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THE

CRUSADES
OF

21ST CENTURY

BY RIAZ AMIN
Vol-XVIII

CONTENTS

CRUSADES GOING ON ..3


MOSQUES AND MAZARS .........5
APPEASING ETERNAL ENEMY ....31
END JUSTIFIES MEANS ..62
INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT - PART TWO 98
NEVER TOO LATE...148
INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT - PART THREE .179
ENOUGH IS ENOUGH ........222
SHARAMNAAK .270
UNFLINCHING RESOLVE ........295
INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT - PART FOUR.329
REAL AXIS OF EVIL ..390
ESCAPED LBW SHOUT .........439
THE RIGHT CHOICE .........466
INQILAB: CALLING AFGHANS - PART ONE ...498
SYRIAN SARIN .538
EVOLVING STRATEGY .567
DIPLOMACY GETS A CHANCE ..........588
INQILAB: CALLING AFGHANS - PART TWO ......618
BATTLE OF INTELLECTUALS 673
REPLICATING RAYMOND ...721
TERROR IN PESHAWAR ..747
INQILAB: COAXING KASHMIRIS ...776
BITING TO BARKING 802
DIALOGUE SANS CONTACT ...833
POLLS CREDIBILITY 878
HOUSE IN ORDER ..........905
INQILAB: EDUCATING YOUTH - PART ONE ..........945
GLOBAL STRONGMAN 970
BETRAYAL AGAIN ...1003
DREAM OF LG ...1037

DIVIDED AND DRONED ..1053


INQILAB: EDUCATING YOUTH - PART TWO ...1086
DEVILS DEVICE ..1144
SECTARIAN STRIFE 1188
ON THE EVE OF RETIREMENT 1214
STOP! IMRAN OR DRONE ..........1250
DALAIR KHAN ...1288
MULTI-FACETED WAR ...1322

CRUSADES GOING ON
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A few days more than six weeks from now, twelve years will pass when
the Richard the Lion of our times, George W Bush had decided to wage
Crusades against jihadis or militants of Islamic world. While declaring the
launching of holy war he had visualized that it could continue at least for two
decades.
Keeping in view the tentative duration of the war it can be said that
miseries of Muslims around the globe are just half way to the end. The visible
successes of the Crusaders in the last twelve years are many, though some
observers insist that the US has failed in the longest war in its history.
These achievements include the crushing of almost all the movements of
oppressed Muslims for autonomy or independence, or these have been forced to
become dormant in the face of the military might of the US and its allies. Quite
a few non-complaint and unwanted regimes in Islamic world have been toppled;
Mursi of Egypt is the latest and Assad of Syria is the next in line of fire.
Barring odd exceptions, the entire Muslim ruling elite has been tamed
through show of Crusaders ability to create an atmosphere of shock and awe.
Hundreds of thousands Muslims have been massacred mostly as collateral
damage; a phrase concocted in this war to cover up indiscriminate killings that
fall in the category of war crimes.
The Arab rulers with Saudis in the lead have played commendable role
in aiding and abetting both in achievements of and war crimes committed by the
Crusaders. They are operating as bunch of front men of the man in White House
and Qatar has facilitated establishment of forward Pentagon in the form of
CENTCOM Headquarters. Most operations in Islamic countries are planned and
executed from here.
Keeping in view the plan and time-frame given Bush and adhered to by
Obama (fathered by a Muslim), much more can be expected by the time second
decade ends; of course with the cooperation of Muslim rulers. This is because
almost all of them have been made to believe that their respective rules can only
last under the umbrella of the US and its Western allies.
Pakistani rulers were coerced to join the war as ally of the US and later
they volunteered to render services as mercenaries. Their performance did not
satisfy those who hired their services; resultantly they were constantly urged to
do more and then have been treated as enemy. Ultimately, they started owning
this war as our war.
In the process Pakistan has suffered the most in this war which is holy
for its initiators and dirty on all other counts. The image of Pakistans armed
forces has been put to dust by attacks launched by its friends and foes. Some of
the friendly attacks known to every Pakistani are Abbottabad raid; blasting of
Salalah Post and hundreds of drone attacks and still counting.

The foes have carried innumerable attacks out of which those on GHQ,
Mehran Naval Base, Naval War College, Kamrah Air Base and on some
important ISI setups stand out. In two of these attacks PAF and Pak Navy have
lost their prime airborne air defence assets; P-3 Orion and AWACs.
Pak-US alliance in this war is unbelievably unique. It was for the first
time in history of mankind that a force comprising US CIA operators,
equivalent of an Army Division was deployed in Pakistan through issue of
illegal visas. Pakistan and the US are reportedly working on a deal for exchange
of prisoners (of war). If the deal is finalized it would be another unique addition
to the military history of the world where two allies carried out exchange of
prisoners of war.
There are some changes in the format that have been brought since last
couple of articles. The events relating to insurgency in Balochistan, turf war in
Karachi and sectarian violence, which were previously included in series war
within, have been shifted to war in the region. This has been done because all
types of militancy have the same aim destabilize Pakistan and have foreign
involvement.
The headings like rule of law and provincial harmony have been deleted
and instead new headings of governance and national cohesion have been
added. Under governance events pertaining to respect for merit and fair play;
enforcement of law for safety of life and property; provision of social services;
accountability, etcetera are covered. Under national cohesion events related to
preservation of ideology; provincial harmony and sectarian/ethnic cohesion are
included.
27th July 2013

MOSQUES AND MAZARS

In the war in Syria, mazars of Hazrat Zainab (R.A.) and Hazrat Khalid
bin Walid and their attached mosques were attacked and damaged. The war in
Syria is in its third year and such desecrating attacks have been occurring, but
attacks of these two mazars have been widely reported and condemned in
Islamic world.
The shelling and bombing of these mazars has to be seen in the
backdrop of the decision of the West and its Arab allies to expedite supply arms
to the rebels fighting against the regime in Damascus. The weapon supplies
from Saudi Arabia have reportedly started arriving in Syria. The desecration of
mosques and mazars and media hype over it suits those who intend escalating
bloodshed in Syria.
In its neighbourhood, Iraq kept bleeding even during the holy month of
Ramazan. There have been daring attacks on two prisons in which about one
thousand prisoners escaped. These attacks were first of their kind in years of
militancy in this country afflicted by Shia-Sunni tensions.
Across the Red Sea, the democracy, the favourite child of western
civilized nations was breathing its last in Egypt. This is being strangulated by
the pro-West military commander because the democracy that emerged in the
country after Arab Spring was not adequately secularized. The protests against
and in support of military coup continued unabated.

NEWS
Far East
Philippines: On 20th July, seven people were reported killed when
communist insurgents attacked a rural army outpost in the southern Philippines.
Six rebels and a pro-government militiaman were killed while another
militiaman was wounded during the five-hour gun battle yesterday. Two MG520 attack helicopters were sent to drive back the guerrillas.
On 23rd July, Philippines told Muslim teachers to remove their veils
inside classrooms, in part to promote better relationships between teachers and
pupils. Education Secretary said the move was part of reforms to make schools
more sensitive to religion. Muslim schoolgirls will still be allowed to wear the
veil or hijab on campuses as well as appropriate clothing in gym class.
On 27th July, a powerful blast ripped through a crowded popular
nightclub in a southern Philippine city late last night, killing six people and
wounding dozens. No one claimed responsibility for the attack and an army
spokesman said security forces are looking into a potential motive for the
attack, including the possible involvement of communist rebels who are active
in the area.
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Australia: On 17th July, Australian police said they were investigating


after the remains of two pigs, including their heads and entrails, were dumped at
the Muslim section of a cemetery. The animal parts were discovered by a family
visiting the grave of a recently deceased relative at Rockingham Regional
Memorial Park at Baldivis, south of the Western Australian capital of Perth two
days ago.
Malaysia: On 17th July, the Vaticans first-ever envoy to Malaysia has
apologized for supporting the use of the word Allah by non-Muslims after he
was summoned by the foreign minister. Archbishop Joseph Marino issued a
statement, after meeting with Foreign Minister Anifah Aman, saying his
comments were never intended as an attempt to intrude into the internal affairs
of the country.
Marino, who arrived in Kuala Lumpur less than six months ago, had
waded into a religious row over the use of the word Allah. He described
arguments put forward by the Catholic Church in an ongoing court battle for the
right to translate God as Allah in Malay-language Bibles and other literature
as logical and acceptable. Soon after, Muslim groups began calling for him to
be sent home. Several cabinet ministers also accused him of interference.
Bangladesh: On 15th July, a Bangladeshi court sentenced an elderly top
Islamist to 90 years in prison for alleged atrocities during the 1971
independence war. In a controversial case, Ghulam Azam, whom prosecutors
compared to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, was found guilty of five charges of
planning, conspiracy, incitement, complicity and murder during the war against
Pakistan.
Azam, the fifth person convicted at a war crime court set up by the
secular government, remained strong-faced in his wheelchair as the sentence
was read out. Azam, the wartime head of Jamaat and now its spiritual leader,
was spared the death penalty because of his age and health, a senior government
lawyer said.
Violence erupted across Bangladesh ahead of the judgment, with Azams
supporters clashing with police and paramilitary troops. They responded with
rubber bullets and in some cases live rounds. One protester was killed in the
northwestern town of Shibganj, after paramilitary troops fired at Jamaat
activists hurling homemade bombs.
A low-level official from the ruling party was beaten to death by
suspected Jamaat supporters in Satkhira. Rubber bullets were fired at protesters
in the capital and the cities of Bogra, Comilla and Rajshahi after activists went
on the rampage, attacking and torching dozens of vehicles.
Jamaat-e-Islami Karachi chief Hussain Mehanti termed the verdict of
Bangladeshi tribunals against JI leader Professor Ghulam Azam, an anti-Islamic

and anti-Muslim verdict. He was addressing a protest rally of JI workers,


supporters and sympathizers of Professor Ghulam Azam against 90 years of
imprisonment by Bangladeshi tribunals.
Mehanti said that the main aim of JI leadership in Pakistan and
Bangladesh was to spread the teachings of Islam. He regretted that the JI
leadership in Bangladesh was being targeted as it was an Islamic movement and
work for the welfare of the Muslims. He said Hasina Wajid of Awami League
Party came into power with the help of India to fulfill its nefarious designs.
JI General Secretary Naseem Siddiqui said that the verdict in Prof
Ghulam Azam case has refreshed the bitter memories of 86-year imprisonment
of Dr Aafia Siddiqui. Nasrullah Khan Shajih said: The leadership of JI in
Pakistan must convey the message to the JI leadership in Bangladesh that the
people of Pakistan are with them in this crucial time.
Next day, Bangladesh police shot dead two demonstrators as protesters
went on the rampage in protest at the jailing of a senior Islamist leader for war
crimes. Several thousand supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami took to the streets in the
southwestern district of Satkhira, attacking police with sticks and machetes and
throwing homemade bombs.
Jamaat supporters set upon one officer as police tried to clear a road
blocked by fallen trees in the town of Kaliganj in the district. Police opened fire
at them to rescue the officer. Two Jamaat activists were hit by bullets and killed;
eight other police officers were injured. Violence also flared elsewhere over
conviction of Ghulam Azam by a war crimes court for masterminding atrocities
during the 1971 war of independence.
Jamaat activists torched buses and cars in the second largest city
Chittagong during clashes with police who retaliated by firing rubber
bullets. Jamaat and secular groups called rival strikes after the tribunal
sentenced Azam. Azam was the fifth Islamist and the fourth Jamaat official
convicted by the controversial court set up by the secular government.
On 17th July, a court sentenced a leading Islamist politician to death for
war crimes including murder, torture and kidnapping, as religious hardliners
imposed a nationwide strike over the verdict. Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid,
65, the second-highest ranked official of the countrys largest Islamic party, was
found guilty of five of seven charges by the much-criticized International
Crimes Tribunal.
The verdict is the second this week by the tribunal, set up by the secular
government in 2010, which has been hearing cases of alleged atrocities
committed during the 1971 war of independence. Violence erupted over that
verdict, with five people killed when police clashed with Jamaat supporters,
who imposed a nationwide strike.

Defence lawyer Tajul Islam said his client would appeal the ruling. Its a
perverse judgment. There was no iota of evidence against him. The case is
politically motivated, he said. The opposition criticised the trials as a politically
motivated exercise aimed at settling old scores rather than meting out justice.
On 20th July, Jamaat-e-Islami of Pakistans Ameer Syed Munawwar
Hassan condemned the Foreign Offices statement describing the convictions of
JI leaders in Bangladesh as Dhakas internal issue, and said this was something
most shameful and shocking. In a statement, he said the JI leaders in
Bangladesh were being punished not for some personal crimes but for trying to
save Pakistan from split supporting the Pakistan Army and trying to foil Indias
evil designs against the country. He said these were the people who offered
every sacrifice for safeguarding the countrys solidarity. The Foreign Office
remarks would certainly be more painful for these patriotic Pakistanis than their
convictions by the so-called War Crimes Tribunal, he said.

Mainland Asia
Russia: On 14th July, four policemen were killed in Russia's violenceplagued Dagestan region when unidentified gunmen opened fire on their car.
Insurgents are fighting to carve out an Islamic state in Dagestan an ethnically
mixed, mostly Muslim region in the North Caucasus between Chechnya and the
Caspian Sea.

Middle East
Iraq: On 19th July, a suicide bomber killed 20 and wounded 40 people
inside a crowded mosque north of Baghdad. The bomber detonated explosives
soon after entering the Abu Bakr al-Sadiq Mosque as the imam gave the Friday
sermon in the town of Al-Wajihiyah. Authorities slapped a curfew on AlWajihiyah and closed the main road from Baquba to the town after the
explosion.
Iraqi Sunnis accuse Shia-led government of marginalizing and targeting
their community, including making unwarranted arrests and terrorism charges.
Protests that first broke out in Sunni-majority areas at the end of 2012 are still
ongoing. More than 450 people have been killed each month from April to the
present.
On 22nd July, militants stormed two prisons, including the notorious Abu
Ghraib, sparking clashes that killed 41 people and freeing at least 500 inmates.
The coordinated attacks on Taji prison, north of Baghdad, and Abu Ghraib, west
of the capital, were launched last night and raged for around 10 hours.
About 500 prisoners escaped from Abu Ghraib prison, Hakem alZamili, a member of the parliamentary security and defence committe, told AFP.
Zamili said that, to his knowledge, no inmates escaped from the prison in Taji.
But MP Shwan Taha, also a security and defence committee member, said in an
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online statement that between 500 and 1,000 inmates escaped from the two
prisons.
Officials said at least 20 members of the security forces were killed and
40 wounded in the attacks. And the justice ministry's spokesman said that 21
inmates were killed and 25 wounded during rioting at the prisons. It was not
clear how many of the militants who attacked the prison were killed, wounded
or captured.
Five roadside bombs also exploded near the prison in Taji. Fighting
continued throughout the night as the military deployed aircraft and sent in
reinforcements around the two facilities. The situation was eventually brought
under control in the morning. The attacks on the prisons came a year after alQaeda's Iraqi front group announced it would target the Iraqi justice system.
Deadly violence also hit security forces in northern Iraq on Monday. A
suicide bomber blew up a vehicle near an army patrol in the city of Mosul,
killing 12 people and wounding 16, while a roadside bomb wounded five
people, among them three police. And two roadside bombs near Mosul killed a
soldier and wounded another and a civilian.
Next day, an al-Qaeda front group claimed brazen assaults on two Iraqi
prisons that freed hundreds of militants including leaders. The mujahideen,
after months of preparation and planning, targeted two of the largest prisons of
the Safavid government, said the statement signed by the Islamic State of Iraq
and the Levant (ISIS), using a pejorative term for Shiites. The statement, posted
on jihadist forums, comes as security forces were hunting for the escapees.
Officials declared a curfew around the two prisons, where ongoing search
operations are being conducted. They claimed that 108 escaped prisoners had
been recaptured, and reinforcements from the interior and justice ministries
have been sent to the two prisons. What happened puts the government in a very
embarrassing situation.
On 24th July, militants attacked a police station in Mosul with mortars and
automatic weapons, killing nine officers. It was followed by a roadside bomb
explosion as emergency personnel rushed to the scene, wounding another two
people. Gunmen also killed a soldier in Mosul, while others attacked a bus
carrying soldiers in Tikrit, killing four soldiers and wounding four others, along
with the civilian driver.
In the northern city of Kirkuk, a suicide bomber driving an explosivesladen vehicle attacked an army patrol, killing a soldier and wounding seven
other people. And on a highway in Anbar province militants with heavy
machine guns attacked an army checkpoint and a joint army-police convoy in an
apparent attempt to free a captured senior al-Qaeda member it was transporting.

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The attack left four militants dead, while four soldiers and a militant were
wounded. Gunmen also shot dead four people in other attacks.
Next day, militants summarily executed at least 14 Shias after setting up a
roadblock north of Baghdad, stopping trucks and checking the IDs of drivers.
Some 150 militants carried out a coordinated operation during the night that
included the highway killings, in the area of Sulaiman Bek, a town north of
Baghdad. The night time attack was reminiscent of the darkest days of the
sectarian bloodshed in Iraq in 2006-2007, when thousands of people were killed
because of their religious affiliation or forced to abandon their homes under
threat of death.
Syria: On 14th July, shelling killed at least 13 people in the Damascus
district of Qaboon, where fierce fighting between the army and rebels has
trapped hundreds of families. Regime troops have been trying for months to
dislodge rebels from rear-bases they have established in parts of the outskirts of
Damascus. A car bomb detonated outside a police station in Damascus province,
causing an unknown number of casualties.
Next day, shelling and air raids by Syrian government forces against a
string of villages in the northwestern province of Idlib killed at least 29 people.
The military carried out five separate strikes, including a rocket attack on the
village of Maghara that killed 13 people shortly before iftar. Another six people
were killed in the village of Al-Bara, four in Basamis, three in Kfar Nabl in an
air strike, and three in Iblin. The dead included at least eight women as well as
the six children, it added. Nationwide, at least 129 people were killed in
yesterday's violence.
On 16th July, UN officials said five thousand people a month are dying in
the Syria war. A host of top officials called on the divided UN Security Council
to take stronger action to deal with the fallout from the 26 month old civil war.
Nearly 1.8 million people are now registered with the United Nations in
countries around Syria and an average of 6,000 people a day are now fleeing,
UN High Commissioner for Refugees added.
He said the gesture of Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and other countries to accept
refugees was saving hundreds of thousands of lives. This crisis has been
going on for much longer than anyone feared with unbearable humanitarian
consequences, he added. UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos said the
international community may have to consider cross border operations to get aid
into Syria. Amos said $3.1 billion was still needed for operations in and around
Syria for the rest of the year.
The cross-border aid is controversial as it is opposed by the Syrian
government. Russia has resisted discussion of such operations at the United
Nations. Turkeys deputy UN ambassador backed the call, however. The

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council needs to consider alternative forms of aid delivery, including crossborder operations, he said.
Lebanons UN ambassador Nawaf Salam told the meeting that it was now
urgent for the Security Council to act on the refugee crisis. Increasing cross
border fire and incursions from Syria in Lebanon are threatening the security
and stability of my country, he told the 15 ambassadors on the council. Salam
said the UN has registered 607,908 refugees in Lebanon but the government
estimates the figure at 1.2 million. He estimated the number would grow 20-fold
during 2013.
In Pakistan, the Taliban rejected suggestions they were sending fighters to
Syria, saying some have gone there independently but the movements focus
remained in Pakistan. Taliban sources said some militants, mainly Arabs and
Central Asians, had gone to fight the forces of President Bashar al-Assad, but a
senior leader dismissed reports of them setting up camps in Syria.
On 18th July, it was reported that at least 29 people have been killed in
fighting between Kurdish and jihadist fighters in northern Syria in the past two
days. At least 19 Al-Nusra Front fighters and 10 Kurds have been killed since
the day before yesterday in clashes in the oil region of Hassakeh, an NGO said.
The clashes between Kurdish fighters and jihadists erupted after Al-Nusra
Front militants attacked a convoy of Kurdish women fighters. Activists in Ras
al-Ain said members of the jihadist groups had taken advantage of the Muslim
fasting month of Ramazan, which began last week, to try to impose their
extreme version of Islam.
Kurdish fighters meanwhile advanced elsewhere in the northeastern
province, taking control of part of the Sweidiya area of Hassakeh, which is the
only majority Kurdish province in Syria. Syrias Kurdish minority have walked
a sometimes ambiguous line in the countrys conflict, which is now in its third
year.
Elsewhere in the country, five people killed in an air strike on the town of
Saraqeb north-western Idlib Province. The group said at least four missiles fired
by regime war planes hit residential buildings. At least 120 people were killed
throughout Syria yesterday, according to the group, including 42 civilians, 61
rebels and 17 soldiers.
On 21st July, clashes broke out at dawn near Aleppo international airport
and Nairab air base, once Syria's commercial hub. Over the past year, insurgents
have fought hard to take Aleppo's airports, aiming to stop regime warplanes
from bombing areas they control. The city's international airport has been closed
since January. Elsewhere, a Republican Guard officer killed by rebels in
northeastern outskirts of Damascus. Clashes also took place at Kwayris military
airport. Army captured several terrorists from Al-Nusra Front, some of them

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foreign nationals, west of Adra. Yesterday at least 109 people were killed
nationwide.
Next day, Pakistan strongly condemned the deliberate and wanton attack
on the holy sites including the recent attack on Syeda Bibi Zainabs (RA) shrine
in Damascus. Foreign office Spokesman Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry in a statement
said the trend of desecration of the holy sites has hurt the sentiments of Muslims
in Pakistan as indeed the world over. Such violations, which also fan sectarian
strife, are most reprehensible.
In Syria, shelling destroyed the centuries-old mausoleum of a companion
of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the central city of Homs. Reports of the
destruction of the Muslim pilgrimage site emerged as an intense army campaign
to reclaim rebel-held areas of Homs, a strategic junction city, entered its fourth
week.
Housed in the rebel area of Khaldiyeh, the Khaled bin Walid mosque had
already suffered significant damage during earlier fighting for control of the
city. Amateur video distributed by activists showed the mosque, renowned for
its two towering minarets, and images of what was identified as the destroyed
mausoleum.
The video also shows an unidentified man lashing out at the world over
the destruction of the shrine. I want to tell Arabs and Muslims, how will you
face God after Khalid bin Walid's shrine has been destroyed? Why have you
abandoned besieged Homs, says the man. Speaking to AFP via the Internet,
Khaldiyeh-based activist Yazan said the mosque holds symbolic importance not
only for Homs' residents but for Sunnis as a whole.
On 23rd July, Pakistan urged the Security Council to try and stop arms
supplies to all sides in the Syrian conflict, stating only a political solution could
pave the way towards peace in the Middle East country. Noting that the dates
for the Geneva Conference have been moved from June to July and now to
September, and even beyond, Ambassador Masood Khan said he believes each
side wanted to demonstrate military superiority before moving to the
negotiating table. But he said, more arms will only lead to more bloodshed, not
peace. We believe that in this war there will be no victors because Syrian is
killing Syrian. The entire Syrian nation is suffering.
The top US military officer has outlined the costs, risks and benefits of
possible American military involvement in the Syrian conflict. Joint Chiefs of
Staff chairman Gen Martin Dempsey offered five military options, including
limited strikes and establishing a no-fly zone. But he said using force in Syria
would be no less than an act of war and could cost the US billions of dollars.
In an open letter to senators, Gen Dempsey analyzed five military options
the US military could potentially undertake in Syria which include training,

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advising and assisting the opposition, conducting limited strikes, establishing a


no-fly zone, creating buffer zones inside Syria and controlling Damascus
chemical arms. He estimated that the first option would cost about $500m
(325m) a year, while each of the other four actions would require roughly $1bn
a month.
Meanwhile, a resolution of congressional concerns has put Obama in a
position to move forward with a plan to arm Syrian rebels. Chairman Mike
Rogers of the House Intelligence Committee seemed to clear the path for such a
plan to proceed in a statement he made. After much discussion and review, we
got a consensus that we could move forward with what the administrations
plans and intentions are in Syria consistent with committee reservations,
Rogers said.
Next day, two UN envoys were in Damascus on a mission to persuade the
Syrian government to let in inspectors to investigate alleged chemical attacks
during the 28-month conflict. The Syrian regime and rebels fighting to topple it
have accused each other of using chemical weapons. The United Nations had
accepted an invitation from the Syrian government for the visit by the two
envoys.
Their visit came as opposition sources said that Saudi Arabia had stepped
up its weapons deliveries to rebels in readiness for a major offensive in Aleppo
province, including on government-held areas of the northern metropolis. It also
came as opposition leaders prepared to meet French President Francois
Hollande in Paris as part of their efforts to secure Western as well as Gulf Arab
weapons.
Longstanding Assad ally Russia has accused the rebels of using chemical
weapons. Damascus has insisted any investigation should focus on the use of
chemical weapons in the northern town of Khan al-Assal in March, which it and
Russia blamed on the rebels. The town was captured by the rebels on July 22, in
what diplomats at the United Nations said was a blow to the missions hopes of
gaining access.
In mainly Kurdish Hasakeh province, in northeastern Syria, violence
raged for an eighth consecutive day between Kurdish fighters and jihadists,
leaving 19 people dead. In Daraa province, near the Jordan border, 31 people
were killed in fighting around the town of Nawa yesterday. Nationwide, at least
203 people were killed on yesterday, among them 71 civilians.
On 26th July, at least 150 Syrian regime forces died in fighting with rebels
for the control of Khan al-Assal, a key town in the northern Aleppo Province.
More than 50 of those killed were executed by rebels after the fall of Khan alAssal on July 22, while the rest died fighting for the regimes last bastion.
Thirty of those killed in both the executions and fighting were officers. Rebels
had for months tried to take Khan al-Assal, a strategically located town.
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The mainstream rebel Ninth Division claimed responsibility for taking


Khan al-Assal. But footage distributed said jihadists including Al-Nusra Front
were behind the takeover. Elsewhere in Syria opponents to Assads regime held
protests calling for his ouster, as they have done once a week for more than 28
months.
Pakistan told the Syrian Opposition at the UN that for Syria, diplomacy
is the way forward, not war, and urged the rebel group to engage in the
political process to resolve the bloody conflict. More war has no dividends for
Syrian nation, Ambassador Masood Khan said during informal talks the leaders
of Syrian National Coalition had with the UN Security Council about their
political and military objectives.
Turkey: On 19th July, Kurdish militants issued what they said was a final
warning to Turkey to take concrete steps to advance a peace process aimed at
ending a three-decade insurgency, or be responsible for it grinding to a halt.
Jailed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan and Ankara
launched peace talks last October to halt a conflict.
The PKK said there had been repeated calls for Ankara to allow an
independent team of doctors to visit Ocalan on the prison island of Imrali, south
of Istanbul, but the government had failed to respond. Ocalan, known by his
followers as Apo, is known to suffer from an eye ailment. The PKK, designated
a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States and European Union, also
accused the government of supporting Islamist groups involved in clashes with
Kurds in northern Syria.
Ankara rejects those accusations. Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told
a news conference in Ankara that Turkey had always opposed the emergence
from the conflict of autonomous regions along sectarian or ethnic lines, warning
they would result in greater crises.
Lebanon: On 23rd July, the Syrian opposition welcomed the EU decision
to blacklist Hezbollahs military wing and said that leaders of the Lebanese
Shiite movement should be put on trial for their role in the Syrian war. The
National Coalition believes this is a step in the right direction and highlights
the need for the European Union to take measures to stop (Hezbollahs) militia
from intervening in Syria, the opposition group said.
Bahrain: On 18th July, a car bomb exploded outside a Sunni Muslim
mosque as worshippers attended late-night prayers in a district where members
of Bahrain's royal family live. No one was reported hurt in the attack in Riffa
south of the capital Manama late last night, in what government officials said
was an attempt to inflame sectarian tensions.
On 21st July, Bahraini authorities arrested three suspects linked to a car
bomb that exploded outside a Sunni mosque south of the capital Manama. The

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royal court is situated in the same area where the bomb, made from a gas
cylinder, had exploded July 17. Several people were wounded two days later,
including a policeman shot with a home-made gun, in clashes between security
forces and anti-regime protesters. At least 80 people have been killed since the
protests erupted.
Yemen: On 17th July, al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula confirmed the
death in a US drone strike of its deputy leader Saeed al-Shehri, dealing a new
blow to the already-weakened network's operations in Yemen. Shehri was
released from Guantanamo Bay in Cuba in 2007 and was flown to Saudi Arabia,
where he was put through a rehabilitation programme.
After completing the programme, the militant leader disappeared only to
resurface later as AQAP's number two. He had planned the kidnap of the Saudi
deputy consul in Aden, Abdullah al-Khalidi, who has been held captive by
AQAP since March 2012. AQAP militants are demanding the release of female
Al-Qaeda-linked prisoners held in Saudi in return for Khalidi's release. Shehri
was hounded by Yemen's security forces and had survived a number of attempts
on his life.
On 21st July, armed men seized an employee of the Iranian embassy in
Yemen's capital. The Iranian man was traveling through the diplomatic quarter
in southern Sanaa when gunmen blocked the road, forced him to get out of his
vehicle and took him to an unknown location. It was not clear who carried out
the kidnapping.

Africa
Algeria: On 21st July, it was reported that at least two of four Islamists
killed by security forces in a raid southeast of Algeria's capital were members of
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). The four were aboard a vehicle
ambushed in the town of Sour El-Ghozlane yesterday night.
Tunisia: On 26th July, Tunisia marked a day of mourning after gunmen
killed a leading opposition figure, sparking fresh political turmoil, protests and a
general strike which brought Tunis to near standstill. MP Mohammad Brahmi of
the leftist and nationalist Popular Movement was assassinated outside his home
in Ariana, near Tunis, by gunmen on a motorbike.
As news of the killing spread, thousands of angry protesters took to the
streets yesterday in central Tunis and in Sidi Bouzid, birthplace of the Arab
Spring and Brahmis hometown. Police in Tunis fired tear gas to disperse scores
of demonstrators who tried to set up a tent for a sit-in calling for the fall of the
regime after the second such slaying of a critic of the countrys Islamist
leadership.
Political tension has been rising in Tunisia, with the launch of the
countrys own version of the Tamarod (rebellion) movement launched in Egypt
16

that led to the ouster of Islamist president Mohammad Morsi on July 3. EU


foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton condemned Brahmis killing, adding her
voice to calls by UN human rights chief Navi Pillay, Amnesty International and
Human Rights Watch for an investigation.
Libya: On 25th July, unknown attackers fired a rocket at the UAE
embassy in Tripoli causing little damage and no casualties, Libyas interior
ministry said, in the latest assault targeting foreign missions in the country. An
RPG (rocket-propelled grenade) was fired on the building. The UAE
ambassador was currently out of Libya.
Egypt: On 14th July, investigators began questioning Egypt's ousted
president Mohamed Morsi and members of his Muslim Brotherhood over their
escape from Wadi Natrun prison during the 2011 uprising. Egypts public
prosecutor ordered the freezing of assets belonging to 14 top Islamists.
The order comes a day after prosecutors received criminal complaints
against Morsi, Badie and other senior Islamists, with a view to launching a
formal investigation. The complaints include spying, incitement to violence and
damaging the economy, although the prosecutors office did not say who made
the allegations. ElBaradei, who assisted in the talks Beblawi began a day earlier
with ministerial candidates, was sworn in as interim vice president for foreign
relations. Beblawi also appointed former ambassador to Washington, Nabil
Fahmy, as foreign minister.
US Under Secretary of State will visit Egypt from July 21, the State
Department said, adding he would underscore US support for the Egyptian
people. His trip comes amid growing pressure on Morsis Muslim Brotherhood,
which is in disarray. In Brussels, EU foreign policy chief said the 28-member
bloc was following developments in Egypt with deep concern, while also
calling for prompt elections and deploring recent violence.
On 16th July, first interim government since the military toppled president
Mohamed Morsi was sworn in. The Muslim Brotherhood, the influential
movement from which Morsi hails, rejected the 35-member cabinet, with
spokesman El-Haddad telling: We dont recognize its legitimacy or its
authority.
None of the newly appointed ministers are affiliated to any Islamist party
or movement, with the Brotherhood and the ultra-conservative Al-Nur party
having both rejected calls for them to participate. Army chief Abdel Fattah alSisi, the general behind the popularly backed coup that overthrew Morsi, was
appointed first deputy prime minister and minister of defence in the government
headed by liberal economist Hazem al-Beblawi.
The swearing in ceremony took place after overnight clashes in which
hundreds of protesters were arrested. It also came after US envoy Bill Burns

17

appealed for an end to the violence. But within hours of his statement, the
Egyptian capital was rocked by political violence for the first time since dozens
of Morsi supporters were shot dead outside an elite army barracks early last
week.
Two people died in clashes around the central Ramses area near Tahrir
Square, while another five were killed in Giza. A security source cited by state
media said 401 protesters were arrested in the Ramses area alone. At least 17
security personnel were injured. Thousands of Islamists had poured onto the
streets after the iftar meal to demand the reinstatement of Morsi. Some of them
blocked the October 6 Bridge over the Nile in central Cairo, where security
forces fired tear gas to drive them back.
Egypts new rulers voiced strong resentment at comments by Turkeys
Islamist premier Recep Tayyip Erdogan backing Morsi as the countrys only
legitimate president. Foreign ministry spokesman expressed strong resentment
at comments like these, which... represent a clear intervention in internal
Egyptian affairs. The diplomatic spat came as the authorities tighten the screws
on Morsis backers, freezing the assets of 14 top Islamists, including 9
Brotherhood leaders.
Next day, thousands of supporters of deposed Egyptian President
Mohamed Mursi demonstrated outside the prime minister's office in a day of
steadfastness to protest against the formation of a new interim cabinet on its
first day on the job. Protesters held up copies of holy Quran and portraits of
Mursi in the blistering noon heat outside the main government buildings in the
centre of Cairo, demanding Mursi be restored to power. They shouted God is
Greatest!, Down with military rule! and We are all Mursi!
A few dozen youths from Tahrir armed with wooden sticks, construction
helmets and wooden planks tried to charge at the Brotherhood supporters being
held back by police. Some threw stones that fell short of the Mursi supporters.
Crisis in Egypt, which straddles the Suez Canal and has a peace treaty with
Israel, has alarmed its allies in the West and the region. Catherine Ashton, the
European Union's foreign policy chief, is due in town, the latest international
figure to meet Egypt's interim rulers.
The Brotherhood has maintained a vigil into its third week, with
thousands of supporters camped out in a Cairo square vowing not to leave
unless Mursi is restored. It has called protests attracting tens of thousands of
people every few days. Running street battles in the early hours yesterday were
the deadliest in a week. Before that, more than 90 people were killed in first five
days after Mursi was removed, more than half of them shot dead by troops
outside a Cairo barracks.
On 19th July, tens of thousands of Islamists poured onto Egypts streets
demanding the reinstatement of ousted president Mohamed Morsi, despite
18

warnings by the military of a crackdown on violent protests. The rallies come a


day after Morsis army-installed successor Adly Mansour vowed to fight for
stability against opponents he accused of wanting to plunge the crisis-hit
country into the unknown.
A vast crowd gathered at Cairos Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, where
Morsis supporters have camped out since the military overthrew him on July 3.
About 10,000 protesters then set off in the direction of the Republican Guard
headquarters, scene of deadly clashes last week, carrying pictures of the
deposed president and chanting slogans. But they were blocked by soldiers and
armoured vehicles. Islamic, Islamic, they shouted, of their hopes for an
Islamic state, as fighter jets flew overhead and military helicopters whirled in
the sky.
Meanwhile, the top United Nations human rights official has asked
Egypts interim government to explain why the army detained ousted President
Mohamed Mursi and his close aides and whether it plans to put them on trial.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, met Egypts
ambassador in Geneva 10 days ago and pressed for information on Mursi and
his team, especially the legal basis for their detention.
Next day, Islamists pressed on with protests to demand the return of
ousted president Mohamed Morsi, after tens of thousands of them clashed with
opponents during deadly rallies overnight. Thousands of Morsi loyalists held a
sit-in demonstration at Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in the morning,
waving Egyptian flags and carrying portraits of the deposed leader. The
gathering comes amid heightened political tensions in Egypt, following a day of
rival rallies across the country.
Health officials confirmed the three people killed were all women, and
gave a toll of 34 people wounded in Mansura. A pro-Morsi protester injured in
the clashes said thousands of loyalists were marching through the city's narrow
streets when thugs attacked them with guns, knives and rocks.
Thousands of supporters of Morsi's overthrow by the military also
descended on Cairo's Tahrir Square yesterday evening, setting off fireworks and
chanting pro-army slogans in a carnival atmosphere. On the eve of the
demonstrations, Mansour pledged to rein in those who wanted to push Egypt
into the unknown while the army warned it would decisively confront any
violent protesters.
UN rights chief Navi Pillay summoned the Egyptian ambassador in
Geneva and requested information about those arrested in connection with the
events since the July 3 coup. Britain announced it was revoking export licences
for equipment used by Egypt's military and police amid concerns it could be
used against protesters. The US has refrained from saying Morsi was the victim
of a coup.
19

On 22nd July, clashes in Cairos Tahrir Square between supporters and


opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi killed one person.
Dozens of people were also injured in the clashes that erupted hours after
hundreds of Morsi supporters held protests elsewhere in the Egyptian capital.
Meanwhile, the family of Mohamed Morsi said they plan to sue Egypts
army chief for having kidnapped the ousted Islamist president. Shaimaa
Mohamed Morsi, the toppled presidents daughter, told a news conference that
the family was planning to take legal action in Egypt and abroad. We are taking
local and international legal measures against Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the leader of
the bloody military coup, and his putschist group, she said of the army chief.
In the wake of Morsis ouster, militants have ratcheted up attacks on
security forces in the restive Sinai, killing four security services personnel and
two civilians yesterday. Assailants shot dead the three soldiers and one
policeman in separate attacks in the town, and two civilian bystanders were
killed later when the army traded fire with a group of gunmen.
In Rafah, a Sinai town that straddles the border with the Gaza Strip,
unknown assailants launched an attack on a Central Security (riot police) camp
with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades, wounding five policemen. Analysts
attribute the Sinai violence to Islamist extremists seeking to take advantage of
the political insecurity in the country after Morsis ouster.
Next day, pressure grew on Egypt's new leaders to release Mohamed
Morsi from detention as clashes between supporters and opponents of the
deposed president left 10 people dead. The deadly clashes which also wounded
dozens broke out yesterday, raged through the night and were continuing. At
least six people were killed early morning when opponents of Morsi attacked
supporters of the deposed president who were staging a sit-in near Cairo
University.
Egypt's new leadership says Morsi is in a safe place for his own good.
Calls for Morsi and all political detainees to be released have also been issued
by the United States, Germany, the United Nations and the European Union
which, on Monday, again called for the Islamist leader to be freed.
Morsi's son Osama said the family had not heard from him since his
overthrow. Members of the now dissolved upper house of parliament, which had
been dominated by Islamists, held a defiant meeting in Cairo's Rabaa alAdawiya mosque. Chanting Sisi killer, and anti-police slogans, demonstrators
also hung pictures of the ousted president on the gates of the public prosecutor's
office.
On 24th July, Egypt's army chief called for mass rallies to back a
crackdown on terrorism and violence. With tensions already running high
following the army's ouster of president Mohamed Morsi, the call by General

20

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for demonstrations raises the prospect of further violence
on the streets between the pro and anti-Morsi camps.
Next Friday, all honourable Egyptians must take to the street to give me
a mandate and command to end terrorism and violence, said Sisi, wearing dark
sunglasses as he took to the podium to address a graduation ceremony of
military cadets near Alexandria. Meanwhile, Islamists called mass anti-coup
protests for Friday, the day the army chief has called for public rallies to give
him a mandate.
Senior Muslim Brotherhood leader Essam al-Erian said Morsi loyalists
would not be intimidated by the army chief's call for mass rallies. Your threat
will not prevent millions from continuously protesting, Erian said in a
statement on his Facebook page. He was referring to demonstrations by Morsi's
supporters which have continued non-stop since the Islamist leader was
overthrown and placed in custody by the military.
Qatar, a strong backer of Arab Spring uprisings and supporter of ousted
Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, has joined international calls for his
release from detention while expressing concern at violence sweeping Egypt. It
said it was surprised by the continued detention of elected president Mohamed
Morsi which threatens the achievements made by the 25 January (2011) revolt
that forced former Egyptian ruler Hosni Mubarak out of office.
Next day, military insisted it was not targeting backers of ousted president
Mohammed Mursi in calling for a mass rally to counter terrorism, amid
outrage from Islamist protesters and concern in Washington. The military
statement came after the chief of Mursis Muslim Brotherhood defiantly called
for a stand against the coup that toppled the president.
After Abdel Fattah al-Sisis call for a rally to justify a crackdown on what
he called terrorism and violence, Washington announced it would suspend a
delivery of F-16 warplanes. In Qatar, a Muslim organization headed by the
influential Egyptian-born cleric Yusuf al-Qaradawi issued an edict against
obeying Sisis call, saying it could lead to civil war.
In the restive Sinai Peninsula, where militants have staged daily attacks
on security forces, two soldiers were shot dead in separate ambushes yesterday.
Senior Brotherhood leader Essam al-Erian said Mursi loyalists would not be
intimidated by the army chiefs call for mass rallies. Your threat will not
prevent millions from continuously protesting, Erian wrote on Facebook.
On 26th July, Egypt formally detained Mohamed Morsi for allegedly
abetting militants in murdering policemen and staging prison escapes, as clashes
during massive rallies by his opponents and loyalists killed two people. He was
also accused of conspiring with Hamas. His detention, under a court order for a

21

renewable 15 days, further raised tensions as those applauding the decision and
those demanding his reinstatement flooded parts of Cairo and other cities.
Two people were killed in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria in clashes
between the rival protesters, despite a massive police and military deployment.
At least 19 people were wounded in the Alexandria violence, in which riot
police intervened. Ten people were wounded in clashes in Cairo.
In Tahrir Square, more than 100,000 anti-Morsi protesters gathered in
response to a call from army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for Egyptians to
show their support for a security clampdown on terrorism. Tens of thousands
of army supporters also rallied outside the presidential palace, waving Egyptian
flags and holding posters of Sisi who was Morsis defence minister before
ousting him.
A leader of Morsis Muslim Brotherhood, Essam al-Erian, said in a
statement they would respond to his detention with peaceful marches. Hamas
condemned the allegations based on the premise that the Hamas movement is
hostile. Morsi had helped negotiate a truce to halt fighting between Israel and
Hamas in November on favourable terms for the Islamists.
Western nations are watching the crisis in Egypt with growing unease,
fearing the military may be angling for a prolonged power grab. The interim
governments strategy clearly consists of politically sidelining the Muslim
Brotherhood until the elections, said German Middle East expert Michael
Lueders. London-based rights group AI criticized Sisis call for rallies.
UN Secretary-General urged Egypts interim authorities to release ousted
President Mohammed Morsi. Ban Ki-moon also urged all the parties in Egypt
to act with maximum restraint and called on the interim authorities to ensure
law and order along with guaranteeing the safety and security of all Egyptians.
Pakistan called for immediate release of former President Muhammad
Morsi. In a statement, Foreign Office said that Pakistan and Egypt enjoy close
and friendly relations based on strong bonds of fraternity, mutual respect and
common aspirations of the people of the two countries. It is therefore with a
sense of deep concern that Pakistan wishes to express its anguish at the loss of
innocent lives in the violence which has currently engulfed Egypt.
On 27th July, more than hundred Morsis supporters were shot dead and
more than one thousand were wounded early in the day in the deadliest incident
in a month as violence. Egypts interior ministry insisted security forces had not
used live fire, and blamed the clashes on Islamists. Interior minister also warned
that pro-Morsi demonstrations would be dispersed soon.
The latest violence erupted at dawn outside Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque,
where Morsi loyalists have been camped since the week before the military
ousted him on July 3, with police firing tear gas at stone-throwing protesters on
22

the airport road. Birdshot and live rounds were fired, but it was unclear from
which side. Thousands of supporters and opponents of the coup also took to the
streets of second city Alexandria yesterday, sparking fierce clashes that killed at
least eight and wounded 194.
British Foreign Secretary urged Egyptian authorities to respect the right
of peaceful protest, to cease the use of violence against protestors, including live
fire, and to hold to account those responsible. The EU urged a rapid move to
an inclusive transformation process that would include the Muslim
Brotherhood.
The military has so far kept Morsis whereabouts secret to avoid
attracting protests by his supporters. Political polarization has raised fears of
prolonged violence, and even a militant backlash. The military is already facing
daily militant attacks in the Sinai Peninsula bordering Israel.
Somalia: On 24th July, at least one person was killed and several others
were wounded when a car bomb exploded in Mogadishu, the latest in a string of
attacks. The blast targeted a car belonging to a member of parliament who was
not hurt in the attack. No one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but alQaeda-linked Shebab insurgents have carried out a series of bombings, attacks
and killings in a bid to overthrow the government.
On 27th July, a suicide car bomb attack struck a Turkish embassy annex in
Mogadishu, killing a Turkish guard and a Somali bystander. Three other Turkish
security forces were wounded, one of them seriously, in one of the worst attack
against the Turkish presence in Mogadishu.

Europe: On 19th July, British counter-terrorism police said they had


found evidence of a three-week-old explosion outside a mosque in central
England, one of a spate of similar attacks in recent months. The Wolverhampton
central mosque was evacuated yesterday night following the arrest of two
Ukrainian men suspected of involvement in explosions at two other mosques in
the area. Police said debris from an explosion was found on a roundabout, and
early indications suggested it had blown up on June 28.
Next day, six people were arrested after overnight violence that erupted in
a Paris suburb after police checked the identity of a woman wearing a Muslim
veil. Public disturbances have shaken depressed, largely immigrant quarters of
major French cities at regular intervals for years, often triggered by resentment
over spot police checks. It is illegal in France for women to wear full face veils
in public.
On 21st July, crowds of youths threw stones at French police and set fire
to cars in a second night of disturbances in the Paris suburb of Trappes. The
trouble was sparked by the arrest of a man whose wife was told by police two
days ago to remove an Islamic face-covering veil, banned in public. One leading
23

Muslim group disputed the authorities' version of events, blaming police


provocation.

VIEWS
Bangladesh
90 years sentence: A War Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh has handed a
90 year old sentence to 91 year old Jamaat-e-Islami leader Professor Ghulam
Azam for war-crimes the court said were committed in league with Pakistan
military in the war of 1971. Naturally the reason why he was not given the death
sentence was because of his age and health but the long punishment is just
meant to convey the intensity of the sentence, especially since Mr Azam is
already past the twilight of his life. Justice is meant to be blind but even then it
is thought to have mercy.
Reports are that a few people have died as a result of the clashes between
demonstrators protesting both for and against the verdict, which for one thing
shows the kind of polarization dividing the Bangladeshi society. Recently, the
unrest has been hitting towns and cities all over the country; large-scale
disturbances were witnessed this February in the wake of the death sentence of
another Jamaat leader Dilawar Hussain Syedee also for war crimes in 1971
war.
Now the Jamaat has censured professor Azads sentence as politically
motivated. But whether political or not, the case appears to be that Bangladesh
is now at a juncture where it is intent upon dredging up the relics of the 1971
war even at some cost to its stability. These are not easy decisions for anyone to
digest, neither for the court giving the verdicts nor for the Jamaat or the general
public. There is absolutely no harm in going back in time to set the record
straight but the way that is being done is sure to raise a few eyebrows. Those
who are making amends for history must remember to distinguish themselves
from those who left their blood marks on it. (Editorial, TheNation 17th July)

Egypt
Egypt's road not taken could have saved Morsi: Mohamed Morsi
might still be president of Egypt today if he had grasped a political deal
brokered by the European Union with opposition parties in April, Egyptian
politicians and Western diplomats say.
Convinced that election victories gave them a sufficient basis to rule,
Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood spurned the offer to bridge the most
populous Arab nation's deep political divide. Less than three months later, the
army overthrew him after mass anti-government protests.

24

Under a compromise crafted in months of shuttle diplomacy by EU envoy


Bernardino Leon, six secular opposition parties allied in the National Salvation
Front would have recognized Morsi's legitimacy and agreed to participate in
parliamentary elections they had threatened to boycott.
In return, Morsi would have agreed to replace Prime Minister Hisham
Kandil and five key ministers to form a technocratic national unity cabinet, sack
a disputed prosecutor general and amend the election law to satisfy Egypt's
constitutional court.
The failure to clinch a deal shows the challenge facing the EU as it seeks
to raise its profile in an area where the United States was long the sole power
broker. But given deep antipathy to Washington on both sides of Egyptian
politics, the EU may be the only honest broker and it is not giving up
Morsi did make some goodwill gestures to the opposition but he did not
go far enough to break the deadlock. When the constitutional court rejected the
election law passed by the Islamist-dominated upper house of parliament, he
agreed to put back parliamentary elections from April until late in the year.
He also hinted he was willing to change the reviled prosecutor, accused of
Islamist bias, but never actually did so.
Other incidents combined to deepen mistrust between Morsi and the
opposition, and put a deal out of reach.
The main problem was that there was a complete lack of trust among all
of them, a European diplomat said.
The Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice newspaper splashed an article
accusing senior liberal politician Mohamed ElBaradei of receiving massive
funds from the United Arab Emirates. A National Salvation Front statement
branded Morsi a "fascist".
Morsi's party, which saw the judiciary as packed with supporters of
ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak bent on obstructing its policies, backed another
Islamist party's bill to remove 3,000 judges by lowering their retirement age to
60 from 70.
The opposition denounced a Brotherhood power grab. When Morsi
eventually reshuffled the cabinet, he kept the widely criticized Kandil and made
no opening to the opposition.
Leon, a former Spanish and EU diplomat steeped in the Arab-Israeli
peace process, was appointed EU special representative for the Southern
Mediterranean in 2011 after the Arab Spring uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya,
Yemen and Syria.
He wielded neither the big chequebook nor the military firepower and
military-to-military relations that underpin US diplomacy. Leon's advantage,
25

acknowledged by Muslim Brotherhood officials now ejected from office, was


that he was seen by all sides as an honest broker. But he never managed to
deliver the Brotherhood to a deal its leaders were not sure they wanted. Paul
Taylor for Reuters, published in The Nation18th July)
Egypts latest political upheaval: Arab monarchies like Saudi Arabia,
Jordan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), meanwhile, are relieved by
Morsis fall because they fear a challenge to their absolute power from a
homegrown Islamist movement inspired by the Brotherhood. The UAEs
official news agency praised Egypts armed forces for being a strong shield
and protectors of the people. Saudi Arabias King Abdullah lauded the military
for saving Egypt from a dark tunnel.
A notable exception is Qatar, which views Morsis ouster with alarm, not
because it represents a defeat of democracy, but because the tiny emirate has
long backed the Muslim Brotherhood. Qatars argument is that if given a chance
to rule, the Brotherhood would self-moderate and succeed in governance. Qatari
diplomat Nasser al-Khalifa tweeted: [Shame] on Western governments that till
now still silent on the crime of coup detat that imprisoned an elected
president!
For many, the crisis in Egypt is a chilling reminder that powerful
militaries across the region are capable of taking power away from political
Islam. It was no surprise that in Turkey, currently ruled by the Islamist Justice
and Development Party (AKP), Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan quickly
denounced the ouster, saying: No matter where or against whom, coups are
damaging and inhuman, and directed against the people, the national will and
democracy. And he should know: Turkey has suffered more coups than any
other country in the region.
If the Brotherhood took comfort from Turkish sympathy, it can also draw
reassurance that military coups only delayed the inevitable rise of the AKP.
There are lessons, too, to be learned from the Turkish experience: the coups
forced the AKP to moderate its worldview and widen its support base, making it
the countrys dominant political force.
In Tunisia the birthplace of the Arab Spring Ennahda, the dominant
political party said it rejected what happened [in Egypt] and believes
legitimacy is represented by President Morsi and no one else.
More extreme Islamists across the region are having an I told you so
moment. For decades, militant Islamists have ignored calls to give up their arms
and join the political mainstream, arguing that they would never be given a fair
shake. For proof, they have pointed to Algeria and Palestine, where Islamists
won free elections, only to have legitimate power taken away from them by
undemocratic means. Egypt allows them to update their scepticism.

26

In a statement, al-Qaedas North African branch said: The youth of


Egypt should learn that the price for applying principles on the ground is a
mountain of body parts and seas of blood, because evil must be killed and not
shown mercy. In the Rorschach test that is Egypt, trust al-Qaeda to see only
bloodstains. (Ayman Mohyeldin, TheNation 19th July)
Democracys reversal in Egypt: The envisaged roadmap announced by
the military guarantees achieving the principal demand of the Egyptian people having early presidential elections through an interim period in which the
constitution will be amended. Egypt thus goes back to square one and will have
to start afresh the whole process of remaking a post-dictatorship democratic
constitution that guarantees the fundamental freedoms of the Egyptian people
and brings stability to their country. Despite the misguided and engineered
public euphoria in Tahrir Square, the military coup in Egypt is democracys
reversal in an important Muslim country where the West has its own stakes and
its own interests.
The Egyptian youth, in particular, faces myriad socio-economic
challenges in the current political uncertainty. The emerging culture of protest
and rejection in its ranks is not a good development. If anything, it is a setback
to the very prospect of nascent democracy not only in Egypt, but also in other
Arab countries. One hopes the Egyptians understand what they have done to
themselves. Their future lies in being their own masters. They should be
changing their regimes by ballot not by force or show of mob strength. After 60
years of dictatorship, the fruits of democracy will not appear overnight.
Governance is not a switch-on-switch-off process. Democracy will take time to
flourish. Egyptians need to be patient. They should learn lessons from us.
For the West, Egypt has been an important partner in its ongoing Middle
East peace process. Muslim Brotherhoods victory in Egypts elections last year
was a surprise that it never expected to happen in the Arab Spring, which it
hoped will bring a fresh batch of pliant rulers in place of those who had outlived
their utility. In an uncharted global wilderness after the Second World War, the
US took upon itself the responsibility of reshaping the new world order. Today,
it controls the destiny and oil resources of almost all countries in the Arab
peninsula where it has secured a large military footprint. No wonder, any
trouble in the Arab street was a cause for serious concern in Washington.
Morsis election thus was seen a challenge to the order it had over the decades
so assiduously built in the region. They could not afford a Libyan repeat in
Egypt and must now be relieved at the new opening for a preferred regime
change in Cairo.
How things shape up in the coming weeks and months will determine not
only the future of Egypt, but perhaps also that of the rest of the Arab world. But
let there be no comparisons with Pakistan where despite systemic aberrations,

27

democracy now has its roots deeply well-entrenched. (Shamshad Ahmad,


TheNation 24th July)

Muslims
At a standstill: The other day, Shahid Mahmood, former Pakistan test
cricketer and a pioneer in community activism in the tri-state region of the
northeast corridor of United States, sent an email vividly illustrated with
graphics depicting the Muslim world at a standstill, mired in sloganeering,
while the rest of the world during the last 100 years has marched on through
motor cars, airplanes, space flights and space satellites. Shahid, today, spends
most of his waking hours in prayerful meditation. It is a clarion wake-up call to
fill the moral, spiritual and intellectual void in the Muslim world.
It is in stark contradiction to the mighty legacy of path-breaking learning
in the Muslim world. Right in the European heartland of Budapest, Hungary, is
a shrine of the Sufi saint Gul Baba. It takes a steep climb to get there, but is
worth it to see the rose-covered tomb of the holy man, who was declared patron
saint of Budapest during the 16th century. In Andaluca, Spain, is the great 12th
century Al-Mowahid mosque at Seville. In the mid-13th century, the city was
captured and the mosque was Christianized as a cathedral. In it lies buried
Christopher Columbus, the discoverer of America.
The scientific achievements of medieval Muslims are too numerous and
staggering to be enumerated here. But when coffee is drunk in the West, it is not
often realized that it made its way first via Vienna when the Ottoman Turks
made their final bid in 1683 to capture Vienna.
The current leadership is devoid of inspiration and direction, steeped as
it is in passive victimhood, defeatism, grabbing of wealth and preservation of
perks and power. To expect leadership, then from those who have none, is
absurd. They are incapable of raising the bar. Tariq and Babar accomplished
great conquests with a small band of intently committed and motivated fighters.
Baba Farid Ganjshakar and Baba Bulleh Shah conquered the hearts of huge
swaths of the populace with sheer piety and simplicity. They did so without
materiel resource.
Today, the resources are overflowing and so is the size of the Ummah.
But all this has not put a dent in the occupation of Palestine and Kashmir nor
curbed Islamophobia. In a memorable scene from the Punjabi blockbuster
Maula Jutt impeccably written by Nasir Adeeb, a shackled jail inmate, Noori
Nutt, peerlessly portrayed by Mustafa Qureshi, accosts the burly jail
superintendent with the putdown taunt that despite your huge size, your voice
is quite tiny and squeaky. This can be said with equal relevance to the 1.5
billion Muslim community.

28

Yet, despite pitiful results, the ruling oligarchy considers itself over-smart
when the evidence suggests crushing ineptness. When grit, endurance and
foresight are needed, they, instead, have squandered the national energies into
the futile quagmire of venality and vendetta. Even the finest formal education
has not removed the anxieties and complexes of a defeatist mindset, nor has it
instilled an abiding sense of integrity. Often one encounters the rationale of
surrender in that there is no choice. As the Arab upsurge demonstrates, for too
long, the oligarchy has enjoyed a free ride; now some of them have paid and are
paying the price.
To make its mark now in the international arena, Muslims have to show
that they are twice as good as their contemporaries. Mohammad Ali showed it in
America during the 60s and the 70s. Now, the bearded Hashim Amla of South
Africa has stamped his class on and off the cricket field without compromising
his Islamic convictions. There has been an accelerating slippage of standards.
Ashraf Mumtaz, a respected journalist narrated in The Nation a horror story of
his Umrah journey on PIA from Lahore to Medina. In it, he cited foul smelling
toilets, intolerably hot temperature inside the plane and shoddy service. Similar,
too, is the case of Pakistan cricket, which recently has disgraced itself in South
Africa and in England, breaking the hearts of millions of their country folks.
Both PIA and Pakistan cricket were once a source of joy and pride.
The status quo suits the oligarchy who, through sheer weight of wealth,
control the keys to the kingdom and, thereby, act as pliable proxies for vested
interests by fanning fissiparous flames. They have kept the gates of intellectual
inquiry and of moral audit closed. They may appear strong, but they are
inherently vulnerable because they are wrong.
Can the Muslim world stand up and be counted to face its real foes, while
they are themselves being kept busy and entrapped in suicidal squabbling? Hate,
paranoia and falsehood has a cannibalizing impact. The focus remains on
ceremonial aspects of faith and not on its vibrant moral core. By wrangling over
non-issues, the influentials are doing exactly what the foes want them to do.
And in doing so, they are keeping the Muslim world at a standstill. (Mowahid
Hussain Shahm, TheNation 18th July)

Europe
UKs silence over attacks on Muslims is worrying and divisive: Last
week, a nail bomb partially exploded at a mosque in the West Midlands - the
fourth attack in two months on mosques in Britain during Juma prayers. A
suspect in one of those attacks is also being questioned in connection with the
killing of Mohammed Saleem, a Muslim pensioner in Birmingham, who was
stabbed to death as he returned home from prayers. The police response to these
attacks has been heartening, but the silence from government and the
establishment in general, has been deeply worrisome
29

While policing may be practically effective, the failure of senior


politicians, ministers, and No 10 to add to it the soft power of language, to
denounce assaults and comfort Muslims as British citizens, is inimical to the
cause of integration. It serves both to aid radicalization of Muslim youths, a
state brought about by a sense of otherness and marginalization, and to instill
the feeling that Muslims are Muslims first, and Britons second. This not only
alienates Muslims, but entrenches the view that they are second-class citizens
effectively fair game.
The extent of Camerons engagement as head of state reaching out to a
concerned populace has been to comfort others vis-a-vis a Muslim threat,
something for which he has been applauded.
Muslims are not members of a minority that should be grateful Cameron
magnanimously declares it not a threat. They are British citizens who are
increasingly under more urgent and immediate risk of terrorist attack than
others.
These are not the everyday hate crimes that we have sadly become inured
to, and which are faced by all religious minorities. Jews in the UK, for example,
have for years experienced anti-Semitic attacks including desecration of holy
sites and abuse of religious figures. In this most recent wave of targeting
Muslims, however, we are not simply talking severed pigs heads and swastikas,
but violent terrorist crime that aims to maim and claim lives. To some extent the
disproportionality of the response can be attributed to the fact that Britain has
suffered a scarring terrorist attack perpetrated by Muslims, and foiled others in
the making. But the government is there to serve its citizens equally. Do we
have to wait until it is too late, until scores of Muslims have died in a counterattack, before the political class turns the juggernaut of complacency around?
The constant refrain is that Muslims are an insular minority that poses an
integration challenge, existing on the fringes of British life. But when they are
consistently treated by different standards in terms of their rights as citizens to
security and succour, it only confirms that the fringe is where they belong.
(Nesrine Malik for Guardian, reprinted in TheNation 23rd July)

REVIEW
Pakistans Foreign Office condemned attacks and damages caused to
mosque and mazar of Hazrat Zainab (R.A). This formal condemnation was
more for pacifying the public sentiments than any love or respect for one of the
most revered ladies in Islamic history. Had it been for Islam, it would have

30

come long time ago as many mazars have been deliberately damaged by the
foreign-sponsored rebels.
All news from Syria come courtesy western news agencies. The mazars
and mosques have been targeted and damaged since long, but this aspect of the
war has been focused on for the first time. It could be intended to demonize
the regime that now tops the list of those to be toppled.
This shift in reporting pattern has come after the US and Saudis have
openly started delivering weapons to the rebels. The weapon supply is also
related to the induction of US-trained fighters into Syrian. The US and its
European allies are now certain that these rebels would wage only that version
of jihad that has been approved by the Crusaders.
Strangely most of the mazars have been damaged by the US and Saudibacked rebels. Even for those damaged by shelling and bombings by the
Syrian security forces the rebels have to share the blame because of using those
as hideouts. In this perpetration of death and destruction the hands of Saudi
rulers are conspicuously visible.
Egypt too has been pushed into a quagmire courtesy a General who has
done his apprenticeship in the United States. On third Friday of the holy month
of Ramazan more than hundred protesters were killed and thousand wounded by
security forces, while the enlightened segments of Egyptian society were sitting
peacefully in Tahrir Square to give mandate to General Sisi.
The civilized world issued formal statements showing concern over the
killings, but behind doors the Crusaders in Washington and other western
capitals must be having ear to ear smiles over the spilling of the blood of
Islamists. Through Sisi and his Arab backers the Crusaders have sent a firm
warning to Islamists all over the world.
28th July, 2013

APPEASING ETERNAL ENEMY


On the eve of the period under review a former under secretary at Indias
Interior Ministry revealed that his country had engineered attack on its
Parliament in December 2001. The also said that Mumbai attack too was a
home-cultivated affair. Mr Mani said that in a statement deposed in a court.
31

Four days after this Indian paramilitary forces opened fire at Kashmiris
protesting at a raid by the troops on an Islamic school in Gool, IHK. Officially
six people were reported killed saying the death toll could rise further. Indias
Home Minister ordered an investigation into the shooting, but no ruler in
Pakistan had time to take notice of the gruesome incident in holy month of
Ramazan.
The blood on Pakistans jugular vein was not enough to extinguish the
fire of Amn ki Asha burning in hearts of its rulers. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
spared time to apprise the visiting United Kingdom Secretary Hague of the
initiatives aimed at improving relations with India, including the revival of back
channel diplomacy and the resumption of dialogue process.
It was followed by the US Vice President Joe Bidens four-day visit of
India designed to fire up bilateral trade. Biden, the first US vice president to
visit India in three decades, also focused on reassuring strategic partner of the
US that it would have a role in Afghanistan after occupation forces thin-out in
2014.
In Pakistan, the new rulers were yet to make up their mind about their
stance on the war on terror. Americans seemed to be in no hurry and were
prepared to give enough time to PML-N government as was evident from
several postponements of pending Islamabad visit of John Kerry. Meanwhile,
Sartaj Aziz visited Kabul without achieving any thing worthwhile.
As Pakistani rulers were still to make up their mind, their adversaries
across eastern border wasted no time in deciding how to react to hue and cry
over Mr Manis statement and Gool incident. Pakistan experienced a spate of
terror, sectarian and insurgent attacks starting from suicide bombing on ISI
office in Sukkur, suicide bombing in Parachinar, attack on Coastguards post
west of Gwadar, violation of ceasefire along LoC in addition to drone strike in
North Waziristan

NEWS
Pakistan
Terror war: On 15th July, the government of Pakistan strongly
condemned the US drone strike that took place in Mir Ali Tehsil of North
Waziristan Agency. The Foreign Office spokesman in a statement said these
unilateral strikes are a violation of Pakistan's sovereignty and territorial
integrity. He said Pakistan has repeatedly emphasized the importance of
bringing an end to drone strikes.
Next day, an ASI of Police was killed when some unknown armed men
opened fire on him in Qissa Khwani Bazaar, Peshawar. He was on duty in
32

Police Station Kabli and after attending his duty he was on way to his home for
Iftar. Armed attackers, who were riding on two motorcycles, escaped after the
incident.
On 17th July, unknown assailants shot dead an official of Khasadar Force
at bypass road of Tehsil Landikotal, Khyber Agency and dumped his body at the
Landikotal Bazaar Railway Line. Meanwhile, two NATO aircraft penetrated
into Pakistani airspace by seven kilometers over Torkham.
A senior Pakistani Taliban commander Adnan Rasheed, a former air
force member turned TTP cadre in an open letter to Malala Yousafzai wrote
that he personally wished the attack on her had not happened, but accused her of
running a smearing campaign against the militants. It is amazing that you are
shouting for education, you and the UNO (UN) is pretending that you were shot
due to education, although this is not the reason...not the education but your
propaganda was the issue, he wrote.
What you are doing now, you are using your tongue on the behest of the
others. He accused Malala of seeking to promote an education system begun by
the British colonialists to produce Asians in blood but English in taste and said
students should study Islam and not what it called the satanic or secular
curriculum.
I advise you to come back home, adopt the Islamic and Pashtun culture,
join any female Islamic madrassa near your home town, study and learn the
book of Allah, use your pen for Islam and plight of Muslim Ummah, Rasheed
wrote. He said he had originally wanted to write to Malala to warn her against
criticizing the Taliban when she rose to prominence with a blog for the BBC
Urdu service chronicling life under the militants 2007-9 rule in Swat.
Next day, gun and bomb attacks killed two security personnel and three
members of an anti-Taliban militia in Mamond Tehsil of Bajaur Agency.
Suspected Taliban militants attacked a vehicle of security forces with automatic
weapons when the paramilitary soldiers were on routine patrolling in Kamar
area north-west of Khar. Hearing the firing, residents of several villages nearby
and members of village defence committees rushed to the spot and started firing
on the attackers. However, the attackers managed to escape from the scene.
Separately, a remote-controlled bomb blast killed three members of antimilitants peace committee in Mamond Tehsil of Bajaur Agency. Locals of the
area and officials of the administration said the explosion took place in Badan
area, north-west of Khar, the headquarters of Bajaur tribal region.
Imran Khan has called for a closed-door meeting with PM Nawaz Sharif
and Army chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayani before the All Parties Conference. He in
a press statement said: I had asked for a meeting to be held between PM Nawaz
Sharif, General Kayani, and myself two months ago when I was still laid up in

33

hospital. My reason was, and remains, simply to get to the truth of government
and militarys prevailing commitment/understanding with the US on its war on
terror and drone attacks and the position of intelligence and security
organizations on sectarian terrorism.
Imran Khan added that he realized that facts cannot be stated in a large
open forum like APC because of national security but at the same time it is
imperative for the government to inform the political leaders about the nature of
their understanding with the US. For far too long the governments have refused
to take political leaders into confidence and have lied to the people, Imran said.
On 19th July, two Frontier Corps personnel were killed when forces were
conducting clearance operation in Aka Khel area of Tehsil Bara, Khyber
Agency. They were targeted with a roadside bomb planted by militants. Soon
after the incident, the forces launched operation to track the culprits. During the
operation, they shot injured two civilians, including a woman.
Next day, at least twenty eight militants were killed and six soldiers
martyred in fierce clashes in Khyber Agency and FR Kohat. The confrontation
started yesterday in Khyber Agency. According to security forces, ten extremists
were killed when security personnel battled with the terrorists in Akka Khel area
of Bara Tehsil. Two security men were also martyred during the clashes.
In another clash, 18 militants have so far been killed in the on-going
clashes in Kharmatang area of FR Kohat where Pakistan Air Force fighter jets
pounded militant compounds and razed two hideouts to the ground. During the
battle, four security men were also martyred in FR Kohat.
Meanwhile, NATO jet fighter violated the Pakistan airspace at Torkham
border area. NATO aircraft continued flight for at least ten minutes creating
panic among people of the area. It was the third time NATO aircraft have
violated the Pakistan territory during last three days. Pakistan Air Force refuted
the media reports regarding violation of Pakistani airspace by NATO jets.
On 21st July, two oil tankers were destroyed in an attack by armed men in
Mastung district. Attacks on containers particularly carrying supplies of NATO
forces are common on highways connecting Karachi with Quetta. PTI expressed
its concern over the US governments prisoners swap agreement with Pakistan,
which calls for a release of Shakil Afridi in exchange for the release of Dr Aafia
Siddiqui. PTI press release said that there are serious issues with accepting the
conditions laid down by the US for the release of Aafia.
The US governments conditions to release Aafia dictates that Pakistan
accept that she is a terrorist and should complete the remainder of her life
sentence in Pakistan. Moreover, the conditions state that Pakistan should accept
that her trial in the US was fair and justified. The PTI statement said that the

34

government would not accept any conditions forcibly asked for by the US
government.
Next day, two persons, including an apparent saboteur were killed and
three others received injuries in a bomb blast in Chaman town. A man whose
body was blown up into pieces apparently was planting a bomb close to a
mosque adjacent to Immigration and Customs offices at Pak-Afghan border
when explosive went off.
On 23rd July, unknown gunmen shot dead a member of the peace
committee, Shahi Rehman in the jurisdiction of police station Kanju when he
came out of his house to go to a mosque for prayers. His body was later
recovered from a nearby orchard and was shifted to Saidu Sharif Hosital, Swat.
Next day, suicide car bombers and gunmen attacked a government
complex housing offices of Pakistans top intelligence agencies the ISI and MI
sparking a shootout that killed seven people. The dead included four attackers,
one intelligence agent and another government employee and at least 38 people
were wounded in the attack.
More than an hour after the initial explosions, the gun battle still raged as
security services hunted up to 10 militants who detonated four bombs in the
heavily guarded compound. Although there was no immediate claim of
responsibility, but the ISI has been a frequent target for Pakistani Taliban. Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif strongly condemned the attack.
On 25th July, bodies of 19 militants, who were killed in recent clashes
with the security forces in Kharmatang area of Bara subdivision in Khyber
Agency, were shifted to Jamrud. The search operation continued for two days
against the militants in Kharmatang area last week in which six soldiers were
also killed.
Deputy Commandant Frontier Reserve Police (FRP) was critically
wounded while his gunman and driver were killed when their car was ambushed
in Gulbahar locality in Peshawar. Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP),
presently posted as Deputy Commandant FRP, was on way from his residence
to his office when his vehicle was attacked.
Law enforcement agencies arrested several suspected men from various
areas during a search operation in connection with terrorist attacks at the ISI
building in Sukkur. During the search operation the Barrage Colony area of
Sukkur was cordoned off and sealed to nab the culprits. The arrested suspects
were shifted to undisclosed place for interrogation. The death toll has risen to
nine from yesterdays attack.
Meeting under the chairmanship of Prime Minister, the federal cabinet
considered the issue of repatriation of Afghan refugees beyond June 30 deadline
and decided that the proof of the registration card for them may be extended up
35

till 2015. The US did not want them to return to before it pulled out from
Afghanistan in mid 2014.
Pakistan and the United States agreed to bring the issue of drone strikes
on top of the agenda for future talks between the two sides, though most of this
exercise will be behind closed doors. These negotiations will commence with
the arrival of senior US officials including US special representative for
Pakistan and Afghanistan James Dobbins and later US Secretary of State John
Kerry, for which dates are being worked out.
Dr Fauzia Siddiqui, sister of Dr Aafia Siddiqui who is incarcerated in the
United States of America, said that news are in circulation that the US
administration wants to barter Dr Shakeel Afridi with Aafia Siddiqui. She added
that no one has contacted the family in this context.
Next day, twin suicide bombers attacked two busy markets in Parachinar
killing at least 50 people and injuring more than 180 others, out of them 20 were
critically wounded. The first explosion came in front of a Shia mosque while the
second one at the School Road. There was heavy rush in the congested bazaar as
people were buying food items for Iftar.
The area where the bombers struck is mainly inhabited by minority Shias
but officials said they could not immediately identify the victims. Kurram has
been the scene of frequent sectarian violence between Sunni majority and Shia
minority. The army has also been fighting for years against the insurgents in this
district and the other agencies of the tribal belt. Militants from Afghanistan have
also occasionally crossed the border and launched attacks on the local
population and the Pakistani forces.
Two persons were killed and six others sustained injuries when a pick-up
vehicle hit an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) in the Kurram Agency when
it was on way to Parachinar from Kharpata. The victims were shifted to the
headquarter hospital where the condition of two wounded was stated to be
critical.
On 27th July, at least eight militants and two personnel of security forces
were killed and 24 others injured when Frontier Constabulary successfully
repulsed a terrorist attack at Speen Thall Post of Hangu early in the morning.
Maps and documents in Arabic language were recovered from the possession of
a killed Arab militant.
Around 150 miscreants, armed with light and heavy arms including
RPGs, mortars, grenades and C-5 explosives had attacked the post. The
attackers suffered substantial human and material losses and were forced to flee
from the scene. Militants are said to have taken along six to eight dead bodies of
their accomplices.

36

In another incident, five FC men sustained injuries in a blast in Hangu


district in the afternoon when a truck carrying the FC personnel was attacked
near Doaba Bridge. The explosion caused by a remote-controlled device
planted with a motorbike completely destroyed the truck.
The death toll of tragic Parachinar suicide blasts rose to 57, as seven more
injured persons succumbed to injuries in the hospital while 21 seriously injured
persons are still admitted in the Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar. Meanwhile
on the call of Majlis Wahdat-ul-Muslimeen complete shutter down was
observed in Parachinar and announced three days mourning to condemn the
tragic incidents.
Next day, at least eight suspected militants, including Arab fighters, were
killed when a US drone fired missiles on a target in the Zoinari area of Tehsil
Shawal of North Waziristan Agency. The drone fired missiles at a three-room
structure where suspected militants were having an Iftar dinner, breaking their
fast. Dead bodies mutilated beyond recognition, were recovered from the
wreckage of the building.
At least four police personnel including an assistant sub inspector were
injured when a remote-controlled device targeted a police van near a private
college in Peshawar. The incident occurred when police vehicle was on its
routine patrolling. According to bomb disposal squad, two kilograms explosive
material was used in the blast.
An official of Afghan Consulate went missing in Quetta since July 24
after he left for his office at around eight in the morning. Police said he worked
in the passport section. Hashims family sensed something was amiss as they
lodged an FIR. His son, Muhammad Siddique, said they were concerned about
his disappearance. Meanwhile, unidentified miscreants torched a container of a
private company in Dasht area of Mastung district.
The PTI chairman formally announced not to take part in the government
proposed All-Party Conference (APC) for consultation on the security issues,
taking the plea that the previous exercises of this kind failed to get the desired
results and this APC would meet the same fate. Some political elements might
create problems for the government in framing a policy dealing with the
national security issues, he argued.
Insurgency: On 16th July, a gas pipeline was blown up in Machh area of
Bolan district. As a result, gas supply from the line was suspended to many
areas, including Quetta. Police said over two kilograms explosive material was
used in the blast. In Dera Bugti, a bullet-riddled body of Levies Force official
was recovered.
On 18th July, seventeen districts of Balochistan plunged into darkness
when unknown persons blew up four power pylons in Bibi Nani, Machh area of

37

Bolan district at night. Unknown persons had planted the explosive material
with pylons of two main transmission lines; one of the pylons was destroyed
completely and three others were partly damaged.
On 21st July, FC and police personnel arrested 28 suspects during a
security operation conducted in the Kali Gio area of Saryab Road last night on
the information that terrorists are present in the area. Forces conducted search
operations in the wake of repeated incidents of terrorism in Balochistan.
On 25th July, at least three people including a PML-N leader were gunned
down in Khuzdar district. PML-N leader Abdul Qadir Zarakzai was injured last
night in fight with his opponent group and he was being shifted to Khuzdar for
treatment when unknown persons opened fire on his vehicle in Zehri area. As a
result, three people including Mr Zarakzai, Levies man and passer-by Sanaullah
were killed on the spot after receiving multiple bullet wounds.
Next day, two people were gunned down, including a Levies personnel in
two separate incidents in Turbat and Khuzdar towns. Meanwhile, a complete
shutter-down strike was observed in various Baloch dominated districts of
against extra-judicial arrest of political workers and recovery of bodies.
On 27th July, at least seven personnel of Pakistan coastguards were killed
and seven others wounded in an armed attacked by militants in Gwadar. Banned
outfit Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) owned the pre-dawn attack, claiming their
fighters also picked up two coastguards from the check post in Suntsar area,
some 100 kilometres from Gwadar. Around 24 insurgents had attacked the
check post with rocket launchers and sophisticated weapons.
Next day, militants fired two rockets in Chattak area of Panjgour district
near Iran border. The rockets landed in a desolated area near Rakshan nullah.
Militants blew up the railway track in Sariab locality connecting Quetta with
rest of the country, temporarily suspending rail service.
Turf war: On 15th July, at least five people were gunned down and two
Rangers personnel injured in different incidents of violence. The Human Rights
Commission of Pakistan noted with grave concern about the steep rise in
Karachi violence in the first six months of this year. Releasing the statistics to
the media through a press statement, the HRCP reported that as many as 1,726
people had been killed in violence in the port city until the end of June in 2013.
Over the six-month period in 2013, as many as 73 people were killed in
sectarian attacks; 203 people were killed after being abducted; 545 people who
did not have any overt political affiliations were killed in attacks; and 178
political activists (48 in June alone) were killed. The fatalities also included 92
policemen and 18 personnel of paramilitary forces. Dead bodies of 101 people
were found in the city during the period under review. Bomb blasts claimed 92

38

lives and the Lyari gang war claimed another 41 while 49 people were killed by
robbers and another 57 in police encounters.
The Supreme Court resumed the hearing of Karachi law and order suo
moto implementation case and expressed displeasure with Rangers over their
failure to restore peace in the violence-plagued metropolitan city. Advocate
General Sindh appeared before the bench and said that IG Sindh Police would
not turn up today due to his ill health. IG's non-appearance irked the court.
During the hearing, Rangers presented its report on law and order
situation in the city and measures taken by them. However, the report bore no
signature of the DG Rangers. At which Justice Amir Hani termed it as a bid to
hoodwink the court. The court also inquired of recent unrest in Lyari and
subsequent migration of residents from the area. It also took notice of five
criminals' escape from the police custody and scolded police officials over their
negligence.
The bench expressed displeasure over Sindh Revenue Board authorities
for not properly maintaining land record after it was lost in large quantity during
riots in Sindh over Benazir Bhutto's assassination. The court has summoned the
Chief Secretary to inform the court how its orders were implemented.
Next day, Rangers killed an innocent citizen near Gulistan-e-Jauhar in
Karachi. The Rangers asked a cabbie to stop for checking but the driver, Murad,
did not stop, triggering the law enforcers to open fire on the cab. The driver died
while his four-year-old son survived. Meanwhile, another under-trial prisoner
managed to run from the Karachi City Court. Eight inmates fled from the
captivity of police during the last week.
On 18th July, six people including two policemen were killed in various
incidents of violence in Karachi. Next day, at least four persons including a PPP
worker were gunned down in different incidents of violence. Meanwhile, Chief
Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry expressed annoyance over the killing of a
taxi driver by the Rangers in Karachi and directed the police to submit challan
in the court within one week.
On 20th July, three people were killed and dozen others wounded within
an hour in two separate blasts in Karachi. The first blast targeted the convoy of
Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Commissioner Matanat Ali Khan in Essa
Nagri area, wounding six people. Police said after leaving his office, Khan had
just reached near Lyari Expressway entry gate when an explosive device planted
at the roadside went off. They said the bomb was detonated remotely. Law
enforcers and rescuers rushed and shifted the injured to Abbasi Shaheed
Hospital, where one of them, a police guard Sohail Anjum Siddiqui, expired.
Another blast took place on the third floor of a building in Patel Para area.

39

On 22nd July, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar said that federal


government will provide all possible help to the Sindh government for security
in Karachi, as the situation in the economic hub affects the entire country.
Talking to media persons on his arrival at airport here, Nisar rejected the
rumours that PML-N led government was planning to impose governor rule in
the PPP ruled province.
Nisar held meetings with Sindh CM, governor, Rangers DG, PML-F chief
Pir Pagara and PML-N local leadership. Talking to the media after his meeting
with Pir Pagara at his residence in the city in the evening, Nisar said the security
and intelligence agencies have confirmed to him that the law and order problem
of city is addressable through sincere steps and taking action against criminals
irrespective of their political affiliations.
Nisar said he had not come here to play politics or for mere point scoring
but to help solve this critical issue. He said the federal government would not
remain a silent spectator on the law and order issue. He said the prime minister
would also visit Karachi soon and discuss the same issues with the Sindh
government.
Next day, at least seven persons were killed and several others injured in
violence in different localities of the city. On 26 th July, at least ten people were
killed in separate acts of violence in the city. Police arrested six suspects of the
outlawed Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan after an encounter in Sohrab Goth. Police
said that they on a tip off raided a house in Scheme 33 Janjal Goth. As the
police team reached there, the suspects opened fire at it, provoking retaliation.
On 27th July, different incidents of violence claimed four more lives in the city.
Sectarian militancy: On 15th July, six people, including four Hazaras,
were gunned down in two separate attacks in Quetta. Four people of Shia
Hazara ethnicity were shot dead and two passers-by were seriously wounded in
a targeted killing on Masjid Road. Hazara Democratic Party (HDP) has given a
strike call for tomorrow while the Balochistan Shia Conference has announced
one-day mourning against the killings.
Hundreds of Hazara protestors rushed to the Civil Hospital after getting
information about the incident. They blocked Jinnah Road by placing barricades
and chanted slogans against perpetrators and inability of law enforcement
agencies. Balochistan Chief Minister condemned the incident and directed
authorities concerned to arrest the killers.
On 19th July, the terror suspects, who had ambushed the convoy of Sindh
High Court Justice Maqbool Baqar, have revealed they had used balloting
process to pick name of the attacker. Abu Bakkar was the name that surfaced
through the balloting for the attack on Justice Baqar, said suspect Muhammad
Muavia.

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Abu Bakkar and Muhammad Muavia, who have been handed over to CID
Police on physical remand till July 28, were presented before media. They
confessed to their crime and said they had chalked out the terror attack on
Justice Baqar at the resident of Bashir Leghari, another accused who succumbed
to injuries he had sustained during encounter with law enforcing agencies a
couple of days ago.
Abu Bakkar said mastermind Bashir Leghari had also sent him an SMS
of shadi mubarrak after the blast which was successfully carried out. He said
they had used a stolen motorcycle to carryout the blast. Explosives were
planted in lights, indicators, oil tank and silencer of the motorcycle that was
taken to the spot in a rickshaw, they further revealed. They said they, being
directed by Qari Bashir, had also targeted Advocate Kausar Saqlain and his two
sons in Kemari.
District South police in collaboration with intelligence agency had
arrested alleged master mind Basher Ahmed Leghari along with his son Mavia
Leghari and Abu Bakkar during a raid at their hideout in Surjani locality two
days ago. During the raid, the alleged mastermind received bullet injury in his
abdomen, later succumbed to his injuries during the treatment at Jinnah
Postgraduate Medical Centre. Reportedly, police investigators have arrested
four more suspects those were allegedly involved in the case of the attack.
In Islamabad, DG Intelligence Bureau (IB) informed Prime Minister that
the alleged death squad chief of banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) Masoom Billa
has been arrested. The accused had provided significant information regarding
attack on Justice Maqbool Baqar. Prime Minister directed the IB to keep a
vigilant eye on terrorists, their cohorts and other criminals to realize the
collective goal of peace and security in the country.
On 21st July, police said that the three terrorists killed in the blast inside a
residential apartment in a Karachi neighbourhood yesterday were associated
with the banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. The explosion in the multi-storey building
in Patel Para area killed three terrorists Matiullah, Subhan and Akbar Aka
Bukhari and wounded another, namely Imran.
Next day, two men from the Hazara community were gunned down in
Quetta in targeted killing while two passersby also got injured. Two armed
persons riding a motorcycle opened indiscriminate firing on a cab when the
driver and passenger were boarding it. Some members of Hazara community
staged a protest demo at Meezan Chowk close to the murder site.
On 27th July, Hazara Town residents gunned down a suicide bomber who
along with his accomplices was trying to target an Imam Bargah in the area.
Private guards of Hazara community intercepted them and killed the suicide
bomber, while his accomplices managed to flee from the scene.

41

Afghanistan: On 16th July, an Afghan interpreter for US Special Forces


arrested on accusations of torturing and killing civilians denied involvement in
the murders to Afghan investigators, and said he was always acting on orders
from his US military handlers. Afghan authorities detained Zakeria Kandahari
six weeks ago following allegations he was involved in atrocities against
civilians in Wardak.
Next day, gunmen assassinated a brother of Afghanistans national
security adviser Rangin Dadfar Spanta outside a public bathhouse in the
familys relatively peaceful home province, Herat. He was attacked by two
persons on a motorbike and the attackers escaped. The Taliban claimed
responsibility for the killing of Wali Jaan. Herat police chief confirmed the
killing but gave no further details. Afghan President Karzai condemned the
murder and blamed foreign intelligence agencies for what he called a
continuation of a series of assassinations.
On 18th July, gunmen shot dead eight Afghan civilians on their way to
jobs at a US military in Camp Shank south of Kabul. Police said: They were
forced out of their car and taken about 200 metres off road to a nearby village,
and shot in the head one by one. There was no immediate claim of
responsibility.
The Taliban office in Doha was a plot to break up Afghanistan
orchestrated by either Pakistan or the United States, chief of staff of the Afghan
president said. He added that Kabul was concerned about growing closeness
between Pakistan and the United States, and that there was still a huge rift with
Washington despite top-level efforts to patch up the disastrous fallout over the
office.
Next day, it was reported that a bomb killed five young children and a
woman when it exploded after being made at the home of a Taliban commander
in eastern Afghanistan. The device detonated yesterday while children were
playing with it after the Taliban commander left the house in Paktika Province.
On 20th July, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had in-depth briefing on
foreign policy at Foreign Office and directed officials to formulate strategy for
comprehensive dialogue with India and Afghanistan. The Premier directed for
revamping the plan of engagement with Afghanistan on the clear lines of noninterference in its internal affairs. Nawaz said Pakistan wanted restoration of
peace in Afghanistan and it was not supporting any militant or political group in
there.
Next day, Adviser on Foreign Affairs and National Security Sartaj Aziz
visited Kabul and held talks with Afghan leadership and assured that Pakistan
would extend its full support and cooperation in holding intra-Afghan dialogue
for peace and stability in Afghanistan. During his day-long visit, Sartaj Aziz

42

held talks with Afghan Foreign Minister Dr Zalmay Rasul. The two sides
discussed ways to further promote bilateral relations and prospects for peace in
Afghanistan.
Sartaj Aziz said Pakistan has been trying to help jumpstart the peace
process as a stable Afghanistan is in Pakistans own interest. However, he said
any peace talks must be Afghan-owned and Afghan-led. He said Pakistan would
take every step to bring peace in Afghanistan.
Sartaj said Pakistan was again prepared to ease the movement of Taliban
negotiators and release more Taliban detainees should the Afghan government
request it. I have brought a message of cordiality and goodwill for
Afghanistan, he told the news conference.
Aziz said Pakistan had helped persuade some Taliban factions to discuss
peace in the past, and also had played a role in helping Taliban representatives
travel to Qatar before those efforts stalled. In the future, to the extent we are
requested, we can play the same role but at the appropriate time and in
consultation with other interested parties, Aziz said.
A video showing women in burqas at a weapons training camp in
Pakistans tribal region. The minute-long footage, passed to The Sunday Times,
shows five women being trained to use AK-47 assault weapons and fire rocketpropelled grenades. Video prompted fears that militant groups are recruiting
women to frontline terrorist roles.
The Tehrik-e-Taliban, LeJ and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan have
used female bombers on more than six occasions since December 2010 to hit
targets in Pakistan. Qari Ziaur Rahman, the Taliban and al-Qaeda leader who
operates from Pakistans tribal agencies of Mohmand and Bajaur and in the
Afghan provinces, is known to run most of the training camps for suicide
bombers.
On 22nd July, Afghan President Karzai gave a lukewarm response to
Pakistan's invitation to visit Islamabad, setting conditions for any high-level
talks designed to mend increasingly frosty relations. But he said a high-ranking
delegation could visit Pakistan only when the agenda is specified, initial
preparations have been made and a serious and effective struggle against
terrorism and the peace process are on the top of the agenda.
Meanwhile, the Afghan president told the top US military commander
that he was ready in principle to let American troops stay in Afghanistan beyond
2014. General Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is the
most senior American to meet Hamid Karzai since he suspended negotiations
for a long-term security pact in protest at how the Taliban opened a liaison
office in Qatar.

43

The United States underscored Pakistan's role in Afghan reconciliation


even as Afghan officials voiced skepticism. State Department Spokesperson
when asked to comment on the weekend visit by Sartaj Aziz, said Washington
viewed any steps contributing to building Pakistan-Afghanistan relations as
very important.
Afghanistans parliament sacked Interior Minister Mujtaba Patang, one of
the countrys most powerful security chiefs, less than a year after he took office.
Patang, accused of corruption and incompetence, lost a vote of confidence at a
key point in Afghanistans transition from NATO to national security control
and as the government searches for ways to open peace talks with the Taliban.
Next day, the US Ambassador Richard Olson held a lengthy meeting with
Prime Ministers Adviser Sartaj Aziz at the Foreign Office and exchanged views
with him on Afghanistan. Aziz informed the US envoy of his visit to Kabul and
his meetings with various Afghan leaders, including President Karzai. They also
discussed various proposals on Afghanistan with special focus on how to push
forward the reconciliation process.
In Afghanistan, a suicide bomber rode a donkey into an Afghan and
NATO military convoy, killing three Western soldiers and their Afghan
interpreter. Four Afghan soldiers who were also in the convoy in Sayedabad
district were wounded. The attack happened in Wardak province, a hotbed of the
Taliban insurgency just south of the capital Kabul.
On 24th July, it was reported that CIA has begun closing clandestine bases
in Afghanistan, marking the start of a drawdown from a region that transformed
the agency from an intelligence service struggling to emerge from the Cold War
to a counterterrorism force with its own prisons, paramilitary teams and armed
drones.
The pullback represents a turning point for the CIA as it shifts resources
to other trouble spots. The closures were described by US officials as
preliminary steps in a plan to reduce the number of CIA installations in
Afghanistan from a dozen to as few as six over the next two years, a
consolidation to coincide with the withdrawal of most US military forces from
the country by the end of 2014, Washington Post reported.
US officials stressed that the CIA is expected to maintain a significant
footprint even after the pullback, with a station in Kabul that will remain among
the agencys largest in the world, as well as a fleet of armed drones that will
continue to patrol Pakistans tribal belt. The timing and scope of the CIAs
pullback are still being determined and depend to some extent on how many US
troops President Obama decides to keep in the country after 2014.
On 27th July, two Afghan civilians were killed following two failed
assassination attempts targeting a provincial governor and a police chief. In the

44

first incident, a bomb rigged to a bridge was detonated as a vehicle transporting


Asadullah Shirzad, police chief of the Baghlan province, passed by. Hours later
a vehicle carrying governor of Samangan, hit another improvised explosive
device as the politician was heading to work in the provincial capital Aibak.

