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(Dr.-Ing.

Wei Wang,
Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

Chapter 1 Introduction

The standard feedback control structure (water


temperature system)

Basic requirements on control systems

The typical test signals for control systems

Standard Feedback Control Structure


Example: Water temperature control system

(Automatic Control System)

(Dr.-Ing. Wei Wang,


Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

(Automatic Control System)

(Dr.-Ing. Wei Wang,


Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

water temperature control system without human:

(Automatic Control System)

(Dr.-Ing. Wei Wang,


Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

open loop system

KT

desired temperature

(Automatic Control System)

(Dr.-Ing. Wei Wang,


Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

Basic requirements for a control system:

Stability:

dynamic performance

steady state performance

The typical test signals for control systems


Step input function

R t 0
r (t ) = R u (t ) =
0 t < 0
Ramp input function

Rt t 0
r (t ) =
0 t<0
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(Automatic Control System)

(Dr.-Ing. Wei Wang,


Dept. of Automatic Control, Shanghai Jiao
Tong University

Impulse input function

r (t ) = (t ) =
0

t=0
t0

(t )dt = 1

Sine function

r (t ) = A sin(t + )

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(Automatic Control System)