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S.S 2ndSem Assignment 2015-16


Course:- L no- 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9,11, 13.
Paper-style :- Q.1 (A) Choose the correct option (15) (B) Fill in the blanks (8) Q.2(A) Match the
following (8) (B) True or false (8) Q.3 Answer in one or two sentences Any 10 (10) Q.4 Answer in brief
Any 7 (14) Q.5 Answer in detail Any 4 (12)
Q.6 Map of Australia (5)
Q.1 Choose the correct option.
L-7
1-What was the childhood name of Gautam Buddha?
Ans. B. Siddharth
2-What was Siddharths fathers name?
Ans. D. Shuddhodhan
3-What was Siddharths wifes name?
Ans. A. Yashodhara
4-At which place did GautamBuddha die?
Ans. C. Kushinara
5-Whose name is mentioned as a female thinker and preacher among the other thinkers of Upanishada?
Ans. A. Gargi
6-What was the original name of Mahavir Swami?
Ans. C. Vardhaman
7-Which was the birth place of Mahavir?
Ans. B. Kundgram
8)In which language did Mahavir preach?
Ans-c)Prakrit
9) By which name were the followers of Jainism known?
Ans B)Sadhu
10-How many vratas are given by Mahavir Swami?
Ans. C. Five
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11-Where is Ashokas inscription located?
Ans. B. Junagadh
12-In which subject was Chanakya expert?
Ans. A. Economics
13-Which was the capital city of Maurya empire?
Ans. C. Sarnath
14-Which rock edict of Ashoka expresses the deep remorse after Kalinga war?
Ans. C. 13th
15-After conquering which battle the sight of battlefield filled Ashoka with horror and dismay?
Ans. D. Kalinga (Orissa)
16-To which countries did Ashokas son and daughter travel to propagate Buddhism?
Ans. C. Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
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17-By which other name is continent Antarctica known?
Ans. A. Penguin land
18-Which research centre from the following is established by India in the Antarctica continent ?
Ans. C. Gangotri research centre
19-The population of which state of India is equal to that of Australia continent?
Ans. B. Madhya Pradesh
20-Which longitude passes through the centre of Australia?
Ans. D. Tropic of Capricorn
21-How many percentage of the land of earth surface does the continent of Australia cover?
Ans. B. 7%
22-How many percentage of the people of Australia are involved in the sea food export business?

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Ans. A. 31%
23-Which of the following cities is the capital city of Australia?
Ans. A. Canberra
24-which area of Australia contient is mostly uninhabited?
Ans northern
Q.2 True or False
L-7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Siddharth was a Brahmin. False


Siddharth wanted to practice penance and attain knowledge by going to Himalayas. False
Gautam Buddha preached people in colloquial language Pali. False
Gautam Buddha said that life of people is full of happiness. False
The Upanishads stress on good deeds and yoga for a happy and healthy life . True
Mahavir Swami practiced hard penance for twelve years and attained knowledge. True
Mahavir Swami is considered to be the great reformer of Buddhist religion. False
Mahavir Swami is the 1stTirthankar of Jainism. False

L-9
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

The lion capital of Sarnath was built by Chandragupta Maurya False


The picture of lion capital of Sarnath is found on every currency note and coin of our
country true
King Ashoka was a founder of Magadha empire False
Kalinga state was in South India i
After winning a war of Kalinga , Ashoka give up conquest
By the preaching of Buddhist saint SamudraguptaAshoka surrendered weapons
King Ashoka travelled to propagate Buddhism
Name of Ashokas father was Chandragupta

L-11
17. The owner of merry-go-round did not take 5 rupees from Raju. True
18. The owner of merry-go-round allowed Raju to sit in it. False
19. All citizens of India are not equal. False
20. Every Indian citizen has right to information. True
21. Wherever Jamna Ba goes she runs the tap.
22. Dr. Sunil sent out the people who used their mobiles.
23.
By voting one can be the partner in countrys ownership. False
24.
One can enjoy various facilities by paying by taxes regularly.
25.
If a citizen performs his duty, somebodys right will be seized. False
26.
A person of any age has a right to vote .
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27.
The area around the North Pole of the earth is called Antarctica and the area around the South
Pole of the earth is called Arctic. False
28.
About 90% of the ice on the surface on the earth is covered by the Antarctica continent. True
29.
Antarctica continent is the known as heaven the for large size sea animals like whale, seal and
walrus. True
30.
The south pole experiences six months day and six months nights
31.
The work of acquiring mineral wealth is easier on the Antarctica continent due to snow
covered land and extreme cold. False
32.
The regions of Southern part of Australia ofcontinent are mostly without population. False
33.
The length and breadth of Australia continent is approximately equal. True
34.
The largest lead mine of the world is located at Broken Hill. True

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Q.3
L-7

Match The Following

1.
2.
3.
4.

