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# 5th Form Sample Question (Guide SBA)

There was a proud Country by the name of WOLMERS which consisted of six (6) states namely: BARROWS, COWPER, FORBES,
MURRAY, HOLLAR and HOWSON. Annually each state conducts a SPORTS DAY within each state. Yearly the state representative
must provide a budget forecasting and showing actual financial information relating to the event which is send to the Chief Event
Coordinator of the country. Develop an algorithm that will accept and store the name, the total actual expenditure and total projected
expenditure for each state.. No more than # states should be accepted. The algorithm should also determine if the status for each state is a
surplus, deficit, or breakeven. Additional algorithm should determine the number of states with a deficit, and finally produce a report from
the data collected.

## Do the following for the question above:

PSEUDOCODE SOLUTION
TRACE TABLE
PASCAL SOLUTION
o Source code
o Compilation
o Input Screen
o Output Screen

PSEUDOCODE SOLUTION
START
DECLARE count AS INTEGER
DECLARE deficit AS INTEGER
DECLARE state AS STRING ARRAY OF SIZE 6
DECLARE expenseP AS REAL ARRAY OF SIZE 6
DECLARE expenseA AS REAL ARRAY OF SIZE 6
DECLARE balance AS REAL ARRAY OF SIZE 6
DECLARE status AS STRING ARRAY OF SIZE 6
FOR count = 1 TO 6 DO
PRINT Enter the name of the State
PRINT Enter the Projected Expense
PRINT Enter the Actual Expense
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ENDFOR
FOR count = 1 TO 6 DO
balance[count] expenseP[count] expenseA[count]
ENDFOR
FOR count = 1 TO 6 DO
IF ( balance[count] > 0) THEN
status[count] SURPLUS
ENDIF
IF ( balance[count] < 0) THEN
status[count] DEFICIT
ENDIF
IF ( balance[count] = 0) THEN
status[count] BREAK-EVEN
ENDIF
ENDFOR
deficit 0
FOR count = 1 TO 6 DO
IF(status[count] = DEFICIT) THEN
deficit deficit + 1
ENDIF
ENDFOR
PRINT FINANCIAL INFORMATION REPORT ON EACH STATE OF WOLMERS
PRINT STATE NAME

ACTUAL EXPENSE

PROJECTED EXPENSE

STATUS

FOR count = 1 TO 6 DO
PRINT state[count], , expenseA[count], ,expensesP[count], , status[count]
ENDFOR
PRINT THE NUMBER OF STATES THAT HAVE A DEFICIT STATUS IS:, deficit
STOP
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## SAMPLE INPUT OR DATA

#
1
2
3
4
5
6

STATE
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollar
Barrows

PROJECTED EXPENSE

ACTUAL
EXPENSE

\$15,000.00
\$11,000.00
\$20,000.00
\$9,000.00
\$15,000.00
\$10,000.00

\$10,000,00
\$14,000.00
\$20,000.00
\$10,000.00
\$9,000.00
\$10,000.00

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TRACETABLE (PG 1)
Deficit
Count
State

expenseP

expenseA

Balance

Status

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
1
Cowper

0
2
Cowper
Forbes

0
3
Cowper
Forbes
Howson

0
4
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray

0
5
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars

15000

15000
11000

15000
11000
20000

15000
11000
20000
9000

15000
11000
20000
9000
15000

10000

10000
14000

10000
14000
20000

10000
14000
20000
10000

10000
14000
20000
10000
9000

Output

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0
6
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000

TRACETABLE (PG 2)
Deficit
Count
State

expenseP

expenseA

Balance

Status

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
1
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000

0
2
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000

0
3
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0

0
4
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000

Output

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0
5
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000

0
6
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0

TRACETABLE (PG 3)
Deficit
Count
State

expenseP

expenseA

Balance

Status

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
1
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS

0
2
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
3
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
4
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
5
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
6
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

DEFICIT

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

BREAK-EVEN

Output

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TRACETABLE (PG 4)
Deficit
Count
State

ExpenseP

ExpenseA

Balance

Status

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
1
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

