You are on page 1of 13

SumITUp

A Quick Summary for


Practice Test 70-620

TS: Configuring Microsoft Windows Vista Client

[Insert MeasureUp test title here. Style is Heading 1]

SumITUp is a free, quick summary reference of the objectives and


material covered on the exam. Use it in addition to your practice test as:

• A quick overview of the exam scope and objectives before you start
taking your practice test

• A review of topics covered within each objective to make sure you


have studied all the areas

• A tool you can print out for study on the go

• A rapid review for re-focusing right before taking the exam

Copyright ©2006 MeasureUp, Inc. All Rights Reserved MeasureUp is a Dice Company.
2 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

Installing and Upgrading Windows Vista


Identify hardware requirements
• Windows Vista requires at least 15 GB of free space on the system drive for installation
• Windows Vista requires at least 512 MB of memory to run
• Windows Aero requires video cards that are WDDM-compatible

Perform a clean installation


• You must perform a clean installation of Windows Vista if the current operating system is Windows 2000, Windows 98,
Windows 95, or Windows 3.1
• Perform a clean installation when you want to completely replace all existing files and settings
• Perform a clean installation when you need to install Windows Vista in a multi-boot configuration

Upgrade to Windows Vista from previous versions of Windows


• You cannot upgrade to Windows Vista from Windows 2000, Windows 98, Windows 95 or Windows 3.1
o You can purchase an upgrade copy of Windows Vista from Windows 2000, but you must perform a clean installation
• You can upgrade to:
o Windows Vista Home Basic
 from Windows XP Home
o Windows Vista Home Premium
 from Windows XP Home
 from Windows XP Media Center
o Windows Vista Business
 from Windows XP Tablet PC
 from Windows XP Home
 from Windows XP Professional
o Windows Vista Ultimate
 from Windows XP Tablet PC
 from Windows XP Media Center
 from Windows XP Home
 from Windows XP Ultimate
• Perform upgrades when you do not want to lose files and settings

Upgrade from one edition of Windows Vista to another edition


• Use Windows Anytime Upgrade to upgrade from one edition of Windows Vista to another
o Click Start, Control Panel, System and Maintenance, and Windows Anytime Upgrade
o Windows Anytime Upgrade downloads the files necessary to perform an upgrade, but you must have in your
possession the Windows Vista DVD
• You can upgrade from
o Windows Vista Home Basic
 to Windows Vista Home Premium
 to Windows Vista Ultimate
o Windows Vista Home Premium
 to Windows Vista Ultimate
o Windows Vista Business
 to Windows Vista Ultimate

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp, Inc.


3 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

Troubleshoot installation issues


• Run Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor to view compatibility issues or to troubleshoot installation issues
• If you installed Windows Vista in a multi-boot configuration, you can change the order of operating systems and the default
operating system through the System Control Panel applet
o Click Start, Control Panel, System and Maintenance, and System

Install and configure Windows Vista drivers


• Use the Device Manager Control Panel applet to install, uninstall, enable, and disable device drivers
o Click Start, Control Panel, Hardware and Sound, and Device Manager
o A yellow question mark icon indicates that a device is not functioning properly
• The Add New Hardware wizard can now invoke custom installation programs so that you can install additional software that
comes with device drivers

Configuring and Troubleshooting Post-Installation System Settings


Troubleshoot post-installation configuration issues
• If you installed Windows Vista in a multi-boot configuration with Windows 95, and you discover that you cannot access certain
files when logged on to Windows 95, you might need to reformat a partition
o Windows 95 can access files on FAT partitions only
• If you receive an error message indicating that there is not enough space available to copy files to a recordable CD, make sure
that the drive that stores temporary recorded files has enough space
o Open the Properties dialog box for the CD drive. The Recording tab shows the drive that is used to store temporary
recorded files
 To access the Properties dialog, right-click the CD drive and choose Properties from the menu
o Make sure that the drive specified on the Recording tab has enough free space

Configure and troubleshoot Windows Aero


• Windows Aero is the name of the new visual style and technology in Windows Vista
• The video card must be WDDM-compatible
• The video card must support at least 32 MB of graphics memory
• The color depth must be set to 32-bit if the monitor supports 32-bit colors
• The monitor refresh rate must be greater than 10 hertz
• The theme must be set to Windows Vista

Configure and troubleshoot parental controls


• The Parental Controls applet allows you to set time restrictions on a computer and block access to specific Web sites, games,
and programs
o Click Start, Control Panel, User Accounts, and then Parental Controls
o Only standard users are affected by Parental Controls
• You can configure the following settings:
o Time Limits
 Control when a user can log on to the computer
o Games
 Specify whether a user can play games
 Specify the rating level of games allowed
 Block or allow access to specific games