India: On 15th July, India's new High Commissioner to Pakistan said:


There is change in environment in Pakistan and certainly that is very important.
The last few years have shown that the potential exists when there are good
relations between India and Pakistan. With a new government formed in
Pakistan under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif, India and Pakistan are moving
ahead on various issues to decrease the distance between the two rivals. He later
entered Pakistan by road.
On 17th July, suspected freedom fighters killed a prisoner and wounded
four police officers and a passer-by in IHK when they lobbed a grenade at a
police vehicle while it was passing through a crowded market in the Batamaloo
area of Srinagar. A passer-by also suffered injuries in the attack. Shakeel Ahmad
Ksana, a prisoner who was being shifted to a jail in the vehicle, died while
receiving treatment in a local hospital.
Next day, Indian paramilitary forces shot dead six people protesting at a
raid by the troops on an Islamic school in Occupied Kashmir. Border Security
Force (BSF) troops fired on demonstrators who had gathered outside their
headquarters in the district of Gool. It is mayhem. Six are dead and dozens
injured. The death toll could rise further, said one officer.
Indias Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde ordered an investigation into
the shooting and appealed for calm in the tense Himalayan region. I assure that
any use of excessive force or irresponsible action shall be dealt with strictly, he
said. The loss of life in this incident is particularly saddening, the minister
said, without confirming the number killed.
Protesters clashed with troops after an incident yesterday evening at the
madrassa attached to a mosque in Gool. The head of the madrassa, Qari Shabir,
said four BSF troopers came in looking for militants, at the same time that a
caretaker was alone there reciting prayers for Ramazan.
They beat him up...that is when Abdul Lateef (the caretaker) raised an
alarm and people started to assemble and the word spread, Shabir told AFP by
telephone from Gool, 230 kilometres south of Srinagar. Shabir said he later
went to the madrassa and saw copies of the Holy Quran strewn on the floor
before security authorities sealed the premises. Other local residents said the
troops had entered the mosque to complain about the loud recitation of prayers
by worshippers.
A top BSF officer said troops only opened fire when a mob attacked the
base where arms and ammunition were stored, adding that one soldier was
45

injured. We are a professional force. We respect all the tenets of all religions,
Rajeev Krishan, inspector general of the BSF, told reporters in Jammu.
Omar Abdullah, the states chief minister, warned that the ghastly
incident risked igniting wider unrest. It is highly unacceptable to shoot at
unarmed protesters just because they were reportedly protesting manhandling of
an imam of their area, Abdullah said in a statement.
In a separate incident, unidentified gunmen shot dead two policemen who
were bodyguards of a top cardiologist, near the doctors home in the town of
Pampore, 15 kilometres south of Srinagar. Three terrorists attacked and injured
the doctor while he was walking towards a car along with his bodyguards who
laid their lives on the spot, Abdul Ghani Mir, police chief, told AFP.
The Prime Minister apprised the United Kingdom Secretary Hague of the
initiatives aimed at improving relations with India, including the revival of back
channel diplomacy and the resumption of dialogue process. Secretary Hague
expressed full support for all the initiatives. British Prime Minister said India
and Pakistan can play a crucial role to bring peace to Afghanistan through their
resumed bilateral dialogue process.
On 20th July, Indian-held Kashmir was gripped by curfew, two days after
security forces shot dead six demonstrators, triggering widespread protests
across the Muslim-majority region. Yesterday, a further 59 people, including 49
police and federal paramilitary personnel, were hurt in clashes between
government forces and protesters in dozens of places.
In a rare gesture, Indian Kashmirs council of ministers condemned the
firing and ordered 500,000-rupee compensation payments to the families of the
slain demonstrators. Indian Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde has also said he
regretted the killings and ordered a probe into the decision to open fire. Pakistan
reacted sharply to the alleged desecration of Quran and the killings.
The PM Nawaz Sharif stressed the importance of a peaceful and stable
neighbourhood and Pakistans positive contribution to the creation of such an
environment. He directed the foreign ministry officials to come up with a
renewed plan to sort out all the outstanding issues with neighbouring India
through dialogue. Sharing his vision on dealing with all these areas, he strongly
emphasized the imperatives of promotion of trade and pursuit of economic
diplomacy.
The Prime Minister apprised the United Kingdom Secretary Hague of the
initiatives aimed at improving relations with India, including the revival of back
channel diplomacy and the resumption of dialogue process.
On 22nd July, US Vice President Joe Biden arrived in India for a four-day
visit designed to revive flagging diplomatic ties and fire up bilateral trade.
Biden, the first US vice president to visit India in three decades, will meet
46

senior leaders including Prime Minister in New Delhi tomorrow before heading
to the financial hub Mumbai to deliver a keynote speech on the economy.
Next day, US Vice President Joe Biden held talks with Indian leaders as
he sought to calm fears over the exit of American troops from Afghanistan and
capitalize on growing investment opportunities. Biden said the worlds two
largest democracies share common goals on a range of regional security issues.
But there is widespread unease among Indian leaders over what will happen in
Afghanistan once US troops have left in 2014, with many fearing that Pakistan
has most to gain from the withdrawal.
Even though planned talks between the US and Taliban collapsed last
month, the possible return to power of the Taliban alarms many in India. In an
interview ahead of his arrival, Biden said the Taliban had a part to play in the
political process as long as they renounced violence.
On 26th July, protest rallies were held across IHK over killings by Indian
forces, but TheNation reported of it front page that Islamabad has proposed two
sets of dates to Delhi for senior official-level talks that would be held in August
and September. The third round of Pakistan-India dialogue was launched in
September 2012 and suspended due to tension caused by border incidents
between the two nuclear-armed neighbours.
According to the roadmap for sectoral dialogue agreed by senior officials
on both sides, Pakistan is to host talks on water and Sir Creek issues besides a
meeting of the foreign secretaries on the Kashmir dispute where peace and
security will also be discussed and India would host the interior secretary/home
secretary-level meeting and defence secretary-level talks on the Siachen Glacier
dispute and meeting of the two foreign ministers to review the overall progress
of the bilateral dialogue process. India has yet to propose dates for meetings.
On 27th July, Indian troops shot and killed one Pakistani soldier and
injured another in an unprovoked attack across the Line of Control in Rawala
Kot area of Kashmir. The Indian army said it had fired in a calibrated manner
in response to Pakistani firing. The Foreign Office strongly condemned the
unprovoked firing by Indian soldiers along the LoC.

VIEWS
Pakistan
India in Balochistan: Charges of foreign interference, including by
India, in Balochistan and other troubled areas of Pakistan have, during the last
PPP-led setup, also been leveled off and on, even by government functionaries
holding responsible positions. However, somehow they invariably shied away
from producing any documentary evidence in support of these charges, though
47

claiming to possess them, and despite calls from the media and opposition
political leaders failed to raise the issue either at the bilateral or international
level. Nevertheless, the widespread public perception, undoubtedly, is that
neighbouring and other countries are fishing in troubled waters in the
strategically located Balochistan, possessing vast natural resources, to gain their
own ends.
Now former Prime Minister Mir Zafarullah Jamali, who hails from
Balochistan, has pointed an accusing finger at New Delhi, blaming it for
infiltrating into the province through Afghanistan. In an interview with AlKhaleej, he has said that to keep the pot boiling, certain foreign powers are
funneling huge sums of money into the tormented province. One hopes he
would back up the charge with credible evidence. He is of the view that the
issues concerning Balochistan could only be resolved when all institutions adopt
one single agenda of tackling them. He is critical of the role of the outgoing PPP
government, alleging that it had its own preferences that did not tally with the
demands of developing the province and improving the lot of the people; rather,
it further worsened their condition, thus losing the trust of the common man.
Mir Jamali felt that the Baloch, should they have recourse to their traditional
ways of settling issues, would be able to tide over the problem and succeed in
bringing the situation back to normal.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who observed on Sunday that there was
dire need for unity of approach between Pakistan and Afghanistan to defeat
militancy, should first of all ensure that the infiltration the Baloch leader has
talked about is brought to an end. And similarly the unseemly chapter of his
wavering between fulminating against Islamabad and extolling it for being a
real brother of the Afghans should be closed. That would demonstrate not only
the seriousness of intentions to work with Pakistan, but also be a sign of his
feelings for the good of Pakistan. There can be no question that the scourge
could best be eliminated by the two neighbours working together. (Editorial,
TheNation 16th July)
Reliving the raid: Though it does not seem the judiciary, as represented
by the Supreme Court, will give the military the legal cover it needs for future
takeovers, it should not be forgotten that the Abbottabad raid was followed by
the attack on the navy airbase at PNS Mehran, and preceded by the attack on
GHQ. These attacks can be seen as attempts to weaken the link between the
armed forces and the people.
The government must, therefore, tread a very careful path. It must ensure
that it is not derailed from any of its purposes. One way of quickly putting the
whole affair beyond it would be to have the report published. Even if it does not
have sufficient recommendations for action, the government can still decide on
detailed actions but if given, recommendations must be acted upon.

48

One advantage that the present government has is that it was in the
opposition at all times, from the actual event, to the setting up of the
commission, to the presentation of the report, to the setting up of a committee to
consider publication. In short, no member of the present government has any
role in setting the defence policy leading up to the Abbottabad raid, or in the
leak of the commissions report. It thus has no need to defend either and can
come down hard on whoever is responsible, with the added advantage that that
person would belong to the PPP, and thus punishable not just with impunity, but
positive political advantage to the government.
The PPP too must act calmly in this time; forget, at least for now, its
animus against the armed forces and not protest too loudly, or try to save any of
its members guilty of any wrongdoing.
The nation as a whole has paid heavily for its defence against all
attackers, not just those from a specific country. It must have armed forces
capable of repelling invaders and of ensuring that all, foreigners, included are
protected by the state. That might be too much to ask in this era of the war on
terror and rendition, but the nation as a whole has paid too heavily for foreign
support of domestic coups to want a repetition. (M A Niazi, TheNation 19 th
July)
Our terror treatment: The decade-long war on terror has melted our
already fragile economy. We are, indeed, helpless due to the ongoing acts of
terror. It is unfortunate that the only thing we have done up till now is engage in
futile all parties conferences (APCs).
After 9/11, it seems, our vulnerable realties have been exposed; how high
we talked and how low we performed. The only industry in Pakistan is the
industry of terrorism that is flourishing, making ground zero to every tower of
hope.
The war on terror was followed by suicide bombings, heavy taxes,
reduced foreign investments and zero respect for law and order, ultimately
breaking the societys social fabric with great speed. However, we cannot deny
some marvelous moves by Pakistani armed forces. The daring operations
conducted by the military in Swat Valley and Fata are the cases in point. Yet, the
fear of losing ground is greater than the hope of success.
Indeed, there is no policy, no strategy and no maturity; we are busy in a
wild goose chase, while telling cock and bull stories to each other. The
question is: why dont we try to find the actual root cause of the problems
prevailing in the country?
Needless to say, social justice with rational and realist attitude is the main
ingredient to the solution of our problems; but it is absent from our
strategy/policymaking. At the moment, our country is a prisoner of the ruthless

49

designs of the great game though the front actors are the terrorists, hidden are
complex manifestations of the great game. The question, thus, remains: Who
would be defeated when nuclear Pakistan will be on the road to economic
prosperity?
So, it is time to revisit the past to get some practical, viable and dynamic
lessonsfor Pakistan, time has come to shun the bags of personal incentives of
our elected representatives and the security establishment and join hands to
create a peaceful society and state. (M. Dilawar Chaudhry, TheNation 20th July)
Towards comprehensive security: Ideally, the national security policy
should establish an optimum balance among its political, economic, diplomatic
and military dimensions so as to preserve domestic political stability and social
cohesion, promote economic strength and progress, and safeguard the
independence and the territorial integrity of state. A unidimensional approach
focusing on the military aspect of national security to the neglect of other
essential ingredients will prove counter-productive, particularly in the long run.
For instance, excessive allocation of the national resources to the military
may give the impression of a strong defence in the short run, but it may weaken
national security in the long run by slowing economic growth and weakening
the economic foundation of national security. A heavy military superstructure on
a weak economic foundation is likely to crumble in the face of a serious
external challenge to a nations security. Pakistans current weak economic
condition is the inevitable result of excessive allocation of the national
resources to the military sector over the past several decades. The need of the
hour is for Pakistan to place due emphasis on both the military and economic
sectors so as to achieve a happy balance between the short term and long term
requirements of national security.
Similarly, domestic political stability and social cohesion are a sine qua
non for national security. A divided nation that lacks political stability is in no
position to safeguard national security when confronted with a serious external
threat. The loss of East Pakistan in 1971 was the direct outcome of the neglect
of this essential principle of national security by the military regime of the time.
Musharraf by killing Nawab Akbar Bugti and undertaking military operations in
Balochistan, instead of taking care of the genuine grievances and concerns of its
people, aggravated the crisis in the province showing once again the dangerous
consequences of having at the helm of affairs a military dictator, who knows
only the art of the use of brute force, for the national security.
Finally, it is the job of the diplomatic arm of the state to assess and
prioritize the external challenges and threats to a nations security, and identify
ways and means of overcoming them within the constraints of a nations
economic and military resources, and its political strength and vulnerabilities. In

50

so doing, we must at all the times remain cognizant of the regional and
international security environment.
Unfortunately, there is no institution in Pakistan at present which can
synthesize the political, economic, diplomatic and military dimensions of
national security so as to present to the elected government viable policy
options. That is why it is imperative that the government should take immediate
steps for the establishment of a National Security Council (NSC) headed by the
Prime Minister in his capacity as the Chief Executive. The NSC should be
served by a full-fledged secretariat headed by a National Security Adviser. It
should be the responsibility of this secretariat to submit to the government well
studied recommendations on national security issues based on inputs from
various organs of the state. Only policies based on such a comprehensive
approach can hope to safeguard effectively the nations short term and long term
security. (Javid Husain, TheNation 23rd July)
No room for laxity: It would be self-defeating for the Sindh government
to ignore the offer of help to check the bloodshed in Karachi that Interior
Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali made when he visited the metropolis on Monday.
The over month-long rule of the new setup has not helped improve the situation;
if anything, the city is seen relentlessly going down deeper into anarchy. The
PPP, now holding the sole charge of running the show in the province, could no
longer take shelter behind the excuse of restraints that hamstring a coalition
setup from proceeding against the lawbreakers with full force
Chaudhry Nisar rightly said that the situation cannot be allowed to go on
any longer since its fallout affects economy of the entire country. In an
attempt to find a way out of the mess, he met the Chief Minister, the Governor,
Rangers MD and PML-F and PML-N local leaders. He denied that the idea of
imposing Governors Rule in the province ever crossed the minds of those at the
Centre. Underlining the importance the federal government attached to bringing
back to Karachi the glories of the past, he told the media that the Prime Minister
would soon also be in the town to take stock of the situation and discuss
remedial measures with the local authorities. Hopefully, the Ministers visit
would make the provincial leadership shed its lackadaisical attitude to the ongoing tragedy and show some results by the time Mian Nawaz Sharif visits the
troubled city. (Editorial, TheNation 24th July)
Conflict of ethnic vulnerability: Though I have refrained from writing
on the subject for long, the recent activity on the status of Durand Line, Tehriki-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) sanctuaries in Afghanistan, nationalist card being
played by President Hamid Karzai and the melting pot that is Khyber
Paktunkhwa (KPK) warrants, that the nation must be apprised of the
vulnerabilities and challenges therein. Having failed to nibble into Pakistans
integrity through the Baloch separatists, strategists have now turned their eyes

51

on the north-western areas of Pakistan. To support their hypotheses, they have


revisited 500 years history of the area; linked it to the pre-dominantly Pashtun
resistance on both sides of Durand Line, internal instability and the aspirations
of the people of KPK for a meaningful change through MMA, ANP and now
PTI. The bottom line is that they want peace.
As mentioned in the article, Voila! Federation, of July 30, 2013, the
biggest responsibility and burden to give hope and doorstep delivery to the
people lies on the shoulders of PTI supported by the federal government. Imran
Khan has no choice, but to become a proactive leader of the people and the
singular rallying point for nationalism, it remains to be seen if the PTI
government in KPK realizes the urgency of its mission and how the federal
government of PML-N supports it in this endeavour.
KPK is surrounded from three sides by the lawless tribal areas and cannot
be considered as a governing unit in isolation. The federal and provincial
governments have no option, but to formulate a policy in concert with the
defence and intelligence establishment to ward off this sub nationalist card
being played by state/non-state actors and some educated classes of KPK in reevaluating the logic of the erstwhile NWFP referendum versus Bacha Khans
concept of Pathanistan.
The absence of an inviolable international border along AfPak lends
credence to this threat. The essay in no way challenges the patriotism of the
majority of Pathans living in KPK and Fata. Rather it seeks to expose the
nefarious designs of a few, supported by actors who wish to even out with
Pakistan. Some believe that such an event could trigger a domino effect and, in
due course, disintegrate Pakistan
As mentioned in Firewalls to Peace of July 13 and The Doha Initiative
of June 22, the stability of Pakistans north-western regions is linked to the
progress of negotiations in Afghanistan and Afghan Taliban. In case they agree
to a power sharing formula and elections in 2014, a degree of stability in
Afghanistan will isolate the TTP forcing them to negotiate amicable terms of
surrender. If not, there is likelihood that the two would merge in the real term of
AfPak and take Pakistan to the next level of instability and anarchy. Karzai
supported by Indians holds the TTP and Swat terrorists up his sleeve to exploit
this.
Given such a volatile post-withdrawal scenario and an internally divisive
political dispensation, the wisdom of rigging elections 2013 becomes all too
apparent. It is foolhardy to expect and ensure the failure of PTI in KPK as its
permanent death. Imran Khan and PTI will fight its battle to the end. If he
loses, Pakistan also loses. It is wise and statesmanlike of Imran Khan to ask the
Chief of Army Staff to brief him and the Prime Minister on top secret
diplomacy briefs and counter-terrorism policies before they together formulate a
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realistic and productive counter-terrorism policy. He realizes the security


challenges to Pakistan and will refuse to become part of a pliant regime that
risks walking the 1970-71 edge once again. (Samson Simon Sharaf, TheNation
27th July)
No mercy from terror: Even Ramazan, the holy month when the
faithful fast and pray and seek forgiveness of Almighty Allah for the sins they
have committed, could not save Muslims from the supposedly religious fervour
of supposedly superior Muslims. Mentored to kill, teenage suicide bombers
are dispatched from seminaries with kindly blessings and generous praise, to
target citizens of other sects, in the pursuit of heaven.
Tempted by the same concept, two suicide bombers detonated their
jackets in Parachinar, Kurram Agency, taking the lives of 50 citizens who were
out shopping for their iftar needs as well as shopkeepers, and wounding nearly
200 others. Twenty of the wounded are in critical condition, and continue to
struggle for their lives. Around the scene of tragedy is the area inhabited mainly
by the members of Shia community, who have suffered painful incident after
incident at the hands of fanatic Sunnis in Quetta, Karachi, Northern Areas and
some parts of the tribal region.
The Shia community has shown itself to be a model of patience,
constituting 20% of the population, they have refused to react violently, and
even now continue to record heartbreaking protests with a deaf and dumb
government and military.
Government has failed to comprehend the cruel reality that internal
sectarian strife is proving to be more destabilizing than the drones operated
from half way around the world. Lets look within and not blame outside agents
for the carnage.
Sectarian madness is an agenda of these butchering hordes of men, apart
from their commonly known mission of driving the occupation forces out of
Afghanistan. And it is, beyond doubt, more lethal to social harmony than,
perhaps, any other affliction the country suffers from. Unless those who
spearhead the sectarian murders are gotten rid of, it would be idle to assume that
anything else, be it the departure of foreign troops from Afghanistan or talks
with the militants could bring peace to this long troubled land.
The fault lies with the government, the security agencies and the religious
leaders who know who these sectarian leaders are, who know where they live,
who do not put any hurdles in the way of their operations and whose evil
agenda none have the courage to openly condemn.
It is time the sectarian terrorists were flushed out of the system and for
that the authorities would also have to ensure not just a ruthless operation, but

53

also that the stream of funds and arms coming from sympathetic sectarian
interests abroad are not allowed to reach them. (Editorial, TheNation 28th July)

Afghanistan
Afghanistan imbroglio: The Obama administration wants a maximally
safe passage for US army's retreat in order to minimize the impact of its
humiliating defeat at the hands of the warring Taliban. So, it wants peace with
the Taliban.
President Karzai too wants peace in Afghanistan, but for his own and
cronies' security. According to the Afghan constitution, he cannot contest the
presidential elections for the third time and, thus, wants to be the lead player in
the peace negotiations with the Taliban - as said earlier, to possibly secure
concessions for himself and his cohorts in the post-withdrawal Afghanistan.
Nevertheless, the game that is being played by the American and Afghan
governments is very dangerous, which may have disastrous consequences for
Afghanistan and the region. So, the war-battered country actually needs a grand
national reconciliation that, arguably, stands a good chance of coming about if
given a try at this point in time when the situation is propitious.
All parties to the conflict appear to be exhausted and it is in this backdrop
that the Taliban have indicated that they are not loath to talk to its erstwhile foes
of the Northern Alliance. So much so, that Mullah Omar, in his last years Eid
message, had categorically stated: The Taliban had no intent at all to
monopolize power in a post-withdrawal Afghanistan.
Further, several Afghan political and ethnic entities also want to be part of
the peace dialogue, though to the anger of Karzai. He insists implausibly that
his regime represents every hue and stripe of the Afghan polity, which those
entities do not accept. But there is no other choice. Indeed, the dialogue for
peace, harmony and security has to be broad-based. And the Taliban would not
be averse to the peace deal if it is judicious and based on merit, and other parties
show due respect for the erstwhile kings and kingmakers in Afghanistan
Pashtuns.
Add to this, the American policymakers must be ruing in their hearts for
being so disrespectful to Afghanistans ground realities since their occupation
has come to cause difficulties in their idea of a respectable exit. They had taken
the Taliban lightly 12 years ago. Anyhow, they have reaped the fruits of their
folly. But President Karzai should not throw a spanner in the works to obscure
the prospects for peace and should rather facilitate the reconciliation process to
bring stability in Afghanistan. (Mohammad Jamil, TheNation 17th July)

India
54

Inadvisable, inopportune: In principle, there can be no objection to


Pakistans instituting measures to resume dialogue with India for the simple
reason that there can hardly be a better way of sorting contentious issues out
between any two states, more particularly between neighbouring countries,
which have failed to resolve them with the force of arms. Besides, inter-regional
harmony to which talks with India should contribute and economic and
commercial ties have proven to be of great benefit to the parties involved in
recording quicker progress and alleviating poverty of their masses, an important
factor for a developing country like Pakistan.
Nevertheless, with the painful backlog of Pak-India history, to which
New Delhi has continued, deliberately and provocatively, to add vitiating
substances, any move to develop normal relations with it has to be taken with
due caution. Incomprehensibly, however, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is
showing no signs of restraint in putting relations with India on an even keel,
giving the impression of an unbecoming desperation. In a meeting with the
visiting British Foreign Secretary William Hague on Thursday, he apprised him
that backdoor diplomacy with India had been revived. One would have
preferred, though, that the Prime Minister adopted the normal channel of
diplomatic contacts, instead. Simply because it is inadvisable to hold secret
talks with a country, which has gone back on its solemn commitments made at
no less a forum than the UN Security Council. Backdoor diplomacy is
conducted beyond the glare of media and hence public knowledge and will
make it easier for India to renege on any promises it makes.
However, while holding talks through backdoor diplomacy or open
diplomatic channels, Pakistan must not lose sight of certain realities on the
ground. Indias unabated persecution of the hapless people of Kashmir whose
only fault is that they demand the right of self-determination to decide whether
they wish to join Pakistan or India, in line with the UN resolutions India itself
sponsored.. Last Wednesday, its security forces shot dead six unarmed
Kashmiris for protesting against raiding a mosque and killing its imam. Indias
refusal to resolve the dispute cannot be taken lightly. It has been made more
complicated by water diversion to irrigate Indian lands, posing existential threat
to Pakistan. Kashmir must constitute an integral part of negotiations and
concrete progress towards its resolution assured before normalizing relations
with India. (Editorial, TheNation 20th July)
The struggle continues: Kashmiris the world over marked Friday as
Accession to Pakistan Day, but the most intense protests took place in the Held
Valley itself, where scores were injured in the clashes with the security forces.
The Indian occupation forces tried to clamp down on the protests by imposing a
curfew, and by suspending mobile and internet services, as well as putting
APHC leaders Ali Geelani and Mirwaiz Umar Farooq under house arrest and
arresting Shabbir Shah and others. The protests gained intensity, because they
55

also combined with the protests against the killing of six people when the
occupation forces fired on a crowd protesting the desecration of a mosque. The
incident showed the Kashmiri people as well as the world at large the cost of
Indian occupation, the price of not being allowed their right of selfdetermination. The cost to India of this occupation can be seen from a recent
opinion poll, carried out with the joint cooperation of the Lowe Institute of
International Policy and the Australia-India Institute, showed that 94 percent of
Indians regard Pakistan as the greatest danger to India. This shows an awareness
that India has fought three wars with Pakistan, but there has to be a
corresponding realization that the wars were over Kashmir.
There does not seem a sufficient effort by Indians to join the dots: to
understand that the unrest in Kashmir was created by the Indian government
when it illegally occupied the Valley, and has been compounded by its
subsequent refusal to allow the Kashmiri people this intrinsic right of selfdetermination through a UN-supervised plebiscite. This solution was taken to
the international community, in the shape of the UN Security Council, by India
itself, but it has itself resiled from it. At the same time, the Indian refusal to
accept the existence of Pakistan is shown by the survey, and thus the futility of
all peace efforts which do not attempt to solve the core issue of Kashmir in
accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri people.
The government of Pakistan must never forget its role as the base camp
of the Kashmir freedom struggle, and must insist that India settle this issue
before obtaining a general settlement. India must not be allowed to posture
before the world as an upholder of human rights while brutally crushing those
of the Kashmiri people. It is the duty of Pakistan to provide the moral and
diplomatic support necessary for this, which would start with refusing to have
any talks which do not start with resolving the Kashmir issue. (Editorial,
TheNation 21st July)
Ties with neighbours: In line with the highly pragmatic principle of
having an environment that is conducive to peace and progress, the Prime
Minister directed the Foreign Ministry to frame policies that could make for
improved relations with the neighbouring countries, policies designed to
advance national development goals and enhance Pakistans international
stature
Stress on strengthening the economy is of unquestionable relevance to
our needs, no doubt, but in the context of relations with New Delhi, it is
pregnant with serious dangers, unless tied with resolution of disputes. Kashmir,
in particular, if not settled soon, could spell disaster to our agriculture, the
mainstay of the Pakistans economy, since it is relentlessly diverting our rivers
whose headwaters lie in the occupied state. Mian Nawaz should know that it is
not just the Kashmiris, who feel disillusioned and let down by his unconditional

56

overtures of friendship to India, but the Pakistanis are equally perturbed. He had
better rein in his instinct of adopting an expansive attitude towards it without
ensuring a matching response to matters of our concern. Instead of positive
signals coming from across Wagah, the recently-revealed stories of Indias own
hand in staging Parliament attack as well as the Mumbai massacre keep distrust
of India alive here. (Editorial, TheNation 22nd July)
Retooling Pakistan-India relations: When Indian Prime Minister Dr
Manmohan Singh meets his Pakistani counterpart on the sidelines of the 68th
UNGA, he would no longer be able to refer to at least two sticky incidents: the
attack on Indian Parliament in 2001 and the Mumbai carnage of 2008. Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif will still be able to talk to him about the Indian
intelligence agencys handiworks within India as well as in Pakistan, thanks to
the startling revelations by a former Indian investigator Satish Verma.
Julian Assange, Edward Snowden and Satish Verma belong to the
category of people, who risk their way of life to set the records straight. Not an
easy thing to do, indeed. It is stressful, often costing near and dear relationships.
Whistleblowers of this level are destined to lifetime harassment by the
silhouettes and revengeful persecution by the affected states and former
colleagues. Certainly, Verma was not unaware of the hardships Assange and
Snowden are facing, yet he chose to follow their line.
Verma has, indeed, done a good service to expose the wheels within
wheels system that does not let the Pakistan-India relations stabilize, let alone
attain maturity in a sustainable way. This bilateral relationship has followed the
analogy of one step forward and two backwards. Some very meaningful
initiatives proved to be non-starters because something would happen just
when their launch was around the corner.
According to Times of India, Mr Mani, a former Interior Ministry official,
has submitted affidavits in court in the Ishrat Jahan fake encounter case,
stating that Verma, told him that both the 2001 attack on Indian Parliament and
the 2008 Mumbai attacks were set up
Pakistan does not expect a confession from the Indian government, there
are signs that Mani is already retracting; Verma could also follow suit under
duress. Nevertheless, Pakistans relevant quarters should certainly pick up the
cues and construct the missing pieces of the jigsaw puzzles. Earlier on, also
there have been indications about Indian Parliament attack being a false flag
operation. However, it is for the first time that fingers have been pointed from
within India with regard to Mumbai carnage as well.
Both these attacks served Indian strategic objectives, as did the fake
hijacking of its own airliner Ganges in 1971. After the attack on Parliament, the
Kashmir issue got inseparably linked with prevailing trends of terrorism.
According to one narrative, Afghanistans Northern Alliance leadership had
57

provided five Kashmiri boys out of the arrested stock. They were brought to
India, brainwashed and used. The promptness with which this drama was
enacted left many questions unanswered. Against the backdrop of 9/11, the
world opinion quickly swayed in favour of India. It seems that both these
attacks were part of the series of incidents planned to create justification for
unilateral Indian military intervention as part of hot pursuit operations.
If one digs deeper, there have been a number of similar incidents,
especially in IHK, when the blame was immediately put on Pakistan without
concrete evidence and later when the inquiry reports came to light; it was
proved that the terrorist acts were engineered indigenously. In all probability,
Afzal Guru and Ajmal Kasab were made the scapegoats and promptly executed.
Likewise, massacre of 36 Sikhs in IHK on March 20, 2000, coinciding with the
visit of then US President was exposed by Mr Clinton himself, saying that
Hindu militants had perpetrated the act.
Hopefully, the Indian government would give a serious consideration to
the acts of its intelligence outfits and check their activities inside its own
country and in Pakistan in order to sincerely improve bilateral relations.
Apart from these issues, India is not letting due space to Pakistan in
matters like international trade. Ahead of the next WTO ministerial meeting,
reportedly, it has begun aggressive lobbying to get legal shelter for subsidy on
rice exports to the world market, a move likely to affect Pakistans rice exports.
As a result of trade distorting subsidies in India, Pakistan has already lost its 7
percent market share in rice exports to it.
Further, it has recently passed an ordinance on food security, which is
nothing short of a government takeover of two major commodities: wheat and
rice. Production of these two commodities is highly subsidized in India; further
policy space would mean that it will have an adverse impact on the food
security of other countries, which will lose their market share due to subsidized
Indian exports.
Against this backdrop, Pakistans High Commissioner to India Salman
Bashir has recently said: The government of Pakistan is clear and categorical in
according high priority to improving relations with India... We are working on
the dialogue process and fix date of various meetings.
One wonders that in the presence of these fundamental weaknesses, how
bilateral relations could become self-sustaining? While the Prime Ministers of
both the countries are keen to leave behind a legacy of putting Pak-India
relations on right track, the two sides need to correct the macro level distortions
and create an environment of mutual tolerance. Rhetoric alone wont work; the
entire structure of Pak-India relations needs reorientation and refitting. As of
now India is in no mood to cede space, and Pakistan is in position to cede space.
One should not expect much beyond symbolic. Nevertheless, the effort must go
58

on to re-rail the bilateral peace process yet for another time. (K. Iqbal,
TheNation 22nd July)
US Vice President visits India: While Pakistans federal government
mulls over its future internal and external policies, it is important for it to
thoroughly know what is happening in its neighbourhood and how leading
powers of the day, especially USA, view and work in this part of the world. In
this context, not much notice has been taken in Pakistan of US Vice President
Joe Bidens recent four-day visit to India.
It is pertinent to note that Bidens visit follows Kerrys sojourn to India in
June and is expected to be followed by Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singhs
six-day state visit to Washington in September. One may recall that the US
Secretary of State was to visit Pakistan too in June. He, however, did not come.
Then he was expected to come by the end of July. But the latest is that he may
not visit Islamabad this month.
Following Kerrys precedence, Biden spoke about the purpose and issues
relating to his visit before leaving Washington As articulated in the New York
Times report, during the last few years US companies have been complaining
about problems faced by them in dealing with the Indian government and its
private sector: The problem that companies confront here endemic
corruption, shifting government rules and poor infrastructure, among others
-seemed less dire when the Indian company was growing at a blistering rate.
But growth has slowed to five percent over the past year, and those issues have
become for greater irritants.
As Sadanand Dhume, writing in the Wall Street Journal, has remarked
that the American business had to deal with an obstreperous bureaucracy,
grasping politicians and regulatory systems that sometimes appear designed
more to enhance opportunities for graft than to encourage productive long-term
investments?
Biden after meeting with Indias political leadership discussed the trade
and investment problems with Indian businessmen in Mumbai. He did not
mince words while referring to these issues and addressing the City Stock
Exchange. There were obstacles, he said, to friendly business environment in
India. These were the lack of protection for intellectual property, inconsistent
tax rules, high barriers to market entry and protectionist policies. He called for a
trade and investment partnership that was open and fair to both countries and
pushed for an improved bilateral trade agreement.
While the trade and related relations between USA and India have hit a
rough patch mostly, according to reports, because of the deficiencies and
malpractices in India, Washington is determined to boost Indias role in the
region and in its plans for the Pacific Pivot, aimed at, inter alia, containing
China.
59

Washington also keeps dangling before New Delhi the prospect of a


Security Council permanent seat for India. It certainly wishes New Delhi to
continue extending its role in Afghanistan. Needless to say, President Hamid
Karzai has been won over. He has already taken crucial steps to forge close ties
with India by entering into its strategic partnership agreement. Under this
agreement, besides other concessions and facilities, the Indian army has been
engaged to train the Afghan military officers. Part of the reason why Karzai
brazenly remains antagonistic towards Pakistan is the ready support and advice
he keeps receiving from New Delhi.
Pakistan has to be astutely circumspect in its dealings with USA, India
and Afghanistan, particularly keeping in view the India-US partnership.
Islamabads foreign policy, indeed, will remain flawed unless various
dimensions of these relationships are continually factored in its strategic
thinking and planning.
The writer is former foreign secretary, ex-chairman of the first National
Commission for Literacy and Mass Education in Pakistan and currently heads
PACADE, which is the national NGO for literacy and continuing education.
(Inayatullah, TheNation 27th July)

REVIEW
Yet another revelation, or yet another disclosure of Indian blatant lies was
made. This was about implicating Pakistan in engineered terror attacks to
tarnish its image with the sinister aim of portraying it as a state that sponsors
terror. Indian investigators also discovered that three persons killed in an
encounter in Gujarat were not terrorists sent by ISI from across the border as
claimed by the killers.
The revelation made by investigators is not the first of its kind. There
have been many in the past including burning of Samjhota Express, massacre of
Sikhs in Chatti Singh Pura near Jammu, attack on Malegaom mosque and so on.
Killing of just three persons only has been mentioned specially because of a
statement submitted by Mr Mani in the court in which he said that attacks on
Indian Parliament and in Mumbai were conducted by Indian agencies.
On 15th and 16th July, most Pakistani news channels held discussions on
this statement and some also took Indian journalists on line, including Kuldeep
Nayyar, who has the reputation of being moderate and a staunch peace-seeker in
the Subcontinent. During discussions when execution of Afzal Guru over attack
on Indian Parliament and that of Ajmal Kasab over Mumbai attacks were
mentioned, the learned Kuldeep suggested as both have been hanged on court
orders the matter should be closed and the two countries must move forward.

60

It was shocking that a peace-lover from India suggested not to take


notice of the fact that man who was claimed to be hailing from Pakistani Punjab
and a jihadi, sought mercy of Bhagwan speaking in Marhati accent in his only
video made public. And even more shockingly, Indian Supreme Court while
sentencing Guru to death wrote that although there was no sufficient evidence
against him, yet he was sentenced because the public opinion demanded that.
It is a matter of shame that the apex court in the largest democracy of the
world awards death sentence to Muslims on public demand of Hindu majority.
Such a verdict would have put even Asma Jehangir to shame. She would have
certainly gone into frothing-fit if one of Bal Thakerays Hindu extremists had
been sentenced to death by a Pakistani court like Afzal Guru.
Pakistans new Prime Minister who is of Kashmiri by descent, despite the
incidents mentioned above, remained keen to have friendly ties with India,
arguing that people on either side of the divide are the same culturally. He is
especially interested in promoting bilateral trade between two countries; he
seemed too keen to move forward; but to where?
One is reminded of what the Quaid said about this cultural similarity; he
had said that Hindus worship the cow and Muslims cherish eating its meat. The
example of the cow could be elaborated further to make it easy for the Turnip
from Raiwind to understand. Hindus use the urine of cow for performance of
certain rituals and Muslims prefer Aab-e-Zamzam; yet Nawaz says we are
culturally the same.
He and others nourishing Amn ki Asha on either side of the border want
to bury the past and even the present and move ahead. Move forward the future
that would be brightened by flames of another Samjhota Express, or by
imported electricity generated of stolen water.
Media in Pakistan too has been quite timid in taking on India on this
count. This attitude has a lot to do with millions of dollars invested by the US in
embedding some media houses. Even the Daily Nation on July 19 had two
front-page headlines related to India; one was about revival of backdoor
diplomacy and other about massacre in Gool, IHK.
The two headlines showed the mindset of the editorial staff of one of the
newspaper of Nawa-e-Waqt Group, which is known for their sustained support
for the Kashmiris. It was unfortunate that even they placed the diplomacy
above the massacre. Trade with India seems to have overshadowed the blood of
innocent Kashmiris.
This change is in line with the thinking of PML-N government of which
this news group is a staunch supporter. Moreover, the news about Gool
massacre was published as received from across the border through Indias
official news channels. The death toll in the BSF firing was reported six, but

61

unofficial sources said at least 15 Kashmiri Muslims, including children, were


shot dead and about 60 were wounded out of which 18 were in critical
condition.
If this is how the bloodshed of Kashmirius is viewed by their longstanding supporters in Pakistani media; one cannot complain about others for
ignoring the killings. The Daily News has reasons to take it to the back page,
after all Jang Group nourishes the ambition called amn ki asha. This group is
like an MQM in the domain empire.
The stance of PML-N on this issue shows that for Nawaz an Amratsari
Kashmiri by descent blood is no thicker than water. And in the same context,
in view of his governments immediate priorities, the water is no more fluid
than the electricity.
29th July, 2013

END JUSTIFIES MEANS

62

The period under review saw many events worth mention. It began with
Fauzia Kasuri staging a come back to PTI, with which she had parted her way
over some differences developed during general elections. The EU observers
mission declared that nine percent polling stations were poorly managed while
30 percent polling stations in Sindh, especially port city of Karachi, saw
irregularities in the polling process during general elections.
Farooq Sattar admitted that the London police had seized some amount
of money during the raids of residence of his party boss, but he alleged that the
BBCs documentary on Altaf Hussain was influenced by pro-Taliban elements.
Three-pronged investigations against Altaf Hussain Imran Farooqs murder,
money laundering and inciting to violence continued.
MQM filed a defamation case with the Sindh High Court against Imran
Khan claiming damages to the tune of Rs5 billion for hurling unfounded
allegations against Altaf Hussain. Imran was summoned by the SHC to appear
before it on August 19. The PTI mulled filing a counter-case.
Tauqir Sadiq remained in custody after a NAB team had brought him
back to Pakistan from Abu Dhabi. The FIA continued investigating EOBI scam.
The Supreme Court ordered freezing all the bank accounts of DHA, Islamabad
and Rawalpindi, till deposit of Rs22 billion with the SC registrar.
Islamabad High Court issued its detailed judgment on amnesty scheme
introduced by the previous government for smuggled vehicles and termed it
illegal. The Supreme Court was informed that the federal government has
instructed the Balochistan government to proceed against ISI Brigadier,
allegedly involved in a case of enforced disappearance.
Turkish power firm Karkey Karadeniz Elektrik Uretim (KKEU)
approached the Washington based International Centre for Settlement of
Investment Disputes against Pakistans water and power ministry and also
served a Rs33billion damage notice on the ministry. The ship-based Karkey
rental power project had failed to generate electricity as per the contract.
Above were some of the important events, but all these were overshadowed by the political-cum-judicial row over the schedule of Presidential
polls. On 16th July, ECP issued the presidential election schedule and three days
later, it showed unwillingness to accept a government request for changing the
polling date.
On 23rd July, PML-N Chairman Senator Raja Muhammad Zafarul Haq
moved the Supreme Court, requesting for change of polling date. Next day, a
bench, headed by Chief Justice heard the petition and gave relief to PML-N by
ordering the election commission to hold presidential election on July 30
instead of August 6.

63

PPP and its former allies, PML-Q and ANP, announced boycott of
Presidential polls, which exposed PPPs love for the so-called democratic
system. Perhaps, the clever politicians of the party had visualized that the
democracy was about to take revenge from them. PTI, however, decided to
contest with reservation

NEWS
Power politics: On 8th July, Fauzia Kasuri announced to rejoin Pakistan
Tehrik-e-Insaf and vowed to serve the party to her level best. Insiders said
Fauzia resigned from the party after she developed differences with some of the
influential members of PTI. The differences between Fauzia Kasuri and the
partys high command started when she raised voice against the distribution of
party tickets for women reserved seats, ignoring those having long association
with the party.
PPP leader Qamar Zaman Kaira welcomed recent meeting between Imran
Khan and Akhtar Mengal in Islamabad in which they resolved to raise a
collective voice against the alleged rigging committed in May elections. He
further said that meeting of the two partys leaders on the very important subject
was a good initiative because all the political parties including ruling PML-N
had been complaining malpractices during the recently held elections.
On 10th July, the EU observers mission said that nine percent polling
stations were poorly managed while 30 percent polling stations in Sindh,
especially port city of Karachi, saw irregularities in the polling process during
2013 general elections. Issuing a report of Election Observation Mission for
Pakistan, two months after the polls, Chief Observer of the Mission and
Member EU Parliament Michael Gahler reiterated that the elections in Pakistan
registered 55 percent voter turnout. The report contains 50 recommendations on
improving the polling process and ensuring transparency.
He dismissed notions that Pakistan's intelligence agencies had any
interference in the election process, saying there was no evidence regarding
their involvement. He hoped the ECP would take appropriate steps to avoid
such situation in future. The autonomy of the election commission, he said it
had autonomy but lacked capacity, adding that some state institutions including
the judiciary acted beyond their constitutional role.
The report made the following recommendations: A special parliamentary
committee on elections should be formed to review related legislation within a
framework of international law commitments. Key issues to address for
compliance with Pakistan's international commitments include: candidacy
criteria, transparency requirements, and mechanisms for effective remedy.

64

The ECP should take full responsibility for the administration of the
elections, including through management and control of the work of Returning
Officers (ROs), and it should fully implement its five-year strategic plan, using
the opportunity of any upcoming by-elections and local elections to implement
improved practices.
The ECP establish a clear regulatory framework for all aspects of the
election, including those about the results management, observation and
scrutiny and complaints. The ECP review and develop procedures to increase
checks in the polling and results process, and develop practices to improve the
quality of completed results forms.
The ECP introduce strong transparency measures including making all
notifications, decisions and election related information immediately and easily
available to the public. All polling and results information should be swiftly
publicly available on the ECP website. The legal framework for media should
be revised so that it fully supports editorial independence and eliminates
censorship. The Code of Conduct for Media should be enforced, so that
equitable opportunities are given to candidates and parties by the state and
private media.
Measures should be taken to promote the participation of women.
Resolute actions should be taken against agreements that prohibit women from
voting. The separate list for Ahmadi voters should be abolished, so that all
voters are on one unified electoral roll, according to requirements for age and
Pakistani citizenship.
Next day, London Metropolitan Police said that it has started
investigation of money laundering and inciting violence against MQM chief
Altaf Hussain. The BBC claimed that 0.4 million pounds were found in London
police raids at the office of the MQM and Altaf Hussains residence. Police did
not give details about the amount but said the amount was taken into custody
under Proceed of Crime Act. The raids were conducted on December 6, 2012
and June 18, 2013.
Former deputy convener of MQM Dr Farooq Sattar talking to BBC
admitted that the London police had seized some amount of money during the
raids; adding that he was not aware of the exact figure. Sattar said that MQM
was not involved in money laundering. He alleged that the BBCs documentary
on Altaf Hussain was influenced by pro-Taliban elements. He claimed that no
threatening statements were issued from London to trigger violence in Pakistan.
During a report prepared by BBC show News Night, the police told a
BBC correspondent that the investigation into former MQM leader Imran
Farooqs murder was also underway. Earlier in June, as part of its investigation
into the Imran Farooq murder case, Scotland Yard raided Altaf Hussains house
in London. The search operation continued for over 55 hours. The London
65

Police declared the last years arrest of two men in Karachi crucial in Imran
Farooq murder case, saying that it is in contact with Pakistani authorities on the
matter.
On 16th July, ECP issued the presidential election schedule. Approved by
the Chief Election Commissioner Justice (Retd) Fakhruddin G Ebrahim and the
four ECP members, the presidential elections schedule seeks nomination papers
from the candidates on July 24, scrutiny of nomination papers on July 26,
withdrawal of candidature/display of final list on July 29 and polling day on
August 6.
On 18th July, the Supreme Court reproved Punjab and Sindh governments
over their apparent fraudulence over the local government (LG) elections and
warned that it will pass an order in case of continuous doggedness over the
issue. The court disapproved the arguments presented by their advocate
generals, who sought to buy unnecessarily long period of time. It directed all the
provinces, the Islamabad Capital Territory administration and the election
commission to hold elections by September, telling them to give specific dates
for the polls on next hearing on July 22.
The ICT and KPK governments said they were ready for the polls and
they have written to the ECP for the date of elections. This earned them praise
from the court. But the other three provinces and the ECP expressed their
inability to hold the polls by September. ECP Additional Director General
(Legal) said that the commission was presently busy with the preparation for
presidential elections and needed some time to go for local government
elections.
The Supreme Court suspended the membership of PTI MNA Ghulam
Sarwar Khan for holding fake degree and disqualified two members of Punjab
Assembly Khawaja Muhammad Islam of PML-N and Mir Baad Shah Khan
Qaisrani of JUI for holding fake degrees. The Higher Education Commission
(HEC) submitting a report before the bench told that their degrees were fake.
Upon this, the bench directed the ECP to issue notification regarding their
disqualification.
Next day, the ECP showed unwillingness to accept a government request
for changing the polling date. In a letter to ECP Secretary, Law Secretary had
intimated that several lawmakers were intending either to observe Aitkaf or
leave for Saudi Arabia for Umrah and they would not be available to participate
in the election on August 6, the polling day. He suggested that rest of the
schedule may remain unchanged while the polling may be held on any date
before August 6.
In the light of Article 41 (4), the ECP can hold the presidential election
not later than August 10 as the term of incumbent President Asif Ali Zardari
expires on September 8. The said article says, Election to the office of
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president shall be held not earlier than sixty days and not later than thirty days
to the expiration of the term of the president in office. In case, the election
could not be held within the prescribed period because of dissolution of the
national assembly, it shall be held within thirty days of the general elections.
Moreover, the ECP, in exercise of its powers as per Article 254, can fix
the polling date beyond August 10. When any act or thing is required by the
constitution to be done within a particular period and it is not done within that
period, the doing of the act or thing shall not be invalid or otherwise ineffective
by reason only that it was not done within that period, it states. Citing the same
article, the ECP had changed the schedule for 2008 general elections after the
assassination of PPP leader Benazir Bhutto in December 2007. Also, the
schedules for certain by-elections in 2010 and 2011 were amended due to
floods.
On 20th July, PTI announced the name of Justice (Retd) Wajihuddin
Ahmed as the partys candidate for the upcoming presidential election, making
it clear that there would no joint candidate from the opposition parties. Pakistan
Peoples Party (PPP) has already nominated its senior leader Senator Mian Raza
Rabbani as the candidate for the presidential election.
On 22nd July, the ECP made its already taken decision final on keeping
the polling date for presidential elections unchanged and returned a related
summary to the law ministry. The decision came during a meeting of the CEC
chaired through teleconferencing by the Chief Election Commissioner. The
CEC ordered returning the summary to the ministry with the reported comments
intimating the ministry about the ECP decision and urging it to comply with the
same.
The Supreme Court once again told the provincial and federal
governments that local bodies elections must be held in September. The court
said: Efforts should be made to arrange local government polls close to the date
of elections in cantonment boards. The court already fixed September 15, 2013
for holding local government elections in cantonment board areas across the
country.
Next day, PML-N Chairman Senator Raja Muhammad Zafarul Haq
moved the Supreme Court, requesting it to direct the ECP to hold presidential
election six days ahead of the schedule. The petition is filed by his attorney
under Article 184 (3) of the Constitution.
Making the ECP, chief election commissioner and federation as
respondents, the PML-N leader contended that last 10 days of Ramadan are
normally the days of extensive religious devotion/worship and quite a number
of the legislators may either be in aitekaf or go to Saudi Arabia for performing
umrah. August 6 will be on the 27 of Ramadan. This would be too close to

67

Eidul Fitr and many parliamentarians may like to go to their home-towns by


then, he added.
MQM filed a defamation case with the Sindh High Court against Imran
Khan claiming damages to the tune of Rs5 billion for hurling what they said
unfounded allegations against Altaf Hussain. Farooq Sattar and Farogh Naseem
personally moved the lawsuit in the court. On May 18, Imran Khan had held
Altaf Hussain responsible for the murder of his party leader, Zehra Shahid,
drawing strong reaction from MQM workers.
MQM said it had sent a legal notice to Imran following his accusations
but received no response in return. The party has now filed a defamation suit in
the court. He said PTI chief Imran Khan wrongly accused MQM chief as being
involved in the murder of PTI leader Zehra Shahid just a day before May 11
elections in Karachi. He further said that the PTI chief should tender an apology
for leveling baseless allegations against Altaf Hussain.
PTI leader Shireen Mazari said MQM leaders were continuously
defaming her party chief Imran Khan, therefore, the party decided to file a
defamation suit worth Rs10billion against the MQM. She said lawyers had been
consulted in this regard while a final decision would be made after Imran
Khans return on July 25.
On 24th July, three-member bench, headed by Chief Justice heard a
petition filed by Raja Zafarul Haq and gave relief to PML-N by ordering the
election commission to hold presidential election on July 30 instead of August
6. The court also dictated the fully revised election schedule to the ECP,
according to which the nomination papers will be filed with the Presiding
Officers at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta on July 24,
scrutiny of nomination papers will be done by the Returning Officer at
Islamabad on July 26, withdrawal of candidature on July 27 and list of validly
nominated candidates will be published the same day.
Expressing serious reservation over the verdict, PPP said that change of
presidential poll schedule would affect their campaign. Without listening to
other parties, the Supreme Court announced its unilateral decision, which will
affect PPPs campaign, said PPPs presidential candidate Raza Rabbani,
addressing a press conference. Aitizaz Ahsan said this decision created many
doubts. There is no constitutional base of the decision, he said, adding that
PPP was reconsidering to participate in the election after this court decision.
Besides PM<-N nominee Mamnoon Hussain, some eight other candidates
submitted their nomination papers in Islamabad High Court (IHC) for
presidential polls scheduled for July 30. Chief Justice IHC Justice Muhammad
Anwar Khan Kasi, who is presiding officer for the presidential elections,
received the nomination papers from these nine candidates. PPP has fielded
Senator Raza Rabbani as party's candidate for presidential election.
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Mubashir Hassan reported in TheNation that the party position of


different political groups in the Senate, National Assembly and four provincial
assemblies indicates the ruling PML-N is short of at least 33 electoral votes to
secure a simple majority for its presidential candidate. Out of a total of 706
electoral votes to be cast to elect a new president, PML-N has around 321 votes;
the required numbers may come from the independents, Jamiat Ulema-e-IslamFazl and Jamaat-e-Islami which are going to play a decisive role in the
presidential poll.
Next day, the MQM reportedly decided to support PML-N candidate in
the presidential election after PPP failed to convince the former partner to
support its man. MQM Coordination Committee member Amin-ul-Haq,
however, said that they were still negotiations with parties and would announce
their decision soon.
The Sindh High Court issued notices to Imran Khan on Rs5bn lawsuit
filed by the MQM for allegedly involving the MQM and its chief Altaf Hussain
in PTI leader Zehra Shahid Hussains murder. The court has directed the PTI
and its chief to appear before the additional registrar of SHC in person or by
pleader to answer all such questions raised in the lawsuit on December 13. The
court directed them to produce all such documents upon which they wanted to
rely on their defence. The court notice said in default of defendants appearance,
the lawsuit will be heard and decided in absence of the defendants.
The Supreme Court disqualified Samina Khawar Hayat, a PML-Q
member of Punjab Assembly, for holding fake degree and directed the ECP to
proceed against her strictly in accordance with law to fill the resulting vacancy.
The court after completing the hearing in the instant matter ruled that in view of
the law laid down by the apex court in various judgments, it is clear and obvious
that the petitioner did not possess the qualification as set forth in Article 62(1)(f)
of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, to contest the
elections or to be member of the parliament of provincial assembly.
On 26th July, after hectic rounds of consultations with minor and major
opposition parties, PPP finally announced it will boycott July 30 presidential
election, saying the party was not consulted on rescheduling of the polls. PPPs
decision to step back was immediately supported by three of its allies PML-Q,
ANP and BNP-A who also announced staying away from the election.
CEC accepted nomination papers of Mamnoon Hussain, Wajih-ud-Din
Ahmed and Iqbal Zafar Jhagra for the presidential election and rejected the
nominations of the remaining 21 candidates, including PPPs Raza Rabbani.
PPP boycotted the presidential poll, which led to the rejection of its candidates
nomination papers.
As many as 24 nomination papers for presidential poll were filed. Nine
candidates filed 12 nomination papers at the registrars office, Islamabad High
69

Court; seven candidates each filed their nominations at the registrars' offices of
Lahore and Sindh High Courts while one candidate filed his papers at the
Peshawar High Courts registrar office. No candidate filed papers at Balochistan
High Court (Quetta) for the presidential poll.
After a decade-long rivalry between the two political parties, PML-N
made the first direct contact with MQM, A PML-N delegation arrived at
MQMs headquarter to request the opposition party for support in the
presidential election. Altaf Hussain agreed to back the Nawaz-League. PML-N
reciprocated by inviting MQM to join federal government.
Imran Khan said though his party was not happy with the verdict of
Supreme Court regarding the new date, they would contest the presidential
election as per the schedule given by the ECP. Imran Khan said PTI would not
give free space to PML-N and its candidate, Justice (r) Wajih-ud-Din Ahmed
who is an upright and honest person beyond any doubt would contest the
presidential election.
Jamaat-e-Islami decided to fully support PTI candidate in the presidential
poll. About PPPs decision to boycott the presidential poll, Munawar Hassan
said it would prove harmful for their party. It is tradition of PPP that the party
does not accept the SC decision in any matter, he said, adding it had accepted
no decision of the Supreme Court during the last five years.
JUI-F chief Maulana Fazlur Rahman expressed disappointment over the
boycott of PPP and its allies saying that Raza Rabbani being a formidable
candidate will be missed in the presidential race. The Maulana said that PPP is
within its right to boycott elections. However, we all have complaints against
decisions of judiciary in the past, yet we have to live with these judgments, he
observed.
The Sindh High Court summoned PTI Chairman Imran Khan in court
after filing of defamation suit by MQM. The court has issued notice to Imran
Khan to appear before the court on December 13. He is obliged to appear before
court with relevant documents and written statement in favour of his stance
against MQM; otherwise, decision could be given as per available evidences.
Next day, it was reported that JUI-F has conditioned its support to PMLN presidential candidate Mamnoon Hussain with giving it three ministries in
Balochistan government. Only a day before, Fazlur Rehman told Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif that national interest, not the ministerial positions, was their
priority.
No-trust motion brought against Azad Jammu and Kashmir Prime
Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed failed as no member present in the
Legislative Assembly voted in its favour. The motion had been submitted by
two ruling Peoples Party (PPAJK) dissidents. However, the assembly

70

secretariat sources claimed that they had also received an application from the
two MLAs for withdrawal of the no-confidence resolution.

Governance: On 11th July, PML-N MPA Arif Sandheela allegedly


roughed up a lady vet over a petty issue during a visit at a hospital. The MPA
threw a mobile phone on her face and also pushed her out of his office. Sana
Jabeen, a doctor at a veterinary hospital, alleged the issue was regarding free
medicines that the government does not provide. Dr Sana urged the Punjab CM
to take notice of the incident.
On 13th July, PPPs Deputy Secretary General Senator Raza Rabbani
alleged that through its steps of retaining the education and health ministries at
the Centre, reducing the gas share of Sindh province and delaying formation of
the Council of Common Interests (CCI), PML-Ns federal government is
continuously violating the 1973 Constitution in an attempt to reverse the
provincial autonomy devolved under 18th Amendment.
PPP Sindh leader Taj Haider said the Sindh government had initiated a
number of power plants on solar, wind and Thar Coal based on public-private
partnership to ease the electricity problem, but the federal government had not
given NOC for the project in Nooribabad, delaying the import of machinery and
observance of other formalities.
Next day, Auditor General of Pakistan (AGP) detected irregularities and
non-compliances of about Rs147 billion in the accounts of Benazir Income
Support Programme (BISP) in the audit year of 2013. BISP management paid
Rs12.220 million to a chartered accountant on account of Nationwide Rollout of
Poverty Scoreboard during 2011-12. The audit was not provided with the
selection criteria of the firm, correspondence file and the report submitted by
the firm.
BISP management paid an amount of Rs3.734 million to the nine
deputationists in the head of house rent allowances despite the fact that they
were allotted government accommodations. An amount of Rs21.583 million
was spent in adoption of special pay scale by BISP board without the
concurrence and approval of Finance Division and the subsequent payments
were irregular and unauthorized and the amount should be recovered.
A total of Rs2.746 million were paid in violation of the government's
instruction. Similarly, an amount of Rs1647.486 million was spent under the
head of selection of four advertising firms without due evaluation, the entire
process of short-listing and final selection was done without the involvement of
Press Information Department.
An amount of Rs2747.256 million was spent on irregular appointment of
State Life Insurance Corporation (SLIC) without open competition. Likewise,
an amount of Rs74412.364 million was spent in regulation for disbursement of
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funds not approved from the BISP board as the BISP management made
payments during 2010-12.
An amount of Rs7.665 million was spent in the head of provision of
vehicles to unauthorized officers and Rs1.930 million was paid in irregular and
unauthorized payment to cash reward to World Bank consultants. Similarly, an
amount of Rs2648.747 million was spent in undue favour to SLIC as the BISP
management Board decided to provide life Insurance worth Rs100,000 to the
primary bread-earners of the families.
A total sum of Rs73.752 million was awarded to NADRA without open
competition for printing and distribution of 184,379 Benazir Smart Cards at the
rate of Rs400 per card. An amount of Rs65098 million was spent on agreements
with Pakistan Post and commercial banks, which contained provision of
reconciliation of funds disbursed before next payment. Similarly an amount of
Rs66.968 million was spent in the head of over-payment to Pakistan Post. An
amount of Rs305.577 million was paid to ineligible beneficiaries.
The BISP was established through an Ordinance in 2009 to provide
financial support, assistance and other opportunities, such as education,
vocational training, skills development, welfare programme, livelihood
programme, health insurance, accidence insurance and access to micro-finance.
The President of Pakistan is chief patron and prime minister is executive patron
of BISP while a federal minister manages its operations as chairpersons with the
help of board constituted by the President on the advice of the PM.
Taking notice of increase in cost of Nandipur power project, Prime
Minister directed the Planning Division secretary to submit a report on the
matter within three days. Former Pepco managing director, in a recent letter to
Chief Justice of Pakistan, had exposed Rs15 billion scam in this project.
Munawar stated the PML-N government had revived the 425MW project with a
monumental upward cost revision of $570 million from previous $329 million.
The Nandipur plant was supposed to start production by the end of 2010,
but the work was stopped in April 2011 after the former government failed to
pacify concerns of the foreign lenders who refused to release funds for the
project. Being built near Gujranwala, the combined-cycle plant is halfway
complete with three turbines already installed at the site.
On 16th July, President Zardari, on the advice of the Prime Minister,
approved termination of the appointment of Admiral (Retd) Fasih Bokhari as
chairman NAB with effect from the date of judgment of Supreme Court of
Pakistan. The Supreme Court of Pakistan in its judgment dated 28-05-2013
declared the appointment of Admiral (Retd) Fasih Bokhari as Chairman NAB to
be without lawful authority and was set aside with immediate effect.

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The NAB summoned former Prime Minister Gilani on July 18 on the


pointation of principal accused of multi-billion Ogra scam, Tauqir Sadiq.
Similarly, NAB issued notices to Mirza Mehmood Ahmed Advocate and Zohair
Siddique, Managing Director (MD) Sui Southern Gas Company Limited
(SSGCL), to appear before NAB investigators on July 18.
Next day, it was reported that the Turkish power firm Karkey Karadeniz
Elektrik Uretim (KKEU) has approached the Washington based International
Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) against Pakistans water
and power ministry and also served a Rs33billion damage notice on the
ministry.
The ship-based Karkey rental power project also is probably the most
controversial project among the RPPs cases. The PPP government, in April
2011, commissioned the Karkey rental plant but it failed to generate the
promised 231MW of electricity. The actual production came to be mere 30-55
MW per day at the cost of Rs41 per unit.
ICSID is an autonomous international institution established in 1965
under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States
and Nationals of Other States. It is based in Washington, DC and operating
under the World Bank. It is said to be an impartial international forum providing
facilities for arbitration of international investment disputes.
On 20th July, KPK government approved a policy of rapid
industrialization in the province, which is based on fully exploiting the rich
natural resource endowment. The policy is a paradigmatic shift from the vicious
circle of geographical disadvantageous location of the province to the
exploitation of its abundant natural resources, particularly energy. Under the
policy, industrialists will be offered cheap electricity near the numerous
hydropower generation spots not only just identified but many completed or
near completion.
Such inexpensive electricity will also be offered to the investors near the
gas extracting spots, which can be easily generated thereby. One of such
important projects is the construction of additional Pehur project which will be
completed soon. The project will provide electricity to the industries of Gadoon
Amazai Industrial Estate at cheap and concessional rates.
Another such local project is Dargais Malakand-111, hydropower
generation plant, which could provide inexpensive electricity to the investors.
The construction of Malakand-111 hydropower project of 81mw-capacity was
undertaken at Dargai almost eight years ago at a cost of $80 million. For the
time being, its electricity is sold to Wapda at cheap rates, which is resold to the
public at much higher rates. But still the agreement with Wapda is to be studied
for revival.

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The KPK government has allocated a sum of Rs373 million in its budget
for the year 2013-14 for the 12 new powers generation schemes in the province.
Of them five schemes will be completed during the current financial year. There
are 13 under-construction Wapda projects of cumulative capacity of 8,152mw in
the province. There are another eight IPP projects of various capacities ranging
from 132mw to 840mw, being implemented by the private sector under the
Power Policy 2002.
KPK has launched an ambitious programme for generating 2,036mw
electricity to be implemented phase-wise. Most of these are run-of-the-river
type projects with high, medium and small water heads, some with small daily
water storage. While the province has already established an independent
organization PHYDO which has focused on hydropower generation and, of late,
from the oil and gas having been explored in the southern districts a few years
ago.
It was also, in principle, approved as part of the said policy that the
province should explore the establishment of such an independent and
autonomous power distribution organization which would enable the provincial
government to ensure just and direct distribution of power so generated among
both the domestic consumers and industrialists. Therefore, the offer of cheap
electricity will not only be limited to hydropower generating areas but also from
gas too, which is in abundance in the southern and backward districts of the
province.
On 25th July, Chief Minister Taskforce against electricity and gas stealers
conducted a raid over a factory located on Multan Roadm Lahore and traced out
electricity stealing through tempered meter. Factory owner Bukhtiar Ahmed and
his employee have been arrested and a case has been registered against them.
On 27th July, Railways announced up to 57 per cent reduction in fares of
different trains at specific sections. But this cut is for the air-conditioned class
passengers while the economy class would continue to pay the old charges.
Railways Minister said this fare decrease is initially for three months but the
facility would continue if it resulted in enhanced revenue generation.
The first-ever mobile court in Pakistan started functioning in Peshawar by
hearing six cases after it was formally inaugurated by Peshawar High Court
Chief Justice Dost Muhammad Khan on Saturday. The idea to have mobile
courts in the province was of the chief justice who, soon after his appointment
in November 2011, had announced that there were several things on his priority
list and setting up of mobile courts was one of them.

Judiciary: On 8th July, Malik Riaz appeared before the investigation


team of FIA in compliance notices issued to Malik Riaz to make sure his
appearance to answer the queries in connection with his alleged involvement in

74

the EOBI Scam. He denied the allegations leveled against him in front of the
probe team. The Supreme Court had directed the FIA to complete the
investigations within ten days and submit a detailed report before the bench.
Next day, an accountability court remanded Tauqir Sadiq, the fugitive
former chief of the Ogra, in NAB custody for 14 days. Tauqir the prime
accused in Rs82 billion corruption scam was presented in the court; he pleaded
not guilty and accused authorities of mistreating him. During the court
proceeding, he denied corruption allegations, saying that NABs investigation
team has tortured him.
Earlier, NAB team brought him back to Pakistan after an Abu Dhabi court
had ordered his deportation June 3. During his body search at airport, the NAB
official recovered 1,410 dirhams, 50 pages written in Urdu and English and a
list of telephone numbers of his jail fellows from India, Bangladesh,
Philippines, Afghanistan and some local numbers from Lahore and Peshawar.
The documents recovered from Tauqir were written in Al-Ain Jail of Abu
Dhabi. In his writings, he termed the Ogra scam as a political move against the
previous government and claimed to go to the International Court of Justice
(ICJ) against the judgment of the apex court of Pakistan. Tauqir refused to sign
the paper recovered from him and threatened the NAB official that he would not
succeed in obtaining his physical remand.
During the preliminary investigation at the airport, Tauqir showed
arrogance and threatened the NAB official of dire consequences. Tauqir, in
presence of a Abu Dhabi-based TV journalist, said I played with the judicial
system of UAE for six months and now I will play with the judicial system of
Pakistan.
On 10th July, the Supreme Court suspended the membership of two
Punjab Assembly members, Shaukat Aziz and Khawaja Muhammad Islam, over
improper degrees. According to the verdict, membership of Shaukat Aziz Bhatti,
PP-4, will remain suspended until the verification of his degree from the Higher
Education Commission (HEC). The HEC said Shaukat Aziz submitted someone
else's degree for verification. Meanwhile, the court also suspended the
membership of Khawaja Islam, PP-72. He had submitted A-Level certificate
that is not equivalent to Bachelors degree.
Reportedly, Rahim Dad Khan and Syed Zahir Ali Shah, former KPK
ministers, helped the proclaimed offender, Tauqir Sadiq, by using their links
with the consul general of Afghanistan and arranged the visa for Kabul for the
fugitive. Similarly, after escaping from Islamabad, the proclaimed offender
stayed for four to five days at the Peshawar residence of Syed Zahir Ali Shah
who managed the visa for him from Afghani consul.

75

On June 18, 2012, the passport of Tauqir Sadiq was handed over to him,
the same day he crossed the Torkham border by road and reached Kabul where
a crony of Syed Zahir Ali Shah accommodated him for three days. During his
stay in Kabul, the fugitive got the visit visa of UAE and on June 21, Tauqir
Sadiq flew with Arian Airlines flight bound to Sharjah. The immigration
authorities at Torkham border have no record that shows the exit of Tauqir
Sadiq. The NAB, despite many attempts, could not have any information about
his escape from Torkham border.
The Supreme Court asked the NAB prosecutor to provide details of the
expenditures occurred on bringing Sadiq back, directing him to explain from
whom the amount would be recovered. The court also sought progress report of
action taken by NAB against the people who aided Sadiqs escape.
Next day, the high-ups of NAB prosecution wing failed to vacate the
restraining orders of Dewan Zia-Ur-Rehman Farooqi, the co-accused of the
OGRA scam, from the Islamabad High Court (IHC). The owner of Dewan
Petroleum Limited (DPL), Zia, was involved in the multi-billion OGRA scam
regarding the well-head pricing of Sal Sabeel Gasfield of Dera Ghazi Khan, the
sources added.
Tauqir Sadiq, the former Ogra Chairman had managed about Rs36 billion
for DPL to bag in the wellhead pricing of Salsabil gas field, while violating all
rules and regulations. The wellhead pricing which is a matter related with the
mainstream and comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Petroleum and
Natural Resources was interrupted by Tauqir, Member Gas Mansoor Muzafar
and Mir Kamal Mari, Member Finance of the OGRA.
Similarly, the wellhead pricing as per rules is the sole prerogative of the
Ministry of Petroleum and OGRA as the regulatory authority has no mandate
other than to follow the instruction and notify the price on the basis of given
instruction from the ministry but in this very unusual and special case the
OGRA gone out of its domain to increase the wellhead price of DPL Salsabil
Field.
The NAB wrote a letter to the Foreign Office for getting access to the
Afghan diplomats involved in the issuance of visa to former Ogra chairman
Tauqir Sadiq. NAB cannot summon Afghan diplomats because of their
diplomatic status. NAB will summon former KPK PPP ministers, Syed Zahir
Ali Shah and Rahim Dad Khan, who aided Sadiq escape from Pakistan, the
sources added.
On 13th July, an anti-narcotics court ordered for confiscation of the
properties and assets of former health secretary Khushnood Akhtar Lashari and
owners of three pharma companies over their failure to appear before the court
and submit details of their assets in ephedrine case. The court had issued notices
to 15 accused to provide details of their assets. However, the Gilani family and
76

former minister Makhdoom Shahabuddin submitted details of their assets and


sources of income before the court.
The FIA formed six teams to investigate Employees Old-Age Benefits
Institution (EOBI) scam and recover the embezzled Rs8.65 billion. FIA
Additional Director Basharat Shehzad, Additional Director Javed Shah and
Additional Director Azhar Mehmood would head two teams each, while all the
teams would include assistant directors and inspectors.
Though, PTI Lahore President Abdul Aleem Khan, former senator Gulzar
Ahmad Khan and four others have decided to return Rs7.5 billion to the EOBI
voluntarily, but FIA sources doubted it would help them much. We have signed
no such voluntarily return agreement with anyone so far, an FIA investigator
said.
Next day, it was reported that NAB investigators have solid evidence of
Tauqir Sadiq's involvement in massive corruption in the authority, and they have
prepared a formidable case against him and his collaborators and accomplices,
both within and outside the OGRA. However, family of the accused termed all
allegations leveled against Tauqir Sadiq to be false and fabricated, and believed
that the alleged corruption of billions of rupees associated to him has nothing to
do with reality.
On 16th July, the Supreme Court declared Rule 37 (5) of the General
Financial Rules (GFR) as illegal and unconstitutional, which till now had been
used to shelter secret services funds from independent audit by the auditor
general of Pakistan. The 20-page order in the constitutional petitions filed by
journalists Hamid Mir and Absar Alam, said: All expenses from the public
exchequer must be made in a transparent manner and each rupee of such
expenditure must be audited by the auditor general of Pakistan (AGP) to ensure
compliance with law.
The principal accused Tauqir Sadiq illegally permitted the relocation of
47 CNG Stations based upon bogus No Objection Certificates (NOCs). in the
wake of ban by the Federal Government in issuing new licences of CNGs, the
accused allowed the shifting and re-location of the stations single handedly by
giving the policy decision as a result 47 CNG stations were relocated and resited.
Next day, the Supreme Court directed the federal and provincial
governments to present their stance and give date for holding local government
elections in the provinces and the Islamabad Capital Territory. The court said in
2011 they had asked the then government to hold LG elections but it failed to
comply with the order. It regretted that new governments too have done nothing
about LG polls not only in Balochistan but also in the other provinces.

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Expressing dissatisfaction over the report, submitted by Balochistan


Advocate General Shahid Hamid on behalf of the provincial government, the
court observed peoples lives and properties were still not secured in the
province. The chief justice reminded the AG that Balochistan administration had
given undertaking to improve the law and order situation.
The Supreme Court on Wednesday gave 48 hours to the Defence Housing
Authority to deposit Rs22billion with the court registrar which the Employees
Old Age Benefit Institute had paid it for the purchase of 321-kanal land. The
court resumed hearing of a suo moto case of scam in the EOBI, Chief Justice
directed the counsel for the authority to deposit the money or furnish details of
authoritys assets. He warned the assets could be attached if the money was not
deposited.
The bench ordered six other individuals to deposit Rs7,087 million that
had been received from EOBI funds for purchase of properties. The court made
it clear that in this scam in spite of payment the criminal labiality against the
responsible persons would also be fixed later on. It observed the DHA
Islamabad had handed over the allotment letters to the EOBI but through such
letters the title of the land could not be transferred as such transfers of titles
were not in accordance with the transfer of the Property Act and Stamps Act.
On 18th July, the Supreme Court was told that former Prime Minister by
doling out Rs52 billion among his favourites violated his oath. A bench headed
by Chief Justice heard the suo moto case about billion of rupees doled out by
former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf in the form of development funds and
the development funds spent in Balochistan.
Khawaja Haris appearing as amicus curiae said that in the oath of Prime
Minister besides these words of that 'I will preserve, protect and defend the
Constitution it is also written that I will not allow my personal interest to
influence my official conduct or my official decisions. He stated that no doubt
the National Assembly approves grants but the Constitution does not provide
discretionary funds for prime minister. He said that public money could not be
utilized for the benefit of any particular person and individual.
The court noted that Raja Pervaiz Asharf was made Prime Minister of the
country not for corruption but to maintain transparency. The chief justice said
money was given to the PM (Pervaiz Ashraf) not to dole it out in nontransparent manner among his favourites, adding Rs6.5 billion were given to
notables, who were neither the members of parliament nor provincial
assemblies.
Wasim Sajjad, counsel for ex-PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, argued that any
expenditure approved by National Assembly in any form or manner whatsoever
could be legitimate expenditure under the Constitution. He further said that any
expenditure approved by National Assembly under supplementary grant in
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whatsoever form or manner might also be legitimized expenditure under


Constitution.
Iftikhar Gilani, counsel for a petitioner in Balochistan development case,
said the parliamentarians have to show that they need funds for so and so
development project in their areas. Quoting the system in other countries, Gilani
argued that funds were released to district authorities and not the individual. The
case was adjourned till 22nd July.
Gilani said that he performed his duties in good faith as the Prime
Minister for more than four years and the decisions were taken by him on the
summaries submitted by the Ministries and Divisions through the Establishment
Division. The Constitution of Pakistan provides complete immunity to the
Prime Minister and, therefore, he is not accountable to any law enforcement
agency what he did as the Chief Executive of Pakistan, he said while talking to
media.
He said that the letter which his successor, Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, wrote to
the Swiss authorities mentioned that the President enjoyed the complete
immunity inside as well as outside the country. He said that people were
wondering why only the cases relating to the President, Gilani and his family
were being pursued while questioning about the implementation of the Asghar
Khan case which had been put on the back burner.
Next day, the Supreme Court ordered freezing all the bank accounts of
Defence Housing Authority (DHA), Islamabad and Rawalpindi, till it deposit
Rs22 billion with the SC registrar. The EOBI had paid Rs22 billion to DHA for
purchase of land. The bench on July 17 had given 48 hours to the DHA for
deposit of the money. The bench directed the FIA to continue its investigation
and proceed against officials of EOBI and DHA and all the others involved in
the scam.
The court directed DHA counsel Ahmer Bilal Sofi to submit bank account
numbers along with the statement during the course of the day with the registrar.
The authority was also barred from opening any new bank account, while the
banks maintaining accounts of the DHA were ordered to file daily reports with
the registrar.
The court told Sofi that if the DHA agreed to deposit the amount, it can
file an application for passing an appropriate order. Sufi maintained that the
DHA have only Rs260 million in the banks. He said that Rs12 billion out of the
total Rs22 billion received from the DHA were given to Bahria Town while the
rest of the money was spent on clearing the liabilities of the DHA.
When the counsel told the court that the EOBI had already been issued
allotment letters for the 321 kanal land, which the institute purchased in 2011
and 2012, Justice Jawwad S Khawaja remarked, You have only given them

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pieces of paper. The allotment letters are not equal to transfer of title of the land
as possession has not been handed over to the EOBI.
The chief justice took note of the last payment made by EOBI to the
DHA on March 15, 2013, the last day of the previous government. The FIA
informed the court that EOBI also gave money to four other housing societies
Eden Housing Society (Rs1.87 billion), River Edge Housing Society (Rs2.60
billion), Messer Pak-Arab Society (Rs1.15billion) and Mughal Engineering Pvt
Ltd (Rs 1.43 billion). The court said if they also not deposit the money with SC
registrar the same order passed for DHA would be applied to them. The bench
adjourned the hearing until July 26.
On 22nd July, the Supreme Court reserved its judgment in the case of
doling out of over Rs47 billion discretionary development funds by the former
Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz with clear intentions to lay down principles for
future utilization of development funds by the legislators. The court, however,
allowed the executing agencies to pay the money to contractors who undertook
different schemes through a transparent manner and after submitting due
feasibility reports.
With regards to the schemes initiated out of the funds allocated to the
PWP-II, the executing agencies were directed to undertake an exercise and
examine across the board all the schemes so as to ascertain as to whether or not
the PEPRA rules have been followed strictly. They also see whether the
development works were assigned to the contractors in a transparent manner
keeping in view the recognized standards for award of execution of such works;
and whether the said schemes were based on feasible reports.
As far as the leftover work is concerned, it should be examined as to
whether the same is in the public interest and is feasible to continue execution
of the said schemes. If such schemes are found not to be in the public interest or
feasible, the same shall be abandoned subject to the approval of the competent
authority i.e. on whose behalf the schemes were initiated; and the funds so made
available shall be deposited with the public exchequer.
The bench did not give serious consideration to the response of different
ex-members of parliament and notables that included Ghias Ahmed Maila,
Anwar Ali Cheema, Fozia Behram, Maula Bakhash Chandio and Mushaid
Hussain Syed as how they received the development funds and where they
utilized the public money. Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry observed he had
noted the arguments of the respondents and would make it part of the detailed
judgment.
Reportedly, a senior official of the Defence Housing Authority (DHA)
said that depositing more than Rs22 billion on a short notice was impossible.
The official severely objected to the allegations of the FIA against the DHA
stating that the Agency had launched a propaganda campaign on the behest of
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someone against the Authority, a renowned group of developers and builders in


the country. This undue alarm and the propaganda (initiated by the FIA) can
spoil the market value of the real estate giant the DHA, the official said. We
understand that some powers wanted to spoil the credibility and dealings of the
DHA by involving State machinery through the so-called scam, he said.
The DHA businesses have come to a standstill since the countrys top
judiciary ordered freezing of the banks accounts of the Authority with thousands
of employees and dozens of offices across the country. Sources close to the top
management of the DHA revealed that apart from day-to-day operations, the
payments schedules has also been badly affected since many dealers are
unwilling to deposit the amounts into the DHAs accounts amid uncertainty.
On Friday, the Supreme Court seized all the bank accounts of DHA
Islamabad and Rawalpindi after the authoritys failure to deposit Rs22 billion
with the courts registrars office. How we can deposit such a huge amount in
just 48-hours. This is simply impossible. In several other cases years lapse and
nothing happens. But in DHA case, the Authority is being victimized and
penalized without any justification, he said.
The FIA, in fact, is misleading the public. They are trying to cover-up
the incomplete and biased investigations. It is baseless that there was no
development at the site and the land was barren, DHA authorities believe. We
are ready to prove at any forum that that the development of sold land to EOBI
was 100 per cent complete and in January this year, the EOBI authorities were
asked to take over the possession of the sold land but they did not respond to
our repeated requests.
The DHA authorities also expressed dissatisfaction over the FIA inquiry
report and suggested that the State institutions must act in accordance with the
law and re-investigations by an independent panel should be ordered to save the
future of the developing industry.
The current market value of the sold property has increased by 20 per
cent in the last four months. The DHA official also claimed that complete land
including residential, commercial plots and defence villas, had been transferred
or mutated in the name of the DHA and allotment letters had been issued to
EOBI as per procedure and established practice. In open market these are
fetching Rs 4 million and plus per marla; implying an increase of over 30 per
cent as compared to cost borne by the EOBI.
This is a proof that in no way the land was sold to EOBI at exorbitant
price. The DHA has complete title of the said property and the entire land had
been transferred in the name of DHA and allotment letters of the sold property
had been issued to EOBI as per the required procedure.

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Islamabad High Court (IHC) issued its detailed judgment on a petition


challenging government's amnesty scheme introduced by the previous
government for smuggled vehicles, calling it illegal. Justice Shaukat Aziz
Siddiqui of the IHC declared the SRO issued by the government on March 5,
2013 null and void and directed the Federal Board of Revenue to impound the
smuggled vehicles cleared under the scheme.
The court declared: It is imperative that the tax dodgers should be
punished, not pampered with pardons, considering the fact that Pakistan's tax to
GDP ratio is abysmal, such unwarranted, capricious and senseless scheme will
only further encourage the rampant culture of tax evasion.
These schemes encourage illegality in the financial sphere, by promising
to turn 'black' money into 'white'. According to a report compiled by Federal
Tax Ombudsman Shoaib Suddle, the scheme has caused billions of rupees' loss
to the national exchequer and 1,405 vehicles were cleared on only 61 ID cards
while on some ID cards, 50 vehicles each were cleared. Such amnesty schemes
have also subsisted between 1998 and 2007 when some 17,381 vehicles were
cleared under six similar schemes.
Justice Siddiqui observes that the scheme is not only a slap on the face of
honest taxpayers but also aimed at decriminalizing the crime of tax evasion and
plundering of national wealth. It is rightly termed by some as a 'financial NRO'
because the government exempted the beneficiaries from questioning by
National Accountability Bureau and the Federal Investigation Agency.
Justice Siddiqui said that corrupt government officials must be dismissed
and legal action should be taken against them. He maintained that amnesty
schemes should be abolished permanently as they are used by politicians to
pursue political objectives at the cost of law.
On 24th July, the NAB team interrogating Tauqir Sadiq has been denied
direct access to the accused in a multi-billion scam. A new standard operating
procedure (SOP) was issued by NAB high ups on July 15, to hamper and
trouble the course of interrogation and investigation into the scam.
The SOP is in accordance with the National Accountability Ordinance
(NAO) 1999 that was amended after the intervention of Supreme Court in 2002
but NAB authorities want to implement it on the interrogation of Tauqir Sadiq.
The accused is being encouraged silently by cronies working in the premises of
NAB and the issuance of this special SOP is meant to deny the direct access of
investigation team which obtained the physical custody and remand of Sadiq.
On 26th July, the Supreme Court declared Rule 37(5) of the General
Financial Rules (GFR) as illegal and unconstitutional, which till now has been
used to shelter secrete services funds from independent audit by the Auditor

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General of Pakistan. The Secret Funds existed in the budget for financial years
2012-13 in about 27 ministries and amounted to more than Rs3.57 billion.
The 20 pages order, authored by Justice Jawwad S Khawaja, in
constitutional petitions filed by two journalists said, All expenditure from the
public exchequer must be made in a transparent manner and each rupee of such
expenditure must be audited by the auditor general of Pakistan (AGP), to ensure
compliance with law. The journalists in their identical petitions had sought the
abolition of Secret Service Funds, which have purportedly been used by the
governments to buy the loyalty of journalists and other opinion-makers.
The verdict acknowledged that there may be exceptional circumstances
where certain audit information would need to be kept outside the public
purview. If such exceptions are to be claimed, they must claim through
legislation and not in an arbitrary manner. Furthermore, such legislation would
be subject to judicial review to ensure compliance with constitutional
requirements.
The court concluded that the distinction between audit and secrecy is
made clear, ruling that it would be for the auditor general to ensure the audit of
each rupee spent from the consolidated fund and the public accounts, without
exception. The parliament may make a law imposing reasonable restrictions
on public disclosure of such parts of the Auditor Generals Report as may be
classified.

Taming military: On 8th July, Chief Justice refused to hear an appeal


against post-arrest bail granted to former military dictator Pervez Musharraf by
the Islamabad High Court in the judges-detention case. I shall not hear the plea
for canceling the bail granted by the Islamabad High Court to Pervez Musharraf
and the appeal filed by Aslam Ghumman advocate should be listed before
another bench of the Supreme Court, he remarked.
After receiving no detail of 84 missing persons, allegedly detained by the
security agencies, the Supreme Court on sought information about the
internment centres and their commandants by tomorrow. The bench directed
Deputy Attorney General to submit the required information, saying it is very
insulting for the court that it could not obtain the verification of the disappeared
persons even after passing an order six days ago.
The court has also summoned KPK Advocate General today in this
matter. Meanwhile, the court has also issued notice to AGP as well as AG
Punjab regarding the matter of the enforced disappearance of Masood Janjua,
husband of Defence for Human Rights (DHR) Chairperson Amina Masood.
Next day, Additional Attorney General on behalf of the Federation
submitted the list of the missing persons detained in the internment centres and
names of in-charge of those centers. Justice Jawwad said the list was provided
83

after warnings. Now we would see who the commandants of the centres are.
The court also asked him to provide details of cases related to disappeared
persons pending in the Supreme Court, high and lower courts and in the
Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances (CIED).
The judge said: We would tally the names in the lists with the Amna
Masood Janjuas list and the CIED report. Chairperson Defence of Human
Rights Pakistan, Amna Masood Janjua, told The Nation that she had provided
the list of 84 missing persons who are kept in the internment centres. She also
said that these 514 missing persons are in addition to 749 missing persons,
whose list she had already presented to the court.
Additional Advocate General informed the court that the Punjab
government had decided to initiate proceeding against Army officer involved in
case of Amna Masood Janjuas missing spouse Masood Janjua in the light of Dr
Imran Munirs statement given to the joint investigation team in 2009. The
hearing of the case is adjourned till tomorrow.
Anti-Terrorism Court while taking strict notice of the absence of Pervez
Musharraf, accused of Benazir Bhuttos murder, directed Rawalpindi police to
produce the accused on July 30; otherwise, the court would stop the trial of the
case. Musharraf had not appeared before the court on the last date of hearing too
because of security threats. He also observed that no more delay could be made
in the hearing of the high profile case as the court wanted to dispose of the case
as soon as possible. The court postponed the hearing till July 30.
On 10th July, the Supreme Court questioned under what legal provision an
employee of the United Nations organization office in Islamabad could refuse to
answer the queries by a Pakistani policeman in missing persons case. SP Lahore
Cantt informed the court that as per the direction of the court he went to the
UNO Mission in Islamabad, to inquire about Mudasir Iqbal, who went missing
from Lahore three years ago. But its employee Zaman informed him that he
cant assume any responsibility, therefore, the police should enter into some
correspondence through Foreign Affairs as the Mission had come from Geneva
and had returned to Geneva.
The court inquired from Additional Attorney General, Under what
authority this office (UNO) is functioning in Pakistan and whether there are any
legal provisions that the employee of the UNO could refuse to answer the
questions asked by an SP rank police officer. The AAG sought time to respond
to the query.
The bench said: The UNO had maligned our government because the
statement of UN Working Group on Enforced Disappearances, (during its visit
to Pakistan), said that Mudasir Iqbal was seen in a secret detention centre by
several people. It is also stated that the family of Mudasir Iqbal was reportedly

84

informed by other people that they have seen Mudasir in the secret detention
centre. The court also heard the cases of three other missing persons.
Next day, the Supreme Court, in response to contention of Military
Intelligence (MI) that superior courts and police have no jurisdiction to proceed
against any serving army officer, observed that Criminal Procedure Code (CrPc)
or any other law does not bar police from registering FIR against armed forces
officers. The court sought comprehensive plan from the federal government
about the person being detained at the internment centres on July 17.
The police on the complaint of Abida Malik, whose husband Tasif Ali
went missing on November 23, 2011, had registered an FIR 386/13 at
Sadiqabad Police Station of Rawalpindi against Major Haider. Representing MI,
Ibrahim Satti objected to the registration of case against a serving army officer.
He said the army officers have special status and asked that how come the
police could register a case against a serving army officer and arrest him.
The counsel referred to the Article 63(1g), which says a parliamentarian
would be disqualified if he defames or brings into ridicule the judiciary or the
armed forces of Pakistan, and contended that applications about the missing
persons in the Commission made on the subject and the SC ridiculed Pak Army.
He also said that armed forces officials were performing duties for the
protection of boarders. Upon that the court remarked they were being paid for
performing their duties. The hearing of the case was adjourned until tomorrow.
On 12th July, Islamabad High Court directed Islamabad police to record
the statement of Ghazis son and register a case against the former military ruler
Pervez Musharraf if there is a cognizable offence. The order was passed by
Justice Noor-ul-Haq N Qureshi after hearing a petition seeking registration of
murder case against Musharraf.
Advocate Ilyas Siddiqui representing Pervez Musharraf, contended that
Lal Masjid operation was carried out with the approval of cabinet and if
Musharraf had done anything wrong, the Parliament of that time could have
done his impeachment under Article 47 of the Constitution. The petitioner
Haroon through his counsel Tariq Asad Advocate maintained before the court
that his father namely Ghazi Abdul Rashid and grandmother Sahiba had been
killed in the military operation having been ordered by Musharraf.
The petitioner said that the law required that Musharraf should be
punished for his misdeeds of killing innocent people and this is only possible if
criminal case be registered against him. Therefore, he prayed in his petition that
the court may direct SHO Aabpara to register criminal case of murder against
Prevez Musharraf in accordance with law.
Next day, Police refused to register a murder case against Pervez
Musharraf for allegedly killing Ghazi Abdur Rashid and his mother Sahiba

85

Khatoon during Lal Masjid operation in 2007 on the grounds that the police had
yet to receive court orders. After thoroughly going through the court order, it
could be ascertained what action has to be taken in the case, police official
said.
On 15th July, the Supreme Court ordered the home secretaries of FATA
and PATA to produce the complete record of the detainees and the periodical
report prepared by the review board. The court wanted to examine whether the
detainees are being treated as per the regulations and the law is being adhered.
The Chief Justice said that executive should take steps to extend federal laws to
FATA and PATA. He made it clear that they would not allow any parallel
judicial system regarding the trail of detainees in internment centres.
The bench hearing the missing persons cases said it should not happen
that people are arrested and put in the internment centres. The Chief Justice
said: If somebody has committed a crime then he should be dealt in accordance
with law therefore don't ruin the lives of their families.
Next day, the Supreme Court was informed that the United Nations
Working Group on Enforced Disappearances in Islamabad would extend
cooperation to the Pakistani police regarding the investigation in a case of
enforced disappearance. UN Acting Resident Coordinator Neill Wright has also
offered apology over his rude behaviour for keeping a senior police waiting for
almost three hours.
Shahzad Waseem Bukhari, SP City Lahore, in the last hearing had
informed the bench that on the Court order, he went to the Resident Coordinator
to UN office, set up in an Islamabad hotel, related to the case of Mudasir Iqbal,
who went missing three years ago. But the Coordinator kept him waiting despite
the fact he had prior fixed the meeting times. The court taking notice of it had
ordered additional attorney general to talk to concerned UN officials through
ministry of foreign affairs.
On 19th July, the ISI showing distrust over the Attorney General for
Pakistan (AGP) office expressed the desire before the Supreme Court to engage
a private counsel in missing persons case. Additional Attorney General
submitted a written statement on behalf of ISI. According to that, the ISI is
considering to engage a private counsel in missing case of two brothers Umar
Bakhat and Umar Hayat from Chakwal. The letter further stated that both the
persons were not in the custody of ISI. The police have already informed the
court that both persons are being detained under the custody of ISI.
The court made it clear that notice was not issued to ISI in the matter as
they had always served notices to the Federation through defence ministry,
saying the ministry may produce his own counsel. The Military Intelligence
(MI) had already hired a private counsel Ibrahim Satti in missing person case

86

and he was defending the stance of MI aggressively. He had objected that the
court and police had no jurisdiction to proceed against serving army officials.
On 25th July, the Supreme Court was informed that the federal
government has instructed the Balochistan government to proceed against ISI
Brigadier, allegedly involved in enforced disappearance of Ali Ahmad
Bangalzai. During the hearing of missing persons case, AAGP told the court
that in compliance of its order, the secretary interior had written a letter to
Home Secretary Balochistan for taking action against ISI officer in view of the
statement of JUI senior leader and ex-MNA Hafiz Hussain Ahmad.
Bangalzai was picked up from Quetta in 2001. According to Hafiz
Hussain Ahmad, senior ISI officer Saddique had confirmed him that Ali Ahmad
Bangalzai is detained in their custody and would be back home soon. The court
directed the AAGP to furnish the copy of the secretary interior's letter, sent to
home secretary Balochistan for the registration of FIR against ISI brigadier
Saddique. The bench also issued notice to the AG Balochistan for submitting
progress report tomorrow on behalf of provincial government in this matter.
Meanwhile, the court was also told that the federal government had
constituted a Federal Task Force (FTF) to deliberate upon the issue of
disappeared persons. According to the notification, the FTF will recommend
National Policy on missing persons, monitor the progress in cases of missing
persons and coordinate efforts of all stakeholders working on the subject.
Next day, the Supreme Court sought details of criminal or terrorism cases
lodged against 568 detained persons in internment centres and also asked the
Additional AGP to explain why their cases could not be proceeded in the courts
of law if they were involved in terrorism offences. During the hearing, AAGP
told the apex court that out of the total 568, 64 persons have been detained at
the FATA and 504 at the PATA, but did not provide the cases detail.
About the complaints regarding lack of proper medical care and supply of
food, the bench ordered the secretaries of FATA and PATA to submit a
comprehensive report about the provisions of medical treatment and food and
observed that being a human being the detainees were also entitled to proper
treatment. The court also directed the concerned district and sessions judges or
the political agents to appoint focal persons for holding meeting of detenue with
their families at the internment centres according to the law.

