his heart. Since The God chose the heart of a Momin
for a place to Him, He is caught Himself in that snare. Since the God made
this snare by His Own Hands and He likes to be caught in that snare, under
extreme pangs of love of a Momin, it will be more appropriate to read line 3
and 4 (of 2nd version) as: Thou art a Hawk Great for us you cared then, when
you were caught in thy own snare and den.)
*****(6)*****





Khosha rozey keh khod ra baz giri; hameen faqr ast ko bakhshad amiri.
Hayat-e-javidaan andar yaqin ast; reh-e-takhmin-o-zann giri bemiri.
[Kaya mobarak ho ga woh dinn jabb tou apney aap ko dobarah pa-ley ga,
yehi woh faqr hai jo shahinshahi atta karta hai.
Hamaishah ki zindagi yaqin-e-(pokhtah) sey hasil hoti hai, agar tou shakoko-shobhat ka rastah ikhtiyar karey ga, tuo khatam ho jaey ga.]
372

I hail that day when he turns to selfs bold; this is the faqrs essence which
makes him gold.
The lasting life thus in certitude lies, a thought when you follow the self then
dies*.
(*When you express your own opinion or view in the exegesis of Quran or
Hadith it means that you are (unconsciously or inadvertantly) under an
impression that the God, and the Prophet, were unable to explain those
verses, inspite of all the eloquence we owe to the words of Allah in the Holy
Quran. There a man claims to be a great scholar than God Himself. As such
if you prefer the views of the biggest scholar on earth over the clear meaning
of Holy Quran, then your faith, gnosis and then the certitude in God and the
Prophet is not complete The views of different experts, may be the Holiest
men on earth, create different castes and creeds in any religion.
This is unthinkable and unbelievable that a particular view or a particular
opinion which we know is due to the scholarly knowledge of any one
individual. The Holy Books are a common legacy of entire mankind and
every faithful has a right to know what is written in the lines. As such no
body has got a right to misinterpret any meanings, to mislead others. It is
within the privilege of a 100% true faithful to understand the meanings of
the Holy Books with his own intellect and academic knowledge because
every body is directly responsible to God, who knows what is hidden in our
hearts. It is better to teach the meanings of a Book, unnecessary
commentries should be avoided. The scholars do not require any comrnentry.
The commentous are written only for those people whose knowledge of the
text is very poor.)
*****(7)*****





Tou hum missl-e-mun az khod dar hijabi; khonak rozey keh khod ra
bazyabi.
Mera kafir konad andaishah-e-rizq; tera kafir konad ilm-e-kitabi.

373

[Tou bhi meyri tarah apney aap sey poshidah hai, mobarik ho ga woh dinn
jabb tou apney aap ko dobarah pa ley ga.
Mojhey zindagi ki fikar ney kafir bana diya hai, tojhey ilm-e-kitabi (jadid
aloom) ney kafir kar diya hai (Allah Taalla per aiyman sey mehroom kar
diya hai).]
Like me you are too wrapped in a veil, you turn to self when that good day
I hail my fear of living takes, to Kufrs camp hark! Books knowledge leads
to Kufrs pitch dark.
(Kufr: Unbelief, darkness; pitch as pitch black, pitch blind, pitch dark.
Underlying thought: Since you and me both are unaware of our ego, due to
many veils between man and God, which the man has placed before his
eyes, these veils must be removed to attain the place of certitude. These veils
are unnecessary barriers between a man and the reality.)
*****(8)*****





Chih khosh goft ashtarey ba karrah-e-khwaish; khonak ankas keh danid
kar-e-khod ra.
Ba-gir az ma kohan-e-sehra nawardan; beh posht-e-khwaish bordan bare-khod ra.
[Ont ney apney bachey sey kaya achhi baat kehi, mobarik ho woh shakhs jo
apni zomahdari pehchanta hai.
Hum poraney sehra nawardon sey yeh (gur) seikhh ley, keh apna bojh apni
posht per he othhana chahiey.]
A camel once said a nice word to foal, hes lucky who knows to play his
own role.
Learn from me a knack of desert tramps, to take thy own load from camps to
camps.
(Second Version: Learn from me the desert rambling knack; to take thy own
load on thy own back.)

374

Set Four
*****(1)*****





Mera yad ast az danaey Afrang; basa razey keh az bood-o-adum goft.
Wlaikan ba tou goeym ein duo harfey; keh ba mun pir mardey az Ajam
goft.
[Mojhey eik Afrangi dana kay bohat sey aisey raaz yad hein, jo woh hast-oniest kay barey mein biyan kiya karta thha.
Laikan mein tojhey (onn ki bajaey) Ajam kay eik pir mard (Maulana
Rum)kay woh duo harf sonata hon jo oss ney mojh sey kehey thhey.]
I know many savants and gems of west, on being and non being they felt the
same quest.
Bid me, tell to thee two words at least, to me please talk in accent of East.

*****(2)*****





Illa ay koshtah-e-namehram-e-chund; kharidi az pey yakk dil ghumey
chund.
Z-tawilaat-e-mullayaan-e-nikotar; nashistan bakhod gahey dummey
chund.

375

[Sonn! Ay chund namehramon kay maarey hoey (Farangi professoron ko


asrar-e-jan sey namehram kaha hai), tou ney (maghrabi taalim kay
zariah) apney eik dil kay leay sainkaron tafaqaraat kharid leay hein
Kissi Allah-waley kay pass chund lamhey baithhna, zahari aloom kay
maharin ki noktah afriniyan sonnaney sey kaheen behtar hai.]
Hark! O victim of wits of aliens few, for one heart you brought a score of
griefs new.
Then Mullahs views it was better to sit, with a self-conscious sage with
egos wit.
Set Five
*****(1)*****





Wajood ast einkeh beini ya namood ast; hakim-e-ma chih moshkil-ha
kashood ast.
Kitabey bar fun-e-ghwaas banawisht; wlaikan dar dil darya nabood ast.
[Yeh alam jo tou dikhh raha hai (haqiqi) wajood rakhhta hai ya sirf yuon
dikhhaeyi deyta ha, hamarey Maghrabi flasfah ney kaya moshilaat paida
kar rakhhi hein.
Oss ne ghwasi kay fun per kitab tuo likhh de, magar ossey darya kay andar
jana nasib naheen hoa.]
This being* would last or just a passing show, the wise could not solve this
knotty tie so.
He wrote a book though on diving in sea, to his hearts sea ah! he could
never see!
(*It is difficult to convey the true sense of beeni. If it conveys an opposite
sense of Namud then its meaning is truth. Iqbal has not used beena
(Conscious, having insight, a seeing being) here, still Wajud-i-beeni means
conscious being. We enjoy both the meanings. If it means truth, then

376

translation of line 2 gives a correct sense. Line 1 means: What we see would
last, or a passing show, this being is a truth or just a false show.)
*****(2)*****





Beh zarb-e-taishah bashikin baistoon ra; keh forsat andak-o-gardoon duo
rung ast.
Hakimaan ra darein andaishah bagozar; sharar az taishah khaizad ya zsung ast.
[Taishey ki zarb sey baiston paharr torr daal; kiyuonkeh forsat kam hai
aur halat ka kochh eitibar naheen.
Falsafiyuon ko issi soch mein parra rehney dey keh chingari taishah sey
nikalti hai ya pathar sey.]
With battle axe smite the Bistoon Mountain, the time is short trust on sky too
in vain.
Leave the wise men thus in their headaches own, did the spark raised from
the axe or from stone?*
(*Farhad had taken a pledge with the King of Persia to dig a canal from
Baistoon Mountain against which the King pledged to marry his daughter
(princess) with him. There was a long controversy amongst Persian
historians, poets or phillosophers whether Farhad was killed by his own axe
or from a stone rolling from the mountain top. The readers would find a hint
of that controversy in the above mentioned quatrain (twin couplet).
*****(3)*****





377

Ma-neh az kaff chiragh-e-arzoo ra; badast wer moqam-e-Ha-o-Hoo ra.


Ma-shau dar charsooey ein jahan gom; bakhod baz-o-bashikin chaar-soo
ra.
[Ommeid ka chiragh haath sey nah chhorr (ommeid qaim rakhh) aur Ha-oHoo (Ishq-e-Elahi) ka moqam hasil kar.
Iss jahan kay chahar atraaf (hadood) mein gom nah ho ja, balkeh apney aap
mein aa aur inn hadood ko torr daal (onn sey wara nikal ja).]
Keep the craves lamp burning ever in heart, get the place where the uproars
start.
Do not get lost in the worlds four nooks, break the four nooks, and turn to
selfs look.
*****(4)*****





Dil-e-darya skoon-e-biganah az tost; beh jeibash gohar-e-yakk danah az
tost.
Tou ay mouj iztirab-e-khod nigahdar, keh darya ra mataa-e-khanah az
tost.
[Ay mouj! Darya kay dil kay andar tojhi sey talatam hai, teyrey he bais oss
ki jeib mein qimati moti hai.
Tou apna iztirab qaim rakhh, kiyuonkeh darya kay ghar ki poonji teyri he
wajah sey hai.]
O hearts sea! No peace yet known to thee, the gloss of gems here, due to my
glee.
O wave! Thus guard thy own restive thrill, the noise of storms thus, due to
thy will.
(The literal translation of line 4 is as follows: To sea, the whole asset is thy
own homes wealth, makes no sense if written in English. Here the meaning
of Mata-i-Khana is legacy.)

378

*****(5)*****





Duo geiti ra bakhod bayad kasheidan, nabayab az hazoor-e-khod
rameidan.
Beh noor-e-dosh bein imroz-e-khod ra; z-dosh-e-imroz ra natwaan
rabudan.
[Apney aap sey ghagna naheen chahiey, balkeh duonon jahanon ko apni
taraf khhinchna chahiey.
Apney mazi ki roshni mein apna haal dikhh; haal ko mazi sey alag naheen
kiya ja sakta.]
To both the worlds win with efforts and zeal, from thee never run for thy
own selfs weal.
From light of past see the light of to day, to day you cant cut off from the last
day.*
(*Rabudan: To pounce upon and run away. Here it means to separate, keep
apart, detach.)