Gautam Buddhas renunciation of home Mahabhinishkraman


GautamBudhas attainment of knowledge Bodhgaya
GautamBudhas first preaching Sarnath
Gautam Buddhas death Kushinagar
L-9

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Ashoka's inscription Foot hills of Girnar.


National Emblem of India Lion capital of Sarnath.
Founder of Magadha Empire Chandragupta Maurya.
king who extended Magadha empire King Ashoka
Capital of Magadha Empire Patliputra.
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10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

A special animal of Australia - Kangaroo


A special bird of Antarctica - Penguin
Area of North Pole of Earth - Arctic
Area of South Pole of Earth - Antarctica
Tropic passing through Centre of Australia - Tropic of Capricorn
Capital of Australia- Canberra
Largest range of coral islands - Great Barrier Reef

Q.4 Blanks:L-7
1) Buddha monks are known as Lama.
2) Buddha religion was established approximately 2500 years ago.
3) The childhood name of Gautam Buddha was Siddharth.
4) Siddharth was born in a village named Lumbini.
5) Siddharths renunciation of home is known as Mahabhinishkraman.
6) Gautam attained knowledge under a papal tree at night of VaishakhiPoonam.
7) The place where Gautam attained knowledge is known at present as Bodhgaya or Boddhigaya.
8) Gautam Buddha preached at Sarnath at the first time.
9) Mahavir Swami is known as twenty-fourthTirthankar of Jainism.
10) The thought of Upanishadas were prompted by AdiguruShankarachaya.
11) Jain and Buddhists saints lived in Sangha and Vihara.
12) Vardhamans fathers name was Siddharth and his mothers name was Trishaladevi.
13) Mahavir Swami left his home (took Diksha) at the age of thirty.
14) Mahavir Swami preached people in Prakrit and ArdhMagadhi languages.
15) Because of preachings of Mahavir Swami sacrifice of animals stopped in the society.
16) Mahavir Swami gave preaching of Ahimsa to the people.
L-11
17) Every citizen has a right to celebrate festivals of his religion.
18) In our country there is a Right to consider caste, language, religion or sex equal.
19) In our country every citizen has Right to follow his culture and get education.
20) Every citizen of India of 18 years and above has a right to vote.
21) The Right of public facilities is obtained only by paying taxes.
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22) There is ' Ashoka's inscription ' on the way to Girnarmountain in the foothills of Girnar, near
Junagadh in Gujarat.
23) One of the greatest kings in history means king Ashoka.
24) King Ashoka was the son ofBindusar.
25) Patliputra was the capital of Magadha.
26) Emperor Ashoka had an ambition to gain victory over _____________.

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27) kalinga is today's Udisa.


28) Emperor Ashoka accepted Buddha religion due to preaching's of Gautam Buddha.
29) Lion Statue atSarnath Is the National Emblem of India.
30) TakshashilaandUjjainwere the province capitals of Magadha empire.
31) Battle of Kalinga was the last battle of King Ashoka's life.
32) King Ashoka accepted Buddha religion.
33) King Ashoka accepted Buddha religion as the state religion.
34) After the end of Kalinga battle there was transformation of King Ashoka.
35) After the transformation, King Ashoka became a preacher.
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36. The area surrounding the North Pole of the Earth is known as Arctic.
37. The area surrounding the South Pole of the Earth is known as Antarctica.
38.

90% percentage of snow of the earth surface is on the continent of Antarctica.

39. The colourful belts seen in the sky of Antarctica due to reflection of sunrays are called
SumeruJyoti.
40. Antarctica continent is also known as the 'land of Penguins.
41.Captain James Cook discovered Antarctica continent.
42. Australia is called as land of kangaroos.
43. Australia isacountry, continent and an island.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.

