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: Journal for the Study of Judaism BRILL 2 HARALD MARTIN WANE Kalender aufgenommen wird (Exod 23:10-19; 34:18-24; Lev 16; 23; Deut 16:1-17; Esra 6:19-22; Neh 8:13-18; 10.36)" ‘Aus der Gemeinde kommen auch die Juden, denen ein sozialer Auf. sieg in der Diaspora gelingt. Ob es im Exil auch in spiterer Zeit zu dem idealtypisch dargestelten Aufiieg einzelner Juden zum Statthalter _gekommen in, wie es die Erzihlungen von Joseph, Daniel und Mordechai vorgeben, ist historisch nicht belegt und schon aus poltischen Erwa- ‘gungen zweifelhaft” Dab die Jadin Esther Konigin von Persien wird, ist cine hstorische Fiktion, die sich an dem exiitch-nachexilisch entwofenen Ideal des Priesterkonigtums Salomos orientert. Historisch wahschein- lich dagegen ist der Aufitieg einzelner Juden bei Hofe, der dem allmih- lichen sozialen Aufsieg der exilieten Juden entepricht. Es ist durchaus ‘ypisch, daB sich diese verdienten Juden fir die Menschen ihrer Ge- ‘meinde verwenden (10:3; 2 Kén 25:28; Neh 1:11; 246; Dan 2:49; Tob 1:13, 16,2233 Esra 3:7, Die jidische Gemeinde Susas pragt eine kulsche Torafrémmigkeit, lie gottichen Ordnungen sind die Richtschnur des Lebens fern vom Zion. In welcher Weise die Prophetenbicher reipiert worden sind, ist ‘aus dem Buch selbst nicht abzulesen. Sicherlich gehdren weisheitliche Lehrtexte zur Schulausbildung, ihre Rezeption wide auch erkléren, warum in Esther Spuren weisheitichen Denkene deutich zu greifen sind.” Die lterarisch begrindete Frémmigheit und Bildung laf Vorfor- ‘men der synagogalen Gemeinde erahnen, der apokalypische und escha- tologische Gedanken (noch?) fremd sind.” Nach 1 Kotiper, Zeer, 12-124, haben di arisen Kise malgeblichen ‘Asc dren, da Porn ah in Patna in en Javundr in den Felon ateoeca werden a den von te verses Zaen mache da Bch rome ‘nd eabieren sodas bang marin der Di Sequel oe “en Ve. Vobmann, "Zweite, 31114 2 Vil HLM. Wal, “Dar Mv des "Atte in der Hofechicte, Am Bee von Joh, Esher und Dae, kinfag 2A” 12, (200 Vel R. Gord, "Rego", 368-574 Sh, Talmon, "Wiidon", 459-455, > Aaietugen si eereiche Stromengen, wi J. Bln, “A Jew Sct of ie Pian Pe” CQ. 38 (180) 0, fr Palisa ame den eh nh MELCHIZEDEK LEGEND OF 2 (SLAVONIC) ENOCH ANDREI ORLOV Marquee Univesiy, Mitek, WI USA Contemporary scholarship does not furnish a consensus concerning the possible provenance of 2 (Slaoni) Enoc'In the context of ambig- nity and uncertainty of cultural and theological origins of 2 neck, even distant voices of certain theological themes in the text become very * On deren approaches o 2 Buch ce: 1D. Amin, Kimani Ohne (Moscow: [Navka, 1985), F Andersen, "2 (Sivonic Apocalypse of) Enoch,” The Old Tema ‘ead ed. J. H. Chalesworh; New York: Doubleday, 1983 (1963) 1 91-221; GIN Borweuch, Da ati Huck (AGWG, 1; Beri; Wednannache Buchan, Tok GIN Ronee Le Aude a Gases Hewes DS sam che Hawa (TU, 44, Lepeig 1922) C.Bowich, Was, Machete, Cake Sin tm a lich Hacbch (WUNT, RZ 30; Tubingen: Mobr, 1992}, C. Botwich, Da seicle Heqwhbc (Guesioh: Genloher Velaghacs, 1995; . Botvch, Adan al: Mivelsmas fine Untrcang cm saichs Hoch (Prarie am Mai: Peter Lang, 1995), RH, Charen and W. R. Movil, The Bot of te Seas of Buck (Onfor: Clarendon Prem, 1800, 1H. Chacerworth “The SNTS igephe Sexinar at Tubingea sad Par the Books of Each Seminar Repor” NTS a5 1979) 31523, H. Charenworh, ‘The Old Teen Phveipapia end te ae Teton. Pola for Be Say of Cros Onis (SNTSMS, 54; Cambrige: Cambridge Universiy Pres, 1985) J, Colin “The Genre of Apocalypse in Helenisic Jods,” te Matron Word and tir er Bat dD. Hells Tabingen” Mobe/Stebeck, 1903, L. Cry, “Quelquer rome anges ou des mystreux en It Hénock" RB 49 (1940) 195.203" U. Fucher, [Echt ead Jone im heli Dsprgdeto (BZNW, 44; Bel ‘We de Graver, 1978, ASD. Maunder, "The Date and Place of Weng of the ‘SlaoneBol of Exch” The Obatry 41 (1918) 309816, N. Meche, "Sey pam {noni Kunrara warodajanoy i dreverua eratre(K izucheni sananaich ‘er aig Encha” Tr dle drm dart 19 (1968) 19047; N, Meath, SiC hoprene ob atochritah saan hig Enoki” Rr ech hints nar ‘Ac 8 (195) 72-8 J.T. Mii The Bot of Exc: Arama Faget of Quran Ge # (Orford: Clarendon Pras, 1976; H. Oseberg, 5 Each oh Haren Bik of ash (New York KTAV, 1993; A. Orlow, “The Origin ofthe Name ‘Metaton” and the Text of 2 (Slam Apuabpe of) Ewch," JSP ordrcoming A. Oo, "Tier of Enoch Metron in\2 Bik” JSP 18 (1988) 71-86; S. Pines, "Eachutlogy and the Concept af Time in ‘he Slaw Bok of Esch” Type of Radon (dR. Jo Zot Wetloway Leiden! BJ Bai, 1970) 7287; A. Rubiostin, "Obecrvatons on the Sue Bok of Buc,” 77S 13 © Koninklijke Bril NV, Leiden, 2000 Journal forthe Study of dam, XXXI, 1 a ANDREI ORLOV important. One of these important theological reminiscences of 2 Enoch is the theme of Melchizedek—the legendary priest of God Most High! (496 1.24 Sacchi Joh Apa nd Hey (JSP, 20; She: Shed ‘xd Fe 550; A'De Sn Ox “Lie lv we de Herc ere wot" dno 17 ch A Die Mac, Mad 150 112086. Sen, ‘jock Garton Miah atin on Taras ea Ne Yes joc Tse ‘SEmnay of Aen, 19635 MT. Skin “Matera cme pr tra ae ‘oy bere yp te UL Sj Regn Eno Paved Fey, SG prc kta homey rd vor pg dae M.S? ‘Gage Clee res Demy gk (CODR) (910; Mtoe Jona rans {ft Send Temple Pe Prin: Fre Pre. 154) 2, 8-8 Vaan, elie de ot omc Tet se bem gai ni Bde Se 1952 pe Par, 1970; | Varkar, aek & Man fo Al nm (She Ung of Soh Cann 185 "Oh Mache dion tnd Mei in 2 Bach we: Ams, “No htc a i Rana 1QMseek” Vasa Deny et 9 (5) G21 Aracn, ay Kewe Part perm sa 971, Momo Nash, IGit, Vapor, let on Sogn Ser An? Mat Cols ‘Won roars T9999: Conca pee be re ‘een Jt, Cre Para De ecard 07) 16 De Jonge, Me ‘nvr ode 8 8, “GMa so the New Teamen= 8 1 (98) 3o136) a. Dein “Mektnar orGones foe Gate he Epi fo tne Heeens 72 HP) TSS Fea Lanier “Cots Ang tah Sn Meteo on 11 Q Mab 130” J) (3 eI). Flamer “Foret {Baan Matte on Qumran Cave 11 El mh Sn Bd a "hwo SHS: Amat FE Who Pe 1 Na) est oe Mathie Tatton sf Gen 108205 9890197) 385.96F arch Marine, 4. Arn B Mires 6 Mee? RaQ (85) 1c Cano, tik ple Tat fa ne + pe I Sac 4G) Seb 1 Pode Toh roca “The Mew Image of Hehe” Maton 12 1979) 9898 (0 Hee) ort, Te dot ‘4 il conn Ses he th Cy AD nde Ep ir STS, 50 Camb Lisn/ Nw Yon Meir: Cage Cae. Ioror P Kobe add Sect CBQMS, 10 Wang The Cae Hite Anca f Ameren 19) 0 Mishel “Meche” TANT 4 (1967368 1B Peron “he Fre o Mik the Ft Tract ofthe Unb opie Cate Oto Nag Hard” Petig arin mp {hha ia Pty 9 aon Speen Nome, BL Bil 1975 2004; 8. Peanen, Gms, Jno oo open Gene (Niemapi Foros Pa 1580 Peach," The Coven gr of Maar ACA 17 1735 HR “Meshaeek an Za (Cons Se Met Br com 8, Cabri (Taingens