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


4 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

o Programs
 Block or allow access to specific games
• You can view activity reports to determine the following:
o Top 10 Web sites visited and blocked
o Files downloaded from the Internet
o Logon times
o Instant messaging conversations
o E-mails sent and received
o Music and video played
o Applications run
o System clock changes
o Account activity
o Changed settings

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


5 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

Configure Windows Internet Explorer 7+


• Popup Blocker allows you to block popup windows from Web sites except those that you allow
• You can zoom in and out of Web pages
o Zooming affects both text and images
• Phishing Filter allows you to determine whether an illegitimate Web site is faking the identity of a legitimate Web site
o Microsoft relies on users to report phishing
o Internet Explorer uses an online service to determine whether a Web site has been reported as a phishing Web site
• With Internet Explorer 7, you can delete your entire browsing history from one place
o Choose Delete Browsing History from the Tools menu
• You can open multiple browser tabs in a single instance of Internet Explorer 7
o You can create multiple Home pages so that each one opens in its own tab

Configuring Windows Security Features


Configure and troubleshoot User Account Control
• UAC is a new security feature that prevents unauthorized configuration changes and silent installations
• Some applications are configured as administrator-only applications. UAC determines whether the current security context can
run these types of applications
o If a standard user is attempting to run an administrator-only application, UAC by default will prompt the standard user
for administrator credentials
o If an administrator is attempting to run an administrator-only application, UAC by default will prompt the user for
confirmation
• Enable UAC through Control Panel, Local Security Policy, or Group Policy
• The following UAC security policy settings are common:
o User Account Control: Behavior of the elevation prompt for administrators in Admin Approval Mode
 This setting determines whether a UAC message is displayed
o User Account Control: Behavior of the elevation prompt for standard users
 This setting determines whether UAC prompts users for administrator credentials
o User Account Control: Run all administrators in Admin Approval Mode
 If this setting is disabled, UAC is turned off by default for all users
 UAC can be turned on for individual users through Control Panel

Configure Windows Defender


• Windows Defender helps you defend your computer against spyware and other malware
o Click Start, Control Panel, Security, and Windows Defender
• Windows Defender uses an online definition database to determine whether spyware or malware exists on your computer
• Software Explorer lists start-up programs, programs currently running, and network-enabled programs
o You can remove or disable start-up programs
o You can end programs that are currently running
• You can quarantine programs to prevent them from running without removing them
• You should perform a quick scan to have Windows Defender scan only folders where spyware or malware is known to be
installed
• You should perform a full system scan to have Windows Defender scan your entire hard drive
• You can configure default actions to be suggested or applied to software that Windows Defender treats as spyware or malware

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


6 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

Configure Dynamic Security for Internet Explorer 7+


• The Protected Mode option on the Security tab of Internet Options determines whether COM objects can modify files and
settings on the computer
o Enable Protected Mode to prevent COM objects from modifying files and settings
• Security levels determine Internet Explorer privileges
• Security zones group Web sites that must be restricted to a specific security level
o Internet zone
 This zone contains all Web sites that are not members of any other zone
o Local Intranet zone
 This zone contains Web sites that are hosted on the intranet
o Trusted Sites zone
 This zone contains Web sites that you trust. These Web sites are granted the least restrictive privileges
o Restricted Sites zone
 This zone contains Web sites that must be fully restricted. These web sites are granted the most restrictive
privileges
• Popup Blocker allows you to block popup windows from Web sites except those that you allow
• Phishing Filter allows you to determine whether an illegitimate Web site is faking the identity of a legitimate Web site
o Microsoft relies on users to report phishing
o Internet Explorer uses an online service to determine whether a Web site has been reported as a phishing Web site
• With Internet Explorer 7, you can delete your entire browsing history from one place
o Choose Delete Browsing History from the Tools menu

Configure security settings in Windows Firewall


• Windows Firewall allows you to block unsolicited network traffic to your computer
o Network traffic does not have to originate outside the computer
o Network traffic can consist of traffic from one program to another program on the same computer
• You can configure exceptions to allow unsolicited incoming network traffic:
o You can allow specific programs to always accept unsolicited incoming network traffic
o You can allow the computer to always accept unsolicited incoming network traffic to a specific port
• You can configure Windows Firewall to temporarily block all programs without having to remove items from the Exceptions list
• You can configure Windows Firewall to allow ICMP traffic
o The Ping command uses ICMP to verify connectivity to a computer
o By default, Windows Firewall does not allow any ICMP traffic

