You are on page 1of 3

A polygon is a closed figure that is the union of line segments in a

plane. A polygon has three or more sides.


A polygon has the same number of angles as sides.
Polygons can be classified as either convex or concave.

A polygon is convex if no line that contains a


side of the polygon contains a point in the
interior of the polygon. In a convex polygon,
each interior angle measures less than 180
degrees.
Concave polygons "cave-in" to their interiors,
creating at least one interior angle greater than
180 degrees (a reflex angle).
Unless otherwise stated, we will be
discussing convexpolygons.

Types of Polygons
Listed below are some of the more commonly used polygons.
(Do not assume that the diagrams under the "Graphic" column are "regular"
polygons. Do not assume any specific details about the diagrams such as the length of
the sides or measures of the angles.)
Polygon

Triangle

Graphic

Sides

Angles

Vertices

Diagonals

Number
Triangles

Quadrilateral

Pentagon

Hexagon

Heptagon or
Septagon

14

Octagon

20

Nonagon or
Novagon

27

Decagon

10

10

10

35

Dodecagon

12

12

12

54

10

n-gon

---

A polygon is equilateral if all of its sides are of the same length.


A polygon is equiangular if all of its angles are of equal measure.
A regular polygon is a polygon that is both equilateral and equiangular.

(n - 2)