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General Chemistry

1. Board Problem, January 1974
A. Write the type of formula
_______1. Paraffin hydrocarbon
_______2. Olefin series
_______3. Acetylene Series
_______4. Organic alcohols
_______5. Ethers

_______6. Aldehydes
_______7. Ketones
_______8. Organic acids
_______9. Amine
______10. Amide

B. Write the structural formula and its derivatives
_______1. Monochlorobenzene
_______2. Phenol
_______3. Aniline
_______4. Toluene
_______5. O-xylene

_______6. Naphthalene
_______7. Anthracene
_______8. Phenanthrene
_______9. O-cresol
_______10. Nitrobenzene

C. Atom of an element with atomic mass=207 and atomic number=82. Determine:
_______1. Group number
_______4. Normal valence
_______2. Period number
_______5. Metallic or Non-metallic
_______3. Number of neutrons
_______6. Acidic or basic
2. Board Problem, October 1977
A. Complete and balance the following equations
1.
CaCO3
+
H2SO4 =
CaSO4
2.
Zn
+
HCl
=
ZnCl2
3.
Fe
+
CuSO4 =
FeSO4 +
4.
KClO3 =
KCl
+
O2
5.
Cu2O +
O2
=
CuO
6.
Na2CO3
+
NaOH =
NaCl +

+
+
Cu
CO2

CO2
H2

+

+

H2O

H2O

B. Give the balance equation and material required to produce 200 g of O 2.
1.
KClO3 =
KCl
+
O2
2.
KNO3 =
KNO2 +
O2
3.
HgO
=
Hg
+
O2
3. Board Problem, April 1978
A.
What is the silver content of a 2 g silver coin which produces 1.66 g AgSCN precipitate?
B.

What is the pH of 0.1M monoprotic acid solution which is 1.0% ionized?

C.

How many ml of a 12 N HCl solution is needed to neutralize 100 ml of a 1.2M Ba (OH) 2 solution?

4. Board Problem, October 1979
Calculate the empirical of a compound with the following composition: 22.8%Na, 21.7%B, and 55.4% O.
5. Board Problem, October 1980
Photosynthesis is the reaction of CO 2 and H2O in sunlight to form glucose and O2. For a 264 g CO2 and 108g H2O, calculate the weight of the
products.
6. Board Problems October 1977
True or False
______1.
O2 is the most abundant of the elements.
______2.
Equal volumes of all gases under the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules.
______3.
Valences of the same element could either be positive or negative.
______4.
Ozone is the allotrope of O2.
______5.
Metal and non-metal oxides react with water to form hydroxides.
______6.
At T=K, the volume of gas varies inversely with pressure.
______7.
The three states of matter are solid, liquid and gas.
______8.
In the triclinic crystal system, three axes of equal length intersect each other at oblique angles.
______9.
Chemical equilibrium is a state where reactions are opposite in effect and have the same velocity.
_____10.
Li, K, and Na are called alkali metals.
_____11.
The periodic law states that properties of the chemical elements are periodic functions of their atomic weights.
_____12.
The atoms of the radioactive elements are complex and these integrate emitting alpha and beta particles.
_____13.
The atomic number of O2 is 8, 2 in the first shell and 6 in the second.
_____14.
Transmutations cannot be caused by fast moving protons and deuterons.
_____15.
Equal quantities of a pH 2 acid and pH 12 base always give a pH 7 solution.
_____16.
Arrhenius postulated that ionization of many solutes is practically complete in dilute solutions.
_____17.
The smelting of an ore is the production of the metal in the molten state by means of a furnace process.

RCOOR b. Para i. Ortho. The formula for ketone is R2O. _______16. Products of 2 different polymerizing units. Cotton d. Metals are extracted from gangue in a blast furnace. Diamond is an example of a covalent solid. Isomer ________2. substances that keep pH constant g. Muriatic acid + Milk of lime 2. RCHO l. Viscous process f. Brine + Electricity 3. heat is absorbed. _______13. ________9. molecular modifications i. Monohydric alcohol _______5. Cellulose ________7. Board Problem October 1979 Fill in the blanks . Photosynthesis ________8. Organic Acids _______8. Activation energy is the minimum energy required for reaction. Members of a homologue differ by CH2._____18. Fructose ________9. Synthetic silk e. Hydroxides _______2. alkyl-aryl sulfonate f. methanol e. b. _______20. heat is produced. Nylon a. Ethylene + Hydrogen (190oC) 11. Indicate the type of reaction or process involved. Co-polymer ________6. Sugar g. ________4. Limestone is a suitable flux for ores containing silica. Cathode is negative. Meta. 1. ________6. _____20. N2 liquefies first. solutions of metallic oxides c. Elements in a given group become less metallic with decrease in atomic number. BOD means biochemical oxygen demand. A base gives an alkaline solution. ________5. Isomers have the same composition and molecular weight. _______14. 9. Anaerobic means without oxygen. Complete and balance the equation. Light to chemical energy 10. In an endothermic reaction. Board Problem. Ethers _______4. same atomic mass different atomic number h. _____19. Polyvinyl chloride j. ________2. The Law of conservation is true for both mass and energy. Aldehydes _______9. _______10. Hydrated gypsum + Dry heat (400oC) 4. Metals cannot be separated from low grade ores by simple leaching process. Board Problem May 1982 Write the chemical formula of the reactants. Elements combine or displace each other according to its equivalent weight. _______18. the products formed. Lucite ________4. April 1978 Matching type _______1. Isoprene ________5. April 1979 True or False ________1. _______17. In the liquefaction of air. Esters _______3. Dialysis _______7. Board Problem January 1974 Matching Type ________1. Synthetic detergents _______6. Board Problem. Ethyl alcohol + Acetic acid 5. The formula of a tertiary alcohol is R3COH. Cellophane _______10. Polymer ________3. The temperature of a rapidly expanding gas goes up. An ionic solid conducts electricity in the molten state. ________3. Isotopes ______10. ________7. 7. ROR d. Synthetic rubber c. chemically different but the same atomic mass j. Allotropes a. ________8. Plexi glass h. _______19. _______15. _______11. Extraction of solids from solution by diffusion through membrane k. Hydrocarbon contains only carbon and hydrogen. _______12. In an exothermic reaction. Physical change does not alter composition. RCOOH 8.

