Essay on
`The I/eye Relationship in Ted Hughes`
for English Literature
Prof. Dr. Adina Ciugureanu
Assist. Dr. Andrei Vlad

Student: Florea Anca-Ioana
Year: 3rd year, 1st semester


His love for poetry began since he was at the age of fifteen. while his old sister introduced him to poetry and his teachers encouraged him to write as soon as they saw his creative abilities. The presence of `the 1 www. 1 Hughes was known for being interested in the movement of animals and in how they described human nature. another strategy he uses is the I/eye relationship. One of the poems in which he uses this strategy is `The Thought Fox`.brighthubeducation. swimming. He dedicated all of his time to reading Shakespeare before beginning English studies at Cambridge University and at Cambridge. Hughes` works have become so popular due to the fact that they leave room for different interpretations. that he uses this personification as a comparison of the behavior and the intelligence of a fox to that of a human being. a new specimen of the life outside your own`. in 1967. which is just as wild as that of wandering through the woods. at a first sight. 2 Besides his choice of using the theme of the relationship reversal between hunter and hunted in his poetry. hunting: `This is hunting and the poem is a new species of creature. in the darkness like a hunting fox.His old brother was his `teacher` of wild life. Hughes was viewed as a nature poet due to the fact that he looked at writing poems as a way of continuing his previous passion. when he was attending the grammar school from Mexborough and where some of his works have actually made their way into the school magazine.he says in `Poetry in the Making`. fishing. Hughes` first book of poems. Growing up surrounded by farms. `Hawk in the Rain`. Yorkshire.3 The title itself suggests. singular.com 3 www.com/ted-hughes/biography/ www. The 1st person.poemhunter. which is also one of Hughes` most famous works. For the early publications he used to write under two pseudonyms: Daniel Hearing and Peter Crew. He taught him about it. he would spend all of his time reading folklore and Yeats` poems. to empathize with him. when published in 1957. He was born on August the 17th 1930 in Mytholmroyd. wins the Harper publication contest. personal pronoun `I` from the beginning of the poem (`I imagine this midnight moment`s forest`) reveals how the poet seems to let himself be a part of this rich nature landscape.Florea 2 The I/eye Relationship in Ted Hughes` Poetry -`The Thought Fox` and `The Jaguar`- Ted Hughes is considered to be one of the most greatest English poets of the twentieth century. The journey he is taking us through the forest at midnight can be compared to his journey of writing poems.org/poet/ted-hughes 2 .It describes the inextricable relationship between the poet`s imagination and the natural world.poetryarchive. he spent most of his time hunting. It allows the reader to put himself into the poet`s place.

clear paper that needs to be filled with words in order for the poem to be finished so that its creator can tell his story through it. the crowd. the fox can be compared with the thought./ The page is printed`). The child can be `mistaken` with the readers themselves and the wild animals caged in could be interpreted as the works of the poet which are a source of entertainment for his readers. who is carefully watching them./ A widening deepening greenness. the masterpiece. also he needs to finish his work in a quick manner so that he won`t lose any readers (`the clock ticks. the poet is defenseless in front of the critics of his readers upon his work. All in all. In this case. the first mentioned./ Brilliantly. He describes the whole background to be dark. the resulted poem. so there is nothing he can do to change their minds except facing their opinions. also needs to follow certain rules so that his work will come out perfectly: he has to be patient when searching for the proper words and themes that will contour the message in his poetry. has to act really quickly and to put good care in every step it makes when hunting. Another work where the I/eye strategy is used could be `The Jaguar` which was perhaps inspired by his own experience while working at a zoo after he finished his college.Florea 3 eye` (`Across clearings. in order to catch its prey and not to lose it. giving him the inspiration he needed to write on that blank page (`Something else is alive/ Besides the clock`s loneliness/And this blank page where my fingers move. the idea that enters the poet`s mind when starting writing. frozen. which has to be patient. hunting for thoughts and ideas with the help of which he can write his poetry. In this case the snow can be considered the white. but there`s no cage to .`). The last forth lines from the forth stanza:`The eye satisfied to be blind in fire./ By the bang of blood in the brain deaf the ear/He spins from the bars. The lines `Two eyes serve a movement. The jaguar could be interpreted as being the poet himself. Just like the fox. with a sudden sharp hot stink of fox/It enters the dark hole of the head` here. an eye. In `The Jaguar` the presence of the the 1st person singular personal pronoun `I` is missing but it is replaced with a 3rd person singular pronoun `he`. a real journey he needs to take up until he reaches the destination (when he finishes the poem) made in comparison with hunting. hunting for its prey and the latter. the poet. just like the animals entertain the child. who can be the child that watches outside the cages the wild animals.Both the fox and the poet are hunters. `Till. `The Thought Fox` is a description of the steps that the poet needs to follow for finishing his works. that now/ Sets neat prints into the snow` from the third and the forth stanzas reveal another strong resemblance between the paw prints that a fox leaves when stepping on snow and the marks that a poet leaves through his poetry upon its readers. concentratedly`) in the poem can be considered to be the connecting point between the intelligence that a fox has so that it can catch his hunt quickly and effortlessly and the brilliance and imagination that a poet needs to own in order to write beautiful masterpieces for the readers to enjoy. lonely where only something was alive: the thought running through his mind as fast as a fox hunting. is the prey which the readers are hunting to `devour`. his work needs to be accurate so every step he takes when writing it has to be perfect. Just like the jaguar is caged in so that he won`t be able to defend himself when the crowd will come to tease and see his reaction afterwards.

