You are on page 1of 7

|  

|    
‡ Protists have significant effects on humans and other
organisms.
‡ They can cause disease and alter ecosystems, and they
are useful in industry and research.
‡ Protists cause a number of human diseases, including
giardiasis, amebiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis,
cryptosporidiosis, Chagas disease, and malaria.
|  

     


Ý 
   casues
°. Protists & Bacteria amebic dysentery
± Single-celled microbes
± Can live on its own, or as a
parasite
± Can live in intestines without
major problems
± Dangerous if in blood or body
tissue
± Transmitted fecal-mouth, or
through a invertebrate vector
(mosquito, tick)
|  

     | 


|  

     


   
± Flatworms (tapeworms),
Thorny-headed worms,
Round worms

± Only larvae reproduce in


humans, not adult worms

± Often passed between


animals and humans
(eggs, not worms!)
25-foot tapeworm on display at the
Tokyo Parasite Museum.
|  


  

‡ Attach to skin for long


periods of time
‡ Often vectors (carriers) of
other pathogens
! 
      

    
 
 
   
 

  
 
 

 
 
   
 

 
 



The ³kissing bug´ is a vector


for !  
  a
protist that causes Chagas
disease.
|  

      !  


|  

|    "   


Malaria
‡ Treatment for malaria is inexpensive, but not always
available.
‡ | 
 is developing resistance to many drugs, so
treatment is becoming more difficult.
‡ Efforts to control malaria include distribution of
insecticide treated mosquito nets and fumigation to kill
mosquitoes.
‡ Research is also underway to develop a malaria vaccine.
‡ Learn more on p. 509