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Kinh-Nghim Thnh-t ca Cuc i c Khng-T

Vietsciences- KCPKT
23 thng 10/2004
I. Kinh-Nghim Thnh-t ca Cuc i c Khng-T
Khng-T k li cc giai-on thnh-t ca cuc i ngi nh sau: "Ng thp hu ng nhi ch vu hc, tam thp nhi lp, t
thp nhi bt hoc, ng thp nhi tri thin-mnh, lc thp nhi nh thun, v tht thp nhi tng tm s dc bt du c" (Ta ti mi
lm tui mi chuyn-ch vo vic hc, ba mi tui mi t-lp, bn mi tui mi thu-hiu ht s l trong thin-h, nm
mi tui mi bit mnh tri, su mi tui mi c kin-thc v kinh-nghim hon-ho c th phn-on ngay c mi sl v nhn-vt m khng thy c iu g chng-ngi khi nghe c, v by mi tui mi c th ni hay lm nhng iu ng
theo -mun ca lng mnh m khng ra ngoi khun-kh o-l).
Trong li pht-biu trn, c Khng-T c ni rng con ngi ti mt la tui no mi c kh-nng nhn-thc v thchnh nhng iu m ngi cha t n la tui th cha nhn-thc v thc-hnh c. gip cc bn tr hiu r trnvn -ngha li pht-biu ca Khng-T trn y, chng ti xin bn v tng phn ca li pht-biu ny.
1- Ng Thp Hu Ng Nhi Ch Vu Hc
Trong cu "ng thp hu ng nhi ch vu hc," chng ti thy c my ch cn phi c gii-thch gip cc bn tr hiu cho
r. Ch "hu" c ngha l "thm" (thp hu ng: mi thm nm, tc l 15), ch "ch" c ngha l " ht tm ," v ch "vu"
c ngha l "i vi" C cu "ng thp hu ng nhi ch vu hc" c ngha l khi ti 15 tui, ta mi c th t-mnh chuyn-tm
vo vic hc. C bit nh th, cc bc cha m mi khng bun-phin khi thy cc con mnh mi chi a v khng chu chuyn
tm hc-hnh trc khi chng cha ti la tui 15. V cng nh , cc bc cha m mi em ht kin-nhn, k-nng, v nghthut chm-nom sn-sc cho cc con mnh ngay t khi chng cn nh (trc 15 tui) hu gip chng thnh-cng trong vic
hc.
2- Tam Thp Nhi Lp
"Tam thp nhi lp" c ngha l khi ngi ta ti 30 tui th sc t-lp mi c th chc-chn v vng-vng. Thc vy, khi t ti
30 tui, con ngi c th t-lp v gy-dng nn s-nghip cho mnh vi iu-kin l h phi c ch t-lp cng nh c cha
m sn-sc v gio-dc chu o. Ch t-lp ca con ngi gi vai-tr quyt-nh trong vic t-p. Trong thc-t c nhiu
ngi t-lp t trc la tui 30 v cng c ngi khng t-lp c ngoi la tui 30. y l trng-hp ca nhng ngi c
ch t- lp hay khng. Nu khng c ch t-lp th d cha m c sn-sc v gio-dc cng vn khng t-lp c. H l nhng
ngi n bm gia-nh v x-hi.
3- T Thp Nhi Bt Hoc

"T thp nhi bt hoc" c ngha l khi ngi ta ti 40 tui mi c th hiu thu mi s-l trong thin-h, phn bit c vic
phi hay tri cng nh hiu c ai l ngi tt hay xu, phn bit c nhng ai l ngi chn-chnh yu nc thng ni v
bit c ci g nn lm hay khng. Khng phi ngi no ci tui 40 cng c nh vy. Mun t ti trnh "nhi bt
hoc," con ngi phi c gio-dc k-lng v t mnh c cng hc-hi chuyn-cn ngay t khi cn nh.
