You are on page 1of 6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

StructuralEngineering

Construction

CivilEngineering

HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityin
slab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?
Answer

ReAsk

Follow 43

Comment 1

Share 4

Downvote

SetUpYourAccount

Visityourfeed
Follow15moretopics
FindyourfriendsonQuora

15Answers

Upvote5moregoodanswers

SantoshKulkarni,PlannedandSupervisedconstructionfor35years
65.2kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
SantoshisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.
OriginallyAnswered:HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementandquantityforslabs,beams,columns,
andfooting?

Askyourfirstquestion
Addinfoaboutwhatyouknow
Answeraquestion

DearMohammed,
Greatquestionfromyou.
Let'sstartwiththebasics.

RelatedQuestions

1.IamsureyoumustbequiteconversantwiththereadingofRCCdrawingssothatyou
canfindoutthefollowingvaluesfromthedrawing:

Howsteeldesigniscalculatedforbeamsand
columns(structures)?
HowdoIcalculatetheshatteringquantityforaslab?

Lengthoftheelement:
Crosssection:
Noofbars
Typeofbars
Spacingbetweenthebars.
Laplength(horizontal/vertical)
Developmentlength
Coversforfooting/column/beam/slab.

ReinforcementLearning:Iwouldliketolearnslab
reinforcementdetailcalculating,lappingandspacefor
buildinganMRTstation.WherecanIfindbooks
regardingt...

2.Calculatethecuttinglengthofthebars.
(totallengthcoversonbothside)+developmentlength.
3.Formula:
W=N*CL*U

HowdoIcalculatesteelquantityforslab,footing,
column?(assumethesizeyourself)

YoucanfindoutUnitweightfromchartsorfromtheformula:
U=D*D/162.
Justletmeknowwhetheryouareabletogetthesesteps.
Onceyouconfirm,Icandemontratewithanactualexample.
Allthebest!

Whatisthelengthofacolumnfromthefootingtothe
plinthbeam?
Shouldtheframes(columnsandbeams)and
slab/ceilingbeconstructedfirstorpartitioningwallsin
buildings?Andwhy?
Howcanwecastaconcreteslabifwehavesteel
sectionsforboththebeamandcolumns?
MoreRelatedQuestions

WrittenApr24,2015ViewUpvotes
Downvote Comments 7+

Whataretheimportanttermsandconceptstobekept
inmindwhiledesigningabeam,slab,column,or
foundation?
HowcanIestimatethequantityofsteelreinforcement
fortiebeams?

W:Weightofreinforcement
N:Noofbars
CL:cuttinglength
U:Unitweight

Upvote 57

CivilEngineering,ConstructionProjectManagement,
ContractMgt:Cananyonetellmehowsteelquantity
iscalculatedintheconstructionofabuilding,like
footings,beams,columns,andslabs?Howwould
you...

Share

QuestionStats

RichardGuy,RichardGuyisaStructuralEngineer:workedallovertheWorld.

43Followers

58.8kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
RichardisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.

89,063Views

OriginallyAnswered:HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementandquantityforslabs,beams,columns,
andfooting?

Youcandoitthetediouswayofcountingandmultiplyngthebarsintheslabsandthen
addinglaplenghtsinSlabsColumnsandBeams.ButIwillletyouinalittletimesaving
secretIlearnedwaybackinUniversity.WehadsomerealgoodlecturersinLondon.They
allwereworkinginthevariousbranchesofsstructuralengineering.Thelecturerwho

LastAskedFeb2
4MergedQuestions
Edits

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

1/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

taughtusQuantitieshadhisownQSfirmandhegaveusthesecrettoestimatingsteel
reinforcementinaconcretebuilding.Itis this.Compilethenumberofcubicyardsinthe
buildingandmultiplyby125.Thatwillgiveyouacloseapproximationofthesteelthatwill
benecessaryinthebuilding.Andthatisallyouneedwhenyouaredoingestimationof
Quaantities.Sotheruleis
(CubicYardsofConcreteX125pounds)=amountofreinforcementinpounds.Ihave
beenusingthatformulafor40yearsanditsstillgood.Goodluck
WrittenJun1,2015ViewUpvotes
Upvote 32

Downvote Comments 2+

Share 1

VarunChowdary,Structuraldesignengineer
3.8kViews

ForaneasyunderstandingIgiveyouanexample,whichshowshowtomakeatablefor
easycalculationsofreinforcementquantityinaslab.
Imakeatablelikebelowformostofsuchcalculations:

