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STRUCTURES OF DIFFERENT TENSES

TENSE
Present Simple
“Verb to be” (is,am,are)

AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

QUESTION

ANSWER

am
S + is + C
are
Present
S + Simple + C
verb
S + am + ing. + C
is
verb
are
S + was + C
were

am not
S + isn’t + C
aren’t

Am
Is + S + C?
Are

S + don’t + inf. verb+ C
doesn’t
S + am not + ing. + C
isn’t
verb
aren´t
S + wasn’t + C
weren’t

Do + S + Inf. + C?
Does
verb
Am + S + ing. + C?
Is
verb
Are
Was + S + C?
Were

-Yes, I do
-No, I don’t
-Yes, I am
-No, I am not

S + Past + C
Simple
verb
S + was + ing. + C
were verb

S + didn’t + inf. + C
verb
S + wasn’t + ing. + C
weren’t verb

Did + S + inf. + C?
verb
Was + S + ing. + C?
Were
verb

-Yes, I did
-No, I didn’t
-Yes, I was
-No, I was not

Present Perfect

S + have + PPV + C
has

S + haven’t + PPV+ C
hasn’t

Have + S + PPV+ C?
Has

-Yes, I have
-No, I haven’t

Past Perfect

S + had + PPV + C

S + hadn’t + PPV + C

Had + S + PPV + C?

-Yes, I had
-No, I hadn’t

Future with “will”

S + will + inf. + C
verb
S + am + going to + inf. + C
is
verb
are
S + have + been + ing. + C
has
verb
S + had + been + ing. + C
verb
S + will + have + PPV + C

S + won’t + inf. + C
verb
S + am not + going to + inf. +
isn’t
verb
aren’t
S + haven’t + been + ing. + C
hasn´t
verb
S + hadn´t + been + ing. + C
verb
S + won’t+ have + PPV + C

Will + S + inf. + C?
verb
Am + S + going to + inf. + C?
Is
verb
Are
Have + S + been + ing. + C
Has
verb
Had + S + been + ing. + C?
verb
Will + S + have + PPV + C?

-Yes, I will
-No, I won’t
-Yes, I am
-No, I am not

S + am + going to +have +
is
are
PPV + C
S + modal + inf. verb + C

S + am not + going to +have +
isn’t
aren’t
PPV + C
S+ modal + not + inf. verb + C

Am + S + going to +have + PPV + C?
Is
Are

-Yes, I am
-No, I am not

Modal + S + inf. verb + C?

-Yes, I modal
-No, I modal
not.

Present Simple
“Other verb” (run, eat play,
study, etc.)
Present Progressive
Past Simple
“Verb to be”
(was-were)
Past Simple
“other verb” (ran, ate
played, studied, etc.)
Past Progressive

Future with “going to”
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect
Progressive
Future Perfect with “will”
Future perfect with
“going to”

Modals
( Will, Might, May, Must, Could,
Should, Can, Would, Have to,
Need to, Ought to, Shall, )
S= Subject
Inf. Verb= Infinitive verb
C= Complement
Won´t= Will not

-Yes, I am
-No, I am not

-Yes, I was
-No, I was not

-Yes, I have
-No, I haven’t
-Yes, I had
-No, I hadn’t
-Yes, I will
-No, I won’t

Ing. Verb= Progressive Verb
PPV= Past Participle Verb

Teacher: Martha Garcia Arzate.