Wood alcohol ________5. Substance with same formula but different chemical properties c. Neutralization _______18. Mass of Ag present in 100g AgCl. Phenolphthalein _______14. Alcohol from sugar fermentation.1N sodium thiosulfate. Formation of charged particles. Dry ice ________9. soap c. flour milling m. pH > 7 f. Mass of pure caustic soda = 36g of pure HCl _______17. paper making d. Catalyst ________6. _______13. Acid + Alkali r. Acetylene ________2. C2H5OH j. Fourdrinier _______2. Elements of the same properties but different atomic weights d. Pigments _______9. Chloroform . Substances altering reaction rate b. _______14. Crusher ______10. Expellers _______4. ________7. Compounds that twist the polarized light to the right. Reaction between nitric acid and organic compounds. Formaldehyde a. Group common to aldehydes and ketones _______10. Oak barrels _______8. Powder detergent j. ________9. Isomers ________8. _______15. October 1980 Matching type _______1. alcohol i. Process of building up to larger molecules from small one s. CaCO3 l. Cane sugar ________4. Electrolytic cells 14. Limestone _______20. wine b. Acidic _______11. ________3. C3H5 (OH) 3 h. ________2.________1. ________6. Marsh gas. Saponification kettle _______7. Common name of carbon tetrachloride. Valance _______15.1N Na2SO4 from BaCl2. ________4. baking g. _______16. glass making l. _______11. coconut oil f. Glycerine 13. Board Problem October 1979 Matching Type ________1. Isotopes _______16. _______20. _______18. mining / metallurgy h. Board Problems. t. Electron gain e. Polymerization _______19. Indication of acidity or alkalinity. Reaction between sulfuric acid and organic compounds ________5. November 1982 Write the chemical formula of the compound ________1. Industrial process of ammonia manufacturing. pH < 7 g. _______19. Digester _______5. Analysis involves the determination of the amounts of specific substances. Combining power of an element q. Analysis involves procedures permitting the identification of ions in solutions. CH3OH n. Osmosis ________7. Reaction between strong base and an ester. Buffer _______13. Distillation column _______3. Volume of 1 N sulfuric acid solution that will neutralize 10 ml 1N NaOH. Basic _______12. Spray drier _______6. ________8. Solution of weak acid containing high concentration of one of its salt. Mass of BaSO4 precipitated by 10 ml 0. Indicator p. Product of alcohol and Aldehyde. Ethyl alcohol ________3. paint e. Mass of copper equivalent to 80ml of 0. CO2 i. C12H22O11 m. 12. Diffusion through membrane o. Reduction _______10. pulp making n. Wood alcohol. Ionization _______17. _______12. fertilizer ________6. Board Problem. Common ion effect a. caustic/ chloride k. C2H2 k.