4- Ng Thp Nhi Tri Thin-Mnh
"Ng thp nhi tri thin-mnh" c ngha l khi ngi ta ti 50 tui mi c th thng-sut chn- l ca to-ho, tc l hiu c
mnh ca tri. Khng phi bt c ai ti 50 tui l t c trnh- "tri thin-mnh" Mun t c trnh "tri thin-mnh,"
con ngi cng phi c cn-bn vng-vng v gio-dc, kin-vn, v kinh-nghim sng.
5- Lc Thp Nhi Nh-Thun
"Lc thp nhi nh-thun" c ngha l khi ngi ta ti 60 tui th mi t n mc hon-ho v mt tri-hnh, kin-vn, v
kinh-nghim v cuc sng. Nh , ngi ta c th nhn-xt v phn- on c ngay tc-khc v chnh-xc v cc s-kin v
nhn-vt trong thin-h. Khi nhn hay nghe thy iu g, ngi ta khng nhng khng cm thy chng-ngi m cn hiu thu
ngay mi l. Khng phi t-nhin m ta t c trnh- "nhi nh thun" Mun t c trnh- ny, con ngi cng phi c
cn-bn gio-dc, o-c, kin-vn, v kinh-nghim tng-tri v s i.
6- Tht Thp Nhi Tng Tm S Dc Bt Du C
"Tht thp nhi tng tm s dc bt du c" c ngha l ti 70 tui, con ngi s t n tnh- trng rt hon-ho v cch x-s
v x-th. Nh m mi khi ngi ta nh ni iu g hay lm vic g th t-nhin th-hin ng vi ch tm ca lng mnh,
mun sao c vy, v khng bao gi vt ra khi khun-kh ca o-l hay l thng. y l trnh- tuyt-ho ca con
ngi vo tui t 70 tr ln nu trc h c gio-dc ng cch, t tm ti hc-hi, c kin-vn qung-bc, c tu-tm
dng-tnh, v tng-tri cng nh rt c u khuyt-im trong cc kinh-nghim v ni -ch n-au ca cuc i.
Tuy rng Khng-T trnh by v nhng la tui cuc i c-th ca ngi nh ni trn, chng ta phi hiu rng y cng
l ca ngi mun ni v tng giai-on tc-thnh-ca cc la tui cuc i con ngi. Mun t ti kh-nng nhn-thc v
thc-hnh mi la tui nh -cp trn, ngi ta phi c gio-dc v t mnh chuyn-tm vo vic hc-hi lin-tc
ngay t khi cn tr, tc l t trc khi ti la tui 15 v tip-tc cho ti 70 tui, trau-gii kin-vn, o-c, v rt-ta kinhnghim trong cuc sng hng ngy.
Mi la tui 15, 30, 40, 50, 60, v 70 th-hin kt-qu ca vic gio-dc trong gia-nh v hc-ng cng kin-vn c c
qua s hc-hi trng i. Nu khng c gio-dc ng cch v nu khng bit t tu tm dng tnh, t trau-gii kin-vn
cho hon-ho, v t rt ta kinh-nghim trng i th con ngi ging nh "ng bnh vi," cng sng lu cng ngu v cng lm

hi dn hi nc d rng c bng cp cao n th no i na.


C tui l mt vic, nu khng c gio-dc ng cch v khng t trau-gii kin-vn cng kinh-nghim sng th d ti 30
tui, 40 tui, 50 tui, 60 tui, hay 70 tui i na, ngi ta cng khng c sc t-lp, khng hiu ht s l, khng bit c
mnh tri, khng thng-sut mi l, v khng th lm ch c hnh-ng v t-tng ca mnh nhin-hu s vt ra ngoi
khun kh o l. Vic quan- trng nht l nu ti 30 tui m khng t-lp c vng-vng, ta s gp nhiu gian-trun ch
ng ni chi n vic c th gip mnh v gip i mt cch c hiu-qu c.

