AIR DISTRIBUTION

SYSTEM
PRESENTED BY:
PRIYANKA YADAV
NEHA CHAUDHARY
DEEPIKA RUSTAGI
MOHAN SINGH
VATSALA SINHA

AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DIRECT THE AIR FROM THE
AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT TO THE SPACE TO BE
CONDITIONED AND RETURN THE AIR TO THE EQUIPMENT.
MOST ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF AIR CONDITIONING.
IT CONSISTS OF :
FANS
DUCTWORK
OUTLETS
ELBOWS,BENDS,SIZE REDUCTION
DAMPERS,TURNING VANES

THE CORRECT TYPE AND SIZE REGISTERS AND DIFFUSERS & FANS THAT WILL MOVE THE CORRECT AMOUNT OF AIR AT THE CORRECT SPEED & PRESSURE.   THE EFFICIENCY OF AN AIR CONDITIONING UNIT DEPENDS ON THE PROPER DISTRIBUTION AND MOVEMENT OF AIR THROUGHOUT THE CONDITIONED SPACE. . . THIS REQUIRES THE USE OF CORRECTLY DESIGNED DUCTS. A GOOD AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONED ROOM SHOULD: . CORRECT AIR VELOCITY.FREEDOM FROM DRAUGHT.SUPPLY THE CONDITIONED AIR AT CORRECT TEMPERATURE.

. KEEP THE AIR NOISE LEVEL FROM THE SUPPLY OUTLETS AND RETURN GRILLS BELOW THE OBJECTIONABLE LEVEL.EDDYING MOTION WITHIN THE ENTIRE OCCUPIED ZONE.- - PROVIDE A TURBULENT.

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IT DRAWS THE RETURN AIR FROM CONDITIONED SPACE THROUGH RETURN DUCT AND DELIVERS THE AIR AFTER PASSING THROUGH COOLING COIL TO THE CONDITIONED SPACE. . THEY PRODUCE AIR AT LOW PRESSURE. THE TYPE OF FAN SHOULD BE SO SELECTED THAT IT CAN GIVE TO THE AIR THE NEEDED VELOCITY AND PRESSURE TO OVERCOME TO THE OVERFLOW SETUP BY THE DUCTS AND TO MAINTAIN DESIRED VELOCITY AT EXIT FROM SUPPLY GRILLS.FANS       USED FOR CIRCULATION OF AIR IN DUCT SYSTEM. THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF FANS : PROPELLER FAN CENTRIFUGAL FAN PROPELLER : USED WHERE SUPPLY DUCT IS SHORT OR NO DUCT. QUITE OPERATION AND LARGE CAPACITY. CENTRIFUGAL THEY HAVE LOW SPEED. LIKE IN WINDOW AC.

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e.CURVED IN DIRECTION OPPOSITE TO THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION OF WHEEL. i.  .CURVED IN DIRECTION OF THE ROTATION OF WHEEL.HOUSING FOR WHEEL AND SHAFT. CENTRIFUGAL TYPE OF FAN IS USED.CYLINDRICAL & HAS MANY SMALL RECTANGULAR BLADES ARRANGED IN PARALLEL AROUND THE CIRCUMFERENCE. SHAFT – AXLE FOR WHEEL WHEEL . FOR POSITIVE VENTILATION. : IT CONSIST OF SCROLL. i. INTAKE OF AIR.  CENTRIFUGAL FANS ARE OF TWO TYPES BACKWARD CURVED BLADES. PROPELLER TYPE OF FANS ARE USED. REMOVAL OF AIR OUTSIDE.e. FORWARD CURVED BLADES.  FOR EXHAUST OF AIR.

MINIMIZE MOTOR POWER LOSSES. DUCTS ARE AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT SHAPES: CIRCULAR RECTANGULAR SQUARE.DUCTS     THE LAYOUT OF THE DUCTWORK SHOULD BE CAREFULLY DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SMOOTH AIR FLOW.DUCT SURFACE. KEEP FAN & SYSTEM NOISES TO A MINIMUM AND KEEP SPACE HEADROOM AS HIGH AS POSSIBLE. THE CIRCULAR SHAPE IS PREFFERED BECAUSE IT MEANS REDUCTION IN AMOUNT OF DUCT MATERIAL.FRICTION & INSULATION. .

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DAMPERS.COLLARS FLEXIBLE CONNECTIONS. SIZE OR DIRECTION OF THE DUCTWORK. UNNECESSARY AND COMPLICATED COMBINATIONS OF FITTINGS SHOULD BE AVOIDED.FLOOR PANS ETC. REGISTERS. FITTINGS ARE : TAKEOFFS. REDUCERS. INSTALLATION TIME & SYSTEM FRICTION. GOOD PLANNING PREVENTS WASTAGE OF MATERIAL. BENDS. TURNING VANES. .BOOTS. DUCT FITTINGS: TO MAKE A DUCT SYSTEM.STACK FITTINGS. ELBOWS. OFFSETS. FITTINGS ARE USED TO CHANGE THE SHAPE.     DUCT MATERIALS : SHEET METAL ALUMINIUM FIBRE GLASS PLASTIC TILE / CEMENT.ENDCAPS.TRANSFORMATIONS.