Economy: On 8th July, at least two women were crushed to death and
several others injured at a charity handout. The women died in a stampede
during ration distribution in Gulshan-e-Iqbal area. The stampede occurred due
to mismanagement and mishandling in a marriage hall in Karachi where food
items were being distributed by few affluent people ahead of Ramazan.

87

On 14th July, the PTI took serious notice of massive, unscheduled power
load shedding in Peshawar and other parts of the KPK. The partys Peshawar
chapter has given a one-day deadline to the federal government and Wapda for
the resolution of the issue, warning they will besiege the Wapda House
Peshawar.
Next day, the prime minister visited Faisalabad, where he learnt about
business communitys problems. He separately chaired a meeting on energy
crisis in Lahore and inaugurated a 84 mega watt hydropower project in Mirpur.
Nawaz said it was the utmost effort of his government to rid the people of
power outages at the earliest, as steering the country out of energy crisis was
also necessary to move the wheel of the economy.
The premier visited Faisalabad, where he along with Punjab Chief
Minister visited a mill that was involved in annual gas theft of worth Rs0.2
billion. A case was filed against the owner of the mill and all the equipment
used for gas supply was seized. The Sui Northern Gas Pipeline Limited
(SNGPL) recently started an operation against gas theft and had raided multiple
commercial mills and factories. The mill in Faisalabad was also raided as a part
of this operation and was fined a total of Rs0.11 billion.
The PTI put off its protest against unannounced load shedding in the
province. It had announced protest demonstration outside the Peshawars
WAPDA house and across the province. However, in a statement issued, Special
Advisor to CM said that the planned protest had been postponed on the
directives of the CM who would announce the further course of action later
after taking coalition partners into confidence.
On 19th July, Prime Ministers Advisor on Aviation Shujaat Azeem said
that the revenue of CAA is expected to rise from Rs19 billion to Rs50 billion
while PIA is expected to save Rs150 million in addition to the saving of Rs400
million per annum with the termination of a loss-making route.
Massive irregularities leading to major loss of revenue have been
detected in operation of the billing system relating to over-flight charges for use
of Pakistan air space by foreign aircrafts. Having acquired the Gentrick
automated billing machine from New Zealand, the system was intentionally
used manually so that the billing could be manipulated, Azeem said.
Regarding the appointment of PIA Board of Directors (BoD) and alleged
corruption in construction of New Islamabad International Airport, the advisor
reiterated that the Supreme Courts respective decisions on both the issues
would be implemented in letter and spirit Both these matters have already been
taken up by the SC, whose decision will be implemented in letter and spirit, he
added.

88

The aviation advisor also reiterated that the PIA would be privatized with
the selling of its 35 percent shares to a potential strategic investor and every
pressure shall be withstood in this regard. Deliberations with Virgins, Emirates,
Qatar Airways and other companies are going on in this regard, he said. Its just
a matter of 180 days that the PIA would make a major leap towards
privatization. Thats in the best interest of the airline as well as Pakistans
economy.
Mentioning of the expected pressure to be faced in the privatization
process, Azeem said, We would not bow down to any pressure come what may.
Those elements who are trying to sabotage our efforts to revamp the PIA will
fail miserably. Such traditional tactics have been applied in past but theyll not
work on us.
On the other hand, the unions and associations of PIA employees under
the banner of Joint Action Committee of Pakistan International Airlines
Employees (JACPIAE) have announced to stage protests against conspiracies
being hatched to grab assets of national airline under the slogan of
privatization.
On 23rd July, on the suggestion of the provinces, the Council of Common
Interests (CCI) deferred presentation of the national energy policy for a week so
that the provinces could come up with proposals for value-addition to it. The
23rd CCI meeting was chaired by Prime Minister in Islamabad. Sindh Chief
Minister was the first to come up with the objection on the new policy and said
that Sindh was not given proper time to study the draft and that the provincial
government wanted to come up with some value-addition to the national energy
policy.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa CM Pervez Khattak also supported the proposal of
Qaim Ali Shah and after a brief discussion PM Nawaz Sharif accepted their
demand and deferred the matter for a week. He constituted a committee
comprising four chief secretaries to come up with a report on the document by
July 31.

National cohesion: On 9th July, after a long time, there is no confusion


about the commencement of Ramazan across the country and the first Ramazan
will be on 11th July as the Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee announced the moon
for the holy month of Ramazan was not sighted in any part of the country.
Addressing a press conference, RHC Chairman Mufti Munibur Rehman said
that not a single witness of the moon approached the committee from any part
of the country. He specially thanked KPK government for making efforts to
eliminate disagreement over moon sighting.
Mufti Shahabuddin Popalzai, of the unofficial ruet-e-hilal committee of
Peshawars Qasim Ali Khan mosque also announced that there were no

89

witnesses received regarding the moon sighting and that the holy month of
Ramazan would commence from Thursday. The unofficial committee of
Peshawars historic mosque has record of opposing the decisions of the official
Central Ruet-i-Hilal Committee in the past.

VIEWS
Power politics
Imprudent, impulsive: The Metropolitan Police in general and the
Scotland Yard in particular are known for upholding pristine investigative
prowess vaunted the world over, yet they have also gained a standing for
professionalism. And by virtue of that it is tomfoolery to expect them to hound
anyone least of all when the suspect happens to have a UKs ID and passport.
The MQM thinks it is helping matters by being vocal. At this point in
time there has not been any high-profile arrest or resort to strong-arm tactics,
the hallmarks of our own police that is notorious for using torture as the most
common tool to elicit confessions. The criticism frequently coming from the
partys top carders are signals as though they are afraid of the investigation
process. And if the thinking is to inveigle the London police into giving up the
probe with threats and cajolery that sure is a grave miscalculation. A bad
reflection on the state of discipline by the party, the frenzied statements like,
we will prepare your bodybags has now caught the attention of the British
society; a BBC documentary raises some pressing questions. In Pakistan as well
the channels and the newspapers who were merely reporting the events in
London have been lashed with a harangue as though those events were far too
sacrosanct for the media in the country to even report. One party leader leveled
the charge against some Pakistani media houses who he said were trying to turn
their wishes into news, criticism that is unjustified.
The London police has clarified once again that the investigations are
underway against Altaf Hussain over money laundering as well as incitement of
violence. Contrary to what some radicals might think that should help quell
needless rumour mongering. It falls to the party to itself set standards of
restraint and remain calm until the probe reaches its conclusion. (Editorial,
TheNation 13th July)
Of chickens coming home: The bulk of us, while liking certain ideas
about the MQM ideology, have never been quite able to come to terms with the
way the party is run - cult style by an individual based in London. Those
living in Karachi have a much clearer picture of how the party operates and it
was anything but a pretty one despite having able and well groomed
spokespersons at the forefront.

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The MQM party head has had a great run changing his political stance
according to requirements and by being a partner to whoever was in power, as a
matter of policy, so that he remained a kingmaker and, therefore, untouchable.
Minor issues, like ideological stands on important subjects changing frequently,
were the least of his concerns.
A case in point can be the show of overt support for the army and its
Chief in Karachi where he has held sway for a number of years, aka May 12,
2007, but forgetting to mention the letter he wrote to the British Prime Minister
in 2001 in which he wanted the ISI to be disbanded. However, one cannot be all
things to all people all of the time and the chickens, as the saying goes, do
decide to come home to roost eventually.
Lately, the MQM chiefs telephonic theatrics had taken on another
dimension. This had something to do with the general elections too. He could
not deal with the fact that another political party had made some inroads into
what he considered his personal stronghold in the city of Karachi. All those
threats that he made to his opponents, the resultant letters and calls to the
London Metropolitan Police, the murder of Zahra Hussain, etc have all helped
to put him in a glaring spotlight in front of the British authorities.
The Brits, who had given asylum to Altaf Hussain for the last 19 odd
years as well as citizenship, have now woken up to his antics and threats, and
seem to have gotten hold of hard evidence from the look of things, about the
goings-on at his famous Edgeware Road address. While they were only trying to
connect the dots in the Imran Farooq murder case, they have, inadvertently, also
gotten on to some other unexplainable things. Several pieces in the puzzle have
just come together and even if they wanted to show him a bit of leniency, there
is no way that the British system can roll back on all that has been discovered.
Perhaps, the party for Altaf Hussain is finally over. I do not have the slightest
doubt that when things do come to a head and Altaf is put on trial, there will be
a reaction among his followers in Pakistan, even though it is the British system
that has unraveled his doings because he is one of their citizens
As we watch this developing story, we hope that the MQM leadership in
Pakistan will deal with this situation in a manner that no harm is caused to
anybody or any property and that they will select a leader, who can lead the
party while Altaf has the opportunity to respond to any charges that may be laid
at his door. (Tallat Azim, TheNation 14th July)
Boycotting the election: At first glance, the PPP has done what every
politician does when virtually sure to lose an election: boycott it. The PPP
candidate for President, Senator Raza Rabbani, announced the boycott on
Friday using the change in date to claim that it did not leave him time to
campaign among the MPAs. The boycott is unilateral The timing of Senator
Rabbanis announcement also indicated that the MQM decision to throw its
91

weight behind the PML-N candidate pushed him to the decision. Not only did it
mean that the MQM was ignoring its old alliance with the PPP, but it also meant
the government was assured the numbers to have its candidate elected.
Because M Justice Wajihuddin is not retiring, there will be an election,
even though Senator Rabbani will not be contesting. Senator Rabbani should
also note that there will be a successor to Asif Zardari elected at the end of the
exercise, ready to take over when his term expires. He should also note that no
other candidate has boycotted the election because of this. His claim that the
federation is in danger is also specious, because the inability to campaign
among the MPAs is counterbalanced by the ability to campaign among the
Senators, who are elected by the MPAs.
If Senator Rabbani wanted to campaign among the MPAs just as they
themselves campaigned among the voters in their constituencies, he should have
conceded his opponents the right of appealing the ECP decision in the Supreme
Court. The process of obtaining an earlier date for the poll was entirely legal, no
appeal was entered against the court's decision, and to use it as an excuse to
boycott the election merely sets an inapt example for those contesting other
elections, such as national or provincial. (Editorial, TheNation 27th July)

Governance
Appointment of AGP: legal or not? While the edifice of a new
Pakistan is being erected by the same old hands, with the same old devices, in
the same old fashion, there is a growing sense of restlessness and
disillusionment, witnessed even among the inmates of our madhouse let alone
the normal lot. Here is a heated debate I overheard between two hillbillies just
the other day:
It is strange. It is strange, mumbled one madman repeatedly.
Just what is so strange, man, inquired another, sitting beside him.
The alleged appointment of Mustafa Ramday as the acting Advocate
General of Punjab and his appearing before the Supreme Court on behalf of the
provincial government in the same capacity, replied the first.
What about it, asked the second curiously?
Doesnt the name Ramday ring any bell with you, came forth the querycum-reply.
Of course, it does. I remember Mr Ramday for his opposition to the
commando and his role in the reinstatement of the Chief Justice. And later, after
his retirement, his appointment as an ad hoc judge, for which the Pakistan Bar
Council gave the Supreme Court a tough time, replied the second fool.
Good. You got a good memory, quipped the first one, letting out a
guffaw.
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Now come on. What you are driving at, asked the other, apparently
irritated.
Well, I find it moronically ironic for a government claiming to be
democratic in letter and yet cultivating the seeds of nepotism, cronyism and
favouritism in spirit, as if there is no rule of law in the country, as if we are
really a nation of imbeciles, answered the first, now settling himself for a
serious exposition.
Enunciate it for me. Expand on it. Throw some light on it please. You
see, I am only a fool, pleaded the second.
Well, it is the talk of the town. No secret as such. Even a lunatic like me
knows about that. Anyway, I will do what you ask for, said the first, adding,
let me first ask you a simple question. Do you by any chance know who
Mustafa Ramday is?
Well, no, curtly replied the second.
He is the son of Justice (retd) Khalilur Rehman Ramday, you just
eulogized, the first said.
And, asked the second still further.
That he is the nephew of the PML-N MNA and former Federal Minister,
Chaudhry Asadur Rehman, who got elected on the NA 94, Toba Tek Singh,
seat.
And?
That Mustafa Ramday was actively involved in his election campaign.
And?
That he is the first cousin of the former Advocate General Punjab, Raza
Farooq, who tragically enough, died at a young age, in May 2010, in Islamabad,
while in the line of duty, remarked the first.
And?
That he is the member of a family firm, Ramday Law Associates. The
baby of the PML-N; so to say. And beneficiary of high-profile Punjab
government cases in the recent past.
And?
That he is the nephew of the LHCs honourable judge, Justice
Muhammad Yawar Ali.
Now wait a minute. Just how come all the credentials you just mentioned
disqualify him for his post? You know Id rather take them as his strong points,
making him perfectly eligible for the job, observed the second idiot
disapprovingly.
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Oh, I was, as they say, just warming up. Heres how, I tell you, his
selection has more to do with cronyism than meritocracy and transparency
which the federal government so cockily stands for, replied the first,
continuing, First of all, as per Article 140 of the constitution, only that person
could be appointed the Advocate General, who is eligible for the post of a high
court judge. Mustafa, it appears, is not. Why? Because, the minimum age limit
of such a law officer has to be 45 years. He is only 41. Secondly, the Punjab
government has adopted an indirect procedure to fill the vacant post and to
accommodate an individual of choice, while the law demands otherwise. Ergo,
the PBC Vice Chairman, Syed Qalb-i-Hassans remark that the appointment was
made in a very ridiculous manner, ignoring relevant constitutional provisions.
Hmm, should we construe then the selection has been made on purely
political basis, since the guy had appeared as a counsel for the Sharif brothers
and that he had political affiliation and ties with the party, asked the second,
now somehow satisfied with the line of argument.
Well, apparently, it seems like it. But you dont have to jump to
conclusions. Personally, Id prefer the law to take its course, as the case is
pending in the LHC. Besides, passing judgments isnt the way of us lunatics,
but of the normal lot, replied the first in a light tone and with that both burst
into big laughs.
But I still dont get it, you know. Despite the feverish efforts by the
PML-N central and provincial government, it has, to some extent, failed in
creating a soft corner for itself in the apex court. Just recall the grilling of
Mustafa in the Supreme Court the other day on the issue of local body elections.
And the strong censure by the Chief Justice with regard to the party leadership,
equating it with kings and kingdoms, said the second fool.
That is true. Could be one reason why Ramday Sr. declined to head the
Bhoja Air Crash Commission a couple of days ago, even against a hefty, Rs5
million. As you can see, all other retired judges are busying themselves with one
or another commission these days. I mean just look at the sky-high popularity of
the super-hit blockbuster, Abbottabad Commission Report which is the
brainchild of Justice (retd) Javed Iqbal and which made such inroads in the
national discourse via foreign routes (read Aljazeera), put the first fool as if in
meditation.
To which the second replied: Well, yeah. I agree with you on that. And
coming back to the subject, it is just so sad to see the two sons of our top two
judges face such criticism, for one or another reason. First it was Arsalan
Iftikhar. And now, it is Mustafa Ramday. One can only hope there surface no
more scandals in the future. We already have so many.
Sometimes, I just feel as if we are merely a nation of sleazy scandals. In
the US, there was only one gate, the Watergate, which shook the very
94

foundations of the state, resulting in the demise of the Nixon administration.


Look at us, the wretched lot. We have Mediagate, Bahriagate, gate this, gate that
and yet no veritable gateway to open the doors for any meaningful peace,
progress and prosperity. (Sami ur Rahman, TheNation 21st July)
Mr Prime Minister! Mr Prime Minister, since you are such an ardent
advocate of democracy, the bedrock of which is direct participation of the
common citizen in the conduct of a countrys governance and input in state
policy-making, I would like to take this opportunity to engage directly with you,
an academics disciplined engagement with the highest manager of national
affairs on the question of where Pakistan is heading after the May 11th elections
- the much celebrated triumph of democracy.
Let us start this deliberation with the concept of solutions and the notion
of a solutionist in the context of political, economic and socio-cultural
management of the state by the elected leadership (at the top echelons to
manage state affairs) and elected representatives to assist in legislative matters,
and in setting national policy goals and objectives. But before we talk as to what
the solutions are and who holds the important position of a solutionist in a
democratic dispensation, the first and foremost issue is to decide what the
problems are and how they must be prioritized on the resolution agenda of
an elected democratic government. Solutions will only follow when vital
national problems are identified, a regimented priority list is established, and a
strictly laid-out political management discourse is followed
It appears that the PML-N leadership in Islamabad believes that the
wealth generation ought to be the government's top priority in dealing with
Pakistans collapsing economy. But that in itself is a self-fabricated
misperception. The fact is that there is plenty of private wealth concentrated
within a privileged segment of society. Look at the sparkling housing estates in
each and every urban centre of the country. Then imagine a whopping $120
billion stacked in Swiss banks belonging to a select group of Pakistans elite.
Consider the immense levels of corruption in tax evasion, bank loan write-offs,
horrible heights of embezzlement in government contracts and daily scandals in
money-making scams. The top government priorities should be to fix the above
mentioned problematics that have become an intrinsic part of a corrupt politicaleconomic system, as well as retrieving the massive amount of $120 billion from
Swiss banks by lawful means, and promoting a National Reconciliation
Initiative seeking democratic participation of the national elite to mend systemic
fault. Until a zealous reform by the prevailing ailing economic-political
management system is carried out, Pakistan's fundamental issues will continue
to multiply needless to say with destructive consequences.
It is apparent that another national priority set by Islamabad is to promote
as much foreign investment in the country as possible. This, too, is a flawed

95

economic concept. Foreign investments, by their own very nature, are mostly
made by global corporate capitalist entities to make the foreign investors rich.
The dynamics of this system do not work in reverse the investing capitalists
make the profits along with their local partners, while the cheap labour force is
exploited. Massive profits are repatriated overseas, leaving the country depleted
of foreign exchange reserves and technological and capital dependency on
foreign economic actors and managers.
What is required in Pakistan is a broadening of the small-scale industrial
sector by indigenous and local entrepreneurs by the federal governments
dynamic financial, logistic, and technological assistance and intervention for a
balanced development throughout the country. Perhaps, Islamabad can come up
with a national industrial development blueprint in which the local investors
share ownership with the state institutions to overcome fund availability and
streamline management systems of taxation, repayment of state loans, state
assisted marketing and nationwide mobilization of the training and placement of
the labour force through technological education.
Let us not forget that the Pakistani masses are a frustrated lot. The 20082013 democracy delivered nothing of substance for the average Pakistani
citizen. It simply added to their daily deprivations, economic difficulties, lack of
health and education facilities and increased poverty. The people of Pakistan do
not want a political system that can only diffuse their anger by rhetorical public
diplomacy and repeated democratic slogans and elections, while leaving their
demands largely unmet. They want a democracy that delivers, meets their
demands, resolves political problems, and finds the ways and means to manage
social and economic justice. To put it simply, a democratic dispensation that has
solutions to public issues and the solutionists determined in their task of
dispensing public welfare at all levels of society.
The question is: is the contemporary democratic system in Pakistan
moving in that direction towards that political discourse? Or, I wonder at times:
are we at a stage where democracy and the deep state of vested interests are
cohabiting? I will leave you to answer that question! (Dr Haider Mehdi,
TheNation 27th July)

REVIEW
Since days of election campaign and till to date two topics have been
talked about a lot on the electronic media. Both topics relate to economy in
one way or the other. The first topic involved the business tycoon Muhammad
Mansha. In Mansha-murmur several aspects were heard i.e.; link between
Mansha and PML-N top leadership; release of over Rs300 billion for clearing
circular debt of IPPs; favouritism in compensating delayed Nandipur project

96

amounting to Rs14 billion; use of Manshas private jet aircraft by Sharif family
during China visit; privatization of PIA and so on.
It would be pertinent to mention that since election campaign Nawaz
Sharif has been speaking a lot about having bullet train in Pakistan. Some one
should tell him that Pakistan shall have bullet train only after its rulers will get
rid of bullet-proof cars.
The second topic related to Nawazs love for improving bilateral relations
with India primarily to give boast to trade. For this he was prepared to ignore
incidents like submission of an affidavit in Supreme Court of India by an Indian
civil servant and the massacre of Kashmiris in Gool, IHK. This is discussed
separately in the article related to the series pertaining to war in the Af-Pak
region.
The murmuring over general elections had not died down yet when
Presidential polls generated new controversies. The ECP fixed August 6 as the
date of polls, just two days inside the expiry limit of the time-bracket given in
the Constitution. Why the polls could not be held before Ramazan not earlier
than sixty days given in the Constitution only Fakhru Bhai could explain the
wisdom behind that?
The polling date fixed by the ECP did not suit Nawaz Sharif, who spends
last ten days of Ramazan in Makka. PML-N requested for the change in the
date, but ECP declined; forcing the ruling party to approach the Supreme Court.
The court in consultation with the ECP advanced the date to July 30 as was
requested by the petitioner.
The PPP reacted by announcing the boycott of the Presidential polls
making excuse that its candidate, Raza Rabbani, did not get adequate time for
canvassing. Some of its former allies in the government supported the stance
taken by the PPP. The leaders of this party, however, ignored the fact that when
Zardari was elected he did not go out of Islamabad for canvassing.
Aitzaz Ahsan had cribbed before media men recently that his party
always assign the dirty tasks to him and Raza Rabbani; exposing them to pelting
of rotten tomatoes and eggs by media and masses. After their decision to
boycott polls, the masses and media must acknowledge the prudence of Zardari
as to why the two party stalwarts are assigned the dirty jobs.
Their score cards make them the obvious choice for accomplishing such
tasks. Aitzaz has the distinction of defending the two most corrupt politicians
a President and a Prime Minister in a court of law. He had also eaten his own
words that pledged that he would never appear before the Chief Justice in a case
fixed in his court.
Raza Rabbani has the honour of shaking the very foundation of the
federation by heading a committee that brought constitutional amendments. He
97

did this on the pretext of granting provincial autonomy. At the same time he
turned the Parliamentary democracy into dictatorship of party leaders through
stringent defection rules which suppressed the voices of conscience.
The PML-N moved ahead with mustering support for its candidate Mr
Mamnoon. A delegation led by Ishaq Dar went to Nine Zero requesting for their
support while praising the delicacies of haleem and pakorras he had once
enjoyed as part of the hospitality of the MQM. Altaf Hussain obliged the
visitors while talking to them on telephone.
The MQM has once again emerged as optimum beneficiary of pre-poll
bargaining as was evident from immediate reciprocation by PML-N in which
MQM was invited to join the federal government. It is understood that sooner or
later the invitation will be accepted, as there are no plausible reasons for
declining the offer.
The acceptance would mean that the MQM will be part of the federal
government at this critical juncture of its existence, in addition to Ishrat Ibad
continuing as Sindh Governor. It will be of immense help to get its party boss,
Altaf Hussain out of investigators tangle in the United Kingdom. The eel will
once again slip out of the fishing net.
In Pakistan, there are Machiavellian politics in vogue, not of principles as
claimed by most politicians. Here Machiavelli is followed in letter and spirit
who said end justifies the means. Whereas in Islam, the basis on which
Pakistan came into existence, it is the means that matter and end is of no
significance what-so-ever.
30th July, 2013

INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT


PART TWO

98

In the last volume it was said that Allamah Iqbal wanted to have a team of
likeminded so that they could join hands to achieve the mission of resurrection
of Islam. This could facilitate reaching the destination while the pleasant
company making the journey easier.
That was not to be, Allamah was not disheartened by the dearth of birds
of his feather. The burning desire to reach the destination did not let him wait for
gathering of a flock. He took off and flew beating his wings and crying for
company like a crane confident of reaching where he wanted to.
The change seekers, the reformists, and revolutionists are like cranes; they
just cannot not sit back and wait when it is time to fly. Allamah was to be no
exception, so he undertook the task to accomplish the mission all alone. He
devoted all his energies to spread the Message using the God-gifted poetical talent.
The works in this chapter are taken from Bal-e-Jibril with English
translation by Naim Siddiqui in most cases. The chapter begins with some
ghazals from Part Two of that book.

GHAZALEIN: Part-II
***** (5) *****

()

London mein likhhey gaey (Written in London)

Tou abhi rehgozar mein hai, qiad-e-moqam sey gozar; Missr-o-Hijaz sey gozar,
Paras-o-Shaam sey gozar.
Thou art yet region-bound, transcend the limits of space; transcend the narrow
climes of the East and the West.



Jiss ka amal hai bey gharaz, oss ki jaza kochh aur hai; Hoor-o-khiyaam sey
gozar, baadah-o-jaam sey gozar.
[Khiyaam: Kaimah ki jamaa.]
For selfless deeds of men rewards are less mundane; transcend the houris
glances, the pure, celestial wine.



Garchih hai dilkosha bohat hosn-e-Farang ki bahar; taerak-e-boland baal,
danah-o-daam sey gozar.

99

Ravishing in its power is beauty in the West: Thou bird of paradise, resist this
earthly trap.



Koh shigaaf teyri zarab, tojh sey koshaad Sharq-o-Gharb; taigh-e-hilal ki tarah
aish-e-niyaam sey gozar.
With a mountain-cleaving assault, bridging the East and West, despise all
defences, and become a sheathless sword.



Teyra imam bey hazoor, teyri namaz bey saroor; aisi namaz sey gozar, aisey
imam sey gozar.
Thy imam is unabsorbed, thy prayer is uninspired, forsake an imam like him;
forsake a prayer like this. (Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
***** (7) *****



Pher chiragh-e-lalah sey roshan hoay koh-o-daman; mojh ko pher naghmon
peh oksaney laga morgh-e-chaman.
Hill and vale once more under the poppys lamps are bright; in my heart the
nightingale has set new songs alight.



Phhool hein sehra mein ya pariyan qatar andar qatar; oodhey oodhey, neiley
neiley, peiley peiley pairhan.
Violet, violet, azure, azure, golden, golden mantles: Flowers, or fairies of the
desert, rank on rank in sight?



Burg-e-gul per rakhh gaeyi shabanam ka moti baad-e-sobh; aur chamkaati hai
iss moti ko sooraj ki kiran.
On the rosy-spray dawns soft breeze has left a pearl of dew; now the sunbeam
turns this gem a yet more glittering white.
100



Hosn-e-bey perwa ko apni bey niqabi kay leay; hon agar sheharon sey bun
piyarey tuo shehar achhey keh bun.
Town or woodland, which is sweeter, if for her unveiling careless beauty love
towns less than where green woods invite?



Apney mun mein doob kar pa ja soragh-e-zindagi; tou agar meyra naheen
bunnta nah bun, apna tuo bun.
Delve into your soul and there seek our lifes buried tracks; will you not be
mine? Then be not mine, be your own right!

!
!
Mun ki dunya! Mun ki dunya soz-o-musti, jazb-o-shouq; tun ki dunya! Tun ki
dunya sood-souda, makr-o-fun.
World of soul the world of fire and ecstasy and longing: World of sense the
world of gain that fraud and cunning blight.



Mun ki doulat haath aati hai tuo pher jaati naheen; tun ki doulat chhaon hai,
ata hai dhun jata hai dhun,
Treasure of the soul once won is never lost again: Treasure gold, a shadow
wealth soon comes and soon takes flight.



Mun ki dunya mein nah paya mien ney Afrangi ka raj; mun ki dunya mein nah
deikhhey mien ney Shaikh-o-Brahman.
In the spirits world I have not seen a white mans Raj, in that world I have not
seen Hindu and Muslim fight.

101

Paani paani kar gaeyi mojh ko qalandar ki yeh baat; tou jhoka jabb ghair kay
aagey, nah mun teyra nah tun.
Shame and shame that hermits saying pouted on me you forfeit body and soul
alike if once you cringe to anothers might!
(Translated by V.G. Kiernan)
***** (14) *****



Dil-e-bidaar Farooqi, dil-e-bidaar Karrari; mus-e-Adam kay haq mein kimiya
hai dil ki bidaari.
A heart awake to man imparts Umars brains and Hyders manly parts: If
watchful heart a man may hold, his dross is changed to sterling gold.



Dil-e-bidaar paida kar keh dil khwabidah hai jabb takk; nah teyri zarab hai
kaari, nah meyri zarab hai kaari.
Beget a heart alive and sound, for, if it be in slumber bound, you cannot strike a
deadly blow, nor even I can daring show.



Mashaam-e-taiz sey milta hai sehra mein nishan oss ka; zun-o-takhmin sey
haath ata naheen aahooey Tataari.
If sense of smell be full and stunted, the musk-deer never can be hunted: If
bereft of sense of smelling true, surmise and guess can yield no clue.



Iss andaishey sey zabt-e-aah mien karta rahon kabb takk; keh mogh-zaadey
nah ley jaain teri qismat ki chingaari.
My sighs no more I can withhold, when Muslims sloth I do behold: If Muslims
do not mend their way, magians their luck might steal away.



102

Khodawanda yeh teyrey saadah dil bandey kidhar jaain; keh darvaishi bhi
ayyari hai, sultani bhi ayyari.
These simple thralls of Yours, O Lord, from every house and door are barred:
For kings, no less the acolytes, are fraudulent and hypocrites.



Mojhey tehzeeb-e-hazir ney atta ki hai woh azadi; keh zahar mein tuo azadi hai,
batin mein gariftari.
The freedom that this age does grant does ever freedoms essence want: Though
freedom seems to outward sight, yet is no less than prison tight.

!

Tou ay Moulaey Yasrib! Aap meyri charah-saazi kar; meri daanish hai
Afrangi, mera iman hai zonnari.
O Lord of Yathrib! Cure provide for doubts that in my breast abide: My wisdom
to the West is due, girdled my faith like Brahman true.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (15) *****



Khodi ki shokhi-o-tondi mein kibr-o-naaz naheen; jo naaz ho bhi tuo bey lazzate-niaz naheen.
In the coquetry and fierceness of the self there is no pride, there are no airs.
Even if there are airs, then they are not without the pleasure of submission.



Nigah-e-ishq dil-e-zindah ki talash mein hai; shikar-e-mordah sazawar-eshahbaz naheen.
The eye of love is in search of the living heart; hunting for carrion does not befit
up to the royal hawk.



103

Meri nawa mein naheen hai adaey mehboobi; keh Bang-e-Soor-e-Israfil dil
nawaz naheen.
In my song there is no charming and romantic grace, for the blast of the trumpet
of Israfil is not meant to please the heart.



Sawal-e-maey nah karon saqi-e-Farang sey mein; keh yeh tariqah-e-rindaane-pakbaaz naheen.
I will not ask for wine from the Frank, saki, for this is not the way of the purehearted profligates.



Hoeyi nah aam jahan mein kabhi hakoomat ishq; sabab yeh hai keh mohabat
zamanah saaz naheen.
The rule of love has never been widespread in the world. The reason is this
that love is no time-server.



Ekk iztirab-e-mosalsal, ghiyab ho keh hazoor, mien khod kahon tuo meri
dastan draaz naheen.
(Ghiyab: Ghaib hona, ghair hazir hona.)
One continual anxiety; whether absent or present! If I tell it myself, my story is
not long.



Agar ho zouq tuo khalwat mein parrh Zabur-e-Ajam; foghan-e-neim shabbi
bey nawaey raaz naheen. (Zabur-e-Ajam: Allamah ki mashoor Farsi kitab.)
If you desire then read the Persian Psalms; in seclusion; the midnight lament is
not bereft of secrets.
(Translated by D.J. Matthews)
***** (16) *****

104



Mir-e-sepah nasaza, lashkariyan shakastah saff; aah woh teer-e-neim kash jiss
ka nah ho koeyi hadaf.
(Hadaf: Nishanah.)
A recreant captain, a battle-line thrown back, the arrow hanging target-less and
slack!



Teyrey moheet mein kaheen gohar-e-zindagi naheen; dhoondh choka mien mouj
mouj, deikhh choka sadaf sadaf.
Nowhere near you that shell which holds lifes pearl; I have dragged the waves
and searched the oceans track.



Ishq-e-bottan sey haath othha, apni khodi mein doob ja; naqsh-o-nigar-e-Deir
mein khoon-e-jigar nah kar talaf.
Plunge in your self, on idols dote no more, pour our no more hearts blood for
paint to deck their shrines.



Khhol kay kaya biyan karon sirr-e-moqam-e-murg-o-ishq; ishq hai murg-ebasharaf, murg-e-hayat bey sharaf.
I unveil the courts of Love and Death: Death life dishonoured; Love death
for honours sake.



Sohbat-e-Pir-e-Rome sey mojh peh hoa yeh raaz faash; laakhh hakim sar
bajiab, ekk Kalim sar bakaf.
I gleaned in Rumis company: one bold heart is worth of learned heads the
whole tame pack.



105

Misl-e-Kalim ho agar maarkah aazma koeyi; abb bhi darakht-e-Toor sey aati
hai bang-e-la takhaf.
Once more that voice from Sinais tree would cry fear not! If some new Moses
led the attack.



Kheirah nah kar sakka mojhey jalwah-e-daanish-e-Farang; sormah hai meyri
ankhh ka khak-e-Madinah-o-Najaf.
No glitter of Western science could dazzle my eyes: The dust of Medina stains,
like collyrium, black.
(Translated by V.G. Kiernan)
***** (18) *****



Yeh Deir-e-kohan kaya hai, anbaar-e-khas-o-khashaak; moshkil hai gozar iss
mein bey nalah-e-aatish naak.
The ancient fane in which we live has heaps of thorns at every turn; too hard to
cross it safe and sound without the aid of sighs that burn.



Nakhchir-e-mohabat ka qissah naheen tolaani; lotf-e-khalash-e-paikan,
asoodgi-e-fitraak.
(Nakhchir: Shikar kiya hoa parindah ya janwar. Lotf-e-khalash-e-paikan:
Teer lugney kay dard ka maza. Asoodgi-e-fitraak: Shikarbund mein latak jaaney
ka sakoon.)
The tale of quarry shot by Love is simple, brief and not too long: The victim
feels the joy of prick and then the rest of saddle thong.



Khhoya gaya jo matlab-e-haftaad-o-duo millat mein; samjhey ga nah tou jabb
takk bey rung nah ho idraak.
(Haftaad-o-duo: Bahattar; seventy-two.)

106

The sterling truth to Muslim taught, in feuds of different sects is lost; how can
you catch this truth again, with bias if your mind be fraught?



Ekk sharaa-e-Mosilmani, ekk jazb-e-Mosilmani; bey jazb-e-Mosilmani, sirr-efalk al-aflaak. (Falak al-aflaak: Aasmanon ka aasman, yaani Arsh.)
One is the outward form of faith, the other its spirit deep and true: He, who
quaffs its spirits deep, brings secrets hidden to his view.



Ay rehro-e-farzanah, bey jazb-e-Mosilmani; ney rah-e-amal paida ney shakh-eyaqin numnaak.
O pilgrim wise, who tread the path, if passion strong for faith you lack, the
bough of faith shall whither fast, obscure and dim become the path.



Ramz-e-hein mohabat ki gostakhi-o-bey baaki; her shouq naheen gostakh, her
jazb naheen bey baak.
Courage and valour are the signs by which the state of Love is known: Not
every zeal is pert and rude, nor daring by evry person shown.



Farigh tuo nah baithhey ga mehshar mein janon meyra; ya apna gariban
chaak ya daman-e-Yazdan chaak.
On the Day of Judgment too my frenzy will not let me rest: With Mighty God I
shall contend or rend to fragments my own vest.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (19) *****



Kamal-e-terk naheen aab-o-gill sey mehjoori; kamal-e-terk hai taskhir-e-khakio-noori.
(Mehjoori: Jodaeyi. alehdagi.)

107

The way to renounce is to conquer the earth and heaven; the way to renounce is
not to starve oneself to death.



Mien aisey faqr sey ehl-e-halqah baz aya; tumhara faqr hai bey doulati-orunjoori.
(Ehl-e-halqah: Tasawwuf ki eik istilah.)
O cultists! I like not your austere piety; your piety is penury, suffering and grief.



Nah faqr kay leay mouzon, nah sultanat kay leay; woh quom jiss ney ganwaya
mataa-e-Taimuri.
A nation that has lost Taimurs great heritage, is unfit for piety, and is unfit to
rule.



Sonney nah saqi-e-mehwash tuo aur bhi achha; ayyar garmi-e-sohbat hai harfe-maazoori.
If the sweet cup-bearer listens not to me, it is good; when I say, no more, that
will only bring me more.



Hakim-o-Arif-o-Sufi, tamam must-e-zahoor; kissey khabar keh tajali hai ain
mastoori.
The Sufi and his peers are all engrossed in a glimpse; they know not that
concealment is itself a vision.



Woh moltafat hon tuo konj-e-qafas bhi azadi; nah hon tuo sehan-e-chaman
bhi moqam-e-majboori.
(Moltafat: Matwajoh, meharban.)
Bondage is freedom with favours from on high, and when favours are withheld,
even freedom is bondage.

108



Bora nah maan, zara aazma kay deikhh issey; Farang dil ki kharabi, khird ki
maamoori.
The West is a treasure-house for the reasons quest; but for the heart it is a
source of decay and death.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
***** (20) *****



Aql go aastan sey door naheen; iss ki taqdir mein hazoor naheen.
Though reason to the portal guide, yet entry to it is denied.



Dil-e-beina bhi kar Khoda sey talab; ankhh ka noor dil ka noor naheen.
Beg God to grant a lighted heart, for light and sight are things apart.



Ilm mein bhi saroor hai laikan; yeh woh jannat hai jiss mein Hoor naheen.
Though knowledge lends to mind a glow, no houris its Eden can ever show.



Kaya ghazab hai keh iss zamaney mein; eik bhi sahib-e-saroor naheen.
How strange that in the present time; no one owns the joy sublime!



Ekk janon hai keh bashaoor bhi hai; ekk janon hai keh bashaoor naheen.
Some passions leave the mind intact, while others make it blind to fact.



109

Nasaboori hai zindagi dil ki; aah woh dil keh nasaboor naheen.
The heart from unrest gets its life, what pity if it knows no strife!



Bey hazoori hai teyri mout ka raaz; zindah ho tou tuo bey hazoor naheen.
You die because from God you flee, if living, linked with God shall be.



Her gohar ney sadaf ko torr diya; tou he aamadah-e-zahoor naheen.
The pearls have all their covering cleft, of urge to show you are bereft.



Arni mien bhi keh raha hon, magar; yeh hadis-e-Kalim-o-Toor naheen.
Show unto me, though I too cry, it is not tale of Moses and Sinai.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (21) *****



Khodi woh behar hai jiss ka koeyi kinarah naheen; tou aabjoo ossey samjha
agar tuo charah naheen.
The self of man is ocean vast, and knows no depth or bound: If you take it for a
stream, how can your mind be sound?



Talism-e-gonbad-e-gardon ko torr sakktey hein; zojaj ki yeh amarat hai, sunge-kharah naheen. (Zojaj: Shishah.)
The magic of this whirling dome we can set at naught: Not of stone but of glass
its building has been wrought.

110

Khodi mein doobtey hein pher obhar bhi aatey hein; magar yeh hoslah-e-marde-haich karah naheen.
In Holy Trance in self we drown, and up we rise again; but how a worthless
man can show so much might and main?



Terey moqam ko anjam shanas kaya jaaney; keh khak zindah hai tuo tabiy
sitarah naheen.
Your rank and state cannot be told by one who reads the stars: You are living
dust, in sooth, not ruled by Moon or Mars.



Yaheen bahisht bhi hai, Hoor-o-Jibril bhi hein; teri nigah mein abhi shokhi-enazarah naheen.
The maids of Edn and Gabriel eke in this world can be found, but, alas! You
lack as yet glances bold and zeal profound.



Merey janon ney zamaney ko khoob pehchana; woh perhan mojhey bakhsha
keh parah parah naheen.
My craze has judged aright the bent of times wherein I am born: Love be
thanked for granting me the gown entire and untorn.



Ghazab hai, ain karam mein bokheil hai fitrat; keh laal-e-naab mein aatish tuo
hai, shararah naheen.
Spite of Natures bounty great, its guarding practice, mark! It grants the ruby
reddish hue, but denies the heat of spark.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)

***** (24) *****



111

Khirad kay pass khabar kay sawa kochhy aur naheen; tera ilaaj nazar kay sawa
kochh aur naheen.
The mind can give you naught, but what with doubt is fraught: One look of
Saintly Guide can needful cure provide.



Her ekk moqam sey aagey moqam hai teyra; hayat zouq-e-safar kay sawa
kochh aur naheen.
The goal that you presume is far and out of view: What else can be this life but
zeal for endless strife?



Garan baha hai tuo hifz-e-khodi sey hai vernah; gohar mein aab-e-gohar kay
sawa kochh aur naheen.
Much worth the pearl begets, for guard on self it sets: What else in pearl is
found except its sheen profound?



Rugon mein gardish-e-khon hai agar tuo kaya hasil; hayat soz-e-jigar kay
sawa kochh aur naheen.
Though blood in veins may race, to Life it lends no grace: Only the glow of
heart to Life can zeal impart.

!

Aroos-e-lalah! Monasib naheen hai mojh sey hijab; keh mien nasim-e-sehar kay
sawa kochh aur naheen.
Wherefore, O Tulip Bride, from me your charms you hide? I am the breath of
morn, your face I would adorn.



Jissey kisaad samajhtey hein tajiraan-e-Farang; woh shaey mataa-e-honar
kay sawa kochh aur naheen.
(Kisaad: Bey ronaqi, bey rawaji, karobar ka mandah parr jana.)
112

What Frankish dealers take for counterfeit and fake, is true and real art not
valued in their Mart.



Barra karim hai Iqbal-e-bey nawa laikan; attaey shoala sharar kay sawa
kochh aur naheen.
Though indigent I be, I am of hand yet free: What can the Flame bestow except
its spark and glow?
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (25) *****



Nigah-e-faqr mein shan-e-sakandari kaya hai; khiraj ki jo gada ho, woh
Qaisari kaya hai.
The splendour of a monarch great is worthless for the free and bold: Where lies
the grandeur of a king, whose riches rest on borrowed gold?



Botton sey tojh ko ummeidin, Khoda sey noumeidi; mojhey bata tuo sehi aur
kafiri kay hai.
You pin your faith on idols vain and turn your back on Mighty God: If this is
not unbelief and sin, what else is unbelief and fraud?



Falak ney onn ko atta ki hai khwajgi keh jinhein; khabar naheen rawash-ebandah perwari kaya hai.
Luck favours the fool and the mean, and exalts and lifts to the skies: Only those
who are base and low and know not how to patronize.



Faqat nigah sey hota hai faislah dil ka; nah ho nigah mein shokhi tuo dilbari
kaya hai.

113

One look from the eyes of the Fair can make a conquest of the heart: There is no
charm in the fair sweet, if it lacks this alluring art.



Issi khata sey ataab-e-malook hai mojh per; keh janta hon maal-e-Sikandari
kaya hai.
I am a target for the hate of the mighty rich and the great, as I know the end of
Caesars great and know the freaks of luck or fate.



Kissey naheen tamanna-e-sarwari, laikan; khodi ki mout ho jiss mein woh
sarwari kaya hai.
To be a person great and strong is the end and aim of all; but that rank is not real
and true that is attained by the egos fall.



Khosh aagaeyi hai jahan ko qalandari meyri; vagarnah shear mera kaya hai,
shaeri kaya hai.
My bold and simple mode of life has captured each and every heart; though my
numbers are lame and dull and lay no claim to poets art.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (26) *****



Nah tou zamin kay leay hai nah aasman kay leay; jahan hai teyrey leay, tou
naheen jahan kay leay.
Thou art not for the earth or for the heaven alone; the world is for thee, not thou
for the world.



Yeh aql-o-dil hein sharar shoalah-e-mohabat kay; woh khar-o-khas kay leay
hai, yeh neistan kay leay.

114

The mind and the heart are sparks in the flame of love; one for a moments
flash, the other for a blazing fire.



Moqam-e-perwarash-e-aah-o-nalah hai yeh chaman; nah siar-e-chaman kay
leay hai nah aashiyan kay leay.
This garden of delight is not for thy delight; thou art here to yearn, to seek a
beatific vision.



Rehey ga Ravi-o-Neil-o-Farat mein kabb takk; tera safinah keh hai behar-ebikaran kay leay.
Equipped for unfathomed seas, thy vessel should not confine itself to rivers, and
to familiar shores.



Nishan-e-rah dikhhatey thhey jo sitaron ko; taras gaey hein kissi mard-erahdan kay leay.
They were a beacon once to the brightest stars of heaven, but now they languish
in darkness, in search of a guide to lead them.



Nigah boland, sakhon dil nawaz, jan por soz; yehi hai rakht-e-safar mir-ecaravan kay leay.
A lofty vision, gracious speech, and a passionate soul: These are the attributes of
the leaders of all men.



Zara si baat thhi, andaishah-e-Ajam ney ossey; barrha diya hai faqat zaib-edastan kay leay.
It was a plain and simple truth but the imagination of the Persian mind has
confounded it with the poetic license.

115



Merey golo mein hai ekk naghmah-e-Jibril aashoob; sanbhaal kar jissey rakhha
hai lamakan kay leay.
My soul has a secret song, a defiance to Gabriel: A song I have preserved
For life in eternity.
(Translated by Naeem Siddiqui)
***** (30) *****



He shaey mosafer, her cheez rahi; kaya chand taarey, kaya morgh-o-mahi.
The sun, the moon, the stars and all life on earth, are shackled by the tyranny of
time victions of transience.



Tou mard-e-maidan, tou mir-e-lashkar; Noori Hazoori teyrey sepahi.
Thou art in command of all in the chain of Being; Angels and species on earth
are legions of thy armies.



Kochh qadar tou ney apni nah jami; yeh bey sawadi, yeh kum nigahi.
(Bey sawadi: Bey ilmi.)
Regent of God on earth, thou knowest not thy worth; sunk by self-bnegation,
sunk by a lack of vision.



Dunyaey duon ki kabb takk ghulami; ya rahibi kar ya padshahi.
How long wilt thou be a slave of the worthless world? Either be an ascetic, or a
king of men.



116

Pir-e-Haram ko deikhha hai mien ney; kirdar bey soz, goftar waahi. (Waahi:
Bey sar-o-pa.)
The holy men in sanctums inspire me not; their souls are passionless, their talk
is puerile.
(Translated by Naeem Siddiqui)
***** (37) *****



Fitrat ko khird kay robaroo kar; taskhir-e-moqam-e-rung-o-boo kar.
Nature before your mind present, subdue this world of hue and scent.



Tou apni khodi ko khho choka hai; khhoeyi hoeyi shaey ki jostajoo kar.
Of selfhood you appear bereft, to find the thing lost go on quest.



Taaron ki faza hai bikiranah; tou bhi yeh moqam-e-aarzoo kar.
The stars do shine in boundless space; desire to get this lofty place.



Oriyan hein terey chaman ki Hoorin chaak-e-gul-o-lalah ko rafoo kar.
Disrobed the houris of your mead; the rose and tulip darning need.



Bey zouq naheen agarchih fitrat; jo iss sey nah ho saka, woh tou kar.
Of urge, though Nature not deplete, yet where it fails you must complete.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (41) *****


117

France mein likhhey gaey. Written in France.



Dhoondh raha hai Farang aish-e-jahan ka dawaam; waaey tamannaey
khaam, waaey tamannaey khaam.
The West seeks to make life a perpetual feast; a wish in vain, in vain, in vain!



Pir-e-Haram ney kaha sonn kay meri roedaad; pokhtah hai teyri foghan, abb
nah issey dil mein thham.
Aware of my state, my spiritual guide assures me; thy ecstasy has reached the
plenitude of its power.



Thha arani go Kalim, mein arani go naheen; oss ka taqaza rawa, mojh peh
taqaza haraam.
Moses asked for a Divine glimpse, but I do not: The demand was right for him;
but is forbidden for me.



Garchih hai ifshaey raaz, ehl-e-nazar ki foghan; ho naheen sakkta kabhi
shaiwah-e-rindaanah aam.
The plaint of the men of God betrays a suppressed secret; but the ways of the
men of God are not meant for all.



Halqah-e-Sufi mein zikr, bey num-o-bey soz-o-saaz; mien bhi raha tishnah
kaam, tou bhi raha tishnah kaam.
Zikr in the Sufis circle was devoid of ecstasy, I remained unsatisfied, and so
was everyone.

118

Ishq teri intiha, ishq meri intiha; tou bhi abhi natamam, mein bhi abhi
natamam.
Love is thy goal, and mine, too, but both are so far novices on the path of love.



Aah keh khhoya gaya tojh sey faqiri ka raaz; vernah hai maal-e-faqir Sultanate-Rome-o-Shaam.
Alas! Thou hast betrayed the secret of a fakir, though a fakir has wealth more
than a king of men.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
***** (42) *****



Khodi ho ilm sey mohkam tuo ghairat-e-Jibril; agar ho ishq sey mohkam tuo
Soor-e-Israfil.
If self with knowledge strong becomes, Gabriel it can envious make: If fortified
with passion great, like trump of Israfil can shake.



Azaab-e-daanish-e-hazir sey bakhabar hon mien; keh mien iss aag mein dala
gaya hon misl-e-Khalil.
The scourge of present science and thought, to me, no doubt, is fully known,
like Abraham, the Friend of God, in its flame I have been thrown.



Faraib khordah-e-manzil hai carvan vernah; ziyadah rahat-e-manzil sey hai
nishaat-e-raheel. (Raheel: Kooch.)
The caravan in quest of goal by charm of lodge is led astray, though never can
the ease of lodge be same as joy to be on way.

119

Nazar naheen tuo merey halqah-e-sakhon mein na baithh; keh noktah-haey


khodi hein missal-e-taigh-e-aseel.
(Taigh-e-aseel: Johardar talwar; yaani taiz dhaar talwar.)
If seeing eye you do not own, among my listeners do not pause, for subtle
points about the self, like sword, deep yawning wounds can cause.



Mojhey woh dars-e-Farang aaj yaad aatey hein; kahan hazoor ki lazzat,
kahan hijab-e-dalil.
Still to mind I can recall, in Europe what I learnt by heart: But can the veil of
Reason match with joy that Presence can import.



Andhairi shabb hai, joda apney qaafley sey hai tou; terey leay hai mera shoalah
nawa, qandeel.
From caravan you are adrift, and night has donned a mantle black: For you my
song that burns as flame, like a torch, can light the track.



Gharib-o-saadah-o-rungin hai dastan-e-Haram; nehiyat iss ki Hosein, ibtida
hai Ismail.
The tale of the Holy Shrine, if told, is simple, strange and red in hue: With
Ismail the tale begins, ends with Husain, the martyr true.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (47) *****



Yuon haath naheen ata woh gohar yakk danah; yakk rungi-o-azadi ay himmate-mardanah.
O manly heart, the goal you seek is hard to gain like gem unique: Get firm
resolve and freedom true, if aim of life you wish to woo.

120



Ya Sanjar-o-Toghral ka aein-e-jahan giri; ya mard-e-qalandar kay andaz-emalookanah.
Like Sanjar great and Tughral just to rule and conquer learn you must: Or like a
qalandar true and bold the wont and way of monarch hold.



Ya hairat-e-Farabi ya taab-o-tabb-e-Rumi; ya fikr-e-hakimanah, ya jazb-ekalimanah.
Farabis thirst for lore beget, or Rumis fever great and fret: You need a
thinkers lofty gaze, or Moses passion to amaze.



Ya aql ki roobahi ya ishq-e-yaddullahi; ya heelah-e-Afrangi ya hamlah-eTurkanah.
Learn the wolfish tricks and guile, be like Franks in wit and wile: Else own the
passion of Gods Hand, or strike the foes like Tartar band.



Ya sharaa-e-Mosilmani ya Deir ki darbani; ya naarah-e-mustanah, Kaabah
ho keh bottkhanah.
Act on Muslim law and rites, or sit in fane like acolytes: Be it the Shrine or
temple high, ever like a drunkard cry.



Miri mein faqiri mein, shahi mein ghulami mein; kochh kaam naheen banta bey
juraat-e-rindanah.
In whatsoever state you be, a fettered thrall or monarch free: No wonder ever
can be wrought, with Love, if courage be not fraught.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
***** (53) *****

121



Garm-e-foghan hai jaras, othh keh gaya qaflah; waey woh rehro keh hai
montazir-e-rahelah.
(Jaras: Ghhenti. Rahelah: Sawaari.)
Arise! The bugle calls! It is time to leave! Woe be to the traveller who still
awaits!



Teyri tabiyat hai aur, Teyra zamanah hai aur; teyrey mowwafiq naheen khanqihi
silsilah.
The confines of a monastery suit thee not: The times have changed, thou seest,
and so hast thou.


!
Dil ho ghulam-e-khird ya keh imam-e-khird; salik-e-reh, hoshiyar! Sakht hai
yeh marhalah.
Thorny is the path, O seeker of salvation! Whether thy heart is the slave or the
master of reason.



Iss ki khodi hai abhi shaam-e-sehar mein aseer; gardish-e-douran ka hai jiss
ki zoban per gillah.
The selfhood of one who bemoans all change, is yet a prisoner of time, shackled
by days and nights.


!
Teyrey nafas sey hoeyi aatish-e-gul taiz-ter; morgh-e-chaman! Hai yehi teyri
nawa ka silah.
O songbird! Thy song is well rewarded when it infuses fire into the roses
bloom.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)

122

QUATRAINS
*****(3)*****
Urging Muslims to know thyselves.





Makani hon keh azad-e-makan hon; jahan bein hon keh khod sara jahan
hon.
Woh apni lamakani mein rehein must; mojhey itna bata dein mien kahan hon.
Am I bound by space, or beyond space? A world-observer, or a world myself?
Let Him remain happy in His Infinitude, but condescend to tell me where I am.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
*****(8)*****





Koeyi deikhhey tuo meyri naey nawazi; nafas Hindi, moqam-e-naghmah Taazi.
Nigah aaloodah-e-andaz-e-Afrang; tabiyat Ghaznavi, qismat Ayazi.
I wish someone saw how I play the flute the breath is Indian, the tune
Arabian!
My vision has a taint of the Western style; I am a Ghaznavi by temper, but my
fate is that of an Ayaz!
(Translated by Mustansir Mir)
*****(18)*****





Tera johar hai noori, pak hai tou; farogh-e-deidah-e-aflaak hai tou.

123

Teyrey siad-e-zabon Afrishtah-o-Hoor; keh shaheen-e-Sheh-e-Lolaak hai tou.


(Sheh-e-Lolaak: Rasool-e-Pak S.A.W.)
Pure in nature thou art, thy nature is light; thou art the star in the firmament.
Thou not an eagle of the King of Men, thy preys are the nymphs and the angels
bright.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
*****(33)*****





Yehi Adam hai sultan-e-behar-o-ber ka; kahon kaya majra iss bey basar ka.
Nah khod bein, ney Khoda bein, ney jahan bein; yehi shahkaar hai teyrey
honar ka.
So man is the powerful lord of land and seas! A lord of the world with an eye
that hardly sees!
He knows neither himself, nor God, nor the world. Is this, O Lord, Thy greatest
masterpiece?
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)

*****(37)*****





Zamaney ki yeh gardish-e-javidanah; haqiqat eik tou, baqi fasanah.
Kissi ney dosh deikhha hai nah farada; faqat imroz hai tera zamanah.
(Farada: Aaney wala kall. Imroz: Aaj.)
The movement of days and nights is eternal, fast; no one has seen the future or
the past.
124

Thou art the only fact, the rest is fiction; the present is the only time thou hast.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
SAKI NAMA
In this relatively long poem Allamah offers words of advice with
expectations along with prayers.
Saqi Namah

Hoa khaimah-zun caravan-e-bahar; Iram bun gaya daman-e-kohsaar.


Springs caravan has pitched its tent at the foot of the mountain, making it look
like the fabled garden of Iram.



Gul-o-nargis-o-sosan-o-nastran; shaheed-e-azal lalah khoonein kafan.
(Sosan: Chanbaili.)
With a riot of flowers iris, rose, narcissus, lily, eglantine, and tulip in its
martyrs gory shroud.



Jahan chhop gaya pardah-e-rung mein; lahoo ki hai gardish rug-e-sung mein.
The landscape is all covered with a multicoloured sheet, and colour flows even
in the veins of stones like blood.



Faza neili neili, hawa mein saroor; thhehartey naheen aashiyan mein tayoor.
(Tayoor: Parindey.)
The breezes blow intoxicatingly in a blue sky, so that the birds do not feel like
remaining in their nests and fly about.



Woh jooey kohistan ochakti hoeyi; attakti, lachakti, sarakti hoeyi.
125

(Jooey kohistan: Paharri nadi.)


Look at that hill-stream. How it halts and bends and glides and swings around.



Ochhalti, phissalti, sanbhalti hoeyi; barrey paich khha kar nikalti hoeyi.
And then, collecting itself; surges up and rushes on.



Rokkay jabb yeh tuo sill* cheir deyti hai yeh; paharron kay dil cheir deyti hai
yeh.
(*Pathar, chataan.)
Should it be stemmed, it would cut open the hills hearts and burst the rocks.



Zara deikhh ay saqi-e-lalah faam! Sonati hai yeh zindagi ka payam.
This hill-stream, my fair saki, has a message to give us concerning life.



Pala dey mojhey woh maey-e-pardah soz; ke aati naheen fasal-e-gul roz roz.
Attune me to this message and, come, let us celebrate the spring, which comes
but once a year.



Woh maey jiss sey roshan zamir-e-hayat; woh maey jiss sey hai musti-e-kainat.
Give me that wine whose heat burns up the veils of hidden things, whose light
illuminates lifes mind;



Woh maey jiss mein hai soz-o-saaz-e-azal; woh maey jiss sey khholta hai raaze-azal.
Whose strength intoxicates the universe, whose effervescence was Creations
source.
126



Othha saqiya pardah iss raaz sey; larra dey mamolay ko shahbaz sey.
Come lift the veil off mysteries, and make a mere wagtail take eagles on.



Zamaney kay andaz badley gaey; niya raag ghai, saaz badley gaey.
The times have changed; so have their signs. New is the music, and so are the
instruments.



Hoa iss tarah faash raaz-e-Farang; keh hairat mein hai shishahbaz-e-farang.
The magic of the West has been exposed, and the magician stands aghast.



Porani siyasat-gari khwar hai; zamin mir-o-sultan sey bizar hai.
The politics of the ancient regime are in disgrace: world is tired of kings.



Gaya dour-e-sarmayah-daari gaya; tamasha dikhha kay madaari gaya.
The age of capitalism has passed, the juggler, having shown his tricks, has gone.



Garan khwab Chini sanbhalney lagay; hamalah kay chashmey obalney lagay.
The Chinese are awaking from their heavy sleep. Fresh springs are bubbling
forth from Himalayan heights.



Dil-e-Toor-o-Seina-o-Faran duo neim; tajali ka pher montazir hai Kalim.
Cut open is the heart of Sinai and Faran, and Moses waits for a renewed
theophany.

127



Mosilman hai Towhid mein garam josh; magar dill abhi takk hai zonnar posh.
The Muslim, zealous though about Gods unity, still wears the Hindus sacred
thread around his heart.



Tamaddan, tasawwuf, shariat, kalam; bottaan-e-Ajam kay pojaari tammam.
In culture, mysticism, canon law and dialectical theology: He worships idols of
non-Arab make.



Haqiqat khorafaat mein khho gaeyi; yeh ummat rawayat mein khho gaeyi.
The truth has been lost in absurdities, and in traditions is this ummah rooted
still.



Lobhata hai dil ko kalam-e-khatib; magar lazzat-e-shouq sey bey nasib.
The preachers sermon may beguile your heart, but there is no sincerity, no
warmth in it.



Biyan oss ka mantiq sey soljha hoa; loghat kay bakhhairron mein oljha hoa.
It is a tangled skein of lexical complexities, sought to be solved by logical
dexterity.



Woh Sufi keh thha khidmat-e-Haq mein mard; mohabat mein yakta, hamiyat
mein fard.
The Sufi, once foremost in serving God, unmatched in love and ardency of soul;



128

Ajam kay khiyalat mein khho gaya; yeh saalik moqamaat mein khho gaya.
Has got lost in the maze of Ajams ideas: At half-way stations is this traveller
stuck.



Bojhi ishq ki aag, andhair hai; Mosilman naheen, raakhh ka dhair hai.
Gone out is the fire of love. O how sad! The Muslim is a heap of ashes, nothing
more.



Sharab-e-kohan pher pila saqiya; wohi jaam gardish mein la saqiya.
O Saki, serve me that old wine again, let that old cup go round once more.



Mojhey ishq kay per laga kar orra; meri khak jugno bana kar orra.
Lend me the wings of Love and make me fly. Turn my dust to fireflies that flit
about.



Khird ko ghulami sey azad kar; jawanon ko piron ka ostaad kar.
Free young mens minds from slavery, and make them mentors of the old.



Hari shakh-e-millat terey num sey hai; nafas iss badan mein terey dum sey hai.
The millats tree is green thanks to your sap: You are its bodys breath.



Tarrapney phharrakney ki toufiq dey; dil-e-Mortaza, soz-e-Siddiq dey.
Give it the strength to vibrate and to throb; lend it the heart of Murtaza, the
fervour of Siddiq.

129



Jigar sey wohi teer pher paar kar; tamanna ko seinon mein bidaar kar.
Drive that old arrow through its heart which will revive desire in it.



Terey aasmanon kay taaron ki khair; zaminon kay shabb zindah-daaron ki
khair.
(Shabb zindah-daar: Abadat gozaar.)
Blest be the stars of Your heavens; blest be those who spend their nights praying
to You.



Jawanon ko soz-e-jigar bakhsh dey; mera ishq, meri nazar bakhsh dey,
Endow the young with fervent souls; grant them my vision and my love.



Meri nao gardaab sey paar kar; yeh saabit hai Tou issey siyyar kar.
(Nao: Kashti. Saabit: Rokki hoeyi, saakin. Siyyar: Motaharik.)
I am a boat in a whirlpool, stuck in one place. Rescue me and grant me mobility.



Bata mojh ko asrar-e-murg-o-hayat; keh teyri nigahon mein hai kainat.
Tell me about the mysteries of life and death, for Your eye spans the universe.



Merey deidah-e-ter ki bey khwabiyan; merey dil ki poshidah bey tabiyan.
The sleeplessness if my tear-shedding eyes; the restless yearnings hidden in my
heart.



130

Merey nalah-e-neim shabb ka niaz; meri khalwat-o-anjuman ka godaaz.


The prayerfulness of my cries at midnight; my melting into tears in solitude and
company.



Omangein meri, aarzooein meri; ummeidein meri; jostajooein meri.
My aspirations, longings and desires; my hopes and quests;



Meri fitrat aeinah-e-rozgaar; ghazalaan-e-afkaar ka marghazaar.
(Ghazalaan-e-afkaar: Khiyalat kay heran, khiyalat.)
My mind that mirrors the times (A field for thoughts gazelles to roam);



Mera dil, meri razam gah-e-hayat; gomaanon kay lashkar, yaqin ka sabaat.
My heart, which is a battlefield of life, where legions of doubt war with faith.



Yehi kochh hai saqi mataa-e-faqir; issi sey faqiri mein hon mien amir.
O Saki, these are all my wealth; possessing them, I am rich in my poverty.



Merey qafley mein lota dey issey; lota dey, thhikaney laga dey issey.
Distribute all these riches in my caravan, and let them come to some good use.



Damadum rawan hai yam-e-zindagi; her ekk shaey sey paida rum-e-zindagi.
In constant motion is the sea of life. All things display lifes volatility.

131

Issi sey hoeyi hai badan ki namood; keh shoaley mein poshidah hai mouj-edood.
It is life that puts bodies forth, just as a whiff of smoke becomes a flame.



Garan garchih hai sohbat-e-aab-o-gill; khosh aaeyi issey mehnat-e-abb-o-gill.
Unpleasant to it is the company of matter, but it likes to see its striving to
improve itself.



Yeh saabit bhi hai aur siyyar bhi; anasar kay phhandon sey bazaar bhi.
It is fixed, yet in motion, straining at the leash to get free of the elements.



Yeh wahdat hai kasrat mein her dum aseer; magar her kaheen bey chagon, bey
nazir.
A unity imprisoned in diversity, it is unique in every form and shape.



Yeh alam, yeh bottkhanah-e-shash jehaat; issi ney trasha hai yeh somnaat,
This world, this six-dimensioned idol-house, this Somnat is all of its fashioning.



Pasand iss ko takrar ki khoo naheen; keh tou mien naheen, aur mien tou
naheen.
It is not its way to repeat itself: You are not I, I am not you.



Mun-o-tou sey hai anjuman aafrin; magar ain mehfil mein khalwat nashin.
With you and me and others it has formed assemblies, but is solitary in their
midst.

132



Chamak iss ki bijli mein taarey mein hai; yeh chandi mein, sonay mein, paarey
mein hai.
It shines in lightning, in the stars, in silver, gold and mercury.



Issi kay biyaban, issi kay babool; issi kay hein kantey, issi kay hein phhool.
Its the wilderness, its are the trees, its are the roses, its are the thorns.



Kaheen iss ki taqat sey kohsar choor; kaheen iss kay phhandey mein Jibril-oHoor.
It pulverises mountains with its might, and captures Gabriel and houris in its
noose.



Kaheen jorrah-e-shaheen semaab rung; lahoo sey chakoron kay aaloodah
chung (punjay).
There is a silver-grey, brave falcon here, its talons covered with the blood of
partridges.



Kabootar kaheen ashiyaney sey door; pharrakta hoa jaal mein nasaboor
(Intihaeyi bitaab).
And over there, far from its nest, a pigeon helplessly aflutter in a snare.



Faraib-e-nazar hai skoon-o-sabaat; tarrapta hai her zarrah-e-kainat.
Stability is an illusion of eyes, for every atom in the world pulsates with change.



133

Thheharta naheen caravan-e-wajood; keh her lehzah hai tazah shan-e-wajood.


The caravan of life does not halt anywhere, for every moment life renews itself.



Samajhta hai tou raaz hai zindagi; faqat zouq-e-perwaz hai zindagi.
Do you think life is great mystery? No, it is only a desire to soar aloft.



Bohat oss ney deikhhey hein pust-o-boland; safar oss ko manzil sey barrh kar
pasand.
It has seen many ups and downs, but likes to travel rather than to reach the goal;



Safar zindagi kay leay burg-o-saaz; safar hai haqiqat, hazar hai majaaz.
(Hazar: Safar kay beraks, saakin.)
For travelling is lifes outfit: it is real, while rest is appearance, nothing more.



Olajh kar solajhney mein lazzat issey; tarrapney phharrakney mein rahat issey.
Life loves to tie up knots and then unravel them. Its pleasure lies in throbbing
and in fluttering.



Hoa jabb issey saamna mout ka; kathhan thha thhamna mout ka.
When it found itself face to face with death, it learned that it was hard to ward it
off.



Otar kar jahan-e-mokafaat mein; rehi zindagi mout ki ghhaat mein.
So it descended to this world, where retribution is the law, and lay in wait for
death.

134



Mazaaq-e-doeyi sey bani zouj zouj; othhi dasht-o-kohsar sey fouj fouj.
(Zouj zouj: Jorra jorra.)
Because of its love of duality, it sorted all things out in pairs, and then arose,
host after host, from mountains and from wilderness.



Gul iss shakh sey toot-tey bhi rehey; issi shakh sey phhoot-tey bhi rehey.
It was a branch from which flowers kept shedding and bursting forth afresh.



Samajhtey hein nadan issey bey sabaat; obharta hai mitt mitt kay naqsh-ehayat
The ignorant think that lifes impress is Ephemeral, but it fades only to emerge
anew.



Barri taiz joolan, barri zood rus; azal sey abud takk rum-e-yakk nafas.
(Taiz joolan: Taiz chalney waali. Zood rus: Jald pohnchney waali.)
Extremely fleet-footed, it reaches its goal instantly. From times beginning to its
end is but one moments way for it.



Zamaney ki zinjeer ayam hai; dummon kay olat phair ka naam hai.
Time, chain of days and nights, is nothing but a name for breathing in and
breathing out.



Yeh mouj-e-nafas kaya hai talwaar hai; khodi kaya hai, talwar ki dhaar hai.

135

What is this whiff of air called breath? A sword and selfhood is that swords
sharp edge.



Khodi kaya hai, raaz-e-daroon-e-hayat; khodi kaya hai, bidaari-e-kainat.
What is the self? Lifes inner mystery, the universes waking up.



Khodi jalwah budmast-o-khalwat pasand; samandar hai ekk boond pani mein
bund.
The self, drunk with display, is also fond of solitude; an ocean in a drop.



Andhairey ojaley mein hai taabnak; mun-o-tou mein paida, mun-o-tou sey pak.
It shines in light and darkness both; displayed in individuals, yet free from
them.



Azal iss kay peichhey, abud saamney; nah hadd iss kay peichhey, nah hadd
saamney.
Behind it is eternity without beginning, and before it is Eternity without an end;
it is unlimited both ways.



Zamaney kay darya mein behti hoeyi; sitam iss ki moujon kay sehti hoeyi.
Swept on by the waves of times stream, and at the mercy of their buffeting;



Tajasos ki rahein badalti hoeyi; damadum nigahein badalti hoeyi.
It yet changes the course of its quest constantly, renewing its way of looking at
things.

136



Sobak iss kay haathon mein sung-e-garan; paharr iss ki zarbon sey raig-erawan.
For it huge rocks are light as air: It smashes mountains into shifting sand.



Safar iss ka anjam-o-aaghaz hai; yehi iss ki taqweem ka raaz hai.
(Taqweem: Sabaat, mazbooti, istihkaam.)
Both its beginning and its end are journeying, for constant motion is its beings
law.



Kiran chand mein hai, sharar sung mein; yeh bey rung hai doob kar rung mein.
It is a ray of light in the moon and a spark in stone. It dwells in colours, but is
colourless itself.



Issey waastah kaya kum-o-baish sey; nashaib-o-faraaz-o-pus-o-paish sey.
It has nothing to do with more or less, with light and low, with fore and aft.



Azal sey hai yeh kashmakash mein aseer; hoeyi khak-e-Adam mein surat pazir.
Since times beginning it was struggling to emerge, and finally emerged in the
dust that is man.



Khodi ka nashaiman terey dil mein hai; falak jiss tarah ankhh kay til mein hai.
It is in your heart that the Self has its abode, as the sky is reflected in the pupil
of the eye.

137



Khodi kay nigahban ko hai zehar-naab; woh nan jiss sey jaati rehey iss ki
aab.
To one who treasures his self, bread won at the cost of self-respect is gall.



Wohi nan hai iss kay leay arjumand; rehey jiss sey dunya mein gardan boland.
He values only bread he gains with head held high.



Fur-o-faal-e-Mehmood sey dargozar; khodi ko nigah rakhh, Ayazi nah kar.
(Fur-o-faal: Shaan-o-shoukat.)
Abjure the pomp and might of a Mahmud; preserve your self, do not be an
Ayaz.



Wohi sajdah hai laiq-e-ihtimam, keh ho jiss sey her sajdah tojh per haraam.
Worth offering is only that prostration which makes all others forbidden acts.



Yeh alam, yeh hungamah-e-rung-o-saut; yeh alam keh hai zir-farman-e-mout.
This world, this riot of colours and of sounds, which is under the sway of death;



Yeh alam, yeh bottkhanah-e-chashm-o-gosh; jahan zindagi hai faqat khord-onoush.
This idol-house of eye and ear, in which to live is but to eat and drink,



138

Khodi ki hai yeh manzil-e-awwalein; mosafir yeh teyra nashiman naheen.


Is nothing but the Selfs initial stage. O traveller, it is not your final goal.



Teri aag iss khakdan sey naheen; jahan tojh sey hai, tou jahan sey naheen.
(Khakdaan: Matti ka ghhar, morad hai yeh dunya.)
The fire that is you has not come out of this heap of dust. You have not come
out of this world; it has come out of you.



Barrhey jaa yeh koh-e-garan torr kar; talism-e-zaman-o-makan torr kar.
Smash up this mountainous blockade, go further on and break out of this magic
ring of time and space.



Khodi Sher-e-Moula, jahan iss ka siad; zamin iss ki siad, aasman iss ka siad.
Gods lion is the self; its quarry are both earth and sky.



Jahan aur bhi hein abhi bey namood; keh khaali naheen hai zamir-e-wajood.
There are a hundred worlds still to appear, for Beings mind has not drained of
its creative capabilities.



Her ekk montazir teyri yalghar ka; teri shokhi-e-fikr-o-kirdar ka.
All latent worlds are waiting for releasing blows from your dynamic action and
exuberant thought.



Yeh hai maqsad-e-gardish-e-rozgar; keh teri khodi tojh peh ho aashkar.
It is the purpose of the revolution of the spheres that your selfhood should be
revealed to you.

139



Tou hai faateh-e-alam-e-khoob-o-zasht; tojhey kaya bataon teri sarnawisht.
You are the conqueror of this world of good and evil. How can I tell you the
whole of your long history?



Haqiqat peh hai jamah-e-harf tung; haqiqat hai aeinah, goftaar zung.
Words are but a strait-jacket for reality: Reality is a mirror, and speech the
coating that makes it opaque.



Farozan hai seinay mein shamaa-e-nafas; magar taab-e-goftar kehti hai, bus.
Breaths candle is alight within my breast, but my power of utterance cries halt.



Agar yakk sar mooey berter peram; farogh-e-tajali basosad peram.
[Agar meyri orraan moqararah hadd sey baal brabar bhi onchi ho jaaey tuo
noor-e-motliq ki aatishin tajali meyrey baal-o-per jala kar khak kar dey.]
Should I fly even a hairbreadth too high, the blaze of glory would burn up my
wings.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
THE ANGELS BID FAREWELL TO ADAM
Urging on the Mankind, especially the Muslims.


Farishtey Adam ko Jannat sey rokhsat kartey hein



Atta hoeyi hai tojhey roz-o-shabb ki bitaabi; khabar naheen keh tou khaki hai
ya keh seimaabi.

140

You have been given the restlessness of Day and Night, we know not whether
you are made of clay or mercury;



Sona hai, khak sey teyri namood hai, laikan; teri sarisht mein hai kokabi-omehtaabi.
(Kokabi-o-mehtaabi: Sitaron aur poorey chand ki tarah roshan hona.)
We hear you are created from clay, but in your nature is the glitter of Stars and
Moon.



Jamal apna agar khwab mein bhi tou deikhhey; hazar hosh sey khosh-ter teri
shakar khwabi.
(Shakar khwabi: Meithhi neind.)
Your sleep would be preferable over much wakefulness, if you could behold
your own beauty even in a dream!



Garan baha hai tera giryah-e-sehar gahi; issi sey hai terey nakhal-e-kohan ki
shadabi.
Your morning sighs are invaluable for they are the water to your ancient tree.



Teri nawa sey hai bey pardah zindagi ka zamir; keh teyrey saaz ki fitrat ney ki
hai mizraabi.
Your melody unravels the secret of life or it is Nature that has attuned your
organ.
(Based on a translation by S A Vahid, edited by Hafeez Malik)
ADAM IS RECEIVED BY THE SPIRIT OF THE EARTH


Rooh-e-Arzi Adam ka ka istiqbal karti hai

141






Khhol ankhh, zamin deikhh, falak deikhh, faza deikhh; Mashriq sey obhartey
hoay sooraj ko zara deikhh;
Iss jalwah-e-bey pardah ko pardon mein chhopa deikhh; ayam-e-jodaeyi kay
sitam deikhh, jafa deikhh; bey taab nah ho maarkah-e-beim-o-raja deikhh.
(Beim-o-raja: Khouf aur ummeid.)
Open thy eyes and look above, look at the streak of dawn; lLook at the veiling
of the vision; look at the banishment unfair; look at the battle of hope and fear.






Hein teyrey tasarraf mein yeh badal, yeh ghhatain; yeh gonbad-e-aflaak, yeh
khamosh fazain;
Yeh koh yeh sehra, yeh samandar, yeh hawain; thhein paish-e-nazar kall tuo
farishton ki adaain; aeinah ayam mein aaj apni ada deikhh.
Thine are the clouds, the rains, the skies, thine are the winds, the storms, the
woods, the mountains, the rivers are thine; the world of the angels was a void;
look at the peopled earth, which is thine.






Samjhey ga zamanah teri ankhhon kay asharey; deikhhin gey tojhey door sey
gardon kay sitarey;
Napiad terey behar-e-takhiyal kay kinaarey; pohnchein gey falak takk teri
aahon kay shararey; taamir-e-khodi kar, asar-e-aah-e-rasa deikhh.

142

Thou wilt rule it like a king; the stars will gaze in wonder; thy vision will
encompass the earth; thy sighs will reach the heavens; look at the power of thy
pain and passion.






Khurshid-e-jahan taab ki zuo teyrey sharar mein; abad hai ekk tazah jahan
teyrey honar mein;
Jachtey naheen bakhshey hoay Firdous nazar mein; jannat teri penhan hai
terey khoon-e-jigar mein; ay paikar-e-gul koshish-e-peham ki jaza deikhh.
The spark in thee is a radiant sun; a new world lives in thee; thou carest not for
a borrowed heaven; thy life-blood has it concealed; look at the reward of
anguish and toil.






Nalindah terey ood ka her taar azal sey; tou jins-e-mohabat ka kharidar azal
sey;tou pir-e-sanam-e-asrar azal sey; mehnat kash-o-khon raiz-o-kum aazar
azal sey; hai raakib-e-taqdir jahan teyri raza, deikhh.
Thy lyre has an eternal plaintive string, panting with the passion of love; thou
guardest eternal secrets divine and livest a life of obedient power; look at the
world as shaped by thy will.
(Based on a translation by S A Vahid, edited by Hafeez Malik)
AZAN



Ekk raat sitaron sey kaha najam-e-sehar ney; Adam ko bhi deikhha hai kissi
ney kabhi bidaar?

143

One night in a vision, I saw a morning star, asking the stars if they saw man
ever awake.



Kehney laga Marikh, ada fehum hai taqdir; hai neind he iss chhotay sey fitney
ko sazawaar.
Mercury said, Destiny has wisely decreed, that this impish trouble maker
should always be asleep.



Zehrah ney kaha, aur koeyi baat naheen kaya? Iss kirmak-e-shabb kor sey kaya
hum ko sarokaar.
Venus replied ill disdain Let us mind our business; thus night-blind insect is
beneath our contempt.



Bola meh-e-kamil keh woh kokab hai zamini; tum shabb ko namoodar ho, woh
dinn ko namodaar.
The full moon said, He is a star of the earth; you appear by night, and he
appears by day;



Waqif ho agar lazzat-e-bidaari-e-shabb sey; oonchi hai suriyya sey bhi yeh
khak por asrar.
This handful of dust, when keeping awake at night, is loftier than the galaxies in
heaven;



Aaghosh mein iss ki woh tajali hai keh jiss mein; khho jaain gey aflaak kay
sabb saabit-o-siyyar.
He has a beatific light concealed in his soul: A light that will eclipse the
brightest stars and planets.

144



Naagah faza bang-e-azan sey hoeyi labraiz; woh naarah keh hill jata hai jiss
sey dil-kohsaar.
Then came the echoing thunder of the sound of azan; the thunder which gives
shivers to mountains hearts.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
ABU AL ALA AL-MAARRI



Kehtey hein kabhi gosht nah khhata thha Maarri; phhal phhool peh karta thha
hamaisha gozar auqaat.
It is said that Maarri never ate meat; he lived on fruit and vegetables.



Ekk dost ney bhoona hoa teetar ossey bhaija; shaid keh woh shatar issi tarkib
sey ho maat.
A friend sent him a roasted partridge, to allure that clever gentleman into eating
meat.


*
*

Yeh khwan-e-ter-o-tazah Maarri ney jo deikhha; kehney laga woh sahib-eGhufran-o-Lazumat.
*Risalah-tal-Ghufran, Maarri ki eik mashoor kitab ka naam hai; Lazumat oss
kay qisaeyd ka majmoah hai.
When Maarri saw that elegant tray he, the author of Ghufran* and Lazumat**
said:
(*Risalah Ghufran is a famous book of Maarri. **This is collection of his
poetical works.)
145

!

Ay morghak-e-baicharah! Zara yeh tuo bata tou; teyra woh gonah kaya thha
yeh hai jiss ki mokafaat?
O You helpless little bird, would you tell me your sin for which this
punishment has been awarded to you?



Afsos, sadd afsos keh shaheen nah bana tou; deikhhey nah teri ankhh ney fitrat
kay asharaat.
Alas, you did not become a falcon; your eye did not perceive the directives of
Nature.



Taqdir kay qazi ka yeh fatwa hai azal sey; hai jorm-e-zaeefi ki saza marg-emofajaat.
It is the eternal decree of the Judge sitting in Judgement on destinies: That
weakness is a crime punishable by death.
(Translated by M. Munawwar Mirza)

BLOOD
Lahoo

Agar lahoo hai badan mein tuo khouf hai nah haraas; agar lahoo hai badan
mein tuo dil hai bey waswaas.
Jissey mila yeh mataa-e-garan baha, oss ko; nah seim-o-zar sey mohabat hai,
ney ghum-e-aflaas.
If blood is warm in the body, there is no fear, nor anxiety, and the heart is free of
tribulations.
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The one who has received this bounty is neither greedy for wealth nor miserable
in poverty.
(Translated by Naim Siddiqui)
THE LION AND THE MULE
Advising Muslims to refrain from boasting pidram sultan bood and
instead be like fathers and forefathers.
Sher aur Khachar

Sher: Sakinan-e-dasht-o-sehra mein hai tou sabb sey alag; kon hein terey abbo-jadd, kiss qabilay sey hai tou?
You are so different and unlike all the other dwellers of the wild and the desert!
Who are your parents and ancestors? And what is your tribe?



( )
Khachar: Meyrey mamon ko naheen pehchantey shaid hazoor; woh saba
raftar, shahi astabal ki aabroo. (Makhoz az German)
Perhaps your highness does not know my uncle my mothers brother: He
gallops like the wind, and is the pride of the royal stable! Adapted from
German.
(Translated by Mustansir Mir)
THE ANT AND THE EAGLE
Chewnti aur Oqab

Chewnti: Mien paeymal-o-khwar-o-parishan-o-dardmand; teyra moqam


kiyuon hai sitaron sey bhi boland.
147

I am so miserable and forlorn: Why is your station loftier than the skies?


!
Oqab: Tou rizq apna dhondhti hai khak-e-rah mein; mien neh sepeher ko
naheen lata nigah mein.
You forage about in dusty paths; the nine heavens are as nothing to me!
(Translated by Mustansir Mir)
1st August, 2013

NEVER TOO LATE


The media debate over statement of Mr Mani given in the Indian court
did not, or wasnt allowed to last long. India concocted yet another story
implicating Pakistan Army in cross-border terrorism after the killing of its five
soormas (soldiers) by Kashmiri freedom fighters.
Astonishingly, the media on both sides of the border made very little
mention of what Indian occupation forces have been doing in IHK. During the
week ending 4th August at least fourteen Kashmiris were killed by Indian
security forces and none of these were reported by the corporate print and
electronic media. This showed the concern of Pakistani media houses about
Kashmiris; some of these houses are accused of receiving funds from the US.
In addition, only a few out of nearly two hundred cross-border/LoC
violations by Indian forces in the current year were reported. Pakistani media
and the leadership were also distracted by the spate of terror attacks that

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continued mercilessly inside Pakistan during the holy month of Ramazan at the
rate of at least one major attack every day.
Nawaz Sharif returned from Saudi Arabia and asked for briefing from
Foreign Office and the Army about the recent developments. After the briefing,
he pretended to be unperturbed by the untowards incidents and vowed to pursue
the policy of appeasing the eastern neighbour.
He however ordered preparation of draft counter-terrorism strategy;
after twelve years of fighting the war. Yet some would say it is never too late. It
has been because of such facts that Pakistans civil and military leadership was
unable to speak in the same language in which Indians were talking.
There was also no consensus on policy to tackle problems faced by
Pakistan. This was quite evident from the fact that on 3 rd August, President
Zardari was in Tehran to attend oath taking ceremony of Hassan Rowhani and
the same day Nawaz Sharif was in Saudi Arabia to when favours of Saudi
rulers.
Before proceeding to review the events of last two weeks it is pertinent to
mention that incidents of violence in Pakistan are covered under four subheadings, but it is difficult to decipher the exact motive behind every incident.
The common motivating factor of all incidents, however, is to destabilize
Pakistan.

NEWS
Pakistan
Terror war: On 29th July, Pakistan strongly condemned the US drone
strike that took place in Shawal area of North Waziristan. These unilateral
strikes are a violation of Pakistans sovereignty and territorial integrity. Pakistan
has repeatedly emphasized the importance of bringing an immediate end to
drone strikes, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.
Army was called in after militants carrying heavy weapons stormed Dera
Ismail Khans Central Jail late at night. DIG Prisoners Khalid Abbas said that as
many as 5,000 prisoners, including 250 belonging to banned outfits were held in
the jail. The attack appears to be an attempt to free several militants who are
held in the jail.

