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Present of verb TO BE

I

Affirmative
am

I

Negative
am not

Interrogative
Am I?

You

are

You

are

not

Are

you?

He

is

He

is

not

Is

he?

She

is

She

is

not

Is

she?

It

is

It

is

not

Is

it?

We

are

We

are

not

Are

we?

You

are

You

are

not

Are

you?

They are

not

Are

they?

They are

Is not = isn't /

Are not= aren't
Present of verb TO HAVE

I

Affirmative
have got

I

Negative
have not

got

Interrogative
Have I got?

You

have got

You

have

not got

Have you got?

He

has got

He

has

not got

Has he got?

She

has got

She

has

not got

Has she got?

It

has got

It

has

not got

Has it got?

We

have got

We

have

not got

Have we got?

You

have got

You

have

not got

Have you got?

They have

not got

Have they got?

They have got

have not = haven't 's got= has got
has not = hasn't

'

ve got= have got

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His favourite food is pizza. It’s their pencil. • I go with Mary to the cinema. • Here's our school. it's theirs. It's in Park Street. I go with her to • It's my book. It’s for me. He's tall. This black car is mine. • This book is for my brother. Her favourite colour is yellow. • These books are ours and those books are yours. It's mine. My car is black. 2 . • This pencil is for them. Blake.I Affirmative can I Present of verb CAN Negative cannot/can’t Interrogative Can I? You can You cannot/can’t Can you? He can He cannot/can’t Can he? She can She cannot/can’t Can she? It can It cannot/can’t Can it? We can We cannot/can’t Can we ? You can You cannot/can’t Can you? They cannot/can’t Can they? They can Pronombres Personales Sujeto I Adjetivos Posesivos Pronombres Posesivos My Pronombres Personales Complemento Me You Your You Yours He His Him His She Her Her Hers It Its It Its We Our Us Ours You Your You Yours They Their Them Theirs Mine E J E M P L O S • Here are our friends. • She's very kind. I’ve got a black car. • They're her books. It is for him. • My teacher is Mr. They're hers. Their names are Amanda and Tom. Its name is Park Street School. the cinema. • Is that Nick and Jenny's dog? Yes.

D E M O S T R AT I V O S Distancia   Singular Plural this these that those This shirt is red but that shirt is brown. This is my shirt but that shirt is yours. COMPARACIONES CON ADJETIVOS CON -ER. -EST fast nice new faster (than) nicer (than) newer (than) the fastest the nicest the newest hot big thin wet hotter (than) bigger (than) thinner (than) wetter (than) the hottest the biggest the thinnest the wettest dry easy heavy noisy happy drier (than) easier (than) heavier (than) noisier (than) happier (than) the driest the easiest the heaviest the noisiest the happiest IRREGULARES good bad much/many little interesting boring comfortable dangerous expensive beautiful useful popular better (than) worse (than) more (than) less (than the best the worst the most the least more interesting (than) more boring (than) more comfortable (than) more dangerous (than) more expensive (than) more beautiful (than) more useful (than) more popular (than) the most interesting the most boring the most comfortable the most dangerous the most expensive the most beautiful the most useful the most popular 3 . These shirts are very expensive but those shirts are cheaper.

Mary has an expensive guitar. –SH.PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO DE UN VERBO • Se añade " s " para la 3ra persona de singular: HE. IT. –X. • Vocal+y +s: play / plays – buy / buys • Consonante+y i+es: study / studies – cry / cries – copy / copies AFFIRMATIVE I you we they he she it go come wash watch study play goes comes washes watches studies plays NEGATIVE I you we they he she it don’t doesn’t INTERROGATIVE go come wash watch study play go come wash watch study play Do Does I you we they go come wash watch study play go come wash watch study play he she it ? ? I go home He/She goes home. It’s very fast. –Z=> + ES. I wash my hands  He/She washes his/her hands. We watch TV at night He/She watches TV at night. Helen has a bicycle. Do we watch TV at night? Does he/she watch TV at night? What do we watch at night?  What does he/she watch at night? When do we watch TV?  When does he/she watch TV? PARTÍCULAS INTERROGATIVAS When= cuándo Where= dónde What= qué How=cómo Which=cuál How fast / tall / long Why= por qué Who=quién How much= cuánto/a How many=cuántos/as What time / What colour How often= con qué frecuencia CASO POSESIVO John has a brother. –0. It’s the man’s dog. –CH. He is tall John’s brother is tall. En caso de que termine en –S. SHE. Mary’s guitar is expensive. This man has a dog. 4 . –SS. My father has a red car. Helen’s bicycle is very fast.  My father’s car is red.

