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Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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Course Name

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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Course Name

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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Course Name

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-4 .

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-5 .

A built-in PCU or an external PCU can be configured for the BSC. PCU (internal or external). A IP mode) of the A interface. the BSC does not support PS services in cells using IP transformation When the A interface adopts IP transformation. Confidential Information of Huawei. IP transformation. the TC function is moved to MGW. When an external PCU is configured. No Spreading Without Permission .Course Name P-6 Impacts of the IP Transformation The Abis interface supports the traditional TDM mode. The transmission mode of the Abis interface is not related to the structure (BM/TC separated mode,BM/TC combined mode. or Gb interface. It is not related to the Abis interface. and the MSC server and MGW are reconstructed. The A interface using IP requires that the CN uses a softswitch-based structure.

The reason is as follows: The circuits from the TC subrack are standard 64 kbit/s PCM circuits. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . remote deployment of TCs can save about 75% to 87. while the circuits between the business processing subrack and the TC resource subrack adopt 16 kbit/s (full rate voice service) or 8 kbit/s (half rate voice service) voice coding and the 4:1 or 8:1 multiplexing mode.P-7 课程名称 If the MSC and the BSC are in different central equipment rooms. place the TC resource subrack in the same equipment room as the MSC to save transmission resources. Therefore.5% transmission resources.

P-8 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

P-9 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

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No Spreading Without Permission P-11 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

more than 8 trunks were used in that hour. It is equal to one hour of conversation.5 Erlangs in one hour.Course Name P-12 BHCA: Busy Hour Call Attempts. No Spreading Without Permission . The number of call attempts during the busiest hour of the day. It also specifies the approximate number of trunks in use. for example. BHCA cover successful calls and unsuccessful call attempts. Erlang: A unit of measurement of telephone traffic. Reference Confidential Information of Huawei. if the traffic in a call center is 8.

the default value can be used the corresponding input parameter of the network is inaccessible. Automatic calculation result.15 Average IMSI Detach/sub/BH CSDetachPerSubinBH 0.6 Average MT-SMSs /sub/BH CSMTSMSPerSubinBH 1 Average intra-BSC HOs /sub/BH CSIntraHOPerSubinBH 1. Advanced parameters.2 Average IMSI Attach/sub/BH CSAttachPerSubinBH 0. The calculation result obtained by using the default value deviates from the actual network status.P-13 课程名称 Parameter Average voice traffic per subscriber@BH(Erlang) Average Call Duration(Second) Percent of Mobile originated calls Percent of Mobile terminated calls Default Value Name CSErlPerSub 0. for which users can set them or use the default values.02 CSCallDuration 60 CSMOCRatio 50% CSMTCRatio 50% Average LUs/sub/BH CSLUPerSubinBH 1. The default value is usually a conservative policy. The following table defines the meanings represented by different colors of table cells.15 Average MO-SMSs /sub/BH CSMOSMSPerSubinBH 0. More resources are required according to the calculation results obtained by using default values.1 Paging Retransfer Ratio PagingRetransferRatio 35% Parameter Explanation Average CS traffic per subscriber in busy hours Average call duration per subscriber in busy hours Percentage of MO calls in busy hours Percentage of MT calls in busy hours Average number of location updates per subscriber in busy hours Average number of IMSI attaches per subscriber in busy hours Average number of IMSI detaches per subscriber in busy hours Average number of SMs sent per subscriber in busy hours Average number of SMs received per subscriber in busy hours Average number of intraBSC handovers per subscriber in busy hours Average inter-BSC handovers per subscriber in busy hours Paging resending ratio on the A interface in busy hours Parameters are described in tables. which is input according to the network planning and design For an input parameter that has a default value. Percentage of MO calls in busy hours and percentage of MT calls in busy hours: CSMTCRatio =1 – CSMOCRatio 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . when Input parameter. results.1 Average inter-BSC HOs /sub/BH CSInterHOPerSubinBH 0.