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The prison, in the central town of Dera Ismail Khan, houses Taliban and
militants from banned sectarian groups. Some prisoners belonging to banned
outfits and terrorist groups were on a hunger strike after a conflict with the jail
authorities over possession of mobile phones. The jail authorities had been
issued warnings by the terrorists of attacks for the last three days.
Next day, it was reported that Taliban fighters freed nearly 250 prisoners,
including hardcore militants, during a sophisticated overnight attack on a jail
that killed 13 people. Armed with guns, mortars, rocket-propelled grenades and
bombs, the Taliban bombarded the prison in Dera Ismail Khan before escaping
with scores of inmates after a three-hour shootout.
The attack by well-trained gunmen, disguised in police uniforms, will
heighten concerns about the ability of the Taliban to operate with impunity in
parts of the nuclear-armed state. They appeared easily to overpower police on
duty at the prison. At least 248 prisoners escaped, of whom six were later
rearrested.
Officials blamed a combination of negligence and lack of communication
among many security agencies, but some suggested there may have been a
degree of insider help. It is very difficult to attack such a place without proper
information or contacts, said the police source, adding that some prisoners
were suspected to have been in touch with the Taliban by mobile phones
provided by sympathetic wardens.
Another senior official in Peshawar said only about 70 of the 200 prison
guards who were meant to be on duty were present that night. Most policemen
ran for their lives once the attack started, leaving their weapons behind. They
could have easily killed some of the attackers but they even gave up their own
guns, providing the attackers with more ammo.
The Central Prison in Dera Ismail Khan can hold up to 5,000 inmates and
around 300 were being held in connection with attacks on security forces and
sectarian killings. But it was not clear how many were present during the
assault. KPK Chief Minister, a member Imran Khan's party that advocates peace
talks with the Taliban, branded the latest attack a failure of intelligence
agencies.
The Taliban, which has led a domestic insurgency since 2007 killing
thousands of people, claimed responsibility. Some 150 Taliban, including 60
suicide bombers, attacked the Central Prison and managed to free about 300
prisoners, Taliban spokesman Shahidullah Shahid told AFP by telephone.
The militants arrived in more than a dozen vehicles and that two Taliban
commanders were among those who escaped. Militants also torched jail records
and an office. Jadoon said the fighters planted dozens of explosive devices in

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the jail which were later defused by bomb disposal experts. A curfew was
imposed in the city after the attack.
On 31st July, fierce clashes between security forces and militants left 10
people dead in Khyber Agency. Dozens of armed insurgents attacked check
posts in Khyber region with eight militants and two soldiers killed in the
ensuing gunfight. The attack took place on posts near Bara River.
A NATO container driver was gunned down in an ambush by armed
assailants in Chaman. Some men opened fire on a container, injuring the driver.
He was hurried to hospital but died on the way. In Mastung district, some
unidentified men set on fire a container carrying supplies for NATO forces. The
container was on its way to Chaman from Karachi.
Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah demanded the PTI government in
KPK resign over its failure to protect Dera Ismail Khan Central Jail and made
good their escape releasing more than 250 prisoners 35 of whom were the most
wanted. He asked PTI Chairman Imran Khan to answer the nation on DI Khan
jail-breaking incident and also admit that his party was incapable of running the
provincial government.
The KPK government commissioned an enquiry to probe the attack on
central prison in DI Khan by militants and the escape of 253 prisoners from it. A
committee has been constituted for the purpose, which comprises Waqar Ayub,
Senior Member Board of Revenue and Syed Alamgir Shah, Special Secretary
Home and Tribal Affairs Department, Syed Akhtar Ali Shah, Additional IG
(Special Branch) and Representative of the HQ 11 Corps Peshawar.
Police rearrested 47 prisoners who escaped during a Taliban attack on a
jail. The prisoners were held, with some handing themselves in and others
caught in a police search operation. They included five women prisoners and a
female police constable who had been taken hostage.
US Secretary of State John Kerry arrived on a two-day official visit to
meet Pakistani civil and military leadership in renewed efforts to rebuild
relations with Pakistan based on mutual respect and interests. The two sides
would hold thread bare discussion on the regional situation with particular
reference to the post-2014 situation in Afghanistan.
The White House described the relationship with Pakistan as vitally
important to US national security interests. Our relationship with Pakistan is
extremely important to Americas national security interests. It is a complicated
but important relationship, as weve discussed in the past here, Press Secretary
Jay Carney said. President Obamas spokesman was responding to a question at
the daily briefing about the message Kerry is carrying on the visit.
Next day, Nawaz Sharif came out of his Office to receive Kerry and
during talks he emphasized Pakistans desire to get access to the American
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markets to boost economy and assistance in overcoming the energy crisis. Kerry
said he endorsed Prime Ministers vision and his agenda of reforms. He said he
unequivocally believes that Prime Minister Nawaz desires building of their
relationship.
Pakistan and the US agreed to resume broad partnership talks that were
suspended two years ago. Two sides agreed to start their strategic dialogue and
five sub-groups will begin meeting immediately. Kerry summoned Nawaz
Sharif to Washington to meet President Obama in about a month.
Despite wide differences on some crucial issues, the two sides resolved to
fight the common threat of terrorism and move relations forward. They also
vowed continuing to work for the peace in the region, especially in Afghanistan,
from where Secretary of State said the US will not completely pull out.
Sartaj Aziz said that Pakistani officials had reiterated their long-standing
opposition to US drone strikes. Kerry reiterated that the drone strikes will
continue. He reminded Pakistanis that the terrorists in their midst are the ones
who violate the sovereignty of this country. I would simply remind all of our
friends that somebody like al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri is violating the
sovereignty of this country.
To a question, Kerry revealed that nothing was discussed with regard to a
possible bilateral prisoner swap agreement or repatriation of Dr Aafia Siddqui.
Referring to the issue of terrorist safe havens, Kerry said a lot of issues need
detailed attention and talks. He maintained tough US stance on Iran-Pakistan
gas pipeline project. Sartaj Aziz said that the US Secretary of State was also
briefed on the countrys upcoming terrorism policy and about the proposed All
Parties Conference (APC).
Kerry said the US is gearing up for the drawdown of its forces in
Afghanistan and to prepare the grounds for talks to organize the Afghan
presidential election next year. He made it clear that the US will not completely
pull out of Afghanistan, saying it was a drawdown and not a withdrawal. He
hoped the Afghan Taliban will return to negotiations as part of efforts to find a
political solution to the Afghan problem.
Kerry reiterated his country will facilitate construction of Diamer Bhasha
Dam, and 1,000MWs of additional power will be available to the country with
the assistance of the USAID. Later, during a visit to Islamabad Electric Supply
Companys grid station, Kerry was briefed about USAID-funded Local Data
Improvement Project.
Imran Khan had a one-on-one meeting with John Kerry in Islamabad
where he told his partys viewpoint on drone attacks in Pakistan, war on
terrorism and the US withdrawal from Afghanistan. Imran reiterated that drones

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were a violation of international law and counterproductive as the attacks cause


collateral damage in terms of increasing terrorism.
This links Pakistan to the US War on terrorism that in turn allows the
terrorists to exploit the narrative of armed jihad and raise the suicide bombers.
The PTI told Kerry that to stop the suicide attacks you have to take away the
motivation. The only way to effectively deal with this problem is a complete
halt of drone strikes.
A senior Intelligence Bureau officer was killed when unknown armed
assailants opened firing on him on Circular Road, Peshawar. He was on his way
to home when unknown armed men opened fire on him. Despite of repeated
incidents of target killing, no one has been arrested and after committing crime,
target killers easily escape from the scene.
On 2nd August, an SHO was gunned down along with his guard when
assailants sprayed bullets on his police mobile in Peshawar. Meanwhile, Khyber
Agency, unknown miscreants hurled a hand grenade at Hujra of ANP, however
no casualty was reported.
Next day, Pakistan Army took security control of the major airports,
prisons and more than 100 defence installations located across the country that
have been marked as high priority targets of any terrorist activity in the
concluding days of the Islamic month of Ramazan. Pakistan Atomic Energy
Commission (PAEC), General Headquarters, air and naval bases, five
international airports and central jails in the provincial capitals and other cities
are highest order of security threats.
On 5th August, a child was killed and 33 people injured when a bomb
exploded in a train in Toba Tek Singh district. Shalimar Express was heading
from Lahore to Karachi. It was an act of terrorism, Railways Minister Saad
Rafique told reporters in Lahore. Reportedly, the operators of Shalimar Express
had received terror threat in July by unknown caller over telephone who
demanded extortion in return for safe journey of the train.
Following receiving warnings of terror hits, the Punjab government has
adopted strict security measures in the province, particularly for the moon night
and Eid days. The provincial authorities have immediately deployed additional
7,000 to 8,000 personnel to maintain law and order and foreclose any untoward
incident. In the light of the information received from security agencies that
terrorists can also target the Punjab.
Next day, Taliban militants opened fire on a group of police officers
investigating massacre of foreign climbers, killing three. Motorcade of
investigating officers came under attack in Chilas city in the troubled Diamer
district of Gilgit-Baltistan late last night. As a result of firing, two Army

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officers, Colonel Ghulam Mustafa, Captain Ashfaq and SSP Diamer Hilal
Ahmed were killed on the spot while another cop sustained injuries.
Army and Frontier Corps were deployed at the Peshawar Central Jail as
part of security measures. Peshawar Central Jail is considered of high priority
since Dr Shakeel Afridi along with other Taliban militants are jailed there. The
police have increased their patrolling in their respective jurisdiction. The police
were strictly checking the vehicles coming from Khyber Agency and Tehsil
Bara.
The Punjab Rangers took positions outside three jails of the province
while the provincial prisons department will recruit new staff and impart
commando and elite training to them for the outer security of jails. They said the
army trainers were already imparting training to the prisons staff regarding
firing and weapon handling.
In Karachi, four low-intensity bombs exploded outside four separate
liquor shops in the Defence Housing Authority (DHA) and Gulshan-e-Iqbal
areas late at night; no casualty was reported. The Police said the first blast
damaged a motorcycle, but no damage was caused by other three blasts.
The US State Department added the emir of the Mullah Nazir Group, a
Taliban subgroup based in South Waziristan that supports al-Qaeda, to the list of
terrorists. Bahawal Khan, the leader of the Mullah Nazir Group was added as a
Specially Designated Global Terrorist. Khan, who is also known as Salahuddin
Ayubi, was named the emir of the group after Mullah Nazir was killed in a US
drone strike early January 2013.
On 8th August, Quetta city was once again soaked in blood as at least 31
people, including a DIG and senior policemen were killed and more than 44
others wounded in a suicide attack at Police Lines. The bomber exploded his
suicide vest when DIG Operations Fayyaz Ahmed Sumbal arrived at the Police
Lines for a guard of honour for Station House Officer Mohibullah who was
martyred in an ambush earlier in the day.
The DIG himself spotted a stranger close to him when he got out of his
vehicle, but the suspected man blew himself up when elite police guards tried to
walk up to him to investigate him, killing all senior officials present there. The
dead included DIG Operations Fayazz Sumbal, SP Headquarters Mehrullah,
DSP in charge Shamsur Rehman, SP Traffic Mohammad Anwer Khilji,
Inspector Shakeel Akbar and others. Majority of the wounded personnel were
from Balochistan Constabulary.
Balochistan police chief Mushtaq Ahmed Sukhera and Quetta city police
chief Mir Zubair were the prime target. But they remained safe as they reached
the Police Lines a minute after the bomber struck. Sukhera had escaped a

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massive suicide attack in Red Zone near his official residence about three
months ago.
According to officials of Bomb Disposal Squad, around 10 kilogrammes
of explosive material was used in attack. They said the explosive also carried
ball bearings. Doctors at Combined Military Hospital, 15 of the injured people
are in critical condition. Earlier in the day, SHO Mohibullah was killed in a hail
of bullets when he was on his way back home from a bazaar near Almo Chowk
by attackers riding on a motorcycle.
The Prime Minister held a detailed discussion with the interior minister in
the wake of the fresh wave of terrorism in the country, including a suicide attack
in Quetta that killed dozens of police officials. He directed Ch Nisar to present
the final draft on counter-terrorism and extremism strategy not later than August
13.
Next day, three people were killed in road-side bomb blast near
Parachinar and four more people were killed two firing incidents in Tank and
Hungo. On 10th August, TTP made conditional offer for peace dialogue through
trustworthy religious leaders. They showed willingness to accept Maulana
Fazlur Rehman and Munawwar Hassan as mediators.
Pakistan Army for the first time entered the remote northern town of
Chilas, headquarters of Diamer district to conduct an operation to arrest the
miscreants behind the killing of security officials and other terrorist activities.
An army colonel, a captain and a senior superintendent of police (SSP),
investigating the June 23 killing of nine foreign tourists and one of their
Pakistani guides in the area, were killed four days ago.
Insurgency: On 30th July, four members of a banned outfit were killed in
a pre-dawn raid on the outskirts of Quetta. One security official was also
wounded in the operation in which a huge stash of arms and ammunition was
seized. Meanwhile, a policeman guarding the polio vaccination team was killed
by unknown gunmen riding a motorbike in Pishin.
Next day, unknown assailants gunned down a renowned tribal elder Mir
Abdul Rauf Kurd and his two guards in Quetta. Three passers-by were injured
in the attack. Meanwhile, unidentified men kidnapped a doctor from Killi
Sheikmanda area when he was on his way.
On 1st August, an oil tanker of Pakistan Air Force caught fire after it was
attacked by unidentified gunmen in Mastung district. A couple of gunmen riding
a motorbike chased the oil tanker and opened indiscriminate fire on it near Kirri
Dor area in Mastung. No loss of life was reported.
On 6th August, militants killed 14 people, including three security
personnel, in the Machh area of Bolan district. The militants also kidnapped
four Levies personnel after the attack. One soldier of the Frontier Corps was
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also killed and two were wounded in the firing. Most of the deceased belonged
to different parts of Punjab, who were going home to celebrate Eid. The banned
Baloch Liberation Army claimed responsibility for the incident.
Bolan Deputy Commissioner said around 150 to 200 militants in Frontier
Corps and Balochistan Levies uniforms blocked the road and set up a fake
check post. The militants stopped five to six passenger coaches which were
heading towards Punjab from Quetta and, after checking their NICs, they
kidnapped 13 passengers from different coaches. They took these passengers to
mountains and shot them dead.
Next day, a woman and two children were killed and 21 others sustained
serious wounds when the explosives planted inside a shopping centre exploded
in Mastung town. No group has so far claimed responsibility for the blast.
Meanwhile, unidentified assailants gunned down a local Baloch singer in
Turbat. At least three persons including a minor girl were killed in a landmine
blast in Kashmor. A railway track was blown up with explosive device near
Khuda Dad Railway Crossing in Tando Adam.
On 9th August, eleven people were killed and 31 wounded when militants
opened fire at Masjid Farooqia in Quetta where people offered Eid prayers.
Security forces arrested eight suspects in search operation after the attack. Next
day, one person was killed in firing in Quetta and another was killed in a roadside bomb blast in jaffarabad.
Chief Justice of Pakistan took suo moto notice of the killings in Quetta.
Chief Minister announced that families of the deceased Police officials will
continue getting the pay. Federal Minister, Qadir Baloch said that the militants
have declared war against Pakistan and now there is no way out except fighting
and defeating them.
On 11th August, eight militants were killed in search operations in Bolan
and Mastung districts. A huge stash of arms and ammunition was also seized.
Security sources said one raid was made on Machh area where militants had
taken 20 passengers captive and killed 13 Punjabis.
Security sources claimed they all belonged to a banned outfit and were
involved in killing passengers traveling to their homes to celebrate Eid. Identity
of the militants was not disclosed to media. In another raid, two militants were
killed in Ispilnji area of Mastung bordering Bolan.
In another r incident, at least two security personnel were injured in a
blast near an FC check post in Jabal-e-Noor area. Sources said an FC convoy
was on its way when a roadside bomb exploded soon after it passed by. After
the incident, FC carried out a search operation and arrested eight suspected
persons.

156

Nisar arrived in Quetta following the deadly attack on the eve of Eid that
left 30 dead. Addressing a press conference alongside Balochistan Chief
Minister, he said the morale of the police, security agencies and civil armed
forces was high despite repeated terror attacks on them and they will continue
to fight this war being in the frontlines.
Asserting that the ongoing war was not of Balochistan alone but of the
whole country, he said, We have to set Balochistan on the track of development
and it is the war of Pakistans integrity... It has been 13 years since we plunged
into a war which was not ours. This was imposed on us.
Turf war: On 29th July, it was reported that the sole reason for allowing
MQM Chief Altaf Hussain to live permanently in Britain and ignoring his
activities in London is the cooperation that MQM provides to British
intelligence agencies, claimed a report published in Guardian. It has further
been claimed in the report that Karachi is, perhaps, the only city of the world
where the US has assigned Britain the lead intelligence role.
According to Guardian, MQM is the greatest asset to Britain as far as
Karachi intelligence is concerned. The report further claims that having secret
information and intelligence from Karachi is not a difficult thing for the British
who know that they have a person into their country whose representatives are
also present in Pakistans federal cabinet.
At least eight people, among them a policeman, were killed in Karachi. A
head constable, Zafar Iqbal, posted to Quaidabad police station, was shot dead
by unidentified gunmen in Landhi area. Two youngsters were found dead in
SITE-B police area. A passerby was shot dead in Swat Colony where rival
groups were trading fire. Four more were killed in different areas.
Next day, Rangers claimed to have held at least five Tehreek-e-Taliban
Pakistan operatives and recovered explosives during a targeted operation in
Muzaffarabad Colony, Landhi. The accused were also involved in the attacks on
polio vaccination teams in Landhi. Meanwhile, at least nine people were gunned
down in various incidents of target killing here.
On 31st July, eight people, including a worker of MQM were gunned
down in separate acts of violence in the city. On 3rd August, at least five
policemen were gunned down in two incidents of targeted killings. Next day, at
least five people succumbed to incidents of violence in various parts of the
metropolis. On 5th August, at least four people were killed in separate incidents
of violence. Next day, five more people lost lives in the ongoing violence in the
city.
On 7th August, a powerful bomb ay midnight killed 11 people, mostly
teenagers in Lyari neighbourhood after a football final between two local teams.
Though no one claimed responsibility for the attack but investigators believed

157

the target was a PPP provincial minister, who was the chief guest at the final
match, and the leadership of the banned Peoples Amman Committee (PAC),
which has a strong grip in the area.
Meanwhile, five people, including a policeman, were shot dead in various
acts of violence during the day. At least 20 people, including three cops and two
political workers, were gunned down in various incidents of target killings and
other acts of violence during the three days of Eidul Fitr in the metropolis.
Sectarian militancy: On 2nd August, former Tehreek-e-Jafferia leader and
Shia Ulema Council Bahawalpur Divisional President Sheikh Manzoor Hussain
and his son were murdered near their home before Juma prayers in Rahimyar
Khan. They were on their way to offer Juma prayers when four unidentified
persons on two motorcycles intercepted them and opened fire. As a result,
Sheikh Manzoor died on the spot while his son Haider expired on his way to
hospital.
As the information of their killing reached different corners of the city,
protesters entered various bazaars and markets with sticks and weapons in their
hands. They started firing in the presence of police and misbehaved with
women. Police failed to control the angry mob and stood away from the
protesters as a silent spectator. The angry protesters broke the showcases of
many shops and some protesters torched a Ramazan bazaar.
Meanwhile, a prominent religious leader, Yaqoob Qadri, was shot dead by
unknown armed attackers in Nawabshah. Fear and tension gripped neighboring
areas following his killing. According to the police, two motorbike riders
opened fire on Yaqoob Qadri in the Mohni Bazaar area of the city and fled,
injuring the religious leader seriously. On 9 th August, a suicide bomber shot and
killed a private security guard during his attempt to enter a Shiite mosque in
suburbs of Islamabad. Other guards shot the intruder dead and four more people
were wounded in the shoot-out.

Afghanistan: On 29th July, a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle in the


Shahjoy district of Zabul Province, killing nine people including three
policemen and wounding 15. There was no immediate claim of responsibility.
On 1st August, Afghanistan's NATO-led force launched an investigation into the
accidental killing of five Afghan policemen in a US air attack during an
overnight operation. Afghan Special Forces called for the air support during a
clash with a group of Taliban fighters at a police check point in Nangarhar,
where the incident happened.
On 2nd August, more than 20 Afghan policemen and dozens of Taliban
insurgents were killed when hundreds of fighters ambushed a police and
military convoy in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar Province. The five-hour
battle occurred after the convoy was attacked as it returned from an operation to

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rescue a politician being threatened by the Taliban. The Taliban claimed only
five of their fighters and 84 government soldiers were killed in the battle.
The long war has become increasingly unpopular in the US and other
coalition countries such as Britain and Germany, with national leaders now
hoping their troops can withdraw rapidly after a credible Afghan government
takes power. Karzai, who came to power soon after the Taliban were ousted, has
repeatedly said that he will leave office in line with the constitution and has
vowed to work towards a fair election of a new president.
Next day, suicide bombers targeted the Indian Consulate in the city of
Jalalabad, detonating an explosives-packed car and killing nine civilians,
including seven children in a nearby mosque. A spokesman for the Taliban
militant group immediately denied responsibility for the blast that left the
mosque, private houses, tailors and other shops in ruins. Pakistan condemned
the attack. On 4th August, a remote-controlled device exploded in Jalalabad as a
vehicle passed carrying state prosecutor. The powerful explosion in the city
centre wounded him, his driver, four guards and 10 civilians.
On 7th August, Taliban ambushed the convoy of a female senator on a
main highway in eastern Afghanistan, wounding the woman and killing her
daughter and a bodyguard. The senators husband, son and another daughter
were also wounded in the attack. The deputy governor of Ghazni province said
insurgents ambushed Senator Rouh Gul Khirzad as she was traveling from
Kabul to her home in Nimroz province.
US Special Envoy James Dobbins said that Islamabads concerns over
New Delhis presence in Afghanistan are exaggerated but not groundless.
Dobbins, US special envoy on Afghanistan and Pakistan, also said that
Islamabad was also concerned about the issue of cross-border militancy. The
dominant infiltration of militants is from Pakistan into Afghanistan, but we
recognize that there is some infiltration of hostile militants from the other
direction as well. So Pakistans concerns arent groundless They are simply,
in our judgment, somewhat exaggerated, he said in an interview with the BBC.
Next day, a bomb killed 14 women and children at a graveyard in the
Ghani Khel district of Nangarhar Province. Spokesman of the governor told
AFP: Seven women and seven children were killed and four others, three
women and a child are wounded. There was no immediate claim of
responsibility. On 10th August, four persons including three Chinese were killed
in attack in Kabul. Taliban killed three US soldiers in an attack.

Iran: On 2nd August, Iran held massive anti-Israel rallies, with presidentelect Hassan Rowhani calling the arch-foe Jewish state a wound on the
Muslim world, drawing a sharp response from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu. In our region, a wound has for many years been sitting on the body

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of the Islamic world in the shadow of occupation of the holy land of Palestine
and the dear Quds (Jerusalem), Rowhani said in remarks broadcast on state
television.
Netanyahu was quick to denounce Rowhani, based on the initially
reported remarks. Even if the Iranians work to deny these comments, this is
what the man thinks and reflects the regimes plans, Netanyahu said, adding
that Tehrans objectives remained to build a nuclear weapon to threaten Israel.
Addressing a large crowd at Tehran University, outgoing President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad warned that a regional storm was brewing that would
uproot Israel. I will inform you, with God as my witness, that a devastating
storm is on the way that will uproot the basis of Zionism, Ahmadinejad said.
Next day, Hassan Rowhani assumed Irans presidency promising to work
to lift punishing international sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic over
its controversial nuclear programme. He became the seventh president after
receiving a formal endorsement from supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at
a ceremony. His public inauguration will take place on tomorrow when he takes
the oath of office in parliament, which will be attended by 10 regional
presidents and other high-ranking foreign officials.
On 4th August, President Hassan Rowhani told the West after taking the
oath of office the only way to interact with Iran is through dialogue, not
sanctions. Washington was quick to respond, saying Iran would find the United
States a willing partner if Rowhani was serious. The West is hoping that
Rowhani will take a more constructive approach in long-running talks on
Tehrans controversial nuclear drive, which despite Iranian denials is suspected
by world powers of having military objectives.
Nine regional leaders attended, including the prime minister of close ally
Syria, as well as former EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana, who represented
world powers in nuclear talks with Iran in the past. But Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted by the ICC, failed to show because Riyadh
denied permission for his plane to cross Saudi airspace enroute to Tehran.
After his speech, Rowhani presented parliament with his male-dominated
cabinet line-up, mostly experienced technocrats seen as close to his mentor,
pragmatic ex-president Hashemi Rafsanjani. Officially, he had two weeks to
name his cabinet, the political breadth of which is seen as a testament to his
priorities.
Rowhanis first staff appointment was Mohammad Nahavandian, a US
Green Card residency holder with a PhD in economics from George Washington
University, as chief of staff. Nahavandian is expected to play a leading role in
coordinating Rowhanis economic policies. Other key nominees were veteran

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retired diplomat Mohammad Javad Zarif as foreign minister and ex-oil minister
Bijan Namdar Zanganeh, for the same portfolio again.

India: On 2nd August, the Indian army said it had killed 12 suspected
militants in Held Kashmir in a forested area along the Line of Control. Five
rebels were killed during a fierce gun battle with the army yesterday in Hafrada
forests, 100 kilometres from Srinagar. The operation was launched on specific
intelligence about the presence of a group of militants.
Next day, an Indian drone violated Pakistani airspace near Sialkot
evoking a formal protest from Pakistani authorities, who have asked the Indians
to explain this violation. The green coloured Remote Piloted Vehicle (RPV)
entered Pakistani airspace in Sialkot sector near the Bajwat-Chaprar-Sialkot
sector at around 1:55pm.
On 4th August, Indian troops crossed the Line of Control and kidnapped
four Kashmiri men near Neelam Valley. The victims were plucking herbs near
the Line of Control when Indian troops invaded the border and took them away.
Meanwhile, three out of the five fishermen, who had gone missing after cyclone
hit Thatta and Badin coastal areas in 1999, returned home the other day. The
Indian forces had arrested the fishermen after the cyclone pushed their fishing
boats into the Indian territory.
Next day, AJK Prime Minister strongly condemned the abduction of four
male citizens of Azad Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian troops, violating the
LoC allegedly by crossing into the no-man land area. He urged the world
powers to take notice of the Indian atrocities by abducting men harvesting herbs
in the AJK side close to the Line of Control.
The indiscriminate firing by Indian Border Security Forces (BSF) on
Sialkot bordering villages created panic and harassment among locals in
Charwah Sector of Sialkot Working Boundary. The people were preparing for
Iftar in the evening when Indian BSF started indiscriminate firing on Pakistani
villages.
On 6th August, India said a group of Pakistani army soldiers and militants
killed five of its soldiers in an ambush along the Line of Control in Kashmir.
Pakistan rejected the allegation, saying there had been no exchange of fire along
the heavily militarized LoC. Pakistan also urges the need for abiding by and
strengthening existing military mechanisms to ensure that such ill-founded
reports that have the potential of vitiating the atmosphere, are avoided.
However, the so-called attack puts the Indian government under pressure
from opposition parties to respond aggressively as it heads into a tough election
next year. India summoned Pakistans deputy envoy to New Delhi and lodged a
protest over the killings of soldiers of 21 Bihar Regiment who were deployed on
the Sarla forward post in Chakan-da-Bagh sector of Poonch.
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The killings caused uproar in parliament and a senior leader of the main
opposition BJP said the Indian army should give a befitting reply to Pakistan.
He called on the government to abandon planned talks with Islamabad.
Meanwhile, Congress President Sonia Gandhi said India would not be cowed
down by the deceitful killing of five of its soldiers along the LoC and asked
the government to take appropriate measures.
The United States voiced concern over the killing of five Indian soldiers
in occupied Kashmir and hoped that Pakistan and India would carry forward
their peace efforts. But the State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki said the
reports about the incident were unconfirmed.
Meanwhile, the UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
(UNMOGIP), which monitors ceasefire along the Line of Control in Kashmir,
has not received any official complaint about the reported killing of five Indian
soldiers in Indian-occupied part of the disputed Himalayan State.
Next day, India said that talks with Pakistan were still on and despite the
recent unfortunate events the proposed meeting of Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh with his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif will go ahead in September
on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly. Indian Foreign Minister Salman
Khurshid came in face of strong demands from opposition groups for freezing
the peace process and giving a befitting reply to Pakistan over the alleged
killing of five of their troops by Pak Army at the Line of Control (LoC).
Earlier in the day, Pakistan Foreign Office summoned Indian Deputy
High Commissioner and conveyed it concerns about security of Pakistans High
Commission in New Delhi after violent protesters tried to force their entry into
the commission over killing of Indian soldiers. Yesterday, India had summoned
Pakistan Deputy HC and conveyed a strong message over the incident.
Indian Foreign Minister Salman Khurshid also told the media that the
government did not want to create a situation detrimental and destructive for
Indias security and peace. Regarding engaging with Pakistan, Khurshid said
India did not want to throw the baby out with the bath water. Pakistans
Foreign Office also avoided condemnation for the protestors attack on its High
Commission but urged to tighten the security measures.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for restraint and peaceful
resolution of issues as escalating tensions between Pakistan and India led to
hostile demonstration in front of the Pakistani High commission in New Delhi.
Pakistan has firmly denied any involvement in the reported incident. The
Secretary-General is closely monitoring developments, the Secretary-Generals
spokesman said in response to a question.
On 8th August, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressed sadness over the
clashes at Line of Control in Kashmir, and said Pakistan and India must take

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effective steps to restore normalcy on the LoC. Nawaz Sharifs comments


came as Indian Defence Minister AK Antony, taking a U-turn, earlier in the day
formally accused the Pakistan Army of killing the five soldiers.
Nawaz emphasized that existing military-to-military channels could be
more optimally used to prevent misunderstanding between the two neighbours.
The present crisis, he said, should not be allowed to escalate. He said he looked
forward to his meeting with Manmohan Singh in New York, where he hoped to
discuss steps to further build trust and consolidate this relationship.
Meanwhile, Pakistani military officials accused Indian troops of opening
fire and seriously wounding a male civilian along the Line of Control. Indian
troops opened fire at around 8:30 am in the Tatta Pani sector, seriously
wounding one civilian who was evacuated to a military hospital.
Next day, Delhi-Lahore Dosti Bus was stopped by anger Sikh protesters
near Amritsar and detained it for about half an hour. In IHK, the most Kashmiri
leaders remained under house-arrest as people held protest rallies across Indian
occupation of the Valley.
On 10th August, taking lead from Sikh protesters, Hindu extremists
stopped Lahore-Delhi Dosti Bus. Next day, unprovoked firing by Indian Border
Security Force at Pakistani Rangers posts near Pukhlian, Head Marala area at
Line of Control in Bajwat Sector morning prompted fear and panic in villages.
One woman was injured in the firing.
Meanwhile, Indian authorities imposed curfews in seven towns in the
Indian-held Kashmir as sporadic clashes between Hindus and Muslims
continued for a third day. The death toll in the violence that erupted during Eid
celebrations rose to three, with authorities recovering a body from the Jammu
region last night.

VIEWS
Pakistan
D.I. Khan jailbreak: The jailbreak at the Dera Ismail Khan Central Jail
is one of the most violent in recent times, with no less than 40 blasts, 12 people
killed, including six staff members. It is not clear how many militants got away,
not only has the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility The attack
was preceded by a large number of explosions in the prison, and was launched
by 60 militants, who fired heavy machineguns and rocket-propelled grenades.
The prison break comes after al-Qaeda militants managed a prison break in the
notorious Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad, apart from another in Benghazi, and
the one in Kandahar in 2011.
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Thee Pakistani authorities have clearly and spectacularly failed in


fulfilling their responsibilities, as evidenced by the events in Dera Ismail Khan.
Prisons, supposed to be controlled spaces, are made ineffective by the venality
of jailers. In exchange for bribed, these persons make it possible for prisoners to
enjoy every facility. It cannot be ignored that the prison break comes after a
crackdown on prisoners having mobile phones. If the jailers are corrupt enough
to take bribes for mobiles, they cannot escape suspicion of taking money to look
the other way while the explosives were smuggled in.
The break is basically a failure of intelligence. The agencies failed to find
out that such an attempt was going to be made. It is flabbergasting for the
common man to see that even an operation of this huge a scale, was conducted
without knowledge of the agencies, and has left them humiliated, once again.
This is also the first major test of the PTI provincial government, under
whose jurisdiction the D.I. Khan Prisons fall, and which therefore is primarily
responsible for the working of the jail machinery.
It should be noted that while the jail break does not represent the growing
boldness of the ordinary criminal, but is part of a well orchestrated, armed effort
to hollow the Pakistani state from within, and establish a militant, sectarian
setup. The tragedy is that there may be an enquiry, but the country has already
braced itself for a repetition, knowing full well the blank pages that inhabit the
structural imperatives of the Pakistani intelligence agencies' mechanisms and
government's nonexistent policies on dealing with terrorism. News from
Pakistan every day contains such incidents, of a state under attacks. The
question now is, when will the state push back? How much longer will this go
on without a plan to fight back and win? (Editorial, TheNation 31st July)
Shocking incompetence: The record-setting jailbreak in Pakistans
history that took place in Dera Ismail Khan early this week exposes the rank
incompetence and a total lack of preparedness of the security establishment to
meet the challenge as well as the time-consuming bureaucratic functioning that
render any advance warning of the coming danger utterly ineffective.
Reportedly, the intelligence agencies had warned the authorities on July 24 that
a big operation was being planned by the Taliban militants to secure the release
of their committed comrades from the jail. And the concerned top officials of
the KPK province did put their heads together in an emergency meeting at the
site of the feared attack to devise a strategy to frustrate the terrorists designs.
But it took them four more days sheer criminal delay to write about it
to the provincial Home Department. Even then, apparently, little was done to
beef up the security. In fact, some reports suggest that a fairly large number of
guards were absent at the time the Taliban assaulted the prison during the night
between July 28 and 29, and many of them, leaving behind their weapons, had
run for safety rather than challenge the attackers. Thus, the militants succeeded
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in freeing as many as 248 prisoners, including 30 hardcore terrorists. Of course,


the raiders armed with sophisticated weapons and explosive devices numbered
150 to 200; but, somehow, they found no resistance on the way to the long
convoy of vehicles that transported them to the site. Not only that. They had
time enough to plant explosives on the roads leading to the prison. That clearly
points to the securitys absolute lack of control over the town.
It is incomprehensible, indeed, frustrating to note that our so-called
saviours have not learnt any lesson from the previous successful jailbreaks
organized by the TTP. Prisons, especially housing high-profile militants, should
have foolproof security arrangements on ground to at once go into action roundthe-clock even if they receive no advance warning. The flurry of meetings on
receipt of an alert hardly seems called for. But here the tragedy is the guards are
not only ill trained, but also ill equipped. Strangely, the hype about the national
security policy created by the PML-N government appeared to have lost its
steam, perhaps, because of the realization that the hydra-headed monster of
terrorism cannot be wiped out by simply talking to them. The situation cries out
for a quick finalization of the policy that takes into accounts the realities on the
ground and is not based on wishful thinking. (Editorial, TheNation 1st August)
Secy Kerry, your stance on Pak-Iran Pipeline is illegal & antiPakistan: Secretary Kerry, please recall what happened in the US Congress
only 72 hours ago. Mr John Sopko Special Inspector General for Afghanistan
Reconstruction, while presenting his 236 page report written by him, wrote a
covering letter to the US Congress. In his letter the Special Inspector
complained that supporters of Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan are getting
military contracts and the reason for not canceling the contracts is due process
rights. He wrote I am deeply troubled that the US military can pursue, attack
and even kill terrorists and their supporters, but that some in the US government
believe we cannot prevent these same people from receiving a government
contract. Sopko identified 46 such cases in his Report. However, because there
are financial interests of powerful contractors on the beltway at stake and also
because when different objectives clash, the US administration, like others,
compromises on the objective which has a relatively weak backing compared to
the other in question.
So this is the way systems, objectives and law are all compromised when
conflict of interest emerges. Yet how do you take up positions on the global
stage, in inter-state relations? I am primarily interested in pointing out the
developments that have taken place in our bilateral relations regarding the
Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline. Clearly your Administration has repeatedly said
privately and publicly that Pakistan must abandon the gas pipeline project
which Pakistan signed with Iran in 2009.

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From whichever angle you look at it, your stance is both illegal, and antiPakistan. I will not raise the issue of double standards because thats a given in
most cases.
Why is it illegal? Because it was signed in 2009 but natural gas was
initially not part of the sanction law. It was included only this year.
And also on legal matters, in cases having a much greater security
implication, Washington has shown flexibility, when it so chose to.
Washingtons flexibility on the NPT, which it neglected to sign, civil nuclear
coop with a non-NPT signatory India, is a case in point. Is the Iran sanction law
of a greater significance than NPT?
Even in the case of this law, Washington has shown flexibility with India
and other Central Asian republics too, who are currently meeting their energy
needs from India. But for Pakistan this law doesnt apply, because we signed it
before your law came into play. And you cannot apply this retroactively.
Your administrations stance on the Iran Pipeline (IP) is anti-Pakistan.
Why? You know Pakistan has an acute energy crisis. We are faced with riots,
terrorism, industrial closures, unemployment breeding terrorism. IP is the
cheapest and quickest way of partly meeting our energy needs.
Also the IP agreement is a done deal and Pakistan must start importing
gas by December 2014. Every single days delay will cost us a daily penalty of
$3 million.
Also if Pak does not pursue the project, Iran can claim billions of dollars
in compensation for breach of contract.
Your Administration is the biggest advocate of regional integration and
connectivity, your sanction law runs contrary to this policy.
Ultimately, it is my elected governments responsibility to pursue what is
in our national interest, wisely and responsibly. The last government wisely
moved ahead, and this government must follow the same route. We will demand
this government pursue the IP project diligently. Equally, we expect it to tell
your Administration in clear and categorical terms that your stance on IP is antiPakistan. And to you we must say, please give up nagging us on something that
is integral to our economic development and indeed our right to pursue. (Nasim
Zehra, TheNation 1st August)
Planting seeds of doubt: Doubt and disillusionment seem to be the
prescription for the day. A story in a local newspaper has alleged that Save the
Children (the NGO accused of carrying out a fake vaccination programme to
hunt Bin Laden in league with Dr Shakeel Afridi) was allegedly facilitated in
trying to exert influence on the Abbottabad Commission, by commission
member General (r) Nadeem Ahmed. His help, according to the report, was

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obtained and most sympathetically extended to not only nose out each and every
development within, but even to influence the findings in respect of Save the
Children. Apparently three drafts of the report concerning the NGO were shared
with them, before the report was even sent to the Prime Minister.
After Shakeel Afridis links with the NGO were made known in 2012, the
NGO was ordered to wind up its operations in Pakistan. The news story has
tried to make the connection that the NGO desperately wanted the commission
to give it a clean chit so as to be able to continue its presence on our soil.
In a country like ours, where we are obsessed with smoke and mirrors
style of deduction, the story will have the greatest success in making neither
Save the Children, nor General (r) Nadeem Ahmed questionable characters, but
it will instead be most effective in making the entire Abbotabad Commission
report suspicious. The fact that a retired general has been accused of exerting
bias in an official enquiry, is something that will cast a shadow on the rest of the
report, which will no doubt be appreciated by those who wished to discredit its
findings when it came to light as an Al-Jazeera scoop.
The government which was being pushed to officially release the report
after its contents were leaked and not contested, will now have the excuse of
feigning that the document is controversial. The aspersions cast on the workings
of the commission are unfortunate and very worrying to hear. The members of
the commission who provided so thorough and brave a dissection of flaws
present in all layers of Pakistani government and military structures, have been
made a subject of concern after todays news report.
If true, the allegations must be proven and the government must follow
up in investigations whether General (r) Nadeem Ahmed did indeed exert the
kind of influence that is implied. If not, the source of the news story must be
found and the matter taken to court for causing grave damage to the standing
and reputation of the committee members.
However, more than personal reputations, the committee members must
speak up and defend their work and protect the veracity of the Abbotabad
Commission report against the kind of doubts that will be encouraged after the
publication of todays news story. (Editorial, TheNation 3rd August)
Undeclared War on Pakistan: The drift of the first high-level
interaction of our new government with the US administration is clear: Pakistan
will continue to play the role of a facilitator for the US meddling in the region.
With economic policy conveniently outsourced to the IMF already, this easy
surrender to the US strategic diktat diminishes the hope for the turning of a new
leaf. It is unfortunate because the need to do so is urgent.
It is not difficult to decipher the sharpening contours of the undeclared
war on Pakistan once you snap out of the hypnosis of the US War on Terror

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narrative. But our civil and military leadership seems to be under a spell; rolling
out red carpets in the capital for the enemy and devising half-honest roles for
itself to fit into the imperial script.
After all, the patently false and tyrannical framework of War on Terror
is a poor justification for imperial ambition. The project is not meant to protect
us, or anyone for that matter, from barbarian hordes. In fact, it is designed to
suck entire states and societies into its violence-ridden broadening vortex.
Pakistan might be designated as an ally and a front-line state in this scheme of
things for public consumption. But lets face it; we are a prime target and under
attack.
American drones not only spy on the most sensitive parts of Pakistani
territory bordering Afghanistan at will, they also rain missiles and bombs as a
routine and have killed thousands of innocent citizens in the tribal belt, turning
their meager settlements into ruins. The visiting US Secretary of State John
Kerry flatly refused to bring an end to these repeated acts of aggression,
brushing aside the humble requests of the Pakistani leadership. Apparently, this
was not an important point on the agenda at least not important enough to
impact the direction of the bilateral discussion which ended with warm handshakes, diversionary promises and meaningless clichs.
It was reported that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif emphasized Pakistans
desire to get access to the American markets to boost the economy and
assistance in overcoming the energy crisis. It is ironical that while the US
unilaterally drones us, the two sides resolved to fight the common threat of
terrorism. It was also decided to resume the strategic dialogue to move relations
forward. Shouldnt we give some thought to what had pushed them back in the
first place?
Drones, of course, are only a part of the multi-faceted and otherwise
undeclared war waged by the US on the state of Pakistan. The Raymond Davis
episode had exposed the large-scale clandestine intelligence operation the CIA
was running under the garb of intelligence sharing. When thousands of CIA
agents posing as diplomats and consultants were told to leave, the CIA boss
boasted that the move would not disrupt the agencys work as a local
intelligence network had been put into place.
We caught a clear glimpse of this local network courtesy Shakeel Afridi,
who hid behind a vaccination drive to collect DNA samples that are supposed to
have led to Osama Bin Laden and the Abottabad operation. Through the
controversial operation about which serious questions remain unanswered, the
US tried to establish the right to bring its boots on Pakistani ground and wage
its murky war with full abandon. Despite Trojan horses in our midst who
congratulated Obama for the successful attack, this was resisted and boots on
the ground declared a red line. The increasing Pak-US estrangement became
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official after the Salala attack in 2011 and the so-called strategic partnership
dialogue was disrupted. Is there any point in resuming a farcical dialogue with
someone who wields a dagger under his cloak?
Has the US stepped back from its shady shenanigans in what it calls the
AfPak region? Events in the Middle East and northern Africa should cure us of
any such optimism. If anything, the nexus between the two-faced super power
and terrorist groups has become clearer. It was largely hidden after Iraqs
invasion, came out in the open during Libyan intervention and stands fully
exposed in Syria. If anything, the US and its NATO allies have become more
blatant about aiding, arming and training terrorist outfits for sowing chaos in
targeted societies and changing regimes that resist the strangling embrace of the
empire or do not fit into its larger plans for the planet. So should we play its
game in Afghanistan with the hope of fitting in?
It doesnt take an Einstein to figure out the game. Kerry made a point to
educate his hosts about the difference between withdrawal and drawdown,
affirming the US commitment to maintain its occupation of Afghanistan. What
is basically required of us is to stabilize its control on Afghanistan by peddling
power-sharing talks with the Taliban, bringing its tormentors to the table and
helping it buy the support of factions willing to go along with it so that things
could be managed with fewer troops. A cheap exit through our territory is taken
for granted since the resumption of NATO supplies. Meanwhile, the war against
Pakistan will continue and not be discussed.
The dots are there to be connected, if we bother to see beyond the US
narrative that is falling apart with each passing day. The peddlers of divisive
identity politics being nurtured in NATO capitals, the unrelenting propaganda
onslaught against the intolerant Pakistani society and rogue state institutions,
the ever-ready bogeys of nuclear proliferation, terrorist sanctuaries and nukes
falling in the hands of terrorists, the fanning of sectarianism through middle
eastern partners, the cultivation of media and donor-driven intelligentsia are all
tried and tested tactics that we have seen at work in recent history in the service
of the empire.
It is crucial that Pakistan distances itself from the US game plan in the
region and devise an Afghanistan/Counter-terrorism policy in partnership with
Afghanistans immediate neighbours, a policy that aims to end the US
occupation of Afghanistan and counter the undeclared war on Pakistan. The new
government seems oblivious to the need for this course-correction. (Jalees
Hazir, TheNation 5th August)
Kerry comes, Kerry goes: issues stay on! Bilateral relations between
the two countries are poised to stay tumultuous for short to medium term. On its
part Pakistan is making all out effort to bridge the gap between the Afghan
Taliban and America on one hand and Afghan Taliban and Karzai administration
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on the other hand. As the time is running out, Taliban, America and Karzai
government need to narrow down their perceptional gaps about post 2014
Afghanistan.
It is in the interest of America and Pakistan to sustain functional bilateral
relationship and cooperate in stabilizing Afghanistan. It is a complicated and
important relationship. Both, the US and Pakistan have much to gain in fixing
their relationship. Pakistan needs US investment, and the US needs stability in
Pakistan as it strives to affect a sustainable transition in Afghanistan.
America owes a responsibility to the international community for leaving
behind a stable Afghanistan. Side by side, the onus squarely rests with the UN
Security Council (UNSC). It authorized the entry of foreign forces into
Afghanistan, it must come forth to manage the fallout of their exit. It should
start in-house deliberations to evolve a backup contingency plan to induct its
peace-keeping mission if America-Taliban-Karzai rapprochement does not
materialize. In such an eventuality, the 2014 elections in Afghanistan should be
under UN supervision. Pakistan and America need to discuss this and formulate
a timeline-based workable plan of action to take the UNSC on board, say by
mid 2014.
Kugelman has rightly assessed: Behind the bonhomie, trouble
lurks...Instead of depicting Kerry's Pakistan visit as a prelude to an extended
period of goodwill, we should simply regard it as a respite from the tensions.
(K. Iqbal, TheNation 5th August)
Kerrys Islamabad visit: Secretary Kerry, who has been a frequent
visitor to Pakistan, appeared visibly discomfited; perhaps, the uncertainty of
dealing with the new political dispensation in Islamabad was having a telling
effect. Yet, he called on the outgoing President Asif Ali Zardari commending
him on a smooth political transfer
The visiting Secretary played with semantics that the US forces are being
drawn down from Afghanistan and not withdrawn, as some of the US
Special Forces will be retained. Interestingly, President Hamid Karzai is yet to
endorse a strategic pact with the US to the effect.
Pakistans handicaps enumerated earlier constrained it to optimally utilize
the visit, while PM Nawaz eagerness in accepting the invitation to visit
America depicts naivet. Pragmatic leaders manoeuvre their response to such
invitations, using it to leverage the pursuit of national interests.
Kerrys snub to Pakistan on the drone issue and denunciation of
Pakistans sovereignty was, perhaps, undiplomatic and an adequate rejoinder
should have been issued by Islamabad. The legality of President Obamas drone
policy can be challenged in international courts.

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At the moment, Pakistans trump cards are safe passage to US troops


from Afghanistan and dialogue with the Taliban, which should be played
prudently. Kerry took pains to emphasize that US relations with Pakistan are not
transactional. The truth, however, is to the contrary and Pakistan needs to take
wise decisions to steer the country out of the present mess. Indeed, enhanced
Pak-US relations are essential, but they have to be on an even keel. (S M Hali,
TheNation 7th August)
Nero fiddles while Rome burns? A day of unrelenting violence bought
news of an ethnic massacre in Balochistan, an attack on a football field which
killed 11 children in Lyari, Karachi, a gunning down of officials in Diamer, who
were investigating the brutal murder of foreign climbers earlier this year, and an
attack on four wine shops in Karachi.
While Balochistan burns, Karachis insecurities increase, officials going
after dangerous criminals are targeted and killed, an atmosphere of fear is
cultivated among Pakistans minorities, and 11 families mourn the tragic loss of
children indulging in a bit of harmless fun, in a time of war.
The news not only brings into sharp relief that the greatest price being
paid in this time of insecurity and uncertainty is by the ordinary, hardworking
Pakistani but also that the government is conspicuous by its absence. Indeed,
it is unfortunately reminiscent of the PPP era, when a consensus government
meant an excuse for inaction. By contrast, the PML-N government has a
mandate to unapologetically pursue an agenda. But it seems there is no plan to
bring peace back to Pakistan.
Under these conditions, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has foolishly
extended his private visit to Saudi Arabia. While virtually every headline has
been of one incident of shocking violence and breakdown after another, Mian
Nawaz was arranging an iftari in the Masjid Nabvi, indicating perhaps that
prayer was the only hope the nation had. By his governments utter failure to
organize its counter-terrorism plan, this certainly seems to be the case. His
condolence message from Saudi Arabia was insufficient and such notes have
become a tragic soundtrack on a loop, where government officials are
concerned.
While all parties agree on the need to end the violence and restore
stability, none of them are immune to the temptation of playing politics on the
issue. With or without an APC, Mian Nawazs party has the mandate to take
decisive action on the issue. The fact that it wants to hedge its bets by including
other parties in the decision is an indicator that the reports about disagreement
between the civilian government and the army on how to tackle the issue are not
untrue. (Editorial, TheNation 8th August)
Meal diplomacy in Islamabad: John Kerry, the US Secretary of State,
was in Pakistan recently to meet and talk with the countrys new political
171

leadership and top military commander. The Secretary said: We are here to
speak honestly with each other, openly about gaps that may exist that we want
to try to bridge Our people deserve that we talk directly. Indeed, an
honourable and auspicious political sentiment by the Secretary focusing on
honest talks and a reference to what our people deserve Well said.
Speaking after the honest and open talks, Prime Minister Mian Nawaz
Sharif described the Secretary as a wonderful friend. Responding to his
culturally-loaded indigenous compliment, Kerry said: I have had the pleasure
of visiting (Sharifs) home and having a number of meals with him. Obviously,
in a blitz of the moment, the Pakistani Prime Minister initiated Meal
diplomacy to overcome the existing mutual distrust between the two nations,
hoping to end years of antipathy over US drone strikes on Pakistani soil, and reestablishing a full partnership. On the face of it; an ideal beginning of a new
era of friendship between Islamabad and Washington.
However, the vital question that needs to be asked in earnest is: will the
Meal diplomacy, the sumptuous Pakistani kababs, the exotic curries, the
aromatic biryani with a touch of zafrani fragrance, desserts topped with
delightful and delicious mangoes and extravagant shahi tukras served to the US
Secretary of State at the PMs residence, change Americas foreign policy
discourse towards Pakistan?
It is instructive to note that during a television interview in Pakistan last
Thursday, Kerry said: The US had a timeline to end drone strikes in that
countrys western mountains, adding, we hope its going to be very, very soon
(reported the New York Times). Ironically, hours after his interview, the State
Department issued a statement saying: There was no definite timetable to end
the targeted killing programme in Pakistan; in addition, a Department
spokesperson said: In no way would we ever deprive ourselves of a tool to
fight a threat if it arises (reported Mark Mazzetti and Mark Landler from
Washington)
The Pakistani leadership in Islamabad must come to recognize the fact
that prolonging the present structure of the US-Pak alliance and preserving the
status quo in its foreign policy relations with Washington will only do more
harm than good to Pakistans national interests. Hence, it is imperative that
Islamabad convey a zero tolerance of the US ambiguous and unspecified
policy discourse towards Pakistan
In the new structure of political-economic coordination between the US
and Pakistan, perhaps, the following must be the fundamentals of engagement
between the two nations:
Drone strikes must end on a specified date.

172

There must be an absolute transparency of accords between the two


governments on the drone issue publicly announced in the two countries.
Pakistani civilian victims of drone attacks and their families must be
compensated by the US on terms and conditions determined by a tribunal
of renowned US-Pakistani jurists before the foreign forces exit from
Afghanistan.
Pakistan must be paid for the anticipated damage to its infrastructure of
roads and communication facilities during the foreign troops exit. This
must be calculated, pre-determined and paid before they leave.
Withdrawal of all CIA operatives from all over Pakistan with immediate
effect.
Scaling down the level of US diplomatic presence in Pakistan inclusive of
the US Embassy structure in Islamabad.
Cutting off US funding of all NGOs identified by the ISI.
Waving the massive IMF loans (or parts of them) as compensation for the
Pakistani armys decade-long strategic coordination with the US military
operations on the Pak-Afghan borders.
A US Senate resolution to guarantee the safety of Pakistans nuclear
assets and its territorial integrity.
Other matters can be dealt with when and if needed. This is a tall order,
but it can be accomplished by fresh diplomatic initiatives and an out of the
box approach to US-Pak strategic engagement by both sides. The problem of
the unbalanced US-Pak relations is rooted in the past: whenever American
policy managers met with Pakistani military-civilian rulers, they assumed that
the US could get away with anything, setting aside the aspirations of Pakistani
masses, because the complicity of this countrys leadership was enough to
promote Washingtons political and strategic goals, no matter how illegitimate.
Can Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif re-invent himself as a reborn Pakistani
and set a new discourse of Pak-US strategic re-engagement at a time of a newly
reborn democratic Pakistan? The ball is in Sharifs court. (Dr Haider Mehdi,
TheNation 8th August)
Indecision and terror: Militants struck again, this time at the Quetta
police lines on Thursday and killed 30, at least 21 of them from the police,
including DIG Operations, two SPs, a DSP and an Inspector. The attack
happened as police officers and personnel assembled at a funeral ceremony to
pay final respects to a colleague, lost earlier in the day to an ambush. Taliban
claimed responsibility for both attacks. More than 40 people were wounded, 15
of them seriously, who are even now fighting for their lives.

173

It has now been 13 years since the invasion of Afghanistan. At the edge of
a war, Pakistans role in the conflict and the consequences on Pakistans internal
security will be debated for decades. But now is not the time. At this point, it is
clear that a zero tolerance approach is called for, to re-establish order within
Pakistan. A clear-cut, unambiguous strategy to reassert the writ of the state, and
to deal with any and all who would try to mould the nature of the constitution to
their will by violence, or intimidation, is called for.
It has been unfortunate that where at times our leadership lacked the
required vision that resulted in a timid, directionless approach, at other times
staunch opposition to military action from the people has led to inaction and
ultimately to the further proliferation of terrorism. A debate is underway as to
whether policy is to reflect the will of the people in the short-term, or protect
them in the long-term?
Political capital and goodwill conservation is an instinct not just restricted
to Pakistan, but perhaps also afflicts President Obama.
Latest reports, including one from the UN, rightly maintain that al-Qaeda
remains a significant threat. President Obama, on the other hand, views the alQaeda as having been mortally weakened, particularly since its top leadership
has been destroyed.
The fact is that outfits loosely linked to al-Qaeda, such as the Taliban,
with their own agenda to enforce through violent means, have emerged, posing
even greater danger. Pakistan that has been witnessing escalating violence
proves the point. The terrorist phenomenon, as described in the UN report,
continues to diversify into self-radicalized extremist groups and cannot be
taken lightly.
It is an indisputable reality of statecraft that all those who take up arms
against the state as well as their backers are to be treated as enemies and dealt
with accordingly. What we urgently need is a firm commitment to ensure
peaceful conditions in the country, whatever it takes to restore them.
The draft of the national security policy that the Prime Minister wants
ready by August 13 must make that unmistakably clear. An indecisive policy not
only encourages these elements, but will ultimately prove fatal to every dream
of a prosperous future that any Pakistani has ever dared to dream. (Editorial,
TheNation 12th August)
A death by thousand cuts: Pakistan is in the grisly grip of callous
contraption of home-grown terrorists linked with global terrorist networks.
Haplessly we are watching ourselves being subjected to cuts-one by one,
bleeding profusely. The series of recent cuts culminated into the dare devil
Dera Ismail Khan jail attack drama which demolished the confidence of
Pakistanis to the hilt. It must have baffled those even more who came to know

174

that this inverted jailbreak was one of the episodes of international serial of such
jailbreaks carried out in Abu Ghraib and Taji jails in Iraq in quick succession.
The pattern and style in all the incidents was almost identical giving a strong
indication that the same planner was behind it.
Recently the US shut down nineteen diplomatic posts across the Middle
East and Africa over an unspecified terrorist threat from al-Qaeda. Reportedly
an intercept revealed that Dr Ayman Al Zawahiri, who succeeded Osama bin
Laden, gave directions to Nasir al-Wuhayshi, the founder of al-Qaeda in the
Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), to undertake an attack. Some Western analysts like
Bruce Hoffman, a terrorism expert and Georgetown University professor
believe Zawahiri is in border lands of Pakistan and Afghanistan
This is a matter of greater worry for Pakistan than the US. If al Qaeda is
trying to replenish its strength and carry out terrorist acts like inverted jailbreaks
through its affiliates in and outside Pakistan, then Pakistan is the most
vulnerable target, because of the presence of dreaded TTP and its sub groups;
more importantly due to deadly delay in the governments decisiveness to tackle
them in a coordinated and sustained manner. Zawahiris reported presence in or
around Pakistan and calling shots for international terrorism from our soil puts
Pakistan in a graver situation. Not only the foreign militants would be
emboldened to look at it as re-establishment of the centre of command of alQaeda in tribal areas of Pakistan, but the international reaction would be also
highly unfavourable.
It is a folly to think that al-Qaeda is dead and that Pakistan is not its
target. Al-Qaeda is mercurial in nature. When it is suppressed at one place it
emerges at a different place in a different form, with more vigour and
vengeance. Zawahiri has never minced words to express his disdain for the
government, the army and the constitution of Pakistan. Like Abu Bakr Naji, an
al Qaeda ideologue, Zawahiri eyes the extremist elements in Pakistan as a
potential pool of activists for his present and future designs
One should not take solace in the less frequency of terrorist acts in
Punjab. It is an illusion and matter of choice of the terrorists. Bomb blast at
Food Street Old Anarkali Lahore when the Prime Minister was on a tour to
China was a strong message from the terrorists of their presence and prowess.
High profile kidnappings and extortion are the modus operandi mostly
employed in Punjab so far. Karachi is already on fire where a host of groups are
engaged in target killings with impunity.
Are we waiting for somebody to come and free us from this contraption?
Allahs system does not work like this. The enemies will gloat and friends will
watch from the fence. Nobody would come forward and yank us out of this
contraption of terror. Only we ourselves are responsible and capable of doing it.
The government and people of Pakistan will have to take the bull by the horns
175

now before the cuts bleed us to unfortunate destiny. If the government is taking
time to make up its mind and to formulate its long awaited anti-terror policy,
people should organize themselves to defend their localities, towns and cities. It
is a war of existence. Everybody must act as a warrior and a defender. (N.
Elahi, TheNation 12th August)

India
Back-channel lessons: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharifs back-channel
initiative has given rise to a flurry of speculations and anxiety in the country.
The media on both sides of the border is running wild with assumptions of all
sorts. With a narrow tunnel-vision overview of the India-Pakistan relations
history and little comprehension of the intricacies of the regional as well as
global dynamics, commentators of all sorts are spreading uncertainty if not
confusion. While some are drawing doomsday scenarios with a likely sell-out
on Kashmir, others see an India-Pakistan peace around the corner
Indeed, with Varma-Mani disclosures of the reality of two major
incidents, the New Delhi Parliament attack in December 2001 and the Mumbai
attacks in November 2008, the back-channel would, perhaps, be the best forum
for both sides to rise above the blame game. The challenge for them now is to
overcome their mistrust and return in good earnest to the composite dialogue
that remains suspended since last year. It is primarily in this context that Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharifs back-channel initiative should be seen.
But any expectations in India to be able to nudge Pakistan to pick up the
threads from where they were left in General Musharrafs back-channel
diplomacy would just be wishful thinking. No matter what the Indians expect or
say, the PML-N is committed to a principled position on Kashmir and cannot
afford any secret deal on this issue. Nawaz Sharif knows that there is but one
fair, just, legal and moral solution to Kashmir which was provided by the United
Nations, and which both India and Pakistan mutually accepted.
The wishes of the Kashmiri people will have to be ascertained
impartially, in conditions of freedom from military coercion. This is the crux of
the Kashmir issue. On other issues, Nawaz Sharif cannot ignore Indias
illegality in Siachen and its ongoing water terrorism in Occupied Kashmir by
building dams and reservoirs on Pakistani rivers in violation of the Indus Waters
Treaty. Trade with India requires a level playing field.
The government must build a national consensus on our India policy,
which would require transparency and domestic confidence-building through
genuine debate and consensus in parliamentary chambers, not in shady backchannels. It will only strengthen its hands and reinforce Pakistans negotiating
position in any dialogue with India. (Shamshad Ahmad, TheNation 30th July)

176

Not groundless fears: Special Representative to Afghanistan and


Pakistan, Ambassador Dobbins, has recognized that Pakistan is justified at being
concerned by the role of India in Afghanistan. In an interview with the BBC on
Friday, US Special Envoy for Afghanistan James Dobbins said that Pakistani
fears of Indian consulates in Afghanistan being used against Pakistan were not
groundless. As Mr Dobbins accompanied US Secretary of State John Kerry on
his visit to Pakistan, that statement may be read as a reflection of absorbing
Pakistani complaints at the role of India in Afghanistan, with traditional fears of
encirclement raising hackles in defence circles.
Along with registering these concerns, Mr Dobbins also quickly stated
that they were \exaggerated, if not groundless. For Pakistan, this is a blessing
and a curse, with some long sought after public acknowledgement that Indias
role in Afghanistan is not limited to being a good Samaritan, nor is its strategic
accord with President Karzai built on anything less than mutually encouraged
hostility towards Pakistan. On the other hand, the exaggerated label on these
fears will only encourage perceptions of Pakistan as needlessly blaming India,
when even Ambassador Dobbins has acknowledged that the blame is not
groundless.
He also reminded that while there are those who cross from Afghanistan
to attack Pakistan, the numbers are far less than those who use Pakistan as a
base to attack Afghanistan. This is a dangerous accusation, for in it lies the
grounds to continue to use drones to attack tribal areas, and to label Pakistan a
state incapable of exerting control over its own territory.
Mr Dobbins pronouncement that the USA would continue to apply
pressure for the solution of the Kashmir issue is welcome. It is self-evident that
the matter will be solved only by dialogue, and that dialogue is to be about the
modalities of India implementing the will of the international community, as
embodied in the UN Security Council resolutions on the subject, which
envisage a UN-supervised plebiscite being held to determine the will of the
Kashmiri people.
The US can play a welcome and crucial role in pushing forward this
peaceful and globally acceptable form of a resolution to the Kashmir crisis. In
so doing, the fate of the region can be secured from repeated strife and
dangerous skirmishes, which could threaten the outbreak of a fourth war on
Kashmir.
Few are more aware of the potential dangers of letting Pak-India tensions
simmer than the US. If it is to address the concerns of both sides and lay the
foundation for a lasting peace, it must encourage the resolution of the Kashmir
crisis at first priority between the two neighbours. (Editorial, TheNation 9 th
August)

177

Mature response: Unprovoked firing on a Pakistan Rangers check post,


on Sunday morning, marked an escalation of hostilities by India, from the Line
of Control to the Working Boundary. Thankfully, no casualties were reported.
Meanwhile, allegations of Pakistani involvement in the killing of five
Indians by terrorists have been circulated relentlessly and facts staunchly
avoided. The manic propaganda has escalated to the extent of persecuting all
those Indians declining to reiterate it. The Indian Defence Minister too fell
victim to the swell of forcibly spread vitriol, and was forced to change his
statement. He had said the terrorists were dressed in Pakistani uniforms, but a
few days later after mounting political pressure, calling into suspicion his
allegiance to his country and his ability to do his job, he was forced to issue a
new statement accusing the Pakistani state of direct involvement.
Deliberately stoked public anger displayed itself in the form of rioting
outside the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. The New Delhi-Lahore
bound bus service (on Friday) was stopped at Amritsar. And Hindu-Muslim riots
broke out in Indian-occupied Kashmir, resulting in the imposition of a curfew.
While Indian media does its best to feed the fire, political parties enjoy
the opportunity to do some campaigning in the run-up to the Indian general
elections in 2014.
In direct contrast to Pakistans recently witnessed election campaign,
Indian political parties have been hugely encouraging of the anti-Pakistan
sentiment in India. It is unfortunate that the worlds largest democracy should
fall to such graceless and immature ploys in the face of the simple threat that the
Pakistani and Indian premieres may meet on the sidelines of the UN General
Assembly.
It was thus wise of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to refrain from
responding in the same coin as the Indians, and to demonstrate to the world that
Pakistans wish for peace is sincere, whereas India is simply its usual, habitually
skittish self.
India hopes to convert the UN meeting from a talk about the resumption
of composite dialogue, to a Pakistan-bashing platform. This must not be
allowed. It should be seen as a black mark against the Indian PM if he does not
meet the Pakistani premiere in New York, and not the other way around.
Pakistan must not be punished and maligned for its maturity and restraint in the
face of Indian provocation. Nor must Indias petulant and irresponsible posture
be supported by the world community, which runs the risk of further mollycoddling a spoilt child, who wont play nice with the others. (Editorial,
TheNation 12th August)

REVIEW
178

A lot was said about DI Khan jail-break during the period and its
similarities with Bannu jail-break were also discussed. However, a glaring
common factor in the two incidents was not highlighted as it should have been.
It was prison staff which after Bannu jail-break was posted in bulk to DI Khan.
It was suspected then that terror attack in Bannu could not have been carried out
without inside help.
Phenomenon of jail-breaks is not confined to Pakistan. It is part of what
has happened in the recent past in other Islamic states Libya, Egypt, Syria,
Iraq, Afghanistan and so on. All jail-breaks were succeeded by escalation of
terrorism in respective countries. In view of that it can be said that more
bloodshed in Pakistan is imminent.
It was unfortunate that the following day only a few TV channels spared
time to debate this incident which could have serious consequences. Most of
them remained pre-occupied in covering the installation of a dummy in the
Presidency. They also missed the coincidence of John Kerrys arrival in
Islamabad within 48 hours of jail-break.
According to most observers the only success of the visit was that Kerry
honoured the new democratic government by coming to Islamabad. The
conduct of Nawaz Sharif during the visit was no different from Zardari-led
regime. Despite his meek conduct Dr Haider Mehdi in his post visit column
reproduced above asked Nawaz government to restructure Pak-US policies. It
amounted to asking for moon at high noon.
Coming back to the jail-break, the reactive decision to augment security
of prisons with Rangers and Army troops is completely devoid of foresight.
Instead, the focuss should be on de-politicizing and cleansing the existing prison
staff and their training by Army. Emphasis should be on blocking of approaches
at a safe distance rather than reinforcing the pickets along boundary walls of
prisons.
Kashmiri freedom fighters killed five Indian soldiers of 21 Bihar
Regiment near Poonch, IHK. New Delhi chose to accuse Pakistan Army of
violating ceasefire and killing of Indian soldiers. Indian media and BJP raised
the hype and on 7th August, playing to the gallery, Congress activists attacked
Pakistans Embassy in New Delhi.
Chaudhry Nisar Khan while commenting on the attack said he was unable
to comprehend the Indian reaction. He being Interior Minister can be excused
for not comprehending but he must ask his boss, who is also the Foreign
Minister, to put him wise. He, however, should not be disappointed if his boss
too shows his inability to understand.
His boss is one of those whose vision is blurred by their desire to have
trade with India at any price; so they can never understand the logic, or lack of

179

it, behind Indian actions and reactions. The same is the case with those afflicted
by Amn ki Asha. On 7th August almost every TV channel discussed this incident
except Geo TV. Hamid Mir in his programme preferred to invite French and
German guests to discuss how the long standing enemies become friends.
After the briefing Nawaz emerged completely unperturbed by the attack
on Pakistan Embassy. He insisted upon improving relations with India at any
cost. By nature he is like a mule but only partly; stubborn but not sure-footed.
12th August, 2013

INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT


PART THREE
The poems reproduced in this volume under the title of Calling Millat
may create an impression that these are the only works for resurrection of Islam.
But, the fact remains that entire poetical works of Allamah Iqbal urge Muslims
to return to their religion and practice it while comprehending the true spirit of
the Message.

180

The works included in this chapter are taken from the book Zarb-e-Kalim
translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah. The last three poems are from Armoghan -eHijaz translated by Q A Kabir
DEDICATED TO NAWAB SIR HAMINDULLAH KHAN

!
Aalihazat Nawab Sir Syed Hamidullah Khan Farmanrawaey Bhopal ki
Khidmat mein!



Zamanah ba Aishia chih kard-o-konad; kassey nah bood keh ein daastan
farou khwanad.
[Zamaney ney Aishia ki quomon sey abb takk jo salook kiya aur kar raha hai;
koeyi nah thha joy eh dard bhari daastan tafsil sey sona sakta; aakher mojhi
ko yeh farz anjaam deyna parra.]
What Time has done or shall do with the East, none save a prince, like you, can
know the least.



Tou sahib-e-nazari aanchih dar zamir-e-mun ast; dil-e-tou beinad-oandaisha-e-tou mi-danad.
[(Hamidullah khan) tou sahib-e-nazar hai aur tojhey Khoda ney woh milkah
atta kiya hai keh jo haqiqatein meyrey zamir ki gehraiyuon mein moujood
hein; teyra dil onnhein deikhh raha hai aur teyra damagh onn sey agah hai.)
You own insight and what lies in my mind, is not too hard for you to ken and
find.



Bagir ein hamah sarmayah-e-bahar az mun; keh gul badast-e-tou az shakh
tazah-ter manind.
[Mien bahar ka yeh sarmayah laya hon tou ossey ley ley, iss leay keh phhool
teyrey haath mein dey diya jaaey tuo woh shakh sey bhi ziyadah tar-o-tazah
aur shadab rehta hai.]
Accept from me this treasure of spring tide, whose roses in your hand shall
fresh abide. (Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
181

THE PROLOGUE
Tamheed

(1)

Nah Deir mein nah Haram mein khodi ki bidaari; keh khawaran mein hai
quomon ki rooh taryaki.
(Khawaran: Aishia ki quomein. Taryaki: Afiyuoon.)
In fane and shrine the self in slumber deep is sunk, it seems that soul of East an
opiate strong has drunk.



Agar nah sehal hon tojh per zamin kay hungamey; bori hai musti-eandaishah-haey aflaaki.
If freaks of fate with smile on lips you can not face, the secrets hid in firmament
n're claim to trace.



Teri nijaat ghum-e-murg sey naheen momkin; keh tou khodi ko samajhta hai
paikar-e-khaki.
Your anguish sharp for Death you can not keep at bay, because you deem that
Self is merely made of clay.



Zamanah apney hawadis chhopa naheen sakta; tera hijab hai qalb-o-nazar ki
napaki.
Time can conceal mishaps at all from you, Alas! Your heart and soul are foul
and are not true.



Atta hoa khas-o-khashak-e-Aishia mojh ko; keh meyrey shoaley mein hai
sarkashi-o-bibaaki.
182

The straws and thorns of East to me have been assigned, for flame that burns in
me is rash and unconfined. (Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
The poetical works reproduced hereafter are from the Chapter One of
Zarb-e-Kalim titled Islam and Muslims.
ASCENSION



Dey walwalah-e-shouq jissey lazzat-e-pervaaz; kar sakta hai woh zarrah meho-mehar ko taraaj.
(Taraaj: Taskhir karna.)
A mote endowed with strong desire for flight can reach the Sun and Moon with
effort slight.

!

Moskil naheen yaraan-e-chaman! Maarkah-e-baaz; porsoz agar ho nafas-eseinah-e-dorraaj.
If chest of partridge fire and zeal emit, my friends, in fight with hawk it can
acquit.



Navok hai Mosilman, hadaf iss ka hai Suriyya; hai serr-e-sara pardah-e-jan
noktah-e-Miraaj.
Ascension means to gauge a Muslim's heart; the Pleiades are the target of his
dart.



Tou maani-e-wNajam, nah samjha tuo ajab kaya; hai teyra madd-o-jazar abhi
chand ka mohtaaj.
No wonder, meanings of Najm from you hide, on Moon depends your ocean's
ebb and tide. (Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)

183

THANKS CUM COMPLAINT


In this poem the poet urges on the audience by coaxing through complaint
about lack of their interest for changing their plight.

Shokar-o-shikayat

Mien bandah-e-nadan hon, magar shokar hai teyra; rakhhta hon nehan
khanah-e-lahoot sey paiwand.
(Lahoot: Alam-e-bala; tasawwuf mein woh moqam jahan salik ko fana fillah ka
darjah hasil hota hai.)
Though unwise, thanks to God I must express for bonds with celestial world
that I possess.



Ekk walwalah-e-tazah diya mien ney dilon ko; Lahore sey ta khak-e-Bokharao-Samarqand.
My songs fresh zeal to hearts of men imparts, their charm extends to lands that
lie apart.



Taseer hai meyrey nafas ki keh khazan mein; morghan-e-sehar khwan meri
sohbat mien hein khorsand (khosh baash).
In Autumn my breath makes birds that chirp in morn, imbibe much joy and feel
no more forlorn.



Laikan mojhey paida kiya iss dais mein Tou ney; jiss dais kay banday hein
ghulami peh razamand.
O God, to such a land I have been sent, where men in abject bondage feel
content.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)

184

DESTINY

Taqdir

Na-ehl ko hasil hai kabhi qowwat-o-jabroot; hai khwar zamaney mein kabhi
johar-e-zaati.
(Johar-e-zaati: Morad hai bakamal loug.)
Oft men who don't deserve get might and main, anon a Person's gifts un-graced
remain.



Shaid koeyi mantiq ho nehan iss kay amal mein; taqdir naheen taabe-emantiq nazar aati.
Perhaps some rules of logic are concealed; mishaps that lie in wait are not
revealed.



Han, ekk haqiqat hai keh maaloom hai sabb ko; taarikh-e-ommam jiss ko
naheen hum sey chhopati.
(Tarikh-e-ommam: Quomon ki tarikh.)
There is a fact that all of us can know world annals much light on this matter
throw.



Her lehzah hai quomon kay amal per nazar iss ki; beran sift-e-taigh-e-duo
paikar nazar iss ki.
(Taigh-e-duo paikar: Duo dhari talwar.)
Fate keeps its eye on what the nations do, like two-edged sword can riddle
through and through.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
AUTHORITY AND FAITH
Qowwat aur Deen


185



Eskandar-o-Changaiz kay haathon sey jahan mein; suo baar hoeyi hazrat-einsan ki qaba chaak.
Autocrats like Alexander and Changez, have trampled men beneath their feet;
not once but hundred times so far, they brought man down from honoured seat.


!
Tarikh-e-ommam ka yeh paigham azli hai; sahib-e-nazaran! Nashah-e-qowwat
hai khatarnaak.
The annals right from historic dawn the message eternal bear as such: O man,
with insight great endowed, the wine of might is dangerous much.



Iss sial-e-sobak siar-o-zamin-gir kay aagey; aql-o-nazar-o-ilm-o-honar hein
khas-o-khashaak.
(Sial-e-sobak siar: Taizi sey behta hoa sialab.)
Before this quickly flowing flood that spreads to all the tracts with speed art,
insight, intellect and science; are carried along like straw and reed.



La Deen ho tuo hai zehar-e-hilahal sey bhi barrh kar; ho Deen ki hifazat mein
tuo her zehar ka tariyaak.
(Zehar-e-hilahal: Halak kar deyney waali mohlik zehar.)
Divorced from Faith, a poison strong, when propped by Faith and true belief,
'gainst poison works with speed, and proves a source of much relief.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
KINGSHIP
Sultani

186

Kissey khabar keh hazaron moqam rakhhta hai; woh faqr jiss mein hai bey
pardah rooh-e-Qurani.
The lofty states of faqr are known to few, the faqr that brings the soul of Koran
to view.



Khodi ko jabb nazar aati hai qahiri apni; yehi moqam hai kehtey hein jiss ko
sultani.
(Qahiri: Ghalbah, faatihanah shaan.)
When selfhood sees its sway and upper hand, this exalted state the folk as
kingship brand.



Yehi moqam hai Momin ki qowwaton ko ayyar; issi moqam sey Adam hai zille-Sobhani.
(Ayyar: Kasouti. Zill-e-Sobhani: Khoda ka sayah.)
This rank gives verdict of a Muslim's worth, and makes him vicegerent of God
on earth.



Yeh jabr-o-qahr naheen hai, yeh ishq-o-musti hai; keh jabr-o-qahr sey momkin
naheen jahan baani.
This is not mere power and authority; this is Love; as kingship is not possible
with power and authority alone.



Kiya gaya hai ghulami mein mobtila tojh ko; keh tojh sey ho nah sakki faqr ki
nigahbaani.
You have got bondage as a fit reward, for you have failed to keep on Faqr a
guard.



Misal-e-mah chamakta thha jiss ka dagh-e-sajood; kharid li hai Farangi ney
woh Mosilmani.
187

Prostration made like moon his forehead shine, Alas! The Franks have snatched
that essence fine.



) (
Hoa harif-e-meh-o-aftab tou jiss sey; rehi nah teyrey sitaron mein woh
drakhshani.
Riaz Manzil (doulat kadah-e- Sir Rass Masood) Bhopal mein likhhey gaey.
Your stars have lost their pristine glow and sheen that made them rivals of Sun
and Moon so keen.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
GHAZAL



Dil-e-mordah dil naheen hai, issey zindah kar dobarah; keh yehi hai ummaton
ki marz-e-kohan ka charah.
(Marz-e-kohan ka charah: Porani baimaari ka ilaaj.)
A heart devoid of love is dead; infuse fresh life in it again. It is the only cure for
folk who suffer from some chronic pain.



Tera behar por sakon hai ya fason hai? Nah nahung hai, nah toofan, nah
kharabi-e-kinarah.
(Nahung: Magarmachh; morad hai khatraat.)
Your sea is full of calm and rest, is it repose or magic art? No sharks and storms
disturb your sea, intact its coast in every part.



Tou zamir-e-aasman sey abhi aashna naheen hai; naheen bey qarar karta
tojhey ghumzah-e-sitarah.

188

You are not intimate with laws that rule the spheres that spin around; the
twinkling stars do not disturb the calm which in your heart is found.



Terey neistan mein dala merey naghmah-e-sehar ney; meri khak pey seper
mein jo nehan thha ekk shrarah.
(Pey seper: Afsordah, bojhi hoeyi.)
The dormant spark that buried lay in my extinguished clay since long has set
afire your bed of reeds, assuming form of morning song.



Nazar aaey ga ossi ko yeh jahan-e-dosh-o-farda; jissey aagaeyi mayassar meri
shokhi-e-nazarah.
That man can only see in full the world of future and the past, who has the luck
to be endowed with my glance so pert and fast.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
THE WORLD
Dunya

Mojh ko bhi nazar aati hai yeh buqalmooni; woh chand, yeh tara hai, woh
pathar, yeh nagin hai. (Buqalmooni: Runga rungi.)
The diverse hues of world I can descry, here stone and gem, there moon and
starry sky.



Deyti hai meri chashm-e-baseerat bhi yeh fatwa; woh koh, yeh darya hai, woh
gardon, yeh zamin hai.
My insight also gives this verdict clear; these are hills, river, earth and sphere.

189

Haq baat ko laikan mein chhopa kar naheen rakhhta; tou hai, tojhey jo kochh
nazar ata hai, naheen hai.
Of facts so true, I strive to hide not aught, you are, all else a trick that eyes have
wrought.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
REVELATION

Wahi

Aql-e-bey mayah imamat ki sazawaar naheen; rahber ho zun-o-takhmin tuo


zabon kaar-e-hayat.
Poor intellect can't be fit to be your guide in life if led by guess and doubt
disruption may get rife.



Fikr bey noor tera, jazb-e-amal bey boniyad; sakht moshkil hai keh roshan ho
shabb-e-taar-e-hayat.
Your zeal infirm and weak, unlit your thoughts by light it is too hard to illume
your life's dark dismal night.



Khoob-e-nakhoob amal ki ho girah waa kiyuonkar; gar hayat aap nah ho
shaarih-e-asrar-e-hayat.
Twixt actions good and bad it's hard to draw a line, unless life undertakes
such subtle points to define.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
ISLAMIC CIVILISATION
Madniyat-e-Islam




190

Bataon tojh ko Mosilman ki zindagi kaya hai; yeh hai nehayat-e-andaishah-okamal-e-janon.


I would to you a Muslim's life expound, it is the height of thought and craze
profound.



Taloa hai sift-e-aaftab iss ka gharoob; yaganah aur misal-e-zamanah
gonagon.
Like sun, his rise and setting both are rare, he veers with Time and would e'er
truth declare.



Nah iss mein asr-e-rawan ki haya sey bizaari; nah iss mein ehad-e-kohan kay
fasanah-o-fason.
He is not sick of modesty like the current age, black art and myths his attention
don't engage.



Haqaiq-e-abadi per asaas hai iss ki; yeh zindagi hai, naheen hai talism-eAflaton.
On lasting truths its foundations firmly rest, no Plato's conceit but life replete
with zest.



Anasar iss kay hein rooh-ul-Quds ka zouq-e-jamal; Ajam ka hosn-e-tabiyat,
Arab ka soz-e-daron.
Like Gabriel it owns fine taste and grace, has warmth of Arabs and mind like
Persian race.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
GUIDANCE
Imamat

191



Tou ney poochhi hai imamat ki haqiqat mojh sey; Haq tojhey meyri tarah sahibe-asrar karey.
What Guidance signifies you wish to know, insight, like me, may God on you
bestow.



Hai wohi teyrey zamaney ka imam-e-berhaq; jo tojhey hazir-o-moujood sey
bizaar karey.
He is true guide and teacher of your age, who can with present fill your mind
with rage.



Mout kay aeinay mein tojh ko dikhha kar rokh-e-dost; zindagi teyrey leay aur
bhi dashwar karey.
By showing the face of Friend in looking glass, may make your life more
onerous and crass.



Dey kay ehsaas-e-ziyan teyra lahoo garma dey; faqr ki saan peh charrha kar
tojhey talwar karey. (Saan: Hathiyar taiz karney ka aalah.)
He may make your blood seethe with sense of harm and on Faqrs whetstone
may to sword transform.



Fitnah-e-Millat-e-Baiza hai imamat iss ki; jo Mosilman ko salatin ka parastar
karey. (Millat-e-Baiza: Mosilman quom.)
Such guidance means revolt 'against Lustrous Creed that makes the Muslims
bow to kingly breed.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
GHAZAL

192




Teyri mataa-e-hayat, ilm-o-honar ka saroor; meyri mataa-e-hayat eik dil-enasboor. (Dil-e-nasboor: Biqarar dil.)
A restless aching heart that throbs with Love; is my life's only stock and hoard
your joys of life consist of wealth and gold that worldly Science and Arts to you
afford.



Moajazah-e-ehl-e-fikr, falsafah-e-paich paich; moajazah-e-ehl-e-zikr, Mosa-oFiroan-o-Toor.
The marvel wrought by thinkers wise and sage consists of problems stiff that
thought provoke: Mount Sinai, Pharoah's rout and Moses' Staff are miracles
worked by those who God invoke.



Maslehatun keh diya mien ney Mosilman tojhey; teyrey nafas mein naheen,
garmi-e-Youm-an-Nashoor.
(Youm-an-Nashoor: Qiyamat ka dinn.)
I have conferred a Muslim's name on you for sake of courtesy, custom and
routine though your breath is quite bereft of heat of Reckoning Day that shall
emit blazing sheen.



Eik zamaney sey hai chaak gariban mera; tou hai abhi hosh mein, meyrey
janon ka qasoor.
My vest is torn to shreds and pieces since long and this is due to my mind's
frenzy great; your mind is still intact and sound, wherefore impute the blame to
me and slate?



Faiz-e-nazar kay leay zabt-e-sakhon chahiy; harf-e-perishan nah keh ehl-enazar kay hazoor.
193

You ought to keep your words within control, if you seek the bounteous glance
of Guide: When you talk with those who insight own be courteous much, by
conduct nice abide.



Khwar jahan mein kabhi ho naheen sakti woh quom; ishq ho jiss ka jasoor,
faqr ho jiss ka ghayoor. (Jasoor: Bibaak, juraatmand.)
That nation cannot come to shame at all, nor shall e'er come across or face
disgrace, whose youth are blessed with. pluck and courage great, and guard with
zeal the prestige of their race.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
RESIGNATION
Taslim-o-Raza

Her shakh sey yeh noktah-e-paichidah hai paida; poudon ko bhi ehsaas hai
pehnaaey faza ka.
The twigs and boughs this subtle point explain that sense of surrounding wide to
plants is plain.



Zolmat kadah-e-khak peh shaakir naheen rehta; her lehzah hai daney ko janon
nashv-o-noma ka.
The seed is not content with dwelling dark; it has a craze to spire from earth like
spark.



Fitrat kay taqazon peh nah kar rah-e-amal; maqsood hai kochh aur he taslimo-raza ka.
Don't bar the path to deeds for Nature's claims; submission to will of God has
different aims.

194



Juraat ho namoo ki tuo faza tung naheen hai; ay mard-e-Khoda, molk-e-Khoda
tung naheen hai.
If there is pluck for growth, the suburbs suffice; O man, the world is wide, if
you are, wise.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
UNITY OF GOD
Noktah-e-Towhid

Biyan mein noktah-e-Towhid aa tuo sakta hai; terey damagh mein bottkhanah
ho tuo kaya kehiay.
The subtle point in God's Oneness hid with ease in words we can explain, but
what about your mind unsound that brims with myths and idols vain?



Woh ramz-e-shouq keh poshidah la ilah mein hai; tariq-e-shaikh faqihaanah ho
tuo kaya kehiay.
The Elder of the Shrine has traits that smack of Jurist's faith and creed; much
thirst for view 'No god but He', among his fellows cannot breed.



Saroor jo haq-o-batil ki kaarzar mein hai; tou harb-o-zarb sey biganah ho tuo
kaya kehiay.
None can appraise the glee one gets, when war is on 'twixt good and bad; he
who can't inflict deadly blows and strokes in war is never glad.



Jahan mein banadah-e-Hur kay moshahidaat hein kaya; teri nigah
ghulamanah ho tuo kaya kehiay.

195

Observations made by free born men in world with marvels so replete to those
who own the glance of thralls none can such wonders 'fore them repeat.



Moqam-e-faqr hai kitna boland shahi sey; rawash kissi ki gadayanah ho tuo
kaya kehiay.
A Darvesh holds a loftier rank than a monarch who wears a crown; there is no
cure for such a man, who, like paupers, has sunk down.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
REVELATION AND FREEDOM
Elhaam aur Azadi

Ho bandah-e-azad agar sahib-e-elhaam; hai oss ki nigah fikr-o-amal kay leay


mehmaiz.
(Mehmaiz: Lohay ka kanta jo ghhorr sawar ki eirri mein laga hota hai.)
With zeal and fervour man is fired by looks of man by God inspired.



Oss kay nafas-e-garam ki taseer hai aisi; ho jaati hai khak-e-chamanistan
sharar aamaiz.
The intense heat his breath imparts, a blaze in park and orchard starts.



Shaheen ki ada hoti hai bulbul mein namoodar; kiss darjah badal jaatey hein
morghaan-e-sehar khaiz.
(Morghaan-e-sehar khaiz: Sobh kay waqt gaaney waaley parinday.)
The mode of hawks the thrush displays, the birds that chirp change mode and
ways.
196



Oss mard-e-khod agah Khoda must ki sohbat; deyti hai gadaon ko shikoh-eJam-o-Pervaiz.
Such man rapt with God's Love can raise, low-born to rank of Jam and Parvez.



Mehkoom kay elhaam sey Allah bachaey; gharatgar-e-aqwaam hai, woh surate-Changaiz.
God save from revelations of a thrall, like Changez, he leads to nations' fall!
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
SOUL AND BODY
Jan-o-Tun

Aql modat sey hai iss paichaak mein oljhi hoeyi; rooh kiss johar sey, khak-etirah kiss johar sey hai.
(Paichaak: Paich-o-kham; morad hai oljhan. Tirah: Andhairi.)
Since times antique the mind of man in complex problems is involved; what is
the source of clay-born man and how the soul has been evolved?



Meyri moshkil, musti-o-shor-o-saroor-o-dard-o-dagh; teyri moshkil, maey sey
hai saaghar maey saaghar sey hai.
Pain, anguish, glee and rapture sweet are spiritual states that man must face;
what is of much worth, cup or wine, is knotty point you wish to trace?



Irtibaat-e-harf-e-maani, ikhtilaat jan-o-tun; jiss tarah akhgar qaba posh apni
khakistar sey hai.

197

(Irtibaat: Rabt, taaloq. Ikhtilaat: Mail jol, khalt malt. Akhgar: Bojhta hoa
angarah. Khakistar: Raakhh.)
What binds the words and their import? What links the body and the soul? It
wears the cloak of its own ash just like the burnt refuse of coal.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
LAHORE AND KARACHI

Lahore-o-Karachi

Nazar Allah peh rakhhta hai Mosilman-e-ghayoor; mout kaya shaey hai, faqat
alam-e-maani ka safar.
For Muslim true Death has no dread; to realm of souls, he straight is led.



Inn shaheedon ki diyat ehl-e-Kalisa sey nah maang; qadr-o-qimat mein hai
khon jinn ka Haram sey barrh kar.
(Diyat: Khon baha.)
Don't ask the rulers of this land to grant blood price for martyred band. Their
blood is precious and divine like precincts of the Holy Shrine.


' '
Ahh ay mard-e-Mosilman tojhey kaya yaad naheen; harf-e-la tadaa maaAllah illaha aakhar.*
(*Aur matt pokaro Allah kay sawa doosra haakim.)
Alas! The Muslim forgot the lesson that to him was taught. He was ordained to
cry to none save to God Unique and One.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
PROPHETHOOD
Nabawwat

198



Mien nah arif, nah mojadad, nah mohadis, nah faqih; mojh ko maaloom
naheen kaya hai nabawwat ka moqam.
A gnostic, revivalist, jurist or expert in Prophet's maxims I do not claim; as such
a Prophet's rank and state in terms precise I can't proclaim.



Han, magar alam-e-Islam peh rakhhta hon nazar; faash hai mojh peh zamire-falak-e-neeli faam.
Despite these things I always keep on Muslim lands my watchful eye to me are
known the secrets hid in depths of this azure sky.



Asr-e-hazir ki shabb-e-taar mein deikhhi mein ney; yeh haqiqat keh hai roshan
seft-e-maah-e-tamam.
(Roshan seft-e-maah-e-tamam: Poorey chand ki tarah roshan, morad hai bilkol
waazeh.)
In present age, so full of dusk I have beheld this fact so stark that peeps like
bright and full grown moon from sky that wears the mantle dark.

''
"
Woh nabawwat hai Mosilman kay leay burg-e-hashish; jiss nabawwat mein
naheen qowwat-o-shoukat ka payam.
(Burg-e-hashish: Bhang ki patti.)
The seer, inspired by God, who fails to prompt to deeds of might and main, is
just akin to leaf of hemp that makes oblivious to loss or gain.
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)
MAKKAH AND GENEVA

199



Iss dour mein aqwaam ki sohbat bhi hoeyi aam; poshidah nigahon sey rehi
wahdat-e-Adam.
In present age the League has been contrived, but sight of man from oneness is
deprived.



Tafriq-e-millal hikmat-e-Farang ka maqsood; Islam ka maqsood faqat millat-eAdam.
(Tafriq-e-millal: Quomon ka nifaaq.)
The aim and end the Franks before them keep, has caused in several states such
rupture deep.



Makkey ney diya khak-e-Geneva ko yeh paigham; jamiyat-e-aqwaam keh
jamiyat-e-Adam.
Makkah this question to Geneva posed: Is League of Man, or diverse states
composed?
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)

SUPERMAN (THE GUIDE)


Mehdi

Quomon ki hayat onn kay takhiyal peh hai mouqoof; yeh zouq sikhhata hai
adab morgh-e-chaman ko.
A nation's life gets much prolonged by lofty aims and ideals high if dwellers
here some zeal possess, they can explore the heights of sky.

200

Majzoob Farangi ney beh andaz-e-Farangi; Mehdi kay takhiyal sey kiya zindah
watan ko.
(Majzoob Farangi: Dewanah Farangi, morad hai Neitsche jiss ney Superman ka
takhiyal paish kiya.)
The Frankish Sage by guile and skill new lease of life to nation gave the path
for birth of Superman by valour great he strove to pave.



Ay woh keh tou Mehdi kay takhiyal sey hai bizaar; noummeid nah kar aahoo-emoshin sey Khotan ko.
(Aahoo-e-moshin: Woh hiran jiss ki naaf sey moshk nikala jata hai. Khotan:
Wast Aisia ka khittah jahan kay mosk waaley hiran mashoor hein.)
To Guide's concept you seem averse, too fed up with this thought appear, this
view for Muslims has the weight that for Cathay has musk of deer.



Ho zindah kafan posh tuo miyat ossey samjhein; ya chaak karein mardak-enadan kay kafan ko?
If man alive puts on the shroud, must we take that ass for dead or tear to pieces
small and shreds his shroud and cast away the threads?
(Translated by Syed Akbar Ali Shah)

As said in the opening lines of this part, last three poems are from
Armoghan -e-Hijaz.
AN ADVICE OF OLD BALUCH TO HIS SON
Calling Millat through advice by a Baloch elder
Buddhay Baloch ki Nasihat Baitey ko

Ho teyrey biyaban ki hawa tojh ko gawara; iss dasht sey behtar hai nah Dilli
nah Bokhara.

201

I pray desert breeze would harmonize thee, to desert tops not, Delhi Basras
glee.



Jiss simmat mein chahey sift-e-sial-e-rawan chal; wadi yeh hamari hai, woh
sehra bhi hamara.
Like a moving gale, move any where, this desert and dales would hail thee
there.



Ghairat hai barri cheez jahan-e-tug-o-duo mein; pehnati hai dervaish ko taj-esar-e-Dara.
In tug and pulls race envy is a grace, which puts Darius1 crown on poor mans
face.



Hasil kissi kamil sey yeh poshidah honar kar; kehtey hein keh shishay ko bana
saktey hein khara (sakht patthar).
Get this hid skill from a paragon* lone, it is said that glass can be turned to
stone.
(*A model of excellence.)



Afraad kay haathon mein hai aqwam ki taqdir; her fard hai millat kay
moqadar ka sitara.
In each mans hand lies the nations fate, each man is a star of nations great.



Mehroom raha doulat-e-darya sey woh ghawwas; karta naheen jo sohbat-esahil sey kinara.
(Ghawwas: Ghotah khor.)

202

That diver was robbed of wealth of sea, who was afraid to leave the shore with
glee.



Deen haath sey dey kar agar azad ho millat; hai aisi tijarat mein Mosilman ka
khasara.
If his freedom hangs on the faiths bargain, in such a bargain he stands not to
gain.



Dunya ko hai pher maarkah-e-rooh-o-badan paish; tehzeeb ney pher apney
darindon ko obhara.
The soul and body yet face a clash; this culture has made her wild beasts rash.



Allah ko pamardi-e-Momin peh bharosa; Iblis ko Europe ki mashinon ka
sahara.
Allah has faith in Momins might and will, on Europes hardware Satan makes
his skill.



Taqdir-e-ommam kaya hai, koeyi keh naheen sakta; Momin ki farasat ho tuo
kaafi hai ashara.
On the fate of nations none cant foretell, on the Momins shrewd look you can
always dwell.



Akhlas-e-amal maang niyagaan-e-kohan* sey; shahan chih ajab gar
banawazand gada ra. (* Qadim zamaney kay bazorg)
[Kaya ajab keh badshah bhikari ko nawaz dein.]
A selfless life learn from foremost in deen, the kings may favour a man of poor
means.
(Translated by Q A Kabir)

203

THE LATE MASOOD


The message to the Millat is conveyed while paying tributes to a friend,
Sir Ross Masood.
Masood Marhoom

Yeh mehar-o-meh, yeh sitarey yeh aasman-e-kabood; kissey khabar keh yeh
alam-e-adum hai ya keh wajood. (Kabood: Neila.)
This Moon and Sun the skies and stars lot. Who know that this world would live
or not.



Khiyal-e-jaadah-o-manzil fasanah-o-afason; keh zindagi hai sarapa raheel-ebey maqsood.
(Jaadah: Rastah. Fasanah: Khiyali kahani. Afason: Jadoo. Raheel: Safar.)
The thought of Aim and Stays, my fictions same; this life looks a journey sanz
any aim.



Rehi nah aah, zamaney kay haath sey baqi; woh yaadgar-e-kamalat-e-Ahmedo-Mehmood*.)
(*Morad hai Sir Syed Ahmed aur Justice Mehmood jo Sir Syed kay baitey
thhey.)
Ah! The world kept not that monuments shine, of Mehmood and Ahmads
miracles fine.



Zawal-e-ilm-o-honar murg-e-naaghan oss ki; woh caravan ka mataa-egaran baha Masood.
(Murg-e-naaghan: Achanak mout. Mataa-e-garan baha: Baish qimat doulat.)
His death to knowledge a fall and decay, a great wealth he was for caravans
stay.

204



Mojhey rolati hai ehl-e-jahan ki bidardi; foghan-e-morgh-e-sehar khwan ko
jaantey hein sarood.
(Foghan-e-morgh-e-sehar khwan: Sobh ko bolney waaley parindey ki fariyad.
Sarood: Gana.)
It moves me to weeping, the worlds cold ways, at dawn to wail of birds, they
think songs gay.



Nah kah keh sabar mein penhan hai charah-e-ghum-e-dost; nah kah keh
sabar moimma-e-mout ki hai kashood.
(Charah: Ilaaj. Kashood: Khholna, hal.)
Say not, hid in patience, cure of friends grief, say not, patience solves the
deaths crossword brief.


( )
Dilley keh ashiq-o-sabir bood sung ast; z-ishq ta beh saboori hazar farsung
ast. (Saadi)
[Woh dil jo ashiq bhi ho aur ghum-e-ishq mein sabar bhi kar sakta ho woh
pathhar tuo ho sakta hai, dil naheen; kiyuonkeh ishq aur sabar kay beich
hazar kos ka faslah hai.)
The beau is restive, but a stone is heart, the love and patience thus are poles
apart.



Nah mojh sey pooch keh omar-e-garaiz-pa kaya hai; kissey khabar keh yeh
nairung-o-seimiya kay hai.
(Omar-e-garaiz-pa: Taizi sey gozarney waali zindagi. Nairung: Shobdah baazi.
Seimiya: Jadoo.)
Ask me not whats the fleeting life and age, who knows tricks and charms of
lifes beauty cage.



205

Hoa jo khak sey paida, woh khak mein mastoor; magar yeh gheebat-e-soghra
hai ya fana, kaya hai?
(Mastoor: Chhopa hoa. Gheebat-e-soghra: Aarzi tor per chhopna; yeh eik
mazhabi istilah hai.)
Who came from this dust, hid in dust again, is this death a short void? Who
knows the arcane?



