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POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN POPEJOAN 1972. in made film a and studies historical numerous to addition in Cross, Woolfolk
1972. in made film a and studies historical numerous to addition in Cross, Woolfolk Donna
1972. in
made
film a
and
studies
historical
numerous
to
addition
in
Cross,
Woolfolk
Donna
by
novel a
in
as
well
as
Girls’
‘Top
play
Churchill’s
Caryl
in
character a
as
appears
she
and
icon
feminist
a
become
has
Joan
Pope
times,
recent
882.In
872
from
ruling
as
VIII
John
of
history
a
gives
and
Pope
female a
of
mention
any
denies
itself
Church
Catholic
child.The
her
with
convent a
to
away
sent
was
she
that
others
and
death
to
stoned
was
she
that
others
there;
died
child
and
mother
that
say
endings
roadside.Some
the
at
child
a
to
birth
gave
and
labour
into
went
she
Peter’s,
St.
to
way
the
on
procession in
when, 857
in
discovered
was
she
that
said
is
VIII.It
John
name
the
under 855
around
in
Pope
elected
being
finally
and
Rome
in
cardinal
a
becoming
her
to
led
piety
and
learning
great
her
that
and
monk,
a
as
disguised
Europe,
travelled
had
she
that
says
story
historically.The
substantiate
to
impossible
virtually
is
pope
female
the
of
legend
The

1

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

occupations? female and male as well as behaviours female and male distinct quite are there
occupations?
female
and
male
as
well
as
behaviours
female
and
male
distinct
quite
are
there
that
true
still
it
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2

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN POPEJOAN heavenwards. ascending prayers of idea the and sacrifice of smoke the symbolise to used
heavenwards. ascending prayers of idea the and sacrifice of smoke the symbolise to used is
heavenwards.
ascending
prayers
of
idea
the
and
sacrifice
of
smoke
the
symbolise
to
used
is
which
smoke
fragrant
of
container a
is
Mass.This
High
during
censer
the
using
including
duties,
papal
the
of
aspects
describe
also
stanzas
two
next
power.The
this
given
been
have
also
would
Joan
Pope
priest
a
Testament.As
New
the
to
according
successor
Christ’s
made
was
who
Pope
first
the
Peter,
Saint
from
line
direct
a
in
descend
to
said
are
Popes
the
as
just
supper,
last
the
at
apostles
his
to
power
this
gave
who
Jesus,
from
line
direct
in
descend
to
believed
is
ordination.It
their
at
priest
every
on
conferred
power a
but
fact,
in
‘learned’
something
not
Mass.This
the
during
Christ
of
blood
and
body
the
into
form,
in
not
essence,
in
changed
are
wine
and
bread
the
that
i.e.
‘transubstantiation’
in
believes
which
faith,
Catholic
the
of
heart
the
at
mystery
the
is
This
host
sacred
the
into
bread
unleavened
transubstantiate
to
learned
I
After
woman.
a
as
position
a
such
in
being
imagines
she
as
poem
her
in
Joan
Pope
to
voice
own
her
gives
Duffy
go.
you
as
poem
the
on
annotations
brief
Make
understanding.
your
help to
notes
these
use
and
poem
the
Read

3

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

Christ’. of ‘brides become vows their taking when nuns that fact the to and father’
Christ’.
of
‘brides
become
vows
their
taking
when
nuns
that
fact
the
to
and
father’
‘the
as
God
to
reference
a
Lord,
the
of
brides
or
daughters
women
other
addresses
specifically
she
and
word
a
believe
not
did
I
that
believe
to
came
I
twist
atheistic
an
given
is
Joan
Pope
of
incarnation
Duffy’s
However
situation.
this
of
satire
the
indicate
to
men
with
rhymes
‘amen’
the
and
spirit’
holy
the
of
and
son
the
of
and
father
the
of
name
the
‘in
means
blessing
Latin
The
amen
sancti
spiritus
et
filii
et
patris
nomine
in
men
of
best
the
like
comment
the
with
along
line,
next
the
in
mentioned
is
which
City’
‘Vatican
state,
own
his
of
ruler
sovereign
a
also
is
who
Pope,
the
upon
bestowed
those
of
one
is
title
last
This
Rome
of
Vicar
being
priests,
bishops,
archbishops,
cardinals,
than
heaven
to
nearer
says,
she
as
and,
side
each
on
crowds
the
towards
cross
the
of
sign
the
makes
she
as
air
the
blessing
and
blessing
chair,
papal
a
in
up
high
Joan
Pope
of
image
the
with
contrasted
is
idea
race.This
human
the
of
downfall
the
for
responsible
woman
the
Eve,
of
reminder a
as
snakes’
‘blue­green
the
in
Duffy
from
metaphor
ironic
an
is
There
woman the Eve, of reminder a as snakes’ ‘blue­green the in Duffy from metaphor ironic an

