Data Percobaan (Hydraulic Jump

)

1
2
3
4
5
6

Fr
(Froude No.)
1
1.7
2.5
3
4.5
5

v1
v2

No.

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

V1
(m/s)
0.316228
0.931128
1.581139
2.12132
3.485685
4.1833

=

Fr

*

=

y1
y2

h (m)


*

Y1 (m)
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
g

V2
Y2 (m)
(m/s)
0.06325 0.05
0.42975 0.065
0.79057 0.08
1.24784 0.085
2.32379 0.09
2.92831 0.1
*

Lj (m)
0.12
0.16
0.2
0.25
0.27
0.3

y1

v1

Jawaban Analisa :
1.) Menghitung Upstream dan Downstream Froude Number ( Fr ).
Apakah nilai perhitungan memenuhi persyaratan dari terbentuknya Hydraulic Jump ?
Fr = 1

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

1

Fr = 1

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

1

Fr = 1.7

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

1.955

Fr = 2.5

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

3.0707

Fr = 3

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

3.722

Fr = 4.5

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

5.8835

Fr = 5

=>

[Y2/Y1] = ½ (

- 1) =

6.5887

2.) Plot hubungan antara depresi rasio (Y2/Y1) terhadap Froude Number ( Y2/Y2 -> Fr )
Fr = 1

=>

Y2

=

Y1

0.05

=

5

0.01

Fr = 1.7

=>

Y2
Y1

=

0.065
0.03

=

2.167

Fr =2.5

=>

Y2
Y1

=

0.08
0.04

=

2.000

Fr = 3

=>

Y2
Y1

=

0.085
0.05

=

1.700

Fr = 4.5

=>

Y2
Y1

=

0.09
0.06

=

1.500

Fr = 5

=>

Y2
Y1

=

0.1
0.07

=

1.429

25 0.09 * 0.5 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 4*Y1*Y2 3 = ( 4 0.07 * ) 0.5 => Lj Y1 = 0.04 0.03 0.5 => Lj Y1 = 0.3 0.) Gambar korelasi antara rasio dan panjang loncatan ( Length of Jump ) terhadap variasi bilangan frounde ( Lj/Y1 -> Fr ) Fr = 1 => Lj = Y1 0.05 = 5 Fr = 4.00125 3 = 0.7 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 4*Y1*Y2 3 = ( 4 0.5 Fr = 5 => Lj Y1 = 0.5 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 4*Y1*Y2 3 = ( 4 0.7 => Lj Y1 = 0.1 * 0.05 ) * 0.01 * 3 ) = 0.2 0.0009643 0.005 3 = 0.07 0.08 Fr = 3 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 4*Y1*Y2 3 = ( 4 0.05 Fr = 1.16 0.04 = 5 Fr = 3 => Lj Y1 = 0.03 ) * 0.06 0.032 3 = 0.05 0.06 = 4.01 Fr = 1.06 ) * 0.065 Fr =2.09 Fr = 5 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 4*Y1*Y2 3 = ( 4 0.3.28571 4.08 * 0.1 .085 * 0.0025221 3 = 0.01 4 * 0.085 Fr = 4.) Gambar hubungan antara prosentase kerugian energy terhadap variasi Froude Number ( ΔE/E1 -> Fr ) Fr = 1 => hL = (Y2-Y1) 3 = 4*Y1*Y2 ( 0.04 ) * 0.07 = 4.05 - 0.27 0.065 * 0.0054968 3 = 0.33333 Fr =2.12 = 12 0.03 = 5.