P-14 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

and average number of MT calls per subscriber in busy hours: CSMOCPerSubinBH =(CSErlPerSub*3600/CSCallDuration)*CSMOCRatio CSMTCPerSubinBH =(CSErlPerSub*3600/CSCallDuration)*CSMTCRatio 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . average call duration per subscriber in busy hours. average number of MO calls per subscriber in busy hours.P-15 课程名称 Relationship Between CS Traffic Model Parameters Average CS traffic per subscriber in busy hours.

which can be ignored when it is not needed PS Traffic Peak Ratio average IP packet data length in Gb (Bytes) PSPeakRatio PayloadLenGb 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-16 课程名称 Parameters of the PS Traffic Model Basic PS traffic model Parameter Name Value Parameter Explanation GPRS Active Sub PSSubAct 10000 Number of online (E)GPRS network subscribers average traffic per sub in busy hour (bps) PSTrafficPerSubinB H 300 Average (E)GPRS traffic per online subscriber in busy hours (application layer) 25% Proportion of incremental traffic (PS peak traffic exceeding the average traffic) to the average traffic. which can be ignored when it is not needed 300 Average packet length on the Gb interface.

华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . During the calculation. you can also use the definite average rates to replace these input values.P-17 课程名称 The sum of the ratios of all the preceding coding rates should be equal to 100%.

No Spreading Without Permission P-18 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Therefore. suburb. not all cells in the BSC reach the peak traffic at the same time. Therefore. downtown. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . The configured PDCHs may be activated or deactivated. and wide coverage. In actual applications. urban. this parameter is mandatory. Ratio of full rate TCHs Number of static PDCHs per cell Maximum number of dynamic PDCHs per cell SS7 link bandwidth: 64 kbit/s or 2 Mbit/s (1984 kbit/s) Ratio of activated dynamic PDCHs in busy hours. it is unnecessary to set the value of this parameter to 1:1. This value decreases in the following areas: traffic dense area.P-19 课程名称 BSC and Network Configuration Parameter TRX Number TCH/H ratio Name TRXNoPerBSC TCHHRatio Default Value 1600 30% A Erl: Um erl AUmRadio 80% TCH/F ratio Static PDCH/Cell Dynamic PDCH/Cell TCHFRatio SPDCHPerCell 70% 1 DPDCHPerCell 2 SS7 link Bandwidth SS7LinBandwidth 1984 kbps Dynamic PDCH Active Ratio DynPDCHActiveR 50% adio Parameter Explanation Total number of TRXs in the BSC Ratio of half rate TCHs Ratio of the A-interface CICs to the Uminterface channels.

In the IP or HDLC mode. ratio of the valid voice transmission time to the total call duration.4. the Abis/Ater/A interface reserves some bandwidth for normal transmission in the case of retransmission or instantaneous burst. The value can be calculated according to the number of TRXs and the relationship table of cell channel quantity. The number of TRXs and the relationship table of cell channel quantity can be adjusted according to the network optimization strategies of the telecom operator. Average IP bandwidth of the A-interface CIC. Usage of IP transport resources (FE/GE).0 CHPerCell 27 MaxPDCHRatio 50% Parameter Explanation Average number of TCH/Fs per TRX. some bandwidth is reserved for normal transmission in the case of retransmission or instantaneous burst. the Abis/Ater/A interface reserves some bandwidth for normal transmission in the case of retransmission or instantaneous burst. Ratio of maximum PDCHs in busy hours. the recommended value is 20. when the Abis MUX is enabled. Usage of Gb transport resources (IP).) Usage of IP transport resources (E1/STM1). (The concept is similar to that of CSVAD. the ratio of the data transmission time to the idle time after a PDCH is occupied. The value ranges from 0 to 1. namely. You need to adjust the value manually according to the actual traffic model. In the IP or HDLC mode. The value can be adjusted according to the network optimization strategies of the telecom operator. Adjust the value manually according to the actual traffic model. This parameter indicates the utilization of the bandwidth that can be allocated. some bandwidth is reserved for normal transmission in the case of retransmission or instantaneous burst.6. the Abis/Ater/A interface reserves some bandwidth for normal transmission in the case of retransmission or instantaneous burst. When the Abis MUX is disabled. Average number of TCH/Fs per cell. Usually. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . the recommended value is 20. This parameter indicates the utilization of the bandwidth that can be allocated. In the Gb FR transmission mode.5 is used. Usage of IP transport resources (GE optic). This parameter indicates the utilization of the bandwidth that can be allocated. Average IP bandwidth of the Abis-interface CIC. the value 0. When the Abis MUX is disabled. the recommended value is 36. PS. The value is calculated according to the number of TRXs and the relationship table of cell channel quantity by the following formula: CHPerCell /TRXPerCell. This parameter indicates the utilization of the bandwidth that can be allocated. In the Gb IP transmission mode. The bandwidth is an average value of the CS. PDCH utilization.4 ACICIPbandWidth 39. This parameter indicates the utilization of the bandwidth that can be allocated. and LAPD signaling bandwidths. Usage of Gb transport resources (FR). The value can be calculated indirectly by using the following formula: CSVAD 50% PSUsage 50% E1T1STM1Usage 80% FEGEUsage 80% GEOpticUsage 80% GbFRUsage 70% GbIPUsage 70% AbisCICIPbandWidth 36. when the Abis MUX is enabled.6 = (SPDCHPerCell + DPDCHPerCell) x number of cells / number of TCHs Voice activation factor. namely. the recommended value is 39.P-20 课程名称 Advanced Input Parameters Name Default Value CHPerTRX 7.2. In the IP or HDLC mode.