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POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

God. of power creative the to nearest is suggest to seems Duffy which person, new
God.
of
power
creative
the
to
nearest
is
suggest
to
seems
Duffy
which
person,
new
brand
a
to
birth
give
­
do
can
man
no
that
thing
one
the
to
prelude
the
merely
are
pope
female
a
of
story
the
in
amazing
consider
would
people
most
that
achievements
the
all
that
ensuring
thus
sentence,
one
all
is
it
stanzas,
line
three
conventional
in
written
is
poem
the
well.Although
so
made
be
could
point
this
that
Joan
Pope
of
legend
the
through
only
is
it
and
church,
male
the
of
ritual
and
power
the
all
than
meaningful
more
far
as
seen
is
childbirth
of
miracle
The
.
all
at
pope a
or
man a
not
miracle,
my
in
road
the
in
lay
I
where
legs
my
between
from
out
pushed
baby
my
as
down,
me
flinging
me,
lifting
down,
me
flinging
me,
lifting
hand a
of
sense
the
forcefully
describes
she
which
childbirth,
of
experience
the
is
God’
of
power
‘the
to
feels
she
nearest
the
Joan
For
she which childbirth, of experience the is God’ of power ‘the to feels she nearest the

5

POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

STRUCTURE‐TURNINGPOINTS

experiencedherownmiracle.

thatsheisneithermannorPopeandhas

ownmomentofrevelation:

thereaderfinallytoPopeJoan'srecollectionofher

Thepoemiswritteninonesinglesentenceleading

pointsandnoticehowthepoemdevelops.

Re‐readthepoemandidentifythestructuralturning

ofone.Wherewouldyouputthebreak?

Trytodividethepoemintotwosentencesinstead

twosentencesasopposedtoone?

Whatdoyouthinkislostbydividingthepoeminto

longsentence?

WhatdoesDuffyachievebywritingitasonesingle

STRUCTURE‐RHYMEANDREPETITION

usesrhymeandrepetitiontostructureherpoem.

rhymescheme,BUTthereisrhymeinthepoem.She

form,butinthispoemDuffydoesnothavearegular

Iknowrhymeisusuallyassociatedwithcommentson

andcoherenceinthepoem?

Howdotheycontributetothesenseofdevelopment

Identifytherhymeandrepeatedphrases.

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POPEJOAN

POPEJOAN

THELANGUAGEOFTHEPOEM

ghost,amen"

"inthenameofthefather,sonandholy

amen"

"innominepatrisetfiliietspiritussancti

inLatin:

andthechurch‐eventotheextentofquotingLiturgy

Thepoemiscreatedthroughthelanguageofreligion

in:

Thesectiondominatedbyreligiousdictionculminates

"Icametobelieve

thatIdidnotbelieveaword,"

churchtotellataleoflossoffaith?

Whatistheeffectofusingtheverylanguageofthe

Whathappenstothelanguageafterthispoint?

PopeJoanisactuallytalkingto.

Aslateasstanzasix,thereisnoindicationofwho

reader).

unspecifiedaudience(maybedirectlytousthe

internalmonologueorapoemspokentoageneral,

Asis'MrsLazarus'and'Demeter',wecanreaditasan

audiencedirectly:

Instanzaseven,however,sheaddressesher

directaddress

Instanzaseven,however,sheaddressesher directaddress daughtersorbridesofthelord, soIwilltellyounow, Christianity

daughtersorbridesofthelord,

soIwilltellyounow,

directaddress daughtersorbridesofthelord, soIwilltellyounow, Christianity believersin orfemale allwomen bridesofchrist
directaddress daughtersorbridesofthelord, soIwilltellyounow, Christianity believersin orfemale allwomen bridesofchrist
directaddress daughtersorbridesofthelord, soIwilltellyounow, Christianity believersin orfemale allwomen bridesofchrist

Christianity

believersin

orfemale

allwomen

bridesofchrist

ornuns‐the

marriedwomen

men

Christorall

7

Attachments

NicolaHorlickBBCNEWSonline.doc

Superwomanisamyth.doc