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Estefani Vargas

POLS 001

The Virginia Plan


The Virginia Plan was created or framed by James Madison but the article
Freemasonry's Contribution to The U.S. Constitution presents a play that shows
how it was Ed Randolph who presented the plan in the Constitutional Convention.
The Virginia Plan favored states with a larger population which as the Encyclopedia
of American Foreign Policy, The Constitution states that this triggered fear in
smaller states such as South Carolina. The powers congress would consist of three
branches with checks and balances which is what would prevent any abuse of
power. The executive branch would have the right to veto. The Judiciary branch
would have a national judiciary which would have the role of examining every act of
the legislature. With this plan, the relationship between the state and national
governments would be very close because it would be based on a bicameral system
where the people are run both by the state government and national government.
Cassel, Russell N. 1991. "FREEMASONRY'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE U.S.
CONSTITUTION (ANDERSON'S CONSTITUTIONS OF 1723) A TWO-ACT PLAY (A
TRUE STORY)." Education 112, no. 1: 42-47. Academic Search Complete,
EBSCOhost (accessed January 25, 2016).
http://web.b.ebscohost.com.mimas.calstatela.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?
sid=ca88b777-e1ad-46fe-91d1-d0e4c2f9e59d
%40sessionmgr115&vid=22&hid=125
Adler, David Gray. "The Constitution." Encyclopedia of American Foreign
Policy. Ed. Richard Dean Burns, Alexander DeConde, and Fredrik Logevall. 2nd
ed. Vol. 1. Gale Virtual Library (accessed January 25, 2016).
http://go.galegroup.com.mimas.calstatela.edu/ps/retrieve.do?
sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=calstate&tabI
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Then New Jersey Plan


The New Jersey Plan was introduced by William Paterson. According to his
biography in the Encyclopedia of World Biography, its states that Paterson was one
of the leading advocates for the interests of the small states at the American
Constitutional Convention. And that as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, he
sought to strengthen the Federal government. Accordingly, in the article The
Committee of Detail, it states that the New Jersey Plan was submitted on behalf of
the small countries. With this plan the states with smaller populations called to
enable equal representation of all states regardless of population or size. The
powers congress would have in this plan included creating a council which would
mean the executive branch would include more than one person. The executive
branch would also not have much power being that any of the council could be
removed by majority. In the New Jersey Plan the relationship between the national
and state government would not be so strong because the state government would
not have much power at all being that the smaller states were fearful of being
overpowered by the bigger states.

"William Paterson." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 12. Detroit:
Gale, 2004. 132-133. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 25 Jan.
2016. (accessed January 25, 2016).
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Ewald, William. "THE COMMITTEE OF DETAIL." Constitutional Commentary 28,


no. 2 (Fall2012 2012): 197-285. Academic Search Complete,
EBSCOhost (accessed January 25, 2016).
http://web.b.ebscohost.com.mimas.calstatela.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?
sid=ca88b777-e1ad-46fe-91d1-d0e4c2f9e59d
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The Connecticut/ Great Compromise


According to The Connecticut Compromise, Jurist and Politician Roger
Sherman of Connecticut proposed the plan known as the Sherman Compromise, or
Connecticut Compromise, or the Great Compromise. He advocated a bicameral
legislature with the two houses of Congress composed of members from all of the
states. In his plan the House of Representatives would be determined by the
population from each state and the Senate would be equally represented. The
convention delegates adopted amendments to the proposal that required bills
raising revenue to originate in the House of Representatives and in its amendment
form Shermans plan was adopted. Both big states and small states benefited
because they would finally form a legislative body that would fairly represent the
interests of each of the states both big and small. The adoption of the Great
Compromise lead to national laws being the supreme law of the respective states,
a provision that Robertsons, Great Compromise concurs, made the Supreme
Court the umpire in conflicts between state and national laws which was broadened
by including the supremacy of the Constitution as well as national laws and it later

helped justify the Supreme Court's claim to the power of judicial review of national
legislation.
Whitfield, Theodore M. "Connecticut Compromise." Dictionary of American
History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,
2003. 359. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 25 Jan. 2016.
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Robertson, David Brian. "Great Compromise." Encyclopedia of the Supreme
Court of the United States. Ed. David S. Tanenhaus. Vol. 2. Detroit: Macmillan
Reference USA, 2008. 359. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 25 Jan. 2016.
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