O-phthalic acid _______10. The composition of raw materials: Lime: 54% calcium oxide.5% N. Trinitrotoluene 15. Board Problem. phosphoric acid (95% purity). and 37. 23. October 1978 In the lime soda process for caustic soda manufacture.5g sample of limestone with inert materials was treated with HCl and 211ml of CO 2 was liberated. 21. Moles of sodium hydroxide produced c.7 g/ml). Board Problem. Mass of carbon dioxide produced . Ethanol __________ 4. January 1974 From the following data compute the amount of raw materials required to produce 100 tons of caustic soda by caustication process Data: a. November 1982 If 10kg of sodium were made to react with water. KMnO4 + HBr 16. Cu + HNO3 (dilute) 2. 24. 25. Complete and balance the following reactions: 1. April 1978 Calculate the theoretical quantities of all raw materials needed to produce 100 MT of soda ash daily by the Solvay process. Board Problem. Board Problem. muriate of potash (95% purity). lime is made to react with water and then with soda ash. October 1978 What volume of air measured at 25oC and 740mmHg is required to burn 3L of gasoline? Gasoline is a mixture with average composition C 7H14 (ρ= 0. limestone 96% calcium carbonate b. October 1978 3000 MT of a 6-10-16 fertilizer was prepared by mixing ammonium sulfate (95% purity).________2. Mass of magnesium sulfate produced b.9% K. and gypsum (90% purity). calculate: a. Amount of water to be added to produce 0. Calculate the % calcium oxide in the sample. Board Problem. 19.6% O Mass Relationships 17.1N solution. November 1983 If 40g of phosphoric acid react with 60g magnesium carbonate. Board Problem. Board Problem. 1. Board Problem. May 1990 A 0. Board Problem. Board Problem. soda ash 98% 18. How many metric tons of lime and soda ash will be needed to produce 100 MT of 25% liquid sodium hydroxide? b. 16. Acetyl-Salicylic acid ________8. Weight of water involved in the reaction b. Board Problem. Write the chemical formula of the compound 1. November 1983 Find the empirical formula of a compound whose percentage composition by weight is as follows: 45. How many metric tons of calcium carbonate by-product will be produced? 22. Standard ft3 of hydrogen liberated during the reaction d. calculate the following : a. Caustic soda __________ 3. Stearic acid ________9. The gas was measured dry at 25 oC and 763 mmHg. Urea ________3. Methane ________7. lime conversion efficiency 90% c. Soda ash __________ 2. Muriatic acid __________ B. May 1983 A. October 1978 What volume of oxygen gas collected over water at 20 oC and 750mmHg can be obtained by the decomposition of 170g potassium chlorate? 20. Ethanol ________4.5% magnesium oxide and inerts Soda ash: 50% sodium oxide and inerts a. Gypsum __________ 5. Calculate how much of each was used. Glucose ________5.

At this temperature. November 1982 By dissolving 22. Boiling point of the solvent is 122oC. Board Problem. Freezing point b. .0414. Calculate: a. Board Problem. At T= 80 oF and 1atm.02 oC (kf= 5. assuming ideal solution. Osmotic pressure 31. the boiling point of the solution is 125. Board Problem. Feed rate per hour of the concentrate for 330 days/year operation. Board Problem. calculate: a. Board Problem. Freezing point b.8 oC. April 1979/ May 1983 For a 25g sucrose dissolved in 1kg of water at 70oC.000 MT per year of 99.200kg of sodium hydroxide. Board Problem. % excess b.5g of N with MW of 160g/mol is dissolved in 10g of solvent S.5g of an unknown compound in 100g of benzene gave a freezing point of 4.2 mmHg 34. what is the: a. what will be the composition of the vapor above the solution? 33. a solution is made having a density of 1. October 1980 A solution containing 4. 32. Kp= 1. If the two alcohols are mixed 50/50 by weight at that temperature. Volume of gas at STP 26.7 mmHg and that of methyl alcohol is 625 mmHg. May 1985 Ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide are obtained from hydrolysis of sucrose. Calculate the concentration of Cl 2 in moles/li. the vapor pressure of Ethyl alcohol is 352. Board Problem. Board Problem. Board Problem. % yield Solutions/ Colligative Properties 29.2oC. PCl5 (g) = PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g) 37.c.9% copper.64 x 10-4. 27.12oC. Tfo= 5. Boiling point d. Normality c. Board Problem. October 1980 One tenth of a mole of phosphorus pentachloride is heated to 250 oC in a 2li vessel. the dissociation proceeds according to the reaction with Kc= 0. If 0. Boiling point d. 1000kg of phenol are produced from reacting 1. The boiling point of the solution is 124. Vapor pressure of the solution c. May 1982 At 60oC. Calculate the MW of M. May 1985 0. b. Molarity b. November 1983 Copper smelter is using copper sulfide concentrate containing 30% copper and 40% sulfur. The plant employs Autokumpu process with pure oxygen to produce at its rate capacity of 130. November 1982 Find the molecular weight of the liquid from the following data obtained from measuring the vapor pressure of the liquid by the gas saturation method. Mole fraction of the solute 35. Give the molecular weight of the unknown substance. calculate: a. October 1978 It is desired to produce phenol by reacting chlorobenzene and sodium hydroxide.6 ml Barometric pressure = 740 mmHg Temperature = 30oC Loss in weight of the solid = 1.5g sodium carbonate decahydrate in water and adding water until the total volume is 200 cc.195g Vapor pressure of the liquid at 30oC = 78.5oC). Vapor pressure of the solution c.320kg of chlorobenzene and 1.04 g/ml.4g of M is dissolved in 12g of the same solvent S.03 g/ml. Board Problem. how many kilos of alcohol and liters of gas can be obtained from a 1 metric ton of sucrose? 28. May 1980 For a 1% sugar solution with a density of 1. May 1981 Calculate the total pressure which must be applied to a mixture of 3 parts hydrogen and 1 part nitrogen to give a mixture containing 10% ammonia at 400oC. Oxygen requirements in tons per hour. The following equation may be assumed during the smelting: Copper sulfide + oxygen = copper+ sulfur dioxide Compute a. Osmotic pressure 30. Chemical Equilibrium 36. Volume of oxygen at 740mmHg and 30oC = 5. Board Problem.

