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Chapter 4 Homework
Due: 9:00am on Wednesday, September 16, 2009
Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy.
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Battleship Shells
A battleship simultaneously fires two shells toward two identical enemy ships. One shell hits ship A, which is close by, and the other hits ship B, which is farther away. The two shells are fired at the same speed.
Assume that air resistance is negligible and that the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity is .
Part A
What shape is the trajectory (graph of y vs. x) of the shells?
ANSWER:
straight line
parabola
hyperbola
The shape cannot be determined.
Correct
Part B
For two shells fired at the same speed which statement about the horizontal distance traveled is correct?
Hint B.1
ANSWER:
The shell fired at a larger angle with respect to the horizontal lands farther away.
The shell fired at an angle closest to 45 degrees lands farther away.
The shell fired at a smaller angle with respect to the horizontal lands farther away.
The lighter shell lands farther away.
Correct
Consider the situation in which both shells are fired at an angle greater than 45 degrees with respect to the horizontal. Remember that enemy ship A is closer than enemy ship B.
Part C
Which shell is fired at the larger angle?
Hint C.1
ANSWER:
A
B
Both shells are fired at the same angle.
Correct
Part D
Which shell is launched with a greater vertical velocity,
ANSWER:
A
B
Both shells are launched with the same vertical velocity.
Correct
Part E
Which shell is launched with a greater horizontal velocity,
ANSWER:
A
B
Both shells are launched with the same horizontal velocity.
Correct
Part F
Which shell reaches the greater maximum height?
Hint F.1
ANSWER:
A
B
Both shells reach the same maximum height.
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Correct
Part G
Which shell has the longest travel time (time elapsed between being fired and hitting the enemy ship)?
Hint G.1
ANSWER:
A
B
Both shells have the same travel time.
Correct
Problem 4.13
A supply plane needs to drop a package of food to scientists working on a glacier in Greenland. The plane flies 80.0
Part A
How far short of the target should it drop the package?
ANSWER:
727
m
Correct
Problem 4.44
On the Apollo 14 mission to the moon, astronaut Alan Shepard hit a golf ball with a 6 iron. The acceleration due to gravity on the moon is 1/6 of its value on earth. Suppose he hits the ball with a speed of 18
at an
= 160
Correct
Part B
For how much more time was the ball in flight?
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
= 11
Correct
Problem 4.5
A sailboat is traveling east at
north of east).
Part A
What is the boat's speed
ANSWER:
9.21
m/s
Correct
Part B
What is the boat's direction
ANSWER:
19.6
Correct
north of east
Problem 4.16
A boat takes 3.40
to travel 50.0
to return.
Part A
How fast is the river flowing?
ANSWER:
2.55
km/h
Correct
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Problem 4.27
To withstand "g-forces" of up to 10 g's, caused by suddenly pulling out of a steep dive, fighter jet pilots train on a "human centrifuge." 10 g's is an acceleration of
Part A
If the length of the centrifuge arm is 14.0
ANSWER:
37.0
m/s
Correct
Problem 4.4
Consider a pendulum swinging back and forth on a string. Use a motion diagram analysis and a written explanation to answer the following questions.
Part A
At the lowest point in the motion, is the velocity zero or nonzero?
ANSWER:
Nonzero
Zero
Correct
Part B
Which way do it point?
ANSWER:
Part C
Is the acceleration zero or nonzero?
ANSWER:
Nonzero
Zero
Correct
Part D
Which way do it point?
ANSWER:
Part E
At the end of its arc, when the pendulum is at the highest point on the right or left side, is the velocity zero or nonzero?
ANSWER:
Zero
Nonzero
Correct
Part F
Is the acceleration zero or nonzero?
ANSWER:
Zero
Nonzero
Correct
Part G
Which way do it point?
ANSWER:
Problem 4.21
The figure shows the angular-velocity-versus-time graph for a particle moving in a circle.
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Part A
How many revolutions does the object make during the first 4 s?
ANSWER:
Problem 4.37
An electric fan goes from rest to 1800
in 4.9 .
Part A
What is its angular acceleration?
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
= 38
Correct
Score Summary:
Your score on this assignment is 90.3%.
You received 49.69 out of a possible total of 55 points.
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