Ghobar-e-rah ko bakhsha gaya hai zouq-e-jamal; khird bata naheen sakti keh
moddaa kaya hai.
To dust of path destined His visions taste, the wisdom cant tell this purpose in
haste.



Dil-o-nazar bhi issi aab-o-gill kay hein eijaz; naheen, tuo hazrat-e-insan ki
intiha kaya hai?
(Aab-o-gill: Pani aur matti. Eijaz: Moajzah dikhhana.)
The heart and eyes too wonders of this dust, if not who knows then the height of
man just.



Jahan ki rooh-e-rawan la ilah illa hoo; Masseih-o-Maikh-o-Chalipa, yeh
majra kaya hai.
(La ilah illa hoo: Allah kay sawa koeyi maabood naheen. Masseih: Hazrat Issa
(A.S.). Maikh: Lambi keil. Chalipa: Sooli.)
No god save Allah is worlds moving soul, in Christ, the Cross and nail, what
was the role?



Qisas khoon-e-tamanna ka mangiay kis sey; gonah-gar hai kon. aur khon
baha kaya hai.

206

(Qisas: Khoon ka badlah. Khoon-e-tamanna: Aarzoo ka khoon. Khoon baha:


Khoon ki qimat.)
For murder of longings who will compensate? Who is the sinner and the ransom
great?



Ghumein mashuo keh beh bund-jahan gariftaraim; talism-ha shiknad an
dilley keh ma daaraim.
[Iss ka ghum mut karo keh hum jahan ki qiad aur pabindion mein gariftar
hein; woh dil jo Allah Taala ney hamarey jism-e-khaki kay andar rakhha hai
agar zouq-e-jamal sey batini taur per her shaey ko deikhhney wala bun jaey
tou yeh jadoo toot jata hai (aur mout-o-hayat, jism-o-rooh, aql-o-ishq, qalb-onazar kay tamam moimmey hal ho jaatey hein.)
If fastened in this tie no grief feels hence, this heart is breaking the magics
sense.



Khodi hai zindah tuo hai mout ekk moqam-e-hayat; keh ishq mout sey karta hai
imtihan-e-sabaat.
With selfs live the death a place for rest with death the love makes its
permanence test.



Khodi hai zindah tuo darya hai bey karanah tera; terey faraq mein moztir hai
mouj-e-Neil-o-Farat.
(Bey karanah: Jiss ka kinarah nah ho. Moztir: Biqarar.)
If self is alive thy sea has no shore, to meet the restive Nile-o-Euphrates roar.



Khodi hai mordah tuo manind-e-kah paish-e-nasim; khodi hai zindah tuo
sultan-e-jomlah moujodaat.
(Manind-e-kah paish-e-nasim: Ghhas ka tinka jo halki si hawa mein bhi orr jata
hai. Jomlah moujodaat: Woh sabb kochh jo kainat mein moujood hai.)
With dead self the breeze is like a grass, if selfs live lie is king of whole mass.

207



Nigah eik tajali sey hai agar mehroom; duo sadd hazar tajali talafi-e-mafaat.
(Tajali: Jalwah. Duo sadd hazar: Duo suo hazar. Talafi-e-mafaat: Koeyi cheez
jo fout ho gaeyi aur oss ki jagah oss jaisi kissi doosari cheez ney ley-li ho;
noqsaan ka ewaz.)
If he takes from the eyes His Visions glance, that void cant make up thousand
Visions hence.



Moqam bandah-e-Momin ka hai waraey sepeher; zamin sey ta beh Suriya
tamam Laat-o-Manat.
(Waraey sepeher: Aasman sey aagey. Suriya: Woh chhey sitarey jo eik saath eik
khas tartib mein nazar aatey hein.)
The place of Momin lies beyond the sky, from Earth to seven stars Lots only
lie.



Harim-e-Zaat hai oss ka nashiman-e-abudi; nah tirah khak lehud hai, nah
jalwah gah-e-sifaat.
(Harim-e-Zaat: Allah Taala ki manzil, woh moqam-e-alwihat jo insaani aql sey
mawara hai. Tirah khak: Morad hai insan. Lehud: Qabar. Jalwah gah-e-sifaat:
Allah Taala ki sifaat ki jalwah gah.)
See her lasting home with God, in trance, no dusk in grave and Gods lustres
hence.



Khod agahan keh azein khakdan baron jastand; mehar-o-sepeher-ositarah bashakastand talism.
[Woh loug jo khod agah hein (jinnhon ney Allah aur Rasool (S.A.W.) kay baad
maarfat hasil kar li) woh iss matti ki dunya sey bahar nikal gaey hein;
onnhon ney sooraj, aasman aur sitarey ka jadoo torr deya hai.)
The self conscious hearts who crossed this dust, they broke the magic of Sun
and Moon just.
(Translated by Q A Kabir)
208

QUATRAIN
*****(11)*****





Terey darya mein toofan kiyuon naheen hai; khodi teyri Mosilman kiyuon
naheen hai.
Abus hai shikwah-e-taqdir-e-Yazdan; tou khod taqdir-e-Yazdan kiyuom
maheen hai.
Thy river keeps not, no tempest why? To be a Muslim why fails ego thy?
Of fate why youre weeping so late, you are not why the Gods own fate.
(Translated by Q A Kabir)
Hindi Muslims, the followers of Islam in the Indian Subcontinent, were
the intended audience of Allamah Iqbals Urdu poetry. Contrary to that, his
Persian poetical works are meant for entire Ummah wherever they are, or were
during his times. He generally addressed them using words of Mashriq, Ajam
and Arab.
The poetical works reproduced hereafter are taken from Payam-eMashriq. The last poem however is from Zabur-e-Ajam.
THE TULIP OF SINAI QUATRAINS
*****(14)*****





Tunnay piada kon az mosht-e-ghobarey; tunnay mohkam-ter az sangin
hisaarey.
Daroon-e-oo dil-e-dard aashnaey; cho jooey dar kinar-e-kohsaarey.
[Apni khak ki mothhi sey aisa badan paida kar; jo sungin hisar sey ziyadah
pokhtah ho.
209

Magar oss kay andar dard sey ashna dil ho; jaisey kohsar kay andar nadi.]
Build, with your handful of dust, a body stronger than a rock fortress;
And inside this body let there be a heart that feels sorrow like a stream
flowing by a mountain.
(Translated by Mustansir Mir)
*****(56)*****





Z-khoob-o-zasht tou na-aashnaim; ayyarash kardaheyi sood-o-ziyan ra.
Darein mehfil z-mun tunha-terey neist; beh chashm-e-deigrey beinam jahan
ra.
[Mien teyrey (aam insan kay) khoob-o-nakhoob sey na-ashna hon; tou ney
nafaa-o-noqsan ko (zindagi ka) miyar thhera liya hai.
Iss mehfil (-e-jahan) mein mojh sey ziyadah tanha aur koeyi naheen;
(kiyuonkeh) mien iss jahan ko aur nazar sey deikhhta hon.]
I do not know thy Ugly and thy Fair: Thou takest Gain and Loss to measure by.
I am the loneliest in this company; I view the vast world with another eye.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
*****(58)*****





Cho taab az khod bagirad qatrah-e-aab; miyan-sadd gohar yakk danah
gardad.
Beh bazm-e-humnawayan aanchonan zei; keh gulshan ber tou khalwat
khanah gardad.
[Woh eik pani ka qatrah apney aap sey chamak hasil karta hai; woh kaeyi suo
qatron mein sey gohar-e-yakk danah bun jata hai.

210

Tou bhi apney saathiyuon ki bazm mein iss tarah zindagi basar kar; keh
gulshan (dunya) teyrey leay khawat khanah bun jaaey.]
The water-drop, when it is self-illumed, amidst a hundred as one pearl shall be:
Then at this feast of choristers so live to take their garden for an oratory.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
*****(63)*****





Agar kardi nigah ber parah-e-sung; z-faiz-e-aarzooey tou gohar shod.
Beh zar-e-khod ra masunj ay bandah-e-zar; keh zar az goshah-e-chashm-etou zar shod.
[Jabb tou ney pathar kay tokarrey per nigah daali; tou woh teyrey faiz-e-aarzoo
sey qimati moti bun gaya,
Ay zar parast! Apni qimat zar sey nah laga; kiyuonkeh zar ko zar bananey
wala tou (teyri nigah) khod hai.]
If you were merely to glance at a piece of rock, it would turn into a jewel if you
so desired.
Slave of gold, dont measure yourself by gold; it was your glance that turned it
into gold.
(Translated by Mustansir Mir)
*****(67)*****





Mera rozey gul-e-afsordaeyi goft; namood-e-ma cho pervaaz-e-sharar ast.
Dilam ber mehnat naqsh aafrin sokht; keh naqsh-e-kalk-e-oo na-payidar ast.
[Eik dinn pazzmordah phhool ney mojh sey kaha; hamari zindagi sharar ki
pervaaz ki manind hai.

211

Khaliq ki mehnat per meyra dil jalta hai; keh oss kay qalam ka naqsh napaidar hai.]
One day a withered rose thus spoke to me: Our manifesting is a spark swift
blown.
My heart is anguished for the Artists pain; the painting of His brush fadeth so
soon! (Translated by A.J. Arberry)
*****(68)*****





Jahan-e-ma keh payaney nadaarad; cho maahi dar yam-e-ayam gharq ast.
Yakkey ber dil nazar wa-kon keh beini; yam-e-ayam dar yakk jaam gharq ast.
[Hamari dunya jiss ka koeyi kinarah naheen; zamaney kay samandar mein
machhli ki tarah gharq hai.
Laikan zara apney dil per nazar daal; zamaney ka samandar iss eik jaam mein
samaya hoa hai.]
Our infinite world of old Times ocean swallows it up (like fish).
Look once in thy heart, and behold Times ocean sunk in a cup.
(Translated by R.A. Nicholson)
*****(76)*****





Bapaaey khod mazun zinjir-e-taqdir; teh-e-ein gonbad-e-gardaan rehey hust.
Agar bawar nadaari khaiz-o-daryab; keh chon paa waa-koni jolaangehey
hust.
[Apney paon mein taqdir ki zinjeer nah pehan; iss gonbad-e-gardan (aasman)
sey nikalney ka rastah moujood hai.

212

Agar eitibar naheen tuo othh (koshish kar) aur oss rastey ko pa ley; jabb tou
qadam othhaey ga tuo (deikhhey ga) keh maidan moujood hai (Toufiq baandazah-e-himmat sey azal hai Ghalib).]
Set not the chain of Fate upon thy foot; there is a way beyond this rolling
sphere.
If thou believest not, rise up, and find thy foot uplifted leapeth in the air.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
*****(82)*****





Tou ay koodak manash khod ra adab kon; Mosilman zadaheyi tark-e-nasab
kon.
Barung-e-ahmar-o-khoon-o-rug-o-post; Arab naazad agar, tark-e-Arab kon.
[Teyri adat tiflanah hai, adab seikhh; tou Mosilman ki aulaad hai nasab (per
naaz karna) chhorr.
Agar Arab bhi apney sorkh rung, khoon aur rug-o-post per naaz karey, tou
ossey bhi nazar andaz kardey.]
Leave childishness, and learn a better lore; abandon race, if thee a Muslim bore.
If of his colour, blood, and veins and skin the Arab boasts an Arab he no
more! (Translated by A.J. Arberry)
*****(83)*****





Nah Afghanaim-o-ney
shakhsaaraim.

Turk-o-Tataraim;

chaman

zaadaim-o-az

yakk

Tameez-e-rung-o-boo ber ma haraam ast; keh ma pervardah-e-yakk nau


baharaim.

213

[Nah hum Afghan hein, nah Turk, nah Tatari; hum chaman-zaad hein aur eik he
shakh sey hein.
Hum per rung-o-boo ki tamiz haraam hai; kiyuonkeh hamari pervarash eik
naubahar (Islam) sey hoeyi.]
We are not Afghans, Turks or Tartars: Offspring of the garden, we grew from
the same bough.
Distinctions of colour and scent are forbidden to us, for we are products of a
new spring.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
LINES ADDRESSED TO MUSTAFA KAMAL PASHA
Khatab beh Mustafa Kamal Pasha


1922

Ummatey bood keh ma az asar-e-hekmat-e-oo; waqaf az sar-e-nehan khanah


taqdir shodaim.
[Hamarey Nabi Akram (S.A.W.) ommi thhey magar onn ki hekmat (-o-danaeyi)
kay asar sey hum taqdir kay nehan khaney kay raaz sey bakhabar hoay.]
There was once an unlettered man, thanks to whose wisdom we learned all
about the mysteries of human destiny.



Asal-e-ma yakk sharar bakhtah rungey bood ast; nazarey kard keh khurshide-jahangir shodaim.
[Aap (S.A.W.) ki tashrif aawari sey pehelay hum iss sharar ki manind thhey jiss
ka rung orr choka ho; Aap (S.A.W.) ney hum per nigah daali tuo hum aaftab-ealam taab bun gaey.]
In origin we were nothing but a faint spark. He looked at us, and we became a
world-illuminating sun.



Noktah-e-ishq frau-shist z-dil-e-pir-e-Haram; dar jahan khwar beh andazahe-taqseer shodaim.
214

[(Magar baad mein jabb) Pir-e-Haram ney apney dil sey ishq ko noktah dho
dala (oss ka natijah yeh hoa keh) hum dunya mein apni iss taqseer kay motabiq
khwar ho gaey.]
The old man of the Harem wiped the imprint of Love from his heart, and we
were humbled in the world in keeping with our sins degree.



Baad-e-sehrast keh ba fitrat-e-ma dar saazad; az nafas-haey saba ghonchae-dilgir shodaim.
[Hamari fitrat ko baad-e-sehra raas aati hai (hum sehra chhorr kar baghon
mein aa-bassey tuo) humein baad-e-saba kay jhonkon ney ghonchah-e-dilgir
(maghmoom) bana diya.]
It is the desert wind that suits our natural make-up. The morning breezes breath
turned us into buds with constricted hearts.



Aah aan gholgholah kaz gonbad-e-aflaak gozasht; nalah gardid cho pabande-bum-o-zir shodaim.
[Aah hamara gholgholah gonbad-e-aflaak sey bhi oopar nikal gaya thha;
laikan jabb hum bum-o-zir (tamaddan ki rasoomat) kay pabund hoay tuo wohi
gholgholah fariyad bun gaya.]
O that tumultuous din of ours which once used to shoot up above the sky,
reduced to treble and bass, became a mere lament.



Ay bassa siad keh bey daam beh fitraak zadaim; dar baghal teer-o-kaman
koshtah-e-nakhchir shodaim.
[Eik waqt thha jabb hum ney baghair kissi jaal kay bohat sey shikar apney
fitraak mein baandh leay abb baghal mein teer-o-kaman rakhhtey hoay bhi
hum apney he shikar kay koshtah hein.]
How many quarries we once caught without nets and tied to our saddle straps!
But now, with bows and arrows under armpits, we ourselves became our
quarries prey.

215



Her koja rah dehad asp, ber aan taaz keh ma; bar-ha maat darein arsah
batadbir shodaim. Nazeeri.
[Jahan takk ghhorra pohnchta hai yalghar jaari rakhh; kiyuonkeh iss
maidan mein hum baarha tadbir sey maat khha chokay hein. Nazeeri.
(wasael kay nah honay ki pervah nah kar)]
Wherever you can find a way race your horse thither, for we have been outdone
many times on this maneuvering-ground.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
THE WINE REMAINING GHAZAL
*****(21)*****



Faraib-e-kashmakash-e-aql deidani daarad; keh mir-e-qaflah-o-zouq-erehzanni daarad.
[Aql ki kashmakash ka faraib deikhhney sey taaloq rakhhta hai; hai yeh ameerr-qaflah magar raahzani ka zouq rakhhti hai. (Zindagi ka masalah soljhaney ki
bajaey aur oljhati hai)]
The intellects deceitfulness is worthy of remark: It is the leader of the caravan,
yet fond of highway robbery.



Nishan-e-raah z-aql-e-hazar heelah mapors; biya keh ishq kamaley z-yakk
fanni daarad.
[Aql jo hazaron heilon ki maalik hai oss sey rastey ka pata nah poochh; ishq
ki taraf aa, jo (aql zuofanon kay moqabley mien) yakk funni mein kamal
rakhhta hai.]
Do not seek guidance from that jack-of-all-trades, intellect. Apply to Love, for it
is perfect in the only art it practices.

216

Farang garchih sakhon ba sitarah mogoeyad; hazr keh shaiwah-e-oo rung-ejozani daarad.
[Agarchih ehl-e-Farang sitaron sey baatein kartey hein; magar onn sey bachh
kiyuonkeh onn kay andaz mein saaheri ka rung hai.]
Although the West converses with the stars, beware, there is in all it does a taint
of sorcery.



Z-murg-o-zeist chih porsi darein rabaat-e-kohan; keh zeist kaahish-e-jan
murg-e-jankoni daarad.
[Iss porani caravan sara (dunya) ki mout-o-hayat kay barah mein kaya
poochhta hai; yahan ki zindagi ghhot ghhot kay murna hai aur mout mein
jankani.]
What can I say concerning life and death? For in this ancient inn life is slow
death, and death lifes final agony.



Sar-e-mazar-e-shaheedan yakkey anaan dar kash; keh bey zobani-e-ma harfe-goftani daarad.
[Shaheedon kay mazar per zara apna ghhorra khhainch (rokk jaa)) hamari bey
zobani ki baatein bhi sonnaney kay qabil hein.]
Pull up your horse sometimes at the graves of us martyrs; our silence has
something to say.



Digar dadasht-e-Arab khaimah-zun keh bazam-e-Ajam; maey gozashtah-ojaam shakastani daarad.
[Eik bar pher Arab kay sehra mein khaimah laga kiyuonkeh Ajam ki bazm
mein; bey asar sharab aur toota hoa jaam hai.]
Pitch your tent in the desert of Arabia again, for Persia is convivial company,
which has stale wine and breakable wine-cups.



217

Nah sheikh-e-shehar nah shaer nah khirqah posh Iqbal; faqir-e-raah


nashin ast-o-dil ghani daarad.
[Iqbal nah sheikh-e-shehar hai. nah shaer-e-khirqah posh; woh sirf eik faqir-eraah nashin hai. albatah dil bey niaz rakhhta hai.]
No city shaykh, no poet, and no holy man, Iqbal is but a roadside beggar, but he
has a proud, contented heart.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)

TRIFLES

Khordah
*****(6)*****



Sakhon-go tiflak-o-barna-o-pir ast; sakhon ra saaley-o-maahey nabashad.
[Bachah, jawan aur boorrha sabb baat kartey hein; sakhon kay leay meh-o-saal
(omar) ki koeyi qiad naheen.]
The poet is child, youth and old man all in one; distinctions of age are unknown
to poetry.
*****(7)*****





Chash ra bienaeyi afzaeyad seh cheez; sabzah-o-aab-e-rawan-o-rooey khosh.
klbad, ra farbahi mi-aawurd; jamah-e-qazz jan-e-bey ghum, booey khosh.
[Teen cheezein beinaeyi mein azafah karti hein; sabzah, aab-e-rawan aur
khoobsurat chihrah.
Badan ko (bhi teen cheezein) farbah karti hein; raishmi kaprra, bey fikri aur
khoshboo.]
Three things make your vision better: Greenery, running water and fair faces.
Three things tend to make you fatter: Silk robes, good smells and a carefree
heart.

218

(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)


*****(8)*****



Ay brathar mun tera az zindagi daadam nishan; khwab ra murg-e-sobak daan
murg ra khwab-e-garan.
[Ay braather! Mien tojhey zindagi ka raaz batata hon; neind ko sobak mout
samajh aur mout ko khwab-e-garan.]
Of Life, O brother, I give thee a token to hold and keep; sleep is a lighter death,
and Death a heavier sleep.
(Translated by R.A. Nicholson)

*****(9)*****





Taqat ofov dar tou neist agar; khaiz-o-ba doshmanaan dar aabah sataiz.
Seinah ra kaarga-e-keinah saaz; sar keh dar angabin khwaish maraiz.
[Agar tojh mein moaf kar deyney ka hoslah naheen; tuo othh aur doshmanon
sey bersar-e-paikar ho.
Magar apney seinay ko keinay ki kaargah (factory) nah bana; (apni zindagi
kay) shehad mein sirkah nah mila.]
If you do not possess the power to forgive, go; get to grips with those who have
wronged you.
Do not nurse hatred in your heart. O do not make your honey sour by mixing
vinegar with it.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
*****(13)*****

219



Mazun-o-sammah ber raish-o-aabrooey khwaish; jawaney z-dozbeidan saal
neist.
[Apni raish aur abroo per wasmah nah laga; saal chora kar jawani qaim
naheen rakhhi ja sakti.]
Do not apply a hair-dye to your eyebrows and your beard, for you cannot get
back your youth by stealing years from time.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)
*****(16)*****





Chih khwaish boodey agar mard-e-nikoey; z-bund baastan azad raftey.
Agar taqlid boodey shaiwah-e-khoob; payamber hum reh-e-ijdaad raftey.
[Kaya achha hota keh agar naik-khoo mard; gozarey hoay lougon kay
bundhanon sey azad reh kar zindagi basar karta.
Agar taqlid achhi baat hoti; tuo hamarey Rasool-e-Pak (S.A.W.) bhi aba-oijdaad ka rastah ikhtiyar kartey.]
How nice a thing it were if every traveler who wants to travel far and fast could
go free from the trammels of the past.
If blind conformity were good, the Prophet himself would have gone the way of
Arabs in an earlier day.
(Translated by M. Hadi Husain)

GHAZAL
This ghazal has been taken from Part Two of Allamah Iqbals book titled
Zabur-e-Ajam.
*****(21)*****



220

Baaz ber raftah-o-aeindah nazar bayad kard; hallah ber khaiz keh
andaishah digar bayad kard.
[Apney maazi-o-mostaqbil per dobarah nazar daalni chahiay; khabardar
oothh dobarah ghor-o-fikr karna chahiay.]
Sleeper, rise thou up, and fast! Once again upon the past and the future fix thy
gaze; Thou must think on other ways.



Ishq ber naqah-e-ayyam kashad mehmal-e-khwaish; aashiqi? Rahilah az
shaam-o-sehar bayad kard.
[Ishq naqah-e-ayyam per apna mehmal bandhta hai; agar tou aashiq hai tuo
tojhey shaam-o-sehar per sawari karni chahiay (ayyam ka markib naheen,
raakib hai qalandar).]
Love hath laid his heavy load on Times saddle to the road: Art thou lover? In
thy need eve and dawn must be thy steed.



Pir-e-ma goft ber rawashey mohkam neist; az khosh-o-nakhosh oo qataa
nazar bayad kard.
[Hamarey ustaad ney humein samjhaya keh jahan eik rawash per qaim naheen
rehta; oss ki pasand-o-na-pasand ko nazar andaz karna chahiay.]
Elder said, This world below in no certain gait doth go; we must close our
eyes, nor care what is foul herein, or fair.



Tou agar tark-e-jahan kardah sar-e-oo daari; pus nakhastin z-sar-e-khwaish
gozar bayad kard.
[Agar tou sirf tark-e-jahan kay zariay oss takk pohnchna chahta hai tuo yeh
naakafi hai; pehley tojhey apney sar ki qorbani deyna parrey gee.]
If, the world being wholly spurned, unto Him thy mind is turned, first of all the
things to do is thy own life to forgo.



Goftamash dar dil-e-mun Laat-o-Manat ast bassey; goft ein bottkadah ra ziro-zabar bayad kard.
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[Mien ney oss sey kaha keh meyrey dil mein bohat sey Laat-o-Manat bassey
hoay hein; oss ney kaha oss bottkaday ko teh-o-bala karna hoga.]
Ah, within my heart, said I, yet unbroken idols lie: Then this temple,
answered he, must be shattered utterly! (Translated by A.J. Arberry)
13th August, 2013

ENOUGH IS ENOUGH
The military regime of General Sisi in Egypt had been telling the
protesters camping in Cairo University and Rabaa al-Adawiya to disperse, but
they kept demanding reinstatement of Mohamed Mursi, who was
democratically elected only a year ago. Diplomats of Europe and America,
Catherine Ashton and William Burns visited Egypt to ask Brotherhood to come
to terms with the military coup, but the visitors also failed in convincing the
protesters.
The military dictator decided to launch crackdown against protesters,
but differences within his hand-picked interim government caused delay. At last
the will of the General prevailed primarily because he enjoyed the support of
the civilized world. He ordered uprooting of six-week long sit-in camps of
Islamists by force.
On 14th August the brute force was unleashed against peaceful
protesters. On the first day of operation, according to official estimates, about
six hundred people were killed and at least 1500 were wounded. Brotherhood
sources put the death toll more than two thousand and about the same number
were injured. After a days lull, more than hundred people were killed on Friday
and Saturday each.
The police-led and Army-backed operation received wide media
coverage in the civilized world. Western media covering the operation live
however kept blaming Islamists for refusing peaceful resolution of differences.
Media frequently repeated a line that the Sisi-installed government has at last

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concluded that enough is enough; indirectly saying that all the nonsense came
from Islamists belonging to Muslim Brotherhood.
Meanwhile, the low profile coverage of events in Syria continued as per
the revised strategy of the West. The change was because of the apprehensions
that al-Qaeda-backed jihadis could emerge as a stronger force after toppling of
Bashar al-Assad regime. In its neighbourhood, Iraq kept bleeding ever more
profusely. Elsewhere it was business went on as usual.

NEWS
Far East
Philippines: On 5th August, a bomb exploded at the centre of the southern
Philippines city of Cotabato, killing six people and wounding 26 others. The
explosive device was placed in a vehicle parked near a hospital and a school
during the afternoon rush hour. No group has claimed responsibility for the
attack, and Balquin said the motive was still being investigated.
Indonesia: On 5th August, a bomb that exploded at a Buddhist temple in
the Indonesian capital Jakarta bore the words we are responding to the screams
of the Rohingyas. It appeared to be the latest outburst of anger in Muslimmajority Indonesia at the plight of Rohingya Muslims, who have been fleeing
from sectarian violence in Myanmar, where most of the population is Buddhist.
Myanmar: On 13th August, the United Nations called for dialogue after
another violent clash in a camp for dispossessed Rohingya Muslims in western
Myanmar, as its human rights envoy toured the strife-torn area. UNHCR is
reiterating its call for peaceful dialogue and confidence-building between the
(internally displaced persons) and government. We believe this is key to
avoiding further violence, spokesman Adrian Edwards said in Geneva.
Bangladesh: On 1st August, amid tight security outside the court in
central Dhaka, a panel of judges ruled in favour of a long-running petition
which argued that Jamaat-e-Islami should never have been allowed to register as
a political party. It (Jamaats registration) is hereby declared illegal, said
Moazzem Hossain, the senior judge hearing the case, reading out the brief
verdict. The election commission said the ruling meant Jamaat could not stand
in a general election scheduled for January.
Jamaats lawyers immediately appealed the verdict, as party activists took
to the streets of Dhaka and some dozen towns and cities elsewhere in the
country, blocking roads and attacking vehicles. In Bogra, scores of Jamaat
supporters burnt a bus and damaged several cars.
On 13th August, Bangladesh police fired rubber bullets and tear gas at
supporters of the countrys largest Islamist party as they protested against a ban
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preventing it from contesting next years general elections. Several thousand


backers of the Jamaat-e-Islami party took to the streets in two areas of
Meherpur, west of Dhaka.
Police said the clashes erupted when officers tried to clear roads blocked
by Jamaat activists, who were attempting to enforce the first day of a 48-hour
strike called by the party. The protesters attacked with stones and sticks leaving
19 policemen injured. Sporadic and smaller clashes were also reported in other
parts of the country and in the capital Dhaka.
Next day, one man died as police and supporters of Bangladeshs largest
Islamist party clashed in the capital during a strike. The violence erupted in
Dhaka as security forces sought to break up dozens of supporters of Jamaat-eIslami, who were protesting after Bangladeshs high court ruled earlier this
month the partys election registration was illegal because its charter breached
the secular constitution.
Sri Lanka: On 11th August, Sri Lankan police clamped curfew on a
Colombo neighbourhood, a day after a Buddhist-led mob vandalized a mosque
and left four people wounded in an incident that raised religious tensions.
Scattered stone-throwing in the neighbourhood was reported as authorities
deployed more police and paramilitary commandos to keep the situation under
control.
Muslim ministers in the ruling coalition, including Justice Minister Rauf
Hakeem, said failure to take stern action against those responsible for similar
attacks in the past had brought about a breakdown in law and order. The notion
that there are elements in our society who can act with impunity should be
totally eradicated from the public perception that has now taken root in our
society, the ministers said in a joint statement. The US embassy in Colombo
expressed concern at the violence and urged authorities to prosecute those
responsible.
Next day, Sri Lankas Muslim leaders closed down a new mosque in
Colombo after attacks by a Buddhist mob. The Sri Lanka Muslim Council said
it had agreed to shut its mosque at Grandpass and move to an older place of
worship which the government had earlier earmarked for demolition as part of
the capitals development.

Mainland Asia
China: On 12th August, a court in China sentenced two men to death over
violent unrest in the ethnically divided western region of Xinjiang that left 21
people dead. China blamed the April 23 violence on terrorists, a charge rights
groups say is often used to justify the authorities' use of force against members
of the mostly Muslim Uighur minority.

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Dagestan: On 4th August, a Muslim cleric in Russia's restive Dagestan


was shot dead in an ambush, the latest in a string of murders of moderate
religious figures in a province plagued by an Islamist insurgency. Gunmen
opened fire on 66-year-old Ilyas Ilyasov as he was getting into his car near his
home in Makhachkala, the largest city in the region, Ilyasov died on the spot,
while his driver was injured.

Middle East
Iraq: On 28th July, a suicide bomber killed nine Kurdish police in
northern Iraq. The bomber detonated an explosives-rigged vehicle near a police
convoy in the town of Tuz Khurmatu in Salaheddin Province, also wounding
nine officers. The town is part of a swathe of northern territory that Iraqi Kurds
want to incorporate into their three-province autonomous region.
Security forces, meanwhile, began a major operation in Diyala,
Salaheddin and Kirkuk provinces, aimed at tracking down those behind
bombings and assassinations during the holy month of Ramadan. All three
provinces have been hit by frequent attacks, including in recent weeks.
In Baghdad, a magnetic sticky bomb on a bus killed two people and
wounded eight, while an employee of the Southern Oil Company was shot dead
in Basra province in the countrys south, officials said. With the latest unrest,
more than 730 people have been killed in July, making it the deadliest month in
the year.
Next day, car bombs across Iraq killed at least 60 people. The 17 blasts,
which appeared to be coordinated, were concentrated on towns and cities in
Iraq's mainly Shi'ite south, and districts of the capital where Shi'ites live. The
violence has raised fears of a return to full-blown inter-communal conflict in a
country where ethnic Kurds, majority Shi'ites and Sunni Muslims have yet to
find a stable way of sharing power.
The blasts occurred in Kut, Mahmoudiya, Samawa and the rest of
bombings took place across Baghdad, in the districts of Habibiya, Hurriya,
Bayaa, Ur, Shurta, Kadhimiya, Risala, Tobchi and Abu Dsheer. Attacks
underscored deteriorating security in Iraq, where nearly 4,000 people have been
killed since the start of the year, said violence monitoring group Iraq Body
Count. In July, more than 810 people have been killed in militant attacks.
On 1st August, it was reported that violence killed around one thousand
people in July, making it Iraqs deadliest month since 2008 when the country
was emerging from a bloody sectarian conflict. More than 1,350 civilians were
wounded in attacks, according to the figures compiled by the health, interior and
defence ministries. On 3rd August, gunmen shot dead a woman and her two
daughters near Baquba and a roadside bomb in Baghdad killed a man and his
son as nine died in other attacks.
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On 4th August, attacks in Iraq killed six people, including three soldiers
and a judge. Militants opposed to the Iraqi government frequently attack
security forces and other government employees with both bombs and gunfire.
The soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb that exploded near their patrol in
the northern province of Nineveh.
On 6th August, a series of apparently coordinated bombings across
Baghdad killed at least 32 people and wounded more than 100. The spate of car
and roadside bombs struck the capital just before Iraqis broke their daytime
Ramadan fasting. At least seven car bombs and several roadside bombs hit a
variety of targets including shops and a market, in Sunni and Shia districts as
well as confessionally mixed neighbourhoods.
In Fallujah, west of the capital, gunmen armed with automatic weapons
killed a policeman, while a bombing at a housing complex near Khanaqin,
northeast of Baghdad, killed two people and wounded four. Security forces also
killed two militants driving explosives-laden vehicles in restive Diyala
province, north of Baghdad.
On 11th August, at least 74 people were killed more than 320 were
wounded in attacks came just weeks after assaults on prisons near Baghdad.
Iraqis voiced frustration with the government and security forces for failing to
prevent the 16 car bombings and other attacks which killed 74 people, 47 of
them in Baghdad late yesterday.
The United States condemned the perpetrators of deadly attacks in Iraq as
enemies of Islam, in an unusually detailed statement following the latest
violence in the war-ravaged country. The State Department said the car bombs
that tore through Baghdad cafes and markets, as well as other blasts and
shootings elsewhere, were cowardly attacks aimed at families celebrating the
Eid holidays.
A senior United Nations envoy expressed shock and outrage at a series of
coordinated bombings that targeted shopping areas and parks in Baghdad and
other parts of Iraq as people were celebrating the end of the holy month of
Ramadan. This carnage reflects the inhuman character of its perpetrators, said
the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq.
Next day, bombers killed 24 people in Iraq, 16 of them in a suicide attack
on a cafe north of Baghdad. The other bombings hit a football field and a
market. This Ramadan, which ended last week, was one of the deadliest for Iraq
in years, with more than 800 people killed in attacks.
On 13th August, attacks in Iraq killed 13 people, four of them Shia
worshippers, while militants bombed a major oil pipeline, halting exports via
Turkey. Security forces launched major operations against militants in recent
weeks that are said to have resulted in scores of arrests, including 12 people

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detained during the day on suspicion of planning a massive assault on Abu


Ghraib prison last month.
On 15th August, car bomb attacks killed at least 34 people in Baghdad but
the Interior Ministry said it would not allow al-Qaeda, which it blames for a
surge in sectarian violence, to turn Iraq into another Syria. More than 100
people were wounded in at least eight blasts, one of which was near the Green
Zone diplomatic complex.
The government has launched a security sweep to try to round up
suspected militants and Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki said the crackdown
would continue. The civil war in neighbouring Syria, which has stoked sectarian
tensions across the Middle East, has boosted Sunni insurgents in Iraq who are
also benefiting from general discontent in the minority Sunni population.
On 17th August, gunmen killed 12 policemen and soldiers when they
attacked a post in the town of Madain, firing at police in Tikrit and a truck bomb
hit in a port. Interior ministrys spokesman announced the killing of an alleged
senior al-Qaeda-linked militant.
Palestine: On 8th August, Israel gave preliminary approval for the
construction of more than 800 new homes in Jewish settlements on occupied
West Bank land where Palestinians seek statehood. The move could complicate
U.S.-sponsored Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations, which resumed last
month after an almost three-year freeze over the settlement dispute and whose
second round is expected to take place next week.
On 10th August, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian who crossed in from the
Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, fearing he was a security threat though he proved to be
unarmed. The man, who was not immediately identified, had first drawn
soldiers' suspicions by digging into the ground on the Gazan side of the fortified
border fence, where Palestinian gunmen have in the past mounted ambushes, an
army spokeswoman claimed.
On 13th August, Israeli authorities announced the approval of 942 new
settler homes in annexed east Jerusalem. The Jerusalem municipality said that
while it had only now given final approval for the new homes in Gilo, an
existing settlement in east Jerusalem, they had been a long time in the planning.
Senior PLO official Yasser Abed Rabbo said the announcement, coupled with
the weekend approval of around 1,200 homes to be built elsewhere in east
Jerusalem and in the West Bank, threatened the collapse of talks.
Meanwhile, Israel intercepted and destroyed a rocket fired from Egyptian
territory at the Red Sea town of Eilat overnight. A group had earlier said they
fired a Grad rocket at Eilat in retaliation for an alleged Israeli air raid. The
rocket, fired from the Sinai, was a quick response to the last crime by the Jews
after one of their drones bombed the Sinai Peninsula killing four mujahedeen.

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Syria: On 28th July, government forces supported by Lebanese Shiite


militiamen were preparing to retake the largest rebel-held district of Syria's third
city Homs. The troops now controlled most of Khaldiyeh and were battling
insurgents on its outskirts after a month-long offensive. The complete fall of
Homs would be a major government victory as it straddles a key route linking
Damascus to the coast.
Al Mayadeen, a Beirut-based satellite television channel broadcast
footage of Khaldiyeh showing massive destruction. It also showed the interior
of the Khaled bin Walid Mosque which troops seized day before yesterday. The
mosque was a focal point of the uprising now in its third year, and had been the
launch-pad for several anti-government demonstrations. Bin Walid's mausoleum
has been destroyed in a rocket attack.
Hezbollah also helped the army retake Qusayr. It too is strategic, lying on
the border with Lebanon and linking Damascus to the coastal stronghold of
Assad's minority Alawite community. Meanwhile, the opposition National
Coalition condemned the reported collective execution by rebels of prisoners
and said it had created a commission of inquiry. At least 150 Syrian regime
forces died in fighting for control of Khan al-Assal and more than 50 of those
killed were executed by rebels after the fall of town.
Next day, Syrian army recaptured a key rebel district of Homs, the third
largest city. The full recapture of Homs, dubbed by rebels the capital of the
revolution, would be a major coup for President Bashar al-Assads regime as
the city straddles a key route linking Damascus to the Mediterranean coast and
the Alawite hinterland of Assads minority community.
Several neighbourhoods in the Old City remain in rebel hands, but troops,
who have a foothold in that part of town too, appear determined to dislodge
them. The offensive in the city follows the armys recapture of the strategic
Homs province town of Qusayr in June, also with help from Hezbollah.
On 30th July, Syrian government announced the capture of Khaldiyeh.
After victory in Homs, the regime controlled all the area stretching from
Damascus to the coast. The rebels controlled the north and the Euphrates Valley
(Aleppo, Raqa and Deir Ezzor), while the Kurds, who are growing increasingly
autonomous, hold the northeast.
A Middle East expert at Paris Sud University observed that the West is
stopping the regime from winning, while Russia, China and Iran are doing the
same with the opposition. The Syrian conflict has become a three-stage rocket
one local, one regional and another international, he said, adding that the US
and Russia hold the highest traction.
On 1st August, President Bashar al-Assad, increasingly confident after his
forces inflicted two major defeats on rebels in as many months, repeated that he

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was sure of victory. Yet hours after he spoke, his forces were hit hard in the
still-contested city of Homs when suspected rebel rockets hit an ammunition
dump, killing at least 40 people and wounding scores.
Senior opposition figure Burhan Ghalioun expressed his disgust at
Assads remarks. It is repulsive that he speaks of victory after he destroyed his
country, killed tens of thousands and forced into exile half the population, after
a period of two and a half years. Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi said that the
government was in favour of a proposed Geneva peace conference but could not
sit down with terrorists.
Next day, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay urged
an independent investigation into whether war crimes had been committed when
armed opposition groups in Syria allegedly executed dozens of captured
Government soldiers in the northern province of Aleppo last month. Opposition
forces in Khan Al-Assal purportedly filmed and posted on the internet between
22 and 26 July a series of videos, one apparently showing Government soldiers
being ordered to lie on the ground. Another video shows several bodies
scattered along a wall and a number of bodies at an adjacent site.
The events in Khan Al-Assal are further evidence that flagrant violations
of international humanitarian and human rights law committed by all parties
have tragically become the norm in the Syrian conflict, stressed Ms. Pillay.
Opposition forces should not think they are immune from prosecution. They
must adhere to their responsibilities under international law, Pillay said.
On 3rd August, rebels captured an arms and ammunition dump in the
Qalamun area near Damascus. In the north, fighting between Kurds and
jihadists raged as the main opposition National Coalition called on armed
groups there to exercise restraint. In Damascus, fighting was reported in the
flashpoint southern belt, as loyalist forces pressed a months-long bid to dislodge
rebels from the citys outskirts. Elsewhere, the army shelled rebel-held areas of
the central city of Homs, focusing on the neighbourhoods of Juret al-Shiyah and
Qussur.
Meanwhile, a Turkish man was killed by a stray bullet fired across the
border from Syria into the Turkish town of Ceylanpinar. Ramazan was the
fourth Turkish citizen to be killed by stray shells and bullets fired during clashes
in the neighbouring Syrian town of Ras al-Ain.
Next day, Syrian President issued a decree banning the use of foreign
currency in commercial transactions. The US dollar is the preferred foreign
currency in Syria where the lira has lost three quarters of its value against the
greenback since the outbreak of the anti-regime uprising. At the start of the
conflict in March 2011 one dollar fetched 50 liras, while a dollar today is worth
more than 200 liras.

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On 5th August, Human Rights Watch said that the missiles used by the
Syrian regime of President Bashar al-Assad are killing many civilians, including
children. The group claimed investigating nine missile strikes that killed at least
215 people in six months. Among those killed in nine attacks from February to
July, 100 were children.
Next day, rebels seized Minnigh air base in Aleppo province in a new
advance after they overran villages in Latakia province, heartland of President
Bashar al-Assads Alawite sect. State television said the airport in question was
empty of all military apparatus and planes.
The rebel successes came after a string of battlefield setbacks in recent
months at the hands of regime forces in the central city of Homs and the nearby
town of Qusayr. This would presage a possible division of Syria into rebel and
regime-held areas, while the Kurds are trying to set up an autonomous area in
parts of the north.
The victory again underlines the leading strategic impact being played
by militant Islamists, particularly in northern Syria, said London-based Charles
Lister of IHS Janes Terrorism and Insurgency Centre. Lister described the
bases capture as a morale boost for jihadists and for rebels as a whole.
Army shelling of a market in Aleppo citys opposition-held Sukkari
neighbourhood killed at least five people, including two children. These were
revenge attacks... The only means the regime has at its disposal is the shelling of
civilian targets from far away, said Yehya Naanaa, who heads Aleppo
provinces opposition council.
Elsewhere, at least 13 fighters of Al-Nusra Front, another al-Qaeda
affiliated rebel group, were killed in a counter-attack on an arms depot seized by
rebels two days ago in Qalamun near Damascus. Meanwhile, Rome said that
Father Paolo DallOglio, an Italian Jesuit who had hoped to negotiate with the
jihadists, has apparently been kidnapped in Syria.
A Syrian security source said Al-Nusras chief for Damascus and two
deputies had been arrested over attacks in the capital, including one that killed
five people and wounded Interior Minister Mohammad Ibrahim al-Shaar and 23
other people in December. And the UN High Commissioner for Refugees said
Syrians who flee their country face recruitment as child soldiers, sexual
violence and exploitation for labour, with lawlessness in camps driving exiles
home.
On 7th August, government forces killed at least 62 insurgents in an
ambush near Damascus. The regimes military said those killed were members
of the jihadist Al-Nusra Front. Meanwhile, rights group Amnesty issued a report
saying entire neighbourhoods of the northern city of Aleppo have been flattened

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over the past year, with residents bombed from the air and abused on the
ground.
Next day, rebels said they targeted President Bashar al-Assads motorcade
heading to a Damascus mosque to mark the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Fitr, but
state television showed him unharmed and the government denied he had been
attacked. The Tahrir al-Sham rebel brigade, a unit of the Free Syrian Army, said
it fired several artillery shells towards Assads convoy in the heart of the capital
and that at least some hit their target.
On 12th August, it was reported that nearly 60 Syrian soldiers and
jihadists were killed in three days of fighting in Deir Ezzor, the largest city in
eastern Syria, where rebels have made advances. At least 33 fighters of the alQaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Al-Nusra Front were
killed since August 10. Syria's state news agency said the army had killed
terrorists in the Senaa neighbourhood and other terrorists were killed when a car
they rigged with explosives detonated.
Next day, a statement said that opposition activists, including National
Coalition members, have prepared a roadmap to achieve national reconciliation
and justice for all of Syrias victims. It comes amid reports of abuses carried
out by both regime forces and rebel fighters in Syrias conflict.
The proposals also call for disarming and restructuring Syrian security
forces to uproot corrupt officials. All armed groups will be disarmed,
demobilized and reintegrated into Syrian society. The roadmap also lays out
plans for the countrys political system after the fall of the Syrian regime,
calling for a hybrid presidential/parliamentary system.
The group behind the proposal, Syrian Expert House, includes some 300
activists, lawyers and members of the opposition National Coalition and Syrian
National Council. Defected government officials and rebel commanders also
participated in the drafting process. The document was being released as
fighting continued on the ground in Syria, with fierce battles in eastern Deir
Ezzor and coastal Latakia.
On 15th August, the government said it has nothing to hide from a UN
team of chemical weapons inspectors that it expects to visit the war-ravaged
country in the coming days. The announcement comes a day after the United
Nations said a team of inspectors led by Swedish arms expert Ake Sellstroem
would soon depart for Syria after getting the green light from Damascus.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's spokesman said the team would
investigate the sites of alleged chemical weapons attacks for two weeks. The
mission has been delayed in the past over differences with President Bashar alAssad's regime over the scope of the probe into the alleged use of chemical
arms in the country's civil war.

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Meanwhile, US army chief General Martin Dempsey, in Jordan on a visit,


has discussed ways to help the Jordanian military tackle fallout from the Syrian
conflict. A Pentagon statement quoted Dempsey as saying that the types of
possible US support that were discussed include border surveillance,
intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance assistance and training Jordanian
special operations forces.
Reportedly, the UN chiefs two-day stay in Pakistan actually had much to
do with the world bodys quest for additional troops required for setting up new
peacekeeping missions in the two conflict regions, informed quarters believe.
While the United Nations struggle in finding the military troops in the wake of
the reported reluctance shown by the member states, it now banks on Pakistans
military to establish peacekeeping missions in Syria and Egypt.
The UN SG is said to have taken up the issue of additional troops
provision with General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. In a conspicuously coinciding
development surfacing the same day, the UN SG had issued statements to
condemn violence in Egypt involving the alleged use of force by the Egyptian
security forces against the civilians and to welcome the Syrian governments
decision to cooperate with the UN on the formation of a UN-led mission to
probe the allegations about the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian
government on civilians.
Prior to the UN SG-COAS reported meeting, the matter also came under
purported discussion during the UN chiefs meeting with Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif. The two sides are expected to hold meetings on the sidelines of the
upcoming UN General Assemblys session next month, in this regard.
Next day, mortar fire by the Syrian Army on the Mleha district southeast
of Damascus killed at least 14 civilians, four of them children. The
bombardment came as troops pressed months-old offensive in the suburbs of
Damascus in a bid to clear the region of rebel rear bases.
On 17th August, al-Qaeda loyalists attacked a mainly Kurdish town in
northeastern Syria sparking fighting in which 18 people were killed. The assault
on the strategic border town of Ras al-Ain, from which the jihadists were
expelled by Kurdish militiamen in July, sparked an exodus of civilians into
Turkey.
The attack on the town was part of a wider offensive by al-Qaeda against
several Kurdish majority areas of northern and northeastern Syria began
yesterday. Government troops pulled out of majority Kurdish areas of Syria last
year, leaving Kurdish militiamen to fend for themselves.
Elsewhere in Syria, rebels attacked a pro-regime militia checkpoint in a
majority Christian area of Homs province, killing six civilians and five
militiamen. Homs has seen some of Syrias worst violence since the outbreak of

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the conflict in March 2011. At least 182 people were killed across Syria
yesterday.
Lebanon: On 7th August, four Israeli soldiers on patrol were wounded in
a blast 400 metres inside Lebanese territory. An AFP correspondent at the scene
and a Lebanese army officer said two separate explosions had taken place, but
Israel and Lebanon had yet to confirm this detail. An infantry patrol of the
Israeli enemy penetrated 400 metres inside Lebanon, the army said.
On 15th August, a powerful car bomb struck the southern Beirut
stronghold of Hezbollah group, killing 20 people, wounding 120 and trapping
many others inside damaged buildings. The blast came amid sectarian tensions
over the intervention of Hezbollah against Sunni rebels in Syria's civil war. A
Sunni Islamist group calling itself the Brigades of Aisha claimed responsibility
for the attack and promised more operations against Hezbollah.
Next day, Lebanon observed a day of mourning a car bomb in Beirut
stronghold of Shiite group Hezbollah. A previously unknown group, apparently
a Syrian rebel cell, said it carried out the attack in the densely populated
southern suburbs of Beirut. Police said the death toll had climbed to at least 22,
while the Red Cross said 325 people were wounded.
Leaders from across the political spectrum condemned the bombing.
President Michel Sleiman said the terrorist bombing targeted all Lebanese, not
just Hezbollah. Former Prime Minister Saad Hariri, a staunch critic of
Hezbollah, said the attack was part of a vicious terrorist scheme targeting
Lebanon. UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged Lebanons fractious political scene to
stay united, in a statement that condemned the bombing as completely
unacceptable.
Bahrain: On 16th August, protesters calling for the overthrow of
Bahrain's ruling Sunni monarchy clashed with police across several Shiite
villages overnight. "Down with Hamad," hundreds chanted of King Hamad
whose family has ruled the kingdom for decades. The protesters hurled stones
and petrol bombs at policemen who responded by firing buckshot, tear gas, and
sound grenades.
Saudi Arabia: On 29th July, a Saudi court sentenced a rights activist to
seven years in jail and 600 lashes for setting up a liberal network and alleged
insults to Islam. The judge ordered the closure of the website of the Saudi
Liberal Network. He said Badawi, a co-founder of the Saudi Liberal Network,
was charged with criticizing the religious police, as well as calling for religious
liberalization.
On 4th August, Saudi Arabia denied permission for a plane carrying
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir to cross its airspace for the swearing-in of
the new Iranian president. The aircraft had to turn back. Ahmed said Bashir was

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not flying in his normal presidential aircraft but was using a plane rented from a
Saudi company. Saudi Arabia, a Sunni Muslim kingdom, has repeatedly voiced
fears about the controversial nuclear programme of Shiite-dominated Iran,
whose warships twice docked in Sudan late last year.
Yemen: On 28th July, an apparent US drone strike killed six suspected alQaeda militants overnight. The six suspects were traveling in a two-vehicle
convoy in Mahfad in the southern province of Abyan, much of which was held
by the jihadists before an army counter-offensive last year. The United States
has stepped up its support for Yemen's battle against AQAP, which it regards as
the most active and deadliest branch of the worldwide al-Qaeda network.
On 30th July, a US drone strike killed three suspected al-Qaeda militants
in Shabwa, a southern province of Yemen at dawn in the second such attack in
three days. The car in which the three were traveling two Yemenis and a Saudi
was blown to pieces and all of them were killed outright.
On 1st August, a US drone killed four al-Qaeda suspects in Yemen, the
third such strike in five days as the Yemeni president prepared for White House
talks. The United States, the only country to operate drones in the region, has
increased its use of them against al-Qaeda targets in Yemen over the past two
years.
On 7th August, a US drone strike killed seven al-Qaeda suspects in
Yemens southern Shabwa Province amid fears of an imminent attack by the
networks deadly franchise. The drone destroyed two vehicles in the town of
Nasab. The raid is the fifth of its kind since July 28 and brings to 24 the number
of suspects killed since then.
Yemeni authorities have foiled an al-Qaeda plot to seize control of two
cities and an oil export terminal and to kidnap foreigners, a government
spokesman claimed. The main aim of the plot was to seize control of two cities,
Al-Mukalla and Ghayl Bawazeer in the southeast, he told AFP, adding that oil
export facilities near Mukalla were also to be targeted. Foreigners working at
the terminal were to be kidnapped as well.
Next day, a drone strike in Yemen killed six al-Qaeda members, a day
after Sanaa reported it had foiled a militant plot to storm a Western-run oil
terminal. The dawn attack, presumed to have been launched by an American
drone, was the sixth of its kind since the end of July. It targeted two cars bearing
members of al-Qaeda in the Maarib region east of the capital.
On 11th August, an attack by al-Qaeda elements at a gas export terminal
in Yemen killed five soldiers, a military source said, as Washington kept its
embassy in Sanaa closed. The attackers arrived in a car at the army checkpoint
near the Balhaf terminal and opened fire with automatic weapons at soldiers
belonged to an army unit responsible for security at the terminal.

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Africa
Nigeria: On 30th July, the death toll from a series of yesterdays bombings
in a mainly Christian area of the northern Nigerian city of Kano rose to 24. The
military blamed the attack on suspected members of extremist group Boko
Haram and said packages that caused the explosions were left in the area.
Nigerias military has been waging a sweeping offensive in the countrys
northeast in a bid to end Boko Harams four-year insurgency.
On 5th August, at least 35 people were killed in two separate gun battles
between Nigerian security forces and Islamist sect Boko Haram in northeast
Borno state. Boko Haram, which wants to impose sharia law in Nigeria's north,
and other spin-off Islamist groups have become the biggest threats to stability in
Africa's top oil exporter. Nigeria began last week withdrawing some of its 1,200
troops from Mali to support security operations at home.
On 13th August, suspected extremists stormed a mosque and shot dead 44
worshippers as well as 12 other people in a village in Nigerias restive northeast.
The attacks at the weekend were believed to be in revenge over citizen vigilante
groups formed to help the military battle extremist group Boko Haram, which
has been waging an insurgency since 2009.
Suspected Boko Haram members also raided Ngom village in the nearby
Mafa district and shot dead 12 people on August 10. Some residents spoke of
the attackers in Konduga arriving wearing army camouflage, a tactic they have
used in the past to disguise themselves, though those details had not been
confirmed.
Haram leader Abubakar Shekau claimed a series of recent deadly attacks
on security forces in the northeast and insisted that he was in good health
despite the offensive. Shekau also referred to fighting in the towns Baga and
Gamboru Ngala near the border with Cameroon. The Boko Haram leader has
been declared a global terrorist by the United States, which in March put a $7
million (5.3 million euros) bounty on his head.
Tunisia: On 29th July, Islamist-led government discussed ways to ease
political tensions at an emergency meeting as protests mounted demanding its
ouster and police clashed with stone-throwing demonstrators in Sidi Bouzid.
Tensions have frayed across Tunisia, particularly in Sidi Bouzid, cradle of the
2011 Arab Spring popular uprising that toppled strongman Zine El Abidine Ben
Ali, and home town of an anti-Islamist MP who was assassinated last week.
Mohamed Brahmi was the second opposition politician killed.
Next day, Tunisia mourned eight soldiers slain by militants as appeals for
unity from the Islamist-led government and the calling of a general election for
December failed to quell violent protests. As pressure mounted for the
government to resign, Interior Minister Lotfi Ben Jeddou said he considered
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stepping down but would stay put until the formation of a unity government
capable of tackling political tensions and unrest.
The soldiers were found yesterday, their throats slit after they were
ambushed by an armed group in Mount Chaambi near the Algerian border
where the army has been tracking al-Qaeda militants. Their brutal killing
triggered protests in the nearby eastern city of Kasserine, where demonstrators
ransacked the local office of the ruling moderate Islamist Ennahda party.
On 7th August, the Islamist party heading Tunisias coalition said it
accepted a decision to suspend the work of the National Constituent Assembly,
and urged talks to form a national unity government. Ennahda party chief
Rached Ghannouchi said in a statement he hoped the ACNs suspension would
have a beneficial outcome. Speaker Mustapha Ben Jaafar had said yesterday
that the ACN would stop work until the government and opposition opened
negotiations to break the political deadlock in the service of Tunisia.
Le Quotidien, which is highly critical of Ennahda, said everyone is
unanimous as to the seriousness of the situation and urged the party to make
real concessions. The hour of compromise has come, it said. Analysts say the
moment of truth has also arrived. No party, including Ennahda, can ignore the
position of the UGTT (Tunisian General Labour Union)... Ennahda cannot carry
on without taking on board the fact that the (economic and social) forces in the
country do not agree with it, said political scientist Slaheddine Jourchi.
The powerful half-million strong UGTT has organized a general strike to
try to force the governments hand. In addition to the political instability,
Tunisian security forces have lost 10 soldiers since July 29 and have intensified
an operation to hunt down Islamist militants holed up in the remote Mount
Chaambi region along the Algerian border.
On 14th August, Nigerias military said it had killed the second-incommand of Islamist group Boko Haram while repelling an insurgent attack
earlier this month. There had been a bounty of 25 million naira ($156,000,
117,000 euros) on the head of Momodu Bama. He was killed in the town of
Bama in northeastern Borno, Boko Harams traditional stronghold, it added.
Libya: On 1st August, a former minister in the government of Muammar
Gaddafi was sentenced to death for inciting violence against protesters during
the uprising that led to Gaddafi 's overthrow in 2011. In the first such ruling
against a Gaddafi-era official, a court in Misrata found Ahmed Ibrahim guilty of
undermining national security and plotting the killing of civilians. He said
Libya's Supreme Court would have to confirm the ruling for the death penalty to
be implemented.
Egypt: On 28th July, thousands of supporters of Egypt's Muslim
Brotherhood stood their ground in Cairo, saying they would not leave the streets

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despite massacres by security forces. Mursi's Brotherhood, which won


repeated elections after the fall of autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, accuses the
military of reversing the uprising that brought democracy to Egypt and demands
his reinstatement.
The military says it does not want to retain power and aims to hand over
to full civilian rule with a road map to parliamentary elections in about six
months. But the very public role of Sisi as face of the new order has led to
speculation that the next president could again be a military officer, like all of
Egypt's rulers between 1952 and Mursi's election last year.
New York-based Human Rights Watch said Saturday's killings suggested
a shocking willingness by police and politicians to ratchet up violence against
backers of Mursi. U.N. human rights chief Navi Pillay said confrontation was
leading to disaster. Egypt stands at a crossroads. The future of this great
country that gave so much to civilization depends on how its citizens and
authorities act over the following days and months, she said in a statement.
State news agency MENA said on Sunday that 10 terrorist elements in
north Sinai had been killed and 20 others arrested in security sweeps over the
past 48 hours. Meanwhile, the apparent revival of the political secret police is a
move that could shake the enthusiasm of some secularists.
Citing extremist and religious activity and things like that, Interior
Minister safety cannot be restored without political security. Tamarud
campaigners issued a statement rejecting the return of any departments tasked
with monitoring religious or political activity, arguing that the main aim of
Egypt's 2011 revolution was freedom and social justice.
John Kerry urged Egypt's leaders to pull the restive nation back from the
brink. At UN Headquarters in New York, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
strongly condemned the deadly upsurge of violence and called on Egyptian
security forces to respect the right to free speech.
Next day, the Anti-Coup Alliance of Islamist groups organizing protests
against the ouster of President Mohamed Mursi urged demonstrators to march
on security buildings tonight and called a million-man march tomorrow. Their
statement came after the National Defence Council had warned yesterday night
that it would take decisive and firm action against demonstrators if they went
beyond their right to peaceful protest.
With tensions rising, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton began
meeting with government and opposition figures. Shortly after her arrival
yesterday she met vice president for international affairs, Mohamed ElBaradei.
ElBaradei stressed that Egyptian authorities are doing everything possible to
achieve a peaceful way out of the crisis. In a statement earlier, Ashton said she
would be calling for a fully inclusive transition...including the Muslim

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Brotherhood. The group has insisted that it will not accept any solution to the
crisis that does not involve Mursis return to office.
In its first comments on the bloodshed, Egypts interim presidency said
on Sunday that it was saddened, but dubbed the protest area where the deaths
occurred a terror-originating spot. In the Sinai Peninsula, where security has
deteriorated rapidly since the 2011 uprising, an attack on a military post in
Rafah near the border with Gaza killed one soldier and wounded eight
overnight.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has expressed his profound concern
about the direction in which the transition in Egypt is moving. In a telephone
call with Interim Vice President ElBaradei, Ban called on the interim authorities
to assume full responsibility for the peaceful management of the demonstrations
and to ensure the protection of all Egyptians, regardless of party affiliation.
On 30th July, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton met Egypts
ousted Islamist president, saying he was well, but the countrys political crisis
seemed no closer to resolution despite her efforts. Neither the interim
government nor supporters of deposed president Mohamed Mursi showed any
indication that they had shifted their positions after talks with Ashton, who left
Cairo. Mursi loyalists continued to rally throughout the day, despite stern
warnings from the military and National Defence Council.
On 1st August, Egypts interior ministry promised Mohamed Mursis
supporters safe exit if they quickly leave their Cairo protest camps, as police
prepared to disperse them amid international appeals for restraint. The call to
disperse, which came after police commanders discussed how to carry out
orders from the military-installed interim government to end the protests, was
immediately rejected by the demonstrators.
Diplomatic efforts to avoid further bloodshed picked up pace, with EU
Middle East envoy Bernardino Leon and German Foreign Minister Guido
Westerwelle both arriving in Cairo to urge the rival camps to find common
ground. The German foreign minister urged both sides to remain peaceful and
seek an inclusive solution.
Meanwhile, US Secretary of State John Kerry said the Egyptian army,
which deposed President Mohamed Mursi, had intervened at the request of
millions to protect democracy and had restored it. Kerry made the remarks in an
interview in Pakistan when he was asked why the United States had not taken a
clear position on military intervention against Mursis democratically elected
government.
Next day, Islamist backers of Mursi staged defiant rallies, with police
firing tear gas at demonstrators, after the government ordered their protest
camps to be broken up. The new marches came after US Secretary of State John

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Kerry angered Mursi loyalists by saying said Egypts military had been
restoring democracy when it deposed the Islamist leader.
Protesters tore up the pavement to make barriers as police in armoured
vehicles fired barrages of tear gas. I am a Muslim, not a terrorist,
demonstrators chanted. The Anti-Coup Alliance of groups calling for Mursis
reinstatement said it planned to make Alf Maskan a new sit-in site. It also
announced evening marches to four security buildings in Cairo, including two
army headquarters.
On 3rd August, al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri, himself an Egyptian,
in his first public comment on the July 3 military coup said: Crusaders and
secularists and the Americanized army have converged...with Gulf money and
American plotting to topple Mohamed Mursis government. Zawahiri also
accused Egypts Coptic Christian minority of supporting the Islamist presidents
ouster to attain a Coptic state stripped from Egypts south.
Zawahiri attacked Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel
Laureate and former UN nuclear watchdog chief who was an opposition leader
during Mursis single year in office. ElBaradei is the envoy of American
providence, Zawahiri said, labeling him as the destroyer of Iraq.
John Kerry appeared to try to distance himself from comments he made
that were seen as endorsing the Egyptian militarys overthrow of a civilian ruler.
During a visit to Pakistan, Kerry had told a television interviewer that Egyptian
forces had acted to restore democracy in ousting the elected leader. This
infuriated Mursis supporters in Egypts Muslim Brotherhood, and undermined
previous US attempts to appear neutral in the dispute.
General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi criticized the United States of disregarding
the Egyptian popular will and of providing insufficient support amid threats of a
civil war. You left the Egyptians. You turned your back on the Egyptians, and
they wont forget that, he said in his first interview to an American newspaper.
The US administration has a lot of leverage and influence with the
Muslim Brotherhood, and Id really like the US administration to use this
leverage with them to resolve the conflict, Sisi said. Asked if he intends to run
for president, as previous military leaders have done, Sisi suggested he will not,
saying he doesnt aspire for authority. But when pressed, he stopped short of
ruling out the possibility.
The most important achievement in my life is to overcome this
circumstance, [to ensure] that we live peacefully, to go on with our roadmap and
to be able to conduct the coming elections without shedding one drop of
Egyptian blood, he said, before adding, When the people love you, this is the
most important thing for me.

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Next day, Army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi met with several
representatives of the Islamist movements... and stressed that there are
opportunities for a peaceful solution to the crisis provided all sides reject
violence, army spokesman said in a statement. Among those attending the talks
with Sisi were influential Salafist clerics Sheikh Mohammed Hassan and
Mohammed Abdel Salam, who just days ago addressed pro-Mursi supporters
from the stage at the Rabaa al-Adawiya sit-in.
The Islamists who met Sisi, while not members of the Muslim
Brotherhood, have been supporting them at the Rabaa al-Adawiya sit-in.
Hopefully, the Brotherhood will listen to what they have to say to find a way out
of the crisis, a source close to the talks said. Sisi's meetings come after days of
intense diplomatic activity that saw visits by US Deputy Secretary of State
William Burns, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and an African Union
delegation lead by former Mali president Alpha Oumar Konare.
Meanwhile, an Egyptian court set an August 25 trial date for the Muslim
Brotherhood chief, his two deputies and three other group members for their
alleged involvement in protesters' deaths. Supreme Guide Mohammed Badie,
who is currently in hiding, and his two deputies Khairat al-Shater and Rashad
Bayoumi who are being held in Cairo's Tora prison, are accused of inciting
violence against protesters outside the Islamist group's headquarters on June 30.
Tensions have spiked over a looming police bid to dismantle the proMursi sit-ins. But Fahmy insisted authorities have no desire to use force if there
is any other avenue that has not been exhausted. There is an open invitation
for all political forces to participate. The door is open for everybody, including
the Brotherhood, to participate in the process, he told reporters.
Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei hinted at the possibility of a safe
exit for Muslim Brotherhood leaders, including ousted President Mohamed
Mursi, as long as they are not implicated in serious crimes. His comments, in
an interview with the Washington Post, were published as Mursi supporters held
fresh rallies in Cairo in defiance of a government order to disband their protests.
Egyptian authorities banned Yemeni rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize
winner Tawakkol Karman from entering the country for security reasons.
Karman was held at Cairo Airport on arrival and ordered to return on the flight
back to Yemen. The first Arab woman to win the Nobel peace prize has voiced
support for loyalists of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Mursi and
described his ouster by the military in July as undemocratic. Mursi supporters
said in a statement that Karman had been due to make an appearance at a Cairo
sit-in where backers of Mursi have rallied for more than a month.
The Anti-Coup Alliance said Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei, also a
Nobel laureate, is to be held responsible for banning activists and Nobel Prize
winners from entering Egypt. They condemned the move as a violation of
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human rights and freedom of speech, which they say is evidence of the
police/military state in Egypt.
On 5th August, fresh international efforts were under way in Egypt to find
a peaceful end to the crisis sparked by the militarys overthrow of Mursi. EU
envoy Bernardino Leon met Prime Minister Hazem al-Beblawi after US Deputy
Secretary of State William Burns met the number two of Mursis Muslim
Brotherhood movement, Khairat al-Shater, in prison. Both envoys have engaged
in a series of meetings with Mursi loyalists and members of the army-backed
interim leadership including army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
But Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said Shater
refused to speak to the delegation, saying only that the Brotherhoods position
on defending Mursis legitimacy is unchanged. The powerful Shater, one of
the main financiers of the Muslim Brotherhood, is due to face trial on August 25
along with senior Brotherhood leaders accused of inciting the killing of
protesters during clashes outside the Brotherhood headquarters in Cairo in June.
In Cairo, hundreds of Mursi loyalists marched to the High Court, calling
for the release and reinstatement of their leader, blocking traffic in the centre of
the capital. Supporters of Mursi Egypts first freely elected president see his
ouster by the military as a violation of democracy and insist on nothing short of
reinstatement.
On 7th August, the presidency said that Western and Arab efforts to
mediate an end to Egypt's political deadlock have failed, signalling a possible
crackdown on Islamists that world powers fear could end in carnage. The
statement came hours after US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns left
Cairo, having made no headway in finding a compromise between the armyinstalled government and supporters of deposed president Mohammed Mursi.
Egypt's Prime Minister Hazem al-Beblawi vowed to disperse Islamist
protest camps in Cairo, after the failure was announced. The cabinet affirms
that the decision to disperse the Rabaa Adawiya and Nahda sit-ins is a final
decision, on which all agree, and there is no going back on it, Beblawi said,
reading a statement aired on state television.
Adding his weight to the drive for a peaceful resolution to the crisis,
United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged the release of Mursi, who
has been formally remanded in custody in an undisclosed location. He reiterated
his call for the release of Mursi during talk with Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy.
The Brotherhood's supreme guide, Mohamed Badie, and his deputies will
stand trial on charges of inciting the shootings of protesters outside their
headquarters on June 30. The Islamists say their release is a precondition for
further talks on finding a settlement, which could include symbolically
reinstating Mursi, who would then call for early elections.

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Next day, thousands of supporters of Egypts ousted Islamist president


Mohamed Mursi celebrated Eidul Fitr, defying government calls for them to
leave the streets. However there was no immediate sign that the government
was readying to carry out its threat to remove Islamist protest camps set up to
demand Mursis reinstatement. Several thousand supporters of the ousted
president also marched in other parts of Egypt, including in Alexandria, the
countrys second city, and in Qena in the south.
On 11th August, supporters of Mohamed Mursi rallied to demand his
reinstatement, amid last ditch efforts for reconciliation ahead of a threatened
crackdown on protests. A large convoy of cars carrying pictures of the deposed
president beeped their horns as they drove through a neighbourhood in east
Cairo. Hundreds at a women's march in central Cairo chanted against army
chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, shouting: Sisi is a traitor, Sisi is a killer.
In a sign of the mounting tensions, a brief overnight power cut at the
main sit-in outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque struck panic among the proMursi demonstrators, with some taking to social media to announce the assault
had begun. Protest organizers told AFP that as the electricity went out, they
reinforced their barricades, added sandbags to the entrances of the protest site,
and sent volunteers to find out what was happening, only to be told it was a
false alarm.
The main coalition of Mursi supporters, the Anti-Coup Alliance, said 10
marches would take off from various parts of the capital to defend the electoral
legitimacy of Egypt's first freely elected president. The fresh rallies came as AlAzhar, Sunni Islam's highest seat of learning, called for reconciliation talks in
the latest of a string of attempts to find a peaceful solution to the political
deadlock. Al-Azhar's Grand Imam, Ahmed al-Tayyeb, is to begin contacts with
political factions aimed at convincing them to sit down to talks later this week.
Next day, supporters of Mohamed Mursi marched defiantly through Cairo
in a new show of force after the expiry of a government ultimatum to dismantle
their huge protest camps. Hundreds of demonstrators waving Egyptian flags and
carrying pictures of the deposed president marched through the central Cairo
neighbourhood of Ramses.
The dispersal of the sit-ins will be gradual, with protesters given
several warnings before police move in, senior security officials told AFP.
Once the siege begins, the protesters will be surrounded, no one will be let
into the sit-ins and the protesters will be given several warnings to leave. It will
last two to three days.
Meanwhile, judiciary said it was extending ousted president Mohamed
Mursis detention for a further 15 days pending an investigation into his
collaboration with Hamas. Mursi, overthrown by the military on July 3, was
placed in detention on July 26 over his links with the Palestinian group, which
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rules neighbouring Gaza. He is to be questioned on whether he collaborated


with Hamas in attacks on police stations and prison breaks in early 2011.
On 13th August, supporters of Mohamed Mursi protested outside several
ministries in further defiance of a government ultimatum to dismantle their
sprawling Cairo protest camps. Police fired tear gas to break up brief clashes
that erupted between Mursi loyalists and residents of a central Cairo
neighbourhood.
The confrontations began when dozens of religious scholars affiliated
with Mursis Muslim Brotherhood entered the religious endowments ministry
and were ordered out by police. The scholars were joined by more pro-Mursi
protesters who damaged shop fronts. That further infuriated the residents, who
pelted them with stones, leading to sporadic scuffles on several streets.
The government and the press accuse demonstrators at Rabaa and Nahda
of being terrorists. They said the protesters were hiding automatic weapons in
the squares and using women and children as human shields. Police and army
chiefs are ready to intervene, but the reticence of some top politicians, such
ElBaradei, has led them to take a more cautious approach.
Next day, security forces stormed two huge Cairo protest camps occupied
for weeks by supporters of Egypts ousted president Mohamed Mursi, in a
crackdown that turned into a bloodbath. Official toll was put at two hundred but
Muslim Brotherhood said 2,200 people had been killed and over 10,000 injured.
Hours after the first tear gas canisters rained down on tents of protesters
in the sprawling Rabaa al-Adawiya camp in east Cairo, an AFP correspondent
counted at least 124 bodies in makeshift morgues. In a field hospital, its floors
slippery with blood, doctors struggled to cope with the casualties, leaving the
hopeless cases, even if still alive.
A month-long state of emergency was declared as violence raged across
the country. Interim president Adly Mansour has tasked the armed forces, in
cooperation with the police, to take all necessary measures to maintain security
and order and to protect public and private property and the lives of citizens.
In a dramatic development, Egyptian vice president, Mohamed
ElBaradei, announced his resignation. In a letter to the interim president,
ElBaradei said, It has become too difficult to continue bearing the
responsibility for decisions I do not agree with and whose consequences I fear.
He said his conscience was troubled over the loss of life particularly as I
believe it could have been avoided.
Witnesses said after firing tear gas security forces surged into Rabaa alAdawiya, sparking pandemonium among Mursi supporters. Men in gas masks
rushed to grab each canister and dunk them in containers of water, as the main

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stage near the mosque of the camp blared Islamic anthems and protesters
chanted Allah-o-Akbar.
Clashes quickly erupted between protesters and security forces on the
outskirts of the camp, with automatic fire reverberating across the square.
Protest leaders wearing gas masks stood defiantly on a stage while crowds of
people wearing face masks stood amid the swirling tear gas as bulldozers began
dismantling the camp.
Television footage showed flattened tents, as women and children flanked
by police and army troops were led out of the square. Dozens rounded up in the
dispersal were shown sitting on the ground, handcuffed and surrounded by
security forces. As clashes raged in Cairo, three churches were attacked in
central Egypt, with Christian activists accusing Mursi loyalists of waging a war
of retaliation against the Copts in Egypt.
Mursis Muslim Brotherhood urged Egyptians to take to the streets in
their thousands to denounce the massacre. This is not an attempt to disperse,
but a bloody attempt to crush all voices of opposition to the military coup,
Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said on Twitter.
In Cairo, supporters of the deposed president blocked several roads in the
central Mohandesseen neighbourhood, and were working to set up a new protest
camp there. Clashes also erupted between security forces and Mursi loyalists in
the northern provinces of Alexandria and Beheira, the canal provinces of Suez
and Ismailiya and the central provinces of Assiut and Menya.
In Menya the Saint Ibram and Virgin Mary church and the Saint Mina
church were torched. Assailants also threw firebombs at Mar Gergiss church in
Sohag, a city with a large community of Coptic Christians who comprise up to
10 per cent of Egypts 84 million people, causing it to burn down. Coptic Pope
Tawadros II, together with Al-Azhars Tayyeb, had supported the military and
sat by army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi when he announced that Mursi had been
deposed and laid out a new political roadmap for the country.
Tear gas canisters rained down on a pro-Morsi march in the Sharq
neighbourhood in Alexandria, amid repeated bursts of automatic gunfire.
Hundreds of Morsi loyalists had marched through the city when police fired tear
gas to disperse them. Residents, armed with clubs, came out of their homes and
shops to help the police. Mursi supporters, carrying Egyptian flags and his
pictures, then clashed with his opponents on a road carpeted with rocks.
Meanwhile, the teenage daughter of a senior Muslim Brotherhood leader
was reported killed as police cracked down on the camp. Seventeen-year-old
Asmaa al-Beltagui, daughter of wanted Brotherhood leader Mohammed alBeltagui, was killed in clashes at the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp,
Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said. A spokeswoman for the main

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pro-Morsi coalition, the Anti-Coup Alliance, told AFP the girl had been shot
twice, once in the chest and once in the back.
On 15th August, fresh violence hit Egypt, with Islamists going on the
counterattack a day after a crackdown on supporters of ousted president
Mohamed Morsi sparked clashes. The country awakened to an unusual calm
after an overnight curfew imposed by the army-backed government, but Morsi
supporters vowed to rally again to demand his reinstatement and violence
erupted as the day progressed.
Islamists attacked police facilities in the Sinai and the central city of
Assiut, killing four soldiers, and also torched the headquarters of the provincial
government in Giza, near the capital. In Alexandria, hundreds of Morsi
supporters cut the road on the corniche, chanting for their deposed president. In
Beni Sueif province, they took to the streets to denounce the police and army
crackdown on two protest camps in Cairo.
As the death toll from the carnage soared, condemnation of the assaults
poured in, with France warning of the threat of civil war and Turkey
demanding UN action. The United States led a global outcry against the
deplorable violence, while Paris, London, Berlin and Rome summoned Egypt's
ambassadors to voice their strong concern.
President Barack Obama said the United States had canceled military
exercises with Egypt to protest the killing of hundreds of protesters. Obama
warned that Egypt had entered a more dangerous path but stopped short of
suspending $1.3 billion in annual military aid. He urged Egypt's army-installed
authorities to lift a state of emergency and allow peaceful protests.
Turkey's Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a Morsi supporter, called
for an urgent UN Security Council meeting over Egypt's massacre. Only the
United Arab Emirates and Bahrain voiced support for Egypt's military leaders,
saying it was the state's duty to restore order.
The National Assembly of Pakistan unanimously passed a resolution
expressing great dismay and concern over the use of force by Egyptian security
forces against protesters opposing the removal of a democratically elected
government. The resolution urged the Egyptian government to show restraint
and resolve the issue by adhering to dialogue so that democracy can be restored
as soon as possible in accordance with the wishes of the people of Egypt.
Following the initiative taken by the National Assembly, Punjab
Assembly also unanimously passed a resolution to denounce massacre of
Egyptian people by the army tanks and troops and demanded immediate
restoration of Morsi government. The resolution, tabled by the Opposition,
condemned the Egyptian army which killed supporters of former Egyptian
President Mohamed Morsi.

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Next day, at least 95 people were reported killed and around 250 injured
across Egypt in clashes between Islamist protesters and security forces. The
violence came people marched on the call of Muslim Brotherhood in several
cities around Egypt in what they called a Friday of rage to protest the killing of
hundreds of loyalists of Morsi during a security crackdown.
Fresh bloodshed came despite tightening of security by the army in Cairo
and other cities in response to the Brotherhood's calls for marches from 28
mosques following Friday prayers. Protests were held in Cairo, in the second
city of Alexandria, in several Nile Delta provinces, in Suez Canal cities and
central Egyptian provinces.
The Muslim Brotherhood said 45 people had been killed in Cairo,
accusing security forces of using live fire against peaceful protesters. Security
sources also reported a police conscript was killed when gunmen attacked a
checkpoint in the capital. Among those killed elsewhere included a policeman in
the North Sinai town of El-Arish.
A protester said that the crowds near Ramses Square were shot at by men
in helicopters. Helicopters started to shoot us as we were walking. My friend
took a shot in the neck and he died, he said. This was the first time we saw
helicopters shooting. There were people shooting from the windows. The call
to end days demonstrations came shortly after a night-time curfew went into
effect. But Anti-Coup Alliance spokesman Gehad El-Haddad told AFP that
Morsi loyalists would hold daily anti-coup rallies going forward.
The crackdown drew strong condemnation from the international
community and the Iranian foreign minister phoned OIC secretary general,
urging the organization to intervene in Egypt to prevent further massacre of
defenseless population. In Jordan, Morocco, Palestinian territories, Sudan,
Indonesia and Malaysia hundreds joined demonstrations in support of Morsi.
Scores of people took to the streets in Karachi against the state sponsored
massacre of Muslims in Egypt. The protest appeal was made by Jamaat-eIslami. Turkey recalled its ambassador to Cairo. Catherine Ashton called for the
EU bloc to adopt appropriate measures in response. Germany said it would
review ties with Cairo, and joined France in calling for EU talks on the
situation. But Egypt's cabinet issued a defiant statement, saying it was
confronting a terrorist plot. Saudi Arabia and Jordan sided with military
backed regime saying they backed Egypt's fight against terrorism.
On 17th August, police cleared Islamist protesters from a Cairo mosque.
Security forces dragged supporters of Mohamed Morsi from the al-Fath
mosque, passing through angry crowds who tried to beat the Islamists, calling
them terrorists. The government said 173 people were killed in the past 24
hours alone.

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The standoff at Al-Fath mosque in central Ramses Square began


yesterday, with security forces surrounding the building where protesters were
sheltering. By Saturday afternoon, the situation turned violent. Police eventually
dragged people from inside the mosque, firing in the air to hold back residents
of the area who tried to attack the protesters with sticks and iron bars. Both
outside the mosque and in several other parts of Cairo, residents targeted those
suspected of being Islamists, often for no more than wearing a beard or a veil.
Among those killed yesterday was a son of Mohamed Badie, chief of
Mursi's Muslim Brotherhood movement. The Anti-Coup Alliance of Morsi
supporters announced it would end the protests shortly after a night-time curfew
came into effect, but pledged daily demonstrations going forward.
The interior ministry said it had arrested 1,004 Brotherhood elements,
security sources said the brother of al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri had been
detained. Security sources also said one soldier was killed in northern Sinai
where militants have launched daily attacks against security forces.
With anger rising on all sides, Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi
proposed disbanding the Brotherhood, raising the stakes in a bloody struggle
between the state and Islamists for control of the Arab world's most populous
nation. The Brotherhood was officially dissolved by Egypt's military rulers in
1954, but registered itself as a non-governmental organization in March in a
response to a court case brought by opponents of the group who were contesting
its legality.
Egypt's interim army-backed government has defended its actions, with
presidential adviser Mustafa Hegazy saying the country's forces had acted with
a huge amount of self-restraint and self-control. The cabinet has also insisted
the security services were acting to confront a terrorist plot.
Thousands of Turks marched in Istanbul against his ouster. Turkeys
prime minister lashed at the international response to the escalating crisis in
Egypt, saying organizations including the UN and EU should be ashamed of
their inaction. Let me say very clearly, the United Nations Security Council no
longer has the right to look at itself in the mirror, its so ashamed, because it
couldnt condemn whats happening in Egypt, said Tayyip Erdogan.
Thousands of Arab supporters of the Islamic Movement in Israel
demonstrated in support of Mohamed Morsi. Around 4,000 people led by
firebrand preacher Sheikh Raed Salah, head of the northern branch of the
Islamic Movement, took part in the protest in the northern city of Nazareth. The
demonstrators marched holding Egyptian flags as well as pictures of Morsi and
chanting against Egyptian army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
In neighbouring Libya a small explosion rocked the Egyptian consulate in
the city of Benghazi. A security guard was injured in the explosion and at least

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five cars were damaged. Police closed off the area and were collecting evidence.
Germanys foreign minister and his Qatari counterpart condemned the spiraling
violence in Egypt, urging political dialogue to avoid further bloodshed. Qatar is
a key supporter of Egypts Muslim Brotherhood. We in Qatar are extremely
concerned about the high number of victims. We are devastated by the
violence, Qatari Foreign Minister said.
With the political and security situation in Egypt deteriorating, American
officials have begun to question whether Americas long-standing Middle East
ally can remain a fundamentally stable state. There is a real possibility of civil
war, a senior US official briefed on the intelligence was quoted as saying in a
dispatch published in The Wall Street Journal Friday. There is a dangerous
possibility Egypt goes the way of Syria.
Bernardino Leon, the European Unions envoy for Egypt said the United
States and its European and Gulf allies were close to a peace deal two weeks
ago between Mohamed Morsi supporters and Egypts military. The deal called
for supporters of the ousted president to abandon their street camps in exchange
for a promise of non-violence from the authorities.
The peace deal, which also included a probe into competing claims of
violence, was supposed to lead to talks between the interim government and the
Muslim Brotherhood, but vice president Mohammed El-Baradei apparently
could not convince General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to agree.
The US officials visualized that even if an insurgency breaks out, the
Egyptian army could contain it. There are no signs of a split within the military,
and intelligence. US agencies also think that the Muslim Brotherhoods
supporters dont have a large quantity of arms.
But they feared that eastern Libya could serve as a springboard for
insurgents moving across the border into Egypt. The Egyptian military has
appealed to the US for months to help curb the flow of weapons they feared
were moving across the Libyan border and on to the militants operating on the
other side of Egypt, in the Sinai Peninsula.
The Obama Administration has been carefully critics say, timidly
calibrating its response. Administration officials and those from allied nations in
the region both argue that cutting off all aid to Egypt could make a dangerous
situation even worse, prompting the countrys generals to sever ties with the US
and emboldening Muslim Brotherhood supporters to step up protests. So Obama
tried to balance his impulse to keep open lines to the Egyptian government with
the mounting pressure at home to take stronger action against it.
The administration is employing what amounts to a good-cop, bad-cop
approach to try to pull Egypts generals back from the brink. While the White
House has made clear privately and publicly that it doesnt want to cut off

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Egypts aid, it has also warned the generals that a growing number of
lawmakers may do just that if the violent crackdowns continue. The violent
course of events in Egypt shows the extent to which the Obama Administration
misjudged the depth of divisions within Egyptian society and the potential for a
sustained violent showdown between Islamists and secularists.
Sudan: On 30th July, it was reported that some 134 people were killed in
fresh clashes between two rival tribes in Sudans strife-torn Darfur region. Arab
Misseriya tribesmen and members of the rival Salamat tribe in Um Dukhun in
South Darfur clashed again on July 28. They had fought already two days ago in
the same area. Around 300,000 Sudanese have been displaced as a result of
clashes between government forces, rebels and rival tribes.
On 10th August, fighting between two Arab tribes killed 100 people in
Sudan's Darfur region, where hundreds had already died in worsening unrest
this year. The battle between a group of Rezeigat and the rival Maaliya tribe
happened near Adila in East Darfur state. A Maaliya source said the Rezeigat
attacked and burned villages but he declined to say how many from his side
had died.
Prior to this year's surge of violence, there were already 1.4 million
people in camps for those uprooted by the conflict in Darfur. While the number
of displaced has risen, the United Nations said that it has had to reduce its
humanitarian assistance because permits for some UN international staff in
Darfur have not been renewed by the government. France condemned the
"unjustified" expulsion of the 20 from Darfur.
On 13th August, reported that a helicopter and its crew contracted by
peacekeepers in Sudans Darfur were detained be rebels in the troubled region
for 10 days. The chopper was contracted by a Russian company and did not
carry UN markings. One of the crew members is Sudanese while the other two
are foreign.

America: On 28th July, without specifically mentioning the November


2009 Texas shooting, accused Army psychiatrist Major Nidal Hasan released a
six-page statement to a conservative American television network this weekend,
saying that America is at war with Islam. My complicity was on behalf of a
government that openly acknowledges that it would hate for the law of
Almighty Allah to be the supreme law of the land, the 42-year-old officer said
in a statement to FOX News, adding that he participated in a US war on Islam.
I would like to begin by repenting to Almighty Allah and apologize to
the Mujahideen, the believers, and the innocent... I ask for their forgiveness for
participating in the illegal and immoral aggression against Muslims, their
religion and their lands, he told Fox News in the statement.

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On 6th August, staff at the US embassy in Yemen was evacuated aboard a


US military plane because of a region-wide terror threat. The plane,
accompanied by a support aircraft, flew to the US air base in Ramstein,
Germany. The Pentagon said earlier it was flying staffers out of Yemen in
response to a request from the State Department amid worries over a possible
al-Qaeda. Meanwhile, Britain said it had evacuated all staff from its embassy in
Yemen.
General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, told
ABC News the threats were more specific than previous ones, although the
exact target was unknown. ABC News cited a US official as saying there was
concern al-Qaeda might deploy suicide attackers with surgically implanted
bombs. The posts to be closed include Abu Dhabi, Amman, Cairo, Riyadh,
Dhahran, Jeddah, Doha, Dubai, Kuwait, Manama, Muscat, Sanaa, Tripoli,
Antananarivo, Bujumbura, Djibouti, Khartoum, Kigali and Port Louis. New
closures were announced in Madagascar, Burundi, Rwanda and Mauritius. The
outposts that are reopening include those in Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh,
Mauritania, Iraq and Israel.
Next day it was reported that al-Qaeda terrorists could try to bring down
planes using an undetectable explosive soaked into their clothes, officials fear.
The organizations bomb-makers are reportedly developing an ingenious
system whereby shirts and trousers drenched in the explosive could be ignited
when dry. It would be undetectable under current security measures and remove
the need for terrorists to mix liquid explosives on board. The latest threat to air
passengers is one of the reasons behind the current global terror alert, according
to two senior US government officials.
The reports are the most detailed yet into the nature of intercepted
messages between Ayman al-Zawahiri, the head of al-Qaeda, and Nasser alWuhayshi, his deputy in Yemen. British bomb expert Sidney Alford confirmed
that the new method was possible using easily available chemicals, but pulling
it off would be tricky as the soaking process would dilute the explosive.
The military judge who last week convicted soldier Bradley Manning of
committing the biggest breach of classified data in U.S. history through
WikiLeaks trimmed the maximum prison sentence the private first class could
face. But the 25-year-old former intelligence analyst could still be spending the
rest of his life behind bars after Judge Colonel Denise Lind ruled that he could
face a maximum sentence of 90, rather than 136, years for turning over more
than 700,000 battlefield videos, diplomatic cables and other secret documents to
WikiLeaks.
The US army psychiatrist who has admitted to opening fire on fellow
soldiers in the Fort Hood massacre deliberately sought the death penalty.
Lieutenant Colonel Kris Poppe urged a military judge to either prevent Major
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Nidal Hasan from representing himself at the high-profile trial or allow the
court-appointed lawyers tasked with assisting him to be removed from the case.
Hasan interrupted Poppe, declaring this is a twist of the facts and insisting he
was not trying to martyr himself.
Military judge Colonel Tara Osborn cleared the courtroom to discuss the
matter privately with Hasan and then called an early end to the days
proceedings. Hasan has repeatedly attempted to plead guilty to killing 13 people
and wounding dozens more in the 2009 attack at a Texas military base.
On 8th August, President Barack Obama insisted that al-Qaedas leaders
were on the ropes, but admitted the threats that have closed US embassies
across the Middle East must be taken seriously. His remarks to around 3,000
Marines at Camp Pendleton military base in California came after around 20 US
missions were shut in response to reports that an attack on US interests could be
imminent.
A UN report said Osama Bin Ladens successor as the leader of al-Qaeda
has struggled to unite its various factions, but the group remains an evolving
threat. The report, delivered to the UN Security Council by a group of experts,
said al-Qaedas Egyptian leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri had failed to rebuild the
groups core leadership in Pakistan. But it said various groups affiliated with alQaeda are still adapting their tactics and seeking new targets, while retaining the
ability to conduct deadly strikes.
And, while the French-led military operation in Mali and an African
Union campaign in Somalia have pushed back al-Qaeda militants, the Syrian
civil war has seen hundreds of foreign volunteers join the cause there. Al-Qaeda
and its affiliates are more diverse and differentiated than before, united only by
a loose ideology and a commitment to terrorist violence.
On 11th August, US decided to reopen diplomatic missions closed on
August 4 over an al-Qaeda security alert, except in Yemen and the US
Consulate in Lahore. Spokeswoman for the US embassy in Islamabad, however,
said the evacuation of staff from Lahore Consulate had nothing to do with the
terror threat which prompted closure of 19 diplomatic missions in the Middle
East and Africa.

