You are on page 1of 6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

StructuralEngineering

Construction

CivilEngineering

HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityin
slab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?

Comment 1

Share 4

Downvote

SetUpYourAccount

Visityourfeed
Follow15moretopics
FindyourfriendsonQuora

SantoshKulkarni,PlannedandSupervisedconstructionfor35years
65.2kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
SantoshisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.
andfooting?

DearMohammed,
Greatquestionfromyou.
Let'sstartwiththebasics.

RelatedQuestions

canfindoutthefollowingvaluesfromthedrawing:

Howsteeldesigniscalculatedforbeamsand
columns(structures)?
HowdoIcalculatetheshatteringquantityforaslab?

Lengthoftheelement:
Crosssection:
Noofbars
Typeofbars
Spacingbetweenthebars.
Laplength(horizontal/vertical)
Developmentlength
Coversforfooting/column/beam/slab.

ReinforcementLearning:Iwouldliketolearnslab
reinforcementdetailcalculating,lappingandspacefor
buildinganMRTstation.WherecanIfindbooks
regardingt...

2.Calculatethecuttinglengthofthebars.
(totallengthcoversonbothside)+developmentlength.
3.Formula:
W=N*CL*U

HowdoIcalculatesteelquantityforslab,footing,
column?(assumethesizeyourself)

YoucanfindoutUnitweightfromchartsorfromtheformula:
U=D*D/162.
Justletmeknowwhetheryouareabletogetthesesteps.
Onceyouconfirm,Icandemontratewithanactualexample.
Allthebest!

Whatisthelengthofacolumnfromthefootingtothe
plinthbeam?
Shouldtheframes(columnsandbeams)and
slab/ceilingbeconstructedfirstorpartitioningwallsin
buildings?Andwhy?
Howcanwecastaconcreteslabifwehavesteel
sectionsforboththebeamandcolumns?
MoreRelatedQuestions

Whataretheimportanttermsandconceptstobekept
inmindwhiledesigningabeam,slab,column,or
foundation?
HowcanIestimatethequantityofsteelreinforcement
fortiebeams?

W:Weightofreinforcement
N:Noofbars
CL:cuttinglength
U:Unitweight

Upvote 57

CivilEngineering,ConstructionProjectManagement,
ContractMgt:Cananyonetellmehowsteelquantity
iscalculatedintheconstructionofabuilding,like
footings,beams,columns,andslabs?Howwould
you...

Share

QuestionStats

RichardGuy,RichardGuyisaStructuralEngineer:workedallovertheWorld.

43Followers

58.8kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
RichardisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.

89,063Views

andfooting?

Youcandoitthetediouswayofcountingandmultiplyngthebarsintheslabsandthen
allwereworkinginthevariousbranchesofsstructuralengineering.Thelecturerwho

4MergedQuestions
Edits

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

1/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

reinforcementinaconcretebuilding.Itis this.Compilethenumberofcubicyardsinthe
buildingandmultiplyby125.Thatwillgiveyouacloseapproximationofthesteelthatwill
benecessaryinthebuilding.Andthatisallyouneedwhenyouaredoingestimationof
Quaantities.Sotheruleis
(CubicYardsofConcreteX125pounds)=amountofreinforcementinpounds.Ihave
beenusingthatformulafor40yearsanditsstillgood.Goodluck
Upvote 32

Share 1

VarunChowdary,Structuraldesignengineer
3.8kViews

ForaneasyunderstandingIgiveyouanexample,whichshowshowtomakeatablefor
easycalculationsofreinforcementquantityinaslab.
Imakeatablelikebelowformostofsuchcalculations:

NowIelaboratehowtheabovetableworks:
a)Beforegettingintotablecalculatethevolumeoftheconcretequantity.Inthiscase,since
endofweightofreinforcementcalculation.
b)Therearetotal13columninthetable.IexplainonebyonehowIarriveatthem.
i)Serialnumber.
ii)FaceYoucankeepanynomenclatureyouwantto.Sincetheslab,whichIconsidered
hasbothtopandbottomreinforcementtoavoidfurtherconfusionIgavetoplayerasnear
faceandbottomlayerasfarface.Againthisentirelydependsbutthiswillhelpyouto
bifurcatethereinforcementwhiledoingcomplexcalculations.
iii)PositionSameexplanationforpointno.ii)isvalidforthispointtoo.Therearetypes
ofdirectionintheslabIconsiderednamelylongitudinalandtransverse.
iv)LayerTherecanbemorethanasinglelayerofreinforcement.So,givingdifferent
namestodifferentlayershelpsyoualot.
v)Diameterofthebarasmentionedinreinforcementdrawings.
vi)Spacingbetweenthebars
vii)Lengthofthebarinthedirectionofthebaryouconsidered.Forexamplethelengthof
barinmycaseisalongthelongitudinaldirection.
vii)Extendofthebaristhedistance/lengthforwhichthebarisextendedwithitsuniform
spacinginperpendiculardirection.
Formoreclarityreferthefollowingimage.Itisaslabwithabarshowinginlongitudinal
direction

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

2/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

viii)No.ofbars(Extendofbarslength/Spacing)+1.
ix)TotallengthNo.ofbarsxLengthofthebar.
x)UnitweightDensityxVolumeofthebar.
xi)Weight(Kg)UnitweightxTotallength.
xii)Weight(Kg/m)Weight(Kg)/Volumeofslab[Ascalculatedinstepa)]
Note:
1)Pointsi)toiv)areoptional.Justforclarity.
2)Lengthandextendofthebarcanbecalculatedeitherbyhandfromthedrawingsor
Hopethishelps.Forfurtherassistanceregardingthistopicyoucancontactme.Youcan
visitingSuperBrandinRebarCategory (TATATiscon)
Upvote