Configuring Network Connectivity


Use the Network and Sharing Center to configure networking
• Network discovery determines whether other computers on the network can find your computer and whether your computer
can find the other computers
• Each configured network supports three categories:
o Private
 This category means that the computer is connected to a private network. Network discovery is enabled by
default for networks in this category
o Public

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


7 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

 This category means that the computer is connected to a public network. Network discovery is disabled by
default for networks in this category
o Domain
 This category means that the computer is connected to a corporate domain. Network discovery is
controlled by Group Policy

Troubleshoot connectivity issues


• Use the Ping command to determine whether there is a physical connection between two computers
• Use the Ipconfig command to determine the IP addresses that are assigned to your computer
• Network and Sharing Center shows a network map that displays how your computer connects to the Internet and to other
computers
o If an X icon appears in the diagram, you can click it to diagnose problems with the connection
• If users cannot access your computer over VPN, you might need to do one of the following:
o Ensure that your computer is connected directly to the Internet
o Ensure that port forwarding is configured on another computer that is connected directly to the Internet
 That computer should forward VPN traffic to the computer where the incoming VPN connection is
configured
• To access shared files and printers on a network computer from another computer, enable network discovery on both
computers

Configure Remote Access


• Remote Desktop allows remote users to connect to a computer and interact with its desktop
o Remote users must be administrators or members of the Remote Desktop Users group
o Remote Desktop can use NLA to authenticate users before a complete Remote Desktop connection is established
• Remote Assistance allows users to invite remote users to connect to a computer and view its desktop
o Remote users can interact with the desktop if they are given permission to do so
o Users who need help can create invitations
o Users who offer help can do so through Windows Messenger
• To configure remote access, click Start, Control Panel, System and Maintenance, and then click Allow remote access under
System

Configuring Applications Included with Windows Vista


Configure and troubleshoot media applications
• You can use both Windows Media Player and Windows Media Center to play DVD movies
• Windows Media Center is only available with Windows Vista Home Premium and Windows Vista Ultimate
• An MPEG-2 decoder is required to play DVD movies
o This decoder is not installed with Windows Vista Home Basic, Windows Vista Business, or Windows Vista Enterprise
• DVD movies have regions encoded on the media so that they can only be played in DVD players that support the same region
• You can change the region that a DVD drive supports a limited number of times
o Open Device Manager
 Click Start, Control Panel, System, and then click the Device Manager link
o Select the DVD drive and choose Properties from the Action menu
o Change the region on the DVD Region tab of the DVD drive’s Properties dialog box

Configure Windows Mail


• Windows Mail allows you to access e-mail from other mail services

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


8 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

o You can access e-mail with IMAP or POP3


 You can no longer access e-mail with HTTP
 With POP3, you can choose whether to leave a copy of e-mail messages on the server when Windows
Mail retrieves the messages
 By default, POP3 deletes messages from the server after they are retrieved
o You can access e-mail from Microsoft Exchange
o You can send e-mail over SMTP
• You can export messages and contacts to Exchange or to individual Windows Mail files
o Each message is stored as an individual file
• You can import messages from Windows Mail files, Outlook Express, Outlook, or Exchange
• You can access news from NNTP servers
o An NNTP server hosts one or more newsgroups to which you can subscribe

Configure Windows Meeting Space


• Windows Meeting Space allows you to give a presentation and have other users on the network connect to a session and view
your desktop
o You can also share files in a session
o You can connect to a session in only if:
 You receive an invitation or
 You are signed in to People near Me
• You can prevent other users on the network from viewing a session that you created
o When creating a new session, choose Options to open the Options dialog box
o Select the Do not allow people near me to see this session option
• You can create a private ad-hoc network session to allow nearby wireless users to connect to the session
o When creating a new session, choose Options to open the Options dialog box
o Select the Create a private ad-hoc wireless network option

Configure Windows Calendar


• You can view multiple calendars at the same time
o Tasks for each calendar are color-coded
• You can publish a calendar to an Internet or network server
o Select the calendar and choose Publish from the Share menu
• You can subscribe to a shared calendar that exists on an Internet or network server
o Choose Subscribe from the Share menu
o Shared calendar typically contain the ics file extension
o You can choose how Windows Calendar to refresh its copy of the shared calendar with updated information
• You cannot publish a calendar to which you subscribe
o You must export the calendar, re-import it, and then publish it
• Windows Calendar supports the webcal protocol, which provides Internet calendar access