No Spreading Without Permission P-21 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

P-22 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-23 课程名称 Note: TRXPerCell is a network configuration input parameter. every TRX uses one SDCCH. In the full rate mode. you can estimate the number of TRXs per cell by using the following formula: TRXPerCell = Total TRX/BTS Num/3 Simply assume that each cell is configured with one primary BCCH. in the half rate mode. erlangB_traffic(number of channels. every two TRXs share one SDCCH. UmBlockRatio is the input parameter Grade of Service (GoS) on Um interface in the traffic model. If the number of TRXs per cell is not available.block ratio) indicates the ErlangB table formula used for calculating the cell traffic based on the number of channels and the block ratio. TCHHRatio is the input data of the CS traffic model.

No Spreading Without Permission P-24 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

P-25 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

CSIntraHOPerSubinBH. CSAttachPerSubinBH. CSMTCPerSubinBH. CSDetachPerSubinBH. CSMRPerSubinBH. CSLUPerSubinBH.5 Intra-HOs to CS call 0.3 IMSI Attachs to CS call 0. and CSRetransferPagingPerSubinBH are input data of the traffic model.P-26 课程名称 The following table lists the BHCA weight of each service type: Service Type CS BHCA Weight LU to CS call 0. CSInterHOPerSubinBH.4 CS Paging to CS call 0. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .3 Inter-HOs to CS call 0.3 CS calls to CS call 1. CSMOSMSPerSubinBH. CSMOCPerSubinBH.5 The weight of each service is the percentage of the service obtained through the BSC6900 designs and tests to the traffic transformed from the XPUa/SPUa board performance. CSMTSMSPerSubinBH.0 MR Reports to CS call 0.3 IMSI Detachs to CS call 0.008 CS SMS to CS call 0.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-27 .

and PSPeakRatio are the input data of the PS traffic model. If the calculation is based on the maximum throughput of all the PDCHs (customers may have this requirement). 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-28 课程名称 Note The Gb interface throughput is determined by the maximum traffic of all active GPRS subscribers. PSTrafficPerSubinBH. PSSubAct. SubPerBSC and MaxPDCHPerBSC are BSC capacity calculation results. the calculation result is much greater than that is needed.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-29 .

P-30 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-31 课程名称 Caution: Service links and LAPD signaling links cannot share one 64 kbit/s timeslot.

P-32 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

P-33 课程名称 he following table lists the number of 16 kbit/s timeslots on the Abis interface occupied per coding scheme.8 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . code scheme Ratio 16k TS number per code scheme CS1 20% 1 CS2 0% 1 CS3 0% 2 CS4 0% 2 MCS1 0% 1 MCS2 0% 1 MCS3 0% 2 MCS4 0% 2 MCS5 0% 2 MCS6 80% 2 MCS7 0% 3 MCS8 0% 4 MCS9 0% 4 Avg. Abis TS numer occupied per PDCH 1.