90% percentage of population of Australia lives in cities.


Tropic of Capricorn passes through the middle of Australia.
Captain James Cook discovered the Australia continent.
Great Dividing Range is the mountain range in the eastern part of Australia continent.
Great Barrier Reef , the largest reef of Coral islands of the world is situated at a short distance from
the eastern part of seacoast of Australia.
Marino named sheep are reared mainly in the continent of Australia.
Kangaroo is the specific animal of continent of Australia.
Kangaroo is the national animal of Australia.
Murray and Darling are the main rivers of Australia.
KalgoorlieandCoolgardieare the famous regions of gold mines Australia.
Broken Hill is the largest lead mine of the world.
Canberra is the capital of Australia.

Answer in one or two sentences:L no.-1


Q.1 How many Vedas are there? Which are they?
Ans There are four vedas. 1) Rigveda 2) Yajurveda 3) Samveda 4) Atharvaveda.
Q.2 When are the Vedas believed to be composed?
AnsThe Vedas are believed to be composed approximately about 3000 years ago.
Q.3How many hymns are there in the rig veda
Ans there are around 1028 hymns for worshipping different gods and goddes.
Q.4 What is shrutigranth?
Ans- ShrutiGranth is the hymns of the Vedas which were heard and learnt by heart.
Q.5 Which three Gods are most important?
Ans Agni, Indra and Soma are the three most important Gods. Agni is the God of fire. Indra is the God of
war. Soma is a kind of creeper from which a special type of drink (somras ) was prepared.
Q.6 Who composes the vedichymns.?
Ans The vedichymns were composed by the Rishis.
Q.7 How did the Guru(teacher) teach the vedic hymns to the students?

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AnsThe Guru divided hymns into alphabets and words and asked the disciples to recite them and make
them to learn by heart.
Q.9 Which two rivers does Rishi Vishwamitra pray?
Ans Rishi Vishwamitra prayed to rivers Beas and Satluj .
Q.10 With whom has Rishi Vishwamitra compared rivers Beas and Satluj why ?
Ans Rishi Vishwamitra has compared river Beas and Satluj with horse and cows more importance was
given to cows and horse by the people of that society.
Q.11 which things were of great importance during Vedic Age , according to historians?
Ans- According to history the rivers were given more importance just as horse and cattles .
Q.12 On What basis were the communities divided in the vedic period?
Ans The communities were divided on the basis of their occupation.
Q 13 Give the names of four groups divided on the basis of work.
Ans The names of four groups which were divided on the basis of work 1) Brahmins 2) Kshatriyas
3)Vaishyas 4) Shudras.
Q.14What is meant by megaliths ? Where were they arranged?
AnsMegaliths were burial stones of very big size .The people at that time used to bury the dead bodies
and covered the graves with large stones.
Q.15 What are the Megaliths evidence of ?
Ans Megaliths are the evidences of burial practices.
Q.16 Where is Inamgam situated? During which period did people live here?
AnsInamgam is situated near the bank of river Ghod in Maharashtra. People lived in this area before
3600 to 2700 B.c.
L-2
Q.17 What is meant by climate?
Ans- climate means the air ,temperature and humidity of an area or a place for a specific period of time.
Q-18When do we have shower (Mavthu) in Gujarat?
Ans When cold and stormy winds blow from the central sea .Over Gujarat in winter , some parts of
Gujarat experience little bit of rainfall which is called mavthu (Shower) in Gujarat.
Q 19 What are natural resources?
Ans-The resources given us by nature are called natural resources.
Q-20Which are the Inland Rivers of Gujarat?
Ans- Banas ,Rupen and Sabarmati are the Inland Rivers of Gujarat.
Q-21Which is the biggest port of Gujarat?
Ans- Kandlais the biggest port of Gujarat.
Q-22At which places is electricity generated by windmills in Gujarat?
Ans- At Mandavi (Kutch) electricity is generated by windmills in Gujarat .
Q-23Give the names of lake of Gujarat.
Ans- The names of lakes of Gujarat are 1) Narayan Sarovar in Kutch. 2)Ajwasarovar in vadodara .3)
NalSarovar in Ahmedabad and Surendranagar.4) SardarSarovar in Narmada.
Q-24 What is made out of khakhraleaves ?
Ans- Plates and bowls are ......
Q -25 What is meant by sanctuary?
Ans- Place where birds and animals live fearlessly and where they are reared is alled a sanctuary.
Q-26What is the sanctuary at NalSarovar famous for?
Ans- The sanctuary.......for migratory birds.
L no.-4
Answer in one or two sentences.
Q.27 What is local self Government?
Ans. The institution which carries out administration at local level is known as the Local self
government.
Q.28. What are local self Government Institutions?
Ans Gram Panchayat, TalukaPanchayat and Jilla (District Pachayat) are ....
Q.29 Which are the rural Local Self Government Institutions?