*****(6)*****





Ba-ma ay lalah khod ra wa-namoodi; niqab az chehra-e-zeba kashoodi.
Tera choon bar dameidi lalah goftand; beh shakh andar chasaan boodi
chih boodi?
[Ay gul-e-lalah! tou ney apney khoobsurat chihrey sey niqab othha kar
apney aap ko hum per zahar kiya hai.
379

Jabb tou shakh sey phhota tuo tojhey lalah kaha gaya, magar (yeh bata keh)
jabb tou shakh kay andar thha, oss waqt kaya thha, kaisa thha?]
You show us O Poppy! Thy selfs own trace, and turned the hid mask of thy
charming face.
I call you poppy when you show thy face, in branch what you looked?
Where was thy trace?*
(*It is up to the readers to infer their own conclusions of the philosophical
points referred to here being not within the field of the translator. Here Iqbal
has left a feeler to the believers of pantheism, theism and panentheism.)
Set Six
*****(1)*****





Nagiryad mard az ranj-o-dard; z-duoraan kam nashinad bar dilash gard.
Qiyas oo-ra makon az giryah-e-khwaish; keh hast az soz-o-masti giryah-emard.
[Jawan-mard ranj-o-dard sey naheen rota, oss kay dil per zamaney ka gardo-ghobar naheen jamta.
Oss kay giryah ko apney giryah ki manind nah samajh, mard kay ansoo
(ishq ki) soz-o-masti ki wajah sey tapkatey hein.]
A man weeps not from a grief or pains, no dust eer falls, on his heart
from.strain.
If he eer weeps you take it in this sense, his weeping is a part of love pangs
trance.
(Second Version: If he ever weeps take not a view bad, in love pangs impact
he weeps being mad.)
*****(2)*****

380





Napindari keh mard imtihan mord; namirad garchih zir-e-asmaan mord.
Tera shayan chonein marg ast varnah; zehar margey keh khwahi mitawan
mord.
[Yeh nah samajh keh mard (-e-maidan) -e-imtihan ko mout aa sakti hai,
agarchih woh iss dunya sey intiqal kar jata hai, magar woh marta naheen.
Yehi mout teyri shan kay shiyan hai, varnah tou jiss mout sey chahey mur
sakta hai.]
If a tested man dies, think not ever, he dies on the earth, there he dies never.
To thee thus suits a death of such state, though dead yet lasts his selfs
pleasant trait.
*****(3)*****





Agar khak-e-tou az jan-e-mehramey neist; bashakh-e-tou hum az nisaan
nummey neist.
Z-ghum zaad shodam ra nigahdar; keh andar seinah-e-pordam ghumey
neist.
[Agar teyri khak-e-(badan) kay andar jan-e-(porsoz) maheen, tuo teyri
shakh (afkar) bhi abar-e-(rehmat) sey numdar naheen hogi.
Houslah qaim rakhh aur ghum sey azad reh, kiyuonkeh houslah-mand
seinah kay andar koeyi ghum naheen reh sakta.]
If thy dust has no link with soul and heart, no rain1 can moisten thy heartss
any part.
Be free from griefs, guard breath with His hum, in man full of dam no griefs
can come.*
381

(Second Version: If thy dust shares not secrets of soul, no rains can moisten
the off shoots whole. No griefs when you inhale Allahs dam, in full of dam
bosom no griefs can come.)
(*Rain; here it means a guide viz, spiritual guide.)
*****(4)*****





Parishan her dum ma az ghumey chund; sharik her ghumey namehramey
chund.
Wlaikan tarah fardaeyi tawaan raikht; agar dani bahaey ein dummey
chund.
[Hamari zindagi ka her sans motaadad ghumon sey parishan hai, aur
hamarey her ghum mein kaeyi namehram sharik hein.
Laikan agar tou inn chund dumon ki qadar jan ley, tuo inn per mostaqbil ki
boniyad rakhhi ja sakti hai.]
My each breath blows with griefs many more, my friends share not my
griefs anymore.
Yet future can be shaped to large extent, if you know the great price of each
instant.*
(*Literal version of line: My grief is shared by aliens few. Here aliens or
Na Mahram could also mean wealth, riches (of the world) to whom the
poet thinks aliens to him.)
*****(5)*****

382

Jawanmardey keh dil ba khwaishtan bost; rowad dar behar-o-darya


aiman az shast.
Nigah ra jalwah-e-masti-ha halal ast; waley, bayad nigah dari dil-o-dast.
[Woh jawanmard jiss ney apney aap sey dil laga leya, woh behar-o-darya
mein kantey sey mehfooz ottar gaya.
Nigah kay leay jalwah-e-(hosn) sey lotf-andoz hona jaiz hai, magar dil aur
haath ko zabt kay tehat rakhhna chahiey.]
A young who tied heart with egos call, he swam quite safe, along seas, and
rivers all.
No harm if you relish a decent scene, keep an eye on heart that the hands are
clean.
*****(6)*****





Az aan ghum-ha dil-e-ma dardmand ast; keh asal-e-oo azein khak
nazzand ast.
Mun-o-tou zaan ghum-e-shirin nadanim, keh asal-e-oo z-afkar-e-boland
ast.
[Hamara dil iss leay ghumon sey dardmand hai, keh oss ki asal oss khake-pust (yaani dunya) sey hai.
Mien aur tou iss ghum-e-shirin sey bikhabar hein, jiss ki asal afkar-eboland sey hai.]
Such griefs this heart now likes to take, like dust of low things of humble
make.
To those sweet griefs alas! We know not, which make a man great with
higher thought.
*****(7)*****

383





Ma-go ba mun Khudaey chonin kard; keh shostan mitawan az damanash
gard.
Teh-o-bala kon ein alam keh darooey; qemarey mi-bord namard az mard.
[Mojh sey yeh nah keh keh hamarey Khuda ney yuon kar diya, kiyuonkeh
oss ki taqdir kay daman sey gard dhhoeyi ja-sakti hai.
Aisi dunya ko teh-o-bala kar dey; jiss mein na-ehl shakhs, ehl se bazi jeet
jata hai.]
Blame not the God for this or that hurt, this dust should be dusted from thy
skirt*.
Change the heinous world whose bad nature yet, gives lead to bookies to
take the whole bet.
(*It means that man must absolve himself from such complaints against
God.)
*****(8)*****





Baroon kon keinah ra az seinah-e-khwaish; keh dood-e-khanah az rozan
baroon beh.
Z-kisht-e-dil madeh kas ra khrajey; mashau ay deh-Khuda gharat-gar
deh.
[Apney seiney sey keinah bahar nikal dey, ghar ka dhona rozan sey bahar
nikal deyna he behtar hai.
Apney dil kay khhait sey kisi ko lagan atta nah kar, ay gaon kay maalik!
apna gaon veraan nah kar (keinah sey dil veraan ho jata hai).]

384

Turn out fire of envy from thy hearts core, like smoke of house through the
ventilator or door.
No tax ever pay on hearts yield to none, to make the lands barren O!
Landlord shun.
*****(9)*****





Sehra-ha dar greybaan-e-shab-e-oost; duo geiti ra farogh az kokab-eoost.
Nishan-e-mard-e-Haq digar chih goeym; cho marg ayad tabasam bar
labb-e-oost.
[Mard-e-Haq ki shabb kay girybaan mein kaeyi sobhein poshidah hein, oss
(ki taqdir) kay sitarah sey duonon jahan roshan hein.
Mard-e-Haq ki pehchan aur kaya bataon, mout kay waqt oss kay labbon
per tabasam hota hai.]
In his nights behold many dawns bright, both the words are bright from his
moons light.
I give thee some signs for that Muslims trace, he welcomes his death with a
smiling face.

Set Seven
*****(1)*****





Ba-baad-e-sobhdum shabnam banaleid; keh darum az tou ommeid-enigahey.
385

Dil-um afsurdah shod az sohbat-e-gul; chonan bagozar keh raizam bar


giyahey.
[Shabnam ney sobh ki hawa sey ro-kar kaha, mien tojh sey eik meharbani ki
tawaqa rakhhti hon.
Phool ki sohbat sey meyra dil afsordah ho choka hai, abb iss tarah gozar
keh mien ghhas per giron (khwas sey na-ommeid hon).]
To the morning breeze weepd the dew in trance, I cherish from thee a
favour of glance.
I have fostered gloom from the Rose, alas! Thus pass in a way that I fall on
grass.
(The morning breeze viz, the poet himself. The drew; is a Muslim in the
company of Rose. Rose; (in the company of rose) = of a rich wealthy man.
Grass; an allusion to a poor man, or the poor. As such the poet has given this
message Paraphrased:
A Momin asked me for a favour which, has made himself sad in friendship
of rich.
The wealthy mens way has twised my face, thus drop me on the poor with
special grace.
Her rich are misers friends of joy and Jin, they never seek essence being
bound in Skin.
They worship the kings and sovereigns might,they are rivals of faith and
godly light.)

Set Eight
*****(1)*****





386

Dil aan behar ast ko sahal nawarzad; nahang az haibat-e-moujash


balarzad.
Az aan sailey keh sadd-ha mon bagirad; falak ba-yakk hobab-e-oo
nairzad.
[Dil woh samandar hai jo sahal naheen rakhhta, oss ki moujon ki haibat
sey magarmachh bhi dartey hein.
Osskey andar woh sailab othhtey hein jo sainkarron biyabanon ko apni
garift mein ley leytey hein, asman tuo oss kay (sailab Kay) eik bolboley kay
brabar hai.]
The heart is a sea which likes no shore, a shark too shivers from his waves
roar.
Like tempest which takes jungles of rubble, the whole skys worth, not
alike his bubble.
(Here nahang (alligator) is probably the Satan Iqbal has explained
different states of heart: Sometimes a huge sea in which the whole cosmos
can be contained. As such his heart is not a mere lump of flesh which beats
in bosom. It is a place in which God himself likes to live when He loves a
man.)
*****(2)*****





Dil-e-ma aatash-o-tun mouj-e-doodash; tapeid dum-ba-dum saaz-ewajoodash.
Beh zikr-e-neim-shabb jamiat-e-oo; cho seimabey keh bund-o-chob-eoodash.
[Hamara dil aag hai aur badan oss kay dhonein ki mouj, mosalsal tarrap
oss (dil) kay wajood ka saaz hai.
Zikr-e-neim-shabb sey dil ki tarbiyyat hai, jaisey parah ko ood ki lakarri
sakan kar deyti hai.]