Downvote Comment Share

16.3kViewsJinalisaMostViewedWriterinCivilEngineering.

calculatingthequantityofsteelrequiredineverymember.Letmeshedsomeinformation
fromastructuralengineersperspectiveashowweprovideinformationonourdrawing
andhowyoucancalculatereinforcementquantityfromit.
1.Concretebeams
Structuraldrawingpresentinformationlikenumberoftopandbottombars,stirrupssize
andspacingalongwithsometypicaldetails.Typicaldetailsincludebardevelopment
lengthorhooklength,curtailment,splicelengthandsoon.Asapersonwhoiscalculating
quantityofsteel,whatyoushoulddoismultiplythequantitywithdesiredlengthofbars
mentionedinthedrawing.Sonowyouhavethequantityoflongitudinalreinforcement.
it.That'showyoucomeupwithnumberofstirrupsrequired.Youwillrequiredbeamcross
sectiondimensionsandcover.Nowsubtracttwosidedcoversfromeachsideandyouwill
drawings.Multiplythisisnumberofstirrupsrequiredandyougetthequantityofsteel
requiredinstirrups.
2.Concretecolumn
Everythingisthesameasconcretebeams,exceptforthefactthatcolumntiesgointothe
jointsnotfacetoface.

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

3/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

3.Slabs
havethedimensionsofslabandtypicaldetailsprovidedbystructuralengineer.Again
followthesameprincipleofsplicelengthanddevelopmentlengthandhooklengths.Same
fundamentalasbeam.Buttocomeupwithnumberofbars,youdividethedimension
(perpendiculartothebardirectionyouarelookingat)bythespacingofbarandyouhave
thenumberofbarsrequired.Thisishowyoucancalculatethebarsrequiredinslabs.

Muhammed

Multiplyeachtypeofbarwithit'sdiameterandlengthtogetthevolume.Anddothisfor
everyentryinyourexcelcolumn.Multiplythetotalvolumewithdensityofsteelandthere
yougo,youhavetheweightofrebartoo.Youdon'thavetodoanythingforthat.
Themostimportantthingistolookattypicaldetailsinstructuraldrawings
andfollowthatcorrectly.Youwillquiteeasilyandquicklycalculatethesteel
quantityrequiredineverymember.Iwouldrecommendyoutouse
youwillmakeyourworkmucheasier.
Upvote 13

Downvote Comment Share

JuzerShaikh,Civilengineers=creators
23.5kViewsUpvotedbyRaviBabu,StructuralEngineer
footing?

Incolumnsthereinforcementcanbecalculatedbyassumingreinforcementpercentagein
concrete.Belowisanexampleforcolumnreinforement,

Inslabsandbeamsthereinforcementsarecalculatedasbelow

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

4/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

Upvote

Share

Thereinforcementcalculationsdependonnumberoffactorsliketypeofcolumnsaxially
shownformulaeareforaparticularaxialcolumnandtwowayslab.

andfooting?

Tocalculatethesteelreinforcementrequired,youneedtofindoutthemaximummoment
thatstructuralpartwillbesubjectedto.Steelisprovidedtoresistthemomentthatwould
developandrenderthestructureunstable.
YoucanfollowtheIScodeforfindingoutthemomentgeneratedinthesestructuralparts,
multiplyitbyasuitablefactorofsafety,getthemaximummomentandthenprovide
reinforcementbasedonthismaximummoment.Thereisasimpleformulaforcalculating
thepercentageofsteelortheareaofsteelbythelimitstatemethod,
Mu=0.87fyAstd(1Astfy/bdfck)
whereAstistheareaofsteel.

Youmustfollowthecodefordeterminingtheminimumreinforcementthatistobe
providedandthisactsasacheckontheAstcalculated.
Ast>Ast(minimum)
Theprocessofcalculatingmomentforbeams,columns,slabsandfootingsisdifferent.
SimilarlytheminimumreinforcementtobeprovidedisalsodifferentasgiveninIScode(
IS456:2000).
Thediameterofthesteelbarstobechosenisuptothedesigner.

https://www.quora.com/HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslabbeamscolumnsandfootingforgivendimensions

5/6

2/21/2016

(1)HowdoIcalculatesteelreinforcementanditsquantityinslab,beams,columnsandfootingforgivendimensions?Quora

Ifthenumberofthesteelbarsissayn,then
n*(areaofonesteelbar)=Ast
Sougetthevalueofn.
Upvote

Downvote Comment Share

TopStoriesfromYourFeed

PopularonQuora

Whatdoteachersthinkof
teachingabeautifulfemaleteen?

What'sitliketobeahotgirl?

majorplayersinthenext10
years?

DanielKaplan,15yearveteranpublic
schoolteacher.
112.2kViewsUpvotedbyRyanChew,
runsaschool.
DanielisaMostViewedWriterin
Teachers.

AsIwritethis
sittingina
computerlab.My
APSeminar
studentsare
workingontheir
group
presentations,so

KrishnabhMedhi,hacker
445.2kViews

Iwasactuallycurious
time.SoIcarriedout
anexperiment.I
becameahotgirl,
onlinefor2weeks.
Nowthisisbyno
meansan
rigorousexperiment
withproperc...

DanKanivas,workedinthemilitary,
finance,andtechnology
5.8kViewsUpvotedbyTerrenceYang,
Appleinvestor
DanisaMostViewedWriterinMicrosoft.

Myguess(andthisisaguess,notaforecast)
isthatallfourcompanieswillstillbemajor
playersoverthenexttenyears.Hereismy