Configure Windows Fax and Scan


• Windows Fax and Scan offers a central application where users can scan and fax documents
• To send and receive faxes, you must create a fax account
o A fax server account allows you to send and receive faxes through a fax server

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


9 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

o A fax modem account allows you to send and receive faxes through an internal or external fax modem
 You can enable the modem to send faxes, receive faxes, or both
 You can allow Windows Fax and Scan to manually or automatically answer an incoming fax
• You can receive an e-mail receipt when a fax is received by the recipient
o Choose Options from the Tools menu
o On the Receipts tab, choose the Via Email option and specify an e-mail address
• You can specify a start and end time that represents a discount time period
o Many telephone companies offer discounted rates during a specific time period
o You can schedule faxes to be automatically sent when discounted rates apply
• You can scan and forward documents to an e-mail or fax recipient

Configure Windows Sidebar


• Windows Sidebar allows you to display gadgets on your computer
o Gadgets are mini-programs that run on the desktop and allow user interaction
o Common Gadgets
 Calculator - allows you to quickly perform numeric calculations
 Clock - allows you to view an analog clock in the time zone of your choice
 CPU Meter - displays two gauges showing CPU and memory usage
 Notes - allows you to quickly and easily create and access notes
 Slide Show - allows you to browse pictures on your computer
 Recycle Bin - shows the recycle bin and the number of items contained in it
o You can change the opacity of gadgets so that they appear semi-transparent until you move the mouse cursor over
the gadget
o You can configure a gadget to always display on top of other windows
• You can configure Sidebar to start when Windows starts, to start at a specific location, and to start on a specific monitor
• You can configure Sidebar to always display on top of other windows
• You can detach gadgets from the Sidebar and place them on the desktop

Maintaining and Optimizing Systems That Run Windows Vista


Troubleshoot performance issues
• Use Task Manager to view running applications and processes, performance, network utilization, and logged-on users
o You can end applications and processes
o You can view CPU usage and page file usage
• Use Performance Information and Tools to view your computer’s performance rating
o Click Start, Control Panel, System and Maintenance, and Performance Information and Tools
o Performance Information and Tools lists performance issues
• Use Performance Diagnostics Console to graphically view CPU, disk, network and memory performance
o Open Performance Information and Tools, click Advanced Tools, and then click Open Windows Diagnostic Console
• For each performance category, you can view the processes that contribute to the performance in that category
• Use Performance Monitor to graphically view information provided by performance counters
o Open Performance Diagnostics Console and select Performance Monitor
• You can improve performance by adjusting processor and memory usage, virtual memory, and visual effects

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


10 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

• You can improve disk performance by defragmenting the hard disk

Troubleshoot reliability issues by using built-in diagnostic tools


• Use Reliability Monitor to graphically view a computer’s stability
o Open Performance Diagnostics Console and select Reliability Monitor
o The reliability chart shows a historical view of software installations and uninstalls, application failures, hardware
failures, Windows failures, and miscellaneous failures
 Select a specific date to view installations, uninstalls, and failures for that date
 A red X icon indicates one or more failures for a specific date
• The system stability index is a weighted measurement of system stability over time
o The more failures that occur, the more weight a failure carries
o As failures occur, stability of the system declines

Configure Windows Update


• Windows Update allows you computer to stay up-to-date with the latest system and security updates
• The Windows Update service must be enabled for Windows Update to work
• You can configure automatic updating as follows:
o Automatically download and install updates
o Download updates but allow the user to choose whether to install them
o Check for updates and allow the user to choose whether to download and install them
o Never check for updates
• To prevent Windows Update from displaying an available update that you do not want to install, you can hide the update
o Click the View available updates link
o Right-click the update and choose Hide from the context menu

Configure Data Protection


• You can encrypt all files on an operating system partition by using BitLocker Drive Encryption
• BitLocker Drive Encryption requires at least two NTFS partitions
• BitLocker Drive Encryption requires that the BIOS be configured to boot from the hard drive
• If a TPM is installed in a computer, the TPM secures an encryption key that is used to encrypt and decrypt files
• If a TPM is not installed in a computer, you can store encryption keys on a USB flash drive
• If a TPM error occurs that prevents the computer from starting, you can use a recovery password to recover the operating
system files and start the computer
• The TPM Management Console allows you to test recovery before a TPM failure occurs
o Open Tpm.msc

