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1

Name____________________________________Date____________________Period________________

**Unit Conversion Notes
**

_____________________ ___________________ is a method of manipulating unit measures algebraically to

convert from one unit to another. The comparison of two unit quantities with different units is called a

_______________. (example: miles/hour) The ratio of two equal quantities, each measured in different units is

called a ____________________________ ________________________. (example: 1 cup = 8 ounces can also be

written as 1 cup/8 ounces). There is a whole list of conversion factors on your reference sheet at the top.

Ex. A. The mass of an object is 9.25 kg. What

is the mass of the object in grams?

9.25 kg

1

1,000 g

1 kg

=

9.25∗1,000

1∗1

= 9,250

g

Step 1: Find the conversion factor. (You are converting

from kilogrms to grams. There are 1,000 grams per

1,000 g

1 kg

kilogram, or

1,000 g

1 kg

. So, the conversion factor is

**Ex. B. A truck is traveling at 70 miles per
**

hour. How many feet per second is the truck

traveling?

70 miles

1 hour

5,280 ft

1mile

369,600

3,600

=

1 hour

60 min

= 102.6

1 min

60 sec

feet

sec

**Step 1: Identify the conversions in the problem. (There
**

are two conversions: between miles and feet and

between hours and seconds.)

.)

Step 2: Find the conversion factor between miles and

**Step 2: Use dimensional analysis. (Multiply the number
**

of kilograms by the conversion factor. Simplify the

expression and cancel units as required.)

feet. (There are 5,280 feet in a mile, or

5,280 ft

1mile

)

**Step 3: Find the conversion factor between hours and
**

seconds. (There are 60

¿

60, or 3,600 seconds in an

**hour. The answer must be in feet per second, so seconds
**

must be in the denominator. The conversion factor is

1hr

3,600 sec

**Steps for converting units:
**

1.

2.

**Put your unit over 1
**

(unless it is a rate, then

put part of the unit on

top and part of it on the

bottom of a fraction bar).

Decide which conversion

factor you need off your

reference sheet and put

it in fraction form

multiplied with your

original unit.

a. To decide which

part of the

conversion factor

should be on top

of the fraction

and which should

be on the

bottom, you

need to decide

what you are

trying to cancel.

.

Example 1:

1. The road between two towns is 2,808 yards long. How long is the road

in miles?

_____________

______________ = ______________ =

Example 2:

Convert 7500 seconds to hours. (Round to nearest tenth.)

_____________

______________ ______________=___________=

b.

3.

4.

5.

6.

**To get a unit to
**

cancel, there

must be one on

top and one on

bottom.

Continue this trend until

you have canceled

everything except the

unit you want.

Multiply across the top

Multiply across the

bottom

Divide

Example 3:

A large adult male human has about 12 pints of blood. Convert this

quantity to gallons.

_____________

______________ ______________=___________=

p. 2

Example 4:

Convert 3 feet to meters. (Round to nearest tenth.)

Note: Sometimes you have

to rely on your previous

knowledge of conversion

factors such as minutes to

seconds, and feet to inches.

_____________

TNReady Math

Reference Sheet

Example 5:

Convert 4 inches to yards. (Round to the nearest tenth.)

1 inch (in) = 2.54

centimeters (cm)

1 meter (m) = 39.37

inches (in)

1 mile = 5,280 feet (ft)

1 mile = 1,760 yards (yds)

1 mile = 1.609 kilomters

(km)

1 kilomter (km) = 0.62

mile

1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces

(oz)

1 pound (lb) = 0.454

kilograms (kg)

1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2

pounds (lb)

1 ton = 2,000 pounds (lb)

1 cup (c) = ______fluid

ounces (fl oz)

1 pint (pt) = ______ cups (c)

1 quart (qt) = ______ pints

(pt)

1 gallon (gal) =

______quarts (qt)

_____________

______________ ______________=___________=

______________ ______________=___________=

Example 6:

Convert 4,500 kilograms to pounds.

______________ ______________=

Example 7:

The length of a building is 720 inches. Convert this quantity to yards.

**1 gallon (gal) = 3.785
**

liters (L)

1 liter (L) = 0.264 gallons

(gal)

1 liter (L) = 1000 cubic

centimeters

**Now let’s try converting a rate
**

Example 8:

If you travel 105 kilometers in 4.2 hours, what is your speed in miles per minute?

