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WHAT IS pH ?

Definition of pH
pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration; a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Aqueous solutions at 25C with a pH less than seven are acidic, while those with a pH greater than seven
are basic or alkaline. A pH level of is 7.0 at 25C is defined as 'neutral' because the concentration of H3O+
equals the concentration of OH in pure water.
Defined by Danish biochemist Sren Peter Lauritz Srensen in 1909.
Acids and bases react with each other in what is called a neutralization reaction. The reaction produces
salt and water and leaves the solution closer to a neutral pH than before.

Low pH
-

Low pH value is a acid .


acidic substance have a pH between 0 and 7.
those with pH above 4.6 but below 7 is called low acid.
Acid is substance that donate hydrogen ion.

acid
strong acid
-acid quality of solution depends on the concentration of ionized hydrogen ion so,
strong acid has high concentration of ionized hydrogen and it is completely
ionized in water
weak acid
-it has low concentration of ionized hydrogen ion
-it ionized partially in water

HIGH pH.
-

High pH value is a base .The value of pH for bases is between 8-14.


Base is substance that donate hydrogen ion,base contain more hydroxide ion
This solution called alkali.
the substance that have pH 7 is neutral solution

bases
-strong bases
high concentration of hydroxide ion,ionized completely in water.
-weak bases
low concentration of hydroxide ion,partially ionized in water.

HOW TO MEASURE pH VALUE ?


-pH TEST

PAPER and pH INDICATOR STICK

to measure pH test paper or pH indicator stick is dipped into the solution,then the paper/stick is then
matched to a colour key that come with the container,each colour represent different pH.

pH METER
-This is an electronic devices that use to measure pH.
-They consist of probe that dipped into the solution and a digital read out.
-pH meter is more accurate than pH paper/stick
.
-To use pH meter we need to rinse the probe with distilled water before
every reading,use a solution with know pH value to calibrated it.Make sure
the probe is properly submerge into the solution before taking the reading.

How to find pH?


pH is the logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration of an aqueous
(water-based) solution:
pH = -log[H+]
log is the base 10 logarithm
[H+] is hydrogen ion concentration in the units moles per liter

SONG
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kzcAFtm-n0w
https://youtu.be/x-nI3Ws7nxQ
http://www.glencoe.com/sites/common_assets/science/virtual_labs/E22/E22.
html