In this case. in the case of statistical multiplexing on a 64 kbit/s timeslot. the ESL is always multiplexed with the OML in the 64 kbit/s timeslot. no timeslot is assigned to the ESL. In this case. a 64 kbit/s timeslot needs to be assigned to the ESL.P-34 课程名称 ESL: extended signaling link of the BTS. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . the ESL shares the same timeslot with the OML. If the BTS supports Flex Abis. In the case of physical multiplexing on a 16 kbit/s timeslot.

TRXNoTDME1 and AbisLAPDMultiRate are input parameters for BSC and network configuration. that is.P-35 课程名称 Note By default. SiteNoTDME1. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . two RSLs or OMLs share 64 kbit/s bandwidth. For satellite transmission. and one RSL or OML occupies 16 kbit/s bandwidth. the Abis interface uses 16 kbit/s LAPDs. four RSLs or OMLs share 64 kbit/s bandwidth. For HR traffic. the multiplexing ratio of Abis interface signaling links is 4:1. the multiplexing ratio of Abis interface signaling links is 2:1. that is.

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For FR traffic, the value of TrxNumPerE1 is set to 15; for HR traffic, the value of
TrxNumPerE1 is set to 13.

华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散

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华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散

Course Name

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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P-39

课程名称

Note:
ABlockRatio is the input parameter Grade of Service (GoS) on A interface in
the traffic model.
CSErlPerBSC is the BSC capacity calculation result.

华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散

Multiple local signaling points: The BSC6000 supports up to 4 local signaling points.P-40 课程名称 There are two types of signaling links in the SS7 network: 64 kbit/s signaling link and 2 Mbit/s signaling link. “e” is provided by the network operator. “T” is 60 seconds. Generally.4. Generally. “M” and “L” vary with the values defined in the traffic model. two signaling transmission schemes can be used in the BSC6900.2 to 0. 2 Mbit/s signaling link: The maximum bandwidth of each high-speed signaling link can be 1984 kbit/s Note “G” ranges from 0. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . enabling 64 signaling links over the A interface. To meet the signaling requirements for large traffic volume. The 2 Mbit/s signaling link consists of the standard 2048 kbit/s link and the N x 64 kbit/s (1 < N < 32) link.

one 64K SS7 link can carry 590 CICs in A interface 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .7*475.3 .2 .25 .77 If G = 0.P-41 课程名称 C = G*8192*T/(E*M*L) = G*8192*60/(0. one 64K SS7 link can carry 443 CICs in A interface If G = 0. one 64K SS7 link can carry 369 CICs in A interface If G = 0. one 64K SS7 link can carry 296 CICs in A interface If G = 0.8) = G*1475.4 .

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-42 .

3 Unit ERL/link Traffic Model <*1> Value Unit Traffic per user in busy hours Average time of a call Ratio of the originated calls Ratio of the terminated calls Number of originated calls in busy hours (A1) Number of terminated calls in busy hours (A2) Number of location update in busy hours (A3) Number of inter-BSC handovers (A4) Number of intra-BSC handovers (A5) Number of short messages sent in busy hours (A6) Number of short messages received in busy hours (A7) 0.P-43 课程名称 The following table lists the example for calculating the number of SS7 links in accordance with the traffic model being adopted.6 1.02 60 50% 50% 0.2 0.5 1218 Bytes 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . Basic Data Normal load of SS7 links Value 0.1 0.5 ERL s / / time/ subscriber time/ subscriber time/ subscriber time/ subscriber time/ subscriber time/ subscriber time/ subscriber TDM Value Basic Data of the A Interface Average bytes of the messages in an originated call procedure (B1) Average bytes of the messages in a terminated call procedure (B2) Average bytes of the messages in a location update procedure (B3) Average bytes of the messages in an inter-BSC handover procedure (B4) Average bytes of the messages in an intra-BSC handover procedure (B5) Average bytes of a short message sent by an MS (B6) Average bytes of a short message received by an MS (B7) 287 334 172 232 34 450 486 IP Value 615 662 418 396 75 696 732 Unit Bytes Bytes Bytes Bytes Bytes Bytes Bytes Average length of the signaling unit = ( A1 x B1 + A2 x B2 + A3 x B3 + A4 x B4 + A5 x B5 + A6 x B6 + A7 x B7 )/(number of originated calls in busy hours + number of terminated calls in busy hours) Average Length of the Signaling Unit TDM Value IP Value Unit M×L 580.1 1.6 0.3 0.

