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A

NDI CHINA
I

BURMA LAO
S

THA
ILAN
D
BURMA : Anglicized name,
derived from Burmese words.

(UNION OF) MYANMAR :


Official name of the country,
changed by the Junta in 1989.

ON ESIA
IND
CHRONOLOGY

• 1948 – Independence from the UK,


Democratic republic
• 1962 – Military Coup, country controlled
by the Army
• 1990 – Democratic Elections held; 82%
of votes for National League for
Democracy

• Present day – Junta of 12 military


Generals (officially the State Peace and
Development Council) in power. TAN
SHWE: president since 1992.

Many foreign political sanctions because


of issues with democracy, human rights,
freedom of speech, etc.
• Leader of the NLD, pacific
activist for democracy.

•Only Nobel Peace Price (1991)


winner to be currently
imprisoned (currently under
house arrest)

• Imprisoned for 14 of the past


20 years.

“The only real prison is fear, and the


only freedom is freedom from fear.”
• May 10, 2008 – Government holds a
referendum on the constitution (also
forthcoming elections in 2010); Results =
99% participation, 92% approval.

• August 11, 2009 – Aung San Suu Kyi


Found guilty of breaking the conditions of
her house imprisonment; Another 18
months of house arrest. She won’t be able
to participate in the 2010 elections.

• November 4, 2009 – Aung San Suu Kyi


meets with U.S. Diplomat Kurt. M. Campbell
(part of Obama’s conciliating foreign policy
approach) ; She is also allowed to talk to
the military leaders and has made an offer
of cooperation (November 17).
Aung San Suu Kyi interview with BBC

Aung San Suu Kyi short presentation

Hilary Clinton condemns the Burmese regime