Stage

Erikson’s
Theory of
Erik
Erikson
(15 June 1902


Infancy
(birth to
18
months)
Early
Childhood
(2 to 3
years)
Preschool
(3 to 5
years)

Basic
Conflict

Virtue

Existent
ial
Questio
n
Can I
trust the
world?

Importan
t Events

Toilet
Training,
Clothing
themselve
s
Exploratio
n, Using
tools,
Making art

Trust vs.
Mistrust

Hope

Autonom
y vs.
Shame
and
Doubt
Initiative
vs. Guilt

Will

Is it okay
to be
me?

Purpose

Is it okay
for me to
do,
move,
and act?
Can I
make it
in the
world of
people
and
things?
Who am
I?
Who can
I be?
Can I
love?

School
Age
(6 to 11
years)

Industry
vs.
Inferiority

Competen
ce

Adolescen
ce
(12 to 18
years)
Young
Adulthood
(19 to 40
years)

Identity
vs. Role
Confusion

Fidelity

Intimacy
vs.
Isolation

Love

Middle
Adulthood
(40 to 65
years)

Generativ
ity vs.
Stagnatio
n

Care

Can I
make my
life
count?

Ego
Identity
vs.

Fidelity

Is it okay
to have
been

Maturity
Handouts by ©KKHB(65 to
death)

Feeding

School,
Sports

Social
Relationsh
ips
Relationsh
ips
Romantic
Relationsh
ips
Work and
Parenthoo
d

Reflection
on Life

Outcome

Children develop a sense of trust when
caregivers provide reliability, care, and
affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.
Children need to develop a sense of personal
control over physical skills and a sense of
independence. Success leads to feelings of
autonomy, failure results in feelings of
shame and doubt.
Children need to begin asserting control and
power over the environment. Seccess in this
stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children
who try a=to exert too much power
experience disapproval, resulting in a sense
of guilt.
Children need to cope with new social and
academic demands. Success leads to a
sense of competence, while failure results in
feelings of inferiority.

Teens need to develop a sense of self and
personal identity. Success leads to an ability
to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to
role confusion and a weak sense of self.
Young adults need to form intimate, loving
relationships, while failure results to
loneliness and isolation.

Adults need to create or nurture things that
will outlast them, often by having children or
creating positive change that benefits other
people. Success leads to feelings of
usefulness and accomplishment, while failure
results in shallow involvement in the world.
Older adults need to look back on life and
feel a sense of fulfilment. Success at this
stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while

Psychosocial
Development
Homburger
– 12 May 1994)
German Born
American
developmental
psychologist
Psychoanalyst
May be famous for
coining the phrase
identity crisis.

Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development  One of the well-known theories of personality  Similar to Freud’s theory. o Our Ego Identity constantly changes.o …means the failure to achieve ego identity during adolescence. Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience during the whole lifespan unlike Freud’s. Handouts by ©KKHB .  A sense of competence also motivates behaviours and actions according to Erikson  Erikson’s theory gave emphasis on the development of ego identity – Conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction.