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Social Protection Initiative for Orphan and Vulnerable Children

Social Protection Initiative for Orphan and Vulnerable Children

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Rose-Anne Papavero
Rose-Anne Papavero

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Published by: Asian Development Bank on Apr 20, 2010
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02/11/2013

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Social Protection Initiative for Orphan and Vulnerable Children

Child Protection Section, UNICEF Bangladesh

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Development Issues & Challenges
Children under 18 years constitute 45% of the total population; 63 million children out of total 141 million populations in 2007 46% of the children in the country live below the national poverty line; 59% live below 1.08 dollar (PPP) a day and 23% live in persistent poverty Continuous Natural disasters = child protection concerns, increased vulnerability, risk of abuse, neglect and exploitation, family separation, migration and trafficking Reactive social work, mainly institutions
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

UNICEF work as development Partner
Enhancing policy and legislative framework and standards on child Protection moving away from institutional care towards family/ community based and proactive social work Standing Order for Disaster Management Amendment of Children Act 1974 Revised Child National Policy 1994

UNICEF

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

A Conceptual Framework
Promotive
Economic opportunities

Transformative
Transformative action

Springboards

Preventive
Insurance and diversification mechanisms Safety nets

Protective
Social assistance and coping strategies
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

4

Social protection for children what are we talking about?
Child-sensitive social protection systems include legislative and policy frameworks, institutional capacity and resources to implement
Social Transfers Regular, contributory and non-contributory disbursements (cash or in-kind) from governments or NGOs to individuals or households that are proven to improve child well-being
UNICEF March 2008

Social Welfare Services Family and community services to support families and promote youth and adult employment; alternative care for children outside family environments; and additional measures to enable all children to Child Protection access basic services and entitlements

Social Policies Legislation, policies and regulations that protect families' access to resources and employment and support them in their child care role, including maternity and paternity leave, inheritance rights and anti-discrimination 5 legislation

Overall Goal
Government Section To help the Child Protection Adopts through exploring ‘Social Protection Model” dynamics, mechanisms & modalities for a Country specific ‘Social Protection Model for for the Children and affordable Children’ which is doable of Bangladesh

Evidence Based Tool for Advocacy
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

GOB

Specific Objectives, Strategies &

Brief Results
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Situation Assessment & Participatory Planning
Attitudes, traditions, customs, behavior & practices

Community
Local Resources

Risk
Children

Mobilization
Community Strategies

Factors

Family

Perception & Perspectives on CR & CP & External shock
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Implement, Assess & Review Cash Transfer Modalities
Holistic approach Social Model Child Rights Promotion District Level Documenting & Learning = Action Research Upazilla Level
Children

National Level

USWs FUPM
Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

UNICEF

Family

Union Level

Assess Role of SWs & Feasible Transformation
Protection

Social Work CommunityProtection Family Services
Rights Children

Rights
UNICEF

Services

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Action Training to Social Workers
Strategic Learning & Evidence based Functionalism of Committees B S S Orientation & Continuous Involvement T P S Continuous Training/ Orientation/ Briefing/ Review/ Coordination S T .. ..
Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

DG/NPD/ Directors

Effectiveness of Modules/ Trainings

Deputy/ Add Directors

7 USSOs/7

Reinforcement
UNICEF

.. ..

46 USWs/ TIs

Assess & Review the “Functionalism” of Information Flow & Communication Channel & Data Utility

UNICEF BCO

IMS

National Level

Case Management Community

Structural Learning & Process Modality Utilization

District Level

Upazilla Level

Children

Data & Info. Needs
Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

UNICEF

Family

Union Level

Implementation Processes
SIDR
Draft T. Paper Joint Mission T. Paper
Draft Imp. Guideline

Trg SW CFS One time cash transfer 25.000 Taka / child through NGOs Ornt. USSO

Caretaker Government
15 Nov 07
UNICEF

Feb 08

May 08

July 08

Oct 08

Dec 08

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Implementation Processes..March – April 09
•Approved Imp Guide •AS Cell •Orphan Verification – FUPM/USW •P Vulnerable Selection - FUPM

Coding

DG
Changed Forms

Orientation to USSOs/USWs/TIs

Bank Accounts

Selection Processes Action Plan BSST Field Training

Orientation

Fund transfer system operationalized BSST MT Training March 09

New Govt.
UNICEF

Adoption of AS in Practicum April 09

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Implementation Processes …. May - July 09
UP Commtt. formed Orphan list Verified Ward Commtt. formed Orphan list Approved AS in DD Conference

Case Management

Action Research
Money disbursement started for Orphan Primary Selection of Vulnerable Children by FUPM

May 09
UNICEF

June 09
Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

July 09

Implementation Processes …. May - July 09

Case Management deepening training PSST Module Dev

Case Management Adoption - Draft

Verification of Vulnerable by FS/USSO/DCP Verification of Vulnerable by USW/TIs PSST MT training

July 09
UNICEF Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Sept 09

Adoption of Social Case Management : a Participatory Tool
Case – Economic Vulnerabilities SocioManagement: Increasing Household Resilience and & Vulnerabilities of Children reducing Children Vulnerabilities IS 3 Months D Assessment 2 Months Upazilla Level Service Mapping Consent Form •Problem Tree •Cause Analysis •Ladder Game Ladder Game Planning •D. Assessment start 1 Month Intake 0-1 day ID Card 0-3 days IS 0-7 Days CC Intervention Plan (7) Union Level Social & Service Mapping

CC

CC

Children

Family
sh Ca
Compliance UNICEF Assessment

s. an Tr

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Brief overview on Utilization of Cash Support: Orphan families
A Randomly selected 290 Orphan children out of 817 living under care of different types of 129 Caregivers (82 with Mother, 29 with Father & 22 with Extended families) were selected for a focused study that reveals

Income Generation Activities

3.12 22.7
Fulfillment of Basic Needs

51.5 22.7

Savings/Deposit

Other Expenditure

UNICEF

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Percentage of kind of Expenditure of Total Provided Cash
Small Trading Fishing Boat & Net Household Poultry

0.1 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.7 22.7 5.7

Cow Purchase

0.7 1.6 10.8 1 6.4

Goat Purchase Land Purchase Land Leasing Food Purchase Cloth Purchase Education Expenses

1 4.4 4.7 4.6 9 25.3

Health Expenses Loan Return House Reconstruction Furniture Ornaments Purchase Congregation (Milad) Insurance Savinga/Deposit

UNICEF

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Lessons Learnt
Institutional strengthening process delayed the implementation but is essential to build ownership and obtain eventual buy in of GOB At local level mobilization has increased with first tangible results but limited interaction with central level hampered bottom up evidence based expected impact Social workers if properly trained would be key actors for child sensitive social protection Community participation is the key to sustainable community based mechanisms which start from the participation of caregivers / families Cash transfer to vulnerable families proved to be an empowering tool (social and economic development)

UNICEF

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Thanks & Best Regards

UNICEF

Social Protection initiative for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

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