½SnO2 (s) + H2 (g) = ½Sn (s) + H2O (g) The reaction below has a value of Kp= 0. May 1981 a. Calculate: a. October 1979 Three gmole HCl and 80g of NaOH were placed in a liter of water a. what volume of gas will result assuming it behaves ideally. If the density of the gas mixture at equilibrium is 4. Calculate: a. molality. The precipitate formed was analyzed to contain 5% water. Board Problem. Board Problem. b. and normality of 10g of NaOH in 500ml of H 2O.1N HCl used is 35ml per 100ml of Na2CO3 solution. % Purity of the product for a 94. The reaction is CO 2 (g) = CO (g) + ½O2 (g) Analytical Chemistry 43. Degree of ionization. Refer to PhyChem by Maron and Lando (Table 10-1. 47. Board Problem.7% calcination efficiency. November 1985 The total pressure for the system is 32 mmHg at 750 oC. % recovery of NaOH 49. Ka= 2 x 10-4 c. May 1981 A soda ash plant utilizing Solvay process calcines sodium bicarbonate to soda ash according to the reaction: NaHCO3 = Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2 a. May 1983 . May 1983 PCl5 (g) dissociates into PCl3 (g) and Cl2 (g) when heated at 250oC at 1atm. The partial pressure of water at that temperature is 23. and the molar ratio of hydrogen to nitrogen is 3 to 1. May 1982 A 20% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate and a 25% aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide were reacted to produce caustic soda solution.0126g H2C2O4∙2H2O). Board Problem. May 1980 A 0. Board Problem.4g/li at 250 oC and 1 atm. Is the resulting solution acidic or basic? c. November 1982 Calculate the mole percentage of ammonia present at equilibrium at 450 oC when the total pressure is 100 atm. January 1974 In the process of neutralization of Na2CO3 with HCl. If 50 li of carbon dioxide at 20 oC and 1 atm are heated to 3000oC at constant pressure.3 ml of KMnO 4 (1 ml of KMnO4 is equivalent to 0. for the average value of K. b. Board Problem.7 mmHg. What is the % Fe2O3 in the sample? 46. How much of the dominant substance is in excess? 45. May 1981 a. Calculate the (H+) in a 0. Board Problem. Board Problem. Concentration of the NaOH solution produced b. Calculate the molarity. Composition of the gas mixture at equilibrium 40. 1% NaOH and 94% CaCO 3. calculate: a. Calculate the number of grams of H2SO4 in 100ml of water that will completely neutralize the solution in A.771 at the same temperature: H2 (g) + CO2 (g) = CO (g) + H2O (g) 41. Board Problem. 48. pH of the solution 42. Board Problem. For the purpose of a rapid laboratory calculation. Find the value of Kp at the same temperature for the reaction. 39. p. carbon dioxide is 40% dissociated.1M HCNO solution. the amount of 0. evolve a simple formula to show efficiency of calcination in terms of the following laboratory data: V1 = volume of titrating agent used on sample from start to phenolphthalein end point V2 = volume of titrating agent used on sample from the phenolphthalein end point to the methyl orange end point. Show the balanced equation involved b. Concentration in g/ml of the Na2CO3 solution 44. b. Board Problem. Board Problem. November 1982 At 3000oC and 1atm.38. Amount of HCl needed to reach end point b.5g sample of iron oxide (Fe 2O3 with inert materials) was dissolved in H 2SO4 and completely reduced and titrated with 13. 364).1N acid. Assuming the titrating agent is 0. Mole fraction of the reactant b.