-SH.X.FORMACIÓN DEL PLURAL EN INGLÉS +S -S. . -CH. Z + ES car cars bus buses pencil pencils glass glasses book books dish dishes bed beds church churches pen pens box boxes ruler rulers tomato tomatoes -F / -FE  VES CAMBIO DE VOCAL wolf wolves child children leaf leaves woman women life lives man men knife knives foot feet half halves tooth teeth thief thieves mouse mice person people VOCAL + Y  +S CONSONANTE + Y  I +ES boy boys country countries way ways baby babies toy toys army armies key keys lorry lorries 5 .-O. -SS.

I wash my hands  He/She washes his/her hands.=> I/he/she washed my/his/her hands. AFFIRMATIVE I you he she it we you they went came got bought washed watched studied played NEGATIVE I you he she it we you they Didn’t INTERROGATIVE go come get buy wash watch study play Did I you he she it we you they go come get buy wash watch study play ? I go home He/She goes home.PASADO DE UN VERBO INFINITIVO PASADO PARTICIPIO PASIVO Go Buy Come Get Wash Watch Study Play went bought came got washed watched studied played gone bought come got(ten) washed watched studied played • El pasado utiliza la misma forma para todas las personas.=> I/he/she went home. We watch TV at night We watched TV at night Do we watch TV at night? Did we watch TV at night? What do we watch at night?  What did he/she watch at night? When do we watch TV?  When did he/she watch TV? 6 .

desagradable POLITE ---. claro LONG ---.seco EMPTY ---.fuerte COLD ---.caro NICE ---.triste BEAUTIFUL ---.gordo HEAVY ---.feliz.caliente RICH ---. equivocado SAD ---.feo WRONG ---.ADJECTIVES TALL RIGHT WEAK LONG DRY EXPENSIVE POOR FAST EMPTY UGLY NICE SHORT WRONG STRONG SHORT WET CHEAP RICH SLOW FULL BEAUTIFUL NASTY BIG OLD THIN THICK CLEAN DARK HAPPY HOT LIGHT OLD POLITE SMALL NEW FAT THIN DIRTY LIGHT SAD COLD HEAVY YOUNG RUDE BIG ---.rápido SMALL ---.corto. contento UGLY ---.lleno EXPENSIVE ---.grande CLEAN ---.húmedo FULL ---.fino.mal.joven THIN ---.limpio FAST ---.correcto.débil HOT ---.nuevo THICK ---.alto OLD ---.barato WET ---.maleducado ======================================================================= TALL ---.oscuro . bajo NEW ---. bien HAPPY ---.pequeño DIRTY ---.ligero.pesado SHORT ---.grueso LIGHT ---.agradable NASTY ---.vacío CHEAP ---.pobre DRY ---.largo YOUNG ---.educado RUDE ---.lento RIGHT ---.sucio SLOW ---. delgado DARK ---.frío POOR ---.rico STRONG ---.guapo WEAK ---.viejo FAT ---.

