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Average Concentration Number of

Speed (km/hr)
Spacing (m) (veh/km) Vehicles
7.56 12.3 80.1 22
9.72 12.9 76.5 58
11.88 14.6 67.6 98
14.04 15.3 64.3 125
16.2 17.1 57.6 196
18.36 17.8 55.2 293
20.52 18.8 52.6 436
22.68 19.7 50 656
24.84 20.5 48 865
27 22.5 43.8 1062
29.16 23.4 42 1267
31.32 25.4 38.8 1328
33.48 26.6 37 1273
35.64 27.7 35.5 1169
37.8 30 32.8 1096
39.96 32.2 30.6 1248
42.12 33.7 29.3 1280
44.28 33.8 26.8 1162
46.44 43.2 22.8 1087
48.6 43 22.9 1252
50.76 47.4 20.8 1178
52.92 54.5 18.1 1218
55.08 56.2 17.5 1187
57.24 60.5 16.3 1135
59.4 71.5 13.8 837
61.56 75.1 13.1 569
63.72 84.7 11.6 478
65.88 77.3 12.7 291
68.04 88.4 11.1 231
70.2 100.4 9.8 169
72.36 102.7 9.6 55
74.52 120.5 8.1 56
Speed-Density Diagram
(Actual Results from Traffic in a Tunnel)
80
70
60
Speed (km/hr)

50
Speed-Densit
40
( With a Quaqratic
30 80
20
70
10
60
0

Speed (km/hr)
50
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
40
Density (veh/km)
30
20
10
0
0 10 20 30 40
Density (
Speed-Density Diagram
( With a Quaqratic Fitted Curve)

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Density (veh/km)
Speed-Spacing Diagram
80
70
60
Speed (km/hr)

50
40
30
20
10
Speed-Spacin
0 80
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
70
Spacing (m)
60

Speed (km/hr)
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 20 40 6
Spacin
Speed-Spacing Diagram

20 40 60 80 100 120
Spacing (m)
Flow-Density Diagram
1400.0

1200.0

1000.0 Flow-Density
Flow (veh/hr)

800.0 1400.0

600.0 1200.0

400.0 1000.0

Flow (veh/hr)
200.0 800.0

0.0 600.0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
400.0
Density (veh/km)
200.0

0.0
0 10 20 30 4
Density (
Flow-Density Diagram
.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Density (veh/km)
Speed-Flow Diagram
80
70
60
Speed (km/hr)

50
40
30
20
10
0
400.0 600.0 800.0 1000.0 1200.0 1400.0
Flow (veh/hr)
Speed(m/
Flow (veh/hr)
sec)
2.1 605.6
2.7 743.6
3.3 803.1
3.9 902.8
4.5 933.1
5.1 1013.5
5.7 1079.4
6.3 1134.0
6.9 1192.3
7.5 1182.6
8.1 1224.7
8.7 1215.2
9.3 1238.8
9.9 1265.2
10.5 1239.8
11.1 1222.8
11.7 1234.1
12.3 1186.7
12.9 1058.8
13.5 1112.9
14.1 1055.8
14.7 957.9
15.3 963.9
15.9 933.0
16.5 819.7
17.1 806.4
17.7 739.2
18.3 836.7
18.9 755.2
19.5 688.0
20.1 694.7
20.7 603.6
Pace-Flow Diagram
0.14

0.12

0.10
Pace (hr/km)

0.08

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.00
400.0 600.0 800.0 1000.0 1200.0 1400.0
Flow (veh/hr)