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www.theurbn.com/2011/09/synthetic-biology-engineering-life-or-engineering-for-better-life/sytheticbiology/

9. Transport in Animals
LO Describe the circulatory system in fish and humans
Starter:
1.

Read over and stick in the syllabus points.

2. Hold your hand above your head. Squeeze and unsqeeze your hand
for 1 minute. How does it feel? Can you do it for the whole minute?

Why do you think a transport system is


essential in our bodies?

The circulatory system is a system


of tubes with a pump and valves to
ensure one way flow of blood.

In the circulatory system of a


mammal, there are two circuits
from the heart:
1. blood passes from the heart
to the lungs - where it
absorbs oxygen and releases
carbon dioxide
2. then back to the heart
blood passes from the heart to
the organs and tissues in the
body, and back to the heart

In a single circulation of a
fish blood travels from the
heart to thegills, where it
absorbs oxygen and releases
carbon dioxide. It then flows
from the gills to the organs
and tissues in the rest of the
body, and back to the heart.

What is meant by a double


circulation?
This means we have two transport systems.
One carries blood from your heart to your
lungs and back again. What is the function of
this part?
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide with the
air. Low pressure
The other carries oxygen around the body
and back again. What is the function of this
part?
Carry oxygen to tissues and cells that need it
and remove carbon dioxide. High pressure

Think Pair Share


Why do you think a double circulatory
system has evolved?

Think Pair Share


Why do you think a double circulatory
system has evolved?
1) The ability to create more pressure to
pump blood round the system.
2) The separation of oxygen-rich and
oxygen-poor blood

Quiz
Log onto socrative

Plenary exam questions

Heartbeat animation
Heartbeat animation

Stage 1:
A heartbeat begins
with the heart muscle relaxed
and valves
closed. Diastole
Blood flows into the two atria
and both sides fill up with
blood.

Stage 2:
The atria contract and the
blood is squeezed which
causes the valves leading to
the ventricles to open.
Systole.
Blood then flows from the atria
into the ventricles.

Stage 2 (continued):
The valves between the atria
and the ventricles close.
This prevents any backflow.

Stage 3:
Almost immediately, the
ventricles contract and the
blood is squeezed again.
The pressure of the blood
forces open the valves
leading out of the heart.
Blood is pumped out
of the heart.

Stage 3 (continued):
When the ventricles are empty,
the valves leading out of the
heart close and the heart
muscle relaxes.
This completes the sequence
of contraction and relaxation in
one heartbeat.

Stage 1 (again):
The atria fill up with blood as
the heartbeat sequence
begins again.

Cut and Stick


Cut and stick in order to explain how
blood moves through the circulatory
system.

The Circulatory System


LO
Conduct a heart dissection
Describe and explain how the structure relates
to the function of different blood vessels

Mimio

Blood vessels

Reminder
What is the effect of physical activity on
pulse rate? Why is this important?
Read pages 104-105 and complete the
second part of the sheet I gave you last
lesson.

Heart Dissection >


1. Identify key structures of a
heart
2. Describe what tissues make up
the heart
3. Explain how the heart is
adapted for its function

Challenge 1: Identify the external


structure
1. Left Ventricle
2. Right Ventricle
4. Right Atrium
5. Left Atrium
6. Pulmonary Artery
7. Pulmonary Vein
8. Aorta
9. Vena Cava

Use flags to mark our key


structures

Challenge 2: Investigate blood flow using


water
Put in water in one vessel.....where does it
come out?!
Make a note of it in your book

Challenge 3: Start cutting....careful


Can you see:
The heart strings
The valves
The septum
Coronary arteries
Follow the instructions on your sheet
carefully

Challenge 4: Investigation Ventricles!


Find out the width of the ventricular
walls.... Are they the same?

Measure lots of different points and find


an average to make it reliable
Width of wall (mm)

Left
ventricle
Right
Ventricle

Average