0 256.0 256. (number of GMPSs + number of GEPSs) x 6] 6: the maximum number of the external broadband SS7 links supported by each GMPS/GEPS of the BSC6900 System Traffic Volume (Erl) 3000 6000 9000 12000 Bandwidth (kbit/s) Number of of the Signaling Broadband Link SS7 Links Number of BMs (GMPS + GEPS) 256.0 1 2 3 4 4.0 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 Number of Broadband SS7 Links Configured for the System) ) 4 8 12 8 .0 8.P-44 课程名称 Number of 64 kbit/s SS7 links = system traffic volume x average length of the signaling unit/8192/average time of a call/ normal load of SS7 links Number of 64 kbit/s SS7 links configured for the system = min [number of broadband SS7 links.0 512. (number of GMPSs + number of GEPSs) x 16] 16: the maximum number of 64 kbit/s SS7 links supported by each signaling point of the BSC6900 System Traffic Number of 64 Number of BMs Volume (Erl) kbit/s SS7 Links (GMPS + GEPS) 3000 6000 9000 12000 16 32 48 63 1 2 3 4 Number of 64 kbit/s SS7 Links Configured for the System 16 32 48 63 Number of broadband SS7 links = (system traffic volume x average length of the signaling unit/8192/average time of a call/ normal load of SS7 links) x 64/bandwidth of the SS7 links Number of broadband SS7 links configured for the system = min [number of broadband SS7 links.0 8.0 12.

4. 8. to ensure that the bandwidth is allocated evenly to each SS7 link.096. When the total number of A interface CICs is less than and equal to 4.096. 16.P-45 课程名称 Note: When the total number of A interface CICs is greater than and equal to 4. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . or 32. configure a 64 kbit/s SS7 for every 256 A interface CICs and round up the result to 2. configure a 64 kbit/s SS7 link for every 256 A interface CICs.

P-46 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

If the calculation is based on the maximum throughput of all the PDCHs (customers may have this requirement). and PSPeakRatio are the input data of the PS traffic model. PSTrafficPerSubinBH. PSSubAct. SubPerBSC and MaxPDCHPerBSC are BSC capacity calculation results.P-47 课程名称 Note: The Gb interface throughput is determined by the maximum traffic of all active GPRS subscribers. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . the calculation result is much greater than that is needed.

UsPer64kpbs indicates the valid number of bytes carried in each 64K timeslot in the FR mode.P-48 课程名称 Note: The value of GbTputPerBSC is obtained through the calculation of the overall capacity of the BSC. 53 indicates the length of an FR packet header when the Gb interface uses the FR. The value is 35 k averagely GbFRUsage is an advanced parameter. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . PayloadLenGb is an advanced parameter. 1% indicates the average retransmission ratio of Gb interface packets.

P-49 课程名称 Gb over FR Transmission Usage: 70%(The ratio of effective transmission over the Gb interface to the actual physical transmission. peak-to-average burst flow ratio.7*64=35 87891/35=2511 Rounded number of E1s that need to be configured on the Gb interface (main board) 2511/31=81 Rounded number of active/standby GEPUGs that need to be configured 2*(81/32)=6 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . Factors such as the retransmission rate. and signaling overhead rate should be considered in the transmission usage) Gb Configuration Calculation (FR) Gb Configuration Calculation (FR) Data Throughput Demand at the IP Layer of the PS Subscriber (kbit/s) Number of 64 kbit/s Timeslots Supported per GEPUG IP Bearer Rate per 64 kbit/s Timeslot on the Gb Interface (kbit/s) Rounded number of 64 kbit/s timeslots that need to be configured on the Gb interface (main board) 300000*300/1024=87.891 31*32=992 200/(200+53)*0.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-50 .