Board Problem. October 1977 10.1065N HCl are added to 92. Board Problem.58g. How many grams of this gas will be needed to fill a sphere 5 ft ID at -10 oC and 5 atm? .41g. was found to weigh 0. April 1978 A uniform current deposits 0. the free energy of formation of H2O (l) is -56. Calculate Ksp of AgCl in water. The aluminum oxide remained unaffected in the process and the dry sample was found to weigh 8.48g of Ag were deposited on each of 2 coulometer in series at the transference cell over a period of 20.9 and IoCl+ = 76.1N acid or alkali must be added to neutralize the solution? Electrochemistry 54.700 cal/mol. What volume of hydrogen gas at 25oC and 740 mmHg measured over water (Pv = 23. Calculate the % of each base in the sample 51. Board Problem.6234g that might contain a mixture of NaOH + Na 2CO3 or Na2CO3 + NaHCO3 is titrated with 0. 53. May 1984 A saturated solution of AgCl placed in a conductance cell whose constant is 0. Calculate the Na2O in the feldspar. October 1977 At 25oC. Board Problem. 40. The iron oxide.3. At 100oC.51% by weight of KCl while the cathode compartment had 125.7g of solution with 7. IoAg+ = 61.ions is 19. May 1983 a. Fe 2O3. R water = 212. Identify the mixture of bases in the sample b. May 1984 A sample of impure magnetite (Fe 3O4) weighing 0. Board Problem. This sample is heated with sufficient amount of hydrogen gas to reduce all the iron oxide to elemental iron.3ml of 0. The titration is continued after adding methyl orange.42g mixture of KCl and NaCl is obtained which was found to weigh 0.5li of nitrogen at 25oC and 760mmHg are bubbled through an aqueous solution of a non-volatile solute. May 1983 A sample weighing 0.950 ohms.4g of solution with 6. To the mixture.03Amp. April 1979 The time of outflow of a diatomic gas through a small opening is 24.15% KCl. The same feldspar was found to contain 0.5hr at a current of 0. a. What will be the single electronic potentials of the oxygen electrode? 55. 60ml of 1N KOH are added. Will Hg (s) displace Sn++ from its salt? + Sn 57. May 1984 A sample containing only ferric oxide (Fe 2O3) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3) weighs 10g.7mmHg) would it liberate in 60 min? b. With phenolphthalein end point.072g. 58.55g KCl is electrolyzed between AgCl electrodes at 25 oC. What volume of 0. whereby the solution loses 0. while that of its ionization to H+ and OH.1062M HCl by the two indicator method. Board Problem. a.180 ohms in the same cell. a. If the total pressure of the solution above is 760mmHg. what is the root mean square velocity? c. which did not change significantly during the electrolysis. Calculate the transference number of the cation and anion. 50.6332g of Ag in 90 minutes.1802/cm had R= 67. Board Problem.In the analysis of a feldspar sample weighing 0. How long would it take this current to deposit a gram of copper? 56. 52. Is the final mixture acidic or basic? b.38ml of acid was used.2ml of 0. what is the vapor pressure of the solution and the mole fraction of solute in solution? 60.603N H2SO4. Board Problem. 1 atm) b. Board Problem. H+ || OH-. 2. At 25 oC.5min.38ml of acid was used. 1 atm). Calculate the E of the cell and the F of the reaction. a. and an additional 12. Calculate the % Al in the original sample. November 1984 25. What will be the reversible EMF at 25oC of the cell? H2 (g. What is the MW of the diatomic gas? b. a.2455g in weight.5g was converted by chemical reaction to Fe 2O3.4 minutes and the corresponding time for hydrogen is 5.16g K2PtCl6. the anode compartment contained 121. Gas Law 59. O2 (g. Write the cell which will have the following cell reaction. Determine the % Fe3O4 n the magnetite. After electrolysis.050 cal/mol. Board Problem. Hg + Sn++ = Hg++ o ∆ o b. November 1983 74. Board Problem. c.

73. 80kg of toluene and 60kg Xylene.05636 63. and CH4 are -94. May 1980 The free energies of formation at the standard state at 25 oC of liquid acetic acid. a gas density bulb weighs 29. What must be the volume of the container if it is assumed that here is no interaction between the two gases? 64. a. What is the MW of the compound? 67. Board Problem. Board Problem. Calculate the free energy change accompanying the decomposition of a mole of acetic acid into CO 2 and CH4. calculate the heat it liberate after hitting the hard ground in: a.9332g. Board Problem.45 3. Pressure (atm) 1 2 3 Density (g/li) 1. joules d.1g hydrogen is to be stored at 760 mmHg and 25 oC. Density of mixture in g/ml 62. Board Problem. CO 2.5 and neglecting air resistance. First. Calculate: a.3% by wt at -9 oC at various pressures. November 1984 When evacuated or empty. Van der Waals constant a= 6. Board Problem. 71. 72. ergs c. Then the bulb was evacuated and filled with a mixture of CO and CO 2 under the same temperature and pressure. Identify its family. May 1980 A mixture of hydrocarbon vapor contains 80kg of benzene. Board Problem. Calculate ∆S for the operation. calories b. b. What is the MW of the gas? 68.100. 92. October 1980 1. its temperature would reach the melting point of lead (328oC).2g of a gaseous hydrocarbon containing 80% C and 20% H by weight occupies 950ml at 20 oC and 770 mmHg.055 BTU/lb-oF. What would be the muzzle velocity (in fps) so that it hits the target.0% The organic compound of 0. Assume that the temperature of the bullet before it hits the target is 28 oC and that the specific heat of lead is 0. b= 0. Board Problem.0079g.714. liter-atm What is the maximum rise in temperature of the piece of iron as it hits the hard ground? 70. What was the % CO in the gas mixture? 66. d.500. respectively. May 1983 The following data were gathered in the determination of a hydrogen gas. Board Problem. Board Problem.4 5. April 1979 One mole of a perfect diameter gas (Cv= 5) initially at 40 oC and 10atm expands quickly (adiabatically) against a constant external pressure of 2atm until its own pressure has fallen to 2 atm.100cal/mol. November 1984 The organic compound showed the following analysis using the Victor Meyer apparatus By wt Carbon 37. Write the Molecular formula of the HC. Board Problem. Board Problem. April 1979 A 500 lb piece of iron falls from a height of 1000ft. Board Problem. With this mixture the bulb weighs 29. Determine the exact MW of the hydrocarbon and identify the gas. October 1979 A 500ml sample of a gas collected at 80oC and 730 mmHg pressure weighed 1. 778 ft-lb/BTU. October 1979 A lead bullet is fired at a stationary target.5% Hydrogen 12. November 1982 A mixture of 0. assuming the gas follows Van der Waals equation.94. May 1981 Calculate the work done when a mole of sulfur dioxide at 27 oC expands reversible and isothermally from 1 to 10 li.3215g. b.85 65. carbon dioxide was used to fill the gas density bulb at 40 oC and 1 atm and weighed 30. If the atomic weight of iron is 55. . Determine the simplest formula of the hydrocarbon. Work/ Heat/ Thermodynamics 69.5% Oxygen 50. May 1980 . Board Problem. Volume in m3 of vapor mixture at 300oF and 444 mmHg. Fine the MW of the HC c. and -12.2g nitrogen and 0.5g.25g vaporized displacing 100ml of air measured over water at 25 oC and 748 mmHg.61.

