You are on page 1of 2

Common knowledge about Zika Virus

WHAT to know about Zika Virus

People who are being bitten by Aedes mosquito will likely to catch
Zika virus. Only female mosquitoes bite. This mosquito also carries the
dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
WHERE is Zika virus often found
Zika virus is often detected in Africa, the Americas, Southern Asia and
Western Pacific - tropical areas which are known to have proper
environments for mosquitoes to live and breed. Due to urbanization and
globalization, there are high probability that Zika virus will continue will
spread globally.
WHEN do you know you have been infected
After a few day being bitten by an infected mosquito, most people will
have mild illness. Slight fever and rash are also likely to occur. Other
known symptoms are conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, and tiredness,
which usually lasts from 2 to 7 days.
Blood tests can be carried out to confirm the diagnosis.
WHY is Zika Virus dangerous
Heath authorities are concerned about a potential link between Zika
virus in pregnant women and microcephaly in their babies. Babies and
children with microcephaly has an abnormally small head, and often have
to deal with abnormal brain development as they grow older. Therefore, it
is advised for pregnant women to take extra care of themselves from
mosquito bites.
HOW to protect yourself from Zika Virus
Since Zika virus are transmitted by mosquitoes, the best protection is
to prevent mosquito bites. Removing the places where mosquitoes can
breed is crucial, so it is important to empty, clean or cover containers
which hold even small amounts of water. Using insect repellent, wearing
light colored clothes which cover most parts of the body or using

physical barriers such as screens, doors or mosquito nets are also common
Although the symptoms can be treated with fever medicines, there is
currently no known cure or vaccine for the disease itself. People should
seek medical advice should the symptoms get worsen.