Example 9:

A jet is traveling 0.2225 miles per second. How many meters per minute is the jet traveling?

p. 3

**Metric conversions follow their own pattern of 10’s.
**

We can relate these to every day words to help us remember since they aren’t on your

reference sheet:

1,000 millimeters (mm) = 1

meter (m)

**This also holds true for anything that begins with these prefixes (grams, Liters, etc.)

100

centimeters

(cm) = 1

There are more, but these are the most common ones you will see.

meter

Example 10:

How many liters of water are in 75 mL?

Example 11:

Convert 0.2 miles per minute to meters per second.

Example 12:

Convert 89 milliliters to quarts.

Example 13:

Water flows from a faucet at the rate of 65 milliliters per second. How many liters of water per minute flow

from the faucet?

Example 14:

How many grams are in 7.45 kilograms?

Comparing Units or Rates

p. 4

**When comparing units or rates, you must get them in equivalent forms before
**

deciding which is greater.

Example 15:

A box of books has a mass of 4.10 kilograms for every meter of its height. A box of magazines has a mass

of 3 pounds for every foot of its height. Which box has a greater mass per unit of height? (Round to nearest

tenth.)_________________________________

Example 16:

Alan’s go-kart travels 1750 feet per minute, and Barry’s go-kart travels 21 miles per hour. Whose go-kart

travels faster?___________ (Round to nearest tenth.)

Example 17:

What is greater? 1 meter or 25 cm?________________________

Example 18:

Daniel runs for 3800 seconds and Sarah runs for 1 hour. Who ran for a longer period of time?

_____________________

**To determine appropriate units for something, you may need to convert
**

unknown units into a unit you recognize and decide if it makes sense for the

problem. (Common sense will help too! )

Example 19:

Answer the following questions. Circle your answer.

**A. If you want to measure the length of a boat, what unit would you use?
**

miles,

km

B. What is a good estimate for the width of a paperclip?

1 inch

1 km,

**C. How tall is a 100 story tall building?
**

1000 ft

250 ft,

100 ft,

cm,

1 mile,

500 ft,

feet,

10 meters,

750 ft,

**D. What is a more appropriate unit to measure the volume of a bathtub full of water?
**

ounces,

cups,

pints,

gallons

Name: ____________________________________Date: ______________________Period_____________ p. 5

Unit Conversions: Homework and Practice

Use dimensional analysis to convert the measurements

1. Convert 8 milliliters to fluid ounces.

2. Convert 12 kilograms to pounds.

3. Convert 950 US dollars to British pound sterling. (Use 1 US dollar = 0.62 British pound sterling.)

**4. The dwarf sea horse “Hippocampus zosterae” swims at a rate of 52.68 feet per hour. Convert this
**

speed to inches per minute.

**Answer the question asked about each set of rates or units
**

5. Tortoise A walks 52.0 feet per hour and tortoise B walks 12 inches per minute. Which tortoise travels

faster?_________________

6. The pitcher for the Robins throws a baseball at 90.0 miles per hour. The pitcher for the Bluebirds throws

a baseball 121 feet per second. Which pitcher throws a baseball faster?

____________________________________________

**7. For a science experiment Marcia dissolved 10 kilogram of salt in 3.0 liters of water. For a different
**

experiment, Bobby dissolved 2.0 pounds of salt in 7.0 pints of water. Which person made a more

concentrated salt solution?______________________________

p. 6

8. Will a stand that can hold up to 40 pounds support a 21-kilogram television?

___________________________________________

9. How do you know which way to set up a conversion factor fraction when you are doing dimensional

analysis?

**Choose the appropriate unit of measure. (Circle your answer.)
**

10. Which is a better estimate for the volume of a plastic cup?

3 gallons

11 fluid ounces,

**11. Which is a more appropriate unit to measure the height of a bus?
**

feet

Centimeters,

8 pints,

inches,

12. What units are best for measuring the distance of a road from one end of a city to the other?

Meters,

feet,

kilometers

13. What is a better estimate for the weight of a car?

14.

A.

Which dimensional analysis expression converts

32 miles

hour

5,280 ft

1 mile

C.

3000 ounces,

60 min

1 hour

32 miles

hour

1mile

5,280 ft

1mile

5,280 ft

5,280 ft

1mile

60 min

1 hour

1 hour

60 min

1 min

60 sec

500 pounds,

32 mi

hr

1.5 tons

to

ft

sec

B.

32 miles

hour

?

60 sec

1 min

1 hour

60 min

1 min

60 sec

D.

32 miles

hour

60 sec

1 min

15. Fill in the following blanks with conversion factors from the box below to correctly convert

450000 milligrams to kilograms

(There is no need to actually solve the problem, just set it up.)

1000 milligrams = 1 gram

1000 grams = 1 kilogram

45000 mg

∙ ∙ =¿

1

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