first 400 KV GRID SUBSTATION of Rajasthan
that was established on December 1986.
Rajasthan’s only oil testing laboratory

 Where voltages are stepped up and
stepped down
 Assemblage of electrical components
including bus bars, switchgear, power
transformers, auxiliaries etc.
 Classified as:
 Step up substation
Step down Substation

.SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM?  Simply a one line diagram where line represents Three phases  One-line diagram – a diagram that uses single lines and graphic symbols to indicate the path and components of an electrical circuit.

LIGHNTING ARRESTERS  discharge the over voltage surges to earth and protect the equipment insulation from lightning and switching surges. .  gap less ZnO or zinc oxide surge arresters are mainly used for surge protection.  located at the starting of the substation as seen from incoming transmission lines and is the first equipment of the substation.

ZnO Lightning arresters .

BUSBARS  Used to carry huge current or behave as an energy pool to which various feeder can be connected. .

 Tertiary winding for power supply.POWER TRANSFORMER  static machine used for transforming power from one circuit to another without changing frequency.  At Primary Grid substation. mostly Step-down transformer is used.  4 transformers at Heerapura3x250MVA+1x315MVA =1065MVA(total capacity). . Distribution substation. Secondary substation.


Cooling type : ONAN . ONAF . ODAF .

 Strain insulators.  Shackle insulators.  Suspension type insulators. .INSULATORS  Used to avoid current leakage through supporting structure provided to the conductors  Insulators are classified as:  Pin type insulators.

Suspension and strain type insulator .

Post type insulator on Isolator .

C). Pantograph type Isolator. . Single Break Isolator.ISOLATORS  mechanical switch which isolates a part of circuit from system as when required  used to make sure that an electrical circuit can be completely de-energized for service or maintenance  It MUST be operated on no load  Types: A). B). Double Break Isolator.

Single break isolator Double break isolator .

Simple and tandem isolators .

CIRCUIT BREAKER  designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by overload or short circuit  basic function is to operate during a fault condition and discontinue the electric flow  According to their arc quenching media the CB can be divided as:  oil circuit breaker  air circuit breaker  vacuum circuit breaker  SF6 circuit breaker .

SF6 Circuit breaker Vacuum circuit breaker .

INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER  used in electrical power system for stepping down currents and voltages of the system for metering and protection purpose  These instruments transformers are of two types : a) Current transformer b) Potential transformer .

VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER  Stepped down high voltage to measurable value  Voltage ratio 600/120  Now-a-days . Capacitive voltage transformer are used instead of conventional two winding PT .

.Capacitive voltage transformer  combination of capacitors and inductors act as filter which is used to catch only communicatio n  signals and leave the power waves towards load.

CURRENT TRANSFORMER  Instrument transformer used to measure currents of high magnitude.  Secondary current is proportional to primary current  Current ratio 1000:5 .

WAVE TRAP  trap the high frequency communication signals sent on the line from the remote substation and diverting them to the telecom panel in the substation control room.  The Line trap offers high impedance to the high frequency communication signals thus obstructs the flow of these signals in to the substation bus bars. .




DUNI-SEZ (new) 6). KTPS 2). 765KV GSS PHAGI (new)  OUTGOING FEEDERS(220kv) 1). SANGANER 4). 220KV GSS NPH (new) . BASSI 2 3).FEEDERS  INCOMING FEEDERS (400kv) 1). HINDAUN 4). SAKATPURA 5). BASSI 1 2). PHULERA 3).


So “Keep learning” . But as knowledge has no ends .CONCLUSION This training helped me a lot to understand many practical concepts and helped me to verify with the theoretical knowledge .