387

My heart is a fire, a smoke my frame, my beings harp burns with a constant


flame.
From mid night prayers the heart gets a calm, like mercury* closed in aloe
wood balm.@
(* The mercury was killed (to make calx) in aloe wood in old days. Aloe
wood is called ood (Ud) in Arabic and Persian. (It also means lute or harp).
It gives a sweet smelling fragrance when it burns. @ Balm: ointment that
which gives peace of mind or consolation.)
*****(3)*****





Zamanah kar-e-oo ra mi-bord paish; keh mard-e-khod nigahdar ast
darvesh.
Hamein faqr ast-o-sultani keh dil ra nigah-dari cho darya gohar-ekhwaish.
[Zamanah (khod) oss kay kam ko aagey bhrrata hai, kiyuonkeh khod-dar
shakhs mard-e-darvesh hai.
Yehi faqt hai aur yehi sultani keh tou apney dil ki iss tarah hifazat karey
jaisey darya apney gohar ki hifazat karta hai.]
His help the world seeks like his slave own, since he guarded self with
saintly tone.
This is faqr and kingship which guards the heart, as sea guards pearls like a
best work of art.
(Iqbals main philosophy is based on four principles of the mystics of Islam
(out of 8 or 11) Iqbal has probably taken the idea of self from the term
Khilwat dar Anjuman; Privacy (with God) in social gatherings and other
social contacts. Iqbals whole mission of life was Hosh dar dam,
consciousness of each breath inhaled, Nazar barqadam (eye down cast),
Safar dar watan (journey for Home, lost by him on heavens and Khilwat
dar Anjuman.)

388

*****(4)*****





Neh nairvey khodi ra azmoodey; neh bund az dast-o-paaey khod
kashoodey.
Khird zinjir boodey Adami ra; agar dar seinah-oo dil naboodey.
[Agar Adami kay seiney mein dil na hota, tuo nah woh apni khodi ki qowwat
aazmata;
Aur nah apney haath paaon kay bund khholta, balkeh khird zinjir bun kar
ossey jakarrey hoti.]
The Egos power he did not try, his hands and feet too opened no tie.
The wisdom to man is sometimes a chain, if he had no heart* to check and
restrain.
(Heart alone can get freedom from intellect, because intellect itself is a slave
to love.)
*****(5)*****





Tou mi-goeyi keh dil az khak-o-khoon ast; gariftar-e-talism-e-Kaf-o-Nun
ast.
Dil-e-ma garchih andar seinah-e-mast; wlaikan az jahan-e-ma baroon
ast.
[Tou kehta hai keh dil khak-o-khoon sey paida hota hai, aur yeh (bhi)
talism-e-Kon mein gariftar hai.
(Naheen yeh baat naheen) agarchih hamara dil hamarey seinah mein hai,
magar woh hamari dunya sey mawara hai.]
You say the heart is the Khak and Khoon, a work of magic of Kaf and Nun.*
389

My heart is though in the bosom of mine, it is yet beyond the pale of world
thine.
(K and N or Kaf and Nun, are two Arabic alphabets. From K and N, God
said Kun = be, become and the whole cosmos came into being. God says
be (Kun) and it becomes automatically a reality.)
*****(6)*****





Jahan-e-mehr-o-meh zannari-e-oost; kashad-e-her girah az zaari-e-oost.
Payamey deh z-mun Hindustan ra; ghulam azad az bidari-e-oost.
[Yeh kainat dil ki ghulam hai, dil kay soz-o-giriyah sey her moshkal asaan
ho jati hai.
Meyri taraf sey Hindustan ko yeh paigham ponhcha duo, keh ghulam, dil ki
bidari sey azadi hasil karta hai.]
The world of Sun and Moon, slave of his thread, each tie will be ope from
tears lie can shed.
To Hind please convey a message of me, when a slave is wide awake he is
free.
(Zunnar: A thread (with hundred of ties) worn by Hindu Brahmins or Pundits
as a religious custom, (worn around neck).)
*****(7)*****





Mun-o-tou kisht-e-Yazdan. hasil ast ein; aroos-e-zindagi ra mehmal ast
ein.
Ghobar-e-rah shoud dana-e-asrar; napindari keh aqal ast ein, dil ast ein.
390

[Mien aur tou Allah Taalla ki khaiti hein, dil oss ki paidawar hai, yehi
aroos-e-zindagi ka mehmal hai.
Ghobar-e-rah (insan) dana-e-asrar hai, aqal ki wajah sey naheen, balkeh
dil kay bais.]
We are Gods harvest its yield is heart, for lifes bride, it is the lady cart!
He told the dust of path* His Secret Acts, was it due to wisdom or hearts
own tacts?
(*The poet himself.)
*****(8)*****





Gehey joeindah-e-hosn gharibey; khatibey menbar-e-oo az Salibey.
Gehey sultan ba khel-o-sepahey; waley az doulat-e-khod binasibey.
[Kabhi yeh hosn-e-yakta ka talabgar hota hai, kabhi aisa khatib, Salib jiss
ka menbar ho.
Kabhi sahib-e-lao-lashkar sultan, laikan apni doulat sey kanarah-kash.]
To that rare beauty my heart seeks again, to speaker* whose pulpit was
cross and slain.
To the King* often with lancers and force, to wealth who never touched at
any course.
(*Speaker: Refers to Mansoor Hallaj. TheKing: Sultan Noor-ud-Din Zangi.
Sultan N D Zangi raised his banner for Jehad and fought vigorously for 28
years during his reign, from 541 A.H. to 569 A.H. He was victorious in
every battle he fought. He ammassed no wealth except the dust of his face
during fighting which he had collected in a hand-kerchief. He left a will that
when he will be lowered in grave that dust should be rubbed at his face. His
will was fulfilled in like manner.)
*****(9)*****

391





Jahan-e-dil, jahan-e-rung-o-boo neist; dar-oo past-o-boland-o-kakh-o-koo
neist.
Zamin-o-asman-o-char soo neist; darein alam bajoz Allah Hoo neist.
[Yeh rung-o-boo ki dunya, dil ki dunya naheen, dil ki dunya mein pasti-obolandi hai nah mehal-o-kochah.
Nah wahan zamin-o-asman hein, nah chahar atraaf; oss jahan mein
sawaey Allah Hoo kay aur kochh naheen.]
The hearts world is not world of pomp an show, no lanes and doors, there
nor homes high and low.
Neither earth and sky nor the four nooks too, there is none in this world save
Allah hoo.
*****(10)*****





Nigah deid-o-khird paimanah woord; keh paimaid jahan-e-char soo ra.
Maey ashamey keh dil kardand namash; bakhwaish andar kasheed ein
rung-o-boo ra.
[Nigah ney (jahan) ka moshahidah kiya aur khird paimanah ley aeyi, keh iss
chahar atraf kay jahan ki paimaish karey.
Magar woh maey-kash, jissey dil kehtey hein, iss jahan-e-rung-o-boo ko
(eik he jaam mein) pe-gaya.]
The glance brought eyes and wisdom a tape band, to measure four sides and
all the worlds land.
Who drinks the whole wines whom we named heart, who sucks within it all
beauties of art.
392

(Rang-o-boo: It means beauty (of every kind), pomp and show, grandeur,
riches ostentation etc.)
*****(11)*****





Mohabat cheist taseer-e-nigahey ast; chih shirin zakhmey az teer-enigahey ast.
Beh siad-e-dil rawi, tarkash-e-beinad az; keh ein nakhchir, nakhchir-enigahey ast.
[Mohabat kaya hai, taseer-e-nigah; yeh teer-e-nigah ka lagaya hoa kaisa
shirin zakham hai.
Dil kay shikar ko ja raha hai, tuo tarkash phaink dey, keh yeh shikar nigah
ka shikar hai.]
What is the love? An impact of glance, which gives a sweet prick of the
eyes lance.
If you seek hearts hand? Throw quiver and bow, this game is the game of
glance and eye brow?
Set Nine
*****(1)*****





Khodi roshan az noor-e-kibriyaeyi ast; risaeyi-ha-e-oo az narasaeyi ast.
Jodaeyi az moqamaat-e-wisalash-o-wisalash az moqamaat-e-jodaeyi ast.

393

[Khodi Allah Taalla kay noor sey roshan hai; oss ki koshash-e-natamam he
mein oss ki kaamyabi hai.
Oss ka hijr, oss kay wisal kay moqamaat mein sey aur oss ka wisal,
moqamaat-e-jodaeyi mein sey hai.]
The Ego is lucent from Gods light rays, a reach to self gets through out of
reach ways.
Its separation looks part of wasl hence, and wasl a part of separation
trance.
(Wasl or Wisal means tete-a-tete (of God) and tete-a-tete is a private
confidential interview Here Iqbal has explained perplexing phases of
Egos varied attributes in a versatile manner. I would like to quote a few
verses of Iqbal to throw further light on Iqbals expression of self:
A speck of light whom ego we name, its spark is hid in my dusty
frame.
To he lost in His sea, my end was ne er, if you find Him once, you die
not ever.
When Ego is firm no waning it knows, the real wasl lies in the
parting of beaus.
For the worlds remedy the first preface, her slave and page is the
whole human race.
By egos call we can shake and break the spell of grandeur we still
make. This Ego reminds that God is one. Alas this point was followed
by none.)
*****(2)*****





Cho quomey dur gozasht az goftgoo-ha; z-khak-e-oo baroeyad aarzoo-ha.
Khodi az aarzoo shamshir gardad; dum-e-oo rung-ha bord z-boo-ha.

