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Constitution/Branches of Government Review Sheet

Vocabulary:
Government - the power or authority that rules a country
Laws - rules of conduct
Judicial Branch - to interpret the laws
Veto - to reject
Executive Branch - to enforce the laws
Treaty - formal agreement with another country
Representative - a person acting on behalf of others
Checks and balances - a system where each branch can limit the power of
other branches
Legislative Branch - to make the laws
Bicameral - two-house legislature
Democracy - system by which the power to govern comes from the citizens of
the U.S.
Constitution:
3 parts of the Constitution: Preamble, 7 articles, 27 Amendments
Bill of Rights - first 10 amendments of the Constitution
Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence
President:
3 things president can do with a bill: veto, sign, pocket veto
President serves a 4 year term for no more than 2 terms

Branches of Government:
3 branches: Legislative, Executive, Judicial

Two houses of Congress: House of Representatives and Senate


Congress can override a presidential veto with a 2/3rds vote
Supreme Court Judges are appointed by the President and serve a life term
U.S. Government is one of the oldest democracies
Amendments:
1st - religion, speech, press, assembly, petition
2cd - right to bear arms
3rd - no quartering troops
4th - illegal search and seizure
5th - self incrimination, due process, grand jury
19th - woman right to vote