Air at 70 oF and 50% RH enters the drier and leaves at 140oF and 80% RH. 84. The copper scraps (bronze. Assuming the latent heat of vaporization of acetic acid is given within the given temperature range. 77. Weight of ammonia absorbed in the tower per min. in calories. water.13% ammonia by volume. November 1983 A solvent water mixture is to be distilled at 95 oC. Board Problem.000cal of heat per gram.000 m 2. The gas leaves the tower at a pressure of 740mmHg at 20 oC and contains 0. If 40MT of this gypsum are needed for every 1.950 cal. how many grams of water can be heated from 20 oC and 100oC.5 atm. May 1984 The vapor pressure of acetic acid at 90 oC is 293mmHg and 417mmHg at 100 oC. Board Problem. cm. 83.A fuel furnishes 7. 85. together with sulfuric acid to a reactor. how much ammonia at standard conditions. May 1981 One cu.140 watts and input rating of 735 watts. Board Problem. If this energy is used to heat water.900 cal and that of MgCl 2∙6H2O is -2. Normal boiling point of acetic acid 79.000MT of clinker to produce Portland cement: a. 74. 82. Board Problem. Board Problem. October 1980 Calculate the difference between the heat of combustion of methane at constant pressure and at constant volume at 27 oC when liquid water forms. May 1982 Calculate the change in entropy in entropy units when 100g of ice at 0 oC is converted to steam at 100oC and 1atm. calculate: a. Calculate the energy generated by an electric current of 10A across a voltage of 10V for 10hr.980cal. May 1984 Calculate the degree of dissociation of SO3 at 600oK and 0. 86.9% ammonia by volume. b. The gas is passed at a rate of 100 ft3 per min through an absorption tower in which only ammonia is removed. Calculate the maximum work which can be obtained from in this engine which operates with the water between its boiling point and 40oC. Sulfuric acid (90% by wt) if the vessel is closed and 40lb of sulfuric dioxide was collected. neglecting impurities. calculate: how much is required for a.759cal and ∆H= 46. Board Problem. Board Problem. The vapor pressure of the solvent at this temperature is 130 mmHg and that of the water is 640 mmHg. 76. SO3 (g) + O2 (g) = SO2 (g) 80. Board Problem. Board Problem. Assuming complete surface coverage. The heat of vaporization of water is 587 cal/g. The solvent is immiscible in water and has a MW= 150. Board Problem. the special formula 14-14-10 requires the removal of 200 lb of water per hour to assure good granulation. How many MT of clinker is produced monthly? . April 1979 A cement company uses 3. Using the ideal gas law. b. calculate: a. could be absorbed on the surface of 45cc of activated carbon? Assume that the ammonia molecules just touch each other on a plane.000MT of gypsum a month. What is the weight of the bone-dry air used per hr? Assume the barometer reading at 760 mmHg. April 1978 A mixture of ammonia and air at a pressure of 745mmHg and a temperature of 40 oC contains 4. 78. Board Problem. Molar latent heat of vaporization b. Assuming the products are copper sulfate. Board Problem. November 1985 It is desired to produce copper cyanide by first converting it to copper sulfate. 75. bullet shells) are to be charged. Rate of flow of gases leaving the tower (ft 3/min). November 1985 A newly designed refrigerator has a capacity of 3. Calculate the weight of the solvent in kilos that will be carried over into the distillate with 200kg water. What is the coefficient of performance of the refrigerator and the heat transfer rate in the condenser? Chemical Engineering Calculations I 81. Board Problem. November 1984 At a fertilizer plant drier. Find ∆H at 18oC for the reaction. At 600oK: ∆G= 19. of a certain activated charcoal has a surface area of 1. and sulfur dioxide. May 1980 a. Copper b. November 1982 The integral heat of solution of MgCl 2 (s) at 18oC is 35.

