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Chapter 4 Homework
Due: 9:00am on Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Battleship Shells
A battleship simultaneously fires two shells toward two identical enemy ships. One shell hits ship A, which is close by, and the other hits ship B, which is farther away. The two shells are fired at the same speed.
Assume that air resistance is negligible and that the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity is .
Part A
What shape is the trajectory (graph of y vs. x) of the shells?

straight line
parabola
hyperbola
The shape cannot be determined.
Correct

Part B
For two shells fired at the same speed which statement about the horizontal distance traveled is correct?
Hint B.1

## Two things to consider

Hint not displayed

The shell fired at a larger angle with respect to the horizontal lands farther away.
The shell fired at an angle closest to 45 degrees lands farther away.
The shell fired at a smaller angle with respect to the horizontal lands farther away.
The lighter shell lands farther away.
Correct

Consider the situation in which both shells are fired at an angle greater than 45 degrees with respect to the horizontal. Remember that enemy ship A is closer than enemy ship B.
Part C
Which shell is fired at the larger angle?
Hint C.1

## Consider the limiting case

Hint not displayed

A
B
Both shells are fired at the same angle.
Correct

Part D
Which shell is launched with a greater vertical velocity,

A
B
Both shells are launched with the same vertical velocity.
Correct

Part E
Which shell is launched with a greater horizontal velocity,

A
B
Both shells are launched with the same horizontal velocity.
Correct

Part F
Which shell reaches the greater maximum height?
Hint F.1

## What determines maximum height?

Hint not displayed

A
B
Both shells reach the same maximum height.

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Correct

Part G
Which shell has the longest travel time (time elapsed between being fired and hitting the enemy ship)?
Hint G.1

## Consider the limiting case

Hint not displayed

A
B
Both shells have the same travel time.
Correct

Problem 4.13
A supply plane needs to drop a package of food to scientists working on a glacier in Greenland. The plane flies 80.0

## above the glacier at a speed of 180

Part A
How far short of the target should it drop the package?

727
m
Correct

Problem 4.44
On the Apollo 14 mission to the moon, astronaut Alan Shepard hit a golf ball with a 6 iron. The acceleration due to gravity on the moon is 1/6 of its value on earth. Suppose he hits the ball with a speed of 18

at an

## angle 35 above the horizontal.

Part A
How much farther did the ball travel on the moon than it would have on earth?

= 160
Correct

Part B
For how much more time was the ball in flight?

= 11
Correct

Problem 4.5
A sailboat is traveling east at

## . A sudden gust of wind gives the boat an acceleration

north of east).

Part A
What is the boat's speed

## later when the gust subsides?

9.21
m/s
Correct

Part B
What is the boat's direction

## later when the gust subsides?

19.6
Correct

north of east

Problem 4.16
A boat takes 3.40

to travel 50.0

## down a river, then 5.20

to return.

Part A
How fast is the river flowing?

2.55
km/h
Correct

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Problem 4.27
To withstand "g-forces" of up to 10 g's, caused by suddenly pulling out of a steep dive, fighter jet pilots train on a "human centrifuge." 10 g's is an acceleration of

Part A
If the length of the centrifuge arm is 14.0

## , at what speed is the rider moving when she experiences 10 g's?

37.0
m/s
Correct

Problem 4.4
Consider a pendulum swinging back and forth on a string. Use a motion diagram analysis and a written explanation to answer the following questions.
Part A
At the lowest point in the motion, is the velocity zero or nonzero?

Nonzero
Zero
Correct

Part B
Which way do it point?

## Toward the center of the circle

Tangent to the circle
Correct

Part C
Is the acceleration zero or nonzero?

Nonzero
Zero
Correct

Part D
Which way do it point?

## Tangent to the circle

Toward the center of the circle
Correct

Part E
At the end of its arc, when the pendulum is at the highest point on the right or left side, is the velocity zero or nonzero?

Zero
Nonzero
Correct

Part F
Is the acceleration zero or nonzero?

Zero
Nonzero
Correct

Part G
Which way do it point?

## Tangent to the circle

Toward the center of the circle
Correct

Problem 4.21
The figure shows the angular-velocity-versus-time graph for a particle moving in a circle.

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Part A
How many revolutions does the object make during the first 4 s?

Problem 4.37
An electric fan goes from rest to 1800

in 4.9 .

Part A
What is its angular acceleration?