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# 1 Marakkal vaedaipadu (seeds required for planting rice) = 8 cents

## 12.5 Marakkal vaedaipadu = 100 cents (one acre)

= 8 cents
= 16 cents
= 24 cents
Area calculation and Measurement Chart .
1 hectare = 2 acre 47 cent
1 hectare = 10,000 sq m
1 acre = 0.405 hectare
1 acre = 4046.82 sq m
1 acre = 43,560 sq ft
1 acre = 100 cent = 4840 sq gejam
1 cent = 435.6 sq ft
1 cent = 40.5 sq m
1 ground = 222.96 sq m = 5.5 cent
1 ground = 2400 sq ft
1 Veesam = 6*6 sq ft = 36 sq ft
1 Kuzhi = 4 Veesams
1 Kuzhi = 144 sq ft
1 Kuzhi = 0.331 cents
1 Kani = 400 kuzhis
1 acre = 436 kuzhi
1 ankanam = 8 sq yd/72 sq ft
1 Ma = 100 kuzhi = 10000 sq ft (Not 10000 sq ft but 14400 sq ft When 1 Kuzhi
= 144 sq ft)
1 Kani = 4 Ma = 40000 sq ft (Not 40000 sq ft but 57600 sq ft)
1 kani = 132 cents = 1.32 acre
1 acre = 75.625 kuzhi
1 Veli = 7 kani = 6.43 acres = 2.6 hectares (1 Veli = 20 Ma = 5 kani only no
t 7 kani)
1 dismil = 2.5 cent
1 furlong = 660 feet = 220 kejam
1 kilometre = 5 furlong
1 link / chain = 0.66 foot = 7.92 inch
1 kejam = 9.075 sq ft
1 mile = 8 furlong
1 ares = 1076 sq ft = 2.47 cent
1 chain = 22 kejam
1 furlong = 10 chain
1 kejam = 0.9144 metre
1 township = 36 sq mile
1 sq mile = 640 acre
1 cent = 48.4 sq kejam
Gold weights
4 nel edai (
2 kunRimaNi (
5 paNavedai (
8 paNavedai (
20 paNavedai (
80 paNavedai (
1.5 Kazhanchu (

) = 1 kunRimaNi (
)
)
) = 1 paNavedai (
)
) = 1 kazhanchu (
)
) = 1 varaaganedai (
)
) = 4 kazhanchu(
) = 1 kaqhsu (
)= 16 kazhanchu(
)= 4 kaqhsu (
) = 8 grams or one sovereign/pavun.

)
)= 1 palam (

## The above is not in line with South Indian Inscriptions. 2

Codrington page 10 too agrees with 20 manjadi = 1 kazanju.

= 1

20

Goods weights
32 kunRimaNi = 1 varaaganedai
10 varaaganedai = 1 palam
40 palam = 1 veesai
1000 palam = 1 kaa
6 veesai = 1 thulaam
8 veesai = 1 maNangu
20 maNangu = 1 paaram.
Grain volume
1 kuNam = smallest unit of volume
9 kuNam = 1 mummi
11 mummi = 1 aNu
7 aNu = 1 immi
7 immi = 1 uminel
1 sittigai = 7 uminel
360 nel = 1 sevidu
5 sevidu = 1 aazhaakku
2 aazhaakku = 1 uzhakku
2 uzhakku = 1 uri
2 marakkaal (kuRuNi) = 1 padhakku
5 marakkaal = 1 paRai
80 paRai = 1 karisai
96 padi = 1 pothi (moodai)
21 marakkal = 1 Kottai
22 maakaani = 100 g
1 padi = 1800 avarai pods = 12,800 miLagu seeds = 14,400 nel grains = 14,800 pay
aRu grains = 38,000 arisi grains = 115,200 sesame ellu seeds
Fluid volume
5 sevidu = 1 aazhaakku
2 mahani = 1 aazhakku (arai kal padi)
2 aazhaakku = 1 uzhakku (Kal padi)
2 uzhakku = 1 uri (Arai padi)
2 marakkaal (kuRuNi) = 1 padhakku
21 Marakkal = 1 Kottai
Length
1 Koan = (115.8953125 picometre)
10 Koan = 1 Nunnanu (0.1158953125 nanometre)
10 Nunnanu = 1 Anu (atom) (1.158953125 nanometre)
8 Anu = 1 Kadhirthugal (9.271625 nanometre)
8 Kadhirthugal = 1 Thusumbu (74.173 nanometre)
8 Thusumbu = 1 Mayirnuni (0.593384 micrometre)
8 Mayirnuni = 1 Nunnmanal (4.74707 micrometre)
8 Nunnmanal = 1 Siru-kadugu (37.976563 micrometre)

= 1

## 8 Siru-kadugu = 1 Yel (303.8125 micrometre or 0.3038125 millimetre)

8 Yel = 1 Nel (2.4305 millimetre)
8 nel = 1 viral = 8^8 aNu (atom) = 1.9444 centimetre
12 viral = 1 saaN = 100 immi= 23.3333 centimetre = 9 inch
2 saaN = 1 muzham = 46.6666 centimetre = 1.5 feet
2 saan = 1 muzham
2 muzham = 1 yard = 3 feet = 1 yard
2 yard(yaar) = 1 paagam
110 pagam = 1 furlong
8 furlong = 1 mile
5 furlong = 1 kilometre or 1000 metre
625 paagam = 1 kaadham = 5000 saaN = 1166.66 metres = 1.167 kilometre

1
onRu
3/4 = 0.75
mukkaal
1/2= 0.5
arai
1/4 = 0.25
kaal
1/5 = 0.2
naalumaa
3/16 = 0.1875
mummaakaani
3/20 = 0.15
mummaa
1/8 = 0.125
araikkaal
1/10 = 0.1
irumaa
1/16 = 0.0625
(
) maakaaNi (veesam)
1/20 = 0.05
orumaa
3/64 = 0.046875
mukkaal veesam
3/80 = 0.0375
mukkaaNi
1/32 = 0.03125
araiveesam
1/40 = 0.025
araimaa
1/64 = 0.015625
kaal veesam
1/80 = 0.0125
kaaNi
3/320 = 0.009375
araikkaaNi munthiri
1/160 = 0.00625
araikkaaNi
1/320 = 0.003125
munthiri
3/1280 = 0.00234375
keel mukkal
1/640 = 0.0015625
keelArai
1/1280 = 7.8125e-04
keel kaal
1/1600 = 0.000625
keel nalumaa
3/5120 5.85938e-04
keel moondru veesam
3/6400 = 4.6875e-04
keel mummaa
1/2500 = 0.0004
keel araikkaal
1/3200 = 3.12500e-04
keel irumaa
1/5120 1.95313e-04
keel veesam
1/6400 = 1.56250e-04
keelorumaa
1/102400 9.76563e-06
keezh munthiri
1/2150400 4.65030e-07
immi
1/23654400 4.22754e-08
mummi
1/165580800 6.03935e-09
aNu
1/1490227200 6.71039e-10
kuNam
1/7451136000 1.34208e-10
pantham
1/44706816000 2.23680e-11
paagam
1/312947712000 3.19542e-12
vintham
1/5320111104000 1.87966e-13
naagavintham
1/74481555456000 1.34261e-14
sinthai
1/1489631109120000 6.71307e-16
kathirmunai
1/59585244364800000 1.67827e-17
kuralvaLaippidi
1/3575114661888000000 2.79711e-19 veLLam
1/357511466188800000000 2.79711e-21
nuNNmaNal
1/2323824530227200000000 4.30325e-22
thaertthugal