II. Vic Hc v Trau Gii Kin-Vn


1. Hc Kinh-Nghim Ca Ngi
Mun lp thn cho ng ngha ca n, cc bn tr phi ch-tm vo vic hc. Hc khng phi c ngha l chng ta ch cn cp
sch n trng v c nhiu sch v bit ch ngha hay hc c mt ngh kim nhiu tin hu vinh-thn ph-gia l
uVic hc phi gm mi mt v nhiu cch.
Mc-ch ca vic hc l thnh con ngi vi ng ngha ca n, tc l con ngi hon-ho, c o-c, v hu-dng cho
nh cho nc. Hc l noi gng sng ca tin-nhn v cc bc v-nhn qun-t, tc l bt-chc nhng vic lm ch quc li
dn m cc bc tin-nhn lm. Ngoi ra, chng ta cng cn phi bt-chc nhng vic lm ca cc ngi ng thi vi ta
khi vic lm ca h c -ngha v ng cho ta hc-hi v noi theo cu-nhn -th.
Cn phi giao-thip rng v ln-ln vi i hc kinh-nghim sng v trau-gii kin-vn cho qung-bc. Hc phn-bit
c iu phi iu tri. Thy iu tt iu phi, ta phi bt-chc. Thy iu sai quy, ta phi trnh. Ngi khn l ngi bit
hc kinh-nghim ca ngi khc, ngi di l ngi ch bit hc kinh-nghim ca chnh mnh.
2. Hc Mt Bit Mi
T nhng hiu-bit cn-bn ca vic hc c c ti hc-ng v trong gia-nh, ta c th nghin-cu thm v nhin-hu
pht-minh ra nhng iu mi. Lm sao hc mt bit mi, tc l hc cch tm ti nghin-cu, suy-din, nhn-xt, v phphn. Khng nn qu tin vo sch-v v sch-v cng c nhiu ci sai tri trong . Ngi xa c ni "Tn tn th bt nh v
th," tc l qu tin vo sch th ng c sch cn hn. iu ny l cnh-co nhng ngi thuc loi mt-sch. c sch m
khng chu phn-tch v nhn-xt th ch c hi m thi. Thm-ch c ngi cn cho l nhng g c- nhn vit ra li cho huth ch l nhng "tao-phch" (cn b) m thi. Nhng ngi bit cch hc- hi th phi coi nhng "tao-phch" ny nh l mt
ti-liu nghin-cu thm m thi ch khng c th no hon-ton tin vo c.
3. Hc phi Hnh
Nhng iu g hc c phi em thc-hnh gip-ch cho i. Bit m cng ging nh khng bit v ci bit l mt
iu v-ch. Bit iu phi m khng lm th ci bit chng c ch g cho nhn-qun x-hi. Hn-na, khi ta hc c iu
hay m khng em ra ph-bin v thc- hnh th ci hc ca ta cng mai-mt i. Chnh v th m vic hc cc nc tn-tin
u i t kin- thc ti th-nghim, trc-nghim, p-dng, ri thi-hnh, v cui cng lng-gi cng rt u-khuyt- im
ci-tin hu gip-ch cho i-sng con ngi tt p hn.
4. Hc Lm Ngi
y l ci hc quan-trng nht. Ci hc ca -ng chng ta ch-trng ti vic xy-dng con ngi ton-din v kin-thc
cng nh v o-c. Ci hc ca Ty-u ch-trng v mt chuyn-mn o-to cc chuyn-gia hn l o-to con ngi.
Tui tr Vit-Nam hi-ngoi c li-ct ca ci hc -ng ta, nay li c hc thm ci tinh-tu v khoa-hc k-thut Tyu th tht l iu tuyt-diu. Hc c kin-thc v chuyn-mn cao th d, nhng mun hc lm ngi, con ngi tondin, th rt kh. Chnh v th m cc bn tr cn phi ch- cc mt sau vic hc ca ta thm hon-ho:
- trong Gia-nh Phi Hc sao Lm Ngi Con Hiu-Tho.