NowIelaboratehowtheabovetableworks:
a)Beforegettingintotablecalculatethevolumeoftheconcretequantity.Inthiscase,since
itisarectangularslabthevolume=LengthxWidthxThickness.Thiswillbehelpfulatthe
endofweightofreinforcementcalculation.
b)Therearetotal13columninthetable.IexplainonebyonehowIarriveatthem.
i)Serialnumber.
ii)FaceYoucankeepanynomenclatureyouwantto.Sincetheslab,whichIconsidered
hasbothtopandbottomreinforcementtoavoidfurtherconfusionIgavetoplayerasnear
faceandbottomlayerasfarface.Againthisentirelydependsbutthiswillhelpyouto
bifurcatethereinforcementwhiledoingcomplexcalculations.
iii)PositionSameexplanationforpointno.ii)isvalidforthispointtoo.Therearetypes
ofdirectionintheslabIconsiderednamelylongitudinalandtransverse.
iv)LayerTherecanbemorethanasinglelayerofreinforcement.So,givingdifferent
namestodifferentlayershelpsyoualot.
v)Diameterofthebarasmentionedinreinforcementdrawings.
vi)Spacingbetweenthebars
vii)Lengthofthebarinthedirectionofthebaryouconsidered.Forexamplethelengthof
barinmycaseisalongthelongitudinaldirection.
vii)Extendofthebaristhedistance/lengthforwhichthebarisextendedwithitsuniform
spacinginperpendiculardirection.
Formoreclarityreferthefollowingimage.Itisaslabwithabarshowinginlongitudinal
direction

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

2/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

viii)No.ofbars(Extendofbarslength/Spacing)+1.
ix)TotallengthNo.ofbarsxLengthofthebar.
x)UnitweightDensityxVolumeofthebar.
xi)Weight(Kg)UnitweightxTotallength.
xii)Weight(Kg/m)Weight(Kg)/Volumeofslab[Ascalculatedinstepa)]
Note:
1)Pointsi)toiv)areoptional.Justforclarity.
2)Lengthandextendofthebarcanbecalculatedeitherbyhandfromthedrawingsor
bytheuseofAutoCAD.
Hopethishelps.Forfurtherassistanceregardingthistopicyoucancontactme.Youcan
alsoreceivealltheinformationonthesubjectandcanalsoaskquestionsfromexpertsby
visitingSuperBrandinRebarCategory (TATATiscon)
ToreadmoreaboutRCCconstruction:RCCConstruction
WrittenFeb5ViewUpvotes
Upvote

Downvote Comment Share

JinalDoshi,Structuralengineerandfounderofstructuralmadness
16.3kViewsJinalisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.

Santoshhasalreadygivenquiteabrilliantanswer.Hementionedtheverycorrectwayof
calculatingthequantityofsteelrequiredineverymember.Letmeshedsomeinformation
fromastructuralengineersperspectiveashowweprovideinformationonourdrawing
andhowyoucancalculatereinforcementquantityfromit.
1.Concretebeams
Structuraldrawingpresentinformationlikenumberoftopandbottombars,stirrupssize
andspacingalongwithsometypicaldetails.Typicaldetailsincludebardevelopment
lengthorhooklength,curtailment,splicelengthandsoon.Asapersonwhoiscalculating
quantityofsteel,whatyoushoulddoismultiplythequantitywithdesiredlengthofbars
mentionedinthedrawing.Sonowyouhavethequantityoflongitudinalreinforcement.
Forstirrupsyouwillbedividingthelengthofbeamwithspacingofstirrupsandadoneto
it.That'showyoucomeupwithnumberofstirrupsrequired.Youwillrequiredbeamcross
sectiondimensionsandcover.Nowsubtracttwosidedcoversfromeachsideandyouwill
getanumbercorrespondingtoeachbreadthanddepth.Thatishowyoucomeupwithbar
lengthrequiredforstirrupandyouagainaddsomehooklengthsasmentionedin
drawings.Multiplythisisnumberofstirrupsrequiredandyougetthequantityofsteel
requiredinstirrups.
2.Concretecolumn
Everythingisthesameasconcretebeams,exceptforthefactthatcolumntiesgointothe
jointsnotfacetoface.

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

3/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

3.Slabs
Instructuraldrawingitisgenerallyshownthebarsizeandspacingrequired.Youalready
havethedimensionsofslabandtypicaldetailsprovidedbystructuralengineer.Again
followthesameprincipleofsplicelengthanddevelopmentlengthandhooklengths.Same
fundamentalasbeam.Buttocomeupwithnumberofbars,youdividethedimension
(perpendiculartothebardirectionyouarelookingat)bythespacingofbarandyouhave
AskQuestion
AskorSearchQuora
Read
thenumberofbarsrequired.Thisishowyoucancalculatethebarsrequiredinslabs.