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A. The rural local self Government Institutions are 1) Gram Panchayat at village level. 2)
TalukaPanchayat at Taluka level.3) JillaPanchayat at District level.
Q.30 Which are the urban Local Self Government Institutions?
A.The urban local self Government Institutions are the Municipalities and Municipal Corporations.
Q.31 State the three tier structure of Panchayatiraj.
A. The three tier structure of Panchayatiraj are :- 1) Gram Panchayat at village level 2) TalukaPanchayat
at Taluka level 3) JillaPanchayat at District level.
Q.32Who is called a Sarpanch?
A. The head of a Gram Panchayat is called a Sarpanch.
Q.33 How is Sarpanch elected?
A.Sarpanch is elected directly by the villagers.
Q.34 What are the functions of Talati?
A. The Functions of Talati are as follows:- 1) He is responsible for handling the administrative work in
the office. 2) He prepares reports of Gram Panchayat. 3) He looks after the budget and keep accounts.
Q.35 What is called Gramsachivalaya?
A. The office of the Gram Panchayat is known as the GramSachivalaya.
Q.36 Who elects the President of TalukaPanchayat?
A. The elected members of TalukaPanchayatelects the President of TalukaPanchayat.
Q.37By which name is the administrative head of TalukaPanchayat known?
A. The administrative head of TalukaPanchayat is known as Taluka development Officer (TDO)
Q.38 By which name is the administrative head of JillaPanchayat known?
A. The administrative head of JillaPanchayat is known as District Development Officer (DDO).
Q.39Who gets right to vote in the election of Panchayats?
A. Every citizen of 18 years or above gets right to vote in the elections of panchayat.
Q.40Which institutions do the function of giving justice at the local level?
A. Social Justice Committee and LokAdalats do the functions of giving justice at the local level.
Q.41Who is selected as the member of social justice committee?
A. The members of social Justice Committee are chosen from amongst the elected members of
JillaPanchayat.
Q.42How is justice given in LokAdalat?
A. Speedy and free justice is given in Lokadalat.
L-5 ANSWER IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES
Q.43 What is meant by agriculture?
A. Agriculture is a primary activity. It includes farming of cereals, oil-seeds, pulses, fruits, vegetables,
flowers and animal husbandry.
44. What kind of soil is suitable for the crop of millet (bajri)?
A. Sandy and soft coloured soil is suitable for the crops of millet.
45. Which district is the leading producer of millet in Gujarat?
A. Banaskantha is the leading producerof millet in Gujarat.
46. In which type of soil is wheat production more?
A. Wheat production is more in black and loamy soil which holds moisture.
47 Which district in Gujarat is the leading producer of paddy?
A. Kheda district in Gujarat is the leading producer of paddy.
48. State the main use of barley plant?
A. Barley is mainly used as fodder .
49. Which type of soil is suitable for production of groundnut?
A. Groundnut requires less fertile and moderate black and sand mixed soil which is most suitable for
the production of groundnut.
50. In which districts of Gujarat is the leading producer of groundnut ?
A. Junagadh district of Gujarat is the leading producer of groundnut.
51. Which type of soil is the best for the production of cotton?
A. Black soil is the best for the production of cotton.
52. Which distict in Gujarat is the leading producer of tobacco?

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A. Charotarin Kheda , Vadodara districtin Gujarat is the leading producer of tobacco.


53. Which spices are grown in Gujarat?
A. Spices like chilly, cumin seeds, turmeric, fennel seeds, mustard etc are grown in Gujarat.
54. What is meant by irrigation?
A. Irrigation means supplying water to the fields through the man made sources like wells, underground water, small and big dams etc.
55. What is meant by farm-pond?
A. Farm pond means the pond made on the sloppy land of the farm.
56. What is meant by check dam?
A. In order to stop the water of rivers, streams or rivulets from flowing into the sea, a strong and
concrete wall is constructed which is known as check dam.
57. What is meant by manufacturing?
A. When raw material is processed to make finished goods is known as manufacturing.
Q.58 State the types of industries?
A. The types of industries are :- 1) Agro based industries 2) Mineral based industries 3) Marine
based industries 4) Forest-based industries.
Q.59 Name the agro-based industries?
A. The Agro-based industries are textile industry, sugar industry and dairy industry.
Q.60In which cities of Gujarat are the textile mills situated?
A. The textile mills are situated in Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat and Rajkot cities of Gujarat.
Q.61Where are the sugar industries located in Gujarat?
A. The sugar industries are located in Bardoli, Gandevi and Kodinar in Gujarat.
Q.62Which dairies are located in Gujarat?
A. The dairies located in Gujarat are 1) Dudhsagar dairy in Mehsana. 2) Amul dairy in Anand. 3)
Banas dairy in Palanpur. 4) Sabar dairy in Himmatnagar.
Q.63 Where has the colour-chemical factories situated in Gujarat?
A. The colour-chemical factorieshas developed at Atul near Valsad in Gujarat.
Q.64Where is the paper industry developed in Gujarat?
A. The paper industry has developed in Tapi and Rajkot districts in Gujarat.
Q.65What is meant by transportation?
A. Transportation is a mode of carrying passengers and goods from one place to another.
Q.66How many modes of transportation are there? Which are they?
A. There are three modes of transportation. They are 1) Land transport 2) Air transport 3) Water
transport.
Q.67 In which way is railway useful?
A. Railways are the cheapest and the easiest mode of travel and transportation of goods.
Q.68Which cities of Gujarat have airports?
A. The airports in Gujarat are at Ahmedabad, vadodara, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, Bhuj, Jamnagar etc.
Q.69Which is the main port of Gujarat?
A. Kandla is the main port of Gujarat.
Q.70 At which places in Gujarat is the facility of ropeway found?
A. The facility of ropeway is found in Pavagadh ,Ambaji and Saputara in Gujarat.
L-7 ANSWER IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES
Q.71 When and Where was Gautam Buddha born?
A. Gautam Buddha was born approximately 2500 years ago in Lumbini Van near Kapilvastu on the
foothills of Himalayas.
Q.72 State the names of Gautam Buddhas parents?
A. Gautam Buddhas fathers name was shuddhodhan and his mothers name was Mayavati.
Q.73What were the names of Gautam Buddhas wife and his son?
A. Gautam Buddhas wifes name was Yashodhara and his sons name was Rahul.
Q.74What is meant by Mahabhinishkraman?
A. Prince Siddharths renunciation of home is known as Mahabhinishkraman.
Q.75When was Gautam known as Buddha?