"Hiu-Tho" l rng- mi ca mi nt n- trn i. Cha m l ngi sinh ra mnh, sn-sc v nui-nng mnh rt vt-v, v
cn lo gio-dc cho mnh nn ngi t-t na. Cng-c y k sao cho xit c! Chnh v th m con ci phi bit knh-yu v
bit n cha m. Lc nh, con ci ch cn th-hin lng bit n cha m bng cch vng-li cha m, chm-ch hc-hnh, v yu
mn cha m. Khi ln ln, con ci th-hin s bit n cha m bng cch ht lng phng-dng m cha, n-cn sn-sc cha m,
knh-trng cha m, v gip- cha m mi khi cha m cn n. C c nh th th con ci mi c gi l ngi con c hiu
v mi c gi l ngi c gio-dc. Nu lm tri cc iu ny, ta l ngi con bt-hiu. Con ngi mang ti bt-hiu th
chc-chn h ch l k su-dn mt-nc.
Hc Sao C vi Anh Ch Em ca Mnh.
"" c ngha l knh yu, thng yu, v ho-thun i vi anh ch em. Ni mt cch khc, i-x t-t, hp o-l, v gi
trn tnh-ngha trc sau vi anh ch em u c gi l "" C th anh ch em mi ho, ng-bo mi thng yu nhau, v
nhin-hu x-hi mi thnh-vng.
- Hc sao t c c-Tnh Cn-Trng v Chn-Thnh
Khi lm vic g v khi tip- i ai, "cn-trng" l iu ta phi ch tm. iu ny c ngha l khi giao-tip vi tha-nhn, ta phi
gi l v tn-trng -kin ca h.
Khi nhn lm vic g, ta phi ch-tm lm cho bng c. Khi ha vi ai iu g, ta phi gi li v nu v l g khng
gi c li ha, ta phi thng-bo kp thi ngi ta tm ngi khc thay th.

c quan-nim cho l ngi Vit mnh qu nhiu t-i v thiu chn-thnh. Trong thc- t, nhn-xt ny rt ng. Chnh v
l , mun thnh-cng v gip ch cho dn cho nc, ta phi bt t-i v thm chn-thnh. Chn-thnh l ngha l duyn, Bt
phn t-i to nn thn tnh (th Khi Chnh). S chn-thnh phi coi l nng-ct v c chn-thnh mi c tn. Tn l bu-vt
ca c nhn- loi. Khng c tn, con ngi s bin thnh k bt-lng v l hng su-dn mt-nc. Khi lm vic, ta phi cntrng v chn-thnh, tc l c tn, th mi vic s thnh-cng. Mun th, khi lm mt cng vic g, ta phi c k-hoch thihnh, n-c, v kim-sot trong tinh-thn cng-tc, tng-knh, khoa-hc, v dn-ch.
C cn-trng v c tn th ta mi c th lm vic ch-quc li-dn c. Bc-M ny nu ta b coi l ngi "no trust," tc l k
bt-tn, th khng th no tin-thn c v sut i phi sng trong s khinh-khi ca ngi i.
- Phi Hc Sao C c Lng T-i, Khoan-Dung, v -Lng.
o Pht coi trng cc hnh "i-t ,i-bi, i-h, i-xu" i-t l lng hin-lnh ln nhm em li nim-vui cho tt-c
chng-sinh, i-bi l lng thng-xt ln nhm cu-kh cho tt c chng-sinh, i-h l to s vui-v vi tt-c chng-sinh, v
i-x l em tt-c mi s vui thch ca mnh m th cho ngi khc.
o Thin-Cha coi trng c "bc-i" Bc-i l yu thng tt-c mi ngi mi vt v gip ch cho i, yu ngi nh
yu mnh v yu c k th.
Khng-Gio coi trng lng "nhn" Nhn l tnh tt trong lng m tri ph sn cho ta, l ci lng tt ca con ngi.
Lng nhn l iu ct-yu gip ta tr thnh con ngi v nu con ngi bt-nhn th khng cn phi l con ngi na m
l con vt! Ngoi ra, Khng T cn ni: "Khc k phc l vi nhn" iu ny c ngha l b ht ci bnh t-dc ca mnh l
khc-k, hi-phc c chn-l ca tri l phc l, l nhn. Ni tm-li, nhn l lng thng yu v knh-trng ngi.