VIEWS
Myanmar
Fresh Myanmar clashes signal growing Muslim desperation:
Attempts to bring stability to Myanmars strategic northwest Rakhine State
could be unraveling after police opened fire on Rohingya Muslims for the third

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time in two months, reviving tensions in a region beset by religious violence last
year
Rakhine State is one of Myanmars poorest regions, but in the reform era
it is emerging as one of its most strategic.
In Sittwes harbour, India is funding a $214 million port, river and road
network that will carve a trade route into Indias landlocked northeast. From
Kyaukphyu, a city 105 km southeast of Sittwe, gas and oil pipelines stretch to
Chinas energy-hungry northwest. Both projects capitalize on Myanmars
growing importance at Asias crossroads.
Rumours of extensive mineral wealth in Rakhine State would add or
perhaps are now adding fuel to the existing ethnic tensions, said the Harvard
Ash Center in a July 2013 report. Aung Win, a well-known Rohingya activist
who visited the troubled area on Sunday, blamed the unrest on deteriorating
relations between the displaced Rohingya and police
As tempers rose on Friday, Rohingya villagers and IDPs burned down a
police outpost in Ohntawgyi and erected a nearby roadblock, witnesses said.
Police fired rubber bullets, tear gas and live rounds. The IDPs fought with sticks
and catapults.
Chris Lewa of the Rohingya advocacy group Arakan Project sees the
latest violence as an attempt to resist oppressive measures common in northern
Rakhine State, a Rohingya-majority region of three townships bordering
Bangladesh.
In two townships, Buthidaung and Maungdaw, the state government
recently announced the enforcement of a two-child limit on Rohingya families,
one of several measures that the United Nations has called a violation of human
rights. The violence near Sittwe follows two other recent instants of fatal police
gunfire in Rakhine.
On June 4, three Rohingya women were shot dead by police in Mrauk-U
township, said UN envoy Ojea Quintana who arrived in Myanmar on Sunday. In
June, he called it the latest shocking example of how law enforcement officials
operate with complete impunity in Rakhine. Then, on June 27, two IDPs were
killed and six wounded when security forces opened fire on a crowd, according
to the UNHCR. Rakhine State government spokesman Win Myaing blamed the
Rohingya for Fridays violence, which he said was timed to coincide with the
UN envoys visit. They want to show to the international community the
Rakhine State government is neglecting them, he told Reuters.
Ojea Quintina was met in Sittwe by Rakhine Buddhist protesters wearing
T-shirts reading Get Out and carrying signs labeling him a Bengali Lobbyist.
(Andrew RC Marshall, TheNation 13th August)

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Syria
Is West running out of time in Syria? The US and the West are not
waiting for the opposition to restructure politically or to possess military
discipline, but are waiting to see clearly who will win and when in Syria. While
waiting though, they lose both in Syria and in the region, (Ufuk Uluta).
If at the outset of the Syrian conflict one was to mention that the West
was aiding and abetting Assad, very few would have believed. Thirty months on
it is now vividly clear, America and its Western allies are not only supporting
Assad's tyrannical rule, but are eagerly hoping that for their sake, Assad is
victorious in the protracted conflict with the opposition.
Last month, the British PM David Cameron told the BBC that Britain
would not provide arms to the Syrian opposition as some elements are too
radical for the West's liking and in his estimate Assad was much stronger than
before. He said: I think he [Assad] may be stronger than he was a few months
ago, but I'd still describe the situation as a stalemate. And yes, you do have
problems with part of the opposition that is extreme, that we should have
nothing to do with.
America's assessment of the situation in Syria echoed similar sentiments.
Currently, the tide seems to have shifted in his [Assad] favour, General Martin
Dempsey, the Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, said on July 18, 2013.
Even the US Defence Intelligence Agency revised its earlier prediction that
Assad would fall early this year. Its Deputy Director David Shedd said: My
concern is that it could go on for a long time... It is in large measure a
stalemate. So how is it possible that Assad, who was once on the verge of being
toppled, is now going to stay in power for a long time?
It seems that this could only have happened with outside powers
conniving with each other to prop-up Assad's precarious rule. The failure of
different political initiatives, such as Kofi Annan's six-point plan, the Lakhdar
Brahimi plan and, presently, the much coveted Geneva talks, was intentional.
These political initiatives were specifically designed to buy precious time for
Assad to halt a series of military defeats at the hands of the Islamic opposition,
and to overturn battlefield gains made by them in his favour. Assad was not able
to accomplish this without tacit support from Washington, uninterrupted
weapons supply from Russia, Chinese intransigence at the UN, targeted air
strikes from Israel to prevent the opposition taking sensitive arms, and dogged
military support from Iran and Hezbollah.
To underline the assistance from this odd group of political powers and
their respective surrogates is USA's determined effort not to intervene in the
conflict. In July 2013, General Dempsey described in detail all the military
options most of which would require hundreds of aircraft, ships, submarines

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and other enablers and cost in the billions. Again, the intention behind such
statements was not to only frighten the Congress and the American people from
supporting intervention, but to allow the status quo in Syria to continue,
especially in the wake of recent gains made by Assad's forces.
Assad's change in fortunes has also put on hold West's flirtation with the
idea of arming pro-Western Syrian fighters via the Syrian Support Group (SSG).
On August 1, 2013, the Daily Telegraph reported: The West had hoped the
SSG, founded in the US in December 2011, would channel support to these
moderate elements within the Syrian uprising and in May last year it was
granted a coveted Treasury licence allowing it to skirt American sanctions on
the country. But private donations dried up after the US State Department
warned the SSG that its funds could not be used for weapons.
What galvanizes and unites such disparate major powers, along with
arch-enemies Israel, Iran, the GCC and Hezbollah, is their collective fear of the
return of the Caliphate at the hands of the sincere Muslims of Syria. For
instance, the leader of the Syrian jihadist group, Jabhat Al-Nusra (Al-Nusra
Front), recently, declared that his group was in favour of establishing an Islamic
Caliphate in Syria. It is precisely such declarations that petrify Cameron,
Obama, Putin and Netanyahu and their surrogates in Tehran and in the capitals
of Gulf countries.
Indeed, what is transpiring in Syria today is nothing short of a conflict
that has taken on the appearance of a world war being waged against poorly
equipped Muslims. And after 30 months of waging fierce battles, it looks like
America and its allies have failed to crush the uprising. Instead, Western leaders
are quick to acknowledge that a stalemate is taking shape on the ground in
Syria.
It is this very fact that is extremely heartening for the Muslim Ummah
and dispels the oft painted stereotype picture that Muslims are too weak to stand
up to the West, including the US. The Syrian conflict proves the exact opposite,
and when combined with the failures in Iraq and Afghanistan, it puts to shame
the collective feeble excuses offered by the rulers of the Muslim world that they
cannot stand up to America. Indeed, it is this very notion of inferiority to the
West that is being challenged and swept aside in Syria with the rest of the
Muslim world following suit.
As the Muslim masses become increasingly emboldened to publicly
reassert their love for political Islam either through civil disobedience, the ballot
box or through the taking up of arms, the existing secular order presided over by
the West for the past 90-odd years is looking both insecure and unmanageable.
It will no longer be a surprise if Syria is the first domino to fall to the Caliphate.
The real shock, however, would be the failure of the world powers to use all of

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their political guile and military might to stop it happening in the first place.
(Abid Mustafa, TheNation 6th August)

Egypt
Eyewitness in Egypt: Most were shot in the face only one in the
back: Aiman Husseini was lying by the wall. Khaled Abdul Nasser had his
name written in black ink on his white shroud just to the left of the door. There
were 37 corpses in the room. It was swamped in blood. The doctors had blood
on their shirts. It wasnt long before we had blood on our shoes. There were
ribbons of it, dark brown, where they brought the stretchers in, even on the
walls. The hospital next to the Rabaa Mosque was packed with men and women
in tears. Many of them talked about God. These people are in the sun, a doctor
said to me. They are with God. We are just in the shade.
Believers all, I suppose. And the dead? Perhaps it requires a medical
report to understand this many dead. Shot in the face, most of them, several in
the eyes, many in the chest. I saw only one body which they claimed was shot in
the back. Most of the faces they showed me were bearded. A massacre? Most
certainly. And these were only a few of the dead. What on earth did General
Abdul-Fattah al-Sisi intends to do when he called on Egyptians to give their
support to him on the streets on Friday?
These killings took place in the hours before dawn. The police, everyone
said, opened fire, first with birdshot, then with live rounds as members of the
Muslim Brotherhood led by Mohamed Mursi paraded close to the tomb of
President Anwar Sadat himself assassinated 23 years ago by an Islamist called
Khalid al-Islambouli, a lieutenant in the Egyptian army no less not far from
the mosque. Who fired first? Well, all the dead were Muslim Brothers or their
friends or family. There were no dead policemen.
The Brotherhood said its people were unarmed, which may well be true,
although I have to say that a man guarding a car park near the mosque who
directed me to the hospital was holding a Kalashnikov rifle. Living in Beirut, I
have grown used to seeing guns in the hands of young men, but I was a little
shocked to see this man in a blue T-shirt holding an automatic weapon. But he
was the only armed man I saw.
But why did this have to happen? Ahmed Habib, a doctor, told me that in
all his life he had never experienced dead on this scale and you have to
remember that I was seeing only some of the Egyptians who died and that he
had used up two weeks worth of medical equipment in just a few hours. Look
at the blood on my clothes, he shouted at me. Many of the doctors lay outside
the room of the dead, sleeping on the dirty floor, exhausted after trying to save
lives all through the morning.

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No one blamed the army which lets al-Sisi off the hook as a general but
not as the coup leader who demanded that the people of Egypt support his battle
against terrorism. Nor does it let him off the hook as a father. The general has
three sons and a daughter, but the 37 dead men I saw were also children of
Egypt who deserve, surely, some compassion. That they belonged to the
Brotherhood if they all did does not make them terrorists. On Friday night,
I told several friends that I feared there would be dead on the streets of Cairo.
Does this mean that I, a mere foreigner, feared the mortuary room I saw and that
al-Sisi a lofty general could not have predicted this?
We are told we are a minority now, so we dont deserve to live, another
doctor told me. I didnt like the propaganda line but these were dramatic
minutes in a room packed with dead bodies, so many that medical staff were
literally tripping on the corpses and their shrouds. They were taken from the
room on stretchers under the flash of cameras no one missed the opportunity
of Brotherhood martyrdom and many times was Gods name invoked outside
and inserted into ambulances that queued beside the mosque in the midday heat.
Many people said the things people always say when confronted by
tragedy. That they would never give way, that they would die rather than submit
to military rule this in a country, remember, where we must believe that the
coup that happened didnt happen and that God was greater than life itself,
certainly greater than al-Sisi, a statement which the general would, of course,
agree with. Dr Habib insisted that there was an afterlife which being in a place
of death I admit I did ask him to prove. Because we are not animals, to eat
food and drink water all our lives. Do you think that is the only reason for our
being?
Behind the hospital were many men who had been wounded in the feet,
some of them groaning with pain. But it was the dead who caught our attention,
so newly killed that their faces had not yet taken on the mark of death. One
paramedic had difficulty closing the eyes of a corpse and had to ask a doctor for
help. In death, it seems, you must always appear to be asleep. And, clich as it
might be, I wonder if that is now the state of Egypt. Robert Fisk for
Independent, Republished by TheNation 29th July)
What failed in Pakistan wont work in Egypt: Amid violent clashes in
Egypt, White House officials argued this week that the United States cant cut
off its $1.3 billion a year in assistance to Egypt. To do so would cause
Washington to lose influence with the countrys generals. Vital American
security interests are at stake, they said, and keeping the torrent of American aid
flowing gives Washington leverage.
If that argument sounds familiar, it is. For the last decade, the United
States has used the same logic in Pakistan. The US has given $11 billion in
military aid to the Pakistani military in the name of maintaining American
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influence in Islamabad. From new equipment to reimbursements for Pakistani


military operations, the money flowed year after year, despite complaints from
American officials that the Pakistanis were misusing funds and inflating bills.
Can the United States do better in Egypt? Pakistan and Egypt are vastly
different, but as the Obama Administration fervently embraces its Pakistani
tactics in Egypt, its worth examining the results of our dollars-for-generals
approach.
A decade on, little has changed in Pakistan. The countrys military
continues to shelter the Afghan Taliban, hundreds of American and Afghan
soldiers have died in cross-border attacks from Pakistan and the army remains
by far the most powerful institution in the country
So far, the Obama administration appears intent on following the same
aid-for-leverage approach in Egypt. The White House delayed the delivery of
four new F-16 fighters to Egypt this week. But the fact that the Egyptian
military has already killed 140 protesters, twice as many as Iran did in its 2009
crushing of the Green Movement, apparently gives administration officials little
pause.
In a visit to Pakistan this week, Secretary of State John Kerry gave the
administrations most full-throated defence of the Egyptian military yet. In
effect, they were restoring democracy, Kerry said in a Pakistani television
interview. The military did not take over, to the best of our judgment so far,
so far to run the country. Theres a civilian government.
Last week, the White House announced that the Obama administration
would not enforce an American law requiring the US government to cut off
American aid to any government the carries out a coup. How? By ignoring it
One administration official, who asked not to be named, argued that there
was no alternative to Egypts generals. If the Sinai, for example, becomes a safe
haven for militants, they would pose a direct threat to Israel and the United
States. The official said he was sceptical that civilian governments could emerge
that could stabilize Egypt and secure the Sinai.
That is the same argument American officials have been making in
Pakistan for years. The core question is simple: can democracy emerge in the
region?
Putting conditions on our aid that require the Egyptian military to carry
out elections will help answer that question. Hurling billions at generals will
not. Pakistan has taught us that much. (David Rohde, The Nation 3rd August)
After Morsi, political Islam losing ground in Egypt: Shrouded in
white cloth, their names and home towns carefully printed on the fabric in black

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pen, the bodies lay side-by-side on the floor at a field hospital in Cairos Nasr
City.
Their deaths five of the 72 supporters of the deposed Muslim
Brotherhood-led government killed this week at the hands of Egyptian security
forces and the armed thugs who fight beside them marked another crisis point
for the Islamic movement that in just one year had risen to the heights of
political power and then crashed back to earth.
With its senior officials, including the deposed president Mohamed Morsi
held incommunicado for a month, Egypts Muslim Brotherhood appears to be
struggling to find a coherent response, pushed aside by a surge of anti-Islamist
sentiment sweeping through the countries of the Arab revolutions.
The aftershocks of Egypts political earthquake when millions took to
the streets to call for Mursis overthrow on June 30 and the military stepped in
to grant them their wish three days later are being felt far and wide.
Across the border in Libya and in its neighbour Tunisia, Brotherhoodaffiliated parties are also under fire, their headquarters attacked and their
political wings accused of having a hand in the high-profile assassinations of
two opposition figures in the last week.
On the streets of Egypt, the Brotherhood has few friends at best people
are relieved that its disastrous year-long rule is over, at worst, many support the
violent actions of the security forces who in attempting to break up protests
calling for Mursis reinstatement have killed at least 123 people in two incidents
alone
Most analysts agree it is way too soon to write the obituary of political
Islam. There are other strong Islamist parties, such as Egypts Al Nour, who
may benefit from the Brotherhoods failings.
Indeed many who are disappointed in the Brotherhoods performance in
government will simply vote for another Islamist party next time, says Geneive
Abdo, a Middle East fellow at the Washington-based Stimson Centre.
I would argue that the Brotherhood will still do well in parliamentary
elections because they are extremely well organized on the ground.
Hand-in-hand with the Brotherhoods failure comes the failure of US
foreign policy, Abdo says.
The US has lost the Islamists, Egyptian society and the military, she
warns.
This shows Islamist groups that they should never trust the US, because
they are just backing whoever is on top.

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Add to that the competition between the gulf states of Qatar and Saudi
Arabia for influence in Egypt, and the situation becomes very complicated, says
AUCs Said Sadek.
Traditionally antagonistic towards the Muslim Brotherhood, many of the
Gulf monarchies had held back their support while Morsi was in power.
Soon after Mursis fall, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and
Kuwait stepped into pledge $US12 billion in aid to stabilize Egypts struggling
economy.
Hazem Kandil, a lecturer in political sociology at Cambridge, argues the
behaviour of the Brotherhood, both while in government and over the last
month of protests at the Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque in Nasr City and Nahda in
Giza, has forced many Egyptians to re-evaluate the relationship between Islam
and Islamism.
In Tunisia, the July 25 assassination of Mohamed Brahmi, the leftist
leader of the opposition Popular Front coalition, drew thousands of protesters
onto the streets. They blame the al-Nahda, Muslim Brotherhood-connected
Islamist party that leads the government.
Calling on al-Nahda to relinquish power, the protesters say the party has
created a sense of impunity among the countrys more hardline Islamists.
But unlike Egypts Morsi, the al-Nahda party has offered concessions and
on Tuesday said it was ready to form a new government with an even broader
base.
Still, the pressure is on the ruling party. Tunisian protesters are emulating
Egypts Tamarod, or Rebellion movement, by collecting signatures on the street
calling for the governments downfall. In Libya, where the Justice and
Construction Party the Brotherhoods political wing controls the secondlargest number of seats in the countrys legislature, there is also disquiet at their
influence.
Last Friday there were protests outside the partys offices in the capital
Tripoli and in Benghazi to denounce the killing of a prominent political activist
and critic of the Brotherhood, Abdelsalam al-Mosmary, who was shot dead
leaving a mosque.
The Brotherhood can stay in the political game if they admit their
mistakes, if they modernize and democratize, experts say. But the brand has
been seriously damaged.
Along the baking hot pavements of the Rabaa protest, there is no pressure
for the movement to change.

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Support for the Muslim Brotherhood is enduring, and officials say they
do not have any plans to give up their demands that Mohamed Morsi is
reinstated as president.
Despite the interim governments promise of a safe exit for demonstrators
and its public vow to clear the protest site, most show no signs of leaving.
I believe peace is stronger than bullets, said Ahmed Gamal Hussein, a
father of two who has been maintaining his vigil for 32 days. We will stay to
make sure that our families can live their lives in freedom, that democracy and
the president are restored. (Ruth Pollard for Sydney Morning Herald,
republished in TheNation 4th August)
Egypt's military will not get away with human rights abuses:
Everyone in Egypt should now be concerned about the legality and
consequences of the military overturning its first democratically elected
government. Whatever the stated justification, disenchantment with a
democratically elected leader cannot legitimize the use of force and should
never be used to remove a democratically elected government.
We can see where Egypt has descended to in the aftermath of the coup.
The new military-installed regime does not appear to be interested in
safeguarding Egypt's democracy. The hallmarks of a democratic state have
vanished almost immediately. Morsi has been detained in a secret location along
with much of his administration. Suddenly dubious and historic criminal
charges have surfaced and been leveled against them. So far these detainees
have not had access to their families or legal teams. How they are being treated
is anyone's guess
Democratic nations should recognize the great promise shown in the
wake of the Arab spring in Egypt. The fledgling democracy that is Egypt should
not be allowed to escalate into another Syria or fall into a perpetual cycle of
coup. The British government should rise to its responsibilities and take a global
leadership role on this issue as a permanent member of the Security Council. It
is absolutely vital that the ICC steps in where countries are unable or unwilling
to bring to account those who use lethal force to undermine the rule of law and
democracy. It is clear that the Egyptian military will not investigate, let alone
bring to justice, those who have committed these atrocities. It should be made
clear to the Egyptian military, police and coup government that they will not be
allowed to betray the Egyptian people and continue these abhorrent practices.
Some human rights are so important that it is the responsibility of all states to
protect them. This is encapsulated in the Latin maxim erga omnes meaning
towards all. In July 2004 the International Court of Justice found, when
deliberating on the legality of the wall in Palestine, that the right of selfdetermination was such an erga omnes right. All states have an obligation to
protect it
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Prosecuting military leaders using the principle of universal jurisdiction


can be difficult but let it be a warning to the military leadership in Egypt who
might today be contemplating using unlawful violence against Egyptian citizens
that the principle is gaining strength across the globe. As recently as January
police officers from Britain's specialist Metropolitan Police unit targeting
suspected war criminals and human rights abusers arrested and charged
Nepalese Colonel Kumar Lama for human rights abuses committed in Nepal. At
the time of his arrest Colonel Lama was working as a UN peacekeeper in South
Sudan. He was visiting the UK on Christmas vacation.
The Arab Spring has shown us that there is huge power in being globally
connected as protesters. Those in positions of military power in Egypt will be
well advised to remember this when they consider how effective lawyers have
become in their work to end impunity.
Egypt has for too long been treated as a client state in the cause of
geopolitical struggle. Its military has been central to this and has consistently
done so with impunity. It is time for the British government to lead the way in
bringing this to an end. The situation in Egypt must be referred to the ICC by
the Security Council. Failing that, human rights lawyers will be waiting in
courts across the world for Egypt's military, with evidence that they have
committed heinous international crimes. (Michael Mansfield and Tayab Ali for
Guardian, republished in TheNation 15th August)
Massacre in Egypt: The conflict still rages in Egypt between supporters
of deposed President Muhammad Morsi, and those who overthrew him on July
3, the Egyptian Army. On Wednesday and Thursday, indiscriminate firing on sitins in Cairo left a very large number dead. The Muslim Brotherhood, whose
member President Morsi had been, claimed that 2200 had been killed. The
government admitted to 535 killed, including 137 killed near the El-Adawiyya
Mosque, 57 in Nahda Square and 29 in Helwan, all in Cairo, 198 in other
provinces, 43 armed forces personnel, etc. Even the lower figure would make it
the bloodiest incident in Egypt since the movement against Hosni Mubarak
started two years ago.
It is also noteworthy that the world community has been surprisingly mild
in their condemnation. US Secretary of State John Kerry has called the deaths
deplorable and a barrier to reconciliation efforts. Similarly, EU foreign policy
chief Catherine Ashton and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon have limited
themselves to criticism, not the condemnation such an indiscriminate slaughter
deserves. Similarly, in the Arab world, the event has evoked a relatively mild
response. This means that there are no forces in the Arab world, or the Islamic,
which are ready even to speak out against something unprecedented. This is also
a clear indication that life in Egypt, as in other Muslim countries undergoing

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turmoil at the moment, is of little value in the eyes of those who could turn a
screw on the perpetrators and compel them to stop the wanton massacre.
While Arab regimes are not just dictatorial, but are also used to defer to
the Egyptian government, more support for a democratically elected leader from
the upholders of democracy and human rights, might have been expected. This
also places a peculiar burden on Pakistan, as a country which resembles Egypt
in many ways, but which has embarked on the process of democratization
earlier, and has not undergone such violent upheavals. It must remain within the
bounds of diplomatic convention, but it must provide whatever support possible
to the democratic forces in Egypt.
The events in Egypt cannot be ascribed merely to the growing pains of
democracy. Too much blood is flowing for that. The use of state force against
that states people can never yield positive results, especially when there does
not seem to be any purpose to this violence. The Egyptian government does not
seem to have any plan leading to a better future for the Egyptian people.
(Editorial, TheNation 16th August)
A tragedy to haunt Egypt: The Egyptian crucible has broken. The
unity of Egypt that all-embracing, patriotic, essential glue that has bound the
nation together since the overthrow of the monarchy in 1952 and the rule of
Nasser has melted amid the massacres, gun battles and fury of Wednesdays
suppression of the Muslim Brotherhood. A hundred dead 200, 300 martyrs
makes no difference to the outcome: for millions of Egyptians, the path of
democracy has been torn up amid live fire and brutality. What Muslim seeking a
state based on his or her religion will ever trust the ballot box again?
This is the real story of Wednesdays bloodbath. Who can be surprised
that some Muslim Brotherhood supporters were wielding Kalashnikovs on the
streets of Cairo? Or that supporters of the army and its interim government
in middle-class areas of the capital, no less have seized their weapons or
produced their own and started shooting back. This is not Brotherhood vs army,
though that is how our Western statesmen will mendaciously try to portray this
tragedy. Todays violence has created a cruel division within Egyptian society
that will take years to heal; between leftists and secularists and Christian Copts
and Sunni Muslim villagers, between people and police, between Brotherhood
and army. That is why Mohamed el-Baradei resigned.
In Algeria in 1992, in Cairo in 2013 and who knows what happens in
Tunisia in the coming weeks and months? Muslims who won power, fairly
and democratically through the common vote, have been hurled from power.
And who can forget our vicious siege of Gaza when Palestinians voted again
democratically for Hamas? No matter how many mistakes the Brotherhood
made in Egypt no matter how promiscuous or fatuous their rule the

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democratically elected president Mohamed Morsi was overthrown by the army.


It was a coup, and John McCain was right to use that word.
The Brotherhood, of course, should long ago have curbed its amour
proper and tried to keep within the shell of the pseudo-democracy that the army
permitted in Egypt not because it was fair or acceptable or just, but because
the alternative was bound to be a return to clandestinity, to midnight arrests and
torture and martyrdom. This has been the historical role of the Brotherhood
with periods of shameful collaboration with British occupiers and Egyptian
military dictators and a return to the darkness suggests only two outcomes:
that the Brotherhood will be extinguished in violence, or will succeed at some
far distant date heaven spare Egypt such a fate in creating an Islamist
autocracy.
The pundits went about their poisonous work before the first corpse was
in its grave. Can Egypt avoid a civil war? Will the terrorist Brotherhood be
wiped out by the loyal army? What about those who demonstrated before
Mursis overthrow? Tony Blair was only one of those who talked of impending
chaos in bestowing their support on General Abdul-Fattah al-Sisi. Every
violent incident in Sinai, every gun in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood will
now be used to persuade the world that the organization far from being a
poorly armed but well-organized Islamist movement was the right arm of alQaeda.
History may take a different view. It will certainly be hard to explain how
many thousands yes, perhaps millions of educated, liberal Egyptians
continued to give their wholehearted support to the general who spent much
time after the overthrow of Mubarak justifying the armys virginity tests of
female protesters in Tahrir Square. Al-Sisi will come under much scrutiny in the
coming days; he was always reputedly sympathetic to the Brotherhood,
although this idea may have been provoked by his wifes wearing of the niqab.
And many of the middle-class intellectuals who have thrown their support
behind the army will have to squeeze their consciences into a bottle to
accommodate future events.
Could Nobel Prize-holder and nuclear expert Mohamed el-Baradei, the
most famous personality in Western eyes, but not in Egyptian in the interim
government, whose social outlook and integrity looked frighteningly at odds
with his governments actions on Wednesday, have stayed in power? Of course
not. He had to go, for he never intended such an outcome to his political power
gamble when he agreed to prop up the armys choice of ministers after last
months coup. But the coterie of writers and artists who insisted on regarding
the coup as just another stage in the revolution of 2011 will after the blood
and el-Baradeis resignation have to use some pretty anguished linguistics to
escape moral blame for these events.

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Stand by, of course, for the usual jargon questions. Does this mean the
end of political Islam? For the moment, certainly; the Brotherhood is in no
mood to try any more experiments in democracy a refusal which is the
immediate danger in Egypt. For without freedom, there is violence. Will Egypt
turn into another Syria? Unlikely. Egypt is neither a sectarian state it never has
been, even with 10 per cent of its people Christian nor an inherently violent
one. It never experienced the savagery of Algerian uprisings against the French,
or Syrian, Lebanese and Palestinian insurgencies against both the British and
the French. But ghosts aplenty will hang their heads in shame today; that great
revolutionary lawyer of the 1919 rising, for example, Saad Zaghloul. And
General Muhammad Neguib whose 1952 revolutionary tracts read so much like
the demands of the people of Tahrir in 2011.
But yes, something died in Egypt Wednesday. Not the revolution, for
across the Arab world the integrity of ownership of people demanding that
they, not their leaders, own their own country remains, however bloodstained.
Innocence died, of course, as it does after every revolution. No, what expired
today was the idea that Egypt was the everlasting mother of the Arab nation, the
nationalist ideal, the purity of history in which Egypt regarded all her people as
her children. For the Brotherhood victims along with the police and progovernment supporters were also children of Egypt. And no one said so. They
had become the terrorists, the enemy of the people. That is Egypts new
heritage. (Robert Fisk for Independent, republished in TheNation 16th August)
Arab leaders tacitly back crackdown on Brotherhood: Most Arab
leaders tacitly support Egypt's deadly crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood,
fearing the group's growing regional influence since the Arab Spring threatens
their own power, analysts say But only Qatar, a Brotherhood patron, and
Tunisia, whose ruling Ennahda party is affiliated with the movement, strongly
condemned the assault.
All the Gulf monarchies, except for Qatar, and Jordan fear that the
Muslim Brotherhood revolution will be exported to them, said Khattar Abou
Diab, a professor at University of Paris-Sud. For that reason, they are hoping
for a return to the classic situation of a strong power in Egypt, a pivotal country
in the Arab world.
These countries, Saudi Arabia in particular, have noted with disapproval
the growing weight of Turkey and Iran... and their support for the Egyptian
regime demonstrates their desire to return to a purely Arab regional system
based on more classical lines.
Turkey, whose Islamist government is ideologically aligned with the
Muslim Brotherhood, has widened its influence in the Arab world since the
outbreak of the Arab Spring. And Iran has reinforced its links with the regime of

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Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and established relations with the


Brotherhood in Egypt.
Hami Shadi, a Middle East expert at the Brookings Doha Centre, said
what happened in Egypt is a product of a big regional issue, which is this kind
of 'Arab Cold War', and it is clear what side... is winning.
For Riyadh and Abu Dhabi, the coup delivered a blow to their major
regional opponent, the Muslim Brotherhood, so it would not make much sense
for them to turn around now and say well, we don't like what you are doing
anymore. Saudi Arabia and the UAE are now the primary patrons of this new
military government and they are very supportive. It is unlikely they would
offer much criticism.
For 30 years, Saudi Arabia and the Brotherhood maintained good
relations, but these deteriorated after the Brotherhood criticized Riyadh for
accepting US military personnel in the country during the 1991 Gulf War.
Things got worse after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.
At the time, Riyadh accused the Brotherhood of being at the root of
jihadist ideology, and the interior minister declared in 2002 that all extremist
groups are derived from the Muslim Brotherhood. But the worst of all for
Sunni Muslim Saudi Arabia was the rapprochement between the Brotherhood
and Shiite Iran across the Gulf, Riyadh's main rival in the Middle East.
Stephane Lacroix, a professor at the Institute of Political Science in Paris
and an expert on the group, said the Muslim Brotherhood has never been
opposed to relations with Shiite Iran while, for the Saudis, that is a red line not
only in terms of Sunni orthodoxy but also because or regional politics. Lacroix
added: "For the Emiratis and Saudis, the Muslim Brotherhood has regional
ambitions that could be a danger to the monarchies of the Gulf.
These monarchies consider it to be in their interest to have rather more
dictatorships than democratic regimes, which are unstable and unpredictable in
their eyes. As Abou Diab puts it, the democratic option in the Arab world has
been more or less brought to a halt. What happened in Egypt could give ideas to
others in Libya and Tunisia (two fledgling democracies where Islamists are on
the rise) and what happened in Egypt could spread to them. (Sammy Ketz,
TheNation 17th August)
Egypt under siege again: Egypts US-financed armed forces have
gone to war against its own people. Arab spring has become Arab winter.
So far, the army and security police have scored brilliant battlefield
victories against unarmed men, women, and children, killing and wounding
thousands who were demanding a return to democratic government.

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The latest Cairo protests by supporters of the elected Mursi government


have been scattered by gunfire and huge armoured bulldozers resembling the
giant vehicles used by Israel to smash Palestinian barricades and protesters. All
Egyptians opposing the Sisi dictatorship, are now officially, terrorists.
Egypts generals and hard right Mubarakist supporters have ditched any
pretence of civilian government and now rely on the bayonet and tank. The men
with the guns make the rules.
This is the third fairly elected Arab government to be overthrown or
besieged, like Gaza, by Western-backed military regimes. Unlike Algeria, where
the first elected government was crushed, Egypts Islamists have no arms and
are unlikely to be able to mount serious domestic resistance aside from some
pinprick attacks in Upper Egypt and Sinai.
The bloody Mubarakist counter-revolution, financed by some Gulf
monarchies, has put the US, Egypts patron, into a serious jam. Washington was
forced to denounce the coup and ongoing state repression as deplorable, in the
words of US State Secretary John Kerry.
However, weeks earlier the clearly confused Kerry had praised the coup
that overthrew Egypts first democratically-elected government as restoring
democracy. He refused to brand the military putsch a coup, for that would have
meant cutting off annual $1.3 billion in US payments to Egypts armed forces, a
key US ally. President Barack Obama has simply ducked the whole issue.
Since Washington preaches democracy, civilian rule, and human rights, it
cannot be seen to be openly backing Egypts brutal military and security forces.
So the Obama administration has been pussyfooting around events in Egypt,
pleased to see its generals in charge and the Islamists out of power, but
unwilling to say so.
The US Mideast policy is run from five different power centres: the
White House, State Department, Pentagon, CIA, and Congress. Americas
powerful pro-Israel lobby gives Congress its marching orders over Egypt,
controlling financial aid, food supplies, and weapons deliveries. In effect, Israel
is a sixth player in this game.
Now, the White House has made a significant dmarche: after delaying
delivery of a few F-16 fighters, it just canceled the annual US-Egyptian
Brightstar military exercise, an affirmation of the Pentagons domination of
Egypts military. This is a blow to the Pentagon and a boost for Kerrys State
Department.
Egypts 440,000-man armed forces is joined at the hip with the Pentagon,
which controls its arms, funding, training, high-tech equipment, promotion lists,
spare parts, and munitions supply, the latter two always kept in short supply.

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So Egypts generals will soon have to sheathe their swords, withdraw


tanks, and fabricate a figurehead civilian government that at least looks
somewhat real, instead of the army-installed cigar-store Indians now supposedly
running the government.
This will mollify Washington. After all, the US happily backed and
financed the brutal Mubarak military regimes for three decades, turning a blind
eye to its torture, executions, and massive human rights violations. The Western
media obediently lauded the Mubarak dictatorship as a pillar of Mideast
stability (US code talk for status quo).
Expect a rapid return to Mubarakism once the bloodshed dies down, and
likely his release from jail. The prisons will fill again, the torturers will work
overtime, and Egypt will return to full-blown military-police state led, most
likely, by General el-Sisi, who looks every inch a modern dictator in his dark
sunglasses and medals.
For once, leading Republican Senator John McCain got it right.
Washington should cut off all military aid to Egypt, he urged, as US law
mandates. Americas image in the entire Muslim world is at risk. Remember
when President Obama called for full democracy across the Mideast?
But Obama is reluctant to move because Israel, its friends in Congress,
and the Pentagon brass are squarely behind Egypts military regime, as they
were behind Mubarak. Egypt, and its US guided armed force, are a pillar of the
American Mideast Raj. (Eric S. Margolis, TheNation 18th August)

America
Force-fed torture or humane treatment at Guantanamo ? One
Yemeni prisoner at Guantanamo Bay says it is an agonizing, cruel punishment
that he would not wish on anyone.
US federal Judge Gladys Kessler describes it as a painful, humiliating
and degrading process. But for staff at the controversial US military jail, the
criticisms of feeding by tubes force-feeding or enteral feeding depending on
where you stand are overblown.
A six-month mass hunger strike by detainees at Guantanamo this year has
forced prison authorities to repeatedly resort to the practice to prevent inmates
starving to death. But while it has been decried by a legion of rights groups as
inhumane, Guantanamo officials insist it is merely uncomfortable.
In a tour arranged for reporters last week, journalists were given a
glimpse of the protocols governing feeding by tube. Reporters were shown
where hunger-strikers are restrained before a tube delivering essential nutrients
is inserted into their body for feeding.
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For enteral feeding, the first thing we do is offer the person a regular
meal, said a hospital medic given the alias Leonato. They refuse that; we
now offer a nutritional supplement to drink themselves. They refuse that, then
theyre taken by the guards to the enteral feed chair and restrained. We measure
the correct length of the tube; theyre offered either a (anesthetic) gel or olive
oil. The feed lasts 30-35 minutes.
One of Leonatos colleagues, identified only as Froth, says the
procedure is a quick process. The most irritation is when it passes back to
your throat, he said. Its a quick in-and-out process. You do feel it, but its not
painful. Another colleague agreed. It just feels uncomfortable.
No journalist was allowed to view an inmate being fed by tube. The
sessions are typically conducted twice a day on the 38 detainees who are on the
enteral feeding list, out of the 53 who remain on hunger strike
There is, though, a vast gulf between the official line expressed by
Guantanamo officials and testimony by individuals who have experienced the
technique. There was agony in my chest, throat and stomach, detainee Samir
Naji al-Hasan Moqbel told the New York Times. I had never experienced such
pain before. I would not wish this cruel punishment upon anyone.
Four other detainees refer to the practice as torture, and have called in
vain for an end to the practice. The senior medical officer at Guantanamo
however insists feeding by tube is done to preserve life. Its not something
that we take lightly, he explains, saying the procedures at Guantanamo are
similar to those used in US federal prisons.
The doctor, who withheld his name, had treated the majority of the 106
prisoners from a total population of 166 who had been on hunger strike at the
peak this year.
No fewer than 137 medical personnel work at the prison, including 37
drafted in as reinforcements after the hunger strike began. The doctor admits he
sometimes fears for the life of some patients. I have (feared for them) because
of prolonged hunger-striking, he said. Wed had quite a few taken to the
hospital...weve resuscitated them.
While none of the hunger-striking detainees has ever been declared to be
in danger the doctor refused to rule out the possibility of a sudden death from
hunger-striking, citing long-term risks.
The trigger for nasal feeding comes when an inmate loses 15 per cent of
his bodyweight after 21 days of consecutive fasting while exhibiting signs of
malnourishment. At that point inmates are fed by tube either willingly or by
force. (Chantal Valery, TheNation 13th August)

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REVIEW
Zawahiri rightly accused the US of conspiring to overthrow of Morsi
through a military coup. After the coup the US and its European ancestors
pretended as if they disapproved subsequent actions of General Sisi as result of
which hundreds of innocent Egyptians were massacred. General Sisi
reciprocated by blaming the US for abandoning Egypt thus giving the touch of
reality to a noora koshti.
Saudi King and other Arab monarchs of the Middle East however did not
feel the need to pretend. Riyadh was quite vocal in supporting General Sisi
especially after he used indiscriminate force against terrorists of Muslim
Brotherhood and spilled blood across Egypt. Arab Sheikhs welcomed crushing
of a potent threat to their rule.
They never felt the need to say anything when Israel once again
announced construction of more Jewish settlements in occupied Palestinian
lands just ahead of the resumption of peace dialogue. They also remained mum
over perpetration of death and destruction in Iraq. There were solid reasons to
support Sisi as Mursi was favourably inclined towards Turkey and Iran.
The rejoicing over toppling of Mursi was shared by western
intellectuals and diplomats. Ruth Pollard in his analysis reproduced above
gleefully saw or at least wished to see the end of political Islam. John Kerry
during his visit to Pakistan said Sisi has saved democracy in Egypt. From the
foregoing it is not difficult to infer that the Crusaders, the Zionists and the Arab
Sheikhs form the deadliest Axis of Evil for the Islamic world.
General Sisi, the new mercenary contracted by the Crusaders has
certainly delivered much more than Mobarak could have done in saving the
democracy. What would have been the reaction of the West and its touts in
Islamic world if Mursi had done the same to save his genuine democratic rule is
not difficult to guess. If he had launched a crackdown against his opponents
who staged sit-ins in Tahrir Square; the West would have placed his name with
Bashir of Sudan, who is wanted in war crimes.
Through out the day of unleashing of the crackdown on 14th August the
Western media kept regretting the killing of a western TV camera man and
attack on a Church while ignoring the disputed figures of those who fell
victims to the Sisis indiscriminate use of force. They also blamed the
supporters of Mursi for possessing weapons.
While this was happening, the chief of world body spent busy day in
Islamabad enjoying protocol and in return assuring the hosts that the UN would
continue supporting democracy in Pakistan. In fact his real mission was the
least reported by media; he was on mission to muster troops from Pakistan for
deployment as peacekeepers in Syria and Egypt.
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Perhaps, he was also conveying the message of US masters that


democratic forces must remember the fate of Mursi. The support for democracy
is no free lunch; they have to serve the US interests to earn that, failing which
Islamabad too could become Cairo. Islamabad however is not in the firing line
as yet, but Ankara and Tehran certainly are because of openly condemning
atrocious acts of Sisi.
18th August, 2013

SHARAMNAAK
The Chief Justice of Pakistan took suo moto notice of the use of word
sharamnaak by Imran Khan for the judiciary for its role on the polling day of
May General Elections. On 2nd August, PTI chairman appeared before the Court
but his two explanations were not accepted by the honourable judges on the
bench. He was given three weeks to resubmit a detailed reply.
The Chief Justice went to Quetta to celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr and during his
stay the terror attacks in and around Quetta provided him an opportunity for his
favourite pass-time of FC-bashing. He was still busy in that when a sharmanaak
drama was enacted in Islamabad by Sikandar and Zamurad. The Chief Justice
once again rushed to take suo moto notice and summoned all concerned to
appear in the court on 19th August.
Activities on political front regained impetus as the date of bye-polls
neared. A Supreme Court judge was sworn in as CEC, who was immediately
confronted with demands to deploy Army in Karachi on polling day and ANP
and JI boycotting polls in the port city. Imran Khan and Maulana Fazl-urRehman hurried to exchange pleasantries as the election campaign began.

NEWS
Power politics: On 29th July, on the eve of presidential poll,
parliamentarians from the PPP staged a walkout in the National Assembly to
protest the change of the date by the Supreme Court. Ameen Faheem said his
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party would end the boycott if the election was held on its original date. Nawaz
Sharif said: The PPP will realize its mistake of boycotting the presidential
elections in the future.
Rana Sanaullahs public sulk about MQM almost killed the understanding
reached between MQM and ruling PML-N about presidential election. it took a
flurry of meetings and news conferences at the either side to heal the fissure the
Punjab minister made by saying his opinion of this (MQM) party was
unchanged and was the same as it was in the past. Meanwhile, JUI-F was the
last to announce its support for PML-N candidate.
Next day, the Parliament and the four provincial assemblies; despite
boycott by PPP, ANP, PML-Q and BNP-Awami; elected PML-N candidate
Mamnoon Hussain as the countrys 12th president with an overwhelming
majority as he secured 432 votes against 77 of PTIs Justice (r) Wajihuddin
Ahmed. Mamnoon Hussain will be sworn in to replace President Zardari upon
the completion of his five-year term on September 9.
Registering a voters turnout of almost 79 percent, in the bigger break-up,
a total number of 887 lawmakers of total 1,124 voters from the Parliament and
the provincial assemblies exercised their right to vote. The total strength of the
Electoral College becomes 1,174, including 50 vacant seats.
We cant force anybody to participate in the election, CEC Justice (r)
Fakharuddin said, in a referral to the boycott, while announcing the election
result in a brief media interaction evening. It would have been good if they had
not boycotted, but nobody can force anybody into voting or anything.
Some say that by the boycott, the PPP leadership, under a well-thoughtout plan, were trying to target the judiciary to counter it on its planned action
against President Zardari over his pending graft cases. Though PPP senior
leaders deny these notions, insiders insist it is lining up opposition forces to
mount pressure on the judiciary and the government to stop them from
reopening the corruption cases against the outgoing president as his
constitutional immunity will end with the completion of his five-year
presidential term.
President Zardari and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif felicitated Mamnoon
Hussain on his election to the office of the President of Pakistan. Unlike his
predecessor, the outgoing President Zardari, Mamnoon Hussain soon after his
victory resigned from the basic membership of PML-N in a bid to establish that
he had become symbol of the federation and had quitted the party politics.
Talking to media persons at Parliament House, PTI Chairman said that
their participation in the presidential elections have exposed the 'political
romance' between the PML-N and MQM and quickly added that it was
consensus view of the participants in 2007 All Parties Conference that till the

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time MQM would not bring its militant wing to an end, no talks would be held
with the party. He said that his party would soon be bringing a white paper on
the elections rigging and would present solid evidence of rigging before the
nation.
On 31st July, Chief Election Commissioner Justice (r) Fakhruddin G
Ebrahim stepped down, a day after he supervised the presidential election,
maintaining in his resignation letter that he has quitted to give a chance to the
next CEC to lead the next general elections. This comes as sudden yet long
pondered over development linked to CECs reported reservations over the
Supreme Courts role regarding the electoral issues and cases pending with the
court including lawmakers dual-nationality and fake degree issues, and local
bodies elections.
Requested to comment on the reported reservations about SC role in
election issues, the retired judge said, I dont want to get into it. I just hope
everybody plays their role for the betterment of democracy and prosperity of
Pakistan. The CEC had first decided to resign a month ahead of the general
elections, in April this year, when the SC was hearing a case on the voting right
to overseas Pakistanis. On the requests of ECP Secretary Ishtiak Ahmed Khan
and the four commission members, he had reviewed his decision then.
The president signed the commission of appointment in respect of
Muhammad Sarwar as Governor Punjab. Spokesperson to the President Senator
Farhatullah Babar said that in terms of Article 101(1) of the constitution,
Governor of a province shall be appointed by the president on the advice of
prime minister.
On 4th August, Imran Khan announced said that Maulana Fazlur Rehman
accused him of being a Jewish agent; therefore he would take him to the court.
Next day, the ECP officials said that organizing Local Government elections
across the country was not possible in September as 90 days were required after
lawmaking. According to the ECP, a minimum of 60 days are needed for
holding Cantonment election after completion of legislation. The officials said
that all four provinces have not finalized their legislative work necessary for the
Local Government elections; therefore it is impossible to hold the elections in
September as directed by the Supreme Court.
In Punjab, PTI and PML-Q announced boycotting the meeting of Special
Committee on Local Government Bill on the plea that the provincial
government has changed the schedule unilaterally. PML-Q Deputy
Parliamentary Leader Waqas Hasan Mokal said the provincial government had
told the opposition parties that the session of the committee would be held on
August 13, but it had summoned the meeting on 27 th of Ramazan to block
oppositions participation.

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Muhammad Sarwar, who was sworn in as 35 th Governor of Punjab,


vowed to send one million children to schools every year. Talking to reporters
after the oath-taking ceremony, the new Punjab governor urged the need for
imposing education emergency to end poverty by educating children from lower
stratum of society. He reiterated his determination to help the Punjab
government raise the required funds for education from the international donors.
On 6th August, Additional Secretary ECP visited GHQ to meet Chief of
General Staff. The two officials discussed the security measures for the byelections on 42 general seats scheduled for 22nd August. Assuring complete
support to the poll authority for the provision of security in the by-elections,
Army sought details of the polling stations from the ECP.
In a related development, the ECP has rejected the Punjab governments
request for not deploying the military troops during the by-elections. Formally
turning down the request, a four-member ECP panel observed that the
provincial governments request lacked justification against the backdrop of the
prevailing security threats.
PTI Khyber Pakhtunkhwa secretary information said that Jamiat Ulemae-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) Chief Maulana Fazlur Rahman cannot digest the
popularity of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf and that is why he is blaming Imran
Khan. Addressing a news conference here at Peshawar Press Club he said that
Maulana Fazl, who is terming Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf chairman Imran Khan
as a Jewish agent was also a part of former dictator Pervez Musharrafs
government, and on whom behest the government carried out military operation
at Lal Masjid.
On 15th August, the treasury and opposition benches agreed in principle to
form a parliamentary committee to probe allegations of rigging in the May 11
general elections and also suggest electoral measures to prevent mal-practices in
future. Interior Minister, on point of order, proposed this committee in response
to the allegations of rigging raised by PTI.
Taking the floor, PTI legislator Shah Mehmood Qureshi made a point that
his party suggested a probe to avoid rigging in future elections. Welcoming the
government decision, leader of opposition in the national assembly Syed
Khursheed Shah said that this committee should have been formed earlier.
There should be specific timeframe to clear all reservations, he added.
On 17th August, the PML-N decided to hold the next local government
elections on non-party basis, rejecting demand of the Opposition to hold the
election on party basis. The decision was made at a PML-N meeting and
accorded approval by the party president, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The
meeting also decided to fix minimum age limit of the local government (LG)
election candidates to 25 years, against a Punjab Assembly committee decision
to lower the age limit to 18 for present 21 years.
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In a reprisal to Maulana Fazlur Rehmans calling him an agent of the


Jews Imran Khan said the country needed no Jewish agent in the presence of
Maulana. Khan, whose party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf sent a legal notice to
Fazlur Rehman claiming damages of Rs500million for the defamation, alleged
that Maulana had assured an American ambassador he would do whatever the
United States wanted, if they helped him become prime minister of Pakistan.
Hitting back at Imran Khan, Fazl during his address to a rally in Lakki
Marwat said the agenda of Goldsmith would be buried on August 22 byelection. Dwelling further on Khans charges against him, Fazl went on to say,
Imran Khan is an enemy of nation's ideology. He is in favour of living with his
divorced wife. And his party is brainwashing the youth (by omitting Islamic
fundamentals in course books).
Next day, Imran Khan said that local government elections in KPK will
be held on party basis and they will be a model for the country. Talking to media
in Karachi he said PTI would fully cooperate with the PML-N-led federal
government in war against terrorism and law and order issues. He also
announced that a white paper on a detailed report on rigging in the general
elections would be released on August 21.
Imran maintained that soon the people would feel change with a really
independent accountability bureau working and a local government delivering
to them. He said that owing to local governments, people would not have to go
to the doors of the politician and they would resolve their problem on self-help
basis.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf will not accept local government polls on nonparty basis and oppose any such plan inside the assembly, besides challenging it
in the courts, warned Opposition Leader in the Punjab Assembly Mian
Mehmood-ur-Rasheed. Talking to the party leaders and workers, he asserted that
the opposition, representing 10 million people of the Punjab, would stage
protest demonstrations if the provincial government failed to include the
opposition proposals given to special committee of the house on Local
Government Bill.
Jamaat-e-Islami and Awami National Party announced to boycott the
upcoming by-election in Sindh scheduled to be held on August 22. A JI
spokesman said they had decided to boycott the by-election on all the national
and provincial constituencies of Karachi. He added JI has reservations as the
city witnessed a massive rigging, manipulation and capturing of polling stations,
expulsion of the polling agents at gunpoint from polling stations and snatching
of ballot papers during the general elections on May 11.
Meanwhile, Sindh ANP Chief and Senator Shahi Syed, in a statement,
said his party had been forced out of the general elections under a conspiracy.
The ANP Sindh chief said ANP believed in democracy and the party had
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decided to register its protest by staying out of the by-election. He, however,
said they would support Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) candidates in the polls.

Governance: On 30th July, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharifs efforts to


restructure the crisis-trapped PIA appeared to have received a major setback
following the resignation of six corporate members of PIA board of directors in
protest over Shujaat Azeems stepping down as adviser to PM on aviation. The
said members have categorically cited Azeems resignation as a lone factor
prompting them to quit the BoD.
On 15th August, it was reported that FIAs command is reluctant to lay a
tough hand on Syed Mustafain Kazmi in EOBI scam, because of his
connections in the power corridors where the sun of power shines. So what if,
former member and now a senior officer of CDA is found involved in the multibillion rupees scam; as long as he has friends in power, he is simply
untouchable.
Instead a key investigator in EOBI scandal, who dared to register a case
against Kazmi, has been removed. Some officials in FIA say that the internal
matters in the agency are not different as they were in the previous PPP regime
despite the fact that PML-N stalwart and Federal Minister for Interior Chaudhry
Nisar Ali Khan paints a beautiful picture of the agency after the newly elected
government came to power.
FIA had registered a case no. 25/2013 against nine accused, including
Mustafain Kazmi for their alleged involvement in the purchase of a Parado jeep
of worth Rs17 million and Rizwan Aslam, FIA Inspector was the investigator of
the case who has now been removed from the investigations of the case for his
refusal to give a clean chit to Mr Kazmi.
The counsel of Rizwan Aslam, Sardar Naseer Ahmed said that the
removal of his client from the investigations of the case had proved their stance,
which had been put before the court that he had been transferred as a result of
disobeying of illegal verbal orders of DG Saud Ahmed Mirza. The sources privy
to the development also said that FIA had got the backdated statement from
Kazmi as he got recorded his statement in the office of Director FIA Capt. Zafar
on August 12 and the date of August 6 had been inscribed on his statement.
A gun man along with his wife and two children, drove his black car,
bearing a fake registration number, into the heart of Islamabad and parked it in
the middle of the road about 300 meters from the Parliament House. Holding
the weapons in his both hands, he continued to spread horror in the heart of
federal capital for hours making the police and other law enforcement agencies
blunt as how to control the situation.
This episode continued for about five hours during which the wife of the
gunman played the role of a messenger between her husband and the police
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force head by SSP Operations Dr Rizwan. However, no progress was made as


the gunman was unwilling to surrender before holding talks with the police. He
was demanding enforcement of Islami shariah in the country.
In the night hours, former MNA of PPP Zamurad Khan, while risking his
life and apparently giving the impression that he was there for negotiations, met
the gunman man. However, Zamurad had something else in his mind. While
greeting the kids of gunman, Zamurad jumped on to the gunman to overpower
him, but slipped and fell down. However, his bravery gave the police a chance
to get hold of the gunman and they did not make any mistake.
During this operation, the gunman identified Sikandar received a couple
of bullet wounds in his leg and lower half. According to a police official, his
wife who was along with him during this incident also got a bullet in her leg.
The police immediately took both the injured to the Policlinic from where they
were shifted to PIMS Hospital for medical treatment.
Next day, Interior Minister Ch Nisar said on Friday that the security
officials who allowed Zamurad Khan to try to grab the gunman in Islamabad a
day earlier would be suspended. The policemen shot Sikandar in the chest and
on his leg after Zamurad stepped in. The third bullet hit his wife, Nisar said,
but we had wanted to avoid all casualties. Nisar said that they could have
easily fired at Sikandar but there was no guarantee that he wouldnt have fired
back.
The interior minister said that when he was told of MQM leader Nabeel
Gabols arrival at the site, he urged that he be kept away, saying that security
measures should be left to the security agencies. Talking about the demands
made by Sikandar, he said that his first demand was for the release of his son,
who is imprisoned in Dubai. Secondly, he said that he wanted employment here
at any embassy, he stated, adding that the armed man was not connected to any
terrorist organization but was not mentally sound.
We had made a plan to switch all the street lights off and then carry out
an operation in the dark but Zamurad had already stepped in, he said, claiming
that they just wanted 15 minutes from the media. I could have asked media to
back off completely but this would have caused another crisis, the interior
minister said, adding that the incident should serve as a lesson for times to
come.
Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah described Zamurad Khans attempt
to grab Sikandar as an act of stupidity. He termed the incident as a result of
poor security arrangement in the Federal capital and asked the government to
identify the officials who were responsible for this horrible incident.
Lawmakers from opposition benches in the National Assembly strongly
criticized the federal government for Islamabad incident, saying that it was a

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security lapse that exposed security apparatus. The house, which was to start
debate on Presidential address, spent most of the time discussing different facets
of the incident in which accused Sikandar kept hostage one part of the capital
for over five hours.
Deputy Speaker Murtaza Javed Abbasi, on the repeated objections on
treasury benches, asked State Minister for Parliamentary Affairs Sheikh Aftab to
ensure governments response on the issue. On it, Shaikh assured the house that
the government would share a detailed response with the house on August 19.
During the hearing of missing persons case the Chief Justice expressed
displeasure of the live airing of a dramatic stand-off in the federal capital a day
earlier. The media's live broadcast gave the impression to the world that one
man was enough to hold the federal capital hostage, he said. The chief justice
questioned chairman of Pemra over what action he had taken against all those
channels which had aired the six-hour long fiasco live. Pemra Chairman, Rashid
Mehmood responded by expressing his helplessness saying that he had no
powers to take any action.
While the doctors in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS)
struggle hard to save life of gunman Sikandar, Capital Territory Police
registered an FIR against him and his wife under Terrorism Act in Kohsar police
station. Security agencies are, however, conducting investigation into the
apparent and hidden motive of the injured attacker Sikandar. And the way
Zamurad Khan was given a go ahead to approach the attacker moments before
the administration had decided to conduct an action against the assailant.
On 17th August, taking notice of Tariq Asad advocates petition, the chief
justice fixed the hearing for August 19 to hear the firing incident at Jinnah
Avenue Islamabad where a an armed man kept the federal capital hostage for
more than five hours. Petitioner has sought formation of a Judicial Commission
to probe the matter to see if there was any conspiracy behind this incident. He
has made federation (through Interior Secretary), Islamabad inspector general of
police, chief commissioner and PEMRA chairman as respondents.
The Ministry of Interior has formed a three-member committee to probe
the incident of a high drama led by armed man Sikandar on the Jinnah Avenue
of the capital on August 15. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif taking notice of the
incident had sought report from the interior ministry as to who was responsible
for the delayed action to handle the armed man. The PM had also sought who
permitted Zamurad Khan, the local politician, to get close to the armed man as a
result of which the high drama ended. After the botched attempt of Zamurad
Khan to get control over Sikandar, the capital police had to take unplanned
action and he was arrested after critically injured with the gunshots of the
police.

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Next day, it was reported that corruption and corrupt practices cause an
estimated loss of Rs12 billion, including Rs7 billion tax evasion, daily to
national exchequer. The tax-to-GDP ratio currently stands at an alarmingly low
rate of nine per cent of the GDP. The government needs to demonstrate a strong
political will and a clear direction to check both the evils.
Interior Minister and senior officials of ministry of interior, police and
district management were on the same page when they discussed pros and cons
of the incident of Sikandar. Media played a destructive role throughout the
incident. We had planned to get hold of the gunman without hurting him.
However, it was electronic media which not only confused the law enforcement
agencies but also compelled them to go on back foot, one of the senior police
officers said during the high profile meeting chaired by the Interior Minister.
Nisar criticized police, arguing how did Zamurad Khan managed to break
the red line in presence of senior police officials. Meanwhile, unofficial leaked
report of three-member inquiry team established to investigate the firing
incident pointed out failures in communication mechanism of security forces
during the incident on August 15. Nisar gave another 48 hours to the inquiry
team to complete the task.

Judiciary: On 31st July, Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry


took notice of contemptuous remarks of PTI Chairman Imran Khan and
summoned him on August 2. The chief justice took notice on the note of the
registrar based on press clippings of different newspapers containing the
speeches and remarks of Imran Khan. These remarks are very derogatory as far
as the judiciary and the judges of the Supreme Court of Pakistan are concerned,
a Supreme Court statement said.
The note further states that while holding a press conference on July 26,
Imran said: The role of the judiciary and the Election Commission of Pakistan
was shameful in the conduct of the general elections and that the elections were
rigged due to the role played by these two institutions. The General Elections
2013 were the worst in terms of rigging and mismanagement. He wants to
ensure that such shameful elections are not held in the future. PTI has accepted
the election results, but not election rigging.
Next day, Imran Khan said: I am ready to go to jail, but I will not
apologize. Khan expressed disappointment over the courts decision, saying he
had expected the judiciary to be just and hear out his petition against voterigging. He is being defended by a party member and former president of
Supreme Court bar, Hamid Khan, before the bench, led by Chief Justice Iftikhar
Chaudhry.
Legal experts held the view that if Imran stuck to his stance and did not
apologize, then the court might proceed under Article 204 read with Section 3 of

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the Contempt of Court Ordinance, 2003. Aitzaz said that freedom of expression
was the fundamental right of every citizen which the court should respect.
On 2nd August, the Supreme Court did not accept PTI chairman's
explanations for uttering scandalous remarks against the judiciary and gave him
until August 28 to resubmit a detailed reply, saying it was not a matter of
personal ego but of the respect and dignity of the institution of judiciary. The
bench headed by Chief Justice heard the contempt of court case of Imran Khan,
who allegedly declared that judiciary's role in the general elections was
shameful. He presented verbal and written replies but the court deemed them
insufficient.
Imran, instead of seeking an apology for his alleged remarks, submitted
two written explanations, preceded by a verbal response, which all were
rejected and the court asked his counsel Hamid Khan to file a comprehensive
reply. The second explanation said, The press statement was made in good
faith...wherein reference to the 'judiciary' was for the Returning Officers and/or
District Returning Officers assigned to the election process... Mr Imran Khan
has high respect and esteem for the Supreme Court and he has high
expectations from the court for redress of PTIs election grievances.
The bench observed that the word shameful that Imran Khan had used
in his press conference tantamount to abusing the courts, which should have
been avoided. It said if PTI chief thinks that by using the word judiciary he
was only referring to lower courts then he should know that under Article 175 of
constitution the word judiciary is used for the Supreme Court and high courts.
The CJ said Imran was not an ordinary person so he must be careful in
selecting the words. If PTI chairman had grievances then the remedy was
available, he added. There was no effort on the part of the Imran Khan to
ridicule the court. The chief justice said they have did not say Imran should seek
apology for criticizing the judiciary.
Earlier, the PTI chief came on the rostrum and said that six years ago he
had started struggle for the independent judiciary. He told the chief justice that
he spent eight days in the jail for him. Justice Chaudhry said it was not only him
but a large number of media persons, labourers, political workers and lawyers
who offered sacrifices for restoration of free judiciary. Many of them even had
to lose their jobs, but their struggle was not for the sake of a person but for an
institution. Latter, speaking to media outside the SC building, Imran Khan said
he stood by each and every word he said.
On 4th August, Imran said he would appear before the Supreme Court
with full preparations and would defend himself. Free judiciary is the first
point in the manifesto of PTI and we have always been in the frontline in its
defence, he said. He said that he could never think of insulting the courts,
adding he only raised a legitimate objection regarding the role of Returning
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Officers in the general elections. Imran said the PTI would issue a White Paper
on August 16 regarding the large scale rigging in the general elections 2013.
These were the most controversial elections in the history of Pakistan, he said.
On 7th August, the Control of Narcotics Substances Court Special Judge
Muhammad Arshad Tabbasum, while hearing the case of controlled chemical
Ephedrine, has directed seven accused including Muhammad Hanif Abbasi, the
former MNA of N League, to appear before the court on 16 th August. The antinarcotics court also extended the interim pre-arrest bails of two accused
Khawaja Asad and Salim Akhter in the same case till August 16.
On 16th August, an anti-narcotics court provided the copies of challan
submitted by Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) to six accused including former MNA
of PML-N and owner of a pharmaceutical company, Muhammad Hanif Abbasi,
in ephedrine smuggling case. The other five accused include Ghazanfar Ali,
Muhammad Nasir Khan, Rana Mohsin Khurshid, Siraj Ahmed Abbasi, and
Nazakat Khan. However, the court could not frame the charges against the
accused and adjourned the hearing till September 2.
Reportedly, FIA has recovered Rs25 million in one of the cases connected
with EOBI Scam in which land had been purchased at much exorbitant rates
than the actual value near Kallar Kahar, The Nation has learnt. A senior FIA
official said that Maqsoodul Haq was the landowner who had sold it to EOBI
and now he had voluntarily handed over a cheque of Rs25million to the FIA
investigators.

Taming military: On 30th July, a trial court fixed the sixth of August
for framing charges against former military ruler Pervez Musharraf in the
Benazir Bhutto assassination case. Besides Musharraf, copies of the charge
sheet have been handed to Saud Aziz and Khurram Shehzad, former city police
officer and former superintendent of police, respectively, and five other accused
in Adyala Jail.
The court however de-freezed Musharrafs bank accounts and property
and set aside the plea FIA had filed for their seizure. The former president was
brought under stringent security checks after the judge warned on the last
hearing that the trial would be barred if Musharraf did not obey the court orders.
Meanwhile, Balochistan High Court rejected the bail application of
Pervez Musharraf in Akbar Bugtis murder case while a special anti-terrorism
court once again issued his production order, directing the police to produce
before the court on next hearing. ATC Quetta-1 rejected Pervez Musharrafs
pre-arrest bail application and issued production order after which he moved the
high court. The court had reserved the judgment on the last hearing.
On the other hand, Special ATC Quetta-1 also heard the case, during the
hearing, expressed resentment over former provincial interior minister Shoaib
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Nosherwanis absence from the court and non-arrest of Musharraf. The judge
remarked that despite clear orders of the court the main accused of the case was
not being produced though arrest warrants for him had been issued. The court
once again issued arrest warrants for Musharraf, directing the police to produce
him before the court on August 19.
On 1st August, in view of the hardship of its employees, the Supreme
Court allowed the DHA to withdraw Rs52 million from its frozen bank accounts
for the payment of salary and pension to its workers. Upon the objections raised
by Zulfiqar Maluka and FIA, the court directed Irfan Qadir the counsel for
DHA Islamabad and Rawalpindi to furnish the statement of balance of amount
and also place before it all the documents about the deal. The counsel undertook
to unveil all the facts about the case.
Earlier, Muhammad Bilal advocate, along with the EOBI chairman,
argued the case. The chief justice inquired from the counsel whether the
institute got the documents of properties duly vetted by legal experts before
entering into transaction. Bilal informed that Babar Sattar was legal expert of
EOBI in Islamabad. He gave the opinion that the transaction was against the
Pepra rules but EOBI may obtain opinion from other experts about the issue.
The court noted that Babar Sattar advocate wrote an article in an English
daily, in which he had discussed the merit of the case at considerable length and
a programme based on the article was also aired by a private TV channel. Babar
in his article had criticized the court for taking suo moto on EOBI issue.
The bench noted that Babar Sattar was on regular roll on EOBI until June
2013. The chief justice said that instead of writing article in the newspaper, he
should have come to the court. The court also directed the chief executive
officer of the channel to produce CD/DVD of the said programme along with
complete transcript before next of hearing. The case was adjourned until August
21.
In the Benazir Bhutto murder case a medical report of an alleged killer of
FIA prosecutor was submitted before the Islamabad High Court (IHC). During
the hearing, Adiala Jail Superintendent informed the court that on the court
directives, a three-member medical board was constituted and after examining
the alleged killer, the board in its report suggested that he did not need
hospitalization and further medical assistance.
He further told that the board was of the view that the injured would
recover naturally. Advocate Rao Abdul Rahim, the counsel representing the
accused, told the court said that he had not yet received the medical report. He
was of the view that he could argue only after reviewing the report. The court
directed the jail authorities to provide a copy of medical report to the lawyer of
the accused. Later, the court adjourned the proceedings till August 5.

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On 6th August, a trial court could not frame charges against Pervez
Musharraf in Benazir Bhutto murder case, as the law enforcers did not produce
Musharraf before the court owing to security threats. The court postponed the
hearing in the case till August 20 with issuance of new production orders
against the former president.
On 13th August, the Supreme Court directed the Secretary Ministry of
Defence to provide the details of MI Major Haider, who is allegedly involved in
the enforced disappearance of Tasif Ali. Abida Malik, wife of Tasif Ali, claimed
that Major Haider of Military Intelligence, had taken away her husband last year
and since then she had no information about him.
Since March 18 this year the Supreme Court has been hearing the cases
of missing persons on a regular basis. In many cases the involvement of
intelligence agencies officials is alleged. The court directed the Secretary
Defence to inform within 10 days where Major Haider is presently posted and
what are his duties. The court directed the police to continue the investigation
and submit its report and adjourned the hearing for three weeks.
Meanwhile, hearing the disappearance case of Zaheer Ahmed Gondal,
advocate Rawalpindi Bar Association, the bench issued notice to ISI, MI, IB,
and asked the Punjab police if they would fail to recover him then the IGP
Punjab should himself appear before the Court.

Economy: On 31st July, the Council of Common Interest (CCI)


approved the much-awaited power policy that promises load shedding free
Roshan Pakistan by 2017 at the cost of inflated electricity and gas bills. The
meeting, chaired by Prime Minister, deliberated on and approved the new
policy. However, the matter pertaining to proposed federal adjuster for the
adjustment of power theft recovery of the provinces could not be resolved and
was deferred. A committee was formed to resolve the issue within one month.
The approved National Power Policy 2013 recommends raise in power
and gas tariff, besides reduction in the use of gas in transport sector. The gas
tariff for fertilizer, industrial and commercial sectors and for captive power
plants will be at par with the price of furnace oil. Power sector subsidy will be
phased out by 2018.
Officials of petroleum and power ministries revealed that the power tariff
would be increased by Rs3 to 7 per unit for all consumers except the poor
domestic consumers. The CNG price would be increased by Rs20 to 35 per kg,
while price of natural gas would be increased by Rs100 to Rs600/mmbtu for all
consumers, except small domestic consumers.
The government jacked up the prices of petroleum products (POL) as a
'gift' just ahead of Eidul Fitr, setting aside Ogra recommendation to stay the oil
prices at current level. After Rs2.73/litre hike, petrol price has soared to
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Rs104.50/litre. High Speed Diesel with a raise of Rs3/litre has shoot up to


Rs109.76/litre while light diesel oil price, after Rs3.95/litre increase, would now
be available at Rs96.12/litre. Kerosene oil price, after a raise of RS4.94/litre,
has surged to Rs101.28/litre.
Next day, the KPK government and traders community rejected increase
in electricity prices and termed it an unjust step on the part of federal
government. Spokesman for KPK government told the media that the issue of
the power tariff increase was not discussed during the Council of Common
Interests meeting.
PTI-led Opposition staged a token walkout from Punjab Assembly
against the fresh increase in prices of petroleum products and electricity tariff
by the government. Opposition Leader Mian Mehmoodur Rasheed, on a point
of order, condemning the recent increase in prices of petroleum products and
electricity tariff by the government led his colleagues on opposition benches for
a token walkout to register protest against the hike.
On 5th August, the government approved hike in the power tariff up to
116 per cent for commercial and industrial consumers, for the consumers of
Azad Jammu and Kashmir and of housing societies, which would ultimately be
faced by the inflation-hit masses. After the gigantic hike ranging between Rs3
and Rs5.54/litre in the prices of petroleum products (POL), the PML-N
government has also jacked up the price of per unit electricity. Power consumers
already bearing the brunt of skyrocketing power tariff coupled with hours-long
power cuts, would face this big increase in the power tariff at the advent of
Eidul Fitr.
Earlier, the ministry had dispatched a summary to Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif requesting to approve the recommended colossal hike ranging between
Rs2 to Rs6.57/unit in electricity tariff from August 1 for commercial, industrial
and bulk consumers of the country. And the premier, prior to flying for
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to perform Umra, had given his consent to
jack up the power tariff. After getting the nod of the premier, a notification to
this effect was issued.
As per notification, power tariff for industrial consumers has been
increased ranging between Rs3 to Rs6.57/unit besides imposing 90paisa
equalization surcharge. In this way, power tariff for industrial consumers has
reached Rs18.90/unit, which was earlier set at Rs12.77/unit. Similarly,
commercial consumers would also witness a colossal hike in the power tariff
ranging between Rs2 to Rs6.18/unit, which has reached Rs18/unit that was
previously set at Rs14.77/unit.
While bulk consumers like Bahria Town Housing Society etc would also
face Rs5.82/unit increase in the tariff from August 1. It has now reached
Rs18/unit which was earlier Rs12.18/unit. The notification also disclosed
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Rs6.59/unit hike in the power tariff for Azad Kashmir, which has reached
Rs12.22/unit. Previously, it was Rs5.63/unit.
The government is all set to increase the tariff of domestic consumers
from October 1. However, the power consumers using 200 units in a month
would not be affected by the said power tariff hike. Although power rates for
domestic consumers will be increased from October 1, the highest hike of 73pc
will be on consumption of units up to 300 per month, the tariff going up from
Rs8.11/unit to Rs14/unit.
For the consumers using from 301 to 700 units, the tariff will be
increased by about 30pc (from Rs16 per unit to Rs12.33). Those using more
than 700 units will face an increase of 20pc (Rs18 per unit from Rs15.07). The
rate for peak load exceeding 20kw will increase by 52pc to Rs12.50/unit from
Rs8.22.
Commercial Consumers: The tariff for commercial consumers has been
increased to Rs18 per unit from the current notified tariff of Rs14.77, up by
22pc. Regular 20kw commercial rates have gone up by almost 65pc to Rs16 per
unit from Rs9.72. The TOD rate for commercial consumers has been increased
to Rs18 per unit from Rs13.20 for peak consumption while off-peak rates would
rise to Rs12.50 per unit from Rs8.01. And temporary commercial rates will
remain unchanged at Rs15 per unit.
With the addition of 81 paisa per unit equalization surcharge for all
industrial consumers, the tariff for B-1 consumers has increased from Rs10.51
to Rs15.31 per unit. The B-1 TOD peak rate has increased to Rs18.81 per unit
from Rs13.99 while off-peak rate will jump to Rs16.31 per unit from Rs8.22.
The B-2 tariff has gone up to Rs14.81 per unit from Rs9.14; B-2 TOD
peak rate to Rs18.81 per unit from Rs12.77 and off-peak rate to Rs13.11 per
unit from Rs8.01. The B-3 TOD peak rate has been raised to Rs18.81 per unit
from Rs12.68 and off-peak rate to Rs10 per unit from Rs7.75. The B-4 TOD
peak rate has been increased to Rs15.31 per unit from Rs12.37 and off-peak rate
to Rs9.91 per unit from Rs7.46.
On 18th August, it was reported that Federal Board of Revenue is
scheduled to take a decision in couple of days Ito increase prices of compressed
natural gas (CNG) by Rs2.50/kg. The welfare-oriented PML-N government,
following the imposition of a heavy GST on CNG, will now jack up its price,
which is being used by 3.7 million vehicle owners of the country.

National cohesion: On 4th August, Leader of Opposition in National


Assembly, Syed Khursheed Shah, expressed serious reservations over the
statements of the PML-N ministers depicting the governments intention to run
the country as one unit, and made it clear that they would not let anyone usurp
the rights of smaller provinces. Referring to the statement of federal petroleum
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minister, Shah said that under the 18th Constitutional Amendment provinces
have complete control over the natural resources and any attempt to limit this
authority and control would be just opening up of a Pandora box.
Additional Secretary of the PPP and Opposition leader in the Senate,
Mian Raza Rabbani in a press conference alleged that federal government was
violating the Constitution since it came to power. Flanked by PPP Sindh
General Secretary Taj Haider, Waqar Mehadi and Rashid Rabbani, he said
PML-N government was moving to establish a one unit system in the country,
but the democratic forces would foil this plan through peaceful struggle in the
parliament and on the streets.
Raza Rabbani said the PPP would contact the ruling parties of the three
smaller provinces to get resolutions passed from the three provincial assemblies
against this plan. Besides it, Senate session would be requisitioned to discuss
the federal petroleum ministers statement about amending the Article 158,
which uphold the first right of the province on the natural gas where well-head
is located.
PPP Senator, who had led the parliamentary committee for constitutional
reforms, condemned the statement of Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, who
disclosed that the government was mulling to roll back the 18th amendment and
abolish Article 158, which relates to gas sharing. He said that federal
government has reduced gas share of Sindh, which is violation of the Article
158 that allows a province producing gas to supply the commodity to others
only after meeting its own needs.

VIEWS
Power politics
The fall that nearly killed me possibly saved my life: I had been told I
was number one on the terrorist hit-list, although who the terrorists would be
was anybodys guess. There are perhaps 25 militant groups which now call
themselves Taliban and any one of them could have been hired by my political
opponents.
There had already been damaging smears, including the claim that I was
part of a Zionist conspiracy to take over Pakistan. It was a dangerous allegation,
and one that sounds crazy given my vehement opposition to drone strikes and
the so-called war on terror. But the threat to my life was all too real.
It is an irony, then, that a serious assassination attempt was prevented
only by an accident and the fact that I spent the closing days of the Pakistan
election campaign in a hospital bed.
The fall that nearly killed me quite possibly saved my life
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And this is how I nearly met my end. The fork-lift rose in a series of jerks
and the security men surrounding me formed a barrier. This meant I could not
see there wasnt a guard rail around the platform.
Losing my balance, I leant over to where I thought the safety barrier
would be and grasped at thin air. I somersaulted downwards, landing on my
back from a height of about 18ft. The next thing I knew I was coming round in
hospital, with doctors stitching up a head wound.
I also suffered a punctured lung, a crushed vertebra, three more chipped
or fractured vertebrae, and concussion. I was lucky to be alive. My great fear as
I lay there was that I was going to be paralyzed.
Ive always been fit; Im now 60 and Ive never known a life where I
wasnt in control of my body. I found myself prey to morbid thoughts,
something completely out of character. I thought in particular about the victims
of drone attacks and terrorist bombs. We always hear about the dead, not so
much those who end up maimed. That was my great fear: not death, but being
disabled.
As I regained consciousness, however, I started feeling all my toes,
fingers and limbs, and I realized I hadnt lost any sensation. My relief was
intense.
Later, CT scans showed I had indeed come very close to being paralyzed.
The bullet-proof vest Id started wearing only a few days earlier had acted as a
cushion, and absorbed some of the shock of the fall.
I knew I was fortunate in more ways than one. The Almighty had been
looking out for me that night. I could easily have sustained brain damage.
But there was something else, too: if I hadnt been in hospital I could
have been dead. Pakistans home minister came to visit and told me of an
assassination attempt scheduled for the day after my fall
My fitness undoubtedly helped me recover quicker. Another factor has
been the fact that I got injured several times as a fast bowler, so I have the
advantage of knowing how to bounce back.
The support Ive had from my family, friends and ordinary Pakistanis has
been overwhelming. I was touched to discover there were crowds camping
outside the hospital and praying for my recovery.
My ex-wife, Jemima, the mother of my two sons, called immediately
after hearing the news, worried about the impact the TV images would have on
our boys. My sisters, one of whom is a doctor and my nephews were all at my
bedside. There is much to be optimistic about. Yet the discovery that I had
avoided an assassination plot serves to illustrate that Pakistans multiple crises
are as serious and threatening as ever
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To anyone who knew the country even ten years ago, the level of
extremism and violence now is almost unimaginable. It is fuelled by the belief
that in attacking militants in tribal areas, the army and the government have
become tools of American policy. Every time there is a drone strike, there are
revenge bomb attacks in the settled areas and cities, especially in the KPK.
Drone attacks approved by the Pakistani government and it is an
established fact that Musharraf gave his permission for them to be carried out
have enabled militants to justify their call for jihad, and this has led to suicide
bombings, our national scourge.
Each drone attack, each operation against militants in tribal areas leads to
more Pakistani dead, and the level of violence, along with a surge in extremism,
will lead to a radicalization of our society. It will only diminish when Pakistan
starts to control its own territory and its destiny again, and disengages from this
American-led war.
Last month in the High Court in Peshawar, in a case brought by families
of drone attack victims and supported by my party, the judge forced the
governments chief representative in the autonomous tribal area of Waziristan to
produce a statistic we had often demanded but never received: how many
people, militant or civilian, have been killed by drones.
What he said was horrifying: in the past five years only 47 militants have
been killed, while the number of ordinary Pakistani victims has reached 1,500
and that does not include the 330 now missing limbs.
Yet I still have hope. Once again, I face each new day with excitement. I
was hugely cheered when NATO General Nick Carter said recently that we
should have been talking to the Taliban ten years ago. Thats what Ive been
saying for many years the only way out of this crisis, and to rebuild our
country, is to reach a political settlement. Imran Khan for Daily Mail,
republished in TheNation 29th July)

Governance
Nawaz Sharifs slip-ups: The PML-N and in particular Nawaz Sharif
have in the past suffered from tactical weaknesses. A glaring example was the
way Sharif tried to dismiss the Chief of Army Staff in 1998. It was a move clumsy and lacking finesse. It cost him his job and earned for him
imprisonment, exile and deep misery. Earlier, he had run into serious trouble
while relating himself with the then Presidents Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Farooq
Ahmad Leghari.
Adversity had no doubt chastened him. His Charter of Democracy was a
remarkable act of wisdom. His conduct during Zardaris regime earned for his
party the epithet of a friendly opposition. He was criticized for not playing the
role of a watchful player. But he stuck to his plea for the survival of democracy
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so that the system would continue. A balance sheet has, however, yet to be
drawn of the gain and the loss, this approach cost his party and the country.
In character with his indiscretions or defaults indicated above, he
unwittingly has provided grist to the mill of his critics, detractors and the
political opposition. The media and the opposition accuse him of giving too
much importance and patronage to his own province - the Punjab. In his
entourage of the trip to China and in the closet briefings at the ISI secretariat, a
prominent participant was the Punjab Chief Minister (who happens to be his
younger brother) while Chief Ministers of Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa were kept away. These acts of omission have been repeatedly
mentioned in TV discussions. There also are charges of inaction and lethargy in
taking urgent and important decisions. For instance, two months have elapsed
and the Cabinet in Balochistan has yet to be completed because the Prime
Minister has no time to attend to this task. The Balochistan Chief Minister has
publicly complained about this lapse. Why are the vital posts of Pakistans
Ambassador at Washington and London still unfilled? Where is the new security
policy and strategy? Why this dilly-dallying?
Add to these faults, the sudden dash of the leading PML-N leaders to
Karachi to embrace (erstwhile unwholesome) the MQM. What a song and
dance, it was! The PML-Ns earlier view of Altafs party was repeatedly aired
by TV channels. If at all such a somersault was considered politically necessary,
couldnt this be done in a different way, maybe in a sober and dignified fashion?
Last but not the least, a word about the way the presidential election has
been handled. Surely, a more acceptable approach might have been found to
arrive at a suitable date for the election, in consultation with PPP and PTI. It is
most unfortunate that the newly-elected President has become controversial
with the second largest political party abstaining from voting for the office.
There are yet more arrows in the detractors bows: a transaction or a
financial act that may have dubious undertone. Like the Nandipur cost
escalations and payments to certain parties, also in regard to the circular debt
disbursements. Such charges and insinuations must be dealt with sensibly, at
once. If not immediately addressed, they stick and do a lot of damage.
As a final word, Prime Minister Sharif possesses extensive political
experience. He faces enormous and extremely exacting problems and
challenges. He has a good team and considerable political clout. Yet, he needs to
unlearn a little to avoid the mistakes and slip-ups like the ones identified in this
column. To succeed in his formidable tasks, besides political vision and
expertise in governance, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has to be careful in the
way he proceeds to do things, avoiding tactical pitfalls and slip-ups.
(Inayatullah, TheNation 3rd August)

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Whither Quaids Pakistan? Quaid-i-Azam, on many occasions,


reminded the people of Pakistan the importance of their responsibilities as
citizens of Pakistan. He gave us a roadmap of what he believed were the biggest
challenges for the countrys government and lawmakers. The foremost duty of a
government, according to him, was to maintain law and order and to protect the
life, property and religious beliefs of its subjects. He warned against the evils
of bribery, corruption, black-marketing, nepotism and jobbery which he wanted
to be eradicated with an iron hand.
As a nation, we not only failed to grapple with these challenges but are in
fact living remorselessly with these evils as an integral part of our society.
There is no law and order in the country, nor any concept of public safety.
Aversion to the rule of law is endemic. Crime and corruption are rampant both
in scope and scale. No other country is familiar with the practice of forgiving as
a matter of rule the elite loan-defaulters and the known highly placed plunderers
of the national exchequer. The looters, profiteers, murderers and killers could
not have a safer haven anywhere else in the world.
We found the Quaids principles of unity, faith and discipline of little
relevance in our daily lives and have been flouting them gleefully. Alas! Quaidi-Azam did not get to know us well. Had he lived longer, he would have only
been embarrassed to see how miserably we and our successive leaders have
failed to live up to his vision of Pakistan, and to protect and preserve our
national unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity. Alas, on our part, we are not
even ashamed of what we have done to his Pakistan. (Shamshad Ahmad,
TheNation 13th August)
Disastrous! Dangerous high drama kept the federal capital hostage for
more than five hours on Thursday, as the clueless Islamabad police and other
law enforcement agencies fiddled around Strangely, though the Prime
Minister was in town at the time, he woke up a day later to demand how the
police allowed a civilian to approach the villain of the piece, order an inquiry
into the entire affair and urgent submission of a report to him. Mr Zamurad
Khan, who so bravely enacted the final act, elicits high words of praise from
across the board, irrespective of party allegiance. His was a patriotic, well-timed
act; for he did what the police should have done much earlier. SSP Operations
Dr Rizwan, who in vain tried to talk Sikandar into surrendering, was ultimately
upstaged by Zamurad Khan.
PTI leader Shah Mehmood Qureshi or PPPs Naveed Qamar could not be
faulted for calling the government a leaderless team and an outright failure.
Naveed Qamar rightly bemoaned that neither the Interior Minister nor any other
Minister was present in the National Assembly when the opposition wanted to
debate the outrageous event on Friday and the Speaker suddenly adjourned the
House to prevent any discussion to take place.

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The event is a forceful reminder to the government to speed up the


process of finalizing its national security strategy. There is no time to lose; for
death and destruction seems to be stalking the nation at every corner. (Editorial,
TheNation 17th August)
Let the journey begin: It is incredible how our intelligentsia and
leadership continue to beat about the bush when they address the problems
besetting the nation. The experts dissect the minute details of the crises of
governance and economy. They talk about social degeneration and the worrying
trends of extremism and militancy. Like frogs in a deep well, they make noises
about the polluted water they swim in, oblivious to the toxic rubbish being
thrown in from above. They talk about the State of Pakistan as if it is an island
on another planet, unaffected by the rising tides of imperialism imperiling the
earth.
Whenever someone tries to bring to the discussion the obvious and
insidious involvement of powerful international interests bent upon defining the
trajectory of our development to a decidedly sorry end, a pet response is
expected to close the topic: we cant blame others for our woes and must set our
own house in order. There are also other corollaries to go with it: every state
does whatever it can to promote its national interest, so we cant blame the
powerful for imposing their agendas, we cant take their money and not do what
they tell us, and other similar amoral pronouncements with which theyd like to
bury their heads in sand.
Obviously, these are not edicts out of scripture and there is much that is
absolutely devious about denying the impact of the brutal imperial attacks on
our state and society. The process of putting things on the right track might be
the responsibility of our leaders, but certainly, it cannot begin until we see the
problem curled like a poisonous snake at the root of the rot. How can we cure
any disease without proper diagnosis? Besides, what kind of an intellectual or
leader would present amoral justifications for the crimes of powerful
international forces that are turning the lives of our people to hell and
plundering the bounty of our land?
Enslavement of the mind is the most effective way to enslave people and,
unfortunately, those responsible for putting together a national narrative are
busy peddling a slavish self-image for an entire nation for petty personal
benefits, interlocked as they are with imperial interests. They talk about their
hardworking and patient fellow citizens in derogatory terms and belittle the
treasure of resources bestowed upon their land. They think we should go down
on our knees and kiss the hands of those who come to loot and kill us. They say
we should be grateful for their small mercies.
They convince us of our weakness and say we do not have the capacity to
resist the imperialist onslaught. They tell us we should not object to drones
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killing innocent civilians, including women and children, because those who
send the drones are very powerful and lend us money. They say we must listen
to the advice of discredited and thoroughly exposed international financial
institutions like the IMF because we cannot run our economy without them.
They see the entire spectrum of donor-driven NGOs with their carefully
designed discourse boosting all sorts of fragmented identities to pave the way
for divide-and-rule, as our saviours.
Have you ever wondered why we dont hear any serious questioning of
the war on terror framework from the mouths of these so-called intellectuals
and leaders? Isnt it strange that along with our leadership of every hue, our
experts on economy never bother to see the gaping holes in the neo-liberal
mantra of privatization and a convoluted concept of free trade that is free only
to the extent of forcing us to open up our markets to whoever the powerful wish,
without any reciprocal access to the markets that they carefully protect?
Isnt it a crying shame that our so-called intellectuals and leaders dont
have the courage to denounce the imperial project in the Middle East? That
there is a deafening silence when it comes to the systematic destruction of a
peaceful Syria at the hands of the champions of democracy and human rights?
Why they dont talk about the roots of sectarian violence that have been
uncovered in the process as deplorable instruments of sowing chaos and regime
change? Dont they see the same strategy at work in the land they speak for?
Nothing in our country will get better unless we address the underlying
cause of our various troubles. Those leading our opinions and our nation could
keep spinning deceptive yarns about this or that problem, analyzing them to bits
and suggesting solutions that refuse to see beyond their empire-sanctioned
cocoons, but that would solve nothing. They might pledge their loyalty to the
country and express devotion to the welfare of the people, crying crocodile tears
for the common man and how his struggle for survival is getting harder, but
those will remain words without meaning or conviction.
Without an independent perspective that defines and guide us, we will
continue to be little more than tools in the hands of those busy setting the planet
on fire. If you ask me, we are yet to embark upon our journey to any meaningful
independence. (Jalees Hazir, TheNation 19th August)
Shooting the messenger: On Thursday night, an armed man,
accompanied by his wife and two children, entered into a standoff with police in
the heart of Islamabad. The stalemate lasted five hours and ended only after the
intervention of an unarmed civilian forced the police to act.
In the aftermath of this incident, the Chief Justice of Pakistan ordered the
Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) to issue a show
cause notice to media channels that covered the event live. PEMRA complied,

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and in the notice alleged that such coverage violated the terms of their licenses
that prohibit broadcasting anything encouraging terrorism or inciting violence.
PEMRAs argument is debatable at best, flawed at worst. The media has a
responsibility to inform citizens of important events, especially those
concerning their security and safety of movement. There is no justification to
assume that covering such incidents incites violence, or that this particular
incident was triggered by exposure to media coverage. The onus of proving
such assertions rests with PEMRA.
If the government genuinely believed that a media blackout was
necessary for it to apprehend the assailant, it would not have been difficult for it
to jam phone transmissions from the area. The governments capacity to do so
has been demonstrated on several occasions, such as Ashura, when there is
heightened risk of militant activity.
While we do not believe that broadcasting the event was inappropriate, in
and of itself, it is important for the media to be open to criticism of any excesses
that might have been committed in the coverage. Interviewing the gunmans
children, especially once their father was in hospital with serious injuries, was
insensitive and unnecessarily traumatic for minors. Similarly, there was little
need for the local media in Hafizabad to air the familys wedding photographs
on TV.
Media coverage of the Jinnah Avenue confrontation cannot be proven to
have incited violence or promoted terrorism. Rather, it simply depicted reality
and served an informational need. The fact that such incidents are becoming
increasingly frequent is a symptom of deeper structural causes in society, than
media coverage. PEMRAs notice to television channels is simply a case of
'shooting the messenger'. (Editorial, TheNation 19th August)

Judiciary
Can sharamnaak be khatarnaak? The current raging debate on the
usage of the word sharamnaak by Imran Khan (IK) in his public
pronouncements is about the actual meaning and inference of the word.
The issue has taken on so much importance because IK was called by the
Supreme Court to explain just what he thought he was doing when he was
alleging that the behaviour of the monitoring authorities of the general elections
(the Election Commission and the judiciary) was, in his opinion, sharamnaak?
Apparently, the august court was not satisfied by the explanation that was
submitted by him and has rapped him on the knuckles to go back, stand in a
corner and come back when he felt chastened enough to make amends.

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Even as many all-important issues, at both the provincial and federal


levels, wait to be handled, we spend our time pondering all our intellectual
abilities on whether sharamnaak can be considered an abusive word.
All through the lead up to the elections and, in fact, ever since he has
been in politics, it is well demonstrated that IK has a limited Urdu language
capacity.
You can gauge this by the fact that the bulk of his discourses have
revolved around two basic words from as far back as I can remember. Those
two words are satiya naas and bhera gharq.
I completely associate these words with IK and can now possibly add
sharamnaak to the list, in the post-elections scenario, as the third word found
often in his arguments.
In any case, none of them warrant the kind of serious attention that has
suddenly come on to the last on the list, as anybody who is well-versed in the
nuances of language will bear me out on this.
What the real irony in the situation is that IK has firmly been in the
corner of the superior judiciary through its tribulations and has been its most
vociferous supporter.
Many other equally vocal supporters of the movement for the restoration
of the judiciary, like Aitzaz Ahsan and Asma Jehangir, were seen supporting IK
and even wishing to defend him in court.
Why things have changed to this extent should be the focus of the debate
not literal translation of some words (Tallat Azim, TheNation 4th August)

REVIEW
Islamabad incident involving Sikandar and his family undoubtedly
exposed the weaknesses in the security of the federal capital. But its live
coverage by dozens of TV channels for hours with random comments was
unwarranted. The media had no justification to make mockery of the system
for saving which its anchors had been harping day in and day out.
Within moments the telecast of drama began one could make out that
Sikandar was mentally abnormal person. The police on the spot rightly chose
not to rush for the drop scene. Arresting him alive without causing harm to his
wife and two children was a wise decision; though in doing that lot of time was
wasted giving chance to all sorts of media intellectuals to ooze out their
wisdom.
Hamid Mir, in his daily programme taunted at Sikandar for demanding
enforcement of Islamic rule while puffing cigarettes. Mir forgot that in Pakistan
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there has been a political leader, projected as the best of all produced since
Quaid, who used to talk of Islamic socialism after consuming a bottle of whisky.
A reporter at the site left Mr Mir far behind as he compared Sikandar with
Maulana Ghazi of Lal Masjid.
While covering the incident the TV teams violated their own code of
conduct in many ways. The worst was rowdy conduct of media camera teams
when the Police told them to maintain the safe distance. Immediately, the Police
was accused of roughing up the civilized citizens belonging to the newborn
sacred cow in Pakistani society.
The drama, which was started by a made man, ended with appearance of
another mad man on the scene. The former MNA of PPP was perhaps still under
shock of the defeat of his party in general elections and he chose to tackle
Sikandar to draw attention of disenchanted voters.
This was the biggest mistake of Police officers in charge of the situation
to allow Zamurad to do what he did. On the face of it Zamurad acted bravely
but in doing that he not only risked his own safety but also exposed all those on
the site to dangers which could have been disastrous. In doing that he also
interfered in the work of police officers on duty.
Nevertheless, the mad man No 2 earned spontaneously applaud courtesy
the TV channels. This worked as a tonic for him and his party leaders, who were
badly in need of something which could help them to stand up again. Zardari
and Zardari-cum-Bhutto immediately commended his bravery.
Rana Sana from Faisalabad termed the act of Zamurad stupid, but he
could not stop the opposition from availing the opportunity for taking political
mileage. Federal ministers retreated to hideouts and did not turn up in National
Assembly next day. This was undoubtedly a cowardly political conduct
especially on the part of Ch Nisar who was perhaps busy in proof-reading of the
anti-terror strategy he was evolving.
The government ordered probes and the CJP has taken the matter into his
own hands. Everyone should wait for the answers to some of the questions
related to Zamurads bravery and Sikandars services as security guard of
Zardaris children in Dubai. Meanwhile Police should have Zamurad on the list
of volunteers and call him when a genuine suicide bomber is encountered in
Islamabad.
19th August, 2013

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UNFLINCHING RESOLVE
The surge of militancy that started with the installation of new democratic
government in Islamabad continued during the period under review. The
security forces carried out some successful raids in Lahore, Quetta and
Peshawar capturing information cells and explosives. Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharifs offer of peace dialogue earned mixed response from Pakistani Taliban.
However, the armed clash between Sunni and Shia groups in Darya Khan area
gave a dangerous turn to the ongoing bloodshed across the country.
Since killing of five Bharti Soormas at the hands of Kashmiri freedom
fighters Indian occupation forces have been expressing their frustration by
violating ceasefire along Line of Control almost on daily basis. But, this
relentless unprovoked aggression has not dented the resolve of Nawaz Sharif
government to improve bilateral relations with India.
The government persisted in its resolve for dialogue during the period in
which four Pakistani soldiers, including an officer, were martyred by Indians.
Backdoor diplomacy was also revived and letters were exchanged at highest
level. The motivation behind these good will actions could be seen in the long
distance call from John Kerry to Nawaz Sharif.