Configuring and Troubleshooting Mobile Computing


Configure Mobile Display Settings
• If a computer supports multiple monitors, you can configure the desktop to be displayed in one of three ways:
o On one monitor only
o Extended to a secondary monitor
o Mirrored on both monitors
• The Monitor tab of Display Settings shows icons that represent the monitors that are connected or can be connected to your
computer

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


11 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

o Click Start, Control Panel, Appearance and Personalization, Personalization, and Display Settings
o If a laptop computer has an S-Video output connection, then two icons will be displayed
 One icon represents the laptop screen
 The other icon represents the S-Video display when it is connected
• Only one monitor can be designated as the primary monitor, which is identified by the number 1
o Choose the primary monitor by selecting the This is my main monitor option
o Choose whether to extend the desktop to a monitor by selecting the Extend the desktop onto this monitor option
• For each monitor, you can change the screen resolution, color depth, and screen refresh rate
• Windows Mobility Center allows you to access mobile PC settings
o Click Start, Control Panel, Mobile PC, and Mobility Center
o Brightness tile
 Allows you to adjust the brightness of your display
o External Display tile
 Allows you to connect to and change display settings for an external display device
o Presentation Settings tile
 Allows you to turn on, turn off, and change presentation settings
 Presentation settings apply only when turned on
 You can change presentation settings to temporarily turn off the screen saver, change the volume, and
show a different desktop background

Configure Mobile Devices


• You can use Sync Center to synchronize files between a mobile device and a computer
o Click Start, Control Panel, Mobile PC, and Sync Center
• To synchronize files by using Sync Center, you must set up a sync partnership
o If a mobile device is not listed to be set up, it is either not turned on or not compatible with Sync Center
 Try turning on the device if it is turned off
 You might be able to download updated device drivers that are compatible with Sync Center
 You might be able to use synchronization software that comes with the device
o To stop Sync Center from synchronizing files, remove an existing sync partnership
o To stop synchronization in process, select the sync partnership and choose Stop from the menu
• Windows Mobility Center allows you to access mobile PC settings
o Click Start, Control Panel, Mobile PC, and Mobility Center
o The Sync Center tile allows you to synchronize files and change synchronization settings

Configure Tablet PC software


• Windows Vista can run on Tablet PCs
• Input Panel provides a writing pad that can recognize your handwriting, convert it to text, and copy it to the active application
• Stick Notes provides a writing pad that allows you to quickly create notes in your handwriting
• Windows Journal provides a notebook that allows you to write in your handwriting on your choice of stationary
• Tablet PC software that comes with Windows Vista allows you to enable scratch-out gestures, which indicates whether certain
handwriting gestures deletes handwriting
• Use Pen and Input Devices to change pen and pen flick settings
o Click Start, Control Panel, Mobile PC, and Pen and Input Devices

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


12 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

o Pen flicks can be mapped to common actions, such as copy, paste, page up and page down

Configure Power Options


• The Power Options applet allows you to change how power and sleep buttons work and configure power plans
o Click Start, Control Panel, Mobile PC, and Power Options
• Power plans are collections of settings that determine how your computer uses power
o Default power plans
 Balanced - offers the best performance when the computer is active
 Power saver - makes the most efficient use of power
 High performance - offers the best performance always
o You can create new power plans
o You can change settings for each power plan
 You can choose when the computer sleeps or hibernates
 You can choose what closing the lid does
 You can choose what pressing the power and sleep buttons on the computer do
 You can choose what pressing the Start menu power button icon does
 You can configure critical and low battery levels
 You can configure critical and low battery actions
• You can create global settings that apply to all power plans
o You can choose what closing the lid does
o You can choose what pressing the power and sleep buttons on the computer do
• When the computer sleeps, it enters a low-power state without shutting down
o The computer can quickly resume from sleep
• When the computer hibernates, it shuts down but saves the current desktop session
o The computer resumes from hibernation slower than it does from sleep

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp


13 SumITUp | A Quick Summary for Practice Test 70-620

Acronyms

Acronym Definition

BIOS Basic Input Output System


COM Component Object Model
CPU Central Processing Unit
FAT File Allocation Table
GB Gigabyte
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol
IP Internet Protocol
MB Megabyte
MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group
NLA Network Level Authentication
NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
NTFS NT File System
PC Personal Computer
POP3 Post Office Protocol 3
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TPM Trusted Platform Module
UAC User Account Control
USB Universal Serial Bus
VPN Virtual Private Networking
WDDM Windows Display Driver Model

MeasureUp is a Dice Company. ©2006 MeasureUp