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Module 4
PORE WATER PRESSURE AND SHEAR STRENGTH
(Lectures 17 to 26)

Topics
1.1 MOHR-COULOMB FAILURE CRITERIA
1.2 SHEARING STRENGTH OF GRANULAR SOILS
1.2.1 Direct Shear Test
1.2.2 Triaxial Test
1.2.3 Axial compression tests
1.2.4 Axial extension tests
1.2.5 Critical Void Ratio
1.2.6 Curvature of the Failure Envelope

Effect of angularity of soil particles

1.2.7 Shear strength of Granular Soils under Plane Strain Condition

1.3 SHEAR STRENGTH OF COHESIVE SOILS
1.3.1 Triaxial Testing in Clays

Consolidated drained test

Consolidated undrained test

Unconsolidated undrained test

1.3.2 Unconfined Compression Test
1.3.3 Relation of Undrained Shear Strength and Effective Overburden
Pressure
1.3.4 Effect of Rate of Strain on the Undrained Shear Strength
1.3.5 Effect of Temperature on Shear Strength of Clay
1.3.6 Relationship between Water Content and Strength
1.3.7 Unique Effective Stress Failure Envelope
1.3.8 Unique Relationship between Water Content and Effective Stress
Dept. of Civil Engg. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

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NPTEL. Indian Institute of Technology.3.3.10 Undrained Shear Strength of Anisotropic Clay 1. of Civil Engg.3.12 Hvorslev’s Parameters 1.13 Creep in Soils Dept.9 Vane Shear Test 1. Kanpur 2 .3.3.Advanced Geotechnical Engineering 1.11 Applicability of Drained ) and Undrained ( ) Shear Strength Parameters for Foundation Design 1.

Kanpur 3 . Indian Institute of Technology. and not by normal or shear stress alone. The failure along a plane in a material occurs by a critical combination of normal and shear stresses.Advanced Geotechnical Engineering Module 4 Lecture 17 Pore water pressure and shear strength -1 Topics The shear strength of soils is an important aspect in many geotechnical engineering engineering problems such as the bearing capacity of foundations. Coulomb defined the function as (2) Where c is cohesion and is the angle of friction of the soil. of Civil Engg. Figure 4. 1 Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria In 1776. 1. Mohr presented a theory for rupture in materials. The functional relation between normal and shear stress on the failure plane can be given by (1) Where s is the shear stress at failure and is the normal stress on the failure plane. shear failure will not occur along that plane. the stability of the slopes of dams and embankments. Dept. The failure envelope defined by equation (1) is shown in Figure 4. If the normal and shear stresses on a plane in a soil mass are such that they plot as point A.1 MOHR-COULOMB FAILURE CRITERIA In 1910. Equation (2) is generally referred to as the Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria. 1. and lateral earth pressure on retaining walls.NPTEL.

the stress carried by the soil solids is the effective stress and so equation (2) must be modified: (3) Where u is the pore water pressure and is the effective stress on the plane. Kanpur 4 . . For sand. Indian Institute of Technology.NPTEL.Advanced Geotechnical Engineering Shear failure along a plane will occur if the stresses plot as point B. Dept. In saturated soils. and normally consolidated clays. which falls on the failure envelope. The term is also referred to as the drained friction angle. since this falls above the failure envelope. A state of stress plotting as point C cannot exits. The value of c is greater than zero for over consolidated clays. inorganic silts. shear failure would have occurred before this condition was reached. of Civil Engg.