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D Day Brochure

D Day Brochure

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Published by: andrew1311 on Apr 20, 2010
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Because of the highly intricate Allied decepti on plans, Hitler and his staff believed that the Allies

would be attacking at the Pas -deCalais.In the early morning of June 6, thousands of Allied paratroopers landed behind enemy lines, securing key roads and bridges on the flanks of the invasion area. As the sun rose on the Normandy coastline, the Allies began their amphibious landings, traveling to the beaches in small landing craft lowered from the decks of larger ships anchored in the Channel. The attack on four of the beaches went according to plan. But at Omaha Beach (see large map), between Utah and Gold, the bravery and determination of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division was tested in one of the fiercest battles of the war.

Interesting Information regarding Schools visiting the Area

D-Day of a site for the largest The selection
amphibious landing in history was one of A brief History the biggest decisions of World War II. Allied planners needed a sheltered location with flat, firm beaches and within range of friendly fighter planes based in England. Most important was a reasonable expectation of achieving the element of surprise. Five beaches, code-named Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword, on the northern coast of Normandy, France, met all the criteria and were chosen as invasion sites. On the evening of June 5, 1944, more than 150,000 men, a fleet of 5,000 ships and landing craft, 50,000 vehicles, and 11,000 planes sat in southern England, poised to attack secretly across the English Channel along the Normandy coast of France. This force was the largest armada in history and represented years of training, planning, and supplying.

Surrounded at both ends by cliffs that rose wall like from the sea, Omaha was o nly four miles long. To repel the Allies at the water s edge, the Germans built a fortress atop the cliffs at Pointe du Hoc overlooking Omaha from the west. They dug trenches and guns into the 150-foot bluffs lining the beach and along five ravines leading off it. As Allied troops waded into the surf, many were cut down as the doors of their landing craft opened. The survivors had to cross more than 300 yards across a tidal flat strewn with man-made obstacles. Winds and currents pushed landing craft into clumps as the men moved ashore. As a result, soldiers ran onto the beach in groups and became easy targets. Of the more than 9,000 Allied casualties on D -Day, Omaha accounted for about one-third. Allied planners had hoped that the forces at Omaha would advance 5 to 10 miles after 24 hours of fighting. Stiff German resistance, however, stopped the invaders cold on the beach. Progress inland was excruciatingly slow and painful. The Allied forces reached their first day goal (dotted blue line on the large map) only after more than two days of bloody fighting. Although many died, the Allies eventually took control of the beach and fought their way inland.

Caen Memorial
The Caen Memorial is a stark rectangular structure located 10 minutes from the Pegasus Bridge and 15 minutes from the D-Day beaches.Inside, the main exhibits include: spectacular video presentations of D Day or Jour J (showing the events from Allied and German perspectives on a split -screen); models of bunkers, battleships and battlefields; artifacts from the French Resistance; and a tribute to the Holocaust.

Bayeux
The famous Bayeux Tapestry is situated within the Cathedral Notre-Dame; outstanding with rounded arches decorated with Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon designs. Places to see must be The MuséeMémorial de la Bataille de Normandie 1944, MuséeDiocésaind'ArtReligieux. Bayeux is a pretty town with cobbled streets and historic houses, abundant cafés and restaurants. Just outside you could also visit Arromanches-les-Bains, A mulberry Harbour made in England and floated across the Channel - at Arromanches there is a superb 360-degree cinema depicting the events.

Mont Saint Michel Perched on a rocky islet in the midst of vast sandbanks exposed to powerful tides between Normandy and Brittany stand the 'Wonder of the West', a Gothic -style Benedictine abbey dedicated to the archangel St Michael, and the village that grew up in the shadow of its great walls. Built between the 11th and 16th centuries, the abbey is a technical and artistic tour de force, having had to adapt to the problems posed by this unique natural site.

Port en Bessin With D-Day Landing Beaches on either side, Port -enBessin is an essential stopover for tourists travelling to Omaha Beach and the Pointe du Hoc. Normandy's busiest fishing port, this town is characterized by its jetties and inner harbours. In the past, famous painters such as Seurat have sought to capture the very special atmosphere which reigns over this port town. Visit theD-Daywreckagesmuseum

The Beaches The Beaches
Sword

FromSword to Utah

Utah he westernmost beach of the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II . It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D-Day of the invasion), by eleme nts of the U.S. 4th Infantry Division and was taken with relatively few casualties. In the predawn hours of D -Day, units of the 82nd and 101st airborne divisions were airdropped inland from the landing beach. They suffered many casualties from drowning and enemy fire but succeeded in their aim of isolating the seaborne invasion force from defending German units. Ohama second beach from the west among the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D -Day of the invasion), by units of the U.S. 29th and 1st infantry divisions, many of whose soldiers were drowned during the approach from ships offshore or were killed by defending fire from German troop s placed on heights surrounding the beach.

The easternmost beach of the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D -Day of the invasion), by units of the British 3rd Division, with French and British commandos attached. Shortly after midnight on D-Day morning, elements of the 6th Airborne Division, in a daring glider borne assault, seized bridges inland from the beach and also silenced artillery pieces that threatened the seaborne landing forces. Juno The second beach from the east among the f ive landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D-Day of the invasion), by units of the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division, who took heavy casualties in the first wave but by the end of the day succeeded in wresting control of the area from defending German troops Gold the centre beach of the five designated landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted and taken from defending German troops on June 6, 1944 (D -Day of the invasion), by units of the British 50th Infantry Division.

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