salir perder hacer. conocer marcharse.IRREGULAR VERBS 1 be 2 beat 3 become 4 begin 5 bend 6 blow 7 break 8 bring 9 build 10 burn 11 buy 12 catch 13 choose 14 come 15 cost 16 cut 17 do 18 draw 19 dream 20 drink 21 drive 22 eat 23 fall 24 feed 25 feel 26 find 27 fight 28 fly 29 get 30 give 31 go 32 have 33 hide 34 hit 35 hold 36 hurt 37 keep 38 know 39 leave 40 lose 41 make 42 mean 43 meet 44 pay 45 put 46 read 47 ride 48 ring 49 run 50 say 51 sell 52 send 53 shine 54 show was / were beat became began bent blew broke brought built burnt bought caught chose came cost cut did drew dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt found fought flew got gave went had hid hit held hurt kept knew left lost made meant met paid put read rode rang ran said sold sent shone showed been beaten become begun bent blown broken brought built burnt bought caught chosen come cost cut done drawn dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt found fought flown got(ten) given gone had hidden hit held hurt kept known left lost made meant met paid put read ridden rung run said sold sent shone shown ser. fabricar significar. haber esconder pegar. mandar brillar enseñar . mantener saber .vencer llegar a ser empezar doblar soplar romper traer construir quemar comprar coger elegir venir costar cortar hacer dibujar soñar beber conducir comer caer alimentar sentirse encontrar luchar volar conseguir. obtener dar ir tener. golpear sostener hacer daño guardar. estar ganar. querer decir encontrar pagar poner leer montar en llamar correr decir vender enviar.

gastar estar de pie nadar llevar. creer echar.vencer escribir . tirar comprender llevar puesto ganar.55 shut 56 sing 57 sit 58 smell 59 speak 60 spend 61 stand 62 swim 63 take 64 tell 65 think 66 throw 67 understand 68 wear 69 win 70 write shut sang sat smelt spoke spent stood swam took told thought threw understood wore won wrote shut sung sat smelt spoken spent stood swum taken told thought thrown understood worn won written cerrar cantar sentarse oler hablar pasar. decir pensar. tomar contar.

PAST.INF. SENT LENT SPENT BENT BUILT P. P.INF. PAST.P.P.P. PAST.INF.IRREGULAR VERBS SOUND LIST GRUPO 1. KEEP KEPT KEPT SLEEP SLEPT SLEPT SW EEP SW EPT SW EPT W EEP W EPT W EPT CREEP KNEEL CREPT KNELT CREPT KNELT FEEL FELT FELT LEAVE DREAM LEFT DREAMT LEFT DREAMT MEAN MEANT MEANT LOSE LOST LOST GRUPO 5. HIT PUT PUT PUT CUT CUT CUT SET SET SET LET LET LET COST COST COST HURT SHUT HURT SHUT HURT SHUT GRUPO 2. PAST. GREW P. W IN W ON W ON DIG DUG DUG STICK STUCK STUCK STRIKE STRUCK STRUCK FIND F O UND F O UND W IND W O UND W O UND BIND BOUND BOUND GRIND G RO UND G RO UND GRUPO 8. G RO W N BLOW BLEW BLOW N T HRO W THREW T HRO W N KNOW KNEW KNOW N DRAW FLY DREW FLEW DRAW N FLOW N GRUPO 4.P. P. HIT P.- INF.P.INF. SENT LENT SPENT BENT BUILT GRUPO 3. EAT ATE EATEN TAKE T OOK TAKEN SHAKE SHOOK SHAKEN GIVE GAVE GIVEN FALL FELL FALLEN SEE SAW SEEN FORGET F O RG O T FORGOTTEN TREAD T RO D TRODDEN . PAST. BROKE P.INF.P. G RO W PAST.P.INF. BROKEN CHOOSE CHOSE CHOSEN SPEAK SPOKE SPOKEN STEAL STOLE STOLEN W AKE W OKE W OKEN FREEZE F RO Z E FROZEN GRUPO 9. HIT PAST. SEND LEND SPEND BEND BUILD PAST. P.P. SEEK SOUGHT SOUGHT BRING BUY BROUGHT BOUGHT BROUGHT BOUGHT THINK T HO UG HT T HO UG HT FIGHT F O UG HT F O UG HT TEACH TAUGHT TAUGHT CATCH CAUGHT CAUGHT GRUPO 7. P. P.INF.INF. P. MEET MET MET FEED FED FED LEAD LED LED READ READ READ SHOOT SHOT SHOT GRUPO 6. BREAK PAST.