P-51 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

and type. MAC preamble and start delimiter: eight bytes in total with seven bytes of preamble and one byte of start delimiter. The inter-frame spacing is 12 bytes. IP header: IP header in the IP speech packet. MAC header: The IP speech packet is encapsulated at the data link layer. The MAC header consists of the source MAC address. MAC preamble and start delimiter: eight bytes in total with seven bytes of preamble and one byte of start delimiter. The header length of different layer (PS Part) RLC/MAC data blocks: The size varies with coding schemes. including voice and Cbit. PTRAU header: four bytes. The inter-frame spacing is 12 bytes.P-52 课程名称 After Abis over IP is applied. The size of the MAC header is 14 bytes. The size of the MAC CRC is 4 bytes. 20 bytes. destination MAC address. UDP header: UDP header in the IP speech packet. UDP header: UDP header in the IP packet. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . Inter-frame spacing: The spacing between MAC frames. and type. The size of the TRAU frame varies with coding schemes. MAC CRC: The check performed at the data link layer. PTRAU header: four bytes. the signaling plane uses the LAPD over UDP/IP protocol stack to carry signaling and the user plane uses the PTRAU over UDP/IP protocol stack to carry speech signals The header length of different layer (CS Part) TRAU frame: speech payload. The size of the MAC CRC is 4 bytes. Inter-frame spacing: The spacing between MAC frames. MAC header: The IP speech packet is encapsulated at the data link layer. 20 bytes. destination MAC address. The MAC header consists of the source MAC address. eight bytes. IP header: IP header in the IP speech packet. MAC CRC: The check performed at the data link layer. TRAU in-band control signaling: eight bytes. The size of the MAC header is 14 bytes. eight bytes.

No Spreading Without Permission P-53 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-54 .

15kbps 15 AMR(HR) 4.2kbps 28 AMR 7.15kbps 15 AMR 4.95kbps 22 AMR 7.9kbps 17 AMR 5.40kbps 21 AMR 6.2kbps 33 AMR 10.P-55 Course Name the size (in bytes) of the TRAU frame in different speech versions Speech Version Speech Rate (kbit/s) Size of TRAU Frame (Bytes) FR 13kbps 33 HR 5. No Spreading Without Permission .70kbps 19 AMR 5.6kbps 15 EFR 12.75kbps 14 Confidential Information of Huawei.9kbps 17 AMR(HR) 5.40kbps 21 AMR(HR) 6.2kbps 31 AMR 12.70kbps 19 AMR(HR) 5.95kbps 22 AMR(HR) 7.75kbps 14 AMR(HR) 7.

environment. only the ratio of FR channels and HR channels can be used for calculation. 50: one speech frame per 20 ms on the Um interface.Course Name P-56 Bandwidth of a single CS call CSVAD: ratio of wanted frames to the total frames. VAD. and then calculating the sum of all the values. No Spreading Without Permission . if the simplified configuration is used. Confidential Information of Huawei. 1024: 1024 bits equal 1K bits. 8: Each byte has eight bits. The value of the activation factor ranges from 0. noise reduction algorithm (terminal. When the ratio of AMR of each voice version is inaccessible.5. and specific session scenario (environmental noise). The default value is 0. Thus. Average Abis interface bandwidth on each TCH The result can be obtained by multiplying the data in the corresponding two columns. The activation factor relates to such factors as coding/decoding algorithm. TC). 50 speech frames are transmitted each second.5 to 1.

only the ratio of FR channels and HR channels can be used for calculation.0 17.1 18.4 17. No Spreading Without Permission .6 16.0 2x16.4 2x17.0 2x17.P-57 Course Name The following data marked yellow is used as examples.4 2x18. Codec Ratio FR HR EFR AMR AMR AMR AMR AMR AMR AMR AMR AMR(HR) AMR(HR) AMR(HR) AMR(HR) AMR(HR) AMR(HR) 70% 30% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% IP over FE/GE Frame Len (bit) 824 680 808 824 784 736 728 712 696 680 672 736 728 712 696 680 672 IP over FE/GE Tput per unit (kbps) 20.8 2x17. The result can be obtained by multiplying the data in the corresponding two columns. and then calculating the sum of all the values When the ratio of AMR of each voice version is inaccessible.1 19.7 20.8 17.4 Confidential Information of Huawei.6 19.1 2x16. if the simplified configuration is used.6 2x16.0 16.

