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National Polytechnic School

Department of Electrical Energy


IEE584 Electric Machines

Jose Tipantaxi
February 12, 2016
A 15-kW, 230-V, three-phase, Y-connected, 60-Hz, four-pole squirrel-cage induction motor
develops full-load internal torque at a slip of 3.5 percent when operated at rated voltage and
frequency. For the purposes of this problem, rotational and core losses can be neglected. The
following motor parameters, in ohms per phase, have been obtained:
R1 = 0.21 X1 = X2 = 0.26 Xm = 10.1
1. Using MATLAB (.m and/or figures) to determine the maximum internal torque at rated voltage
and frequency, the slip at maximum torque, and the internal starting torque at rated voltage and
frequency.
clc
clear all
V1=230/sqrt(3);
P=4;
f=60;
R1=0.21;
X1=0.26;
X2=0.26;
Xm=10.1;
% SYNCHRONOUS SPEED
Omg=4*pi*f/P;
Ns=120*f/P;
Ws=Ns*2*pi/60;
% EQUIVALENT THEVENIN OF ESTRATOR
Zth=j*Xm*(R1+j*X1)/(R1+j*(X1+Xm));
Rth=real(Zth);
Xth=imag(Zth);
Vth= abs(V1*j*Xm/R1+j*(X1+Xm));
%SECOND PART
%CYCLE TO CALCULATE THE ROTOR RESISTANCE 0.05,0.075,0.1,
1.0 and 1.5
for m=1:7
if m==1
R2=0.05;
elseif m==2
R2=0.075;
plot (rpm, Td,'m')
elseif m==3
R2=0.1;
plot (rpm, Td,'y')
elseif m==4
R2=0.25;
plot (rpm, Td,'r')

0.25,

0.5,

elseif m==5
R2=0.5;
plot (rpm, Td,'b')
elseif m==6
R2=1.0;
plot (rpm, Td,'g')
else
R2=1.5;
plot (rpm, Td,'o')
end
% Slip Calculation
for n = 1:200
s=0:0.01:1;
rpm =(1-s);
%I2 Calculate
I2 = abs(Vth./(Zth + j*X2 + R2./s)) ;
% Three-Phase Torque
Td = 3*I2.^2*R2./(s*Ws);
end
%Slip Loop
plot (rpm, Td,'k'),grid off ;
if m ==1;
hold
end
end
Tmax=(1/Ws)*(0.5*3*(Vth^2)/sqrt((Rth^2)+(Xth+X2)^2));
Stmax=(R2)/sqrt((Rth^2)+(Xth+X2)^2);

legend('0.05[ohm]','0.075[ohm]','0.1[ohm]','0.25[ohm]','0.5[ohm]','1[ohm]
','1.5[ohm]')
hold
xlabel ( 'SPEED IN PER UNIT OF SYNCHRONOUS SPEED' )
ylabel ('Td[Nm]')

2.Using MATLAB, plot the torque developed as a function of rotor speed in rpm for rotor
resistances of R2 = 0.05, 0.075, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 ohms. Conclude about your results.

When R2 is small the curve the peak is pronounced and the slope is almost horizontal
with a maximum torque. The torque is 1 when the R2 is 0.075 ohm. When the
R2 is the maximun the peak does not exist.