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Understanding Race: Witt Ch.

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1) Racial profiling is a form of discrimination in which police takes action on an
individual based on race or ethnicity. Racial profiling can be demonstrated
through the behavior of policemen, citizens, and even government officials
after 9/11. After 9/11 had occurred, many Muslims were the target of hate
and also strict observation by police force due to the generalization that all
Muslims must be terrorist. In addition, foreign students from Arab countries
were subject to special questioning and legal immigrants identified as Arab or
Muslim were scrutinized for any possible illegal activity. Contact hypothesis
can remedy racial profiling because it helps abandon racial stereotypes that
separate individuals.
2) Some ethnocentric practices used to maintain the power of the dominant can
even be portrayed through history books in school. History books focus
mostly on the achievements and the culture of White individuals, normalizing
White culture in society. In addition, most characters in television programs
were White, normalizing the idea of White actors and actresses in media.
Because White culture had become so integrated into American society,
White people were able to blend inleading to higher chance of success.
This can be demonstrated through the Oscars. Most nominees were White,
neglecting the impact that minorities had played in shaping media.
3) The social construction of race is defined as the categories imposed on an
individual based on race. It results in the justification of unequal treatment
based on race. A symbolic interactionist perspective of the social construction
of race can be demonstrated through ones skin color. The skin color of an
individuals is known to hold political meaning. This is seen through the class
structure.
4) A model minority is a minority whose members has supposedly gained
success economically, socially, and educationally despite discrimination in
the past. Asian-Americans are perceived to be model minorities. While
being a part of a model minority holds positive aspects such as more
opportunities for success educationally and economically, model minorities
are often marginalized. This is portrayed through the marginalization of
Asian-Americans. Asian-Americans cannot be situated as more white or
more black due to their position in society. Asian-Americans do not earn as
much or occupy as many managerial positions in contrast to Whites but
cannot fully resonate with other minorities due to the privileges of a model
minority. This leads to feelings of isolation.