NEWS
Pakistan
Terror war: On 12th August, a bomb exploded outside the house of a
journalist partially damaging the building. The journalists urged the government
to ensure safety of the working journalists and asked the government to
announce Shuhada Package for the journalists.
Central leader of PPP, Senator Raza Rabbani asked the PML-N
government not to merely rely on the civil and military bureaucracy in
formulating the National Security Policy of the country, emphasizing inclusion
of the political parties and parliament in the policy making process. He unveiled
six suggestions for the federal government to make a national security policy to
eliminate terrorism from the country.
UN Ban Ki-moon has said that Pakistans role in promoting peace and
stability in Afghanistan following the US troop withdrawal in 2014 will be
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among the main topics his discussions with Pakistani leadership during his twoday visit to Islamabad, beginning Tuesday. Referring to the security vacuum to
be left behind by troop pullout from Afghanistan, he said, There should be a
strong regional cooperation. This is why I am visiting Pakistan. It is one of our
priority agendas, which I will be discussing with Prime Minister (Nawaz) Sharif
and President (Asif Ali) Zardari.
Responding to a question about the deep concern and anger in Pakistan
over the continuing US drone strikes in the country that have killed and injured
many civilians, Ban urged the countries or any group operating armed drones to
strictly adhere to the international laws regulating UAVs (unmanned ariel
vehicles). The UN really and strongly urges that all these UAVs should be
strictly regulated and controlled under international laws, including
international humanitarian laws.
About recent surge in terrorist activity in Pakistan, Ban said, I am very
much saddened by all that has happened in Pakistan... I strongly condemn these
heinous terrorist attacks against civilians. This must stop. This must be stopped.
When asked how the rampant terrorism in Pakistan can be brought under
control, the secretary-general said terrorism is something which needs a
collective and coordinated response of the whole international community.
Next day, Ban Ki-moon categorically stated that drones should be used
only for collection of information in accordance with the international laws.
Addressing the inaugural ceremony of International Centre for Peace and
Stability in Islamabad at the National University of Science and Technology, the
UN Secretary General said every effort should be made to avoid civilian
casualties in the use of armed drones.
With a view to fighting war against terrorism in a more organized way,
the federal government has decided to establish a joint intelligence secretariat
representing all the civilian and military intelligence agencies in order to
coordinate all the intelligence sources of information, Interior Minister said.
Addressing a press conference after giving a briefing to the prime minister on
National Security Policy (NSP), the interior minister said that they were both
ready for peace and war.
The minister said that a plan was under way to establish a
Counterterrorism Rapid Deployment Force at the federal level and that would
be replicated at the provincial levels. This force will sift area on the basis of any
intelligence report and would quickly respond after any terrorism incident.
Nisar said the federal government would make NACTA (National
Counter Terrorism Authority) an effective body within two months and all the
vacant posts in the authority were being filled on urgent basis. Rejecting the
criticism of media on the PMLN led federal government for its failure to give a
national security policy, he said it was too early to criticize and a draft of the
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National Security Policy (NSP) would be presented to the prime minister within
next two weeks.
The minister said that they had finalized homework on proposed all party
conference (APC) to from comprehensive counterterrorism policy and they had
negotiated with all the parliamentary parties on the issue. The date of APC
would be finalized within this month, he said. The government would place
four options before APC, either to continue with the present policy, to start
dialogue with the militants, initiate strong action or a policy should be adopted
having mix of dialogue and action, he informed.
On 14th August, Nawaz Sharif after meeting Ban ki Moon said Pakistan
would work for a peaceful and stable Afghanistan and give all assistance for an
Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process. Nawaz vowed to continue
combating terrorism and Ban said UN will be pleased to support Pakistan in this
fight. The prime minister said the government was fully cognizant of masses
concerns on the menace of terrorism and extremism, adding, the people also
know that such challenges come in the history of nations and they fight these
with unity and courage. Nawaz said Pakistan is a nuclear-weapon state and an
important regional power, and any decision about the region cannot be taken
without the involvement of Pakistan.
Next day, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar told the National Assembly
that what is happening in countrys streets and neighbourhoods is our war.
Speaking on a point of order, Nisar said the security situation of the country is
grave and we will have to pay a heavy price to deal with it. He said the
federal government is in the process of formation of the strategy and urged the
provincial governments to also devise their own effective policies in this regard.
On 16th August, unknown persons barged into the house of Najma Hanif
in Hayatabad and opened firing, killing her on the spot. Najma was a candidate
for one of reserved seats for women in KPK assembly. Najmas husband, Hanif
Jadoon and 16-year-old son were killed in suicide attack in 2011. ANP chief
Asfand Yar Wali Khan has condemned the incident and expressed grief over
losing an important party leader.
On 19th August, in his first speech since the general elections, Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif called a spade a spade, admitting that the countrys
institutions have failed on almost all fronts, including the war on terror. He
offered an olive branch to the militants and promised to explore all possibilities
of talks but at the same time expressed his determination to eliminate the
menace of terrorism from the society even through use of force if need be.
The PM said terrorism is a menace which has plagued Pakistan due to
bad policies. He said over 40,000 Pak Army soldiers, security agencies
personnel, policemen and civilians have lost their lives. He invited the
individuals for dialogue who have taken up militancy. Nawaz Sharif said it is
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time for bold review of our foreign policy as without the scant national
resources cannot be exploited for the good of the poor and progress and
prosperity of the country. He said his dream to make Pakistan an Asian tiger is
deeply linked to this.
The PM said that drone strikes were against both the international laws
and the national sovereignty. He said he reiterated to US Secretary John Kerry
that drone attacks are a violation of the countrys sovereignty and asked him to
stop this violation. He said UN Secretary General has also expressed concern
over killing of civilians in these attacks. The PM said, We will have to pursue a
policy on Afghanistan that highlights bright face of the country in the comity of
nations.
The prime minister said situation in Balochistan is of concern for every
Pakistani as innocent citizens are being targeted by the killers. He said this state
of affair cannot be allowed to persist and the federal government would provide
all support to the provincial government for restoration of peace and
development of Balochistan.
Nawaz said it is his desire to see peace and prosperity in Karachi, which
is nerve centre of the national economy. I am sure Sindh government will be
able to tackle the issue of violence in Karachi, as the city could not be left on
the mercy of criminals. He said he wants development of Karachi and a plan of
underground metro service in the city is on the cards.
Before the address to the nation, Army Chief General Ashfaq Parvez
Kayani called on PM Nawaz Sharif in Islamabad and they discussed current
wave of terrorism and security issues. They also discussed proposed national
security policy to be finalized soon to control terrorism. The army chief briefed
the PM on important defence-related matters and the border situation. Punjab
CM Shahbaz Sharif was also present.
Earlier, the Diamer Police claimed a major breakthrough in the
investigation of the Nanga Parbat massacre by arresting over 20 attackers
following a targeted operation. We reached the hideouts of the terrorists
involved in the assassination of security officials, foreign tourists and sectarian
killings on Karakoram Highway and Naran-Kaghan road (Lolo Sar) after
tremendous efforts, Superintendent of Police Diamer District said.
These men also carried out sectarian killings during 2012 in Harban Das,
Lolo Sar points in which Shia passengers were lined up after identification and
shot dead, he informed. He added that men were behind the killings of foreign
tourists in Diamori Point of Bunar Das and the investigators of Nanga Parbat
massacre including a SSP, a colonel and a captain were also traced.
He lauded the joint efforts of Pak Army, law enforcement agencies and
police in apprehending the criminals and added: The intelligence agencies

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played a pivotal role during the operation. In another two days, we will reveal
more details about the terrorists that we have arrested. Due to the sensitivity of
the issue, we cant give out anymore information, the official said. He added
that the arrested individuals would be tried in Diamer district court and none of
them would be sent to any other place.
Next day, intelligence and law-enforcement agencies raided a house in
the Green Town area of Lahore and detained six suspected persons including
four women. The arrested persons are described as militants with links to a
banned terrorist outfit. The suspected militants have been shifted to some
unknown place for further interrogation.
Sources stated that the militants compound was on the radar of the
intelligence agencies since the neighbours complained to the authorities after
noticing suspicious activities taking place inside that residence. The house,
located near the Kot Lakhpat Jail, was sealed soon after the local police and
reporters rushed to the site to dig up more details.
The raiding team seized several gadgets, computers, handsets, and
communication tools. The suspected militants were running an illegal telephone
gateway exchange in the house for communication with the terrorists network.
Initial investigations revealed that al-Qaeda had been using the gateway
exchange as an international technical hub.
The Lahore police widened the search action against the suspected
persons and detained over three dozen men from different parts of the provincial
metropolis. A police spokesman said that the search action was launched on the
orders of DIG (Operations) to keep a check on the movement of the suspected
elements.
The US Treasury set economic sanctions on a Pakistan Islamic school it
branded a terrorist training centre supporting al-Qaeda and the Taliban. The
Treasury said the Ganj madrassa in Peshawar was being used as training and
recruiting base by the two militant groups, as well as the radical Lashkar-eTaiba blamed for the November 2008 Mumbai attacks.
The head of the madrassa, known as Shaykh Aminullah, has been a US
and UN-designated terrorist since 2009, for his support for Al-Qaeda and the
Taliban. But it was the first time a madrassa generally, schools managed under
Islamic principles has been the target of sanctions, which forbid any
Americans from having any business interaction with it, and freeze any of its
assets that come under US jurisdiction.
While calling for an end to armed drones strikes, Pakistani diplomat
backed the UN human right chiefs demand that the United states and Israel
clarify the legal basis for the use of unmanned aircraft in Pakistan, Yemen and
Gaza. We believe that such strikes violate international humanitarian law; and

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therefore should be stopped, Pakistan UN Ambassador Masood Khan told the


Security Councils open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict.
The move to seek clarification of the legal basis for armed drone strikes
was made by Navi Pillay, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in a
speech she earlier to the 15-member Council on August 20. The current lack of
transparency surrounding their use, she said, created an accountability vacuum
and affected the ability of victims to seek redress.
On 21st August, unidentified militants planted explosives on a motorcycle
and parked it close to Chaman Railway Stations platform. The explosives went
off just before the departure of a train, killing two people instantly and injuring
18 others. Next day, a senior Taliban commander Ghulam Jan Wazir was killed
along with his four associates in a roadside bomb explosion in South Waziristan
Agency. An improvised explosive device, planted by unknown people, hit the
vehicle of Ghulam Jan in Sholam area, near Wana. The explosion completely
destroyed the vehicle.
Jan Wazir had been supporting and harbouring Uzebk, Tajik and Central
Asian militants, and he was previously believed to have been ousted from the
area by the pro-government Mullah Nazir group. The Mullah Nazir group had
flushed out Uzbek fighters and anti-state militants from Wazir areas in 2008 and
2009.
A militant group welcomed a call for dialogue by Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif with extremists to end bloodshed. Nawaz made the offer to extremists in
his first televised address to the nation. We welcome the offer of talks by Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif, Tehreek-e-Taliban Punjab Chief Ismatullah Muaweea
said in a statement distributed in Wana. Muaweea's faction is linked to the main
TTP umbrella militant group.
The federal government decided to reconstitute Defence Committee of
the Cabinet and rename it as Cabinet Committee on National Security with sole
aim to broaden its scope and ambit. This would also end the debate about the
revival of dormant National Security Council once and for all. The decision was
taken in the Defence Committee of the Cabinet (DCC) meeting held under the
chair of PM.
The committee also extended conditional dialogue offer to militants
provided they would lay down their arms but it kept the option of crushing
militancy with use of state force. The meeting was attended by Interior Minister,
PMs Adviser on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz, Finance Minister, Chairman Joint
Chiefs of Staff Committee, and services chiefs.
The proposed CCNS would also be chaired by the prime minister and
include ministers of foreign affairs, defence, interior and finance, the JCSC
chairman and services chiefs as its members. It would focus on the national

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security agenda with the aim to formulate a national security policy that will
become the guiding framework for its subsidiary policies defence policy,
foreign policy, internal security policy and other policies affecting national
security.
On 23rd August, unknown armed persons kidnapped three people
including two brothers from Ibrahimzai area of Orakzai Agency. The search
operation was under way. A bomb blast occurred in Bazid Khel area at Kohat
Road, Peshawar when a convoy of security forces was passing through; no
casualty was reported.
In an interview with British daily The Telegraph, Nawaz Sharif said: My
responsibility is to restore peace in Pakistan and bring the genuine security that
will allow economic development. To achieve this goal I need to explore an
option of direct dialogue with the Taliban, as Britain negotiated with the Irish
Republican Army to resolve the conflict in Northern Ireland.
The Punjab Assembly passed a unanimous resolution against drone
attacks on Pakistan, urging the federal government to convey the US that these
attacks were not acceptable at any cost. Jamaat-e-Islami parliamentary leader Dr
Waseem Akhtar said such resolutions had been passed by various assemblies of
the countries, but the US government did not honour them. He asked the federal
government to order the army to shoot down US drones.
Next day, TTP spokesman Shahidullah Shahid told a foreign news agency
that TTP Shura led by Hakimullah Mehsud has sacked TTP Punjab chief
Ismatullah Muavia. But Muavia rejected the TTP decision saying that the
Punjabi Taliban were independent and the TTP had no authority to remove him.
PM Nawaz Sharif had offer conditional peace talks to Taliban in his first
televised address to the nation. Muavia had welcomed PMs offer and praised
him by saying that he had shown maturity by offering dialogue.
The TTP spokesman said Muavia was not authorized to comment on the
government offer therefore he has been expelled from the organization the TTP
Shura which met under Commander Hakimullah Mehsud. He also said they
would come up with their response to the talks offer latter but made it clear that
they would never accept the pre-condition of laying down arms.
Federal Information Minister Pervez Rasheed told The Nation on
Saturday the government has not shunned the option of talks with Taliban.
Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar also clarified that there was no precondition
for the Taliban to lay down arms before dialogue could be held. If conditions
are set by both sides up front, dialogue will not take place, he said in an
interview with a private TV channel, showing a major shift in government
stance.

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On 25th August, security forces raided a house in Shahkas village in


Khyber Agency close to Peshawar and seized 500 kilograms of bomb-making
material. At least 60 bags of potassium chlorate, mortar shells, timers,
landmines, detonators, fuses, improvised explosive device circuits and gel
explosives were recovered from the basement of the house. A suspect was also
arrested during the raid.
Reportedly, the PML-N government has decided to keep the matter of
capital punishment on hold and formulate some policy in this regard after
consultation with all the stakeholders. The execution of 800 convicts who are on
death row, including around 150 hardened criminals and terrorists, was deferred
by the Prime Minister on the request of President Zardari who wanted to have a
word with him on the matter.
President Zardari during the PPP rule too kept on dangling the matter in
view of its sensitivity. Neither did he want to blemish his partys liberal face nor
offend the right-wingers so kept the ambiguity on the issue, they said. Primarily,
the PPP-led government wanted to appease the Western democracies, which
were constantly exerting pressure on Pakistan to abolish capital punishment.
PML-N leadership too would keep the matter in limbo at least for
sometime because the implementation on the pending cases of execution would
leave negative impact on the government efforts for talks with Taliban because
the death list also carries names of many members of this terrorist group. The
civilian government and military establishment are on the same page regarding
terrorism menace and countrys role in war on terror.
Insurgency: On 12th August, two people were killed and another wounded
in a bomb blast in Sariab locality of Quetta. Meanwhile, four militants were
killed and 33 others arrested in an ongoing search operation in Bolan and New
Kahan area. So far ten alleged militants had been killed in the operation in
different parts of Bolan district.
Next day, at least five militants were killed by the security forces after an
exchange of fire near Kumbari Bridge, near Dhadar in Bolan district. The
alleged militants were busy planting explosives at the railway track in Kumbari
Bridge area when the FC personnel reached the spot. An exchange of fire started
between the militants and FC which lasted for an hour. The identification of the
militants has not been ascertained.
On 14th August, Baloch Students Organization (BSO-Azad) general
secretary and worker of Baloch National Movement were allegedly killed by
security forces in targeted operation in Kech district of Balochistan. Baloch
National Front announced three-day shutter and wheel jam strike across
Balochistan. BNF leader alleged that security forces after killing innocent
political workers now pretending to have recovered weapons from the house to
befool the world.
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The strike was observed in Turbat, Mand, Tump, Gwadar, Panjgour,


Nushki, Mastung and others towns, where shops, markets and business
activities remained closed throughout the day. Local administrations had
deployed police, Levies and personnel of Frontier Corps to avoid any
unpleasant incident. No untoward incident was reported from any part of the
province.
Next day, a division bench headed by chief justice observed that substantial
evidence was present against Frontier Corps in the missing persons case. The
bench voiced concerns over the lack of progress on investigations into the
enforced disappearances, observing that the issue had still not been resolved
although hearing was being conducted since the year 2010.
Major Nadeem apprised the court that the FC did not have even a single
missing person in its custody, adding that FC had played a crucial role in
restoration of law and order in Balochistan. Upon this, the chief justice said,
We have respect for FC; it has rendered many sacrifices, but we have evidence
against it; therefore, it should increase cooperation with the judiciary.
During the hearing, Voice for Baloch Missing Persons chairman Nasrullah
Baloch informed the court that their hunger strike camp outside Quetta Press
Club had been burnt last night. He told the court the camp was set alight by
those who had been hurling threats on them. The CJ remarked that federal
interior secretary should have been here today, but he was not present.
The deputy attorney general apprised the court that due to an important
meeting with the prime minister over Balochistan, he could not turn up. The
court expressed displeasure, and said, Balochistan is the biggest issue of
Pakistan, but the attorney general has not appeared before the court.
On 16th August, at least three people were killed and 32 others sustained
injures in a rocket attack on Jaffar Express, near Kolpur area of Bolan district,
some 45 kilometers southeast of Quetta. Jaffar Express was on its way to
Rawalpindi from Quetta when unknown militants attacked it between Dozan
and Kolpur in Machh area of Bolan district.
The attackers first blew up the railway track at Kolpur area then they fired
rocket targeting engine of train which was badly damaged. Following the rocket
attack, the security forces responded sending helicopter gunships to chase the
militants who attacked the passenger train.
The Supreme Court summoned federal interior secretary and IGFC for the
next hearing over the case related to Chief Justice's suo-motu notice of unrest in
Balochistan after at least 60 people had lost their lives in separate incidents of
violence within a week. The bench expressed anger over the absence of the
federal interior secretary from the court's proceedings.

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A representative of the FC, while talking about the missing persons issue,
informed the court that communication could not be established with the IGFC,
who has remained absent from court proceedings. The court also instructed the
deputy attorney general and the advocate general to record the statements of the
heirs of all missing persons whereas a report over the missing persons was also
submitted in court by the FC. Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry summoned IGFC
for the next hearing.
He further said that the Ziarat incident was sensitive in nature adding that
no one was serious about the issue and that the situation was deteriorating day
by day while mentioning the recovery of five bodies in the area a day earlier.
The court also summoned for the case's next hearing the Chief Executive
Officer of a private new channel again over the airing of a video, showing
footage of the destruction the Quaid-e-Azam residency in Ziarat. The court had
earlier said that the airing of destruction of national heritage sites was against
the constitution of Pakistan.
On 18th August, unidentified armed assailants attacked an FC check post at
Sariab Road of Quetta; resultantly, two FC personnel were killed and another
received critical wounds. One of the attackers was also killed and another
received serious wound in the ensuing clash. The injured attacker however
managed to flee the scene. Four more people were killed in other attacks across
Balochistan.
On 20th August, Frontier Corps foiled a terror attempt as it seized more than
100 tons of explosives during a raid at a warehouse in New Addah area in
Quetta. Explosives recovered from the hideout included potassium chloride,
aluminium chloride, improvised explosive devices, detonators, circuit wires and
other ammunition. Ten suspects were also arrested during the operation that
lasted for more than one hour.
In another development, law enforcement agencies arrested dozens of
suspects during various raids and targeted operations in Quetta. Being tipped
off, Frontier Corps, Police and Anti Terrorist Force carried out joint raids in
various parts including Sariab, Kili Qambrani, Sabzal, Satellite Town and
Western Bypass.
Next day, one person was killed and two others were wounded in a remotecontrolled bomb blast in Mastung. On 23 rd August, a bullet-riddled dead body
was found in Kalat. On 24th August, a complete wheel-jam and shutter-down
strike was observed in various Baloch-dominated towns of Balochistan against
the alleged extra-judicial killings of political workers, enforced disappearances
and recovery of bullet-riddled bodies of Baloch political activists and members
of the civil society. The strike call was given by Baloch National Front.
Turf war: On 12th August, at least six people were killed in various
incidents of violence in Karachi. Next day, nine people were gunned down in
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separate incidents of target killing. On 14th August, nine people were gunned
down in separate incidents of target killing.
Next day, five people, including a worker of PPP were gunned down in
various incidents of target killing. Separately, three police officials including a
deputy superintendent of police and four alleged gangsters were killed while
four other cops including two SHOs were injured in a shootout in Gulshan-eIqbal. On 16th August, at least 11 people were gunned down in various violent
incidents.
On 18th August, five people were gunned down in ongoing violence in the
metropolis. On 21st August, the unabated target killing claimed 16 lives,
including a army soldier, in various incidents in the city. Next day, one person
was killed and 18 others were injured including 10 personnel of Army in a
roadside bomb explosion in the port city. The blast was aimed to target the
convoy of Pakistan Army passing through a Korangi area after the completion
of their duties during the by-polls.
On 23rd August, eleven people, including political workers were gunned
down in various incidents. Next day, at least 10 people were gunned down in
various violent incidents in the city. On 25 th August, tension simmered in many
neighbourhoods of Karachi as in a fresh wave of ethno-sectarian violence at
least 13 people were killed.
Sectarian militancy: On 23rd August, eleven people were killed when
members of two sectarian groups clashed in Bhakkar. Six people died on the
spot while five others, hurt in the clash, succumbed to injuries later. The clash
was between Ahle Sunnat Waljamaat (ASWJ) members and a Shia group in the
town. The conflict followed a protest rally by ASWJ over the killing of one of
their members. The Majlis-e-Wahdat-e-Muslimeen condemned the clashes and
declared three days of mourning.
Three people including curator of a seminary were killed in the suburbs of
capital Islamabad when gunmen opened indiscriminate firing at the madrassa.
The Madinatul Ilm madrassa, belonging to Deoband sect of Islam, is situated by
the Islamabad Highway. The incident took place when people were coming out
of the mosque, situated next to the madrassa, after night prayers.
Next day, curfew remained imposed in Bhakkar and other nearby areas on
second consecutive day as tension persisted after deadly incident which claimed
12 lives. As many as 17 people were still missing following the sectarian
clashes. Tension was in fact escalated once again and gunshots were heard and
violence reported in Darya Khan, Kotla Jam, after the funeral prayer was
offered for four abductees whose bodies were recovered after an armed clash.
Bhakkar city presented a deserted look as people mourned their dead and
injured. The businesses, routine life and academic activities remained suspended

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due to curfew in various areas. An indefinite curfew was imposed from 10am
onwards in Bhakkar and other restive districts in order to ward off any further
violence.
On 25th August, three more dead bodies were recovered in sectarian-hit
Bhakkar, while authorities lifted curfew claiming that normalcy has been
restored in the district after two days of clashes between two armed sectarian
groups. Recovery of bodies brought the overall death toll to 15 in four days.

Afghanistan: On 14th August, it was reported that Taliban militants


kidnapped a female Afghan member of the Parliament. Fariba Ahmadi Kakar
and her three children were taken at gun-point on August 10 in the central
province of Ghazni on the main highway from Kandahar city to Kabul. Her
children were released and elders were trying to secure her release.
On 19th August, Afghan President Karzai sacked his Attorney General
after the chief law officer held an unsanctioned meeting with Taliban peace
negotiators in the United Arab Emirates. Attorney General Muhammad Isaaq
Aloko met members of a Taliban peace negotiation team in Dubai despite being
told by the Presidential Palace not to attend the meeting.
Pakistans proactive facilitation in the Afghan reconciliation process,
more information on Taliban prisoners and release of top Taliban military
commander Mullah Baradar will be high on Kabuls agenda during President
Hamid Karzais visit to Islamabad later this month. This was revealed by
Afghan Ambassador to Islamabad when he was asked about the visits agenda
and expectations from it.
On the prospects of the derailed Doha process and likely venue of future
peace talks with the Taliban, the Afghan ambassador emphasized: Location is
not important, what is important is Pakistans active participation in the
dialogue process. Pakistans facilitation and cooperation in this context were
vital, he added, in a hint that it did not matter whether talks were held in Qatar,
Saudi Arabia or Turkey.
Kabul had also requested Islamabad to share more information on the
Taliban prisoners held in Pakistan and the Afghan president is to again raise this
question during Karzais visit, Ambassador Daudzai maintained. Kabuls
insistence on release of these Afghan Taliban prisoners is linked to its belief that
they could prove to be useful in the Afghan reconciliation process.
On 24th August, an American soldier was sentenced to life in prison
without the possibility of parole for killing 16 unarmed Afghan civilians, mostly
women and children, in two bloody nighttime forays from his military post.
Army Staff Sergeant Robert Bales, a veteran of four combat tours in Iraq and
Afghanistan, admitted to slaughtering the villagers in attacks on their family

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compounds in Kandahar province in March 2012. He pleaded guilty to the


killings in June in a deal that spared him the death penalty.
President Hamid Karzai said the United States should ensure a better
future for villages where an American army sergeant went on a killing rampage
last year. He added that Afghanistan is in no rush to sign a pact with the United
States setting out how many US troops will stay after a NATO mission ends
next year and may even delay a decision until after a presidential election.

India: On 12th August, Pakistan expressed serious concern over the


continuous ceasefire violations by Indian border troops across the de facto
border known as the Line of Control (LoC) over past couple of days. The
Foreign Office summoned the Indian Deputy High Commissioner and raised the
issue of unprovoked firing by Indian troops which resulted in the death of a
civilian in Donga Gambhir at Batal and Satwal sector. But this civilized way of
warning was probably not received well across the border as the India Border
Security Force (BSF) again opened fire in Narowal Sector of the Working
Boundary, wounding another civilian. Pakistan Rangers then returned fire to
stop the aggression.
Tension also gripped the PIA Delhi Office after some unidentified people
vandalized the office premises and smeared black paint on the display board
outside the office in Connaught Place. They also left threatening leaflets for the
PIA employees. The Pakistan High Commission uploaded a picture of a
pamphlet asking Pakistan to stop cross-LOC firing and attacks on Indian
soldiers, besides shutting down the PIA offices. The PIA Mumbai office also
received security threats.
While tit-for-tat shelling and machinegun fire are common along the 740km long LoC that divides Kashmir, the current round of fighting is one of the
most intense since a ceasefire was signed in 2003. It has been linked to protests
in both countries and rowdy scenes in Indias parliament. Under pressure from
opposition politicians, the government has hinted at retaliation.
The Indian army patrolled an area close to Poonch on Indias side of the
fence after three people died in riots between Hindus and Muslims over the
weekend. Opposition parties linked the rioting to the renewed border tensions,
because some of the protesters involved had brandished a Pakistani flag. Curfew
was clamped in twelve districts of IHK.
On Pakistans side of the border, hundreds of people took to the street in
Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Kashmir, accusing India of stepping up
attacks. Down with India! Long live the Kashmir freedom movement; they
chanted as the crowd marched towards the Muzaffarabad office of the UN
Military Observer Group which monitors the ceasefire. Protest demonstrations

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were also held in Mirpur, Kotli, Bagh, Rawalakot, Bhimbher, Neelam Valley,
Hattiyan, Haveli, Sudhanoti, and other small and major towns across AJK.
The Punjab Assembly adopted a resolution jointly moved by the Treasury
and the Opposition, to condemn the ongoing Indian aggression on the Line of
Control. The House demanded of the Federal government to raise the issue at
the international level to mount pressure on India to abide by the international
laws.
Federal Finance Minister Ishaq Dar said that there was no immediate
recommendation being considered to grant India the status of most favoured
nation (MFN). Speaking in a TV programme, Dar said there was a need to
normalize relations with India on a number of issues.
Nawaz Sharif urged India to sit together and make a new beginning in its
ties with Pakistan to resolve all outstanding issues between the two countries.
He said before 1947 people of Pakistan and India used to live together, adding
that now 65 years of independence have passed and both the countries needed to
improve their ties for betterment and prosperity. We must become good friends.
Hold each others hands. We must sit together with open and clean heart, he
said.
In an interview the UN Secretary-General, who is visiting Islamabad at a
time of escalated tensions between India and Pakistan, voiced his concern over
the renewed violence at the border in Kashmir and called on both the
neighbouring states to resolve the Kashmir and other bilateral issues through
peaceful means. Ban also offered his good offices for mediation on Kashmir
issue.
While I am saddened by the loss of lives in the course of all this conflict,
I am relatively, reasonably encouraged by the recent move by both sides to
engage in dialogue, to resolve their source of conflict through dialogue that I
will strongly welcome and support, Ban said in response to the question. He
noted, I know that this (Kashmir) is a long-standing issue, but the UN military
observers have been trying to prevent any conflict (across) the Line of Control.
But you should know that UNMOGIP is not mandated with any political role.
So, these political issues should be handled and discussed by the leaders of both
governments.
Next day, responding to Nawaz Sharifs call for a new beginning in
relations, India on Tuesday said talks cannot take place as long as New Delhis
concerns stay unaddressed. Addressing a press conference, Indian Ministry of
External Affairs spokesperson said, We welcome Pakistan Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharifs hand of friendship. However, we want to tell Pakistan that there
will be no talks if Islamabad fails to respond to New Delhis concerns. Pakistan
must also respond immediately on killing of five Indian soldiers along the LoC
recently.
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Meanwhile, a soldier of the Pakistans Chenab Rangers, Qadeer Ahmed,


was seriously injured by the Indian forces firing at Charwah Sector of Sialkot
Working Boundary. BSF used heavy machine guns and fired shells. The Chenab
Rangers retaliated due to which the Indian guns became silent. During another
attack, BSF also opened firing with heavy machine guns and sniper guns on
Pakistani villages in the same sector.
Through a unanimously adopted resolution, the Lower House of the
Parliament condemned the unprovoked firing by Indian forces at the Line of
Control and attacks on Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi as well as
Dosti Bus Service. It was demanded in the resolution that Pakistan should take
up the matter with Indian government in a forceful but prudent manner, making
the authorities in New Delhi realize that escalation in tension would not be in
the interest of both the nuclear neighbours and efforts should be made to
normalize things at the LoC.
The resolution also expressed unflinching moral and diplomatic support
to the cause of Kashmiris fighting for their right to self-determination under the
UN resolutions. Sheikh Rashid had come down hard on the PML-N government
for not coming up with a strong reaction to the Indian aggression and said Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif who is also holding the portfolios of Foreign Affairs and
Defence should have come up with a strong reaction to it and should also have
addressed the nation.
He further said the prime minister should also have called a meeting of
the Defence Committee of the Cabinet to take stock of the situation, but
regretted that the rulers seemed indifferent to the human and material losses of
Pakistani troops and civilians due to the unprovoked Indian firing. Giving a
warning call to India, Sheikh Rashid made it clear that people of Pakistan were
ready to pay back India in the same coin and were fully capable not only of
frustrating nefarious designs of Indian troops but also of teaching them a lesson
in case of any adventurism on the part of New Delhi.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf central leader Makhdoom Shah Mahmood
Qureshi, taking part in the debate, said whenever there was any move to
normalize relations between the two neighbours, the Indian Army spoiled it by
indulging in some uncalled for aggression on the borders. It was not for the first
time but for the past several decades Indian forces had been repeatedly spoiling
attempts of peace.
On 14th August, on Independence Day of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif met Ban
ki Moon and expressed his resolve to respond to rising tensions in Kashmir with
restraint and responsibility as officials accused India of killing another civilian
by firing across the LoC. He hoped that India would also come up with
measures to ease down the tension along the de facto border and normalization
of bilateral relations.
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PM Nawaz said his government would explore all avenues to ease tension
with India and start dialogue process to address all outstanding issues. The UN
chief said he wholeheartedly welcomes all efforts to tackle serious challenges
at home and strengthen relations with your neighbours.
Meanwhile, Pakistan and India accused each other of provoking violence
as a week of cross-border shelling threatened to derail attempts to resume peace
talks between the nuclear-armed rivals. Indian army said a group of unidentified
gunmen had tried to cross into India in the first infiltration attempt from the
Pakistani side since the August 6 incident, provoking its servicemen to open
fire. Two gunmen were killed.
There was no immediate comment from Pakistan's army on the latest
Indian accusation, but military sources in Islamabad said one Pakistani civilian
was killed earlier in the day in Battal Sector as a result of unprovoked Indian
shelling. Two other incidents were reported elsewhere on the border.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs conveyed that the visit of Pakistani
Zaireen to participate in the Urs of Hazrat Amir Khusro (RA) in Delhi, India has
been cancelled. A statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs read that the
visit, scheduled for August 22 to 29, 2013, had been canceled due to security
reasons.
Next day, unprovoked mortar shelling from the Indian army injured one
woman in the Nakyal Sector of Kotli. Manmohan Singh, in his Independence
Day speech, minced no words to warn Pakistan against anti-India activity.
Meanwhile, amidst continuing ceasefire violations and volleys of allegations on
both sides of the Pakistan-India border, the Prime Ministers of the two nucleararmed neighbours extended courteous felicitations to each others nations on
their respective Independence days.
In Azad Jammu & Kashmir, people observed India's Independence Day as
black day in protest against the illegal occupation of the large part of Jammu
and Kashmir and registered their deep concern against the ruthless use of force
against the innocent people of occupied Kashmir who have been struggling for
their right to self-determination guaranteed by the United Nations and the India
as well.
On 16th August, Indian troops continued violations of LoC in Kotli and
Battal sectors by opening unprovoked firing. They targeted civil population and
fired over 800 mortar and artillery shells injuring six civilians in Kotli Sector. It
was 34th violation in last 12 days.
Next day, Indian army aggression on the Line of Control continued as
two civilians sustained injuries in an unprovoked mortar firing in Nakial Sector,
which continued for three hours. Pakistan army, in a bid to silence the Indian
guns, retaliated, but the Indians started targeting the civil population with the

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help of heavy weapons. In Nakial Sector alone Indian army has fired over 800
mortar shells during the last three days.
Meanwhile, Indian army chief General Bikram Singh has directed his
battalion commanders deployed along the LoC to be aggressive and offensive
in the face of provocation by Pakistani forces. In an interview, Singh threatened
to retaliate against Pakistan for the alleged killing of its soldiers.
A mob vandalized a joint exhibition by acclaimed Pakistani and Indian
artists in the Indian city of Ahmedabad. The show, which featured works by 11
Pakistani and six Indian artists at the Amdavad ni Gufa gallery, aimed to
showcase the development in art and artists of both countries for more than 60
years but was cut short when over a dozen men stormed the exhibition and tore
down everything from paintings to windowpanes.
Indian police claimed they had arrested a top militant accused of helping
mastermind the 1993 Mumbai blasts and over 40 other deadly bomb attacks
across the country. Seventy-year-old Abdul Karim Tunda, an alleged member of
the banned Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) group, was arrested by a special Delhi police
team near the border with Nepal yesterday.
Meanwhile, Pakistan government decided at the highest level to resort to
active back-channel diplomacy to lower temperatures on both sides of the
border and to ensure that the 29 September meeting between the prime ministers
of India and Pakistan is held as scheduled in New York. In Delhi, Indian
External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid also made it clear in a television
interview that while the military was to respond to the developing situation on
the LoC, diplomatic options were to be decided by the government.
On 18th August, despite Pakistan's goodwill gesture of announcing release
for Indian prisoners, the neighbouring country again indulged in unprovoked
firing and shelling at Line of Control posts in Kotli districts Nakyal Sector.
Three civilians and a soldier were injured as India continued heavy shelling
between 02:00am and 04:00am using both small and heavy weapons including
artillery.
Next day, in his first address to the nation the PM said Kashmir is a
national issue and the nation is fully prepared to defend the motherland along
with its valiant armed forces. Terming Kashmir as the jugular vein of Pakistan
Premier Sharif reiterated his wish to have good neighbouring relations with
India, saying that people supported his contention during recent elections. He
said stability and prosperity of a nation is linked to good relations with its
neighbours.
The PM said, It is responsibly of Pakistani and Indian leadership to
understand that wars of the past have ruined our relations. He said both

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countries should realize that instead of wasting their energies and resources on
wars they should wage war against poverty ignorance and disease.
India said it was running out of patience with what it alleged Pakistan
army-backed transgressions across disputed Kashmir. Indian Defence Minister
AK Antony said it was clear that specialist troops of the Pakistani army were
involved in the attack on the soldiers whose deaths triggered criticism that the
governments posture toward the neighbour had been too soft.
Antony demanded that Pakistan act against its troops involved in the
latest incident as well as the killing of two soldiers back in January, one of
whom was decapitated. Naturally, this incident will have consequences on our
behaviour on the Line of Control and for our relations with Pakistan, he told
parliament, referring to the de facto border between the two countries in the
disputed Kashmir region. Our restraint should not be taken for granted.
Meanwhile, a US State Department spokesperson, commenting on PM
Nawaz Sharifs address, said Washington encourages further dialogue between
the two countries to resolve all issues, including Kashmir. We believe Pakistan
and India can work through any issues through dialogue and we encourage
that, State Department Spokesperson said.
On 21st August, Pakistan Army Captain was martyred and another solider
seriously wounded in unprovoked Indian shelling at Shakma Sector (near
Skardu) on Line of Control. Pakistani forces effectively responded to the firing
and the exchange of fire continued for around three hours. The Foreign Office to
once again summon the Indian Deputy High Commissioner in Islamabad and
lodge a strong protest over the continued ceasefire violation. An Indian army
official came up with counter allegation, telling Reuters that Indian troops came
under heavy mortar and light-machine gun fire from the Pakistani side in the
Kargil region.
Nawaz Government announced to release 338 Indian fishermen,
including eight juveniles, detained in Juvenile Jail on August 23. These
fishermen will arrive at Wagah border on August 24 by eight buses. A
spokesman for the Pakistan Fisher folk Forum said their organizations officials
with Legal Aid Office would present gifts to the freed Indian fishermen. He
called it a favourable decision and appealed to the Indian government to release
Pakistani fishermen also.
Next day, unprovoked Indian firing across LoC in Rakhchakri Sector near
Rawlakot killed two Pakistan Army soldiers and wounded at least two civilians
including a woman and a child. Foreign Secretary called Indian High
Commissioner to the Foreign Office and conveyed Pakistans serious concern
over the continued and unwarranted ceasefire violations. NA unanimously
adopted a resolution against Indian violation of the ceasefire agreement.

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Despite repeated violations of the ceasefire accord by Indian troops,


Islamabad asked New Delhi to adopt the process of dialogue to resolve the
issues and build up mutual trust. Desire for peace by the leadership of Pakistan
is a wise approach. It is important for India to better appreciate our policy of
restraint and responsibility and not construe it as weakness, the Foreign Office
said.
The United States Thursday stepped up its call for a dialogue between
India and Pakistan, saying American diplomats in Islamabad and New Delhi are
in touch with the respective governments over the Kashmir tensions that have
persisted for weeks. State Department spokesperson said: We have a very
robust US presence in both of those countries and I know they remain in contact
with leaders on a range of issues.
On 23rd August, in an interview with British daily The Telegraph, Nawaz
Sharif reiterated that he wanted peace with India and even the Taliban through
dialogue, though the PM also mentioned in explicit words that India is behind
terrorism and unrest in Pakistan. The PM said Pakistan is however eager to
settle all the disputes with India including Kashmir through dialogue.
About Pakistan-India relations, PM Sharif further said, My mandate
from the people of Pakistan is a mandate for peace with India and I want to
pursue conflict resolution with New Delhi with far more energy and vigour. A
crippling arms race between Pakistan and India must come to an end.
Both neighbours should stop the game of mutual recrimination, he added.
The money wasted on defence should have gone into social sectors. Last year,
defence and debt repayments swallowed 54 per cent of Pakistan's federal
budget; education received less than 2 per cent. Sharif said he wanted to cut
defence, but added: This cannot be one-sided we have to do it together. India
would also have to do it.
In New Delhi, Indian government Friday ruled out any meeting between
prime ministers of India and Pakistan and bilateral talks between the two
countries saying such meeting will not be conducive in the prevailing situation.
As per media reports this was said by Indian foreign ministry spokesman Syed
Akbaruddin while talking to media men.
US Secretary of State John Kerry telephoned PM Sharif and apprised him
of the concern Washington had conveyed to Indian leadership over killing of
Pakistani soldiers and ceasefire violations on the LoC. Secretary of State also
informed the premier of Washington's efforts to ensure that New Delhi takes
appropriate steps in easing the tension along the LOC, and that prime ministers
of the two countries must meet on sidelines of the UN General Assembly next
month.

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Jamaat-e-Islami Ameer Munawar Hasan said that the governments


wrong planning and polices have permitted India to violate cease fire and
extend terrorism on Line of Control (LoC) and eastern border of Pakistan.
Meanwhile, Pakistan released nearly 340 Indian fishermen held for violating
territorial waters. Fishermen in Karachi left for Lahore, where they will be
handed to Indian authorities at the Wagah border. The release had been sped up
as a goodwill gesture to India.
Next day, more than a fortnight after five Indian soldiers were killed on
the LoC; Hizbul Mujahideen claimed responsibility for the act, which had
triggered tension between Pakistan and India, reported Hindustan Times.
Speaking to a Kashmiri media agency from across the LoC, Hizb chief Syed
Salahuddin claimed that Hizbul Mujahideen and not the Pakistan Army was
involved in the killing.
Blatant ceasefire violations by Indian forces continued at Line of Control,
killing a soldier and wounding a woman at separate places. According to details,
a soldier was killed by intense Indian gunfire backed by heavy shelling in the
Kahuta Kallar area, while a woman was injured in Poonch sector. Pakistani
forces retaliated instantly and silenced the Indian guns.
On 25th August, two women were killed and seven other civilians
wounded as Indian forces continued aggression at the Line of Control this time
in Pooch sector. Pakistani border security forces retaliating with full force
gave a befitting reply, forcing the Indians to hold fire. But civilian authorities
said they might be forced to order evacuation in face of the unrelenting Indian
aggression.

VIEWS
Pakistan
A war of survival: Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khans point that it was not an
easy task to formulate national security policy, though true in the sense that
conflicting views about what means to adopt to counter the growing scourge of
militancy and lawlessness prevail among the different stakeholders, betrays
PML-Ns failure to have done its homework, while in opposition for five long
years. The Interior Minister was answering a question at Quetta, where he
traveled several days after a terrorist attack which left 30 dead.
It is axiomatic to say that oppositions in democracies have responses to
the challenges facing their countries ready to implement, as soon as they get the
chance of occupying the seat of power. At best, the policies would call for
finishing touches to be given. The more than two months that the PML-N has
been in power now, would have been sufficient for it to have had a

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comprehensive overview of the insurgency-terrorist phenomenon, its outlook


and tactics that Chaudhry Nisar talks about. And it should by now have been
able to present a definite and unambiguous strategy to defeat the menace.
The situation in Balochistan, KPK and Karachi hardly shows any sign of
improving; if anything, incidents of a heinous nature have lately become more
frequent, bringing little credit to the provincial as well as federal government.
The Supreme Court has felt compelled to take a suo moto notice of the failure
of the government to adopt effective measures to curb the rampant violence.
The authorities apathetic attitude or sheer indecisiveness is reflected in the fact
that though Balochistan is virtually over-run by militants, it does not have a
fully functioning government as yet, even three months after the general
elections took place; so far, the cabinet consists of three or four Ministers. The
rest of the portfolios are lying vacant.
If it is a war of survival, as Chaudhry Nisar says and indeed it is, then
there is no time to lose. The process of consultation with political parties and
other concerned agencies and studying the security policies of other countries
must be completed at the soonest possible opportunity or else, abandoned and
the PML-N must lean on the mandate it has been given by the people of this
country to govern, and implement its plan. While some areas of Pakistan have
escaped the harshness of terrorists onslaught, the raging militancy in highly
sensitive spots will soon engulf the entire country. There is simply no time to
lose. Other than gripes, not much has been heard from the PML-N government
on what exactly it intends to do. (Editorial, TheNation 13th August)
Indecision in conflict: According to one study, there are over 68 militant
organizations. Approximately half of them have some level of contacts with
political parties. They also have external linkages and funding. Over 20 foreign
intelligence agencies maintain links with these organizations. Proliferation of
foreign funded NGOs and their surreptitious activities complicate internal
insecurity. Missing containers, missing persons, pre-positioning of military
hardware, creation of a fifth column across the entire spectrum (military, social,
economic, political, and media), operations other than war (described as subconventional threats), economic manipulation, and pressure exerted by India are
all part of this destabilization. This disruptive narrative with militancy as its
lynchpin can only be countered without a realistic political roadmap.
In the absence of synergy, military operations against the militants are
futile. The spate of incidents post-May 11 highlight the disastrous effects of this
disconnect and a lesson learnt at our peril. This ambivalence will continue to
adversely affect the morale of the military and law enforcement agencies
resulting in psychological scars.
Is the federal government reluctant to bring the military and political
parties on board; or is it fire-walling the issue; or is it waiting for the tenure of
315

the present COAS to expire, and then have a freehand? If true, these options
give a poor and uneducated account of their knowledge in military sociology
and its robust corporate and inclusive culture. Whatever? The limbo is
emboldening the militants. This leads to the conclusion that none of the parties
in power have a policy narrative of how peace will be negotiated with militants,
leaving hapless citizens and law enforcement agencies at the mercy of terrorism.
Islamabad is a case in point.
This indecision, expediency and lack of management capacity are a bad
omen for a post-exit Pakistan. As opined in Doha Initiative (The Nation June
22, 2013), the most dangerous variant could be reversing fronts of AfPak like
switching North Pole. As winter approaches and conflict in Afghanistan
hibernates in frigid weather, lawlessness in Balochistan and Karachi could peak
to engage Pakistans law enforcement agencies. Unfortunately, this is happening
earlier than appreciated. Time and tide do not wait. (Samson Simon Sharaf,
TheNation 17th August)
Terrorism - challenge and response: What makes the job of managing
and ultimately eliminating terrorism most challenging are the inbuilt,
convoluted complexities. It is not merely a question of dealing with the Afghan
and Pakhtun militant elements. There are other local operators and foreigners as
also religious extremist militant groups. Not to be forgotten is the fact that there
are still close to two million Afghan refugees, some of whom are lured to join
the ranks of militants on promise of payments. Then there are foreign agencies,
like Blackwater and CIA contractors. There is further the probability of Indian
involvement in the militancy in Pakistan.
There is further need for governments federal, provincial, and local to
follow up the military operations and rebuild a new effective administrative
system in Fata and some other areas.
Our two immediate neighbours on our east and west are by no means
friendly. Both are in a relation of partnership and enjoy the patronage of the
most powerful state in the world. Despite its nuclear assets, Pakistan has been
reduced to a divided, weak, badly-managed, and insecure country. Without the
restoration of law and order, it will go on deteriorating. The first and most
urgent task is to get rid of the menace of terrorism, which has been threatening
its very existence? (Inayatullah, TheNation 17th August)
The menace of terrorism: The roots of the menace of terrorism in
Pakistan can be traced to our flawed internal and external policies in the past.
What we need is a comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy, which should
cover adequately the various dimensions of this problem. A partial approach
simply would not do.
To begin with, we need to recognise that there is a virtual international
consensus against the menace of international terrorism. While our declaratory
316

policy condemns terrorism in any form or manifestation, we need to ensure that


our operational internal and external policies do not leave any room for
ambiguity. So we must act resolutely to defeat al-Qaeda and its affiliates. We
should also realise that the fact that Osama bin Laden was found living in a
Pakistani cantonment before he was killed by the US Special Forces team has
badly damaged our credibility internationally. We cannot afford the repetition of
this experience in the future.
As for the fighting between the US led forces and the Taliban in
Afghanistan, we must tell the Americans that while we will fully support their
efforts to dismantle and defeat al-Qaeda, the Afghan Taliban despite their
obscurantism are a legitimate part of the political spectrum in Afghanistan.
Therefore, we cannot be a party to their fight against the Afghan Taliban that
amounts to blatant interference in Afghanistans internal affairs. Certainly, it
does not make any sense for us to destabilise our own country, as we have done
in the past to help the Americans pull their chestnuts out of fire in Afghanistan.
However, we should make offer of full cooperation in encouraging and
facilitating an intra-Afghan dialogue, inclusive of the Taliban and other Afghan
parties, aimed at national reconciliation and a political settlement to ensure
durable peace and stability in Afghanistan.
In the case of Kashmir, we must maintain our principled policy of seeking
a peaceful solution of the dispute in accordance with the relevant UN Security
Council resolutions. Our operational Kashmir policy should strictly reflect our
declaratory policy. No group in Pakistan should be allowed to go beyond the
limits of our declaratory Kashmir policy.
Internally, we need to improve the performance of our intelligence
agencies, which have failed miserably in overcoming the problem of terrorism.
Their capability to penetrate the terrorist cells and eradicate them must be
enhanced significantly. Strict control should be exercised on the sale and
purchase of any materials, which can be used for terrorist activities. The
decision of the government to establish a joint intelligence secretariat to ensure
coordination among the various intelligence agencies, announced by the Interior
Minister, is a step in the right direction and must be implemented without any
delay.
The government should also engage TTP and its affiliates in a dialogue in
an attempt to find a peaceful solution of the problem of terrorism within the
framework of Pakistans constitution and law. While the government should
show its willingness to remove their legitimate grievances, they should also be
told unequivocally that they would not be allowed to impose their views on the
rest of the country through the use of violent means. Therefore, we should adopt
a judicious mix of dialogue and force in interacting with TTP. It may be
worthwhile trying a mutual ceasefire, while negotiations take place with TTP.

317

The policy of dialogue, reconciliation, and development should be


adopted to restore peace and stability in Balochistan and to bring the alienated
elements back into the mainstream of national and provincial politics. Political
parties should be firmly told to dismantle their militant wings in Karachi and
elsewhere. Strict action should be taken in accordance with the law of the land
against those who refuse to do so. Finally, the federal and provincial
governments should adopt well-considered educational and cultural policies to
encourage and promote moderation as against religious extremism. Strict action
should be taken against any groups involved in sectarian terrorist activities.
Our counter-terrorism strategy should incorporate all of the above
elements in a cohesive policy framework, which should be adopted after careful
deliberations among all the stakeholders, both civilian and military. It is
critically important that there is unity of purpose and action among all the
relevant organs of state in the fight against terrorism. Once the counter-terrorism
policy is approved by the government, it should be made public, both within the
country and outside, so that there is no misunderstanding of its essential
elements or ambiguity about its main thrust. (Javid Mustafa, TheNation 20 th
August)
Sectarian violence: While there was a clash between two groups in
Bhakkar after Friday prayers, there was also firing outside a mosque in
Islamabad. Both events are sectarian in motive. The Bhakkar clash was
exceptionally bloody, for no less than 11 people were killed, six on the spot. The
Islamabad clash is perhaps more worrisome, even though only three people
were killed, because it once again raises questions about how killers brought
weapons inside the federal capital even though only a week had passed since the
nation witnessed how a sole gunman bought the federal capital to a standstill. It
seems everyone is quick to point at our successive governments and military
regimes policy of wooing the clergy and tolerating militants to be used for
different purposes, and sadly there is little indication that this habit will ever
come to an end.
While sectarianism has certainly been boosted by Zia era shenanigans, it
has grown into horrific proportions by consequent inaction. It is the
responsibility of the government to combat the atmosphere of intolerance that is
one of its root causes. At the same time, the perpetrators of this violence should
never be shown any leniency since they are acting virtually beyond the pale of
civilization and the only thing fit for them is the gallows.
But it should not be forgotten that this sectarianism, in the form as it
exists now, arose only recently. While this has led to thousands of deaths, never
before has the state seemed so helpless.
Pointing a finger at a foreign hand is a way to shirk responsibility. Some
of the groups once formed by the military during the Afghan jihad now are in
318

no one's grip; some have formed private armies and now operate in South,
North Waziristan and other areas. Once we accept this fact only then will we be
able to completely eliminate the scourge.
It is only by a firm response, in which terrorists are brought to justice,
that the country can hope to avoid being further plunged into the bloodshed it is
already wallowing in. (Editorial, TheNation 25th August)
The appetite for negotiations: The governments desire to bring the
TTP to the table may be reflective of popular public sentiment, but a successful
settlement with the extremist faction requires a lot more than just that. The
objective of a terrorist organization is to create an atmosphere in which people
fear for personal safety, challenge the writ of the government and intimidate
institutions into meeting its demands by threats of violence. The job of the
government, should it choose to accept it, is to protect the lives and interests of
its people. Which, of the two, have been more successful in achieving their
objectives can be ascertained after a reading of the morning newspaper on any
given day.
While it is true, most conflicts end on the negotiation table, the position
from which a government negotiates is crucial to the process. As of now, the
government extends a bandaged hand in thin air.
The truth is that the TTP feels no pressing need to enter negotiations. The
government needs to take serious steps, even of an aggressive nature if
necessary, to put the Taliban in a compromised position where a dialogue offer
would be music to their ears.
The TTP must be made to feel that they stand to lose a lot more than they
can gain, should they foolishly choose to turn down the offer of talks. The PM is
advised not to rely on the TTP, or any other militant faction for that matter, to
hold dear the same desire for peace, as him. The TTP has demonstrably
displayed time and again, in Sharifs less than 100 day tenure, that it does not
share his enthusiasm for talks.
The time for second-guessing and delay is over. An action, of one kind or
the other, as long as it ensures peace in the country, must be taken -- now.
(Editorial, TheNation 25th August)
Confusion about talks: Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif had
probably not intended for his talks offer to make the Tehrik Taliban Pakistan
(TTP) split, but that is the effect it has had. The decision of the central TTP
leadership on Saturday to expel its Punjab chief for accepting the talks offer
Mian Nawaz made in his telecast last Monday also illustrates that the TTP
represents a coalition, not a single organization, and thus the problem the
government has caused for itself in making the talks offer: who will it talk to?
The TTP faces the danger of a split after Asmatullah Muavia, the Punjab chief

319

deposed by the TTP Shura, refused to accept the decision, saying the Punjabi
Taliban were independent.
The problem seems to be compounded by Muavias being the face of the
Punjabi Taliban. Punjab has been so far relatively protected against the TTPs
activities, but if the government was to negotiate with Muavias outfit, would
that be acceptable to the TTP. Conversely, if the government wished to talk to
the TTP, considering that it has told all militants not to contact the expelled
commander; it is not easy to see any agreement reached with it honoured by
him.
Another source of confusion is within the ruling PML-N. Punjab Law
Minister Rana Sanaullah told a private TV channel that the government and the
Army were not on the same page as regards the talks. This was hastily corrected
by Federal Information Minister Pervez Rashid, who said that they were. Not
only is Senator Rashid more likely to know as a member of the Cabinet Defence
Committee, but the Army is very much a part of the government, and would
have to be supportive of any talks offer. Still, Rana Sanaullahs statement
reflects a fear held even by senior activists of the ruling party. Unless this is
dispelled, and talks are seen as being held between negotiators who represent
their principals completely, they will not be meaningful.
The main bar to such talks, which are the continued attacks across the
country are themselves the biggest reason the government should indeed give
up the idea of talking to the Taliban. The Taliban who are killing people in cold
blood, it would be nonsensical to assume they will keep their promise.
Now that the present confusion has arisen within the TTP, it is for the
government to use it to its advantage, create more confusion and fissures within
the militants so as to be able to pounce on them with enough force. (Editorial,
TheNation 26th August)

India
Indian aggression: India continues to escalate aggression along the Line
of Control, by another violation this Eid weekend, which led to an exchange of
artillery fire in several areas of the Sialkot Sector, continuing till Monday. A
man was killed and his sister wounded. It was almost as if this was in
fulfillment of what Information Minister Pervez Rashid on Sunday said about
Indian guns being trained on Pakistan. He said that India had not done well by
doing so, in an interview to Nawa-i-Waqt, and emphasized that Pakistans
restraint did not mean any compromise would be made over delivering a
befitting response should our patience be tried further. He also said that the
attitude of the Indian government made it seem that it was suffering some
internal difficulties of its own.

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This is a perceptive thumbnail analysis, for it brings to mind how Indian


governments, facing difficulties at home, have tried to unite the nation behind
them. Probably the most noteworthy example was the 1971 War, which then
Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi used as a campaign tool for the next Indian
election. Because this is a political hot-button issue, and because the ruling
Congress claims the nationalist territory that the opposition BJP regards as
peculiarly its own, the latter has already called for the withdrawal of the Indian
Ambassador from Islamabad. Pakistan is considering moving forces from the
western border, where it is engaged in the war on terror.
Indias attitude towards starting peace talks has become increasingly
neurotic over the past few days, with each political party trying to outdo each
other with unnecessary allegations hurled on Pakistan and every effort made to
crush even the possibility of the premieres of the two countries meeting in
September on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly. India continues to
exert itself, crying Wolf!; but, as Senator Rashid rightly said, Pakistan has
remained steadfast in its demonstration that it is only willing to engage in
serious, issue-oriented talks not in trading barbs. That must mean that India is
willing to discuss issues, with the intent to lead to a just and permanent
settlement of long-standing conflicts, not just to a temporary cooling of
hostilities it has itself initiated. (Editorial, TheNation 13th August)
Monsoon madness: Since June 2013, Islamabad has a new government,
which is keen on improving ties with India. Its overtures to the Indian trade and
mercantile community to increase the stakeholders in the peace process were
bearing fruit but have now been foiled in the wake of the alleged attack by
Pakistani soldiers across the LoC. In its usual rage of madness, Indian media
stirred so much fury that an irate mob attacked the Pakistani diplomatic mission
in New Delhi while the Friendship bus from Pakistan to India was stopped
near Amritsar and its Pakistani passengers were harassed and hassled.
Such lunacy cannot be treated in any mental asylum but the international
community needs to take cognizance of it. Unfortunately, blinded by Indias
size and potential market for international goods and services, they turn a blind
eye to Indian shenanigans.
Now that monsoons are waning, seasons will change and a new fever of
madness will grip our eastern neighbour, if Peace with Pakistan is mentioned.
Like the motto of the Starks in the popular TV serial, Game of Thrones,
winter is coming! and we need to brace ourselves for worse bouts of Indian
madness like the 2012-13 winter.
The solution is that Pakistan should stop trying to appease India, and
cease bending backwards to accommodate its blackmailing pugnacious
demands before peace talks can even commence. Diplomatic niceties are lost on
Indian hawks, who dominate the average Indian, who like his/her Pakistani
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counterpart, yearns for peace. It is high time; the majority of the peace-loving
citizens across both sides of the divide take charge to impede this insanity and
give peace a chance, lest Euripides prophesy is proved correct. (S M Hali,
TheNation 13th August)
Border tensions: Pakistan has tried to show due restraint in what is a
trying situation, but India appears to have thrown all caution to the wind, with
its rejection on Tuesday of Pakistans offer of talks. The demand, expressed by
the Indian External Affairs spokesman, that outstanding issues be addressed by
Pakistan, especially the Mumbai attacks, amounts to pointing a loaded gun at
PM Mian Nawaz Sharifs head.
India has shown no restraint, blasting away on the LoC with artillery,
fomenting an attack on the Pakistani High Commission, and tolerating attacks
on the Delhi-Lahore bus. This contrasts with the dignified response by Pakistan,
which has tried to respond in a manner which shows its desire for peace, though
not at the cost of its national dignity. Mian Sahibs insistence on peaceful means
to resolve issues in the face of Indias hysterical outcry has, in fact, raised his
stature, revealing how small the leadership across the border is!
There is a certain appropriateness in Ch. Nisar addressing the matter at a press
conference on national security, for though he spoke mostly about militancy, the
border situation also forms a vital part of the sense of security of the citizen.
Instead of pointing fingers and tying to distract world attention from its actions,
India should engage in self-scrutiny, so that it can identify where it went wrong.
Pakistan has no desire except to improve its relations with all, on the
basis of peace and justice. However, it is India which has the problem it is
refusing to resolve, that of illegally and forcibly occupying Kashmir. One of its
own installations there, Farooq Abdullah, has called for talks with Pakistan,
where the Kashmir issue will be discussed, primarily how the UN-supervised
plebiscite to determine the will of the Kashmiri people. That is the only way out
of the present situation. (Editorial, TheNation 15th August)
Indian Army Chief's tirade: At the same time as Pakistan has decided
to activate back-channel diplomacy to end the LoC confrontation with India,
jingoists on the Indian front are going about fanning the flames of the
confrontation, and showing a hostility that does not respond at all to the Nawaz
governments oft-expressed, pre-crisis, desire for better relations. One is moved
to pity for the Nawaz government, seeing the response it is getting from India.
While the statement by Indian COAS Gen Vikram Singh reflects the
official stand of the Indian government, the vandalism at an art exhibition in
Ahmedabad reflects that the Indian opposition is more adamantly opposed to
Pakistan than the present government. Given the total lack of a manifesto, the
opposition is trying to unite the Indian people under an anti-Pakistan agenda.

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The exhibition, at which 11 Pakistani and six Indian artists exhibited their
works, was vandalized by workers of the Vishwa Hari Parishad (VHP), as
admitted by the Gujarat VHP general secretary. Ahmadabad is not only the
capital of Gujarat, the place where riots were fomented in 2002 by Chief
Minister Narendra Modi, but is still his state capital. Still chief minister, Modi is
now head of the BJP, which is the political arm of the Sangh Parivar, of which
the VHP is also a key member, and which shared the VHPs Hindu supremacist
ideology.
Since the unmasking of Colonel Purohit, the links of the military with the
Parivar have become clear, so it was only natural, according to its own twisted
logic, for the workers of a Parivar organization to respond to the border
situation by trashing an exhibition.
Under these circumstances, Pakistan government's efforts to restart backchannel diplomacy display correct patience and responsibility, in contrast to
continuing Indian aggression.
Pakistan must convey the need for India to move towards a permanent
solution of the Kashmir conflict by allowing the people to exercise their
inherent right of self-determination. The flare-ups over the LoC have caused
loss of life to both sides. It is only in their own self-interest that the matter is
more permanently resolved, and the Kashmiri people can look forward to
beginning life under a government with full agency, not a forcibly installed
regime. If only the Indians would realise this, as the Pakistanis have, as behave
more demonstrably like a responsible entity, instead of endangering a sensitive
ceasefire by their posturing. (Editorial, TheNation 19th August)
The will of the people: The key question today is as to the motive
behind the current wave of incidents along the Line of Control and Indias
intransigent refusal to enter into a dialogue with Pakistan, unless the latter
takes care of ground realities. One reason could be that with elections
approaching Indian Politicians are taking up the popular cry wolf slogan. The
other motive could be more sinister, when viewed in tandem with the sudden
escalation of militant and terrorist activity in Balochistan and Indian
involvement in fermenting trouble in that province.
Nevertheless, ground realities are that an armed conflict with its neighbor
is not the leading option with Pakistan, which is currently beset with domestic
issues. This does not in any way imply that the latter is incapable of a befitting
response if threatened by external adventurism. Another emerging reality isthat
a growing number of people in both countries are desirous of peace, but this
would only be possible when all parties lay its foundation on a mutually honest
and reciprocally dignified relationship. Regretfully, the Indian dream of
becoming a quasi-global power is based on the Chanakyan Doctrine, the

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cornerstone of which is use of any means, no matter how immoral, to achieve


the ends of policy.
The bottom line however is that if asked to do so, I will put my money on
the will of the people of both Pakistan and India for it is this will that has the
power to destroy mindsets and rancor. It is this power that will, in the future,
bring lasting peace in the region. (S Tariq, TheNation 19th August)
Line out of control? Skirmishes at Pakistans eastern border have
happened before. Things have been heating up since 2013 set in at the LoC.
However, the blow up by the Indian media this once was unprecedented. It was
not just their media, but also their politicians and others who came out swinging
with very strong anti-Pakistan statements.
India faces its sixteenth general elections of Lok Sabha on May 31,
2014.The hype created maybe an election drumbeat. Congress may be bagging
appreciation in opening up dialogue with Pakistan. Was this dialogue hurting the
Congress opposition in India, is a question being raised at different forums.
Coming on the heels of the rape and death of a medical student, the event was
a God-Sent opportunity to put the Congress government on the back foot,
states a newspaper. If this suggestion has any authenticity, it reflects sadly on
Indian election approach bankruptcy. After 66 years, surely they can come up
with something better than Pakistan bashing?
Another reason suggested is to keep the pressure on Pakistan, knowing
full well that if Pakistan forces divert their attentions to the eastern border, they
will be spreading themselves thin. At the core of the issue lies the US combat
force pullback from Afghanistan, vying for greater influence India and Pakistan
will lock horns over Afghanistan. It is here that Pakistan governments mature
approach will be needed. Not to fall into the trap laid for Pakistan and focus
where they need to focus on.
What, nonetheless, this new disturbance has brought in focus rather
sharply, is that the cosmetic efforts notwithstanding, the issue of Kashmir and
water-war simmers just under the surface, waiting to be blown up into our faces
at any given opportunity and excuse.
A more reasonable and logical approach from the Indians would have
been to agree upon the setting up of a commission by the United Nations or
another such international organization to inquire into who originated the
violation and accept with grace the result of the said commission.
Unfortunately, this has not happened. The attitude has gone from belligerent to
being more belligerent. From Indias President telling Pakistan that its hand of
friendship should not be taken for granted, to that of the Indian Defence
Minister, A.K. Antony, stating that India is employing a wait and see policy with
Pakistan and that talks of normalizing relations with Pakistan were premature.
To give the man credit; Mr Antonys statement came only after the opposition
324

angrily accused the minister of deliberately choosing not to blame the Pakistani
army for the attack, amid attempts to revive peace talks with Pakistan. This
delayed response itself speaks volumes for an effort at balance among saner
voices in India.
Indias overall belligerency is in sharp contrast to the very positive and
friendly posture of Sharifs government ever since it came to power. Even in
face of Indian hysteria, he advised that Pakistan and India must take effective
steps to restore normalcy on the LoC. A restrained attitude towards the issue
was also displayed by the local media. What Indian media and Indian politicians
are doing most unfortunately, is putting at stake the chance of getting on with
improving relations with the fresh incoming government of Nawaz Sharif. This
is neither mature nor advisable. A reality check is needed-or do we accept the
advice a friend, Anthony Permal, gives in a tweet: The 'LoC' needs to be
renamed 'LoC': Line out of Control. (Yasmeen Aftab Ali, TheNation 20 th
August)
Captain Sarfaraz Shaheed: The situation on the Line of Control (LoC)
worsened on Wednesday, when Pakistan Army Captain Sarfaraz was martyred
in the early hours of the day, by Indian artillery fire. The firing from across the
border started at 45 minutes to midnight, and continued for three hours
The Indian establishment has been guilty of stirring up war hysteria,
including attacks on the Pakistan High Commission and the New Delhi-Lahore
bus, but the specious reasons India has been giving since August 6 for violating
the ceasefire in place since 2003 have not ceased.
The latest Indian violation thus was not isolated, but part of a pattern,
which was why it proved to be a focal point for Pakistani resentment, which
found expression in the National Assembly resolution condemning the killing. It
was also duly noted in the meeting of the Defence Committee of the Cabinet on
Thursday Though no one wants war, especially between two nuclear powers,
Islamabad must decide on a threshold beyond which its patience will be
exhausted in the one-sided quest for peace.
Perhaps the only sign in favour of peace is the sheer mindlessness of an
Indian-imposed war, which would mean destruction for both nuclear
neighbours.
India will find that Pakistanis may quail and hold differing opinions, but
when faced with a common threat, they will put aside those differences and
unite to face the common enemy.
Only a final settlement of the Kashmir issue would let the two countries
establish an international border and lasting peace. The issue must be settled in
accordance with the aspirations of the Kashmiri people, as determined in a UN-

325

supervised plebiscite to be lasting. Avoiding the inevitable by India has led to


the present confrontation. It must face facts. (Editorial, TheNation 23rd August)
The Appease India syndrome: The Indians, it seems, have taken this
confrontational road out of fear that once the US/NATO/ISAF combine leaves
Afghanistan, it will free up many militant groups from astride the Durand Line,
who will be without an enemy to chase and confront. They expect them to turn
their attention towards Indian Held Kashmir (IHK) and initiate yet another bout
of militancy. By falsely accusing Pakistan and heating up the LoC, the Indians
hope to pre-empt it. They hope to convince the international community to
pressurize Pakistan to somehow block this latent militant threat. India is likely
to spike up its destabilizing activities in Balochistan and FATA.
The US-UK combine too has a role to play in the murky and bloody
politics of the Indo-Pak subcontinent. Was the current regime change in
Pakistan a true democratic exercise or was it preordained? How may we explain
the utter lack of a political campaign by the PPP arguably the most lively,
vociferous politically active party? And where was their never-say-die party
leadership? Something is definitely amiss in this state of Denmark!
The unprecedented visits of the British PM David Cameron and FS
William Hague immediately after our elections remain unexplained and
enigmatic. What were the reasons for their rather speedy engagement of PM
Nawaz Sharif? They were followed by US Secretary of State John Kerry.
The similarities of the US-UK combines interests in the subcontinent and
Sharifs vision are noteworthy. And is PM Sharifs policy of appeasement
towards India a result of this confluence of visions? Is Pakistan to be weaned
away from China and embroiled in subcontinental solutions to its economic and
development woes? Or is it also a prelude to easing up regional economic
integration and opening borders and routes to facilitate the US inspired and led
New Silk Road Project?
The approach of the Pakistan government towards India needs to be
revisited. It must, without fail, uphold, secure and promote Pakistans national
interests, dignity, self-respect, pride and honour. The current stance might be the
result of PM Sharifs vision to evolve a peaceful environment in the Indo-Pak
subcontinent as a prelude to achieving regional economic integration with the
rest of South Asia, Central Asia, ME and beyond. These are laudable intentions
indeed; however, it always takes two to tango. Pakistan must not, unilaterally,
carry on with this policy of appeasement, while the Indians continue to kill its
brave soldiers and civilians on the LoC with disdain and dismissive arrogance.
It is unacceptable to Pakistan.
It is in Indias interest to free itself from the paradigms that tether it to
Pakistan and comprehensively limit it to the subcontinent. Of necessity, it must
resolve all outstanding issues with Pakistan, including Kashmir, the Indus
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Waters Treaty problem, Siachen, Sir Creek, et al. Only then will it be able to
grow in strategic reach and stature. It will then be able to take advantage of the
massive economic developments that are likely to take place in the SouthCentral Asian Region in the foreseeable future.
India has presumably loftier geopolitical and strategic designs and
ambitions. To seek them, it must free itself from the debilitating Pakistan
Syndrome. It is its call to make.
Appeasing India is unnecessary and redundant. Pakistan must always act
and conduct itself as a self-respecting nuclear power ought to. (Imran Malik,
TheNation 26th August)

REVIEW
Soon after the Eid-ul-Fitr, Ban ki Moon came to Pakistan on orders of
the US to ensure that its demands in the context of Afghanistan are fully met. It
was also reported that he was on mission to hire mercenaries from Pakistan
Army for deployment as peace-keepers in Syria and Egypt to serve interests of
the Crusaders and their allies ruling Arab countries.
His visit had nothing to do with the primary duty of Secretary General of
the world body i.e., to ensure implementation of resolutions passed by the
United States Security Council. Surprisingly no one in Pakistan reminded him
about resolutions on Kashmir dispute awaiting implementation. When a media
person drew his attention towards tensions along Line of Control, he was
gracious enough to offer his good offices for defusing it provided both sides
agreed.
As regards the dialogue offer to Taliban made by the Prime Minister, the
government should not be discouraged from the mixed response. Even if
Punjabi Taliban alone accept the offer, the government must go ahead and hold
talks. This could prove ice-breaking; a dozen militants giving up arms should be
taken as a success.
Due to killing of Maulana Akbar Saeed Farooqui of Ahle Sunnat Wal
Jamaat in Karachi on 25th August media gave new name of ethno-sectarian
war to turf war in Karachi. The killing of Sunni leaders and workers is not
new; so it remains a turf war between political mafias maintaining formidable
armed gangs operating with sinister criminal motives.
The involvement of Pakistan in Americas holy war for more than a
decade now has lot to do with arrogance of India. Pakistan Army must have
certainly told Prime Minister to defuse the tensions on eastern border because of
its limitations in fighting a two-front war.

327

While Indians have been martyring Pakistani soldiers, the troops


deployed along Line of Control restricted their reaction to silencing of Indian
guns. Moreover, reciprocating Indian goodwill acts Nawaz regime decided to
release more than three hundred Indian prisoners. This has strengthened PMs
resolve to appease India, which in turn has added to the arrogance of Bania.
26th August, 2013

INQILAB: CALLING MILLAT


328

PART FOUR
The last part of this volume comprises of quatrains from the last book of
Allamah Iqbal, the Armoghan-e-Hijaz. In these four liner poetical works, the
poet discusses some of the salient aspects of life and the related issues in the
light of Islamic teachings. All the quatrains are translated by Qazi Ahdul Kabir.
Before explaining the Message of Islam pertaining to the selected issues
he submits to the Muslims in these words:
HAZOOR-I-MILLAT





Majoo az mun kalam-e-arifanah; keh mun daaram sarisht-e-aashiqanah.
Sarishk-e-lalah gon ra andarein bagh; bifishaanam cho shabnam danah
danah,
[Mojh sey matasawwafanah kalam ki ummeid nah rakhh; mien aashiqanah
sarisht rakhhta hon.
(Mien shear naheeh kehta, balkeh) apney khoon amaiz aansoon ko shabanam
ki tarah iss bagh mien qatrah qatrah tapkata hon.]
Seek not of me the gnostics-verse and prose, as I hold the nature of faithful
beaux.*
The poppy like tears in this garden main,** I am flowing like dew drops grain
by grain.***
(*Pronounce bouz; lovers. **In the main; for the most part, on the whole.
***Garden; viz. country.)
SET 1: TIE YOUR HEART WITH HAQ


Ba-Haq dil bund-o-raah-e-Mostafa (S.A.W.) rao.
[Allah Taala sey dil laga aur Hazoor-e-Akram (S.A.W.) ki itbaa kar.]
Tie your heart with Allah Taala and follow the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
*****(1)*****
329





Beh manzil kosh manind-e-meh-e-nau; darein neili faza her dum fazon
shuo.
Moqam-e-khwaish agar khwahi darein deir; ba-Haq dil bund-o-raah-eMustafa (S.A.W.) rao.
[Naey chand ki manind mazil takk pohnchney ki koshish kar; iss fazaey
neilgon mein her dum barrhta ja.
Agar tou bottkhanah (-e-dunya) mein apna moqam pana chahita hai; tuo Allah
Taala sey dil laga aur Hazoor-e-Akram (S.A.W.) ki itbaa kar.]
Be nearer to the aim like a moon new; seek the higher heights with efforts anew.
A place in this lane if you wish to make; make a tie with God in the Prophets
wake.*
(*Basic ideas Seek a tete-a-tete with God in the Prophets wake. The ultimate
aim of each faithful (without distinction of cast and creed) is tete-a-tete with
God or the Wisal-i-Ilahi, for which Raza-j-Ilahi is a must. The Namaz, Roza and
Zikr are the necessary vehicles through which we strive to achieve the ultimate
aim of Visal-j-llahi. (Tete.a-tete of God is more appropriate than union here).
Raza-i-Ilahi, means) pleasure of God.)
*****(2)*****





Cho mouj az behar khod baalidah-um mun; bakhod misl-e-gohar
paecheedah-um mun.
Az aan Nimrod ba mun sargaran ast; beh tameer-e-Haram koshidah-um
mun.
[Mien mouj ki manind apney samandar sey othha hon; aur moti ki manind apni
nashv-o-noma per matwajah raha hon.
Nimrud iss leay mojh sey naraaz hai; keh mein Haram ki taamir mein koshan
hon.]
My selfs own sea gave a rise to me; it sharpend my wits like pearls in sea.

330

On me that Nimrod is boiling with rage; Im trying to build up Harems


image.
(Bakhud paecheedgan; According to a contemporary scholar it means to fortify
and cultivate ones own self; strong thing of ones own ego. I also understand its
meanings are self seeing (though literal meanings are self-writhings Self
coiling viz, the philosophers and other thinkers.)
*****(3)*****





Biya saqi bagardaan saatgin ra; bifashaan ber duo geeti aastein ra.
Haqiqat ra beh rinday faash kardand; keh Mulla kum shinasad rumz-e-Deen
ra.
[Saqi! Othh aur jaam-e-maey aagay barrha; duonon jahanon per apna
daaman jhaarr dey.
(Iss dour mein) mojh jaisey rind per haqiqat faash ki gaeyi hai; kiyuonken
Mulla raaz-e-Deen samajhney sey qasir hai.]
Come O bearer* and move the cup of Wine**; and leave the worlds both under
long veils line***.
He raised all the curtains before this sot; the codes of His Path the Mullah
knew not.
(*Bearer means Iqbals own preceptor and religious guide. **Wine among
mystics of Indo-Pakistan and Persia is the terminology used for spiritual
guidance. The mystics of East are wont to talk in esoterics to avoid an air of
pride and boasts. ***I have added long veils line (after leave the worlds both) to
convery the true sense of this Persian phrase. Iqbal clarifies this sense in line 3
of this quatrain. (viz. curtains of pride, pomp and show, criticism, jealousy etc.
common with entire mankind).
*****(4)*****





Biya saqi niqab az rokh ber afgan; chakeed az chashm-e-mun khoon-e-dil-emun.
331

Beh aan lehnay keh ney Sharqi nah Gharbi ast; nawaey az moqam-e-La
takhaf zun.
[Saqi! Othh apney chehray sey niqab othha (aur deikhh); meyrey dil ka khoon
meyri aankhhon sey tapak raha hai.
Aur moqam la-takhaf sey iss laey mein; nawaraiz ho, jo nah Sharqi hai, nah
Gharbi.]
Come O bearer and raise the veils aside; cause my hearts blood dripping from
the eyes side.
From a tone which gives no East or. West trace; send a no fear note from the
no fear place.*
(*Send a La takhaf note from its place, was the best literal translation
(Latakhaf means fear not) as it was addressed to Moses by God.)
*****(5)*****





Baroon az seinah kash takbir-e-khod ra; bakhak-e-khwaish zun akseer-ekhod ra.
Khodi ra geer-o-mohkam geer-o-khosh zei; madeh dar dast-e-kas taqdir-ekhod ra.
[Apney seinah sey (naarah-e-) takbir bahar nikaal (zoban per la); aur apni
(iss) akseer ko apni khak per daal.
Khodi ko pakarr, mazbooti sey pakarr aur khosh reh; apni taqdir kissi aur kay
haath mein nah dey (khod apni taqdir bun).]
Raise from thy bosom a Call of God Great; hit thy own exir on thy dusty fate.
Gaurd thy ego ever, lead a life nice; to none give thy luck at any great price.*
(* From thy own dust (dusty fate) make thy own nexir: A call of God Great;
viz. Takbir of Arabic.)
*****(6)*****





332

Mosilman az khodi mard-e-tammam ast; bakhakash ta khodi meerad ghulam


ast.
Agar khod ra mataa-e-khwaish daani; nigah ra joz bakhod bostan haraam
ast.
[Mosilman, khodi (kay istihkaam) sey insan-e-kamil banta hai; oss kay badan
mein khodi mur jaaey, tuo woh ghulam hai.
Agar tou apney aap ko apni mataa jaaney; (tou yeh noktah samajh jaaey keh)
apney allawah kissi aur per tawajoh markooz karna haraam hai.]
From self a Muslim is man perfect; he is slave when it dies in heart in fact.
If you take thy self, a priceless lot; to look save Thee is a tabood thought.
*****(7)*****





Mosilmanan keh khod ra faash deidand; beh her darya cho gohar
aarmeidand.
Agar az khod rameedand andarein deir; bajan-e-tou keh murg-e-khod
kharidand.
[Woh Mosilman jinnhon ney apney aap ko poori tarah deikhh liya; woh her
daryaey (moseebat) mein gohar ki manind por-sakoon rehey.
Laikan agar woh iss bottkhanah (-e-dehar) mien apney aap sey garaizon
rehein; tuo, teyri jan ki qasam! Onnhon ney (apney haathon) apni mout
kharidi.]
As long the Muslim, in self can peep; like pearls they rest in the oceans deep.
From ego if you ran in this fane; your own death you buy for lifes bargain.*
(* Basic thought: Thus the Egos price he forgot when he took his own life with
own hands then.)
*****(8)*****

333

Kashoodam pardah az rooey taqdir; mashau nomeid-o-raah-e-Mustafa


(S.A.W.) geer.
Agar bawar nadaari aanchih goftam; z-ein bagaraiz-o-murg-e-kafirey meer.
[Mien ney taqdir kay chehray sey pardah othha diya hai; na-ummeid nah ho
aur aur Hazoor-e-Akram (S.A.W.) ki rah ikhtiyar kar.
Laikan agar tojhey meyri baat ka eitibaar naheen; tuo Islam chhorr aur kafir ki
mout mur.]
The veils of thy fortune lo! I ope; take the Prophets path give up no hope.
If you believe not whatever I say; give up the faith and die in Kafirs way.
*****(9)*****





Beh Turkaan bostah dar-ha ra koshaadand; banaey Misriyan mohkam
nehaadand.
Tou hum dastey bidamaan-e-khodi zun; keh bey oo molk-o-Deen kas ra
nadaadand.
[Turkon kay leay bund darwazey khhol diay gaey; Misriyuon ki buniyad
mostahim kar di gaeyi.
Tou bhi khodi ka daaman pakarr; oss kay baghair (kabhi) kissi ko molk-o-Deen
naheen mila.]
Now all the shut doors for Turks are ope; the Egypts base would be firm I hope.
You give a rap too at the Egos door; none knew without it his faith and lands
lore1
(*The poet is explaining the condition of Turks during 1922 AD., when they
were surrounded all over by difficulties and so the Egyptians slater on. Land
and Fold; country and faith.)
*****(10)*****

334

Her aan quomay keh mi-raizad baharash; nasaazad joz beh boo-haey
rameidah.
Z-khakash lalah mi-rooeyd wlaikan; qabaey daarad az rung paridah.
[Her (zawal pazir) quom, jiss ki bahar ja choki ho; onnhi khoshbon ko seinay
sey lagaey rakhhti hai jo khatam ho choki hai.
Oss khak sey (gul-e-) lalah ogta tuo hai, magar, oss ki qabaey (sorkh) ka rung
orra hoa hota hai.]
A nation whose spring falls to decay; she always craves for the good old days.
A poppy grows though from her dusty gems; it also takes a gown of fading
stems.*
(*Here poppy means a young man (of that nation), when every young man of a
nation falls a prey to disappointment and makes no efforts for his revival. As
such the nations can regain their lost prestige by efforts alone.)
*****(11)*****





Khoda aan millatey ra sarwari daad; keh taqdirash badast-e-khwaish
banawisht.
Beh aan millat sarokaarey nadaarad; keh dehqanash baraey digaraan kisht.
[Allah Taala sirf issi quom ko sardari atta farmatey hein; jo khod apney haath
sey apni taqdir likhhti hai.
Allah Taala aisi quom sey koeyi sarokaar naheen rakhhtey; jiss ka dehqaan
dosaron kay leay khheiti bota hai.]
God gave that nation a sway oer lands; who shaped her fortunes with her
hands.
With that nation he keeps no links; whose farmer tills for others drinks.
*****(12)*****





Z-Razi hekmat-e-Quraan biaamoz; chiraghey az chiragh-e-oo ber afroz.
335

Walley ein noktah ra az mun fra-geer; keh natwaan zeistan bey musti-o-soz.
[(Bey shak) Razi sey Quraan Pak ki hekmat seikhh; oss kay chiragh sey apna
chiragh jala.
Laikan mojh sey yeh noktah samajh ley; keh musti-o-soz (ishq) kay baghair
zindah naheen raha ja sakta.]
From Razi thus learn the Qurans insight; from his lamp he lit up his own
lamps light.
But a point from me you must learn hence; that cant be life, lacking flame and
trance.*
(*No life is life without the Prophets flame of love burning in his heart.)
SET 2: EGO

Khodi
*****(1)*****





Kassey keh ber khodi zadd la-ilah ra; z-khak-e-mordah rooeyanad nigah
ra.
Madeh az dast damaan chonein mard; keh deidam dar kamandash mehar-omeh ra.
[Jiss ney apni khodi per la-ilah ki zarab lagaeyi; oss ney apni mordah khak
(badan) sey nigah paida kar li.
Aisey shakhs ka daaman nah chhorr; mien ney mehar-o-meh ko oss ki kamand
(tasaraf) mein deikhha hai.]
Who makes Ego firm by Lailahs tie; from lifeless sands can make a seeing
eye.
Lose not ever that mans greatest boon; in whose reach I see the Sun and
Moon.*
(*Iqbal has been looking for a fit man always and here he pinpoints the qualities
of that great man.)
*****(2)*****

336





Tou ay nadaan dil-e-aagah daryaab; bakhod misl-e-niyagaan raah daryaab.
Chisaan Momin konad poshidah ra faash; z-La moujood illallah daryaab.
[Ay nadaan! Tou dil-e-agah hasil kar; (aur) apney bazorgon ki manind apney
aap takk rasaeyi hasil kar.
Momin poshidah raazon ko kis tarah faash karta hai; yeh noktah la-moujood
illallah sey seikhh.]
O ignorant man get a knowing heart; in wake of thy elders learn thy own part.
Flow can a momin tell His Secret act; from La got the Allahs positive fact.
*****(3)*****





Dil-e-tou dagh-e-penhaney nadaarad; tabb-o-taab-e-Mosilmaney nadaarad.
Khiyaban-e-khodi ra daadaheyi aab; az aan darya keh toofaney nadaarad.
[Teyra dil (mohabat ka) dagh-e-penhan naheen rakhhta; yeh Mosilman (kay
dil) ki chamak aur hararat sey khali hai.
(Kiyuonkeh) tou ney khodi kay khiyaban ko iss darya sey sairaab kiya hai, jo
baghair toofan kay hai.]
Thy heart keeps not that hidden scar. A Muslims shine it lacks so far.
You always water the Soil of Ego; from a lake which knows no furious flow.*
(Literal: From a lake which knows no flood and great wave which sweeps every
thing.)
SET 3: ANA-AL-HAQ

Ana-al-Haq
*****(1)*****

337





Ana-al-Haq joz moqamey Kibriya neist; sazaey oo Chalipa hust ya neist.
Agar fardey bagoeyad sar-zanash beh; agar quomey bagoeyad narawa neist.
[Ana-al-Haq sirf moqam-e-Kibriya hai; (koeyi insan kehey tuo) oss ki saza
Salib hai ya naheen?
(Iss sawal ka jawab yeh hai keh) agar fard ana-al-Haq kehey tuo woh qabal-esaza hai; laikan agar quom kehey, tuo jaaiz hai.]
A place of I am God is Gods own place. This sin takes to gallows* or no
disgrace?
If one man says this reprove at this wrong; if a nation says, then you get along.
(*This sin takes to gallows or just gets grace. It refers to Ana-al-Haq of
Mansoor Hallaj.)
*****(2)*****





Beh aan millatey ana-al-Haq saazgar ast; keh az khoonash num her
shakhsaar ast.
Nehan andar jalal-e-oo jamaley; keh oo ra nah sepeher aeinah-dar ast.
[Ana-al-Haq kehna oss millat ko zaib deyta hai; jiss ka khoon (nehaal-e-bagh
ki) her shakh ki abiyari karta hai.
Jiss kay jalal mein jamal nehan hai; kiyuonkeh nou aasman (saari kainat) issi
(ki jolaniyuon) kay aeinah daar hein.]
I am the God suits to that nation lone; whose bloods moisture feels each branch
grown.
In whose power hids a beauty queer; to him the nine heavens are servants clear.

*****(3)*****

338





Miyan-e-ummataan wala moqam ast; keh aan ummat duo-geeti ra imam ast.
Niyasayad z-kaar-e-farinash; keh khwab-o-khastagi barooey haraam ast.
[Aisi ummat, ummaton mein boland martbat hai; kiyuonkeh woh duonon
jahanon ki sardar hai.
Woh (her dum) naeyi takhliq mein masroof rehti hai; neind aur takaan oss per
haraam hai.]
Among nations large she holds a place great; that race is the leader of both
worlds fate.
From her novel acts, new miracles breed; to dream and weaken is banned in her
creed.
*****(4)*****





Wajoodash shoalah az soz-e-daroon ast; cho khas oo ra jahan-e-chund-ochoon ast.
Konad sharah-e-ana-al-Haq himmat-e-oo; pey her Kun keh mi-goeyad
Yakun ast.
[Iss ummat ka wajood apney soz-e-daron kay bais shoalah ki manind hai; yeh
jahan-e-asbaab-o-aadaad iss kay (shoalah kay) saamney khas ki manind hai.
Iss ki himmat (kay kaarnamon) sey ana-al-Haq ki wazahay hoti hai; woh jabb
kun kehti hai tuo yakun iss ka saath deyta hai (aisi quom jo kaam shoroa
karti hai, ossey paya-e-takmil takk pohnchati hai).]
From her inner verve* that race is a flame; to her the world charms is a
worthless game.
What means by Im God her efforts define; her each Kun/be says
Yakun/become an object fine.
(*What is Soz-i-Daroon (inner flame of love or inner verve of faithful is further
defined by Iqbal in Javed Namah, under the beading of Afghani (Syed
Jamaluddin Afghani) and Piyam-i-Mashriq: 1). He is making efforts from Inner
339

verves flame, From bonds of East and West to one worlds frame. 2). My heart
is lit up from inner flame; from blood tears my eye views the worlds frame.
3). To secrets of life they are almost blind, They brand the loves pathos to
deranged mind. 4). Like moths how long you lead fools life; how long you
wont face the lifes hard strife. 5). Burn thy self once with thy inner flame;
round ones fire how long you move sans aim.)
*****(5)*****





Parad dar
aashiyanah.

wosaat-e-gardoon-e-yaganah;

nigah-e-oo

beh

shakh-e-

Meh-o-anjam gariftar-e-kamandash; badast-e-oo taqdir-e-zamanah.


[Woh faza ki wosaaton mein yaganah perwaz karti hai (onn mein khho naheen
jaati); oss ki nigah (hamaishah) apney aasiyanah ki shaakh per rehti hai
(maqsood ko naheen bhoolti).
Woh meh-o-anjam ko apni kamand ka aseer banati hai; zamaney ki taqdir oss
kay haath mein hai.]
Like a unique race thus she flies in space; with eyes ever set on her centres
base.
The moon and stars in her lassos reach; lies in her hand the fate of age each.
*****(6)*****





Beh baghban andalibey khosh safiray; beh raaghan jorrah-e-baazey zood
geeray.
Ameer-e-oo beh sultani faqiray; faqir-e-oo beh darvaishi ameeray.
[(Aisi ummat) baghon mein khosh awaz andaleeb hai; laikan paharron kay
daaman mein woh nar baz ki tarah shikar per jhapatti hai.
Oss kay ameer sultani mein faqir hein; aur oss kay faqir dervaishi mein ameer
hein.]
In gardens lawn he is song bird sweet; in jungles a hawk with ruthless heat.
340

Her king in power is a poor mans base; her poor man in want has a kingly
grace.
*****(7)*****





Bajaam-e-nau kohan maey az saboo raiz; farogh-e-khwaish ra ber kaakh-okoo raiz.
Agar khwahi samara az shakh-e-Mansoor; beh dil la ghalib illallah fruo
raiz.
[Apney naey jaam mein saboo sey porani sharab (Islam kay dour-e-awwal ki)
Daali; pher apni chamak damak sey mehal aur koochay roshan kar dey.
Agar shakh-e-Mansoor sey phhal hasil karna chahta hai; tuo apney dil per la
ghalib-a-illallah ka naqsh monaqash kar.]
Fill the old wine in the New Age bowl. Cast the selfs light on hills and lands
whole.
If you wish to eat fruits from Mansoors bowl; say none save Allah can rule the
world whole.*
(*Basic thought: Take the worlds order in you own hand; throw other Gods
from your hearts land.)
SET 4: SUFI AND MULLA

Sufi-o-Mulla
*****(1)*****





Griftam hazrat-e-Mulla torsh roost; nigash maghz ra nashinasad az post.
Agar ba ein Mosilmani keh daaram; mera az Kaabah mi-raanad haq-e-oost.
[Mana keh maulana sahib budmazaaj hein; mana keh onn ki nigah chhilkay kay
andar sey maghaz ko naheen pehchanti.