394

[Jabb koeyi quom baatein banana chhorr deyti hai, tuo oss ki khak sey
(hasool-e-maqasad ki) aarzoo janam leyti hai.
Pher aarzoo ki badoulat oss ki khodi shamshir bun jati hai aur oss shamshir
ki dhhar khoshboo (asliyat) sey rung (zahari teep-taap) ko alag kar deyti
hai.]
When a nation gives up gossips course, from her dust then grows the
longings force.
The self becomes sword from longings flow, whose sharp edge cuts all
stains of vain show.
(An explanation of line 4 was rather difficult, to simplify I explain it here:
a) Dam-i-ou (its breath) viz, the cut (of self sword). b) Rang ha; colours.
c) Burrad; cuts down, its infinitive is bureedan. d) Zi-bu ha from its smell (of
pride and snobbery) etc. e) Rang colour, luck, money, stains of vice,
disgrace, shame, vitality, force, riches, wealth, silver, gold, profit, gain, trick
and skill, fraud, cheating, stocks and goods, quality, virtue. See a good
dictionary for other meanings. f) Rang-o-bu; pomp and show, grandeur,
beauty, lustre, brightness; style and manner, riches. g) Boo (bu) smell,
desire, cravings, hopes, sign, foot steps.)
*****(3)*****





Khodi ra az wajood-e-Haq wajoodey; khodi ra az namood-e-Haq
namoodey.
Nami danam keh ein tabindah gohar; koja boodey agar darya naboodey.
[Khodi ka wajood Haq Taalla kay wajood sey hai; khodi ki namood, Haq
(suchaeyi) kay azhar sey hai.
Mien naheen janta keh agar darya nah hota, tuo (khodi ka) yeh taabdar
gohar kahan hota.]
From Gods own being, the self got a being so from Gods own show, to
self He gave a show.

395

About this shining pearl I know not where, it could be then without a river
there.
*****(4)*****





Diley choon sohbat-e-gul mi-pazeerad; haman dum lazzat-e-khwahish
bageerad.
Shwad bidar choon mun fareenad; cho mun mehkoom tun gardad
bameerad.
[Jabb dil matti (badan) ki sohbat ikhtiyar kar leyta hai, tuo ossi waqt ossey
neind ki lazzat aaleyti hai.
Jabb woh mun takhliq karta hai, tuo bidar ho jata hai, laikan agar oss ka
mun tun ka mehkoom ho jaey, tuo woh (dil) mur jata hai.]
The friendship of rose* a heart likes when, to sweet dream tastes, he loves
only, then.
It wakes up when he is conscious of I, when ruled by senses his Ego would
die.
(*Rose in parables of Iqbal means a rich man, given to luxury and easygoing
life.)
*****(5)*****





Wisal-e-ma wisal andar fraq ast; kashood-e-ein girah ghair az nazar ast.
Gohar-e-gom gashtah aaghosh-e-darya ast; wlaikan aab-e-behar, abb-egohar neist.

396

[(Allah Taalla sey) hamara wisal, wisal andar fraq hai; jabb takk insan
mein nazar paida nah ho, yeh oqdah waa naheen hota.
Bishakk gohar (khodi), aaghosh-e-darya (Bari Taalla) mein gom hai,
magar aab-e-behar aur aab-e-gohar mein bohat farq hai (Gohar darya
mein rehtey hoey bhi, darya sey alag hai)]
His partings prick in my tete-a-tete lies, to ope this tie get a glance of ones
eyes.
That pearl is hidden though in depths of sea, to pearls water yet we cannot
call sea.
*****(6)*****





Kaff-e-khakey keh daram az dar-e-Oost; gul-o-rihanam az abr-e-tar-eOost.
Neh mun ra mi-shanasam mun neh oo-ra; waley danam keh mun andar
bar-e- Oost.
[Meyri khak-e-badan ossi kay dum qadam sey hai, meyrey gul-o-rihan
(afkar-o-jazbat) ossi kay abr-e-tar kay rahin-e-mannat hein.
Nah mien apney aap ko pehchanta hon, nah Haq Taalla ko, magar itna
janta hon keh mien onn kay pehloo mein hon.]
The dusty look I hold owes to His door, my rose and basil* bloom from His
down pour.
I know not my being, neither His Grace, yet Im in His hold and own
embrace.
(*Gul-o-Rachan (Roz and haezil as pronounced in English). This phrase
conveys a vast meaning in Persian literature, viz. (i) influence, victory, (ii)
power and hold, (iii) in wealth, (iv) kindness, (v) verdure and lush, (vi) food,
ease and comfortable life. As such visuatise these meanings in reading this
couplet.)

397

Set Ten
*****(1)*****






Yaqin danam keh rozey hazrat-e-oo; trazooey nehadd ein kakh-o-koo ra.
Az aan tarsam keh fardaey qiyamat; nah ma ra saazgar ayad nah oo-ra
[Meyra aiyman hai keh eik dinn, Allah Taalla iss dunya (mein kiay gaey
hamarey aamal) kay leay mizaan qaim karein gey.
Magar mojhey yeh durr hai keh qiyamat ka dinn nah hamein raas aey ga,
nah onnhein.]
I am quite certain that on the doomsday, to homes and castles in scale he
would weigh.
Yet I cherish a feeling for that day, it would neither suit Him nor to my
clay.*
(*Underlying thought: It suits not me for my sins great. No hold I had on
passions and fate. I just fulfilled the God destined fate, my sins were a part
of mans own fate. As Hafiz says: In respect you say it was my sin, within
my power was Hafiz no sin.)
*****(2)*****





Beh Roma goft ba mun Rahib pir; keh daram noktaheyi az mun fragir.
Konad her quom paida marg-e-khod ra; tera taqdir-o-ma ra kosht tadbir.
[Shehr-e-Room mein mojhey eik bhhorrey Rahib ney kaha, meyrey pass eik
raaz ki baat hai, who mojh sey lay ley.

398

Her quom khod he apni mout ka samaan paida kar leyti hai, tum
Mosilmanon ko (jamad) taqdir kay tasawar ney mara aur humein (apni)
tadbir (per bhrosa karney) ney.]
In city of Room a pontiff told me, a word of wisdom I like to tell thee.
Every nation makes her deaths own source, to thee the fate, to us the
planning course.
Set Eleven
*****(1)*****





Shonidam marg ba Yazdan chonin goft, chih bi-num chashm-e-aan kaz
gill bazayad.
Cho jan-e-oo bagiram sharamsar, waley oo-ra z-mordun aar nayad.
[Sona hai keh mout ney Allah Taalla sey kaha, yeh (insan) jo mitti sey paida
hota hai, oss ki ankhh kaisi benum hai.
Jabb mien oss ki jan qabz karti hon, tuo mojhey sharam aati hai, magar
ossey murney sey sharam naheen aati.]
The death once said to God in this way, how shameless his eyes though
made from clay.
When I take out his soul I feel a shame, he feels no shame, but, to die with
bad name.
*****(2)*****





Sabatash deh keh mir-e-shash-jehaat ast, badast-e-oo zamam-e-kainat ast.

399

Nagardad sharmsar az khwari-e-marg, keh namehram z-namoos-e-hayat


ast.
[(Mout ney kaha) insan ko sbaat atta farmaiey keh yeh iss (kainat) shash
jehaat ka hokmeraan hai (oss kay haath mein sari kainat ki baag door hai).
(Ajeeb baat hai keh) ossey mout ki zillat sey sharam naheen aati, shaid yeh
hayat ki azmat sey bikhabar hai.]
To king of six nooks give a lasting soul, who holds the reins of the cosmos
whole.
He is not ashamed of deaths disgrace, as he knows not yet lifes honour and
grace.
(In this quatrain the Angel of Death (Izrail) is addressing God.)
Set Twelve
*****(1)*****

Ba-go Iblis ra [Iblis sey kaho) Say to the Devil

Bago Iblis ra az mun payamey, tapeidan ta-koja dar zir-e-daamey.


Mera ein khakdaney khosh na-ayad, keh sohbat neist joz tamheed-eshaamey.
[Meyri taraf sey Iblis ko yeh paigham duo, tou jaal kay neichey kabb takk
tarrapta rehey ga.
Mojhey tou yeh dunya pasand naheen aeyi, jiss ki sobh, tamheed-e-shaam
kay swaey aur kochh naheen.]
From me please give to Satan a message, How long be would like to fret in
this cage.
I like not this dusts happiness brief, whose each dawn ends with the evening
grief.
*****(2)*****
400





Jahan ta az adum baroon kasheedand, zamirash sard-o-bihangamah
deidand.
Baghair az jan-e-ma sozi koja bood, tera az aatash-e-ma aafridand.
[Jabb iss dunya ko adum sey wajood mein laey, tuo iss ka zamir sard aur
hangamon sey khali thha.
Hamari jan kay swaey aur kaheen soz nah thha, tojhey hamari he aag sey
paida kiya gaya.]
As long He made not this wide world anew, her conscience was cold, no
uproars she knew.
Where was a burning without my being then, you too was born thus from
my fire then.
(Basic thought is that no storm could rage without my souls role.)
*****(3)*****





Jodaeyi shouq ra roshan basar kard; jodaeyi shouq ra joindah-tar kard.
Na-mi danam keh ahwal-e-tou choon ast, mera ein aab-o-gill az mun
khabar kard.
[(Allah Taalla sey) jodaeyi ney meyrey shouq (mohabat) ki ankhhein
roshan kar de hein, jodaeyi ney shouq ki jostajoo aur barrha de.
Mojhey maaloom naheen keh tomhara kaya haal hai, magar mojhey tuo iss
dunya ney khod-agah bana diya.]
The separation gave to zeal great spur, it gave to his passions a force and stir.
Of thy own affairs though I have no ken, my heart made me conscious of my
self then.
401

*****(4)*****





Tera az Aastan-e-khod bar-andand; rajeem-o-kafir-o-taghoot khwandand.
Mun az sobh-e-azal dar paich-o-taabam; az aan khaarey keh andar dil
nishandand.
[(Allah Taalla ney) tojhey raindah-e-dargah kar diya, tojhey rajeem, kafir
aur taghoot kaha gaya.
Mien sobh-e-azal sey (ishq-e-Elahi kay) iss kantey kay bais paich-o-taab
khha raha hon, jo meyrey dil kay andar chabo diya gaya hai.]
He drove thee out from the Heavens first, held thee accursed, kafir and rebel
worst.
From the first dawn I am writhing from prick, of thorn which you pricked
with hearts each tick.
*****(5)*****





Tou mi-dani sawab-o-nasawabam; naroeyad danah az kisht-e-kharabam.
Nakardi sajdah-o az dardmandi; bakhod giri gonah bi-hasabam.
[(Ay Iblis) tou meyri naiki ya boraeyi ko janta hai, tojhey maaloom hai keh
meyri veraan khaiti sey danah takk naheen ogta.
Tou ney mojhey sajdah nah kar kay az rah-e-hamdardi, meyrey bihasab
gonahon ki zomah-dari apney sar ley lee hai.]
My rights and the wrongs you already know, no harvest would grow in a
waste land1so.

