19571335 Routine Immunization Schedule for Infants | Vaccines | Public Health

Routine Immunization Schedule for Infants The standard routine immunization schedule for infants in the Philippines is adopted

to provide maximum immunity against the seven vaccine preventable diseases in the country before the child's first birthday. The fully immunized child must have completed BCG 1, DPT 1, DPT 2, DPT 3, OPV 1, OPV 2, OPV 3, HB 1, HB 2, HB 3 and measles vaccines before the child is 12 months of age[2]. Minimum Number Age Dose of Doses at 1st Dose Birth or anytime after birth Minimum Interval Between Doses

Vaccine

Route

Site

Reason

Bacillus CalmetteGuérin DiptheriaPertussisTetanus Vaccine Oral Polio Vaccine

1

0.05 mL

--

Intradermal

6 weeks

3

0.5 mL

4 weeks

Intramuscular

6 weeks

3

2-3 drops

4 weeks

Oral

Hepatitis B Vaccine

At birth

3

0.5 mL

6 weeks interval from 1st dose to 2nd dose, Intramuscular 8 weeks interval from 2nd dose to third dose.

Measles Vaccine (not MMR)

9 months

1

0.5 mL

--

Subcutaneous

BCG given at earliest possible Right age protects the possibility of deltoid TB meningitis and other TB region of infections in which infants are the arm prone[3] Upper An early start with DPT outer reduces the chance of severe portion of pertussis[4]. the thigh The extent of protection against polio is increased the Mouth earlier the OPV is given. Keeps the Philippines poliofree[5]. An early start of Hepatitis B vaccine reduces the chance of being infected and becoming a carrier[6]. Prevents liver cirrhosis and Upper liver cancer which are more outer likely to develop if infected portion of with Hepatitis B early in life[7] the thigh [8] . About 9,000 die of complications of Hepatits B. 10% of Filipinos have Hepatitis B infection[9] Upper At least 85% of measles can outer be prevented by immunization portion of at this age[10]. the arms

Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Schedule for Women When given to women of childbearing age, vaccines that contain tetanus toxoid (TT or Td) not only protect women against tetanus, but also prevent neonatal tetanus in their newborn infants[17]. Vaccine TT1 TT2 Minimum Age/Interval As early as possible during pregnancy At least 4 weeks later At least 6 months later At least 1 year later Percent Protected -• 80% • • 95% • • 99% • • TT5 At least 1 year later 99% • all infants born to that mother will be protected gives 10 years protection for the mother gives lifetime protection for the mother gives 5 years protection for the mother infants born to the mother will be protected from neonatal tetanus gives 3 years protection for the mother infants born to the mother will be protected from neonatal tetanus Duration of Protection -infants born to the mother will be protected from neonatal tetanus

TT3

TT4

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