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ORAL ARGUMENT SCHEDULED FOR APRIL 14, 1993 ‘IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS e . FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CIRCUIT ° No, 92-5079 and Consolidated Cases UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, ve WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, INC., et al., Defendants, BELL ATLANTIC CORPORATION, et al., Appellants. ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BRIEF FOR APPELLANT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA JOHN W. CLARK ‘Acting Assistant Attorney ‘General CATHERINE G. O’ SULLIVAN, NANCY C. GARRISON Attorneys Anti Fs U.S. Department of Justice Washington, D.C, 20530 2 =1531, TABLE OF CONTENTS ISSUE PRESENTED FOR REVIEW 2. ee ee tt STATUTES AND REGULATIONS ©. - 6 eee ee ete SURISDICTION 2. ee STATEMENT OF THE CASE. 2 - - - ee 2 ee es ARGUMENT © 6. ee X. STANDARD OF REVIEW © 6 ee et es II, THE TERM "AFFILIATED ENTERPRISE" SHOULD BE CONSTRUED TO MEAN AN ENTITY IN WHICH A BOC OWNS MORE THAN A DE MINIMIS EQUITY INTEREST, 1.E., FIVE PERCENT OR MORE, OR OVER WHICH IT EXERCISES SUBSTANTIAL MANAGEMENT (COMTROE) ter er ee CONCLUSION 2 6. ee 10 10 a 18 ‘TABLE OF AUTHORITIES CASES Kxite Petroleum, Inc. v. Oil Co., 678 F.2d 5 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 833 (1982)... - Hughes v. United States, 342 U.S. 353 (1952)... ~~ Yor! ral _& Hudson River R.R. vy. Un: ‘States, 212 U.S. 481 (1909) cr United States v. Armour & Co., 402 U.S. 673 (1971). . - United states v. Atlantic Refining Co., 360 U.S. 19 (1959) oo United States v. ITT Continental Beking Cou, 420 0. 3. 223 (1975) 5 United States v. Nai 1 Br ting co., 1978-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) @ 61,855 (C.D. Cal. 1977) Baoogs States v. Twentieth Cent ox Fi =, 882 F.2d 656 (2d Cir. 1989), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1021 (1990) 2 ee ee United States v, Wester Electric Co. 907 F.2d 160 (D.C. Cir. 1990), cert. denied, Tii S. ct. 1018 (1991) 2. ee 4 States v. West: ectri: . 900 F.2d 283 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 111 S. Ct. 283 (1990) . d_Stal stern Electric Co., 894 F.2d 430 DC ssax11 990) eerste eerste ee 2 ited State: Electric Co., 846 F.2d 1422 (D.C. Cir-), Gert, denied, 488 U.S. 924 (1988) . . . *united States v. Western Electric Co., 797 F.2d 1082 (D.C. Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 480 U.S. 922 (1987) 12, ui, ¥"Ruthorities principally relied upon are marked with an *. i: i 14, 12, 22, 18 16 14 16 16 a 14 13 16 qt 16 a