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Passive Voice

Tense /Verb

Form

Active Voice

Passive Voice

Present Simple

keeps

is kept

Present Continuous

is keeping

is being kept

Present Perfect

has kept

has been kept

Past Simple

kept

was kept

Past Continuous

was keeping

was being kept

Past Perfect

had kept

had been kept

Future

will keep

will be kept

Conditional

would keep

would be kept

Perfect Conditional

would have
kept

would have been


kept

Present Infinitive

to keep

to be kept

Perfect Infinitive

to have kept

to have been
kept

Present Participle /

keeping

being kept

gerund
Perfect Participle
Diateza

having kept

having been kept

pasiva se formeaza de regula :


to

The poem is

read

A nice house was

The dress has

be + V 3 /
-ed

by me .
build in our street .

been

bought by my sister .

Mather washes the child . ( diateza activa )


The child is

washed by mother . ( diateza pasiva )

The pupil is

solving a problem . ( diateza activa )

The problem is
We have

being

solved by the pupil . ( diateza pasiva )

sent for a doctor . ( diateza activa )

A doctor has

been

sent for . (diateza pasiva )

You can't

speak to him . ( diateza activa )

He

be

can't

spoken to . ( diateza pasiva )

Atunci cnd verbul din propozitia activa are 2 complemente ,


unul direct si unul indirect , ambele complemente pot deveni
subiecte ale propozitiilor pasive :
Mother told the
A

children a

story was told to the

The

children were told a

story . ( diateza activa )

children . ( diateza pasiva )


story . ( diateza pasiva )

Verbele to have , to get , pot fi folosite cu nteles cauzativ si


cu nuanta de pasiv , n constructii n care arata ca altcineva
si nu subiectul face actiunea , iar complementul direct o sufera .

I had my hair cut . - M-am tuns ( la coafor )


She
had
spalatorie )

her

Where
pantofii ?

you

Verbul to
( auxiliar ) .

do

get

dress
get
poate

The tourists got

cleaned . - si-a
your
fi

shoes

folosit

curatat

rochia ( la

mended ? - Unde-ti
n

locul

caught by a storm . ( were

verbului

repari
to

caught ) .

be