W ORE P.INF. BITTEN HIDE HID HIDDEN RISE ROSE RISEN RIDE RO DE RIDDEN GRUPO 14. BIT P. STAND PAST. W EAR PAST.INF.GRUPO 1O. STOOD P. PAST.P. STOOD UNDERSTAND UNDERSTOOD UNDERSTOOD W ITHSTAND W ITHSTOOD W ITHSTOOD SING SANG SUNG SW IM SW AM SW UM .INF. BEGAN P.P. BEAT BEAT BEATEN W RITE W RO T E W RITTEN SHOW SHOW ED SHOW N GRUPO 12. BEGIN PAST. BEGUN DRINK DRANK DRUNK SINK SANK SUNK RING RANG RUNG GRUPO 11.P.INF. BITE PAST.P. W O RN TEAR T O RE T O RN SW EAR SW ORE SW ORN BEAR BORE BORNE GRUPO 13.P.INF. P.

SH. CH. K. F.VERBOS REGULARES FINAL ed: [t] [d] [id] /t/ /d/ /id/ Sonidos o letras (sordos) S. D ask • asked • asked (t) box • boxed • boxed (t) dance • danced • danced (t) dress • dressed • dressed (t) finish • finished • finished (t) help • helped • helped (t) kiss • kissed • kissed (t) laugh • laughed • laughed (t) like • liked • liked (t) look • looked • looked (t) mix • mixed • mixed (t) push • pushed • pushed (t) stop • stopped • stopped (t) talk • talked• talked (t) walk • walked • walked (t) wash • washed • washed (t) watch • watched • watched (t) work • worked • worked (t) believe • believed • believed (d) judge • judged • judged (d) fill • filled • filled (d) enjoy • enjoyed • enjoyed (d) call • called • called (d) play • played • played (d) study • studied • studied (d) stay • stayed • stayed (d) rub • rubbed • rubbed (d) marry • married • married (d) dream • dreamed • dreamed (d) continue • continued • continued (d) love • loved • loved (d) reserve • reserved • reserved (d) listen • listened • listened (d) smile •smiled • smiled (d) phone • phoned• phoned (d) burn • burned • burned (d) investigate • investigated • investigated (id) point • pointed • pointed (id) date • dated • dated (id) part • parted • parted (id) wait • waited • waited (id) create • created • created (id) present • presented • presented (id) visit • visited • visited (id) dictate • dictated • dictated (id) start • started • started (id) rent • rented • rented (id) depend • depended • depended (id) end • ended • ended (id) decide • decided • decided (id) add • added • added (id) need • needed • needed (id) add • added • added (id) ask • asked • asked (t) believe • believed • believed (d) box • boxed • boxed (t) burn • burned • burned (d) call • called • called (d) continue • continued • continued (d) create • created • created (id) dance • danced • danced (t) date • dated • dated (id) decide • decided • decided (id) depend • depended • depended (id) dictate • dictated • dictated (id) dream • dreamed • dreamed (d) dress • dressed • dressed (t) end • ended • ended (id) enjoy • enjoyed • enjoyed (d) fill • filled • filled (d) finish • finished • finished (t) help • helped • helped (t) investigate • investigated • investigated (id) judge • judged • judged (d) kiss • kissed • kissed (t) laugh • laughed • laughed (t) like • liked • liked (t) listen • listened • listened (d) look • looked • looked (t) love • loved • loved (d) marry • married • married (d) need • needed • needed (id) part • parted • parted (id) phone • phoned• phoned (d) play • played • played (d) point • pointed • pointed (id) present • presented • presented (id) push • pushed • pushed (t) rent • rented • rented (id) reserve • reserved • reserved (d) rub • rubbed • rubbed (d) smile •smiled • smiled (d) start • started • started (id) stay • stayed • stayed (d) stop • stopped • stopped (t) study • studied • studied (d) talk • talked• talked (t) visit • visited • visited (id) wait • waited • waited (id) walk • walked • walked (t) wash • washed • washed (t) watch • watched • watched (t) work • worked • worked (t) . Sonidos o letras (sonoros): otras consonantes Terminados en letras o sonido T. P.