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A. Gautam Buddha was practicing penance sitting under a peepal tree. He attained knowledge on
VaishakhiPoonam. Since then he was called Buddha.
Q.76Wheredid Gautam Buddha give his first sermon?
A. Gautam Buddha preached at Sarnath for the first time.
Q.77In which language did Gautam Buddha preach people?
A. Gautam Buddha preached the people in Prakrit language which was easily understood by the
religious common people.
Q.78 When and where was Mahavir Swami born?
A. Mahavir was born in Kundgram , near Vaishali in Bihar.
Q.79 State the names of Vardhmans parents?
A. Vardhmans fathers name was Siddharth and his mothers name was Trishala Devi.
Q.80 Why was it difficult for the farmers to follow Ahimsa (non-violence)?
A. It was difficult for the farmers to follow Ahimsa because they used pesticides to protect their crops
which killed insects.
Q.81 Which five vratas did Mahavir Swami give
A. Mahavir Swami gave five Vratas. They are 1) Truth (Satya) 2) Non-Violence (Ahimsa) 3) Not to
steal (asteya) 4) Not to hoard/ Posses (aparigrah) 5) Celibacy (brahmacharya)
L-9
Q 82 Where areAshokas inscription found in Gujarat?
AnsAshokas inscription is found on the way to Girnarmountain in the foothills of Girnar near
Junagadh in Gujarat
Q83 What did king Ashoka do for giving message to the people?
Ans-King Ashoka engraved inscription on stones ,pillars and caves for giving message to the people.
Q84 what is the National Emblem of India?
Ans- The lion statue atSarnath is the National Emblem of India.
Q-85 Who established Mauryadynasty ?where and when?
Ans-Chandragupta established Maurya dynasty around 2300 years ago in Magadha.
Q-86 Who helped Chandragupta in establish of Maurya dynasty?
Ans-Chanakya helped Chandragupta in establishment of Maurya dynasty.
L n0- 13 ANSWER IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES
Q.87 By which names are the areas in the North and South Pole of the earth known as ?
Ans The area in the North Pole of the earth is known as Arctic and the area in the south Pole is known as
Antarctica.
Q.88What is found on the surface of the horizon of the Antarctica continent?
Ans The entire surface of the horizon of the Antarctica continent is covered with large ice sheets of ice
bergs and snow.
Q.89What is the duration of day and night during the whole year on the Antarctica continent?
Ans There is six months day and six months night during the whole year on the Antarctica continent.
Q.90What is called Sumeru Jyoti?
A.4 The colourful belts seen in the sky of Antarctica continent due to the reflection of sunrays are called
Sumeru Jyoti.
Q.91Which animals are seen on the Antarctica continent?
A.5 Large size sea animals like whale, seal and walrus etc. and birds like penguins are seen on the
Antarctica continent.
Q.92What is the population of the continent of Australia?
A.8 The population of the continent of Australia is equal to that of the state of Madhya Pradesh in India.
Q.93Which are the main gold mine centres of Australia continent?
A.Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie are the main gold mine centres of Australia continent.
Q.94Which are the main rivers of Australia continent?
A. Murray and Darling are the main rivers of Australia continent.
Q.94Which is the capital of Australia?
A. Canberra is the capital of Australia.

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Q.95What is Broken Hill?


A. Broken Hill is a place in Australia where the largest lead mine of the world is located.
Q.96 In which cities of Australia does most of the population live?
A. Most of the population of Australia live in the cities like Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Perth ,
Adelaide and the capital city of Canberra.
Q.97Which two research centres of India are located on the continent of Antarctica?
A.Maitri Research Centre and Gangotri Research Centre are the two research centres of India which are
located on the continent of Antarctica.
Q.98Who discovered the continents of Antarctica and Australia?
Ans Captain James Cook discovered the continent of Antarctica and Australia.
L-9 Emperor Ashoka
Ans in one or two sentences
Q.99Where is Ashokas inscription found in Gujarat?
Ans Ashoks inscription is situated on the way to Girnar mountain in the foothills of Girnar near
Junagadh in Gujarat.
Q.100 What did King Ashoka do for giving message to the people?
A. King Ashoka engraved inscriptions on stones , pillars and caves for giving message to the people.
Q.101 What is the National Emblem of India?
A.3 The lion statue atsarnath is the National Emblem of India.
Q102 Who established Maurya dynasty? Where and when?
Ans. Chandragupta established Maurya dynasty around 2300 years ago in Magadha.
Q103 Who helped Chandragupta in establishment of Maurya dynasty?
AnsChanakya helped Chandragupta in establishment of Maurya dynasty.
Q.104What is the name of capital of Magadh empire?
AnsPatliputra was the capital of Magadha empire.
Q.105 What was the effect of the preaching of Buddhist saint Upagupta on king Ashoka ?
Ans King Ashoka renounced weapons and decided not to fight any battle in future as a result of the
preaching of Buddhist saint Upagupta. He adopted Buddhism and became a preacher.
Q.106Why did King Ashoka become a preacher?
Ans After seeing the bloody massacre on the battle field of Kalinga, there was a transformation of King
Ashoka and he became a preacher.
L no-1 ANSWER IN BRIEF
Q.1What is meant by Megaliths? Where were they arranged?
Ans Megaliths were buriel sites. The people of that time is to bury the dead bodies and covered the
graves with a large stone. Megaliths were arranged both above and below the ground.
Ln0-2 ANSWER IN BRIEF
Q.2 State the uses of Sal wood?
Ans The uses of Saal wood are :-1) Saal wood is the best wood. 2) It does not affected by termites for
long period of time. 3)It is used to make railway sleepers, railway coaches, buildings and furniture
Q.3 What is meant by national park?
A National Park are the secured areas for the development are the maintaince of wild life and natural
beauty . There is a strict prohibition on hunting, grazing of tamed animals and movement of the tourists.
L N0-4
Ex.6ANSWER IN BRIEF.
Q.4 State the sources of income of Gram Panchayat.
Ans The sources of income of the Gram Panchayatare :- 1) It collects house tax, water tax, shop tax, tax
on fair etc. 2) It gets grant from TalukaPanchayat and JillaPanchayat. 3) It also gets grant from the State
Government. 4) It receives donations from the village people.
Q 5 Write short note on LokAdalat
A 1] LokAdalat is formed to give justice to the poor people belonging to socially backward class ,
victims of natural calamities and people having annual income less than Rs. 50,000
2] Speedy and free justice is given in LokAdalat