No Spreading Without Permission P-58 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Bandwidth of a single PS call(kbps) 50: 50 packet frames per second. 1024: 1. TRAU frame header: encapsulates the PTRAU frame.024 bits. Total Abis interface bandwidth required by PDCHs(Mbps) Abis IP over FEGE Equivalent PDCH number for PS = TRXNoIPFEGE * CHPerTRX * MaxPDCHRatio 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . IP frame header.P-59 课程名称 The size of a single IP frame(bit) The size of an RLC/MAC data block varies with coding schemes. and MAC frame header. It in turn covers the UDP frame header. A TRAU inband control signaling message consists of eight bytes. It consists of four bytes. equal to 1 kbit/s. which is an advanced input parameter. PSUsage parameter the PDCH usage. Abis IP over FEGE frame header = 8 x (8 + 20 + 38).

6 44.2 14. No Spreading Without Permission .4 15.8 11.8 17.2 20 30 36 50 22 28 37 44 56 74 112 136 148 Confidential Information of Huawei.4 29.6 21.05 13.P-60 Course Name the size of RLC/MAC data blocks in different coding schemes Code Scheme Service Bit Rate in RLC/MAC layer (kbps) Payload in RLC/MAC layer (bytes) CS1 CS2 CS3 CS4 MCS1 MCS2 MCS3 MCS4 MCS5 MCS6 MCS7 MCS8 MCS9 9.6 22.4 59.4 8.8 54.

2 83.3 Confidential Information of Huawei.7 52.0 39.2 44.4 44.3 59.9 47.P-61 Course Name The following data marked yellow is used as examples.5 50.6 88. Code Scheme Ratio CS1 CS2 CS3 CS4 MCS1 MCS2 MCS3 MCS4 MCS5 MCS6 MCS7 MCS8 MCS9 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% IP over FE/GE Frame Len (bit) 784 864 912 1024 800 848 920 976 1072 1216 1520 1712 1808 IP over FE/GE Tput per unit (kbps) 38. No Spreading Without Permission .1 41.4 74.3 42.

Confidential Information of Huawei.Course Name P-62 SiteNoIPFEGE and TRXNoIPFEGE are input parameters for BSC and network configuration. No Spreading Without Permission .

P-63 课程名称 FEGEUsage is an advanced input parameter. The available bandwidth of one GE is: 100 x 1024 x FEGEUsage. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

4=1782kbps Bandwidth of the LAPD link =OML link bandwidth + RSL link bandwidth =64+15*16=304kbps Total bandwidth of Abis over IP=(Bandwidth of CS Services + Bandwidth of PS Services + Bandwidth of the LAPD link ) /FEGEUsage=(1782+1567.6 kbps 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .8kbps 1 BCCH.1=1567.3 SDCCH and 10 PDCH per cell Bandwidth of PS Services =PDCH Channel number * Bandwidth of a single PS call =3*10*59.P-64 课程名称 IP bandwidth needed by a S5/5/5 site Bandwidth of CS Services =TCH Channel number * Bandwidth of a single CS call =3*(5*8-1-3-10)*20.8+304)/70%=5142.