402

You made not a bow in a pathos vain, and took all the sins in a hard bargain.
(Here waste land is a hint (an allusion) to mans intrinsic nature, devoid of
good qualities.)
*****(6)*****





Biya ta nard ra shahanah bazaim; jahan-e-chaar soo ra dargozaraim.
Beh afsoon-e-honar az barg kahash; behishtey ein sooey gardoon
basaazaim.
[Aa! Hum shahanah andaz sey khail khail kar, iss jahan-e-chaar-soo
(dunya) mein godaz paida kar dein.
Aur apni honarmandi kay afason sey dunya kay barg-e-gah sey, aasman
kay oss janab eik naeyi bahisht bana lein (Adam aur Iblis duonon ko jannat
sey nikal deya gaya thha).]
Let us play chess like a royal game, to melt the world whole with mutual
flame.
Use thy own skill, may be a grain of sand, for a paradise true on every land.
(Nard: Chess or chausar as invented/played first by Bazur Jamuhr of Persia.)
Set Thirteen
*****(1)*****
Iblis-e-khaki-o-Iblis-e-noori

(Khaki Shaitan aur Noori Shaitan)





Fasad-e-asr-e-hazar shikar ast; sapehr az z-shiti-e-oo sharamsar ast.
Agar paida kuni zouq-e-nigahey; duo sadd shaitan tera khidmatgozar ast.
403

[Dour-e-hazar mein jo her taraf fasad barpa hai, woh zahar hai, iss dour ki
boraeyi sey aasman bhi sharamsar hai (aasman ney iss sey pehley aisa bora
dour naheen dikhha).
Agar tou zouq-e-nigah paida kar ley, tuo tojhey apni khidmat kay leay
sainkaron shaitan mill saktey hein.]
From this worlds clear violence the man is sick. The sky feels ashamed of
her ugly tricks.
With a pleasing glance if you can behave, these satans in hundreds will be
thy slave.
*****(2)*****





Beh her koo rehzanaan chashm-o-gosh and; keh dar taraaj dil-ha sakht
kosh and.
Garaan qimat gonahey ba pashnirey; keh ein soudagraan arzaan farosh
and.
[Her kochah mein chasham-o-gosh kay aisey rahzann pher rehey hein, jo
(dinn raat) dil lootney mein lugey rehtey hein.
(Yeh loug dil lootney ka) itna gran qimat gonah korriyon kay ewaz kartey
hein, dikhhiey, yeh saudagar kitney arzan frosh hein.]
Muggers of eyes and ears are roaming in every street and busy looting round
the clock.
These looters of hearts commit such a precious sin so cheap, and then sell
it so cheap.
*****(3)*****

404



Chih Shaitani khramash wazzgooney; konad chasham-e-tera kor az
fasooney.
Mun oo-ra mordah Shaitaney shomaram; keh giradd choon tou nakhchir
zabooney.
[Yeh kaisa Shaitan hai jo olti chaal chalta hai, pehley afson phoonk kar
teyri ankhh andhi karta hai.
Mien ossey mordah Shaitan samajhta hon, jo tojh sey kamzor shikar per
haath dalta hai.]
What type of Satan is it, which makes wrong moves; first it mismerises you
and deprives you of ability to see.
I consider him a dead Satan, because he catches weak preys like you.
*****(4)*****





Chih zehrabey keh dar paimanah-e-oost; koshad jan ra-o-tun biganah-eoost.
Tou beini halqah-e-daamey keh paidast; nah aan daamey keh andar
danah-e-oost.
[Oss kay paimanah mein aisa zehrab bhara hai, jo badan ko marney ki
bajaey rooh ko khatam kar deyta hai.
Tou sirf oss kay jaal kay oss phandey ko dikhhta hai, jo nazar ata hai, laikan
oss phandey ko naheen dikhhta jo danah kay andar penhan hai,]
His glass is filled with such poison that kills the soul instead of body.
You can see only the visible net and the trap which he has laid; but you cant
see the catch that lies in the grain he has scattered.
*****(5)*****
405





Bashar ta az moqam-e-khod fatad ast; mehkami-e-oo ra koshaad ast.
Gonah hum mi-shwad bi-lazzat-o-sard; agar Iblis-e-tou khaki nehaad ast.
[Jabb sey basher apney moqam sey gira hai, oss ki kashad (azadi) ka daaro-madaar oss ki pokhtagi per hai.
Agar tera Iblis khaki nehaad hai, tuo teyra gonah bhi bi-lazzat aur sard
hoga.]
Since the man has slipped down from his position, his freedom depends in
regaining the lost position.
But, if your Satan is of dust, then even your sin is tasteless devoid of fire
inherent to act of committing a sin.
*****(6)*****





Mashuo nakhchir ehliyaan ein asr; khasaan ra ghamzah-e-shan saazgar
ast.
Asliyaan ra haman Iblis khoshtar; keh Yazdan deidah-o-kamal ayyar ast.
[Iss dour kay Iblison ka shikar nah bun; onn ka ghamzah kamzarfon kay
mawafiq hai.
Aali zaraf insanon kay leay wohi Iblis behtar hai, jiss ney Allah Taalla ko
dikhha hoa ho aur jo apney fun mein kamil ho.]
Do not fall prey to contemporary Satans; they are worthy of lowly people
only.
For men with ego only that Satan is worthy who has seem Allah and is
competent in his work.
406

*****(7)*****





Harif zarbe-e-oo mard-e-tamam ast, keh aan aatash nasab wala-moqaam
ast.
Nah her khaki sazawar nakh-e-oost, keh siad-e-laaghrey barooey haram
ast.
[Oss ki zarab ko mard-e-kamil he bardasht kar sakta hai, kiyuonkeh woh
aatash nasab (shaitaniyat mein) boland moqam rakhhya hai.
Her khaki oss ki shikar ki douri kay qabal naheen, woh kamzor shikar ko
apney ooper haram samajhta hai.]
His strike can only be parried by perfect man; because (such a Satan) is
proficient in Devils work.
Every man is not worthy of his catching string.
*****(8)*****





Z-feham-e-don nehaadan garchih door ast; waley ein noktah ra goftan
zaroor ast.
Beh ein nau zadah Iblisaan-e-nasaazad, gonahgarey keh taba-e-oo
ghayoor ast.
[Agarchih pust fitrat loug issey naheen samajh paein gey, magar yeh
noktah keh deyna zaroori hai.
Keh ghayoor tabiyat gonahgar ko, yeh nauzaiedah Iblis raas naheen
aatey.]

407

Though the men inferior in nature wont understand, yet this point must be
said:
The egoistic sinful man wont tolerate these new-born Satans.
12th December, 2012

PLUNDERERS PERTURBED
Towards the end of the period under review three events perturbed even
the shameless politicians of the country. First, an investigative report
revealed that majority of the parliamentarians did not file the tax returns last
year. President Zardari too was a culprit and so were his coalition partners
Shujaat Hussain and Asfandyar Wali.
Second, Transparency International in its report confirmed what
Chairman NAB had said some time ago that corruption worth Rs7 billion
was taking place in Pakistan every day. The ruling PPP reacted angrily over
the report and the PM formed a committee, but the very next day Chairman
NAB explained in a press conference what he had said about corruption.

408

Third, the party chief of MQM was irritated by the Supreme Court
order regarding delimitation of constituencies in Karachi and on ground
rechecking of the registered voters. He crossed the limits while blurting out
against the apex court and earned a contempt notice as a consequence of
talking foul under influence of some kind of intoxication.
Prior to these events, the ruling gang of politicians remained defiant as
usual. To quote one, the NAB did not arrest former Ogra chief despite
repeated directives of the apex court. The Scoundrel filed a reference
regarding appointment of judges in which he sought answers from the
judges to 13 questions. Moreover, a member of the PAC threatened to arrest
Registrar of the Supreme Court for not appearing before it.

