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Grammar: modals (and words with similar meanings)

Rewrite the sentences with the words in brackets.


1. It wasnt really necessary for us to bring all this equipment. (need)
- We didnt need to bring all this equipment.
2. There is a good chance that theyll find out sooner or later. (bound)
- Theyre bound to find it out.
3. I think it would be a good idea if we looked around the house first.
(ought)
- We ought to look around the house first.
4. She will probably do well in the marathon. (likely)
- She is likely to do well in the marathon.
5. I cant believe there is no easier way to do this. (must)
- There must be an easier way to do this.
6. Ive ask her a hundred times already but she is refusing to change her
position. (wont)
- She wont change her position.
7.

Its impossible for them to charge that much for a service. Its ridiculous.
(cant)
- They cant charge that much for a service.

8.

Its likely that we bump into you at the party on Saturday. (might)
- We might bump into you at the party on Saturday.

9. They ask you to take your shoes off before you go in. (supposed)
- Youre supposed to take your shoes off before you go in.
10.Its going to take a few months before we can move to the new
premises. (will)
- It will take a few months before we can move to the new premises.

Grammar: modal verbs of deduction


Rewrite the sentences with the words in brackets.
1. Its impossible for it to have been Pete who you saw. (cant)
- Pete cant have been who you saw.
- You cant have seen Pete.
2. There is no answer. Perhaps they have gone to bed. (could)
- They could have gone to bed.
3. You werent looking where you were going. The car nearly killed you.
(might)
- The car might have killed you.
4. Im not sure that theyre still in the city. I think they moved. (may)
- They may have moved.
5. Im glad you came. It would have been impossible without you. (couldnt)
- It couldnt have done without you.
- I couldnt have done without you.
6.

I cant find it anywhere, but I know its here. (must)


- It must have been here.

7. Rich and June are undecided about whether to come to the wedding
reception. (might)
- They might have come to the wedding reception.
- Rich and June might have come to the wedding reception.
8.

Someone called and left a message. Its possible that it was Kate. (may)
- It may have been Kate who left the message.

9. I cant believe you are being serious. (must)


- You must have been joking.
10.They are still not here. Perhaps they got lost. (might)
- They might have got lost.