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Subject

Mathematics

Class:

3I7

Unit

Coordinate Geometry

Date:

1 March 2016

Topic

Equation of Straight Line

Time:

1315 – 1415

Prior Knowledge

Students should already know:

1. how to find the gradient of a straight line given the coordinates of two points on it.

2. how to find the length of a line segment given the coordinates of its end points

3. how to find the equation of horizontal and vertical lines

Instructional Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. Interpret and find the equation of a straight line graph in the form y = mx + c

Tim

e

Lesson Development

Rationale (optional)

Resources

**Introduction OR Pre-activity
**

5

mins

Settling down of class

5

mins

**Recap of previous lesson’s formula:
**

- Gradient of a straight line

- Gradient of horizontal and vertical lines

- Length of a line segment

- Equation of horizontal and vertical lines

Activating Prior Knowledge

Whiteboard and

markers; Graphing

software

**Lesson Development OR Main Activities
**

10

mins

**Derivation of the general formula of equation of straight lines
**

- Using the gradient formula to 2 points and simplifying the expression

(This will be done on the whiteboard with the Cartesian grid being displayed

on the board)

Whiteboard, markers,

Cartesian plane to be

shown on the board.

**- An example of deriving the formula will also be given using 2 points that
**

does not involve the y-intercept to show that with 2 points we can define an

equation

What does it mean for an equation to be the equation of a straight line?

- Any point that is on the line must satisfy this equation

- Conversely, any point that do not satisfy this equation is NOT on the line

- Exploring the formula – it connects the y and x coordinates and there are

2 unknowns. We just need the gradient and the y-intercept and then we will

get the entire equation out.

- What if we have only 2 points?

- What if we have the gradient and not the y-intercept?

Knowing the formula does not mean that we can just blindly apply it when

the question calls for the equation of lines. Linking back to special lines

(e.g. horizontal and vertical lines), we can just write down these equations

without the formula.

Worked Example 5

This example is used to highlight the various points above and just a

practice to show how we can use the formula.

5

mins

Try It 8 and 9

Students are given some time to try out these 2 questions. While teacher to

walk around to help students. Teacher to go through the questions when

most of the students are done with it.

Points to highlight when going through Try It 9:

- Sketching of the points on a Cartesian plane

- Identifying special lines if possible (i.e. (b) and (c)) and writing down the

equation immediately.

20

mins

**Exploring the significance of m and c on straight line graphs
**

Teacher to use a graphing software (desmos.com) to explore what happens

if we change m and c in the equation.

1) Start with y = mx and vary m.

**Desmos.com with preset
**

templates.

**Students should know that m represents the gradient and the shape of
**

positive and negative gradients and what happens when m gets more

positive or negative.

2) Varying c, start with y = x + c

Using the slider function to show how the graph shifts up and down

accordingly.

Teacher to highlight that the gradient is constant and the lines are parallel

3) Varying m positively

Plot the graph y=mx-1 and vary m positively. Show that as m gets more

positive, the line becomes steeper.

Teacher to highlight what happens to the x intercept when the line gets

steeper.

4) Varying m negatively

Plot the graph y = mx+1 and vary m negatively. Show that as m gets more

negative, the line becomes steeper.

Teacher to highlight what happens to the x intercept when the line gets

steeper.

While plotting the graphs, students are required to draw the lines on their

worksheet accordingly and lead to the various conclusions:

- Parallel lines have the same gradient.

- Parallel lines have different y-intercept and do not intercept.

- The lines becomes steeper when the absolute value of m becomes

increases.

10

mins

Worked Example 6

Teacher to go through Worked Example 6 and to highlight the following key

points:

- When we consider gradient of a line, the equation need to be of the form

y=mx+c, with the coefficient of y being 1 and nothing else.

- If the coefficient of y is not 1, then divide the entire equation by the

coefficient of y in order to read the gradient off the equation.

Closure and Consolidation OR Post-Activity

5

Recap of the three formula learned in this chapter and to assign homework

Whiteboard and

markers.

mins

**questions. Teacher to introduce next lesson’s objective: how to use the 3
**

formula to solve simple coordinate geometry problems.

Reflections (Choose 1 aspect of the lesson to reflect on – positive or negative one. It can be written in point form – not more than 1 page)

1. What happened? (What did my students do? What did I do?)

2. Why? (Why did I think things happened this way? Why did I choose to act the way I did?)

3. So what? (What have I learnt from this?)

4. Now what? (What do I want to remember to think about in a similar situation? How do I want to act in future?)

**NOTE: General guidelines for a double-period lesson – about 5 pages, excluding references and
**

worksheets/resources (Times New Roman, font size 12)

© 2015, NIE, Office of Teacher Education (OTE), Practicum

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