Chemical Engineering Calculations II 91. calculate the complete analysis of the wet flue gas. May 1985 A cold process soap is made by mixing 340ml of 35 o Baume (25o) NaOH solution with 660ml coconut oil poured into molds and allowed to stand and harden.4% FC 96. Proximate Analysis Proximate Analysis of Refuse 4. SiO2= 20. Board Problem.3% VCM 7% VCM 9. if coconut oil has a saponification number of 260.8%H 2. Board Problem. Board Problem. 9. % excess or shortage of NaOH used. b. 90.2% 87. Analysis of the flue gas shows 12. The air bubbles enter the water at an average diameter of 1mm. 6%P as P2O5.).7 inHg. 88. Sp. 4. calculate the flue gas analysis assuming complete combustion. Treatment requires 0. 11. MW= 205.8%O2. Air is fed into the water at a depth of 10ft from the surface.8% O2 and 83. calculate the 1.000 gal/hr of factory wastewater in a froth floatation plant. ft3 flue gas (40oF and 30.b. 17% hydrogen and 1% Sulfur using 10% excess air.9. ethane and nitrogen. % excess air.000 MT of 10-6-10 fertilizer annually from ammonium sulfate (20%N).8%N2. diammonium phosphate (18%N. The oil contains only carbon and hydrogen. b.04 ft 3 (STP) of air per gallon of wastewater. 3.= 0.4% O2. Partial pressure of water vapor in the stack gas c. The volume% of nitrogen is 20% when burned. If water temperature is constant at 700 oFand barometric pressure is 29. Calculate: a.8% CO2. potassium chloride (60% K2O) and gypsum as filler. Board Problem.24%.7% moisture 28% FC 24. May 1982 Oil and light solids are removed from 20.1 inHg. November 1983 The dilute sulfur dioxide by-product of the Leyte copper smelter is converted first into sulfuric acid to avoid pollution and get some added values from the sulfur. Proximate Analysis Proximate Analysis of refuse 10% Ash 19% FC 30% VCM 10% VCM . Board Problem. Al2O3= 7. The Philippine phosphate plant nearby will use the sulfuric acid to make ammonium sulfate and ammonium phosphate fertilizers.150 BTU/lb steam produced/ hr. and 84. Volume of methane and ethane. calculate: a.92%. October 1979 A furnace coal uses coal which analyzes 70. 95. January 1974 A natural gas is known to be composed only of methane.000 BTU/lb.000 BTU/lb is used to fire a boiler at the rate of 600 lb/hr. and negligible N and S.4%C.10 contains: 10%N. 92. If the furnace is fired with 50% excess air. a.6% Ash 65% Ash 61. Determine: a. April 1974 A furnace fires a fuel oil containing 82% carbon.9% CO2. Having a heat transfer efficiency of 60%. April 1979 A fertilizer plant produces 120. at a pressure equal to the hydrostatic pressure of the water at the point of entry. Board Problem. Fe2O3= 6. Board Problem.000 tons of copper per year and the Philex concentrate has 40% total sulfur from copper and iron sulfides. % excess air d. The Orsat analysis of the flue gas shows 7. 89. Board Problem.1 inHg) per lb oil b.64%. With the following analysis presented. Calculate: a. Board Problem. Air feed rate at STP b. ft3 air/lb oil 94. and 10% potash as K2O. How many MT of limestone (53% CaO) per month does this represent? c.4%ash. Assuming that the combustion of C to CO2 is only 90% complete and that all the sulfur is burned to SO2. 7. May 1980 Calculate the % heating value lost in the refuse for this certain type of coal (negligible N and S) with a heating value of 14. Average diameter of the air bubbles as they reach the water surface. 93. October 1978 A rotary drier burns a fuel with dry air at 40 oF and 30. Board Problem. Calculate % heating value lost in the refuse b. Calculate the sulfuric acid production per day when the smelter is operating at 60% of its rated capacity (130.6. 46% P2O5). Give the analysis of the cement if the clinker analysis is as follows: CaO= 61. May 1981 A low grade coal with heating value of 11. Weight % of carbon in oil e.3%N2. % NaOH in 35o Baume NaOH solution. How much of the materials above are used by the plant annually? Note: A 10.gr.

3.1%N2. 1. Convert this analysis to dry basis. 6%ethylene. Convert this analysis to dry and ashless basis. and 20% excess air used.7%H 2. 100. Board Problem. -100J b. Calculate: a. the change in enthalpy of the system is a. Tons of pure copper metal obtained by electrolytic refining of Blister copper.9%H2O. % conversion of methanol to formaldehyde b. 5. May 1982 Formaldehyde is made by the catalytic air oxidation of methanol. b. give the orsat analysis of the flue gas. 0. November 1982 A burner burns a fuel gas entering at 70 oF and 1atm. containing 3. 33%CO.57% FC 50% ash 97.0%water. 10%Paraffins (C12H44).0% copper sulfide. with a 90% recovery of the sulfide. 8. May 1982 The ultimate analysis of a Bituminous coal.6%C. If this coal as received is burned at a rate of 100MT/hr and the refuse is analyzed as being 10% combustible (carbon in the ash). 103. 102. 85% is completely burned.5%S.6%O 2. 6%N2.3%O2. Suddenly. Board Problem. 500J d. 9. An analysis of a sample taken at this time showed 63. Tons of cuprous sulfide recovered.2% HCOOH. Due to faulty combustion. if recovery is 100%. May 1995 The actual process by which a close system changes from an initial state. Board Problem. is concentrated by floatation. 13. as received.5%C. there is a 30% conversion of methanol to formaldehyde. a. is 77. Moles air/ mol methanol 99. c. as shown in the PV diagram below: 300 200 P (Pa) 100 0 1 2 3 4 V (m3) The total heat added to the system is 500J. May 1983 Semirara coal (negligible N and S) has the following analysis: 75. Assuming complete combustion. I. 4.1%CHO. Board Problem.8%ash. 6. Calculate: a. 6. Board Problem. 300J c. how many kilos of refuse/hr must be handled? 98. b. employing 20% excess air with the same condition as the fuel gas. f. Board Problem. When the process is operating properly. 101. 4. 12.3%methanol and 1.5%N2. the supervising Chemical Engineer noted a drop in formaldehyde production. 40%H2. 3%CO2. 1%Benzene.4%O2. May 1983 Absolute alcohol (ethyl alcohol) is burned using 20% excess air.5% ash and 6. Give the complete analysis of the combustion products assuming complete combustion. the rest to CO. Board Problem.0%H2. Calculate the dry air supplied (m 3) per kg coal at 40oC and 1atm. 1100J . to a final state. Fuel gas composition (%vol) is as follows: 1%O 2. Tons of sulfur dioxide liberated by roasting the sulfide c. November 1982 1 x 106 MT of an ore.

