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Education and Socioeconomic

Status

History of Education

First schools in the United States were


funded in the 17th century
Boston Latin School was the first public
school ever founded on April 1635
It was a grammar school focused on the
languages Latin and Greek
It is currently a high school
Focused in Humanities

Societies Views on Education

Many people get an education in


order to increase their financial status
OR

To have a better future/life


They want to pursue a career they
love

How do members of the institution perceive


itself (its own institution)?
-

Many get discouraged because of the lack of money


Less educational opportunities for lower income students to go to
college
Depending on the area you live in is the education youll receive
Parents are not as involved because of work
Low income students are more exposed to gangs and drugs
Low income students think there is no point in going to school if they are
not receiving the aid they need
More drop out rates in the lower class

In 2013 55% percent of students


in California are low income
students

How has the institution changed over time?


-

Technology is changing the way


students are being taught
More opportunities for students to
obtain loans, scholarships and financial
aid
All students in the United States obtain
free school from K-12 grade regardless
of color, race and income
Colleges have programs that provide
extra financial and educational support
More expectations regarding test
scores
More charter and magnet schools are
being built (free tuition)

What has caused various institutions to change?


-

More financial aid is being given away Since 2008, student aid from federal and
institutional sources has increased.
More low income students are going to college as the years go by In 2008, 55.9 percent of
such high school graduates enrolled in college.
Wages have been increasing therefore, even more of an opportunity for students to afford
tuition

Effective January 1, 2016, the minimum wage in California is $10.00 per hour.

Discuss any stable features of the institution, that is, features that have not
changed
Many students are not receiving the proper education they deserve

Savages Inequalities (Martin Luther King Jr. High School)


is an example of this:
-

Flooded classrooms and kitchens


No sport equipment and teachers using PERSONAL funds
Odor in hallways
About only 55% of students graduate and 20% may go to college
About 150 students in one classroom
Not a lot of government help in low income communities

As a way to better accommodate members of society, how


would you improve your institution?
-

Get the government to distribute equal


amount of money for education
regardless, of state

More Than 40% of Low-Income Schools Don't


Get a Fair Share of State and Local Funds,
Department of Education Research Finds
-

Get tutors and mentors to volunteer at


schools in order to motivate students and
make them feel supported
Get more colleges to give free tuition if
students have the grades such as
Stanford University

An Alliance organization in Denver, Colorado is


giving scholarships away to students. This will
help low income students have a better
opportunity to have a better education. Also, help
parents out financially since they will no longer
have to worry about paying their childrens tuition.

Harvard's Crimson Summer Academy is providing


Harvard tutors to help lower income children prepare for the
top colleges.
All of our tutors are undergraduates at Harvard
College. The average SAT score of an HSA Tutor is
2310, and the average ACT score is 34.5. Our tutors
not only have exemplary test scores, but are also
screened through a highly selective process to
ensure that they genuinely and enthusiastically
embody our mission to expand educational
opportunities for students.

Who are the major participants in the institution? What are their roles and
statuses?

Low income students


Single mothers
First generation students
Students whose parents arent involved

Does your institution work better for some members of society


(as opposed to others)?
Higher income students have better opportunities to be successful
For example, in Savages Inequalities the school in New York
-

School was polished and cleaned


90/140 students were enrolled in AP course
Students had to take foreign language all 4 years
Students had private funds
40 students per classroom as opposed to 150
Great, qualified teachers

Marx and Weber


Stratification: stratification is the inequality between our
society
Social class (class system) is related to social
stratification because social classes are divided into 5
groups: upper class, upper-middle class, middle class,
working class and the underclass
-

Upper classes always have more than the under


class
They control the means of production
Social classes are open systems which means
that with hard work everything is possible.
Therefore, it is possible to move up social class

Cultural Capital: Non-financial things that add to social


class
-

Upper class people are able to afford college


whether or not they receive federal help
They are able to study abroad and expand
knowledge
Are able to afford books on time
They are able to send their children into private
schools
Afford tuition, outside tutoring and even home
schooling

Conflicts
Single parents
-

A family headed by a single mother faces


especially difficult problems when the
mother is a teenager, especially when she
lacks access to significant social and
economic resources.

Impact of divorce on children


-

higher rates of drugs and alcohol abuse,


limited resources for college, and fear of
intimacy in adulthood.

Works Cited
George Lane Denver Post,Staff Writer. "Charity Invests in Low-Income Kids' Education." Denver Post: B.3. Feb 09
2000. ProQuest. Web. 9 Feb. 2016.
"How Has Education Changed over the Past Decade? - Baltimore." Baltimore. Web. 21 Feb. 2016.
"More Than 40% of Low-Income Schools Don't Get a Fair Share of State and Local Funds, Department of Education
Research Finds."
Op-Ed, PennLive. "What Does Society Really Want from a 21st Century Education?" Web. 20 Feb. 2016.
Rimer, Sara. "For Low-Income High Schoolers, a Harvard Education." New York Times, Late Edition (East Coast)
ed.Aug 25 2004. ProQuest. Web. 10 Feb. 2016
"Study Finds Drop in Percentage of Low-income Students Enrolling in College." Study Finds Drop in Percentage of
Low-income Students Enrolling in College. Web. 21 Feb. 2016.
Williams, Rachel. "Middle-class Children Do Better at School Because of Parents." The Guardian. Guardian News
and Media, 2010. Web. 20 Feb. 2016.