Region 1

Division of La Union
Bumbuneg, San Gabriel, La Union
4th Periodical Exam in Science 8
Score: __________________
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write your answer on the space
provided before each number.
_______1.The largest division of kingdom is called_________.
a. class
c. order
b. family
d. phylum
_______2. He established the binomial system of classification.
a. Aristotle
c. Linnaeus
b. Lamarck
d. Lyle
_______3. Which among the following areas of taxonomy refers to the giving of names to living
a. classification
c. nomenclature
b. identification
d. taxon
_______4. If humans and monkeys belong to the same class, then, they must belong to the same
a. genus
c. order
b. family
d. phylum
_______5. All of the following are the threats of biodiversity EXCEPT:
a. alien species
c. overpopulation
b. population explosion
d. sanctuaries
_______6. Which of the following is an example of in-situ conservation method?
a. protected areas
c. aquaria
b. zoos
d. terrarium
_______7. Which of the following is a difference between a food chain and a food web?
a. Food chains are linear and food webs are complex.
b. Food chains include decomposers, but food webs do not.
c. Food chains involve only plants, while food webs involve animals.
d. Food chains involve plants and animals, but food webs involve only animals.
e. Food chains involve only plants, while food webs involve both plants and animals.
_______8. ______ are autotrophic organisms with the ability to carry on photosynthesis and to
make food for
a. Carnivores
c. Herbivores
b. Consumers
d. Producers
_______10. Which of the processes listed below will remove CO 2 from the air?
a. denitrification
c. nitrification
b. photosynthesis
d. respiration
_______11. Oxygen found in the atmosphere is mainly produced by which process?
a. Bacterial decay
c. Photosynthesis
b. Cellular respiration
d. Volcanic eruptions
_______12. The process of photosynthesis is described as
a. carbon dioxide + oxygen + sunlight → glucose + water
b. carbon dioxide + glucose + sunlight → oxygen + water
c. carbon dioxide + water + sunlight → glucose + oxygen
d. glucose + oxygen + sunlight → carbon dioxide + water
_______13. Humans have increased the quantity of carbon dioxide found in the Earth’s
atmosphere and oceans by
a. altering natural ecosystems
c. cutting down forests
b. burning fossil fuels
d. all of the above
_______14. Nitrogen is removed from the atmosphere by
a. denitrification bacteria
c. the photosynthesis process.
b. nitrogen-fixing bacteria
d. the respiration process.
_______15. Which of the following is most likely a decomposer?
a. bacteria
c. grass
b. bird
d. water

