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TheRolesOfCanada&TheU.S.

Outline

Canada

1.) Location
(closeyetfar)
a.) Supplying(WiththeU.S.)
i.)

EasilyprovidedantisubandconvoyshipstosinkUBoats,allowingmuch
easierandsafertransportofgoodacrosstheatlantic.

ii.)

Criticaltothealliesbecauseitwastheonlyavailableassistancefromthe
U.S.atthetime

b.) AirTraining
i.)

TroopsfromalloveralliedcountrieswithoutthreatfromGermany,butnot
tooremoved

ii.)

Trainednearly137,000troopsfortheallies

2.) QualityofTroops

(veryhighlytrained)
a.) VeryHighlyTrained
i.)

Highlytrainedandveryeffectivefighters

ii.)

DemonstratedatHolland(holdingn.flank)andDDay(furthestfront)

b.) Voluntary
i.)

Abletoproduceanarmythatwaslargeinproportiontothepopulation
withoutadraft

ii.)

Alltroopswillingandmotivatedtofight.Provedinpreviouslymentioned
battlesandtheBattleofBritain

iii.)

DesiretoprovethemselvesafterfailureatDunkirk(GermanSpring
Offensive,frenchretreatcan.andu.s.retreatslapintheface)and
Dieppe(invasiontest,location,surprise)[nottheirplans]

**
Charles Perry Stacey - Professor from university of Toronto, served in the
Canadian Army: Voluntary**

3.) PreU.S.Support
a.) Supply/Escort
i.)

*PREVIOUSLYDISCUSSED*

b.) Combat/Willingness
i.)

BattleofBritain,Mediterranean

ii.)

Iceland

c.) Training/Supplies
i.)

*PREVIOUSLYDISCUSSED*

ii.)

BestSuppliedatthetime(?)

**
Charles Perry Stacey - Professor from university of Toronto, served in the Canadian
Army: Iceland**

UnitedStates

1.) Supply(FDRsloopholes)
a.) CashandCarry(1937)

i.)

Eitherside(onlyalliescouldreach)couldpickupresourcesdirectlyand
shipitbackifpaidwithcash(UBoatthreat)

b.) LendLease(1941)
i.)

Lentweapons,supplies,et.toalliedcountrieswhothepresident
deemedcriticaltotheprotectionofthesafetyoftheU.S.

2.) EnteringCombat
a.) Troops
i.)

Veryhighlytrained,supplied&largearmy

ii.)

HugeRoleinDDay

iii.)

N.Africancampaign,softunderbelly(notreally)

b.) DDaypreparation
i.)

Intel(codecrackers)meantwaymoresuccessthanatDieppe(location,
movement,elaboratestrategy

ii.)

UsedU.S.GeneralPattontodeceivegermansoninvasionlocation
(Calleigh>Normandy)

iii.)

improvedfighterplanedesignlossesofbombersbecamenearly0,
alsodayattacks

3.) AirWar
a.) Carpetbombing
i.)

controversial,dayornight,hiteverything

ii.)

targetingfactories

b.) GermanFactories
i.)

crippledGermanysmanufacturingabilities

c.) Improvedfighterplanedesign

i.)

lossesofbombersbecamenearly0

ii.)

Alsoalloweddayattacks

ComparisonofBoth

1.) TheAtlantic
a.) Cash&Carry
i.)

CanadaprovidedantisubandconvoyshipstosinkUBoats,allowing
mucheasierandsafertransportofgoodacrosstheatlanticandmaking
theU.S.Cash&Carrypolicyapossibility

ii.)

Criticaltothealliesbecauseitwassomeoftheonlyavailableassistance
fromtheU.S.atthetime

b.) PresenceinIceland
i.)

Canadafirst,butbothoccupiedIcelandtopreventGermaninvasion

ii.)

GermantakeoverwouldhavemadeitveryeasyforGermanytoaccess
NorthAmericaintheair,andsendoutmanymoreUBoatsforfarther
distances,makingshipmentstoandfromtheU.S.verydifficult

2.) Troops
a.) Quality
i.)

Bothwereverywelltrainedandveryeffective(outtrained)theGermans

ii.)

shownatDDay

iii.)

bravery

b.) Quantity

i.)

canadaswasntverylarge,butrelativetopopulationitwas

ii.)

U.S.draftandhigherpopulationmeantverylargearmy

iii.)

bothbegansmallandbuiltupsignificantlyinairforce,navy,andarmy

**
Charles Perry Stacey - Professor from university of Toronto, served in the Canadian
Army: Voluntary**

3.) DDay
a.) Performance
i.)

Bothcountries,particularlyCanada,foughtparticularlywellinnormandy

ii.)

Canadamadethemostprogress,U.S.hadmoretroops

iii.)

Successfulsecondfront

b.) Intel/Strategy
i.)

together,usedsuperiorinteltocreateacomplexstrategy(knewthe
location,movementsetc.

ii.)

convincedGermanytheattackwascomingtoCalleigh