341

Laikan agar woh mojh jaisey Mosilman ko; Kaabah sey bahar nikaal dein, tuo
oss mein woh haq bajanib hein.]
The Mullah and Sufi are cross in deed; his eye seldom sees the pitch in its seed.
If this is the faith which I have in me; to oust me from Kaaba a right has he.
*****(2)*****





Farangi siad bost az Kaabah-o-Deir; sada az khanqahan raft la-ghair.
Hiqayat paish-e-Mulla baaz goftam; doa farmood ya Rabb aaqibat khair.
[Farangi ney Kaabah-o-Deir (duonon jagah) sey (loug) shikar kar leay;
khanqahon sey sada othhi keh woh ghair naheen,
Maulana sahib ki khidmat mein shikayat ki; tuo onnhon ney doa kay leay haath
othha diay: Elahi! Oss ki aaqbat khair ho!]
When the English subdued the mosque and fane; no aliens are they, said the
convents brain.
I told my fears to a Mullah when; make his end well, he just prayed then.1
(Convent: Khanqah or monastry.)
*****(3)*****





Beh bund-e-Sufi-o-Mulla asseri; hayat az hekmat-e-Quraan nageeri.
Beh ayaatash tera kaarey joz ein neist; keh az Yasin oo aasan bimeeri.
[Tou Sufi-o-Mulla ki qiad mein gariftar hai; Quraan Pak sey zindagi hasil
naheen karta.
Iss ki ayaat sey tojhey sirf itna sarokar hai; keh murtey waqt Yasin parrh ley, takeh jan aasani sey nikal jaaey.]
To Mullah and Sufi thou art a slave; from insight of Quran no life you crave.
You need verses only at time of grief; that Yasin would give death pangs a
relief.

342

*****(4)*****





Z-Quraan paish-e-khod aeinah aawaiz; digargoon koshtah-e-ein az khwaish
bagaraiz,
Trazooey baneh kirdar-e-khod ra; qiyamat-haey paishin ra ber angaiz.
[Quraan Pak kay aeinah mein apney khad-o-khaal deikhh; tou yaksar badal
choka hai, apney aap sey graiz kar.
Apna kirdar janchney kay leay (Quraan-e-Pak ka) trazoo saamney rakhh; aur
pher sey (dour-e-awwal ki sei) qiyamatein barpa kar dey.]
Through the mirror of Quran see thy deeds; how changed it thee, change the life
you lead.
Thus weigh in a scale thy actions and thought; get a sweeping change as the
elders brought.
*****(5)*****





Z-mun ber Sufi-o-Mulla salamey; keh paigham-e-Khoda goftand ma ra.
Walley tawil-e-shan dar hairat andaakht; Khoda-o-Jibril-o-Mustafa (S.A.W)
ra.
[Meyri taraf sey Sufi-o-Mulla ko salam pohnchey; ken onnhon ney humein
Allah Taala ka paigham sonaya.
Magar iss kalam ki jo tawil onnhon ney ki; oss ney Allah Taala, Jibril aur
Janaab Rasool-e-Pak (S.A.W.) sabb ko hairat mein daal diya.]
I salute the Mullah and Sufi old; who gave me the message of God as told.
It tilled with wonder the meaning he drew; which God, His Prophet and Gabe
never knew.
*****(6)*****



343



Z-dozakh waiz-e-kafir garey goft; hadisey khosh-ter azooey kafirey goft.
Nadanad aan ghulam ahwal-e-khod ra; keh dozakh ra moqam-e-digarey
goft.
[Eik waiz-e-kafir gar ney (Jo baat baat per dosaron ko kafir kehta thha)
dozakhy ki baat ki; magar kafir ney oss sey bhi dilchasp baat kehi:
Yeh ghulam (shaid) apney ahwaal naheen janta; jo dozakh ko auron ka
moqam batata hai (ghukami ki dozakh ki zindagi hai).]
On hell kafir-maker Mullah spoke; on which a kafir in a nice way broke.
That slave knows not where he would go? Who is sending the rest in heirs long
row.
*****(7)*****





Moridey khod shinasey pokhtah kaarey; beh piray goft harf-e-naish daarey.
Bamurg-e-natammamey jan spordan; gariftan rozay az khak-e-mazarey.
[Eik pokhtah-kaar aur khod shanas morid ney; apney pir sey yeh teekhhi baat
ki:
Khak-e-mazar sey rozi hasil karna; apney aap ko murg-e-natammam kay
sapord karna hai (aisa shakhs nah zindah hai, nah mordah).]
A well read disciple asked his guide; with a word in which a sting did hide.
To die for a life will it well behave? To make ones living from bones of a grave.
*****(8)*****





Pisar ra goft piray khirqah baazey; tera ein noktah bayad harz-e-jan kard.
Beh Nimrodaan ein dour aashna baash; z-faiz-e-shan-e-Brahimi tawaan
kard.

344

[Eik paishah-war pir ney apney baitey sey kaha; tojhey yeh noktah achhi tarah
sey yaad rakhhna chahiay:
Iss duor kay Nimrodon sey dosti rakhh; (kiuyunkeh) onn kay faiz sey Brahimi
ka dhong rachaya ja sakta hai.]
Thus spoke to his son a guide in patched robe; I tell thee a point after whole
lifes probe.
To Nimrods of this age, know by face by Gods grace live with the Abrams
grace.
SET 5: RUMI

Rumi
*****(1)*****





Bakaam-e-khod digar aan kohnah maey raiz; keh bajaamash nirzadd Molke-Pervaiz.
Z-ashaar-e-Jalal-ud-Din Rumi; badiwaar-e-harim-e-dil biyaawaiz.
[Apney halaq mein pher wohi porani sharab ondail; jiss ka eik jaam Sultanate-Pervaiz sey barrh kar hai.
Jalal-ud-Din Rumi (R.A.) kay ashaar; harim-e-dil ki diwar per aawaizan kar
ley.]
Pour in thy self that old wine again; his one cups worth is more than a reign.
Keep the verses of Rumi in thy brain; and paste them around the hearts walls
again.
*****(2)*****





Bageer az sagharash aan lalah rungay; keh taseerash dehud laaley beh
sungay.

345

Ghazaley ra dil-e-sheray babakhshad; bashaweid dagh az az posht-epalangay.


[Rumi (R.A.) kay saaghar sey woh lalah rung sharab ley; jiss ki taseer sung ko
laal atta karti hai.
Jo hiran ko sher dil bana deyti hai; aur cheetay ki posht sey dagh dho daalti
hai.]
Take from his cup those poppy like stems; whose one sip can turn a stone into
gem.
The heart of a lion who gave to the deer; who shaved the black spots from a
panthers rear.
*****(3)*****





Nasibay bordam az tabb-o-taab-e-oo; shabam manind-e-roz az kokab-e-oo.
Ghazaley dar biyabaan Haram bein; keh raizad khandah-e-sher az labb-e-oo.
[Mien ney ossi ki chamak aur tapash sey hissah paya hai; issi kay sitarey ney
meyri raat ko dinn ki tarah roshan kar diya hai.
(Abb) biyaban-e-Haram mein (oss) ghazaal ko deikhh; oss kay labbon per sher
ki sei moskarahat hai (apni taraf asharah hai).]
From his verve and heat I got a good share; my night was a day from that bught
stars flare.
See a gazelle on Harems desert sands; he smiles like a lion on oasis or lands.
*****(4)*****





Sarapa dard-o-soz aashanaseyi; wasal-e-oo zoban-dan jodaeyi.
Jamal-e-ishq geerad az naey oo; nasibay az jalal-e-Kibriyaeyi.
[Rumi (R.A.) ka kalam sarapa dard-o-soz-e-mohabat hai; oss ka wasal, hijr ka
tarjmaan hai.

346

Oss kay naghmon ki badoulat, jamal-e-ishq; Jalal-e-Kibriyai ki shaan rakhhta


hai.]
Being full of pathos and passions heat; his tete-a-tete thus had the pangs sweet
treat.
By flute gets beauty of His Loves sweet light; a gift and share good of His
Glory and Might.*
(*Tete-a-tete, private conversation between two persons. (here it is wisal-illahi). Treat; something that comes unexpected, especially something that gives
pleasure, not often enjoyed.
Here Iqbals wants self on tete-a-tete differs from other mystics. It is neither
pantheism nor neo-platonism as enunciated by Plotinus (Plotinus) 205-270 A.D.
in Alexandira postulating a single source (God) from which all forms of
existence emanate and with whom the soul seeks mystical union. It is also
called Hama andar Wajud (all within His Being) or wahdat-is-shahud. His
self goes higher to both, higher than fana-fihlah (destruction or elimination
within God).
Here poets self wants to achieve Baqa Billah (permanence! everlasting life
with God. This is the highest stage for a faithful when the self feels his entity
alongwith the Gods (presence) vision. As such in his tete-a-tete of God the self
is still conscious of long period of separation from that place, the place of souls
in the heavens (Alam-i-Arwah). Iqbal is hinting here to those sweet pangs of
separation (a) Wisal-i-ou; (his tete-a-tete) (b) Zubandan-i- (having the tongue,
the ken of the feeling of), Judai, (separation). Flute; (his songs of lover message
of love, poesy of amatory, his poesy full of love of God.)
*****(5)*****





Girah az kaar ein nakarah waa kard; ghobar-e-rehgozar ra kimiya kard.
Ney aan naey nawazey pakbaazey; mera ba ishq-o-musti aashna kard.
[Oss ney mojh nakarah ki moshkilat hul kar dein; mojh jaisey ghobar-e-rah ko
kimiya bana diya.
Iss pakbaz naey nawaz kay naghmon ney mojhey ishq-o-musti (ki doulat) sey
aashna kar diya.]
He solved many ties I had to face; he gave to ways dust* his exirs grace.
347

The tone of this flutist, tender heart hence; made me conscious of Love and
fervour sense. (*Ways dust the poet himself.)
*****(6)*****





Barooey mun dar dil baaz kardand; z-khak-e-mun jahaney saaz kardand.
Z-faiz-e-oo gariftam eitibaarey; keh ba mun maah-o-anjam saaz kardand.
[Mojh per dil kay darwazey khhol diay gaey; meyri khak sey eik niya jahan
taamir kiya gaya.
Mien ney Rumi (R.A.) kay faiz sey woh martabah paya; keh abb chand sitarey
meyri mowafqat mein chaltey hein.]
To me his hearts door was always ope; from my dust he caused a worlds new
hope.
From his grace I got a grace and trust. For me he tamed the Moon and Stars
first.*
(*Moon and stars here it means the angels of fate (who are the proctors of fate
as well) or those who are living heavens became my supporters.)
*****(7)*****





Khiyalash ba meh-o-anjam nashinad; nigahash aan sooey pervin babeinad.
Dil-e-bitaab-e-khod ra paish-e-oo neh; dum-e-oo raashah az seimaab
cheenad.
[Oss ka fikr (bolandi mein) meh-o-anjam ka hum-nashin hai; oss ki nigah
suriya (jo bolandi kay leay mashhoor hai) kay iss janib deikhhti hai.
Apna dil bey taab oss kay saamney paish kar; Rumi (R.A.) ka dum paarey sey
bey taabi chon leyta hai.]
His thought thus flies with stars and moon rays; his eye thus views beyond
milky ways.

348

Lay thy restive heart at his fluid tune; from his quick silver get a quick calm
soon.*
(*If you shake a restive heart it gets content. As such the poet is seeking Rumis
shaking for a content, peace and tranquility.)
*****(8)*****





Z-Rumi geer asrar-e-faqiri; keh aan faqr ast mehsood-e-amiri.
Hazar z-aan faqr-o-dervaishi keh azooey; rasidi ber moqam-e-sar baraizi.
[Faqiri kay asrar Rumi (R.A.) sey seikhh; oss kay faqr per ameeri rashk karti
hai.
Aisey faqr-o-dervaishi sey bach; jo tojhey aajizi-o-darmandgi kay moqam per
pohncha dey.]
Take secrets of content from Rumis call; that content is envied by rich men all.
Be cautious from content which may take thee, to a place of bow1down and
sheer slavery.
*****(9)*****





Khodi taa gasht mehjoor-e-Khodaeyi; beh faqr aamokht adaab-e-gadaeyi.
Z-chashm-e-must Rumi waam kardam; saroorey az moqam-e-Kibriyaeyi.
[Jabb khodi ney khodaeyi chhorr di; tuo oss ney faqr ko gadaeyi kay aadab
sikhhaey.
(Magar) mien ney Rumi (R.A.) ki chashm-e-must sey; moqam-e-kibriaeyi ka
saroor qarz liya hai (pa liya hai).]
When self is deprived from godly tint; the content then gets a beggars print.
From Rumis drunk eyes I borrowed a trance, to taste a sweet joy of his godly
glance.
*****(10)*****

349





Maey roshan z-taak mun fruo raikht; khosha mardey keh dar damanam
aawaikht.
Nasib az aatishey daaram keh awal; Sinai az dil-e-Rumi ber angaikht.
[Meyrey angoor sey roshan sharab tapak rehi hai; khosh nasib hai woh shakhs
jiss ney meyra daaman thhaam liya.
Mien ney bhi iss aatish (-e-ishq) sey hissah paya hai; jo Sinai (R.A,) ney pehley
pehal Rumi (R.A.) kay dil mein bharrkaeyi hai.]
That bright wine scattered from my wineyard; who hung to my shirt, got the
lucks award.
To Rumi I owe a share of his flame, which Sinai took first and earned great
fame.
SET 6: THE MESSAGE OF FAROOQ

Payam-e-Farooq
*****(1)*****





Tou ay baad-e-biyaban az Arab khaiz; z-Neil Misriyaan moujay ber angaiz.
Bago Farooq ra paigham-e-Farooq; keh khod dar faqr-o-sultani biya-amaiz.
[Ay baad-e-sehra! Arab sey othh; aur Misriyuon kay Darya-e-Neil mein sey eik
mouj othha.
(Pher) Farooq (Shah-e-Misar) ko Farooq-e-Azam (R.A.) ka yeh paigham
pohncha; keh woh apney andar faqr-o-sultani ko mila dey.]
O deserts breeze rise from Arabs sky; from Egypts Nile raise a new wave
high.
Give Farooqs message to King Farooqs race; how content is mixed with the
kingships face.
*****(2)*****
350



!

Khilafat faqr ba-taj-o-sarir ast; zehay doulat keh payan napazir ast.
Jawan bakhta! Madeh az dast, ein faqr; keh bey oo padshahi zood meir ast.
[Taj-o-takht kay bawajood faqiri ho, tuo ossey khilafat kehtey hein; khosha woh
doulat (-e-khilafat) jissey kabhi zawaal naheen.
Ay jawan bakht padshah! Yeh faqr haath sey nah dey; kiyuokeh iss kay
baghair padshahat jald fana ho jaati hai.]
The Faqr and Caliphate with Kings Crown shine; a great wealth this is which
never declines.
O Young king! Leave not the contents boon; sans it the kingship ends very
soon.
*****(3)*****





Jawanmardey keh khod ra faash beinad; jahan-e-kohna ra baaz farinad.
Hazaran anjuman andar tawafash; keh oo baa khwaishtan khalwat gazinad.
[Woh jawanmard jo apney aap ko aashkara deikhh leyta hai; wohi iss jahan-ekohnah ko az sar-e-nau paida karta hai.
Hazaron anjumanein oss ka tawaf karti hein; kiyuonkeh woh apney andar
khalwat gazein hota hai.]
A young man who peeps in his ego deep; can make a world anew on old worlds
heap.*
Around his circle lo! Are thousand leagues; in selfs reading though a solace he
needs.**
(*Can fill the world with justice. **It probably means worshipping the God.)

*****(4)*****

351





Beh rooey aql-o-dil bakoshaey her dar; bageer az pir-e-her maeykhanah
saaghar.
Dar-aan kosh az niaz-e-seinah perwar; keh daaman pak daari aastin tar.
[Aql-o-dil kay saamney her darwazah khhol dey; her maeykhaney kay pir sey
saaghar ley.
Magar iss niazmandi ki badoulat jo dil ki tarbiyat karti hai; koshish kar keh
teyra daaman (gonahon sey) pak aur teyri aastin aansoon sey tar rehey.]
For sense and hearts sake leave each door ajar take a cup thus from every
sects bar.
Make all the efforts with love and heart pure; to lead a chaste life with no greed
and lure *
(*It has been taken from a verse of Amir Khisro, known as Nightingale of India
(Tooti-e-Hind).) Although he was a minister in the court of the king yet he
passed his whole life in the company of great disciples and favourite of Hazrat
Nizam-ud-Din Aulia of Delhi whose annual anniversary is still celebrated with
all the pomp and show by the Congress Government of India under the State
patronage; the Prime Minister and President of India make their presence at his
tomb.)
*****(5)*****





Khonak aan millatey ber khod rasidah; z-dard-e-jostajoo na-rameedah.
Drakhsh-e-oo teh-e-ein neilgoon charkh; cho taighey az miyan bairoon
kashidah.
[Mobarik hai woh millat jiss ney apney aap ko pa liya; jissey dard-e-jostajoo
ney kabhi chian sey nah baithhney diya.
Iss neilgon aasman kay neichay, oss ki chamak yuon hai jaisey miyan sey
khhinchi hoeyi talwar.]

352

How happy is the race who wins her goal, who never took rest for that purpose
sole.
See her shine and sheen beneath this sky; like a sword drawn out and unfurled
high.
*****(6)*****





Chih khosh zadd Turk malahey saroodey; rokh-e-oo ahmarey chashmash
kaboodey.
Beh darya gar girah aftad beh kaaram; bajoz toofan nami-khwaham
kashoodey.
[Oss Turk mallah ney, jiss ka chehrah arghwaani aur ankhhein neilgon thhein,
kaya khoob geet gaya keh:
Agar darya kay andar mien kissi moshkil mein gariftar ho jaon; tuo sirf toofan
he sey oss ka madawa chahta hon.]
That Turkish seaman how sang a song gay; his purple face beamed with eyes
blue gray.
When I see a gale my heart then regales; to tempest time ties my hardihood
hails!* (*Iqbal uses girah (a tie) for whirl pool, a storm.)
*****(7)*****





Jahangeeri bakhak-e-ma sarishtand; imamat dar jabeen-e-ma nawishtand.
Daroon-e-khwaish banigar aan jahan ra; keh tokhamash dar dil-e-Farooq
kishtand.
[Hakoomat hamari khak mein gondhi hoeyi hai; imamat hamari paishani per
raqam hai.
Apney andar oss jahan ko abad kar; jiss ka beej Farooq-i-Azam (R.A.) kay dil
mein boya gaya thha.]
The world rule is destined to my own dust; the worlds guidance writ on my
forehead first.
353

In thy bosom see the whole worlds map, whose seed was sown first in Farooqs
lap.
*****(8)*****





Kassey koo danad asrar-e-yaqin ra; yakkey bein mi-konad chasham-e-duo
bein ra.
Biya mi-zanad choon noor-e-duo qindeel; minadaish iftiraaq-e-molk-o-Deen
ra.
[Jo shakhs aiman-o-yaqin ka bhaid janta hai; woh apni duo-bein ankhh ko
yakk bein banata hai.
Deen-o-watan kay (iftiraaq sey parishan nah ho; (Islam mein) Onnhein duo
qindeelon kay noor ki tarah apas mein mila diya hai.]
To certitude truth* who so ever knew with two eyes he had had the oneness
view.
As we often join two lamps in need be cautious from rift in home and creed.
(* Certitude secret amounts to certitude truth.)
*****(9)*****





Mosilmaney keh khod ra imtihan kard; ghobar-e-raah-e-khod ra aasman
kard.
Sharar-e-shouq agar daari nigahdar; keh baoey aaftabey mitawaan kard.
[Woh Mosilman jiss ney apni salahiyaton ko aazmaya; oss ney apney ghobare-rah ko aasman ki bolandi takk pohncha diya.
Agar teyrey andar mohabat ka sharar moujood hai, tuo oss ki hifazat kar;
kiyuokeh, oss sey sooraj ka kaam liya ja sakta hai (saarey jahan ko roshan kiya
ja sakta hai).]

354

A Muslim who tested his own ego first; he took to the heavens his pathss own
dust*.
Keep an eye on, if you hold the love flame; with that you could make the whole
world tame.
(*His paths own dust; the poet himself; those who followed his path.)
SET 7: ARAB POETS

Shoaraey Arab
*****(1)*****





Bago az mun nawakhwaan-e-Arab ra; bahaey kum nehadam laal-e-labb ra.
Az aan noorey keh az Quraan gariftam; sehar kardam-o-sei saalah shabb ra.
[Arab kay shoara ko meyri taraf sey keh duo; mien ney labb-e-laalein (rawaiti
mehboob) ko bohat kum ahmiyat di hai.
Albatah iss noor sey jo mien ney Quraan Pak sey hasil kiya hai; mien ney
(Hindi Mosilman ki) eik suo tees salah lambi raat ko sobh mein tabdil kar diya
hai.]
To Arab* poets sweet on my part say I shun to versify on red lips gay.
From a beam I had of Holy Books light; after hundred years nights I see a dawn
bright.
(*Iqbal is advising Arab poets to give up love poetry (ode) of beautiful women
as he was seeing a change to good after one hundred thirty years continuous
decline of Arab world.)
*****(2)*****





Beh jahan-ha faridam haaey-o-hoo ra; kaff-e-khak shamordam kakh-o-koo
ra.
Shawud rozay harif-e-behar-e-por shor; z- aashobey keh daadam aabjoo ra.
355

[Mien ney Mosilmanon ki zindagi mein shor-e-ishq bapa kar diya hai; mien
ney dunivi maal-o-mataa ko mothhi bhar khak (ki manind bey woqaat) qarar
diya hai.
Mien ney (Hindi Mosilman ki) iss chhoti sei nadi ko jo toofan atta kiya hai; oss
sey yeh eik roz behar-e-por shor ki harif bun jaaey gi.]
I caused in his soul a verve* a heat; to cottage or castle** a dust I treat.
This brook may once vie a noisy seas*** pride; as I gave this brook**** a
passion of tide.
(*Here it means verve for the love of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and the good people.
**Cottage or castle means every place of world. ***Noisy sea means big
powers of the world. ****Abjoo; brook; here it means a small nation, as
compared with sea or a big power.)
*****(3)*****





Tou hum bagozar aan surat nigaari; majoo ghair az zamir-e-khwaish yaari.
Babagh-e-ma ber aawordi per-o-baal; Mosilman ra badeh sozey keh daari.
[(Ay shaer-e-Arab!) Tou bhi (rawaiti mehboobon ki) surat nigaari chorr; sirf
apney Zamir sey dosti rakhh.
Tou ney hamarey (Isalm kay) bagh mein per-o-baal nikaley hein; teyrey pass jo
soz hai, ossey Mosilman ki zindagi mein bhar dey.]
You leave making now the portraits on wall; be friendly with conscience and
Egos call.
Since you got growth in my nations lawn; fill your songs flame in their brain
and brawn.*
(*In the above twin couplets Iqbal is addressing the Arab poets and then to the
Arab youth not to hang portraits of film stars and other beauties on their walls.)
*****(4)*****

356

Bakhak-e-ma dilley, dar dil ghumay hust; hanooz ein kohnah shakhey ra
numay hust.
Beh afsoon honar aan chashmah bakoshaey; daroon her Mosilman
zamzamey hust.
[Hamari khak (badan) mein dil aur dil kay andar ghum (-e-ishq) moujood hai;
abhi (Islam ki) iss shakh-e-kohnah mein numi hai.
Her Mosilman kay andar Zamzam ka chashmah moujood hai; tou apney fun
kay zor sey ossey jaari kar dey.]
My heart has a grief*, and dust has a heart; yet this old branch claims His
moists great part.
With thy skills magic cause a fount so; in each Muslim lies a fountain lo!
(Grief: It means love of the Prophet S.A.W.)
*****(5)*****





Mosilman bandah-e-Moula safaat ast; dil-e-oo sirrey az asrar-e-Zaat ast.
Jamalash joz beh noor-e-Haq nah beini; keh asalash dar zamir-e-kainat ast.
[Mosilman aisa bandah hai, jiss mein apney aaqa ki sifaat moujood hein; oss
ka qalb Zaat (Bari Taala) kay asrar mein sey eik ser hai.
Haq Taala kay noor kay baghair oss ka jamal naheen deikhha ja sakta;
kiyuokeh oss (kay jamal) ki asal zamir-e-kainat mein hai.]
Of virtues of God Muslim has a part; like secrets of God a secret is heart.
I saw not his beauty save of Gods own; in the cosmos conscience his roots are
grown.
*****(6)*****





Badeh ba khak-e-oo aan soz-o-taabey; keh zaiyad az shabb-e-oo aaftabey.
Nawa aan zann keh az faiz-e-tou oo ra; digar bakhshad zouq-e-inqilabey.

357

[Tou oss ki khak ko woh soz aur chamak atta kar; keh oss ki raat sey aaftab
namodar ho jaaey.
Tou aisa naghmah chhairr keh teyrey faiz sey; ossey duobarah zouq-e-inqilab
atta ho jaaey.]
Give to his dust that flame and might; which brings into being a sun from night.
Hit a tune and tone due to whose grace; he gets a new verve from worlds new
face.
*****(7)*****





Mosilmani ghum-e-dil dar kharidan; cho seimab az tapp-e-yaraan tapeidan.
Hazoor-e-millat az khod dar gozashtan; digar bang-e-ana-al-millat
kashidan.
[Mosilmani, ghum-e-dil kharidna; aurr doston ki taklief sey paarey ki tarah
bey chain rehna hai.
(Mosilmani) apney aap ko millat mein gom kar kay; ana-al-millat (mien millat
hon) ka naarah boland karna hai.]
A Muslim you were named for griefs bargain; to be restive for friends in pains
and strains.
He cares not for hlmself in nations cause; he shouts I am Ummah from every
clause.
*****(8)*****





Kassey koo faash deid asrar-e-jan ra; nabeinad joz beh chashm-e-khod jahan
ra.
Nawaey aafarein dar seinah-e-khwaish; baharey mitawaan kardan khazan
ra.
[Jiss kissi ney ani jan kay asrar ko faash deikhh liya; woh sirf apni nazar sey
dunya ko deikhhta hai (khod soch samajh kar raaey qaim karta hai, dosaron
sey maroob naheen hota).
358

Tou apney seinah mein aisi nawa paida kar (jo bahar ka payamber ho); (Isalm
ki moujoodah) khazan ko bahar mein tabdil kiya ja sakta hai.]
On whom were opened the secrets of soul;* with his own eyes** he sees the
cosmos whole.
Make in thy heart his loves cosy room; and turn the autumn to vernal bloom.
(*Soul means self. ** Not through others point of view.)
*****(9)*****





Nigahdar aanchih dar aab-o-gill-e-tust; sarwar-o-soz-o-musti hasil-e-tust.
Tehi deidam sabooey ein-o-aan ra; maey baqi beh meinaey dil-e-tust.
[(Ay Mosilman!) Jo kochh teyri aab-o-gill (nehaad) mein hai, oss ki hifazat kar;
(aur samajh ley keh) saroor-o-soz-o-musti teyra maqsood hai.
Mien ney sabb kay saboo khali deikhhey hein; agar kochh sharab baqi hai tuo
teyri meinaey dil mein hai.]
So guard the nature of thy mud and dust; a bliss, trance and burning for thee is
must
I see empty bowls of the nations whole; a lasting wine lasts in thy hearts own
bowl.
*****(10)*****





Shabb ein koh-o-dasht seinsh taabey; nah darooey morghakey ney mouj-eaabey.
Nagardad roshan az qindeel rehbaan; tou maidani keh bayad aaftabey.
[Yeh seinah jala deyney waaley koh-o-dasht; jahan nah parindah (per maarta)
hai, nah kaheen pani (nazar ata) hai.
Onnhein raahib kay chiragh sey roshan naheen kiya ja sakta; (tum khoob jantey
ho keh) onn kay leay aaftab chahiay.]

359

The hill and desert night* defies thy day; the birds and waves know not their old
songs gay.
This world wont lit up from the hermits lamp; Thy sun light is needed in every
camp. (*This is an illusion to godless men.)
*****(11)*****





Niko mi-khwan khat-e-seimaey khod ra; badast aawar rug-e-fardaey khod
ra.
Cho mun pa dar biyaban-e-Haram neh; keh beini andaro pehnaey khod ra.
[Apni parishani ki lakeeron ko achhi tarah sey parrh; aur (onn ki madad sey)
apney mostaqbil ki rug ko qaboo mein kar ley.
Meyri tarah Haram kay maidan mein qadam rakhh; ta-keh tou iss kay andar
apni wosaat ko deikhh sakkey.]
Read the clear writing on thy foreheads slate; find out a way to change thy
future fate.
Like me find a way on the Harems land; to know thy worth true, thy own grit
and sand.
SET 8: O SON OF THE DESERT

Ay Farzand-e-Sehra
*****(1)*****





Sehar gahaan keh roshanshod dar-o-dasht; sada zadd morghay az shakh-enakhilay.
Frau hul khaimah ay farzand-e-sehra; keh natwaan zeist bey zouq-eraheelay.
[Sobh kay waqt jabb abadi-o-sehra mein roshni phhail gaeyi; tuo darakht ki
shakh sey perinday ney aawaz di:
360

Ay farzand-e-sehra! Khaimah chhorr! Zouq-e-safar kay baghair koeyi zindagi


naheen.]
When all the desert sides were bright from dawn; from tree a bird tuned to a
youth in lawn.
O deserts son! Leave thy tent with haste; you lead a dull life which lacks
journey taste.
(In the above three quatrains (twin couplets) the poet has addressed an
immaculate son of the desert, a young Muslim, free from the impure taints of
city life. In the next couplets he has addressed the upper strata, the intellectuals,
the teachers and philosophers of the desert land.)
*****(2)*****





Arab ra Haq dalil-e-caravan kard; keh oo ba faqr khod ra imtihan kard.
Agar faqr-e-tehi dastaan ghayoor ast; jahaney ra teh-o-bala tawaan kard.
[(Qroon-e-oola mein) Allah Taala ney Arab ko qafley ka salar banaya;
kiyuonkeh oss ney faqr kay zariah apney aap ko azmaya.
Agar bey mayah lougon ka tariqah ghayoor ho; tou oss sey saari dunya ko teho-bala kiya ja-sakta hai.]
The Truth chose Arab for caravans lead; on faqr since he tested his own selfs
breed.
If the poors content with envy is green*; his growth can upset the whole
worlds scene.
(*Here green means flourishing, in figurative sense. It means full of vigour as
we say (keep a mans memory green). He lives to a green old age, although
looking green with envy also means pale or sickly looking.)
*****(3)*****





Dar aan shabb-ha kharosh sobh-e-fardast; keh roshan az tajali-haey
Seinast.
361

Tun-o-jan mohkam az baad-e-dar-o-dasht; taloa-e-imtaan az koh-o-sehrast.


[Sehra ki raaton mein aaney waali sobh ka gholgholah hai; kiyuonkeh yeh
raatein Seina ki tajaliyat sey munawwar hein.
Koh-o-sehra ki hawa badan aur rooh duonon ko mohkam karti hai; (yehi
wajah hai keh) naeyi ummaton ka zahoor koh-o-sehra sey hota hai.]
Those nights had the uproar for futures dawn; being lit up with light of the
Sinais lawn.
Thus the desert life made their brawns and brains; arid nations arose Crom those
desert lanes.
SET 9: FROM THIS DUST A RIDER COMES DO YOU KNOW?


Tou chih daani keh darein gard sawarey bashad.
[Tojhey kaya maaloom ho sakta hai keh iss gard-o-ghobar mein koeyi sawar
penhan ho.]
Make not a face wry on the humbles eye; hark! A rider comes from dust
soaring high.
(The above mentioned verse and couplet is the heading and also a synopsis of
the remaining 10 verses of Iqbal.)
*****(1)*****





Digar aein-e-taslim-o-raza geer; tariq-e-sidq-o-ikhlaas-o-wafa geer.
Mago shearam chonein ast-o-chonan neist; janoon-e-zirakey az mun fara
geer.
[Eik baar pher taslim-o-raza; aur sidq-o-ikhlas-o-wafa ka tariq apna.
Yeh nah keh keh meyra shear yuon hai aur yuon naheen hai; balkeh onn mein
jiss janoon-e-zirak (ki taalim) hai, woh ley ley.]
Learn the ways to win His pleasure and grace; be truthful to Him and whole
human race.
Take me not poet in this or that sense; look my passions depth from the
wisdoms lens.

362

*****(2)*****





Chaman-ha z-aan janoon-e-veranah gardad; keh az hungamah-ha biganah
gardad.
Az aan hooey keh afgandam darein shehar; janoon manid walley farzanah
gardad.
[Woh janon jo tojhey hungamon sey bey ganah nah kar dey; oss sey chaman
veraan ho jaatey hein.
Magar mien ney iss shehar mien hoo ki sada lagaeyi hai; iss sey janon (qaim)
rehta hai, magar iss mein farzaangi aajati hai.]
If a craze consumes the gardens face; and saps its beauty and social grace.
I poured a verve and roar, in this town* lanes; will leave a craze yet to sharpen
their brains. (*City of Lahore)
*****(3)*****





Nakhastein lalah sobh-e-baharam; piya pey sozam az daghey keh daaram.
Bachashm-e-kum mabein tunhaeym ra; keh mun sadd caravan-e-gul dar
kinaram.
[Mien aghaaz-e-bahar ka pehla gul-e-lalah hon; aur (Millat-e-Islamia kay)
ghum kay dagh sey mosalsal jall raha hon.
Mojhey akailey pa-kar haqarat ki nazar sey nah deikhh; phhoolon kay
sainkarron caravan meyrey aaghosh mein hein.]
The poppy of my dawns first vernal tide; is burning alone from a scar I hide.
So under rate not my verves lone part; see caravans* budding from my heart.
(*Here caravan means a nation.)
*****(4)*****



363



Perishanam cho gard-e-rehgozarey; keh ber dosh-e-hawa geerad qararey.
Khosha bakhtay-o-khurram rozgarey; keh bairoon ayad az mun shehsawarey.
[Mien aisey ghobar-e-rah ki manind parishan hon; jissey hawa othhaey
phertri hai.
Kaya khosh nasibi ho-gi aur kaisa mobarik zamanah ho-ga; jabb meyrey iss
ghobar kay andar sey koeyi shehsawar zahir ho-ga.]
So scattered Im like dust of the way; on the wings of storms I cannot stay.
How august and happy would be that day; when a ride is born from my own
clay.* (*Here Iqbal forecasts that a superman will appear to guide the destiny of
nation.)
*****(5)*****





Khosh aan quomey perishan rozgarey; keh z-ayad az zamirash pokhtah
kaarey.
Namoodash sirray az asrar-e-ghaib ast; z-her gardey baroon na-ayad
sawarey.
[Woh perishan haal quom kitni khosh nasib hai; jiss kay andar sey koeyi
pokhtah-kaar (leader) paida ho.
Aisey shakhs ka zahar hona asrar-e-ghaib ka eik raaz hai; kiyuonkeh her
ghobar kay andar sey sawar zahir naheen hota.]
How lucky a nation whom wheel of fate; had caused a wonder through a leader
great.
His birth a secret of a secret hand; who would change her fate in a manner
grand.
*****(6)*****





364

Beh behar-e-khwaish choon mouj tapeidam; tapeidam taa beh toofaney


rasidam.
Digar rungay azein khosh-ter nadeidam; bakhoon-e-khwaish tasweerash
kashidam.
[Mien apney (afkaar kay) samandar mein mouj ki tarah tarrapta raha; tabb
kaheen ja kar mein ney (aaney waaley) toofan ki jhalki deikhhi.
Pher mien ney apney khoon sey iss toofan ki tasweer khhainchi; kiyuonkeh
mojhey iss (rung) say behtar (rung) kaheen nazar nah aya.]
In selfs own sea, Im thus a restive wave; till my waves in tempest to Coast
would lave.
I found no better cast than my own face; with my own blood his picture I trace.
*****(7)*****





Nigahash por konad khali saboo-ha; dawanad maey beh taak-e-roz-ha.
Z-toofaney keh bakhshad raigani; harif-e-behar gardad aabjoo-ha,
[Iss shehsawar ki nigah he sey khali saboo por ho jaatey hein; woh aarzo kay
angoor mein sharab dourra deyta hai (dilon mein aarzoein machalney lagti
hein).
Jo toofan woh yuonhi barpa kar deyta hai; oss sey nadiyan samandar kay
madd-e-moqabil bun jaati hein.]
His glance* would fill up the empty bowl**; he runs the wills wine in vines
veins whole.
His storms**** and gales are a God gift free; he made a small brook, rival of
sea.
(*His glance: Glance of super man. **Empty bowls: From love of the Prophet
and mankind. ***Wills wine: New hopes. ****Storms verve and vigour of love
and cravings. A brook; a small nation. Sea a big power.)
*****(8)*****





365

Cho ber geerad zamam-e-caravan ra; dehadd zouq-e-tajali her nehan ra.
Konad aflaakiyan ra aanchonaan faash; teh-e-pa mi-kashad neh aasman ra.
[Jabb woh shahsawar qafley ki qiyadat sanbhalta hai; tuo her poshidah
(aarzoo) ko zouq-e-tajali atta karta hai.
Woh aasman walon kay raaz iss tarah faash kar deyta hai; keh nou kay nou
aasman iss kay qadmon mein bichh jaatey hein.]
The caravans reins he would take when; he gives vision taste to each hidden
then.
He makes so much bare the heavenly hosts; that all nine skies would be tinder
his force.
*****(9)*****





Mobarikbad kun aan pak jan ra; Keh z-ayad aan ameer-e-caravan ra.
Z-aaghosh chonein farkhandah maader; khajalat mi-dehum Hoor-e-Janan
ra.
[Mobarik-baad kay qabil hai woh pak jan (man) jiss ney aisey ameer-ecaravan ko janam diya.
Aisi khosh bakht man ki aaghosh jannat ki Hooron ko sharamsar karti hai.]
To that holy mother I greet with pride; from whom will be born the caravans
guide.
On the lap of, that fortunate dame the paradise nymphs would feel a shame.
*****(10)*****





Dil andar seinah goeyad dilbarey hust; mataey aafrin gharatgarey ra.
Bagosham aamad az gardoon dum-e-murg; shagoofah choon fruo raizad
barey hust.

366

[Meyrey seinah mein jo dil hai, woh kehta hai keh aisa mehboob rahnuma, jo
quom kay leay sarmayah paida karney wala aur iss kay zakhmon ko door
karney wala ho ga, moujood hai.
Murtey dum mojhey aasman sey yeh aawaz sonaeyi di; keh jabb kali jharrti hai,
tuo zaroor phhal ata hai.]
The heart in my chest says that leader who cares and is an asset for the nation
exists.
I heard a voice at the time of my death: When flowers are shed; the fruit comes
out.
SET 10: THE CALIPHATE AND MONARCHY

Khilafat-o-Malookiyat
*****(1)*****





Arab khod ra beh noor-e-Mustafa (S.A.W.) sokht; chiragh-e-mordah Mashriq
ber afrokht.
Walaikan aan khilafat rah gom kard; keh awwal Mominan ra shahi aamokht.
[(Dour-e-awwal kay) Arabon ney apney aap ko noor-e-Mustafa (S.A.W.) sey
munawwar kiya; Mashriq kay bojhey hoay chiragh ko roshan kiya.
Magar abb onnhon ney woh khilafat gom kar di hai; jiss ney pehley pehal
Mosilmanon ko padshahat sikhhaeyi thhi.]
The Arabs gained a lot from Prophets light; that the dead lamps of East, too
became bright.
But the Caliphate lost that path and force; and taught the Momin first the
Kingships course.
*****(2)*****

367

Khilafat ber moqam-e-ma gawahi ast; haraam ast aanchih ber ma padshahi
ast.
Malookiyat hamah makr ast-o-nairung; khilafat hifz-e-namoos-e-Elahi ast.
[Khilafat hamarey moqam (-e-boland) per gawahi dey rehi hai; jissay
padshahat kehtey hein, woh hamarey leay haraam hai.
Padshahat sarasar makr-o-faraib hai; jabb keh khilafat Namos-e-Elahi (ikhlaqe-aala) ki mohafiz hai.]
Take the Caliphates witness with a heed; as the kingship is banned in our creed.
A trick is the kingship with each new face; the Caliphate but was the Gods own
grace.
*****(3)*****





Dar aftad ba malookiyat Kalimay; faqirey bey kullahey, bey galimay.
Gehey baashad keh baazi-haey taqdir; bageerad kaar-e-sarsar az nasimay.
[Kabhi koeyi Kalim, jo kullah aur godrri kay baghair; faqiri shan rakhhta hai,
padshahat sey takra jata hai (aur ossey tabah kar deyta hai).
Yeh bhi taqdir kay khheil hein; keh kabhi nasim sey sarsar ka kaam ley liya jata
hai.]
A Moses grapples with kingdoms all; and threatens tyrants though means are
sina!
It happens oft that the wheel of fate; turns a light breeze into tempest great.
*****(4)*****





Hanooz andar jahan Adam ghulam ast; nizamash khaam-o-kaarash
natammam ast.
Ghulam-e-faqr-e-aan geeti penahum; keh dar Deenash malookiyat haraam
ast.

368

[Dunya mein abhi takk insan (insan ka) ghulam hai; oss ka nizam (-e-hayat)
khaam aur oss ka maqsood (-e-hayat) namokamil hai.
Mein iss Geiti Panah (S.A.W.) kay faqr ka ghulam hon; jiss kay Deen mein
padshahat ko haraam qarar diya gaya hai.]
The Adam is slave in this world yet; yet his order raw, weak and poor set.
I am his page, who sheltered each Age; who banned in my faith to keep a page.
*****(5)*****





Mohabat az nigahash paidar ast; slookash ishq-o-musti ra ayyar ast.
Moqamash abdoho aamad walaikan; jahan-e-shouq ra perwardigar ast.
[Mohabat Aap (S.A.W.) ki nigah sey paidari hasil karti hai; Aap (S.A.W.) ki
bataeyi hoeyi raah-e-salook, ishq-o-musti kay leay miyar hai.
Aap (S.A.W.) ka moqam Abd-o-Ho bataya gaya hai, magar Aap (S.A.W.) jahane-shouq (-o-musti) kay pervardigar hein.]
The Adam is slave in this world yet; yet his order raw, weak and poor set.
I am his page, who sheltered each Age; who banned in my faith to keep a page.
SET 11: TURKS OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Turk-e-Usmani
*****(1)*****





Beh molk-e-khwaish Usmani ameer ast; dilash gah-o-chashm-e-oo basir ast.
Napindaari keh rast az bund-e-Afrang; hanooz andar talism-e-oo aseer ast.
[Turk-e-Usmani apney molk mein khod hokmaran hai; woh dil-e-agah aur
chashm-e-beina rakhhta hai.
Magar yeh gomaan nah kar keh woh Afrangiyuon ki qiad sey nikal choka hai;
abhi takk woh onn kay talism (-e-Maghrabiyat) ka aseer hai.]
369

In the Ottoman reign, the Turks are free; he holds conscious heart, with insight
to see.
On freedom of the West they do not boast; they are captives yet of his Charming
toast.
*****(2)*****





Khonak mardan keh sehar-e-oo shakastand; beh paimaan-e-Farangi dil
nabostand.
Mashuo noummeid-o-ba khod aashna baash; keh mardan paish az ein
boodand-o-bostand.
[Mobarik hein woh loug jinhon ney Afrangi ka sehar torr deya; aur iss kay
quol-o-qarar per eitibar nah kiya.
Aisey mard pehley bhi thhey aur abb bhi hein; (ay Turk-e-Usmani!) Tou naummeid nah ho balkeh apney aap ko pehchan (tou bhi yeh kaam kar sakta hai).]
How daring were they who broke his charms; who paid no heed to his pledges
warm.
Get not despaired, have thy egos own view; what did the past nations you also
do.
*****(3)*****





Beh Turkaan aarzooey tazah daadand; banaey kaar shan-e-deigar
nehadand.
Walaikan koo Mosilmaney keh beinad; niqab az rooey taqdirey koshadand.
[Turkon ko (Maghrabiyat ki) naeyi aarzoo di gaeyi hai; onn kay kaam ki
mokhtalif boniyad rakhhi gaeyi hai.
Laikan (onn mein) aisa Mosilman kahan hai; jo yeh deikhhey keh (Islam kay
dour-e-nau) ki taqdir sey pardah hata deya gaya hai.]
The fate thus gave to Turks a verve anew; and gave them a base for a build up
new.
370

Where are those Muslim who could behold? The meanings of fate which God
had told.*
(*It means when the Turks decided to keep their freedom at any cost, God came
to their help. In this quatrain the poet wants to say that the nations make their
own destinies.)
SET 12: TO DAUGHTERS OF THE NATION

Dokhtraan-e-Millat
*****(1)*****





Behal ay dokhtarak ein dilberi-ha; Mosilman ra na-zaibad kafiri-ha.
Maneh dil ber jamal-e-ghazah perward; biyaamoz az nigah gharatgari-ha.
[Baiti! Dilbari ka yeh andaz (aaraish-o-zeenat) chhorr dey; Mosilman ko kafri
zaib naheen deyti.
Aisey hosn sey dil nah laga, jo ghazah ka marhoon-e-mannat ho; balkeh nigah
sey gharat gari seikhh.]
Learn O daughterling this loveliness trend; to Muslim suits not the heathens
blend.
You need not a beauty of rouge and scent; with the chaste eyes teach thy
charming bent.*
(*Iqbal has used Gharat Gari again in line 4 which means robbery. In
amatory language of this sub-continent and Persia, it means loveliness.)
*****(2)*****





Nigah-e-tust shamshir-e-Khodadad; beh zakhmash jan-e-ma ra Haq ba-ma
daad.
Dil-e-kamil ayyar aan pak jan bord; keh taigh-e-khwaish ra aab az haya
daad.
371

[Teyri nigah shamshir-e-Khodadad hai; issi kay zakham sey Haq Taala ney
hamari jan atta ki hai.
Sirf wohi iffat maab (khatoon) qalb-e-kamil shikar karti hai; jo apni taigh (-enigah) ko haya sey aabdar banati hai.]
A God-given sword thy glance to thee; whose wounds thus gave my full right to
me.
The heart of great sage that holy soul took; as she tempered her sword with
bashful look.
*****(3)*****





Zamirash asr-e-hazir bey niqab ast; koshadash dar namood-e-rung-o-aab ast.
Jahan-taabi z-noor-e-Haq biyaamoz; keh oo ba sadd tajali dar hijab ast.
[Dour-e-hazir ka zamir ayyan hai; iss (zamir) ki koshaad rung aur chamak
damak ki namood mein hai.
Magar tou Allah Taala kay noor sey jahan ko monawwar karna seikhh; jo
sadd-ha tajaliyat kay bawajood hijab mein hai.]
At last modern age shows her conscience lo! They feel quite happy with false
pomp and show.
A tip for worlds tight learn from His light; with hundred visions who hids from
sight.
*****(4)*****





Jahan ra mohkami az ummahat ast; nehaadashan amin-e-momkinaat ast.
Agar ein noktah ra quomay nadanad; nizam-e-kaar-o-barish bey sabaat ast.
[Dunya ki paidari maon (kay dum qadam) sey hai; kiyuonkeh onn ki nehaad
momkinat ki amanat-dar hai (Maon ki goad sey aisey bachay paida hotay hein,
jin ka zariah momkinat kay darwazey khholtey hein).

372

Jo quom yeh noktah naheen samajhti; oss ka nizam-e-hayat darhum berhum ho


jata hai.]
The world is stable from the mothers grace; her kind nature guards the whole
human race.
To this point if the nations didnt get; the whole world order would soon up
set.*
(*Here a mumknat means the mankind, all possible (created things. It also
means possibilities but it does not apply here.)
*****(5)*****





Mera daad ein khird perwar janooney; nigah-e-maader pak andar-ooey.
Z-maktab chashm-o-dil-e-natwaan gariftan; keh maktab neist joz sehar-ofassooney.
[Mojhey yeh khird perwar janoon apni pak teenat man ki nigah sey mila hai.
Maktab sey chashm (-ebeina) aur dil (-e-agah) hasil naheen kiay ja-saktey;
kiyuonkeh maktab sehar-o-fason kay allawah aur kochh naheen.]
That nation is lucky in whose hard race; a change the world espied on each
mans face.
What happend to him in this worlds race; can be seen now from their mothers
face.
*****(6)*****





Khonak aan millatey kaz wardatash; qiamat-ha babeinad kainatash.
Chih paish ayad, chih paish aftaad-e-oo ra; tawaan deid az jabeen
ummahatash.
[Mobarik hai woh millat jiss kay karnamon kay sabab; oss kay dour ney kaya
qiamatein deikhhein.

373

Kissi quom ko kaya paish aaney wala hai aur kaya paish aa-choka hai; (yeh
sabb) oss ki maon ki jabeenon sey deikhha ja sakta hai.]
This craze she gave me for sharp wits sense; my kind mothers sacred inner
glance.
In schools, my heart and eyes didnt get calm; no schools are these but magic
and charm.
*****(7)*****





Agar pundey z-dervaishey paziri; hazar ummat bameerad tou nameeri.
Batooley baash-o-penhan shuo azein asr; keh dar aaghosh-e-Shabbirey
bageeri.
[Agar tou iss dervaish ki nasihat pallay baandh ley; tuo hazar quomein mur
jaein, magar tou naheen murey gi.
Syedah fatama-tu-zohara (R.A.) bun aur iss dour sey penhan reh; ta-keh tou
kissi Shabbir ko janam dey sakkey.]
If you pay a heed once, to this poor guy; may die thousand nations but ye wont
die.
Hid from this Age like Batool if you can; in thy lap too there may be a Hussain.
*****(8)*****





Z-shaam ma baroon aawar sehar ra; beh Quraan baaz khwan ehl-e-nazar
ra.
Tou maidani keh soz qiraat-e-tou; digargoon kard taqdir Omar (R.A.) ra.
[Pher Quraan Pak ki talawat sey ehl-e-nazar ko matasir kar kay; hamari shaam
sey sehar paida kar.
Tou jaanti hai keh teyrey soz-qiraat ney; Hazrat Omar (R.A.) ki taqdir badal
di.]
From my evenings dusk get a dawn new; to seeing eyes read the Koran anew.
374

From thy readings flame you know that fate; had totally changed Omar the
Great.*
(*Before embracing Islam, Hazrat Omar (R.A.) heard that her sister alongwith
her husband had embraced Islam. In rage he went to her house and heard her
reciting the Holy Quran, which melted his heart, and he too joined the fold of
Islam.)
SET 13: THE MODERN AGE

Asr-e-Hazir
*****(1)*****





Chih asr ast ein keh Deen fariyadi oost; hazaran bund dar azadi-e-oost.
Z-rooey aadmiyat rung-o-num bord; ghalat naqshey keh az behzadi-e-oost.
[Yeh kaisa zamanah hai keh Deen iss kay haathon fariyad-konan hai; iss dour
ki azadi mein hazaron bund (penhan) hein.
Iss ki mosawwari kay ghalat naqsh ney; insaniyat kay chehray ki aab-o-taab
khatam kar di hai.]
What is the age? On whom the faith cries; who puts on it thousand checks and
ties.
From Mans face it saps all the healthy signs; his paintings depict, his evil
designs.
*****(2)*****





Nigahash naqshbund-e-kafiri-ha; kamal-e-sanaat-e-oo Aazeri-ha.
Hazar az halqah-e-bazarganash; qomar ast ein hamah saudagri-ha.
[Dour-e-hazir ki nigah (andaz-e-fikr) kafiranah naqoosh (nazariyat) ki khaliq
hai; iss ki sanaat ka kamal (naey naey) bott ghharrna hai.

375

Iss dour kay tajron kay halqah sey bach; inn ki saari soudagri mehaz qomar
baazi hai.]
His glance only paints the heathens shade; his skills big height are statues he
made.
Thus shun the trade circles of his own make; who plans all business for
gambling sake.
*****(3)*****





Jawanan ra bad-aamoz ast ein asr; shabb-e-Iblis ra roz ast ein asr.
Badamanash misal-e-shoalah paicham; keh bey noor ast-o-bey soz ast ein
asr.
[Her duor jawanon ko boraeyi sekhhata hai; iss ki wajah sey Iblis ki raat roz (e-roshan) mein tabdil ho choki hai.
Mien oss kay daman kay saath shoalah ki tarah lipta hoa hon; kiyuonkeh yeh
duor noor (-e-hadayat) aur soz (-e-mohabat) sey khali hai.]
To youths of this age he taught evil ways; it turned the Satans night into his
days.
Like flame I make a coil on his face; as this age lacks all the shine and grace.
*****(4)*****





Mosilman faqr-o-sultani behum kard; zamirash baqi-o-faani behum kard.
Walaikan al-aman az asr-e-hazir; keh sultani beh Shaitani behum kard.
[Mosilman ney faqr aur hokamrani ko yakja kar deya thha; oss kay zamir mein
baqi (aakherat) aur fani (dunya) akathhey ho gaey thhey.
Laikan asr-e-hazir say Khoda bachaey; oss ney sultani aur Shaitani ko
akathha kar deya hai.]
The Muslim draws content and kingship close; he views the man and God in a
close pose.
376

From this Age but I wished to run away; who has mixed the kingship with
Satans way.
*****(5)*****





Chih goeym raqs-e-tou choon ast-o-chon neist; hashish ast ein nishat-eandaroon neist.
Beh taqlid-e-Farangi paaey kobi; beh rug-haey tou aan toghiyan-e-khoon
neist.
[Kaya kahon keh teyra raqs yuon hai aur yuon naheen; yeh androoni
mosarat ka azhaar naheen, balkeh hashish hai.
Tou Farangiyuon ki taqlid mein paon sey harkaat karta hai; magar teyri
rugon mein khoon ka woh josh naheen.]
The dance you now play in this or that way; is just a drugs kick, a bliss to soul
nay.
In wake of whites so? You play feet, lo! No blood boils ever in thy-own-veins
so!
SET 14: BRAHMIN

Brahmin
*****(1)*****





Dar sadd fitnah ra ber khod koshaadi; duo gaamey rafti-o-az pa fataadi.
Brahmin az bottan taaq-e-khod arast; tou Quraan ra sar-e-taaqey nehaadi.
[(Ay Mosilman) tou ney apney oopar sainkarron fitnon ka darwazah khhol
liya; tou duo qadam chala aur gir parra.
Brahmin ney tou taaq ko botton sey arastah kar liya; (magar) tou ney Quraan
Pak ko taaq (-nasiyan) per rakhh diya.]

377

For him, he opened hundred doors for plots; two steps he only takes and slips in
trot.
The Brahmin adorned his idols on arch; in arch bin you placed the Quran as
mark.
*****(2)*****





Brahmin ra nagoeym haich karah; konad sung-e-garan ra parah parah.
Niayad joz beh zor-e-dast-o-bazo; khodaey trashidan z-kharah.
[Mien Brahmin ko nikamma naheen kehta; woh tuo bhari pathar ko tokarrey
tokarrey kar deyta hai.
(Aakher) zor-e-dast-o-bazoo kay baghair; pathhar sey khoda naheen trasha ja
sakta.]
To Brahmin I say not a useless bloke; since all heavy stones with efforts he
broke.
It cant be achieved save with arms might; from stone he carves gods to put his
hand right.*
(*To put ones right hand; to show ones will and determination. (for poetic
need I reversed right hand to hand right.)
*****(3)*****





Nigah daarad Brahmin kaar-e-khod ra; nami goeyad beh kas asrar-e-khod
ra.
Bamun goeyad keh az tasbih bagozar; badosh-e-khod bord zonnar-e-khod ra
[Brahmin apney kaam ki hifazat karta hai; woh apney raaz kissi sey naheen
kehta.
Mojhey kehta hai keh tasbih chhorr dey; magar apna zonnar kandhay sey
naheen otaarta.]
A pundit keeps eyes on his own task; he wont let to know his secret mask.
378

To me he says Give up counting beads; for his own neck feels holy threads
need.
*****(4)*****





Brahmin goft ber khaiz az dar ghair; z-yaraan-e-watan nayad bajoz khair.
Bayakk Masjid duo Mulla mi-gunjad; z-afsoon-e-bottaan gunjad bayakk
Deir.
[Brahmin ney (mojh sey) kaha: Ghair (Angraiz) kay darwazey sey othh ja; hum
tumharey ehl-e-watan hein, hum tumhari bhalai kay sawaey kochh naheen
sochtay.
(Waisey tuo) duo Mulla eik Masjid mein naheen samatey; magar botton kay
jadoo say kaeyi Mulla eik bottkhaney mein samaey hoay hein (Hindu kay
haami ulma ki taraf asharah hai).]
The Brahmin said leave this white mans door; from Hindies think not, save
good any more.
In one mosque two Mullahs may neer contain; with magic of gods can live in a
fane.
SET 15: EDUCATION

Taaleem
*****(1)*****





Tabb-o-taabey keh baashad javidanah; samand-e-zindagi ra taziyanah.
Beh farzandaan biyamoz ein tabb-o-taab; kitab-o-maktab afsoon-o-fasanah.
[Woh tabb-o-taab (hararat-o-chamak) jo hamaishah baqi rehey; jo asb-ezindagi kay leay taziyanah ka kaam dey (hararat-e-zindagi mei azafah karey).
Apney farzandon ko yeh tabb-o-taab sikhha; (iss kay baghair) kitab-o-maktab
mehaz afsoon-o-fasanah hein.]
379

A shine which lasts with beauty and grace; to lifes mustang a whip for race.
Teach the kids and colts,* a verve and flame; to books and schools a fiction I
name. (*Kids and colts: New generation.)
*****(2)*****





Z-ilm charah saazey bey godaazey; bassey khoshter nigah-e-pak baazey.
Niko-ter az nigah-e-pak baazey; walley az her duo alam bey niazey.
[Oss ilm sey jo dunvi masael tuo hul karey, magar godaz (mohabat) atta nah
karey; pakbaaz nigah (jo hawus-e-dunya sey aaloodah nah ho) kaheen behtar
hai.
Magar woh dil jo duonon jahanon sey bibiaz ho; pakbaz nigah sey bhi behtar
hai.]
A knowledge which cures but melts not to trance; far better is the eye with
sacred glance.
It looks better yet to the sacred eyes; a heart who seeks not any earthly ties.)
*****(3)*****





Beh aan Momin Khoda kaarey nadarad; keh dar tun jan-e-bidaarey nadarad.
Azan az maktab-e-yaraan garaizam; jawaney khod nigahdaarey nadarad.
[Allah (Taala) oss Momin sey koeyi sarokaar naheen rakhhtey; jo apney badan
mien jan-e-bidaar nah rakhhta ho.
Mien doston kay madrassah sey iss leay garaiz karta hon, keh wahan aisey
naujawan naheen miltay, jo azmat-e-insani ka ihsaas rakhhtey hon.]
No links with that Momin the God would keep; who keeps no conscious soul
with selfs deep peep.
My friends Maktab way I left that is why; no youth I found there with self
guarding eye.

380

*****(4)*****





Z-mun geer ein keh mardey kor chashmey; z-beinaey ghalat beinay nikoter.
Z-mun geer ein keh nadaney niko kaish; z-danishmand-e-bey Deenay nikoter.
[Mojh sey yeh baat sonn ley keh andha Adami; oss beina sey behtar hai jo
moamlaat ko ghalat rung mein deikhhey.
Yeh bhi sonn ley keh naik niyat nadaan shakhs; iss danishmand sey behtar hai
jo Deen-o-aiman sey khaali ho.]
A blind eye is better from eyes crook; which sees a virtue from evil look.
An ignorant man and a simple guy; is better than a wise but faithless sly?
*****(5)*****





Azan fikr-e-falak paima chih hasil? Keh gird-e-saabat-o-siyyarah gardad.
Misal-e-parah-e-abray keh az baad; beh pehnaey faza-e-aawarah gardad.
[Aasmanon takk pohnchney waaley iss fikr sey kaya hasil; jo sitaron aur
siyyaron kay gird ghhomta hai.
Badal kay oss tokarrey ki manind jo hawa sey faza ki wosaat mein awarah
pherta rehta hai.]
No use of a thought which measures sky; but settles like dust or moves like fly.
Like sections of clouds he moves here there; and wanders in space with
draughts of air.
*****(6)*****

381



Adab pairaiyah-e-nadan-o-danast; khosh aan koo az adab khod ra biyar ast.
Nadaram aan Mosilman-zadah ra dost; keh dar daanish fazoud dar adab
kast.
[Adab, nadaan-o-dana duonon kay leay labas ki hasiat rakhhta hai (bais-ezinat hai aur ayoob dhanpta hai); mobarik ho woh shakhs jiss ney apney aap
ko adab sey arastah kiya.
Mien, aisey Moslim naujawan ko pasand naheen karta; jo aql mein barrha hoa,
magar adab sey khaali ho.]
Respect is the dress of a sage or fool; a lucky man likes to make it a rule.
With that Muslim child I keep no love ehains; in wisdom who gains in respect
who wanes.
*****(7)*****





Tera nomeidi az tifalan rawa neist; chih perva gar damagh shan rasa neist.
Bago ay sheikh-e-maktab gar badaani; keh dil dar seinah-e-shan hust ya
neist.
[Ay Sheikh-e-maktab! Tojhey Mosilman bachon sey naummeid hona monasib
naheen; kaya perva agar onn ka damagh taiz naheen.
Agar tojhey maaloom hai, tuo mojhey yeh bata; keh onn kay seinon mein dil
hai ya naheen.]
Why you lose hopes of kids a bit; if they do not catch a point of wits.
Tell me Maktab Sheikh if you know a lot; do they keep in bosom a heart or not?
*****(8)*****





Beh por-e-khwaish Deen-o-danish aamoz; keh tabad choon meh-o-anjam
naginash.
382

Badast-e-oo agar daadi honar ra; yadd-e-baizast andar aasteinash.


[Apni aulaad ko Deen-o-daanish ki taalim dey; ta-keh iss ka naginah (johar)
chand sitaron ki tarah chamkey.
Agar tou ney oss kay haath mein honar dey diya; tuo goya iss ki aastin mein
yadd-e-baiza rakhh diya. (Yadd-e-baiza: Chamakta hoa haath; Mosa (A.S.) ka
moajazah)]
Teach the offspring wisdom and faiths ken; their gems would shine like a bright
star then.
If you teach him a knack in any skill; a white hand is hidden in his sleeve still.
*****(9)*****





Nawa az seinah-e-morgh-e-chaman bord; z-khoon-e-lalah aan soz-e-kohan
bord.
Beh ein maktab, beh ein daanish chih naazi; keh naan dar kaff nadaad-o-jan
z-tun bord.
[Oss ney morgh-e-chaman kay seinay sey naghmah chhin liya; gul-e-lalah kay
khoon mein sey oss ka porana soz khatam kar diya.
Tou oss sakool aur oss taalim per kaya fakhar karta hai; jiss ney rooti tuo nah
di, olta badan sey jan nikaal lee (hararat-e-zindagi sey biganah kar diya).]
Who sappd sweet tone of the birds and buds; who dampd old flame of the
poppys blood.*
On this Maktab and wits how can you boast; which gave him no bread till he
gave up ghost.
(*Poppy; the young man. Buds; the garden, the nation)
*****(10)*****





Khodaya waqt-e-aan dervaish-e-khosh-baad; keh dil-ha az dumash choon
ghonchah bakoshad.

383

Beh tifal-e-maktab-e-ma ein doa goft; pey naaney beh bund-e-kas mi-fataad.
[Khodaya! Woh dervaish khosh rehey; jiss kay dum (taalim) sey hamarey dil
ghonchah ki manind khhil othhey (por ummeid ho gaey).
Iss ney hamarey sakool kay bachey ko yeh nasihat ki; keh rooti ki khatir kissi ki
(zehni) ghulami mein nah phhansa.]
The days of that Dervesh O God keep gay; whose breath opes hearts like buds
in-early-May.
To a Maktabs child he prayd in this way; for bread put him not in some bodys
pay.
*****(11)*****





Kassey kpp La ilah ra dar girah bost; z-bund-e-maktab-o-Mulla baroon
just.
Beh aan Deen-o-beh aan daanish mapardaaz; keh az ma mi-bord chash-odil-o-dast.
[Jiss kissi ney La ilah (Tawhid) ko apni girah mein bandh liya; woh madrassey
aur Mulla kay bundhnon sey azad ho gaya.
Oss Deen-o-daanish kay hasool mein koshan nah ho; jo hum sey nigah, dil aur
aql chhein ley.]
Who eer tied himself with Lailahs tie; from Mullahs Maktab he jumpd very
high.
To that faith and fire no heed we should pay; my friends heart and eye from me
who took away.
*****(12)*****





Cho mi-beini keh rehzan-e-caravan kosht; chih porsi carvaney ra chisaan
kosht.
Mabaash ayman azan ilmay keh khwani; keh azoey rooh-e-quomay
mitawaan kosht.
384

[Jabb tou deikhh raha hai keh rahzan ney qaflah halak kar diya; pher yeh
kiyuon poochhta hai keh oss ney ossey kis tarah halak kiya.
Jo ilm tou parrh raha hai, oss sey ghafil nah reh; oss sey pori quom ki rooh
halak ki ja sakti hai.]
A caravan was killed, if you eer see; make not a probe, how it could be.
No use to learn a knowledge and skill; which murders a nations soul and will.
*****(13)*****





Jawaney khosh gillay rungin kullahey; nigah-e-oo cho sheraan bey panahey.
Beh maktab ilm-e-maishi ra biyamokht; mayassar nayadash burg-e-giyahey.
[Woh khoobsurat Moslim naujawan jo rungin kullah pehnay thha; jiss ki nigah
sheron ki manind bey baak thhi.
Oss ney (rizq ki khatir) sakool sey bhairron ka ilm seikhha; magar ossey ghhas
ki patti bhi mayassar nah aaeyi.]
A well dressed fighter and handsome guy; his flaming eyes beamed like a lions
eye.
He learnd from Maktab a knowledge of sheep; he is now craving for few
crumbs to keep.
*****(14)*****





Shotar ra bachah-e-oo goft dar dasht; nami beinam Khodaey charsoo ra.
Pidar goft ay pisar choon pa balaghzad; shotar hum khwaish ra beinad hum
oo ra.
[Oont kay bachay ney sehra mein apni man sey kaha: Mojhey tuo kaheen
kainat ka malik (Allah Taala) dikhhaeyi naheen deyta.
Baap ney jawab diya: (Baitey) jabb paaon phhislta hai; tuo oont apney aap ko
bhi deikhh leyta hai aur Khoda ko bhi.]
To a camel addressed its youngest foal; no God I have seen in the desert whole.
385

The father said: Filly thy foot slips when; you would see thy self, to God also
then.* (*Due to too much load on his back his foot is likely to slip, of course
when he is grown up).
SET 16: SEARCH FOR FOOD AND LIVING

Talash-e-Rizq
*****(1)*****





Paridan az sar-e-baamey beh baamey; nabakhshad jorrah-e-bazaan ra
moqamey.
Z-nakhchiray keh joz mosht-e-peray neist; haman behtar keh meeri dar
konaamey.
[(Kawwon ki tarah rizq ki khatir) eik chhat sey dosari chhat takk orrna nar
bazon ko zaib naheen deyta.
Oss shikar sey jo mothhi bhar per kay sawaey kochh naheen; yehi behtar hai
keh tuo apney ghhonsley mein mur jaaey.]
If the hawks too fly for roof to roof race*; amongst the birds of prey they find
no place.
For a hunt of few wings and a bit flesh; it is better to die in aereys mesh.
(*It is below ones dignity to knock door to door for help)
*****(2)*****





Nigar khod ra bachashm meharmanah; nigah-e-mast ma ra taziyanah.
Talash-e-rizq azan daadand ma ra; keh baashad per kashoodan ra bahanah.
[Apney aap ko gehri nazar sey deikhh; hamari (mohasbah ki) nigah he hamarey
leay taziyanah hai.
Rizq ki talash humein iss leay di gaeyi hai; ta-keh humein apney per khholney
ka bahanah millay (apni qowwatein azmaney ka mouqaa millay).]
386

(A hawk said to another hawk as follows): See thy own self with a seeing eye;
this eye is a whip for us to fly;
This eye is a lash for a hunting dash; an excuse for wings to pounce in a flash.
SET 17: A CROCODILE TO ITS YOUNG

Nahung ba Bachah-e-Khod
*****(1)*****





Nahungay bachah-e-khod chih khosh goft; beh Deen-e-ma haraam aamad
keranah.
Beh mouj aawaiz-o-az sahil baperhaiz; hamah daryast ma ra ashiyanah.
[Eik magarmachh ney apney bachah sey kaya khoob kaha; hamarey mazahab
mein sahil haraam hai.
Moujon sey qowwat azmaeyi kar aur kinarey sey door reh; sara darya he
hamara ghar hai.]
Thus said to its child a croco:* with boast; it is banned in our faith to see the
coast.
So mix up with waves and shun the coast; to us the river bed plays a host.
(*Diminitive of crocodile.)
*****(2)*****





Tou dar darya naeh oo dar ber tust; beh toofan dar fataadan johar-e-tust.
Cho yakk dum az talatum-ha biyasood; humein daya-e-tou gharatgar-e-tust.
[Tou darya mein naheen balkeh darya teyrey pehlo mein hai; iss kay toofan sey
qowwat aazmaeyi teyri nehaad mein hai.
Agar tou ney eik lamah kay leay iss (ki moujon) kay talatom sey graiz ikhtiyar
kaya; tuo yehi darya teyri halakat ka sabab bun jaaey ga.]
387

In sea you are not it lies but in thee; show thy mettle now and face floods of sea.
If you seek from storms a fast retreat; this sea within thee will rob thy heat.
SET 18: THE FINIS

Khatmah
*****(1)*****





Neh az saqi neh az paimanah goftam; hadis-e-ishq bibakanah goftam.
Shoneidam aanchih pakaan ummat; tera ba shokhey rindanah goftam.
[Mien ney (shaeron ki manind) nah saqi ki baat ki hai, nah paimaney ki; mien
ney tuo ishq ki baat ki hai aur woh bhi bey bakanah andaz mein.
Jo kochh mien ney ummat kay pakbaz bazorgon sey sonna thha; woh shokhi-erindanah sey keh diya hai.]
I talk not of bearer nor of bowl hence; this love theme, I say in a frank parlance.
From Holies of Ummah what eer I hold; in their own frank style to thee I have
told.
(Here Iqbals setting of words is so wonderful that it was difficult to convey that
sweet lush (of words) to the readers. According to Websters Collegeate
Dictionary Parlance means language, a style or manner of speaking or writing
as Military parlance. However, the archaic words (old use) are allowed to be
used in poetry for special purposes only.)
*****(2)*****





Bakhod baaz oo damaan dillay geer; daroon-e-seinah-e-khod manzilay geer.
Badeh ein kisht ra khonabah-e-khwaish; fishaandam danah-e-mun tou
hasilay geer.
[Tou apney aap ki taraf wapas aa aur apney dil ka daman thhaam ley; aur
apney he seinay ko apni manzil bana.
388

Abb apney (dil ki) iss khheiti ko apney khoon sey seinch; danah mien ney
bakhhair diya hai, abb paidawar tou samait.]
Back to ego turn, and back to heart look; make the selfs own place in thy
bosom nook.
Treat this tillage with moist of blood and tear. Eat the harvest thus, I throw my
seeds here.
*****(3)*****





Haram joz qiblah-e-qalb-o-nazar neist; tawaf-e-oo tawaf-e-baam-o-dar neist.
Miyan-e-ma-o-Baitullah ramzeist; keh Jibril-e-Amin ra hum khabar neist.
[Haram tuo qalb-o-nazar ka qiblah hai; iss ka tawaf mehaz makan ka tawaf
naheen.
Hamarey aur Baitullah Sharif kay darmiyan jo raaz hai; oss sey Jibril Amin bhi
bakhabar naheen.]
For heart and eyes course, the Harem is the aim; its round is not the round of
dooran roofs frame.
In us and Gods House there hids a hint so; which Gabe, the Trustee may not
even know.
27th August, 2013

389

REAL AXIS OF EVIL


The unwanted growth of Islamists of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt as
result of Arab Spring was weeded out by employing Egyptian Army. The
weeding out was easier as Egyptian armed forces are commanded by the
Generals trained in the United States. On the other side of North Africa, Islamist
government in Tunisia was threatened by the enlightened moderates backed by
the civilized world.
In the Middle East, the sights of Crusaders military might were now set
on Syria. The use of chemical weapons in suburbs of Damascus was quite
timely to provide the pretext for using force by-passing the UN Security
Council. In addition to the Crusaders; Israel, Turkey and Saudi Arabia also
alerted their forces completing the Axis of Evil. They were ready to act in
unison.
It was because of the support from within the Islamic world that the US
administration was not disheartened by the vote in House of Commons that
stopped Cameron from joining forces that attack Syria. The opposition of
Russia and China also had little effect. But the divide within US public opinion
forced Obama to wait till approval by the US Congress.
In the neighbourhood of Syria, Iraq kept bleeding through militants
attacks almost on daily basis. Meanwhile, al-Qaeda in Yemen denied that it
planned any attack on US embassies and termed American claims a hoax.
Elsewhere the war on terror continued as usual.

NEWS
Far East
Myanmar: On 25th August, about 1,000 anti-Muslim rioters burned shops
and homes in a fresh outbreak of communal unrest in Myanmar. Police fired
warning shots on three occasions as a mob tried to set property ablaze and
attacked fire engines that were attempting to put out fires in a village at
Kanbalu, in the central region of Sagaing.
The unrest erupted after a Muslim man was arrested on suspicion of
attempting to rape a Buddhist woman. A crowd of about 150 people and three
Buddhist monks gathered at the police station demanding that the accused be
handed over to them. When the authorities refused, the mob attacked Muslim
property in the area and the crowd grew in size and ferocity as the night went
on.
Next day, Muslims displaced by Myanmar's latest eruption of religious
violence picked through the charred remains of their shattered homes as police
patrolled the streets, amid concern over spreading unrest. Hundreds of people
390

were made homeless after about 1,000 anti-Muslim rioters rampaged through
villages in Kanbalu, in the central region of Sagaing.

Middle East
Iraq: On 18th August, attacks in Iraq killed at least six people including a
local council member. Two roadside bombs targeted a bus stop and a
supermarket in two separate areas of Baghdad, killing at least four people and
wounding 13 and the body of a local council member who was kidnapped the
day before was found south of Kirkuk. In Muqdadiyah, a roadside bomb killed a
teacher.
Next day, Iraq hanged 17 people to death, 16 of them on terrorism-related
charges. They are the first executions announced by the ministry since brazen
July assaults on two major prisons freed hundreds of prisoners, including some
who had been sentenced to death, drawing criticism within Iraq that executions
were proceeding too slowly.
Iraq carried out 129 executions in 2012 and Baghdad insisted it would
continue to implement the death penalty. Executions in Iraq, which are usually
carried out by hanging, have drawn widespread international condemnation. UN
human rights chief Navi Pillay said earlier this year that the criminal justice
system in Iraq is still not functioning adequately, with numerous convictions
based on confessions obtained under torture and ill-treatment, a weak judiciary
and trial proceedings that fall short of international standards.
On 20th August, violence in Iraq killed a policeman and two civilians and
16 militants died as security forces conducted wide-ranging operations. Prime
Minister Nuri al-Maliki vowed to press on with a campaign against militants in
a bid to stem the spike in bloodshed, with more than 3,500 people killed since
the start of this year and the interior ministry describing Iraq as a battleground.
Separate bombings at a livestock market and a police station north of Baghdad
killed three people, including a policeman, and wounded nine others.
Next day, attacks across Iraq killed seven people, damaged an oil pipeline
and hit a Shiite shrine. In the deadliest attack, gunmen broke into the house of a
local anti-al-Qaeda militia chief west of Baghdad, killing his son and cousin.
Sunni militants consider the Sahwa, a collection of Sunni tribal militias that
joined forces with the United States and turned against al-Qaeda from late 2006,
to be traitors and frequently attack them.
On 23rd August, a suicide bomber killed 25 people and wounded more
than 50 in Baghdad when he detonated his explosives inside a busy cafe near a
park. Seven people were killed in half-dozen separate shootings and explosions
in the capital Baghdad and Mosul, a mostly Sunni Arab city in north Iraq, killed
two people and wounded 12 others. In Hilla, a mostly Shiite town north of

391

Baghdad three people was killed. Security forces claimed arresting seven Sunni
militants linked to al-Qaeda.
On 25th August, at least 31 people were killed across Iraq, including five
soldiers who were shot dead by gunmen and their bodies were burnt. Two
explosions took place in commercial areas in western and eastern Baghdad,
killing three people and wounding another ten. Three people died and 15 were
wounded when a car bomb exploded in Balad. Two people were shot dead near
their homes in Mosul. Roadside bombs killed two members of a Shi'ite family
and wounded nine others in central Baquba.
On 28th August, more than a dozen bombings ripped through
neighbourhoods in and around Baghdad and in all 67 people were killed across
Iraq. Residents in one neighbourhood angrily reacted to one blast by chasing
down a suspected attacker and killing him before setting his corpse ablaze. The
unrest came despite widely publicized security operations targeting militants in
Baghdad and to the north and west.
Overall, violence in Baghdad and towns just south of the capital left 57
dead, while two others were killed in attacks in the northern cities of Kirkuk and
Mosul. More than 190 people were wounded nationwide. The deadliest attack
struck in the Jisr al-Diyala neighbourhood of southeast Baghdad, with at least
nine people killed and 27 others wounded in twin bombings.
Next day, a car bomb ripped through a popular fruit and vegetable market
north of Baghdad, killing at least 16 people. The blast, which also wounded 25
people, struck in the predominantly Sunni Arab city of Samarra. It came a day
after a wave of nationwide violence including a spate of bombings in the Iraqi
capital killed at least 75 people.
On 31st August, gunmen killed five worshippers at a Sunni mosque in
Baghdad. The militants fled the scene after carrying out the attack, which came
during early morning prayers in the predominantly-Shiite neighbourhood of
Baghdad Jadidah, in the capital's east. One worshipper was also wounded in the
shooting.
Palestine: On 20th August, Israeli soldiers shot dead a Palestinian and
wounded two others during a raid in the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied
West Bank. An Israeli military spokeswoman said security forces arrested a
suspected militant in Jenin and, after being attacked with live fire, home-made
bombs and rocks, shot back. Violence in the West Bank has worsened since the
beginning of 2013. Israeli forces have killed 11 Palestinians there this year;
most of them in clashes, compared with three killed in the same period in 2012,
according to United Nations figures.
On 26th August, peace talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators
were cancelled after Israeli security forces shot dead three Palestinians during

392

clashes in the West Bank. Medics earlier reported that in addition to three
Palestinians shot dead, 19 were wounded by Israeli security forces in Qalandiya
camp, between Ramallah and Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem, early morning.
Syria: On 18th August, it was reported that thousands of Syrians crossed
the border into Iraqs Kurdish region to escape battles between warring factions
and Kurd forces in their homeland. The UN refugee agency said in a statement
that the 15,000 who crossed recently into Iraq were in addition to about 154,000
Syrian refugees already registered in Iraq.
On 21st August, main Opposition group accused the government of
massacring more than 1,300 people in a chemical weapons attack on rebel
areas near Damascus, stating many of the victims choked to death. The claim of
a chemical attack, which could not be independently verified, was vehemently
denied by the Syrian regime which said it was intended to hinder the mission of
UN chemical weapons inspectors now in the country.
The Local Coordination Committees (LCC), a network of activists,
reported hundreds of casualties in the brutal use of toxic gas by the criminal
regime. And in videos posted on YouTube, the Syrian Revolution General
Commission, another activist group, showed what it called a terrible massacre
committed by regime forces with toxic gas.
Chief UN chemical weapons inspector Ake Sellstrom is holding
discussions with the Syrian government over an alleged chemical weapons
attack and is following the situation carefully, a UN spokesman said. Ban was
shocked by the report of the alleged attack, the statement said.
The European Union condemned the suspected use of chemical weapons
by Syrian government forces as totally unacceptable, demanding an immediate
investigation. Saudi Arabia urged the UN Security Council and EU ministers to
immediately address Syrias massacre. French President called on UN
inspectors to visit the site of an alleged chemical weapons attack outside
Damascus. William Hague said that Britain would refer Syrian opposition
claims to the UNSC.
But Russia called Syrian opposition claims a premeditated provocation.
The foreign ministry stressed that the reports were issued just as a UN chemical
weapons inspection team had arrived in Syria and noted that this makes us
think that we are once again dealing with a premeditated provocation.
Next day, the UN Security Council called for a thorough, impartial and
prompt investigation of the latest allegation of chemical weapon use in Syria
when the 15-member body met in an emergency session. The United States,
Britain and France are among around 35 countries that called for chief UN
investigator Ake Sellstrom, whose team is currently in Syria, to investigate the
incident as soon as possible.

393

On its part, Pakistan fully backed the move for an impartial investigation
into the tragic incident, but questioned claims about the Syrian government's
involvement in the gas attack. It seems totally counter-intuitive that the Syrian
Government would use chemical weapons, especially after allowing the UN
team, led by Ake Sellstrom, into the country to investigate the use of such
weapons, Pakistan UN Ambassador told the Security Council.
During the private Council meeting, Russia and China, which support the
Syrian government, blocked a stronger press statement supported by Britain,
France, the United States and others. But Russia and China agreed that the
council president could sum up the session with press elements close to the
weakest response from the UN's most powerful body.
On 24th August, President Barack Obama met his national security
advisers to discuss the chemical weapons attack in Syria, with American media
reports saying that one of the options considered was the NATO air war in
Kosovo in late 1990s as a possible blueprint for military action against the
Middle East country without a mandate from the United Nations. The top-level
meeting took place amid indications that military assets are being positioned for
a possible response to the new developments in Syria.
Faced with the possibility of a Russian veto at the UN Security Council,
President Obama is considering whether to order military strikes against Syria
without UN Security Councils approval, according to The New York Times.
President Obama had indicated that doing so in Syria would require a robust
international coalition.
Among the options at Obamas disposal are cruise-missile-armed US
ships currently in the Mediterranean. Speaking to reporters during a trip to the
Far East, Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel indicated assets in the region are
being bolstered and repositioned to bring them within range of Syria. Hagel
declined to discuss any specific force movements.
Russia has accused the opposition of staging Wednesdays attack to
discredit Assad. But all options have remained on hold pending confirmation of
the chemical attack. UN inspectors currently in Damascus have not yet been
able to visit the site of the incident, as the United States and Russia have traded
charges over which of Syrias warring camps was blocking the probe.
Next day, the United Nations said its experts would start their probe of an
alleged Syrian chemical weapons site. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
instructed the mission, currently in Damascus, to focus its attention on
ascertaining the facts of the 21 August incident as its highest priority.
The UN announcement came shortly after Damascus gave the green light
for the inspectors to carry out the probe into the alleged use of chemical
weapons near the Syrian capital. Doctors Without Borders has said 355 people

394

died last week of neurotoxic symptoms, after the opposition claimed regime
forces unleashed chemicals east and southwest of Damascus causing more than
1,300 deaths.
In Washington, the United States said there was very little doubt Syrian
forces had used chemical weapons on civilians and dismissed an offer by
Damascus for a UN team to view the attack site. The comments marked a
significant escalation of a showdown over the attack as Washington appeared to
be positioning for possible military action.
Russia welcomed Damascus offer to allow a mission by UN inspectors
probing alleged chemical weapons use and warned the West that military action
against the Syrian regime would be a tragic mistake. We strongly urge those
who, by attempting to impose their own results on the UN experts, are raising
the possibility of a military operation in Syria to use their common sense and
refrain from committing a tragic mistake, foreign ministry spokesman said in a
statement in Moscow.
Meanwhile, the governor of Hama province in central Syria was killed in
a car bombing blamed on rebels. Anas Abdel Razzaq al-Naem was appointed to
the post in July 2011, four months after the beginning of the revolt against
President Bashar al-Assads regime.
On 26th August, UN inspectors braved sniper fire to reach the site of a
suspected deadly chemical weapons attack near Damascus, as the West weighed
possible military action against Syrias regime. The Syrian authorities accused
rebels fighting Assads forces of being behind the sniper fire, while the
opposition said pro-regime militias were to blame, although both sides were
said to have agreed to a temporary ceasefire.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague said the West could act even
without full UN Security Council backing. France said the West would decide in
the coming days on a response. The only option that I do not envisage is to do
nothing, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said. Turkish foreign minister said
Turkey would join an international coalition against Syria even if the UNSC
fails to reach consensus.
US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel said on Monday that US would only
take action in concert with the international community and with legal
justification. Hagel declined to discuss US military options but said, The US is
looking at all options. President Bashar al-Assad declared that any strike by the
US and its allies would be doomed to failure and key ally Moscow warned of
dangerous consequences for the entire region.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned his US counterpart John
Kerry of the extremely dangerous consequences of a possible new military
intervention for the whole Middle East and North Africa region, Lavrov said,

395

Using force without UNSC approval is a very grave violation of international


law, he warned. China also called for a cautious approach. Iraq said Monday
it opposes the use of its airspace or territory in any attack on Syria.
Next day, Syria vowed to defend itself as the US defence chief said his
countrys forces were ready to launch attacks against the Syrian regime.
Russia warned a military intervention in Syria could have catastrophic
consequences for the region and called on the international community to show
prudence over the crisis. A Russian deputy prime minister said Western
countries were behaving in the Islamic world like a monkey with a grenade.
Speaking in Brunei, US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel said the military
was prepared to act if Obama called for it. We are prepared. We have moved
assets in place to be able to fulfill and comply with whatever option the
president wishes to take, he said. He said the US will soon share evidence that
Syria unleashed chemical weapons on its own people.
The US Navy has four destroyers in the eastern Mediterranean Sea within
range of targets inside Syria. The US also has warplanes in the region. Italy,
however, ruled out taking part in any type of military intervention without UN
Security Council approval, saying there was no alternative to a negotiated
political solution.
Nevertheless, senior military officers from Western and Muslim countries
began gathering in Jordan to discuss the regional impact of the war in Syria.
General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, was to take
part, along with chiefs of staff from Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Canada.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said his country will strike
back fiercely; if Syria attacks the Jewish state. Amman has said, however, that
its territory will not be used as (a) launchpad for any military action against
Damascus. Britain said its armed forces were drawing up contingency plans for
action in Syria.
Saudi Arabia called for firm and serious action against the Syrian
regime for its alleged chemical weapons attack near Damascus on August 21.
Turkeys foreign minister, Ahmet Davutoglu, said the suspected chemical attack
was a crime against humanity that cannot go unpunished. Meanwhile, UN
chemical weapons experts postponed efforts to collect more evidence from the
site of alleged attacks.
On 28th August, the UN Security Council was set for a showdown over
Syria after Britain sought authorization for Western military action that Russia
called premature. UN chemical weapons experts investigating an apparent gas
attack that killed hundreds of civilians in rebel-held suburbs of Damascus made
a second trip across the front line to take samples. Secretary-General Ban Ki-

396

moon pleaded for them to be given the time they need to complete their
mission.
But the United States and European and Middle East allies have already
pinned the blame on President Bashar al-Assads forces. Even if Russia blocks
UN approval, US-led air or missile strikes on Syria look all but certain, though
the timing is far from clear. That has set Western leaders on a collision course
with Moscow, as well as with China.
Weve always said we want the UN Security Council to live up to its
responsibilities on Syria. Today they have an opportunity to do that, Cameron
said in a statement. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said earlier in the day that
any attack would be folly. One of his deputies responded to Cameron by saying
the Council should wait for the UN inspectors report.
Bans special envoy for Syria, Algerian diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi, said
international law is clear in requiring Council authorization for any military
action. But Western leaders have made clear they are ready to do without it,
citing precedents for foreign intervention to protect civilians.
As long as the UN team is in Syria, Western action is less likely. Strikes,
expected to involve cruise missiles fired by US ships in the Mediterranean, are
also unlikely before Obama has an intelligence report on the August 21 gas
attack. Its conclusions, however, are scarcely in doubt.
It has heightened tensions between Assads sponsor Iran and Israel, which
bombed Syria this year, and has fueled sectarian bloodshed in Lebanon and in
Iraq. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that US action would be a disaster for the
region. Tehran has steadfastly supported the secular President Bashar al-Assad
against a two-and-a-half-year-long rebellion. In a related development, the
Israeli cabinet authorized a partial call-up of army reservists amid growing
expectations of a foreign military strike on neighbouring Syria.
Poland voiced reservations about military action in Syria, in a rare
departure from toeing the same line as the United States. Im not convinced
that an armed attack will stop the crimes, Prime Minister Donald Tusk told
reporters. Tusks announcement that Poland does not plan to take part in a
military intervention came as the United States and allies press their case for
such action.
The French parliament was also recalled, but only for a session set for
September 4. Australia, which takes over the chair of the Security Council on
September 1, added its voice to the Western view that continuing deadlock
along Cold War lines in the top UN body would not rule out an attack on Syria.
Next day, as the West prepares for possible strikes against Syria, the US
Navy deployed fifth destroyer to the eastern Mediterranean while Damascus
ally Russia will be sending an anti-submarine ship and a missile cruiser to the
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area over the next few days. Obama said he had not yet signed off on a plan to
attack Syria, but action appeared likely after Washington stopped seeking UN
mandate.
And British government said it would still be permitted under
international law to take military action against Syria on even if such a move is
blocked by the UN Security Council. Britain's Labour opposition, however, said
it was set to vote against the principle of military intervention in Syria.
With any US-led missile strike unlikely to have UN Security Council
backing, Russia and Iran again warned against any Western intervention, saying
it could set off a wider regional conflict. Syria's nervous neighbours have
already stepped up preparations for conflict, with Israel authorizing a partial
call-up of arm reservists while Turkey put its forces on heightened vigilance.
Russia is also reportedly sending warships to the Mediterranean, while
Britain said it was sending fighter jets to the strategic island of Cyprus. Russian
General Staff said, The well-known situation shaping up in the eastern
Mediterranean called for certain corrections to the make-up of the naval forces.
In Damascus, soldiers were being pulled back from their command posts
and tougher security controls were in place at roadblocks and hospitals. A
Syrian security official said the army was preparing for the worst. Syrian
President, whose army has been gaining ground against the rebels in recent
months, vowed his country would emerge the victor in any confrontation with
the US.
Reportedly, Pakistan would oppose any resolution calling for
authorization of military action against Syria on alleged use of chemical
weapons if put to vote before the UN Security Council. Pakistans foreign
policy does not afford any room for supporting a resolution for armed
intervention as in principle it is against use of force and undermining the
sovereignty of a state.
On 30th August, the United States laid the groundwork for unilateral
military action in Syria, following the release of an American intelligence report
assessing with high confidence that the Syrian government planned and
launched last weeks chemical weapons attack. John Kerry released the details
obviously intended to muster support at home and abroad for a military
response.
Meanwhile, UN Secretary-General, in a meeting with five permanent
members of the Security cautioned against launching any military strike without
the authorization of the 15-member body. The Council is deadlocked as Russia
and China have made it clear that they would veto any resolution seeking
approval for the use of force against Syria.

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After the release of the intelligence report, President Obama said he


hasnt made a final decision about a military strike. But he added hes
considering a limited and narrow action. Obama said that the alleged chemical
weapons in Syria attack were a challenge to the world and threatens US national
security.
Kerrys statement and the release of the declassified intelligence report
came as Obama Administration faced rising resistance to a military strike
against the Syrian regime in response to its use of banned chemical weapons.
Britains Parliament voted against joining a coalition sought by Obama to
respond militarily, denying the president a key NATO ally that has steadfastly
supported previous campaigns.
At home, questions about the veracity of the US intelligence and whether
Washington is headed for another war based on false information like
happened in Iraq have emerged from both parties in Congress. Kerry insisted
that the situation differs from Iraq, saying the intelligence community reviewed
and re-reviewed its information more than mindful of the Iraq experience.
Citing support from the Arab League, Turkey and France, Kerry said, We