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The Elements of Music

Based on The Enjoyment of Music


by Joseph Machlis and Kristine
Forney

Elements of Music
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11.

Melody
Rhythm
Harmony
Texture
Form
Tempo
Dynamics
Tone
Notation
Key
Performing Media

Melody: Musical ______


Function: _______

Terms:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Pitch
Interval
Range
Shape
Conjunct
Disjunct
Phrase
Cadence
Rhyme Scheme

Rhythm: Musical ______


Function: ___________________
Terms:
1. Beat
2. Meter (triple, quadruple, simple, compound)
3. Upbeat
4. Syncopation
5. Polyrhythm
6. Additive meter
7. Non-metric

Harmony: Musical _____


Function: _________
Terms:
Chord
2. Scales
3. Syllables
4. Octave
5. Triad
6. Tonic
7. Tonality
8. Major and Minor Scales
9. Diatonic and Chromatic
10. Dissonances and Consonance
11. Drone
1.

Texture
Function: __________
Terms:
1. Monophonic
2. Heterophony
3. Polyphony
4. Counterpoint
5. Homophony
6. Imitation
7. Canon and Round
8. Invertion
9. Retrograde
10. Retrograde Inversion
11. Augmentation
12. Diminution

Musical Form
Function: ______
Terms:
1. Repetition and Contrast
2. Variation
3. Improvisation
4. Binary form
5. Ternary form
6. Theme
7. Thematic Development
8. Sequence
9. Motive
10. Call and response
11. Ostinato
12. Movement

Tempo
Function: ______
Terms:
1. Tempo
2. Tempo markings
3. Grave
4. Largo
5. Adagio
6. Andante
7. Moderato
8. Allegro
9. Vivace
10. Presto

Dynamics
Function: _______
Terms:
1. Pianissimo
2. Piano
3. Mezzo piano
4. Mezzo forte
5. Forte
6. Fortissimo
7. Crescendo
8. Decrescendo or Diminuendo
9. Sforzando
10. Metronome

Tone (sound color)


Function: _____________