Pht-Gio,Thin-Cha-Gio, v Khng-Gio u dy ta tm lng yu thng tha-nhn, khoan-dung -lng vi mi ngi, v
n phi c lng nhn. Ta phi sng-sut gn-gi ngi c nhn
"Khoan- dung -lng" c ngha l tha-th v thng yu mi ngi khi h v- vng phi li-lm.
-[b] Phi Hc Sao Lp-Ch. Khi mun lm vic g, ta quyt-nh lm cho bng c, l ch. Ngi xa thng ni:
"Hu ch gi, s cnh thnh (ngi c ch th vic chc phi nn); c ch th nn; c ch lm quan, c gan lm giu; lm trai
ch cho bn, ch lo mun v, ch phin mun con; lm trai c ch lp-thn, ri ra gp hi phong-vn c ngy; lm trai quytch tang-bng, sao cho t mt anh-hng mi cm" Vy ch l ci lng mun lm v quyt-nh lm mt vic g cho n thnhcng mi thi. Ta phi hc-tp lm sao thc-hin c "lng mun v quyt-nh" ny mi khi ta bt tay vo lm mt cngvic g. C nh th th mi vic ta theo-ui mi thnh-cng tt p.
Khi c hiu, , cn-trng, chn-thnh, t-i, khoan-dung -lng, v lp c ch th ci hc ca ta mi tonvn. Tuy-nhin, cuc i vn c nhiu ngoi-l, nht l thi nay. Hon-cnh v dng-ging cng c nh-hng n s hiubit v s lp-nghip ca con ngi. Xa cng nh nay, vn c ngi lp-nghip v t-lp c ci tui hai mi v c ngi
cn sm hn na. Tuy nhin, vn c nhiu ngi ngoi ci tui 30 m vn khng lp-nghip v t-lp c.
Cng mt trnh- hc-vn m mi tui ngi ta hiu s-vt mt khc. Cng mt tc-phm m mi ln c li, ta li hiu k
hn. Cuc sng v s hc-hi gip ta hiu i cng ngy cng k hn. Chnh v th m n tui 60, nu c kin-vn v kinhnghim vng-vng th mi khi thy s vic g d tri hay phi, d thin hay c, d sng hay kh, ta cng khng ly g lm
ngc-nhin. Bi th ci tui 60 mi mi c gi l tui "nhi nh thun" n tui 70, nu ta c kin-vn qung-bc, kinhnghim chn-chn, v s-hc uyn-thm th mi vic ta suy-ngh, pht-biu, hay lm u theo dng vi lng-tm cng khunkh ca o-l. Bi th, ci tui 70 mi c gi l tui "tng tm s dc bt du c"
III. Kt-Lun
Khng phi c c nhiu tui ta mi thng-minh ti gii. Thng-minh c th do ni-ging v s bm-sinh m c. Ngi xa
thng cho l "lo bch tu khng bng phng hong s sinh" (con qu gi trm tui khng bng chim phng-hong mi
sinh ra) hay "hu sinh kh u" l vy. Tuy nhin, kin-thc v kinh-nghim phi do hc-hi mi thnh. Tui i cng thm vic
hc-hi v tng-tri mi t c cc trnh- "tam thp nhi lp, t thp nhi bt hoc, ng thp nhi tri thin mnh, lc thp nhi
nh thun, v tht thp nhi tng tm s dc bt du c" Ta cn phi ch tm vo vic hc ngay t khi cn tr v tip-tc hc
mi cho n gi. Vic hc phi bao-gm t s bt-chc, trau-gii kin-thc, nghin-cu, p-dng, thc-hnh, n vic hc
lm ngi. Ngoi ra, ta phi c-gng v c quyt-tm hc-hi th mi mong t ti trnh- t "tam thp nhi lp" n "tng
tm s dc bt du c" mt cch ng ngha ca n c

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