P-65 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

and the user plane uses the RTP/UDP/IP protocol stack to carry speech signals 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . the signaling plane uses the M3UA/SCTP/IP protocol stack to carry signaling.P-66 课程名称 On the A interface.

which is an advanced input parameter. equal to 1 Kbits. Bandwidth occupied by the user plane(Mbps) The value of MaxACICPerBSC is obtained through the calculation of the overall capacity of the BSC. A IP over FEGE frame header = 8 x (12 + 8 + 20 + 38). which includes the length of RTP. UDP. or MAC frame header. The value varies with coding schemes. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . Bandwidth occupied by a call(kbps) 50: 50 voice frames per second. CSVAD indicates the voice activation factor. 1024: 1.024 bits. IP.P-67 课程名称 Size of a single IP speech frame(bit) TRAU frame: indicates the voice payload consisting of voice and Cbit.

P-68 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

The value of MaxACICPerBSC is obtained through the calculation of the overall capacity of the BSC.9 kbit/s. the SS7 link resources occupied by the equivalent CICs of each A interface in busy hour are supposed to be 0. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-69 课程名称 Note: In A IP over FEGE mode.

P-70 课程名称 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

and the upper layer of the NS protocol complies with the BSSGP protocol 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .P-71 课程名称 In Gb over IP. the physical layer uses the FE/GE transmission . the sub NS layer of the NS protocol complies with the IP protocol.

which can be adjusted and construed as GbUtiRatio = PayloadLenGb/(PayloadLenGb + 124) The value of GbTputPerBSC is obtained through the calculation of the overall capacity of the BSC. PayloadLenGb is an advanced parameter. The value is 0.P-72 课程名称 Note: GbUtiRatio indicates the average ratio of the valid data to the total bandwidth in Gb over IP mode. if Operator want more resource . 1% indicates the average retransmission ratio of Gb interface packets. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . 124 indicates the length of a packet header when the Gb interface works in the IP transmission mode. and Huawei’s default value is 1. GbIPUsage is an advanced parameter.7 by default. Can be 0 to 1. Opeartor can caculated by this formula.

7*(0.7*(0.2 87891/(43.2*1024)=1.2/0. and signaling overhead rate should be considered in the transmission usage) Gb Configuration Calculation (IP FE) Gb Configuration Calculation (IP FE) Data Throughput Demand at the application Layer of the PS Subscriber (kbit/s) IP Bearer Rate per GFPUG (Mbit/s) IP transmission rate supported by each FE port (Mbit/s) Rounded number of FE ports that need to be configured on the active GFPUG Rounded number of active/standby GFPUGs that need to be configured 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 300000*300/1024=87891 128*0.2+0.2/0.98 2*87891/(55.124)=55.12 .2+0. peak-to-average burst flow ratio.3*1024)=3.124)=43.3 100*0.P-73 课程名称 Gb over IP Transmission Usage: 70%(The ratio of effective transmission over the Gb interface to the actual physical transmission. Factors such as the retransmission rate.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-74 .

No Spreading Without Permission P-75 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-76 .

No Spreading Without Permission P-77 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-78 .

No Spreading Without Permission P-79 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

P-80 课程名称 The Dimensioning of interface board please refer to the chapter of TDM and IP transmission dimensioning 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

Course Name P-81 The Dimensioning of interface board please refer to the chapter of TDM and IP transmission dimensioning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-82 .

or the data does not match the License. the system compares the effective configuration data with the data authorized by the License. The operator must modify the configuration data so that the configuration data takes effect until the data matches the data authorized by License.P-83 课程名称 The function items can be controlled by configuration or by host according to the verification and control methods of the system. If the quantity and function enabling condition exceed the authorized range of the License. the system displays an error message. Controlled by host: During the actual running of the system. the quantity of some resources in the system is calculated dynamically in real time. the system disables the function for the resources that exceed the authorized range of the License. or the configuration data exceeds the data volume authorized by License. the function enabling condition is controlled. Controlled by configuration: During system configuration in online or offline mode. and the configuration data cannot take effect. and the quantity and enabling condition are compared with those authorized by the License. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 . If the data is not authorized by the License.

P-84 课程名称 Function Use this command to query the license usage of a specified operator of the NE. the allocated and used value of license item about UMTS primary and secondary Cn Operator and GSM primary Cn Operator will be displayed. Note In current mode. 华为技术有限公司 版权所有 未经许可不得扩散 .

No Spreading Without Permission P-85 .Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei.

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-86 .

Course Name Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission P-87 .