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Jaime, Fatima
Mrs. ODowd
Anatomy/ Physiology
04 March 2016
Every individual at some point in his/her life will encounter an event that will lead to a
disease whether it is a minor disease or a major one. A disease is a condition that prevents the
body or mind from working normally (Meriam-Webster 1). A disease occurs when malign
bacteria or a virus enters our body and interrupts the body from continuing with homeostasis.
Homeostasis is the self-regulating process by which biological systems tend to maintain
stability while adjusting to conditions that are optimal for survival (The Editors 1). The bodys
homeostasis is composed of three parts; a receptor, a control center, and an effector. The receptor
functions by receiving information about any changes that are occurring in the environment
while the control center processes that information and the effector executes the commands of
the control center by making changes in response (Oza 1). A disease occurs when the cells of
our body do not work correctly caused when the homeostatic balance is disrupted which leads to
a state of disease (Dietary Guidelines). The diseases in our society that are considered
preventable involve those which require a better eating diet and proper exercise. Some diseases
that are more common amongst the population are heart disease, obesity, and diabetes.
Heart disease, also called blood vessel disease, includes problems that relate to
atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque
builds up in the walls of the arteries making it harder for blood to flow through (What is 1).
With time, if enough plaque builds up it will create a clot which will lead to a heart attack or a

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stroke. A heart attack occurs when the blood carried by arteries is blocked by a blood clot. If this
happens the clot cuts off the blood flow completely and the part of the heart muscle supplied by
that artery begins to die. A stroke happens when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets blocked
and because the blood supply to the brain gets blocked, the brain cells begin dying. A stroke
results in the inability of the brain to carry out its functions (What is 2). This disease has not
always been prevalent because it has become more common starting 2010 with 11.13% of total
deaths worldwide (What is 3). It has increased dramatically over the years, and it is the same
Obesity has become the most common disease in the last decade. Obesity is considered a
disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems (Obesity 1).
Obesity is a long term result of eating more calories than used. When the body is fed food high in
sugars and calories the liver tends to use the needed sugar for the body and stored the rest as fat.
This type of fat can be harmful to the body because it is harder to loose, and if individuals are not
doing the necessary amount of exercise daily as they should, that fat continues being stored in
the body and continues increasing as more fatty food is consumed. This disease has not always
been prevalent because is the past this disease was not heard of and now it is a major trouble.
Now it has nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008 (Obesity). It is the not the same everywhere
because individuals tend to eat traditional food which can sometimes be high is sugar and fat and
can vary depending on the culture and size of the daily intakes. This disease involved nutrition
and exercise as part of the prevention because the healthier individuals eat and the more exercise
they do daily will regulate the amounts consumed and the amounts secreted.
Lastly, diabetes is a disease which can be genetic or caused by the individual. Diabetes,
often called diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high

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blood glucose either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the bodys cells do not
respond properly to insulin or both (Diabetes 1). There are two types of diabetes: Diabetes type
1 and Diabetes type 2. Type 1 is when the body does not produce insulin and in order to maintain
homeostasis the individual will need to take insulin injections for the rest of his/her life. Type 2
is the most common and is when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper functions
or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (Diabetes 2). Type two diabetes can be controlled
by loosing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise and monitoring their blood
glucose levels (Diabetes 2). This disease has not always been prevented in some cases. A funded
study of 3,234 people showed that people can possibly prevent the disease by losing a small of
weight through 30 minutes of exercise five days a week (Preventing Diabetes 1). Diabetes has
always been prevalent, in recent years the number of people diagnosed has increased. It is the
same everywhere (Diabetes 3).
In conclusion, three major diseases worldwide are heart disease, obesity, and diabetes.
These diseases all have in common the fact that they are influenced based on nutrition. Diseases
occur when homeostasis is interrupted in any way or form. My culture in particular is more
tempted to get these diseases because some traditional dishes are high in sugar and in fat. My
diet consists of a sort of balanced diet and a poor exercise amount. I try to eat healthier as
opposed to my family members and exercise more than anyone in my house. I personally am not
as susceptible to these diseases because I balance my food and the amount of exercise I do while
my family is more susceptible to these diseases because thy do not follow a well balanced diet or
proper exercise. Socio-economic status can influence diseases because people in poverty usually
consume cheaper food because of their inability to buy healthier products and therefore tend to
eat unhealthy items as opposed the wealthier people who have the money and ability to buy the

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healthier and more expensive foods to follow a better diet plan. Culture also influences
susceptibility to these diseases because some cultures do not like to eat foods high in fat while
others do. In these cases, the culture that consumes food high in sugar or fat will be more
susceptible to these diseases as opposed to other cultures which do not consume that food.
Overall, an individuals wellness is affected by diseases that can occur depending of factors such
as culture, socio-economic status, and exercise.

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Works Cited
"Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments." Medical News Today. MediLexicon
International, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
"Dietary Guidelines." Dietary Guidelines. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
The Editors of Encyclopdia Britannica. "Homeostasis." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
"Obesity: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine,
n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
"Obesity." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
Oza, Nick. "How Does the Human Body Maintain Homeostasis? How Chemicals and Organs
Work Together to Keep the Body in Balance." Bright Hub. N.p., 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 04
Mar. 2016.
"Preventing Diabetes." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention, 30 Sept. 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
"What Is Cardiovascular Disease." National Health Council, 18 Dec. 2014. Web. 04
Mar. 2016.