bolus d. organic material decomposing and returning to the soil _______20. eats only plants for energy b. C6H12O6. b. peristalsis b. Azotobacter c. CO2. NO3 _______21. lugols d. a. mixing saliva with the food for easier digestion. intestinal juice. Produced in the stomach. EXCEPT: a liver c. In humans. It is found in saliva. Which of the following statements about food chains is true? a. doesn’t need any food for energy _______19. bile. salivary amylase. form proteins needed in the stomach c. c. storage of nutrients for future use d. and intestinal juice _______31. a. chyme _______24. Which substances are released into the small intestine of a human and aid in the digestion of the intestinal contents? a. peristalsis b. and salivary amylase c. d. saliva _______23. change food materials into wastes that can be passed out of the body d. Regular muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract. An organism can be many different levels of consumers based on what food chains they are included in an ecosystem. stimulating enzyme synthesis in the food. The arrows show which species are related c. benedicts c. rain b. N2. A pulpy mixture of food and gastric juices. This muscle helps move food to the back of the mouth for swallowing a. The term “primary consumer” is used to define an organism that a. production of nitrates for plant and animal growth b. stomach b._______16. a. b. They break down food chemically. H2O d. CO2. a. respiration and photosynthesis d. pancreas d tongue _______28. A primary consumer can only obtain energy from a tertiary consumer. bile. amylase c. aiding the movement of the food through the esophagus. eats only animals for energy d. tongue _______26. completion of carbohydrate digestion b. hydrochloric acid. They break down food chemically. _______18. The nitrogen cycle is most likely to contain which substances: a. completion of lipid digestion c. The arrows show how energy is transferred from one organism to another d. arrows point in only one direction. form the acids that break down food b. The arrows show which organism is bigger b. bolus d. These enzymes are important to the digestive system because they a. vitamins b. absorption of water into the bloodstream _______30. chyme _______25. from which it passes into the small intestine. makes its own food for energy b. change food substances into molecules that can pass into the bloodstream and cells _______29. A digestive enzyme that breaks down starch. Tertiary consumers hold the most amount of energy in a food chain. NH4. Rhodospirillum _______22. Which of the following Nitrogen fixer is involved in symbiotic association with legumes forming root nodules? a. They break down food mechanically. Clostridium d. In a food web. amylase c. The arrows show how energy is produced differently within each organism _______17. amylase c. CO2 b. hydrochloric acid. saliva glands d. A producer uses energy from other organisms to make its own food. pancreatic juice. and intestinal juice b. H2O vapour. the large intestine is the major site for the a. Watery substance secreted by the salivary gland around the mouth. liquid H2O. CO. Na2CO3 c. and pancreatic juice d. The carbon cycle is best responsible for a.The pancreas is an organ connected to the digestive tract of humans by a duct (tube) through which digestive enzymes flow. The accessory digestive organs include all of the following. teeth b. c. Rhizobium b. pepsin _______27. gastric juice d. What is the role of teeth in digestion? a. Why is this? a. pancreatic juice. . lipase b. Helps moisten and soften food for swallowing. lips c.

fats d. appendex b. eat salty foods c. a. four cells c. minerals b. Which of the following are not included in the 10 Kumainments? a. Meiosis b. Karyokinesis _______46. two haploid d. The cell prepares for mitosis b. length b. appendices d. two cells _______49. a. The chromosomes are pulled apart by the spindle fibers during which stage: a. renew b. five cells d. Camote. The large intestine is so-named because it exceeds the small intestine in: a. bile c. The food that has been chewed and mixed in the mouth with saliva is called _________. These are complex organic molecules that are needed by the body in very small amount. pancreas b. prophase c.What organ produces bile? a. Mitosis d. skin.In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place? a. four haploid . minerals b. growth c. reproduction _______50. telophase b. These are the construction materials for body parts such as muscles. Spindle Fibers d. appendix _______37. The end result of meiosis is: a. Telophase d. eat fruits and vegetables d. fats d. ________32. and blood. diameter d. a. anaphase b metaphase d. vitamins _______41. a. two diploid c. All of the above _______44. metaphase _______47.What structure inside the cell helps pull the chromatids apart: a. proteins _______39. four diploid b. liver d. Chromosomes start to duplicate d. bulos b.It is part of the large intestine that has no specific function and which we could live without it. large intestine c. They break down food mechanically. a. a. carbohydrates c. use iodized salt b. Prophase _______38. carbohydrates c. large intestine c. proteins _______40. appendicitis c. Anaphase b. small intestine _______34. anaphase d. chyme _______36. telophase _______48. liver d. During interphase: a. The following are the functions of mitosis EXCEPT: a. fats d. minerals b. Interphase c. Centromere c. amount of smooth muscle c. increasing the surface area of the food for enzyme action. The cells of the human body obtain most of their energy from____________. Cytokinesis occurs during which phase of cell division a. rice and breads are rich in_______________. Sister chromatids detach from each other during: a prophase c. small intestine _______33.Division of the cytoplasm during mitosis is called a. one cell b. carbohydrates c. number of enzymes produced _______35. bolus d. fats d.d. The cell grows c. How many daughter cells produced in meiosis? a. Cytokinesis c. Nucleus b. vitamins _______43. carbohydrates c. repair d. pancreas b. Membrane _______45. have an exercise daily _______42. minerals b.