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3] LokAdalat reduces the load of the courts.


Q.6 Write 3 to 4 functions of JillaPanchayat.
A Functions of JillaPanchayat are1] It appoints the primary teachers and maintenance of a school
2] It repairs and maintains highways and provides drinking water
3] It works for the development of agriculture and animal husbandary.
4) It also gets check dams constructed to increase the water level and provides all possible help during
natural calamities.
L-5 ANSWER IN BRIEF.
7. Which crops are mainly cultivated in Gujarat?
A. The crops grown in Gujarat are :- 1) Cereals like millet, wheat, paddy, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane
etc. 2) Fruits like mango, banana , chickoo, papaya, grapes, strawberry and coconut etc. 3) Pulses like
gram, mung, math, Udad, tuver etc. 4) Spices like chillies, cumin-seeds, fenugreek, mustard etc. are
mainly cultivated in Gujarat.
8. Name the industries based on marine and forest products.
A. 1) Marine based industries are fish industry and salt industry. 2) Forest based industries are paper
industry, furniture industry, ship making industry, Industry for making match boxes, Industry for making
railway coaches and sleepers, Industry for making herbal medicines.
9. How is transportation useful in agriculture and agro-based industries?
A. The transportation is useful in agriculture and agro-based industries due to following reasons:-1) The
land route and railway transportation is useful for carrying labourers speedily who are working in the
fields. 2) For supplying raw-materials to agro-based industries. 3) For supplying finished goods to the
markets. 4) For carrying export goods up to the ports.
L-7ANSWER IN BRIEF.
10. What message did Gautam Buddha give to people?
A. Gautam Buddha gave the following messages to the people. 1) He preached Ahimsa or non violence.
2) He asked the people to perform good deeds and be kind to others. 3) the person who does good work is
high and the person who does bad work is low. 4) The person is great if he does not lose his temper on
another person.
11. What were the preachings of Mahavir Swami?
A. 1) People should strictly follow non-violence. 2) Be honest and Kind to all. 3) Not to kill anybody and
not to harass any living beings. 4) Not to desire things belonging to others. 5) To practice five VratasTruth (Satya) , Non-violence (Ahimsa) , Astey (not to steal) , Aparigrah (not to hoard) and
Brahmacharya(celibacy).
L-11 ANSWER IN BRIEF
12. Which are the fundamental Rights of the citizen?
A. The fundamental Rights of the citizens are1) Right to Equality.
2) Right to Freedom.
3) Right to Religious freedom.
4) Right against Exploitation.
5) Cultural and educational rights.
6) Right to Constitutional Remedies.
L N0- 9 ANSWER IN BRIEF.
13. Why did King Ashoka propagate Buddha religion?
Ans After the battle of Kalinga, he lost his peace of mind. He repented greatly. On the preaching of a
Buddhist saint Upagupta, he renounced weapons. He decided not to fight any battle and adopted
Buddhism. He propagate Buddha religion in the entire country.
14.What did Ashoka see after the battle of Kalinga on the battlefield?