the poet with the hunter. even though the poet owns all the power that he needs in order to write a masterpiece and he has all the experience required to make his work valid. they can see pass through the boundaries imposed. with poets. which personifies the first mentioned. looking from the perspective of the hunter or from that of the hunted. Edge-to-edge. irritating them for a more spectacular show for more interesting lines. is deprived from freedom. we throw them into this shady. but still leaving the impression of behaving accordingly and respecting what society demands. blinded by superficiality. just like the jaguar which is caged in behind iron bars. They describe this never ending act of tracking. the human mind with that of the beasts and of the fox. read it and then criticise it without feeling any kind of remorse towards it or without thinking about how much soul the creator of it has put into it. the jaguar and the poet are hunted and the crowd is the hunter. If they don`t. the figure of the poet is embodied into that of the jaguar and the other wild animals could be seen as his works. It describes how we lost our human nature. poems. instigating to violence. how we are alienated from our natural environment. the same if he does not convey with the rules imposed by the readers. `The eye satisfied to be blind` shows how the poet and. the resulted poetry with the hunted. Also.Florea 4 him` reveal how the poet `hides` himself up behind the jaguar`s eyes. stanzas. `but there`s no cage to him` shows how both the jaguar and the poet are well aware of the freedom they have through the power of mind and through their ferociousness and are not stranded from knowing what they are real capable of. the poet is immediately forgot about. He offers his readers a way trough which they can interpret his works as they wish. still. the jaguar are acting against the common rules and let themselves guided by their own instinct. always wanting to find something interesting. when discovering parts of the poet`s life by reading his works and towards the animals. crowd for them to quickly decide wether they like their work or not. when admiring from outside the cage the ferociousness of the wild animals are criticism and teasing. Both strategies -that of the relationship between the hunter and the hunted and that of the I/eye relationship. worth reading. implicitly. It describes how much we resemble the ferocious beast. even though he is a ferocious beast that belongs in the wildness. with writers. the I/ eye relationship in Ted Hughes` poetry is a strategy he uses for comparing the human life with that of the animals.It shows how. superficial audience. It is only the others that are trying to minimize their powers. the act of writing poetry with hunting. Here. In conclusion. the fire could be referring to the tumultuous and aggressive world and its rules with which both the poet and the jaguar. have to fight against. but. The crowd`s rewards towards the creator.He triggers a wake-up call for this soulless world. . people are still trying to impose boundaries when it comes to writing by criticising his work. while the child and the crowd who were gloating over the cages as the readers and the critics of his works. with how much ease we throw into an iron-bar cage a beautiful creature. just like the hunter kills his catch for feeding. hunting and catching the prey the same as people follow their favorite author or poet`s work.We throw them into the spotlight to entertain us. a jaguar the same we do with art people. In the line `The eye satisfied to be blind in fire`.go hand in hand.

Florea 5 .