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Math 7
Statistics and Probability (Data Analysis)
General Outcome: Collect, display and analyze data to solve problems.
Specific Outcome:
1. Demonstrate an understanding of central tendency and range by:
Determining the measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) and range
Determining the most appropriate measures of central tendency to report findings.
2. Determine the effect on the mean, median and mode when an outlier is included in a data set.

Quiz Instructions:
You will be given 40 minutes to complete the quiz. Read instructions and questions
carefully. If you finish before the end of the quiz period look over your test to make
sure you answered all of the questions. (Quiz Total Marks: 16)

Part A- True or False
Directions: Read the following statements carefully. Determine if the statement is
true or false. If the statement is true circle the T to the left of the question. If the
statement is false circle the F to the left of the question. (1 mark/ question)

T F 1.) An outlier is the difference between the lowest and highest values.
T F 2.) The mode of a set of data is the value that occurs most often.
T F 3.) The median of a data set is always one of the data values.
T F 4.) To calculate the mean you add up all the values of a data set.

Part B- Multiple Choice
Directions: Read each question carefully. Choose the answer that best fits the
question. Circle the letter of the best answer. (1 mark/question)

5.) The following data was collected
5 X 7 11 2

If the median is 7 what is X?
a) 4
b) 5
c) 7
d) 9

6.) What measure of central tendency would be most appropriate for a

measurement of yearly salaries, in a sample where a few people make over
$500,000, but the majority of people make under $30,000.
a) Median
b) Range
c) Mean
d) Mode

7.) Find the outlier in this set of data

17 9 16 28 17

a) 9
b) 16
c) 17
d) 28

8.) The average monthly high temperatures for the past 6 months are:

28 18 24 27 29 18

Which of the following statement(s) is/are true?
The mean is 26
The mode is 27
The range is 11
The median is 18

a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) III and IV

9.) There are 15 data points below. If the two highest data values were gone,
which statistics would change?


20 25 25 30 30 30 35 35 40 45 50 55 55 90 100

Only the mode would change
Only the mean would change
Only the median would change
The mean and median would change.

Part C- Short Answer

Sales ($)

Directions: Read each question carefully. Show all your work.

10.) A retail store had total sales of $436, $560, $530, $500, $650, $889 and $423
last week.

Store's Weekly Sales


Day of the Week

a) Which measure of central tendency would make the stores sales last week
appear the most profitable. Calculate it. (2 marks)

b) What is range? What is the range of this data set? (2 marks)

c) Explain the effects of an outlier on the measures of central tendency for a set
of data. Identify the outliers in this set of data? What do these outliers effect?
(3 marks)

Math 7

Statistics and Probability (Data Analysis)

Quiz Answer Key

Part A- True or False

1. False
2. True
3. True
4. False

Part B- Multiple Choice
5. d - 9
6. a - Median
7. d - 28
8. c - III only (The range is 11)
9. b - Only the mean would change

Part C- Short Answer
Calculating the mean would make the stores weekly sales seem the greatest. (1
Mean Calculation: 436+560+530+500+650+889+423 = 569.71 (1 mark)
Range Definition: Range is the difference between the highest and lowest
values in the data set (1 mark)
Range Calculation: 889 423 = 466 (The range is 466) (1 mark)
An outlier is a value that is very different from the other values in your data set.
Having an outlier in your data set can skew your results, your mean, median and
mode can be greatly changed due to this outlier. (1 mark)
Outlier in Data Set: $889 (1 mark)
This value is much higher than all other daily sales.
This outlier has a great effect on the mean and range, a slight effect on the
median, and no effect on mode. (1 mark)