Answer

Notifications

Muhammed

Nowonceyoucalculatethebarsize,lengthandquantitypastethedatainaspreadsheet.
Multiplyeachtypeofbarwithit'sdiameterandlengthtogetthevolume.Anddothisfor
everyentryinyourexcelcolumn.Multiplythetotalvolumewithdensityofsteelandthere
yougo,youhavetheweightofrebartoo.Youdon'thavetodoanythingforthat.
Themostimportantthingistolookattypicaldetailsinstructuraldrawings
andfollowthatcorrectly.Youwillquiteeasilyandquicklycalculatethesteel
quantityrequiredineverymember.Iwouldrecommendyoutouse
spreadsheetandformulateitsothatitcancalculateeverythingforyouand
youwillmakeyourworkmucheasier.
WrittenNov6ViewUpvotesAskedtoanswerbyTijoKThomas
Upvote 13

Downvote Comment Share

JuzerShaikh,Civilengineers=creators
23.5kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
OriginallyAnswered:HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementandquantityforslab,beams,columnand
footing?

Incolumnsthereinforcementcanbecalculatedbyassumingreinforcementpercentagein
concrete.Belowisanexampleforcolumnreinforement,

Inslabsandbeamsthereinforcementsarecalculatedasbelow

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

4/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

Upvote

Downvote Comments 1+

Share

Thereinforcementcalculationsdependonnumberoffactorsliketypeofcolumnsaxially
loadedoreccentricallyloadedandtypeofslabonewaytwowayortypesofbeams.Above
shownformulaeareforaparticularaxialcolumnandtwowayslab.
WrittenApr24,2015ViewUpvotes

AhmadRashiq,Inquisitive!
28kViewsAhmadisaMostViewedWriterinStructuralEngineering.
OriginallyAnswered:HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementandquantityforslabs,beams,columns,
andfooting?

Tocalculatethesteelreinforcementrequired,youneedtofindoutthemaximummoment
thatstructuralpartwillbesubjectedto.Steelisprovidedtoresistthemomentthatwould
developandrenderthestructureunstable.
YoucanfollowtheIScodeforfindingoutthemomentgeneratedinthesestructuralparts,
multiplyitbyasuitablefactorofsafety,getthemaximummomentandthenprovide
reinforcementbasedonthismaximummoment.Thereisasimpleformulaforcalculating
thepercentageofsteelortheareaofsteelbythelimitstatemethod,
Mu=0.87fyAstd(1Astfy/bdfck)
whereAstistheareaofsteel.

Youmustfollowthecodefordeterminingtheminimumreinforcementthatistobe
providedandthisactsasacheckontheAstcalculated.
Ast>Ast(minimum)
Theprocessofcalculatingmomentforbeams,columns,slabsandfootingsisdifferent.
SimilarlytheminimumreinforcementtobeprovidedisalsodifferentasgiveninIScode(
IS456:2000).
Thediameterofthesteelbarstobechosenisuptothedesigner.

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

5/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

Ifthenumberofthesteelbarsissayn,then
n*(areaofonesteelbar)=Ast
Sougetthevalueofn.
Ihopetheanswersomewhathelpedyou.
WrittenMay16,2015ViewUpvotes
Upvote

Downvote Comment Share

TopStoriesfromYourFeed
AnswerwrittenFeb10

PopularonQuora

AnswerwrittenFeb7

Whatdoteachersthinkof
teachingabeautifulfemaleteen?

What'sitliketobeahotgirl?

Business:Whichofthebigtech
companies(Google,Microsoft,
Facebook,Apple)willstillbe
majorplayersinthenext10
years?

DanielKaplan,15yearveteranpublic
schoolteacher.
112.2kViewsUpvotedbyRyanChew,
runsaschool.
DanielisaMostViewedWriterin
Teachers.

AsIwritethis
answer,I'm
sittingina
computerlab.My
APSeminar
studentsare
workingontheir
ReadInFeed
group
presentations,so

KrishnabhMedhi,hacker
445.2kViews

Iwasactuallycurious
aboutthisforalong
time.SoIcarriedout
anexperiment.I
becameahotgirl,
onlinefor2weeks.
Nowthisisbyno
meansan
academically
rigorousexperiment
withproperc...
ReadInFeed

DanKanivas,workedinthemilitary,
finance,andtechnology
5.8kViewsUpvotedbyTerrenceYang,
Appleinvestor
DanisaMostViewedWriterinMicrosoft.

Myguess(andthisisaguess,notaforecast)
isthatallfourcompanieswillstillbemajor
playersoverthenexttenyears.Hereismy
rationaleforthisassertion:Facebookhasa
vast,growing,... ReadInFeed

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

6/6