NEWS
Power politics: On 3rd December, Imran Khan said that it is high
time that the nation decide its future, observing that the current system was
not benefiting the country. Talking to the media at Attock district bar, Khan
said that lawlessness and corruption in the country had crossed all limits.
Next day, PML-N dominated the by-polls by claiming both National
Assembly seats, besides winning four out of six Punjab Assembly seats
whereas the PPP got a consolatory victory in Nowshero Feroz. One seat of
the Punjab Assembly went to independent candidate and one to the PML-Q.
The PPP could not manage to score a win on any seat of the National or
Punjab Assembly.
On 5th December, the Supreme Court directed the ECP to carry out a
door-to-door campaign to verify the electoral lists in Karachi, and ask
Pakistan Army and FC for help in this regard. The court also ruled that votes
should not be transferred from one area to another without their consent,
adding that it was the discretion of every citizen as to where he wants to cast
his or her vote. The petitioners PPP, PML-N, PTI and JI had expressed
doubts over existing voter lists and showed concerns regarding transfer of
2.7 million voters from Karachi to other areas of the country, requesting the
SC to order for a proper verification of the electoral rolls for the city.
The court ruled that it is clear that the electoral rolls of Karachi are
required to be revised by the election commission in exercise of powers
conferred upon it under article 219 of the constitution read with Electoral
Rolls Act, 1974 to achieve the object, which is to be ensured by the
commission in terms of article 218. The court held that such elections must
409

not only be held in a fair, just and honest manner but also appear to be so; in
order to inspire the confidence of the electorate.
The verdict observed that Karachi has a peculiar background, which
includes a serious law and order situation, detailed stock of the same has
been taken by this court in the case of Watan Party vs Federation of
Pakistan. The court recalled that in the said judgment categorical directions
were made for delimitation of the constituencies of Karachi with the
observation to avoid political polarization, and to break the cycle of ethnic
strife and turf war, boundaries of administrative units like police station,
revenue estates, etc. ought to be altered so that the members of different
communities may live together in peace and harmony, instead of allowing
various groups to claim that particular areas belong to them and declaring
certain areas as NO GO Areas under their fearful influence.
Regarding the objection of MQMs counsel on the maintainability of
these political parties petitions, the court declared that proceedings under
article 184(3) are not limited to adversarial proceedings to be initiated by a
wronged litigant seeking redressal of his individual grievance. Likewise, the
rule of locus standi has also not been held applicable to the cases involving
questions of public importance with reference to enforcement of the
Fundamental Rights, especially in the domain of public Interest litigation to
ensure a meaningful protection of the rule of law.
Next day, the PPP rejected the results of recently held by-polls,
accusing the Punjab government of indulging in both pre-poll and polling
day rigging through its police force. Manzoor Wattoo alleged that election
results had been compiled by the Punjab police instead of the judicial
officers performing election duties.
ANP submitted an adjournment motion in the Senate, seeking debate
on Punjab Governor Latif Khosa's statement against the 18th Constitutional
Amendment. The ANP stated in the motion that the governors remarks
against the 18th Amendment were a cause of grave concern and the house,
suspending the routine business, should debate over the matter. Khosa had
said that Senator Raza Rabbani had disfigured the Constitution through 18th
Amendment.
On 8th December, the Prime Minister temporarily assigned additional
responsibilities of Federal Ombudsman to PPP loyalist and Secretary
General to the President, Salman Farooqui. An official handout said the
decision has been taken to clear the backlog of 75,000 complaints of people

410

aggrieved of actions or inactions of federal institutions pending with the


Mohtasibs office for the past over two years.
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf said the days of engineering the elections were
over and the PPP will sweep the upcoming elections. Now no one can play
Jhurloo in elections as tehsildars and patwaris can no more facilitate in
rigging the elections, he said while addressing a public gathering at Iqbal
Stadium, Faisalabad.
Next day, Farooq Sattar said that all attempts to ambush his party
under the cover of the delimitation of constituencies or voters lists would be
foiled. The party did not bow before any oppressive force in the past. And
likewise, it would continue its struggle for the truth and justice, averred the
top MQM leader while addressing a large gathering at Jinnah Ground in
Azizabad area on the occasion of the Martyrs Day, observed by the MQM
each year on December 9.
On 10th December, Nawaz Sharif directed his party leaders to speed
up contacts with nationalist parties in Sindh for seat adjustments and
electoral alliances to give a befitting contest to the PPP in its stronghold. He
was addressing the fifth meeting of the Party Manifesto Committee to give
final touches to the all important document before the start of general
elections.
Nawaz said the by-polls were a referendum of the PML-N
governments success in Punjab, and the failure of those ruling the centre.
He hoped that his party would sweep the general elections. He said PPP and
its allies had given nothing to the country except crises. He said the rulers
should prepare themselves for returning the looted money instead of
dreaming about another term.
Next day, Imran Khan said that lion of circus cannot stop the
impending PTI tsunami sweeping through the nook and corner of the
country and called Shahbaz Sharif was in fact Showbaz Sharif. He
declared that the PTI would change the Pakistan with the support of the
youth. Addressing public gatherings here in Lodhran, Kahror Pacca and
Galaywall, he took jibe at both the PPP and the PML-N, saying that they
were the two sides of the same coin.
Earlier, PTI Vice President Shah Mehmood Qureshi, former MNA
Nawab Amanullah Khan and former federal minister Jahageer Tareen
claimed that they left the government and ministries only for a change in
Pakistan and the PTI was the only political party which could change the

411

Pakistan and build a state wherein everyone would have equal rights without
any discrimination.
On 12th December, almost 70 per cent of lawmakers did not file
income tax returns last year, an investigative journalism group said,
highlighting deep flaws in a taxation system that has drawn repeated
criticism from Western aid donors. The Centre for Peace and Development
Initiatives and the Centre for Investigative Reporting in Pakistan jointly
released a report based on leaked information, marking the first time that the
records of 446 lawmakers and ministers have been published focusing
scrutiny on individuals ahead of polls next year.
According to the findings, President Zardari did not file a tax return in
2011 and neither did 34 of the 55 cabinet members including Interior
Minister Rehman Malik. Only 49 of the 104 senators paid income tax last
year, and of the 341 sitting members of the national assembly, only 90
MNAs filed their tax returns. The federal cabinet comprises prime minister
and his 55 colleagues.
Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayed is conspicuous by leading the list of
the five lowest taxpaying senators. The data shows that he paid Rs82 as
income tax. The four senators next to him from the bottom are Karim
Ahmad Khawaja (Rs3,636), Haji Saifullah Bangash (Rs4,063), Naseema
Ehsan (Rs4,280) and Malik Salahuddin Dogar (Rs8, 659).
The federal cabinet rejected a Transparency International Pakistan
(TIP) report stating that corruption of Rs6-7 billion is committed in the
country daily. It also flayed the statement of NAB chairman, who said that a
soon to be released report of the Bureau would second the report of the
corruption watchdog.
Condemning the TIP report the members asked as to whose agenda
the organization was working on. They observed that corruption of billions
on daily basis was not possible in the country. They also asked Prime
Minister to summon NAB chairman and ask him to explain his statement
and his basis for it. The prime minister formed a four-member committee to
probe the corruption charges.
He added that he (Asif Zardari) was holding the office under NRO
which is unconstitutional. He said that the PTI leadership was arranging
meeting with ECP to present material being utilized by PPP and PML N for
electioneering by using government resources. He posed question in what
capacity Nawaz Sharif and Maryam Nawaz were distributing laptops to the
youth.
412

KPK cabinet approved the Local Government Act 2012. Briefing the
media after the cabinet meeting, Minister for Information said that the
cabinet meeting held, under the chair of Chief Minister assessed the
implementation of the previous decisions of the cabinet. He said that the
cabinet approved the restoration of the old local bodies system in the
province, whereby the posts of commissioners and deputy commissioners
and executive magistrates would stand restored.
Next day, deciding to engage army personnel in voters verification in
Karachi and delimitation of all constituencies of multi-ethnic and politically
fragmented city, the ECP set a fortnights deadline for the preparations. The
commission has also summoned a meeting on law and order situation across
the country on Jan 2. It would be attended by top provincial and federal
officials including secretary defence and the chief secretaries of all the four
provinces.
The decision of verifying more than 8.6 million voters of Karachi and
delimitation of its all 62 electoral constituencies was taken in a meeting of
the top ECP management chaired by the Chief Election Commissioner. We
have decided to go for engaging army in providing security to our staff
during the voters verification and constituencies delimitation exercise,
ECP Secretary said.
Imran Khan called on Chief Election Commissioner and requested
him to ensure consultation with PTI regarding formation of caretaker setup.
Imran expressed optimism that the CEC would 'leave no stone unturned' to
ensure free, fair and transparent general elections. He said he had also
handed over evidences to the CEC regarding pre-poll rigging by PPP and
PML-N, as, Khan alleged, state resources were being misused to lure in the
loyalties of political leaders.
On 14th December, the ECP requested the defence and interior
ministries for the provision of security from Pakistan Army and Frontier
Corps during the door-to-door verification exercise kicking off earlier next
month. It has also called a consultative meeting on December 20 to discuss
the delimitation of constituencies.
Pir Syed Sabghatullah Shah Rashdi said his party supports a united
Sindh and a united Pakistan, and wants to see the nation and country safe
and prosperous. He said this while addressing a public rally in Hyderabad.
This was the first speech of Pir Pagara to any political rally and so far the
biggest public meeting of the PML-F against the dual local government
system in Sindh.
413

On 16th December, Prime Minister Raja urged opposition parties to


end politics of confrontation and start a new morning in politics for a better
Pakistan. Addressing a public gathering in Kasur, he stressed national unity
and strengthening of institutions saying that December 16 (the fall of
Dhaka) is a constant reminder that there is no room for any future blunders
in politics.
He proudly boasted that their government completed its tenure;
despite white lies of their political opponents, media trial and other
conspiratorial tactics employed to defeat and eradicate their party. He
forecast sweeping the next general elections by dint of their exemplary
service to the public and great feats of national development.