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Ans After the battle of Kalinga, King Ashoka saw the dead bodies of soldiers lying all around on the
battle field. He saw dead elephants, horses and the wounded soldiers groaning in pain.He also saw
thousands of widows and orphan children crying. He saw the entire battle field covered with blood.
L N0-13
Ex.7 ANSWER IN BRIEF.
15. Why is the sky seen colourful in Antarctica?
A.1 During a year, the south pole experiences six months day and six months night. For many months the
sun doesnot come up from the horizon. Therefore due to the reflection of sunrays in the sky, the colourful
light is seen in the sky which are known as SumeruJyoti (Aurora). Due to this colourful lights, the sky
seen colourful in Antarctica.
16. Why does the vegetation not develop in Antarctica continent?
A. The vegetation does not develop in Antarctica continent because 1)The entire continent is covered
with snow throughout the year. 2)Here the temperature goes below freezing point even during summer.
3)Strong , stormy and snowy winds blows here. 4) Due to this unfavourable conditions, vegetation does
not develop in Antarctica continent.
L no- 1 ANSWER IN DETAIL.
Q.1 Give introduction of Rigveda.
AnsTheRigveda is the oldest book of Vedas. It is believed that it was written approximately 3000 to 3500
years ago. There are more than 1000 Richas in it. The collection of Richas are called Suktas. Richas are
the mantras for worshipping different Gods and Goddesses. There are three main Gods. They are Agni,
Indra and Soma. Agni is the God of fire, Indra is the God of war and Soma is a creeper of which a special
kind of drink is prepared. The language of Rigveda is called Praka Sanskrit or Vedic Sanskrit.
Q.2 Give introduction of Megaliths.
AnsMegaliths means a stone of very big size was properly arranged on the tombs of dead bodies buried
below the ground. The tradition of Megalith was started approximately 3000 years ago. Such remnants
were found from South India and North-East India. The dead bodies were buried along with special type
of clay vessels made of black and red clay, iron tools, weapons, skeleton of horses, stones and gold
ornaments.
L NO-11
3. Why are Rights and Duties called the two sides of the coin?
AnsRights and Duties are called the two sides of the coin because:-1) There is no right without duty
and no duty without right. 2) Right of one person becomes the duty of other person. 3) To enjoy right,
duty has to be performed. 4) Rights and duties are connected with each other. 5) For example all the
students are given right to sit on the benches and it is also their duty to see that the benches and the walls
should not get damaged.
4. Which are our fundamental duties?
A. Our fundamental duties are :- 1) Duty to obey the constitution and the laws of the country.
2) Duty to respect the national flag and the national anthem.
3) Duty to follow the paths of non-violence, secularism and democracy.
4) Duty to preserve heritage and culture of the country.
5) Duty to respect National symbols.
6) Duty to safeguard public property and defend the country.
L-7 SHORTNOTE ON GAUTAM BUDDHA
Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini near Kapilvastu (in Nepal) and was named Siddharth. 2) His
fathers name was Suddhodhan and his mothers name was Mayadevi. 3) Siddharth got married to a
beautiful princess Yashodhara and had a son named Rahul. 4) He wanted to seek for truth , attain
Knowledge and understand the meaning of life. so he left his palace and went to the forest to attain

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knowledge. He attained knowledge on Vaishakhipoonam. Since then he was known as Gautam Buddha
He preached Ahimsa or Non-violence. He asked people to perform good deeds and to be kind to others.
2) Mahavir Swami
Mahavir Swami was born in Kundgram, near Vaishali in Bihar. 2)His fathers name was Siddharth and
mothers name was Trishala Devi. 3) He was married to Yashoda and had a daughter named
Priyadarshana. 4)He is well known as one of the most important reformer of Jainism. 5) He preached the
people to follow non-violence and be Honest and kind to everyone.
L no.-9
ANSWER IN DETAIL.
Q.7What did King Ashoka do for the propagation of Buddha religion?
Ans King Ashoka did the following things for the propogation of Buddha religion :- 1) He travelled
throughout the country. 2) He sent his son Mahendra and his daughter Sanghmitra to Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
to propagate Buddhism. 3) He prohibited hunting and killing of animals. 4) He stopped sacrifices of
animals in yagnas. 5) He carved inscriptions at different places to spread the message of Buddhism to the
people.
MAP OF AUSTRALIA

1) Tropic of Capricorn
2) Oceans Pacific ocean , Indian ocean
3) Cities Sydney , Brisbane , Melbourne , Perth
4) Capital Canberra
5) Tasmania island
6) Lake Eyre
7) Rivers - Murray ,Darling
8) Great Dividing range
9) Great Barrier Reef
10) Timor sea
11) Gulf of Carpentaria

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