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SELF INFLATING TYRE

SYSTEM
……tire system for future

Introduction 2  Tires lose air through normal driving (especially after hitting pot holes) and seasonal changes in temperatures resulting in underinflation  Under-inflation is bad for tyres because it results in wear of tyre threads .  The Self inflating tires is designed to inflate or deflate tires automatically.  . Tires need more air while driving on hard surfaces at high speeds and less air for driving on soft surfaces such as soil or sand.affects the handling of cars and is generally unsafe.

Different Tire Conditions And Effect On Different Tire Pressure 3 .

PRINCIPLE OF SIT Detect 4 whether the air pressure in a particular tyre has dropped using suitable pressure sensors and give the input to electronic control unit (ECU) ECU controls the pneumatic system consisting up of control valves . air source and hose-pipes To compensate the pressure loss by inflating that tire back to the proper level thereby maintaining correct air pressure This entire process can be automated .

PARTS OF SELF-INFLATING SYSTEM  Regulator Valve : used to control the rate of air flow to the tires  PRESSURE SENORS :They are used to sense the pressure based on the deformation caused to the tires  ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT: It is the microprocessor device that controls the entire system  AIR TANK: It supplies the required amount of air at suitable pressure with the help of pressure valve  HOSE PIPES :They help in the transfer of air from the air tank to the particular tyres 5 .

Types Of Self Inflating Tires System  MTIS( Meritor Tire Inflation System)  CTIS (Central Tire Inflation System)  TMS (Tyre Maintenance System) Wheel-End Assembly 6 .

a series of check valves automatically detects it. It is completely isolated from the brake system 7 . 4. 3. due to a puncture or other seepage.Meritor Tire Inflation System 1. The System then immediately draws air from the vehicle’s pneumatic system and directs it to each tire requiring air. 2. The air then goes through the hub assembly and into the tires. The air pressure is delivered via the trailer’s hollow axle housing. When a tire loses pressure.

 An electronic control unit (ECU). .CTIS 8  A wheel valve is present which isolate the tire from the system when it's not in use.  CTIS includes a speed sensor provide information about current speed & in turn CTIS maintain the optimum tire pressure. the brain of the system is mounted behind the passenger seat.  An operator control panel let customize tire pressure model.

 After every 10 min. or time period specified system check the tire pressure. 9 .TIRE MAINTENANCE SYSTEM (TMS)  Similar to CTIS  It notifies the driver via warning light(visible in rear mirror).

user must have the basic know how of the relation between the pressure and road condition. Heavier The than conventional tires. .PROs & CONs Of SIT 10 ADVANTAGES: SAFETY FUEL ECONOMY TIRE LONGEVITY DRIVING COMFORTNESS LESS MAINTENANCE DISADVANTAGES: More costly than the conventional tires..

comfort and fuel economy Flexibility for drivers Future tires Better option to reduce road accidents 11 .APPLICATIONS Military Vehicles Passenger Vehicles Trucks Ambulances Fire Trucks Conclusion     Increases safety.

2) Automatic tyre inflation system . Golden Research Thoughts|Volume 3 | Issue 10|April 2014 . pp 5-6.References 12 1) Self Inflating Tyres: International Journal on Applications in Mechanical and Production Engineering Volume 1: Issue 5: May 2015.