Rule of law: On 3rd December, the Lahore High Court's Rawalpindi


bench reserved its judgment on petitions seeking quashing of three
corruption references prepared by the NAB against Nawaz Sharif and his
family members. The corruption references relate to the Hudaibya Paper
Mills, Ittefaq Foundries and Raiwind assets.
The Turkish power company Karkey Karadeniz Uretim has served the
final legal notice to Pakistan government to pay the company damages to the
tune of US dollars 75 million for what they claimed illegally barring the
company's power plant mounted ships to sail out of country's waters. It is
pertinent to mention here that Turkey also wanted to see the matter resolved
amicably and in this connection even the Prime Minister and President of
Turkey had taken up the matter at top government level.
The fate of 16 lawmakers now lies with the Supreme Court as the
Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) sent the names to the apex court of
the legislators who submitted affidavits affirming not to be dual nationals.
The electoral body said that in compliance with the Supreme Courts
judgment, the ECP sent the lists to the SC registrar containing the names
those, who submitted their nationality declaration forms along with those
who failed to submit the declaration by November 30.
On 5th December, former Prime Minister Gilani once again refused to
appear before the NAB in case pertaining to illegal appointment case of
Adnan Khawaja. Earlier, Gilani did not appear before the FIA twice in a case
related to the illegal appointment of former DG Haj Rao Shakeel Ahmed,
last month.
On 7th December, the Lahore High Court observed that the President
will have to obey the court order even if he is not answerable for his official

414

acts. Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial noted while hearing contempt petition
against President Zardari for not quitting political office in compliance with
the LHC judgment. However, the court asked petitioners lawyers whether
the president could be taken to contempt of court proceedings while serving
his term and could the court take action against him after the end of his
tenure.
Counsels for petitioner AK Dogar and Azhar Siddique told the court
that constitutional immunity enjoyed by the president and others was not
only in conflict with articles 2, 5 and 227 of the Constitution but also a
violation of basic spirit of Islam. They said that if the president committed
any crime in personal capacity, he would be liable to be punished like an
ordinary citizen. Azhar Siddique cited the SC ruling in Baz Muhammad
Kakar case, saying that no one enjoys immunity from contempt of court law.
Mentioning of the word any person in article 204 showed the president is
also included in it and can be tried for contempt, he said.
Justice Shah inquired whether the president would be punished, if he
committed a murder after taking oath. Dogar said the murder would be a
personal act of him and the Constitution did not provide any protection to
this effect. He said there was a difference in a crime committed by the
president and committed by Mr Zardari. The chief justice observed that the
act of murder was supposed to be intentional while any other illegal act
could be unintentional.
Challenging the Article 248 of the Constitution, Dogar stated that the
SC had already declared that the immunity granted to the president and
others is against the independence of the judiciary. Creation of a special
group of public office holders poses a serious threat to independence of
judiciary, he argued. He said by making law of immunity, public office
holders had betrayed the trust of the people.
Additional Deputy Attorney General told the bench that immunity
enjoyed by the president under Article 248(2) was also mentioned in the
letter written to the Swiss government on direction of the SC. Dogar
retorted, saying that the letter did not contain such text and it could be
produced before the bench on next hearing. He reiterated that the
Constitution did not provide any protection to acts of any public office
holder done in personal capacity.
Justice Ijazul Ahsan remarked that immunity under article 248(1) of the
Constitution could only be claimed for the wrongs committed while
discharging ones official duty. Whether immunity had been granted for
415

wrongs committed by a person in personal capacity, the judge made a query.


Petitioners lawyer responded that non-implementation of judicial orders did
not fall under the definition of official capacity. The court adjourned the
hearing till December 10 and asked the counsels to come up with arguments
on rationality between sub-article 1, 2 and 3 of the Article 248 of the
Constitution.
Revising the agreement, NAB would sign a deal with the management
of Royal Palm Golf Club that in result would add Rs16 billion to the income
of the cash-starved Pakistan Railways within a prescribed time. This was
disclosed by NAB officials while briefing the NA Standing Committee on
Railways.
Director Special Operations (NAB) Zahir Khan told the legislators that
there were two options before the accountability bureau, either to cancel the
agreement or alter it in accordance with the provisions contained in the
contract signed between the company and Pakistan Railways. In order to
avoid long litigation, it has been agreed with the company that it would
revise the annual payments upwards to Pakistan Railways with Rs16 billion
additional payments in 38 years.
Next day, Chief Justice said that there is no immunity for anyone come
what may and everyone has to follow rule of law. It is high time that this
sea change in our constitutional and political history is accepted by all
without any ifs and buts. This is a new Pakistan where old structures are
crumbling and past demons of extra constitutional deviations are being
exterminated one by one, the CJP said at a lawyers roll signing ceremony.
The ongoing differences between Minister for Communication, Arbab
Alamgir Khan, and Chairman NHA, Javed Iqbal Awan, over some official
matters have grown so intense that the later has been sent on one-month
leave from his office. This might not be the climax of the situation as further
action could also be taken after one month. NHA Chairman refused to
comment on this matter when asked about his sudden leave after this
matter.
Jolted by massive tax-evasion findings in the report of the Suddle
Commission, the Federal Bureau of Revenue said it would examine the facts
and figures against Malik Riaz and others and take action according to the
law. Meanwhile, the FBR officials and some known economists believe that
the massive tax evasion under political pressure is the order of the day in the
tax collection system of the country.

416

On 10th December, Supreme Court was moved through separate


petitions for disqualification of Dr Asim Hussain as advisor to the prime
minister on petroleum and natural resources, besides challenging the
appointment of Salman Farooqui as acting federal ombudsman. Both
petitions were filed by Mahmood Akhtar Naqvi in the Supreme Court's
Karachi Registry.
Next day, the Supreme Court expressed displeasure over NAB's failure
to arrest former Ogra chairman Tauqir Sadiq. Appearing before the bench, a
NAB investigation officer said the Motorways Police did not cooperate with
them to apprehend Sadiq, who had traveled via motorway. He also said that
he and the NAB chairman had been receiving threats and attempts were
being made to register a bogus FIR against them. Upon this, Justice Jawwad
Khawaja said the authorities should apprehend the culprit, who had been
threatening them and who could be sentenced up to 10 years in prison
according to the bureaus laws. Justice Khilji Arif said if they would allow
the culprits to escape, then they were bound to receive threats.
On 13th December, the NAB chief reiterated that the country was losing
up to Rs5-7 billion to corruption daily, strongly rebutting that his Bureaus
recent born-again campaign against corruption was part of some conspiracy
to prolong the rule of any near-future interim government. Yesterday, the
head of the anti-corruption watchdog was accused by the federal cabinet of
making ill-timed allegations ahead of elections and the prime minister
formed a four-member ministerial committee to probe the claims.
Fasih pointed out that bureaus estimate was more careful as the Public
Accounts Committee (PAC), the FBR and the TIP have estimated wastage of
Rs10-12 billion daily, which he said was correct if corruption in mega
projects is also accounted. The chairman said they were trying to purify the
system and they would not be deterred by any kind of opposition or
propaganda.
Feeling the heat of the corruption charges brought by the NAB, a
desperate ruling PPP in National Assembly proceedings staged a failed
attempt to get the PML-N embroiled in a probe into the allegations about
embezzlement of up to Rs7 billion in Pakistan on a daily basis. PML-N
leader Khwaja Asif plainly refused to be part of the investigation process,
saying that with three months to completion of Parliaments term, an
investigation into the charges could not be carried through.
Next day, taking to task NAB Chairman for issuing statement regarding
magnitude of corruption in the country, ruling PPP senators rejected Bureau
417

chiefs fresh claims that country was losing Rs10-12 billion to corruption
daily. Criticism on NAB also came from Chairman Senate Syed Nayyer
Hussain Bokhari who said the Bureau had given a new definition to
corruption and ruled that the House committee could summon anybody
including NAB on this issue.
In an apparent damage control bid following exchange of hostile
statements between NAB Chairman and the PPP-led federal government
regarding corruption, the NAB chief, passing the buck on the Punjab
government, said the province with a majority of population of the country
shared more responsibility of the money lost to corruption.
The Supreme Court directed the management of PIA to stop new
recruitments unless internal crisis is overcome. A three-member bench
headed by Chief Justice was hearing PML-N leaders Zafar Iqbal Jhagra and
Marvi Memons petition, pleading investigation into the affairs of the PIA to
identify irregularities. Seeking the PIAs hiring record, the court directed PIA
Chairman Lt Gen (r) Asif Yasin Malik to appear on the next hearing.
On 15th December, Rana Sanaullah said that NAB chairmans statement
that Punjab government is responsible for 65 percent corruption in the
country is the worst lie in the history of Pakistan. The minister said that the
NAB chairman gave the statement either under pressure of the PPP
government which set records of massive corruption or aimed at winning
favour of his masters to perpetuate his unlawful appointment.

Defiance of judiciary: On 3rd December, in a bid to take the bull by


the horns, the Public Accounts Committee issued notices to some mighty
institutions, including the Supreme Court, NADRA, National Press Trust,
DHA and FWD, asking their heads to direct their representatives to appear
before the PAC to clarify audit objections. All of these institutions have been
claiming to have been exempted from all sorts of audits, arguing they were
not running on public money.
Amid major development in Arsalan-Riaz graft scandal, Malik Riaz has
flown to London to get a case registered against Arsalan Iftikhar. Riaz has
finally made up his mind to file a case against Arsalan in London on the
charges of money extortion. In this regards, Mohammad Suleman, son-inlaw of Malik Riaz, has already hired services of lawyers in London.
On 5th December, Shoaib Suddle headed judicial commission compiled
and submitted to the Supreme Court. The commission was given mandate by
the apex court to unearth controversy relating to allegations of Rs342

418

million business deal between Arsalan and Malik Riaz, told Supreme Court
that property tycoon could only prove spending Rs5 million on Arsalans
foreign trips that the former paid accordingly.
The report contained the factors that caused delay in completing the
investigation. Federal Interior Ministry did not cooperate with the
commission. Despite serving several reminders Interior Ministry never
placed names of accused on ECL. Also, Interior Ministry irritated the
commission by transferring the officials of FIA whose services were sought
by commission, the report stated.
Next day, President Zardari signed the reference on the issue of
appointment of superior court judges that will be filed on his behalf by the
law minister tomorrow. The move comes after the government decided to
file a reference in the case pertaining to the extension in tenure of two
additional judges of the Islamabad High Court. In response to a petition of
Advocate Nadeem Ahmed seeking issuance of a notification about extension
for Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and permanent appointment of Justice
Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui of the IHC, the attorney general, on November 23,
conveyed to a four-judge apex court bench that the federation intended to
file a reference in the case.
Malik Riaz is the biggest tax evader in the history of Pakistan who has
evaded taxes of Rs56 billion, Suddle Commission report revealed. Malik
Riaz claimed to have assets of $2.5 billion on August 31, 2010 during an
interview with a foreign TV channel. However, assets declared by him in
wealth statement on June 30, 2011 were worth of Rs0.58 billion. It means
Riaz has evaded Rs56.104 billion of taxes, says the report. According to the
report, submitted to the Supreme Court on Wednesday, the property tycoon
has three undeclared bank accounts in Bank of Punjab, UBL and HBL.
The commission told the apex court that non-cooperation of Malik Riaz
and other key witnesses hampered commissions probe. The report states
real motive behind Malik Riazs plan was to defame the chief justice and
the superior judiciary. Riaz could only give an account of Rs5 million which
he spent for Arsalan: No supporting evidence has been given by Malik Riaz
of the money he claimed to have spent on Arsalan, except an account to of
Rs5 million.
The report reveals that commission contacted the authorities concerned
in the UK, asking legal assistance to ascertain the net worth of assets
including money held in banks. The commission in his report requested the
apex court to ask Malik Riaz to produce all his evidence, along with
419