FAN COIL UNITS: IT CONTAINS FAN. SIMPLE . LOW VELOCITY WITH ZONE CONTROL:FOR AREAS HAVING WIDELY DIFFERING HEAT LOADS.THE PIPING SYSTEM IS CENTRALIZED. FILTER AND CONDENSATE PAN. THE AIR DUCT DEMAND WATER PIPING RUN VERTICALLY AT THE PERIMETER OF THE BUILDING. .COIL.DUCT SYSTEM      LOW VELOCITY SINGLE DUCT: COMMONLY USED. AIR WATER INDUCTION SYSTEM: USED FOR PERIMETER APPLICATIONS. IT REQUIRES SMALLER DUCT WITH TERMINAL BOX TO CONTROL AIR VELOCITY AND NOISE LEVEL. HIGH VELOCITY SINGLE DUCT : WHERE LESS SPACE IS FOR DUCTING. LOW COST.

SELF CONTAINED AIR CONDITIONING UNITS: POOR AIR DISTRIBUTION PATTERN. . NOISY NO HUMIDITY CONTROL CHEAPEST HIGH DEGREE OF PORTABILITY. REQUIRE LARGE SHAFT AREAS.  DUAL DUCT ALL AIR SYSTEM: PROPERLY MIXED HOT & COLD AIR TO SATISFY ALL LOAD CONDITIONS. EXPENSIVE.

.OUTLETS      AS PER APPEARANCE. FANS.FIXED LOUVER REGISTER . IT IS A OUTLET OR INLET HAVING NO DAMPER OR AIR CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AIR. DIFFUSER: CAUSE AIR TO ENTER THE ROOM IN MULTIPLE LAYERS. OR PERFORATED PANELS & THE CONDITIONED AIR IS DISCHARGED AT TH ECEILING LEVEL INTO THE ROOM. CEILING OUTLETS MAY BE IN THE FORM OF DIFFUSERS. FLOORS. . GRILL :IS A COVERING FOR ANY OPENING THROUGH WHICH AIR PASSES. FUNCTION AND PERFORMANCE THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF OUTLETS AND COULD BE INSTALLED IN WALLS. REGISTERS:IT IS GRILL FITTED WITH A DAMPER TO CONTROL THE QUANTITY OF AIR PASSING THROUGH IT.ADJUSTABLE LOUVERS. CEILING.

Air Intake Louvers Laminar Flow Diffuser Double Louver Adjustable Grill .

Round Diffuser Spot Diffuser Square Diffuser Jet Nozzle .

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SUPPLY AIR OUTLET REGISTERS & RETURN GRILLES ARE SIZED ACCORDING TO THE MANUFACTURER’S CATALOGUE.LOCATION OF OUTLETS      OUTLETS LOCATIONS ARE DETERMINED BY SHAPE. STRATIFICATION OF COLD AIR AT THE FLOOR AND STAGNANT AIR AREAS MUST BE GIVEN SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN COOLING APPLICATIONS. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT - . ANOTHER CONSIDERATION IS WHETHER THE SYSTEM IS USED IN A COOLING OR HEATING APPLICATION OR BOTH. COLD DOWN DRAUGHT AREAS AND CEILING STRATIFICATION MUST BE GIVEN SPECIAL CONSIDERATION IN HEATING APPLICATIONS. SIZE. USAGE & LOAD CONCENTRATION OF THE ROOM.

THE OUTLETS ARE PLACED AT A HT.       AIR QUANTITY DISCHARGE VELOCITY LENGTH OF THROW NOISE LEVEL. THESE SHOULD DISTRIBUTE THE AIR WITHOUT ANY DROUGHT. . INLETS ARE PROVIDED FOR THE COLLECTION OF RETURN FOUL AIR FROM THE CONDITIONED SPACE. OF NOT LESS THAN 2m ABOVE THE FLOOR LEVEL NOR LESS THAN ABOUT 45cm FROM THE CEILING.

. VELOCITY AND VOLUME OF CIRCULATING AIR. AIR IS DIVERTED IN SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS. INTAKE DAMPERS ARE USED AT OPENINGS OF AIR CONDITIONED EQUIPMENTS. DAMPERS ARE INSTALLED IN THE DUCTS AND ARE OPERATED EITHER MANUALLY OR AUTOMATICALLY TO CONTROL THE DIRECTION. FUNCTIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF DAMPERS: AIR VOLUME IS REDUCED. BY-PASS DAMPERS CONTROL & REGULATE THE AIR FLOW FROM RETURN DUCTS AND INTAKE OPENINGS.DAMPERS          IN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM. MIXING DAMPERS MIX DIFFUSED VOLUMES OF AIR IN PROPER PROPORTION. RE-CIRCULATION DAMPERS CONTROL THE FLOW OF AIR FROM EXTERIOR TO INTERIOR SPACES DURING NON-SERVICE. ITS WORK IS TO CONTROL THE AIR.

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