Mehr, 1930) #6 Sse dan plein che jue cesers edn I eee” we er Pop Ragas (9975895, Re Seay “Abr a echirk {Gen 18 10" Sy or he Arent Ws SOLVE) 9 TN Sek, Di gnc Matin ma Crcg te Gyf Clangt so gwngsn Bung onchange tr Goh dn neem anor on er seichen Utero 9/2 bapa A Dechy . Vas Mace ds mytogjeSmacene” ol Asap 796 (991) 1 5, 6 Wonk, edad Pring Sd BS ow Cato ger (BN 5: Caen Topeinan, 1 MELCMIZEDEX LEGEND OF 2 SLAVONIC) ENOCH 2 Before giving an exposition of the content of the story it is worth mentioning that for a long time the legend was considered to be an interpolation in the text of 2 Enach. Charles, Morfil, and Bonwetsch? thought that the theme of Melchizedek was a sort of an appendix and did not belong to the main body of the text. For this reason, the leg- fend was not investigated for a long time. Even Fred Horton in his fundamental work dedicated to the Melchizedek tradition ignores the material of 2 Bnock on the basis that it is found only in one recen- sion." On the contrary to these opinions, A. Vaillant successfully demon- strates that Melchizedel’s legend is an integral part of 2 Brock, Andersen supports this position. His new collation of manuscripts shows that the ‘Melehizedek tradition is found in both recensions, in six manuscripts which represent four text families. His final conclusion is that “there is no evidence that the second part ever existed separately.”* Expacition “The Melchizedek narrative occupies the last chapters of the book. The content of the story is connected with the family of Nin, the priest, © Gf RH, Chales and W. R. Motil, The Bok of th Sere of Eck Ctarendon Pre, 18963 GN. Borweueh, Da leueke Hewcuch(AGWG, Bern, 185, ‘Horton, The Malide Trion, 8 5 ndeen, 92. “ Hay (i) There were a numberof aterpi to interpret this enigmatic name. One ‘of hem wat Vailant’s bypoess tat Slavonic “Nir” equals Semite U,and ean be taken in a eymoloical che a “ight” He mppors hi opinion by releing to Eaiopc Enoch, since Ni the brother ef Nosh, isn ? Buck a “dedoblement” af Noa, who twas described asthe wonder chidd im 7 Exch 106. Vala, it Val’ argument Probably refer to the "ghtke appearence” of Noah in Eibipie Enoch: “His eyes fe ike the rays of the nn, and I See glorious” (106). The hypothe has many ‘reakpoins. Rebinetein shows the icly of this explanation, beause the "edo ‘Bement of Noah in Stone Bh elated tothe description of Melcsedek, ot Ni (oe our dacnion about Noa Meleides bint). Rubinstein ao stemes that there nothing mirclous about Nir in 2 Buh and he (Ni) can be doxrbed ars “sae ‘rio drudge” Rubiniein, Obmatow, 17-18. Rubinstein notes a remote posbiy {hat the name of Nir war chen with an eye 1p the Rguratve ose of the term "Din the Old Testament forthe dexcrpion of “dominion” of David's desendant. He fur ther age tat "i ot imponible that a orl eacgen of the Metchizedck legend In Sin Esch smnchow connected Melcizedek and Nr with Davie descent, thoogh the fact that Nir i only said to have adoped Melhizedek s an obnou ail.” Rubinstein, Obimin, 18. Finally, J. Me argues that Ni “cerainly meant. at ‘bectue he author of 2 Emch doles drew onthe ame of the wie of Noah, tneaning ‘Fire of God” Milk Th Bult of Easch 115. tn my opinion, ‘one more pomble explanation ofthe name Nir can be sugested. This itespretation