witnesses as soon as possible. If Riaz fails to do so, the commission will be


allowed to conclude its findings on the basis of available evidence, the
Suddle commission pleaded to the court.
In violation of the Supreme Courts verdict, the Ministry of Industries
has appointed Maj-Gen (r) Malik Muhammad Farooq as managing director
of the Utility Stores Corporation (USC) despite his three-year service at
CSD stores after retirement. The Supreme Court has already held in its
verdict that retired officers should not be reappointed particularly at a
position where someones seniority is being hurt by that appointment, and
those who have already served in any organization after their retirement
must not be re-employed or given extension.
On 7th December, one-man commission meant to probe Arsalan-Riaz
affair in 30 days was dissolved after three months, with a court observation
that this was an issue between two individuals and they could take up the
matter at any appropriate forum. The Supreme Court had formed the
commission comprising Federal Tax Ombudsman Dr Mohammad Shoaib
Suddle to investigate the allegations of an alleged Rs342 million business
deal between Malik Riaz and Arsalan Iftikhar.
A two-member bench heard the case and said that the findings of the
Suddle Commission should be made public. The commission report stated
that both Riaz and Arsalan had evaded huge amounts of tax. The bench
dissolved the commission on request of Riaz counsel Zahid Bukhari, who
pleaded to stop the commissions proceedings so that the two parties could
approach avenues of their choice and adopt whatever legal course they
desired. Arsalans counsel Sardar Ishaq requested the bench to dispose of the
matter saying that his clients reputation was being damaged on TV
channels.
According to the commissions preliminary report, the CJPs son has
admitted before the commission that he had availed two of the three foreign
visits as claimed by Malik Riaz. He also confessed that he had received
favours from Malik Riaz, his friend or his son-in-law, but it does not
answer why he had accepted these favours and it did not prove the assertion
of Riaz that the favours were accepted by Arsalan to influence the court
decisions in businessmans favour. According to the report, it is widely
believed that the motive behind Malik Riaz plan was to defame the chief
justice and bring the higher judiciary into disrepute.
The report however is silent about how Arsalan Iftikhar became a
millionaire in no time and entered into telecom contracts worth Rs900
420

millions. The Suddle Commission also implicated Dr Arsalan and Malik


Riaz in massive tax evasion of Rs51.3 million and Rs119.4 billion
respectively, recommending the imposition of penalty for concealment of
assets in wealth statements filed with returns.
But Dr Arsalan Iftikhar refused of evading tax. He told the media at the
Supreme Court premises after the Fridays court proceeding that he also
reiterated that the allegations leveled against him by Malik Riaz were
baseless and have no truth. He also said that Malik Riaz had not sponsored
his foreign tours but he traveled at his own expenses.
Dr Arsalan Iftikhar, son of Chief Justice, said that he will sue Malik
Riaz for defamation after consultation with his legal team. Talking to
reporters outside the Supreme Court, Arsalan said he had presented himself
for accountability but no evidence was brought against him, saying he had
already said that all the allegations leveled against him were baseless.
The Supreme Court constituted a five-member larger bench to hear on
December 10 a presidential reference regarding appointment of Islamabad
High Court (IHC) judges. Filed earlier the same day, the 31-page reference
seeks legal opinion on the matter by raising 13 questions covering the legal
issues about the appointment of judges of superior courts and the role of
president, the judicial commission and the parliamentary committee in this
regard.
The bench headed by Justice Khilji Arif Hussain will also take up a
petition for early hearing of the judges appointment case. Supported by
additional documents comprising 19 pages, the presidential reference has
been filed under article 186 of the constitution to seek the apex court opinion
on the questions considered to be of public importance by the president in
light of the 18th and 19th constitutional amendments. The questions raised
in reference include:
Whether in view of the decision of the IHC chief justice, Justice Riaz or
Justice Kasi could be treated as the senior most judge(s) of IHC?
Whether the Judicial Commission of Pakistan (JCP) acted in
accordance with the constitution and convention in recommending a
junior judge as IHC chief justice?
Whether the president, who is bound by oath of office to preserve,
protect and defend the constitution, is obliged to make the appointments
which are not in accordance with the provisions of constitution?

421

What is the proper role of the JCP and the Parliamentary Committee
(PC) under the constitution regarding appointment of judges of
Supreme Court, High Courts and Federal Shariat Court?
Whether the constitution prohibits reconsideration of the nominations
by JCP and confirmed by the PC in the light of the observation made by
the president?
What should be the criteria for elevating a judge/chief justice of a High
Court to the Supreme Court?
Is it their seniority interse as judge of the HC or their seniority interse
as chief justice of the respective High Court which should be the
consideration for elevation to the Supreme Court?
Whether the constitution prohibits individual members of the JCP to
initiate names for the appointment of judges to SC, High Courts and the
FSC. Given that the PC under article 175A of the constitution may
confirm or may not confirm a nomination in accordance with the
provisions.
What is the true importance and meaning of the word confirm;
And what is the effect of the provision of clause 2 of article 175.
Whether by not providing in-camera proceedings for JCP in article
175A the intention of the legislature is to ensure complete transparency
and open scrutiny?
On 10th December, hearing the Presidential Reference and a petition on
the appointment of Islamabad High Court (IHC) judges, the Supreme Court
said that there is no need for academic exercise and the issue will be
decided on seniority basis. The court nominated Makhdoom Ali Khan and
Khawaja Haris as Amicus Curiae in the Presidential Reference, which has
been filed under article 186 to seek apex courts advice on the appointment
of judges in superior judiciary.
The court also said that in the next hearing they would decide if
Attorney General Irfan Qadir being the member of the Judicial Commission
of Pakistan (JCP) could appear in this case. Before adjourning the case until
December 12, the bench directed JCP to provide the minutes of the Sept 27
and Oct 22 meeting of the judicial commission, while the IHC Registrar has
been ordered to provide the notification of appointment of Justice

422

Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi and Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan as judges of
IHC.
The counsel for federation Waseem Sajjad said that the chief justice
should consider forming a larger bench minus those judges who are the
members of JCP. He said the propriety demands that the larger bench should
hear the case. Justice Khilji Arif Hussain, heading the bench, said this was
the prerogative of the chief justice to constitute a bench.
Waseem Sajjad read the questions, raised in the Presidential Reference.
Justice Khilji said the constitution itself provides the answer to these
questions. But the learned counsel contended that the JCP rules were not
specific that was why the Reference had been filed. Justice Gulzar Ahmed
said that these questions can be raised in the petition and you wanted that
this petition become anfractuous. Why not the petition (should) be decided
first... Cant both be amalgamated?
The federations counsel said the petition does not relate to the seniority
issue of Justice Anwar Kasi. He said the questions have arisen because of
some grey area. Justice Gulzar said let the petition be decided on judicial
side. He said there is no need for academic exercise. The learned counsel
said that ultimately your decision would prevail.
Akram Sheikh, the counsel for petitioner Nadeem Ahmed advocate,
argued: Here is the ploy to frustrate the attempt of judges appointment. It
has deprived the people of their fundamental rights of access to justice as the
IHC has virtually be closed. He requested that his clients petition should be
heard first. Justice Ejaz Afzal said the questions raised in the reference and
the petitions are inextricably linked therefore the propriety demands both be
heard together.
On 12th December, the Supreme Court observed that the president and
the prime minister have no role in the appointment of superior courts judges
after the formation of Judicial Commission of Pakistan (JCP) and
Parliamentary Committee (PC) under Article 175A. The court turned down
governments plea to summon presidents of Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) and
Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) besides advocate generals of
provinces in the presidential reference.
Counsel for the president, Wasim Sajjad argued that the prime minister
can advise the president on appointment of judges, saying that it is the
prime minister who forward summary of judges appointment to the
president. The bench noted that neither the president nor the prime minister
can use discretionary powers in the appointment of superior judiciary
423

judges. The counsel maintained that in presidents opinion the Judicial


Commission had violated the principle of seniority by allowing Justice Kasi
to sit in the meeting.
Next day, the Supreme Court observed that the president could not use
his discretionary powers in appointment of superior court judges because it
is the prime minister who sends the summary to the president under section
13 of the Article 175A. Attorney General Irfan Qadir argued that presidents
discretionary power in Article 48(1) is very clear and he could stop the
appointment of any judge having fake degree or involved in corruption,
while on the seniority issue his decision is final. The court could not
overrule any decision of the president.
He argued that initiating a persons name for appointing as a judge by
the chief justice is a violation of Article 175A. To make the recommendation
meaningful the other member of the JCP should also have right to initiate
name for appointment, he added. The AG opined that the proceeding of the
JCP should be opened to the media. He said that as the Parliamentary
Committee is bound to give reasons if it refuses the recommendation of JCP,
the JCP too needs to give written reasons for the appointment of a judge in
the superior court. He said that Supreme Courts jurisdiction is limited.
Justice Azmat Saeed said except limited oversight in terms of Article
177(2) and 193(2) the president has no say in the appointment process. The
amicus curiae said: After the insertion of Article 175A in the Constitution
under the 18th Amendment, the president has no role in appointment of
judges. He said that it had been decided in the Hasba Bill reference that the
president has to implement the court advice given in the reference filed
under Article 186.
Waseem Sajjad said that the Constitution does not bar any JCP member
from initiating a name for his appointment as a judge in the superior court.
He said that the Judicial Commission has no authority to ascertain seniority
of the judges, adding that the role of the president is not merely ceremonial
as he has the authority to nominate judges. Sajjad maintained that the
president not only can appoint and remove judges, but also fix their salary
and allowances.
Justice Arif Khilji inquired how the court grant powers to the president
which was not given to him by the Constitution. He observed the judiciary
cannot amend any letter in the