You are on page 1of 2

Explain how the eruption of Mt. St.

Helens may have


affected the local people.

Mt. St. Helens, located in Washington State, erupted May 18th 1980,
causing 57 immediate deaths. Many people opted to leave the area,
as the eruption caused major flooding and destruction to housing.
They were also concerned about future eruptions. However, after
time, the soils started to regain fertileness, which is the main
attraction of living by the volcano, so people started to move back.

Describe how an earthquake may affect an urban area.

Firstly, earthquakes in an urban area will kill people instantly.


However, urban areas contain many buildings, which can collapse
onto people, causing later deaths. People may also die due to fires
caused by gas, which is mainly found in urban areas. Because of
this, earthquakes will leave people homeless. But, for the survivors,
earthquakes can cause huge hassle, for example, an earthquake
could see the collapse of a railroad, for example in Kobe. This may
mean that people cannot leave the area to get to work, town etc.

Explain why an earthquake may cause more problems


in a LEDC than a MEDC.

In an MEDC, the government can afford emergency services, such


as the fire brigade, which would save many lives in the event of an
earthquake. However in an LEDC, there are no emergency services,
so more deaths are likely to occur. Also, the hospitals in an LEDC
will be less equipped to save lives of the injured, so again, more
deaths will occur. Furthermore, LEDC’s will not have the
technology to predict earthquakes, so they are likely to be caught off
guard more than the people living in an MEDC. Although, there are
a lot of buildings in an MEDC, so more people will die as a result of
being crushed by a building or fires. LEDC’s have less of these
buildings, so fewer deaths will occur from this. But, due to poor
technology and services, earthquakes in an LEDC will cause more
problems than an MEDC.