90. Limestone= 31. 7.00478M.015oC. a. 10.899g 61. d.347.6% 39.44 cal 63.0% 24.36g/mol.786N. c. a. 29.33 g/mol 36. gypsum=869.Answer: 3.33 mmHg. gas= 2. b. 17.5. soda ash= 38.055oC. 0. a.68 tons. KNO2 17.41 MT 22. 434.77%NaOH and 23. 1.38 tons/day. 20ml 4. ethyne 65.93kg.0293M 37. -0. 16. 13. 79.9MT. b.736 atm 31.45kg.5g HCl 45. 0.403V 55. c.116 g/mol 34.617 cm/s. 2. 51.623 li 21. soda ash= 135.16% Na2CO3 51. Muriate of potash= 800. 9.403V.34%.13 27. 4. b. b. 1. 26.25 MT. a. 1.88 x 105 li 28. a. b. 29.393M.04hr 56. 7. 54%. b. Phosphoric acid= 435. a. a. 100. a.018 60. 0. 146m3. 46. a. 97. 9. d. NaCl= 110. b. b. b. 36. 0. c. a. lime= 32. 28% ethyl alcohol 33. b. 4. Ammonium sulfate= 893.26% 52.9 ft3.90% 50. 42.75 MT. c. 23. V= 27. acidic. Limestone= 144. 91.66.69 atm 38. a. b. d. 100.78 mole. 0. 27. 3. 3. 48.136oC. c. 54. c. b. b.8 li 25.04 x 10-3 35.487. 2V1/ (V1+V2).513 58.0508li. a. 155.77 mmHg.98% 49.826kg. Alcohol= 538 kg.5 ml.97% wt. 53. b. 12. a.001855 44.94% . -0. 25. 39. CaCO3= 94. c. 8.32%. NaOH and Na2CO3. c.34% 40. no 57.2 tons 18. a. 17. 670 li 43. a.32 42. b. Eo cell= 0. 0.99 g/mol.25g 48.68 g/mol 32. a. 1.51 x 103g/ml 62.75%. b. c. 15.49% 46. Na2B4O7 16.7 x 10-10 59. 155.9MT.∆Fo= 85.397 li 64. Eo O2= 0.9MT. 0.103. 171. b.79 atm 30. a. tCl-= 0.1 ml 54. 2. 23.85% 47. c. 93. 23.71 li 26.038oC.3 tons/day 19. a. M=N=0. 98. b.78%. 1.69% 29. 23.93 li 20. 18. a. b. b. b. 81.291 cal.7 41. a. 0.75 mmHg. tK+= 0.90% 53.3MT. 4. 0.257. basic. b.

SO3 Ammonium sulfate= 45. 20.494.81%SiO2. b. 227.41. 90. 6. Q= 3. 29. H2O= 8. 677. 23. C2H6.11 a.69 lb.614. KCl= 20. 78.864. 91.652.57.24%.72cal/mol.000. 87. 74.22 MT a. 67. c. 89. c. 84.68%. d.546 cal a. 88. d. 83. b. 63. and e. 86.216 fps -11. b. 11. d.32 11.559. 7.67 m3/hr.000.27.54% a.37oF 478. 39. 95. 6. 89. 10. 2. 82.623. 800 ft3/hr. 6.97.53 Handbook/ 1.4 lbmol 5.72%. b.913. b.472g 205. b.09mm 964. 81. b. H2O= 2. 72.800 cal 1.92% a. 216.76%CaO. b. b. 93. 101. 75. O2 sg= 0. 87.66.28 eu 24. 85. 75.33 x 10-3 COP= 4. 161. 100.214 lb c. c. 94. 22.75.95 inHg CO2= 5. 360.13oK 1.3. 29%. 98. 97.46 g/mol a. 4. 92. 87. 70. 57. c.954.000 a. 20.20 a.1/g ammonia 338. 27.29%Fe2O3. 7. CH3.126cal/g -1.853. 64.3%. 21. 68. paraffin a.782. 102.54kg 1. 9. 77. b.87 lbmol.78 x 1012. 136. 96.26%Al2O3. 11. 69. 80.14 g/mol 90. 79. c. b.5 mol a.1938 lb/min 14. e. 0.67%.34oC 6.6 Steam table a.6 mol .688. 71. b. 73. b. 18% x’s a. 6. ethene.2% O2 sg= 1.33 x 106 cal/hr a. 3. 1.01 CO2= 2 mol.192 cal a. b. 50. diammonium phosphate= 15.400cal.45 mol. 118. 76.