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# Chapter 12.

1
Samples and Studies

Milton Abrego # 1
Paola Gomez
# 12
Alan Hernandez # 14
Ximena Serrano # 26
Dafne Yamallel # 30

The sample can then be analyzed to draw conclusions about the entire population. A sample is a selection from the population.Population   Consist of all of the members of a group of interest. .

Systematic sample: members are selected according to a specified interval from a random starting point. such as selecting every third student. Members are then randomly selected from each group . such as the woman.Types of Samples Simple random sample: each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected as part of the sample. Self-selected sample: members volunteer to be included in the sample Stratified sample: the population is divided into similar. no overlapping groups. Convenience sample: members that are readily available or easy to reach are selected.

Survey: What´s your favorite team? .Bias  Is an error that results in a misrepresentation of a population. If a sample favors one conclusion over another. the sample is biased and the data are invalid.

Biased or Unbiased  Biased is the one that favors the conclusion of the Data are sample. invalid  Unbiased doesn’t favor any conclusion of the sample .

. the dance committee asks a sample of students for their opinion.Survey   Data are collected from responses given by a sample regarding their characteristics. behaviors. or opinions To determine whether the student body is happy with the spring dance theme.

. A gaming company watches a group of teens play a selection of video games and notes the ones they play the most.Observational study   Members of a sample are measured or observed without being affected by the study.

.Experiment     The sample is divided into two groups An experimental group that undergoes a change A control group that does not undergo the change The effect on the experimental group is then compared to the control group.

when he uses a thermometer or a wood thing to check your mouth (observational study)  then the doctor takes blood to make some studies (experiment) . (survey)  then the doctor examinates you. etc. observational study. name.Example of survey. your age. the doctor asks some questions like. and experiment A medical check-up  When you go to the doctor. Do you smoke?.