1
2
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

1
3
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

2
4
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

2
5
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

2
6
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

Output

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DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

TRACETABLE (PG 5)
Deficit
Count
State

ExpenseP

ExpenseA

Balance

Status

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
1
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
2
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
3
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
4
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
5
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

0
6
Cowper
Forbes
Howson
Murray
Hollars
Barrows
15000
11000
20000
9000
15000
10000
10000
14000
20000
10000
9000
10000
5000
-3000
0
-1000
6000
0
SURPLUS
DEFICIT

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

BREAK-EVEN

FINANCIAL

FORBES,
11000,
14000,
SURPLUS

HOWSON,
20000,
20000,
BREAK-EVEN

MURRAY,
9000,
10000,
SURPLUS

HOLLAR,
15000,
9000,
DEFICIT

BARROWS,
10000, 10000,
BREAK-EVEN

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

INFORMATION
REPORT ON EACH
STATE OF WOLMERS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

NAME
ACTUAL EXPENSE
PROJECTED EXPENSE
STATUS
Cowper, 15000,
10000, DEFICIT

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DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

DEFICIT
SURPLUS

THE NUMBER
OF STATES
THAT HAVE A
DEFICIT
STATUS IS: 2

## PASCAL SOLUTION or SOURCE CODE

// Candidate Name: Jane Brown
//Centre #: 100200
//Territory: Jamaica
//Candidate #: 1111
// Subject: Information Technology
PROGRAM StatesOfWolmers;
USES wincrt, crt; // These are included to use the clear screen (i.e. clrscr ())
VAR// Declaration of all the variables that will be used in this program
count: INTEGER;
deficit: INTEGER;
state: ARRAY[1..6] of STRING;
expenseP : ARRAY[1..6] of REAL;
expenseA : ARRAY[1..6] of REAL;
balance : ARRAY[1..6] of REAL;
status : ARRAY[1..6] of STRING;
BEGIN//This is where the main program starts
FOR count := 1 TO 6 DO//This Loop we are populating the arrays
BEGIN
WRITELN();
WRITELN('______________________________________');
WRITELN();
WRITE('ENTER THE NAME OF THE STATE: ');
WRITELN();
WRITE('ENTER THE PROJECTED EXPENSE: ');
WRITELN();
WRITE('ENTER THE ACTUAL EXPENSE: ');
WRITELN('______________________________________');
WRITELN();
END;
FOR count := 1 TO 6 DO//This loop is calculating the balance by subtracting Actual from Projected
BEGIN
balance[count] := expenseP[count] - expenseA[count];
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END;
FOR count := 1 TO 6 DO//This loop is to determine if the state has a SURPLUS, DEFICIT or BREAK-EVEN
BEGIN
IF balance[count] > 0 THEN
status[count] := 'SURPLUS';
IF balance[count] < 0 THEN
status[count] := 'DEFICIT';
IF balance[count] = 0 THEN
status[count] := 'BREAK-EVEN';
END;
deficit := 0;
FOR count := 1 TO 6 DO// This loop is to count the number of states in DEFICIT
BEGIN
IF status[count] = 'DEFICIT' THEN
deficit := deficit + 1;
END;
CLRSCR();// This is to CLEAR the SCREEN
WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
WRITELN('
A FINANCIAL REPORT ON THE STATES OF WOLMERS');
WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
WRITELN('STATE NAME
PROJECTED EXPENSE
ACTUAL EXPENSE
STATUS');
WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
FOR count := 1 TO 6 DO//This loop is outputting the content of the arrays
BEGIN
WRITELN(state[count],'
', expenseP[count]:5:2,'
',status[count]);
WRITELN('-------------------------------------------------------------------------');
END;

',expenseA[count]:5:2,'

## WRITELN('THE NUMBER OF STATES THAT HAVE A DEFICIT STATUS IS: ',deficit);

WRITELN('_________________________________________________________________________');
END.//This is where the main program stops
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COMPILATION
Evidence that program compiled without errors

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DATA INPUT
INPUT DATA

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OUTPUT SCREEN